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Wit. LEWIS, Editor and Proprietor
'PE II $ Tits GtoSe" is published twice a wvek at
$1.50 a year-75 cents fur six mouths-50 cents for
three months—in advance.
Thursday afternoon y July 25, 1861
The Star-Spangled Banner
Oh I say, can you see, by t'he dawn's early light,
What so proudly we Laird at the twilight's hut gleam
"'Whose broad stripes and bright stars through the perilous
O'er the ramparts we omtcled, were so gallantly streaor•
And the rocket's red glare, the bombs bursting in air.
Oars proof through the night that our flog was still there!
Oh 1 my, does that star-spangled banner yrt
O'er the land of the free, and the home of the brevet
On the !here, dimly seen through the mists of the deep,
Where the foes haughty host in dread silence reposes,
What Is that which the breeze, o'er the towering steep,
As it fitfully blows, half conceals, half discloses?
Now it catches the gleam of the morning's first beam;
In fall glory reflected, now shines on the stream—
'Tie the etar•epangled banner! Oh, long may it nave,
O'er the land of the free, and the home of the brave I
And where is that band who so Tauntingly swore .
That the havoc of war, and the battle's confusion,
A home and a country should leave us no more t
Their blood has wash'd out their foul footstep's pollution
No refuge could save the hireling and slave,
Trout the terror of flight or the gloom of the gravel
And the star-spangled banner in triumph doth wave,
O'er the land of the free, and the home of the hrare
Ohl than be it ever, when freemen shall stand
Between their loved home and w ar's desolation!
Binged with victory and peace, may the lienven-reacued
Praise the Power that bath made and preserved us a ma.
Thou conquer we must, when our muse it Is just,
And this be our motto—" In God is our Inuit I"
♦nd the star-spangled banner In triumph shall wave,
War the laud of the free, and the home of the brave!
INTEIREISTING from V'TASEINGTON
WASIIINGTth, July 23.—A Zouave
who was taken prisoner with six others,
subsequently effected his escape and
arrived here to-night with a broken
hand-cuff on one wrist. He reports that
the Zouaves were treated with Indian
barbarity by the repels, many being
pinioned to trees and tormented with
bayonets thrust at them. Two cav
alry and two infantry rebel soldiers
who were taken on the field on Sunday,
said to be in the act of bayoneting
our wounded Zouaves, were brought
in under guard to-day. A sight of
them on their arrival here exasperated
the Zouaves who were on the street.
The prisoners were with difficulty pro
tected from violence. They were taken,
for protection, into the Treasury build
Col. .4, Scheminelfennin s i of Phila
delphia, arrived here to-day, and olY'ercd
the service of a regiment of 1,040 men,
a large part of whom have seen service
in Europe. Nearly all the officers are
Prussians, who have distinguished
themselves in active service. The reg
iment has been accepted.
-11. P. 31.—Some of the batteries and
single cannon supposed to have been
lost in Sunday's battle, are being
brought in safely. Among the pieces
thus covered are two of the twenty
three-pounder rifled cannons.
WASHINGTON, July 23.—Our losses
have been greatly exaggerated. It is
now well ascertained that the killed
will fall short of 1,000.
The rebels did not follow our retreat
ing forces after they passed Bull Run.
Col. Einstein, of the Twenty-sixth
Pennsylvania, returned to the field of
battle at eleven o'clock on Sunday
night and brought off six pieces of ar
tillery, which he delivered to the com
manding officeron the Potomac yester
Col. Einstein reports that the field
was then clear, and not an enemy in
The President and Secretary of War
are vigorously at work re-organizing a
Villain the last twenty-four hours
over 60,000 fresh troops, with a num
ber of batteries, have offered their
services and been accepted.
A number of regiments have arrived,
And every day will bring immense re
inforcements to Washington.
Ten new regiments will bo in Balti
more en-route for Washington, by eve
The response from every quarter
has been most gratifying, and truly
WasinuoToN,July 23.—A gentleman
from the valley of Virginia says that
Geri. Johnson left Winchester Thurs
day noon, and reached Manassas Junc
tion during the battle on Sunday, with
a force 29,000 strong. He left behind
only . his sick, to the number of 1.800.
It was confidently asserted, at Win
chester, that Gen. Johnson and Col.
Hunter were both killed at the Junc
tion; and it was rumored, but not
confirmed, that Gen. Jackson was also
There had been great sickness and
numerous deaths at Winchester.
The slaughter , of the Confederates
at Bull's Run is represented as lin.
A messenger sent from 'Manassas to
Winchester represents the army as in
a starring condition, and that all the
produce in the neighborhood was be
ing seized and sent down.
The suffering at Winchester was
very great.. Provisions and groceries
wore very scarce. Sugar was selling
atone dollar per 'pound.
Car The Peat Office Department
"belie discontinued the mails, and sup.
pressed all matter for Tennessee, with
the, exception of about twentywfive_
counties on the. eastern' slept; of the
Ugh I how the blood curdles in our
veins, and our pen almost refuses to
perform its office, when we write those
words—civil war. And can it be, that
we are so cowardly ? No. It is the
horrors of the conflict we aro in, that
makes us feel so humiliating. We de
plore civil war, and could we but find
words strong and emphatic enough to
express our true feelings and senti
ments, we should surely do it. If
Webster's Dictionary contained words
adequate to the time, we would trans
pose them to our columns. Who can
read of the battle at Manassas on Sun
day, without experiencing that feeling
of indignation which causes the blood
to boil, and the heart to throb with
We can call this nothing but a guerilla
war on the part of those who arc in
arms against us. Who can read the
description of the battle, as given in
our paper of to-day, and say that it is
not inhuman-brutal beyond endurance.
Have our Southern enemies become
- Uncivilized and have they forgot the
courtesies of war ? Never, before.
have we heard of the enemy firing
upon the wounded as they were being
carried off the field of battle and mur
dering those who wore found by the
roadside, exhausted and almost dead
from over exertion. We repeat again,
who can read of this, and not feel his
blood boil with rage and indignation
at the inhuman warfare carried on by
the rebels ? Should we show them
any quarters ? Do they deserve any ?
Pr.v ,- - Since the smoke of the great
battle at Bull's Run has passed away,
we can see how bravely the true friends
of the Union measured every inch of
the ground with the Rebels. Never
did men fight more bravely. The
Rebels with a much greater num-.
her, and with all the advantages against
us, it is surprising that we did not lose
more men. The Rebel joss is at
least two to our one; and if our
whole army under the command of
the brave McDowell, could have had
ground to meet the enemy, the victory
would have been overwhelming for
the Union. The second trial ofstreogth
will result in the complete route of the
Rebels. Who doubts it?
The Star Spangled banner in triumph 0411 nave,
O'er the land of the free, and the home of the blare!
A VERY HANDSOME AND VALUABLE
PRESENT.—WO have received from
Ron. William Montgomery, Member
of Congress from Washington District,
the " - Reports of Explorations and Sur
veys to ascertain the most practicable
and °comical route for a Railroad from
the Mississippi River to the Pacific
Ocean," in two large volumes. These
volumes contain a large numl2er of
beautiful plates. Also, four volumes
of pub. doe. Such valuable presents
are seldom received by the country
THE THREE MONTHS' - VOLUNTEERS.-
Most of three months' regiments are
now returning home. New companies
and regiments will immediately be
formed, and a large Majoi:ity of the
men will return to the army .within
twenty days. With all the bad treat
ment they have received, they will not
feel contented at home when their
ler The 9th and 11th Regiments of
the Pennsylvania Reserve . Volunteers,
from camp Wright, Pittsburgh, passed
through this place, for Harrisburg, on
Tuesday evening. They did not know
their destination from that place. We
presume however, they will bti marched
down to " Dixie's land" as soon as pos
sible. They were a-hardy looking set
of men, and hailed from Allegheny,
Westmoreland, Cambria, Indiana and
Armstrong counties. A telegraphic
dispatch was received 'at this place
about half an hour before the train ar
rived,-asking the citizens of this place
to feed the soldiers. The news had
scarcely time to get around town be
fore the train arrived, when about nine
hundred men were fed until satisfied.
They spoke in high terms of the citi
zens of Huntingdon, and said they re
ceived better treatment here than they
had since they left their homes. The
11th regithent were also fed and spoke
in glowing terms of "yo ancient bor
ough," and said they WORN always re
member-the-good-looking and patriotic
ladies, and 'promised to give a - good
account of themselves,
We have not kept an account of the
number of Regiments fed at thiS place,
but taking the word of soldiers for it,
we are safe in saying that Huntingdon
has fed, more soldiers than any• other
town in the State. True, sometimes
We aro left a little short of provisions
for family use for a few hours, but
every one feels anxious' to feed the
the brave soldier " boys" to the last
crust of bread. Our good citizens are
willing to feed more, but they would
prefer having a few hours notice to
make preparations for such largo arri
ItEracnous,--Rev. J. L. Holmos will
_preach in the Baptist Chureh, in this
place, on Sabbath evening next. •
MAP CIP TR& SEAT or WAn, exhibiting
the surrounding country, the approach.;
es by sea and land to the Capitol of
the United States, and military ports,
forts &0., just published and for sale at'
Lewis' Book Store: Price . 25 cents.
EFOry person taking an interest in - the
Movements of our army should • have
one of these.ynaps,
The, Great Battle Beyond Centreville
[Special War Correspondence of the Preas 3
WASHINGTON. July 22, 1861.
Centreville is a small village about
four miles from Bull's Run, and within
seven or eight miles of Manassas Gap
Junction, the centre of General Beau
regard's position as commander-in
chief of the rebel forces. It commands
a magnificent view—one seldom seen
in the eastern part of Virginia. The
approach from Fairfax Court Rouse
is through a succession of bills, cov
ered in many parts with dense forests
of timber, and occasionally showing
evidences 9f civilization in large whea,t
fields, small aristocratic mansions, aria
ungathered crops of new mown hay.
The plain beyond CentTeville is an ex
tensive one, and will be memorable in
his tory as the scene of the greatest
battle ever fought on the American
continent. It is bounded by the Blue
Ridge, whose shelving and uneven
summit faintly lines the horizon. it
is watered by streams which rise in
the mountain and flow into the Poto
mac, and is divided into fields of grain,
pasture and meadow. At almost reg
ular intervals the plain itself ascends
into gradually sloping hillocks, most
of which are covered with timber.—
Towards Occoquan especially thy
country is densely wooded, and we
can but occasionally see a road or a
field, even with the aid of the most
In this romantic and beautiful dis
trict, the rebels had determined to
show their first organized opposition
to the Federal Government, Fairfax,
Alexandria, and the intervening points
were but mere picket stations, as it
were, intended only as a menace and
a monitor. Their occupation by - the
Government forces was but weakly
contested, and they wore illy defended.
The great body of the Southern levies
have been centred at Manassas, skirt
ing Bull's Bun, Brentsville, Butler's
Ford, Centreville, and the Occognan
River. Nature has been lavish in
strengthening this district as a defen
sive position. Immediately before
Manassas there is a succession of equi
distant hills, in front of which there is
said to bo a ravine 'so deep and so
thickly wooded that it is passable to
an army only at two points, and those
two, gorges which a company of men
could almost defend against a whole
army. Mouths of preparation have
enabled Gen. Beauregard to add to
I these natural defences others of a more
important nature. These defenced
were said, by Southern journals, to be
a lino of forts, two miles in extent,
zig-zag in form, with angles, salient:4,
bastions, easemates, and everything
properly belonging to the art of forti
fications. In addition to this, the
country is admirably adapted to• the
subsistence and entrenchment of troops
in numbers as largo as they can easily
be manoeuvred on the battle-field.
To drive the rebels from this posi
tion has been the intention of the gov
ernment in all its operations along the
Potomac shore. Such a course has
been a necessity, as at Manassas the
commanding officer, holds the key to
duo surrounding country,-and so long
as the rebel flag is floating over it, the
flag of the Union could never be re
spected in Western Virginia. The
duty of driving these traitors from
this position has been assigned to Gen.
McDowell; and, in pursuance of this
purpose, Gen. 21cDowell has extended
his base-line of operations to Centre
ville. The assault on BitWs Run was
a part of his plan And a prelude to the
great engagenlent of Sunday. Bull's
Run is nothing more than a small
stream which crosses the road from
Cedreville, constituting a kind of ra
vine, and is buried between dense mas
ses of forest 'and shrubbery. In this
woodland a powerful battery had been
constructed to oppose any attempt of
the Government forces to threaten
Manassas. It was the advanced bat
tery of the great line of rebel batteries
extending to the Junction. The ac
tion 9n Friday did not succeed in its
capturb, and in order to avoid the
great and unnecessary loss of life which
the-success of such an ,effort would
entail, it was determined; in the opera
tions of Sunday, to avoid it as much-as
possible—to extend the line against
Manassas by a more northerly, route
from Centreville, arld to take it by a
flank movement, or compel the enemy
to abandon his position. This latter
result was accomplished, and the bat
tery was abandoned.
The telegraph has told you of the
forces engagedin this great battle—of
their numbers, their discipline, the of
ficers they serve under, and the States
they represent. In this letter, it is
more my purpose to give you an ac
count of the engagement as it appeared
to me, of the results achieved, the un
successful gallantry of our tbrces, and
the unfortunate issue of our artris.., •
At 2 o'clock on the,morning of Sun
day, July 21, 1861,-the central column
of Gen. McDowell's division moved
from their encampment, on this side
of Centreville, and took the main road
leading to Manassas Junction. kWas
early morning when they moved over
the hill, one or two of the New York
regiments leading tho_advanee., The
order to move was received with great
enthusiasm, and as our bravo
went over the hills; under the soft light
of the moon, it was with. an alacrity
and an enthusiasm creditable to their
brayery and patriotism: . .The march
was slovrand cautious, for on descend
ing into the plain Which overlooked
the field of battle, the repeated succes
sion of small ravines and suspicious
looking clumps of bushes rendered a
constant vigilance necessary to guard
against ambuscades and masked bat
teries; The intention of the move
ment appeared not so much an invita
tion to a general engagement on the
part of the Federal forces as a desire
to clear the woods of masked batteries
and extend our base line of operations
to a point within some four miles of
Manassas Junction, with the intention
of making a general movement in the
eourse,of a few days.
Daybreak still found our troops on
the march and. after a short interval
allowed for rest and refreshment, in
the cool of the morning, they contin
ued their. progress. Bull's Run, the
scene of the former engagement, was
avoided, our troops leaving it, to the
left. There was a fear that 9, masked
battery might be in'existence in a large
clump Of woodland, which covered the
hillside, and a:large can nen; Ont tit i in
advance, threw one or two 82 pound
ers among'the bushes. ,No - reply - was
provoked and the army moved Pa.--
Before the advance had passed' "this
position, the rear guard of the army
we' e still coming up from their camps,
and marching through Centreville.—
The long line of infantry, artillery and
cavalry seemed endless, and the glit
tering of the muskets, the Waving of
our colors the gay uniforms of the men,
and the different movements each reg
hnent executed, formed a picturesque,
a pleasing, and, in view of the coming
conflict, its dangers, and even its glo
ry, we might say a painful spectacle.
Different parts of the plain and sur
rounding country are irrigated and
intersected by narrow, and in many
places, deep, turbid, angry and unford
able streams. The bridgt s, which
were erected for the convenience of
the people, had been removed to min
pede the movement of our forces.—
The main bridge, crossing the stream
above Centreville, which forms, in the
course of its windings, the Bull's Run,
had been undermined by the rebel
troops, and in order to avoid the con
sequences of a disaster or a delay at
this place, the line of march was
changed to a fordable position above
the Run. Captain AleXander, of the
engineer corps, had, however, pre
pared pontoons for theii transporta
tion had pontoons been at all necessa
At about five miles from Centreville
the battle commenced, oar troops en
countering a masked battOry in a wheat
field. The engagement at first was
hardly anything more than a skirmish,
the design of the Federal forces being
to draw their opponents into the open
field where a fair fight could be secured.
The artillery met the battery, and' in
a little while its guns were silenced,
and the retreat of those commandin ,,
' it covered with a body of infantry,
whose sharp and incessant fire of mus
ketry was promptly answered by oar
forces, who succeeded in driving them
off the field at a great loss on the part
of the rebels from our Well-directed fire
from the small arms, and the loss of a
fiiw of the Federal force, Who fell be
fore the cannon balls of the battery,
when it first opened its sudden and
well-directed fire. AMong the first to
full was the gallant Haggerty-, Lieut.
Col. of the Now York t 69th. He was
shot by a pistol-hall and instantly killed.
It was shortly after 9 o'clock when
the engagement first , commenced, and
from that period until in the afternoon
at 5 o'clock, the roar of cannon and
musketry was incessant. The day
was warm and sultry, and for miles
the roads were covered with dust,
which rose in columns at the discharge
of the ordnance, and floated heavily
through the air, choking the men and
blinding the horses. , From the hill at
Centreville the view extends along a
succession of woody hills.' The road
from Brentsville or the Occoquan could
be easily seen with a spy-glass, and
along this road large bodies of infan
try and an occasional troop of cavalry
could be descried anxiously moving
toward the rebel camp. The road to
Manassas was partly visible, and al
though it was diffieult to ,distinguish
the forces, the occasional appearance
of a Secession flag indicated that Beau
regard had reinforced Gen. Johnson,
who was commanding,and that, instead
of awaiting the arrival of McDowell at
Manassas, he had determined to throw
forward his threes, and fight the battle
for empire in Eastern Virginia, in the
hills of Prince William county.
As the day advanebd, the firing be
came louder and more incessant. For
miles around there seemed to be a
constant roar of artillery, and clouds
of ascending tiust. and smoke. The
scene fiom Centreville was extremely
picturesque. To"the casual observer,
it looked more like a company of citi
zens at a military review rather than
the deadly contest of two great armies.
As we proceeded along the road, there
were more signs of bustle and military
activity. The heavy baggage wagons,
laden with food and ammunition, cov
ered the road for ft mile or two.—
Around them, sullen sentinels slowly
marched, swearing at the destiny
which kept tiMr bayonets a mere
guard over flour, biscuits, powder and
percussion caps. Occasionally, an anx
ious soldier might be seen stoppin ,,
every traveller, begging to know the
slightest intelligence of the battle, and
asking fondly whether he, knew how
the Maine, the 'Vermont, or the New
York boys, as the ease may be,
making out; whether Death had been
dealing largely in their ranks, or
whether in this great hour of Death
their comrades were passing unscathed
amid its unimaginable terrors and un
utterable woe. "How are the 69th ?"
"Do you know if the Michigan boys
are doing their duty ?" "How about
the Zouaves?" "Do the Pet Lambs
show game?" "Are the rebels 'going
back ?" "Is the old flag still up ?"
and questions similar are anxiously
and frantically asked of every passer
by who may seem to know the slight
est incident of the battle. In one in
stance I saw a sick man tottering leis
urely along the road. His form was
fair and frail, his '•features brown with
exposure and thin with care and ex
citement, and in all respects be seemed
to be more fitted fur the sick chamber.
Aud yet his story was 'one Which can
not be told tob often. Lie bad been
sick, he said, some days, because he
couldn't stand the exposure to the ele
ments, but he had kept up because he
thought there might be a battle, and
ho wanted to do his duty. Bift the
battle did not come, and he grew
worse and worse, and at last the doc
tor sent him to the hospital. And as
he lay he heard the cannon, and he
rose and tottered forth, and was tot
tering to the seat of war, that ho might
get a musket from a comrade, and join
in the contest. Simple, plain, heartfid
incidents like these go to show the deep
and honest and patriotic feeling which
inspires our biave soldiery.
As we drew nearer the field eviden
ces of death were more striking.—
About half a mile from the immediate
scone of hostilities the first shelter for
the wounded had been obtained.
low, white frame house stood on, the
side of a road, covered, with a few
trees. surrounded by a kardert.: of
blooming roses, And ncatly,enclesed, in
rough white palings. tt was the - house
of a plain Virginia flamer, but the. ne
cessities of war converted his honie' in
to an hospital. The well in front was
guarded by soldiers. The chambers,
the kitchen; the parlor, the,porch; and
the shade under the trees were occu
pied by wounded Men; Some moaning
sadly, some , bearing their agony in he
roic silence, and others beSeeching the
doctor - 0 place 'them out of the reach
of pain, and occasionally one asking
faintly- thr a cup of water. In the
meantime the doctors ran hither and
thither, binding, trepanning, amputa
ting, probing and soothing, assisted by
the old Virginian, a blunt specimen of
a son of the Old Dominion, who, as
sisted by his family, was assiduous to
relieve the miseries of that fearful day.
The soldiers had crawled around his
well, and broken in his fenees, and
overrun his house. The flowers no
longer bloomed in the garden, but,
crushed and broken, they gave forth
their fragrance under the bruising feet
of the soldiers. Where the roses had
grown in the morning dead men _lay
'As noon approached, it was evident
the battle would be general. Regiment
after regiment wheeled from the col
umn, and on the right and left and
front the sound of firing became more
and more incessant. The anxiety
among those in the vicinity was in
tense. It was evident that the battle
would be hotly contested; that tho se
cessionists were flir more numerous
than we had expected, and that, with
the advantage of a strongly defended
natural position, artillery of wonderful
range, and well-practised gunners,
they would not give the United States
forces a victory except at the rilbst
fearful cost. Our men had driven them
from a field into the woods, and from
the woods into a field beyond, and a
road which crossed between the woods
which skirted the extreme line of the
As the hours passed on the fight be
came more and more terrific. The
ibrtunes of the day began to waver,
especially as the Federal troops did
not seem to gain any maprial advan
tage, and only made their advances
slowly , laboyiously,, and at a great loss
of life. The rebels were strongly en
trenched behind masked batteries of
rillecreantion. They seemed to be in
numerable.- Again and again our men
charged upon them, only to find when
they had , dislodged. them in onro place
they had re-appeared in another, until
at last the Federal forces were com
pelled to fall on their faces to avoid
the swiftmessengers of death. It was
found, too, that the rebel forces largely
outnumbered those of the Republic. I
have no means of knowing the exact
strenth of either of the armies, but the
best authorities state that the Seces
sionists numbered 70,000,•While at no
time had Gen. McDowell in action as
many as 40,000. Our troops were
mainly infantry; our batteries as a
general thing were small, and although
well managed, they were no match for
the cannon of larger calibre manned
by the rebels.
• The fight continued utitil,after five
o'clock, without exhibiting material
resat t. The rebels had most decidedly
the advantage in positibn and guns,
and they used it with fearful effect.—
The bravery of our troopi - Nwas super
human, but what bravery Could meet
the unerring and unceasing cannon
which 'came_sweeping froth almost
every tree or:-heap of brush'? ; Our
men unmasked therni l hattery.lupon
battery, only to find
-their -- lessened
ranks- were• unequal to ' A
ietraat- was commenced - New
York regiment,,and very soon became
general. In vain General `MeDow'ell
endeavored to rally. hid forcei ' They
retreated up the Centreville road in
good, der until charged upon by the
Secession cavalry and artillery, yyhon
they broke their lines and pushed
towards . Fairfax Court - House in a
disorderly. column. _
The weary troops 'wrt up the retreat
past Centreville, but a reserve brigade
hold that town. In this brigade was
the only Pennsylvania regiment on
the field—the Twenty-seventh, Cul.
Max Einstein commanding. They
were quartered in a field, about five
miles from the scene of action, where
they remained during the 'battle:—
Much dissatisfaction, was .expressed 'by
the men thht they 'could 'not join in
the fight. When the order came to
form in line, it was greeted with loud
cheers and the manifestation, of , the
greatest enthusiasm by the men.—
When last heard from, they were at
Centreville, but had not taken any
part in the action: -
Colonel James Cameron,
of the New
York Seventy-Ninth, was killed-short
ly before the, retreat commenced. lle
was endeavoring to,rallY. his men' at
the time, ind was shot ,through the
breast with a rifle-ball. He acted
through the engagement with; coolness
and courage, and died gallantly dis
charging his duty. J. R. Y,
Further Interesting. Particulars
(From tho lydaltington 'National Republican of the 111.]
We have already heard hundreds of
instances of the.most unrelenting bar
barities shown towards the Federal
troops—indeed, one of the rebel pris
oners, captured by the York Sev
enty-first regiment, states tliat they ,
lied positive. orders to show no, quarter'
to any On ‘A large Inlinher of our
wounded soldiers were run through
with bayonets as they lay bleeding on
the field of. battle—and" Artieularly
was this done ,to the Fire., Zouayes, on
whom they seemed, to have
lar spite. We have heard of-many
other instances in which ambulances
containing wounded men were fired
The charge upon our wounded and
flying men, by the enemy's Black
Morse cavalry, Capt. , Asaph,,of Alex
andria—of which Wise has so often
boasted—is 'an act well calculated to
Coder the Southern name with shame
and disgrace forever. As they ad
vanced towards - the Fire Zouaves, they
wore met by it lierriVY.Ttre,,from 'that
gallant band, when' they, shouted - 'out
to the Zouaves that they had made a
mistake—that they were Shootingtheir
own friends—at the same timedisplay
ing the Stars and Strips.
A number of the 74011:1ve5,. thinking
a mistake might have.-been made,
started to their relief, ,when the 'flag
was thrown down and a terrific sortie
made upon them. But their, treachery
met with, a, swift and terrible - retribu
tion. The muskets _oC the Zohav'es
were again turned upon - them,; and
they were fairly cat to pieCes,;oitlysix
of thorn being left out of sixdaturired.•
INCIDENTh OFTLIki BAriLt:
The ensign of the First Rhode Island
regiment, was shot through the„head
- and killed during the eaxly'part of the
engagenient, when:',a brave ryonini, fel
low belonging to 'the • same , .. regilnent,
spran t , ,, inrward,:eteized th6.Corot's and
waved theat'in' 'the • aie. -A minute
later, ho two fell . dead to.the: around,
pierced with a bullet: ' '' • '
During the engagement, Governor
Sprague, who was always in the thick
est of the fight, had -two horses
shot 'under him. Each time, as he fell
to the ground, he would coolly take
up his carbine, and bring a rebel to
the ground.' -
COI. Burnside seemed to bear a
charmed life. The bullets were con
stantly whizzing past him sortie of
them even passing through his hat, and
yet ho escaped without a- scratch.
The Fire . Zonavcs advanced to the
charge with deafening cheers for the
Union, and were exposed to a galling
fire from the batteries, to thefire of
the Louisiana Zouaves, and also to the
attack of the rebel Black Horse—all
of which they stood with a heroism of
which the history of the world presents
few parallels. At each fire, as they
would perceive the rebels fall, they
would exclaim, " Ellsworth."
The color sergeant of the Second
Maine regiment, W. B. Dean, and who
bore the flag presented to the regiment
by the ladies of California was killed
with the flag in his hands. A. V.
Meore, of Company IC, one of the color
guard, was severely wounded. The
flag was' taken possession of by the
rebels, but was filially regained after a
A poor little drummer boy was out
completely in two by a canister shot,
which struck him just under the arras.
A piercing " Oh !" emitted in childish
treble, the soldiers who were near him
say, was a sound that Will ring in their
cars for life.. -
Among the disasters of the day were
two very serkMs ones from the firing
into each other, by mistake, of our own
regiments. The Eighth New York reg
iment Was badly cut up either by the
Fourteenth or Twenty-fifth regiments
of the same State. The Sixty-nitith
New York regiment had one company
destroyed almost to a man by a fire
from our own forces.
Unfortunate as were .thcse disasters
to us, they were far more than counter
balanced by the heavy fire poured into
the Secessionists by their own batter
ies at various times during the clay. -
Lieutenant-Colonel Elliott, of the
Seventy-ninth Regiment, had a horse
shot from under him.
Lieut. Col. Haggerty, of the New
York Sixty-ninth, is believed to have
been the first man killed. He was a
good officer and a brave man., When
this regiment went into action, hey
threw away, their coats, and some of
them their shoes, so as to be unencum
bered. As they charged on the enemy,
everything gave way before them.—
They have covered themselves with
Just as the Federal troops - were about
to retreat, Colonel lieintzelman rode
up to where the Zouaves were, and
asked them to follow him, exclaiming,
"My brave Zouaves, you've ' well,"
when one of them replied, " Heintzel
man, you are a bravo man, and we
would as leave follow you as sdon as
any man,.but we Will not be cut up
this way. We have seen a brave Col
onel, but not a General."
Captain WilliaM G. Moore, of' this
city, was on the ground as a spectator,
and, in the hottest of the fight, was
observed to go to the body of a soldier,
who had just been shot down, and un
do his accoutrements and take his
musket, with which he went into the
ranks of the Zouaves, and Pmght as
bard as any - onthe field until the panic.
Several other citizens were observed,
- with other regimeats, fighting as bard
as anY of the soldiers.
THE PROBABLE LOSS
A United States orderly, who was
constantly galloping over the field,
and Who 'had good opportunities of
knowing, estimates the Federal loss,
in actual battle at 700 killed, and 1,200
wounded. le makes no calculation
of those who wero so cruelly treated
after the battle was really ended.
Frogn what wo are able to learn, we
think the Secession loss may fairly be
stated at nearly three thousand killed,
and five thousand wounded.
It is believed that our loss in artil
lery bas amounted to twenty-nine
pieces, being Rickett's, Griffin's, Ar
nold's, Carlisle's and the Rhode Island
batteries (excepting one piece.)
From General. Patteraon'e Army
Nultexpondence of the Philade. Evening Bulletin.]
HAtmat's Frartrjuly 22, 1861. - - , --
This• strong-hold is now occupied by
Part of qtr forces, the remainder being
at Key's Ferry, on the Shenandoah
river, four miles above this. .To .our
surprise weleftcharlestOwn yesterday
morning, and , arrived here, where we
expect to remain until the men whose
term of service 'expires soon Will'he
'discharged,. - An :effort to induce these
men to remain ten days was made by
General Patterson, tint ,it generally
failed, the men showing by' theituvote
that they-would go home.if , theY had
to retarn„immediately; indeed, weldl
believq , that two thirds of us will re
turn in 'a few weeks. Se* regiments
will stay at their posts, until relieved
by the new recruits; as all but 236 of
the Pennsylvania First itaveAbn.o; the
remainder.: , going :hemCV:pc' rent
routes; leaving their arms amine - 0u tre
m n f the : arsenal here,/ theY 4: 0
by - railro4d:and - r taking them along if
if_ they go Via Ilagemtown.
- •The'Second and Twenty:third Reg
iments have gone by Baltimore the
Seventh to llngeratown, and the thir
teenth,Ninth and Sixteenth are cros-t
sing the river,whichits - to.be forded
at a depth of three or four feet. Be
tween this place and Charlestown tra
ces of the rebel's' presence remain in
the piles of telegraph wire lying by the .
road side, the , demolished poles - and
'the blockaded railway. The destruc
tion of property we have witnessed , in
our travels is immense, from the rained,
locomotives and bridges atMartinsburg
by the way of Charlestown to the ruins
at, Harper's Ferry, the path of war has
The destroyed grain fields, Which
often bear no evidence of having ever
produced a, blade of grass, were of
usual .occurrence, and the' silence and •
inactivity- whieltpervade.s the soil'from -
the Pptonnte 'westward, tells to the',
0h:3(31i-or that Yirgi n ia reaps the hikvard
of her, folly. ,; It is riot • 111111811:11 , to see,
women and men in tears at the_vroti- 1
pect [Jethro them :T 911 our enteringi
Charlestown the • wonieril ,
_refusing. to furnish us
with • fb&ron` 'any . i..cinditinnk Ono
whomd , ht
V's, and Ala.
1 "?9 -1 -,u. blade'of the
tonOugh I to s apbakT rad ref. rational, qv id
she - had 'three sons in the rebel army
and ; , have
to'Send; also that she longed to .IPR.v o
the lieads of Lincoln and Geildrat ;8 toi
in a charger. Theyseern to have be e
ignorint of their own weakness ' ati
now lament and acknowledge the so ;
periority of our forces in every respect
The place of interest to our soldier
was , thn spot where died the old -vete
ran, John Brewn • it. was 'visited. by,
hindreds daily, and althonghl nothing
remains, 'in a corn AA, to mark ',the.
spot where h'o was executed, a tree
which stood near was suffwient to fur-,
nish relics in the bits of wood, by which
to remember it. This tree is so much
mutilated, deprived oflimbsand growth
that it will .wave, over..the spot no
more but stand, blasted like the town,
a Mona men tto the scenes enacted there
in ihnpast: - A citizen who had made
a yard gate out of part of the Scaffold,
has been losing it
,gradnally since gur
arrival. Everything relative to Jim
execution was seized upon with - avidity,
and converted into small pieces.
TRIAL LIST-AUGUST TERM ' . 61.
ra Thomas Weston.
vs Cressooll 01101 w.
rs William McClure..
rd M. Martin et al.
rt Thomas Weston.
rs John McComb.
vs ; C. 13rondstone.'
vs James Templeton.
rs Wm. Meredith el 05..
J. & J. A. Hagerty
J. A. lingerty
FT. Robinson for um
M 3111113 Weston Jr,
Peter Van Devander
John 6. Wright '
Heals , Eby,& Co
W. C. IVAOONtiIr,
Milt., July 26. 1661. ' " r'""°k°l7.
Jacob Baker, carpenter, Alexandria. •
Brice Blair, gentleman, Dublin.
Jesse Cook, farmer, Carbon.
Asubel Evans, farmer, Henderson.
John Geissinger, teaeber,-Penn.
Adam Gebrett, farmer,
Moses Hamer, fernier, Walker.
Francis Holler, blacksmith, Brady. •
Richard D Heck,,farmer, Cromwell.
John W Haack, farmerytod.- -
Huey, fitrmer, Dublin. •
Joel fsenberg,:furmer, Porter. .
William'Lewis, printer, liontingdon.2
Andrew Matte:rit, wagon-maker, West.
William Miller, farmer,West.
David McMurtrie, genteman,
Thos. E Orbison, merchant, CrOinwell.
Elliot Robley, farmer, Brady.
George Sipes, merohent, , -
Samuel M Stewart,. farmer, Jack'ion.. . -
George Stever, farmer, Union.- • -
Jackson White, laborer, Huntingdon.,
Thomas Weston Esti, farther: Warriorsmatie
iVen..B. Zeigler, gentleman, Huntingdon'. '
TRAVERSE JURORS-FIRST WEEK
Joshua Brown, farmer, Springfield.
John Brooks, laborer ; Jackson.
Samuel Brooks, J. P., Carbon.
Andrew Brumbaugh, teacher ; Penn.
John Booth; teacher, Springfield. • •
Eplurnitn Burket, farmer, Morris.,
William E Corbin, farmer, Juniata.
Josiah Cutininghatn,fiwmer; Barreo.'
Oliver Colegate, fitruter, Shirley:
Thomas Dean, farmer, Juniata. -•-•.,
Joseph_ Fisher, fanner, .
William Glass. carpenter, Jeekson...
Adolphus Grafi is, Jinner ,t W.irrioriatrk:
David arazoy, - tairiier, - ,W k rrior s m a rk.
Hays' Hamilton : manager, Franklin.'"
Thonias Hall; Meehalite. libp_ewell4
Luther Haman, farmer, CromWell.- •
Stitt Harper, fdriner, Diddih. •••,, • -
Joseph linude, : farmer,, Porter,. :
Jacob Ketterintinjarmer, Clay. •
liqbert,L,tird, farmer, Porter. '
David Lynn, thriller,
Henry Mark, farmer, Juniata.
James Martin,•fariner; Porter.
Ebenezer Magill, farmer, Jackson. - •
John 3.1cC001, faritter,'Barree. •.
L A Myers, carpenter, Shirleysburg,
William Moore, merchant, Alexandria.
John F Miller; gentleman, liiiitting:dott.
Graffus Miller, gentleman, Huntingdon...
Lewis Meredith, shaemaker, Huntingden„-_
James Magill, farmer, Barree. „ _
Perry - Moore, farmer, Morris. - - •
Andrew G. Neff, farmer, Penn.
William Orr, farmer, Tell.
Join; M Oaks, farmer, West.
John Porter, fariner, Henderson.
George Porter, gentleman, Franklin. '
Satnuel Powell, farmer, Jackson:
George Roland, farmer, Cass.
George Huttolile,:earpenter, Franklin.
Robert Sackitte, laborer, Warrioreniark. , .
Henry Swoope, farmer, Walker. • '
Michael Sprankle, faraier, Porter. , .
Joel Thompkins, carpenter, Sliirlessburg,,,
Miller Wallace, carpenter, Brady:.
John Wwson, laborer, Franklin.,
Richard Wills, carpenter,
genvy,Barrick, mason, Renn.:l ; •
Rudolph Rreneman, fitrmer,
John Chitante, farmer, Cromwell. s
David Douglass, farmer,'Shirlcii;
John Il Davis, laborer, Jaokion.
Martini Fleriner,' wagon -tanker; Walker.
.W Miura Geissenger; farmer, Juniata. .
George Green, "fernier; Oneida:
,;,-;" • • • 1-
Jacob Goodman; fertneroßr4 , 4. •
Steven Gorsuch, farmer,.oiie t itia. c• •
Charles, Green, J., P. Gp0 , 114,
William Ifileman, fer Mer; ,„
JAM lIIIIIIiIiOII, lumberman, , Catrben.t
Richard fleck, for ner:,Cioinaiyll..-'
John Ifney,larnier, Brady. ,“
James' liarkness,, hibortlV.Jitek'poit4„ - „ .
George Borten, farmer,' Cartoon. /o f
Adam Keith,' farmer, Tod.' ' • 1
.TlionMs Lock, farmer..SPrialitiklitp,
- Alexander MoNeal, , farmer; - -s
ThompsOn faiiiinit.; ter,l •; '
, Jerentiait Nearhouf, farmer.) Warriuremark
Benjamin' L NOT. ""
Spn ni in • Ritineny; farmer; ‘SprinAfieltL t.
Un k in: '
,c?iiiorke' A Steel. gentlemap, , lLuntingder.
David Sit•ittiltr; faroiet t ,W4t."
John Stem, ittrmer,`Junkson.
AVM AT Theirn'psbii, farmer- Brady:
Joshua Willimnfiap„ farmer, West__,
John Withers, manager, Jacks(iti.
riIIi;AIDEL . PIIIA -111A11.IKE-
. • . . .., JitVIZ
.Fancy and Extra Enmity 'Flour 1 1 ,75@5•6Ct
Common and nuyandine ............ ti'• ••• 61 ' 1,4,50MA5
ltye Flonr 1 - ta.23
Cord Meal... ' ' ' " $ 2 ,82.34
Extri White Wheat , ..,..$1,1.6@1,20
Fair and Prime Rad 41,12®1.1.4.
ltye • ' • - 680
Corn, prnne yellow
Oats 1' ' ' • ' 1.4.1..-44:4!./ _ t.. 29
.Olo'conanalai Opia . • - $.44064,75.
- , ..
Timothy ' " ' - .76@2S ' t
• '•. . s' l' .
, :t I ' r• 1 ,
'II I CINTLNGDON id'ARKEITS, ' ,
.COREEdED, WEEKLY. ~ "
Extra Family Flour - ti bbl ' ''' ' ' ,74
r Y.xtra do lii4 cwt ' • 3,00
White Wheat' " 1,111
Bud Wheat 400
Corti 1 l 1.
. . /....' l5
Elaxaftal * OR
:Dried - Apple,'
." -- - 1.44
1 limitc: ........ • ••,...77 , ' -
1ig....- ,••••. ...... n ,o - I . ;;:t.!•, ,, Nr;PY ..... ,
. 1,411.1,4 i ...... .1; .. , ........ ... ~,, , „ /; o•Tiwrr, „ L IT
.lintia...,- 1 , , - - ; - 1 77 , 1 , •:'1 , 1 .. ; . 7r." , ,,, 4
, 5h0tt1avr....,..... .th- ...
7.1; .. v; . ' .. , :. -1 V , "WM ,117-7 . - p v ii
1'X'P'. h .' . Y1: .• 17:;... •• •17 • • ........... . 7 ..... M ..
1:7-:•L..; ... ; h .
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hati.tAwn-id uU4, itul•tit=iuat 1 , ,-ccivert a'ad (at We at 'a , -
tkc 8 MUSIC. erdit
r i lly .b.OSt% d ;ifirge st" Variety of
Alt kinds Si de cas I.,ll.vaye ibiihinit the chimp
swro - , PISILET, SON