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TERMS OF THE GLOBE
Per animist hi tulriUre
'TERMS OF ADVERTISING. '
~. 1 Insertion. 2 do. 3&A
Otto /quart?, (10 livesjor boss ¢- 75 $1 25 $1 60
Two squares 150 200 ' 300
Three squares, 9 25 3 00.1 4 50
3 months. 6 months. 12 months.
.64 00 $6 00 ..... ...310 00
.600 900 15 00
.300 12 00-- .... 20 00
.10 00 16 00 .25 00
.1.5 00 .20 00-........30 00
.20 00 - 35 00.-. .... ..60 00
One aquure, or less
Two 5quare5,...... ...
Three squares. ...... •
Ralf a eoluetu,
. .. .
Professional and Business Cards not exceeding six lines,
On rear, a 1 00
Ailiuluistratore and Executors' Notices, $2 50
Auditors' Notices 2 00
Estray, or other short Notices • 1 50
.4%-Ten lines of nonpareil make a square. About
elolit word.' constitute a line, so that any verge¢ can ea.
ally calculate 6 square In manuscript.
Advertisements not marked with the nunibor of inser
tions desired, will he continued till forbid and charged ac-
aiding to them terms.
Our priers for the printing of Blanks, Ilandbills, etc
-are roasorobly low.
[Viejo(lowing Chills are published gratuitously. Mer
chants and bo riness MN generally Who advertise liberally
an the columns of 'rust GionEfor rix months or longer, mall
hare thcir Cards inserted here during the continuances!,
their advertisement. Otherwise, specie/ Business (Atrds in
serial at the usual rates
TOHNSTON It WATTSON, Mcra
e anti, Main et., oust of IYashingtan Hold, Huntingdon
GLAZIER & BRO., Retail Mer
chants, Waahingion at., near theC.Jail, Huntingdon.
DR. W3)1.. BREWSTER, Huntingdon
[Cores by Elictropatbyj
- 1) M. GREENE, Dealer in Musie,mu
sical Instruments, .sowingllaclaines, Iluntiugdou.
DON.NELL & KLINE,
Dealer. In Books, Stationery "ad Misled Inatrn
manta, Unfitingdotn Pe.
• Merchant Tailor, Huntingdon, Pn
1. TA MES SIMPSON,
Iron Founder, Huutingdon. Pa
M'CAIIA.N & SON, proprietors of
Juniata &elm Wail Mill, liuntiug-don.
y M. GREENE & F. 0. BEAVER,
,„„iftlaita and Ornamental Marble Manufacturers.
- etalu an4loruaweubd Marble Manufarturar.
TAIIES Alartufacturer of
ey Furniture and Cabinet Ware, Huntingdon, Fa.
piSI. WISE, Manufacturer of Furni
_ lure, lc., Ituritingden. Undertaking attended to
AVIIARTON & MAGUIRF, Whole•
sale - and retail dealera in foreign nod doineatle
Ilardware, Cytlery, Sc., Italineal street, lluntingtion,
TAMES A. BROWN, ' -
el Dealer in Hardware, Cutlery, Palate, elle, le., Hunt
"WM. 'AFRICA, Dealer in Boots and
Simes,in t h e Diamond, nuntingdon, Ea.
TOIIN 11. WESTBROOK, Dealer in
ty Booth, Shoes, Hosiery, Confectionery; Huntingdon.
GEO. SIT.A.EFFER, dealer in - Boots,
Shoes, Guiter, fruntiogdon.
ZYENTER, Dealer in Groceries and
.ProTtsions dull kinds, Huntingdon, Pa.
WI & MIDLER, Dealers in Diy
cods, Queensivare, Groceries, Ilumingdon.
Art Tm. 31.A8011 & BRO. .-
Dealers in Dry Goods, Queensware, lisraware,
Nools, Shoes, de.,
CUNNINTGIIAM. & CARION,
3terchunts, Huntingdon, Pit.
Dooley in .404 Aida Clothing, fats and Cups,
. Dealer in Dry nods, Grocerita, Hardware, Qneens
are.liate and Csp Hinots and Shoo, &c. Huntingdon
B. HENRY & CO., Wholesale and
S. Retail Dealers in Dry Goode, Groceries, Hardware,
(Zneensware, and Provisions of nil kinds, Huntingdon.
_u.4 . B N y
, Park, or lent quantity, for sale at
- BEIVIS' BOOK AND STATIONERY STORE.
gir For float JOB PRINTING, call at
the "GLOBE Jun PRINTIAT CkTrce," at Hun
tingdon, Pa ,
PROFESSIONAL & BUSINESS CARDS
R. It 11..IVIESTLING most respect •
fully tenders 1114 professional cortices to the citizens
.or luntingdon and t icintty.
011ie,* that of the late Dr. Snare, . _ _ _
Dn. A. B:1311TJAIBAUGII,
Having pk o rninuontly located nt Iln ntingdork, offers
Sus professional sonic. to the community.
Ofiloe, the bailie as that lately occupied by ➢r. Luden
•ou Iliil btreot. 0p10,1860
JOIIN:iVeCI.J.4LOCII, offers his
professional cervicas to tipCitizons of ituutingdon
au.l vicinity. Cifico on LIIII street, cue door cast of Reed's
Drug .tore. Aug. 2;
ALLISON : MILLER,
Iles removed to the Brick now opposite the Court House.
April 13, 1359.
T E. GRI?,ENE,.
TY • pENTIST. il ati so
Office removed to opposite the Troulslin
Blouse in the old bank building, Hill street, Huntingdon.
A prill.o, 1886.
The undersigned respectfully inferno the citizens of
Iluntingdon county and the traveling public generally
that they hove teased the Washington Home on the cor
ner of 11111 and Charles street, in the borough of llua•
tingden, and no prepared' to accommodate all who may
favor them with r. call. Will be pleased to teccio e n liber
al share of public patronage.
AUGUSTUS LETTERMAN," .1
May 1, 'M-tf.
9111 E subscribers baying leased this
1 lintel, lately occupied by Mr.lllmNulty, are prepared
to accommodate strangers, travelers, and citizens in good
style. Every effort Shall be wade on our part to make all
vlto stop with us [eclat hone. AULTZ & FEE,
T HAVE purchased and entirely ren
j_ orated the largo stone and brick building opposite
,the Pennsylvania Railroad Depot, and have now opened it
For the accommodation of the traveling public. The Car-,
pots, Furniture, Beds and Bedding are all entirely new
And and I tun stain saying that Lean Offer nc
.covomodatiorts not excelled in Central Pennsylvania.
47.4 refer to my patron Who have formerly known
sne while in charge of the Broad Top City Ifotel and Jack.
son Dowse. JOSEPH MORRISON.
A - ITM B. ZIEGLER,
V V AGENT OF THE
liycomiliE Ilitual Illsfirance Comm.
lluatlngdon, May 8,1807 31a
Wholeant° and Entail Dealer in all kindi of
. - ..snAt..aa - y vo,BAroti,,
Next door to tho Franklin House, in the Diamond.
fnuntry trade eiippUed. apl7'67
WATCHES AND JEWELRY,
vAROI , I STEWARD,
lA_ WATCHMAKER, Successur to Geo. W. So aria,
line opened at hie old eland on 11111 street, op-
Melte Browu'sliardware store. a stock bf alikinds
of geode belonging to the trado.
Watch and Clock Repairing pi oinplly attended
to by practical workmen.
fluntiogdon, April 10-6 m
si MILTON S. LYTLE,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
Prompt attention given to all legal business entrusted
to Lis care. Claims or soldiers and heirs against
Goierutueut collected without delay. 0124.16
. 1 00
+~~ ~~ ~
WM. LEWIS, HUGH LINDSAY, Publishers.
K. ALLEN LOVELL,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
Prompt attention will be giro. to all legal business en.
trusted to Ida ears. Military a n d other claims of sol
diers and their heirs ugliest the State or Government
collected without delay.
OFFICE—In the Brick Row, opposite the Court House
ATTORNEY AT LAW,.
011 ice on 11111 street. lIIMTINODON, PA.
Prompt attention nil/ be given to tbo prosecution of
the claim% of soldiers Roll soldiers' heirs, against the Gov
J. F. MATI.IIII. WII.IJANI A. DIDE.
ATTORNEYS AT LAW,
LICENSED CLAIM AGENTS,
Olheo on 11111 atreot.
Soldiera Olaf nt4 against the Government for Back Pay
Bounty, Widows' and Ponalons attended to %ink
great care and in oniutuesa. lay29-ly
JC.11:1 SCOTT, 5.0111 EL T. !nowt, JOUR S. BAUM
The name of this firm has been ehang
al from SOOrf & BROWN, to
SCOTT, BROWN & BAILEY,
under which name they will hereafter conduct their
ArroßNErs.ir LAI I LTUNTIMIDON, PA.
PENSIONS, and all claims of sohlturs and 'Odium' huirs
against the Government, will be promptly prosecuted.
May 17, 1861—tf.
FOR COLLECTING SOLDIERS
CLAIMS, BOUNTY, BACK PAY
LL who may have any claims a
gainst the Gorernment for Bounty, Back Pay and
custom, can bare their claims promptly collected by ap•
plying either in perso.t or by letter to
W. H. WOODS,
Attorney at Law,
August 12, 1803
JOIIN MOW, W. H. WOODS, P. X. DARE, W. P. ACIAITUIMIX
JOHN BARE, & CO., Bankers,
Solicit accounts from flanks, iLnilcers & others. Inter
est allowed ou Deposita. All kinds of Securities, bought
and sold for the usual commission. Special attention
given to Government Securities. Collections tundoon
Persons depositing Gold nod Silver will reecho the
some in return silk interest.
N EW BOOT AND SHOE STORE.
opened n a l t s
l dt O s
ZIbliC .1 11 , 1: d . l e e p; . 114 , 11s
a t :„ Aia
A - FinelAssortment of - all Ain& of
BOOTS AND SHOES,
For Ladies, Gentlemen and Children.
All of which he will sell at fair prices. Quick sales and
mull profits. Pall sisal examine lay stock.
Manufacturing and Repairing own to order as usual.
Huntingdon, May 1, lbed.
FBI GEO. SHAEFFER
"lltiejust returned from the east udth 04102
BOOTS, SHOES, GAITERS, &C.,
Which he offers to the inspection of his customers and
the public generally. Ile will sell hie stock at the rival
mid those who purchase once will surely still again
BOOTS & SHOES -.MADE TO ORDER,
IA REPAIRING done in the neatest and most expedi
Cull upon Mr. Pchncm•r at hie shop on Hill street, a
ew doors trust of the Diamond.. n 132
.FOR THE HARVEST OF 1867
BUY THE GENUINE PRIZE ➢IACIIINE.
Mower arid Geaper,
With Double-jointed Folding Bar.
General Agent for Huntingdon Co
Iliintingdon, April 24.3111
ECONOMY IS MONEY SAVED!
The subscriber is permanently located in Huntingdon,
and is prepared to purchase, or repair In the
Lest style, and expeditiously, broken
- UMBRA - LEAS AND PARASOLS.
All articles intrusted to hint will be returned to the
residence of the nailer as soon as repaired. Umbrellas
and parasols for repair Carl las loft at his residence on St.
Clair street near Benedict's.
may2JS66tf I9JI. FENTIIIAN.
Plain and canvas sugar cured Ilema—the beat iu mar
hot—u hole or alicod, for sale at
Lewis' Family Grocery
DUSINESS MEN, TAKE NOTICE!
It you want your card neatly printod on enrol
opcsi call at
LEIVIS' BOOK .AND STATIONERTBTEOR.
ASSIMERE S.—A choice lot of
`‘./black and fancy Ctisetructes at
CUNNINGHAM & CARMON'S.
iI OF TOBACCO
.11_mholesala and reta : at
GUNN INGHAM & CARMON'S.
/selling CARAION ARE
jselling off at greatly reduced prices.
A LARGE VARIETY of articles too
numerous to mention, for isle of LEWIS
amt rocery. Call and see.
PU R E SPICES
at Cinil'aNGllAM & OAIIMON'S.
el ROUND ALUM. AND SALINA
13 - SALT at CURNINCJIAM cf CARRON'S.
DAPER I PAPER,
Note, Post, Commercial, Foolscap mid Fiatcap—q
good assortment for sale by the ream, half ream, quire or
LEWIS' NEE' BOOR 6 STATIONERY STORE,
Of all kinds, for sale veltolosolo and retail at Lewis &
Co's kumily Grocery.
A %.INDS OP CRACKERS
IlLcoustautly on hand at
CUNNINGHAM & CARbION'S.
IF :y r OP . WANT the* BEST SYRUP,
_Leo to cyNNINGIMM 8 CAIIMCM.
HUNTINGDON, PA., WEPNESDAY, JULY 81. 1861
AUGUST TERM, 1867
Anthony Beaver, farmer, Penn•
Isaac Cadman, farmer, Tod
John N. Clarke, tailor, Shirleysburg
Jacob Devor, farmer, Shir}ey
Ash. Fraker, merchant, Shirleyaburg
Samuel B. Garner, merchant, Penn
Samuel Grove, farmer, Brady
Benj. Graffins, tinnor, Huntingdon
Peter Gutshall, farmer, Springfield
Emanuel Herncanc, farmer, Shirley
Moses Hamer, Sr., farmer, Walker
George Heaton, merchant, Coalmont.
Adam Haupt, farmer, Tod
William Hight, lahoror, Jackson '
Philips Locke, farmer, Springfield
James Mitchell, farmer, Jackbon
Michael Miller, farmer, Springfield
George Porter, gentleman, Franklin
JohnPeightal, farmer, Walker
B. L. Rorer, farmer, Clay
S. Silknitter, lumberman, Henderson.
Moses Swoop, farmer, Union
Robert Spoor, clerk, Porter
Hugh Seeds, farmer, Franklin
TRAVERSE JURORS-FIRST WEEK.
John Booker, farmer, Cromwell
Wm. Brown, lumberman, Henderson
IL Brewster, merchant, Shirleysburg
Allen IL Bauman, tanner,
Robert Binghatn, farmer,Shirley
David Black, carpenter, Huntingdon
J. Peightal, gentleman, Warriorsmark
William Benford, , carpenter, Coalmont
Josiah Curfman, farmer, Cass
Sterret Cummins, farmer, Jackson
Benj. Cross, carpenter, Alexaddria.
William Cisney, farmer, Shirley
Richard Colegato, farmer, Shirley
Samuel Decker, farmer, than
Joseph Diggins, farmer, Carbon
Jacob house, farmer, Walker
Stephen Gorsuch, farmer, Oneida
John Glashall, farmer, Springfield
Henry Glazier, potter,Huntingdon
William Gehrott, sadder, Cassvillo
John Hewitt, farmer, Porter
David lineman, farmer, Morris
Samuel Hess, farmer, Oneida
Joeeph Heaton, merchant, Cassville
David Isenberg, farmer, Henderson
Joseph Johnston, J. P:, West -
John Lutz, Sr., gentleman, Shirloysbug
William McClure, farmer, West'
James McKinn, laborer; Union
N. G. McDivitt, farmor, Oneida
Henry Myers, merchant, Shirleyshurg
William P. Mehuffey, teacher, Brady
James McCall, farmer, Henderson
William V. Miller, laborer, Oneida
Jackson Norris, - farmer, , Penu -
David Pollook, farmer, Tell
Wash. Reynolds, limner, Franklin
Levi Ridinour, farmer, Juniata
William Smith, ;armor, Cromwell
R. F. Scott, plasterer, Dublin
Mahlon Stryker, gentle Man, West
David Thompson, farmer, Hondason
William Weaver, farmer, Hopewell
George_Wartel, farmer, West
James Wright, farmer, Union
M. Weston, carpenter ,
Adolphus P. White, farmer, Oneida
To THE LADIES.—Do you really
intend to cease wearing the beautiful styles now
so prevalent, or dress less olegantly, because the rebel
Jeff. Davis, was captured In Fashionable Female attire?
One moment's calm reflection will surely servo to amnia
your rash rosolvo. Tito angels hod too much good sense
to lay aside their pure chaste robes of v, 'lite, because
they had for a time served to hide the deformities of that
Prince of Rebels, the Devil. Can you err In following the
exampleof Angels f Then having mode up your minds
that you will continue to dross tastefully regardless of
rebel unto, do not forget to call at the store of the subscri
bers, who will be happy at all times to furnish you with
such articles of dress as you may desire. Urge your fath,
ere, husbands, brothers, neighlans and children to visit
the same store. They can here be select] in good articles
of Boots, Shoes, Clothing Material, Rats, Caps, Quesus•
waro and a gauerat assortment of Groceries, on as rea
tamable terms as at any house iu town. Store on South
east corner of the Diamond, Huntingdon, Fa.
may 31, ISM. FRANCIS 5 WALLACE.
mu. -3roir." -vcr_aav - mi
A GOOD PHOTOGRAPH LIKENESS,
DONNELL & KLINE'S
On Hill Street, two doors west of
Lewis' Book Store.
CALL AND SEE SPECIMENS.
Huntingdon, Oct 4, 'O6-tf.
TO THE LADIES.
The bast assortment of
Just received this day from Now York end for sale at the
cheap cash store of WI, /VI Alien A. BRO.
A splendid assortment of
LADIES' DRESS . GOODS,
FANCY TRIMMINGS AND BUTTON'S
Just received this day from New York and for sale cheap
at [mays) VOLAltell
THOMAS N. COLDER.
The undersigned Laving now entered into the
\ity . ‘
t tl a enn e dr w ie n rraw i e , r4 a t r h e e d p a u t hl a i7 l a t t i e me if t o o rtu n e4
orders on tho shortest notice.
TIIO9. N. COLDER..
Alexandria, Oct. 23.1886-tf.
LUMBER SOLD ON COMMISSION
S. E. HENRY & CO.,
Airo receiving all Mode of LUMBER, einnprleing all the
different grodee of
JOINT AND LAP SHINGLES,
• WEATHER BOARDING,
RAILING', Ac., s:c., Sc
Which Nt ill be Buhl at prices et the mill, with freight lea
dod. no 7
EVERYBODY MUST LIVE
LEWIS' F.AMILY GROCERY.
Tbo best of oyerytbiug will bo constantly kept au Imp
and sold at the lowest prices possible. Quick sales and
mull pi OtitS.
HUNT - INGO - C:114,P A:
FIRMNESS OF A LADY:IN A PET
Well lot him go, and lot him stay, fl
I du not mean to die,
I guess he'll find that I Min
Without him, if I try; • •-•
He thought to frighten me With frowns
So terrible and black;
He'll stay away a thousand years
Before I ask him back.
Ile said that I had acted wiong—
And foolishly hesido
I won't forget him after that—
I would'nt if I died, • -
If I was wrong, what right had ho
To be so cross to me P
I know I'm not an,angel,
I don't pretend to be.
He had another sweetheart once—
And now when wo fall out,
He always says she was not cross,
And that she did not pour;
It is enough to vex a saint— •
It's more than I can bean
I wish that girl of his was— , •
Well I don't care where. -
Ho thinks that she is prettyloo—
Is beautiful and good;
I wonder if she'd get him back
Again now, if she could. ;•
I know she would, and thero-she is—
She lives almost in sight
And now it's after nine o'cliAk.
Perhaps he's there to-night.
I'd almost write fur him to cotite- , — .
But then I've said I won't; • •
I do not care so much, but she--•
Shan't have him if I don't.
Besides, I know that I was wrong,
And he was in the right; 1 '
I guest; I'll tell him so, and then:=
I wish he'd come to-night._
OLD MAIDS.—NCVOr be afraid of- be
coming an old maid, fair reader. An
old maid is far more honorable than a
heartless wife, and "single hleoseduess"
is greatly superior in point of happi
ness to wedded life without le[ve. "Fall
not in love,
dear girls--bewaye 1" says
the song. But we do not-fil4ree with
said song on this question.,i, On the
contrary, we hold that it As. a good
thing to fall in love, or get in• love, if
the loved object be a worthy,<jne. To
fall in love with an honorable man is
as proper as it is for as honorable man,
to tall in love with a virtuous and air&
able woman. What could4he a more
gratifying spectacle than :a.;-Sight_so
pure, so approaching in its devotion to
the celestial ? No fall in love as soon
as you like, provided it be .CAI a suit
able person. Full in
marry; but never marry unless you do
love. That's the groat point. 'Never
marry for a “home" or a "husband;"
never degrade yourself by becoming a
party to such an alliance. Never sell
yourself, body and soul, on terms so
contemptible. -Love dignifies all things;
it ennables all conditions. With love,
the marriage rite is truly a sacrament.
Without it, the ceremony is a base
fraud, and the act a human desecra
tion. Marry for love, or not at all.
Be "an old maid"if fortune thi•ows'not
in your way the man of your heart;
and though the.witless ma ~sneer and
the jester may laugh yeti Still have
y.our reward in an approving con
science and a comparatively peaceful
overheard a moonstruck chap,
the other day, writes .Darby Doyle,
who said that he loved a certain young
lady well enough to die for her. Now,
I love somebody very much, and,
I'd swear for her,
I'd tear for her,
The Lord knows what I'd do for her;
I'd lie for her, -
I'd sigh for her.
I'd drink the Hudson dry for her;
I'd pray for her,
I'd stay for her,
I'd watch the house all day for her;
I'd "cuss" for her,
Do "wuss" for her,
I'd always have a "buss" for her;
I'd leap for her,
I'd weep for her,
I'd go without my sleep for her;
I'd fight for her, '
I'd bite for her,
I'd walk the streets all night for her;
I'd plead for her,
I'd bleed for her,'
I'd go without my feed for:her;
I'd shoot for her;
I'd boot ter her, •
I'd rival who'd comp to "toot" for her;
I'd kneel for her, •
• I'd steal for her;
Such is the love I'd feel for her;
I'd slide for her,
I'd ride for her,
I'd switn 'gainst rain and tido for her;
I'd try for her,
I'd cry for her,
But hang me, if I'd die for her!
N. B.—Or any other woman.
MEN AND WOMEN:-.510D love things
—as facts4ossessions, and estates; and
women, persons; and Abile a man re
gards only abstract scientific facts ;
woman looks only at the person in
whom they are embodied. Even in
childhood the little girl loves an imita
tion of humanity—her doll—and works
for it; the boy gots a hobby horse or
tools, and works with them. But the
noblest quality wherewith nature has
endowed woman for the good of the
world is love—that love which socks no
sympathy and no return. The child is
the object of love, kisses and watching,
and answers them only by complaint
and anger; and the feeble creature that
requires the most repays the least. But
the mother goes on; tier love only
grows stronger the greater the need
and the unthankfulness of its object;
and while fathers prefer the strongest
of their children, the mother feels more
love for the feeble and garrulous.
"You need a little bun and air," said
a physician to a lady patient. "If I. do."
was the reply, wait till I get a
Steel and How Made,
Steel is a variety of iron occupying
position between wrought iron and cast
iron, having less of carllon then cast
iron and more than wrought iron. Pure
malleable, or wrought iron, theoreti
cally contains uo carbon, but probably
fow specimens exist without contain
ing some. Cast iron has four or five
per cent, and steel only from one-half
to ono and.a half per Cont. As the
proportion of carbon in steel increases
so it becomes hard and brittle and in
creases in fusibility as cast iron; but
with diminishing proportions of carbon
it assumes more and more of the soft
ness, malleability, and toughness of
wrought iron.- Steel of the former
character are:called "high" steels, and
of the other "row"- or
Steel is made in Germany direet from
pig iron which contains four or five
per cent of carbon. By furnace man-
ipulation a portion of this carbon •is
driven out and- the product is German
steel. This is not a pure steel- and is
generally incapable of being hardened
and tempered. .
The usual method of producing steel.
is Cementation or conversion,• bars of
wrought iron being used. A furnace of
suitable form contains boxes. made of
fire brick in which the bars of iron are
packel'in-layers covered with char- .
coal r Wder. .The bars do not touch
each 'ler, but each is enveloped with
the etiarcoal. , When filled the pots
are covered and cemented air . tight.
Heat is then applied by the proper
furnace and grates and the fire" gradu
ally increased in intensity for' several
days. A test bar is introclueed'e.t the
beginning and is occasionally with
drawn to determine the progress of the
process. When the process is comple
ted, the bars, if broken, will be found
to have changed their fibrous for a
crystalline struature. The surface of
the'hars is coVered with thin blisters
as though laminar of the iron had-been
raised by the expansion ()Ca gas under
them, from this it gots the naive of
blistered steel. For some purposes this
steel is useful, but it is unfit to be wor
ked into tools for cutting wood or met
The next process is the tilting. The
' . Ors aro cut into convenient length,
piled together and heated in a furnace
to a werd.and placed under a trip haM
mer which welds the pieces together
and draws them out into a bar. This
process improves the quality of, the
steel and fits it for some purposes ; but
-titiird•-tg 'another method of , treating
the blistered steel; that is to Melt the
steel in air-tight crucibles and cast it.
The ingots are then re-heated, and
hammering and rellinff b is very impor
tant. In fact, after the conclusion of
the manufacture in the working of the
steel bars to form' them into tools,good
forgers always expect to refine and
improve the steel by judicious heating
What makes the great difference be
tween steel and wrought or cast iron
is still a puzzle teincrehants and sci
entific men. The main difference ap
pefirs to be in the varying propel ions
of carbon which each contains, and in
the different chemical conditions in
which it exists, yet the amount in
those specimens which contain the
most is so small that it is difficult to
account for its so entirely changing
the metal. It is not yet fully settled
that iron and carbon is chemically
united in the best of steel, while it is
certain that it is not so united in cast
iron but that the union is a merely
mechanical one. There is much yet
to be learned about iron and steel be.
fore we arrive at the real facts.—
Thightness'of the Sun.
The means we have of measuring
the intensity of light aro not nearly so
exact as in the ease of heat ; but this
at least wo know—that the most in
tense lights we can produce artificially
aro as nothing compared surface for
surface with the sun. The most bril
liant produced is:that of a. ball of quick
limo kept violently hot by a flame of
mixed ignited oxygen and hydrogen
gases playing on its surface. • Such a
ball, it brought near enough to appear
of the same size as the sun does, can
no more be looked at without hurt
than the sun, and both so enfeebled by
a dark glass as to allow of their being
looked at together, it appears as a
black spot on the sun, or - as - the black
outline of the moon in an eclipse, seen
thrown upon it. It has been ascot.-
Wined by experiments, which 1 cannot
now describe, that the brightness,' the
intrinsic splendor of suoh a lime 'hall
is only the one hundred and forty-sixth'
part of that of the sun's.surface. That
is to say, that the sun gives out as
much light as ono hundred and-forty—
' six balls of quick limo, each the size of
the sun, and each heated all over its
surface in the way I have described,
which is .the most intense heat wo can
raise, and in which platina melts like
And then in a further section Sir
John Herschel tells us that the nude
us or kernel of the sun itself; at an
immeasurable depth beneath its into's;
sely luminous photosphere,emits so . lit.
tle light as to appear, in the compar
ison auite as black, though that'
not prevent its being in as vivid a state
•of fiery glare as a white hotiron,when
wo remember what has boon said of
the limo light appearing blaok against
the light of the sun's surface. And it
is a fact, that when Venus and Mer
cury pass across the KID; and are seen
as round spots on it, they do really ap
ppar blacker than the blacker parts of
the spots; so that even the kernel of
the sun is probably a luminous body,
though so much less luminous thau'its
outer envelopes to be seen quite tlnrk
in the comparison.
TERMS, $2,00 a year in advance.
Truths for Wives,
In ddmestic happiness, the wife's in
fluence is much , greater than the hus
band's: for the one, the first cause—mu
tual love and conidence—being grant
ed, the Whole comfort of the house
hold depends upon trifles more imme
diately under her jurisdiction. By her
management of small sums, her hus
band's respectability and credit are
created or destroyed. No fortune can
stand the constant leakages of extrav
agance and mismanagement; and more
is spent in-trifles than women would
easily believe. The one - great expense,
whatever it may be, is turned over and
carefully reflected on ero incurred; the
income is prepared for it; but it is pen
nies imperceptibly sliding away that
do the mischief; and this the wife alone
can stop, for it does not come within a
man's province. There is often an un
suspected trifle to be saved in every
household. It is not in economy alone,
that the wife's attention is- so neces
sary, but in those little niceties which
mark a well regulated household. An
unfurnished cruet stand, a missing key,
a buttonless shirt, - a - Sdiled table Cloth,
a mustard -pot • with ifs !Old contents
sticking hard and brown about it, are
severally nothing • but each can raise,
an angry- word and cause discomfort.
Depend On it, there's a groat deal of do
mestic happiness in a welldressed-mut,
ton chop or a tidy breakfast ,table,,
Men grow sated of beauty, tired of ma
sic, are often too weary for' conversa
tion, (however intellectual) but they
can always appreciate a ~well; swept
hearth and smiling comfort.. woman
may love her husband devotediy—may,
sacrifice fortune,Trieeds, faMily, noun-d
try for him—she rhay' have the genius
of - a. Sappb, the enchanting beauties of
an Armida; but—melancholy .fact—if,
with these she fail to make his home
cOmfortablr, hia heart- will inevitably
escape her. And woman live so en
tirely in their
,aff,ictions that without
love their existence is a void. Bettor
submit, then, to household tasks, how
ever. repugnant.they may be to your,
tastes, than doom yourself to a loveless:
home. Nomen of tt higher order of
mind wilLnot run this risk; they know
that their feminine, their domestic, are
their first duties.
Women of sense_do not like this va
riety of the human species. By -.jaun
ty men" we mean -those excessively
debonair individuals with a minuet step,
and a self-satisfied smirk, whoie social
specialty is an affectation ot! nonchal
ance. As a rule your jaunty man wears
his hat a little on one side and culti
vates a rakish appearance generally.
If a handsome woman passes him he
generally throws at her, over , his shoul
der, a glance whieh he intends to be at
once cureless and killing,-but which is,
a failure in both respects, being simply
pert and presuming. Jaunty men of
ten amble along the fashionable prom
enade in pairs. In these eases tha-hets
of the twain almost invariably slant in
different:directions—ono being cocked
over the right eye, the other over the
left. Most of the species are belowtho
middle height, and wear remarkably
high-heeled" boots. They delight also
in vivid .tints, and indulge, if nature
has been propitious to them in the mat
ter of hair, a good deal of wingy whis
kers; and, if their teeth are good, show
them frequently. Tho jaunty man
looks as if ho thought his "mission" in
life was to make an impression, espe
cially upon the ladies, and when they
smile at him he supposes them to bo
smiling on him. So he goes on his dap
per way rejoicing—a Much-deluded inr
dividual. It is utterly impossible for
any person with a well constituted
mind to respect a jaunty man. As
easily might one respect a jumping-jack
Fancying himself the glass of fashion
and the mould of form, he is, in fact,
obtrusively unlike a gentleman—qui;
etude of manner being a cardinal ele
meni of true gentility. Jaunty men
sometimes tickle the fancy of weak
girls, but find no favor With the think
ing portion of the sex, who look right
through them and gauge them at their
true value, which is "less than nothing
SMALL TALI.-Of all the expedients
to make the heart loan, the brain gua
zy, and to thin life down to the 'consis
tency of a cambric handkerchief, the
most successful is the' little talk and
tattle which, in some charmed circles,
is' courteously styled conversation.
How human beings can live on' such
meager fare—how continuo existence
in such a famine of topics and on such
a short alloWance of sense—is a groat
question, if philosophy could only
search it out. All we know is that such
men and women there aro who will' go
on from fifteen to four score find never
a - hint on their tombstones that they
died at last of consumption of the head
and inarasinus of the-heart,. Tho whole
universe of G od, spreading out its splen
dors and terrors, pleading for their at
tention, and they wonder "where Mrs.
Somebodygot that divine ribbon to her
bonnet ?" The whole world of litera
ture, through its thousand trumps. of
fame, adjuring, them to regard its gar
nered stores of emotion, and they think
"It's high time, if ,john intends to
marry Sarah for him to pop the ques
tion !" Whon,to be sure, this frippery
is spiced with i little envy,and
nod prepares its dishes of scandal and
nice bits of detraction, it becomes en
dowed with a slight venomous vitality
which does pretty well, ie the absence
of soot, to carry on the machinery of
living if not the reality of life.—Whip
VIRTUE, diligence, and industry,joi❑
ad with good temper and prudence
must ever be the surest, means of pros
JOB. PRINTING --OFFICE..
rpIIE "G-LOEE JOB OFFICE"
tho moat colipljte of any in tho country, and pos•
ewes the most ample facilities for promptly executing irt
the be style, every variety of Job Printing, such as
LABELS, &C., ,
CALI. AND =AMINE BPECIMMIB Or WORK,
LEWIS' BOOK, STATIONERY & MIMIC STORE..
THE new Boston city directory
tains 170,21 names, 3,937 more 'thaw
ON= two hundred horses and fifty.
niuo asses were killed and eaten
Paris in March.
THERE is a school in Germany to.
teach how to make lager.. How. to,
drink it requires no study.,
Ar Pompeii a bronze monoy.chest
has just boon discovered, the bas-relief'
carvings of which are described of eX.. -
traorclinary beauty.- '• ,• ; :
. A Methodist College is 'to be estab-:
lisped at Lucknow, in India, where the
Methodists now 'have schools With.fin
attendance of SON pupils.
NOT one .of the 800 P,arisEkposition
hymns sent in for competition has boon
adjudged worthy- of' the prize. • A hear
will receive "honorable mention."
IT is said the Union PaeithiliOlway:
has seriously weakened the Missouri'
riverlowns. 'Nebraska City is one of ,
the places damaged by the diversion of -
travel. . .
; ANew Orleans quadroon has brought
a.auit against • a 'wealthy, gentleman : -
concerning the parentage of, "a:colorsitt:t
phinninny. It, is thought,,to bp, ad.alpti - =.l
of black male•• . • .
• . ; - • ; •
Coarehas been injursil about thh perV,•.,
cent. by, grasshoppers iti KanSaa,
bin; per cent. by ther floods . ;
. .yet there'
will be an abundant' yield. ::Wheat is;
being harvested, and all through South.;
ern Kansas thernis,an•unnsually large
crop. • ,
AT, the Land Ofoern Trairerse'City;
Michigan, during May, Piero , I were en. r ,
tered 2,649 acres
,of )40, with.oa§h; ;
warrant; 680 acres ";
College scrip, :18,962 , acres; A total at ,
27,007 acre; „ , . '..".
A , Texas correspondent , saps that!
State has all the advantages of' the
Northwest in cheap; rich, lands, and ,all
the advantages of the SOnikin a geriiia
climate. ' Many Million acres are now
to be bad at 50 cents: to 81 pur aore,,
on every part of 'Which' fifteen bushels ,
of wheat or a bale Of- cotton "can be:
grown every year.
THE Tidioute,Tournai tells a story of:
a dying man at whose request a dance_:'
was held the, night previous to, his'dc
cease, in the building which' he
pied for the purpose of-raisingfandsto
pay for a "decent funeral." , -The- re- :
ceipts were fifty-six dollard._ '!Glory•
to God,"said the dyinglhani: "noy,
have a decent_ burying, and the chit
dren can ride in thalamic."
IN cleaning out a reservoir at Saint
Louis, used for supplying the oity witlx
water, the bodies of,thirty three chil
dren were found. They varied in size ,
from thoso a span long to those of`
some thirty inches in length ; and' in
age from those - of no age in particular•
to those of 18 to 20 months.- : . There
was a great variety as to preservation..
Some were pure skeletons, and others
were 'fresh as if just= thrown in; and
between • those. two extremes • Wino
found all possible stages of 4lecon2posi--
PENNSYLVANIA NICKEL.—"It is' not
generally known," observes the Frank: .
lin Repository, itthat among the most
valuable Mineral prodUCtions of our
State is Nickel, the• metal se largely
used in the Coinage of cents. :Fourteen
miles from Lancaster are the.. Gap.
mines and smelting works. The-mines
were diStovered many years ago,,and
about the time of the revolutionary
war were worked for 'copperi. but . Were
soon abandoned, the crude machinery
of that period being ill adapted to-work
ing them - profitably. Two Igerierations
had passed away, and the circumstance
had been forgotten, when about 4fteen„-
years ago, the mines were re•opened by
a company of capitalists from Philadele
phia, since which they have been
steadily worked. They were -re-open
ed with the
,view of , obaining.eopper,"
but the ore was soon discovered to be
richer in nickel; a' more valuable rain,
oral, and since then they have been'
worked for • that metal exclusively.
The introductionof nickel cents by the,
government, and ,the war which ren,
dared small, change so seared, - ;avo l
great impetus to 'these works. The
mines aro now owned`mainly,.we be
hove, by Sosaph Wharton, of Philadel
phia. The- final working of the nickel
oro is done in, Camden.. In all, about,
ono hundred and fifty men are eniploy
ed at the mines and smelting work's,
FACTS ABOUT total,nnni'•
her of human beings,on the earth is.
.3,000,000,000," and they
speak 3063 known tongues.
The average duration of life is .esti
mated at 33i, years.
One-fourth of th'cise born die befOre•
they are 7 years old, and Doe half at
the ago Ofl7. • • • '
Out of ono hundred persons only six.
reach the age of 60.
Out of five hundred persons, only,'•
one attains the ago OW
Sixty persons die every minute.
Tull people live longer thani short
Iyar•A woman residing near Center
Point, Clay Co., went to an adjacent,
creek, the 'other day, to do family
washing, taking with her three 'small
children. The two elder ones, .while
Playing about in the . woods, were hitt
ten by a venomous snake, end their
screams attracting the ii,ttontion of the
mother, she hastened to their - relief,
leering the smallest child, which, dun:
higher absence, fell into the creeh, and
was drowned, The other children died
the saine_pight from the effects of the
snake bite. • •••
'AN idle, misehievouS;• and dimob,edi
ent pupil disgraces bintself, dishonours
his parents, and displeases his tpuclpr,