The globe. (Huntingdon, Pa.) 1856-1877, May 02, 1860, Image 2

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finally announced. There were 101 in favor
of striking out the rule, to 198 in favor of re
taining it. So the rule was adopted, and the
taajority of a delegation cannot compel the
minority to vote with them as a unit, unless
instructed by the Convention that appointed
[This vote orr the rule against unit voting,
is regarded as a test.]
The vote to lay the rule on the table was
as follows :
Massachusetts, 6
Pennsylvania, 14
Maryland, 33
Virginia, 15
North Carolina, 7
South Carolina, 8
Total number of yeas, 101
The balance of the States voted nay, 108
The rule was adopted by acclamation.
The resolution offered yesterday for the
appointment of a Committee on Resolutions
and Platform was then called up.
An amendment was offered, that no ballot
incr should be allowed for President or Vice
President, until the Committee has reported,
and the report adopted..
A vote was first taken on the appointment
of the Committee, and the original resolution
was adopted and the Committee appointed.
After the - Committee on the Platform was
announced, the amendment was considered.
A motion to lay the resolution on the table
was rejected, yeas 324., nays 270 , 1.
A vote was then taken on the resolution,
and it was adopted by acclamation.
So a ballot for the candidates cannot be
taken until the platform has been adopted.
A. long debate then ensued on a proposi
tion to limit the members from speaking more
than once on the same subject. Finally. its
further consideration was postponed until to
A resolution was adopted instructing the
President to invite the ministers of the Go
spel, of the city, to open the Convention with
Judge Meek presented the Alabama plat
form. It was referred to the Committee on
Pi atforms.
The Committee on Credentials announced
that it would not be able to report before to
morrow morning.
The Convention then adjourned till 10
o'clock to-morrow morning.
CII.A.RLESTON, April 25.—The Convention
met 10 o'clock this morning.
The galleries were crowded with ladies,
and yet hundreds of the fair sex were on the
outside clamoring for admission.
A delegate moved, and it was agreed to,
that the ladies be admitted to the fluor of the
This piece of gallantry occasioned much
good feeling. The floor presents a lively
The resolution which was offered yesterday
to restrict members from speaking more than
fifteen minutes, and more than once on the
same subject, was taken up and debated.
It was finally rejected by a vote of 120
yeas, to 121 nays.
a resolution relative to debate was then
introduced, restricting speakers to fifteen
minutes on all subjects except the platform.
A discussion ensued, a Southern delegate
demanding that there shall be no gag law on
the subject.
At 11 o'clock, another resolution with re
gard to debate was offered, which limits the
speakers to fifteen minutes on all subjects ex
cept the platform, and that the rules of the
House of Representatives to apply, limiting
each speaker to one hour.
The resolution was adopted.
The Committee on Credentials announced
that the report would be in readiness this af
ternoon. The Convention at noon, adjourned
until 4 o'clock P. M.
• The Committee on Credentials will report
on the New York contest in favor of the
Doan Richmond delegates. The Wood dele
gation received only six votes, being those of
the members of the Committee from Missis
sippi, Texas, North Carolina, Georgia, and
CHARLESTON, April 25.—The Convention
re-assembled at 4 o'clock, this afternoon.
A resolution to appoint a National Com
mittee to act for the next four years, was dis
cussed, and finally referred to a Select Com
mittee, with instructions to inquire into the
propriety of giving the National Committee
power to name both the time and place of
holding the next Convention.
The Committee on Credentials reported
that the sitting delegates from New York,
Massachusetts, Illinois and Maryland, (of the
latter T. M. Lannahen and Robert J. Brent,)
are entitled to their seats.
A minority report of the Committee was
also presented, signed by the members of the
Committee from Alabama, California, Arkan
sas, Texas, Georgia and Mississippi. It re
commends that one-half of each of the New
York contestants shall be admitted to the
Convention, each part to cast seventeen
The debate on the report of the Committee
on Credentials continued till 6 o'clock, when
it was closed by a call for the previous ques
A vote was first taken on the Illinois ques-
The Douglas delegates for that State were
declared to be entitled to their seats.
The question was then taken on the con
tested case in the Fourth Congressional Dis
trict of Maryland, and the claims of Messrs.
R. J. Brandt and Thomas A. Lannahen, the
Douglas contestants, were sustained against
those of the Hunter delegates.
A vote was then taken by States on the
minority report of the Committee, recom
mending a division of the New York delega
The only States that voted in favor of the
minority proposition, were as follows:
North Carolina, 5 I
Georgia, 10 Mississippi,
Virginia, 31 Texas,
Missouri, 1 Tennessee,
California, 31 Arkansas,
- Total yeas, - - -
Total nays, - - -
So the Dean Richmond (Albany Regency)
delegates were admitted, and the Wood dele
gates excluded.
The announcement of the result was re
ceived with cheers, and great excitement pre
A resolution was offered to admit the Wood
delegates to honorable seats on the floor,
which added to the excitement. It was final
ly laid over, under the rule, until tomor
Mr. Montgomery, of Pennsylvania, moved
Alabama, 9
Louisiana, 6
Mississippi, 7
Texas, 4
Missouri, 2
Oregon, 3
that the resolution for the appointment of a
National Committee for the next four years
be laid over till after the nomination of the
candidates for the Presidency and Vice Presi
At this point of the proceedings, the death
of Governor Robinson, of Vermont, was offi
cially announced to the Convention, and res
olutions of condolence were adopted. The
Convention resolved to accompany the re
mains, in a body, from Mill's House to the
boat, immediately after adjournment.
The Convention then, at seven o'clock, ad
CusatEsrog, April 26.—The Committee on
the Platform is still out, and it is understood
that they are wholly unable to agree ; that
three separate platforms will be presented.
The National Convention assembled this
morning at 10 o'clock. The proceedings were
opened with prayer.
11Ir. Fitzhugh, of Virginia, presented a se
ries of resolutions in favor of the enforcement
of the Fugitive Slave Law. Referred to the
Committee on the Platform.
Mr. Hughes, of Pennsylvania, presented a
resolution recognizing the fact that, while the
Government has no power to protect Slave
Property in the Territories, it shall provide
the Power to its officers to enforce the exist
ing laws and protecting existing rights. Re
ferred to the Platform Committee.
Mr. Browne, of Philadelphia, presented a
resolution declaring that emigrants to the
territories carrying with them slave property,
are entitled to the protection of such property.
Mr. Walker, of Mississippi, offered an
amendment, declaring it to be the duty of the
government to afford legal protection to all
classes of property, slave or otherwise, in the
territories or on the high seas.
The amendment was accepted and the res
olution referred to the Committee on the Plat
The Tennessee Platform was then read and
A dozen or more resolutions with regard to
slave's in the territories, were presented from
various delegates and referred to the PlatfpiTa
A number of resolutions relative to railroads
to the Pacific were also presented and re
Mr. Seward, of Georgia, presented a reso
lution on the rights of slaveholders. describing
a suitable platform and declaring James
Guthrie as the proper man to nominate for
the Presidency.
A resolution on the tariff being presented.
Isaiah Rynders, of New York, proposed to
include Monongahela. Whisky in the articles
to be protected.
Mr. Bayard, of Delaware, hoped the Con
vention would not be made to appear ridicu
lous before the country by those resolutions,
and moved that they be referred without read-
Mr. Rynders said he desired by his amend
ment to put a stop to them and had succeed
The Committee on the Platform not being
ready to report, the Convention adjourned till
4 o'clock.
The motion was - withdrawn to enable Mr.
Montgomery, of Pennsylvania, an opportunity
to present a resolution to instruct the special
committee not to report a National Commit
tee until the nominations are made.
The subject was referred to the committee
The following resolution was presented by
Mr. Mouton, of Louisiana. It is said to come
from Senator Slidell:
Reqoh:cd, That the Territories belong to
the several States as common property, and
not to the individual citizens thereof; that the
Federal Constitution recognises property in
slaves, and, as such, the owner thereof is en
titled to carry his slaves into any Territory of
the United States, and hull them there as
property. And in case the people of the Ter
ritories, by inaction or unfriendly legislation,
or otherwise, should endanger the tenure of
such property, or discriminate against it by
withholding that protection given to other
parties owning property in the Territories, it
is the law of the General Government to in
terpoSe, by an active exertion of its constitu
tional powers, to secure the rights of slave
At a quarter of twelve the Convention ad
journed till 4 o'clock.
The Convention re-assembled at 4 o'clock.
The Chairman of the Committee on the
Platform stated that the committee were not
ready to report.
Mr. W. B. Sayles, of Rhode Island, offered
a resolution instructing the Committee on the
Platform with the following additional reso
lution :
Resolved, That we recognise, to the fullest
extent, the principles that to preserve the
Union the equality of the States must be
maintained—the decision of the Courts en
forced, and that every branch of the Federal
Government shall exercise all its constitution
al powers in the protection of persons and
property, both in the States and Territories.
An exciting scene arose on the presentation
of this resolution, and it was finally ruled out
of order as coining under the platform rule,
and must be referred to that committee.
Several other resolutions were "offered. It
was repeatedly asserted that the Platform
Committee would be unable to report at all.
It is understood that three separate platforms
will have to be presented if they make a re
A resolution was.then offered instructing
the committee to report what progress they
had made at ten o'clock to-morrow morning.
Pending the consideration of this resolution,
the Convention adjourned till ten o'clock to
morrow morning. The excitement is increas
CHARLESTON, April 27.—The Convention
met at the Institute at ten o'clock this morn
Mr. King, of Missouri, presented a series
of resolutions, favoring the admission of
the delegates from Kansas, who claim seats
on the ground that that Territory will be ad
mitted into the Union before the time of the
election. They were referred to the Commit-,
tee on a National Committee.
The announcement was made at half-past
ten o'clock that the Committee on the Plat
form would not be ready to report for an hour,
and proposing a temporary recess or prome
nade for that time. Adopted.
The floor being crowded with ladies, as well
as the west galleries, there •is a chatter of
tongues and peal after peal of merry laughter
going on, that is in strong antagonism to the
suspended excitement of the Convention.
During the recess printed copies of the ma=
jority and minority platform reports were
scattered over the Convention.
One of the minority reports is signed by B.
F. Butler, of Massachnetts. on behalf of a
minority, which merely reaffirms the Cincin
nati platform, declares the Democratic princi
ples unchangeable in their nature when applied
to the same subject-matter, and only recom
mends, in addition to the Cincinnati platform,
a resolution for the protection, by the Govern
ment, of all its citizens, whether native or
The principal minority report, however, is
signed by A. M. Roberts, of Maine ; Wm.
Bevan, of New Hampshire; E. M. Brown, of
Vermont; C. S. Bradley, of Rhode Island;
A. G. Hazard, of Connecticut; Benj. William
son, of New Jersey ; H. B. Payne, of Ohio ;
P. C. Dunning, of Indiana ; 0. B. Ficklin, of
Illinois; G. A. N. Lathrop, of Michigan; A.
S. Palmer, of Wisconsin; B. M. Samuels, of
Iowa; S. M. Cavanagh, of Minnesota ; Ed.
Coggswell, of New YOrk ; li. B. Wright, of
The points of this report are as follows :
1. They affirm the Cincinnati platform.
2. Resolved, That all the rights of proper
ty are judicial in character, and the Democra
cy pledges itself to carry out all the decisions
of the Supreme Court upon such a subject.
3. Resolved, That ample protection should
be afforded to citizens, whether native or nat
ralized, at home or abroad.
4. Resolved, That we pledge the govern
mental aid in building the Pacific Railroad.
5. Resolved, That we favor the acquisition
of Cuba, on terms honorable to ourselves and
just to Spain. .
6. Resolved, That all State resistance to
the fugitive slave law is revolutionary and
subversive of the Constitution.
The majority report is as follows:
Resolved, That the platform adopted at
Cincinnati be affirmed, with the following ad
ditional resolution :—That the National De
mocracy of the United States hold these car
dinal principles on the subject of slavery in
the Territories That Congress hns no
power to abolish slavery in the Territories.
2. That the Territorial Legislature has no
power to abolish slavery in the Territories,
nor the introduction of slaves therein ; nor
any power to destroy by any legislation what
Resolved, That it is the duty of the Federal
Government to protect, when necessary, the
rights of persons or property on the high
seas, in the Territories, or wherever its con
stitutional jurisdiction extends.
At half-past eleven o'clock the Convention
The majority report was read by Mr. W.
W. Avery, of North Carolina, who said he
was instructed to say that entire unanimity
did not prevail on a portion of the resolutions.
The first and third, in relation to slavery in
the Territories, and the duties of the General
Government to protect the rights of person
and property, adopted a large majority of
the committee. The sezond resolution, iu re
lation to the fugitive slave law, and the fourth
in relation to naturalized citizens, were adop
ted unanimously. And the fifth relative to
the acquisition of Cuba,,was adopted without
The two minority reports were then pre
sented by Mr. Butler, of Massachusetts, and
Mr. Payne, of Ohio ; the latter stating that
his report, although a minority, represented
one hundred and seventy-two electoral votes,
whilst the majority only represented one hun
dred and twenty-seven electoral votes.
Mr. Johnson, of Maryland, inquired how
many of the electoral votes represented by
the minority report can be depended upon for
the Democratic nominee. LLaughter and ap
Mr. Payne could not sly, nor could he
speak fur Maryland, which goes with the ma
jority. Mr. Payne offered his platform as a
substitute for the whole, and a Massachu
setts delegate proposed another set.
All the reports being presented, Mr. Avery
addressed the Convention, claiming that he
represented the seventeenth Democratic State
of the Union. Although the report was signed
by the delegates from fifteen shive States, and
only two free States, he denied that any feel
ing of sectionalism has influenced the ma
Mr. Clark, of ;Missouri, stated that, although
he signed the majority report, he did not and
would not vote for the third resolution, which
is as follows :
" Resolved., That it is the duty of the Fed
eral Government to protect, when necessary,
the rights of persons and property on the
high seas, in Territories, or wherever else its
constitutional authority extends."
Mr. Avery called attention to the fact that
the majority report represents one hundred
and twenty-seven certain Democratic electo
ral votes, whilst the minority do not repre
sent one electoral vote that can be claimed as
certain. Ile regarded squatter sovereignty
as subversive of the rights of the South as
Congressional intervention would be. He
classed it with the Wilmot proviso, and as
being equally subversive of Southern rights.
Mr. Avery alluded to the fact that Mexico
and Cuba would inevitably, with Central
America, form a part of the Union, and with
the popular sovereignty doctrine as proclaim
ed in the minority, report, no slaveholder
would dare enter any of this new territory
with his slaves. It was said that Northern
men did not like to be thrown into associa
tion with slaveholders, and he appealed to
the gentlemen to correct that error to prove
to the South that the Democratic party of
the North entertain no such sentiments.—
There is a distrust among the masses of the
people to their Northern allies. We sympa
thize with you when you are called dough
faces at the North, and we ask you to give
us the evidence that our sympathy is well
Mr. Payne, of . 6
hio, addressed the Conven
tion on behalf of the minority. He did not
desire any personal victory, but those he rep
resented believed that, on the harmonious
settlement of these difficulties, depends the
existence of the Democratic party, and the
prosperty and perpetuity of the Union. The
Democracy of the North have stood by the
South in good faith. There never had been
but one construction put upon the slavery
clauses of the Cincinnati platform, and he
challenged any man to show that it had ever
been differently construed, even on the floors
of Congress.
Mr. Payne read to the Convention the opin
ion of Secretary Toucey and Vice President
Breckenridge against any measures to legis
late slavery into the Territories, and that the
people of each Territory shall settle the mat
ter for themselves, and be admitted into the
Union with or without slavery, as they may
determine, and he could show that every dis
tinguished Southern statesman since 1850
has planted himself on the squatter sover
eignty platform of non-intervention by:Con
gress. Ile quoted also from the opinions of
Senator Hunter, Toombs, and Mason, and
other Southern Democratic statesman, main
taining the same ground of non-intervention.
lie concluded by saying we cannot recede
from this doctrine without personal dishonor,
and so help us God we never will abandon
'this principle! [Sensation.] If the majori
ty report is adopted, you cannot expect one
Northern electoral vote, or one sympathizing
member of Congress from the free States.
Mr. Payne's concluding appeal to the South
was very powerful, and was listened to with
great attention. He urged them not to de
stroy the Democratc party for a mere ab
The following resolution of Mr. John
Cochrane, New Yerk, (which he proposed to
offer as a substitute for all the other propo
sitions in addition to the Cincinnati plat
form,) has just been circulated.
Resolved, That the several States of the
Union are, under the Constitution, equal ;
and that the people thereof are entitled to
the free and undisturbed possession and en
joyment of their rights of person and prop
erty in the common territories ; and that any
attempt by Congress or a 'Territorial Legis
lature, to _annul, abridge or discriminate
against any such equality or rights, would be
unwise in policy and repugnant to the Con
stitution ; and that it is the duty of the Fed
eral Government, whenever 'such rights are
violated, to afford the necessary, proper and
Constitutional remedies for such violations.
Mr. Butler, of Massachusetts, who repor
ted the Cincinnati platform pure and simple,
addressed the Convention, in view of that
clause relative to the protection of slave
property on the seas. He cautioned them
that it would be regarded by their opponents
as an attempt to re-open the slave trade.
Mr. Butler, in alluding to the remarks of
Mr. Johnson, -of Maryland, with regard to
the non-Democratic States, said that it was
like the kettle callhig the 'pot black.
Mr. Johnson replied that Maryland had
never countenancednor encouraged resistance
to the fugitive slave law and maintained a
national position in'.the Union.
Mr. Butler would say that Massachusetts
had never been under a rule that prevented
a man from voting, his sentiments without
fear of the bludgeon or the bullet. [Loud
and prolonged applause.]
Mr. Johnson wished to reply, but
Mr. Butler would not yield the floor to him.
He would add, hovi=ever, that he did not
blame the Democratic party in Maryland for
this condition of affairs. Ile knew that they
did all they could to resist it. Mr. Butler
concluded with an appeal to the Convention
to "let well enough alone."
On motion, the Convention adjourned till
4 o'clock, P. M.
The Convention re-assembled at 4 o'clock.
Senator Bayard, of Delaware, presented
another series of resolutions, as follows :
Ist. Affirming the Cincinnati platform
2d. Resolved, That the Territorial govern
ments are provisional and temporary, and
during its existence, all citizens of the Uni
ted States have equal rights to settle in the
Territory, without-their rights either of per
son or property being destroyed or impaired
by Congressional or Territorial legislation.
3d. Resolved, That it is the duty of the
government to prcitect the rights of person or
property on the high seas, in the Territories,
or wherever else its constitutional authority
4th. Resolved, That when settlers in the
Territories have an adequate population to
form a State Constitution, the right of sover
eignty commences, and being consummated
by admission into the Union, they stand upon
an equal footing with the citizens of other
States ; and the State thus organized should
be admitted into the Union, slavery or no
Hon. William Barksdale, of Mississippi,
proceeded to deliver a violent Southern speech.
He declared that when the Democratic party
dies, the Constitution will die with it, and
that if it fails in its duty now, it will be
more thoroughly dead than if defeated at the
Governor King, of Missouri, addressed the
Convention in favor of .harmony and concili
ation in the deliberations of the Convention.
The delegates, he said, came here instructed
to do the best that could he done for the Dem
ocratic party, and the majority report has a
sting of death in it; and he should vote for
the minority report as a substitute. All that
the people want is the - , Cincinnati platform
without any tail to it. Ile spoke of the Black
Republicans as men who are about as sharp
as men usually get, and said they would rid
icule their majority platform as Janus-faced
and contradictory. So far as Missouri is con
cerned, they can carry the platform, even if
it should be clogged with the deadly sting,
as they always go it blind for the Democratic
nominee. But he could plainly see that his
border neighbors would be destroyed by its
Gov. King alluded, in the course of his ar
gument, to "the distinguished statesman of
Illinois," and each time was greeted with
deafening applause. The Northern Democ
racy, he said, has been stricken clown because
it stood by the South, and now they have the
taunt thrown at them that they cannot prom
ise their electoral vote to the nominee with
any certainty. This majority platform would
nominate Seward and would make him the
President. If a few Southern States aban
doned this Convention, its nominee will gain
State for State from the North for their nom
inee. He would regret it if they should
leave, but they must stand by the ship to the
last. The Democrats will feel that they are
whipped before the battle if you force this
majority -platform upon them.
Mr. Yancey, of Alabama, took the floor,
amid immense applause and cheering.
He proceeded to reply to Gov. King, styling
his speech as remarkable and unnatural, as
coming from a Southern man. Mr. Yancey
pronounced the charge that there were any
disunionists or disruptionists in the Alabama
delegation, false. He spoke for nearly two
hours. His extreme doctrines were applau
ded very weakly, even in the galleries. He
was severe on Douglas in connection with
Kansas affairs. The acts of the North had
made many persons at the South believe that
the South and her institutions are no longer
safe within the limits of the Union. He de
nied that Alabama had attempted to dictate
to this Convention. The instructions to her
delegates were merely for their guidance, and
if it had not been for the omnipotent, finding
out press, no one but her' delegates would
have known of their existence.
Mr. Yancey's speech was most eloquent
and powerful. He contended that the Dem
ocratic party must accept defeat with cheer
fulness on a principle, rather than seek suc
cess with its violation—looking to the sober
second thought of the people for justification
and restoration. He concluded by urging
the Southern Delegates to be true to their
Constitutional duty, and not to lend them
selves to a palpable wrong to obtain a party
victory. If they allow themselves to be thus
made tools of, they should be hung on a poli
tical gallows higher than ever was built for
Haman. [Great cheering.]
Hon. George E. Pugh, of Ohio, then took
the floor to reply to Mr. Yancey, at half-past
seven o'clock.
Mr. Pugh was glad to hear one Southern
man speak out plainly and boldly, and tell
us what he really does want. He read the
resolutions adopted by the Alabama Demo
cratic Convention four years ago, and repor
ted by Mr. Yancey himself, which were deci
dedly in favor of non-intervention, and at the
same time instructed them to leave the Cin
cinnati Convention if that doctrine was not
acceded to. Alabama did not then ask for
what she now asks; nor did the gentleman
from Alabama demand what he now demands.
Mr. Pugh then proceeded to reply to Mr.
Yancey's arguments.
His remarks were of the most scathing
character, such as were never before heard in
Charleston on that side of the subject. Bold,
fearless and powerful, he continued for an
hour to combat the views of the Alabamian,
and at 8 o'clock, gave way for a recess of one
The Convention re-assembled at 9 o'clock.
An attempt was made to fix the time for
closing the debate on platform but it was un
Mr. Pugh resumed his speech, going into
an argument to prove the constitutionality of
squatter sovereignty. He quoted from a
speech of Senator Hunter on the Kansas bill
to sustain the views which he and his friends
now entertained. He reviewed Mr. Yancey's
speech with great force and eloquence.
Mr. Pugh concluded his remarks by saying
to the South that the party wanted no muti
ny on board the ship, but if the South choose
to go out of it, they will repent their depart
ure—if-part 'they must.
Mr. Cochrane of New York, then took the
floor and proposed his resolution (as inserted
in the morning proceedings) as a substitute
for the majority report. It was declared out
of order.
Mr. Bishop, of Connecticut, moved the pre
vious question on the platform.
This motion caused a tremendous uproar
and excitement.
A. dozen members sprang to the floor on
the moment, shouting at the top of their
The Southern members demanded that the
Convention should now adjourn and a vote
be taken on the platform at noon to-morrow.
A vote by States was demanded on the
motion to adjourn.
During the call of the roll the noise and
confusion was unprecedented.
The motion to adjourn was carried—yeas
158>, nays 143.
The Convention then, at midnight, ad
[The proceedings of Saturday and Monday
were received too late fur publication this
week. Both days were occupied debating the
Wednesday, May 2, 3860
. _ _
NOTES. with a waiver of the SOO
JUDGMENT NOTES, with a waiver of the $2.00 Law.
MARRIAGE CERTIFICATES., for Justices of the Peace
and Ministers of the Gospel.
,f Assault and Battery, and Affray.
SCIE[tE FACIAS, to recover amount of Judgment.
COLLECTORS' RECEIPTS, for State, County, School,
Borough and Township Taxes.
Printed on superior paper. and for sale at the Office of
BLANKS, of every description, printed to order, neatly,
at short notice, and on good Paper.
[Subject to the decision of the Charleston Convention.]
time we go to press, (Tuesday afternoon,) we
have nothing from the Convention to indicate
what will be the platform or who will be the
Mc° The " fancy" and the young "roughs"
of our town were greatly excited on Sunday
last, on the arrival of the news of the beastly
fight in England between Heenan and Sayers.
It is said that Heenao, the American bully,
after fighting for over two hours, left the ring
victor, but blind from the beating he received.
As the pugilistic exercises are becoming very
fashionable, it would be well for parents to
give their children all the information on the
subject possible. We understand that a hun
dred extra copies of a New York sporting pa
per containing the full particulars, has been
ordered for circulation in this place, among
the old and young " fancy" and " roughs."
Be:- C. Schneider has opened a new room
in the basement of the brick building oppo
site the Exchange Hotel, where he will use
his best exertions to accommodate all who
will give him a call, with the best eatables
and drinkables.. See his card.
Aar Dr. Locke will be in town on Monday
the 14th instant, to stay during the week.
All in need of his services, would do well to
give him a call.
Constitutional 'Union State Convention.
[Reported for the Harrisburg Patriot and Union.]
A Convention of the Constitutional Union
party was held in the city of Lancaster, o n
Wednesday, April 25. The object contem
plated was the election of delegates to the
National Convention to meet at Baltimore on
May 9, for the - purpose of nominating candi
dates for the Presidency and Vice Presidency
of the United States.
At 12 o'clock, M., the Convention assem
bled at Fulton Hall, Lancaster. About two
thousand persons were present, including
delegates from nineteen counties of the• State.
The delegations from Philadelphia, Lancas
ter, Berks and Montgomery counties were
full. About forty-two were present from
To the People of Pennsylvania :
FELLOW CITIZENS :—You are no doubt
aware that in quarters of the Confederacy,.
men who love their country and reverence its
institutions more than they value party or re
spect its arbitrary behests, are rallying
around the standard of the "Constitution,
the Union, and the Enforcement of the Laws."
They believe that the movement is demanded
by the exigency of the times. They see that
the demoralized condition of existing par
ties, the distracting tendency of their contro
vercies, and the disastrous state of discord
and impotency to which they have reduced
the Government, require that the people
should take their power from the demagogues
who have usurped and abused it, and confide
it to more capable and loyal hands. The
country, in order to escape from a fearful ag
itation, must escape from those who foment
it, and to do this, it must supereede both the
the Democratic and the Republican parties,
by a party that shall be better and stronger
than either. The material for it is abundant
and wide-spread. But it is scattered, disuni
ted and unorganized. It has no means of
speaking and acting as one mind. It cannot
make its voice heard, or its power felt. Its
strength dispersed is impotent. Consolida
ted, it would be irresistible. The people
alone, emancipating themselves from the con
trol of politicians, can rescue the public af
fairs from the unfortunate condition into
which they have fallen, and avert the terri
ble contingency of anarchy and civil war.—
To stand and talk of the peril they are in,
and hope to remove the causes of sectional
strife by simply professing an anxious soli
tude for the restoration of harmony and peace,
and a loyal love of the Union will be vain
and illusory. Action, not words, is needed
at this crisis. And action, to be effectual,
must he organized action—such action as will
avail to place the government in the hands
of a truly national party, which shall faith
fully represent the will of the people, and
which, avoiding all sectional or geographical
issues, shall endeavor to re-establish tran
quility, re-knit the ties of union among the,
States, and administer the government in a
spirit of enlightened, devoted and exalted pa
triotism. It is obvious that the only two po
litical parties which now divide the country,
are not acceptcble to a vast number of citi
zens, who are sick of a war of sections upon
an issue which has been productive of no
good, while it has been fruitful of incalcula-
ble evil. We hear the voice of conciliation
and conservatism raised at the South and at
the North, in the East and in the West. It
cries a load fur a union of the friends of the
Union. The sentiment of loyalty to the Con
stitution—of devotion to the government, as it
was instituted by the Fathers of the Repub
lic—is pervading the popular heart, irrespec
tive of all past or present party affilia
tions. Desires that large class of persons,
who are attached neither to the Democratic
nor the Republican party, there are thous
ands of patriotic citizens, hitherto belonging
to one or the other of these org,anizations,
who would, if the opportunity were af
forded them, desert both, to stand together
on the higher and broader platform, of
a truly national party. These elements
are evidently moving and struggling to
wards a combination. If they could be
once thoroughly united, and pledged to the
integrity of the Confederation, to the com
pacts and laws on which it rests, and to
such measures of policy as may secure both,
and promote all the interests of the whole na
tion, domestic and foreign, they would greatly
outnumber the Democratic party on the one
hand, and the Republican party on the other,
and with suitable candidates for the Presi
dency and Vice Presidency, bear down all
opposition in the next national election. We
propose to organize such a party in Pennsyl
vania, as an integral part of the great nation
al party of the Constitution and the Union,
which is now in course of formation through
out the Confederacy. The principles on which
it should plant itself are few and simple.—
They are as follows :
1. Non-interference with the whole ques
tion of slavery, as not being a subject fur
Congressional legislation.
2. The maintenance of the Constitution of
the United States, as interpreted by the Su
preme Court, and the enforcement of all laws
enacted by Congress.
3. The protection of the industrial interests
of the whole country, and economy and re
form in the administration of the government.
On such a platform, which no demagogue
is needed to interpret, and whioh is compre
hensive of all that government can possibly
do for the well being of the people, conserva
tive and loyal men, in all parts of the country,
can come and stand together. We therefore
invite you, fellow-citizens of Pennsylvania to
co-operate with us in organizing such a party
in this State, and, as the time for notion in
short, we urge you to proceed in this emer
gency with all possible energy and prompt
The report of the committee was untini.
mously adopted amid applause.
CENTURIES.--We were shown a day or two
since a great curiosity, says the St. Johns (N.
B.) Democrat, which was no less than a block
of wood taken from the heart of a white oak
tree, in which was firmly imbedded an Indi
an hatchet of stone. It was found by Mr. J.
Everet, in the township of Greenbush, who
bad cut the tree, and.was manufacturing it
into staves. The tree was perfectly sound,
and nothing was noticeable indicating that
such a thing was imbedded therein, until it
was struck upon with an axe. Upon exami
nation, it was ascertained that the hatchet
was stuck there when the tree had about thirty
years growth, and that it bad remained there
more than two centuries, as more than two
hundred years growth of the tree was coun
ted outside of where the hatchet lay.
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