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THE HUNTINGDON GLOBE, A DEMOCRATIC FAMILY JOURNAL, DEVOTED TO LOCAL AND GENERAL NEWS, &C.
THE G -LOBE.
lii~~~~n ~l?V.[~.lQ ~:~.1.a
Wednesday, November 21, 1860.
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Affr Sheriff's sale. by Sheriff Watson.
.OZ -- A rare chance, by William Thomas.
Administratriss' Notice, by Mary White.
Alf% - % Cosmopuliton Art Association, by Jno. J. Lawrence,
The Latest News
—By the latest arrival we have news from
Italy that the Piedmontese troops under Vic
tor Emmanuel, gained a brilliant victory on
the 8d inst., on the Garigliano. They at
tacked in front with the troops flanked by
the fleet, and dispersed the Bourbon troops.
The tents, wagons, and stores were left in
Victor Emmanuel's possession, with 11,000
The Secessionists lose Georgia by a ma
jority of not less than 2500, Breckinridge
having simply a plurality. As it requires a
majority of votes to choose electors, there is
no choice, and electors will he chosen by the
Legislature. The Legislature, however, hav
ing adjourned, electors cannot be chosen,
and Georgia will actually have no vote in the
—Bell carries Virginia by about 400 ma-
The Secession excitement still continues
iu the South.
Maryland, at the late election, by a vote
of the people, decided against excluding free
negroes from the State.
Mr. Bonham of South Carolina, has re
signed his seat as a member of Congress.—
Another Republican gain.
Judge Douglas is in good health. He
was in New Orleans on Thursday last, and
has just prepared an unanswerable letter to a
joint committee, composed of the friends of
Bell and Douglas, in which he declines a
public entertainment, and at length states his
views as to the future of American politics.
it shall appear in our next issue.
The friends of Douglas and Bell are
uniting all over the South to save the Union.
—South Carolina has determined on sece
ding.—Will our President make an effort to
crush the Disunionists ? They may be our
equals but can never be our masters.
WASHINGTON, Nov. 19. Private des
patches from reliable quarters in California
say that Douglas has carried that State by
3,000 votes over Lincoln and 11,000 over
CAMERON Cotrtsrry—This little embryo coun
ty, composed at present of three sparsely
populated townships, elected its first county
officers at the recent election. We believe
they are all opposed to Shippen being made
the county seat—the County Commissioners
certainly are. The following are the officers,
to wit :
Associate Judges—James Bailey, Merrick
Prothonotary, &c.—lsaac Ramage.
Sheriff—John A Eldred.
County Commissioners—James Shaeffer,
jr., Flezekiah Mix, George R. Vosburg.
THE VOTE OF THE STATE.—The Harrisburg
Telegraph gives the total of the vote as fol
The county of Forest to hear from, which
gave Curtin 60 majority.
Vote for Governor :
HMV TUE PRESIDENT IS ELECTED. —The Sue
cessive steps in the election of President and
Vice President of the United States are taken
according to existing laws, at the following
1. By the act of Congress of 1845, the Elec
tors for President and Vice President of the
United States are appointed in each State on
the Tuesday next after the first Monday in
2. By the act of 1792 these Electors are to.
meet on the first Wednesday in December af
ter, in their respective States, to cast their
3. These votes when cast, are to be certified
by the Electors and sealed up, and sent to
the President of the Senate.
4. On the second Wednesday in February
after, the sealed certificates of the Electors
are to be broken open and the votes counted,
and the result declared in the presence of Con
OIL• EXCITEMENT.—The oleaginous fever
has broken out in Cambria county, It is re
ported that there are surface indications of
oil in many places on the mountain ; and it is
said that a saw-mill in that county has been
supplied from the surface of the dam, for
years past, with all the oil needed for burn
ing and greasing purposes. Several compa
nies are forming, and wells are about being
sunk to ascertain the truth of the reports.
The Republicans tell us, says the Cinein-
nati Inquirer, that Mr. Douglas, by this elec
is politically dead. They forget that he
has four years to serve in the Senate of the
United States, and that in that capacity he
will stay there until Lincoln leaves the Pres
idency. In the Senate of the United States
fur the coming Administration Mr. Douglas
will be a master spirit—the live man of Con
gress. If Mr. Lincoln does not pursue a cor
rect policy. Mr. Douglas is in a position to
criticize it, and hold up his errors to the coun
try—a duty which be will fearlessly and bold
ly discharge. It would be much more cor
rect to say that there is no future for Lincoln
than to apply the remark to Mr. Douglas.—
Mr. Lincoln's administration will make nfin
i.sh, of him—mark that I. He will probably
leave the Presidency hated and• despised by
most of those who voted for him, while Mr.
Douglas, if he lives, has thirty years of polit
ical eminence before him. It is absurd to
talk of a single reverse killing such a man as
Stephen A. Douglas.
The Republicans should remember that
Lincoln himself was defeated by Douglas for
the Senate in Illinois in 1858, and that if he
can stand one beating, Mr. Douglas, with his
superior talents and energy, can stand a doz
en. Mr. Douglas, although running against
the prejudices and passions of both extremes
of the Union, who bad been mutually inflamed
with hostility to each other by the acts of
demagogues and knaves, has received a great
er number of votes than any other man who
was ever beaten for the Vice. The Republi
cans four years ago were proud of the race
which Fremont made, who got 1,300,000 votes.
Mr. Douglas has beat that, receiving one mil
, lion and a-half. His vote is more than double
that of Mr. Breckinridge or Bell. It is with
in fifteen per cent. of that of Lincoln. It has
this glorious peculiarity, that it is distributed
in every State in the Union. Breckinridge's
votes are about all in the South ; Lincoln's
are about all in the North, but Mr. Douglas
has thousand and tens of thousands in both
Northern and Southern States. He alone got
a national vote. His opponents received the
votes of sections. It is, all things considered,
a proud triumph for Mr. Douglas to have re
ceived one mil Zion and a•half of votes against
two sectional candidates, one of whom bad
the assistance of the Federal Administration.
Events will prove that Mr. Douglas is just
about as near being killed politically as was
General Jackson when the politicians defeat
ed him in 1824 for President.
Hon. John J. Crittenden, in his late
speech at Independence, Kentucky, was very
severe on the disunionists: 'lle said, in apos
trophizing them :
" Don't break my country into fragments,
and talk of the little c23,::,?derations that are
to he so happy. You will pull down the great
Confederacy—you will pull down the great
American Constitution upon the head of the
American people—and you offer yourselves
to me as the men to build up half a dozen lit
tle shanties here, and call them Constitutions.
[Applause.] I say to them, ' Begone ! you
poor tricksters? you miserable conceited set !-
You talk about pulling down the work that
the hands of Washington laid the corner stone
of: you talk of puling down the great govern
ment made by the hands of Madison, and
Monroe, and Hamilton, and all the great
names that figured in our early and virtuous
days. You talk about pulling it down and
giving us a better government! [Applause.]
Why, gentlemen, there is no amount of
scorn with which that set of fellows do not de
serve to be treated !"
ItARt EDITORIAL WINDFALL—The vener
able Nathaniel Willis, says the Boston Tran
script, who was for many years editor of
the Boston Recorder, has very recently re
ceived a very pleasing letter from an old sub
scriber, inclosing s3o—the principal and in
terest of three years' subscription to his pa
per, due twenty-three years ago I Were this
example generally followed, many a veteran
printer's old age would be cheered by the re
ception of money which has been due so long
that the debt has passed from their memory.
OUTRAGEoUSLY MEAN.--The meanest act we
have heard of lately, is recorded by the Utica
Telegraph,. A man in that city, who was re
quested to act as pall bearer at the funeral of
a friend's wife, presented the bereared hus
band with a bill of 56 cents for his services as
pall bearer, and received his pay. If the dev
il don't catch that contemptible chap, there's
no use of having any devil.
PRACTICAL AMALGAMATION IN ORlG.—Miss
Georgiette Tucker, a highly accomplished
white girl, a graduate of Oberlin College,
Ohio, and a successful lecturer on literary
subjects, eloped recently, from Toledo, in
that State, with a colored barber, and went
to Detroit., Michigan, where they were mar
ried, to the infinite disgust of the girl's fath
er, who is said to be nearly crazy from this
reduction of principles to practice.
SUPPOSEDINSURRECTIONARY PLoT.—It is said
that a plot for an insurrection was discovered
on Thursday, among the negroes on the plan
tations of 116 C. Cleveland. Harp, Simmons,
Davidson, Johnson and others in Crawford
county. A. V. Dreer, and Cullin Davidson,
from Pennsylvania, the latter a school teach
er, were the ringleaders. They have been ar
rested, and. with.forty negroes, are in jail.--
JEWS' HOSPITAL IN PHILADELPHIA. —The
Jews in Philadelphia are about erecting a
magnificent building for a Ilebiew Orphan
Asylum at the expense of from $75.000 to
100,000. The lot has been secured, and the
work will commenced forthwith.
A NAIL IN THE BRAM—Geoffrey J. Lev
alle, who was shot in a fight with 'P. B. Ker
shaw, at Petersburg, Va. died on the 12th in
stant. The wound was inflicted or, the 15th
of October, and the pistol was charged with a
horse-shoe nail. The nail was found in his
brain, where it has been for nearly a month.
The Voice of a Patriot.
Judge Donslas in New Orleans---His
On Thursday of last week, Judge Douglas
met with a splendid reception at N. Orleans.
He was waited on at Milenburg, (Lake end
of the Pontchartrain Railroad,) by the Na
tional Democratic Committee and 13 large
number of friends, and escorted to the St.
Charles Hotel, where rooms hac been secured
Long before the arrival of tha cortege, a
large crowd had assembled in St. Charles
street, anxious to see Mr. Douglas and to
hear him. When the honorable gentleman
alighted, and walked up the broad steps of
the hotel, escorted by the committee, all rush
ed forward, and the pressure was so great
that some individuals nearly lost their breath
by being jammed against the granite col
After a short delay, Mr. Douglas answered
to the repeated calls of the people in the
streets, appeared on the portico and spoke a
few words to the assembled sovereigns :
Fellow-Citizens of _Yew Orleans: Two
years ago when I had just concluded a strug
gle in defense of the constitution, the Union
and the equal rights of the States in my own
State, I came here on private business and
you gave me such a reception as had never
before been extended to me. [Cheers.] Then
I came before you as a victor in a great con
test, and you received me like a conqueror.
[Cheers.] And now I appear before you,
having just gone through another and a still
greater struggle in defense of the same princi
ples and the same rights, defeated in the con
test, and yet you extend to me a welcome
which could not have been excelled, even if
I had come among you as the president elect.
[Loud cries of " you will be in 1864." A
banner, bearing a fine painting of Douglas
with " 1864" inscribed upon it, was here
waved aloft amid the wildest cheering and
These are the right kind of friends.—
[Cheers.] They adhere to a man in the right,
whether defeated or victorious. ["Hurrah
for Douglas," and cheers.] I have pleasure
in believing that this demonstration is not
intended as a mere personal compliment to
myself. It is the more gratifying to me be
cause it is the evidence of your devotion to
those great principles of self-government end
constitutional liberty to which my life is de
voted, ['That's it," and cheers.] I believe
that if we are faithful to the Constitution,
there is no grievance which cannot be reme•
died under that instrument and within the
Union. [Cheers.] If we are true to our
selves, there is no grievance for which disu
nion would be a remedy. [Cheers.] All we
have to do is to maintain inviolate every pro
vision of the Constitution, perform faithfully
every duty it requires, and fulfil every obli
gation it imposes. [Cheers.]
So long as we live under a Constitution
which is the supreme law of the land it must
be administered so as to secure equal rights,
equal justice and equal protection to the peo
ple of the States. [Cheers.] These princi
ples of equality are not confined in their ope
rations to the States, ahine, but extend tolhe
Territories and wherever else the American
flag waves over American soil. [Cheers.] 7 --
Let us now bury the excitement and angry
passions which have manifested themselves
during the contest. Let us lay aside all par
tizan feeling and act as becomes patriots and
lovers of our country. [Cheers" Let us
unite to put down sectionalism and .abolition
ism, and every other element of political and
national discord.- - ]Cheers.]
Let no grievances, no embittered teelings
impair the force of our efforts. Let us put
ourselves to work to rescue the government
of the country from the hands of those whom
we think unworthy to administer it. [Cheers.]
If Abraham Lincoln is President, what harm
can he do? ["None.] There is a majority
against him in the Senate, and a majority in
the House of Representatives. He is power
less for mischief—all that he can do is to fill
the offices, and the majority in the Senate
will reject those he nominates, if they are
not good men. [Cheers.]
He will be an object of commisseration and
pity rather than of fear? [Cheers.] Then
why should we break up the best government
that the sun in its circuit around the earth
ter shone upon, merely because we, have
been defeated in a Presidential election ?
[Cheers.] Let us rather rally with renewed
energy and dauntless courage to the perform
ance of our duties and rescue the country
from these bands in which it should never
have been placed. •
My friends, I did not come out here to
make a speech ; I only made my appearance to
acknowledge the compliment of this enormous
crowd. You have filled me with gratitude
and I rejoice the more at the spirit that ani
mates you, believing that it means the Consti
tution and the Union rather than a personal
comment to me. [Cheers.]
After Senator Douglas had concluded, the
multitude sent out upon the air three deafen.
ing cheers, the band struck up a patriotic air,
and the people quietly retired.
THE POSTMASTERS' PARTY.—The column of
Breckinridge votes in the Massachusetts re
turn disclose an unusual number of men who,
in their respective towns, stood " solitary and
alone." In fact there are twenty-seven towns
in the State which return each but one Breck
inridge vote. That is the Postmaster un
doubtedly. Thirteen towns have two Breck
inridgers each. There the Postmaster has
an assistant probably. The presence of three
in several other towns, indicates the acces
sion of a son, or an unusually obliging son
in-law, or possibly the man who does "chores"
about the office, and goes out after the mail
bags. This would form, altogether, a select
party in Massachusetts, to be calledthe Post-•
masters' party. But there are defections
even there. Forty towns have not a single
vote in the Breckinridge column. Such is
the blighting effect of Douglasism.----Boston
The sanctum of the editor and pro
prietor of the Huntsman's Echo, a sheet prin
ted in Nebraska, presents sometimes strange
sights. " Last week," the editor says, "upon
two occ - asions, from our office, we witnessed
the playful pranks of several antelope, and
again a sprightly red fox came near the enclo
sure, but cut and run when Towser came in
sight ; a nice race they had, and both made
time, but reynard the best. A week ago two
grizzly bears and three large wolves hove in
sight and played round on the prairie at a
safe distance; the same chaps, probably, that
made a tender meal from a good sized calf of
oars that had been running out. The buffalo
have taken our caution, and for two weeks
have not tropbled us."
The Secession Movement
A SPECIAL PROCLAMATION NOP TO BE ISSUED BY
WASHINGTON, Nov. 15.-1 t seems that Sen
ator Hammond's resignation is immediate, a
letter having been received here directing
his personal effects to be sent forthwith to
The collector at Beaufort, S. C., has offi
cially indicated his resignation, being unwil
ling, he says, to serve under a Republican
It has been stated that the subject of a
special address was under Executive consid
eration, but it now appears that the plan is
abandoned, in view of the early meeting of
Congress, to whom, by the Constitution, the
President is required to "give information
of the-state of the Union."
VIRGINIA-EXTRA. SESSION OF THE LEGISLATURE
RICHMOND, Ve., Nov. 15.—Governor Letch
er called an extra session of the Legislature
of this State for the 7th of January next, to
take into consideration the present alarming
condition of public affairs, and determine
calmly and wisely what action is necessary
on the part of Virginia in this emergency.
A.IIGITSTA, Ge.., Nov. I.s.—The Charleston
Mercury says the Mayor has issued a procla
mation prohibiting steerage passengers from
landing at Charleston, unless the owners of
the ships or steamers bringing them enter
into bonds to maintain them if they become
COLUMBIA, S. C., Nov. 15.—Last night
there was a grand torchlight procession of
600 " mutineers," composed of the military
Ex-Speaker Orr made a speech espousing
Congressman Keitt and others made simi
CUARLESTON, Nov. 16.---The demonstrations
of welcome last evening to the members of
the Legislature returning from the Capital,
were very enthusiastic. A. large Palmetto
tree was placed in front of the Institute Hall
where the meeting was held, and facing the
speakers' stand was a large transparency
with the motto, " IVPII good and faith
Mr. Macbeth, the President, made a fine
R. N. Gordon also addressed the delegates
and the response of Mr. Porter,the President
of the Senate, called forth prolonged applause.
Several other speakers made telling ad
dresses and the greatest enthusiasm prevailed.
There were abundant displays of fireworks,
and many houses were illuminated. During
the day cannons were fired as flags were
raised with Colonial and State mottoes in
scribed upon them.
Mit,Lr.DoEviLLE, Ga., Nov. 15.—The lead
ing men of all parties have been in confer
ence here, and have unanimously agreed to a
State Convention to recommend resistance—
the ,titne and mode of doing so to be settled
in the Convention . A good feeling prevails.
Senator Toombs made a powerful secession
speech on Wednesday night. Mr. Bartow,
of Savannah, followed, urging the establish
ment of a Southern Confederacy with sover
eignty in the Federal power, all State lines
to be obliterated.
PROCEEDINGS OF THE GEORGIA LEGISLATURE.
MILL'Encr.viLLE, Ga., Nov. 15.—1 n the Sen
ate, considerable discussion has resulted from
the motion referring the million appropria
tion bill for arms and munitions to the Fi
nance Committee. The bill provides that the
money thus appropriated shall be subject to
the control of the Governor.
Many Senators objected to the placing the
sword and purse in the same hands.
The proposed reference failed. The con
sideration of the bill will be proceeded with
in regular order, and will be passed.
A bill was introduced suspending the col
lection of debts till 1861.
A resolution was introduced giving power
to the Governor, in case of an attempt by the
Federal authority to coerce the seceding
States, to employ the military forces of Geor
gia to resist such coercion. The resolution
FINANCIAL AT'FAIRS AT BALTIMORE.
BALTIMORE, Nov. 15.—There is a better
feeling in commercial circles today. There
was a moderate run on the Citizens' Bank,
but all demands were promptly met, And the
best informed express full confidence in the
soundness of that institntion.
Many manufacturing establishments, clo
thiers, etc., have reduced the number of their
employees, which affects severely the work
ing classes; but it is hoped that confidence
will soon be measurably restored, and the
former activity in trade resumed.
NOVEL MEASURES OF ADJUSTMENT-SPEECH Or
EX-MAYOR SWANN, OF BALTIMORE.
Last evening, the Young Men's National
Union Club held a large meeting at the Bell
and Everett headquarters on Broadway.—
Henry W. Hilliard, of Alabama, was an
nounced to speak, but he was unavoidably
Hon. Eli P. Norton, president of the club,
on taking the chair, made a few remarks,
pertinent to the present condition of the coun
try, He was opposed• to the action South
Carolina was now taking, and believed the
Bell and Everett men were just as willing to
fight disunionism South as they bad been to
crush sectionalism North. [Cheers.]
Ex-Mayor Swan, of Baltimore, was intro
duced to the meeting, amid great applause.—
He felt at home among the friends he saw
around him, knowing them to be lovers
of the Union, and opponents of any party
which sought its dismemberment. He claimed
to be as conservative a man as there lived
south of Mason and Dixon's line, but, never
theless, felt that there was real danger to the
Union. He thought that Mr. Lincoln should
reassure the country by avowing conservative
sentiments, and expressing his determination
to enforce existing laws. [Cheers.] In case
the danger grew greater, he would advise a
Convention, not of Southern States, but of
all the States, and the settlement of the dis
turbing question, by pledging the North to
the following propositions:
I. That hereafter the North should recog
nize. without qualification, the institution of
slavery as it has existed under the Constitu
2. The honest enforcement of the fugitive
3. The equal right of the South to a full
participation in the occupancy of the Terri
He believed that upon the bases of these
propositions all present evils would be correc
ted, and our Government move on in harmo
ny forever. ,
The meeting adjourned at about 10 o'clock.
[From the Press.]
Long before this time, Victor Emmanuel is
virtually King of Italy. The Pope retains a
portion of the States of the Church, and the
province of Venitia still continues under the
iron-rule of Austria. Nevertheless, Italy
may be considered an united Kingdom, of
which, by popular election, and surely by the
grace of God, Victor Emmanuel is the Suze
rain. When the poll was taken in Naples,
whether this bold and fortunate roan should
be King, the whole minority-vote was under
The London Times, commenting upon this,
says "Of the votes given, there is not one
per cent. protesting against the New revolu
tion. We do not put any very great strength
upon these universal suffrage votes. They
may be managed by fraud, and their results
are not to be accepted as indubitable proof
of the convictions of a people. In this city
of Naples, however, there are circumstances
more than usually favorable to a minority.—
Victor Emmanuel is.not yet in the city, and
Garibaldi is well known to be a fair man,who
would lend himself to no trick, and would
permit no force. There is a party even
among the authors of the revolution who
would willingly aid a respectable minority
voting against immediate annexation. There
are Mazzinian votes among that little heap of
1,600 dissentient voting tickets, as the cor
respondence from Naples which we published
yesterday shows. Even if we did not know
them from other sources that the inhabitants
of the South are, as a mass, enthusiastic in
the Italian cause, the circumstances of this
election show that there cannot be any great
body of the people who are opposed to what
is now being done. The very fact that what
intimidation there was was very much that
which occurs at an English election when a vo
ter for the unpopular candidate comes to the
poll, shows that the populace were all on the
side of Italy. We have been told from time
to time of the Lazzaroni, and of other classes,
who were ready to join in reactionary move
ments. A peaceful and legal opportunity
has now been afforded, and was of vital im
portance to those who claim their sympathies
to get them to make a demonstration. They
have, however, all gone with the Italian par
ty,. and the hostile votes do not even account
for those who must be direct and immediate
losers by the transfer of power from a tyrant
of the Two Sicillies to a King of Italy."
The question—what is Victor Emmanuel
next to do? may be readily answered. We
are told that, of fair and fertile Italy, " Vic
tor Emmanuel is now de jure King. Ile has
nothing now to do but to hold his own.—
Master of a powerful army and a formidable
fleet, to the excellence of which even his ene
mies bear willing witness, there is nothing
now in Italy can offer him resistance. Fran
cis IL has almost ceased to be a substance,
and, if it were not a strong and an immediate
political necessity to remove him from Italian
soil, it would seem like cruelty to concentrate
so great aforce upon so puny an antagon"st. It
is now less a contest than a necessary expul
sion ; but it must be done, and done without
delay, for that King's name may even yet be
a tower of strength to. Austria, if Austria
should go mad some morning, as she once
before went mad."
Capua occupied by Garibald's forces; the
ex-King driven into a corner at Gaeta ; Victor
Emmanuel co-operating with Garibaldi; Na
ples anxious to receive its newly-elected
Kings What after this? Only that Bona
balino is now playing his last' game. From
Gaeta. flight is easy. The French fleet will
facilitate his retreat, and, once that he leaves
~n o parts, like Ajut, never to return."
But, it is said, Gaeta is a great fortress.—
It was, but can scarcely be called so now.—
Here from an English paper, is a sketch of
that asylum of fngitive royalty ;
"In the history of Italian freedom after
the fall of the Roman Empire, Gaeta was one
of the three Greek municipalities which be.
came the refuge of the civilization of Rome.
Amalfi, Gaeta, and Naples subsequently ad
vanced to independence on the ruins of the
Eastern empire, and the imperial power at
Constantinople was too enfeebled to offer op
position to the change. Their chief magis
trate bore the title of Doge ; their wealthy
merchants had ships and settlements in the
great ports of the Levant, and late the foun
dation of the commercial prosperity of the
Italian republics of later times. The bluff
promontary of Gaeta, united to the main
land bya low and narrow isthmus, strengthen.
ed by walls, and backed by the difficult de
fites of thr Cmcuban mountains, gave to this
accidnt settlement that natural strength
which has made it in our own times the key
fortress of the kingdom. The city consequent
ly survived the invasion of the Lombards and
the Saracens, and did not lose its liberty un
til the 12th century, when it was absorbed
along with the other free cities of Southern
Italy, in the magnificent conquest of the
Normans. Its beautiful and its rich orange,
lemon, and citron groves give it a peculiarly
southern character. It is the chief city of
the 4th distiOtto of the Terra di Lavoro, and
a seat of a bishopric. It has a population,
including the garrison, of nearly 12,000
souls. The cathedral, dedicated to St. Eras
mus, contains the standard presented by
Pius V. to Don John of Austria, the com
mander of the Christian army at the siege of
Lepanto. The celebrated column with twelve
faces, on which are inscribed the names of
the twelve winds in Greek and Latin, is one
of the most curious monuments in the town.
The beauty of the women is very striking, and
their light brown hair contrasts singularly
with the black color which is so peculiar a
characteristic of female beauty in other parts
of Italy. In the French invasion of 1798,
the fortress, commanded by the Swiss Gener
al Tschiudy, surrendered at discretion to the
army of Gen. Rev; an event so disgraceful
that it is generally regarded as an act of
treachery, for the garrison contained .4,000
soldiers, TO cannon, 12 mortars, 20,000 mus
kets, and supplies for a year. After the
treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle, the fortifications
were again strengthened, and the citadel was
enabled to sustain the memorable siege of
1806, which is so well known to Englishmen
from the operations of our navy on the coast
in support of the besieged.
At the approach of the French army under
MessOna, the feeble regency of Naples en
gaged to give up all the fortresses of the kinn ,
dom. The citadel of Gaeta was commanded
by the Prince of Hesse Philipstadt, who an
swered the summons of the regency by say
ing that he should disobey their command,
for the higher commands of honor and of war.
The Prince, assisted by the operations of the
English fleet upon the coast, was enabled
gallantly to hold out until the fall of Scylla
in July, 1860 ; and on the 18th of that month,
after ten days continued firing, the fortress
honorably capitulated. The history of Gaeta
after the- peace was again indirectly connec
ted with England, the Governer being Gen.
Joseph Edward Acton. who married the sis. ,
ter of the Princess of Hesse Philipstadt, and
was the brother of Sir John Acton. the Eng- ,
fish Prime Minister of Naples. The palace
of the Governor, which was so long the resi
dence of Pius IX in 1850, presents nothing
to require description."
IPIRRIBLE ACCIDENT.—Five Persons. Burned.
to Death.—Daniel Swearinger, a farmer, go
ing to Tuscawara county, Ohio, to Fort'
Dodge, lowa, while crossing the prairie, near'
the latter place, on the 2d inst., with his wife
and four children in a wagon, was overtaken,
by a prairie fire, and all except the father
perished. The Nevada Advocate, says:
Without other warning than a moment's
sensation of the heat as felt through the cov
er of the wagon in which they were travelling
in fancied security, they were overtaken by
fire on the prairie. Before any measures for
protection could be taken, the wagon cover .
was in flames. In a. moment the bedding and
other inflamable material was on fire, and be
fore Mr. S. could make his way out of the wa
gon, through the flames, his clothing was on
fire. Unfortunately, as he fell out of the wa
gon, he was kicked by one of his horses, and
for a time stunned beyond ability to help the
He revived in time to see his wife fall from
the wagon, burned to death, and to drag from
the flames one of his children, already dead.
His own clothing was burned entirely front
his body, and he is severely burned, especial
ly in the head, face and hands. Ile is at
present sightless, but hopes are entertained
of his recovery, and that his eyesight is not
destroyed. Two of the children were literal
ly burned up in the wagon. Of one nothing
could be found but the skull ; the other be
ing a charred mass, in which was no trace
of humanity left. One of the horses was
burned to death in the harness; the other suc
ceeded in freeing himself, but is badly
burned. The dead are Mary Ann, the wife
of Mr. Swearinger,aged 30 years; Sarah Jane,
Rebecca Ellen, George Dalton and Sabrina,
his children, aged respectively, eleven, nine,
seven and two years. The calamity occurred
seven miles north-west of this place, on the
Fort Dodge road, in a small basin or com
mencement of a water channel.
Tun VIRGINIA LADIES EXClTED.—Political
excitement runs so high in Virginia that even
ladies resort to the knock-down style of argu
ment. At Richmond, the other day, two la
dies, one a partizan of Breckinridge and the
other of Bell, got so excited while discussing
the merits of their respective candidates, that
fair damsel who espoused Mr. Bell's fortunes
struck the admirer of Breckinridge over the
noddle with her fan, breaking a head orna
ment to pieces, and arousing all the terrible
passions of her antagonist's nature. At it
they went, and for a while silks, satins, laces,
feathers, flounces and ribbons flew about in
wild confusion. The disgraceful scene was
only terminated on the arrival of a gentleman
from a distant part of the house, who, hear
ing the noise, hastened to the spot, rind thus
probably saved the life of one or both.
IVEALTII OF GEORGIA.—We learn from the
annual report of the controller-general, front
the year 1860, that the total amount of prop
erty returned on the tax digest for the year
amounts to the immense sum of 5672,322,777.
According to the census of 1850, there was a
fraction over 521,000 free white inhabitants;
and it is a reasonable calculation that in ten
years will swell that number to at least 550,
000. These figures Will show the fact, that
if the taxable property in the State was equal
ly divided among the people, the amount for
each free white man, woman and child, would
be within a fraction of sl223.—Savannah Re
AR3LiGEDDON AZ HAND.—The Rev. Mr.
Baxter, an English divine, lectured in Wash
ington, on the 23d, on " the awful national
calamities prophecied to be impending, and
the coming of Christ to judgment about 1864
—68." The lecturer thought that Louis Nap
oleon was the great Anti-Christ spoken of in
the Bible; that he, in company with the Em
peror of Russia, was to make war upon Jeru
salem ; that this was to terminate in the bat
tle of Armageddon, in which all the wicked
would be destroyed ; and then would come
§ § § 4
The seven years of unrivalled success attending the
" COSMOPOLITAN ART ASSOCIATION,"
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Under the auspices of this popular institution, over three
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Subscriptions are now being received in strati() unparal
leled with that of any previous year.
TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION,
Any person can become a member by subscribing three
dollars, for which sum they svill receive
Ist.—The large and superb steel engraving, 30 x 36
"FALSTAFF MUSTERING HIS RECRUITS."
2d.—One copy, one year, of that elegantly illustrated
"THE COSMOPOLITAN ART JOURN.AL."
3d.--Four admissions, during the season, to
"TIIE GALLERY OF PAINTINGS, 548 BROADWAY,
In addition to the above benefits, there will be given to
subscribers, as gratuitous premiums, over
FITE HUNDRED BEAUTIFUL WORKS OF ART!
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The superb engraving, which every subscriber will re
ceive, entitled, "Falstaff Mustering his Recruits," is one of
the most beautiful and popular engravings ever issued in
this country. It is done on ste.l, in fine line and stipple,
and is printed .on heavy plate paper, 30x38 inches, making
a most choice ornament, suitable for the walls of either
the library. parlor or office. Its subject is the celebrated
scene of Sir John Falstaff receiving in Justice Shallow's
office, the recruits which have been gathered for his “rag
ged regiment." It could not be furnished by the trade
for less than fire dollars.
The Art Journal is too well known to the whole coun
try to need commendation . It is a magnificently illustra
ted magazine of Art, containing Essays, Stories, Poems,
Gossip, &c,, by the very best writers in America.
The Engraving is sent to any part of the country by mail
with safety, being packed iu a cylinder, postage prepaid.
Subscriptions will be received until the evening of the
31st of January, 1861, at which time the books will close
and the premiums lie given to subscribers.
No person is restricted to a single subscription. Those
remitting $l5, are entitled to five memberships and to ono
extra Engraving for their trouble.
Subscriptions from California, the Canadas, and all For
eign Countries, must be $3,50 instead of $3, in order to de
fray extra postage, etc.
For further particulars send fur a copy of the elegantly
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azine in America. It contains Catalogues of Premiums,
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per number. Specimen copies, however. will be sent to
those wishing to subscribe, on receipt of 18 cents, in coin
or stamps. Address,
C. L. DERBY, AcrumlT C. A. A,.
546 Broadway. New York.
42Z`Subscriptions received and forwarded by .INO. J.
LAWRENCE., Agent for Huntingdon nxtel vicinity, where
specimen Engravings and Art Journal can bee seen,
NoT. 21 ; 1860.