Newspaper Page Text
The Huntingdon Journal.
J. R. DURBORROW,
Wednesday Morning, January 4, 1871.
Republican County Committee.
The Republican County Committee will meet is
the Court House, io Huntingdon, on Tuesday, the
10th of January, at 2 o'clock, P. a. A full attend
ante is requested, as the object of the meeting is ti
elect delegates to the approaching Republican State
Convention, and to transact such other business al
may be brought before it.
7. aii.vAlvv. DtrltrAti Chairman.
Jan. 2, 1871.
A time honored custom often more hon
ored in the breach than in the observance
—would seem to demand from me a pass
ing word in retiring from the chair edito
rial, by way of a parting adieu to friends
and patrons, and assigning my reasons for
taking leave of editorial life. For the
last five years I have been connected with
the Journal & American, part of the time
as joint proprietor, but the greater portion
as editor only. In that time I have fully
realized that which has been more or less
the experience of every one who has made
a similar experiment, that the profession i s
a toilsome, ill-requited and thankless one,
and that the position of a political editor
is one in which there are more thorns than
roses. It is with few regrets that I take
leave of the profession in order to seek
some other means of obtaining a livelihood,
and some other pursuit more congenial to
my taste and wishes. This step would
have been taken long ago could I have done
so in justice to Mr. NASH, with whom I
have been associated, or have been assured
that I was transferring the position which
I held, into the proper hands. I have la
bored faithfully and assiduously, and fiat_
ter myself with some degree of success, to
discharge my duty to my friends and pa
trons, and the party, which in my humble
way I have been trying to serve, and at the
same time to give to the paper that char
acter and standing which it should possess
as a county newspaper, and as the organ of
a great political party; but what, for want
of the proper amount of editorial talent
and the necessary means has not been ac
complished for the Journal & American, I
am assured will now be done for the JOUR
NAL under the editorial control of Mr.
DURBORROW, who brings to the position,
not only the skill of a practical printer,
but the experience of an able and success
ful editor, jointly assisted, as he will be in
the publication of the same, by Mr. Nem,
who as a workman, has perhaps few supe
riors in the State.
In reviewing my editorial history I find
much that might be improved. In the
heat of political excitement and contro
versy much has been said, which, perhaps
would have been as well unsaid, and it is
scarcely to be supposed that in such a po
sition, some ememies have not been made,
but I have nevertheless, at all times,
sought to treat others with the courtesy
due to all in our intercourse with one
another, so far as consistent with the dig
nity of the _position occupied, and to culti
vate that feeling of kindness, forbearance
and mutual friendship, which the good of
society demands. If I have not always
been successful, it has not been for want
of an honest effort on my part, and if to
any I have given unnecessary offense, I
would embrace this opportunity of craving
their pardon. lam vain enough to sup
pose that I have made some friends also,
whom I shall be glad to remember with
feelings ofgratitude hereafter, and by whom
I hope to be remembered.
If I have not succeeded in making any
reputation for myself, I have at least, la
bored faithfully and with some degree of
success, in making that of others, for
which I have been in many instances, re
paid by broken promises, ingratitude and
abuse, but such, has no doubt been the ex
perience of others, and may be regarded as
a portion of the vicissitudes incidental to
editorial life; and now, with malice to
wards none, but with good will to all, I
leave the position to one more competent
to fill it, hoping that a much larger meas
ure of success may attend him and the new
enterprise, than it has been my lot to
share, and commending him to the public
as worthy of their entire confidence and
support, bid adieu for the present, and it
may be forever, to the editorial profession,
with every assurance that the paper will
hereafter be better conducted, and in the
confident hope that it will be more prosper
ous in every respect, as I knot , 40,:a be
inore-desiing in rier bands than mine.
January 4, 1871.
As already announced in a recent num
ber of the Journal and American, and as
will appear from this, the first issue of TUE
HUNTINGDON JOURNAL, some changes
have been made in regard to the publication
of the paper and the management of the
office, the most important of which are the
enlargement of the paper, the purchase of
new type, the addition of power presses,
and a large amount of jobbing material, a
partial change of ownership, and an entire
change in the editorial department.
TILE HUNTINGDON JOURNAL, which
we present to our readers to-day, is in re
ality but a continuation of the Journal and
American with the addition of the good
will, &c., of the Republican, in an enlarged
form and new dress, and with a slight
change of name. Mr. M'DIVITT, hereto
fore editorially connected with the paper,
withdraws entirely, and my connection with
it hereafter will be as publisher and pro
prietor jointly with Mr. DURBORROW, who
will take charge of the editorial department.
This arrangement relieves me entirely from
editorial labor, and affords me an opportu
nity of devoting my entire time and atten
tion to the publishing of the paper and the
superintendence of the mechanical depart
ment of the office, and will nn doubt be
All accounts for subscription, advertising
and job work up to January 1., 1871, are
due me, and I trust those indebted will
make prompt payment.
As joint owner and proprietor I shall, as
heretofore, be interested in all business
transactions, job work, advertising, &e.,
while as my successor in the editorial de
partment I am happy to introduce to my
friends and patrons J. R. Dxraßoßaow,
gsw, as a gentleman "possessingthe ability,
talent and experience necessary to render
that department what it should be, trusting
that the new enterprise may be as success
ful as we shall endeavor to render it deser
ving, and confidently soliciting, at the hands
of our friends and the public, a liberal
share of patronage and support.
J. A. NASH.
Jan. 4, 1871
TO THE PUBLIC.
It is customary for a candidate for public
favor, in presenting himself before his con
stituency for the first time, to lay before
them his peculiar claims to public patron
age, and to this custom let me bow, rever
eotly, and briefly state what course has
been marked out for the JOURNAL.
In consolidating the Journal and Amer.
/can and Republican the titles of the res
pective journals became too cumbrous, and
it became necessary to discard some of
them, or to adopt an entirely new heading.
The latter was thought impracticable, and
as it was necessary to drop one, it was
thought advisable to drop all but the title
of the original paper, established, in Hun
tingdon, in opposition to the Democratic
party by the lamented BENEDICT, and
thus carry the party back to the days of
Union, Harmony and Victory.
The consolidated JOURNAL, under its
present management, will aim to be a first
class country newspaper, devoted to Politics,
Education, Agriculture, and in short all
the wants of the community in which it is
published. As the local paper cannot com
pete with the city daily for the news, the
object is to make the JOURNAL a Local
paper, giving, however, all news in a con
densed and reliable form. And a faithful
and thoroughly reliable reports of local mat
ter alone make the country press valuable
in competition with lower priced articles,
re-printed from city dailies, every attention
will be given to this department, and let
every friend of the enterprise lend his or
her assistance in making the JOURNAL un
rivaled in this respect, and from this stand
point let me say that whatever may he the
interest of the community at large, that
interest will find the JOURNAL its humble,
though perseverant, advocate.
In Politics the JOURNAL will maintain,
with all the vigor that it can successfully
bring into requisition, the integrity of the
Republican Party and the principles enun
ciated in its National Platforms, and it will
give a cordial support to the National and
State administrations in their efforts to car
ry out the policy which has been inaugura
ted since the cessation of hostilities. It
will be the organ of no faction or clique,
but a high-toned, out-spoken, fearless Re
publican newspaper, free from personalities
and abuse, dealing fairly and squarely with
all men, and holding up to the public gaze
corruption and rascality wherever found.
It is highly probable that within the
next year or two many Reform movements
will be agitated in the "Old Keystone,"
prominent among which will be a Conven
tion to revise the Constitution and to adopt
such improvements as the necessities, gov
erned by the experience of the age, may
sul.%ebt. In all such movements the col
umns of the JOURNAL will be open to both
sides, and its sentiments will be governed
by what may seem most practicable and
likely to be advantageous to the greatest
In the publication of the JOURNAL, J.
A. NASH, who was for many years the pro
prietor of the Journal and American, is
associated with me, which is a sure guar
antee that the mechanical part of the work
will be done in a satisfactory manner. But
it is wasting words for me, a stranger, to
recommend Mr. NASH to a community that
has known him from childhood.
In conclusion, let me ask the friends of
the Republican Party throughout Hun
tingdon county to give the enterprise a
cordial and united support and success will
crown our efforts. I come amongst you a
stranger to your local prejudices and dis
sentious and I wish to remain a stranger to
them. Let me, therefore, pray you to as
sist me to do so, and I assure you that the
JOURNAL will be a Republican paper devo
ted to the principles of the great Republi
can Party,'knowing no faction nor clique,
nothing but the best interests of our com
J. R. DURBORROW,
Jan. 4, 1871
DEATH OF REV. ALBERT BARNES.
This eminent Presbyterian minister died
suddenly, in Philadelphia, on Saturday,_
?4th inst m , in,thc , 73,1 year of his age.
Truly (says a Philadelphia cotemporary,)
a prince and a great man has fallen in
Isreal. The name of Albert Barnes is
more widely known throughout the world
than that of any Presbyterian minister of
the present age. For the last forty years
the events of his ministerial life have been
eminently and closely connected with the
history of the Presbyterian Church in
America. His written works, constituting
a vast amount of religious literature, the
result of labor probably without a parallel,
have been, wholly or in part, published
wherever the. English language is spoken,
and in the languages of many of the civil
ized and semi-civilized nations of the
world. It is not designed to attempt, at
this sudden announcement, a sketch of his
life. His exposition of the sacred Scrip
tures, published in some fifteen or more
volumes, are so manifestly the work of one
possessing profound learning, sound judg
ment and rigid candor, and love of truth,
that they have received from all readers,
whether assenting or dissenting from his
conclusions, great respect, and his demean
or through life has been so marked by
frankness and gentleness, that he enjoyed
the respect and reverence of all who knew
him. Mr. Barnes has outlived, by a few
years, the allotted "three score and ten" in
general good health and with undiminished
vigor of intellect. On Saturday afternoon,
while enjoying, with rather more than
usual animation, a walk in West Philadel
phia, he complained slightly of a difficulty
in breathing ; reached the house of a friend
sat down and died. Thus, with a transla
tion of soul, more rapid than that of the
prophet Elijah, this venerated man has left
our world, for a better and higher exist-
Mir The Legislature of' Pennsylvania
assembled yesterday at Harrisburg. We
will publish the Governor's message next
SHALL WE HAVE A CONSTITUTION•
AL CONVENTION ?
Pennsylvania is pre-eminently a conser
vative State. The modes of thought, man
ners, customs, and language of her people
all indicate this. And, within its legiti
mate sphere of influence, there is no more
admirable characteristic than Conservatism.
Where a people have so much that is desi
rable and excellent—so much that renders
them a conspicuous example of thrift, and
industry, and prosperity, and good sense,
the maxim, "let well enough alone," un
doubtedly contains the essence of true wis
dom. It is right that we should venerate
our forefathers, and hold in high regard,
and preserve with care, the religion, the
laws, and the customs, in which we were
reared. The probability is that whatever
is, is right. The burden of proof should
be thrown upon him who advocates a change.
But whilst it is well to hold fast to that
which is good, which has been tried and
proved excellent, it is equally true that
PROGRESS IS A GREAT LAW OF NATURE ;
and that kind of Conservatism which always
and everywhere "clings to the skirts of
Progress and cries "Wo," is lacking in an
intelligent, appreciation of society and its
wants. Conservatism which hugs to its
bosom manifest error, and adheres with
stupid tenacity to a vicious system merely
because it exists, or because our fathers did
not see or feel its bad effects, has degener
ated from wisdom to folly.
We are led to these remarks by the re
luctance shown by some of our Democratic
friends to the call of a Constitutional Con
vention. Doubtless, of all laws, the great
fundamental law—the Constitution, should
be the object of our especial veneration and
care, and should not be subject to changes
unless upon pressing necessity . ; but when
it is plain that the provisions of the Consti
tution are not sufficient to prevent such an
alarming evil as special legislation has
'grown to be, or such practices as annually
attend the election of a State Treasurer,
it is very evident that the time has come
.for reform, and it would be well to have
such public agitation as will conduce to a
Conveution composed of the best men of all
parties, who will do the work assigned to
them intelligently and honestly.
We incline to the opinion that the Con
vention should be so constituted that each
county would have at least one representa
tive therein, and that a number of 'mothers
should be elected by the State at large.
Any one who has given even a casual
glance at the volumes or pamphlet laws,
must have noticed the immense amount of
special legislation with which they are en
cumbered. The number of laws enacted
within the last five years is 7566, of which
340 are public, and 7126 private acts; or
about twenty-one times as much private as
public legislation. The annual volume
averages about 1500 pages. And the char
acter of this legislation is such that most
of it could be rendered unnecessary by com
prehensive general laws. But such is the
pressure for private legislation, and the
carelessness and inattention to the public
welfare which prevails, that unless some
constitutional provision compels the passage
of general laws, the present vicious system
will continue and grow worse, if, indeed,
that is possible.
We hope the Governor will recommend
in his forthcoming message a constitutional
Convention, and that the measure will re
ceive the careful consideration and just
support of good men of all parties. Thir
ty-two years have rolled away since the last
constitutional Convention,and have brought
to us a vast increase of our population and
wealth, and an immense accumulation of
the objects of corporate action. Meantime
we have had a great rebellion and civil
war, and the blot of human slavery has .
been effaced from our National Constitution,
and suffrage has been made universal. Let
us have a Constitutional Convention of our
best men to bring us up abreast of the car
of progress, and to remedy the manifest
evils with which our legislation is oppressed.
THE DEMOLITION OF PARIS.
The Prussians contemplated opening
their siege guns upon Paris, on last Sun
day, the first day of the year, and the fin
est capital in the world is to be destroyed
to gratify man's "proud ambition."
Why is it thus ? Why must this splendid
city, the master work of ages, be pelted to
the ground f' Why must the besom of de
struction continue to sweep over France ?
Ages has she been in the front rank of civ
..ilizstion,..-m.d yrt trztify ale vengeance
and ambition of a few men, the works of a
thousand years are to be destroyed, with
out scarcely a protest on the part of those
who have long been her friends and allies.
Is it possible that the civilized world has
no interest in maintaining the French na
tionality ? Has it no antipathy to the dis
memberment of a nation simply to gratify
ambition ? It looks as if King William
had carried us back to the Middle Ages,
when wars were only wars of conquest and
subjugation. Civilization appears to be
In the outset of the contest, all our sym
pathies were with Prussia, but Sedan set
tled the question between the King of
Prussia and the Emperor of France, and
we regard King William's effort at con
quest as brutal. There is nothing between
the combatants but Alsace and Loraine,
and until the French agree to cede those
provinces, tens of thousands of men must
bite the dust, and general desolation must
be carried throughout France. We had
hoped that the civilized world would resist
wars carried on for mere conquest, but it
seems as if the age of chivalry had entirely
disappeared also, and the victorious bully
can kill as many men, women and children
as are necessary to accomplish his purpose.
i Hon. Edward McPherson, Clerk of
the National House of Representatives, has
selected the JOURNAL as one of the five
papers, in Pennsylvania, to publish the
General Laws passed during the present
session of Congress. We here thank our
friend publicly for this recognition of our
paper, and hope to have an opportunity to
do so personally ere long.
Aar Hon. Daniel J. Morrell will accept
our thanks for a volume of t'Reports." We
have loaned it to a lawyer in town and,
like Oliver Twist, he demands "more."
Ds_ We congratulate our friend D. S.
Elliott, editor of the Bloody Run Press,
on snug quarters, at Harrisburg, during
the Session of the Legislature.
THE NEW PARTY IN CONGRESS.
Much has been said in regard to a coal
ition between certain gentlemen elected on
the Republican ticket to the next Con
gress, as "Revenue Reformers," and the
Democrats, and the country has been asked
by the Democratic press to believe that
such a coalition would certainly be at
tempted, and that the organization of the
next House, would, quite probably, be
made in the interest of this coalition.
"Revenue Reformer" is, only another name
for Free Trader. Little attention has been
paid to the matter for the last few weeks,
but on the 22d ult., a correspondent of the
New York World, telegraphed the follow
ing from Washington :
"The authority of a prominent Western
Democrat is given for the statement that
Democrats and Revenue Reform or Inde
pendent Republicans are likely to unite to
secure the organization of the House in
the XLIId Congress. He further says
that objections which have heretofore been
urged against this coalition have to a great
extent been met and obviated, so that the
movement now possesses every element of
On this the New York Tribune com
ments as follows:
"This rather startling announcement im
pels us to recur to the Free Trader for
this month, which has a list of the mem
bers elect to the next House, classified as
they are expected by the importing interest
to divide on the tariff question. The Re
publicans who are claimed by it as "Reve
nue Reformers" are as follows :
charle. PLY°, Alabama. 11?.. P. Lowe, Kann,.
J. Q. Blain'e ). !if.,llls.
John A. Logan, Illinois. ,
Chas. B. Ittrwq, Gi
J. F. Farnsworth, " Hone; Walden, Michigan.
IL C. Burchard, " Wm. L. Stoughton, "
John B.llnwiey,: John r ; ,f41:"774
Burton C. Cook, IT. A. Vnyelnliurg, /tlß,souri
l*T. C. Parker,
Jesse 11. Moore,
I;James G. Blair,
J. M. Wilson; Indiana. C. St. John. Nevi York,
John Coburn, 7 , Jan. Ketcham
,Milo Goodrich, "
(IN.lalk°,. !Fromm Clad
lA. F. Perry, Ohio
Jasper Packard, "
myraryNn. S. p2ellabFgj,
I John Beatty,
A. A. Colton,
W. G. Dorman,
M. M. Walday,
W. P. 8
.. r. spragai
J. A. Garfield,
W. 11. H. Stoivall, Virginia.
G. W. Hazhiton, Wiscomin.
We have placed in Italics the names of
those with regard to whom the claim of
The Free Trader seems to us especially
preposterous. We judge the starring
Speaker Blaine as a "Revenue Reformer,"
is a blunder; yet the claim as to several
others is scarcely less absurd. We do not
believe that ten of the entire forty-three
would favor the election of any Speaker
mainly by Democratic votes, unless that
Speaker were himself.
But the fact that these gentlemen are
paraded in The Free Trader as of the cabal
which is expected to triumph over the Re-1
publican organization in the next choice of
Speaker imposes on them a public duty.
Messrs. Logan, Farnsworth, Garfield, Ket
cham, Stevenson, &c., do you severally
propose to vote for a Speaker of the next
House who is supported as a "Revenue
Reformer" in opposition to the regular
Republican candidate ? Your Republican
constituents would like to know • and it
seems to us your plain duty to let them
know. You were chosen as Republicans,
by the votes of Republicans, regardless of
economic differences. Which of you, if
any, intend to vote with the great body of
the Democrats to organize the House as to
them shall seem good ? Which of you
have had your objections to what the
World terms "this coalition" removed ?
Should not those of you who are members
of tha prossont. House unite in a card
which set forth the exact position of each
of you on this important question?
These questions are sound and pertinent
and should be heeded - by those to whom
they are addressed. The Republican party
(says the Pittsburgh Gazette,) will prosper
much better without any of those 'bolters'
than they can without the party. Every
one of them owes what they are to the
party, and the sooner these gentlemen,
who are always on the lookout for some
thing :new, whereby they may ride into
power, are thrown overboard, the better.
163" It is with sadness that we announce
the severe illness of his Honor, Judge
King, of the XVlth Judicial district.—
The symptoms are said to be an enlarge
ment of the liver. The Judge has been
afflicted for over a month but he has only
been confined to his chamber for the last
two weeks. He is under the treatment of
Dr. Wm. Watson and his brother Dr. Jas.
King, of Pittsburgh. We pray that he
may speedily recover—the country could
ill afford to lose the services, even for a
short time, of so good and upright a Judge
as he is.
All persons indebted to me for subscrip
tion, advertising or job work up to Jan. 1,
1871, arc requested to settle up immediate
ly. Those who pay up before the first day
of February_ne.xt ,will be charged only $2
a year for the paper. Those who fail to
do so will be charged three dollars and their
accounts collected by law. My books must
be settled up. J. A. NX:sH.
Jan. 4, 1871.—tf.
Our Washington Correspondence.
WASIIINUTON, D. C.,
Dec. 31, 1870.
Editor of Huntingdon Journal:—One
who has had some experience in the field
editorial, and who has some knowledge or
the difficulties to be encountered in the first
presentation of a newspaper for public ap
proval, begs leave to introduce himself to
you and your readers, as an humble corres
pondent from the 'Capital of the Nation.
It is a fact not to be disguised that, in
many instances, the originator of an enter
prise does not receive the kind considera
tion he merits. At the very time when a
word of encouragement would be decisit;e
in favor of his adventure, he is the recipi
ent of the severest criticism. If ; however,
he succeed in his undertaking and gain a
firm position he may, with impunity, follow
in the line of his convictions. In the one
case he labors for reputation, and, in the
other, he trades upon that already acquired.
The one is a path of thorns. The other is
a bed of roses. The latter is the compen
sation for the sufferings to be endured in
These truisms are applicable to your case
as the Editor of the new HUNTINGDON
JOURNAL. The field you have chosen, in
which to labor for the advancement of
knowledge and the proper understanding
of the truth, is a wide one. You may, in
the outset, be discouraged by the censori
ousness of the over-exacting, or the lake
warmness of those who are to be benefitted
by your efforts. In the end, however, you
will have your reward. Obstacles will be
overcome by perseverance, appreciation will
follow honest purpose, and enmity and
jealousy will be forced to the background
by a steady adherence to principle. No
doubt these are your purposes, and there
is , just as little doubt that your enterprise
will be a success. So much by way of ex
During the brief recess of Congress,
Washington society is absorbed in the fes
tivities which characterize the annual re
turn of Christmas and the birth of a New
'Tear. Your correspondent is "not at home"
in descriptions of routs and revelries, as
semblies and receptions, fashionable dress
and exquisite jewelry, or indeed in any
thing by which the elite are known in con
tzadistinetion to the sturdy yeomanry of ,
the land. Then, you will not expect a very
iengthy letter at this time. Hereafter,
when each day's proceedings of Congress—
the discussions in the Senate and House of
Representatives—will supply matter in
abundance, you may expect a weekly com
munication of some small interest to the
readers of the JOURNAL.
On the reassembling of Congress, several
very important and exciting measures will
be discussed, and, upon which, final action
may be taken. These to which the Presi
dent, in his annual message, directed the
attention of Congress, are of the greatest
moment. The preliminary investigation
looking to the annexation of Dominica, the
Canadian interference with our fishermen,
and the obstructions to the free navigation
of the St. Lawrence, the claims for indem
nity for the Alabama spoliations, the sug
gested legislation for the restoration of our
Commerce, the proposed revision of the tar
iff and internal revenue laws, the one thou
sand and one financial projects which have
been and will be offered, and the granting
of amnesty to those who were recently en
gaged in rebellion against the Government,
are a. few of the questions of a public char
acter which will engage the attention of the
41st Congress, during the remaining two
months of its existence. To these may be
added the many suggested laws classed as
private. It will thus be seen that Congress
must either be industrious, or leave much
legislation in an unperfected condition.
Of all the questions that will be agitated
in this or the next Congress, no one is of
so vital importance to Pennsylvania as a
State, and particularly to that portion of
it embraced within the 17th Congressional
District, as is that of "Protection to Ameri
can manufactures and the fostering of
Home Industry." Your representative,
Hon. P. J. Morrell, has, for the last four
years, been nnfitultering and untiring in
his efforts to secure legislation favorable to
the development of the resources of his
State. When he shall have retired from
the public service, then and not until then,
will his constituents appreciate the full
value of what he has accomplished while
in Congress, and what they have lost by
his, or rather by their own defeat. It is
fortunate even for those who were instru
mental in bringing about the overthrow of
the Republican party in your District, that
they have Senators who are true to the
great principles of Protection. If it were
not for this, the industrial interests of
Pennsylvania would be in no little jeopardy.
But the friends of home industry hope for
the best results. Should, however, the
much talked-of union of Democrats and
Revenue Reformers in the 42d Congress
give the organization of the House to either,
the responsibility of those Republicans,
claiming to be Protectionists while voting
against their party, will be a fearful one.
Enough for the present. With your kind
permission, the readers of the JOURNAL
shall hear from me again.
"DOES PROTECTION PROTECT?"
Asks a British free-trade revenue re
form editor in the West, who has recently
tried his best to break up the Republican
party, and he attempts to decide the ques
tion in the negative in a dry and ponder
ous volume of strangely drawn inferences
from manipulated statistics. A briefer,
better, and more conclusive answer may be
had om disinterested witnesses. Messrs.
Wentworth & Co., of Boston, who have
just published a most extensive and valua
ble "Hardware and Metal Trade Direc
tory" of the entire country, in which no
allusion whatsoever is made to tariffs, pro
tection, free-trade, or revenue reform. In
the preface, in briefly sketching the history
and condition of these industries, they
"Of the present extent and recent progress
of this great interest, there are no statistics to
be had, nor will there be until the publication
of the results of the census now taking.
There is no use of referring to the census of
1860, for the trade has been revolutionized
since then, and its figures are worthless as any
indication of-ita ;vestal stale."
That will do ! Such i s nieohsilions testi
mony to the beneficent effects of nine
years of protection,
taken in connection
with Mr. David A. Wells' recent after
dinner admissions in New York in regard
to one branch—that of table cutlery—
may be accepted as evidence conclusive
that protection does protect, and that right
well. The actual results here indicated
are worth reams of interested Sheffield and
Staffordshire "revenue reform" gabble,
which is neither more nor less than an at
tempt to throw dust in our eyes prepara
tory to picking our pockets. Then push
on the column of the American Industrial
Grand Army, that we may •see other and
greater peaceful "revolutions" in the fu
ture, and thereby so completely clinch the
argument that no public man dare everat
attempt to reopen it !—Phila. Press.
Governor Geary has issued his official
proclamation announcing the cancellation
in the year ending with November 30,
1870, of one million six hundred and two
thousand three hundred and twenty-one
dollars and thirty-one cents, made up as
Five per cent. loan redeemed.... 51,355,906 31
Six per cent. loan redeemed—... 246,400 00
Relief notes cancelled ....... . 15 00
In State as well as National administra
tion of finances by the Republicans econ
omy and retrenchment are having their
legitimate effect, and every month and
year witnesses a reduction.
The census in the three Middle States
gives the following result :
1870. 1860. Gale
New York 4,378,846 3,880,727 490,119
Pennsylvania 3,511,543 2,906,215 605,327
New Jersey 940,000 672,035 267,965
8,822,389 7,458,977 1,363,412
Pennsylvania gains in population more
heavily than any State except Illinois,
which has an increase of 828,265 since
1860. Pennsylvania comes next, 605,328,
followed by Missouri, 521,000, lowa 502,-
602, and New York 490,119.
The great De Aaro land ease, involving
the title to a large part of Protrero Nueyo,
San Francisco, is now on trial. Over a
thousand defendants and twenty-seven
lawyers appear in the case.
GREAT FIRE AT MIFFLIN, PA,
SIXTY ONE BUILDINGS DESTROYED.
Loss 'Upwards of $200.000
Pennsylvania Central Roll
road's Promptitude-Our Fire
men gent to the Rescue.
The most destructive fire that has ever
visited Central Pennsylvania occurred on
Saturday_night, December 31, in the town
of Mifflin, Juniata county. About half
past seven o'clock in the evening, the
flames were first discovered in the building
known as the "Crystal Palace," on the.,
corner of Bridge and Water streets, and
before any aid could be rendered for the
extinguishment of the "Crystal Palace,"
the fire communicated to the adjoining
buildings on the south side of Bridge
street, and with the exception of three
dwelling houses, consumed the entire
southern portion of the town, consisting of
thirty-one dwellings, stores, and offices.
Ina short time the fire broke out
it was evident the conflagration would be
disastrous. The only fire apparatus in the
town was an ancient fire hand engine,
which when attempted to be used proved
an entire failure. Seing the dire condi
tion of affairs the authorities telegraphed
to the officers of the Pennsylvania railroad
company for aid. This request was
prcmptly complied with. The first assist
ance of the railroad company was the send
ing of the Hope fire company of Lewis
town, distance twelve miles from Mifflin, to
the scene of the conflagration. This fire
company had an Agnew hand engine, and
a hose carriage with several hundred feet
of hose, but when it arrived at the fire it was
found to be entirely useless, on account of
not being able to draw its own rater. The
fire every minute was gaming terrible
headway and threatened the destruction
of the entire town. The fire department
of this city was telegraphed to, and they
cheerfully responded that anything in their
power would be rendered to stay the de
struction of the devouring element. The
whole southern part of the town, from the
south side of Bridge street to Lost Creek,
except - the residence of Mr. Parker, and
three other buildings at the upper end of
that street, were completely destroyed.
THE BUILDINGS DESTROYED.
The building known as the Cry; tel Pal
ace was a four-story structure, situated on
the corner of Bridge and Water streets,
and immediately on the banks of the canal.
The firet floor was occupied by Sellars &
Sulonlf, dealers in dry goods, hardware,
paints, &c. They had in store a very large
stock of oils and other inflammable matter.
The second floor, which was on a level with
the risino. b street, was occupied by Graybill
& Shelby, with dry goods and notions.
They bad a very large stuck of good:,
amounting to at least $40.000. They lost
everything. Adjoining, in the same build
ing, was the hardware firm of Wearani&
Co., .with a very extensive stock of goods
in their line. Everything in their store
was totally destroyed, amounting to several
thousand dollars. The third story was oc
cupied by Iroquois Tribe No. 42, I. 0. R.
M.; Lost Creek Lodge of Odd Fellows, and
Patterson Council of U. 0. A. M. The
Patterson Council were in session when the
fire broke out, and were compelled to leave
their room so suddenly that they did not
even save their records or anything belong
ing to the council. The Lost Creek Lodge
of Odd Fellows lost everything, save their
books and records. Iroquois Tribe of Red
Men had one of the finest collections of
rare and wild stuffed animals and birds in
the country, all of which were totally de
stroyed by the fire. The fourth story of
the building was occupied by Union lodge,
A. Y. M. They bad a valuable library of
books, which, with all their furniture and
regalia, was totally destroyed. Mr. Hollo
baugh, a prominent member-of the Order,
attempted to save some of their valuable
property, but the progress of the flames
was so great as to almost suffocate him.
He was overcome by the heat in his efforts
to rescue the property, and was only res
cued by parties who came to his relief.
The - add Fellows' hall, a very fine brick
building a few doors above the Crystal
Palace, was occupied on the first and sec
ond floors by Mr. Tilton Espanschade as a
dry goods store. His store was filled with
a large stock of goods and his loss is al
most total. The third story of this build
ing was occupied by Miffiintown lodge, I.
0. 0. F. The lodge owned the building
and lost everything belonging to them in
it. Adjoining this hall was the billiard
saloon and restaurant of John Hallabaugh,
occupying the basement and floor above.
His billiard tables and other valuables were
totally destroyed. The printing office
building of Messrs. Bonsall & Jackman,
of the Democrat and Register, was totally
destroyed. They saved a few of their
locked-up forms and a lot of tied-up type.
Their books and files were also saved. An
lold Washington hand press, used for years
in the old Keystone office in this city,
worked many a day and night by our hum
ble self, was destroyed in the flames. In
our walk through the ruins we met the
relic of this old press, and sadly and re
gretfully did we view the remnants of the
old "bar" and "rounee" that many days
ago "rolled in" so nicely and came back
again with the touch of our youthful fing
ers. The ruins of "that old press" re
vived within us the halcyon days of yore,
and amid all the destruction around
brought back to our memory the trials and
vicissitudes of the noble myters who years
ago "pulled the bar" in this city. We
can only hope, with all their loss, that the
Democrat and Register will rise, Phoenix
like, and spread its effulgent rays with a
brilliancy that no conflagration can extin
guish. Both the proprietors of this paper
were burned out of their private residences
Mr. Bonsall had his furniture insured in
the Perry County Mutual, but Mr. Jack
man had no insurance on his household
goods. They were lucky enough to have
$2,000 insurance in the Perry County
Mutual on their office.
The Union hotel, Simon Albright, pro
prietor, was totally consumed. It stood
on the corner of Bridge and Main streets.
Opposite it was the Mifflin bank building,
a three story brick structure, and to pre
vent its taking fire the efforts of the peo
ple were directed. Through great exer
tion it was saved, and consequently the
northern end of town was saved, as it was
acknowledged if this portion would have
taken fire there would have been slim
hopes of preventing the balance of the
town from being deetroyed. .
Among the Private residences burned
were that of Mr. E. S. Doty, lawyer;
S. E. Parker, cashier of Doty, Parker
Co.'s bank ; Robert C. (+singer, occupying
the late residence of John J. Patterson,
esq.; John J. Wright, J. D. Stambaugh,
Noah Elder and Sheriff Detrick. These
properties were fine private buildings, and
with the exception of the most valuable
moveables all were destroyed.
The property destroyed is estimated at
200,000, which is distributed among the
following companies: Perry county mu
tual, the Jonestown mutual (Lebanon
county,) the Columbia mutual and a few
eastern companies. There were thirty
one dwelling houses, including stores and
offices consumed. Of the stables and
other out-buildings there were twenty
.eight or thirty, which makes the entire
number consumed sixty-one. The insu
rance on property was confined principally
to the business houses and well-to-do pri
vate residences. Quite a number of poor
people had no insurance and consequently
lost their all.
At least one-third of Mifflin was de
stroyed, and constituted the principal
business and private residence portion of
the town. At least thirty families lost all
but the few valuab.es they could gather
and take a way in a few minutes; and
double that number carried all their house
hold goods they could gather to a place of
appearant safety.—Harrisburg Patriot.
General News Summary.
It is stated that the Belgian civic guard
will be recognized as mobile gardes.
tlao...aext_geaoroLele.etion them are,te
be elected an Auditor General and a ,S.nr
A child was killed at Alden, lowa, re
cently by inhaling the steam from the
spout of a boiling kettle.
A baby in Dubuque, lowa. was treated
two weeks for trichina, when it turned out
that it had swallowed a hair pin.
On Monday morning, in New Port, R.
1., Mrs. Agatha B. 3lyer, who had shown
symptoms of insanity, committed sucide by
The First Bank of Cheyenne has been
organized with a capital of $lOO,OOO, and
A. It. Converse elected as president, and
H. J. Rogers, cashier.
A few days ago in the 'United States
District Court Judge Cadwalader decided
that the Congressional Election Law is un
Prince Napoleon recently paid a visit to
General Charngarnier. His proposition
to the French crown were immediately re
It is said that Ganibetta has announced
to Rome his desire that France terminate
the concordat in order to effect the entire
separation of Church and state in France.
The latest lecturer in the field is John
IL Surratt, who is raising.alittle cash in
Maryland villages by telling about Presi
dent Lincoln's assassination. •
Up to the twenty-third day of Decem
ber, 208,683 emigrants had arrived at New
York City. This is nearly 50,000 less than
during the same months of 1869.
The population of New Jersey is, ac
cording to official data, 895,672. The
census of 1860 - show the population of the
State to be 672,035. The little out of the
world bailiwick across the river has in
creased considerably in population.
Governor Palmer, of Illinois. refuses to
appoint Miss Annie L. Caldwell a justice
of the peace and notary public, upon the
ground that in that State custom has be
come- a law, wherby women are. rendered
ineligible to office.
Just sixty-eight years- ago, Mary
wards started a female prayer meetinr , in a
private house in Binghampton, N. Y., and
continued it regularly for fifty years;
and in so doing, founded the second largest
society of Presbyterians now in the United
In Manitoba, Governor Archibald re
ceives $7,000, gold, a year for governing.
12,000 half-breeds men, women and pa
pooses all told. He has a chief justice,
secretary, treasurer, attorney general (a
Tombs lawyer from Montreal,) and several
other cabinet officers.
The threatened war over the Black Sea
trouble is about at an end. There will be
no bloodshed, but probably a conference of
the contracting parties will be held, and a
little risk spilled, fixing up things.
The Des Moines Valley Rrailroad has
been opened to Fort Dodge, and trains are
now running regularly. The formal
opening excursion has been temporarily
postponed on adeonnt of the weather.
On Monday at Spring Valley, near
Morristown, N. J., two little children of
Mr. Benjamin Maines were torn fearfully
by a mad dog. A horse and some sheep
and cattle were also bitten.
Some of the largest manufacturers in
Cincinnatti have found an effectual remedy
against drunken Sunday's and blue Mon
day's, by having Monday instead of Satur
day for pay-day. It is strange so simple a
remedy was not before thought of.
It is said that the government at Paris
will send Theirs as representative to the
London conference. Report also says the
French Government has requested the
English Government to obtain egress from
Paris for its plenipotentiary to the ap
The way Erie pays its lawyers was
brought out in court the other day. Mr.
from January to August, 1868, re
ceived $10.70 less than 640,000. Mr.
John K. Porter, $23,000. Messrs. Field
Shearmau received for the whole year
Gen. Gideon Pillow has come to grief.
The United States Court, at Memphis, has
givedn' decision agaiiist the rebel General,
and in favor of a Pittsburg firm, for coal
seized by him at the beginning of the war.
The damages awarded in favor of the
plaintiffs, is $40,000.
The Supreme- Court of New Hampshire
has rendered a decision, which denies the
authority of Pollee Courts to naturalize
aliens under the United States laws, and
renders void all the naturalizations made
by these courts.
The next Republican Gubernatorial
nomination is being talked about, and the
names of Gens. Hartranft and White,
and Congressman Packer ' of the Dauphin
district, and Hon. W. W. Ketchem, of
Luzerne, are mentioned.
Whenever Count Von Moltke has been
in Berlin he has for years been in the habit
to take dinner at the St. Petersburg Hotel.
Since he has left for the seat of war in
France his chair, which has been crowned
with a laurel wreath, has been left unoc
cupied at the accustomed place at the din
ner table, as though the distinguishedguest
was expected to appear at any moment.
It is reported in Washington that the
family of Robert E. Lee were much mor
tified at the gratuitious effort of Senator
McCreary to have the Arlington estate re
stored to them. They declare that they
did not authorize the attempt, and have
not entertained the idea of recovering the
Hon. John P. Hale, of New Hampshire ,
formerly a distinguished anti-slavery Sena,
for from that State, and an anti-slavery
candidate for President at one time, but
more recently our Minister to Spain, has
recently been stricken down with paralysis,
and now only walks with the greatest dif
The board of managers appointed to con
duct the Impeachment of Governor Hol
den have formerlly submitted the articles
of Impeachment. After they were pre
sented, the President of the Senate vacated
his chair and took charge of the Executive
Office. The trial will not commence until
the Cheif Justice arrives.
The funeral of Obadiah Davis, a colored
man, formerly living in Camden, N. J.,
was attended on Saturday by a large con
course of citizens. The funeral was one
of the largest that ever took place in that
city. The Masonic and Odd. Fellow
Lodges of Camden and adjoining towns
turned out in regalia. Deceased was the
first colored delegate ever admitted to a
political convention in Camden, and was
highly respected by both white and colored
In tte ?telt!' pai:liament it is proposed
that the capital shall not he transferred to
Rome till April 1, 1871. This delay
seems to us a mistake. Timidity in an cp
terprise once begun is the greatest of dan
gers. If Victor Emanuel wants Rome for
his capital, he should go there at once.
Kings might profit by the proverb that
"when a man gives you a cow, put your
halter on it at once."
The Pennsylvanians in Des Moines
lowa, have in honor of their State, formed
an Association called the Keystone Club.
The club is formed after the manner of
the New England Societies, .found in al
most every city of the country, and is de
siiirert6 the iiienibiy" of its
members' former homes. It recently gave
a banquet at Des Moines, which was a well
attended and most pleasant affair.
The Philadelphia papers contain a report
in reference to the conference of officers
of the Camden and Amboy, New
Jersey and Pennsylvania Railroads, recently
held in that city. It is stated that the two
former companies have leased all their pro-
perty to the Pennsylvania Company for a
guaranteed dividend of ten per cent of
the capital stock. The property transferred
valued at 840.000,000.
GOT. Geary issued his warrant for the exe
cution of John _Hanlon, recently convicted
in the Philadelphia Oyer and Terminer of
the murder of the child Mary Mohrman,
whose tragic flute is familiar to all our
readers. Wednesday, the let of February,
is the day fixed upon for his execution,
between the hours of 10 A. at. and 3 P.
M. When the warrant was read to Han
lon by the sheriff, he appeared perfectly
indifferent about it, said he was prepared
for 'death, and only asked that his wife
might be permitted to visit him daily.
The two parties having made their nom
inations for officers of the Senate and
House, there is nothing more to be done
than to elect and organize and go to work
on the business of the session.
In the Senatorial caucus the Republi
cans nominated for Speaker, Gen. Harry
White; for Chief Clerk, Geo. W. Ham
ersley; for Assistant Clerks, L. Rogers
and E.' - Cowan. fili - e — lfemocrafsin cau
cus nominated for Speaker, Wm. A.
Wallace; for Clerk, Jacob Ziegler; for
Assistant Clerks, Wm. P. Furey and F.
We need only say of the Republican
nominees that they are all tried men and
true, who have rendered creditable ser
vice to the - State, in the capacities in
which they have respectfully served, and
whose defeat—if that should happen—
would be more of a loss to the Senate
than to themselves. _ _ .
We have little or no personal knowl
edge-of tha en...lm-..n selected for the
Assistant Clerkships, but we have heard
them spoken of as gentlemen well quali
fied for the positions they aspire to.
In the House caucus the Republicans
nominated for Speaker, J. H. Webb, of
Bradford county; for Chief Clerk," James
L. Selfridge, of Northampton ; for Assis
tant Clerk, E. G. Lee, of Philadelphia,
and for Resident Clerk, John A. Smull,
of Harrisburg.—Har. Tel. Jan. 3.
HOTEL FOR RENT.
- The undersigned offers for rent the proper
ty of John S. Weston deceased, situate in the vil
lage of Mapleton: The property embraces about
ten acres, and has erected thereon a large and con
venient Hotel; with stable and buildings attached.
Also, a Blacksmith Shop, which will be rented, with
a complete sett of Blacksmith's Tools. Possession
given on the lst of April, 1871.
For further Information inquire of
A. W. SWOOPE,
Agent for the Widow and Heirs.
January 4,1871.-3 t.
A meeting of the Huntingdon County Ag
ricultural Society will be held in the Court llousc.
on Tuesday evening of the first week of the coming
Court, 10th inst.
The members of the Association and the public
generally are invited to attend.
By order and in behalf of the Society.
Jan. 4, '7l.
VALUABLE MILL PROPERTY
The undersigned offers at Private Sale his Iralint.
hie Mill Property, situated on the Juniata river
and Pennsplvania Railroad, at Union Furnace.
now Morrell P. 0.
In addition to the Mill, which is a new and sub
stanfiar franie building. furnished with the best
machinery, there are Eighty-Five Acres of Land
lying on both sides of the Juniata river, and on
Sinking Spring creek, embracing all the valuable
and available Water Power in that vacinity. Erec
ted on said lands are a New House, fur miller's
residence, and a Large Bank Barn.
This property is in every respect in good condi
tion and being located in the midst of a rich agri
culturalcommunity,. having easy communication
up and down the Juniata, with Canoe Valley, and
with all points by railroad, is one of the most de
sirable properties of the kind in the State.
My attorneys, P. M. do M. S. Lytle will give
further information to persons desiringlo purchase.
Apply to them or to myself on the premises.
J. A. HAGERTY,
• Morrell P. 0., Penna.
~ARCH & BRO. would notify all
parties knowing themselves indebted to
come at once for settlement, as we would rather
settle our own accounts than leave them in the
hands of another for collection. If not convenient
to pay cash at settlement. notes will be received at
fair rates. Our books must be squared up.
MARCH .h BRO.
Huntingdon, Jan. 4. 1871.-2 w
MARBLE MANTLES, 'MONUMENTS,
PLASTER PARIS CORNICES,
ALSO SLATE MANTLES FURNISHED TO
Jan. 4, '7l.
NEW GOODS !
CHEAP GOODS !!
STYLISH GOODS !!!
can be had in abunilanceby calling an
GLAZIER & BRO.,
Washington St.. (near Smith.) Huntingdon. Pa.
at lower figures than they have reached since liel
have all been reduced in price to correspond with
new, so that all wishing bargains ran be accommo
are requested to call and see the handsome Dress
Goods which are being disposed of rapidly.