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Wednesday, April iri, 186 L
THE STARS AND STRIPES 'MUST BE
DEFENDED.—The time for action, and
resolute action, by the Government and
by all to whom the honor of their
country is dear, has arrived. Our flag
must be defended by brave and patri
otic hearts, or be dishonored. Rebel
lion South, and treason North, must
be met and conquered. The issue is
not whether the Democratic party or
the Republican party shall triumph in
the next campaign, but it is simply
whether this Republic or its enemies
shall be overthrown. We shall know
no party but the party in favor of de
fending the flag of our country. We
were for peace as long as it was possi
ble to hope for peace; -but now that
war has been forced upon our Govern
ment by the Southern disunionists, we
are for dealing with the rebels as they
deserve. There is no middle ground
in the issue before us—every man, high
or low, must take his position for or
against the. Government, as a patriot
or traitor. The Government would be
false to its trust if it failed to meet its
enemies resolutely and fearlessly.—
We call upon men of all parties to
throw old party jealousies to the wind,
and unite in one solid column for the
defence of our Government and the
honor of our country.
BY THE PRESIDENT OP THE V. S
WHEREAS, The . laws of the United States
have been for some time past, and are now
opposed, and the execution thereof obstruct
ed in the States of South Carolina, Georgia,
Alabama, Florida, Mississippi, Louisiana,
and Texas, by combinations too poilrerful to
be suppressed by the ordinary course of Judi•
vial proceedings, or by the powers vested in
the marshals by law:
Now, therefore, I ABRAHAM LINCOLN,
President of the United States, in virtue of
the power in me vested by the Constitution
and the laws, have thought fit to call forth,
the militia of the several States of the Union,
to the aggregate number of seventyfive
thousand, in order to suppress the said com
binations, and to cause the laws to be duly
executed. The details for this object will be
immediately communicated to the State au
thorities through the War Department.
I appeal to all loyal citizens to favor and
facilitate, and aid this effort to maintain the
honor, the integrity, and the existence of our
National Union, and the perpetuity of the
popular Government, and to redress the
wrongs already long enough endured.
I deem it proper to say that the first ser
vice assigned to the forces hereby called
forth will probably be to re-possess the forts,
places, and property, which have been seized
from the Union, and, in every event, the ut
most care will be observed consistently with
the objects aforesaid, to avoid any devastation,
any destruction of or interference with prop
erty, or any disturbance of peaceful citizens
in any part of the country.
And I hereby command the persons com
posing the combinations aforesaid to dis
perse and retire peaceably to their respective
abodes, within twenty days from this date.
Deeming that the present condition of pub
lic affairs presents an extraordinary occasion,
I do hereby, in virtue of the power in me
vested by the Constitution, convene both
Houses of Congress. The 'Senators and
Representatives are therefore summoned to
assemble at their respective chambers at 12
o'clock, noon, on Thursday, the 4th day of
July next, then and there to consider and
termine such measures as, in their wisdom,
tfie . public safety and interest may seem to
In witness whereof, I have hereunto set
my hand and caused the seal of the United
States to be affixed.
Done at the City of Washington, this 15th
day of April, in the year of our Lord one
thousand eight hundred and sixty one, and
of the independence of the United States the
eighty-fifth. ABRAINIAM LINCOLN.
By the President,
WILLIAM' 11. SEWARD, Sec. of State.
The Surrender of Fort Sumpter
After undergoing for forty hotrrsone of the
most terrific sieges known in military history,
Fort Sumpter has been surrendered into the
hands of the rebels. The details of this con
flict are elaborately told in our telegraphic
despatches from Charleston. The story is
one of intense and thrilling interest. As
these advices are sent under the eyes of the
Secessionists, and as they hear evidence of
having been prepared by those unfriendly to
our laws, there must be many statements of
an improbable and exaggerated nature,which
our readers should be careful in crediting.
Out of this mass of strange, contradictory,
and partial rumors we can, we think, safely
assume these conclusions :
The rebels were determined to compel a
surrender of the fort as quickly as possible,
and at whatever cost. Their well-construct
ed and efficiently-managed batteries com
pletely surrounded the fortress, and, from
the time the firing commenced at 4 o'clock
on Friday morning until the time of surren
der, on Saturday afternoon at 1 a'clock.there
was no cessation in the fire. The effect on
Fort Sumpter began to be manifest on Sat
urday morning, when dense clouds of smoke
were seen to arise from its walls, occasioned,
as we learn, by the bursting of loaded shells,
which were ignited by the fire.in the fort be
fore they could he removed. The flames pro
gressed so rapidly that the commander was
compelled to cease firing, and turn his atten
tion to quenching them. In the meantime,
the fire was continued with fearful effect, and
the interior of the fortress became a mass of
ruins. The flag-staff was shot away, but
another flag was immediately hoisted on a
pole on the ramparts. Finding that ho was
overpowered, the Major hoisted a flag of
truce, but the rebels still continued to fire,
refusing to make terms and insisting on an
unconditional surrender. In the meantime,
the ships-of-war were outside the bar, spec
tators of the conflict. No effort was made by
them to relieve the fort, for reasons which
are not explained. The commander, finding
that such relief was impossible, and seeing
that certain death awaited all under his com
mand if the conflict was continued, uncondi
The troops remained in the fort, cornpltte
ly prostrated from over• exertions. Five men
were wounded, one it is thought mortally.—
It was physically impossible for them to con
tinue the fight. It is said that none of the
Carolinians were injured. The fire from
Fort Sumpter badly damaged Fort Moultre
and the floating battery, but was otherwise
very ineffective. The small number of men
prevented Major Anderson from working
many of the guns, and even these lie was fi•
nally compelled to abandon, in order to pre
serve if possible, the fortress. The Major
went on board the steamer Isabel, on Satur
day evening and sailed for New York,vvhere
he will probably arrive on Wednesday
morning. His men will accompany him : —
However humiliated we may feel as a nation
at witnessing the surrender, there is no doubt
that Major Anderson proved hiniself to be a
courageous and discreet officer, and that his
defence of Fort Sumpter was in every respect
creditable to his fame as a soldier and cora
The First Gun Fired by the
Fire Opened on Fort Sumpter !
MAJOR ANDERSON REPLIES !
Fort Sumpter Surrendered.
CHARLESTON, April, 12.—The fight
has commenced. This is all I can say
CHARLELTON, April 12.—The ball
has been opened at last, and war is in
The batteries on Sullivan's Island,
Morris Island, and other points, opened
on Fort Sumpter at 4 o'clock this
Fort 'Sumpter returned the fire, and
a brisk cannonading was kept up.
The militia are under arms, and the
whole of our population are on the
Correspondence Between the Southern
Authorities preceding the Hostilities.
CHARLESTON, April 12.—The follow
ing is the telegraphic correspondence
which took place between the War
Department of the Confederate Gov
ernment and General Beauregard im
mediately preceeding the commence
ment of the hostilities. The corres
pondence grew out of the formal noti
fication of the United States Govern
ment disclosed in Gen. Beauregard's
CLIARLF.SION, April 8
To If ox. L. P. WALsra, Soconaur or WAR: An author
ized messenger from Lincoln hms just informed Governor
Picken9 and myself that provisions will he sent to Fort
Sumpter—peaceably, if possible, otherwise by force.
(Signed) G. T. BEACREGARD.
MONTGOMERY, April 10.
GEN. G. T. BEAUREG tRD, CHARLESTON If you bare no
doubt of the authorized character of the agent alto com
municated to ou the intention of the Washington Gov
ernment to supply Fort Sumpter by force, 3011 Mill at
once demand its oyacuatiom and II this is refused, proceed
in such manner as you ma) determine, to reduce it. An
(Signed) L. P. Wsrsen,
Sect etnry of War.
[No. 3 ]
Cu tnteSTON, April, 10.
To L. P. IVAtkrn, Srenr.mny or Won: The demand n il!
be made to-mm row, at 12 o'clock.
(Signed) Cl. T. DEAUREO tan.
JlourcomEnr, April 10
GEN. DEIVREOARD, CIPIRLENION Unless there aro espe
cial reasons connected with your own condition, It is con.
sidered proper that you should make tiro demand at an
ell 11ILESTON, April 10.
To L. P. 'WALKER, SECRESAra OP WAR, .)11.1GWILRY
The reasons ate special for 12 o'clock.
(Signed) G. T. BEWREG 4.RD.
tRLFATOS, April 11.
To L P. IVALsEn, SECRETARY OF WAR: The demand aas
sent at 2 o'clock. Allowed till 6to airmen
(Signed) G. T. BEAVREGARD.
MONTIIOIIF.RY, A pt II 11.
GEN. BEALTEGIRD, Gli.lttLESToN: 'Woun d. the reply of
(Signed) L. P. 11 - m.gen,
Ereretau of War.
turriv er A.u9rdurol.t.3
CIIARLFSTON, April 11.
L. P. IVALsen, SECllEttlir or Won: Major Anderson re
plies 113 fi1110146
I have the honor to achowledge tho receipt of your
communication demanding the e‘acuation of thk fort,
and to say in reply thereto that it is adenoma milt uir id]
I regret that my sense of honor. and of toy oblrgation to
my Oce.ernment, prevents lily compliance."
Ile adds \ wholly: "1 nil] anon the [list shot, and if
you do not batter us to piece,, no udl bo stored out in a
tea days," Aussm. .
MONTOOMERr, April 11
To GEV. MAMIE° MD, CHARLESTON; We do not desire
needlessly to hombind Poi t Sumpter. If Major Anderson
will state the time at midrib as indicated by bins '
emcuate, and agree that, in the meantime, he will not use
his guns against us, unit ss ours should be employed
against Sumpter, ) on are authmizeil thus to avoid the ef
fusion of blood. If this or its equivalent ho refused re
does the fort as your judgment decides to he most practi
(Signed) L. P. WI.EICER,
Secretary of War.
CIIRLESTON, April 12.
To L.P. WALKER, SrCRETARY or WAR: 110 would not
cousent. I write to-day. .
CHARLESTON, April 12 (received in
Philadelphia at 9.30 P. 31.)--The
firing has continued all day without
Two of Fort Sumpter's guns. have
It is reported that a breach has been
made in the southeast wall of Fort
The answer made by Major Ander
son to General Beauregard's demand
was, that he would surrender when
his supplies were exhausted if he was
Not a casualty has as yet happened
to any of our men (the Carolinians.)
Of the nineteen batteries in position,
only seven have opened on Fort Sump
ter. The remainder are held in re
serve for the expected fleet. .
Two thousand men reached the city
this morning and embarked for Morris
Island and other points in that neigh
CHARLESTON, April 12.—(Received
in Philadelphia at 10.30 P. M.)—The
bombardment of Fort Sumpter still
The floating battery and Stephens'
battery are operating freely.
Fort Sumpter continues to return
CHARLETTON, April 12.—The firing
has ceased for the night, to be renewed
at day-light in the morning, unless an
attempt be made in the meantime to
reinforce Fort Sumpter, to repel which
ample arrangements have been made.
The seceders have worked their
guns admirably well.
Only two were wounded during the
Fresh troops are arriving here by
CHARLESTON, April 12.- , --(Received
in Philadelphia, April 13, 2 o'clock, A.
M.)—The bombardment of Fort Sump
ter is still going on, every twenty
minutes, from the mortars.
It is supposed that Major Anderson
is resting his men for the night as he
has ceased to reply.
Three vessels-of-war are reported
outside, but they cannot get in. The
sea is rough.
CHARLESTON, April 13.-2.30 A. M.
—lt will be utterly impossible to rein
force Fort Sumpter to-night. A storm
is raging, and the sea is very rough.
The mortar batteries will be kept
playing on Fort Sumpter all night.
CHARLESTON, April 13, 101 o'clock.—
At intervals of twenty minutes, the
firing was kept up all night on Fort
Major Anderson ceased to fire at 6
o'clock in the evening.
All night he - was engaged in repair
ing the damage done to the Fort, and
protecting the guns in barbette on the
He commenced to return the fire
this morning at 7 o'clock, but seems
to be greatly disabled.
The battery on Cumming's Point
does Fort Sumter great damage.
At 9 o'clock this morning a dense
smoke poured out from the walls of
CHARLESTON, April 13.—(Received
at Philadelphia at 2P. M.— The Equ
al flag at Fort Sumter is at half mast,
The shells from Fort Moultrio and
Morris Island fall into Anderson's
stronghold thick and fast. They can
be seen in their course from the
The breach made in Fort Sumter is
on the side opposite Cumming's Point.
Two of its port holes are knocked into
one, and the wall from the top is
Three vessels, one of them a very
large sized steamer, are over the bar,
and seem to be preparing to partici
pate in the conflict.
The fire of Morris Island and Fort
Moultrie is divided between Fort Sum
ter and the ships-of-war.
CHARLESTON, April 13.—Two of Ma
jor Anderson's magazines have explod
ed. - It is thought that they were only
the smaller magazines.
Only occasional shots are now fired
at him from Fort Moultrie.
The Morris Island battery is doing
The greatest excitement prevails in
The wharves, steeples, housetops
and every available place are packed
The ships in the offing have not y9t
It is now too late for them to come
over the bar, as the tide is ebbing.
CHARLESTON, April 13.—INroon.—
The ships in the offing appear quietly
at anchor, and have not fired a gun.
The entire roofs of Anderson's bar
racks are in a vast sheet of flames.
Shells from Cumming's Point and
Fort 'Moultrie are bursting in and over
Port Sumter in quick succession.
The Federal flag still waves over
Major Anderson is only occupied in
putting out the fire.
Every shot appears to tell, and the
spectators are anxiously expecting the
striking of the flag.
L. P. WWEilt,
Secretary of War
[RECEIVED AT THE BULLETIN OFFICE AT
3.15 r. ll.]
CHARLESTON, April 13.—Fort Sump
ter is undoubtedly on fire.
The flames are raging.
Anderson has thrown out a raft
loaded with men, who are passing up
buckets of water to eltinguish the
The fort is scarcely discernable for
The men on the raft are now the
objects of fire from Morris Island.
With good glasses, the balls can be
seen skipping the water and striking
the unprotected raft.
Great havoc is created among the
It is surmised that Anderson is grad
ually blowing up the fort. He scarce
ly fires a gun.
The flames are bursting from all the
port holes of Fort Sumpter, and de
struction is inevitable.
The few shots that Anderson fired
this morning, knocked the bricks off
the chimneys on the officers' quarters
at Fort Moultrie like a whirlwind.
G. T. BESLItEO Ali%
It seems that Anderson's only hope
is to hold out for aid from the ships.
Two war ships are making in to
wards Norris Island with the view to
land troops to silence the batteries.
G. T. DEALIMOASID
SURRENDER OF FORT SUMPTER.
Details of the Surrender.
CHARLESTON, April 13.—Evening.—Hos
tilities have fur the present ceased, and the
victory belongs to South Carolina.
With the display of the flag of truce on
the ramparts of Fort Sumpter, at half past
tine o'clock the firing ceased, and an uncon
ditional surrender was made. The Caroli
nians had no idea that the fight was at au
end. Soon after the flag-staff of Major An
derson was shot away; Colonel Wigfall, the
aid of General Beauregard, at his comman
der's request, went to Fort Sumpter with a
white flag, to offer assistance in extinguishing
the flames. He approached the burning for
tress from Morris Island, and while the firing
was raging on all sides he effected a landing
at Sumpter. He approached a port-hole and
was met by Major Anderson, the command
ant of the fort. The latter said that he had
just displayed a white flag, but the firing
was kept up nevertheless.
Colonel Wigfall replied that Major Ander
son must haul down the American flag ; that
no parley would be granted—surrender or
fight was the word.
Major Andersou then hauled down his flag
and displayed only the flag of truce. All
firing instantly ceased, and two others of Gen.
Beauregard's staff, ex• Senator Chestnut and
ex-Governor Manning, came over in a boat,
and stipulated with Major Anderson that his
surrender should be unconditional for the
present, subject to the terms of Gen. Beaure
Major Anderson was allowed to remain
with his men in actual possession of the fort,
while Messrs. Chestnut and Manning came
over to the city, accompanied by a member
of the Palmetto Guards bearing the colors of
his cotnuany. These wore met at the pier by
hundreds of citizens, and as they marched up
the streets to the General's quarters, the
crowd was swelled to thousands. Shouts
rent the air and the wildest joy was manifest
ed on occasion of the welcome tidings.
Your correspondent accompanied the offi
cers of General Beauregard's staff on a visit
to Fort Sumpter. None but the officers, how
ever, were allowed to land. They went down
in a steamer, and carried three fire-engines
for the purpose of putting out the flames.
The fire, however, had been previously ex
tinguished by the exertions of Major Ander
son and his men. The visitors reported that
Major Anderson surrendered because his
quarters and barracks were destroyed, and
he had no hope of reinforcements, as the fleet
lay idly by during thirty hours, and either
would not or could not help him. Besides
this, his men were prostrated from over ex
ertions. There were but five of them hurt,
four badly, and one, it is thought, mortally,
but the rest were,worn out and physically
incapable of continuing the fight.
The explosions that were heard and seen
from the city in the morning were caused by
the bursting of loaded shells ignited by the
fire, which could not be removed quick
The fire in the barracks was caused by the
quantities of hot shot poured in from Fort
Within Fort Sumpter everything but the
easetnates is an utter ruin. The whole inte
rior looks like a blackened mass of ruins.—
Many of the guns are dismounted.
Fort Moultrie is badly damaged. The offi
cers' quarters and barracks are torn to pieces.
The frame houses on the island aro riddled
with shot, and in many instances the whole
sides of the bowies are torn out,
Dr. Crawford, Major Anderson's surgeon,
is slightly woundeded in the face.
It is positively asserted that none of the
Carolina troops are injured.
[The above is from a special correspondent
of the Associated Press, who reached Charles
ton only on Saturday, and may be relied on
as entirely correct.—REPORTER.]
Later from Charleston---The Negotiations
CITARLESTON, April 14-9 o'clock A. M.—
The negotiations were completed last night,
and Major Anderson with his command will
evacuate Fort Sumpter •this morning. It is
supposed that he will embark on board one
of the war vessels on our bar.
Ten o'clock.—The steamer Isabel is now
steaming up, and will take General Beaure•
gard to Fort Sumpter, which will be turned
over by Major Anderson to the Confederate
It is now reported that Major Anderson
and his command will proceed to New York
on the steamer Isabel.
Departure of Anderson and his Men for
New York—The Fleet Still Outside.
CHARLESTON. April 14.—Major Anderson
and his men will leave to-night at 11 o'clock,
in the steamer Isabel, for New York.
The war fleet is still outside.
The scene when Anderson and his men
took formal leave of Fort Sumpter was a
thrilling and impressive one.
Albany, N. Y., April 15.—The Legislature
this morning passed a bill appropriating $3,-
000,000 to equip thirty thousand volunteers,
in additition to the present State force, and
Governor Morgan has issued his proclama
Toombs has received a dispatch from Breck
inridge and Goo,. Magoffin, of Kentucky,
stating that the people are greatly excited
over the war news, and their friends sympa
thize entirely with the South. They repre
sent that 7,000 men of the Border States are
under arms, and have offered their services,
to move at a moment's notice for the War
Department at Montgomery.
Washington, April 15.—The Philadelphia
Banks have tendered to Gov. Curtin, who is
now in this city, all the money that the State
may need fur the war. A similar communi
cation from the Banks of Pittsburgh has just
been handed him by a distinguished capital
ist of that city.
Baltimore, April 14.—The deep Union sen
timent of the city has been displayed unmis
takably since Friday.
Mon with cockades and Secession emblems
have been chased by crowds and obliged to
seek the protection of the police.
Worcester, Mass., April 14.—Men of all
parties here declare their readinessto sustain
P , ovidence, April 14.—Men of alleges and
vocations are offering to enlist.
Norwich, Conn., April 14.—A1l our people
are ready to uphold our Government, and
hundreds are ready to enlist.
Chicago, April 14.—A1l parties here ex
press a determination to. uphold the Govern
ment in enforcing the laws and mainlining
the supremacy of the nation.
Detroit, April 14.—The unanimous senti
ment of the State is, that the position assumed
by the Government must be maintained.
Washington, April 14.—Senator Douglas
called upon the:Tosident last evening, and
assured him that he was prepared to sustain
the Administration in the exercise of all its
constitutional functions to preserve the Union,
maintain the Government, and defend the
Cincinnati, April 15.—The surrender of
Fort Sumpter has created a profound sensa
tion. The military spirit of the city is titer
()uglily aroused, and the stars and stripes
wave from every point: The people to a
man will sustain the administration.
Washington, April 15.--Secretary Camer
on this murnbfge.;cePted the services of the
Washington Brigade of Philadelphia, com
manded by General William F.
Charleston, April 15.—:When Major An
derson's quarters were burning, Gen. Beau
regard sent orders of assistance before the
white flag was run up. Culonel Wigfall re
ceived the sword surrendered by Anderson,
and then complimented his bravery by re
turning it to him.
Lancaster, April 15.---Secession lies no
followers here. All parties are united in
sustaining the government nt all hazards.
Ex-President Buchanan remarked to one
of his most intimate and political friends to
day, " That the government had gone to the
utmost verge of forbearance, and it was now
the duty of all good citizens, to stand by the
Boston, April 15.—A1l political questions
and divisions have been dropped here, and
the universal sentiment of the city and State
is for the defence of our flag to the last.—
Twenty thousand volunteers have already
tendered their services at the Adjutant Gen
eral's office. General B. F. Butler, an ar
dent Breckinridge supporter, has tendered
his services with his entire brigade.
Baltimore, April 15.—The. Union feeling
in the city is strong this morning. Tho Min
ute Men, an organization 2,500 strong, which
has been drilling ever since the Presidential
election, threw out the Stars and Stripes this
morning, from their headquarters, with the
motto " the Union and Constitution."
Charleston, April 15.—Major Anderson,
with his command, departed in the Isabel
for New York to-day. In saluting his flag
before leaving, a pile of cartridges exploded
killing two men and wounding four others.
One was buried in the fort with military
honors, and the other is to be buried by the
Carolina troops. The wounded were brought
to this city. The confederate and Palmetto
flags were raised on the fort, which is garri
soned by Palmetto guards. It is believed
that the war vessels have established a block
Philadelphia, April 15.—The war feeling
in Philadelphia is intense. Men of all par
ties (with a few exceptions,) are preparing
to stand by the Government.
Harrisburg, April 15.—The whole people
are ready to aid the Government.
WASHINGTON, April 15th, P. M.—General
Scott ran up his flag to-day on the War De
partment, and that will henceforth be the
Head-quarters of the Army.
An attack on Pensacola is expected to be
gin before to-morrow night.
Information has been received that there
will bo a determined resistance to the passage
of Pennsylvania troops through Baltimore.
The following are the requisitions of the
President upon the Governors of the several
States for military to act in the maintenance
of the Union : New York, 17 Regiments,
Pennsylvania, - 16, Illinois, 6, Indiana, 6,
Missouri, 4, Kentucky, 4, Ohio, 3, Tennes
see, 2, Massachusetts, 2, Wisconsin, 1, Min
nesota, 1, lowa, 1, Michigan, 1, Delaware, 1,
Connecticut, 1, Rhode Island, 1, Vermont, 1,
New Hampshire, 1, Maine, 1.
Seventy-five Regiments in all, of one thou.
sand men each.
I:l3ut Seventy Regiments appear in the
above list, and as New Jersey and Maryland
are not included, we infer the other Fire
Regiments have been accidentally omitted
by the Telegraph Reporter.]
INDIANAPOLIS, Ind., April 15.—Gov. Mor
ton is in possession of information from all
parts of the State indicating that volunteer
companies are being formed everywhere, and
that 30,000 men can be relied on to respond
to any call for their services in defending the
READING, April 15.—The Ringgold Light
Artillery are on parade this morning, for
practice, and muster 90 men. F,very ono ex
pecting to be ordered on duty for the United
States service before leaving their guns.
Witntiagton, April 14.—The Union senti
ment down here is strong. You can safely
estimate the little Diamond State as Union
to the core. Ten thousand men could be
mustered at short notice, in defence of the
Stars and Stripes !.
~ . .
Special despalcbes to The Press.)
WASHINGTON, April 12, 1861.
THE EFFECT OP THE REACTION IN THE
The bold and thorough national tone
of nearly all the newspapers in the
great cities North, East, and west is
having the happiest effect upon our
population here, and cannot fail to be
welcomed by the Union men in the
Border and Cotton States. It is be
yond controversy that the martial at
titude of Pennsylvania, and the utter
extinction of all party lines in a deter
mination to uphold the hands of Mr.
Lincoln and his Cabinet in executing
the laws and defending the public
property, will encourage and strength
en every true friend of the country
wherever he may bo found.
THE ATTITUDE OF PENNSYLVANIA
Leading Democrats who have reach
ed Washington by the morning and
evening trains bring the gratifying in
telligence that the Democratic party,
with the exception of a few Disunion
fossils, is uniting o heartily with all the
friends of the Government, and that
whatever steps may be taken by Mr.
Lincoln to vindicate his authority and
to maintain the flag will bo sustained
by an overwhelming majority of the
people of that gallant State.
THE CAPITOL GUARDED BY TROOPS
The Secretary of War, yesterday af
ternoon, detailed as a guard for the
Capitol, the Union Mechanic Rifle,
mustered into service the day before,
numbering sixty-odd men, and com
manded by Captain Rutherford. This
corps is composed chiefly of the work
ing men engaged on the Capitol ex
tension. They aro comfortably quar
tered in the most commodious part of
VOLUNTEERS IN THE U. S. SERVICE
As an indication of the spirit of our
community, it is gratifying to know
that quite a number of our citizens,
hitherto not connected with any mili
tary organization, have volunteered to
enlist in the United States regular ser
vice, while others are ready to do so
if their services are required.
LOYALTY OF TUE VOLUNTEER COMPANIES
The Government has received the
full complement of men required from
among our volunteer companies, and
was obliged to dismiss a number of
companies who tendered their servi
ces after the full number of 500 men
were mustered into the service. In
the seven companies enrolled last, not
a single man declined the oath or the
service into which he was called.
Letter From 4 , Occasional."
[Correspondence of the Press.]
WASHINGTON, April 12, 1861.
It is barely possible that, by the
time this letter reachesyou, the dance
will have been opened at Charleston,
by the attack upon Fort Sumpter, or
rather upon the vessels bearing pro
visions and supplies for Major Ander
son and his garrison. This step of the
Administration places the confederated
conspirators in a most fearful position.
It is proposed not to reinforce Fort
Sumpter, but to send food to keep the
American troops alive who are behind
its walls. The expedition is, therefore,
an expdition of pure humanity. Our
Government proposes to do only what
the Secessionists themselves did until
they had been furnishing to Anderson
in the hope of compelling him to evac
uate. The responsibility of directing
a fire upon unarmed vessels, coming
upon such a mission, will add a new
burden to the odium which has accu
mulated upon Jeff. Davis and the men
who are following him into the abyss
of disunion and disgrace. Should this
forcible resistance be attempted, in
that event, a determined effort will be
made to enter Fort Sumpter, and in
this effort many valuable lives may be
lost, and probably an internecine war
fare begun, the end of which no human
foresight can tell. The moral power,
the right and justice, and of loft for
bearance under repeated outrages—
will be ont he side of the Administration
of the General Government; and the
accusation which cannot be successfully
an swered,of having rushed into rebelion
without excuse, and of having pushed
this rebellion forward, amid all man
ner of crimes, and finally of having
opened the war, by an attack upon a
peaceful and entirely humane expedi
tion, will settle upon the conspirators
in such a manner as to disgrace them
in the eyes of the civilized world.
The next thing to ascertain, should
hostilities begin either at Charleston
or Pensacola, is whether the men en
gaged in these insane proceedings will
be sustained by the great body of the
Southern people—whether, in fact, the
first gun fired in these distant waters,
when heard in Maryland and Virginia,
will induce these two States to secede.
Should they do so, the Government
will find itself sandwiched between
Secession States, in the midst, possibly,
of a community which itself may be
come disaffected in that event,' and
thus its troubles will be immeasureably
increased. The utmost confidence is
expressed that both Virginia and Ma
ryland will go out, and the desire to
force them out, doubtless, is ono of the
controlling motives of Davis and Beau
regard in hastening a bloody collision
with the authorities of the Federal
Government. Time will determine.
Meanwhile, Mr. Lincoln, General Cam
eron, General Scott, and the friends of
the Administration and the Union,
have adopted such precautionary meas
ures as to render it impossible, in any
condition of things, to capture Wash
ington, or drive from it our public ser
vants constitutionally cleated. Wash
ington will be held not only against the
Disuuionists of the Cotton States, but
until the Union sentiment in Virginia
and Maryland, if temporarily over
whelmed, shall become strong enough
to put down those who aro now boast
ing of their supremacy. Should Wash
ington be beleaugered, should Mary
land and Virginia strike hands with
the Secessionists, nothing will prevent
the people of the free States from coming
here and from sustaining the Govern
ment in its determination to hold on to
Washington to the last Whatever may
be said of coercing the Cotton States,
one sentiment is embedded in the
American heart, and that is, that the
capital can never be surrendered to
the conspirators; and if the madcaps
of Maryland and Virginia entertain
any idea that the people of the free
States will not come hither in thous
to defend their own Government,
they are greatly mistaken,
[From the Phila. Evening II alintio.)
The Virginia Commissioners—lnterview
With the President—His Reply.
WASHINGTON ; April, 13.—The Com
missioners from Virginia had a pleas
ant interview with the President this
The result was simply a statement
by the President that he will act ac
cording to the Inaugural programme,
hold the public property and defend it,
waging no war against the Seceding
States, and maintaining the defensive.
The President's reply was given in
It will be recollected that the Com
missioners came hither under instruc
tions to respectfully ask the President
to communicate to the Convention the
policy to be pursued in regard to the
WASHINGTON, April 13.—The regu
lar troops have been ordered to the
outskirts of the city and have proceed
ed thither, to watch every avenue
thereto, while the volunteers recently
mustered in guard the armories and
WASHINGTON, April 13-3 P. M.—
Official advices have just been received
from Montgomery. They state that
the Congress there will immediately
declare war against the United States,
discriminating in their declaration be
tween alien friends and alien enemies
—that is between those who sustain
and those who oppose the Washington
Administration. This may be relied
A dispatch from a secession source
at Charleston, in cipher, says that the
fire from Fort Sumter ceased at 10
o'clock to-day. The flag was at half
mast, and the fleet had been signalled
'by Major Anderson. The fleet was
engaged with the battery on Morris
All is comparatively quiet at the
White House and the Departments to
day. There was a brief session of the
Cabinet this morning at 11 o'clock.
It is asserted in political circles that
the President will call for the service
A. proclamation for an extra session
of Congress is expected to be issued on
The President has no information of
the operations at Charleston except
what he gets through the press.
More troops are being sworn in at
the War Department. The volunteers
of Alexandria were ordered out to-day.
PASSAGE OF THE WAR BILL,
An Act for the Better Organization o
the Militia of the Commonwealth.
The following is the law adopted on
Friday evening at Harrisburg, and
signed by the Governor:
SECTION L Be it enacted, &c., That the
grand stuff of the militia of this Common
wealth shall, in addition to the commander
in-chief, who shall have one aid for each di
vision,to be appointed and commissioned by
him during his term of office, consist of one
adjutant general, who,. until otherwise or
dered, shall act as paymaster general, inspec
tor general, and judge advocate, one commis
sary general, and one quartermaster gener
al, who shall each be appointed by the
Governor, by and with the advice and con
sent of the Senate, upon the
. passage of this
act, and to hold their commissions during his
pleasure; and they shall each give security in
the sum of $20,000.
SEC. 2. That the adjutant general shall re
ceive a salary of-five hundred dollars per an
nual, and in addition three dollars per day
when actually engaged in the service of the
State; the quartermaster general and com
missary general, shall each receive five dol
lars per day when actually engaged in the
service of the State. It shall be the duty of
the Secretary of die Commonwealth to pre
pare the room formerly occupied by the canal
commissioners, in the Capitol, for the use of
the officers before named, who shall be al
lowed one clerk, at a salary of one thousand
dollars per annum, to be appointed by the
SEC. 3. It shall be the duty of the officers
before named,to proceed at once to a thorough
organization of the militia of the State, and
the adjutant general shall keep a complete
and correct record of all the organized volun
teer companies of the State, including the
number of efficient men in each, and the
number and quality of their arms and equip
ments, and the captain of each company shall
make monthly returns of the same to the ad
jutant general. And should the President of
the United States at any time make a requi
sition for part of the militia of this State
for the public service, the adjutant general
shall take the most prompt measures for sup
plying the number of men required, and
having them marched to the place of rendez
vous, and shall call them by divisions, brig
ades, regiments, or single companies, as di
rected by the commander-in-chief.
Sec. 4. That fur the purpose of organizing,
equipping, and arming the militia of this
State, the sum of five hundred thousand dol
lars, or so much thereof as may be necessary
to carry out the provisions of this act, be, and
the same is hereby, appropriated, to be paid
by the State Treasurer ont of any money not
SEC. 5. That should the ordinary revenues
of the State nut be realized in time to meet
the expenditures that may be incurred under
the provisions of this act, the Governor is
hereby authorized and empowered to antici
pate the excess receipts to the treasury above
the ordinary expenditures, including the in
terest on the public debt, by temporary loans,
based on the faith of the Commonwealth, at
a rate of interest not exceeding six per cent.
Such loans shall be negotiated by the Gov
ernor, at such times and in such amounts
(not to exceed the amount appropriated) as
the objects and purposes hereinbefore stated
shall require. The certificates of loan shall
be signed by the State Treasurer and coun
tersigned by the Governor, and shall not be
extended beyond the close of the next fiscal
year, to which period the excess receipts
above the ordinary expenditures are hereby
pledged for the payment of such loans.
Sec. 6. That the adjutant general, quar
termaster general, ana commissary general
shall• expend such amounts of the money
hereby appropriated as may be necessary to
carry out the purposes of this act. All such
expenditures shall be made under the direc
tion and by the - advice and consent of the
Governor, and no bill shall be paid without
being endorsed by him and afterwards settled
in the usual manner by the Auditor General
and State Treasurer, when the auditor gen
eral shall draw his warrant on the State
Treasurer for the same.
SEC. 7. That so much of nny laws as may
be supplied by or conflict with the provisions
of this act be, and the same are hereby, re
The War News at Boston
BOSTON, April 13.—The war news
produces intense excitement here and
throughout the State. The general
sentiment is that the Government is
right and must be sustained.
PENNSYLVANIA.---The military of this
State are rapidly tendering their set--
viees to the Government. Twenty-five
thousand men eau be thrown into
Washington from this State alone,
•within five days if necessary'.
An Important Bill.
The following bill passed the Senate
unanimously on Saturday last. It has
also passed the House.
AN ACT supplementary to an Act to con
solidate, revise and amend the penal laws
of this Commonwealth, approved the thirty
first day of March, one thousand eight
hundred and sixty.
SEC. 1. lie it enacted by the Senate and House
of Representatives of the Commonwealth of
Pennsylvania, in General Assembly met, and
it is hereby enacted by the authority, of the
same, That if any person or persons belong
ing to or residing within this State and under
the protection of its laws, shall take a com
mission or commissions from any person,
State or States, or other enemies of this State
or of the United States of America,
shall levy war against this State or Govern
ment thereof,. or knowingly , and, willingly
shall - aid or assist any enemies in open war
against this State or the United States, by
Joining their armies, or by enlisting or pro
curing or persuading others to enlist for that
purpose, or by furnishing such enemies with
arms or ammunition, or any other articles for
their aid and comfort, or by carrying on a
traitorous correspondence with them, or shill
form or be in anywise concerned in forming
. combination or plot or conspiracy' for be
traying this State or the United States of
America into the hands or power of 'any for
eign enemy or any organized or
government engaged in resisting the laws of
the United States, or shall'give or send any
intelligence to the enemies of this State or of
the United States of America , for that put.-
' pose, every person so offending and being le
' golly convicted thereof,, shall be guilty of a
' high misdemeanor, and shall be sentenced to
undergo an imprisonment for a term not ex
ceeding ten years, and be fined in a sum not
exceeding five thousand dollars, or both, at
the discretion of the Court. Provided, That
this Act shall not prohibit any citizen front
taking or receiving civil commissions for the
acknowledgnient of deeds and other instru
ments of writing.
SEC. 2. That if any person or persons with
in this Commonwealth shall build, construct,
alter or fit out, or shall aid or assist in build
ing, constructing, altering or fitting out any
vessel or vessels fur the purpose of making
war or privateering, or other purpose, to be
used in the service of any person or parties
whatsoever to make war, on the United States
of America, or to resist by force the, execu
tion of the laws - of the United States, such
person or persons shall be guilty of a misde
meanor, and on conviction thereof, shall be
sentenced -to undergo an imprisonment at
labor, not exceeding ten years, and be fined
in a sum not exceeding five thousand dollars,
or both, at the discretion of the Court.
Excitement at Baltimore
BALTIMORE,' April I.3.—The intelli
gence from ch4eston has produced
great excitement, and the anxiety to
obtain further news is intense.
A man made his appearance in the
streets with a large secession cockade
on his hat. He was pursued by a
mob, and was only protected from vio
lence by the interference of the police'.
CONTEMPLATED SEIZURE OF THE FED
ERAL CAPITAL.-MC following is an
extract of a letter received in New
York city from a gentlemen of- high
position in Washington. It is dated
on the 2d inst :
" The possession of the sent of gov
ernment by the southern confederacy,
is an event most confidi3ntly predicted
to take place within sixty days. The
wife of a United. States Senator told
me an anecdote illustrative of the pur
poses of the President of the southern
confederacy. He holds a very eligible -
pew in the Rev. Mr. Hall's church,
and a lady, wishing to obtain it, wrote
to him that she would give what he
gave for it. He replied, 'that so fhr
from relinquishing my (his) pew, I
have ordered an engraved plate to be
affixed to it bearing my name.' A
lady, just from Montgomery; in taking
leave of Mrs. Davis, asked, 'And what
message must I bear from yon to my
lady lends in Washington ?' She re
plied, " Tell them I shall be happy to
receive their calls at the White House
some two months hence.' This is Very
elaborate, trifling, or unsurpassed castle
The Dollar Tewelry
The Syracuse Journal has an article
on the subject of the "dollar jewelry,"
which is astonishing many people ,by
its apparent cheapness, from which we
make a few extracts. While the pro
prietors have a perfect rt"ht, to sell
these goods the public should also
know what it is they are purchasing,
especially as a large proportion of the
purchaseas are composed of servant
girls and poor people, of the middle
walks of life, who - aro ignorant of the
quality of what they purchase, and
judge of the article purchased by the
intensity of its glitter.
The principal composition used in
the manufacture of this jewelry is
termed Oreide, and is simply an excel
lent quality of brass. It is the most
positive imitation of gold that has ever
been discovered; it wears like it, not
discoloring anything it touches us
common brass or copper will : it may
be engraved or chased—being the
same al! the way through; it is, much
softer and more readily fused than
gold, however, and its value may be
imagined when we say that a dozen
finely chased table spoons of this met
al, can be bought for $4.50, with a
profit to the retailer, even at that
price of over 4 ..hirty-three per cent?!
"Of this metal, the
.New York Sci 7
entific American, most excellent author-
" Oreide of gold, of wbieli so many
cheap articles of jewelry are now
made, is simply a very beautiful brass,
without a single grain of gold in its
"The costliest part of the "Oreide"
operation is the moulds and forms in
which the jewelry is shaped and cut.
Were they obliged to have these
moulds made expressly at each change
of fashion, it would materially reduce
the profits; but they avoid' this diffi
culty by purchasing the moulds in
which jewelers have the real gold jew
elry, and thus also obtain the latest
patters. Probably the most expen
sive looking piece of jewelry does not
cost for the metal, moulding, putting
together and making up, forty cents.
"These cheap jewelry stores now
established in almost every city of the
United States, originated only some
three months since, yet: the proprie
tors already are reaping a golden har
vest- They advertise . liberally, draw
crowds of customers, and in the ag
gregate their sales must be enormous."
Halifax, N. S, April 13.—The provincial
legislature to•dny adopted'resolutions expres
sive of the deepest regret' at* the state of af
fairs in the South, and appeal to Gud Al
mighty to avert the danger to our institutions.