Newspaper Page Text
report of the trustees furni Cas a full de-
Scription of the educational Anti fina nc i a l
condition of the college, tog 't4lter with the
progress results of the le k uerimental
Farms during the year just !ivied.
Your attention is invited to. the accompany
ing report of the Adjutant General, for
the details of the transtsitions of his de
partment during the pelt year. The ne
cessity of a military power in the State,
subordinate and auxiliary to the civil au-,
thorities, has been so fully discusse, and
so generally admitted, as to ender ,,
argument on the =hint r,ntirely super
fluous. It is admitted, Ira all hands, that
a thoroughl y
erflaninP'..4 and well discip
lined military force contributes essentially
to the maintenas' oe of the peace and good
order of Becky ' , and to the security of the
Persons and property of citizens. It has
been my d'osire and aim to constitute such
a force, t o aid the civil authorities, should
an enrargency arise in the suppresson of
pubic tumult or disorder. This has been
eiPected more successfully than was at first
anticipated. In 1866, there were but
eight volunteer companies in the State;
at the close of 1869, there wereone hund
red and eighty-four; to which number one
hundred and fifty-eight companies were
added last year. In the meantime, thirty
have been disbanded, leaving three hund
red and eleven organized and active mili
tary companies, now recognized by act of
the Legislature, as the "National Guard
From. the company organizations four
teen regiments and five battalions have
been formed. Whilst lam not disposed
to encourage regimental organizations of
cavalry or artillery, they being unneces
sarily large and expensive, I regard sepa
rate or independent troops and batteries
of these branches of the service, attached
to brigades or divisions, as highly impor
The quota of arms due Pennsylvania
has been drawn from the General Govern
ment. This amounted to forty-five hund
red breach-loading rifle-muskets and ac
courtrements, with a proportionate supply
of the proper ammunition. These have
been distributed, as provided by the fifty
seven section of act May 4, 1864, in such
manner as in my judgement "will most
effectually subserve the military interests
and necessities of the Commonwealth."
As heretofore stated, all the State mili
tary departments created during the war
have been merged into that of the Adju
tant General. That department is now
the depository of all our military records,
the importance and value of which are
constantly indicated by the daily applica
tions of officials of the General and dif
ferent State governments, of attorneys and
agents, of soldiers and themselves, or their
representatives for certificates and exem
plifications. The Adjutant General is also
the responsible custodian of -all the mili
tary property belonging to the Common
wealth. I, there, recommend that his de
partment receive the favorable considera
tion of the Legislature, and the continua
tion of such appropriations as may be re
quired for its efficient administration.
The Legislature, in 1864, passed an act
authorizing the Governor "to appoint
some competent person to prepare a mili
tary history of Pennsylvania volunteers
and militia," who had been or might
thereafter be in the field during the war
of the rebellion. In conformity therewith,
my predecessor appointed Samuel P. Bates,
Esq.,.to perfgrm this difficult and respon
undertaking. He commenced the
task with zeal and industry, and has prose
it with ability. The work has prov
ed to be far more extensive, and required '
a much greater amount of labor, and re-1
search than was at first contemplated.
Four large octavo volumes, handsomely
printed and substantially bound, have
been produced, and the fifth, and last
volume, will be completed before the first
of June next. The book, itself, affords
the best commentary or criticism of the
manner in which the author has discharg
ed his duties. It puts in'concise form and
prepetuates the most important portion of
our history, which otherwise would have
been forever lost. Hereafter it will be
invaluable to the Commonwealth.
A reliable geological and minerlogical
survey would be of incalculable value to
the State. Without it we have indefinite
ideas of our vast undeveloped mineral
wealth, and the expense attending it would
be utterly insignificant when compared
with the benefical results. We are at pres
ent, without even a reliable map to indi
cate the locality, character and resources
of our mineral regions. And as good
maps arc the basis of all useful research
in every department of science, of geology
and metallurgy,' the first step toward a
geological survey is to obtain as correct a
map as possible, if not if the entire State,
at least of such parts thereof as are of the
most importance to be studied geologically.
This will be a work of labor and time,
and can only•be 'accomplished successful
ly by triangulating each county separately,
and from the county maps thus acquired,
constructing a complete and accurate map
of the whole State. It is neither wise
nor just policy to delay this work because
it may be more perfectly effected at some
future time. There is for it a present ne
cessity, and the time never will come when
such a work can be rendered perfect.
There can be no such thing as a final geo
logical report. New developments in min
eral resources, as well as additional ac
quirements in scientific knowledge, will
constantly be made as long as the world
The general voice of the business com
munity and landownership of the State
demands this survey. It is especially call
ed for by the oil regions, newly discover
ed coal fields, and by the iron, manufac
turing and railroad interests. Large por
tions of the State remain, to a great ex
tent, unstudied by scientific and practical
men. The old Purvey of 1836-41 did a
good work, but it is of little value now,
except in a few localities. Since it was
made, wonderful discovers have taken
place, and problems of structure and de
posit still remain unsolved, doubtless in
volving many millions of dollars in value.
Then, many of the back counties were
comparatively unsettled, and scarcely any
openings were made in our mineral dis
tricts, except in the anthracite coal basins
and around Pittsburgh. Now, the State
is full of trial shafts and private explora
tions; extensive forests have been cleared ;
roads penetrate what were inaccessible re
gions ; railways traverse whole counties
with instrumental field work ; many thous
and of oil and salt wells have been bored;.
the population has advanced in intelligence
and grown more observant and enterpris
ing, and the skill of the geologist, metal
lurgist and surveyor has reached a higher
degree of perfection.
posterity has its claims upon us ; and
it should be considered that whatever is
done for the present generation is so much
accomplished for the generations that may
Mow. One important function of a ge
ological survey is to preserve knowledge
for a More use. Science is cumulative,
and its advances are slow. It must col
lect many facts before it arrives at true
conclusions. For want of proper bureau
of statistics, and a corps of observation
and publication to collate and relate the
facts of our geology and mineralogy as
they have appeared, the State has already
suffered severely. Much valuable infor
mation has been lost, never to be recover
ed ; 401 but little certain knowledge of
pakt mining, and other scientific opera
tions, has been preserved to govern and
assist the future engineer. The sooner,
therefore, in my opinion, a geological sur
vey is authorized, the better will it be for
its present necessities.
The Supreme Court has decided that
the law requiring the owners of dams in
the t;nsquehanna river to make fish-ways
in the same, at least in cases where they
had purchased their works from the State,
is unconstitutional and void. Fiom this
decision it does not appear that the State
can have such ways constructed at their
own expense. But this does not seem
advisable until concurrent legislation can
be obtained with Maryland, that State
holding both banks of the Susquehanna
river at its mouth and for many miles
above. The subject has been brought to
the attention of Maryland, the Legisla,
Lure of which State, at its last session
' passed a law providing for the appoint
, ment of commissioners of fisheries, to re
port at its next session, which will not
occur until next winter. The fisheries
under consideration are nearly, if not quite,
as much deteriorated by the want of stat
utory laws for their protection as by the
mechanical obstructions' in the streams.
The New England States and New
York have commenced the experiment of
fish propagation in the large streams
north of us on quite an extensive scale.
Their experience will 'fie Useful to us
when all obstacles arising froth the divid
ed State ownership of the river shores
shall have been obviated. ' New Jersey
appinted fish commilipi9i!erd at. the last
session of her Legisliture, the com
missioner of Pennsylvania is now in treaty
with them in reference to-'needed sconcur
rent legislation. The subject is receiv
ing careful attention in both States by
their delegated agents. It is - hoped that
Delaware will join with 'Pennsylvania ; and
New Jersey in the reforms needed on the
Permit me to renew my recommenda
tions concerning the collection and prop
erly recording of statistical information re
lating to the development and growth of
the various resources of the Common
wealth. Such records are an almost in
dispensable necessity. The want of them
is a source of constant perplexity and an
noyance to all the State officers, and to
others, including United States officials
and representatives of foreign nations,
who have business with the different de
partments of the State government. These
statistics might be gathered, at a moder
ate expense, by an intelligent clerk ap
pointed for that purpose, and the books at
all times kept open for inspection in the
office of the Secretary of the Common
The report of the Surveyor General
furnishes a detailed account of the Land
Office. During the past fiscal year 3,580
patents were issued, covering 537,880
acres, being more than one-fifty-sixth part
of the area of the State. The great amount
of work in this department requires sev
eral additional clerks. The insecurity of
the buildings renders necessary additional
iron cases or safes for the protection of
the muniments of title and other public
documents. The expenses of the office,-
including improvements, was $23,400,
whilst the receipts, from fees alone,
amounted to $54,703 61.
Accompanying this communication will
be found the report of pardons granted
during the past year. Compared with the
increase of crime, and the great number
of prisoners in the county jails and State
penitentiaries, the number is less than
that of former years. In exercising clein
ency toward persons convicted of crime,
have strictly endeavored, under all cir
cumstances, to observe :that caution and
discretion contemplated in the Constitu
tion, and to impartially administer that
merciful prerogative and extend its bene
ficent protection only for the correction of
errors of criminal jurisprudence, the re
lief cf those who may have been "cruelly"
or "excessively" punished, and those
around whom cluster mitigations and
The number of applications for pardon
during the past year, was twelve hundred
and forty, of which sixty-two, or five per
cent. were granted.
The commutation of sentences for good
behavior in prison, in accordance with the
law of 1869, has effected favorable results
in the conduct of prisoners, and their
keepers find it a great auxiliary in main
taining a wholesome prison discipline. Its
beneficial effect will doubtless be manifest
in the conduct of those who are released
from prison because of its reformatory in
fluences, and it is believed.that fewer con
victs discharged under it will return to
criminal pursuits than under the old sys
JNO. W. GEARY,
Harrisburg, Jan. 4, 1871.
OFFICERS OF THE LEGISLATURE.
The following list of officers compose the
entire organization of both Rouses :
Speaker—James H. Webb, of Bradford.
Chief Clerk—General Selfridge, of North
Assistant—Edward G. Lee, of Philadel
Resident--John A. Smull f of Dauphin.
Transcribers—T. Harlan, Chester ; G.
Halsey, Luzerne ; J. Moorhead, Erie; B.
Eberly, Lancaster ; J: Bodine, Tioga ;
Charles Somerfield, Philadelphia.
Sergi-at-Arms --. Wm. J. Ovens, of Phila
Assistants—J. G. Ramely, Allegheny; M.
M. Mott, Susquehanna; Isaiah Shimer
and W. McCune, Philadelphia.
Door Keeper-11.• Sawele, .of Alle
Assistants—E. J. Adamson and James
Bonebraker, Allegheny; 11. : G. Anderson,
Messenger—F. C. Fianna*, Warren.
Assistants—S. L. Kautman;Lancaster • D.
S. Elliott, Bedford ; J.- B. Carpeter,.
Postmaster—A. B. M'CartfiCy, Mercer.
Assistant—R. A. Cochran, Beaver.
Rotunda Door KelperZ.A. B. Waif,
Supt. of Folders—James Reins, Philadel
Assistant---Wallace Scott, Bradford.
Pasters and Folders W. W. Wasson, E.
W. Daugherty, Charles . Easer, C. V.
Painter, Wm. M'Graw, H. R. Fetteman,
C. K. McDonald, S. A. Marshall, M.
Loughry, Henry Shirk and Edward
Speaker—William A. Wallace; of Clear-
Cidef Clerk—Jacob Ziegler, of Butler.
Assistants—Timothy A. Sloan and Win. P.
Transcribers--Ezaias Rehig, 11. 0. Keyser,
W. Bayard and Win. Merrick.
Serg't-at-Arms—John P. Coalihan.
Assistants—Josiah R. Dunbar and J. A.
Door Keeper—M. Williard. •
Assistants—Frank Serba and John Doily
Assistants—Jacob Paul and Herman Bretz.
Postmaster—J. H. Beale.
Supt. of Polders—Joseph G. Goward,
and six Fasters and Folders.
The Huntingdon Journal.
J. R. DURBORROW,
Wednesday Morning, January 11, 1871.
CLOSE UP THE RANKS.
The elections for members of the XLIld
Congress have been held in all of the prin
cipal States aad while the Republicans have
no good reason to be dissatisfied with the
general result, yet had the elections been
conducted from a purely Republican and
Democratic standpoint, on the living issues
which divide these two great parties, with
out the luggage of local dissensions, a dif
ferent result would, unquestionably, have
been reached. But the past is a matter of
history, and let us profit by what it teaches.
From this day forth let the command ring
from one end of the line to the ether,
" CLOSE UP THE RANKS !"
A great many Republicans, in the late
'elections, were indifferent to the result be
lieving that it was not amiss to teach poli
ticians that they cannot secure success
without the aid of the people, and conse
iquently, they became apathetic and took
no part in the canvass, and many, very
many, remained away from the polls. Wheth
er they have been justified in doing so we
will leave them to say now in the light of
the result. And look at the result ! A
bare working majority in the Lower House
of Congress and the Senate of Pennsylvania
in the hands of our opponents ! If this
order of things is to be changed, and a Re
publican President elected in 1872, you
must throw aside your personal difficulties
arouse from your apathy, select the best
men, the wise, the honest, and the true, for
your candidates and pass the word in sten
torian tones all along the line, and spring
to your positions with alacrity when you
hear it, " CLOSE UP TILE RANKS !"
Men have leaped into place by your per
sonal dissensions and apathy that might
have been beaten by a school boy's effort,
had any such result been anticipated, that
two or three years hence may require all
the mature years and efforts of a united
and harmonious party to defeat; such is
the game of elections. And while you may
have taught men who control the political
machinery your political importance and
strength, you have permitted, if not assist
ed, your opponents to erect a tower which
may prove impregnable. Is this not pos
sible ? Then you who have the success of
the Republican party at heart, who love
its teachings, who love its broad principles
of universal liberty and the political equal
ity of all men, be they rich or poor, high
or low, cast off your apathy, gird on your
armor and fling your standard to the breeze
now, remembering the proverb, " IN TIME
OF PEACE PREPARE FOR WAR !"
Nothing but a universal disposition to
unite for the maintenance of the principles
which brought forth and have carried the
Republican party in triumph through many
severe contests, will save us from a most
unfortunate and disastrous defeat in the
Presidential contest of 1872. Then let us,
with one accord, drop those petty jealousies
and strifes which have only too long actu
ated us, and prepare now, in solid phalanx,
when the decisive moment arrives, to as
sault the positions of out over-confident
opponents and victory will again perch upon
our banners. " CLOSE UP TUE RANKS!"
ROWDYISM AT HARRISBURG.
It is only when the Democracy are in
the majority in one or both branches of
the Legislature, at HarrisbUrg, or on the
assembling of a Democratic State Conven
tion at that place, that the people through
out the interior of the State learn what
compose the controlling element of that
party in the city of Philadelphia. It is on
such occasions that the rowdies, who are the
master spirits in their respective wards,
break out upon the outside world and ex
hibit themselves in a larger field and as
tonish and amaze the better portion of their
own organization. We leave it to the can
did to say whether they ever hear of row
dyism, such as characterized the evening
and night of the 3d inst. at llarrisburg, on
any other occasions than those we have
mentioned All must admit the truth of
this statement. Alderman McMullen and
his followers only come to Harrisburg when
there is an opportunity to overawe and bul
ly a Democratic Legislature, or Senate, or
Convention into the support of some of
their number or their pets. It does seem
a little strange that this old offender, Mc-
Mullen, should so long escape retributory
violence. It is a fact almost beyond ques
tion that violent men come to violent ends,
and that this lawless creature should escape
so long is surpassing strange. To the bet
ter class of Democrats- he is a great terror
and a fearful scourge.
These reflections have been suggested by
the attack of McMullen and his gang upon
Senator Petrikin of this Senatorial District.
Mr. Petrikin, it is alledged by the rowdies,
promised to support Johnny Ahern, Mc-
Mullen's candidate for Sergeant-at-Arms of
the Senate, but in caucus failed to do so,
and consequently, drew down the wrath of
these rowdies upon his devoted head. Mr.
Petrikin is a gentleman, and barring his
Democracy, will make an excellent Senator,
and we admire Isis firmness in resisting
these creatures who are not only a disgrace
and a curse to the Democratic party but a
disgrace to the State at largo, and we would
have much more respect for the good men
of that party if they were to shake them
off, as Mr. Petrikin did, and ignore them;
but if they will not do this they must be
held responsible for the violence committed
by them and they can expect very little
mercy at the hands of their opponents.
The attack upon Senator Petrikin is
thus described by the Philadelphia Post of
the 4th inst. :
"Mr. Ahern's friends, Robert Smith Lis
ter, McMullen, Pete Zell and Henry Mon.
aghan, accused Senator Potrikin of being
the cause of the defeat. They swore that
they 'had supplied the money to elect Mr.
Petrikin, and that they wanted the worth
of it back. In the words of the old Meth
odist preacher :
They would and they wouldn't ;
They will and they won't;
They'd be damned if they did,
And be damned if they don't.
"The Senator rested upon his dignity.—
He refused to answer any impertinent ques
tions or to write a letter of apology to Mr.
Ahern. Neither would he return the mon
ey which Kr. Ahern's friends declared they
had spent to elect him. Finally, after be
ing badgered and bullied enough, he thought
the best thing was to go to bed; and with
a firm step and an upright head, proud of
having done his duty, Senator Petrikin
ascended to his room at the Bolton House.
But not to sleep ! No ; the Philadelphians
had no fear of the Harrisburg police, and
had no intention of lettino. Senator Petri
kin off so easily. A Calithiimpian serenade
in the entry first aroused the Senator.—
"Hell has broke loose and, all the devils are
here !" he exclaimed. "Will you apologize
to Johnny Ahern ?" came in thunder tones
through the key-hole. "Never !" was the
stern response. "Then, villain,your doom
is near," resounded like an earthquake, and
instantly a dozen pistol balls shattered the
door. Several struck the wall, one smash
ed the pitcher. "How is the traitor now ?"
inquired a sepulchural voice. "flunky as
usual," responded the Senator, with aston
ishing calmness. "Say, boys, when you
are tired of this nonsense go down to the
bar and get some more cocktails, and have
them charged to Room No. 23." This
coolness demoralized the Johnny Ahern
phalanx. Their only intention was to
frighten the Senator, and failing in that
they had to be content with showing Har
risburg how things are done in Philadel
THE GOVERNOR'S MESSAGE.
We lay a synopsis of Governor Geary's
Message, covering the most important part
of it, before our readers to-day. We are
sorry, very sorry, that we have been com
pelled to do this owing to the fact that we
have been so much detained in putting up
our new Power Press, which was onlylput
in motion during the latter part of .last
week, and to enable us to get out this issue .
on time we have been compelled to ask the
assistance of our neighbors of the Globe,
for which they have our grateful thanks.
Under any other circumstances we would
have been able to have published the entire
The Message thoroughly reviews all
public matters which are likely to occupy the
attention of the Legislature. The recom
mendations are practical and judicious, and
if the Legislature confines itself to the sug
gestions and recommendations made,
there is very little doubt but it will be
nearer right than it generally is.
There are few more practical men than
John W. Geary, and above all this we be
lieve him to be strictly honest.
All persons indebted to me for subscrip
tion, advertising or job work up to Jan. 1,
1871, are requested to settle up immediate
ly. Those who pay up before the first day
of February next will be charged only $2
a year for the paper. Those who fail to
do so will be charged three dollars and their
accounts collected by law. My books mast
be settled up. ' J. A. nen.
Jan. 4, 1871.—tf.
The propietors of this paper have a C; or_
don Cylinder Folio Post Press, bed 13x19,
in excellent condition, just new ; also a
Newbury Press, as good as new, both of
which they will sell on reasonable terms,
and at half the original cost. They have
also about 200 pounds of Primer and the
the same amount of Brevier type, in good
condition, for which they will take half
price. Address JOURNAL, Huntingdon,
Viiir The Bloody Run Press comes to us
enlarged and improved. There appears to
be a general disposition to enlarge and im
prove and the Press has had a very slight
attack. There are but few better country
newspapers than the Press and we hope
that its enterprise Will be thoroughly ap
preciated by the people of Bedford county
and that it may prove a paying investment.
Our Washington Correspondence.
WASHINGTON, D. C., Jan. 7, 1871
EDITOR Or HUNTINGDON JOURNAL:—
The "Holiday-week," with its usual festiv
ities, has passed. The time honored cus
tom of devoting these days to happy reun
ions, the renewal of old friendships, and
the formation of new ones is not'd that
class of which it may be truly said "that
they were more honored in their breach
than in their observance." The demise of
the estimable consort of the Secretiry of
War prevented the usual New Year's day
receptions of the President and members
of the Cabinet. Several Senattirs and
Representatives, who remained in Wash
ington during the holidays, "kept open
house," and the citizens of the Capitol, in
general, maintained their merited reputa
tion for munificent hospitality.
The holiday recess marks a dividing line
in the proceedings of Congress. The in
tervening days between the opening and
the pro tern. adjournment are generally de
voted to preparation for the important bu
siness of the session, and the mutual inter
change of opinion in relation to the meas
ures recommended by the Chief Magistrate,
in his annual message.
The December proceedings of this, the
last session of the %List Congresti, were
distinguished by events of more than com
mon interest. The introduction of 'Sena
tor Morton's resolutions, proposing the ap
pointment of Commissioners to Make in
quiry with regard to all things having a re
lation to the propriety of annexing the Re
public of San Domingo, Santo Domingo, or
Dominica, if you please, gave rise to a
stormy debate, characterized by unpleasant
criminations and recriminations, the result
of which, in a political point of view, is yet
to be determined. The decisive vote cast
in favor of their adoption by the Senate.
every Republican Senator present, save
five, having recorded his name among the
yeas, clearly indicates that, while there cx
ist a wide difference of opinion as to the
policy of the proposed annexation, there is
a willingness to give full opportunity for
investigation. The fate of the resolutions
in the house of Representatives is a matter
of conjecture, both friends and foes being
sanguine ; the friends of the resolutions
contending that they will receive the votes
of two-thirds of the Representatives, while
the foes as confidently predict that they
will not be adopted. We will see.
Very seldom has any measure been pro
posed, either in Senate or house, that
caused so great a sensation as did the prop
osition embodied in the resolutions offered
by Senator M'Creery, of Kentucky, in re
lation to the restoring of the Arlington es
tate to the widow of Qen. Robert E. Lee,
the Commandoi-in-chiof of the rebel army,
in defense of Richmond. The suggestion,
that the bones of our patriotic soldiers
should be exhumed and removed from the
National Cemetery, located on Arlington
Heights, electrified the Senate, causing a
spontaneous outburst of indignation on the
Republican side of the Chamber. A num
ber of most eloquent impromptu addresses
were made, denunciatory of the infamous
proposition, but the caustic and impassion
' edspeech of your townsman,Hon Jno. Scott,
was received with more than ordinary ap
proval. Although one of the youngest
members of the Senate, he commanded the
interested attention of his associates, while
the expression of satisfaction by the occu
pants of the galleries could scarcely be re
strained within the bounds prescribed by
parliamentary rule. The castigation re
ceived by the bold Kentucky Senator, will
long be remembered ; and the animus
which dictated his resolutions be recognized
as of the spirit of that party which was in
full sympathy with the rebellion, from the
firing of the first gun at Sumpter to the
lowering of the rebel flag at Appomattox.
Your representative, Hon. D. J. Morrell,
Chairman of the Committee on Manufac
tures, introduced, before the holidays, a
bill to provide for the celebration, in 1876,
of the centennial anniversary of the Decla
ration of Independence. The city of Phil
adelphia has, with great propriety, been
indicated as the proper place for holding
an international industrial exhibition, com
memorative of an event so conspicuous in
the history of our country. Mr. Morrell
.advocated the passage of the bill in a most
admirable speech, replete with historic facts
and convincing arguments. The speech
referred to, has been published for circula
tion. It will repay perusal, add give your
representative even a stronger hold upon
the affections, not only of his constituents,
but of Pennsylvanians in every section of
Both Houses re-assembled on the 4th inst•
The Senate held sessions on Wednesday
and Thursday, and then adjourned over un
til Monday next. It may be well to state
here, for the information of many not ac
quainted with the minutiae of legislation,
that it is a great mistake to suppose that
Senators and Representatives are not offi
cially employed during the time when not
in session. The most important work of
Congress is "shaped" in Committee. In
rue beginning of the session, it is a matter
of necessity to adjourn over, to enable the
respective committees to meet, and arrange
business for legislative action.
In the Senate, nothing of importance
transpired except the final passage, by a
vote of 28 to 15, of a bill appropriating
$25,000 to pay for the dwelling of J. Mil
ton Best, of Paducah, Ky., which was de
stroyed in 1864, by order of the comman
der of the Union army in that quarter, for
the purpose of assisting the range of the
gunners in the Union fort. This was con
sidered a test case. So far as the action of
the Senate is concerned, it has been decid
ed that the private property of loyal citi
zens taken, during the war, for public use,
shall be paid for, agreeabiy to the provis
ions of the Constitution. Justice demands
that the citizens of the South, who were
loyal to the Government, when and were
treason was the rule and loyalty the excep
tion, shall be compensated, in the same
manner and to the same extent that citizens
of the North would be, if deprived of their
property for public use.
In the House, on Wednesday, notice was
given that the Senate San Domingo resolu
tions will be called up, on Monday next.
A spirited debate may be looked for, as it
has been decided by the Democratic mem
bers, in caucus, that they will resist their
adoption. In this they will be aided by
those Republican members who are in sym
pathy with Senator Sumner, and hold sim
ilar views. A minority, under the leader
ship of adroit parliamentarians, can throw
many obstacles in the way of the majority,
and protract by dilatory motions, final ac_
tion, but there can be but little doubt, that
the resolutions will, either as adopted by
the Senate or in an amended form, receive
the sanction of the House.
The resolutions reported by the House
Committee on Foreign Affairs, in relation
to the difficulty with the Government of
Paraguay, growing out of the treatment re
ceived by our Minister, Mr. Washburn;
and censuring Admirals Goden and Davis
for not assisting Mr. Washburn in his ef
forts to reach the Government to which he
was accredited, have, after having been
discussed at length, been adopted. In ad
dition to the censure of these Naval offi_
cers, the House directed that a Court of
Inquiry should be organized by the Navy
Department, for a full investigation of all
matters at issue between these officers and
The new Commissioner of Internal Rev.
enue has submitted his action, looking to
the consolidation of certain revenue dis
tricts, to the President for his approval.
It is said, this consolidation will commence
next week ; and it is rumored that the
XVlth and XVIIth Districts of Pennsyl
vania will be united. The object of these
consolidations is to diminish the cost of col
lecting the revenue, by the reduction of the
number of officers, &c. In some instances,
the officers for the enlarged Districts will
be selected from those now in service,
while, in others, new appointments will be
made. How it may operate in your Dis
trict. your correspondent knows not.
Lynn elected six women in the School
They have been having unusually cold
weather in California.
Several French ports are to be block
aded by the Prussians.
There are more than 28,000 post-offi
ces in the United States.
California has 7171 miles of railroad
completed and in active operation.
In Michigan, a movement is on foot t o
stock all the inland lakes, of which tberes
are a multitude, with white fish and trout.
There are two bills now before Congres
establishing a postal-telegraph system
One is Mr. Washburn's, of Wisconsin,
which provides for the purchase of all ex
isting lines by the Government, and the
other is Mr. Hubbard's, which provides
for the transmission of telegraph letters
by a company making connections with all
the best offices, and doing the work under
a bond to the Government.
One of the best illustrations of Free
Trade, political economy, we have seen,
says the Williamsport Gazette & Bulletin,
is the simple illustration of selling the
skins of animals to England for ten cents,
and paying them twenty cents for the tails
when they are sent back to this country.
"Revenue reformers" and free trade
leagues may write volumes of words on
the subject, but they cannot answer this
homely, but plain illustration.
The fires in the United States during
November where the damage amounted to
$20,000, give a total aggregate loss of
$3,883,413, against $2,279,500 in October,
thus exhibiting an increase of 1,603,931.
The largest fires were as followers : At
Clavus, Texas, cotton, etc., $500,000; at
Boston lead works, $250,000 ; at Evans
ville, Indiana, steamboat, $225,000; at
Frankfort, Kentucky, stores and dwellings,
200,000 ; at Buffalo, New York, Central
Railroad Depot, 200,000. The total losses
in New York city and Brooklyn during
November, amounted to 245,413.
Notice is hereby given that the firm of Cook,
Sheets & Co., is this day dissolved, by mutual con
sent. Isaac N. Sheets, will continue the business
at the old stand. The accounts due the late firm
will be settled at the old office of Cook, Sheets &
Co., in Dudley. All persons indebted to the late
firm are requested to call as early as possible and
COOK, SIIEETS & CO.
Dudley, Dec. 14, 1870-3 t.
POSITIVELY TWO NIGHTS ONLY.
ALICE GILMOR'S FEMALE MIN.
STRELS AND BRASS BAND.
THE STAR TROUPE OF THE WORLD.
Cards of admission, 35 cents.
Reserved seats, 50 cents.
Doors open at 7, commences at 8.
Further particulars see small bills.
Jan. 11, 1871.
MARCH & BRO. would notify all
parties knowing themselves indebted to
come at once for settlement, as we would rather
settle our own accounts than leave them to the
hands of another for collection. If not convenient
to pay cash at settlement, notes will be received at
fair rates. Our books must be squared up.
MARCH k BRO.
Huntingdon, Jan. 4,1871.-2 w
FOR ALL KINDS OF
GO TO THE
From the Kiln of George Taylor Markles
berg, proven by chemical analysis to be the best
quality, constantly kept and for sale in any quan
tity, at the depot of the H. & B. T. Railroad.
Apply to Henry Leister, "Broad Top House."
J.. 4, '7l.
T OWN LOTS
In Went Huntingdon for Sole.
Buy Lots From First Hands at
TWO HUNDRED DOLLARS
Purchasers desiring to build, can have very lib
eral terms as to payments.
Now is the time to invest.
R. ALLISON MILLER.
HOTEL FOR RENT.
The undersigned offers for rent the proper
ty of John S. Weston, deceased, situate in the vil
lage of Mapleton. The property embraces about
ten acres, and has erected thereon a large and con
venient Hotel; with stable and buildings attached.
Also, a Blacksmith Shop, which will be rented, with
a complete sett of Blacksmith's Tools. Possession
given on the Ist of April, 1871.
For further information inquire of
A. W. SWOOPE,
Agent for the Widow and Heir&
January 4,1871.-3 t.
FARM FOR SALE.
The u dersigued offers at private sale,
a valuable farm, situ wed in Union township,
four miles from Mapleton. containing 120
acres, two-thirds of which are cleared and in
a good state of cultivation, and the balance
well timbered. The improvements are a Log
House, a bank barn and other necessary out
buildings and an orchard of bearing trees, with
a never-failing spring and running water in
almost every field. The land is of a good
grain-growing quality, and the location a de
sirable one. JAMES D. QUARRY.
Nov. 23, '7O-2m*
MARBLE MANTLES, MONUMENTS,
PLASTER PARIS CORNICES,
ALSO SLATE MANTLES FURNISHED TO
Jan. 4, '7l.
VALUABLE MILL PROPERTY
The undersigned offers at Private Sale his Valua
ble Mill Property, situated on the Juniata river
and Pennsplvania Railroad, at Union Furnace,
now Morrell P. 0. .
In addition to the Mill, which is a new and sub
stantial frame building, furnished with the best
machinery, there are Eighty-Five Acres of Land
lying on both sides of the Juniata river, and on
Sinking Spring creek, embracing all the valuable
and available Water Power in that vocinity. Erec
ted on said lands arc a New House, for miller's
residence, and a Large Bank Barn.
This property is in every respect in good condi
tion and being located in the midst of a rich agri
cultural community, having easy communication
up and down the Juniata, with Canoe Valley, and
with all points by railroad, is one of the most de
sirable properties of the kind in the State.
My attorneys, F. M. k M. S. Lytle ' will give
further information to persons desiring to purchase.
Apply to them or to myself on the premises.
J. A. HAGERTY,
Morrell P. 0., Penna. •
Jan. 4,11 3m*.
NEW GOODS 1
STYLISH GOODS !!!
can he had in abundance by calling on
GLAZIER & BRO.,
Washington St., (near Smith,) Ifunting.lon,
at lower figures than they have reached since 1861,
have all been reduced in price to correspond with
new, so that all wishing bargains can be accommo
aro regnrsted to call and see the handsome Dross
Goods which are being disposed of rapidly.
DRUGS !! DRUGS !!: DRUGS!!
(Stock New and perfectly Pure,)
J. R. PATTON
Near the Depot, Huntingdon, Pa.
Crackers, Nuts, Fruits, &c., &e., &c.,
Choice Wines, Brandy, Gin, &c., &c.,
and pure old Monongahela Rye whisky for
family medicinal use.
Special care given to filling Prescriptions.
Call at the Depot Drug Store for any
and everything you may need in our lino.
Jan. 4, '7l.
CARPETS !! CARPETS !! CARPETS!!
AT REDUCED PRICES !
JAMES A. BROWN
hr constantly receiving at his new
Beautiful Patterns of Carpets, fresh from the
looms of the manufacturers. His stock comprises
LIST and RAG CARPETS
COCOA AND CANTON MATTINGS,
FLOOR, STAIR AND TABLE
and a large dock of
Window Shades and Fixtures, Drugget, Velvet
Rugs, Door Mats, Extra Carpet Thread and Bind
ing. I make a speciality of furnishing Churches
and Lodges at City Prices, and invite Furnishing
Committees to call and see goods made expressly
for their perpoBo9.
Duyers , rlll *arc MMIC y anti Ut3 oeLter MAI.. 1,
going to the reyular Carpet and Oil Cloth Store,
for any of the above goods. I defy competition
in prices and variety of beautiful patterns.
CARPETS 25 cts. per YARD AND UPWARDS.
I have also the Agency for the °rival
HOWE SEWING MACHINE,
so well known as the best Family Machine in the
Call at the CARPET STORE and ace them,
JAMES A. BROWN
Jan. 4, 1871
EASTON BLAHS. M. MARION M'NEIL.
HUNTINGDON FOUNDRY. .
BLAKE & M'NEIL,
(Successor to J. M. Cunningham & Son.)
IRON AND BRASS FOUNDERS.
Iron and Brass Castings,
made in a first-class Foundry. Wo have always
on hand all kinds of Plow and Stove Castings,
Wash Kettles, Cellar Windows, Grates, Coal-hole
Castings for pavements, Window weights of all
sizes and weights, Pipe joints, Sled and Sleigh
Soles, Wagon-boxes, Machine Castings, for steam
and water, grist, saw, sumac and plaster mills of
We are prepared to furnish
HEATERS AND IRON FENCES
of the most improved styles, oven doors and
frames, door sills, and in fact everything made in
We have a large stock of patterns, and can fur
nish castings at short notice, and cheaper than can
be had in the country. Having a good drill, we
are prepared to do drilling and fitting up of all .
Office in Leister's new building, Hill street, Hun.
Jan. 4, 11.
MONEY CANNOT BUY IT !
FOR SIGHT IS PRICELESS ! !
Bat the Diamond Spectacles will Preserve D.
THE DIAMOND GLASSES,
J. E. SPENCER & CO., N. Y.,
Which arc now offered to the public, are pronounced
by all celebrated Opticians of tho World
to be the
Natural, Artificial help to the human eye ever known
They are ground under their own supervision,
from minute Crystal Pebbles, melted together, and
derive their name "Diamond" on account of their
hardness and brilliancy.
The Scientific Principle on which they are con
structed brings the core or centre of the lens direct
ly Ms. .
vision, as in the natural, healthy sight, and pre
venting all unpleasant sensations, such as glim
mering and wavering of sight, dizziness, Ac., pecu
liar to all others in use. They are Mounted ,a the
Finest Manner, in frames of the best quality, of all
materials used for that purpose. Their Finish and
CANNOT BE SURPASSED,
CAUTION.—None genuine unless bearing their
trade mark stamped on every frame.
AARON STEWART, Jeweler and Optician, is
Sole Agent for lluntingdon, Pa., from whom they
can only be obtained. These goods are not supplied
to pedlers, at any price. Dunels,loy
SMITH IN HIS NEW BUILDING
CALL AND EXAMINE.
IF YOU WANT GREAT BARGAINS GO TO
SMITH'S NEW STORE.
The best Sugar and Molasses, Coffee, and Tea
Flour, Fish, Salt and Vinegar, Conroe
•tionaries,Fruits, Cigars, Tobacco, and spices of
4he best, and all kinds, and every other article usu
ally found in a Grocery Store.
Also—Drags, Chemicals, Dye Stuffs, Paints, Vat ,
niches, Oils Spts. Turpentine,Fluid, Alehohol,
Glass, Putty, &c., &c. The be st Wine and Bran
d} fdr medical purposes, and all the best Patent
"Eadioines, and a yeriety of articles too numerous
Tho public generally will pleaso call and exam
ins for themselves, and learn my prices.
. S. S3IITII.
Jan. 4, '7l,
WILLIAM L STEEL,
SADDLE AND HARNESS MAKER,
use removed to his New Rooms, on Main street'
three doors east of the "Washingt on Rouse," where
be has ample room aad facilities, and is now pre
pared to accommodate his old customers, amid all
others who may desire anything in his line of trade.
Plain and Fancy Buggy Harness,
Carriage, Tug, and Yankee Harness,
Saddles, Bridles, Whips, Blankets, &c.,
always on hand, or made to order on the shortest
notice, and most reasonable terms. Also, a good
assortment of Horse Blankets and Sleigh Bells.
— Having had twenty-fiveyears practic47l experience
in the business, he Natters himself that he can ren
der entire satisfaction to all who may patronize his
Work warranted and Repairing neatly done.
Huntingdon, Oct. 19, 1870.
11. WOODS, W. D. LHAS A JAMBS DOWD,
MILTON lIPHDR, DAVID BARRICK.
THE UNION BANK OF HUNTING
DON, -A- (late John Bare & Co.;)
CAPITAL, PAID UP 850,000,
Solicits accounts from Banks, Bankers, and oth
ers. A liberal Interest allowed on time Deposits.
All kinds of Securities bought and sold for the usual
Colleetions made on all points. Drafts on all
parts of Europe supplied at the usual rates.
Persons depositing Gold and Silver will receive
the same in return, with interest. The partners are
individually liable to the extent- of their whole pro
perty for all deposits.
The unfinished business of the late firm of John
Bare .k Co. will be completed by The Union Bank
of Huntingdon. C. C. NORTH, Cashier.
January 4, 1871.
G IGANTIC SALE!!
TILE LATENESS OF THE SEASON
-AND 771 -
Which we are carrying neccesitatea our comma
OUR GRAND CLEARING SAL
WE OFFER OUR ENTIRE
STOCK OF MAGNIFICENT GOOI
(By far the largest we have ever ha
10,080 Business Coats,
15,000 Moll'l3 Pal,
1.5,000 Men's Vests,
3,000 Fine Chesterfields,
4,000 Boy's Jack(
6,500 Boy's Pants,
3,000 Children's Su
All of the best kind of Clothing and of every
sirable color, cut and quality, filling our haute
biz-etory.Buildings front burnt:eat to loft, at
PRICES UNMISTAKABLY LOWI
THAN ANY WE HAVE EVER
BEFORE OFFERED UNDER
We will sell so as to dispose of
FINE CL 0 THING,
If we have to let ev
garment go at the bare coat
to make this a swift and
WE WILL CUT CLOSER THAN EVER, A
Our stock is immense (50 per cent. lar
than last year's) and all Fresh, as tl
GREAT ANNUAL SALES CLEAR
OUT. BUT WE WILL NOT CAR.
IT. IT MUST BE SOLD.
TIIB SALE TO COMMENCE
And be followed up sharp, until
EVERY MAN AND BOY IN PHILADELI
Who' 1071 pure/were- nit nay price is sopplied
For this occasion we have
a large Corps of Salem:
and will reinforce from our
Cutting Department. St
will be open at 5i and keep
open in the evening to
to afford workmen an opportunity;
Saturday night till 10.
visit solicited, whether wishing
WANAMAKER & BROWN
WHOLE BLOCK OF BUILDINGS,
S. E. CORNER SIXTH AND
NA Ringlt &rim 'PHILADALPD
READ, PAUSE AND REPLE
SEEK NO FURTHER
FOR A CHEAPER, BETTER SELI
TED AND MORE FASHIONABL
STOCK OF CLOTHING,
Than that at
GEORGE F. MARSH'S,
in the second story of Read's new building,
11W street, cannot bo found, besides a line ass
he is prepared to offer to the public the finest lit
AMERICAN, ENGLISH & FREN'
ever brought to town, which will b
MADE TO ORDER IN THE LATEST A
MOST FASHIONABLE STYLES,
at rates never before equalled since the war.
Those in want of Clothing will eensult their
interest by examining my goods and learning
prices before purchasing elsewhere.
Thankful for past patronage and being de
mined to guard his customer's interests, he sot
a continuance of the same.
Jan. 4, '7l
CLOTIIING FOR MEN AND BO'
FALL AND WINTRE,
JUST RECEIVED AT
CHEAP CLOTHING STOIR
For Gentlemen's Clothing of the hest mate
and made in the best workmanlike manner, ea
H. RoaAo's, opposite the Franklin House
Market Square, Huntingdon, Pa.
Jan. 4, 'n.
of manufaoture, :
to purchase or
OZO. F. MARS]