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1 17 - DEng al C).
l'ise President of the United Statcs Re
fuses to approve the Freedman's Bu
reau• 13111.—File Objections, as Trans
witted to the Senate.
it Asamrrox, Pub. 19. lale.
To Mc &nett! of the Up 4cd St a tes:
I have exemined with care the bill
which Imo been passed by the two
I:Anises of Congress to amend an act
entitled an act to establish a bureau
tar the relief of freedmen and refugees,
and for other purposes. !laving wits,
much regret. come to the conclusion
that it would not be consistent with
the public welfare to giro tnyapproval
to the measure, I return the bill to the
Senate, with my objections to its be—
coming a law. I might call to mind in
advance of these objections, that there
is no immediate necessity for the pro.
The net to establish alitireatt for the
relief of freedmen and refugees, which
was approved hi the month of March
last, has not yet expired. It was
thought stringent and extreme enough
for the purpose in view in time oflwar.
Before it ceases to have effect, further
experience may assist to guide us to a
wise conclusion as to the policy to be
adopted in time of peace. Ishare with
Congress tho strongest desire to secure
to the freedmen the full enjoyment of
their freedom and their prosperity,and
their entire independence and equality
in making contracts for their labor;
but the bill before mo contains provis
ions which, in my opinion, aro not
warranted by the Constitution, and are
not well suited to accomplish the end
The bill proposed to establish by au•
tbority of Congress military jurisdic•
lion over all parts of the United States
containing refugees and freedmen. It
would by its very nature apply with
the most force to most parts of the
United States in which the freedmen
most abound, and it expressly extends
the existing temporary jurisdiction of
the freedmen's bureau, with greatly
enlarged powers, Over those States in
which the ordinary course of judicial
:proceeding has been interrupted by the
The source from which this military
jurisdiction is to emanate is none other
than the President •of the United
states, acting through the War De
partment and the commissioner of the
freedmen's bureau. The agents to
carry out this military jurisdiction are
to be selected either from the army or
from civil life, the country is to be di
vided into diatrlcts and sub districts,
and the number of salaried agents to
bo employed may be equal to the num
ber of counties or parishes in all the
United States where freedmen or refu
gees are to bo found.
The subject over which this military
jurisdiction is to extend in every part
of ;the United States includes protce-
Von to all employees, agents and offi
von of this bureau in the exercise of
the duties imposed
,upon them by the
bill in eleven States. It is further to
extend over all cases affecting freed•
by local laws, custom or prejudice. In
,these eleven States the bill subjects
:any white person who may be charged
-with depriving a freedman of any civil
rights or immunities belonging to white
persons :to imprisonment or fine, or
both, without, however, defining the
civil rights and immunities which are
thus to be secured to the freedman by
This military jurisdiction also ex
tends to all questions that may arise
respecting contracts. The agent who
is thus to exorcise the office cf a judge
may be a stranger, entirely ignorant
of the laws of the place, and exposed
to the errors of judgment to which all
men are liable. The exercise of pow ,
er, over which there is no legal super
vision, by so vast a number of agents
ass is contemplated by this bill, must,
d)y the very nature of man,he attended
by acts ofcaprice,injustice and passion.
The trials having their origin under
this bill, are to take place without the
intervention of a jury, and without
any fixed rules of law or evidence. The
rules on which offences are to be heard
and determined by the numerous
agents, are such rules and regulations
as the President, through the War De
partment, shall prescribe.
No presentment is required nor any
indictment charging the commission of
a crime against - the laws, but the trial
must proceed on charges and specifi
cations: The punishment will be, not
what the law declares, but such as a
court-martial may think proper; and
from these arbitrary tribunals there
lies no appeal, no writ of orror to any
'of the courts in which the Constitution
of the United States vests exclusively
the judicial power of the country.
While territory and the classes of ac
tion and offences that are made subject
-to this measure aro so extensive., the
bill itself, should it become a law, will
have no limitation in point of time,but
wilt form part of the permanent legis
lation of the country.
I cannot conceive a system of mills
tary jurisdiction of this kind with the
words of the Constitution, which de
clares that "no person shall be held to
answer for a capital or otherwise infa•
mous crime unless on a presentment
or indictment of a grand jury, except
in cases arising in the, land and naval
forces, or in the military when in ser
vice in time of war or public) danger,"
and that "in all criminal proceedings
the accused shall enjoy the right to a
speedy and public trial by an impartial
jury of the State or district wherein
the crime shalt have been committed."
The safeguards which the experience
add wisdom of ages taught our fathers
to establish as securities for the protee
'tion of the innocent, the punishment of
the guilty, and the equal administra
tion of justice, are to be set aside; and
for the sake of a more vigorous
position in behalf of justice, we are to
take the risk of the many acts of in•
justice that would necessarily follow
from an almost countless number of
agents established in every parish or
county in nearly a third of the States
of the Union over whose decisions
there is to be no supervision or control
by the Federal courts.
The p . izor that would be thus placed
in the balls of the President is such.
us in time of peace certainly ought
never to be entrusted to any one man
If it be asked whether the creation of
snob a tribunal in a State was war•
ranted as a, measure of war, the ones•
tion immediately presents itself wheth ,
or we are still engaged in war. Letusnot
unneccFsarily disturb the commerce
and credit and industry of the country,
by declaring to the American people
and fo the world that the United States
are still in a condition of civil war. At
present there is no part of onr conntry
ur which the authority of the United
States is disputed. Offences that may
bo committed by individuals should
not work a forfeiture or the rights of
whole communities. The community
has returned or is returning to a state
of peace and industry. The rebellion
is at an end. The measure, therefore,
seems to bo as inconsistent with hot
.lall.ll ett.ttditicr o'nlintry tkg it, is
at variance with the Constitution of
the United States.
If, passing from general considero,
tions, wo examine the bill in detail, it
is open to weighty objections. In time
of war it was eminently proper that wo
should provide for those who were
passing suddenly from a condition of
bondage to a state of freedom; but this
bill proposes to make the freedmen's
bureau, established by the act of 1805,
as ono of many great anti extraordi.
nary military measures to suppress a
formidable rebellion, a permanent
branch of the public administration,
with its powers greatly enlarged.
I.have no reason to suppose, and I
do not understand it to be alloged,that
the act of March, 1865, has proved do.
&dont for the purpose for which it was
passed, although at that time, anti for
a considerable period thereafter the
Government of the United States re
mained unacknowledged in most of the
States whose inhabitants had beau in
volved iu the rebellion. The _institu
tion of slavery, for the military de
struction of which the freedmen's bu
reau was called into existence as an
auxiliary, has been already effectually
and finally abrogated throughout the
whole country by an amendment of
the Constitution of the United States,
and practically its eradication has re
ceived the assent and concurrence of
most of those States in which it at any
time had an existence. I am not,
therefore, able to discern in the condi ,
tion of the country anything to justify
an apprehension that the powers and a•
.gencies of the•freedmen's burcau,which
were effective for the protection of
freedmen and refugees during the ac•
tual eon tinutinee of hostili ties,will now,
in a time of peace and after the aboli
tion of slavery, prove inadequate to
the same proper ends. If I any cor
rect in these views, there can be no
necessity for the enlargement of the
powers of the bureau for which provis•
ion is made in the bill.
The third section of the bill author
izes a general and unlimited grant of
support to the destitute and suffering
refugees and freedmen, their wives
and children. Succeeding sections
make provision for the rent or pur
chase of landed estates for freedmen
and for the erection for their benefit of
suitable buildings for asylums and
schools, the expenses to be defrayed
from the treasury of the whole people
The Congress of the United States
has never heretofore thought itself em
Towered to establish asylums beyond
the limits of the District of Columbia,
soldiers and sailors. It has never
founded schools for any class or our
own people, not oven for the orphans
of those who have fallen in the defence
of the Union, but has left the care of
their education to the much more com.
potent and efficient control of the
States, of communities, of private asso
ciations and of individuals. It has
never deemed itself authorized to ex
.pond the public money for the rent or
purchase of houses for the thousands,
not to say millions of the white race
who are honestly toiling from day to
day for their subsistence.
A system for the support of indigent
persons in the United States was never
contemplated by the authors of the
Constitution. Nor can any good rea.
sou be advanced why, as a permanent
establishment, it should be founded for
one class or color of our people more
than for another. Pending the war,
many refugees and freedmen received
support from the Government, but it
was never intended that they should
henceforth be fed, clothed, educated
and sheltered by the United States.
The idea'on which the slaves were as
sisted to freedom was that, on becom
ing free, they would be a selfsustain
ingpopulation, and any legislation that
shall imply that they arc notexpected
to attain a serf sustaining condition
must have a tendency injurious alike
to their charActer and their prosperity.
The appointment of an agent for
every county and parish will create an
immense patronage, and the expense
of the numerous officers and their Clerks
to be appointed by the President, will
be great in the beginning, with' a ten
dency steadily to. increase. The ap
propriations asked by the freedmen's
bureau as now 'established for tho year
1866, amount to $11,745,000, and it
may be safely estimated that the cost
to be incurred under tho pending bill
will require double that amount,more
than the entire sant expended in any
ono year under the administration of
the second Adams.
If the presence of agents in every
parish and county is to be considered
as a war measure, opposition,
resistance, might be provoked, so.that,
to give effect to their jurisdiction,
troops would have to be stationed
within reach of every one of them,and
thus a large standing force be rendered
necessary. Large appropriations would,
therefore, be required to maintain and
enforce military jurisdiction in every
county or parish from the Potomac to
the Rio Grande.
The condition of our fiscal affairs is
encouraging, but in order to sustain
the present measure of public confi
dence, it is necessary that we practice
not merely customary economy, hut,
as far as possible, severe retrenchment.
In - addition to the objections already
stated, the fifth section of the bill pro
poses to take away land from for—
mer Owners, without any legal procee
dings being first bad, contrary to ,that
provision of the Constitution which de
clares that no person shall be deprived
of life, liberty or property, without due
process of law.
It does not appear that a part of the
lands to' which this section refers, may
not be owned by minors or persons of
unsound mind, or by those who have
been faithful to all their obligations as
citizens of the United States. If any
portion of tha Lund is held by such per
sons, it is net, competent for any au
thority to deprive them of it. If; on
the other hand, ;I, be found that the
property is liable to confiscation, oven
then it cannot be appropriated to pub
lie purposes until,by due process of law,
it shall have been declared forfeited I o
There is still further objection to the
bill, on grounds seriollSly affecting the
class of persons to whom it is designed
to bring relief. It will tend to steep
the mind of the freedman in a state of
uncertain expectation and restlessness,
while La thoso among whom he lives it
will be a source of constant and vague
Undoubtedly the freedman should
be protected; but he should be protec•
Led by the civil authorities, and asp
&ally by the exercise of ail the consti
tutional powers of the courts of the
United States and of the States. His
condition is not so exposed as may at
first bo imagioed. Ho is in a portion
of the country whore his labor cannot
well be spared. Competition for his
services from planters, from those who
aro constructing or repairing railroads,
and from capitalists in his vicinage or
from other States, will enable him to
command almost his own terms. Ile
also possesses a perfect right to change
his place of abode ; and if, therefore,
ho does not find in ono community or
State a mode of life suited to 'his de
sires, or proper remuneration for his
labor, he can move to another, where
that labor is more esteemed and better
In truth, however, each State, in
duced by its own wants and interests,
will do what is necessary and proper
to retain within its borders all the la—
bor that is needed for the development
of its resources. The laws that regu
late supply and demand will maintain
their force, and the wages of the labo
rer• will be regulated thereby. There
is no danger that the exceedingly great
demand tbr labor will not operate in
favor of the laborer, neither is .9 11 fil -
clout consideration given to the avidi•
ty of the freedmen to protect and take
care of themselves.
It is no more than justice to them to
believe that as they have received their
freedom with moderation and forbear
ance, so they will distinguish them
selves by their industry and thrift, and
soon show the world that in a condi
tion of freedom they aro self-sustain
ing, capable of selecting their own
employment and their own places
of abode, of insisting for them•
selves on a proper remuneration, and
of establishing and maintaining their
own asylums and schools. It is earn
estly, hoped that instead of wasting
away, they will, by their own efforts,
establish for themselves a condition of
respectability and prosperity. It is
certain that they can attain to that
condition only through their own mer
its and actions.
In this connection the query presents
itself, whether the system proposed by
the e bill will not, when put into com—
plete operation, practicably transfer
the entire care; support and control of
four millions of emancipated slaves to
agents, observers or task masters, who
appointed at. Washington, aro to ho
located in every county or parish
throughout the United States, contain
ing freedmen and refugees. Such a
centration of power in the Executive,
which would enable him, if so disposed,
to control the action of this numerous
class, and use them for the attainment
of his own political ends.
I cannot but add another very grave
objection to the bill. The Constitu
tion imperatively declares, in connec
tion with taxation, that each State
shall have at least one representative,
and fixes the rule for the number to
which in, the future times each State
shaft be entitled; it also provides that
the Senate of the United States shall
be composed of two Senators from
each. State, and adds, with peculiar
force, that no State, without its con
sent, shall be deprived of its equal suf
frage in the Senate. The original act
was necessarily passed in the absence
of the States chiefly to be affected, be
cause their people were then contuma
ciously engaged in the rebellion. •
Now the ease is changed, and some,
at least, of the States, are attending
Congress by loyal representation, so.
listing the allowance of the Constitu—
tional right of representation. At tho
time; however, of the consideration
and the passing of this bill, there was
no Senator or Representative in Con
gress from the eleven States which
are to be mainly affected by its provis•
ions. Tho very fact that reports were
and aro made against the good dispo,
sition of the country is an additional
reason why they need and should have
representation in Congress to explain
their condition, reply to accusations,
and assist by their local knowledge in
perfecting measures immediately of
fecting themselves; while the liberty
of de:iberation would then be free and
Congress would have full power to de
cide according to its judgment, there
could be no objection urged that the
States most interested had not been
permitted to be heard. The principle
is firmly fixed in the minds of the
American People that there should
be no taxation without representation.
Great burdens have now to be borne
by all the country, and we may best
demand that they shall be borne with
out mariner when they are voted by
a majority of the representatives Of all
I would not interfere with the un
questionable right of Congress to judge
and act for itself of the elections,
returns and qualifications of its own
members, but that authority cannot he
construed as including the right to
shut out, in time of peace, any State
from the representation to which it is
entitled by the Constitution. At pre
sent all the -people of eleven States are
excluded;' those who were most faith
ful-during the war not less than others.
The State of Tennessee, for instance,
whose authorities engaged in rebellion,
was restored to all her constitutional
relations to the Union by the patriot
ism and energy of her injured and be
trayed people. Before the war was
brought to a termination . tliv.)" had
placed themselves in relation with the
General Government; had established
a State Government of their own, and
as they were not included in the eman
cipation proclamation, they, by their
own act, bad amended their Constitu—
tion so 218 to abolish slavery within the
limits of their State.
I know no reason why the State of
Tennessee, tbr example, should not
fully enjoy all her constitutional rela—
bons to the United States. The Presi•
dent of the United States stands to—
wards the country in a somewhat dif—
ferent attitude front that of any ment
hol: of Congress chosen from a single
district or State. The President is ;
chosen by the people of all the States. I
Eleven States are not at this time rep
resented in either branch of Congress;
it would seem to ho his duty, on all
proper occasions, to present their just
claims to Con,gross.
There always Will he differences of
opinion in the community, and indi—
viduals may be guilty of transgres—
sions of the law; but these do not con
stitute valid objections against the
right of a State to representation, and
would in no wise interfere with the
discretion of Congress in regard' to the
qualifications of members ; but I hold
it my duty ' rc=nn:orfa.to-yoe in
the interests of peace, and in the in—
terest of the Union, the admission of
every State to its charge in public leg—
islation when, however insubordinates
insurgent or . rebellious itspeoplo may
have been, it presents itself not only in
an attitutto of loyalty and harmony,
but intim personsof representatives
whose loyaltycannotbe questioned un
der,any existing constitutional or legal
It is plain that an indefinite or per
manent exclusion of any part of the
Country from representation must be
attended by a spirit of disquiet and
complaint. It is unwise and danger.
ens to pursue a course of measures
which will unite a very largo section
of the country against another section
of the country, however much the lat
ter may preponderate. The course of
emigration, the development of indust
ry and' business, and natural causes
will raise up at the South men as do
voted to the . Union as those of any
other part of the land. But if they
are all excluded from Congress, if in a
permanent statute they are declared
not to be in full constitutional relations
to the country, they may think they
have cause to become a unit in fbeling
-and sentiment against the Govern
ment. Under the political education
of the American people the idea is in.
heritent and ineradicable that the con
sent of the majority of the whole peo
ple is necessary to secure a willing ac
quiescence in legislation.
The bill under consideration refers
to certain of the States as though they
had "been fully restored in all their
constitutional relation's to the United
States." If they have not, let us at
once act together to secure that de
sirable end at the earliest possible mo
ment. It is hardly necessary for me to
inform Congress that in my own judg
ment most of those States, so far at
least dependent on their own action,
have already been fully restored, and
are to be deemed as entitled to enjoy
their constitutional rights as members
of the Union.
Reasoning from the Constitution
itself; and from the actual situation of
the country, I foci not only entitled
but bound to assume that, with the
Federal courts restored and those of
the several States in the fall exercises
of their functions, the rights and inter
ests of all classes of the people will,
with the aid of the military in cases of
resistance to the law : be essentially
protected against unconstitutional in
fringement and violation—
------snotrur-tms—exp-ectation nifbappi y
fail, which I do not anticipate, then
the Executive is already fully armed
with the powers conferred by the act
of March, 1865, establishtng the freed•
man's bureau, and hereafter, as hereto
ibre, he can employ the land and na
val forces of the country to suppr6s
insurrection, or to overcome obstruc
tions to the laws, in accordanoe with
I return the bill to the Senate in the
earnest bopo that a measure involving
questions and interests so important to
the country will not become a law,
unless, upon deliberate consideration
by the people it shall receive the sanc
tion of an enlightened public judg
ment.. ANDREW JOHNSON.
WASIIINGTON, D. C., Feb. 19, '66
DENNSYLVANIA Rit IL ROAD
TIME Or LEAVING 0 IF TRAINS
WINTER A/?/?AIVG 6MENT.
IfinSTIV.4I:Zi. XASTIVARP DONNELL & KLINE,
L.. 2 14 • . 1 I 0 17 I ..... PHOTOGRAPHERS, Huntingdon, Pa..
?_,' ' '..2. 3'. ~‘ I 51 %1
tr,c, 0.4 9-
' r r , ' 5.:.:• , o 9 1 STATION. X .l PI 9 • .--1 TIIIOMAS G. STRICKLER & SON,
p. .:-.--. , g. g "• :-_,... ~ -
r ...., .0 . 31anufacturorealtrouglier's patent Broom /Lead or
' 4. . = 6 - ;.- , 1 ..,:. .7) 11 rapper, Huntingdon.
Vi i' 2 pe pt
I — I
P. 11.1 A. M. P. M. A. 11.1 ' P. )I.) A.M.] P. M j M. GREENE & F. 0. BEAVER,
5 25 4 1311 54 N.Hamilton, 439 854
533 4 21112 Os 'MO. Union,— 430953 8 45 • Plain and Ornamental Marble Hanufheturers.
542 4. 30112 15 Marleton, ..... 422 837
53 430 12 '29 11111 Creek,— 4139378 28 Al GUTIAN & CO.,Dealers in Ready
bO9 4 54113 48 646 Huntingdon, 4 00i 924 3 15 • mad° Clothing, Huntingdon, Pa.
6 2iii 5 0111 108 .....IPetersbutg,... 343 9OS 7 '55
6 33 6 171 1 201 11:Mane, 3 341 1 7 49
641537 1 32 I.4prucellreeh, 3 271 350742 II ENUY AI'MANIGALL, Proprietor
6 09 1 53 'Birmingham, 3 10 7 25 of Livery stable, Washington street, Huntingdon.
7 10 5 55 2 05 7 35 Tyrone, 2.58 8 33 7 13
7 5 6 06 220 'Tipton, 481
731613 2 38 Vostoria. 242 6 7 6 9 1. 3 ir_ M. GREENS, Denier in Munie,niu
-7 36 618 335 Bell'a Mills,.. 237 8 12 652 _ll_P• deal Instruments, bovinOlachinas, Huntingdon.
8 00 640 3 051 3 10 A1t00na...... 220 7 55 635
P. 91.1 A. M. P. M. A. M. P. M. A. M. P. M.
Tha PHILADELPHIA' EXPRESS Eastward, I
Altoona al S. 30 r. A., awl arrives la 11unlinE,.9
10 49 P. M.
Tho FAST Eastward leaves Altoona at 3 20
A. M., and arrives nt Huntingdon at 4 40 A.M.
Thu PIII.LADELPI.IIA. SAPItEE.,3 Westward, 'paves
Huntingdon at 715 A. 71., nod arrives at Altoona att
0 60 A. M.
-•• . . .
'l'ho FAST 1.INI: Westviird, leaves linotingilqn at
03 P. 31., and arrives at Altoona at 9 33 P. 31.
READING RAIL ROAD,
Novnumu 27, ISe5.
R EAT TRUNK LINE FROM THE
North and North-West for PHILADELPHIA, NEW
MGR', REAPING, PoTTSTILLE, LIDA:ION, ALLENTOWN, 1:06009,
Trains leave Harrisburg for Now York, as follows .1 At
3 00, 7,25"nnel 9 05 A. 31., anill 45 and 9.001'. 31., arriving
at New York 5,40 and 10 00 mid 3 40 ;111(1 10 331'. 01.
The olive connect with siwitnr Thlind on the Pennsyl
vania Railroad , and Sleeping ran accompany the 3 00 and
9 050.111. trains. without clunase,
Learn for. Ilcmiiu6 POttalille, Tamaqua. Millersville,
Ashland, Pine Grove, Allentown and Philadelphia at 7 25
A. 31,, and 145 and 9 P. 31., stopping at liebaucn and all
way stations; the 9 P II train matt ng no close connection
for Pottsville nor ;Vbiladelplda. For Pottsville, Schuyl
kill Haven and Auburn, via Stlinylkill and Susquehanna
Railroad, leave Hari:44lmq; at 1 P 01.
Returning. leave Naw-Toot at 9 A. 31., 12 Noon, and 8
P. 31. Pl.iladelphia nt BA. 31-, and 330 P. 01; Pottsville
at 8 40.1. 31., and 2 00 Y. 31.; Ashland 6 00 and 11,45 a tu,
Titalltplll. at 7.35 A. '•I., and 1 40 I'. M.
Leavo Pothwille for Harrisburg, via Scloiyileill nod
Stwutehanna Railroad at 6,4.5 a m•
An Acconimodalion PaSsengor Train leaves LEADING at
0.30 A. 31., and returns front PHILADELPHIA nt 4,30 P. 31.
Volt:nada Railroad Trains leave Reading nt 610 ant.,
and 0 15 P. M., for Ephrata. Lancaster. Columbia, to.
On Sundays. leave New y, at SP. 31., Vistindelphia,
310 P. 31., Pottsville 8 00 A. 01., Tama ( 1110. 8 A. 31., 110r
rt.burg 0 Or, A. 31., and lteadmg at 100 a. m. , for 11110-
rishurg. and 10,52 a ut., Par New York.
CO3rMUTATION, 3111.1 , 401:, SEASON, Senori, and Escurtsmx
Twv.raa at reduced rates tonna front all points.
Inn:gaga checked through: 80 pounds Baggage allowed
• 0. A. NICOLL%
Beading, Nov. 27, 1605, General Superintendent.
TAMES A. BROWN, Mintingdon,
ey Pa, sells Patent Wooden Pumps for cisterns and
from 4to 60 feet deep, at about ono bait tbo usual
prientoe old fashioned pumps. All punitia warranted.
1.110 b•ESSIUDIAL leg. BUSINESS CARDS
POR COLLECTING SOLDIERS
CLABVIS, BOUNTY, BACE.. PAY
rALL who may have any claims a
_, gainst the Government for Bounty, Doak Pay and
'ensione, can have their claims r:rom:etly collected by are
plyLlg oither,in Berne.. or by lot.er'to
W. 11. WOODS,
Attorney at Law, •
Anglia 12, 1863
Air ARTILI4I YARD. The undersigned
lL q_ would respectfully cal! the attention of the citizens
1 lintitingdon and the adjoining counties .o the stock of
aanUfnl ortrblo now on hand. He is prepared to [moist,
at the shortest notice, Monumental Marble, Tomb, Tables
and bonea of every desired rise and form o! Italian or
Preteen Marble, highly finished, and carved with aPilre•
prints dovices, or plain, as may suit.
Building Marble, Door and Window Sills, &c., will be
furnished to order.
yF W. lams.lf fortvisb material owl. work
equal-to any in the country. nt n fair price. Call
find Aeo, before yon purchase elsewhere. Shop on Hill
Ilun ting Son 3lny 16 1866.
JOOO SCOTT, 8031UE7, T. SHOWY, Jon:i n. 00IL0
riche name of this firm has been clang
ed from SCOTT 0 BROWN, to
SCOTT, BROWN & BAYLEY,
u...kr which num they will .herenflor conduct Utair
ATTORNEYS AT LAfl .1111AVTINCDOIV;
PENSIONS, and all claim.; of aoldiara and moldiors' heirs
against the Onvernment, will bo promptly prosecuted.
Mop 17, 1865—tr.
A. W. DENI.DIPT. J. SEWELL STEWART. P. U. LTTLE.
TUB firm of Benedict Stewart has
tICCII changoti to
BENEDICT, STEWART & LYTLE,
under which name they will hereafter practice as
ATTORNEYS AT LAW, ITUNT/NGDON, PA
They Will oleo giro mend attention to the collodion
of trillitery and othor Claims Against the State or Cloy
erg moo t.
Oftlee formerly occupied by J. Sowell Stewart. ruljoin
ing thu Court House.
K. A. LOVELL,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
..Prompt and careful attention will Lo given to the
collection of all claims against the Government for Pack
Pay, Bounty, Penaiona, Sc.
OFFICE—In the bride row, nearly opposite the Court
E. 0. & G. W. COLDER.
HAVING entered Into coltartnorchip In the
Alexandria Brewery, the public are informed \ -
that they will he prepared at all tittles to fill ,
onion on the shortest notice.
Alexandria J0n.13. 1661-tf.
mz.c.c - tartax,x4D,
Avm. C. MoNULTY, PROPRIETOR,
Formerly orlho Fraul:lln Hotel, Cliambomburg.
p ALLISON MILLER, -r . gt,l+js
Iles removed to tho Brick Row opposite the Court House
April 13, 1859.
T . E. GREENE,
e." DENTIST. attitll
Office reproved to opposite the store of
D. P. Owls, in the square, Dill street, Huntingdon, Pn.
April 13, 1561.
DR. D. P. MILLER,
Mice opposite Jacheon Howe, offers Ills service
to citizens of Huntingdon and vicinity. not-6108
Dn. JOHN IVIcOULLOCII, offers his
prefeesional services to tile citizens of Huntingdon
and vicinity. Office on Hill street, one door east of Reed's
Drug, Store. Aug. 2S, '65.
TAMES A. BROWN,
ej Dealer la Ilarvlware, Cutlery, Paint% tutu, 4te., trout
• • Dealer in Beady Made Clothing, Hats and Caps,
toots 0:01 Shoos,
TA P. GIVIN,
o Dealer In Dry Goods, Groceries, Gardware, Queens
ware. hats and Cola, Boots and Shoos, &c.
Jam. HENRY & CO., Wholesale and
kJ. Detail Dealers in Dry Goods. Oroccries, Hardware,
Queonsw are, and Provi,,ions of all kinds, Huntingdon.
TT ENRY STItOUSE & CO., Ma rides
burg, Pa., Dmlora in Dry Guodg,.G vocal:a, ctc.
WW AFRICA, Dealer in Boots and
noes, lu the Dittmona, Huntingdon. Pa.
EOPOLD BLOOM, Huntingdon, Pa,
(Dealer in Ready Mario Clothing, lints, Ca" 4c.
TOTIN H. WESTBROOK, Dealer in
ty Boots, Shoes, thislvry, Confectionery, nuntloation.
TENTER, Dealer in "Groceries• and
e Provisions of all kWh, lluntingaon, Pa.
QINION COHN, Coffee Run, Dealer in.
}„. Dress Goods, Groceries, Wood and Willow Wat•
T B. SHONTZ & BRO., Marklesburg,
e Dealers in Ready Made Clothing, Jewelry, &c,
QIMPSON, ARMITAGE & CO.,
ODeaters in Boolca and Stationery, Ilantingdon, Pa
4;2 SHOEMAKER, Agent for the Ma
gto Star Lininient, Huntingdon, Pa.
AP BRUMBAUGH, Agent for the
Victor Cane ISM &c., Janice Creek, Hunt. co., Ca
V V Plain and Ornamental Marble Manufacturer.
WM.. LEWIS, "
Dealer in Books, Stationery and Musical Instru
meals, Iluntingdon, Pa.
The undersigned offers his services to Liminess
non and others desiring circulars distributed or handbills
posted. Mean be seen at the office.
IlutiOngdou, Aug. 10, 1865. JOHN KOPLIN.
fIRESS BUTTONS TRIMMINGS,
or no latest styles. Belt Ribbon and Buckles, no.
awry, (Boyce, Frillings, tic., at
S. R. trENRY & co.
.OVERING'S AND SUNLIGHT
I Syrup, Now Orleans, Porto Rico Molasees Coffee,
Sugars, 'leas, &C. at S. B. 1/ESItY & CO.
DR OWN BLEACIIIID MUSLIN'S.
bleached and Inoym
I/Janne:a,LlCE'd Maid, Wool Flannolg Cc., at
S. E. HENRY CO'S.
IQUORS, of the but ) for Medieina
JL_J purikries nt N. S. SMITH'S
FOR THE GREATEST VARIETY
Handsome and Useful Articles,
Call at LEWIS' Book Store.
DRAPrINU AND PRAISING PAPER
White and Colored Card Paper,
For 6010 at
1300 K uS STATIONERY STORE.
T) A.ll CHMENT DEED PAPEI---
ruled, fur sato at
LETVIS' BOOK STORE.
ENVELQPES — •
By the box, pack. or lens , quantity, for sole et
• LEWIS' BOON AND rAfBIONEBrBBORE.
CUN BARRELS AND LOCKS.—
large n,,ortinont at •
• ..... I.I.IItI)WAItE STORE.
WHAT EVERYBODY WANTS
COUNSELLOR IN BUSINESS
EY FRANK CROSBY,
OY SEE PUILADELPUiA BAR
It Tolls Thu now to draw np PARTNERSRIP PAPERS and
gives general forms for AGREENIENTS or ell
MVOS, BILLS or SALE. LEASES anti PETIVIoNS.
IC Tdes You How to draw up "loans and MoRTGAOES, AP.
11PA0I00, POWERS Of ATToRNET, Norca and
HILLS of ExenADOE, RECEivia and ItELEASEIL •
IE Tolls You The lowa for the COLLECTION of DEBTS, with
the STATUTES of LLtrawrroN, and amount
and kind of property ETICT.PT frura Enron-
Ttoti is every State.
IC Tells You Ilow to melte an ASSIONNENT properly, with
forms for COMPOsITION with CREDITORS, end
tiro /NDOLVENT Laws of ovary St:Ac.
It Tells Toy :no legal relation, existing between GUAR
DIAN and 'WARD, Pioneca and APPRENTICE,.
and Latioroan and TENANT.
It Tells rim What constitutes Linn end Sivinrn. and
Otto Low ar to Mamma Down, the WM'S
RIGHT IN PaOPERTV, DIVORCE and ALlStess.
It Tells You Tho Law for liIRCUANICS' LTV., in every State,
nod the NATURALIZATION LAW, of tills coun
try, and how to comply with the same.
ff ?FL: Mx To Lt's lIENTInvi , aEt 1 - L.V. toot:,
fain one, and the Sar....E.urrlot; Laws to
PUBLIC L ANDS.
/I Tells Ton The Law for PASTINTS, with made of prom
dote in obtaining ono, with Iterratrzatscrs .
ASSIGN:SETTS and TABLE OP FELS.
It Tells lan , Slow to make your WILL, and how to AIMS.
TOTER ON AN ESTATE, with the low and the
requiretnents thereof in every State.
It Tells You The meaning of LAU. TERNS In general use
and explains to you the LEGISLATIVE, Ban
aunts and di:anew. Powers of both tb
Gencralpnil State GOVERNMENTS.
It Tells Ibu 110 w To tune GOT OF Law, by showing how t
do your business legally, thus savingo
vast amount of property, end vexatious
litigation, by its timely constiltatiou.
iitir Everybody's Lawyer is for solo at Lewis' BookStl: o
e 1 - • 4-i-N5•O-55
LANKS ! BLANKS ! BLANKS !
ONSTABLE'S SALES, ATTACIPT EXECUTIONS.
SUBPcENAS, - MORTGAGES,
SCHOOL ORDERS. JUDGMENT NOTES.
LEASES FOR HOUSES, NATURALIZATION WKS,
COMMON BONDS, JUDGMENT BONDS,
WARRANTS, FEE RILLS,
NOTES, with a waiver of tho $3OO Law.
JUDGMENT NOTES, with a waiver of the $3OO Law.
ARTICLES OF AGREEMENT, with Teachers. - -
MARRIAGE CERTIFICATES, for Justices of tho Pone,-
end Ministers of the Gospel.
COMPLAINT, WARRANT, awl COMMITMENT, In onso
of Assault and Battery, and Affray.
SOMME FACIAS, to recover nmomit of Judgment. •
COLLECTORS' RECEIPTS, for State, County, School,
Borough and Townhhip Taxes.
Printed on superior paper. nod for sale at the Office of
the HUNTINGDON GLOVIg.
BLANES, of every description, printed to order, neatly
at short notice, and on good Paper. -
SEGAR CASES, &c., &c.,
A handsome assortment just received
At LEWIS' Book Store.
PAPER ! PAPER! ! PAPER !!!
Drawiti;, , Papnr,
T 13,120 Pnper,•
tat Cap Paper, •
Coro morcial Note Paper, -
Ladies' Gilt Bilged Letter and Nato Paper,
Ladies' Plain and Fancy Nato Paper,
White and Colored Card Paper, in Packs and Sheets,
For sale at LEWIS' Book, Stationery and Jlo,ie Store.
IVINDOW CURTA/A1 PAPERS,
A LARGE STOC
Window Curtain Papers,
LEWIS' BOOK STORE
j __- - -.
i 1-_-, - a - -7 - --- - ---- - 1--: ---
A fine and large assortment always on
AT LEIVIAS" BOOK . STORE.
THE GREAT MEDICINE !
Ill'Entyre's INDIAN COMPOUND.
A NEW SUPPLY JUST RECEIVED
AT LEWIS' BOOR - STORE.
PRICE PER BOTTLE. 50 CTS., and $l,OO
ALL 1/I1 DISTINOCIISIIED °PINCERS AND CIVILIANS,
AT LEWIS' BOOK AND STATIONERY STORE.
OIL CLOTH WINDOW SHADES,
GILT GOLD SHADES,
TAPE, CORD AN7) TASSALS,
AT LEWIS' 8008 STORE
BOORS AND STATIONERY.-r
A good assortment of miscellaneous and School
Books—Foolscap, Letter, Commercial aud Note Paper—
Blain and Faucy Envelopes—Red, Bine and Black Inks—
Blank Books of numerous sizes—Pens, Poucils,Bocket and
Desk Inkstands ' and every other artier., usually found In
a Book and Stationery Store, can 1.0 had at fair prices at
LEWIS' BOOR, STATIONERY MUSIC STORE,
A complete Pocket Ready Reckoner, in dollars
and coal, to which are added forms of Notes, Bins, Re
Petitions, Ac., together with a set of useful tables
captaining rats of interest from 0110 dollar to t %vein thous
and, by the single day, with a titbit, of wages, and board
by the week and day. For saleilt
QU ALIT Y
ENVELOP E S
Just received and for sato at
LEWIS' BOOK STORE.
S THE CYTHAKA.—The
Bertini's enlarged and improved instruetors—Weilaturs
New and linproved Method for the Gultar—Leland's Mem.
dean,Violin and Flute Instructors — Winner ' s and llowe's
Violin lnetructors- 2 —ReDak's Melodeon Instructor—Due.
rowes' Piano-Forte Primer—do. Tliorough.Baso Primer—
Irowe'e Drawing Room Dances—The Chorus Glee Book—'
Tara's Harp, for sate at
LEWIS' BOOE, STATIONERY Jr MUSIC STORE.
Generally in use, in the Schools of the County, not on
hand, will he furnished to - order, on applliation at ~
IVES' BOOK, A NI) ST A
~P T' STORE.
FOR THE LADIES.
A aaperfor article -Note • Paper and Envelope°,
taljtabto for confidential eaktegpotleaco, for Bale at
LEWLV.I.IOOk ,C,SrATIOXER.I" ASTOR E.
“ (ALTICK SALES
I—Anybody in want of
FAMILf AND POONST
HYMN AND PRAY= BOMB
ALBUMS, AND ANNUALS
ANY OMAN VALIZAALN ANT INNABA9TIIIO 80014
Fancy and Sand
CHURCH bICSIC AND INSTRUCTION BOOKS 4
snicrr MUSIC for the Piano, Guitar, tte., au,
Pouctr HOOKS, YONTSIONNIXED AND PPRIIRS,
For Ladles and aantlentan,
GOLD PENS AND PENCILS,
AWARD CARDS AND BOOKS,
For Sunday ,rad Common Schools,
SUNDAY SCHOOL BOOKS OP ALL KINDS,
TOY BOOKS, ALPHABET BLOCKS, &11,
ALL KINDS OF BOOKS
Proper for Iloya and Girls
For Young Folk,
IYEDDINO ENVELOPES AND cAns,
CITECICHICBOARDS, DOMINOSB, act,
SONO BOOR T,
From G to 75 cents
.fifrmoranclum Booki of Jrariotts
801100/, Books OF Ait KINDS,
DIARIES FOR ISM,
Drawing and Meting Paper, Brut'al and Oxrd Ifoerdy
WRITE BONNET BOARD,
MUMBLE, CLEMINE, RED, SLOE AND MACE MIS,
Arnold's Hodgson's and Harrison's
Wrapping Paper of Different Sizes and Qualitleis
&c. &c. &e. ' &a
SHOULD CALL AT
CHEAP Boos, 871171PIEDS AND Mvllc Symi4
In the "Globe" buiaing, Market Spam,
where all who want to
go to Inas their ptirehrtsee
MAT ,VD - 1 4 ;21. 33 CHCOXirse.a
FOR ,6'..IZE AT LEMIS 2100 K &KOBE.
HOWE'S S 0 'QS OF IRELAND, containing about 175 of
tbo Ocms of Hibernia's Songs and Ballads, including
50 of Moores MAI Melodies, gongs of tho affections,
Sentimental, Patriotic, Historical. Military. Political ,
Comic and Miscellaneous Songß, arranged for the
Pianoforto or Ale Moon. Prick. $3.00 '
LIONit'S SONGS OF SCOTLAND, containing about 175
of the Gems of Caledonia's Songs and Ballads,
ding Songs of the affections, Sentimental, Patrlotic,
Historical, Military, Political, Comic and Miscellane
ous Songs. arranged for the Pianoforte or Melodeon.
non x:3 SONGS AND BALLADS OF THE OLDEN
TIMM, containing the Original Wards and Music,
of the Songs and Ballade, Bung by the Oranduroth
' ors of the present generation. Arranged for Your
IIOW E'S TRIOS: Quadrilles Coral's and Fancy Dances
srlth Calls and Figures,' Waltzes, Pantile, Opera }fele
dies, Scotch and Irish airs, Ra, ac., for the 'Violin,
Flute, Cornet, Base Viol, &.c.
TILE YOUNG MEN'S SINGING WOK; a collection o
Music for malls Voices, consisting of Glees and Part
Sono, Choir and congregational Trines, Anthems,
KINGLY:VT JUVENILE CHOIR:—A selection of the
Choicest Melodies from tho Germsa, French, Ital
ian, Eogllsli met American Composers.
TRUMPET OF FREEDOM AND TIIE DITOLE OALLBittro
books suitobto to tbe times.
TUE BOSTON GLEE GOOK, consisting of an extensive
collection of Glees, Madrigals, and Rounds, selectod
from tho worker of the Most admired Composers, to.
gather ninny now pieces from the Gerning,
INSTRUCTION BOOKS FOR TILE PIANO, Melodeon,
Arcordenn, Violin, Banjo, Guitar,. Concertina, Drum,
Fifa and Flagenlet."
Huntingdon, Jan. 24, 1865—tf.
AT LEWIS! BOOK, STATIONERY & MUSIC STORN,
OSGoOD'S Speller.lst, 211. W, 4th and bib itsadere.
IiPGUFFEY'S Speller and Readers.
SANDER'S do do de
Town's Speller and Definer, (old and new edition,,}
Smith's, Bullion's and Brown's Grammar,.
Fitch's Physical Geography.
Warren'. Physical Geography. •
Mitthell's, Monteith and McNally's Geographies .1 Atleeee.
Camp's Geography, with Kay to lifitchslre Outline Maps.
Webster's and Worcester's Dictionaries.
Quackenhos' First Lessons in Composition.
Quackenbo's Composition and Rhetoric.
Greenleaf's, Stoddard's and Brooks' Aritiernetico.
Peterson's l'amiliar Science.
Greenleaf's and Stoddard', Keys to Arithinetles.
Greenleaf's and Davies' Algebras. . •
Greenleaf's Key to Algebra.
Pusher's Juvenile Philosophy. • .
Parkerie First Lessons In Natural Philosophy.
Willard's History of the United States.
Goodrich's a e •
Payson, Bunton and Meribner's Penssanship, to eleven
Potter it Liammond's Pannianship in twelve numbete.
Academical, Controllers' and other Copy Books.
Daviee' Elementary Geometry and Trigthepbeffy, •
Legendres Geometry. •
Fulton A Eastman's ?MDR-keeping.
Pooh Keeping by Single Entry, by Thanaford A Poem;
Real: Keeping by Single and Double Entry, liyilejaaroyd,:g
Other books will ba added and furnished to order.
-A fall stock of•SeliodrStationery always oa hand.
AT LEWIS" 1300 K ASTQAA
A beautiful assortment of:PHOTO
.IRAPII. ALBUMS just robeivod.and
for sale - • • .
AT LEWIS' BOOR STORA
FONTHLY TIME BOONS, •
For sato at
.14;11'11S' BOOK AND STATIONERY STORE
lia A g 14 LI K
R E ep it ip%trpFti? Y ßugn. on
and 'Moor C;o4p . , at S. B. HENRY & CO.,'
LD BRASS AND COPPER taken:
in exchange for goods' tit tho Hardware Sfoxii.•
oept. 3, 1562. JAB, A, DROWN