The globe. (Huntingdon, Pa.) 1856-1877, June 10, 1863, Image 2

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    qt Oiftlyt.
- :,}4.:Cr•NTINGDON, PA.
W. Leimii, Editor and Proprietor.
Wednesdaymiiining, June 10, 1868.
Our Flag Forever.
pf 'no mode in tablet a loyal cite',
ten 4mirio 'tan * demons/rade ' his &wain; to
hw colpitry as by sustaining the Flag the
aps,3titution and at Maio», tender all cirtunt
'AifiOUGI.AS, •
WHO ARE TRAITORS.—We are credi
bly informed that a delegation in at
tetidandeat a bogus Democratic meet
ing Bold Ebensburg last week,march
cd through 'the streets, and repeatedly
cheered for doff. Davis. There are
Many men in this county claiming to
be Democrats, who aro not behind
theirfellow traitors of Cambria in their
nut-spoken treason, and we regret to
know that too many loyal Democrats
still amociate with such men in public
meetings, and privately, for the pur
pose of strengthening a party organi
zation that is completely under the
control of men who are worse than the
leading rebels in arms against our
Government. All men who claim to
be Democrats are not traitors or rebel
vmpathizers, but if they continue to
aid their leaders in their treasonable
opposition to the Government, they
cannot complain if they too are "coun
ted in." True Democrats simuld
quire to what organization all rebel
sympathizers belong. The Vallandig
hams, and every traitor in the North,
in and out of our army, claim to bo
members of the so-called Democratic
organization. And to this organize
-tic& Jeff. Davis and his rebel crew look
to for aid and comfort, We dent that
lluiDemoerati have an organization—
s party—as they had proVious to the
hist Presidential campaign. The south
-ern traitors-to the- Democratic party
hi 3 6Q; :with but very few exceptions,
.si t re, now in arms against the, Govern-
And the leading traitors North
are their. sympathizers. All true De
mocrats are
- for their country first, and
opposed to any and every organization
not purely Democratic. The Vallati
digham organization is not the Demo
cratiolarty—it is a treasonable or
innization,'and must be put down by
an honest, patrioqo, public opinion.
Ircti!aUcl!gbainithi 151,3?0 , 0 . . new way. to
'indy4olacir , ,friend§ to ' t urn out'when
tP /POW P, idto . w." • Notices
sitnilar to the following wore found
Vostid iip at all - ttio mines •On Broad
'Poplin the day previouS to the " In-
Ognation Meeting:" _
May 2800803
Notice is hereby given to all mon
holding Democratise principles to re
main idle on to-morrow, and attend
the Democratic Mass Meeting in Hun
tingdon: Any person failing to com
ply with notice may accidentally meet
with a surprise.
This order was obeyed, and a dele
gation of about 170 men attended the
meeting, in charge of a committee of
fifteen, who were appointed overseers
to keep the " Democracy " out of
trouble. When this delegation arriv
ed in town, it was taken charge of by
old Know No, ings, and marched to
thoz,Cogrt now, where the meeting
was Fesided over by a know Nothing,
and the crowd were compelled to wor
ship Owen, another Know Nothing.—
The "Democracy" of this county are
now under the control of men who
were against the Democratic organiza
tion when it had some character.
The Bogus DemoCrecy Resisting the
The bogus Democracy in most' of
their public meetings speak in favor of
obeying the laws, yet where they are
strong enough they do not hesitate to
oppose tho enforcement of the laws
necessary to strengthen our .Govern
merit against the rebel army of the
South. It will be seen by the follow
ing despatch from Reading that the
bogus Democracy of Berke county aro
determined to resist the draft :
BEAnnio r june Enroller of
Brecknock , township, Berke county,
who is a member of the Society of
Friends, and named Joseph Dickerson,
was attacked at his residence on Thnrs
day' night. ' The dwelling was much
damaged. On Friday he received no
tice that "his grave had been dug,"
and on that night three shots were
tiretl at his sister's. house. This morn
ing he came to Reading and resigned
his commission. The attack is believed
to have originated with the Knights
of the Golden Circle.
ret,ary, of War had authorized Governor
Curtin to raine, i 5 regiinents, viz :
Ten ntinfantry and five of cavalry; to
iiet'pLikeil on 'Our Southern border, to
prevent and guard against raids in fu
tui'e-- We are , glad'of it, as we think
ibis was much needed, and may be
the means of preventing serious trou
The Friends of Peace.
Between present peace and permanent
peace there is a vast difference. The
friends of present peace are those who
would compromise the honor and the
integrity of the Government, to escape
personal service, to make political cap
ital, or secure self-aggrandizement.—
Such peace would be more uncertain
and really more dangerous than the
common vicissitudes of war, in which
the result of battle bangs on the mer—
est chance. It would be a peace
breeding constant apprehension and
alarm. The Government would be
unstable because unvindicated. The
law would go into operation without
a support, because its enforcement
would constantly involve a comprom
ise which would defeat its intention
when those who might incur its.pcnal
ties resolved to resist its power.—
Those who are opposing the efforts of
the National Government to put down
rebellion, aro favoring the present
peace to which we now refer. Such
as these want peace that they may
carry to success their political plans.
It is not to restore the country to
greatness or glory, that such hypo
crites as Bill Bigler or such naturally
brceded traitors as Bill Reed desire
peace. They preach peace alone to
promote party purpose. They offer
the compromise of national honor that
their party plans may succeed. Tho
traitors who drew the sword and light
ed the torch for ;,slavery, must bo
brought to their knees in utter and
complete subjection; they must be
forced to accept such terms as the out
raged majesty of the law and the in
suited purity of the Government may
dictate. They must be made to feel,
in their persons and their property,
that this Government is not only all
powerful tx.l'protect the right, but that
it is invincible when it moves to crush
out the wrong. Those who support
the Government in its efforts against
the traitors in arms, are doing all
they can to hasten the establishment
of such a peace. No other power but
the Government can restore this
peace. Political parties aro unable of
themselves to create national harmo
ny or vindicate the national authority.
As these are able to do that Govern
ment great harm, so are they able to
do it great good. This is being realiz
'ed at the present hour. The party
which is supporting that'Government
—the loyal men of all parties, who are
rallying to its defence and mainten
ance, are those who are in favor of
permanent peace. But those who are
opposing the Government—who are
constantly clamoring for peace by as
sailing the National Administration—
by traducing and maligning the repre
sentatives of the federal authority—
these are the enemies of peace. Had
the Government been supported, as it
should have been, by the united mass
es of the free and loyal States, the re
bellion would not have lasted a year.
Had the leaders of tne 'Detimeratio"
party who first expressed sympathy
for traitors, been arrested and dispos
ed of, the traitors of the South would
uow be on their knees suing for peace,
and as an evidence of their sincerity,
the same men would covenant to hang
every doughface of the Vallandigham
ilk in their possession.—Rarrisburg
Daily Telegraph.
Who Got up the Rebellion?
Every day we hear rebel sympathi
zers say that the rebellion was got up
by " Abe Lincoln " and the "Aboli
tionists." Hundreds of the followers
of such traitors as Vallandigham, Big
ler & Co., believe such silly assertions.
They believe them because they aro
educated to obey their political leaders.
They are - white men, but few of them
have the independence to think for
themselves. They enjoy about the
same poli tieal privileges that the "white
trash" do in some of the 'Southern
States. They are unworthy to be
called freemen.
We ask the question again—" Who
got up the rebellion ?"—and ask atten
tion to the following events which oc
curred during the administration of
James Buchanan :
Doe. 10, 1800. South Carolina nee
Jan. 3,186 L Mississippi acceded.
Jan. 16,1861. Florida seceded.
Jan. 19, 1861. Georgia acceded.
Jan. 31, 1861. Louisiana revolted
Feb. 1, 1861. Texas revolted.
Feb. 5, 1861. Arkansas revolted.
Feb. 9, 1861. Jefferson Davis was
elected President of the Southern Con
Feb. 19, 1861. Jefferson Davis was
Now who got up the rebellion—and
who aro responsible for the great de
struction of life and property since the
war began?
Loyal Governors.
In closing his inaugural address,
Governor Gilmore of New Hampshire,
says : tln .such a contest as that in
which we are now involved, lam unable
to discriminate between the support of the
Government and the support of the Na
tional Administration. It is no time
now to speculate upon the causes of
the rebellion. The only facts which
we need, are, that it exists, and that it is
our DUTY to put it down. It was a re
mark made to me by a former Gover
nor of 'this State, the Into venerable
Isaae Hill, in which I fully concur,
that 'a man who will not stand by his
Government is a coward and a traitar.'''
The Income Tar.
A series of important decisions, just
announced by the Commissioner of In
tonal Revenue, servo to clear up some
doubtful points in reference to the as
sessment of the income tax. Mer
chants have expressed doubts in regard
to the proper mode of estimating their
income for the year ending with De
cember last, but the Commissioner de
fines the requirement of the law as
follows :
"A merchant's return of income
should cover the business of the year
1862, excluding previous • years. Un
collected alecounts must be estimated.
" Old debts, formerly considered
hopelessly lost, but paid within the
time covered by the return of income,
should be included in the statement,—
Debts considered hopelessly lost on
December 31, 1862, and duo to the
business of 1862, may bo deducted
from the profits of business. If subse
quently paid, they must be included
in the return for the year in which paid."
In relation to the income of farmers
the Commissioner rules as follows:
"A farmer, when making return of
the total amount of his farm produce,
shall be allowed to deduct therefrom
the subsistence of horses, mules, oxen
and cattle used exclusively in the car
rying on of said farm. The term
'farm produce' is construed to include
all productions of a farm, of what na
ture and kind soever. The account of
stock sold by a farmer since December
31, 1862, should be included in the
present assessment, but the profit re
alized thereby must be accounted for
in the next year's return.
"Where he has included in his return
produce raised by him, and fed in
whole or part to stock subsequently
sold, ho must account for the gain re
alized by the feeding and selling of
said stock. Where he has not inclu
ded the produce so fed, he must return
as Fonts the difference between the
value of said stock on the 31st day of
December, 1861, and the amount real
ized for them. Fertilizers purchased
by farmers to maintain their land in
present productive condition will be*
considered as 'repairs' in estimating in
Occupants of boarding houses aro
held to be entitled to the deduction
allowed to payers of house rent. The
commissioner says :
"When a person boards and rents a
room or rooms, the rout thereof, in
lieu of rent of house, should be deduct
ed from the amount of income subject
to taxation."
The income tax is assessed upon the
actual income of individuals; firms, as
such, need not make returns. Charit
able, literary and scientific institutions
are wholly exempted from the income
ON the 18th of Dec., 1814, twenty
days before the battle of Now Orleans,
Gen. Jackson reviewed and addressed
his troops. The Battalion of Men of
Color he addressed thus :
" SOMMERS :—From the shores of
" Mobile I collected you to arms ;Tin>
vited you to share in the perils and
" to decide the glory of your white
" countrymen. I expected Much of
" you; for I was, ,not -.uninformed of
"those qualities.•which Must milder
"you so formidable to an invading e.
" I knew that you could endure hun
ger and thirst and all .the hardships
"of war. I knew that, you loved the
"land of your nativity, and that, like
" ourselves, you had to defend all that
"is most dear to man. But you aux
" pass my hopes; I have found in you,
" united to these qualities, that noble
" enthusiasm which impels to great
" deeds."
See the pictorial biography of And.
Jackson, by JOHN FROST, L. L. D.
pages 315 and 316, where the reader
will find this address.
WE had intended to take some no
tice of tho hundreds of falsehoods put
in circulation by the Vallandighamitos
about the destruction of the Me/liter
office and the "indignation meeting,"
but we have concluded to lot them pass
for the present and make the proper
use of them at the proper time. Wo
have not yet seen a word of truth in
any statement about either in any of
the rebel sheets, except the naked facts
that the Monitor was destroyed and an
" indignation meeting" was held.
From the Lower End.
Editor of the Globe,
D.E.111, Slit have thought proper
to pen you a few lines from the lower
end of the county in regard to two
meetings hold by the bogus Demoera.
cy—ono at Orbisonia, 'on the 3d, the
other on the 4th; at Shade Gap. Word
was given that B. B. Pptrikin and
Spoor were to address those meet
inn. At Orbisonia there were a few
of the Monitok friends, together with
several loyal Deniedrats. e nieet4
ing NV4 ArSt,4dqyCS'SCCt 1)y . Peti'ill'4l' in
a tirade:of abusive language, against
the Government; which disgusted the
loyal men of botb'partiot. • Next came
the young gun into play. ' He had dis
-Or:4N-end that Petrikin'tiSpeech was not
relished very Well, and ho was more
mild in twaddle, but everything was
wrong and unconstitutional that Lin
coln had done, and that he was not
elected by the majority of tho people.
Well, by such nonsense, they lost more
than they gained. Next, the meeting
at Shade Gap came off. Hero there
were some of their own stamp from
Tell,' but both were mere fizzles. At
this meeting, a majority of the Demo
crats were loyal, and the speakers
wore hissed at, and their traveling bar
running oat a little too soon, they bad
to close the meeting with the loss of
Petrikin's hat. Had the speakers
watched the hat as close as they did
the bottle it would not have 'be en lost.
We of Shade Gap would like to have
them here again, as they do no harm
to any ' person, but help the Union
Juno 8, 1863.
General Hooker's Army Re-crossed the
Rappahannock.—The First Line of
Rifle Pits Carried. —Daring Bravery
of Our Troops.—The'Rebels in Strong
Force.--Capture of One Hundred
[Special Dispatch to the N. Ileralcl.)
The Second Division of the Sixth
Army Corps crossed the Rappahan
nock at noon yesterday, on pontoon
bridges laid by a detachment of the
Engineer corps. The object -was a ro
connoissanee in force to ascertain the
motives and position of the enemy.
The rebel sharpshooters made some
opposition to the placing of the pon
toons, but this was quickly overcome,
although we lost ono or two men in
the operation.
After the division had crossed, there
was considerable skirmishing, and the
rifle pits occupied by the rebel rifle
men were finally carried, and some 30
or 40 prisoners captured. Among the
killed was Capt. Cross of the Fiftieth
New York.
The rebels still hold Fredorioksburg.
Gen. Longstreet is there, and shows a
strong front at the upper fords of the
Rappahannock. It is believed that a
large part of the rebel force has gone
in the direction of Gordonsville, but
with what intention can only be sur-
Our army is in good• Spirits, and
ready for a movement forward at an
hour's notice. Col. Kilpatrick's caval
ry brigade arrived at •boadquarters
last evening, from Yorktown via Ur
bana and the Northern Neck.
Since leaving Urbana, they have
gathered fivo hundred horses and
mules, 305 vehicles, and 250 contra
bands, of whom all but fifty are valu
able field hands.
Major Stokes of the 40th Virginia,
Lieut. Millichn of the Baltimore Artil
lery, and a number of the rebel signal
corps were also taken prisoners and
brought hero.
[Special Dispatch to the N. Y. Times.]
ARMY OF n tO, June 4.—Yester
day,at noon, very unexpectedly to ev
erybody, the Engineer brigade was or
dered to the Rappahannock with pon
toon bridges, and ordered to proceed
with the construction of two bridges
across the river at the point known as
Franklin's crossing, below the month
of Deep Rim, and one mile below
The batteries from the Sixth Corps,
under charge of Col. Tompkins, were
likewise ordered to cover the engineers
in their work, and Howe's division of
infantry was ordered to the spot to
support the engineers and push across
as soon as the bridges were laid.
The only rebel force visible was a
double line of pickets, who lounged
about very innocently, watching our
operations closely.
About five o'clock, the Engineers
commenced unloading the pontoons,
whereupon the rebels flopped into their
rifle pits, and began picking off our
men. Our artillery, twenty guns or
more, immediately opened with shell,
and for two - hours kept up a vigorous
cannonade, with but little effect , how
over, upati , tGe islith - iniLi,oLua6,
It became necessary to storm the
rifle pits, and at half-past six o'clock,
the 26th New York, Col. Morrison, of
Col. Grant's brigade, was ordered into
the boats. They at once piished across
under a dense fire, and landing on the
opposite side, rushed upon the rifle
pits with cheers. The rebels vacated
and ran. Our men were instantly de
ployed as skirmishers, and in a short
time some of the 02d Florida were
brought iu as prisoners. Other refits.
of the Vermont brigade soon followed
in boats, until nearly the whole of ten
brigades were over.
As soon as the firing ceased, the en
gineers began the work on the bridges,
and at 9 P. M., had ono completed,
and the remainder of Howe's division
passed over. Our casualties were five
killed and twenty-five wounded.
OurfereeS advanced cautiously across
the plain, deploying skirmishers very
handsomely, our right restingon Deep
Run, and the left in the vicinity of
Bernard Rouse. By - dark they had
reached the Bowling Green road and
posted pickets for the night well out
towards the foot of the timbered crests
on which the enemy have their strong
The rebels were' not discovered in
fordo last night, though the prisoners
stated that we should soon meet them
if we kept on advancing. This morn
ing enough has been ascertained to lo
cate the greater portion or the ene
my's force.
We took .nearly HO prisoners, inclu
ding ono Major. Onr crossing took
the enemy greatly by surprise. Dur
ing the night, Gen. Leo marched two
corps back from the vicinity'of Salem
Church to a position in front of our
lines. Gen. Longstreet's corps has re
inforced the troops in Fredericksburg
and slept there last night. This mor
ning they moved in a southerly direc
By this bold movement we have de
monstrated to a certainty what be
came of the enemy, besides divining
his purposes.
Our men behaved most gallantly,
cheering as they crossed for the third
time, this historic river. The move
ment has thrilled the army with ex
citement and impatience.
The rebels returning to their fortifications
Ncw YORK, Ynno B.—The Herald's
special despatch from Washington,
says the reports from the army of the
Potomac (Sunday) represent matters
as very quiet.
The rebel forces in large numbers
wore seen yesterday returning to the
fortifications in the rear and below
One of the prisoners captured on
Friday below Fredericksburg, stated
that it was intended soon to make a
raid toward Washington. If such a
design is entertained, they will find
ample preparation made for their re
The object of the reconnoissance
across the Rappahannock was fully ac
The Siege of' Vicksburg.
CINCINNATI', Juno 4.—Our direct ad-
Vices from 'Vicksburg are to Saturday,
the 30th of May. For several days
previous, quiet prevailed along the
lino, broken by occasional cannonad
The Commercial's despatch says
Spades are once more' trumps. We
are eroctO,Tealltlkworks to protect our
men, ant:o4,4lldg to blow the face out
of one'o'r:tivO forts that are nearly un
approachable otherwise. The idea of
_carrying the place by storm seems- to
be abandoned, and the safer and surer
plan of starving Gen. Pemberton into
submission now. finds favor every
A deserter came into bur lines this
morning. He represents that ho was
sent out by General Pemberton to
communicate verbally with Generals
Johnston, and Loring. The former he
supposed to be between Big Black
River and Jackson and the latter near
Port Gibson. He represents affairs in
the city as growing desperate. About
eighteen thousand effective men are
there. Two•thirds are kept in the
fortifications night and day and not al
lowed to leave an instant on any pre
text. A detail each evening cook the
rations, consisting of three quarters of
a pound of meat and the same of corn
meal per day. The remaining one
third is held as a reserve to strengthen
any threatened point at a moment's
Generals Pemberton, Lee, Reynolds,
Stevenson and others are in the city.
Most of the sick left the city before its
investment. Those who remain have
excavated eaves, and live in them
night and day. The valuable mer
chandise in the city is also thus stored,
from fear of conflagration TIM poor
arc generally in their houses.
Over ono hundred women and chil
dren have been killed by our bombard
ment. Gen. Pemberton believed his
rations would hold out thirty days,
but u.•ged Johnston to come to his re
lief within ten days at the furthest.—
The cavalry horses have been turned
loose and driven toward our lines, ow
ing to the lack of forage. (This has
since been confirmed.) There was
ammunition enough to last sixty days,
with the single exception of gun caps;
these were scarce.
All confidently expected superhu
man efforts to be made by those out
side to raise the siege. They consider
Vicksburg the strongest place in the
confederacy. Gen. Blair had met no
enemy in force, and the reports of Gen.
Johnston being near are disbelieved.
At all events, we aro prepared for him.
Subsistence for our army comes to
Lake's Landing on the Yazoo River,
about ten miles from the Mississippi,
by transports, and thence by teams to
the different army corps.
This morning, the heaviest cannon
ading of the siege was kept up with
out intermission for nearly three
hours. New batteries have lately
been put in position, and 150 guns
were playing on the city.
At daylight, the firing was rapid be
yond belief; and the reports along the
whole line averaged one per second for
minutes together. The roar of the
heavy siege guns was awful, and the
earth was shaken by the concussion.—
The weather continues hot. The
roads and camps are uncommonly dus
ty. The wounded are being removed
to the hospital boats in large numbers,
and transported to Memphis.
All gOes well, considering the mag
n;tAdc of the operations
CHICAGO, Juno special de
spatch from Chickasaw Bayou,.dated
JUnc Ist, says:
There is no impirtant change to re
port. Gen. 'Logan has planted heavy
siege guns within 100 yards' of the
rebel works, and has constructed a
covered way from behind the high
hill, through which' the gunners pass
to and fro with little danger.
A bearer of despatches from Pem
berton to Johnston left the rebel lines
on Thursday last, and coming directly
to Gen. Grant's headquarters, commu
nicated the contents to Gen. Grant. •
It is reported from Helena, Arkan
sas, that the country between White
River and St. Francis is patrolled by
guerilla bands numbering from six
hundred to seven hundred men, under
Gen. Price has removed his entire
force from Little Rock to Fort Smith,
leaving behind but a single regiment.
Marmaduke was at Jacksonport, Ar
The guerillas are extremely enter.
prising, and extend their operations to
a point' almost within sight of Helena.
CINCINNATI, June 6.—Our advises
from Vicksburg are to Juno 2d, but
they contain no particular news.—
Gem Grant is able to press the siege
and take care of Johnston, who is pos
ted still at Jackson. His reported
march on Memphis is not confirmed.
Our siege guns are close up to the
enemy's works, and are playing vigor
rously on them and the town. On the
Ist inst., the rebels shot three hundred
horses on the river bank, being unable
to feed them.
General Blair is up the Yazoo. Im
portant news is oxpoeted from Wm..'
CINCINNATI, Jane 7.—The Adams
Express company have advices from
their superintendent at 3Temphis to
the 3d instant.
A bearer of despatches from Pem
berton to Johnston was captured on
Thursday. The' dispatch reads : "Fo
rage all gone; men on quarter rations;
can hold out ton days." -
On Friday Gen. Grant ordered every
gun in position to throw shell into
Vicksburg. In ono boar 3,600 were
safely lodged in the city. The effect
is not known.
CAIRO, June 7.:--A steamer from the
Yazoo has arrived with dates to,Wod
nesday last.
The a fire in Vicksburg on Monday
night was caused by the explosion of
our shells. One whole side of Wash
ington Square was destroyed.
The planting of the siege guns is
progressing, and it was the intention
to open along the whole line on Wed
Our linos have been drawn in so
close that in many places the armies
aro within speaking distance.
Cmcnoo, June B.—A special de
spatch, dated Walnut Bills, June 2d,
says Gon. Blair's expedition bad re
turned without the loss of a man.—
They had scoured fifty-six miles of
country from the Big Black to the Ya
Several bridges, grist mills and cot
ton gins, which were used to 4rind
corn, were destroyed, together with a
large quantity of cotton marked C. S. A.
Hundreds of negroes stampeded at
the approaeh of our troops and follow
ed them into our lines.
The Johnston has not yet been hoard
from definitely, and it is supposed that
he cannot raise a force sufficient to at
tack Grant.
Detailed Account of Sixteen Days'
Our Losses 5,000; Rebel Losses 3.5,000
[Corregpandence of the Chicago'Journall
24, 1863.—Gen. Grant's army is in the
rear of Vicksburg in a most excellent
military . position, the line extending
from the upper water batteries, on
Walnut Hills above Vicksburg, around
to the heights above Warrenton and
below Vicksburg. The average dis
tance of our main force from the city
is two miles. Our line of skirmishers,
however, is quite up to the rebel en
trenchments—a few yards generally
measuring the distance between our
sharpshooters and the rebel earth works.
A detailed account of all the opera
tions including the battles and march
es by which the position has been at
tained, would be too long for your
columns. A brief resume must answer.
A three months' campaign in the
front, with the attempts to reach and
carry the
,enemy's right through Ya
zoo Pass and Steel's Bayou, having
demonstrated that the flank could not
be turned in that way-7 , --the battle of
Chickasaw Bayou having shown that
a single column could not reach Vicks
burg by a front attack on Walnut
Hills. Haines' 'land 'Snyder's Bluffs
proving altogether too strong for the
naval flotillayand all the canal projects
failing, after immense labor;-it was de
termined ~to „attempt the movement
which has so far proved, successful.—
The history of modern warfare fur
nishes few that equal it in boldness and
audacity of conception, and, so far, in
brilliant, triumphant execution.
While the Fifteenth Army Corps
(Sherman's) Was posted imfull force in
the immediate front of Vicksburg, the
Seventeenth (MCPWerson's)Wa.s moved
by divisions and brigades' aerosa•the
country from Milliken's Bend, fifteen,
miles above Sherman!s. Landing, anSi
encamped below. and about Carthage..
Admiral Porter rap the blockade 'with
his iron clads and two trausriertS.
vigorous cannonade from "Shertnants
easemated batteries opened,:thothext
morning, on the town.. ,Pour.,other
transports followed the Admiral's fleet.
The, Thirteenth Artny . Cdr'Ps (McOler
nand's) followed ' thO" 'Seven tediith
across the country. Things , being thus
prepared, General Sliermanat mid-day
on the 30th of April,, moved up,..the
Yazoo on a large fleet_ of, tranperts,
preceded by keven gun'boitts. Early
in the morning he opened a fierce ,at
tack upon Haines' and Snyder's Bluffs.
The same day Porter attacked the
' batteries at Grand Gulf. The rebels
were completely deceived. Their main
forces were concentrated at Vicksburg
and Haines' Bluff. Grand Gulf was
loft with a garrison of, about seven
thousand. On the 2d of May,Sher
' man renewed the attack on Haines's
Bluff, and Porter on Grand Gulf. The
transports ran the batteries below, and
two divisions crosed over tho Mississ
ippi. Grand Gulf was - cvacuarucl7an
Grant had a foothold on the rebel side
of the MissisSippi. In the night-time
Sherman returned to Young's Point,
and the next day moved his corps NM
15th) to Grand Gulfi.and joined Grant.
In the meantime • Grant had, with Os
terhaus' and togan's divisions, overta
ken the rebel Bowen's force at Wilson's
Hill, completely routing them, and
taking seven hundred prisoners.—
Pushing rapidly up tho line of the Big
Black river, near Raymond, be met
the enemy under General Gregg, and
at once attacked and defeated him,
with Logan's division of McPherson's,
and Tuttle'sof Sherman's corps, cap
turing some two thousand prisoners.
Without delay, Sherman's and Mc-
PherSon's corps moved to Jackson,
capturing the State Capital, after a
short engagement, on the 14th. Me-
Clernand's corps, the head of whose
column was eight miles in the rear,
was at once ordered to move by Ed
ward's Station toward the Big Black
Bridge. MePhersdn moved along the
lino of the road, through Bolton, and
Sherman, on the right, towards the
Bridgeport Ferry. Between Bolton
and Edward's Station, at Champion
Hills, the enemy ender Gen. Tilghman
were found posted in a very strong
position. Croeker's and Hovey's divi
sions attacked thorn in front, and a
very severe battle took place. Our
field was fought over three times.—
The rebels finally gave way as _Logan
was moving in upon their flank. Gen.
Tilghman was killed and his army ut
terly routed. Several thousand priso
ners and thirty-three pieces of artille
ry were captured. The army crossed
the Big Black by three columns the
next morning, and moved at once upon
the work in the rear of Vicksburg.—
Sherman on the right, McPherson in
the centre, and McClernand on the
left. The enemy retreated to their
entrenchments in the rear of Vicks
and along the line of the Chicka
saw Bayou and the Yazoo. lathe
night, Steele's division, of Sherman's
corps, made a night attack upon the
rebel works on Walnut Hills—the same
which he attacked in December last—
and after a hard battle of five hours'.
duration, defeated - them. Our right
was thus brought to the heights above
the Yazoo. Haines's and Snyder's
Bluffs were captured, with all , their
ordnance and stores. '
The next day General Grant ordered
an assault to be made on the whole
lino at ten o'clock. The assault was
delayed until two in the afternoon, in
consequence of a report from McCler
nand that he was not ready to move.
Promptly at two o'clock Sherman's
Corps and the right of McPherson's,
under Logan, moved to the assault.—
The loft of McPherson's corps waited
for the right of MeClernand's. Gonl.
MeClernand did not move. The as
sault was, therefore, made by the right
and centre. It was a moat gallant at
tack. Our men, in the face of a storm
of grape and canister and rifles, charg
ed down bills, tip ravines and up hills,
straight to the enemy's earthworks.--
The rebel ditches wore oircular and
deep, and the parapets of such height
that our bravo men could Da scale
them. The enemy, finding that they
were not attacked by our left, massed
in front of Sherman and. McPherson,
and were repulsed. Many bravo
cers and men felt in this assault. Our
troops lay close to the rebel works un
til night, when they were withdrawn.
Our line of supplies by the way of
Grand Gulf had been abandoned for
scveaal days, in , consequence of its
great length. During the night after
the assault, General Sherman, in per
son, with a small escort of cavalry,
looked up and opened a road across
Chickasaw bottom, to , the Yazoo, and
AUpecteded in getting despatehes thro'
to Young's Point. Supply- heats canny
up at once, and the army was fully
provided with rutiens. gills is now
our line of supplies, and the•army is
well and easily provided•withr commis
sary and ordnance stores.. ,
At the time of the first assault, the
enemy was in the greatest consterna
tion. All the prisoners in Vicksburi
were released and sent across• the
er. I believe, if McClernand bad
the assault, as ordered, our $'
would have taken Vicksburg.
he did not, I really do not kn
would not like to say that he is
politician than General—more je
of others and ambitious of self th'.
becoming the good soldier; bat tl,
the fact, if one-half that is asserteu
officers in relation to his conduct at
first and second assaultsis true; if it
be ought not to be where be is.
During the night of the 21st, tin
gunboats and mortars opened upon the
city and the lower batteries. During
the whole night, and until ton in the
morning of the 22d, a constant, heavy
terrific cannonade was kept up. Sow,
after daylight, the batteries of the ar
my opened fire. The rebels replied
from all their guns. The water batte. •
rios were silenced by the gunboats,
but those on the heights kept at work..
The gunboats could not fire at them, a&
our army was in the rear.
About midday another assault was
ordered on the whole line. Storming
parties of volunteers, and forlorn
hopes, were advanced under cover of
field batteries and sharpshooters, and
supported by brigades. The men
moved bravely and well into the field,
and up to the works; but all in vain.
We could not take the works. The
men dug steps in the earthworks with
their bayonets, and placed their colors
on the rebel parapets, whence neither
party could remove them, every man
who showed himself, falling.from2 the
shot of a rifleman. Our loss during
the day was very severe, especially of
Vicksburg is defended in the rear by
works fifteen feet in height, wi telt
es ten feet deep—the works standing
on steep hillsides, every approach pro
tected by rifle-pits and covered by ar
tillery. It cannot be taken by as
sault, but will be taken. It is a doom
ed city.
.This morning a mine under ono •of
th'e forts, in front of Sherman's corps,
Was blown up, and the site is now in
our possession.
,Xlm.gunhonts Choctaw and, Baron
Pe Kalb returned last evening from.
Yazoo City, one hundred mites' atytiio;
on the Yazoo. Tho city capitidated:
All the rebel Government stiire.s i and
a partly burned ram wore destroyed.
I send you a partial list 'ofcasua'
tics. Our loss, so far, is aboUt• 5
killed and wounded, perhapslesa,
enemy's loss, so far, is not less
Seven thousand prisone ,
nints; - itt ti es of r
ry. The quantity of small arm
nanco, camp and garrison eqi
that has fallen into oui•-hands,
This is. the total of our.
work. In sixteen .days it, bal.:.
ed 160 miles, fought tire OW(
the capital of Mississippi, di
all communication with tin)" r'
my at Tullahoma, captured
oners, 92 pieces of artillory 4
stand of small arms, seven
heavy fortifications on the rebel
completely invested the city in the 1.,
and opened for us a now and perfhct
lino of supplies. Daring those sixteen
days, the army bad 'but four days' ra
tions from the depots of supplies.
The army is in excellent health, and
confident of success. JACK.
P. S.—Before the second assanit,
upon the enemy's rear_ fortifications,.
Gen. McArthur, with a portion of. his.
division, crossed the Mississippi near
Warrenton, and after a severe engage
ment, drove the enemy and occupied
the heights above Warrenton and be
low Vicksburg.
Col. Dollins, of the Eighty-first Illi
nois, was captain of an independent
cavalry company, in the three month's"
service, which'• he raised at his home ,
at Centralia. Last summer, while in
Illinois on a thirty days' leave of Mi
scue°, he recruited the Eighty-first.—
He was allot through the head, and fell
at the head of his regiment.
Col. Humphreys of the Ninety-fifth
Illinois, was in Gen. Ransom's brigade.
In the seecphd assault his regiment was
hesitating; Gen'. Ransom called to him
to move forward. Dropping his sword
in a salute to the General, ho ordered;
" Forward Ninety,fifth," and fell dead_
The color-bearer was shot, and fell at,
the same instant. The regiment wa
vered. General Ransom seized' the'
colors and advanced in front of - the'
lino : three line officers left their places,
came to the General and took the col
ors. The line advanced and those. col
ors were planted on the rebel parapet,.
Daring the 'same' day -the 'Colors' of
the. Ninth lowa wore planted oh a rob
el parapet; the color guard diggingsteps
with their bayonets. The colors re
mained in that position seven hours.—
Ev6ry man of the Ni nth that attempted
to get near them was shot by-the reb
els. Every rebel that essayed to touch:
them was winged by one of our sharp
shooters. The Ninth brought away
the flagstaff and about two thirds of the
colors; the rebels have perhaps one:
third. When colors:are advanced to
such a position that every hand that
essays to feel the staff is winged, you ,
can well understand that there issharp;
The night after the first assault,
Blair's division (formerly Dave Stu,
art's,) were continuously and careful,
ly moving their dead and wounded
from the field. Suddenly a largo fire
was kindled on the rebel parapet, and
an officer inquired what our men were
doing. Being informed, he replied,
" We build this fire to take your woun
ded out of the ditch—drive your ant
balances up, and you Will not be mo
lested. Our wounded and dead wore
all removed, the rebels keeping up the
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