The globe. (Huntingdon, Pa.) 1856-1877, May 25, 1864, Image 1

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A Coniprebensive and Authentio Ac-
Striztegy, Fighting, Gains, Losses
The Battle of Thursday, May 5.
Etc., Etc., Eta.,
TODD'S TAVERN, Va., Sunday, May 8,
1864.—The details of the wonderful
dirge day's battle of the Wilderness,
which closed last night just as the
blood-red sun wont down behind the
margin of the Rapidan, will have giv-•
en you some idea of the labyrinth of
action through which its course ran,
:and the maze of tactics out of which it
was envolved; :but . the battle of the
Wilderness must remain., for the pros
ont,-undeseribed; fui the reason that it
is really indescribable. I remember a
pregnant observation •of General Rose
ci4ans, that with us vac is only "bush
\Melting on a large scale?' Now, if
this is true of the kind of ground ou
whiCh many of our battles have been
fought, the analogy holds still more
forcibly in the wild, tangled pine woods
in whose thickets and along whose
margins the prodigious Indian fight of
'Thursday, Friday, and Saturday raged.
:Nci nian eau claim that he saw this
battle, and although undoubtedly it
kind a line and formation of its own,
it would puzzle oven the commanding
'General to lay it down ou the map.
There is something horrible, yet fas
cinating, in the mystery shrouding
this strangest of battles ever fought—
et battle which no man could see, and
pro g ress could only be followed
by the car. It is, beyond a doubt, the
first time in the history of war, that
two great armies have met, each with
tit least two hundred and fifty pieces
.if artillery, and yet placed in such cir
cumstances as to make this vast engin
ry totally useless. Not a score ofpiee
es were called into play in the whole
affair, and I may mention it as a fact
strikingly illustrative of this battle,
that out of the three thousand wound
ed in the hospitals of llancock's com
mand alone, not one of the wounds is
a shell wound. In like manne: our
cavalry has been totally useless, as cav
alry. In alt their engagements the
men have neen - compeita - to dismount
and to fight on foot, and the horse, ex
cept for locomotive, has been a hin
drance rather than a help. In such
circumstances, in the utter impossibil
ity of maneuvering of effecting any
grand combination, the difficulty of
generalship is enormously increased.
it will also be refered, from the cir
cumstances in which the-battle of the
Wilderness was fought; that it was
quite impossible for it to ho decisive in
its results.
The combat lasted three days, but it
might hive boon prolonged a fortnight
longer, and still have left the issue un
decided. Now that it is ended by the
by the withdrawal of th e enemy, though
we are hardly justified in calling the
result .a victory in the positive sense of
the word, yet, if it be considered that
the enemy was signally foiled in the
purpose with which he sought battle
in the Wilderness, that ho was com
pelled to fall back, discomfited, and
that we are in yigorous pursuit, under
circumstances that gave us the short
er line of advance on Richmond, even
the most cautious and skeptical will
admit the gross and scope of the action
to be a most substantial advantage to
our arms_
When Grant, on Wednesday night
and Thursday morning, threw his ar
ray across the Rapidan at Germania
and Ely's Fords, the labor of a twelve
month was brought to nought. The
chief consideration that the enemy's
fortified position was turned, prompted
the flanking movement on the enemy's
right rather than on his left, was,
doubtless, that a.Successful movement
by the former direction would uncov
er for us, water communications by
Aquia Creek and Urbana—an advan
tage not to be overlooked, and, indeed,
indispensable in any protracted march
toward Richmohd.
The disadvantage is that the line
of march southward from the points
of crossing loads through a
which no General would seek to fight
a battle. I mean, of course, the
"Wilderness," a wild tract of barren
country, overspread with a thick
growth of stunted pine, extending
from Chancellorsville up to Mine Run.
By changing front by the right, Lee
had it in his power, using the Orange
and Chancellorsville turnpike and the
Orange and Chaneellorsville plank
road, to strike us at right angles.
The only escape would be to -make
our passage of the Rapidan a sruprise
—a conception which was 'very hap
pily carried out. The march to the
riverhaving been made during the night
of Wednesday, Thursday' morning
found the whole army planted safely
on the south side of the Rapidan, all
well - in hand. So complete indeed
seems to have been the surprise, that
even after the whole army had pass
ed the river, our signal officers report
ed the - Rebels still busy on their works
on the Rapidan.
But, of course, it was not long before
Lee became fully' aware of the situa
tion, and be promptly changed front,
and pushed out to strike us by the two
roads already named, which, as you
will observe, run from west to cast,
and strike the road on which we must
advance (the Germania. and Chancel
lorsvillc plank road) precisely at right
.$1 60
. 75
WILLIAM LEWIS, Editor and Proprietor.
angles. This was a masterly move
ment, for it obliged Grant to halt, form
line of battle, and dispose his force in
such away as to cover the fords, by
which all our teams were yet to pass,
and which it was absolutely necessary
to keep open in order to preserve our
lino of communication.
This, then; was hoW it came, strate
gically, that we were compelled to
fight the battle of the Wilderness—an
encounter which I am very sure both
General Grant and General Meade
would gladly have avoided, had it boon
possible to do so. This much credit at
least is due to General Lee, whose ma
nceuvro was one of great boldness and
rapidity. 'Whether General Lee in
tended merely to :delay our advance
and gain time for the now combina
tions necessitated by our successful
crossing of the Rapidan, or whether lie
chose this line as ono on which to try
the gage of a decisive battle, in the
hope of defeating us in the same way
as he did in the same region (Chancel
lorsville) at the same period of last
year, is a question which I have no
means of determining, although the
desperate vigor of the three days' at
tack would give strong color to the
probability of the latter design. And
it, must be confessed his advantages
were great. Ire crowded us into a re
stricted triangle, densely wooded, with
few roads, which we know imperfect
ly, and with the whole of our vast.
trains yet to be brought over the river.
On the other hand the enemy knew
the country; with fifty thousand men
he could hero do as much as we with a
hundred thousand, and ho had the
strong lino of Mine Run six miles in
his rear, to fall back upon in ease of a
repulse. When I say that after three
days' fight, in which he with desperate
fury threw himself repeatedly agaitst
every point of our line—right, left and
centre—in the hope of breaking through
and rolling us up, he has been com
pelled to retire discomfited, the sum
and substance of the story is told.
Thursday morning found Warren's
Corps (the sth) at Old Wilderness
Tavern, or. the Germania and Chan
cellorsville plank-road, five miles south
'of the ford, and Sedgwick in his rear,
on the same road, and extending down
to the river: 'Hancock's Corps, on
the same day crossed the river, at Ely's
Ford, five or six miles farther down
the river, under orders to move to
Shady Grove Church. Burnside's
Corps was to remain behind for twen
ty-four hour) at Culpeper, and then
join the - main column. 'rho mancen
vn of the enemy compelled • General
Made to form line of battle north apd
south, and this was done about a mile
west of the Germania plank—road
and parallel to-it, Sedgwieles corps
forming the right and resting on the
river at Germania Ford, and Warren
joining his left. Finding the enemy
was determined to make a stand here,
the order of Hancock to move to Sha
dy Grove Church was countermanded,
and he was directed to diverge by
what is called the "Brock road," swing
around, come up and form the left of
the line.
The disposition above given will
have shown that there must be for a
considerable time a great interval be
tween our centre (Warren) and our
left (Hancock)—an interval which
could only be filled by Gen. Hancock
swinging round and connecting with
Warren. The attempts of the enemy
were mainly directed to netting posses
sion of the plank-road, and planting
himself between the two halves of the
army. In this ho was completely
foiled, for Warren and Sedgwick held
the front firmly until Hancock in the
afternoon arrived and completed the
lino. This was not done without se
vere loss, especially on the part of
Warren, two of whose divisions, name
ly, those of Wadsworth and Griffin, lost
each a third of its numbers.
From Cancellorsville, where Han
cock had bivouacked on Thursday
night, he advanced to the intersection
of Brock road and the Orange and
Chancellorsville plank-road, whore ho
found Getty's Division of the 6th Corps.
Forming line of battle he attacked at
4 o'clock, and fought very severely nip
tilt 3, engaging Hill's Corps. The ene
my held a strong position behind im
provised breastworks, and was already
formed in lino of battlo, while Han
cock had great difficulty in getting in
as ho was marching by the flank to
mass, but he stoutly held his position
at the cross-roads, from which all the
efforts of the enemy could not drive
The engagements Of Thursday were
so far successful that they defeated
the purpose of the enemy to advance
up the Orange road and penetrate be
tween Hancock and Warren. It was,
however, only by the utmost skill
and vigor that this was effected, for
had the Echols boon able to penetrate
a mile further they would have aCiov
ed their end.
The Battle of Priday, May 6
Unwilling to remain on the defen
sive, General Grant, on Thursday
night, ordered a general attack along
the whole line for 5 o'clock the next
morning.. Burnside, who had been
hitherto in reserve was ordered in, and
Hancock, who, as was realized, had a
severe part to perform, was strength
ened by four divisions taken from the
sth and 6th Corps, so that he now
commanded nearly one half of the ar
m Promptly at the hour the flame of
battle burst forth all along the lino,
which, from Sedgwick's right to Han
cock's left, had an extent of about sev
en miles.
On the right Sedgwick attacked,
engaging Ewell, who, however, show•
ed a strong front. The two divisions
Warren has left, namely, those of
Griffin and Crawford, badly handled
yesterday, content themselves with
TOpulsing the rebel attack. Wads-
worth, connecting with Hancock's
right, puts forth a desperate valor,
leads in person several charges at the
head of his division, has two horses
shot under him, and is then himself
shot in the head and left in the hands
of the enemy, but whether dead or al
ive is not yet known. Burnside,
somewhat tardy, is only skirmishing
as yet, and has had no serious busi
ness. Hancock, on the left,' attacked
promptly at five o'clock, and gallantly
drove the enemy about a mile and a
half, taking the Rebel lino of rifle pits
and five colors.
In their turn the rebels attack vigo-
rously, and the ammunition of Han
cock's mon being exhausted, they aro
forced back to !heir original line at 11
o'clock. The enemy oven turns the
extreme left, formed by Frank's brig
ade of Barlow's division, which broke
in considerable • confusion down the
road. This, however, was promptly
repaired, and the enemy prevented
from following up his advantage. Af
ter this all remained quiet with Han
cock until 4 o'clock in the afternoon.
Hitherto Hancock bad met only the
Corps of Hill, but at four in the after
noon, Longstreet's Corps, which had
marched twenty-five miles to get into
the fight, came up, and Leo prepared
to hurl the main weight of his force,
with a view of doubling up our left
flank; and rolling us back on the elm
my. The rebel attack was made at
precisely four, and was made in four
lines, the left on the plank road. It
was marked by the greatest vigor, and
succeeded in breaking our lines. Part
of our breastworks got fire, and a por
tion of the 3d and 4th Divisions broke
Gibbon's Division, was, however,
promptly formed in roar of the break.
The brigade of Carroll (who conduc
ted himself with distinguished gallant
ry, and though shot through the arm,
would not leave the field,) forming by
the left; the brigade of Brooks by the
Tight. This was effectual in checking
the Bebel . advance, and after forty-five
minutes of most desperate fighting,
the crisis-had passed. The heroism
and skill of Hancock, and the valor of
his command, had saved our army.
Falling on tho loft, the rebels repeat
ed the usual tactics by a night assault
on our right, and they succeeded in
rolling up.the brigade. of Gehoral T.
Seymour, who was himself captured,
but the break did not extend to. the
other portions of the line, and though
some confusion was inseparable from
a night assault, the rebels had gained
nothing after all.
The rebels expended their utmost,
strength in the battle of Friday, and
failed to accomplish any decisive
sults. It was obvious that they were
in very great strength, for they show
cii full lino along our whole front,
extending beyond our right, and over
lapping our loft.
Skirmishes of Saturday, May 7th.
It was, therefore, difficult on Friday
night to say whether the enemy w'ld
resume the attack or retire. In the
case of the former alternative, a now
and stronger lino, considerably con
tracted, was selected on Friday even
ing. The attack, however, was not
resumed in the morning, and recon
noissances and skirmishes were made
during the day along the whole lino,
though developing on the part of the
enemy a strong skirmish line, left little
doubt that the main portion of his ar
my was retiring.
In this state of facts, General Grant
formed the determination of throwing
forward this army by a rapid nigut
march toward Spottsylvania. Accor
dingly a march of fifteen- miles was
made during the night, and this morn
ing finds the whole army massed at
Todd's Tavern. Wo shall doubtless,
to-day, feel forward toward Spottsyl
vania Court' House, where wo shall
probably find the enemy in position.
Although we bate no reliable re
turns of our losses in the three days'
fight, it is probable they will roach 15-
000. The loss of the enemy cannot
vary much from that figure, and we
have taken 2000 prisoners.
The Battle of Sundoy, May 8
Near Spottsylvania Court House, Va,
Monday, -llay 9-2 P M.—l have this
morning returned from our advanced
line of battle, which lies within two and
a half miles of Spottsylvania Court
House, the enemy confronting in force.
Our army reached this position yester
day morning, Warren's corps having
the advance; and heavy fighting took
place during the day. It was hoped
that we could have reached Spottsyl
vania before the enemy would be able
to make that point, but in the footrace
which the two armies ran on Saturday
night, from the battle ground of the
Wilderness, the rebels beat us. Long
street, it appears, started at 11 P M,
of Saturday; our advance left at 10 P
The two columns marched by par
allel roads, but Longstreet's corps had
time to arrive and form lino of battle,
and when our force was thrown out
to feel the enemy this morning, he was
found in position. Our first attack
was made by Bartlett's brigade of
Griffin's division, on the right of the
road, with Robinson's division on the
loft. Bartlett had been ordered by
General Warren to attack in column,
under the belief that only Rebel cav
alry.would be found. Instead of this,
however, he ran on the whole of Gen.
Longstreet's corps, and his brigade,
already reduced by the fearful losses
of the three day's battle of the Wilder
ness, was frightfully cut up,
One of his regiments, the Ist Michi
gan, went in a • hundred strong, and
came out with but twenty five, having
lost three-fourths of its numbers in fif
teen minutes. Robinson's division
which held the left, was also roughly
handled, and broke in disorder. See
' ing this, General Warren seized the
division flag, and rallied the mon in
person. Fresh troops were thrown in,
and after lighting from 8 A. M. till 12
IL, our troops bad gained the object
sought—an open space up to the woods
in wlaieh the'Rebel line was formed.
In this engagement General Robinson
was severely wounded in . the leg, and
will have to lose his limb.
At 6 31„ two fresh divisions,
namely, those of Crawford (sth Corps)
and Getty (6th Corps,)_ were thrown
in, and after a severe engagement las
ting for an hour and a half, Crawford
carried the rebel position, took their
first lino of breastworks, and . captured
three hundred prisoners. This ended
the action of yesterday. For the num
ber engaged, our losses were extreme
ly severe, and will count up to 1500.
This morning found our linos estab
lished two and a half miles this side of
Spottsylvania Court llouse, and se
curely intronched. Longstrect has
also been streng,thoned by the arrival
of Ewell's corps. The rebel line- lies
on a ridge a mile in front of the Court
House, and it will be a position some
what difficult to carry, should it be
decided to make a direct attack.
It will be observed on the map,
that our present position carries us
many miles south and in the rear of
Fredericksburg, whose famous forti
fied heights are in our possession with
out the need of firing a shot. It will
be used as a depot, and for hospitals,
and several thousand of our wounded
were yesterday sent there. A small
army of 2500 greybacks have also just
been marched by headquarters, en
route to the same point. They aro
generally hearty looking follows, and
rather better shod and clad than I
have before seen them. '
Everything, thus far, hasgone . on
satisfactorily, although it would doubt
less have been better bad wo been able
to find an opportunity of fighting a
decisive battle,
The Army of the Potomac, is in su
perb condition and spirits ; in fact,
was never before in any such condi
tion. Wo are going on to Richmond,
depend upon it; at least, somo more
formidable obstacle than has yet ap
peared will have to present itself to
stop us. Butler, we see by the Rich
mond papers of yesterday, is between
Petersburg and Richmond. Sigel and
Averill are in the right place, and you
will probably hear from the cavalry
corps of this army, under the bold and
energetic leadership . of Sheridan, in a
way that will throw al4rovious raids
into the shade.
The headquarters of'the Lieutenant
General and General Meade aro al
ways established near each other, and
in action the two Generals and their
i 3 taffa, c_ always togotlier. General
Ideado retains tho immediate command
of this army, while General Grant ex
ercises a general supervision over the
movements over the whole field. In
regard to the operations of this army,
the two Generals are in constant con
sultation, and it would, I think, be
hard to say how much his own prac
tical share in the actual command. is.
Perhaps I may say that General Giant
indicates the stragetie moves and com
binations, while General Meade takes
charge of their technical execution.
The rebel papers acknowledge a loss
of two general officers killed and two
mortally wounded, while it is now pos
itively asecrtaincd•that Longstroot al,
so is wounded.
P. S.—We have this moment . Won
shocked by the announcement that
General Sedgwick, Commander of the
6th Army Corps, has just been killed
by a shot through the. head. Ho was
standing vp with his staff iu his ad
vanced lino of breastworks, and was
picked off by a Rebel sharpshooter,
perched in a trop. The ball entered
the face a little below the eyo, and
came out at the back of his neck. Ho
lived for half an hour after being
struck, and then expired. His body
has just passed headquarters in an
ambulance. It will be embalmed and
sent North. The profoundest grief is
felt at the death of the lion-hearted
chieftain, and it is felt that we could
better afford to lose a whole division
of the army.than one whose valor, il
lustrated on so many fields, we can
ill spare at this time. Ho never fought
so well as in the arduous three days'
fight in the 'Wilderness,' and it was a
matter of general remark how splen
didly Scdgwick had been doing. It is
presumed that General Wright will
take the vacant command of the 6th
Skirmishes of lioltday, May 9.
In Front of Spattsylvania Court
House, Va., Tuesday, May 10.—The
military situation at this hour (Tues
day, 12 M.,) finds the line of the army
drawn around Spottsylvania Court
House, in the arc of a circle, tho con
cave toward us. Tho enemy is in
force at that point, and seems deter
mined to dispute the passage. I men
tioned in my letter of yesterday that
the two armies ran a race from the
Wilderness for Spottsylvania, but un
fortunately the enemy won the race.
This should not be interpreted as con
veying any censure on the Army of
the Potomac, which has marched with
a now inspiration and a rapidity nev
er betore seen in its history.
But the very necessities of our con
dition as the invading party, with our
old base abandoned and a new one
not yet opened, obliges us to take im
mense trains, which, of course, retard
the general movement of the army;
the . rebels constantly falling back on
their base, and favored by their very
poverty, can readily beat us on an
equal start. it certainly would have
boon a great point gained had wo boon
able to make Spottsylvania Court
House in advance of the enemy. An
inspection of the map will show you
that it is an important stragetie point,
being tho point of divermonee of the
roads leading southward, to the
right and hilt.
The enemy's command of it enables
', l ''!4t'it)ii/, - 'Jt.
him to cover the ilthdrawal of his
trains and at the camp time bars our
further advance, unless,
in .on,Xiao condi
tionof an assault—whibli; in the coun
try which we aro now fighting, is
very destructive of life—or of a turn
ing movement. It is prohnble that to
day will decide tho question;
,and if;
as we hope, it gives us Spottsylvania
Court House, wo shall then be out of
the Wilderness, and have a eleiir road
on to Richmond.
Yesterday was intended to he a day
of quietude, during which the army,
fatigued by five days' incessant mar
ching and fighting, would have an op
portunity to recuperate and renew the
supplies of rations. Little occurred to
interfere with this programme, altho'
the rebels made an attack on Wilcox's
Division of Burnside's Corps, early in
the afternoon. They were, however,
handsomely repulsed, and Burnside
has the extreme left of our lino, tlth:
in a mile and a half of the C. 11.
About six o'clock last evening Gen
eral Hancock, holdidg tho right of our
line, crossed Po Creek and seized tho
Block Houso Road, the direct line
from Parker:s Store to Spottsylvania
Court House. Immediately afterward
Warren, who now has the centre, ad
vanced his lino of battle, drove the ro 7
bola for half a mile, and took up a
strong position. Up to the present
hour, the situation remains as here de
The rebels have as yet shown no
disposition to assume the offensive at
this point. It was confidently expec
ted on Sunday night that an attack
would take place onatancock's front,
toward the Cartharpen road, and on a
line with the Brock road. The troops
bhowed great diligence in throwing up
breastworks, and a brigade was ad
vanced out for a mile or more from the
main front over some cleared land.—
About an hour before sunset this at
tack was made. Immediately upon
the retirement of the advance brigade,
the enemy chafed toward- our line,
but never reached it.
They put a few guns in position, and
shelled the woods for a while, but did
no harm. A small number of General
Birnoy's troops, on whom the attack
was principally. made, wore wounded
by the enemy's musketry before they
withdrew, having received more harm
than they had done. Before this at
tack, our•a,dvanee could see Hill's corps
marching south to join the main body,
opposing our progress in front on the
branch of the Po.
As-it was necessary to bold this po
sition until it was certain the enemy
were gone, General Hancock did not
stay-the-progress of the merr-engag
in forming breastworks, but added an
other lino in the open ground around
Todd's Tavern, a regiment of heavy
artillery working all night to finish
them. It was a very pretty sight.--
The lanterns of the workmen hun g to
the blossoming cherry trees, and pic
turesque groups of soldiers digging
and erecting the works, while batter
ies stood harnessed up, their cannon
iers lying on the ground around the
carriages, in wait for any emergency.
At sunrise scouts advanced and
found the enemy in small force, and
about noonday General Hancock left
General Ward's brigade to hold the
position, and advanced with his corps
toward the river Po, which by night
ho bad, after considerably resistance,
passed. General Burnside, pushing
out on the extreme loft, advanced to a
place in front of Sedgwick's (now Gen
Wright's) corps. A reconnoissance by
two regiments was, made. These ad
vanced some distance without meeting
much resistance. At the same time
the cannonade along some portions of
the front was quite brisk between our
and the rebel artillery.
The prisoners we have are in -appa
rent good condition. Ono follow, who
was taken with much trouble, explain
ed his determined efforts to avoid cap
ture, on the ground that it was cur
rently reported that we should massa
cre all our prisoners, in revenge for
the slaughter of our negro soldiers.
We have fewer stragglers than usu
al, though not so few as might be. It
is not so easy to straggle in a country
where there is no communication, and
guerillas loaf around the army to pick
up any-waif or estray sleeping in the
woods. The Provost Guard has all it
can do, to keep the lingerers up to
their duty. General Patrick had quite
a brigade of them one day, and I bo
ner:had serious thoughts of making
a charge with them.
The same intolerable heat which wo
have had ever since the commence
ment of this movement still continues,
and numerous cases of coup de soleil
happen every day. It is, however,
one compensation for the heat that it
keeps the roads in excellent traveling
condition, saving and excepting the
dust, which is here of' a most malig
nant type. General Wright, who for
merly commanded la division of the
6th, is now in command of that corps,
so grievously deprived of its head by
the death of the beloved Sedgwiek, the
details of which I yesterday sent you.
The grief at this sad event intensifies
as it becomes known throughout the
army. An effort was at first made to
keep the sad fact from the knowledge
of the men. General Wright is an
excellent soldier, and will command
the Sixth well.
The road which our troops faced
runs from Orange Court 11.01180 to
Fredericksburg, and is forty-eight
miles long. It crosses no river. Pro
ceeding from Orange Court House,
wo come in a distance of ten miles to
Fordiersville ; ten miles further brings
us to Parker's store; six miles further
to Wilderness; five miles further to
Chancellorsvillc; ten miles more to
Just as I close this letter a heavy
cannonading has. commenced in the
front, for which I leave immediately.
TERMS, $1,50 a year in advance.
The Battle of Tuesday, May 10
Washington, Tuesday, May 10t11.—
The following despatch has just come
to hand : • -
Headquarters army of the PotOm°,
near Spottsylvania Court House, Wed
nesday, May la-41y despatch dated
P M, yesterday gaVe an outline
sketch of the operations of that day
down to the hour named, and includ
ing the announcement ,of the turning
of our right flank. I would gladly
have avoided leaving the situation sus
pended in this perilous condition, but
the messenger by whom I bad the Op
portunity to send my despatch left
just as the courier bearing the tidings
arrived. I hasten to. add that the me
nacing break was speedily repaired ;
and that the army holds at present a
position not differing greatly from
that we have held for the past two
days, with the exception , that our
right is somewhat more strengthened.
Yesterday's operations .noW assumed
the character of' the nicst,bilter. afitl
perhaps the most bloody of .tie series
of battles which have been fqught
since we crossed the Rapidnn... Itnow
ing its We do that otit cavalry force
has been working havoc with :Lee's
communications, that his supplies arc
almost exhausted, that the lines of in
vestment are being drawn around
Richmond, and that echoes of disaster
reach his ear from far-off 'Tennessee,
and presage the downfall of the fabric
of the Rebellion, we aro left to infer
that the attack of yesterday was a
desperate, and, let us hope, final at
tempt to.retrieve the rebel .fortunes
by dealing a crushing blow at this army .
It is enough to say that it failed,
and though he inflicted a severe loss of
life upon us, ho suffered not less him
self, and we still hold a position against
which the rebel fury may dash itself
in vain. It would seem to have been
the policy of Leo in the series of bat
tles,which ho has delivered during the
past week, to contest the advance to
Richmond at every available point, to
wear us away by degrees,_ and then,
perhaps,to fall upon the Union forces
under Butler, and endeavor to annihi
late them. This plan he has carried
into execution with a masterly skill,
inspired by a fury perfectly diabolical..
Wo are steadily pressing the rebels
southward. Tho enemy have • been
greatly favored by the nature of the
country, in whose dense woods and
tangled chapperal the litho and wary
are much more at home. Fortunately,
if we once carry the position which
they now hold in front of Spottsylva
nia Court House, we shall bo out of
the 'Wilderness' and reach open coun-
Tbo operations of yesterday were
opened by a reconnoissance on the
left•by Burnside's Corps, which devel—
oped the fact that the enemy was in no
force there—nothing but cavalry dis
puting the advance. This caused the
division of Mott to be withdrawn from
its position on the extreme right, and
it was sent to the left to connect with
Burnside. The rebel position now
very much resembled ours at Gettys
burg, a curved interior line, well pro.
tecCed by breastworks, with the addi
tional defense of a marshy run in front.
Holding us at bay in the centre, they
discovered the weakness of the right.
now held by Barlow's division.
This division of Hancock's command
as I yesterday mentioned, had made
the passage of the Po, throwing out
skirmishers on the east bank. This
gave it a coigne of vantage, froin
Which it not only enfiladed the entire
rebel position, but commanded the
road on which their trains wore pass
ing. At the same 'time; however, it
isolated it from the rest of the army—
a false position, of which the rebels
could hardly fail to take advantage,
and of which they did take advantage,
as wo shall presently see.
General Warren's corps held the
Centre of the lino, and it was resolved
that a vigorous assault should be made
there, while Hancock and Burnside
endeavored to assail and turn the two
flanks of the enemy. With this view
two divisions of the second corps were
thrown over to connect with the right
of Warren and support hint ' In exe
cution of the projected design General
Warren's corps moved forward during
the day; pressing tho rebels through
the woods to an open space behind,
close to the enemy's breastworks.—
This was intended by heavy shelling
from the enemy, and it was 3 or four
o'clock P M before the woods were
cleared. After this, the corps advanc
ed to assault the breastworks. In
this, however, it did not succeed, al-,
though the attempt was gallantly
made. Carroll's brigade went in on
the charge and lost eight hundred mon
General Meade realizing the critical
position in which the extreme right of
our line (Barlow's Division), was pia . -
ced, had ordered it to draw back--
The rebels had, however, anticipated
us, and Making a detodr came in,ori its'
roar, making it a matter orconsidera-,
ble difficulty to withdraw; ,supports
coming up, however, it Was sttecessful-
ly accomplished. A general attack
was ordered along the line, to take
place at 5 o'clock, but owing to the
tardiness of some of the Commanders
to got into line, it was postponed, first .
to 6 o'clock, and thentill half past. A .
furious cannonade from our artillery
preceded the charge. The worst of it,
was that the lateness of the hour pre
vented its being perfectly tinecessful.
General Wright advanced the flower
'of the Sixth Corps. Nobly and well
they sustained their reputation. -"Up,
ton's brigade leading they advanced
rapidly upon the enemy's breastworki3
without firing a shot, capturing them
at the point of the bayonet. As they
rushed on they captured the enemy
by hundreds, rushing upon them with
a fury that nothing could withstand.
To the number of twelve hundred they
run them back into our lines at full
THR:,,G.LOBE JOB . .OPtiCh 6 Lt.
the most complete of any to the comittn and PO . ,
acme the mist ample faclllll. for promptly execntang
the Let . t etylp, oveyy variety of Job Printing, each mi
CARP I 3,.
LABELS, go., &C.,
NO. 48.
erscurre or %SMIR;
' t " 1 1; '
speed, captur rig t e same
three of their guns. „
garner in, .tho day onefg'tb9 01 4 ' 1 1 . 1
my's batteries had beet digatlnd, arl
all the cannoniers driven from the
guns, from which they were kept by
the savage fire of our skirmishers. , •frt•
was hepet , that all the
bfaiight off, but the charge, was , not,
successful on the other parts of 'the
line, . and the gallant Sixth had telt&
back. Opy losses during,,the,d,fi t ymusi
have I, , ,e , atilie'd fmro eight to ten
and Mon: • • , • • • .
Webb's brigade, 2d Cif , rps kmt.boa
vily—the 20th Massachusetts par4 . cu c,
larly.- Colonel Many was'elangeroBl . .g.
wounded. “Major Abbott, artsiPlov ,
splendid officer, was killed, rinti.:oAir,
six or seven officers, out of tworitylour
left. Limit Fedcration, of the
Massaclifisetts, took a section into.acs,
Lion ; in a spot where the rebel shark
shotftels had a sAtcoping. fire. Ho n
taken from filo field, shot, in,,beth his ,
thighs, aftl doing good,ser,vme. f,;...1
Thia,was on Wright's front, Gerd.,
*aid was bit In the neck early in thq:
day, but would not leave the field, and,:
afterward,led his brigade in the 'charge,
on Vane 6 oßs irqK ~ kAgierZ.Rf cq.‘.
burn's, on Wright's. troatr; did good tier—
vice, throwing their shells into the
bel intrenebrnents. Captain,",ltkaro9, ,
of the 3d Massachusetts battery, was
wounded in the neck.
The losses of the army,
time, , exeoed: nnY all rig that % pro7l-:
ons:,hattlo has cost us: Nothing s hng.
be . en-de . vphigieit n p to this hour restn4,,,i
ting,ge,onemy's position.or, intentip . mi
for the 4gy, and thero is nothini,4 9 zp r ,
dietitie„whother they will' retrent,
main on the defensive, or
1864,; igoi;
H. R(-)7-IVtAlli:
sPRTNG AND atnligiik
• •
For Gentlemen's Clothing of the tn'et itlitletial, and made
n the beet workmanlike rummer§ fall at ' •
11. It 0 bI A . •
opponite . the Franklin House In Market Egtalfif; ntlfrriftli;
don, Pa. • • „
lluntingdon, drlt 27 fdt •
NEW cLotrilpid . •.-
AT LOW PRZotm: •
M. OUTMAN - 71,
Which he offers - to all who want to bo
,E D ,
AT . PB.faES TO SUIT !flit Ittnitt
nu Stock (-audits of Ready-made Clothhag fur
.„ •
tem Af.{I I . I 3O.OM,HATI4 CAPS, ic.. , AA 1,
Should gentlemen slake any faII:SUMP-Shut:4r cited
clothing not found in the mock on baud, by leaviegf# ery
measure they can be accomniodated at short notice. • "..
Call-at the east corner of the Diamond, over Long's
Huntingdon. April 27'64.
_booming" 62424 3.l.ntutil ininia - 464;
It being the beet conducted and safest Compaili In, the
State. Their capitalie over 2000,000 Dollersj And-have a
perpetual charter, and now over twenty-three yearn -In
operation, and during that timo Image paid , over'sl,ooo,ooo
for damages done by tire, without being debt.
The company continuos to insuro all •kludef breprotierty.
from loss by fire for five years, with a premium note -T-
Also Insure property, geode, &A, 4(4, for three, six, nine,
and twelve months, and for tire-or three years. without.
a premium note and without fissessments, and et a Wirer.
rate than any oilier company. Please :glr,o. thattlederp.,
signed a call, who has boon agent °tithe - coMprmy. 'over
twenty years.. • - DAVID SNA/th', Agent.
liuuttagden, April 27-Im* '
• .
. •
At ehiladelphia Wholesale Prices.
FrOm flair place of buciie6e,on Hill Street,'
Oa RAILROAD STRUT, neer the anion iiotYse;
Where they intend doing
Who buy goods by the plea° ot.pneitage,
WILL FIND IT to their ADYA*Priiii
General Ansarnnent of GOODS';
suet, as WIT 000D13,
.ittlmam, tes.a.i.eni,r
NOTIONS, &0., .43;04 led
liuntlngdon, Mitt 0,1861.
You all want a CLOTHES WHINGES; order
to get through your washing earlier, spare your strength
and at thwarts timosrons enough in the wear of elsAlems..
by using a Wringer, to pay for It la six month'', at
present price of cotton, 'Wringers that blite taken.the
VRERIOM OVER Ay. OV/TERR in tha market, for sale at the
Hardware Stele of Fe 31864 JADES A. DISOWN.
WM. MANN'S AXES, at old prices,
at the Hardware store of JAB. A .41110141 i.
Huntingdon, 1e10,61