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HUNTINGDON, PA. .
Friday, December 19, 1862.
000 0 0
"We have not the time nor the incli
nation, to den personally, a large num
ber of persons who have unsettled ac
counts upon our books of several years
standing. We shall, therefore, from
day to day, without respect to persons,
place into the hands of a Justice for
collection, all accounts of over two
years standing. All those who wish
to save expense, will do well to give
us a call.
, 6 2 §
The Treason in Buchanan's Cabinet,
Jacob Thompson Galls Buchanan " a
Jewel," and "the Truest Friend of the
[From a Correspondent of the Chicago Tribune.]
The advance of our army under
General McArthur has occupied the
town of Oxford, Miss., a place of 1500
inhabitants, though founded in 1835.
The State University. is located here,
and being handsomely endowed by
the State, never lacked students till
the commencement of the war. Its
inmates left the cloister for the camp
soon after, and its classic balls were
converted into hospitals.
The: residence of the Hon. Jacob
Thompson, Mr. Buchanan's Secretary
of the Interior, is in the suburbs of the
village, and is occupied to-night by
Colonel Marsh for his brigade head
quarters. On taking possession, he
tound Mr. Thompson's private letter
book, into which had been copied all
important letters written to him since
the question of secession was broached.
Some of these are believed to be int
portant, as tending to throw light on
many hidden springs of conduct, and
will probably be forwarded to Wash
ington for Governmental inspectiom—
Tlm following is one of the &ma
Private and Confidential
WASHINGTON, v. 0., Nov. 20, IS6
—_ltd Dery Peterson :—The time has
come when every man who loves his
State and country is required to lake
his share of responsibility and perform
his share of duty. My allegiance is
due to the State of Mississippi, and
her destiny shall be my destiny. I
believe she ought to resist, and to the
bitter end, Black Republican rule. I
hope our State will Ball a convention
to provide new guards for our future
safbty, and in the event of a call of a
convention, I want, if 1 can, to be a
member of that convention.
I want to go as a member from our
county, and I want you, as my friend,
to see our friend Hovey (or —) and
our friend Lamar; and, if our editors
are friendly to me, 1 want you to see
them, and to make such a call on me,
through the columns of our papers, as
to make it apparent that it is my duty
to come home and make common cause
with my State.
Difficulties accumulate upon us here.
As long as I am here I shall shield and
protect the South. Whenever it shall
come to pass that I shall think that I
can do no further good here, I shall re
turn to my home. Buchanan is the
truest friend to the South I have ever
known from the North. He is a jew
el and a . man. But my duty now is to
I want the co-operation of the
Southern States. Geography makes
separate and isolated action by Missis
sippi an absurdity. I have some influ
ence in our Southern sister States. I
wish to do all I can to secure their
sympathy and co-operation. A Con
federation of the Southern States will
be strong enough to command the re
spect of the world, and the love and
confidence of our people at home.—
South Carolina will go. I consider
Georgia and Florida as certain ; Ala
bama probable. Then Mississippi
must go. But I want Louisiana, Tex
as, Arkansas, Tennessee, North Caro
lina, Virginia, and Maryland will not
stay. behind long.
I fear Kentucky even more than I
do Missouri. If we are not too hasty
and violent, these States will all unite,
;because it will be their interest and
their honor and feelings to do so. As
soon as our mechtinics, our merchants,
our lawyers and our editors look the
_matter in the face and calculate the
consequences, they will see their in
terest so strong in this movement, I
fear they will be violent beyond con
trol. The successful, unmolested in
stallation of Lincoln is the beginning
of the end of slavery.
The North is dependent upon the
South for its prosperity. The South
'is not dependent on the North for
anything .necessary to her material
My dear sir, I have written in confi
dence. I wish you to let me know
whether lam forgotten at home. I
believe Tom Pegnes is my friend.—
Write me soon, and write me every
Yon r friend, J..TQOMPSON.
P. S.—You can see Thomas and
William Thompson also. My engage
&tents are so constant I cannot write
much: ' • S. T.
They do not. love. Allqt do not :show:
their love. !'s • • `'' •:" -
The end crowns all.
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WILLIAM LEWIS, Editor and Proprietor.
BURNSIDE'S CROSSING OF THE
Particulars of the Bombardment of
4 Fredericksburg, ,
[Cvrrevontivnco of the N.Y. Herald.]
HEADQUARTERS IN rite FIELD, Oppo
site Fredericksburg, Dec. 11-3, P. M.
Between four and five o'clock this
morning, the pontoon train, in charge
of the Seventeenth and Fiftieth New
York Engineers, and under command
of General Woodbury, proceeded to
the river bank, where, with infantry
supports, an attempt was made to
throw three bridges across the river—
one at the point where the railroad
bridge formerly crossed, and two more
opposite the city . , butt nearer Falmouth.
A dull haze so obscured the move
ment that for a time it was not dis
covered by the ,rebel pickets. The
pontoniers had succeeded in partially
constructing the bridges, when the
rebels suddenly opened a very brisk
and deadly fire of musketry. from
along the banks of the river and the
windows of the houses, compelling a
cessation of the work. Some of our
men were shot midway in the stream,
and 'ldling overboard from the boats,
floated down the river.
Returning to the cover of the sur
rounding hills, the men were again
formed, and about six o'clock the at
tempt to bridge the river was renewed ;
but the rebels had now been thorough
ly aroused to a sense of what was go
ing forward, and with reinforcements
ofsbarpshooters swarmed the opposite
banks and houses. Nothing daunted
by the hot fire which they poured in at
the reappearance of our troops, the
pontoniers went gallantly to work.—
But in vain. A storm of bullets enve
loped them. The air was alive with
the leaden messengers of death. The
planks and boats were riddled by ev
Once more they were compelled to
withdaaw, and they fell back to the
cover of the range of hills running par
allel with the river. As it was evi
dent that the rebels were determined
to use the houses of the city for a de
fence, contrary to an implied agree
ment in the correspondence which re
cently passed by flag of truce, orders
were given town- artillerymen to open
fire upon the city. Accordingly, Ben- I
jamin's, Edward's, Muldenberg's, and
other batteries of the Ninth corps, to
gether with the batteries of the corps
to the ii i sta_and_Llft._a_the city, com
menced an almost simultaneous bom
bardment. The fog was so dense that
it was impossible to see but a short
distance beyond the edge of the river.
The houses, however, in which the
sharpshooters had ensconced them
selves, were plainly visible, and to,l
them the fire was, for a time. partieu :
laxly directed. The effect was their
partial destruction in a short time.—
After the first fire, they became un
tenable by the rebel riflemen, who re
treated to the rear of the town, where
they took shelter behind the, as yet,
By seven o'clock the bombardment
had become general, and from that
time until one o'clock the roar of ar
tillery was incessant, while the shot
and shell fell fast and thick into the
Prom the vicinity of the Lacy
House, a brick building overlooking
the centre of the city, the batteries of '
the Ninth Corps raked the streets
with shell, shrapnel and grape. Tho'
the fog still continued to obscure in a
measure - the results of these discharg
es, yet the walls could be heard crum
bling and the timbers crashing. The
rebels, with the greatest stubbornness,
still kept within the city, and at times
parties of them could be seen going
from one point to another on the dou
ble quick. The carnage cannot but
be fearful amongst them.
It is somewhat singular that the
rebel batteries did not return the fire
of our guns. Up to the present time
they have not opened in response.
About ten o'clock the engineers
were formed for a third attempt to
construct the bridge. The Eighth
Connecticut under Major Ward, was
lying at this time near the river hank,
in support of one of our, * batteries.—
After the previous ineffectual at
tempts on the part of the engineers to
cross, a party of eighty men from the
regiment, under Captain Marsh, vol
unteered to assist in this new endeav
or to finish laying the bridge, and once
more, the column, with this reinforce
ment, started down the river.
Under the direction of Gen. Wood
bury, they seized the planks, and car
ried out some dozen to the end of the
string of boats, placed a part of them,
and Were then compelled to retire,
under a very galling fire from the
rebel sharpshooters, who were enscon
ced securely in rifle pits below the
range of the artillery and within fif
teen or twenty feet of the river's
edge. Two of the Eighth Connecticut
were wounded in this attempt, and
engineers suffered severely.
The movement having been thus in
terrupted, the whole party VICeO or
dered back to their original position.
At eleven o'clock it was discovered
that one of the houses was on fire.—
The flames, which commenced in the
westerly part of the city, soon spread,
and Fredericksburg is now enveloped
in fire and smoke.
An enfilading fire has been opened
upon the rebel rifle .pits [rein our bat
teries up the river. It has been suc
cessful so far in driving the sharp
shooters from the vicinity of the rail
The engineers are now constructing
tii , J.bridges •tril,hout interruption. In
dr- v.,,t:k they have 'bden earnestly
and gallantly supported by the Eighty
ninth INC;VI 'York ; Col. FairelilltV
. '.Pll'O 1 1 6:1.)els still maintain their
ground opposite the . upper bridges.—
HUNTINGDON, PA., WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 24, 1862.
The cavalry are now passing. Gener
al Stunner's headquarters are on their
way to make a charge across the riv
er at one of the fords.
Reports from the left, state that
Franklin's wing has crossed the river
below us, where their passage was cov
ered by the gunboats.
ACQUIA CaLEK, Dec. 12—Midnight.
—lntelligence from the front to-night,
states that our forces have crossed the
river, and are now in possession of
The enfilading fire from our batter
ies on the right succeeded in driving
the rebels from the rifle ,pits on the
river's edge, thereby permitting an
easy and rapid construction of the
The Crossing of the Rappahannock.
Not a Man nor a Gun Lost
THE WAR IN VIRGINIA.
Headquarters, Arniy of the Potomac,
Wednesday Dec. 17.
Yesterday morning when daylight
appeared, the enemy seemed to be, as
they no doubt were, perfectly aston
ished that our army had succeeded in
returning to this side of the Rappa
We returned without losing a sin
gle man or a gun in the retrograde
movement. A few soldiers who had
straggled off made their appearance on
the river bank after the pontoon brid
ges had been removed ; but they were
brought over in small boats.
A few cavalrymen, who were guard
ing a house inhabited by a private fa
mily, were not, during the night,
aware of our crossing, but in the morn
ing they safely swam the river.
The pickets of the contending ar
mies being separated by only a few
yards, rendered it necessary that eve
rything on our part should be conduc
ted with the utmost caution. Those
on the outposts were unaware of the
movement until just before daylight,
when an officer went to each individu
al man and in a low tone ordered him
to fall back. After they got sufficient
ly far off to be out of danger they were
ordered to quicken . their pace and reach
At about 9 o'clock yesterday morn
ing the enemy advanced their tcir
mishers along the entire line, and by
noon had established their pickets near
the river bank.
We had a large number of dead on
what was regarded as neutral ground,
and as soon as it was known that our
forces had evacuated, the soldier:; — Or,
the enemy commenced robbing the
lifeless bodies. This was plainly seen
through a field-glass, as well as indis
tinctly with the naked eye.
About 10 or 11 o'clock, females, neat-'
ly dressed, were seen walking the
streets of Fredericksburg. They had
doubtless been concealed in their hou
ses during the time the city was occu
by our troops and had availed
themselves of the first opportunity to
make their re-appearance.
On Monday the pickets in front of
the left wing agreed'upon an armistice
among themselves and freely inter
mingled, exchanging their dead com
rades who lay on neutral ground.
During the time, a General of our
army lode by and put an end to these
proceedings. The result was that both
parties immediately commenced firing,
when nine of our men were killed.
After the general had left, the friend
ly relations of the pickets were re
newed, and " butternut" and blue uni
forms freely mixed.
About this time General Franklin
despatched a flag of truce, which the
enemy immediately recognized, and
the exchange of dead bodies was re
sumed an'd continued until completed.
Yesterday afternoon Gen. Lee sent
a flag of truce to Genl. Burnside, ask
ing him to detail men to bury his dead
in front of General Stnner's Grand
Division. This was done.
The wounded, with the exception of
those whom the enemy obtained, have
all been brought to this side of the
Rappahannock, and as rapidly as pos
sible sent to Washington.
During the flag of truce, Gen. Stu
art, of the rebel army, in answer to a
question, stated that Banks' Expedi
tion had gone South ; but he did not
seem to know exactly where.
The entire array is now encamped
on the same ground which they pre
viously occupied. They are as com
fortable for the present as they can be
in shelter tents. Our army has been
considerably reinforced since the bat
tle, and no danger whatever is attach
ed to their present position.
It is the opinion of militapy men
that had we even succeeded in taking
the first ridge of works, the opportuni
ty for slaughter by the enemy would
have been far greater than previously.
Our men, it may be repeated, be
haved with the greatest gallantry. but
no troops in the world could withstand
a severe concentrated fire of heavy
ordnance and musketry, under cover
of their fortifications.
Despatch from General Burnside.
ITEADQUARTERS ..VICMY OP THE Po-
Twine, Dcc. 113. Tuesday—G P. M.
)Inj. Gen. llalleck,Commander in chief
The Army of the Potomac; was with
drawn to this side of the Eappithan
qock river, because I felt iionvineed
that the position in front could not be
carried, and it was a military necessi
ty either to attack the enemy or re
tire. A repulse would have been dis
astrous to us under existing circum
stances. The aril y w'as withdrawn at
night witkout the knowledge be the
enemy; r.ncl without loss, either of
property 'or men.
AMBROSE B. BURNSIDE,
Major General Commanding.
FROM THE ARMY OF THE
Further Details of the Great Battle of
Saturday—Repulse of the Right Divi
sion—The Left Drives the Rebels One
The Grand Plan of Attack.
On Friday evening a general coun
cil of war, attended by all the grand
division, corps and division command
ers, was held at a late hour at General
Sumner's headquarters, at which Gen.
Burnside submitted and explained his
plan for the general attack lie propo
sed to make on the following day up
on the position of the enemy.
The plan comprised a simultaneous
advance of our whole line upon the
enemy's strong positions on the hills
in front of the left and right grand di
visions, which were to be carried by
sudden assaults upon the stronghold
of select bodies of troops.
It, was in keeping with the well
known boldness and dash of its author,
but some doubts were expressed in the
council of its practicability by a num
ber of those in attendance. All, how
ever, expressed their readiness to un
dertake anything ordered by the Com
mander in chief, and the necessary in
structions were given to commence a
general movement, upon the enemy
The fog that kept the valley of the
river and the adjacent heights from
view every day this week, again pre
vented the commencement of opera
tions at the stated time. Fortunately,
however, it cleared away early in the
day, and about 10 o'clock orders were
directed to the generals commanding
the right and left grand divisions to
prepare to charge immediately the
works respectively assigned to them.
The Advance on the Right
General Sumner and staff about 11
o'clock repaired to the Lacey Nouse,
from which a full view of the scene of
the impending action on the right
grand division could be obtained.—
General Sumner had selected French's
division of General C'onch's corps for
the advance of the attacking column.
The line being formed, about noon
the order to advance was given. The
line moved up and over a low range of
elevation, and down toward the toot of
the hills, on which the enemy's breast
works were situated from houses, ri
fle-pits, barricades across the roads, and
The rebel sharpshooters now opened
from all sides with fearful effect. The
vigor of the fire of the rebel artillery
also steadily increased, and when the
line readier ihs--i4ot of the second
range of hills, a perfect hail of lead fell
upon it. The advance, however, was
continued until within a few hundred
yards of the crest of the hills, when a
rapid succession of terrific volleys from
long lines of rebel infantry, suddenly
rising in front of their works checked
it. From the position they had gain
ed our troops now exchanged round
after round with the enemy until - their
ammunition became exhausted, and
the line fell back some distance, leav
ing nearly one-halt of its numbers on
the' field, to make room for General
Failure to Reach the Enemy's Works
This division advanced, Ij,kewiso
formed in parallel lines of brigades.—
It moved forward steadfastly up to
the point where French's had received
its check, when it was also stopped by
the murderous fire of the rebel infant
ry and artilery.
Foe two hours it alternately replied
to the enemy's musketry, and attempt
ed to make its way up the second
range of hills. Although unable to ad
vance,and continually losing numbers,
it fought with its ammunition gave
out, when it was relieved by Howard's
division, and retired nearer to town.
Howard's command went into action
about three o'clock. One after the oili
er of its brigades was advanced to the
front; but, like those of French and
Hancock's, did not succeed in reaching
the enemy's works. The last of it, un
der General Sully, was ordered to
charge up the hill with the bayonet,
and moved forward in the most gal
lant style, but was checke'l;•as all the
other troops had been.
Gallant Conduct of Sturgis' Division
Shortly after French's division had
moved to the attack, Sturgis' - division
of Wilcox's corps advanced over a pa
relic! road on the left of our right upon
the works and batteries covering the
enemy's right flank. It experienced
the same diffienlties in forming, in con
sequence of obstructions on the ground,
as French's, but pushed forward with
the utmost determination, halting only
at, times to open its way by musketry.
It reached within eighty yards of
the crest of the hill it aimed' to take,
but having been fearfully weakened in
numbers during its advance, had to
halt. It held the point gained for
-Notwithstanding• it was confronted
by Vastly superior numbers of infitnt
ry, and enfiladed by batteries on each
dank—even after its ammunition had
all been spent, it did not give way, but
firmly held it's ground until properly
relieved shortly before sunset.
Arrival and Advance of the Reserves
When Howard's division moved to
the front, the lase of the available
force of Couch's corps, forming our ex
treme right, was employed. Of Wil
cox's corps, Getty's division, which
had been held in reserve during the
clay, was all that'were at command af
ter Sturgis' bad become exhausted by
the severity of its protracted struggle,
Burns having been sent early in the
morning to establish connection be
tween the left and right, and not be
ing within ready march.
corps of Hooker's grand division,
which was acting as a reserve to the
right, as Stoneman's was to the left,
came to the rescue when the energies
Wilcox'sof and Couch's corks had
been nearly spent. It had commenc
ed moving across the river, over the
upper and middle bridges, as soon as
the advance of Couch's and Wilcox's
troops furnished room for it in the
lower part of the town.
It had all moved across between 4
and 5 o'clock. Shortly before dark,
Ifumphrey's and Griffin's divisions
were ordered to advance to the front
and relieve the troops of Gen. Couch
on the right and General Wilcox on
the left. They reached the front and
formed in line just before sunset, and
at once charged upon tho enemy's
Humphrey's division come within a
short distance of them, and Griffin's
reached the point held by Sturgis;
which respective positions they have
During their advance, the firing
from the rebel artillery reached the
highest intensity of the whole day, but
ceased shortly after nightfall.
Simultaneous with the advance of
Griffin and Humphrey-, Getty's divis
ion moved from its position up the
valley of a little stream skirting the
town, and advanced to the base of a
hill occupied by the rebel batteries on
the extreme right, driving the rebel in
fantry from behind a stone wall, from
which they had greatly troubled our
troops through the day.
Here it lay during the night.—
Syke's division of Butterfield's corps
followed between Griffin- and Humph
rey to the front, but arrived too late
for action. Thus ended the conflict
between our right and the rebel left.
Position of the Left Grand Division
The lines of General Franklin, as
funned for the attack, represented an
obtuse angle, ono line of which—Gen.
Reynolds corps—extended diagonally
from the river bank.
Smith's corps was in a lino parallel
with the river and formed on the right
of Wilcox's corps. The extreme left
was three miles below Fredericksburg,
and the right of the left grand division
was less than two miles from the town.
The extent of General Franklin's
lines was, therefore ; more than a mile
from right to left.
The, position of the different divis
ions was as Ibllows, commencing on
the right : First, Brook's division,
which lay upon the ground along the
road to Fredericksburg, running par
allel with the river, and half way be
tween it and the rebel batteries.
ilowe's division formed on the left,
on his right joined Reynold's corps,
the first division of which, Gen. Gib
bon commanding, took position in ad
vance beyond the road. Meade's di
vision formed an angle with Gibbon's,
and extended toward the river. Don
bleday was next to Meade, and rested
on the river. This, in general, was
the position of the left grand division
when the action commenced.
The Advance and Attack
The first fire was made by the skir
mishers of the: 13th Massachusetts, in
oui• front. They had moved cautious
ly in advance of our lines, for half a
mile, when, discovering the enemy's
pickets, they fired upon them. Can
nonading soon commenced in earliest.
The hazy atmosphere of the early part
of the day having cleared liwity, so as
to give to each of the 'contending par
ties a view of the position taken by
the other, Hall's Battery, the Second
Maine, discovered a battery of the en
emy in close proximity, and opened a
rapid and vigorous fire upon it.
In a few moments the artillery fire
extended along the entire line. The
2d United States Artillery; Captain
Hanson; Cooper's Battery of Pennsyl
vania Reserves, and others made and
received a severe' attack. The skirm
ishing was kept up as our lines advan
ced, and the position of the enemy in
the woods was almost reached. A
scattering musketry fire continued
from the first advance, about nine o'-
clock, till noon, and with occasional
lulls. 'the cannonading was heavy
Birney's Division in the Advance
During the adi-ance of the lett grand
division upon the enemy's position,
gajor General Stoneman's corps of the
2d Grand Division (nooker's) which
had moved to the vicinity of the river
the evening previous, moved over the
bridges. General Birney'sdivisio.n, on
the advance, moved toward the left to
the support of that portion of the line.
Great enthusiasm was excited among
the troops as the battle flag of Gener
al Birney, of Stoneman's corps, was
seen moving across the plain in ad
vance of the deep column, winding on
ward from the river.
General Birney had received orders
to place himself in position to support
the right of Gentral Reynold's corps
in an attack, which was momentarily
expected to be made. Orders to ad
vance having been received, Gen. Gib
bon's and General Meade's divisions
were directed to advance upon the en
emy in the . woods and upon the hill.
holding the positiOn, if support should
come to them; abandoning it in case
they should be too severely pressed.
The Enemy's Works Carried and Lost.
Now-came the most successful and
determined effort on this part of our
line. The attack was made from the
point of intersection of the angle form
ed by our lines already referred to.—
This point was nearest to the woods,
and the enemy's shells by falling
thickly about it.
Gibbon's division and the Pennsyl
vania 'Reserves advanced boldly to
wards the works of the enemy. They
pushed determinedly through the
InusliWood and bushes on to a grove
of cedars,' and'throutth these pp the
hill toward the breastvoljis of the en
emy. Thd works were bithied, many
priboners captured, find the crest of
TERMS, $1,50 a year in advance.
the hill gained, not, however, without
a heavy loss.
Gen. Gibbon fell wounded in the arm,
while leading his command to the at
tack. The works of the enemy at
this point were gained but not held.—
The enemy unfortunately, possessed
the strength to concentrate overwhel
ming numbers of fresh troops upon the
threatened point, and for all the valor
of those who survived, and all the sac
rifices of those who fell, the position
had to be abandoned, and our troops
were compelled to fall back to the plain.
They had penetrated beyond the
railroad and the Bowling Green turn
pike, through the woods and across the
outer work of the enemy, to the top of
the bill, and were then forced back to
this side of the railroad, where they
maintained their stand in advance of
that they had originally occupied.
Doubleday Drives the Rebels a Mile
In the Meantime, General Doubleday
had been constantly pushing the ene
my on the left. A most determined
resistance was made by the enemy as
skirmishers, and with reserves and ar
tillery. The fire, which during the
forenoon was kept up on the left, told
the most severe fighting. For full a
mile the enemy was pressed back, con
testing the, isro.und inch by inc),_re
ceiving and inflicting heavy loss. The
enemy fell back upon his defences, and
the advantage gained was indecisive.
During these successive advances
and checks, along the centre end left
grand divisions, uninterrupted shelling
was kept up by the rebel batteries
upon the bodies of troops at different
points of the plain.
Toward the middle of the afternoon
the firing along the lines of the loft
grand division grew weaker, and grad
ually- settled into a comparative lull.
Shortly before sunset, however, the
firing on the extreme left was again
renewed with increased vigor, and
kept up until after dark.
Results of the Battle
We gained some ground, bat failed
to realize the main object'of the day's
work—namely, the dislodgment of the
enemy from their entrenched position
on the heights overlooking the plain,
held by the left, and the town, occu
pied by the right division. New eff
orts, Dew sacrifices of life, will be re
quired to accomplish it.
By far the severest fighting occur
red on the right. The rebels had our
troops at a disadvantage. Their infan
try fought principally under cover,
while their artillery had it almost their
own way from its elevated position.
On the right irwas-foundimpp,sible
to bring any of our artillery into ac
tion, for the want of proper positions
in 'the early part of,the day, until late
in the afternoon, when a single batte
ry, Phillip's was employed in sections
from high points in the streots of tho
town. At least sixty pieces played
upon our right from the enemy's bat
teries during the greater portion of the
The right suffered most severely
probably i - wo•thirds more than the left.
French's division lost most. The
rebel loss is much smaller than ours.
From prisoners taken on the left it
was ascertained that Longstrcet's and
Jackson's grand divisions were on the
relol loft in the early part of the fight,
and Hill on the right, but in the course
of the day, Hill finding himself hardly
pressed by Franklin, was supported
by a part ofJackson's forces.—Tribune.
The Programme of Treason.
[Corr.Pontlenee of [lle New York Times.]
CITY, Md., Oct. 20, 1862.
—COnversing with a gentleman a few
days ago, with whom a rebel officer
sojourned a short time during the late
invasion of Maryland, he related the
following as the substance of social
conversation between himself and the
officer, who appeared to be a very free
spoken and candid gentleman, and a
man of no ordinary degree 'of intelli
gence; and taking a particular liking
to his host, who. like himself, had been
an uncompromising old-line TVhig, he
spoke freely of the political issues of
the day. Upon my fiicnd's asking
him how he, being a disciple of the
immortal Clay. could take part in the
destruction of this glorious republic,
which was the pride and boast of that
illustriouS statesman, he replied Unit
he did not feel altogether at home in, his
present vocation, and often had serious
doubts on the subject ;.he thought the
Southern States,should have made fur
ther efforts to right their grievances
in the Union before going out of it,
but that he found himself like thous
ands of others, the creature of circum
stances, although he had, in the begin
ning omosed seeession as both impol
itic and suicidal to the beBp interests
of both sections. The tremendous
pressure brought to bear upon the pub
, lie mind in the South soon caused the
irrevocable step to be taken, which
made it too late for compromise, and
as all his interests lay in that section,
and his follow-countrymen had cast
themselves into the breach, he thought
it best to cast in his dpstiny . 'With
theirs and, make common'cause; press
the issue to ultimate success, which
he seemed to have but little doubt of
being the result of their struggle—the
principal aid upon which he relied as
a means to that end, was a disunion
of sentiment at the North • and the
"Democratic Party" was to be used as
the iisthonent to accomplish that very
desirable object. '
My friend here remarked that he
thought these expectations
as Northern Deluge:fats had nobly re
sponded to the call 'of the PfAident
for troops, and were largely represen
ted ih the army by both officers and
men; who would never cease their ef
forts until the rebellion was mieMidi
tionally subdued, and' the country re
Th officer replied : " Don't you de
JOB PRINTING OFFICE,
11""GLOBE JOB OFFICE" is
the most Complete of any in the country,'and pos•
settees the most ample facilities for promptly executing it}
the but style, every variety of Job Rrlnting, such en ,
LABELS, &C., &C., &C
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AT LEWIS' BOOK, STATIONERY & 2 , 111510 STORE•
ceiye yourself in the sign of the times;,
our game' is a deep one. Wo have.
counted the cost; we Imow what we•
can do. Our agents are operating all
over the North ; they are Mixed up. irn
all the various ramifications of society,`,.
political, religious, and social, and at
the proper time the world will stand
in astonishment at some of the boldest
and most sublime master-strokes or
policy the mind of man has ever con
ceived, or the cunning and porsaver".
mice of the human race ever executed.
States and Statesmen, President and
Cabinets will fall before it like grain
before a sickle. Our plans are well
mattured ; it is next to impossible to
fail. Everything so far has resulted
as we arranged it should, and with a
few slight exceptions and some un
foreseen accidents, we have succeeded
fully equal to our most sanguine ex
pectations. We planned th'o' -
arrangement of the. currency to
destroy Northern credit; and our
agents, by simultaneously pd'r
chasing gold and silver at a proVi
um, assisted by other speculators who
unwittingly aided our schemes, came
near upsetting tho monetary affairs of
the nation, which was only temporari
ly prevented by Northern capitalists,
who feel that their all is at stake in
this war, and who have succeeded in
staving off the money crisis a little lon
ger; but it will come in spite of their
efforts to prevent it.
" And after the Northern elections,
which we cannot fail of carrying, and
the maturity of other plans which will
soon develop themselves, we shall have
a network spread over the entire nation,
so minute in its details, and so inextri 7
cable in its nature, that even the devil
himself; with all his arts and subtlety',
could not escape through its meshes!
Northern Democracy will falUinto our
embrace as gently as a lover falls into
the arms of his mistress ! Many who
are now acting with that party have
no idea of the extent and purpose of the
political campaign before them, and it
is well they have not, or we should be
deprived of many valuable co-workers,
who are not yet prepared to adopt our
views, and who aro yet:luting in good
faith towards the Federal Govern
ment, but who will, at the proper time
(with some few exceptions) follow the
victorious banner of Democracy' into
the camps of the South, and openly
expouso the cause they ato now secret
ly, and many of them ignorantly, ad
vancing. They will not stand alone
in this matter; many who have hither
to stood thy above the reach of suspic
ion, will find themselves gradually aind
empo,,,pta,l v entangled in the netive - ham their cause; and who, after
finding where they have unconbeiOns - -
ly wandered, make a spasmodic effort
to extricate themselves, but finally
yield, helpless victims to that inexora
ble destiny which awaits them.
Why, my dear Sir, yoa may not be
lieve me when I tell,you, but some
who have heretofore been the V.
and front—leaders of? theßeVublican
Party will aid us not a little in playing
out Democracy into the hands of the
Confederacy; and when all is ready, a
dissolution of Congress and a mutiny
in the National army, (caused by per
sonal and political bickerings and jeal
ousies, the seeds of which aro - alteady
sown,) aro obviously things of easy
The Republican party is also uncon
sciously playing into our hands; reck
lessness and stupidity characterize ev
ery act. They appeared blind to their
own fate, and careless as to the fate of
their country. Intoxicated with their
success at the last Presidential election
—bewildered at the magnitude of the
crisis, and the complicated condition
of national affairs, and hopelessly divi
ded into two helpless factions, the con
servatives and the radicals, the latter .
of whom drive the 'machine,' they are
incapable of offering successful resis
tance to the mighty influence which
cluster around the charmed nathd of
'Democracy.' So you see the power
must soon pass from their hands, and
by a little management upon our part,
whilst we have set Democrats and Re
publicans by the ears, quarreling over
minor things and the spoils of office,
we will adroitly securethe substanee
and leave them tho empty shadpo to
aPKOpriate between them.
Mark my word for it, we will Grote
a division in the North, we will kill off
Republicanism with Democracy, and
then swallow up Domooracy' at our
leisure! Both stand in the way of our
purpose, and both must fall.
Hear an Irish Patriot,
" Let the politicians who have been us
ing us long enough, stay at home if they
will, but let us go and fight the battles of
the nation, and when we come home,a
grateful' nation will extend to us su f ficient
to meet our wants. r have always been
a Democrat. I was going to say that I
am still; but _T will not allow any politics
to interfere with the discharge of my du
ty. I take the KNOW NOTIIING
BY TILE RAND AS A BROTHER
if he carries the mtisfit or sword oklng,
side of me in this - contest. Ido not care
where the man comes from, or what may
be his shade of politics, whether he is a
REPUBLICAN, an ABOLITION:
ISTy or something 'else—it is 4 perfect
matter of indifference to me. I only
want to say that Pm) no man but as
he discharges his duty to that flag; and,
as I said in Baltimore, men were never
Called upon in this world to perform so
sacred a duty as you arc, my countryineiz,
not only for your own sake, bur for the
whole country with its coining •genera
tions of I , nzen."---iSpeech. of General
Corcoran at I'huladn.
Rich gifts wax poor - when givers
• , ~4
rote 'unkind. " '
Homo-keeping youths , have ev9r