The globe. (Huntingdon, Pa.) 1856-1877, June 29, 1864, Image 1

Below is the OCR text representation for this newspapers page. It is also available as plain text as well as XML.

liar nihilism in advance -
Six months
ihrse months .... • 6 0
o talklce to notify a discontinimuce at tII ertiliatiost Cul
dm term subscribed for will be couaidercd a new engage.
amt. . ,
, / insertion. 2 do. 3 do.
lons Unit o r ke" '• §25 $ - 3734 $
Jae square, (12 lines,) 60 75 1 . 00
rwo pcilwea s • 1 00 1 50 , 2 00
three Squarer ' ' 150 " 225 ' ' 300
Over three week and less than three email's, 25 cents
?Is square for each insertion.
. - 3 months: 6 months: 12 months.
Aix lines or less, $1 50 $3 00 $6 00
Jne square, 3 00 5 00 7 00
Vyto• squares ' - 500 • SOO 10 DO
rbree squares, 700 10 00 • ' 15 00
Your squares, ' 9 00 13 00 '2O 00
ifalf a column, 12 00 16 00 "4 00
One column ' • .20 00 .30 00....,.....50 00
Professionatund Business Cards not exceeding Nur lines
One pear '. $3 Oil
Administrators' and Bxecutor4 . Notices, $1 75
Advertisements not mrirked with the number of inser
tions desired, Will be continued till, forbid and charged se.
bottling to these terms.
They Tell Me YII Forget
.They tell me I'll forget thee when .
'Mid other scenes I stray,
That .thoughts of thee will vanish ns
The dew rif break of day,
tutsh! I do not heed their words—
I know it cannot be;
That one enshrined within thiS heaft
— tan be forgot by me.
They tell me I will soon' forgot,
Thy kind and gentle smile.
That did so many weary days ,
And hours to me beguile ;
Ah, no ! I never shall forgot,
"know it cannot be,
That ono enshrined within my heart
Can be forgot by me.
They tell me I'll forget the betas •
Of mirth and joyous glee,
The many pleasures unalloyed
That I have shared with thee.
But nh i they need not tell me this,
. , I know my heart the best ;
I'll not forgot till in the tomb
They lay me down to rest.
They tell me I'll forget tby songs,
Thy kind and loving words,!
Thy tones that .al ways iu my. breast
Some deep . emotion 'stirred.
It cannot bel it cannot be I
Thy smiles, I love them yet ;
And while I live,.oh ! I Would not
E'en if I could, forget. .
Notes of a Visit to the Army of
.the Potomac.
tVroiu the Itarrlsburg Tclegrapb.l
In company with several, of the del
egates of the - Christian COmmission,
left Ilarrishurg on the morning of Hay
14th, to,spend a few weeks in minis
tering to the wants of the sick
%rounded of our army.
At Washington we found so large a
,number of delegates from all parts of
the country pressing forward, that we
were delayed for a day or two, and we
,seized the opportunity to go into the
hospitals of that city. Probably 25,2'
000 of our noble defenders are gathered
these instittltions, whose order,
cleanliness and comfort reflect so
grout honor : upon the-Government.,
Belle Plana ,
• •
To ibis point, d'.snriill
landin opt
the Potomac ; the - wottnere ro t
from Fredevieksburg, he .Shipped
thence to.. Washington. :Here
.we tar
ried for a couple of. days and assisted
ideuliplying the Wounded men, after
a painful jthirriey over thorough roads
of Virginia in 'ambulances and army
'wakens, with milk punch, coffee, lem
onade, bread; crackers,- oranges and
such other delicacies as would attract
and nourish enfeebled men. Here too
beheld several thousand of the
Johnnies taken prisoner in the bril
liant-charge of Hancock's 2nd corps.
Some of them talked'boldly and defi:
antly, while others anxiously sought
the oppditunityte take the oath of al
Wo reached this city of wounded
:and dying
,men, after a wearisome
'day's ride through a country utterly
laid waste by war. The city has been
too often described to need any now
description. Its grass gtown streets,
its deserted homes, its ruined buildings
.Whose burnt walls bear witness to nu
mortals conflagrations, its temples of
worship and public buildings perfora
tee by shot and shell, the absence of
Women hnd of playing children in the
itreets, and instead the presence every
where of wounded men, sitting on the
,door Eteps and curb stones, limping on
crutches or leaning on the shoulder-of
. troogor, the hurrying hero and
there of : tile messengers of mercy with
:their harden of sti m uht n ts, • banddges,
Re., the slow moving' death wagon
.bearing brave men to their last sleep,
the . bbary-laden atmosphere tainted
with death, all, all reminded us we
were surrounded by a vast hospital.—
Tn this city of originally s,ooo•inbabi
-tants there are new probably between
'eight and ten thousand wounded men,
Ailing - the churches, public buildings,
warehouses, storerooms, and •private
dwellings everywhere.
The Christian and Sanitary commissions
The - value of these two great benev
olent agenCies was here most abund•
antly illustrated: At the headquarters
of the .Christian Commission, (which -
were in the large mansion of a Doctor
Hart, now said to be on the staff of
G - en R E Lee, of the rebel army,) two
hundred men were congregated,. most
of thern ministers of the Gospel, men
of learning and of ability, who heroin
deeds of . merey bore witness to the pa
triotic wards s they had:Often spoken
in their pulpits at home. Hero cheer
filly accepting the roughest fare, they
. gave themselves to weeks of toil. Each
morning, having divided the entire
city into districts among them, they
went forth, their haversacks filled
'with stimulants, soft crackers, lemons,
oranges, bandages, writin g materials,
reading :matter; bearing buckets of
Coffee, punch, lemonade; carrying bun
dles of clothing, crutches, bandages &e,
and spent the day . among the wounded
- men, dreSsing their wounds, attending
0 their wants, writing letters for them
"te - their friendS, cheering them by kind
Christian words, praying . with them,
pointing them to the Saviour of men,
whispering in the ears of the dying
'words of hope and forgiveness, and
burying the dead with the blessed rites
Of Christian burial. Such in briefest
words is the work of the Christian
Commission in such a place as Frede
. .
. ,
. .
, .
, •
~ •
. .
. ,
. ' .: - • . ', . . 1 !!
,-, . ~, -4.. _v.;,..":::',F..-t11:,;Z,:41:.::-..i.-.. Z - 7 ,-- , : _ .
~,„; ,: ,i .. . , : .
- ::-, . ' , . - ' +,..)' 15 - Y • , '.... : - ~...4 :: - .1. , .i, , ,v ,i, .
- ~,,',.•:-..,,,,, ',i , Z',....-..:1J. :-'-'' , , ,
r• - • • ' r'sc-, • , .. ,, . - 1;• 4 14. •,. . , • i: , .......1 . -„;; . ? 4 , :: : : , ..:.:.• x) ' ti....4,_\-- ..7.; „; :;,::•.,: -.:
.: L i„,..,..--,-,...., . .
1 - : .Sfic '.'.: - •
, :.., --:•,.
'''.: . ' •
• / , W ,1„.7. • l'.
.:... • '''..C:l•.::-,,!..::.:.-,:•::,...,2:2:.:-..1.;':r.::•i:;,-;1,;.•‘:•••,11':':fr. :•::::..:•,••, ; ;. '; , •::. r ..:' : •:::::. :•• •..1: 1,l,:::".. • i
~:;., Azt,.. - :.;:l ;,..!: •
••• '• • :
ii,,. . ::::
~:,..... . :, , . . .
... ~,, .
' ,:- : :;:i. 2 -' ' :,1: A * , • .. -
~, . . ~, .. . . „ .
... . ~-...v?,,,,. .., .. .• :-4 9 !•- ; -, ! 9 . ,, , , ..7-: - . - 5 , , , ,, : Ar . ::' - 1,11'94„,4,%„.•: '.l-4.-4e
-'''''''''.• •''.4".C.V.",••••:”!• r'.,4-,-......,4„;"i'f':."1.=-7-•:-...,..
. -2.- '''••:' ..:: 'II; .('• : ,
- . .
• -,--- :"'& 4 ;;;;A;; • : • .g, • ,Y•9•;.!'..'.2 ; ?•.•. •• ': : : . : :„
• 7 ' / ,
. . .
.. ..,. • - -
.. , , .
• .• •
. ..
•', - „
...,........., '•:: :.,,,,,.. •
~ . .
. , ~ ... . .
. • '
. .
. . ,
a 6
WILLIAM LEWIS, Editor and Proprietor
Details of the labors
,Of these : twe
hundred will be
.carriad AtittrOported
to thousands of homes. They porter
med thelowliest services, washing the
WoundS, the fcet,.the bodies . of the poor
sufferers, putting on their clean cloth
ing,lifting and carrying them tenderly
from place to, place, illustrating with
tinoblehilmility the name they bore
Christian Limo
and labor of these delegates'aro giren
freely,. and cost the commiesion, only
their board and 'transportation from
and to their homes, and in Many cases
not even this. I met noble men of the
Sanitary Commission, busy in the same
labors; but with the general work•of
the commission Lam less familiar.
' The value of the two commissions
in each a field as that of . Fredericks
burg cannot be estimated. Groat suf
fering is alleviated and prevented and
numerous lives are saved through their
instruntentality. .
The Afard.h of the Grand Army. ,
Lenving : Fredericksburg, in compa T
•ny few delogatesof the
thin ',Commission; and: running the
ganntlet-ofguerillos,,after a hard day's
walk. I,:rettebed Spottsylvania court
honse, only to find that , our cornice
lion with Tashiogton, by way of Fre
dericksburg was severed, the grand
army was in motion southward, and
.we must, willing or no, accompany it.
A. night of broken sleep:upon the box
es and hales of our supply wagon was
followed by : an early order to pack up.
.There is something , in the, movement
of a great army that partakes of the
sublime, especially under ; eirennastan
cee like those under which the army
of Gens Grant and Meade has moved,
mighty and wily foe close in front and
watching every Movement_ No more
hazardous inoveinents have ever been
attempted in 'Warfare than • those by
Which daYAfter daY.llie'Vaet, 'artily of
the Patentee has beeWsWung aredrid
its on a pivot hi the very lace of its
oneniy.• Silently, to corps, divisione,
brigades and regiments, to hospitale
and supply trains came the orders for
a movement—no one, knew whither.
With a stiblime, unquestioning fiiith,
the tents were quietly struck, ambit-
knees filled with remaining. sick and
Wouridcd,knapsacks buckled 'on and
muskets shouldered, horses monnted,
and soon '.caValry, infantry,. artillery,
Hospitals and supply trains and rear
guard WOUld all be on their way to
some unkneWn point. • Accompanying
the sth corps, commanded by_ Major
General Warren; my observations
ing the iiibsequent ten days were:li
t-eked 'alnecist wholly to this•eorps
bmarching or
i e, leaving-my coat behind, and
carrying only a canteen and fi stout
Walking stick cut near the terrible
field of - the 'Wilderness," I took my
place along with the rank•and file of
the army and learned by experience a
little of their life. Under the shade of
some noble trees in front of Massapo
nak church, I was permitted to look
upon a number of our generals in
council, consulting some maps of the
'region through which we were mov
ing. • A crowd of curious eyes gather
end around to look upon the noted
faces for a • moment, while from the
gallery windows of the church I ob
served a photographic, lostrament sei
zing the rare chance. I quietly stu
died the'faces of those men, whom the
generations will delight to honor; and
having photographed them for private
use, passed - on, leaving the chiefs in
MiSsing the brilliant dash at the Po,
in which our cavalry scattered in wild
retreat the env:lll'3/a the enemy, and
seized; : uninjured, tho bridge at the
crossing, I contented myself with a bi
vouac under an , army wagon for the
night, hoping that when . next "John
Gilpin chanced to ridejbe
there to see." •
Steadily 1111
. day, Sunday, 22d, wo
moved forward, and.eteadily all day to
our right we libiu4 the - eannonadirig
of one of our corp 4 (dealing its way.
The Battle of the Horth, Anna.
. . .
Otillondity:evening about 5 o'clock
the At division
,of the sth coil* . ivith
which a friend — and' Myself 'had' been
inarehing from . early dawn, reached
the bank of the North Anna. The 2d
and 3d divisions came up, and while
the pontoons were being laid
.the divi-
Sions of Griffin : and CraWford, the Pa.
Reserves, forded tho stream, The N.
Anna is is muddY'river, from two to
four feet in depth "and about ono hun
dred yards in width at Jericho Mills,
.the place where the sth corps crossed.
Both banks of the stream rise Bohm .50
or 100 feet in high relling ground, skir
ted by woods. In consequence of the
three day's rapid marching, our troops
gained the ground, forded the river
and took position on the south bank
Without any resistance by the enemy
at this point. They soon; hoWever,
found a foe in front. Standing near
the General's headquarters on the
north bank, my companion and my
self watched our troops as they cross
ed; filed up the bills and formed in lino
of battle in somo open fields on south
.bank. A single - battery was taken
across the river, while the remaining
ones, were posted-On the crown of the
'hills along the north bank on either
side of headquarters. Off to our right
as we lay in the clover beneath the
shade of an oak, and nearly a mile
away, sat a rebel horseman as immov
able us a statue, Watching our opera
tions, and ready at.the slightest warn
ing to fly across the river and join his
friends. When the skirmishing open
ed he vanished and was seen no more.
Soon a lino of skirmishers was formed,
and now opened a,seene very exciting
to one who had. never yOt seen an en
gagement Of any kind. The skirmish
ers boldly, yet cautiously advanced to
the edge of the• woods. While we
watched with painful eagerness they
enter the woods. Then came the first
single shot; then another and another,
lan enemy •was there—then two or
three shots in rapid succession; when
suddenly tiler rebel yell burst upon oar
ears, followed by the rattle of 'quick
volleys of musketry, mid our skirmish
ers came flying out of the woods on a
double 'quick and fell back upon the
lino of battle for support. The object
was gained—the presence of the ene
my discovered, and now came the
marshaling for conflict. Generals and
their aids-were busy forming our for
ces into line of battle preparatory to a
movement in force into the Woods.—
An' hour passed away. Ono line of
battle has entered the woods, the sun
is sinking in the West, the prospect of
a battle for the evening seems to have
passed, and passing to the rear a few
hundred yar,ds I lay down by the road
side, (being exceedingly weary) and
was about falling asleep, when I was
brought:to my feet by such a roaring
and screaming of shells and terrific
rattle of Musketry as surpassed, infin
itely, all my conceptions of battle. • A
little stretchlof Woods lay between me
and the field of conflict, which conceal
ed the combatants from sight. I. only
heard the roar of cannon and explo
sion of shells that shook the earth un
der my feet and filled the benvens Over
my head. A body of surgeons, who
had . incautiously advanced too far,'
came hurrying past to get beyond the
scene ofdanger. The enemy had sud
denly:opened with musketry and ar
tillery upon our advancing troops. On
a high hill, to our left front, a body Of
rebel cavalry dashed furiously across I
a-ploughed field on the brow of the
bill. Their object was almost imme
diately manifest. when, beneath the I
cloud of dust they raised, a battery of
'artillery opened upon our headquar
ters. The fight thus began lasted for
whom., when the enemy, finding all
attempts to :dislodge us and drive us
across the river futtle,•fell back, and
our army, giving three rousing cheers
that made both banks of the river the
' fields, the woods and the . sky resound,
advanced and held new positions, The
day was ours. The rebel dead were
left on the field to be dared for by the
hands of the ".inhuman" Yankees.—
Several hundred prisoners were cap
tared. The battle of Jericho Bridge
ceased : as the twilight of oyeningWas
.deepening into :darkness. It was at
this engagement I heard, for the first
thne,`the famous rebel yell. , It is but
.% single, confused, fierce scream and
stands in marked contrast with the
eimers Of our own mon. The two can
not,:bo•naistaken for each other by any
.ono who:has• ever - -heardL-bottir
one js,a fierce, mobbish yell of voices
screaming without concert; the other
usually three--open, manly, rousing
cheers, given in concert. As far away
on a battle field as the sound can be
heard, a listerior may tell bow the tide
of battle wavers and turns by the al
ternate rebel yells and Union cheers.
The Hospital after a Battle;
The ambulances had already been
sent across the river. Tho stretcher
bearers had been picking up the woun
ded. Wounds Were hastily dressed,
bandages applied to stop the flowing
Of blood, the ambulances were filled
and the sad procession wended its way
back to the hospitals. The scene pas
ses all description. Darkness had now
set in; steep roads deeply cut by ,the
heavy artillery wagons led up from
the river on each side ; there was but
a single pontoon bridge. Every yard
of the way from the field to the rear
Where the hospitals were placed was
filled; for the oth corps, under Burn
was moving up with infantry
and artillery to the support of War-
I then. Wounded soldiers, pale and wea
ry, some limping upon one fbot, some
Carrying a bandaged arm, some with
boimd and swollen heads, some lean
ing on the shotilder of a" companion,
were hunting their way back to the
hospital, while the more seriously
Wounded wore borne in ambulances.
The cheers arid sOngs of the men who
were hurrying to the front, the shouts
of drivers whose wagons had stalled
in some deep rut, the hurrying here
and there of horsemen, the blaze of
fire along the road flung out into the
darkness of the forest, all Conspired to
make a scene which can never pass
from memory. About two hundred
wounded men were brought in: Here
was Werk enodgh for Surgeons and
the delegates of the Christian Com
mission. The mon bad gone intolhe
conflict after a weary day's march.
IStithulants and nourishing food was
. needed. The members of the commis
sion distributed of their stores. The
amputating tables were occupied and
candles gleamed upon the dreadful
but necessary work. Before twelve
o'clock came the wounds of two hun
dred their Were - dressed, themselves
Washed and fed'and laid under the
shelter of tents on beds of pine bOughs
and blankets, and the camp was quiet
save for the tramp of passing men and
the rumble of artillery wagons, and
the slioutino of drivers, all moving on
to the front. - In 'the morning pt few
fresh graves were seen. In 'the after
noon the wounded were sent to Port
Royal,.and we moved forward again
a mile or so and awaited a decisive
Another Grand Flank 21-ovement
As wo wore awaiting anxiously the
expected battle between the North
and South Anna, and just at dusk, ono
evening, came the quiet order: "Pre
pare to move immediately. The hos
pital train will fall into the roar of
the 3d division!' In a half hour we
wore ready; bad moved out to the
road, and halted to let the army pass
—rather the sth corps of it. From
8 o'clock p. m., till 3 a. m., we waited
by the road-side, while the .steady
tramp of men, cheerful, joking and
full of spirit, and the heavy rumble of
artillery reminded us an army was
near us. Two days of heavy and con-
tinned marching brought us across
the Pamunkey, in front of Lee's army
and within ten miles of Richmond.
I shall regard it as ono of. the .great
' est privileges of my life that I have
been permitted to be with the grand
Army of the Potomac during the
splendid movements that took it from
SpottsylVania Court House tothe im
mediate front of Richmond. I have
seen something of armies before; have
read and heard of battles and of mar
ches before, but my experience and
my conceptions have all been surpas
sed by the' events in which I have
mingled. It has boon worth ton years
of peaceful life to go amid those stir
ring scenes; to follow and accompa
ny that bolt of men in their : glorious
movements; to look day after day up
on their bronzed fades; to march with
them; tent by them ; to sleep as they,
under the . quiet stars; to fare as they
fared; . to grow weary as they; :and,
like item, to fall bY_the road=side for
an hour's sleep; It has
.been worth
more than can measure to study
their unflinching patriotism; to be a
witness of that calm endurance which
could march ,V night and fight by
day for weeks together; to look upon
the men who so cheerfully stand be-
tween us and. ruin, walking bravely
up to the great sacrifice of home and
life as dear to them as ours to us. It
has been worth more than I can name
to look upon their chiefs in council on
the march and in the field; to See the
calm deliberation; the high resolve;
the confident .hope. that rested on the
countenances of the men whom wo de.
light to honOrL--Warren and Burnside
and Hancock; and Meade and Grant.
There may be, aspirit of oleSpondency
and o£ repining here and among those
who have never put their hands to
this great work—it cannot be found
in the army. There the spirits of men
rise to somothing,of the. greatness of
the :occasion: .I'slo repulses; no losses
dampen 'the artier or shake the confi
dence of the army. From the
general down to the lowest private in .
the ranks, I marked a unity of spirit,
confidence of each in each, a strong
faith in ultimate success, a, persistence
against all obstacles, and a patience
under all sufferings that proPhesied
the best things: I saw mon manfully
bearing during : those days of heavy
marching, who had lost all regular
sleep for weeks, and had been living
on part nations for days. It has been
said by the enemy thatjhe 4elds and
the woods in the - rear ief Grant's ar
my were full .of.. stragglers..,:They
were invisible to MO. By nothing
was I more astonished than the
spirit and discipline of this - great "ar
my, which prevented it from becom
ing disorganized by forty days of al
most unexampled toil.
Drunkenness in the Army.
Another fact pleased me. I spent
two weeks with the army, with its of
ficers and men every day. The only
drunken men I saw from the. time I
left Fredericksburg till I reached Bal
timore, was an officer on the boat from
Fortress Monroe.
Profanity and Wickedness of the Army.
It has frequently been said that the
great peril of the country will be, when
the army returns home and scatters
its wi ,, kedness, profanity and reckless
ness through society. Tho country
will suffer an hundred fold more by
the men who stay at home to support
drinking and gambling saloons on all
the streets of our cities, than it ever
will from tho rough and sun-burnt men
of the army. There is profanity- in
the army. There is profanity here,
on every corner of our streets, more
Of it, and less excusable, than in the
army. Mere it breaks over all re
straints of society and decency. In
the army you will find' thousands of
serious men, of noble and gentleman
ly bearing, among whom ono may
1110V0 from day to day without behol
ding an, act or hearing a word that
need cans() a blush on the cheek of
virtue. There is no mercenary and
mean spirit. The army is lifted up to
a broad, American and patriotic feel
ing such as does not characterize all
Who stay at home. lam happy to be
able to speak from my own observa
tion of these citizen soldiers. I have
seen them in camp, on the march, on
the brink of battle, "storming the lin
mineat breach," borne wounded' froM
the field, lingering in the hoSpital; and
gasping in death, and I can Say that
I believe a nobler band never went
forth to war, a band inspired' by a
Ligher impulse than the "Army of the
Union." There may be still faint
hearted men hoine„ . or worse than
faint.bearted men, who'are repeating
yet, in this fourth year of the conflict,
the question, IS this war right or
wrong? The army entertains no
doubt on that matter. Time arm of
the soldier pauses not to strike'at any
man who would trample under foot
the-banner of the country. Ile loves
his Government and is willing to die
for it. It is no spirit of adventure,
nor loVe of blood,•that has sustained
these mon in the fearful conflicts of
the Wilderness and led them up ,into
the Very face of death. The spirit
that animates the ranks animates, the
leaders. Like Wadsworth, many of
them have left fortune, family, high
social pOsition, chances of distinCtion
in civil lift), and gone ont to tho priva
tions of the camp and the perils of the
field, Moved by ono great absorbing
love of country.
The Soldier in the Hospital.
Now hero has the endurance of our
bravo men been more severely tested,
and more successfully proved than in
the hospital. With wonder ar.d
amazement I have looked upon
the courage of these men, who, with
bullet holes through leg 'or arm; with
ghastly wounds in shoulder or face;
with shattered hand or broken thigh;
lay in tho tont or were carried to the
amputating table, with never a mut.:
neur of complaint or dissatisfaction
breaking from their lips. I felt lost
in speechless admiration, and almost
questioned whether they had not be:
come insensible to pain, they were so
cheerful and so Uncomplaining. I have
seen them walk coolly up to the sur
gical table where they were to lose a
right arm, or carried there to lose a
foot or a limb, without a moan. I
have heard them sing, "Rally round
the flog, boys," when suffering deep.
est pain or lay with beaded sweat
gathering on the brows, and with fists
and teeth clenched as they suppressed
every groan. On the floor of the town
hall of Predericksburo t' lay a young
soldier from Brooklyn, N. Y., by the
name of Morris. Tlis face was as gen
tle as a girl's. He had, just been
brought in from the battle-field, over a
rough road of fifteen or twenty miles.
lie had fallen on the field pierced at.
nearly the same instant in three
ces. Tho right arm was torn entirely
off near the shoulder by a shell; the
left band was terribly shattered. and
it ball bad passed through ;the body,
piercing the lungs; his wounds had
been undressed a for nearly two days;
his calm face worn an aspect Of pain,
but not a murmur escaped his lips.
It soems 7 to me I shall . never erase
from my vision the things I have seen;
the ghastly men that asked a cup of
water; the wounded menf.tiggeringup
to seek a bite to eat; the exhausted
men, who, amid all the din and noise,
were sleeping soundly as a tired infant
on a mother's knee--the grateful men,
whose thanks made me, ashamed of
myself. Nell at home may walk Mil•
streets sauntering along at their ease,
pass their - criticisms on the conduct of
the war, wonder why the army does
not move more rapidly—,may charge
regiments, brigades, divisions and
corps with cowardice, but for myself,
every recollection of what I have seen
shall silence my tonguo.if it ever be
gins to utter a reproach against the
men who, in my place and for me,
have gone to meet the terrible onset
of a war that has no parallel in histo.
What can me doi'
I answer this practical question by
saying, life can be saved by us. A
computation has been made, that of
all who die by war only one-fifth [l-5]
die on the field, the other four-fifths
[4.51 die after .the battle—from neg.
lected wounds, from exhaustion, from
thirst and-hunger, from the u astaanch
ad I.l.lltiYing - cf - Uftio , act 61
stimulants, from unalleviated anguish
andT_pain.: _Here lies the. sphere of
Christian charity—to save these four
fifths, to secure: . for them immediate
attention, skillful help and full sup
plies. In the Crimean war. the pro.
portion of deaths to tho thousand rose
from 190 to 913 I Tho • proportion of
deaths in our American army is 53 to
1,000, a grand triumph for the Hepub•
lie; for our charities, for the Christian
religion. Yet thousands of-lives still
are lost that might be saved. Suffer
in.., too, can be greatly diminished.
The two hundred •delegates of the
Christian Commission at Fredericks
burg; wore well nigh. appalled by the
magnitude of the work. The stores
almost failed. Calls came for articles
that could not be had. Men died dai
ly because what was needed was not
at haul. Painful sufferings were wit
nessed that could not be relieved, be
cause the supply of necessaries was so
scant to moot the wants of ten thous
and men.
No human Government over
made such a noble provision for
wounded men as our own. Her re•
cord will astonish the world, but emer
gencies will ariso in all 'great wars
liko this, when all the preparations of
Government and all tho help of public
and of individual _charities will be put
to the test.. Our Government has se
lected thetwo great commissions, the
Christian and the Sanitary, as its hel
pers. Their agents are , the only civil
ians allowed to accompany the army,
save a few correspondents of the press.
They are permitted to go everywhere
throughout the lines of the army in
their work of mercy. : •
The groat principle of the Christian
Commission is the personal distribution
of hospital stores,
.accompained by the
personal ministrations of men who have
gone into it without any remuneration,
often at great sacrifice and exposure
—moved only by a pity and love for
the suffering. Their hands should be
kept full of supplies.. :The economy
of this system; is remarkable. The
services of an • able man for six weeks
in this way, costs the commission often
no more than two, three or five dol
lars for incidental expense. Nearly
'everything, contributed to the Chris
tian Commission is expended directly
upon the needy and suffering men of
the army.
Urgent calls from every department
come .for an extension of the work.—
Scores of men have been offering to
go unpaid, men of high standing, who
were declined, because the supplies of
the commission would not warrant the
use of a larger number of: men. The
great want of the commission is not
men—but money, to fill the hands of
Our delegates with all the needed sup
The day will come when we and
our children will be proud that we
have had some hand in bringing about
the sublime issues of :this great con
flict, though it be only the giving of a
cup of water in the name of patriotism
and religion to the men who bear the
heat and burden of it. Hot burns Ma*
fire where!the giant wrongs. expire:—
Godls Ireeitsting.and moulding anew
the mitioMarWwe. are enduring the
pan oft.: tbe'great -.transformation.—
The sages .-of an earlier age. saw and , the' hand:breadth cloud that,
filling now. the whole heaven, is drop
ring its bloody rain upon us. There
TERMS, $1,50 a year in advance.
are hard , lessons on every page of the
book that God's mighty hand has open
ed for us to read; • But they Who trust
in Him and in the age of peace and
righteousness has promised,
need not complain : of present loss, or
pain. Before the joys of peace must
come the pains of purifying; "first
pure,.then peaceable.' . Our righteous
cause cannot suffer harm, since Ile has
taken its part. Behind the Auk clouds
of to day lie will surely, show us . the
calm sky. of tomorrow, and after the
storms have passed away, will .lay
anew, with a wiser hand than man's
the corner stones of Liberty.
Andrew Johnson, of Tennessee
A Sketch of We Life and Servlcee
Andrew Johnson, of Tennessee, was
born in Raleigh, North Carolina, Dec.:
29, 1808. :When ho was four years of
ago he lost his father, who died from
the effects of exertions to save a friend
from.drOWning. At the age of ten
he was apprenticed to a tailor in his
native Pity, with whom he sciVed sev
en years. His Mother was unable to
afford him any 'educational advanta
ges, and he never attended school a
day in his life. •
While learning his trade, however,
he resolved to make an effort to edit;
eate himself. His anxiety to be able
to read was particularly excited by
an incident which is worthy of Men
tion. 'A gentleman llaleigh was in
the habit of 'going into' the tailor's
shop and reading while the appren
tice and journeymen were at work.
- He was an excellent reader, and his
favorite bOok was a voluine of speech
es, prineipally of British statesmen.
Johnson became interested, and his
firstambition was to equal him as a
reader, and become familiar with those
speeches. He took up' the alPhabet
without an instructor, but by apply-'
ing to the journey 'men With whom • he
worked he obtained a little assistance.
Having acquired a knowledge of the
letters, ho npplied for the loan of the
book which he had so often heard read
Tho owner made him a present of it,
and gave him some instructions on
the use ofjetters in the forMation of
words. Thus ,'hiS first exercises in
spelling were'iu that book. By pet-:
severance ho soon learned to read, and:
the honrs which he devoted to his etl
ucation were at night after iII3 . NYEIA
through his daily labor upon the shop
„Tie now applied hinjself to
• • tiVre-ierthree hor!';;'Frevery:
night, after working from ten' to 12
hoard 'at his trade. ":-
HaVi ng eted _Ms apprentice
ship in the autumn - of 1824, ho wont
to Latirens Court frouSe,'S. C., Where
ho worked for nearly two years. There
heibpeame engaged to be married, but
tho match was broken otT by the vio
lent opposition of the "girl's mother
and friends, the :ground ef objection
being Mr. Johnson's yr/nib and want
of pecuniary Means. In Mey, 1824,
he returned to Raleigh, where ho pro
cured journey •work, and remained
until September, lie then set out to
seek: his-fortune in the Vest, carrying
with him his mother,' who was depen
dent* on hith for support. .11e stopped
at Greenville, Tenn., and coinnieneed
Work as a journeyman. Ile remained
there about twelve months, married,
and soon afterward went still further
westward; but failittg to find a mina
ble -place to settle, he returned to
Greenville, and commenced business
Up to this time his education was
limited to reading, as ho had never
had an opportunity of learning• to ci
pher or write • but under the instruc
tions of' his wife ho learned these and
other branches. The only time, how
•ever be could devote to them was in
ho dead of night. The first office
3vhich he over held was that of alder
man pf the village, to whieh he was
elected in 1828.. lie was re 7 elected to
tho same poSition in 1820, and . . itgain
in 'lB3O. In that year he was chosen
mayor, which position he held for 3
• In 1835 he was elected to the legis
lature. In the session of that year he
took decided ground against a scheme
of internal improvements, which lie
contended Would not only prove a fai
lure but entail upon' the State a bur
densome debt. The pleasure Was po
pular; however, and at the next elec
tion (1837) ho was defeated.' He be
came a candidate again in 1839. By
this time many of the evils he had pre
dicted from the internal itriprovcinent•
policy which he had opposed four
years previous Were fully demonstra
ted, and he Was elected 17 4.larr,oe majority,
In 1840 he served as , . Presidential
elector for the. State at.,large ,on the
Democratic ticket. Ho-canvassed a
large.portion of the State, : meeting on
the stump several of the leading,Whig
orators.. 111,1841 he was elected to
,State Senate. In 1843 he was elec
ted te'Congrese,, whore, by successive
eleetioas, be served:until 1853. .Dur
ing this period of service 41e.. was e - -
spicuous and active in advocating, re
spectively, the bill for refunding 'the
fine, in 1846, jiliposed upon Geri'Jack
son at New' Orleans, the war -meas
ures of Mr. Polk's administration, ,and
a homestead bill.
In 1853 he was . elected Governor of
Tennessee, after an exciting canvass,
in which lie was opposed by Gustavus
A. Henry. Ho wa re-elected in 185.5,
after another active contest, his com
petitor being Meredith P Gentry. At
the expiration of his second period as
Governor, in 1857, he" as elected U
Senator - fora full term, - ending March
3, 1863;
Ever since the outbreak of there - bd.
lion, Gov Sohnson has been the stern
and uncompromising enemy of the
slave oligarchies. As Senator of the
United states, as a public speaker in
the oat cduiplete Hitt taunt*,4l,o*,
salmi the most stsphilliclltliell foe fremPtlY etoolichig
the bat style, every valet,' ltV
bolt 1 - Ineag, suelts#
. NA- 1
- -
• &Cl., &C.,
KO. I,
Cuc Arco mums sPicaras.4 'Rut.
behalf of the Union, and for thoWn
ny months pastas Governot
of his own State, he hati vigilantly and,
efficiently wrought in oar hely:4lll3bl
and scored his name high ainoirg , the
earnest. Wnrlters on behalf` of if:whiff
perilled - Ropublic. • • -
Co. D 6th Cavalry, U. g. Ai.-
Cal 4. Wm. S. Abeirt
IstDiedt. AlbWiti.Coatd
let Sergt. G. W. M. Merryman
Q. M. Sergt. Reed MoOlellair.,,,
Com. Sergt: John Marshal.
Ist Duty do. Snail. Shipley
2nd ' do ' P. Fulton
3d do J. 111. Applqb*tit
let Corporal R. Boyd
2nd do *D. Fulton
3d do A. Shustoi
4th do ' J. R. geisingar
sth do Geo. Penni
Bugler J. Sullivan
do IL Cook
Farrier D. Cowhon
Artificer C. W. Leafroa
PRIVATEd. ' • ..
Alton Littell
Ames A S Lucas h,
Applebaugh C E Luce W'N'
Bailey D Maurer D ,
Barnard Wrii McCrackeil -
Beckert Geo *McClellan J
Berbriek F McMichael
Bird .1' Monday C - •
Brown J, Morton ,D'
Bfo'sfn G Morrison it
Blair T - McNair A:
Chapman P - 3dcNiteS
Clark .1 S Nicholson T
Cokely P F Oldham D
Donn J Paul A
Duncan S Pcirrny
Dunn PennyT S
Fatkine T 13,etran C •
*Fire Geo Proper J. M
Fisher D • .Proper
Gairteld W . Purdy a
Gebhart F • .Rollerj
Goultsch D Rothrock k
Randlon J Roth J .
_Hannah W Bh:wrier
, Smith TDB:
Ililand S Smith Joel
Ilomen Wm Smith Sod
*Jaes D Smith 1 1 '*James
Jones R •Walks:Si' A ,
King F 'Wachter C. • -
Keenan . *Wi3ktunli 6
lialvderififolt AJ . Wise G` ''
Laughlin B Within ton W W
Lewis L 'Wood A B.
45se-hav-illgiristur-trffiziltrto their
names, are prisoners in the hands of
the.rehels. r-
Tnt , TALE DARER.--Iftke'relit arid
individual who deserves the keg&
of contempt and disdain from
est and, civilized coMmunitr, 41,a
the tale bearer—he or she Why
the words or actions of. ono.twh# ;is
made an: associate, to ancithei, "and
make it the subject of ft: string:of idles
gossip , - A tale bearer not 1944 in
a community before hn is known,-and
when known ho'flitess thought of than
formerly; and if he has any goOd`qual.
Wes, tl ii are all lost sight , of , id this
one loV,• vile, despicable habit.; ;Mu
cannot see fife propriety , hi the nein
duct of the tale bOtekei , . boos befit
late . the notions of others in' orthir
to have the listener •repose' more
confidence in himself or grant more fa
vor? If be cloiik then he is mistaken
for when it is seen that he canna
the sayings and doings of othoiii,
it is certain that no one *fit'plinio
confidence. in him, and the' &for' he
seeks to find is entirely to'it.-
tling spirit is akin to that of staridely:
The tale bearer dons riot &il l y &rug
curse upon himself, but he
cord and dissension in 'a peaoefal
society or family. Any one pods'elised
of this habit need only tobk to the'ptci:
verbs of Solomon and see
conduct iv: condemned. "He thafgenth
aboai d's a tale bearer revealetheinte44
theiefore meddle not. with hira .- tha:t
enticiitlr with his lips." • -
THE pErvATE SOLDIER.-If there id
a being in the worrd who much
serving of private affection and public
griititude, i'6, is the soldier who mar=
elms /tea pKviate in the ranks of the
army, to'fight for his country, .and Of
fers his blood and life as a sacrifieS for
the maintenance of the Union anittho
constitutiod. And,yet,,how soldon, it
is that they get the honor and reward
their services entitle thein to ! fa
the private who carries. the gun', it is
the private Whu marches on foot thrn!
mud, frost and snow, it is the.:...ptivatf)
who erects bridges over swift EmE.9,ln,
and rearethe lofty fortificati6o, and it
is thd priiate'who, with . the
Set, Aeries the deadly r 'pith
and against the squared.cohimmoilif
the enerny t i and ; yet; how ,e6,ldow is ( it
that he receives the .honors
rewards of his nnble conduct!
AD I IM Trituu.—A wounded V:in
ginian rebel and a wOunded Pennsyl
vanian: occupying adjoining beds, had
a good.humorecl Verbal tilt, as follows , :
"Say, reb, where . areyou from?" '`l i uu
from Virginia, the best State" in kniq
ica." '"That's whore old Floyd'-etinib
from, the• old tbiof." "Where ttiolorit
frond, Yank?" "Pm from Pennuyiettr
pia" you need'rit 'talk - about,
old; Floyd coming frOm irginra; 's
long as old Buchanan carodrosii.
sylvanio..—Don't you wish you back%
said any thing, Yank!" ...,11."
rifir chuTch some clasp Aheir
bands so tight, at prayer time; that,
- they r bannot get them opon whWthe
contributhin her comes round; :
BILL lißikDS,