Newspaper Page Text
W. Lewis, Editor and Proprietor
Hugh Lindsay, Associate Editor.
Wednesday morning, April 4, 1866.
Maj. Gen. John W. Geary,
OF CUMBERLAND COUNTY.
At the last meeting of the Union
County Committee, the following reso•
lution was adopted
Itasot.vEn, That the Chairman of this Commit tee be and
h• is hereby Instructed to call a convention of delegates
from tne election districts in this county, to meet in con
vention the first week in April court, to take into consid
eration and doteimino tho question of the adoption of tho
Crawford county system of nominating candidates for of
fice, in future; and that the Chairman 'publish to the
county papers, With the call for the Convention, the
manner of making nominations under that system.
In pursuance of this resolution the
Union voters - are requested to meet at
the usual places and elect delegates the
Saturday previous to a county convert:.
Lion, to assemble at the Court House
in Huntingdon, at two o'clock, p. tn.
Tuesday, the 10th day of April next.
The Main features of the system
above referred to are as follows :
At the usual time for holding dele
gate meetings the voters assemble and
hold au election for candidates for the
different offices to be voted for at the
ensuing election—voting being confined
to those-known to act with the party.
The officers of these elections are usu
ally chosen - by the voters present, and
aro organized in the same manner as
at a general election, except that they
aro not sworn. The judges of the
several districts soon after assemble in
Convention at the county seat, and
cast up the returns, and the persons
having the highest .number of votes
for the several 'offices are declared the
candidates. These return judges when
thus assembled in convention, appoint
the County Coiriinittee and district
conferees, and transact any other busi
ness that would be proper fora coons
ty convention. Candidates are usually
required to announce their names in
the county papers before the primary
The Convention to be held in April
is simply Co determine whether this
system will be adopted, and should it
be adopted. the,. convention will no
doubt direct :a:further publication of
rules and regulations prior to the first
election under it in August next.
A. H. BAUMAN,
Chairman Co. Corn.
TO THE SOLDIERS.
A SIX MONTHS' CAMPAIGN
It is not. a matter 'of surprise that
the Copperheads attempt to cast a
shadow over the military record of
General Geary. We know the history
of that party too well to expect any.
thing else than enmity and ridicule
when dealing with a soldier. True
their late platform contains a resolution
of "gratitude" to the men of our armies
and navy, but they have placed in nom
ination a candidate whose whole pont.
ical character belies their own words.
They are loud in their professions of
thankfulness and warm in their prom
ises of reward, but when the time
comes in which they might show their
sincerity by their - acts, they offer place
and position to one who, even if ho
has not aided the rebellion, has never,
at least given:a:moment's service to his
country, nor spoken ono word in favor
of-the cause of the Republic. And this
is not all. That noble soldier General
Geary, first in- the field and the last to
leave it, is made the victim of their
denunciation; and it is not at him alone
they direct their attacks, but every
man who, has worn the Federal uni—
form is equally the object of their de
famation. Should Gen. Grant become
the candidate of the Union party for
the Presidency in 1863, even he would
. subject to their hatred, and they
would vent on him their whole vocab
ulary of slang and venom as they do
now on General Geary.
SOLDIERS, you have fought through
long campaigns and in many battles.
Some of you started from the Rapidan
In April '65. You gave almost a year
to the accomplishment of your purpo—
ses. Others left Chattanooga with
Sherman also in May, '6l, and after
four months marching and fighting,
captured the stronghold of Rebellion
in the southwest. Yet none of you
thought you were making too great a
sacrifice. You . -went to your (btty un
certain as to the result, of the length
of time that might be required to a
chieve it, and regardless of your own
Another campaign has just opened.
Your services are again required, not
in the camp or the intrenchment,.but
in the open field of political battle. I
am well acquainted with your sympa
thies, and know the direction in which
your weapons will be aimed. It is not
to recommend any other
course than that which your own ideas
of right and justice will suggest. You
aro as much the enemies of treason
and copperheadism to-clay as you have
been at any time during the war, and
you will make as great an effort to an ,
nihilate them now as you have ever
done before. But how can your pow
er be most efficiently used Not in
deed by separate, individual action, but
b - y - in - o - Aiviz-a•rro . :4,by keeping the ranks
well closed itp, l and*by standing firmly
shoulder to Wo need a Sol
diers' Union Campaign League. Shall
we have it ? Does not every soldier
who reads. the question say "yes" ?
Then it is unanimous, and the move
ment needs but to be inaugurated to
be successful. I therefore request those
who approve of it, and are willing to
give their co-Operation, to lot them
selves be heard. If any desire, they
can corresPond with the writer through
the Editor of the Globe. Let us pro
pare ourselves for the six months' cam•
[No. xis.] 'CONIMONPLAOE.
n•ar - The 'Fish bill has beer eivneil br
THE CIVIL RIGHTS BILL
President Johnson's Message
WASHINGTON CITY, liaroh 27.
To the Senate of the United States:
I regret that the bill which has pass.
ed both Houses of Congress, entitled
an act to protect all persons in the U
nited States in their civil rights, and
furnish the means of their vindication,
contains provisions which I cannot ap
prove consistently with my sense of
duty to the whole people, and my obli
gations to the Constitution of the Uni
ted States. I am, therefore, constrain
ed to return it to the Senate, the house
in which it originated, with my objec
tions to its becoming a law.
By the first section of the bill, all
persons born in the United States, anrl
not subject to any foreign pow , ,T,oxclu--
ding - Indians not taxer!, are declared to
be citizens of t! le United States. This
proy!Sion comprehends the Chinese of
the Pacific States, Indians subject to
taxation, the people called gipsies, as
well as the entire race designated as
blacks, people of color, negroes, mulat
toes and persons of African blood. E%i
ory individual of these races born in
the United States is by the bill made a
citizen of the United States. It does
not propose to confer any other right
of citizenship than federal citizenship.
It does not propose to give these class
es of persons any status of citizens of
States, except that which may result
from their status as citizens of the Uni
ted States. The power to confer the
right of State citizenship is just as ex—
clusively vested with the States as the •
power to confer the right of federal
citizenship is with Congress. The right
of federal citizenship thus to be con
ferred in the several ratios before men
tioned, is now, for the first time, pro
posed to be given by law. If, as is
claimed by many, all persons who are
native born already are by virtue of the
Constitution, citizens of the United
States, the passage of the pending bill
cannot be- necessary to make them
such. If on the other hand such per.
sons are not citizens, as may be as-
Sinned from the proposed legislation
to make them such, the grave ques
tion presents itself, whether, when ele
ven of the thirty six States aro unrep
resented in Congress at this time, it is
sound policy to make our entire color-.
ed population and all other excepted
classes citizens of the United States.—
Vow' million of them have just emerg
ed from slavery into freedom. Can it
be reasonably supposed they poSsess
the requisite qualifications to entitle
them to all the privileges and immuni
ties of citizenship of the United States?
Have the people of the several States
expressed such a conviction?
It may also be asked whether it is
nebessary that they §hould be declared
citizens in order that they may be se.
cured in the enjoyment of civil rights,
proposed to be conferred by the bill ?
These rights are by federal as well as
by State laws secured to all domiciled
aliens and" foreigners, even - Before the
completion of the process'of naturaliza
tion, and it may be safely assumed that
the same enactments aro sufficiAt to
give like protection and benefits to
those for whom this bill provides spe—
cial legislation. Besides, the policy of
the Government from its origin to the
present time seems to have been that
persons who are strangers to and un
familiar with our institutions and our
laws, should pass through a certain
probation, at tho end of which, before
allowing the coveted prize, they must
give evrclonce.of their fitness to receive
and to exercise the rights of citizens as
contemplated by the Constitution of
the United States.
The-bill in effect proposes a discrim
ination against large numbers of intel
ligent, worthy and patriotic foreigners
and in favor of the negro to whom, af
ter long years of bondage, the avenues
to freedom and intelligence have just
now been suddenly opened. He must
of necessity from his previous unfortu
nate condition of servitude be less in'
formed as to the nature and character
of our institutions than he who coining
from abroad has, to some extent at
least, familiarized himself with the
principles of a Government to which
he voluntarily entrusts life, liberty and
the pursuit of happiness. Yet it is
now proposed by a single legislative
enactment to confer the rights of citis
zons upon all persons of African de
scent born within the extended limits
of the United States, while persons
of foreign birth, who make our land
their home, must undergo a probation
of five years, and can only then become
citizens upon proof that they are of
good moral character, attached to the
principles of the Constitution of the
United States, and well disposed to the
good order and happiness of the same.
The first seetion of the bill also con
tains an enumeration of the rights to
be enjoyed by those classes so made
citizens in every State and Territory in
the United States. These rights are to
make and enforce contracts, to sue the
parties and give evidence, to inherit,
purchase, lease, sell, hold and convey
real and personal property, and to have
equal benefit of all laws and proceed.
ings for the security of persons and
property as is enjoyed by white eiti.
zeus. So, too, they aro made subject
to the same punishment, pains and
penalties, in common with white citi.
zons, and to none others. Thus a per
fect equality of the white and colored
races is attempted to be fixed by Fed
eral law in every state of the Union,
dyer the vast field of State jurisdiction
I covered by these enumerated rights.
In no one of them can any State excl.-
eise any power of discrimination be
tween different races in the exercise
of State policy over matters exclusively
affecting the reople of each State. It
has frequently been thought expedi.
ent to discriminate between the two
races by the statutes of some of the
States North as well as South. It is
enacted, for instance; that no white
person shall intermarry with a negro
or mulatto. Chancellor Kent says,
speaking of the blacks, that "mar.
riages between them and the whites
are forbidden in some of the States
where slavery does not exist, and they
are prohibited in all the slaveholding
States by law, rnd when not absolute
ly contrary to law, they are revolting,
and regarded as an offense against
public decorum." I do not say that
this bill repeals State laws on the ikub.
jeet of marriage between the two ra
ces, for as the "ivhites are forbidden to
intermarry with the blacks,'the blacks
can only make such contract ac the
whites themselves are allowed to make
and therefore cannot, under this bill,
enter into the marriage contract with
the whites. I cite this discrimination,
however, as an instance of the State
policy as to discriminations, and to in
quire whether, if •Congress can abro
gate all State laws of discrimination
between the tw2 races in the matter of
of suits and of contracts
generally, Congress! may not also re•
peal the State laws as to the contract
of marriage between the two races.
Hitherto, every subject embraced in
the enumeration of rights contained in
the bill has been considered as exclu
sively belonging to the States. They
all relate to the internal policy and
economy of the respective States.—
They are matters which in each State
concern the domestic condition of its
people, varying in each according to
its OWn peculiar circumstances, and
the safety and well being of its own
citizens. Ido not mean to say that
upon all these subjects, there are• not
federal restraints, as for instance in
the State power of the Legislature
over contracts, there is a Federal lim
itation that no State shall pass a law
impairing the obligations of contracts,
and as to crimes. that no State shall
pass au ex post liwto law, and as to
money, that no State shall make any
thing but gold and silver a legal ten.
der. But where can we find a tbderal
prohibition against the power of any
Stale to discriminate, as do most, of
them, between aliens and citizens, be
tween artificial persons called corpor
ations, - naturalized persons, in the
right to hold real estate ? If it, be
granted that Congress can repeal all
State laws discriminating between
whites and blacks in the subjects cov
ered by this bill, why, it may be asked,
may not Congress repeal in the same
way all State laws discriminating be
tween the two races on the subject of
suffrage and office? If Congress can
declare by law who shall hold lands,
who shall testify, who shall have capa
city to make a contract in a State,
then Congress can also declare who,
without regard to race or color, shall
have the right to sit as a juror, as a
judge, to hold any office, arid finally to
vote in every State and Territory of
the United States. As respects the
Territories, they come within the pow
er of Congress, for as to them the law
tanking power is the Federal power.
But as to the States no similar provis
ion exists vesting in Congress the pow
er to make rules and regulations for
The object of the second section of
the bill is to afford discriminating pro
tection to colored persons in the full
enjoyment of all the rights secured to
them by the preceding section. IL de
clares that any person who under col
or of any law, statute, ordinance, reg
ulation or custom shall subject,or cause
to be subjected, any inhabitant of any
State or Territory to the deprivation
of any right secured or protected by
this act or to different punishment,
pains or penalties, on account of such
person having at any time been held in
a condition of slavery or involuntary
servitude, except as a punishment of
crime, whereof the party shall have
been duly convicted, or by reason of
color or race, than is prescribed for the
punishment of white persons, shall be
deemed guilty of a misdemeanor, and
on conviction shall be punished by a
fine not exceeding one thousanddoflars,
or imprisonment not exceeding one
year, or both, in the discretion of the
court. This section seems to be de'
signed to apply to some existing or u
ture law of a State or Territory which
may conflict with the provisions of the
bill now under consideration. It pro
vides fer.counteracting such forbidden
legislation by imposing fine and im
prisonment upon the legislator who
may pass such conflicting laws, or up
on the officer or agents who shall put
or attempt to put them into execution.
It means an official offense, not a com
mon crime committed against law up
on the person or property of the black
race. Such an act may deprive the
black min of his property, but not of
his right to hold property. It means
a deprivation of the right itself, either
by the State judiciary' or the State
It is, therefore, assumed that under
this section members of a State Legis
lature, who should vote for laws con
flicting with the provisions of the bill;
that Judges of the State Courts Who
should render judgments in antagonism
with its terms, and that marshals and
sheriffs who should, as ministerial offi
cers, execute a process sanctioned by
State laws, and issued by State judges
in execution of their judgments, could
be brought before our tribunals, and
there subjected to fine and imprison
ment for the performance of the duties
which such State laws might impose.
The legislation thus proposed invades
the judicial power of the State. It says
to every State court or judge, "if you
decide this act is unconstitutional; if
you refuse under the prohibition of a
State law to allow a negro to testify;
if you hold that, over such a subject
matter, the said law is paramount, and
under color of any State law,refuse the
I exercise of the right to the negro,your
error of judgment, however eonscien
tious, shall subject you to fine and itm
prisonment." I do not apprehend that
conflicting legislation, which the bill
seems to contemplate, is so likely to
occur as to render it necessary at this
time to adopt a measure of such doubt
ful constitutionality. In the next
place this provision of the bill seems
to be unnecessary as adequate judi
cial remedies could be adopted to se
cure the desired end, without invading
the immunities of Legislatures, always
important to be preserved in the inter
est of public liberty, without assailing
the independence of the judiciary, al
ways essential to the preservation of
Ip,dividual rights, and without impair
ing the efficiency of ministerial officers,
always necessary for &the maintenance
of public peace and order. The reme•
dy proposed by this section seems to
be in this respect, not only anomalous
but unconstitutional, for the constitu
tion guarantees nothing with certain
ty, if it does not insure to the several
States the right of making index ruling
laws in regard to all matters arising
within their jurisdiction, subject only
to the restrictions in cases of conflict
with the constitution and constitution
al laws of the United States, the latter
to be held as the supreme law of the
The third section gives the District
Courts of the - United States exclusive
cognizance of all crimes and offenses
committed against the provisions .of
this act, and concurrent jurisdiction
with the Circuit Courts 'of the United
States of all civil and criminal cases
affecting perso n s who are denied, or
cannot enforce in the courts or judicial
tribunal of the State, or locality where
they may be, any of the rights secured
to them by the first section. The con
struction which I have, given to the
second section makes clear what kind
of denial or deprivation of rights so
cured by the 'first section Was in con
templation. It is a denial or depriva
tion of such rights•in, the courts or ju
dicial tribunals of the State. It stands,
therefore, clear of' doubt that the oe
fensa and the penalties provided in the
second section arc intended for the
State Judge, who in the clear exercise
of his functions, as a Judge, not acting
ministerially but judicially, shall de
cide contrary to this federal law. In
other words, when a Stato Judge ac
ting upon a question involving a con
flict between a State law and a Feder
al law is involved, he must not follow
the dictates of his own judgment, at
the peril of fine and imprisonment.
The legislative department of the Gov
ernment of the United States thus takes
from the judicial department of States,
the sacred and exclusive duty of a ju
dicial decision, and converts the - State
Judge into a mere ministerial officer,
bound to decide according to the will
of Congress. -
It is clear• that if, we deny to per.
sons rights which aro secured by the
first section of the bill, any one of
those rights, all and civil eases affect
ing them, will, by the provisions of
the third section, conic under the exe
cutive ognizance of the Federal tri
bunals.' It follows, that if any State
denies to a colored person any one of
all those rights, and that person should
commit a crime against the laws of a
State—murder or any other crime—
all protection and punishment through
the courts of the State aro taken
away, and be can only be tried and
punished in the Federal courts. How
is the criminal to be tried if the offense
is provided for and punished by the
Federal law, and that law and not the
State law is to govern ? It is only
when the offense does not happen with
in the province of Federal law, that
the State courts are to try and punish
him. Under any other law, then, re
sort is to be had to the common law,
as modified and changed by state legis
lation, so far as the same is not incon
sistent. Over this vast domain crim
inal jurisprudence is provided by each
State for protection of its own citizens,
and for the punishment of all persons
who violated its criminal laws. Feder
al law, wherever it can be made to ap•
ply, displaces State law. The question
here naturally Itrises,from what source
does Congress derive the power to
transfer to federal tribunals certain
classes of cases embraced in this sec
• The constitution expressly declares
that the judicial power of the 'CALM
States shall extend to all cases in law
and equity arising under the constitm
tion and the laws of the United States
and treaties made, or which shall be
made under their authority; to cases
affecting embassadors of other• public
ministers and consuls; to all cases of
admiralty and marine jurisdiction ; to
controversies to which the United
States shall be a party; to controver
sies between two or more States ; lie•
tweon a State and citizen of another
State; between citizens of different
States; between citizens of the same
State; claims of land under grants of
different States, and between a State
or the citizens thereof, and foreign
States, citizens or subjects. Here the
judiciary power of the United States
is expressly set forth and defined, and
the act of September• 2,f, UV, estab
lishing the judicial courts of the United
States, and conferring upon the Feder.
al, courts, jurisdiction over eases origi
nating in State tribunals, is careful to
confine to the classes enumerated in
the above recited clause of the Consti
This section of. the bill undoubtedly
comprehends cases and authorizes the
exercise of powers that are not by the
Constitution within the jurisdiction of
the Courts of the United, States. To
transfer them to those Courts would
be an exercise of authority well calcu
lated to excite distrust and alarm on
the part of all the States, for the bill
applies alike to all of them, as wdll to
those that have as to those that have
not been enßaged ia the rebellion. It
may be assumed that this-authority is
incident to the power granted to Con.
gross by the Constitution as recently
amended, to enforce by appropriate
legislation 'the article declaring that
neither slavery nor involuntary servi
tude, except as a punishment for crime,
whereof the party shall have been duly
convicted, shall exist within the United
States or any place subject to th Arjur
isdiction. It cannot, however, he just
ly claimed that with a view to the ens
forcemeat of this article of the Consti
tution, there is at present any necessi
ty for the exercise of all. the powers
which this bill provides, Ibr slavery
has been abolished, and at present
nowhere exists within, the jurisdiction
of the United States, nor has there
been nor is it likely there will be any
attempts to revive it by the people of
the States. However, if any such at
tempt shall be made, it will then be
come the duty . of the General Govern
ment to exercise any and all inciden
tal powers necessary and protect and
maintain inviolate this Government
law of the freedmen.
The fourth section of this bill pro—
vides that officers and agents of the '
Freedmen's BllrCall, shall be empow
crud to make arrests, and also that
other officers may be specially commis
sioned for that purpose by the Presi—
dent of the United States. It also au
thorizes thd Circuit Courts of the Uni
ted States, and the Superior Courts of
the Territories to appoint, without
limitation, Commissioners who are to
be charged with the performance of
The fifth section empowers the corn
missionera be : selected by the court,
to appoint, in writing, one or more sui•
table persons froth time to time to exe
cute warrants and other processes, de
sirable by the bill. These, numerous
officers and agents are made to consti
tute a sort of police in addition to the
military, and aro authorized to suhi
mon a comitatus, and even to call to
their aid such portion of the land and
naval forces of the United States, or
of the militia, as may bo necessary to
the performance of the duty with
which they are charged. This extra
ordinary power is to be irresponsible
to the Government, to the people, to
whose number the thiseription of the
Commissioners is the only limit, and in
whose hands such authority might be
made a terrible engine of wrong,
pression and fraud. The general stat
utes regulating the land and naval for
ces of the United States,the militia,and
the execution of the laws, aro believed
to be adequate for any emergency
which can occur in time-ofpeace. It it
should prove otherwise, congress can
at any time amend those laws in such
manner as while subserving the pub
lic wenre,not to jeopardize the rights,
interests and liberties of the people.
The seventh section provides that a
fee of ten dollars shall be paid to each
cominissioncr:in every case brought hp
fore him,and a fee of five dollars to ids
deputy or deputies for each person ho
or they arrest and take before any
such commissioner, with such other
fees as may be deemed reasonable by
such commissioner in general for per•
forming such other duties as may be
required in the premises. All these
fees are to be paid out of the Treasury
of the United States whether there is
a conviction or not, but in case of con
viction they are to be recoverable from
the defendant. It seems to me that
under the influence of such temptations
bad men might convert any law, how
ever beneficial, into an instrument of
prosecution and fiend.
By the eighth section of the bill,the
United States Courts, which set only
ono place for white citizens, must mi
grate with marshals, district attornies
and necessarily with the clerk, al
though he is not mentioned in any
part of the bill, upon the order of the
President, and there hold a court for
the purpose of the more speedy arrest
and trial of persons charged with a
violation of this act, and there the
judge and officers of the court must re
main upon the order of the President
for the time therein designated.
The ninth section authorizes the
President and such persons as ho may
empower for that purpose, to employ
such part of the land or naval forces
of the United States, or the militia as
shall be necessary to prevent the exe
cution of this act. This language seems
to imply a permanent military force,
that is to be always at hand, and
whose only business is to be the en
forcement of this measure over the
vast region where it is intended to ope
I do not propose to consider the
policy of this bill. To me the details
of the bill are fraught with evil.. The
white race and black race of the South
have hitherto lived together under the
relations of master and slave—capital
owning labor. Now that relation is
changed, and its to ownership, capital
and labor are divorced. They stand
now each master of itself. In this new
relation, one being treasurer to the
other, thorn will be a new - adjustment,
which both are 'deeply interested in
making harmonious. Each has equal
power in settling terms, and if left to
the laws that regulate capital and la
bor, it is eonfident.y b6lieved that they .
will satisfactorily work out the prob
lem. Capital, it is true, has more in
telligence, but labor is never so igno
rant as not to understand its own in•
Wrests, not to know its own value,ancr
not to see that capital must pay that
value. This bill frustrates this adjust
ment. It intravenes between capital
and labor, and attempts to settle ques•
tions of political economy through the
agency of numerous officers, whose in
terest it will be to create discord be
the two races, for as the breach
widens, their employment will cons
thine, and when it is closed, their oc
cupation will terminate. In all our
history, in nil our experience as a peo
ple, living ender Federal and State
laws, no such system as that contem•
plated by the details ot. this bill, has
ever before been proposed or adopted.
They establish for the chloral race
safeguards which go infinitely beyond
any that the General Government has
ever provided for the white race. In
fact the distinction of race and color is
by the bill made to operate in favor of
the colored and against the white race.
They interfere with the municipal
legistation of the States with the rela
tions existing exclusively between a
State and its citizens, and between in
habitants of some of the States, and
allow an absorption and assumption of
power by the General Government
which, if acquiesced in, must stop and
destroy our federal system of limited
powers, and break down the barriers
which preserwos the rights of the
It is another step, or rather stride,
towards the concentration of all legis ;
lative powers in the National Govern.
meat. The tendency of the bill must
be to resuscitate the spirit of rebellion
and to arrest the progress of those in
fluences which are more closely draw
ing around the States tho bonds of
Union and peace.
My lamented predecessor, in his
proclamation of the Ist of January,lB6t3;
ordered and declared that all persons
held as slaves within certain States
and parts of States herein designated
were and thenceforth shauld be free,
and further, that the Executive Gov
vernment of the United States, inclu•
ding the military and naval authori
ties thereof, would recognize and main
tain the freedom of such persons. This
guaranty has been rendered especially
obligatory and sacred by the amend
ment of the Constitution abolishing
slavery throughout the United States.
It therefore fully recognizes the obliga
tion to protect and defend that class of
our people whenever and wherever it
shall become necessary, and to the full
extent compatible with the Constitu
tion of the United States.
Entertaining these sentiments, it
only remains for me to say, that I will
cheerfully cooperate with Congress in
any measure that may be necessary
for the preservation of the civil rights
of freedmen, as well as those of all
other classes of persons throughout
the United States by judicial process,
under equal and impartial laws, or
conformably with the provisions of the
I now return the bill to the Senate,
and regret that in considering the bill
and point resolutions, forty two in num.
ber, which have been thus far submit
ted for my approval, I am compelled
to withhold my assent from a second
measure that has received the sanction
of both Houses of Congress._ _ _
(Signori,) ANDREW JOHNSON
WASIIINOToN, March 27, 18G6,
The President's Veto,
We publish to day the President's
vato of thq Civil Rights Bill—also a
synopsis of the bill. We ask a careful
and candid perusal of both.
A regular meeting of the Huntingdon c)unty Ag
ricultural Society will he hold in the Court House, ou
Tuesday evening of the first week of the coming Apra
Court (10th lust.) By order of the Society.
[ap3.l It. 3I'DIVITT, Sec.
i k . D.NIINISTIIAMORS' NOTICE.
[Estate of Charlf, W. Hardy, deed.]
Letters of administration upon the aitate of Charles
W. hardy, late or Jackseo twp., deceased, having bean
granted to the under , dgned, all persons indebted' to the
estate still make payment, and these having claims will
present theta for settlement.
$17.5 PE It MONTH. SOMETIII NU ENTIRELY NEW.
The Photograph Case and Family Record.
This is a great opportunity for enterprising persona 'of
energy to make money. It is an article of which the
Public have felt the mitt. It ret..ila at a low price, nod
its beady and utility Is universally acknowledged. The
success Witten non attended its sates warrants the :MIR'
once that one can he sold to almost every family. We ore
prepared to show that we have agents who are clearing
Slio every month. Address for circulars and Torino.
RAYMOND S CO., Manufacturers,.
apt-ins 614 Chestnut st., Philada.
7E3. ar. wi - mixorAatas;,
No 16, Nth, 6111 st.,
VENETIAN BLINDS and
The largest and fines ( elsorlnlcat In the city at the low
est cash prices. ap-1.2m
ria,6ture shaded mado and lettered. •
VTANTED, AGENTS.—S7S fo $206
it mouth for 0. ntlemen, and $35 to $75 for La
dies, everywhere, to introduce the Common Sense Family
Siring Machine, improved and perfected. It will hem,
fell, stitch, quilt, bind, braid and embroider beautifully.
Price only $2O, making the elastic Ice e stitch, and fully
warranted for three years. Wn pay the above wages, or
a commission, from which. twice that ainalint eau he
made. Address or call on C. DOWERS & CO. Moo, No
221 South Filth street, Philadelphia, Pa. letters
answered promptly, with circulars and terms. ap3-lm
CIANVASSERS WANTED at $2OO
kjper month. We want reliable agents (none other,)
male and &nude, to take the exclusive agency in every
county and township in mho United States to sell the Pilo.
tograph Family peanut, a work which every family will
buy, It is bound like an album but has a printed blank
page opposite each photograph: for a complete record of
the husband, wife, and each child of a family; also con
taining marriage certificate, and pages for military histo
ry of any member of a family. Nothing like it ever pub
lished and no work that agents Call sell so readily. Old
canvassers aril others should send fur circulars and terms.
It is necessary to have copies of the Work to canvass with;
Price by express $2 50, $3 50 and $7 00 (3 style s); money
may be sent by nmil. Name the townships wanted.
Address BA ItIIbIISON & CO.,
611 Chestnut st., Phila.
E. REMINGTON & SONS,
MUSKETS AND CARBINES,.
For tbel.Taltsa States servico. A'so,
POCKET AND BELT REVOLVERS,
RIFLE CANES REVOLVING' RIFLES,
'Rifle and Shot Gun Barrels, and Gun Materials sold by
Can llealats and tho trade wnierally.
In these days of housebreaking nod robbery, every
house, stose,lnink, and Wilco, should have ono of
Parties &siring to avail themselves Of the late im
provements in pistols, and superior workmanship and.
form, will find all combined in the new Remington Re
Circulars containing cuts and description of our arms
will be furnished on application.
E. REMINGTON & SONS, Ilion, N. Y.
Moons & ?simnel., Agents,
N 0.40 Courtlandt at, New York.
T.T. persons - are hereby cautioned
2 - ngaimt harboring or trusting my 'trite, SUSAN
JAN I.; DAVID. on my account, as I will not pay any bill
contracted by her.
March 21, 186011 0 • JACOB DAVID. -
BRIDGE TO BUILD.
Tile Masonry of tho Dridgo nt l;Tonnt Union will
he let at the Ooniniissionors' office on WEDNESDAY, the
25th any of A L'lt The work will be let by the
perch. Bidders aro roquo,toil to examine the place before
handing in their proposals. There will ho two piers to
build and to ho ranged work.
.1011 N nousEIIOI4DER,
JACOB NIILLER, }Coturs
340 RENVA RD.—Was stolen out
Pof my store in llopewoll township, finial ng•
thou county, on Sabbath night tho 4th of March. 1966, sun•
dry articles of merchandise, consisting of part of ono
piece of brown Morino with small ilowor, ono picco plaid
eassimere, also dais:, Watches, 011015 detached lever with
hunting:case, twit Cs I Wer e,capetnent, ono rifle gun. one
extra violin, a let Of suspenders, n lot of silk handkers
chief:, sitic robot braid, a lot of fancy trimming:, hotter,
a lot of pen halves. one red photograph album, rhw,
Iced pencils, and a variety of other articles of fancy goods.
$l3 will be paid for the recovery of fhb goods, and $2O
for the apprehension of the thief or thieves, or $lO for
both. DAVID WEAVER.
FLOWER and GARDEN SEEDS
FOR SALE AT LEWIS' BOOK STORE
A SCHOOL FOR YOUNG LADIES and GENTLEMEN
The next s.ssion of this Institution will open on TUE 3.
GAY, the 10th of APRIL, and continue a term of eleven
weeks. The lo,v'tt villa ou which students will he accom,
thodatell, together with the healthy location of the insti
tution, the few induConents to vice and e . xtravagance,
and the strict literal character of the surFound g
tioe—all conspire to give it a Welded advantage over
similar Institutions and make it a desirable place for the
training of youth.
Boarding, Tuition and Room Rent, por session of
eleven weeps 545,00
Latin, Greek, Music, Ac., extra.
- For lot ther parlicalars, address,
W. A. HUNTER, Principal,
mlll.l-1t Shade Gap, Iluntingdon co., Pa.
MALE AND FEMALE SEMINARY,
RAINSBURG, Buovolto CouNTy, PA
Reanes.l Principals a2<l Proprietors.
J. A. uTEWART,
Tim Spring quarter of this Insti tut ion . will open
TUESDAY, JIPEIL 100, 3000.
This Institntion is very plea•nntly situated in Friend's
Cove, 8 miles from Bedford, the terminus of the Hunting
don and Bedford Itniirnitil, and 24 mile, front Cumberland
a station on the North C,ntral hail oad. Itniasbm•g is a
small, quiet, and exceedingly healthy town, in the midst
of beantind scenery. and sufficiently removed from the
induruca of large towns and cities to reciter it a most de
sirable location for a Literary Institution. Its inhabi
tants are moral and religious. and there nro fete tempta.
tions to vice, idleness or dissipation ; situated in a rich
agricultural section, tins Institution for Young Ladies
and Gentlemen, is decidedly the cheapest in the country.
It is organized on the most approved plan of thn best In.
stitutions of t h u land; its main object is, to impart sauna
learning. All branches, I;icimitifical, Classical, and Orna
mental, taught. Tito mental and moral culture urn care
fully attended to, and (wiliout sectarian prejudices) a duo
respect for relkion is inculcated both by precept and ex
ample "In things necessary, unity; in things doubtful,
liberty; and in all things, charity."
For circular and information, address
Itaiusburg, Bedford co., Pa.
NEW FAMILY GROCERY STORE.
NIT w otili. c l itiun s . p o e f e n t , f n u a l i lz g
call the attention of t h e
don and vicinity to the fact that he has just opened a FA
MILY GROCERY sroicE at the old stand of Christopher
Long„ whom ho will keep constantly on hand a full and
well assorted stock of
FRESH FAMILY GROCERIES,
such an Lovorieg's Sy: up, N. Orleans and Porto Rico Mo
lasses, Sugars, Coffees, Teas, Spices, Salt, Items, Sides,
Shoulders, Dried Beef, Flour, Fish, Cheese, Rice, Pickles,
and Provisions of all kinds.
CEDAR AND WILLOW-WARE,
comprising, in part, Baskets, Buckets, Tubs, Washboards
Corn Brooms, Brushes, Rugs, Mats, Floor OR Cloths, Bags
CANDIES and NUTS of all kinds. wholesale and retail.
TOYS, TOBACCO, SEGARS,CoaI oll,Coal Oil Lamps, Ac
He respectfully invites a call and examination of his
stock, snaffled that his goads and prices will compare
favorably with those of any other in the place.
Huntingdon, March 7, 1800.
BEST BLEACHED M. U IN
Away, on hand nt
OUNNLVOHAM CAT2IIO N' S.
fi ROUND 9.LUM. AND SALINA
SALT at CUNNINGHAM &CA 'lf ON 'S.
A LL _KINDS OF CRACKERS
constantly on hand at
CUNNtNGRAM & CARMON'S.
;LOOTS AND SHOES, of every Ta,
I ricty at OUNNINCUIAM k CARMON'~.
ARPETIN - G OF.ALL KINDS
4, int CUNNINGUA .11 rE
Estate of Dr. J. B. _Luden, deceased,
Surgical Instruments, Apparatus, -
&c, &c, ac,
I will offer nt public sale nt the office lately occupied by
Dr. J. B.Luden, deed., in Huntingdon, - -
On Saturday, 31st March 1866
at 10 o'clock: n. m., his medical library. containing stand
ard treatises in both the English and German languages;
also, all his surgical and obstetrical instruments and sur
gical apeuratus, including, a highly finished and costly not
of splints for" fractured limbs, deformities, &c; also, a
complain wired skeleton; also the office furniture an&
fixtures mll2l JOHN SCOTT, Admr,
J- M. SMITH,
Z -1 1,x-ma 3F l c,i , 5,E1,1(1,.
A LL that farm or tract of land eitu
ii ate in 'WALKER township, about two miles from thu
borouxb of Huntingdon, will be exposed to public sate at
the Court House in said borough,
On Thursday the 12th day of April next
This form contains two hundred and thirty seven acres
and one hundred and thirty perches, and has
thereon a largo and comfortable Dwelling house,
a large batik Earn and other outbuildings. There
is also a well of excellent seater nt the door, and
other water on the premises sufficient for watering CAWn.
Also, a young orchard of fruit trees Just commencing to
bear. besides older trees producing sufficient fruit for the
use of a fatuity.
Those desiring to purchase will please call upon Mr.
John Reed, who resides on the farm, and is acting as my
agent in this matter. Ile will, give to those who may call
upon him every necessary information regarding terms..ho
CORNELIA M. REED.
Hun tingdop, Mch 11-3 E
GROUND RENTS on several lots
in Smi hflold, Walker township, will t o sold If
pplication k made 6001.1. Apply to the subscrlbor.
Feb. 5, '6s—tf. WM. LEWIS', Agent.
WANTED TO PURCHASE_
A Sod had sot of Blacksmith tools
' INQUIRE AT THIS OFFICE mhT
FOR SALE OR EXCHANGE.
A FINE MARE, WITH COLT, ,
Blooded stocic, for sale, or will bo exchanged for an easy
riding family horse. Inquire at the Blobs office. 1020
good Dwelling Muse awl part of a lot onlVash
o ing,ton street. Possession given on the let of April
For further information inquire nt Lewis' Book owl
Menlo Store. • feb7
A LOT OF GROUND
A LOT OF GROUND fronting on Bldg° road 60 fort,
and running back toStono crook, adjoining lots of Bleb.
Apply at the GLOBE taco.
rare Opportunity for Profitable Investment.
Remo Extonsion Silver Milling Ca.,
CAPITAL; STOCK, - $500,000
Divided into 50,000 shares at $lO each.
PREELDENO-110N. GEORGE. P. FISHER, Judge of ilia Su
premo Court, Washington, D. C. _
VICE.PEESIDENT—T. S. EMERY, Philadelphia.
Trisasurimi—E. B. HARPER., Of Harper, Burner & Co.,
SEcarr.thr—LOUlS RJIcDOSOUOII, Philadelphia.
SUPERINTENDENT AT THE MINES—D. S. OfIILOS, Mining
Engineer, Austin, Nevada.
OFFICE-IA. 55 South. Third Street, Plaidelphia.
Silver Mining Profitable
That the lousiness of ti m ing and reducing silver quarti
iv immensely profitable, is amply attested by tho remits
which have accrued from the mines of Mexico,Peru, Ger
-massy; and other silver-bearing countries, an d Silver
lodes are remarkably rich, as well as numerous, in Neva
da, we have the testimony of such eminent and disinter
ested men as Bishop Simpson, Prof. Sillitnan, Prof James,
lion. Horace UrceleY, Spealcer Colfax and Senator Nye,
who personally visited and Inspected the mines, besides
hundreds of other:individuals who are now engeged in the
business of mining in that State. Prof. Silliman.
in Nevada, Ilei ivered a lecture in the city of Austin, dur
ing which he said: "Wu cannot -cultist upon the time
when mining will cease to Ito profitable in these Weil"
Bishop Simpson, of the Methodist Church, in a lecture
delivered in the city or Now York, after his return from
Nevada, said: “Wero lice debt of our nation it 20,000,000,
there is wealth enough there, when our dobt is paid off,
to give to every soldier who returns from our bottlodields'
muskets oisilver instead of iron. a a. Ido notspeak
now front idle speculation, but I speak of that wealth
from observation and dual coiculation.
What Dividends may be Expected
As to then amounts of dividends that may be reasonably
expected from a Silver Mitring Company, operating to
NeVedli, it may be set down no ranging from 100 to 1000
per cent. per annum, according to the progrms made in
tile mines, and the quantity of machinery at work.
Harpers' Monthly Magazine fur August contained an ar
ticle nu "Nevada," which, witirreference to the profits of
of silver alining, said: off the mine be of even average
value it can scarcely toil to return from ten to 20 par
emit. per month to the ins-este•; and silver mines are an
iline gold mines, in that they are inextuunitible, and may
be worked for generations when onee'opened."
A recent Issue of the Philadelphia Evening. Telegraph,
speaking on title subject, says : "The mining statistics
of Nevada show us that whenever worked with proper up
la/tenet's, and under judicious management, these mines
have paid front 300 to GOO per cent. p-ir annum upon the
What °Lbw Companies are Doing.
a - IKx° is not no single Company now in operation with
their own machinery in Nevada, as far as we have learn
ed, that is not a complete success. ,All are returning not
only large, but El.:union Dividends, and the prices of
their shares have correspondingly advanced. For iastallCe.
on March 2d, the stocks of the older Companies were
quoted in the city papers as follows: ' . Gould & Curry,
$950; Savage, SOIO ; Moller Potosi, $305; Imperial,sll7;
Crown Point, $1,040; Alpha, S2CO 3 Yellow Jacket, OM"
The original price of these stocks was less than sso—some
of them only $lO. And the Companies more recently or
ganized are not a whit less prosporoui, but as far as pro
gressed give every promise of an ultimate success even
srcaie• than that achieved by the Gould & Corry, For
example, the stack of the ,Ilale & Norcross Company or
Nevada, which a few months ago was worth only $lO, fa
now quoted at $1,150. So ! also, the Boston and Reese
River Mining Company, which commenced work only last
fall : its shares, though originally sold at $lO, soon went
up to $lOll, and on tiro Ist of March had advanced to $200,„
The Natural Conclusioit
It may therefore be safely asserted that no other enter
prise, requiring the association of capital, offers so many
inducements for investment, with so little risk, as Silver
Mining. Every Company that owns a mine, and 'Wilton-
Wig go to work max ns A SUCCESS! It eannot - posatyjaid.
The only difference betwoon companies at work will be
in the amounts of their dividends. .
THE REVENUE EXTENSION SILVER
Are the owners of NINETEEN (19) valuable LEDaga
or MINES, mounting to 41,000 linear feet (the chkf op
which is the Revenue Extension Lead, one of the richMit
ever discovered in that district), all of which are :situated,
upon thocelebrated Lander Hill, near Austin, Nevada.
The Hopkins' Tunnel. which commences at•the foot os.
Lander Hill, nod will pierce the 1.111 from side to ship .
cunning at right angles with the Silver Heins, and wi4
Cut in Its course upward - of ono hundred and flay mlllO4
thin number Wing already located), Is also the property
of thin company. Work upon thin tunnel is being push
ed forward will, energyiand has already reached upward
of three hundred feet. .
• . . -
The Superintendent telegraphs from Austin, Nevada,
under date of February 22,1880, as follows:
"At work on Revenue Extension !line; ore taken out
today assays 3457,45 to the ton. Work on Hopkins' Tun,
net advanced 70 feet since last dispatch (February 2)."
And again, under date of March fah. as follows:
"Receipts in bullion $1,900. Tunnel advanced 109 feet,,
Revenue shaft 20 feet."
What Others Say abortt it
The. Philadelphia Commercial List. of March 3, contains:
a letter from ono of its correspondents, dated Austin, lye
:oda February 5,18513, which says:
"At the lower extremity of the city of Austin—quondam
Clifton—where Pony Canon dehoeehes into Reese River
Talley, n project ims been commenced, which, if carried'
out in accordance with the plan of those who conceived
the scheme,- will prove ono of the most inagnificent works
of the day, and which cannot fail to handsomely reward
those who push it to completion. I allude to the Hop
kins' Tunnel. The Revenue Extension Mining Company,
owning this Tunnel, have a series of ledges lying parallel
NVIt4 each other, located upon the hill, at the foot of
which this work commences, and will cut at nearly a
right angle each lode with which it comes in contact
throughout its entire length, and they can be numbered
by the score—the bill being literally seamed . with them..
As this great work progresses, vein after vein of the rock
bearing the precious metal will be crossed, at a depth suf
ficient to render their working profitable, each in succes
sion being cat at a greater depth from the sedan° than
the preceding one, owing tolho rising of the hill in which
they me located. Upon these veins, otter they are croSeed •
workmen con he engaged in extracting the ores upon ei
ther side of the tunnel, without in any manner hindering
The Success of the Company Cettahl.
It is thus apparent that the Revenue Extension Silver , .
Mining Company have progressed to far in their °Pota
tions that success is not only certain, but actually at flee
door. Before the close of the coming summer—perhaps
by the middle—it will be ranked amongst the DIVIDEND,
PAYING companies, nud its stock will, in all probability,
advance to $2O, $5O, or perhaps even $lOO per share.—
Therefore, note is lifetime to invest. Only a small portion
of titu working capitol yet remains unsold, and the Di—
rectors are noxious that it should be disposed of immedi
ately. in order that there may be no delay in the prosecu- .
lion of the work in band, !fence this advertisement.
Price of shares $lO, hue of assessment.
Certificates issued as soon as funds are received.
Persons wishing to invest, whether in largo or Small ,
amounts, may remit to l e address
r %HARPER, TREASURER,
No. 55 .S.mth Third &red,