Newspaper Page Text
M. Lnwis, Editor and Proprietor.
A. TVIIIRST, AssNjao Editor,
T.X11118.—" Tux Grosz" is published twice tt week rit
$1.50 a ye. r-75 cents for six mouths-50 routs for
three mouths--in advance.
Thtiraday afternoon, May 29, 1862.
Our Flag Forever
0000'0.00Pc 4 .
We bare not the time nor the incli
nation, to dun personally, a large num
ber of persons who have unsettled ac
counts upon our books of several years
standing. We shall, therefore, from
,day to day, without respect to persons,
place into the hands of a Justice for
collection, all accounts of over two
years standing. All those who 'wish
to save expense, will do will to give
us a call.
Demooratio County Committee.
The Democratic County Committee
of Huntingdon county, aro requested
to meet at the Jackson House in the
borough of Hun tin gdon,on Wednesday,
Awe 4th, at 1 o'clock P. M., to take
such action as the Committee may de
JOHN B HUNTER,
May 29, 1862. Chairman
, Charles C. Ash, Barred.
George Eby., Brady.
Michael , Star, Cromwell.
Louis Stever, Cass.
joseph S. Reed, Carbon.
;Janies 'Henderson, Cassville.'
;John Carl, Dublin.
Bohn Zentmyer, Franklin.
Simon Bailee, Henderson.
D. P. Gain, S. B. Lucien, Grafrus
Sohn Porter, David Wilson, Alexan
Livingston Robb, Porter.
Robert Gill, Penn.
Joseph Johnston, Petersburg.
John B. Weaver, Hopewell.
David Hamilton, Tod.
Mathew Miller, Jackson.
Thos. P. McNite, Shirley.
J. P. Dunn, Orbisonia.
Wm. A. Copely, Birmingham.
N. K. Covert, Springfield.
P. H. Bence, Clay.
Alexander McGee, Tell.
Henry S. Isenberg, Juniata.
Robert Wilson, Oneida.
Joseph C. Sechler, Mt. Union.
Jacob H. Miller, Union.
John Nail, Walker.
William Wray, Warriorsmark.
David Barrick, West.
Henry Hultzaple, Lower West
R. F. Haslett, Morris.
M. Y. McKinnon, Sbirloysburg.
- HEADQUARTERS PENNA. MILITIA, }
Harrisburg, May 27, 1862.
NO. 26. -
The Governor being notified by the
Secretary of War, by telegraphic des
patch, received this afternoon, that the
resident will no longer " require any
other troops from Pennsylvania to be
mustered into the United States ser
vice, but those who volunteer for three
years or during the war." General Or
ders Nos. 23, 24 and 25 of these head
quarters, dated on the 26th instant, cal
ling for three month's volunteer militia,
are hereby countermanded and re
Alt commanding officers, who
may have issued their orders •for the
mastering into the service of the Uni
ted States of their respective com
mands, under the said orders ofthe 26th
inst., are hereby ordered to counter
,mand the same.
111. The Governor, on issuing this
order, congratulates the people of Penn
sylvania on the information received
from the War Department, that the
emergency which seemed to the Gov
ernment of the United States so imper
atively to demand their immediate ser
vice, no longer exists, and would also
commend the patriotic zeal and alacri
ty manifested in every section of the
Comnionwealth, to meet it,
By order of A. G. CURTIN,
Governor and Commander-in-chief.
A. L. RUSSELL, Adjutant General.
,Que„or two soldiers who succeeded
in esCaping from Front Royal, where
the fight was had 'on Friday last, be
tween the Ist Maryland Regt. and the
Rebels, arrived in Washington on the
27th, by way .of Manassas. They say,
at the battle the rebels showed no
quarter, even bayoneting maw wounded
as they lay on the field, and perform
ing other inhuman deeds, equally bar
barous with those perpetrated on the
bodies of our troops buried at Bull Run.
secesh ladies have become real
,she.devifs, a,rad deli ht in heaping in
sult upon injury sip= .the "Yaukee"
soldiers. ,Officers and men are,tres.ted
alike. They have such a h9jy horror
for the old stars and stripes that they
will not even walk under its glorious
Folds ur49n it caci be avoided. 33,4 p!
you despise the Yankee soldiers he.
cause they are so far above your dear,
Faithful liege lords, that you know you
can never be anything else, in their
estimation, than base, ignominious
STATESABBATH SCHOOL CONVENTION.
convention composed of represen
tatives of the various Sabbath Schools
in the State, commenced its session
yesterday morning at ten o'clock, iq
the " First Independent Church,"
Broad street below Chestnut, Phila.—
The pbjpot of the Convention is to ob
tain an accurate yipw and survey of
the State in its Sabbath School aspects,
and to devise ways and means by
which to impart increased vigor and
efficiency to the Sabbath Schools, reach
the destitutions, and increase the gen
The representatives from this bo
rough are: Presbyterian, John Scott
and William Dorris, Jr., E. 59.; Metho
dist, Henry W. Miller, Fletcher Con
rad, and E. M. Greene; German Re
formed, David Dunn and W. W. Wal
lace; Baptist, R. McDivitt.
The President sent in to the
House on Wednesday, a Message, in
which he takes the responsibility of
Ales. Cummings and others having
been intrusted with millions of dollars
without giving security—but he does
not shoulder the horse and other con
tracts Secretary Cameron distributed
through the country, by which the
Government was plundered to the
amount of hundreds of thousands of
An investigation was had of the
management of our " horse market,"
and a report published, but we have
not been able to procure a copy. We
want a copy for publication—will
some friend accommodate us.
PERSONAL.—Being absent last week,
we, the junior, neglected to mention
that we v!sited Hollidaysburg the
week before, for the solo purpose of
getting a peep at Brother Traugh, of
the Standard, and we must say that
we were very agreeably disappointed.
We bad always been informed that he
was a thundering ugly bugger, but we
can now testify that he is not so darned
ugly as ho was represented. That's
not all, either, we found him to be a
mighty clover• fellow, and we feel un
der many obligations for the handsome
manner in which be entertained us.—
Come to see us and we n - ill return the
WE LEARN that the military fever
was quite high in Alexandria on the
reception of Gov. Curtin's . Order for
three months' men. Some thirty of
the business men were making prepa
rations to leave immediately for Wash
ington, when the Order we publish to
day changed their programme. Their
will shows they Are all right.
A ALtsrEarr RETREAT.—Gen. Banks
certainly deserves geeat credit for de
feating the expectations of the Rebels.
By mismanagement somewhere, his
command was reduced far below what
it should have been to enable hint to
hold his position. No other General,
under the circumstances, could have
A REPORT was in circulation that Jno.
McCallan, son of I. Kinney McCahan
of this place, was killed last week in a
guerilla fight. We are happy to in
form the public that Mr. McCallan re
ceived a telegraphic dispatch yester
day that his son was all right.
Se - Tn2 PAnas say that General
McClellan, though struck by a piece
of shell at Williamsburg, escaped unin
jured. We aro not surprised at it.—
An officer, who could stand as many
attacks frdm politicians as he has done,
must be bomb-proof.
Tuos. A. SCOTT, ASSiStallt Secretary
of War, has been re-elected Vice Pres
ident of the,... Pennsylvania Railroad
Company, ail will soon enter upon
the management of the road, the Pres
ident, Edgar Thompson, being about
to depart for Europe.
WE SAW a letter this morning from
one of our boys, Robert Westbrook,
dated in camp nine miles from Rich
mond, May 23d. The boys expect to
be in Richmond this week.
THE military excitement is on the
increase in this place. Several young
men are talking of raising a company
for the war.
As THE FRIENDS Of Captains Campbell
and Miles, and those who have rela
tives and friends under their command,
are anxious to know, to a certainty,
what part their companies took in the
battle at Williamsburg, we take pleas
ure in publishing the following extract
from a private letter written by a mem
ber of one of the companies, to a
young man of this place. The extract
gives a graphic and intelligent descrip
tion of the battle, and portrays very
minutely the part taken by Cos. C and
D. The friends and relatives of the
brae boys will be rejoiced toknow that
they acted nobly and fought desper
ately, never flinching under the most
galling fire of the enemy, thus glori
ously sustaining the boasted honor of
Old Huntingdon :
CAMP ON GEN. LEE'S FARM,
23 MILES FROM RICUMOND,
Ray 18, 1862
DEAR FRIEND.-- * * * You say that
the news of last Tuesday week greatly
excited tho '();.s in Huntingdon. and
at :the timey.cou ~v,rote you had not
hoard for certain Oat Ole 49th or Co.
I), -were in the fight. t -suppose you
hay° heard ere tills that both were in
it, and tip fire of our regiment was
more .destructive to the enemy than
tba,t pf the Regiment immediately in
front of the enemy, as it was an Whine
fire and that is always the most de
I have noticed that the papers all
have it that the 43d N. Y. of our Bri
gade, was one of the regiments enga
ged, and some of the papers do not
have the 49th in the fight at all. That
is a mistake. The 49th P. V., Otis Maine
and the sth Wisconsin were the only
Regiments from our Brigade that were
there at the time of the fight; the 43d
being back some 2or 3 miles. When
they started on Sabbath they had not
enough rations to do them that day,
and as they had no rations at all on
Monday they were left behind, and
the 7th Maine regiment of the 3d Bri
gade, was taken in their place.
There is something remarkable about
the position of our Co. the day of the
fight. When our Regiment is formed
in its proper manner our Co. is the ex
treme left, occupying the place of Co.
B, the Captains of A and B having re
signed, and Capt. Miles' Company is
on the extreme right. A short time be
fore the fight Cos. 0, D and E wore omit
skirmishing, but before we came to the
first, fort, that is, in sight of it, they
were called, and our Company ordered
to join on the right instead of the left,
its usual position.
They were then coming up out of a
hollow and by the time they had got
out and gone 3 or 400 yards they came
in sight of the Rebs. Our Brigade ad
vanced 6 or 800 yards beyond the fort,
shown in Harper's Weekly, and then
commenced falling back, as our skir
mishers of the sth Wisconsin came
near. (They had gone, or rather kept
ahead until the robs commenced to ad
vance on them,) firing at the rebs, and
then falling back towards the Brigade.
The regiments would fall back a short
distance, and then about face and look
at the enemy advancing, and then fill
back again and so on until they came
back to the fort. As the rebs drew near
they thought our men were retreating
and some of them cried out, at the top
of their voices, "Another Bull Bun."
Our men commenced to fire on them
when they were about 6 or 800 yards
off and they advanced to within a hun
dred yards of our line of battle, com
ing at a charge bayonet and a "double
quick." but when they got to within
about 200 yards of our line the direct
fire of the 6th Maine, the right oblique
fire of the 49th, and the left oblique
fire of the sth Wisconsin was more
than they could stand ; they fired one
volley at about 150 yards and when
the smoke blew away that they could
see the robs, those of the sth N. C.
Regiment had nearly all fallen, only a
few remained, and after advancing a
few yards further they broke and ran
in utter confusion without our regi
ment charging as stated in the papers.
Tl,cy advanced after firing, but not on
What I wanted to mention especially
was that COS. D and C from Ilunting
don County although usually on both
extremes of the Regiment were shoul
der to shoulder in the first regular field
fight they have been in, and although
on the right and under a more direct
fire than any of the other Cos. in the
Regiment, none of them were killed
or wounded, only one wounded in the
49th worth noticing, and that is a man
by the name of Gilberts of Co. G.
Gen.liancoek has immortalized him
self by that fight. Ile was as cool as
if there was nothing more going on
than dress parade, and his brigade
think him the next best General in this
army to our Commander Gen. McClel
lan or " little Mack," as we usually call
him. lie will not allow his army to
march on the Sabbath if it is possible
to avoid it, and I think that this is one
reason of our success—having a man
of God the head of our army.
NEW BRIDGE.-.- - 1.10 Pennsylvania
Railroad Company IWO about erecting
a now bridge over the canal at the foot
of Montgomery street. Workmen
engaged in framing the timbers, pre
paratory to putting up the work.
A REGIMVNT of soldiers from einciu
natti, Ohio, passed through this place
over the Penna. Railroad yesterday,
on their way to Washington.
CASsVILLE SEMINARY, May 24, 1862
MESSRS. EDITORd :—As the inmates
of room .No. 24 promised to lot you
hear from them again, we will now
endeavor to give you a brief account
of the progress of our school, and the
outside news in general, The school
is in a very flourishing condition; our
schoolmates aro all fine and agreeable
young ladies and gentlemen, who are
striving to improve their mental and
moral abilities, so as to become respec
ted and useful citizens. Our Professor
is one who is capable of imparting to
us good mental, religious, and moral
instructions which is necessary for each
one to have before we can become use
ful members of society. We are all
required to prepare declamations, or
compositions, to be spoken or read
every two weeks; your correspondents
being no public speakers, they there
fora comply with the latter, and appear
at each appointment with their scrap
The present quarter closes on the
14th of Juno.
We had the pleasure of taking Part
in a picnic gotten up by the students
fold citizens 91 th9Vilidgc; which was
a grand affidr. Notice was given by
the ringing of the Seminary boll this
Morning at 81' o'clock, for all who wore
interested in the party, to meet at
Squire Clarkson's for the purpose of
forming into a procession ; from which
place we were escorted by martial mu
sic under. the glorious stars and stripes,
to a grove about one and a half miles
from town; the provisions having been
taken out previous to that time by a
wagon which was procured for that
purpose. When arriving at the grove
the ladies proceeded to the arranging
of the table, and the gents to preparing
the drink, which was lemonade of the
best quality. The table which was
from fifty to sixty feet in length was
bountifully spread with the most deli
cious and costly dainties that could bo
procured for the day; for which the
ladies deserve great praise. The table
being spread, a prayer was offered by
.Rev. Mr. Simpson, after which we were
permitted to surround the table and
partake of the refreshments, which we
assure you were amply attended to,
especially by your correspondents. All
being satisfied, we were requested to
be seated. Prof. J. W. Hughes ascen
ded the stand and delivered a brief hilt
eloquent address, and was succeeded
by Rev. Mr till-F . 11160n, who also ad
dressed us with a very appropriate and
instructive speech. The addresses
being over, we young folks were left
to enjoy ourselves as best we could,
and you may rest assured good use was
made of the time. After the amuse
ments of the day we returned home,
feeling somewhat fittigued. As it is
getting late and we are almost worn
out by this day's ramblings we will
close for the present. Yours, &c.
N. D. & Dens Er.
Our Army Correspondence.
CAMP NEAIt PAMOSKY RIVER, Va., 1
May 21, 1862.
Mn. EDITOR:—Not having written
for the Globe for a long time, and
thinking something from tho 53d on its
onward march to Richmond, might,
perhaps, be of some interest to the
many readers of your sheet, I conclu
ded to write a few lines for the paper.
I will not attempt to give any descrip
tion of our march and counter-march
to Manassas Junction, and from thence
to Warrenton:Junction. Neither shall
I attempt to describe our trip from
Alexandria down the Potomac to Ship
Point and the part the 53d played on
the grand theatre in front of York
feiwn, as all these movements have
long been known to all.
After making a forced march on the
day of the battle of Williamsburg
through mud which words now fail me
to describe, we returned next day and
encamped at Yorktown until the 12th,
at which time we were ordered on
board the boats for West Point. But
when we arrived at West Point the
boat did not stop, but proceeded up
the Pamonky river a distance of about
eight miles. Here we disembarked at
a place called Brick Landing. where
we encamped a few days in a pleasant
grove of pines, when we again received
the order to march. We marched to
the place where we are now encamped,
a distance of some seventeen miles,
stopping, however, several times along
the road and camping for the night.—
Marching goes very slowly through
the swamps and ravines of Virginia.—
Some of the citizens of Huntingdon
county would not believe mo when I
should tell you that yesterday we
marched seven hours and only Caine
the short distance of two miles. -But
this is nevertheless the truth. The
roads are dreadful in some places.—
The wagons and artillery often stick
for hours in the mud, and are subse
quently brought out by the vigorous
exertions of the men. Woods and
swamps are all that meet, the eye, with
hero and there a small farm house.—
Most of these houses are deserted, and
in What few houles the inhabitants
still remain, you can invariably see a
white flag flying. They no doubt have
been misled to such a degree, by the
leaders of the rebellion, that they
thought unless they put up a flag of
truce, everythimr ' would be destroyed
for them, which, however, is never the
case. We are now encamped on quite
a pleasant situation. Our camp is in
a large field owned by a man by the
name of Lee, said to be a Major in the
rebel army. It is the most pleasant
place for a camp we have conic to
since we are on the peninsula. The
water is plenty and of the best, which
has been a rarity with us, for some
time. The water, in the majority of
places at which we have encamped,
was scarce, and exceedingly obnoxious
to the taste. Here, near the camps,
stands the St. Peter's Episcopal Church
—quite an old building—in which, it
is said, General Washington was ac
customed to worship in his younger
days, It is reported that the General
was married in this church. It is of
brick and not very largo. Surround
ing it are trees, which give it a beauti
ful appearance. On the corner-stone
is written : This church was corn
7:leneed in 1710 and was finished in
In the rear of the church is a
burial ground with some half a dozen
graves in it. On some of the tomb
stones arc some writings of a very
early date. Ga one is inscribed the
following: "here lyeth the body of
Ann Clopton, the wife of William
Clopton, of the county of New Kent.
She departed this life the 4th day of
March. Arno Domini, 1716, in the Vith
year of her age. She left three sons
and two daughters, by her said hus
band, viz : .Robert, William, Walter,
Ann and Elizabeth." Several other
writings are quite old, but this one is
the oldest I have seen. None but of
ficers high in command are permitted
to go inside ,of the Church, so that I
cannot tell anything about the church .
on the inside. Generals Sumner and
Richardson have their headquarters
near the Church. It is indeed a beau
tiful spot. Washington no doubt nev
er thought when he worshiped in that
church, that there would one day be
an army encamped around it, for the
purpose of punishing traitors who are
trying all in their power to destroy
the Government which he devised.—
But such is the case, and now a senti
nel paces in front of the Church where
he, one hundred years ago, was accus
tomed to worship. Such a thing,
doubtless, never entered his mind, yet
what is the crime which a traitor will
not commit. A man who breaks his
oath and tramples upon the constitu
tion whiell ha has Sworn to defend, as
many of these rchei leaders have done,
are not to be trusted in the humblest
station in life, and ought to be made
to pay the full penalty of the law upon
which they have trampled.
The boys aro all in good spirits.—
The health of the regiment is better
now than it has been for a long time.
We all expect to be in Richmond soon.
There is quite a large force hero.
More anon. Yours, &e.
FREDERICKSBURG, Va., May 23d, '62,1
110th Regt., P. V., Co. B.
DEAR CwonE:—After a long and
dreary march I am seated in order to
address you, by the medium of an old
We left Newmarket on the 12th inst.,
for the above named place, crossed
Shenandoah mountain and also the
river, and the Blue Ridge. We passed
through several towns namely: Ham
burg, Luray, Front Royal, and Warren
ton. We landed at the latter named
place au Saturday availing and 're
mained over Sunday; had a good rest
after a full week's 31,1jil'01 averaging 18
tulles per clay.
Wo will now tall you of a skirmish
that some slaty caVa"and Co. Al- V
the 1115th, had on our way on Friday at
Gain's Cross Roads, with some four
hundref I and filly rebel cnvtilry Our
little number of cavalry routed them
and Co, A poured volley after volley
into them causing them to retreat, at
which time Co. B of the same, after
double quicking for one mile had the
extreme pleasure of giving them one
volley. lam unable to say how many
were killed on the rebel side. Co. A
took three prisoners, one of whom was
shot through the mouth, and his horse
was shot. None were killed on our
side, and only two of our cavalry
wounded. The rebels were waiting to
capture our baggage wagons as they
would pass, but to their surprise they
found some of Gen. Shields' men to
deal with. Guess they got tired of
them without waiting fbr the wagons.
As we wish to be brief we will pass on.
On Monday 10th we left Warrenton
and came some nine miles to Warren
ton Junction, remained there until
Wednesday 21st and then came on to
the above named place. We landed
last night all in good spirits. McCall's
and also McDowell's divisions are at
this place. We have seen quite a num
ber of our home associates this morn
ing, some of whom are in the 12th
llegt. P. R. C., and some in the Sth,
sth and 2d regiments. We were quite
glad to meet them.
Friend _Lewis from where we sit to
write we can view the towns of Fred
ericksburg and Falmouth; and have
also quite a nice view of the country.
I am unable to say when or where we
will go from here. Yours truly,
D. Ross Aln.uut
P. S. Friends of the 110th address
their letters to Washington City, D. C.
From Gene Halleoles Army,
BEFORE. CORINTH, May 27.—General
Halleck has issued an order prohibi
ting unnecessary skirmishing with the
The pickets on each side are now
friendly, and being within speaking
distance, they improve the opportuni
ty of Conversing with each other.
Last night, five rebels, including one
sergeant, came over to our lines.
All along the line our forces are
within two miles of the rebel works
and in some places our heavy guns
are within battering distance; but the
dense woodlands intervening prevent
either party from opening fire.
Camp rumors say that Vicksburg
had surrendered and our fleet was on
the way to Memphis.
The ✓ Reporter of the Associated
Press at Gen. llalleck's headquarters,
says that all the Corinthian news that
has been telegraphed from the Chicago
papers, as contained in despatches from
Cairo, for some time past, has been ut
terly without foundation.
No engagement of the least conse
quence had occurred at Corinth or the
vicinity up to 111 o'clock last evening.
Affairs at Martinsburg, Va,
BALTI MORE, May 28.—A telegraphic
despatch received yesterday by the
officers of the Baltimore & Ohio Rail
road, dated Martinsburg, states that
Martinsburg was entirely unmolested
by Confederate troops, and that quiet
and good order reigned throughout.
On Monday evening a party of about
eight dragoons of the Confederates
rode into the place, but did not remain
many minutes. They rode along the
principal thoroughfares and then dis
appeared. At that time the rear guard
of Gen. Banks' army was safely en
camped on the road leading to Wil
liamsburg. An examination of the
railroad showed that not the slightest
damage had been sustained at the
hands of the Confederates.
From General MoOlellan's Army.
WAsumrroN, May 27.—The - War
Department received advises this even
ing from Gen. McClellan of the cap
ture of Hanover Court House.
Our loss is said to be small; that of
the enemy considerable in killed,
wounded and prisoners. One of the
enemy's cannon was captured.
Hanover Court House is about 18
miles north of Richmond, near the
line of the Central railroad, and about
ten miles' south of the junction of the
Fredericksburg & Gordonsville roads.
General Banks' Body Guard.
WILLIAMSPORT , May 27.—After three
days and nights march, without ra
tions or sleep, through the mountains,
I have rescued most of my brave men,
who, acting as rear guard and bridge
burners, were three separate times cut
off. They fought bravely but suffered
severely. McCaine and Gilchrist kil
led. My men guarded the Quarter
master's stores train, and have been
brought by a circuitous route safely to
headquarters. They aro barefooted
and well nigh dead.
CUARLES IL T. COLLIS,
Captain Commanding General Banks'
General Banks' Retreat from
Reports from Pittsburg/ten in his Army,
[Correspondence of the gittsbnrgh Chronicle.]
WILLIAMSPORT, Md., May 27.—Via
Carlisle.—Gen. Banks' command, about
4,600 strong, which were encamped
near Strasburg, Va., took up their lino
of march about 4 o'clock on Saturday
morning. At Newtown, ten miles
north of Strasburg, his roar guard was
attacked. Capt. Underwood's compa
ny had 13 wounded and one killed.
The rear was harrassed until late in
the evening, when it reached Winches
ter, after a twenty-five miles march,
and encamped. The pickets were
fired into and harrassed all the night.
The rebels took up a position during
the night, and commenced the attack
early on Sunday 'morning with their
batteries. Severe fighting occurred
until nine o'clock A. M , bu•t our force
wiis . overpowored by General I*all's
command, numbering about twenty
two thousand, when wo commenced
WO reached the shoro.opmite Wil
liamsport, a distance of thirty-seven
:miles, on Sunday night
General Banks' uiimmand : including
Captains Morgan's and l'oulk's'cont
panics, are now in Williamsport. •
All Quiet at Baltimore.
BALTIMORE, May 27.—A1l is quiet
here this morning. A large force of the
police is stationed along Baltimore
street, and other localities, to prevent
The Latest from Banks.
WASHINGTON, May 27.—8 y des
patches received at the War Depart
ment, we learn that affairs are quiet at
Harper's Ferry and its vicinity.
A later despatch from Gen. Banks
says all is quiet at Williamsport.
The indications are that the rebels
are retreating to Winchester.
THE HOMESTEAD BILL A LAW.
The following is a correct copy of
the Homestead bill, as passed by both
Houses of Congress and signed by the
All` ACT to Secure Homesteads to Ac
tual Settlers on the Public Domain,
and to Provide a Bounty for Soldiers
in lieu of Grants .of the Public Lands.
Be it enacted by the Senate -and
louse of Representatives of the United
States of America in Congress Assem
bled: That any person who is the
head of a family, or who has arrived
at the age of twenty-one years, and is
a citizen of the United States, or who
shall have filed his declaration of in
tention to become such, as required by
the naturalization laws of the United
States, and who has never borne arms
against the United States Government,
or given aid and comfort to its enemies,
shall, from and after the Ist of January,
1863, be entitled to enter one quarter
section, or a less quantity, of unappro
priated public lands, upon which said
person may have filed a preemption
claim, or which may, at the time the
application is made, be subject to pre
emption at $1 25, or less, per acre; or
eighty acres or less of such unappro
priated lands, at $2 50 per acre, to be
located in a body, in conformity to the
legal subdivisions of the public lands,
anti after the same shall have been sur
veyed: Provided, That any person own
ing and residieg on land may, under
the provisions of this act, enter other
land lying adjoining to his or her said
land, which shall not, with the land so
already owned and occupied, exceed
in the aggregate 160 acres.
SECTION 2. And be it further enacted,
That the person applying for the ben
efit of this act shall, upon application
to the Register of the Land Office in
which be or she is about to make such
entry, make affidavit before the said
Register or Receiver that he or she is
the head of a.family, or is twenty-one
years or more of age, or shall have
performed service in the army of the
United States, and that he has never
borne arms against the Government of
the United States, or given aid and
comfort to its enemies, and that such
application is made for his or her ex
clusive use and benefit, and that mid
entry is made for the purpose of ac
tual settlement and cultivation, and
not either directly or indirectly for the
use or benefit of any person or per
and upon filing-the
said affidavit with the Register or Re
ceiver, and upon payment of $lO, he j
or she shall thereupon be permitted to !
enter- the quantity - of land specified:
Provided, however, That no certificate
shall be given or patent issued therefor
until the expiration of five years from
the date of such entry; and if, at the
expiration of such time, or at any
time within two years thereafter, the
person making such entry—or if he be
dead, his widow, or in case of her
death, his heirs or devisee; or in case
of a widow making such entry, her
heirs or devisee, in ease of her death—
shall prove by two credible witnesses
that he, she, or they have resided upon
or cultivated the same for the term of
five years immediately succeeding the
time of filing the affidavit aforesaid,
and shall make affidavit that no part of
said land has been alienated, and that he
has borne true allegiance to the Govern
ment of the United States ; then, in such
case, he, she, or they, if at that time a
citizen of the United States, shall be
entitled to a patent, as in other cases
provided for by law : And provided, fur-
Ozer, That in case of the death of both
father and mother, leaving an infant
child, or children under twenty-one
years of age, the right and fee shall
enure to the benefit of said infant child
or children ; and the executor, admin
istrator, or guardian may, at any time
within two years after the death of the
surviving parent, and in accordance
with the laws of the State in which
such children for the time being have
their domicil, sell said land for the ben
efit of said infitats, but for no other
purpose; and the purchaser shall ac
quire the absolute title by the pur
chase, and be entitled to a patent from
the United States, on payment of the
office fees and sum of money herein
SEC. 3. And be it further enacted,
That the Register of the Land-Office
shall note all such applications on the
tract books and plats of his office, and
keep a register of all such entries, and
make return thereof to the General
Land-Office ; together with the proof
upon which they have Been founded.
SEc. 4. And be it further enacted,
That no lands acquired under the pro
visions of this act shall in any event
become liable to the satisfaction of any
debt or debts contracted prior to the
issuing of the patent therefor.
SEC. 5. And be it further enacted,
That if, at any time after the filing of
the affidavit, as required in the 2d sec
tion of this act, and before the expira
tion of tho five years aforesaid, it shall
be proven, after duo notice to the set
tler, to,the satisfaction of ho register
of the land-office, tlie person 13av
inn• filed such afilday'it shall actu
ally changed his or her residence, or,
abandoned the !said land, or shollialre
ceased to occupy said land . fer more
than six months at any time, then and
In that event the land'so entered shall
revert to the Government.
SEQ. 6, And be it farther enacted,
That no individual shall be permitted
to acquire title to more than ono quar
ter section under tho provisions of tho
act; and that the Commissioner of
the General Land-Offtee IS hoi4y re
quired to prepare and fp issue such
rules and rogulatiqus, consistent with
this act, as shall ,h,e pecoisary and pro
per to carry provisions into effect;
and We and .reeeiTers of the
seVeriill t anl-offloes shall ho entitled to.
roc4o the stifne compensation for any
lah`da entered under the provisiOns:of
thie - aet`that they arc now entitled to
receive When the'SaMe qualittOf land,
is entered with money, one il&lf, l to.,bo •
paid by the person makink tho s appli,
cation at the time of so doing, apdthe..
other half on the issue of the certificate •
by the person to whom it may he,is
sued ; but this shall not be construed„
to enlarge the maximum of compensa : .
tion now prescribed' by law for any
register or receiver: Provided, ThAt
nothing contained in this a ct shall hee•
so construed as to Impair or interferer;
in any manner whatever with existirK
preemption rights: And provided, fur ; .
ther, That all persons who may have.
filed their applications for a preemp t _
tion right prior to the passage of this
act shall be entitled to all privileges of - -
this act. Provided, further, That no,
person who has served or may hereal ,
ter serve, for a period of not less than
14 days in the army or navy of the
United States, either regular or volun
teer, under the , laws thereof, during
the existence of an actual war, domes
tic or foreign , shall be deprived of the
benefits of this act on account of not
having attained the age of 21 years.
SEc. 7. And be it further enacted,
That the fifth section of the act enti
tled "An act in addition to an act
more effectually to provide for the
punishment of certain crimes against
I the 'United States,'and for'other:pur
poses," approved the 3d day= of March,
in the year 1857, shall extend to
oaths, affirmations and affidavits, re-.
quired or authorized :by, this act..
Sec. 8. .And be , it further enacted,
That nothing •in this act' Shall be so
construed as to prevent any person
who has availed .him or herself of the
benefit of the first section of this act
from paying the maximum price, or
the price to 'which the same may have
graduated, for the quantity of land'
so entered at any time before the ex—
piration of the five years; and obtain—
ing a patent therefor from the Govern
ment, as in' other cases provided by
law, on' making proof of settlement and.
cultivation as provided by existing;
laws granting preemption rights.
The following is the bill as it passed
the House on the 20th inst.. by a vote
of 82 yeas
,to 08 nays, 'Every cote
for the bill was Republican With' the
exception of Brown (UriionSfroniXir
ginia. Every - Democrat, ten :Union
Members, and eight Republicans, voted
against it. We cannot understand
this vote. It seems to us that Rebel
property should be confiscated to help
pay the expenses of the war. Are we
afraid - to punish the Reliefs for their
treason ? The'vote looks as if' we were.
The following is the bill :
The bill provides that all the estate.
property and. moneys, stocks,. credits
and effects of the person - or persons
hereinafter named, are declared forfeit
ed to the Government of the United
States, and declared lawful subject.. ‘-) 1
seizure, and o f prize and eaptur
ever found, for the incle ,,, nt3' e . tho'
United States, againo the expenses for
suppressing ther , osout rebellion — that
is to say
First of any person hereafter acting
a .,..11 officer in the army or navy of
now or hereafter in arms
against the Government of' the United.
Secondly. Any person hereafter act
ing as President, Vice President, mem
ber of Congress, judge of any court,
cabinet-officer, foreign minister,. com
missioner, or consul of the so-called.
Thirdly. Any person acting as ,Gor
ernor of a State, member 'ofconverition,
or legislature, or judge of any . court.
of the so-called Confederate States.
Fourthly. Any person who having
held an office of honor, trust, or profit
in the United States, shall hereafter
hold an office in the so-called Confed
Fifthly. Any person hereafter hold
ing any office or agency in the so.called
Confederate States, or under any of
several States of said ConfedcraCy, or
laws thereof, whether such office or
agency, be National, State, or munici
pal in its name or character.
Sixthly. If any person who, having
property in any loyal State or Terito
ry of the United Statee,.or- in the Dis
trict of Columbia, shall hereafter assist
and give aid and comfort to such rebel
tho said estate, property;and mon
eys, stocks, credits, and effects of these
persons, are declared lawful,-subjects
of capture wherever foand ;. and the
President of the United States shall
cause the same to be seized, to the end
that they may he confiscated and con
demned to the use of the United States:
and all sales, transfers or conveyances
shall be null and void ; and it shall bo
a sufficient bar to any suit bronght-by
such person for the possession, and for
the use of such property, or any of it'.
to allege and prove ho is one of the
persons described in this section.
The second section - provides that if.
any person within any State Or Terri
tory of the United States other than
those already specified shall not, with
in sixty days after public warning and
proclamation, by the President, cease
to aid, countenance, and abet such re
bellion, and return to their allegiance,
their property shall in litre manner - he
forfeited - for the use; of the United
States; all sales, transfers, or convey
cubes of any such Property, after ilke
expiration of the said sixty days from
the date of the warning, shall be null
The third section provides - that, to
secure the possession, cond4mnla'tion;
and sale of such property . ; 'Sitna. - 0' or
being in liify State•tererritOyy Of the
Um,ted States, lieoedlicp U
ags in rein, shall
be institqtKlirilhe hatne of the nited
StatOS Court or" Tdiritorial
CoUrt, or in the United states District
Court for the District of 'Columbi a ;
nvltliin vhiob the, property
found, or into which the samo,if meiva=
ble, may, be, - first brought, which' pro
coodings shall conform, as nearly as
may be, to proceedings in prize cases;
or to cases of forfeitures arising under
the revenue laws; and.the property so
seized and condemned, whether real or
personal, shall be sold under the decree)
of the coollhaving cognizance of the
ease, and 'the . prcieeeds deposited in the
Treasury &the Uni tod States, for their
Use and benefit.
The remainder of the sections pro
vide the necessary machineg for car
rying the net into effect. •
Provided; That the per,scps,thircily
and fifthly described,shal) have accept
ed their ejc4ion or appointments . fo
office !hr s ice the date of , '•the' pretended
,ord,inariee 'of ' 'secession of such' State;
he taken the oath of ally=
Co'' the St) called Confederate