The globe. (Huntingdon, Pa.) 1856-1877, May 06, 1863, Image 1

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Per annum in advance
Six month%
Thrws months ' 50
A failure to notify a discontinuance at the exult ation at
the term subscribed for will be cousidmed a now engage
1 Inset Han. 2 do. 8 do.
[our lines Or less t..s 25 . $ 37 1 ,4 S 5O
3ne square, (12 lanes.) 00 75 1 00
Cu . ° squares, 2 00
Three squares 150 2 23 3 00
Oyer three neck and less than three months, 25 couts
der square for each insertion.
.. ..
3 months. 0 months. 12 months
41x lines or loss, . $1 50 $3 00 $:, 00
)ne 'vinare, 3 00 5 00.. ..... .... 7 00
two sputres, 5 00. 5 00 10 00
three srmares 7 00 10 00.. lo no
Icor squares, 0 00 13 00 0 0 00
Italia celtnno . 12 00 10 00 ...... —.24 00
One col tintn . "0 00 . 0 00.... 50 00
Professional and liminess Cat di not exceeding fat lines,
One year $a 6
Administrators' and Esecntot 4' Notices, $1 75
Adrertisontents not marked mith the mother of he:m
ons desired. scull be continued till Cot bid and clump d 0c
prding to these terms.
Friday, May 1, 1863.
. .
(For CHAN] •
Where is now our heaven-born nation,
Which we boasted Seers ago?
All is marked with desolation,—
Friends have turned to deadly 11.,e.
See nur lovely country bleeding
See, her bosom streams with blood!
God of battles, interceding—
Stay thine hand this mighty flood.
Nursing lap fur foreign nations,—
Home for all the world beside;
Nature, art, in combination,
Extolled fur commerce far and wide
Must she fall ? Oh! Ilett‘en forbid it !
Must her beauty be defaced
Ey the traitors' hand who bid it,
Blinded selfdestraying race?
Ilaopy must she sever,
Thus tu th:h wiekca war
Freeman': say: No! bet them never
From our banner take a star.
Glorious banner! star bespangled!
Let it ware o'er land and sea,—
Nor by traitors be entangled.
Gud protect our unity.
Lines on the Death of E. C. Dunmire,
Esq., of Co. 0, 125th P. V.
rtniasnro BY REQUEST
laic gentle voice we'll never hear
in these old woods, 11C once we did;
Nor will he chase the hours away
Lt natute's sweet seeluhian
Those deep old valleys ne'er will tread,
With their inspiring raelcs and E.hade..,
Where sunbeann; die upon the trees,
And inxinday
, intu twilight fades.
No more his ears shall welcome back
The early robin's springy tide song;
No more the blue-bird's taitter hear
Through all the sultry sutatnerlong
Soon will tic niendows bloom again,
And the bale hills with corn be green ;
oak-leaf (rein its bud,
The are.77iibt--bliossont soft and sheen=
But he trill newer go abroed
The meadow's path again to trend:.
Around his grave the,thyme will scent
The den• damp pillow of the dead.
The yellow again will rise,
And grtet the early light of mum,
But lie mill newer hear its song
Whose looks the hand of death bath shorn
Those lips that breathed the hopeful word
When sorrow bent my aching head,
Ila‘e ceased their whispers and have gone
To kiss the ashes of the dead.
And no I in the stilly night,
Gaze sadly on the half-reiled moon,
ibh that th' silentless hand had niit
' t ee of toy friend bereft 'to soon.
I lay my face upon his grave,
And clasp the earth that hides his breast,
And wish that mine own spirit might
Go from the toils of earth to rest.
-------- ---
Words of-Washington.
Listen to what Washington said ;
the words are prophetic;. they come
up from the triiet tomb at .f.otint Ver
non, to cheek traitors in their mad ea-
The very idea of the power and the
right of the people to establish govern
ment, presupposes the duty of every
indivi luta to obey the established gov
All obstructions to the execution of
the laws. all combinations, under
whatever Dlausible character, 1.% ith the
real design to direct, control, coun
teract or awe the regular deliberation
and action of the constituted authori
ties, are destructive to this fundamen
tal principle, and of fatal tendency.—
They serve to organize faction, to give
it an artificial and extraordinary force,
to put in the place of the delegated
will of the nation the will of a party,
often a small but artful and enterpris
ing minority of the community; and,
according to the alternate triumphs of
different Nudes, to make the public
administration the mirror of the
concerted and incongruous projects of
faction, rather than the organ of con
sistent and wholesome plans, digested
by common counsels, and modified by
mutual interests.
flowerer combinations or associa
tions - of -the above description may
now and then answer popular ends,
they are likely, in the course of time
and things, to become potent engines,
by which cunning, ambitious and un
principled men will. be enabled to sub
yert the power of the people, and to
usurp for themselves the reins of' gov
ernment; destroying afterwards the
very engines which have lifted them
to unjust dominion.
Tlow prophetic are these words of
our -imniortat Washington ! " Cun
ning, ambitious, and unprincipled
men" are now endeavoring to sub
vert the power of the people; they are
striving to introduce civil war in the
North by resisting the Goyernment in
its attemp's to put down a rebellion
which the sages of our Revolution o'er
shadowed in their prophetic fears for
the perpetuity of the Union.
The ripest fruit falls first.
WILLIAM LEWIS, Editor and Proprietor
Income Tax Regulations.
The Commissibner of Internal Reve
nue has just issued the following regu-
lations for the assessment of the in
The assessor and assistant assessors
of each collection district will assess
the income tax on the first day of May
upon every person residinf , u ithiu the
district, liable thereto. Each person
will be required to return his total in
come, so far as specifying the sources
from which it is derived as to enable
the assistant assessor to decide what
deductions shall be made therefrom.—
Persons whose incomes do,not exceed
the sum of $lO,OOO and who reside in
the United States, will be subject to a
duty of 3 per cent. on such portion
thereof as is liable to taxation : Pro
vided, however, That upon an income
derived from interest upon notes, bonds,
or other securities of the United States,
a duty of 14 per cent. will be
Persons whose incomes exceed $lO,OOO
will be subject to a duty of 5 per cent.
on the portion thereof subject, to taxa
tion : Provided, however, That upon
an income derived from interest upon
notes, bonds, or other securities of the
United States a ditty of one and a half
per eent. will be levied. Citi.ens of
the United States residing abroad, and
not in the employment of the Govern
ment of the United States, will be sub
ject to a duty of five per cent. on the
income of any property, securities or
stocks owned in the United States and
not exempted from the income tax :
Provided, however, That upon the in
come derived from interest upon notes,
bonds, or other securities of the United
States a duty of one and a half per et.
will be levied.
Every farmer or planter will be re
quired to make a return of Limp value
of the produce of his farm or plantation,
without deduetion for the labor or ser
vice of himself or his family, or for any
portion of such produce consumed by
himself or his family. •
The fiffiowing deductions will be
made from the aggregate income of
each person and the tax assessed upon
' the remainder, viz: The State and lo
cal taxes asessed in time calendar rear
preceding this assessment, to wit :
from January 1. 1561, to December 3 1,
186'2,, immelusive."f be salaries of officers,
or payments to persgus in the service
or employment of the United States
from which a deduction of three per
cent. tins been_ made by-the disbnrsing
officer of the-Government. The inte
rest or dividends on stock, - capital, or
deposits in any bank. trust company,
savings institutions, insurance, bridge,
express ; steam boat, ferry-boat, railroad
company, or corporation, from which
interest or dividends a duty of three
per cent. shall have been deducted by
the officers of such companies, corpora
tions, or associations. Interest from
any boils or other evidences of in
debtedness of any iailroad company
or other corporation, from which a du
ty of three per cent. shall ha - ve been
deducted by the officers of such com
pany or corporation, and receipts de
rived from advertisements on which a
duty shall have been assessed and paid.
Also, that the sum of 6600, except in
those eases whore the whole or any
part of said $6OO shall have been de
ducted from the salaries or pay of offi
cers or persons in the service or em
ployment of the United States. The
amount actually paid for the rent of
any dwelling house or estate which is
the residence of the person assessed,
and the amount paid by any farmer
or planter for hired labor, and the ne
cessary- repairs upon his farm or plan
tation, including the subsistence of the
Whenever the total income of any
person exceeds $lO,OOO, and deductions
are made therefrom upon the ground
that a portion of such _income has been
subject to a three per cent. duty upon
dividends or interest paid by compa
nies, corporations, or associations, as
before enumerated, such persons will
he subject to a tax of 2 per cent. addi
tional upon so.much of his income as
may have been previously subjected to
a duty of three per cent. by the officers
of' the companies, corporations, or as
sociations before named.
Guardians aidtrustees, whether
such trustees7fre so by virtue of their
office or executors, administrators, or I
other fiduciary capacity, are required
to make return of the income belong
ing to minors,or other persons. which
may be hold in trust as -aforesaid, and ,
the income tax will be assessed upon '
the amount returned, after deducting
such sums as are exempted from thp
income tax, as aforesaid : Provided,
That the exemption of $OOO, under sec
tion 00, of the excise law, shall not be ,
allowed, on account of any minor or
other beneficiary of a trust, except up
the statement of the guardian or
trustee, made under oath, that the mi
nor or beneficiary has no other income,'
from which the'said amount of $6OO
may be exempted and deducted.
Whenever persons liable to assess•
ment or income tax shall neglect or
refuse to ma ke. the lists required by
law, •as when the lists 'nude and ten
dered by such persons shall not be ae•
cepted by the assessor or assistant as
sessor as just and proper, it shall he
thelduty of such assessor or assistant
assessor to make lists for such perse,iis
according to the best information he
can obtain. Persons so assessed may
ma,k9 oath or affirmation as to the
amount of income and deductions
therefrom, agreeably to seotion
Persons receiving rent may deduct
therefrom the amount paid for neces
sary repairs, insurance, and interest
on incumbrances upon such rented
property. The cost of new structures
or improvements to bidldings, shall
MAIO' deducted from the income.
The tax must be levied upon all di
vidends declared prior to September 1,
• 1 41 7 ~,,Aq:34.1 . !., V rt,'" :" %r: ,t,714 . .; 77 gfil; ,y'
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.. i '..'•':'t•-*i:"'-'!4:•rr-'4:f'- ' : ' , ... 774.1 . 41 t 7 r 'f.4t TiN1. 45 i,t;,4 7- I' t, g . :‘e::Pift 7 rE4 " ,;' , .; ':- s 2l -: ;c : ' : '-; -. zy-r zuk - :. • ' ,V, .- 4 , ~,,::: , ..-.. „44 .4, 4., f :...i f. ,
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11862, and upon - 8600 of all salaries of
officers or payments to persons i 6 the
States, for services rendered prior to
said date, as such dividends and pro
portions of salaries were not •subject
to deduction or assessment.
Interest received from or clue by
trust companies, saving institutions,
insurance, bridge, express, steamboat,
ferry-boat, and railroad companies,
corporations, or associations prior• to
the same date, must also be taxed.---
Interest paid by him on incumbrances
upon the dwelling-house or estate on
which the assessed person resides, may
be deducted from the income; also his
payments for necessary repairs.
Farm produce which the producer
has in hand orithe 31st of December,
1862, must be appraised at its market
value on that day.
The income tax shall be included in
the annual list, and appeals and other
proceedings held as provided by law.
Ohauge in the Law Relative to School
The following act was pa,sed by the
Legislature at the last, session :
SECTION 1. Be it enacted by the ,S'en
ate and House of Repres.ntatives of the
Commonicsalthof Pennsylvania, in G'en
•end Assembly met, and it is hereby enac
ted by the authority of the same, That
the term of office of school directors,
from and after the tint day of .Tanua
ry, A. D. one thousand eight
and sixty-four, shall cominence on the
first Monday of •J nue, in each and ev
ery year : Provided, (Thal) the term
of office of school directors now in of
lice shall severally be extended until the
first Monday of June of the year in
udbich their term of (Alice expires : :Ind
Provided further, That the organiza
tion of each board of school directors,
as provided by the twelfth section of
the act ofthe eighth of May, one thous
and eight hundred and•fif•ty•four, shall
he within ten days of the first Mon
day ofJune in each year: And Provi
ded further, That the school tax for
each year• shall not ho levied until af
ter• such organization and before the
first of July of each year: Povided,
That the provisions of this act shall
not extend to the city of Philadelphia,
nor to the county of Allegheny nor to
the cities of Reading and Lancaster.
Speaker of the House of Representatives.
Speaker. of the-Sannte.
Approved the 22. d day of April,-18ti3.
This brief section effects several im
; portent modifications of the school law,
I which seem to require immediate ex
planation :
1. It provides that after January 1,
11864, the term of office of directors
shall commence on the first. Monday iu
Tune next after their election.
' I. This means that no matter in
what month elected, after the first of
January, 1864, directors shall not take
their seats in the board till after the
first Monday in the next succeeding
June ; that is, till the firs; day of tote
next school year.
2. This does not affect persons ap
pointed to fill vacancies. They at once
take their seats, and continue in the
board till the first Monday of the June
in which the term of the persons whose
places they occupy would have expir
ed had they remained in the board.
11. It extends the term of all direc
tors "in office" (whether by election
or appointment) on the day or its pas
sage (22d April, 1863) from the day in
which such terra would otherwise have
expired, till the first Monday of the
next succeeding June.
1. This means that directors'
terms existing at the date of this net
(22d April, 1863) shall be continued
frrm the day on which they would
otherwise have expired, till the next
succeeding first Monday in June, so as
to retain a full board till that time.
2. This does not 1110.111, however,
that directors whose term expired du the winter, or spring of 1863, but
prior to 22d April 1863, are to resume
and continue their office till the first
Monday in June 1863; for their term
having expired before its passage, this
act can have no operation upon them.
3. hence this also means that direc
tors whose terms expired any time be
fore April 22d, 1863, are not to be ad
mitted into the triennial conventions
to elect county superintendents on the
first Monday in May, l 863; but that
their successors duly elected or ap
pointed, whether before or after the
2.2 d April, 1863, are to be admitted as
members of the conventions.
111. It postpones the organization
of boards of directors (that is, the
choice of President, Secretary and
Treasurer) till within ten days after
the first Monday in June annually.
1. This renders an election of officers
for organization indispensable within
Len days after the first Monday in
.Mine, 1863; and annually thereafter,
within the first ten days of each school
2. But, hut:Amu-11 as unbroken or
ganization is indispensable to the oper
ation's of the system, this not only also
admits of but requires an organization
of each board for the interim between
the annual election and the first Mon.
day of June, in 1863 ; within ten days
after which last named day, the first
regular organization under the new
law must, take place.
3. Hence 'it fellows, that all offi
cial acts by board officers, choser. prior
to' the first Monday in June of 1.863,
and in accoydant4e with the old taw and
the rule of proper board, will be legal
and binding, till the first election un
der the new law in June. •
IV. the levy of school
tux till the period between the annual
organization of the proper board and
the Ist of the following July.
1. This means that the amount of tax
to be collected within the - then current
year, shall not be fixed by vote of the
board, till between the date of the 'reg
ular annual organization thereof
and the first of next July. In other
words, that the official acts prescribed
by section twenty:eight of the school
law of 1854 are still tp be pot formed,
but at a different time.
2. This also means that the school
tax for the year which will 'commence
on the first Monday in Jime, 1863, is
to be "levied" or fixed.iti June, 1563,
under the new last•, and not "on or
before the first Monday, of May," as're
(inked by the act of 1854.
-3. As this act does not specify the
time when the tax is to be " apportion
ed" and the duplicate made out, which
the old law did, (viz : on or before, the
first Monday in June,) it follows that
the duplicate may and should he made
out as soon as practicable after the
" levy " in Juno.
Y. It excepts the city of Philadel
phia, Vie county of Allegheny, and the
cities of Reading and Lancaster from
the operations of its provisions.
1. This means that those places are
excepted fri)m the operation of all the
provisions of this act, aid not merely
somo of them.
2. It leaves the 'county of Alleghe
ny and the cities of Heading and Lan
caster exactly - as they were, prior to
32d of April, 1863, in reference to the
term of office of directors, the right of
directors, to vote for county b pevin
tendent, the organization of school
boards, and the time of levying school
Sup,7rintendent Common Schools
Harrisburg, Apr. 25, 1t,63. f
To the Grand Jury of Dauphin Co.
Gentlemen of the Grand jney:
The exigency of the times-, and my
great anxiety to benefit the country
and shelter the community from
peiiding evil, must be my apology for
traveling out of the ordinary descrip
tion of trines and misdemeanors, and
calling your attention; and through
you that, of the people at large, to the
danger of violating certain recently en
acted laws of Congress, passed for the
purpose of enabling the Government
to carry on successfully the war for ;
national existence, in which we ;are
now unfortunately invelssed. Tcrine&,
the immense demands on the public
treasury.roal - rai7•o the necessary funds
to maintain / the national credit, heavy I
taxes on the business and certain de
of property have been im
posed by Congress. The measure was
indispensable. without which, or sonic
one of kindred character, the wheels
of Government - would come to a-dead
stand. Although this is well known
to every person of ordinary intelli
gence, yet certain designing individu
als, for unpatriotic and sinister purpo
ses, have raised a public clamor
against the tax with the view of ren
dering it unpopular, and in many parts
of the country the people are urged to
elude its assessment and resist its col
lection. In a country professing to be
governed by laws, every evasion of
their obligation or resistance to their
enforcement is a violation of the high
est, moral duty of the citizen. His on
ly protection for life, liberty - , or prop
erty, is to be found in the law, and he
can with no propriety claim its shel
ter, if he contemns its sanctions, or
evades its responsibilities. These tax
laws do not fall upon the real proper
ty of the country. Congress consider
ed that sufficiently burdened by the
State, county and municipal taxes,
but they imposed it on the busiile3s of
the dealer, the manufacturer, and the
professional man, and mote especially
on incomes, salaries, moneys at inter
est, stocks, and obligations of various
kinds and forms. The burden should
be met -cheerfully and the tax paid
honestly, for never hail tnis country
greater necessity for the aid of the cit
izen in return for the protection that
lie has received. It is not only the
moral and legal duty to which I de
sire to call your attention, but also to
apprise you that the law contains se
vere legal sanctions, and imposes hea
vy penalties against those who make
fhlse statements or resist its execu
The law providing ?or a system of
conscription, to fill the ranks of the ar
my, tuts been the subject of severe an
imadversion. This opposition, doubt
less, arises in part from an honest dif
ference of opinion among our citizens
as to the best method of ciMeti»g the
object, brit is pressed mainly by thos,e,
who, out of disaffection to the Govern
ment, or sympathy with the rebellion,
are opposed to any system which
would strengthen the military force of
the country.
The act provides for enrolling- the
whole Militia, of the United States, and
exacts service from all abld-bodied
men between the ages of twenty and
forty-five, with a very few exceptions.
They are divided into two classes;
those . between the ages of twenty and
thirty-five foetal the first, and those
above thirty-five the second class.—
The requisite draft is • to be made, in
the first place, from the younger class,
until it is exhausted, after which the
elder may be called into service. The
failure to serve iniperson or by a sub
stitute will probably subject the delin
quent to a fine of three hundred dol
provides penal—
resist it. or not to appear at 'the place
of rendezvous, or perform military du
ty, and polishes iyith severity any as
sault on the officers engaged in mak
big it or obstructing them in the per
formance of their duty. The same
statute alsri imposes a heavy, fine, and
a long term of imprisonment on any
ono who shall procure, entice, or coun
sel a soldier in the service of the Uni
ted States to desert, or who shall har
bor, conceal, or give employment to a
deserter, or aid him to escape from
the service, knowing him to be such,
and jOu will understand that this ap
plies even to the nearest relative har
boring and concealing a deserter, un
less it might be to the case of a wife
concealing her husband; so that it is
the bounden duty of every one know
ing that a deserter is in or about their
premises to give immediate notice
there:if to some provost marshal, or
other officer of the United States.—;
Every citizen must bear in mind, that I
combinations formed to resist the law
are .of themselves high crimes, and
those so uniting or combining, may,
even, without the commission of any
overt act., be indicted for a conspiracy,
and if resistance by force occurs, the
parties so resisting are guilty of high
treason. You :tiro doubtless aware that
one branch of the definition of high
treason, as declared in the federal
constitution, consists in levying war
against the United States. And Judge
Grier has decided. in the Circuit Court,
in strict conformity with the decisions
of nearly all of the United States Su
preme Judges, that levying war
against the United States is not nec
essarily to be judged of alone by the
number and array of troops, but there
must boa conspiracy to resist by ffirce
and an actual resistance by force of
arms, or intiinidation by numbers.=
The conspiracy, and the insurrection
connected with it, must be to effect
something of a public nature, to over
throw the Government, or to nullify
some law of the United Slates, and 'to:
tallyto hinarer its execution:or compel its
repeal. Another learned junlge, in con
formity with all the authorities, de-
I clares r: levying war embraces 'not
; merely the net of ffirmal or declared
war, but any combination forcibly - to
prevent or oppose the enforcement of
any provision of the Constitullan, or
of a public statute, if accompanied or
followed by an act of forcible opposition
inpurbuance of suck combination." Not
only those- wino use the force aro guil
ts- of high treason, but every one who
counsels or encourages the act, be
comes a principal traitor, for in trea
son all are principals.
This crime, by the laws of the Uni
ted States, is very properly punished
with death, for it is the highest of.
fence. which-any. citizen. can . commit
against the government of, his coon
try—the endeavor to destroy it. The ,
public speakers, and editors or wri-1
tors for newspapers, who so flippant- I
ly advise resistance to the laws, can
certainly but little reflect on their ac
tions. Should those whom they ad
dress take them at their word, and re
sort to fbreible resistance, not only
would the advised, but the advisor, be
involved in one common ruin. All
would forfeit their lisgts to the offend
ed laws of their country.
If the Government has in times past
lightly overlooked such ravings, it was
because - it felt strong and secure, but
at a time like this, when the struggle
is for national existence, words be
come things, and evil counsel cannot
be lightly overlooked, or mildly dealt
with, and should it lead to unlawful
resistance, will probably be punished
in proportion to its demerits.
It sometimes happens that provost
marshals or their gnards, meet with
resistance when endeavoring to com
pel, drafted militiamen or deserters
from the army to attend at the places
of rendezvous. Those making it must
bear in mind that their resistance is
unlawful. The officer or his guard
come under the shelter of legal author
ity. If those makingthe resistance are
killed, it is justifiable homicide. If the
officer, or any aiding him, are slain, it
is murder in all concerned in making
the opposition).
It is very confidently asserted that
societies have been formed in Inftny
parts of this no well as other States.
cabling themselves " .ICnighti of' the
Golden Circle," the object of which is
to overturn and destroy the Govern-1
intent of the United. States, and assist
the southern_ confederacy in its rebel
lion. Ido not pretend to know whe
ther any such societies have an exist
ence in our county, or if they do ex
ist, whether it is for any improper or
illegal abject. They may
aught I know—be as innocent as
a " sewing circle " or a "reading
club," bat if formed for any
illegal purpose they should be broken
up by the strong hand of the law or
voluntarily dissolved; and if any awn.
citizens have been so imprudent, as to
connect themselves with such institu
tions, we counsel and urge them to,
sever the connection without delay,
else they may find themselves involved
in that Which rnay lead to their ruin.
Every.- combination of men, for any
unlawful purpose, is a conspiracy, and
may subject the conspirator to impris
onment in the penitentiary. It is an
offence against the laws of the Cons-
monwealth, triable in the State courts,l
and if the grand jury, or any member,
of that body, know of the existence of
such societies in this county, it is their
bounden duty to present them. The
bare entering into' such combination,
as above stated, is a conspiracy, and
if any act of violence is committed by
those combining, if done by the action
of the inUmbers, 'arid the display of
arms,, and for the purpose of resisting
any law of' the United States, it is high
treason. - I Mention
,this as a caution
to the boniest arid well disposed citi
zen, who is sometimes induced to join
societies without understanding pre
cisely- their nature and object.
In addition to the lawsof the United
States already referred to, wo have, a
high penal 'statute in gar own State,
against endeavoring to persuade any
TERMS, $1,50 a year in advance.
person from entering the military set.,
vice of this State or of the United States,
or being in such service, advising or
endeavoring to persuade them to leave
it. As this is an offence against the
State laws, if you know of, any such
acts having been committed, it is your
duty to present them. • •
There is an evil Of very considera
ble magnitude at the present time, and
of almoSt. , daily ocefirence, for which
it is supposed that there is no adequate
remedy: I allude to that of persona
reviling and railing against the Gov
ernment under which we lire, and
praising and expressing a preference
for that of the rebels. Such conduct
frequently loads to violence on the part
of the loyal citizens, at which we need
not he much surprised, although it is
not justifiable in law. The proper
com'Se is to have the • parties so revl
ling the govern men t arrested and taken
before' magistrate, where they may
be bound over for their good behavior
until the next session, of this
r eourt,
when Olt; cause dun be fully heard.—
tf e have no doubt . -that such seditious
and traitorous expressions at a time
like the present, if not indictable, af
ford geed ground for binding; the per
petrator for his good behavior, if for
no other reason because it tends, th
breaches of the public pedoe by excb
Ling others to break it; but numerous
,legal reasons ma's, be ad
duced to justify such a course. Do
not misunderstand me on this subject.
Men have the most unlimited right .to
condemn. and if you please, rail at the
Nittion'at.Adininistratiwf, and object to
the manner in which it concluetpab :
lie Aides but not to dethiY'the, - g - overm
moot under which we live, or expee.As
hopes Or tviSh CS - for 1011 - Oran
Union, the destruction or defeat of our
armies, the success-of tire-rebels or the
,My motiVe . foe referring
to this subject is to prevent unlawful
violence. .I.ltny_ persons feeling exci
ted and incensed against those who
express ho utility- to the l'corthern Stat
and avow themselves favorable•to the
suce,:s, of the South ; 'attack the's - 0 ex
pressing such sentiments- pleading as
all excuse that there is no other way
to silence, the ribald tongue, and pre-,
vent a repetition of the offence. The
law - of the laud furnisheS adequate re
dress in all such cases withont infring
ing on proper freedom of,'speech, for
we hold that thu sama,,eemm,on law,
which ever prevent and punish, blas
phemy against Qod can prevent Was:
phemy against the State,.and the ear
of the Christian is not to
with impunity by thp one any _more
than that ()Rho patriot is by the othbr.
It may he thought by some that wo
aro introducing a mere questiorrof par
ty polities into Court, which we entire
ly disclaim. These questions have no
relation to party, but to national exis
tence. Partisans may and perhaps al
ways will, differ as to the best and
must proper method of administering
the government, but the points dis
casz.ed go to its very existence—shall
we have a national government at all ?
The rebellion, if successful, destroys
our nationality, and throws all things
into chaos. Citizens have a right un
der the provisions of the constitution
to change their rulers at the ex
piration of their term of office, and
elect those who will administer the
public affairs differently, but no ono
has the right to destroy the govern
ment itself. Every such act is high
treason. In a contoA like that' now
waging in this countw all whose feel
ings, wishes and sympathies aro with
the rebels, are traitors in their, hearts,
and all who render thorn aid and com
fort, directly qr indirectly, are traitors
in their acts. All who are not for the
government are against it. In this
great struggle - for national existence
There can be but two parties, true men
and traitors; there can be rio neutrals..
Every man receiving the proteetion of
the government is bound to render it
his war most support whether ho ap- -
proves or disapproves of the adminis
tration. The latter he may entirely
condemn, the former hu .is bound to
support. _Parties will always exist in
every free country, and whether mon'
will sustain or oppose a particular ad—
ministration' is one in which there
should ever be—the most perfect free
dom of opinion, but no man or Set of
men has any right, natural or political,
to overturn the Government itself
Ho is bound to support and sustain it,
let all who 'will administer its affairs,
until the rulers can be changed under
the provisions of the Constitution.—
There certainly can be no difficulty
with persons of ordinary intelligence
drawing the distinction between sus
taining die Government itself, and sus
taining* or opposing those who tempo
rarily administer its affairs, The lat
ter is a quastiou of party, the former of
The Dome of the National. Capitol.
The magnificent dome of the Capi
tol, designed by Thomas U. Walter,
and now in course of construction un
der Ills direction, is rapidly progressing
to completion. The principal frame
of the structure has
,been completed,
the ribs of the cupola have boon put
place, and the plates, which consti
tute the outer covering, are being set,
and will be finished before.the close of
nest month. After ; this shall have
been done, nothing will be left,t t o com
plete the exterior of the dome but the,
construction of the lantern and thepla•
cing of the ornaments on the upper
windows and around the spring of the
cupola. These ornaments ll()'no,Fi be
ing cast, and one of them r representing
a honey,suckle, has been Placed in - pp;
sition, and presents, a very handsome
appearance. Tne,castings of the in
ner dome aro is course of preparation,
and will soon he ready: The present
height of the fret) I,vorkahove the hase 7
!poet floor qt the Oapito l is P,5 feet,
and the' tieiglit of the portion, to lie
" - .3 3 - 3 • 7- , rt
r FRE a oLon't - _ 1613:_oiTteuRL1
- .4i t att'o l l`.`iflVlLlfitV4 - Attrgtattrai .
th q pne styl e ,ovory vartu t y Joh grliatkagottol 4 ,-,'
" pitodE4lrlgus`-- -
- •
CIRO!: •
13' .44-119!SgA
.10 2 1. Ltz.t.Da,
= • _
LABELS, &C., AC., &
NO. 47.
CALL AND EXASIINS sesenamiroN 4, ionc,
constructed including the crowning
- statue,`is about 70 feet. About c207,-
000 . pounds of iron have been received
during the past year, and ill the same
period about 1;185,0110 - pounds of.:*tho
same. material have been-put
,up.._ The
whole, quantity o irpß.Feeeiv.94,49%
the, beginning r We,*!k uto tiq
present tine Was ab0at"7',60 . 0,000,*„
and, according to the
_es tiratere,:tyn
archit e Ct % ahout 800,000 - Nupgti.,
will, be needid the
The dome will be tactlifrired with Cricii4-
ford!s gigantic and imposing statue :Of
:Freedom, which is 1.91, feet high,. and
Weiobs about 15,000 pounds.% ,Thibi
"" • of -
Statue is made o
iSeci'nipos4loftive i 3 eeti °Ws ; th e i4jg
or the heaviost'of which !is - tib'olit';fiVi3
thotitaand pounds. It may ngsy'lle
seen on . tem 'wary peckes tal,, , :the
east grounds of ; the capitel., 'The
screw-bblti, which" pow- blemish,' NV:ill
be . remoVeit ivken ''pla`cls,
and a rich' unitoilm
,to it. ± The entixelcostletthe
statue was ab0ut.p2,p,5.)..,,,,,The,,, f pu1a
of $700,900 Vas`been appi:onriond b$
coildress 'for the ti6ine, the tAnst. l- #
which has been expSnded. 'The
nal estimate-of the, - cost of dn me
wa5940,000.; ,but the , distinguished
are,hitect, by rlgid : cconomy : and,,a n ce•
auction of tho, - ,w eight oc
has been cnitbled`d ni•iti , ` , "do'iV'efht t
whole coit,:includinYthat &tlienrowir.,
ing statue, to, abou t '
al intellivencer.
Dra.c . lif.BP'r.LJAP ,— Aig.ec9§3icktiit , ,ki
clares, in a • letter
that 'lie f l otifid
'l l l'lll6A ',",613E1
and sufficient' reasiins . :•set;forth`An
following instructive _paragraph
larly:under_,my own
oh seryation, Walt
that be.. gen fleman, 4itizep'
Confederate States,' r3Siding 4 NeW
Orleans,' but .' a plantation - -o'n
tbe.;.led river, who, having obtaiued it
pass from the Copfdderate authorities;
allowing between ~i,N.litindred and•sev.
en ,hundred bales ,to removed- fkbnt
his pl,kntation . . to, New Or,te,a,nO,
sold thb.said to an tngli'sfilio.l4Be.i.EinA
Oli the 'hinyer apPlYjn,,is-forperaiission
fr - om the'federal -to ,, blevli -
the , said cotton. Notre
Orleans for shipment to Livea)po
was informed by Capt. Joseph,Frenoh,
the', lirovost tit that port,, that;
the' sarde' Would °nib dirival Mill'
Orleans he seized as the proprerty of t
rebel,_ unless.the-original..owueratn - #
for I va : v(l,p nd -too)r - tfie
glle lance , " "his lie deelinefi` '11,419:5 , -
saying he Ni-oulit.'ratfier a‘, oußpu,
times:apply t lie=torely tO) . a n rieti tit'e
himself;-and the cotton, so far
know, yet remains upopthe plantatioN
This fact I can vouch for, being
Mutely acquainted With both the boy:I
er and seller, and beiiiibn 'llia: '6lloe
when the transaction: took plac'e.- But;
at the end of July last I left tho 'Pre*,
cent City,' finding living there under_
the tYranny'of ',Ben Butler
There were a great Many others,. in'
and about. New. Orleans-i, who -had , - tfiti•
same,r the„rqlp i ,o,f)
General Butler. •
noticed in the Farmer an article pu tt l ©.
subject of flax. T . :think the 10,0.91
May abent the hest( time to sew'lleX!
seed, although freezi4r, the "kroit'Ofl 11,L,
little will not, kill . the seed after it la
sown. Loamy land is good - for flax,
and gravelly wet ,seasoni,
bears good flax. - It is the Mosi,
able crop that a farmer - B;M' ralse,"ki
it is very high at preserit.' Thu lint iy
worth 18 cents per pound, And the seed!
$2,50 per bushel., Wo gqt from three ;
to five hundred,,Pninuls
acre, and from seven to twelve.busheli.
of seed. Flax shotild be'sOWn on,Eilean
land, where it will be free - foir. weedej
It should be pulled a 0 th 'spied whip- - ,
ped,ofi by hand, -or a, machine, macle
on purpose. Such a niachinec?nsiste ,
of ttvo totters; both 'turning n Ward , l
the heads of the flax' pass between'
them; the bolls of the flux are crushed,:
and the seeds drop- out, When the
flax is palled it . shouid,he kept,sin,small
bundles, that you can clasp: witii,both,
hands,, then; after }chipping off
seed, spread and :roil it,' I:na
break, swingle and tie it up ready Tie: —
market. 1t will :stl.l anywiiero •itu
Berkshire county. We call the liarley
crop net tb flax for profit. :Wheat is
a very • uncertain ' crop
-with' us. A.
ALLEN,: D,ets.
Now England _Fanner.
Heroic Incident---.A. Union § oldiei
dills Eight Rebels. " _ •' • '
- A young man Mmied Apstin , Macy ? '
of Montgomery county, Ohio; statioii
ed at Camp pi* Robinson, Ky., with
his regiment, was recently sent :
a scouting expedition: After. It time,
ho became 'separated; and sOon'iliscot. ,
ered a partPor secesh, -who did 'hot'
notice hint. Concealing himself, he
fired on and succeeded in killing seyen,
of' them before they saw ; where ho
was bidden., There'being no further'chance,
chance, )Incy attempted teescitiie,but',
unfortunately, his' horse ;threw
severely injuring and' disabling -him.;
In this way, he was• easily captured,
by the rebels, who deliberately, Shot,
him sowed times; wounditig'aed Mang.'
ling him in a most dreadful Manner, -
: but not killing him. -Ho was still able
to raise up, and shot his eighth man T:4_
Ali end was then put to this gallant:
here ,hy bayoneting him, and his man:.
gled ,trnaius,SY.ere thrown into a mud'
hole, Macy, was between and '22'
years of age. The above. particulars'
Were ohtained from ;11, woman, '
who witnessed ry wirt pf thp, siftltir.: It,
occurred en her farm. She ,pleaded -
unsuccessfully with thh leader of the
rebel patty for the
ing Mr. Maoy's corpsecba was' ro,