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.e Huntingdon Journal,
a on the Corner of Bath and Washington streets.
is HUNTINGDON JOURNAL is published every
nesday, by J. R. DURIIORROW and J. A. NASH,
'r the rirm name of J. R. Dunsonnow h Co.; at
per annum, is ADVANCE, or $2,50 if not paid
a six months from date of subscription, and
not paid within the year.
paper disco•ttinued, unless at the option of
>nblishers, until all arrenmges are paid.
ArEnTISEMENTS will be inserted at TEN'
rs per lino for each of the first four insertions,
FIVE CENTS per line for each subsequent inner
less than three months.
:gular monthly and yearly advertisements will
melted at the following rates :
.m 1 y.
3ml Gm 19m1 ly
1U 00 1.00
114 0118 00 4
,20 00 21 001
i 25 00 30 00 , 1 col
400 E 001:
00 10 001'
8 00 14 000
9 50 18 00 1:
leeial notices will be inserted at TWELVE AND
,Lr CENTS per line, and local and editorial no
at FIFTEEN CENTS per line.
. . .
I Resolutions of Associations, Communications
mited or individual interest, and notices of Mar
es and Deaths, exceeding five lines, will be
ged TEN CENTS per line.
• ' " " " "
,gal and other notices will be charged to the
y haring them inserted.
dvertising Agents must find their commission
ide of these figures.
11 advertising accounts t due and collectable
the advertisement is once inserted.
)B PRINTING of every kind, in Plain and
ny Colors, done with neatness and dispatch.—
d-bills. Blanks, Cards. Pamphlets, &c., of every
ety and style, printed at the shortest notice,
every thing in the Printing line will be excel'.
in the Meg aradie manner and at the lowest
DENGATE, Surveyor, Warriors
• mark, Pa. [ap12,71.
CALDWELL, Attorney -at -Law,
r•No. 11.1, 3d street. Office formerly occupied
qessrs. Woods & Williamson. [apl2,ll.
IR. R. R. WIESTLING,
• respectfully offers hie professional services
he citizens of Huntingdon and vicinity.
ffice removed to No. 618} Hill street, (Sutra's
IR. J. C. FLEMMING respectfully
offers his professional services to the citizens
tnntingdon and vicinity. Office second Boor of
ningham's building, on corner of 4th and Hill
et. may 24.
'SR. D. P. MILLER, Office on Hill
street, in the room formerly occupied by
Jot 1 M'Culloch, Huntingdon, Pa., would res-
Sully offer his professional services to the °W-
I of Huntingdon and vicinity. [jan.4,'7l.
IR. A. B. BRUMBAUGH, offers his
professional services to the community.
Mee on Washington street, one door east of the
holie Parsonage. Dan. 4,71.
J. GREENE, Dentist. Office re
i• inured to Leister's new building, Hill street
I L. ROBB, Dentist, office in S. T.
I• Brc wn's new building, No. 520, Hill St.,
ntingdon, Pa. [apl2,ll.
A-GLAZIER, Notary Public, corner
• of Washington and Smith streets, Hun
;don, Pa. [jan.l2'7l.
iC. MADDEN, Attoruey-at-Law.
• Office. Xo. —, Hill street, Huntingdon,
- SYLVANUS BLAIR, Attorney-at
• Law, Huntingdon, Pa. Office, Hill street,
so doors west of Smith. [jan.47l.
It. PATTON, Druggist and Apoth
• scary, opposite the Exchange Hotel, Hun
gdon, Pa. Prescriptions accurately compounded.
re Liquors for Medicinal purposes. [n0v.23;70.
- HALL MUSSER, Attorney-at-Law,
• Huntingdon, Pa. Office, second floor of
islet's new building, Hill street. [jap.4,7l.
R. DURBORROW, Attorney-at
• Law, Huntingdon, Pa., will practice in the
.oral Courts of Huntingdon county. Particular
cation given to the settlement of estates of dece
Ofßee in leo JourviAL Building. [feb.l;7l
A. POLLOCK, Surveyor and Real
• Estate Agent, Huntingdon, Pa., will attend
Surveying in all its branches. Will also buy,
I, or rent Farms, Houses, and Real Estate of ev
r kind, in any part of the United States. Send
• a circular. Dan.47l.
W. MATTERN, Attorney-at-Law
• and General Claim Agent, Huntingdon, Pa.,
ldiers' claims against the Government for buck
3 , , bounty, widows' and invalid pensions attend
to with great care and promptness
Office on Hill street.
ALLEN LOVELL, Attorneyat
• Law, Huntingdon, Pa. Special attention
ven to COLLECTIONS of all kinds; to the settle
sat of Estates, She.; and all other Legal Business
osecuted with fidelity and dispatch.
_X V- Office in room lately occupied by R. Milton
mer, Esq. Dan.4;7l.
auEs ZENTMYER, Attorney-at-
Law,N-1- Huntingdon, Pa., will attend promptly
all legal bneiness. Office in Cunningham's new
3 M. & M. S. LYTLE, Attorneys
- • at-Law, Huntingdon, Pa., will attend to
I kinds of legal business entrusted to their care.
Office on the south side of Hill street, fourth door
est of Smith. [jan.4,'7l.
pp A. ORBISON, Attorney-at-Law,
• Office, 321 Hill street, Huntingdon, Pa.
MIN SCOTT. S. T. BROWN. J. M. BAILEY
aCOTT, BROWN & BAILEY, At
torneys-at-Law, Huntingdon, Pa. Pensions,
sd all claims of soldiers and soldiers' heirs against
is Government will be promptly prosecuted.
Office on Hill street. [jan.4,'7l.
nW. MYTON, Attorney-at-Law, Han
• tingdon, Pa. °dice with J. Sewell Stewart,
WILLIAM A. FLEMING, Attorney
at-Law, Huntingdon, Pa. Special attention
iven to collections, and all other 1 algal business
ttended to with care and promptness. Office, No.
29, Hill street. [apl9,'7l.
I'XCHANGE HOTEL, Huntingdon,
Pa. 30IIN S. MILLER, Proprietor.
January 4, 1871,
L, ALLURE MILLER. R.
MILLER & BUCHANAN,
No. 223 Rill Street,
April 5, 'TI-Iy.
N EAR THE RAILROAD DEPOT,
COR. WAYNE and JUNIATA STREETT
UNITED STATES HOTEL,
M'CLALN d& CO., Plegentrrons
ROBT. KING, Merchant Taylor, 412
Washington street, Huntingdon. Pa., a lib
eral share of patronage respectfully solicited.
April 12, 1871.
.EWISTOWN BOILER WOIMS.
-1-4 SNYDER, WEIDNER 4 CO„ klanufx
turers of Locomotivgand Stationary Bgilere, Tanks,
Pipes, Filling-BarroWs for Furnaces, and Sheet
Tron Work of every description, Works on Logan
street, Lewistown, P. . .
All orders p^ .^-,ly attended to. Repairing
done at short n 0.... [Apr 5,11,1y.*
he Huntinoodon Journal.
GOD DAVO MI CommoarwEsuu.
J. A. NASH;
PROCLAMATION. -NOTICE OF
TO BE HELD ON
TUESDAY, OCTOBER 10th, 1871.
Pursuant toau act of the Genenil Assembly of the Com
mouwealth of Pennsylvania, entitled *An Act relating to
the elections of this Commonwealth," approved the second
day of July, Anna Domini 1630, 1, D.& P. NEELY, High
Sheriff of the county of Huntingdon, Pennsylvania, do
hereby make known and give notice to the electors of the
county aforesaid, that an election will be held in the said
county of Huntingdon, on the Ist Tuesday after the second
Monday of October, (being the lath day of OCTOBER), at
which time the mllowing officers will be elected:
One person for tho oft& of Auditor Oenoral of the Com
monwealth of Pennsylvania.
;n lorift;oiieeTor Surveyor General of the
Commonwealth of Pennsylvonta.
Hue person IM the otlicia of President Judge of the coml•
ties of Cambria, Blair and Huntingdon.
One person fur the office of Aa4olate Judge of Hunting
don county. .
One per - son to represent the county of Huntingdon in the
House of Representatives of the Commonwealth of Penn
,50 00 65
One iterion for the office of High Sheriff of Iluntiogdon
OuO person fur the office of Treasurer of Huntingdon
On; person for the office of Coroner of Huutingdon
Oneperson for the office of County Commissioner of
One ;ere= fur till: office of Director of the Poor of Hunt
Ume poreuJi fur the ulliuu of Auditor of Iluntingdou
liTii r Ursuance of said act, I also hereby make known and
give notice, that the labiaes of holding the aforesaid general
election in the several election districts within the said
county of Huntingdon, an: as follows, to wit
let ilistrict,comjio.ed of the township of Ilendorson, at
the UuLou School House.
2.1 df.f.rict, composed of Dubl.n township, at Pleaant
Hill School House, near Joseph township.
• ' . _
district, conliosed of so'intich of WOxriorsivark
ship, as is not included in the 10th district, at the school
house adjoining the town of Wurrioisulark.
4th district, Composed of the township of Hopewell; nt
ReughntidHeady Nurunce... - . .
sth district, composed of the township of Barree, at the
house of James Livinpton, In the town of thiulsburg, in
6th districi. composed of the borough of Shirleysburg,
and all that part..[ the township of Shirley not included
within the innibi of District No. 24, as bereinidter men
tioned and described, at the house of David beaker, deed.
ith di;tricCconiposed of Porter and part of Walker
township, and so touch of West township as is included in
the following boundaries, to wit: Beginning at the south
west corner of Tobias Caufnian's Facto on the bank of the
Little Juniata river, to the lower end of Jackson's narrows,
thence in a northwesterly direction to the most southerly
part of the farm owned by Michael Maguire, thence north
40 degrees west to the top of 'hissers mountain to Inter
sect the line of Franklin township, thence along the said
line to LittleJuniata river, thence down the same to the
place of beginning, at the public school house opposite
the Uermau liefonned Church, in the borough of Alexan
Bth district, composed of tho township of Franklin, at
the hoTe2Df tie°. W. Mattorn,iu said township.
Uth district, composed of 'Tell township, et the Union
school house, near the Union Meeting house, in said town.
filth district, composed of Springfield townshipost the
school house, bear Hugh Hapen's, to said township.
11th district, cotup7sed of eniOn township, at'tirant
school house, in the borough of 3121311,t0n, in said township.
12th district, composed ofirrad/township, at tho Centre
school house, in said township.
13th Cistiict, composed of Morris township, at public
school house N 0.2, in said township.
. . .
14th district, composed of that jail of West township
not included in 7th and 26th districts, at the public school
house on the farm now owned byles LOUIS (formerly
owned by James Ennis), in said townslum.
15th d(6trict, cumpostZ or Walker township, at the how.
or Benjamin Magatly, M'Connellstovrn.
15tlidadrict, aomiLsed of the tawnahip of Tod, at the
Greet' school house, in said toa - nehip.
17th district, composed of Oneida township, at the house
of William Long, N 1 arm Springs.
18th district,'Coniposed - oaromwell township, at the
house now occupied by David} tnire, in Orbisouia.
19th district, composed tho borOugh of Birmingham,
with the several tracts al laud near to and attached to the
same, now owned and occupied by Thomas M. Owens, John
K. McCahan, Andrew Robeson, John Gensimer and Wm.
Geusimer, and the tract of land now owned by George and
John Shoenberger, known as the Porter tract, situate in
the township of Wiu riortimark, at the public school house
20th district, composed of the township of Cass, at the
public school house in Casscille, at said township.
21st district, composed of the township of Jackson, at
the public house of Edward Little; at Itnalavy's hOrt,
in said township.
22. d district, Composed of the township of Clay, at the
public school house m tteottevale.
2ad district, composed of the towushipot Penn, at the
school house he Marklesburg, iu stud townehip.
24th district, composed and ertare'd as tulles., to wit:—
That all that part of Shirley township, Huntingdon coun—
ty, lying and being within the following described boun
daries, (except the borough of Mount Union), namely:
Beginning at the intersection of Union and Shirley town
of ; thence along said Union townehip line for the distima,
of three miles trom said river; thence eastwanlly, by a
straight line, to the point where the main from Eby'e mill
to Germany valley, crossos the sununit of Sandy ridge;
thence northwanlly along the summit of dandy ridge to
the river Juniata, and thence up said river to the place of
beginning, shall hereafter forma separate election district;
that the qualified voters of mid election district shall
hereafter hold their general and township elections in the
public s.chot!l house Mount Union, in saiddistrict.
25th district, composed of all that part of the Borough
of II untingdondylog east of kdtt street, and also all those
parts of Walker and Porter townships, heretofore outing iu
the Borough of lluutingdon, at the east window of the
Court House, in suit Borough.
. . . _ .
25th distri . et, composed of all that part of the Borough
of 1, untitegdoo, lying west of ktfili street, at the wee
window of the Court llouse.
27th district, composed of the borough of Petersiturp and
that part of West township, west and north of a line be
tween Henderson and West townshipe, at or near the Warm
Spring', to the Franklin township line on the top of TM.
eey's mountain, so as to include in the new district the
houses of David Waldemith, Jacob Looganecker, Thos.
Hamer, James Porter, and John Wall, at tuo school house
in the bcnrgh of Petersburg.
. . . .
26th distigii, composed of Juniata township, at the house
of John Peightul, ou the laud. of Henry Isenberg.
27th district, composed of Carbon township, recently
erected out of a part of the territory of Tod township, to
wit commencing ut a Chestnut Oak, on the summit of Ter
race monutain, at the Hopewell township lice opposite the
dividing ridge, to the Little Valley; thence south fifty-two
degrees, east three hundred and sixty perches, to a stone
heap on the Western Summit of Broad Top Mountain;
thence north sixty-seven degrees, east three hundred and
twelve perches, to a yellow pine; thence south fifty-two
degrees, east seven huudredaud seventy-two perches, to a
Chestnut Oak; thence south fourtesu degrees, east three
hundred and fifty-one perches, to a Chestnut at the east
end of Henry S. Green s land; thence south thirty-oneand
a half degrees, east two hundred and ninety-four perches,
to a Chestnut Oak 011 the summit of a spur of Broad Top,
on the western 'ide of John Terrel's farm; south sixty
five degrees, ems. olne hundred and thirty-four perches, to
a stone heap on the Clay township hue, at the Pu blic School
House, in the village of Dudley.
30th . district, composed of the borough of Coalmont, at
the public school house,iusajti borough.
3(st Listrict, composed of Lincoln township, beginning,
at a pine on the summit of Tuasey mountain on the line
between Blair end Huntingdon count., thence by the
division line south, fifty-eight degrees east seven hundred
and ninety-sight perches to a block oak in middle of town
ship; thence forty-two and one-half degrees east eight
hundred end two perches to a pine ou summit of Terrace;
thence by line of Tod township to corner of Penn town
ship ; thence by the lines of the township of Penn to the
summit of Tuseey mountain; thence olorg mid summit
with line of Blair county to place of beginning, at Coffee
Run School House
Std district, composed of the borough of Mapleton, at
the Grant school house, in mid borough.
SW district, composed of the borough of Mount Union,
at the school house, in said borough.
34th district, composed of tbe borough of Broad Top
City, at the public school house, in said airough.
35th dietnct, composed of the borough of Three Springs,
at the public school house, in said borough.
36th district, composed of Shade Gap borough, at the
public school house, in said borough.
I also make known and give notice, as in and by the
13th section of the aforesaid act I am directed, that "every
person, excepting justices of the peace, who shall hold
any office or appointment of profit or trust under tho gov
ernment of the United States, or of this state, or of any
city or corpomted district, whether a commissioned officer
or agent, who is or shall be employed under the legisla
tive, executive or judiciary department of this State, or
of the United States, or of any city or Incorporated die
trict, and also, that every member of Congress, and of the
State Legislature, and of the select or common council of
any city, commissioner of any incorporated district, le by
law incapable of holding or exercising at the same time,
the office or appointment of Judge, inspector or clerk of
any election of this Commonwealth, and that nu inspector
orjudge, or other officer of any such election shall be
eligible to any office to be then voted for."
Also, that in the 4th section of the Act of Assembly,
entitled "An Act relating to executions and fur other pur
poses," approved April 16th, 1840, it is enacted that the
aforesaid 13th section "shall not be so constructed as to
prevent any militia or borough officer from serving as
Judge, or inspector or clerk of any general or special elec
tion in this Commonwealth."
By the Act of Assembly of 1869, known as the Registry
Law, it is provided as follows : . .
1:"Elee - tion Officers are so open the polls between the
hours of six and seven, A. M. on the day of election.
Before six o'clock in the morning of second Tuesday of
October they are to receive from the County Commis
sioners the Registered List of Voters and all necessary
election blanks, and they are to permit no man to vote
whose name is not on said list, unless he shall make proof
of his right to vote as follows:
2. The person whose name is not on the Ust, claiming
the right to vote must produce a qualified voter of the
district to swLar inn written or printed affidavit to the
residence of the claimant in the district for at least ten
days next preceding mid election, defining clearly where
the residence of the person was.
3. The party claiming the right to vote shall also make
an affidavit, stating to the best of his knowledge and be
lief where and when he was born, that he is a citizen of
Pennsylvania and of the United States, that he has resided
in the State one year, or, if formerly a citizen tho - ein and
removed therefrom, that he has resided therein six
months next precediagnaid election, that ho has not moved
into the district for the purpose of voting therein, that he
has pald a Statii or county Mx within two years, which
was assessed at least ten days before the election, and the
affidavit shall state when and where the tax was assessed
and paid, and the tax receipt mast be produced utile,s the
aMant shall state that it has been lost or destroyed, or that
he received none.
4. if the applicant ben naturalized citizen, he must, in
addition to the foregoing proofs, state in his affidavit when,
where, and by what conrt he was naturalized end produce
his certificate of naturalization.
5. Every person, claiming to be a nate milted citizen,
whetter on the registry list, or producing affidavits as
aforesaid, shall be required to produce his naturalization
certificate at the election before voting, except where he
has been for ten years consecutively a voter in the district
where he offers to vote; and on the vote of such a person
being received, the Election Officers are to write or stamp
the word "voted" on his certificate with the month and
year, and no other vote can be cast that day in virtue of
Said certificate except where sous are entitled to vote upon
the naturalization of their father.
6. If the person claiming to vote who is not registered
silo make an affidavit that ha to a native born citixen
of tho United States, or, if born elsewhere, shall produce
evideqce of his naturalisation, or that be is entitled to
citigenship by reason of his father's naturalization, and
further, that he is betweea 21. and 22 years of age, and has
resided in the State one year, and in the election distrtct
ten days next preceding the election, he shall be entitled
to vote though ho shall not have paid taxes."
In accordance with the provision of the Bth section of
so act entitled "A further aupplement to the election Lawa
of this Commonwealth," 1 publish thefollovring
\taints., By the act of the Congress of the United
States, entitled "An Act to amend the several acts hereto
fore passed to provide for the enrolling and calling out of
the national forces, and for other purposes," and approved
March 3d, 1865, all pennons who have deserted the military
or naval services of the United States, and who have not
been discharged or relieved from the penalty or disability
therein provided, aro deemed and taken to have volunta
rily relinquished and forfeited their rights of citizenship
and their rights to become citizens, and are deprived of
exercising any rights of citizens thereof:
And whereas, Persons not citizens of the United States
aro not, under the Constitution and laws of Pennsylvania
qualified electors of this Commonwealth.
Suction I Be it enacted, ctc., That in all elections here
after to he held in this Commonwealth, it shall be unlaw
ful for the judge or inspectors of any such elections to re
ceive any ballot or ballots from any person or persons
embraced in the provisions and subject to the disability
imposed by said act of Congrees, approved March 3d,1865,
and it shall be unlawful for any such person to offer to
vote any ballot or ballots,
Seed. That if any such judge and inspectors of election,
or any one of them shall receive or consent to receive any
each unlawful ballot or ballots from any such disqualified
person. he or they so offending shall be guilty of a mis
demeanor, and on conviction thereof in any court of quar
ter session of this commonwealth; he shall for each of
fence, be sentenced to pay a fine not less than one hundred
dollars,and to undergo an immisonment in the jail of the
proper county for not less than sixty days.
Sac. 3. That if any person deprived of citizenship, and
gie't afore s aid, shall, a v t o l e ny o e r l!c e tla r hg
cora thereof, and offer to vote, a ballot or ballots, any per
son so offending shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor
and on conviction thereof in any court of quarter session
of this commonwealth, shall for each offence bo punished
in like manner as is provided in tha preceding section of
this act in taco of officers of election receiving any such
nnluo ful ballot or ballots.
Sze. 4. That if any person shall hereafter pursuade or
advise any person or persons, deprived of citizenship or
disqualified as aforesaid, to offer any ballot or ballots to
the officers of any election hereafter to be held in this
Commonwealth, or shall pursuade, or advise, any such
officer to receive any ballot, or ballots, from any person
deprived of citizenship, and disqualified as aforesaid, each
person so offending shall be guilty of a misdemeanor, and
upon conviction thereof in any court of quarter sessions
of this Commonwealth, shall be punished in like manner
as provided in the second section of this act in the case of
officers of such election receiving such unlawful ballot or
Particular attention is directed to the first section of
the Act of Assembly, passed the 30th day of March A. D.
1866, entitled "An Act regulating the manner of Voting
at all Elections, in the several counties of this Common
the vela:led voters of the several counties of this
Commonwealth, at all general, township, borough and
special elections, are hereby, hereafter authorised and
required to vote, by ticket, printed or written, or partly
printed and partly written, severally classified as follows:
Ono ticket shaft embrace the names of all judges of courts
voted for, and be labelled outside 'judiciary ; ' one ticket
shall embrace all the names of State officers voted for
and be labelled "State;" one ticket abaft embrace the
names of all county officers voted for, including office of
Senate, member and members of As.4embly, if voted for,
and members of Congrese, if voted for, std labelled
. . . .
FUniltint to the provisions contained in the 67th section
of the act aforesaid, the Judges of the aforesaid district
shall respectively take charge of the certificates or return
of the electton of their respective districts, and produce
them at ameeting of one of the judges from each district
at the Court Home, in the borough of Huntingdon, on the
third day after the day of election, being for the present
year on FRIDAY, the 15th of OCTOBER, then and there
to do and perform the duties required by law of said judges.
Also, that where a judge by eacknea or unavoidable acci
dent, is unable to attend said meeting of judges, then the
certificate or return aforesaid shall be taken in charge by
one of the inspectors or clerks of the election of said dis
sties, and shall do and perform the duties required of said
judge unable to attend.
Also, that in the 61st section of mid act it is enacted
that "every general and special election shall be opened
between the hours of eight and ten in the forenoon, and
shall continue without interruption or adjournment un
til seven o'clock in the evening, when the polls shall be
EXECUIIVE CHAMBER, I
HARRISBURG, Pi. August 27, 1870. f
To the County Commissioners and Sheriff* of The County of
WELREAS, The Fifteenth Amendment of the Constitution
of the United States is as follows:
"Scum. 1. The right of citizens of the United States to
vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States,
or by any State, on account of race, color, or previa.us cron
dition of servitude."
"Sscnots 2. The Congress shall have powder to enforce
this article by appropriate legislation."
And whereas, The Congress of the United States, on the
Blst day of March, 1870, passed an act, entitled "An Act to
enforce the right of citizens of the United States to rote in
the several States of this Union, and fur other purposes,"
the first and second sections of which areas tollo,es :
"SECTION 1. Be it enacted by the Senhte and House of
Representatives of the United States of America in Con
gress aesembled, That all citizens of the United States,who
are, it shall be otherwise qualified by law to vote as any
election by the people, in any State, Territory, district,
comity, city, parish, township, school district, municipali
ty or other territorial sub-division, shall be entitled and
allowed to vote at all such elections., without distinction of
nice, color, or previous condition of servitude; any Consti
tution, law, custom, usage, or regulation of any Territory,
or by, or under its authority, to the contrary notwitn
"Szciieff 2. .1 nd be it further enacted, That if by or en
tier the anthnrlty of the f`neortittrt4nr. nr Imre of net Wen.:
or the laws of auy Territory, any act is ur shall be required
to be done as a prerequisite or qualification for voting, and
by such Constitution or law, persons or officere are or shall
be charged with the performance of duties in fin nishing to
citizens an opport .ntty to perform such prerequisite, or to
become qualified to vote, it shall be the duty of every such
person and officer to give to all itizens of the United testes
the mine and equal opportunity to perform such prereqnim
Ste, and become qualified to vote without distinction of
race, color, or previous condition of servitude; and if any
such person or officer shall refuse or knowingly omit to
give lull effect to this suction, he shall, for every such of
fence, forfeit and pay the sum of the hundred dollars to
the person aggrieved thereby, to be recovered by on action
on the case, with full costs and such allowance for counsel
fees as the court shall deem just, and shall also, for every
such offence, be deemed guilty of a misdeineanor,and shall
ou conviction thereof, be fined not leas than five hundred
dollar., or be imprisoned not less than one month and not
more than one year, or both, at the discretion of the court."
And wherecur, It is declared by the second section of the
Tlth article of the Constitution of the Untied States, that
"This Constitution, and the laws of the United States,
which shall be made in pursuance thereof, shall be the
supreme law of the land, * * * * anything
iu the Constitution or laws of any State to the contrary
And wherca;, The Legislature of this Commonwealth,
on the Bth day of April, A. D. 18:0, passed an act, entitled,
"A furthei supplement to the act relating to elections In
this Commonwealth," the tenth section of which provides
"Socnov 10. That so much of every act of Assembly as
provides that only white freemen shall be entitled to vote,
or be registered its voters, or as violating to vote at any
general or special election of this Commonwealth, be and
the same is hereby repealed; and that hereafter all freemen,
without distinction of color, shall he enrolled and regis
tered according to the provision of the first section of the
act approved seventeenth April, 1865, entitled "An Act
further supplemental to the act relating to the elections of
this Commonwealth," and when otherwise qualified under
existing laws, be entitled to vote at all graced and special
elections in this Commonwealth."
And whereas, It is my constitutional and official duty to
"take cans that the laws be faithfully executed ;" and it
has come to my huowledge that sundry assessors and reg
isters of voters have refused, and are refining to asxeueood
register divers colored male citizens of lawful age, and
otherwise qualified as electors:
Now, Tanzioaz, Iu consideration of the premises, the
co inty commissioners of said county are hereby notified
and directed to Instruct the several assessors and registers
of voters therein, to obey and conform to the requirements
of said constitutional amendment and laws; and the sheriff
of mid county is hereby authorized and required to publish
in his election proclamation for the next ensuing elections,
the herein recited constitutional amendment, act of Con
froze, and not of the Legislature, to the end that the same
may be known, executed and obeyed by all assessors, reg
isters of voters, election officers and others; and that the
rights and privileges guaranteed thereby may be secured
to all the citizens of this Commonwealth entitled to the
Given under my hand and the great sad of the State, at
Harrisburg, the day and year first above written.
Amex: JNO. W. GEARY.
F. JORDAN, Secretary of Commonwealth.
Divan under my hood, at Huntingdon, the 30th day of
August, A. D. 1871, and of the independence of the Uni
ted States, the ninety-third.
D. R. P. NEELY, Sheriff.
Iluntingtlon, August 30,1871.
The qualified electors will take notice of the following
Act of Assembly, approved the 2d day of June; MI: Ace
Act, to authorize a popular vote upon the question of call
ing a convention to amend the constitution of Punneylva
gamma 1. Be it enacted by the Senate and Rouse of
Representatives of the Commonwealth of reunsylviuda in
General Amicably met, and it is hereby enacted by the au
thority of the saute, That the question of calling a con
vention to amend the constitution of this commonwealth
be submitted to a vote of the people at the general elec
tion, to be held on the second Tuesday of October next,
the said question to be voted upon in manner following,
to wit: In counties and cities in which slip ticket voting
is authorized by law, votes for and against a convention
may be expressed and given upon the ticket, headed or
endorsed with the word "elate," and not otherwise; and
the words shall be "constitutional convention," and under
neath "fora convention, or "against a convention ;" and
in counties or districts in which slip ticket voting shall
not be authorized by law, each elector voting upon said
question shall cast a separate belot, endorsed on the out
side "constitutional convention," and containing on the
inside the words "for a convention" or "against a conven
tion;" and all votes cast as aforesaid shall be received,
counted and returned by the proper election officers and
return judges as votes for governor are received, counted
and returned under existing laws.
SeCTION 2. That the elections aforesaid shall be held and
be subject to all the provisions of law which apply to
general elections; the sheriffs of the several counties shall
give notice of this act in their election proclamation the
present year, and the governor shall cause all the returns
of too said election, as received by the secretary of the
commonwealth, to be held before the legislature at its
next annual election.
JAMES U. WEBB,
Speaker of the House of Representatives.
WILLIAM A. WA
Speaker of the Senate.
Approved, tho second day of June, Anne Domini one
thousand eight hundred and seveuty-one.
JNO. W. OEARY.
'PRIVATE RESIDENCE Fog SALE.
-A- having gone into business at this place I
propose to sell my private residence at Bedford,
'Pennsylvania, at private sale.
It is unnecessary for me to give a description of
it to those who are acquainted with it, and to those
who have not seen it, and who desire to purchase
a neat and complete residence I would say go and
examine it. The house was entirely overhauled
and renovated but a year or two ago. It is located
upon a full lot of ground, GO feet by 240, on East
Pitt street, and the corner of an alley leading to
the Steam Mill, which makes it one of the most
public places in the town in a business point of
view. The lot is under drained by numerous
drains, and is second to none in the place. It has
produced all the garden vegetables used by my
family for years. In addition there is a flower
garden and a ounsiderable quantity of excellent
fruit. There is a perpetual insurance upon the
Address me at Huntingdon or Bedford, Pa.
J. R. DURBORROW.
Huntingdon, Pa., May 31, 1871.
HUNTINGDON, PA., SEPTEMBER 27, 1871.
Will it be at morn ? At the fading of the stars,
Will the fetters long worn, he forever laid by?
Shall we rise with the sun in bright radiance
Receive the glad summons to our mansion
on high ?
Ring, ring, ye morning chimes, an anthem loud
The last trump is sounding, to the resurrection
Will it be at noon ? As the perfect noonday
Shines with resplendent light o'er many a
"Will this corruptible put on incorruption?"
And the freed soul find rest beyond the
bounds of time?
No need of twinkling stars, bright suu, or pale
In the blest, glorious Resurrection noon.
At even? As the sun sinks in low splendor
On a world with tumultuous passions rife?
"Shall we be changed in the twinkling of as
Rise from our silent graves quickened into
Join the throng of ransomed as they gladly
Clothed with immortality, singing the new
At midnight's still hour? Will the sapphire
Creation unclose, to mortal eyes revealing
The throne of God, the spotless Lamb at His
Angels in glory with harps, all kneeling?
"I am the Resurrection and ie Life," no more
God, your Father, will wipe away all sorrow
ing and tears.
THE LOADED DICE,
IT was in the Fall of 183) that the
writer of this sketch, while detained at
Louisville awaiting the rise of the Ohio
river, to begin his journey to New Orleans,
first made the acquaintance of Mr. Harris,
a wealthy young merchant of the above
named city, who had been spending the
summer in Cincinnati, where he had gone
to settle up some accounts of long stand
ing. He was now on his way home, car
rying with him a large amount of money,
which he had collected for the firm of
which he was the junior member.
The season had been remarkably dry,
and, in consequence, the river was lower
than could be recollected by the oldest set
tlers, but as the Autumnal season advanced,
when the semi-annual rise of water might
be confidently expected, many travelers
arrived at Louisville to take advantage of
the earliest boats for the lower country.
After many disappointments the river
began to rise in good earnest, and all hur
ried on board of their respective steamers
to secure their passage home.
Mr. Harris and I, after having
our state-room and seen to the safety of
our baggage, had leisure to look around us
and make the acquaintance of our fellow.
travellers. We found to our intense dis
gust it had been our misfortune to take
.... . la, 40 a .1,11•314
set of gamblers as ever disgraced decent
societ:.. They were bound down the river
on a professional tour through the South
As soon as we were well under way the
implements of their nefarious trade were
brought forth. "Faro," "rouge et noir,"
and various other games were exhibited to
tempt the unwary to risk their money. At
first, many of the gentlemen on board ob
jected to having the boat turned into a
gambling hell; but the professionals loudly
protested that they played on the square,
and furthermore declared, that should one
of their number be detected cheating, that
the stakes should be forfeited, and he put
on shore on the nearest land. After this
no more was said, and the numerous games
went on went on without interruption.
For some time Harris, who was known
to have a large amount of money in his
possession, and who was evidently an ob
ject of the gamblers' especial re g ard, firmly
declined all invitations to 'try his luck.'
But one evening , after the supper table
had been cleared , he, weary of their im
portunity, or yielding, as he afterwards
told me, to a natural love for the excite
ment of play., consented to make one of a
party of four, who were about to sit down
to a game of cards for small stakes, "just
to pass away the time."
The players took their seats—the cards
were dealt, and the game began.
For a while my interest in the fortune
of Harris induced me to remain at his side
and watch the chances of the game; but as
the sums staked were small, and the par
ties seemed evenly matched in point of
skill, I soon tired of such uninteresting
employment and retired to a distant part
of the cabin to amuse myself with a book
—in the contents of which I almost imme
diately became absorbed.. I read on for
some time, probably an hour and a half;
but while pausing'a few moments to cut
the leaves—the book was a new one—l
became conscious that an unusual stillness
pervaded the room. There was no longer
to be heard the rattle of dice, the sharp
click of the ivory "faro check," or the sub
dued murmur of the players. Raising my
eyes to see what could be the cause of this
unusual silence, I saw that all the "banks"
had been deserted and the players were
standing motionless around the table, at
which I had left Harris and his compan
ions engaged at euchre,
Wondering what could induce men who
were accustomed to risk the largest stakes
on the turn of a card to take such an in
terest in so small a game, I threw down
my book, and approaching the party, soon
made my way close up to the table.
I saw at once that a great change had
taken place since I had been a looker-on.
The stakes were largely increased, and two
of the party, either unable, or too timid to
risk such large amounts, had withdrawn
from the table. Harris and one of the
gamblers, however, still retained their
seats, and eager faces and shaking
hands, shuffled and dealt the cards. For
tune seemed to favor Harris, for just as I
reached the spot he marked the last point
in a closely contested game while the pro
fessional, with a fierce oath, dashed down
the cards and challenged hint to give him
his revenge with dice, to which proposition,
after a moment's hesitation, Harris assent
dice and cup were produced, and
the excited gamesters again bet their mon
ey, but no longer with the same result.—
H.'s "good luck" seemed to have deserted
him, and his antagonist won stake after
stake. Harris seemed wild with excitement.
He doubled every time, and at last not less
than ten thousand dollars lay upon the ta
ble to be won or lost at a single shake of
the dice. Again was the gambler success
ful. Harris now sprang from his chair
and calling on his antagonist to remain
where he was, repaired to his state-room
and returning in a few minutes he dashed
down upon the table a large roll of bank
notes, saying at the same time to the gam
bler, "You have already won from me over
fifteen thousand dollars. These bills re
present double that amount; dare yon risk
a like sum and let the ownership be deci
ded by a single cast ?" The gambler at
once expressed his willingness to do so, but
declared he had not so much money in his
possession. The deficiency was, however,
made up by others of the fraternity, and
they prepared to resume the game. There
was a large carving-fork lying near Harris
which the waiter had neglected to move
when he cleared the table that evening.—
This Harris, with a careless and apparent
ly (as he took his seat) accidental move
ment of his arm, drew close to his side.
All now dreg near in eager expectation.
Harris seized the cup, and shaking the
dice violently for a moment, dashed them
down before him. I could scarcely repress
a cry of exultation when I saw he had
thrown double fives, within one of the
highest number it is possible to make.—
The professionals cast uneasy glances upon
each other, but flarris' antagonist only
smiled scornfully, and drew the ivory cubes
toward him. Just, however, as he was
placing them in the box, they slipped
throug his fingers and fell upon the floor;
he stooped and recovered them in an in
stant, but as he reached forth his hand to
take the cup, Harris, whose face had a
fixed, determined look, and whose eyes had
never for a moment been off of him, sud
denly seized the fork, and with a movement
quick as that of the deadly rattlesnake,
stuck the sharp prongs through his wrist,
literally pinning it to the table, at the same
time ho presented a cocked pistol full at
his head. There was a yell from the wound
ed man, and a volley of imprecations burst
from his associates ; a dozen of weapons
were pointed at the breast of Harris. He,
however, was equal to the occasion. Not
a muscle of his t'ace moved and his yoke
was not raised the least when he spoke.
"One moment, gentlemen," said he.—
"You yourselves have declared that, should
one of your number be detected in foul
play, the stakes should be forfeited."
. l lf the dice under the hand I now hold
imprisoned be not false, then do with me
as you will. If, however, I prove correct
in my assertion, I demand the fulfilment
of your threat."
By this time every male passenger had
collected around the table, and the gam
blers saw by their stern looks and drawn
weapons that they were not to be trifled
with. So they were forced reluctantly to
admit the truth of what Harris had said.
The gambler was held secure in his
chair; the fork was withdrawn, the dice
examined, and found to be loaded—the
true pair were concealed in his sleeve. His
fate was Ftaled in
_spite of his desperate
resistance. Strong arms stripped him of
his weapons, forced him into a boat and
rowed him to the nearest land, a low sand
bank entirely surrounded by the river, and
whose rapidly rising waters promised soon
to submerge it. Upon this island, deaf to
his piteous appeals, they forced him;
and the steamer resumed her course down
But long after we had lost sight of him
in the darkness, there came to us, out of
the black night, wild cries, that sounded
in our ears, high above the dash of our
ponderous wheels and the rush of the
mighty river. Screams for mercy, fearful
imprecations, and chilling blasphemiessuch
as might have been uttered by a lost soul
when it hears the dread sentence :
"Depart from me ye accursed into outer
darkness, where there shall be weeping
and wailing and gnashing of teeth."
Harris hid his — face in his hands and
wept like a child. Strongmen turned pale.
and the very gamblers looked at each other
with whitened cheeks and trembling lips.
Of his fate there could be no doubt.—
The strongest swimmer could not for one
moment stem the fearful torrent, and to
remain upon the bank was but to choose a
lingering and more fearful death.
There was no more playing on board
that boat on that trip, and at the first land
ing most of the passengers left her, fleeing
from it as from a place accursed.
Among those who left was Harris.
Yearsbad passed when we met again,
but he trembled when he spoke of that
fearful night on the Ohio, and said he had
not touched a card since then.
The Chivalry and Shovetry.
A good anecdote is told of a New Eng
lander who audaciously settled down in
one of our southern cities, and, by force of
tact, talent and energy acquired a high po
sition at the bar. With the intrepidity of
a man who believes in his mission, arid who
does not consider himself inferior to the
arrogance around him, he was one day ad
dressing a court of law, when he was in
dignantly assailed by one of the old prac
titioners, who wanted to know "whether
the sons of chivalry and the descendants
of the Hugenots were to be insulted by a
Yankee interloper, who came here after
having failed to earn a living in his own
section ?" "Your honor," said the young
lawyer, "my ancient friend seems to have
forgotten that the chivalry of the south are
being rapidly superceded by the shovelry
of the north, and that the Hugenots of
this section are being steadily displaced by
the pine knots of my own."
Heaven help the man who imagines that
he can dodge enemies by trying to please
everybody! If such an indis idual ever
succeeded, we should be glad of it—not
that one should be going through the world
trying to find beams to knock und thump
against, disputing every man's opinion,
fighting and elbowing, and crowding all
who differ from him. That again, is an
other extreme. Other people have their
opinions ;so have you. Don't fall into the
error of supposing they will respect you
more for turning your coat every day so
much the color of theirs. Wear your own
clothes, in spite of wind and weather, storm
and sunshine. It costs the irresolute and
vacilating ten times the trouble to wind
and shuffle and twist than honest, manly
independence to stand its ground.
A BFAUTIFUL ANSWER.—"What is
conscience 2' said a Sunday School teacher
one day to the little flock that gathered
around to learn the word of life.
Several of the children answered—one
saying one thing, another another—until
a little timid child spoke out :
"It is Jesus whispering in our hearts."
Tim sweetest word in our language is
love. The greatest word is God. The
word expressing the shortest time is now.
Love God now.
Every community is cursed by the pres
ence of a class of people who make it their
business to attend to everbody's affairs but
their own. Such people are the poorest
specimens of humanity which exist upon
this blighted earth. It is well known that.
almost every person is sometimes disposed
to speak evil of others, and tattling is a
sin from which very few can claim to be
entirely exempt. But the object of this
present article is to speak of that distinct
class of tattlers who make tale-bearing the
constant business of their lives. They
pry into the private affairs of every family
in the neighborhood; they know the ex
act state of one neighbor's feelings toward
another; they understand everybody's
faults, and no little blunder or misdemean
or ever escapes their watchfulness. They
are well posted upon everything connected
with courtship and matrimony, and know
who are going to marry whom, and can
guess the exact time by every movement
of parties suspected of matrimonial inten
tions, and, if there is the slighest chance
to create a disturbance, excite jealousy, or
"break up" a match, they take advantage
of it, and do all in their power to keep
people in a state of constant vexation.
They glide quietly from gentleman to lady,
from mother to daughter, from father to
son, and in the ears of all they pour their
bitter whispers of slander and abuse, and,
at the same time,'pretend to be the most
sincere friends of those they talk to. Their
nauseous pills of slander are sugar-coated
with smiles and words of friendship.
Tattlers are confined to no particular
class, and they operate in all. We find
them among the rich, and the poor—"up
per ten" and the "lower million," in the
church and out of it. They are people
who have no higher ambition than to be
well informed in regard to other, people's
private business, to retail soandal of their
neighbors, and to exult in fiendish tri
umphs over the wounded feelings and
bruised hearts of their innocent victims.
A Youth Who Never Saw a Woman
Meadow's history of the Chinese, lately
published in London, in a chapter on Love
has the following :
"A Chinese, who had been disappoint
ed in marriage, and had grievously suffer
ed through the women in many other ways,
retired with his infant son to the peaks
of a mountain range in Cweichoo, to a spot
quite inaccessible to little footed Chinese
women. He trained the boy to worship
the gods, and to stand in awe and abhor
rence of the devils; but he never mention
ed women to him, always descending the
mountain alone to buy food. At length,
however, the infirmities- of age compelled
him to take the young man with him to
carry the heavy bag of rice. As they
were leaving the market town together,
the son suddenly stopped short, and point
ing to three approaching objects, cried.
"Father, what are these things. Look !
look ! What are they!
The father instantly answered with the
"Turn away your head ; they are devils !"
The son, in some alarm, turned away,
noticing that the evil things were gazing
at him with surprise from behind their
fans. He walked to the mountain in si
lence, eat no supper, and from that day
lost his appetite, and was afflicted with
melancholy. For some time his puzzled
and anxious parent could get no satisfac
tory answer to his inquiries, but at length
the young man burst out crying with in
•'Oh, father, that tallest devil ! That
tallest devil, father."
A short time since, just at sunset on a
summer's day, I went to the grave of a
dear sister of mine. Her two little boys
went with me. When we had arrived
there, two at the head and two at the foot
of the grave, bending over, as if to meet
and hang over the grave.
'That is her grave—our mother's grave,"
said one of the boys.
"And those rose-bushes ?" said I, as the
tears started in my eyes.
"Those," said ihe - eldest, "brother and
I and father set soon after she was laid
there. Those two at the head she planted
in the garden herself, and we took them
up and set them here, and call them
'Mother's bushes.' "
"And what do you remember about your
dear mother, my boys ?"
"Oh ! everything."
"Whit in particular ?"
“Oh ! this, uncle, that there never was
a day since I can remember in which she
did noif , `take us to her closet, and pray
with us, unless she was sick on the bed !"
Never did that sister seem so dear to me
as at that moment; and never did my
heart feel so full of hope in the words
which were engraved on the tombstone
"No mortal woes
Can reach the peaceful sleeper here,
While angels watch her soft repose."
There are two ways of coming down
from the top of a church steeple—one is
to jump down, and the other is to come
down by the steps, but both will lead you
to the bottom. So also there are two ways
of going to hell ; one is to walk into it with
your eyes open—few people do that—the
other is to go down by the steps of little
sins, and that way, we fear, is the only too
common. Put up with a few little sins,
and you will soon want a few more; even
a heathen could say, "Who was content
with only one sin ?"—and your course will
be regularly worse every day. Well did
Jeremy Taylor describe the progress of sin
in man : "First it startles him, then it be
comes pleasing, then easy, then delightful,
then frequent, then habitual, then confirm
ed. Then the man is impenitent, then
obstinate, and then he is damned." Read
er, the devil only wants to get the wedge
of a little allowed sin into your heart, and
you will soon be all his own. Never play
with the fire—never trifle with little sins.
MOTHERLY acOvr7E::::When Andrew
Jackson left his home in North Carolina
for Tennessee, his mother gave him this
advice, as related by himself to W. H.
Sparks, of Georgia
"Andy," said she, (she always called me
Andy), "Yon are going to a new country,
and among rough people; you will have to
depend on yourself, and cut your own way
through the world; I have nothing to give
you but a mother's advice. Never tell a
lie, nor take what is not your own, nor sue
anybody for slander or assault and battery;
always settles them cases yourself."
I have promised, and I have tried to
keep the promise. I rode off some two
hundred yards to a turn in the path and
looked back. She was still standing at the
fence and wiping her eyes. I never saw
he; after that.
A LEADER OF THE FREEDMEN ,
A SELF-EDUCATED STATESMAN AND
BITTERNESS OF THE EX-REBELS!
The following statement we copy from
the Philadelphia Press:
Rev. Elias Hill is the most remarkable
man in South Carolina. He is a pure
black, and was born near Clay Hill, York
district, in 1819, of slave parentage. When
but seven years of age, to use his own
words, he became "afflicted ;" that is,
rheumatism, from which he had been a
chronic sufferer from infancy, so contract
ed his lower limbs that he was unable to
walk. From that time, 1826, to the
present, the contraction has continued, and
in turn attacked all his limbs. His legs
now resemble more the talons of a large
bird than anything else, while his arms
are so deformed and his fingers as contract
ed that he has almost entirely lost the use
of both. His upper and lower jaws are as
tightly clutched as a vice, and to enable
him to receive his food his front teeth
:iad to be extracted. He is utterly un
able either to walk or crawl, and has to be
carried in every instance. With all this
hideous deformity of body, he has a mas
sive, intellectual head, a clear, sonorous
voice, and an intelligent, eagle-like expres
sion. When sixteen years of age he began
his self-education. From passing school
children he picked up an occasional letter
of the alphabet until he finally mastered
that elementary study. Then he under
took reading and writing, and succeeded
in both. His first lessons were conned
from the Bible, and, possessing all the
natural fervidness of his race, he became
deeply impressed with its teachings, and
early began the preaching of the Gospel.
Three different times has he been com
pelled to change his manner of writing.
At first he was able to hold the pen in the
ordinary way; next be lost the use of his
forefingers, and was obliged to grasp the
pen with all his fingers knotted in a bunch
around it. The process of contraction con
tinuing, in his fifty-first year he has the
power only of folding his hand around the
pen, and of scribbling thus the best he
can. With all this limited opportunities
he compares favorably with any man in the
State. Contrasted with General Wade
Hampton or any other Southern leader,
he is a marvel. They have trod the most
widely divergent paths—the one the des
cendant and heir of an aristocratic line
reaching back for centuries, raised in lux
ury and afforded the best educational
facilities of the land—the other born in
slavery, of ignorant parentage, raised in a
miserable log cabin, and shut out of all
opportunity for intellectual development.
However, in all York county, its legal and
medical professions included, there are not
a dozen better informed men than old
Fliaa nnr rm.., with a. tstrolia-cr
He is a leader amongst his people. Edu
cated, eloquent, and withal deformed, un
til he is almost a monstrosity, he has im
pressed them with a superstitious rever
ence, and is implicity followed and obeyed.
And yet this old man, who is unable to
raise himself from the ground, who cannot
crawl a foot, this poor creature has felt the
stinging lash of the murderous Ku-Klux,
has had their halter around his neck, and
been maltreated almost to death. On the
sth of May last a band of disguised men
came to his cabin, drove away a small boy
who attends him, and after destroying all
his books and papers, more valuable to
him than his life, and, after his God, most
worshipped, took him out, gave him some
twenty or thirty lashes, and, with a halter
around his neck and pistols pointed at his
head, extorted a promise that on the follow
ing week he would renounce, through the
columns of the Yorkville Inquirer, his Re
publican principles. At the time the Ku
Klux whipped the old man they char,sd
him with having preached political ser
mons, with having inflamed the passions of
the negro congregation over which he pre
sides, of' having incited inecndiarism, and
of having been president and organizer of
the Union League in York county. All
these charges, except the last, the old man
denied and was guiltless of. His religion,
he says, is "universal love, universal peace,
and universal worship of God." His heart
overflows with kindness toward all men;
and, poor cripple as he is, with his body
still smarting from the blows of the lash,
he has no resentment against the man who
maltreated him. The visit of the Congres
sional Committee to Yorkville, be hopes,
will result only in a restoration 4.4' peace,
and not in the punishment of any one. He
himself is in correspondence with the
American Colonization Society, and pro
poses emigrating in November next with
some seventy-five or eighty families of his
flock to Liberia. He is firmly convinced
that'the white men of South Carolina and
other Southern States will never allow the
negro to live in peace, or enjoy the fruits
of his labor, while he votes with the Re
1 remonstrated with Hill for leaving the
United States just at this time, when his
race had taken a "new departure," when a
new life was opened to them, and when the
West offered so much to industrious agri
culturists. The old man replied that the
negro was acclimated to the South, that he
was trained to the cultivation of cotton and
corn :lime, and that he believed that no
where else in the world save Liberia had
he a free and full opportunity under his
normal conditions to develop into a full
and vigorous manhood. That as much as
he loved the United State, which he cher
ished as his own native land, he felt a
pride and an interest in the rising young
negro Republic; that it was his desire to
see a United States of Africa arise, and
that he was determined to co-operate in
the attainment of that object. I was sur
prised at the full investigation Jlill had
made. Every Congressional and State
document on the subject of the lands of
the West an 3 South, and the homestead
and pre-emption laws, he had read and di
gested in his mind, and, after this full in
vestigation, Africa was his choice. There
the lands were rich. Cotton could be
grown, and free schools could be had.
There there was no animosity nor preju
dice against his race • the soil was his by
right of occupation. No argument of mine
could change the old man's determination.
He is an enthusiast on the subject of his
race. He has proven by himself what it is
capable of, and although I believe be is an
e=aptlon, he himself clings to the belief
that he is only an average man; that with
schools and books and newspapers the
children of his color here, naked and dirty
as they are, may become educated, intelli-
gent, self-reliant beings, model citizens of
any country. God grant that the old man
may be right, but I am sorry to see him
leave South Carolina. He and his race
have a lien upon every acre of its soil.
With their present noble aim for a higher
life, they must ultimately dominate here.
The ignorant, debased, poor whites, with
their slovenly habits, insolence, and natur
al outlawry, must die out in one or two
Queries for William M'Candless.
General William M'Candless, you were
a member of the Senate in 1869, when the
Fifteenth Amendment to the Federal Con
stitution was before that body for ratifica
tion. On that amendment yon made a
speech, and that speech is published in the
Legislative Record, page 954; and in that
speech, speaking of the friends of that
measure, you said : "They are sapping the
very foundation of our liberties by the
theory contained in the so-called Fifteenth
Amendment to the Federal Constitution."
Speaking to General Fisher, one of the
Senators from Lancaster, you said : "The
shade of Thaddeus will rise to your sup
port, and give you some reason fir sur
rendering to Federal power the very cita
del of the liberties of the people of your
Further on you said :
"The patriots of the revolution battled
for years on many a doubtful and bloody
field to establish, which they did success
fully, the right of local self-government on
this continent, and now, in the apace of
three hours, tne majority in this chamber
will set aside, as far as in them lies, the
handiwork of the fathers of the Republic."
“The solar system acts by the immuta
ble laws of nature; our system by the po
litical necessities of an unscrupulous party.
If their action tends to a centralization of
power in the Federal Government (as the
passage of this joint resolution will assure)
your State rights and personal liberties
will melt away as would the planets were
they in like manner drawn by the sun,
their central power, from their respective
"If you succeed in doing this, you not
only overthrow our form of government,
but tear up its very foundations."
"Can we approve the present proposi
tion, and hope in the future, to control
any domestic relation of the State if the
centralized power at Washington says nay ?
"Can you preserve your form of govern
ment if you permit a power existing out
side of the State to regulate and control
the vote of the people within it ? To ask
the question is to answer it. Common
sense must teach you that the vital power
of the States, in their separate capacity is
gone, and y ou are governed by a centralized
"What more fatal measure can be adop
ted than the one now proposed."
"A human being might as well be declar
ed to live after the breath had left the
body, as a State to exist when it shall have
parted with this vital principle."
Now, General, we take it for granted
that in using his_language you were speak
ing yoTiFtrsue sentiments; that you verily
believe that the Fifteenth Amendment
"says the very foundation of our liberties,"
surrenders "the very citadel" of those lib
erties and "sets aside the handiwork of the
;athers of the republic;" that undir it our
"State rights and personal liberties will
melt away," that it "overthows our form
of government" and "tears up its very
foundations," that it is a "fatal measure,"
and that it leaves the State dead—devoid
of all "vital principle."
Very good. If you thought so, then,
you were right in saying so. But, do you
think so still? If not, why do you not
take back the many bard things you said
then, and acknowledge like a man, that
you were all wrong, and that all these mut
terings were but the sickly vapors of a dis
eased brain ?
But, General William M'Candless, if
you do think so still (and we take it for
granted you do), how, as a good citizen,
much less as a good Democrat, can you
now "acquiesce" in an amendment so rev
olutionary, so fraught with direful conse
quences, and confess ..your willingness to
treat it as an integral part of the Consti
tution ? Either you were vaporing, then,
or you cannot be honest, now. No honest
man, no good citizen, can acquiesce in an
amendment which he characterizesas "sur
rendering the very citadel of onr liberties,"
sapping the "very foundations" of our
government, a "fatal measure" which de
stroys the very life of the State. If he
believes this, he is a recreant to his State
and a traitor to his principles if he now
"acquiesces" in it all simply because it is
an accomplished fact.
We leave to the accomplished William
the task of wriggling out of this dilemma.
He is either a false prophet or a traitor
knave. If what he said in 1869 was
mere bumeonthe or blarney for effect, he
is an'unfit man for a public trust. And
if that speech was the honest utterance of
what he really thought and believed, he is
of all men the most dangerous, because he
now expresses a willing ness to submit to
what he believes to be a fundamental
wrong, and thus confesses that, no matter
how wrong a thing may be, he will submit
to it without resistance. In 1869 he re
garded the Fifteenth Amendment as a
usurpation and revolutionary. In 1871,
the usurpation and revolution being ac
complished, he submits without further
cavil; and then he gives the world notice
that he, William M'Candless, does not re
sist, but acquiesces in usurpations and rev
olutions when they are successful, no mat
ter how destructive they may be to civil
liberty. What lie wants is an office ; and
it is all one to him if it is under a govern
ment which according to his own showing,
has been overturned.
161 - The Republicans of Huntingdon
county have nominated Frank H. Lane
for Assembly, and good men for the offices.
The Republican papers of the county,
throwing aside their personal animosities,
unite in cordial support of the ticket, and
there can be no doubt of its election. We
are glad to see that our friends are recov
ering their good sense, settling their dffi
culties and uniting to win victory. No
defeat is so inglorious and disgraceful as
that caused by dissensions. If men fail
after a fair effort, they forfeit little of the
respect of their fellow men ; but when a
party is destroyed by internal broils and
bickering, those guilty thereof become, and
deserve to be, objects of scorn and con
tempt.—Bedford County livss.
ALL advices from Ohio indicate that
the Republicans will elect their Governor,
and carry the State by a large majority.—
Tremendous meetings are being held in
all portions of the Commonwealth, and the
canvass is an active and enthusiastic one.