The globe. (Huntingdon, Pa.) 1856-1877, February 29, 1860, Image 2

Below is the OCR text representation for this newspapers page. It is also available as plain text as well as XML.

~I~~~.I~~~~~G~~~~~ ~~a
WedneBday, rebruarp 29, 1860
NOTES, with a waiver of the slli/O Law.
JUDGMENT NOTES, with a waiver of the $3OO Law.
MARRIAGE CERTIFICATES, for Justices of the Peace
ant Ministers of the Gospel.
of Assault and Battery, and Affray.
SCIRItE FACIAS, to recover amount of .Tudgment.
COLLECTORS' RECEIPTS, for State, County, School,
Borough and Township Taxes.
Printed eli superior paper. and for sale at the Office of
BLANKS. of every description, printed to order, neatly,
at short notice, and on good Paper.
New Advertisements.
4:7 - e, Dental Card. by John Locke.
Athninistratrix notice, by Sarah Peightal.
Straw and Lace goods &c. &c., by IL Ward.
4.4 7- - Spring Stock now open, by Eyre & Landoll
cratic State Convention assembles in Reading
to-day. We hope the proceedings may be
harmonious, and that the best man may be
nominated for Governor. If the large ma
jority of the Democratic party should have an
influence with delegates of the Convention,
Honest Jacob Fry, of old Montgomery, will
receive a unanimous nomination on the first
ballot, for it is certain that the party feel
that with him as the candidate, in opposition
to Curtin, the contest will be an easy one,
and the majority crushing.
Jacob Fry is not the only man that can be
elected. There are other good men named.
But with Fry the party can enter the contest
with a certainty of success.
We shall give the full proceedings of the
Convention in our next.
always like to speak from the book—to be
enabled to do so we attended the sittings of
the Convention as a looker-on. We have
been present at State Conventions in Harris
burg for twenty years, and truth compels us
to say that we never saw a larger or a more
respectable body of men assembled in the
State Capitol than was there on Wednesday
last. There was some bitterness in the Con
vention until the mode of selecting delegates to
the Chicago Convention was determined upon
—after that the Convention was harmonious.
The Cameron wing of the party, were in the
majority from the start, but the Republican
wing, (or anti-Cameron,) having the most
talent, gave Cameron's friends a great deal
of trouble. After Curtin was nominated we
heard a number of the Opposition out-siders
declare they would nit vote for him if Old'
Fry" should receive the Democratic nomina
tion. The several candidates for Governor
came forward and addressed the Convention,
pledging themselves to do all in their power
for the success of the nominee. Mr. Curtin
also addressed the Convention, he promised
to give his whole time to the success of his
With honest Jacob Fry as the Democratic
nominee, Curtin will be beaten twenty thous
town Democrat, the old and influential organ
of our party in Bucks county, says :
" During the past two weeks, there was a
large numher of persons in town, from all
parts of the country in attendance upon court
which afforded us a good opportunity to be
come acquainted with the political feelings of
our people upon the sudject of the Presiden
cy. We are rejoiced to find that public
opinion is rapidly tending to lion. Stephen
A. Douglas, as the only man who can suc
cessfully encounter the Republican cohorts.
We have scarcely found a dissenting voice to
this among Democrats; and we are pleased to
find that many who differed with him a year
ago are now fair and square upon his platform.
We believe if the sentiment of our people
could be taken to-day, a large majority of the
Democracy of Bucks would be found in favor
of the nomination of Judge Douglas. The
change of opinion in this respect within a
few months is striking."
The same change of opinion has taken
place in this county, and we may safely say
in every county of the State. Douglas would
carry the State by art old fashion Jackson
correspondent says
No less than four vessels, that were noto
riously hound for the coast of Africa to re
turn with cargoes of l3ozales, have left this
harbor within the last ten days. One of
them. is a steamer. She was brought here
twelve or fifteen months ago, perhaps longer,
from Montreal, sold to certain Spanish houses,
and until recently has been employed as a
coasting , . steamer. She was called the Colon,
but I think it probable she has been re-bap
tized, and has now another name. A day or
two before she left this harbor she was re
painted entirely black, so as I suppose, to de
ceive the cruisers on the coast of Africa (who
of course are in possession of a description of
her) as to her character. She did not clear
at all at the custom house, and went to sea in
the night, or, at least, she was observed in
this harbor in the evening, and next morning
was non est inrentus.
It is utterly impossible that the authorities
of this island were not aware that this steam
er was fitting out in the harbor for a voyage
-to the coast of Africa, and it was in their
power to have detained her.
The other three vessels above referred to,
it was equally notorious, were fitted out for
the coast of Africa, to return with cargoes of
Bozales, and they, too, might, had such been
the desire of the authorities, have been de
may- Torn fryer is in Washington and pro
poses giving sparring lessons for the special
benefit of Congressmen.
A Grave Error.
Is Pennsylcania a Democratic State?
Not a few of the Democratic politicians of
this State—particularly that class who blind
ly follow the fortunes of the National Admin
istration—in their calculations of the result
of the future of our party, are in the habit of
putting down Pennsylvania in the Democratic
column. This is a mistake, and can be ac
counted for in two ways only : either igno
rance, or a base purpose on the part of - all
such to mislead the public mind in order the
better to enable corrupt leaders to accomplish
ignoble designs.
Pennsylvania is no longer a Democratic
State. That is, no longer Democratic on the
platform and tests of the President.
We do not design, at this time, to discuss
the reasons why she has swerved from the
ancient moorings of her traditional love, or to
recount the soul-sickening perfidi ty and treach
eries of the men in whom the loyal heart of
our Democratic people reposed confidence ;
but simply to point to the melancholy historic
fact that Pennsylvania is no longer a Demo
cratic State, in order that it may have a sal
utary effect upon some, at least into whose
hands the destiny of our party has again been
entrusted, and who will meet in a few days
at Reading to shape its future.
Let us not be misunderstood: We do not
design to convey the impression that the peo
ple of Pennsylvania are not now, as they ever
have been, firm and fired in their love and
respect for Democratic PRINCIPLES. Far from
it. We firmly believe that, to-day, her peo
ple as richly merit th e proud title of the "Demo
cratic Keystone of the Federal Arch," as in
her pristine days, when she sustained the im
mortal Jackson, or later, when she placed at
her helm that lamented statesman, Francis
R. Shenk.
But those days have passed away. The
reins of our good, glorious old party have
been submitted to other hands, and truth,
however reluctantly spoken, compels us to
say it, Pennsylvania is no longer a Democrat
ic State!
Time once was, when to assert that Penn
sylvania could, for two successive years, be
carried by the opponents of the Democratic
party, a man was considered a fit subject for
some lunatic asylum. Indeed, so confirmed
were the Democrats in the belief in the im
possibility of this, that it was regarded as a
proverb that " the Whigs (or Opposition) can
not carry the State two years in succession I"
This delusion has, however, we are sorry to
say it, been dispelled ; and for " two years
in succession," has the flag of Democracy been
stricken down, and now trails in the dust.—
For "two years in succession" have we been
beaten; not by a mere nominal vote bat by a
majority larger than the Republ icon ticket has
received in any State in the whole Union!
' These are startling declarations—BUT TRUE
AS Hor. - v - WRIT I
Now what has produced this mighty up
heaving among the rEoPLE ? What has
brought about that wonderful change in the
public mind throughout the State?
We answer boldly: The disgraceful conduct
of the leaders of the Democratic party The
disgusting attempts of these wreckless men
to commit the party to heretical doctrines and
repulsive dogmas. Their revolting efforts to
proscribe and read out of the party some of
its best and purest men. Their base pander
ing to power and their shameful interference
in the local politics throughout the State.—
That is what has made Pennsylvania a Repub
lican Slate!
What we have written is from the best of
motives. It is done in the hope that it will
set those delegates who go to Reading on the
20th to reflecting.
Lel it be born in mind that the Democracy
of Pennsylvania enter the great campaign
against fearful odds !
We have to enter the field against a major
ity of nearly twenty thousand ! We can not lon
ger, for the sake of tickling the ear of Feder
al Power, indulge in the luxury of " reading
out !" We must, if we desire success, re
verse our policy, and begin to " read zit
We want twenty thousand proselytes; ten
thousand we must have to start even with the
Black Republicans. There must be no furth
er attempts at proscription. We must raise
aloft the banner of conciliation and harmony
and inscribe upon it the good motto, " PRIN
CIPLE, NOT Men!" We must select for our
candidate for Governor, the purest and strong
est man we have. We should send the best
and wisest and most discreet men to Charles
ton, uninstructed ; re-endorse the Cincinnati
platform—dissolve the Convention in a blaze
of glory, and we will then enter the campaign
a united and invincible army of patriots,
strong enough and bold enough to defeat the
combined efforts of sectionalism, let it present
itself in whatever guise it may.
If, however, the disgusting spectacle of last
year is acted over again, the action of the
Convention will be repudiated, and the Slate
of Pennsylvania willbe forever lost to the Democ
racy ! These are the solemn convictions of
the editor of this paper who has for over
twenty years voted and labored for the Dem
ocratic party. "They are boldly and fearless
ly uttered, with no other motive than to in
duce those into whose bands the people have
confided power to ponder and reflect before it
is too late
REMEMBER ! Pennsylvania is not now a
Democratic State ! She must be reclaimed.
If the action of the Reading Convention
be guided by reason and common sense, she
will be gloriously redeemed, regenerated, dis
entralled !—Harrisburg State Sentinel.
The Opposition State Convention.
The Opposition to the Democracy met in
Convention at Harrisburg on Wednesday
last, the 22d. Francis Jordan, Esq., of Bed
ford, was selected to act as temporary chair
man. Ex-Gov. James Pollock was called to
the chair, in the afternoon, as permanent
President of the Convention, assisted by a
large number of Vice Presidents and Secre
The following resolutions were finally adop
ted by the following vote : yeas 128, nays 4.
Resolved, That , a committee of seven be
appointed by the chair to prepare an address
and resolutions—and also to report the
names of eight Senatorial delegates to the
National Convention, to be held in Chicago,
in June next, and the names of two persons
for Senatorial Electors, and that the dele
gates from the different congressional
tricts report to the Convention, the names of
four persons from each Congressional district
who shall be representative delegates to the
National Convention, and one from each dis
trict as Elector.
Provided, That in the districts where the
delegates are already elected, such delegates
be accepted by this Convention.
Provided further, That where the Con
gressional districts represented in this Con
vention decline to present the name of any
delegates to Chicago, in those districts, the
election of delegates to the National Conven
tion at Chicago shall be referred to the peo
Resolved, That the delegates from this
State, appointed by this Convention to the
National Convention, are hereby instructed
to cast the vote of tlorState as a unit, and to
vote for Gen. Cameron while his name re
mains before that body.
John Covode, of Westmoreland, 22 votes
Andrew' a Curtin, of Centre, 56 "
T. W. Rowe, of Allegheny, 13 "
Samuel Calvin, of Blair, 5 o
Townsend 'Haines, of Chester, 5
David Taggart of Northumberland,l6 "
Levi Kline, of Lebanon, 12 "
Geo. W. Scranton, of Luzern°, 4 "
Andrew G. Curtin, Kr 74
John Covode, 27 "
T. W. Howe, 10 "
Samuel Calvin, 1
Townsend Haines, 4 "
David Taggart, 11 "
Levi Kline, 7
The nomination of Mr. Curtin was then
made unanimous—three delegates voting, no.
Mr. Simons, delegate from this county, To
ted fur Mr. Calvin on both ballots.
The several delegates presented the names
of the following gentlemen to compose the
Electoral ticket, viz :
Ist District—Edward C. Knight.
2d Robert P. King.
3+l Henry Bumm.
4th Robert M. Foust.
sth " Nathan Hills.
Gth " John M. Broomall.
7th " James W. Fuller.
Bth " Levi B. Smith.
9th " Francis W. Christ.
10th David Mumma, Jr.
11th " David Taggart.
12th " Thomas R. Hull.
13th Francis B. Penniman.
14th " Ulysses Mercur.
15th 4C George Bressler.
10th A. B. Sharpe.
17th . " Daniel 0. Gehr.
18th " Samuel Calvin.
10th Edgar Cowan.
20th " Wm. M'Kennon.
21st John M. Kirpatrick.
22d James Kerr.
23d Richard P. Roberts.
24th Henry Souther.
25th " John Grier.
The Committe appointed for that purpose
reported that James Pollock and Thomas
M. Howe were selected as the Electors at
David Wilmot, Henry D. Moore,
Samuel A. Purviance, Andrew IL Reeder.
Thaddeus Stevens, Titian J. Coffey,
John H. Ewing, Morrow B. Lowry.
The following gentlemen were reported to
compose the delegates to the Chicago Conven
tion, in June next, viz:
Ist District. Referred to the people.
2d 46 14 44 44
CC ft
3,1 ~ Co
4th " C4 CZ
sth " Not reported.
Gth " 4C 44
7th ~ IS ft t,
Bth " Isaac Eckert, David E. Stout, J.
Knabb, J. Bowman Bell.
9th District. 0. J. Dickey, C. S. Kauff
man, Samuel Schoch, Jos. D. Pownall.
10th District. Charles B. Forney, Joseph
Cassey, Wm. Cameron, Israel Gutilius.
11th District. Robert M. Palmer, Jacob
G. Frick, Samuel A. Bergstressor, Wm. C.
12th District. 11. M. Hoyt, P. M. Oster
hont, Frank Stewart, Davis Alton.
13th District. Charles Albright, William
Davis, IV. 11. Armstrong, Samuel E. Dim
14th District. Not reported.
15th District. William Butler, Kline G.
Furst, Lindsay Mehaffey, G. B. Overton.
IGth District. Kirk Haines, W. B. Irvin,
Alexander J. Frey, Jacob S. Haldeman.
17th District. Wm. 11I'CIellan, D. M'Cau
naghy, John J. Patterson, Francis Jordan.
13th District. A. A. Barker, S. M. Green,
Wm. M. Loyd, Wm. 11. Koons.
19th District. Not reported.
20th Andrew Stewart, Alexan
der Murdock, Smith Fuller, William E. Ga
21st District. Not reported.
24th " John Patterson, S. P. John
ston, James S. Meyers, D. C. Gillespie.
25th Distaict, B. B. Vincent, Thomas J.
Devore, J. C. Hays, S. Newton Peitis.
TEIE GIRARD ESTATE.—The cash received
for rent from real estate and farms belonging
to the Girard Estate, during 1859, amounted
to $148.550 38 ; from lands in Schuylkill
county, $5O; and from interests and dividends,
$8,567 74—making a total of $157,168 12.
During the year $12,004 54 was expended for
the improvement of the Eastern front of the
city of Delaware avenue ; $96,907 02 for the
support of the Girard College.
Pennsylvania Legislature
House bill, No. 253. "An Act to annex
parts of Dublin and Spingfield townships, in
Huntingdon county, to the county of Ful
When this bill was announced, Mr. Africa
rose to speak on the merits of the bill, when
the Speaker pro tent. (Mr. Lawrence, Wash
ington,) determined that they were not sub
ject to discussion until the same had been
The bill was then read as follows :
To annex parts of Dublin and Springfield
townships in Huntingdon county to the
county of Fulton.
SECTION 1. Be it enacted, &c., That that
part of Dublin and Springfield townships in
the county of Huntingdon which is embraced
in the following boundaries, to wit :• Com
mencing on the summit of Tuscarora moun
tain, at the south-east corner of Huntingdon
county where it joins Fulton county, thence
north along the Huntingdon county line, so
as to include the farm of William Campbell,
thence a westerly direction, so as to include
the farm formerly owned by Hugh Campbell,
to a point on the summit of Black Log moun
tain; thence south along the summit of Black
Log mountain to the Fulton county line, Khali
be annexed to the county of Fulton, and is
hereby declared to be a component part of
said county of Fulton.
SEC. 2. That the territory hereafter de
scribed be erected into a new township, to be
called Sydney township, as follows: To in
clude that portion of Huntingdon county
hereby annexed to Fulton county, and also
the following portion of Dublin township, in
Fulton county, namely : Commencing at the
new Fulton county line at Black Log moun
tain, thence a southern direction by a straight
line to the north corner of Tod township, Ful
ton county, thence south-east to a point on
the summit of Tuscarora mountain where it
intersects the Franklin county line, so as to
include the farm of Austin Allen ; thence
north along the summit of said mountain to
the old Fulton and Huntingdon line.
SEC. 3. That James Kelly, David Welsh,
and James Cree, are hereby appointed coxn
missioners to run the lines and fix the boun
dary before mentioned, to be paid at the rate
of two dollars per day each, out of the treas
ury of Fulton county.
SEC. 4. That the general and township elec
tions for the township of Sydney. in Fulton
county, shall be held at the school house in
the village of Burnt Cabins.
Mr. Africa. This bill directly interests
my constituents, by proposing to take off part
of our county and adjoining it to another.—
I hold in my hand remonstrances against this
division, and believing that they should be
read in Committee, I move that this bill be
re-committed to the Committee on new coun
ties and County Seats.
Mr. Austin. I hope this motion will not
prevail, although I do not doubt that the
gentleman has remonstrances, and that others
are forthcoming. I am of the opinion that
they are somewhat far-fetched. I think that
I am safe in saying that a majority, nay near
ly the entire portion of the townships in
Huntingdon county referred to in this bill, and
proposed to be annexed to Fulton, are in its
Mr. Africa. I only appear to ask that
justice may be done to our constituents, and
the only mode of doing so, I conceive to be,
to refer• this bill back to the Committee des
ignated, liefore whom the remonstrances may
he read. i have not had the opportunity of
doing so heretofore, and I feel assured that
this privilege of being heard will not be de
nied ; if so, I am much mistaken.
On the motion to re-commit, the yeas and
nays were required by Mr. Brewster and
Mr. Africa, arid were as follows;
Yeas 33 ; nays 44.
So the question was determined in the neg
Oa the question,
Shall the bill be laid aside for second read
ing ?
The yeas and nays were required by Mr.
Africa and Mr. Jackson, and were as fol
lows, viz:
Yeas 50 ; nays 30.
So the question was determined in the af
On the question will the House proceed to
a second reading and consideration of this
Mr. Africa. I move that the further con
sideration of this bill be postponed for the
Mr. O'Neill. I move that the hour of ad
journment lie extended until the considera
tion of the bills on the private Calendar be
gone through with.
Agreed to.
Mr. Brewster. I do not rise, Mr. Speaker,
for the purpose of making a lengthy speech
on the merits of the bill now before us. I
presume, sir, you have observed I have not
trespassed on this House in the way of
speech making since I have had the honor of
being one of its members. But, sir, I now
rise to make a few statements of facts in re
lation to the bill now under consideration.
The citizens of this portion of Huntingdon
county have unanimously petitioned this
body, (not one tax-payer in the district is
omitted,) praying to be annexed to the coun
ty of Fulton. for the following reasons: The
distance from the seat of justice, living, as
many of them do, over 40 miles from Hunt
ingdon, and no public conveyance for travel,
renders it inconvenient and expensive to at
tend the courts, and, together with the great
amount of legal business before said courts,
almost amounts to a denial of justice, many
causes being continued from term to term, at
great expense to the parties, which deters
many from applying for their rights.
On the other hand the territory described
in this bill lies within twelve or fifteen miles
of McConnellsburg, the County Seat of Ful
ton county, the courts of which county have
not sufficient legal business to occupy their
attention for a week at any time, which ren
ders the administration of justice prompt,
and without any vexatious delay. Owing to
the great distance to the County Seat, and
having to travel by private conveyance, and
that over very bad muddy roads, jurors and
witnesses cannot reach Huntingdon in time
for the opening of the court, unless by trav
eling on the Sabbath day, or starting the
week previous to the court. The territory
wishing to be annexed has no improvements
within its bounds made at the expense of the
county of Huntingdon. No, not so much as
a bridge ; but, contrawise, they have paid
their share in the erection of a new Court
House and numerous expensive bridges in
other parts of the county; also, within a very
few years, the purchase of a very fine farm,
and the erection of a large poor house, all of
which they are willing to relinquish, to be an-.
flexed to the county of Fulton, to obviate
February, 21st, 1860.
their grievances. I hope, Mr. Speaker, the
bill will pass without objections, as I know
of no valid one that can be raised against it.
Mr. Africa. I believe I will not make a
speech upon this subject at present. I trust
that the motion will prevail for the reasons
already given, and it will be a waste of time
to reiterate them.
On the motion to postpone indefinitely,
The yeas and nays were required by Mr.
Africa and Mr. Fleming, and were as fol
low, viz: yeas 28, nays 50.
So the question was determined in the
Mr. Africa. I now move to postpone the
the consideration of this bill for the present.
I have appealed to the liberality of this
House to allow my constituents to be heard,
and the request has been denied. I suppose
it is to be so again. All I ask is that simple
justice may be done my constituents, that
they may be heard on this question, and the
bill shall not be rushed through at railroad
speed. I have remonstrances from citizens
of the same locality in Dublin township
proposed 16 be stricken off, and is this House
to shut their ears against the protestations
of persons interested in this measure ? I
hope that such is not the case, and that
measures of this importance will not be driv
en through at the point of the bayonet.
Mr. Strong. Does the gentleman from
Huntingdon, Mr. Africa, mean to say that
the people in the district, to be stricken 'off,
are opposed to it? I understand the gentle
man from Franklin, Mr. Brewster, to say
that every man in the district wished to be
stricken off. On that ground I voted for the
bill. I suppose that the inhabitants of some
other portion of Huntingdon county are anx
ious-to prevent this excision.
It is said that not even a bridge has been
built in that section of Huntingdon county,
whereas, on the other hand, the inhabitants
thereof have assisted in the construction of
public buildings in Fulton county, to which
they are contiguous. I will never favor the
keeping of any number of persons in a posi
tion which is objectionable, and if the gen
tleman from Franklin is correct, every tax
payer in these townships, part of which are
proposed to be stricken off, are in favor of
the passage of the bill. If,-however, as the
gentleman has insinuated, there were parties
in interest opposed to it, I should he indis
posed to be in favor of the passage of this
act. The simple objection that some are op
posed to parting with others is no objection
at all.
Mr. Africa. I take pleasure in replying to
my distinguished friend from Philadelphia,
Mr. Strong: I have heard to-day for the
first time the doctrine of cecession counte
nanced, which is rather an exception to the
rule. It is alleged that because a few per
sons desire to secede from a county their
prayer should be granted. When the inhab
itants of a district desire to erect a new town
ship, the court directs an election to be held,
and unless a majority are in favor thereof,
such action is not permitted. This morning
I received a petition, the caption of which,
with the permission of the, House, I will
" The petition of certain citizens of Dublin
township showeth, etc."
A Member. How many have signed it ?
Mr. Africa. There are 27 names appen
ded to this petition. The letter accompany.
ing it stated that owing to the rapidity with
which the bill was being rushed through the
House, an opportunity was not given to ob
tain more signatures, and if the bill were de
layed, additional names would be sent.
Mr. Pinkerton. I should like to hear the
names read, to see if the parties reside in the
Mr. Strong. The question before us is an
entirely different one from that of the seces
sion of a sovereign State. We are constant
ly changing in our judicial relations, but the
law in reference to making new townships is
wrong and ought to be repealed, and I be
lieve there is a bill now before the House to
prevent a majority from trampling upon the
rights of a minority who want a township of
their own. Why deny a request emanating
from all parties interested, and likely to be
affected. Many of these tax-payers reside
forty miles, we are told, from the seat of jus
tice, whereas they are near the county seat
of Fulton. Huntingdon is a large county,
and unless we have some good and sufficient
reasons given for preventing it, I shall vote
in favor of the bill. Those who wish to kill
the bill will vote to postpone for the present,
those who wish the hill to pass will nut so vote.
Mr. Kinney. If the bill cannot stand the
test of a few days' postponement, I shall vote
that it be so postponed, although I am in fa
vor of its passage, for the reasons given by
the gentleman from Franklin (Mr. Brewster)
that every tax-payer has petitioned this House
fur the division.
Mr. Africa. lam surprised that the gen
tlem anfrom Philadelphia (Mr. Strong) should
manifest such interest in a measure exclu
sively local. I was elected by the people of
Huntingdon county to represent them here,
and not one individual has written to me on
the subject, and but one has spoken to me
who is in favor of it. The gentleman has
said that Huntingdon is a large county. It
contains 720 square miles ; running through
out its whole extent there are seven or eight
mountains, and not one-third of its area is
fit for tillage and cultivation. Our territory
is circumscribed enough and we do not wish
it further curtailed, and in order that parties
directly interested and living in the vicinity
referred to, should - have an opportunity of ex
pressing their opposition to this measure, I
ask that its consideration be postponed for
the present.
On this question the yeas and nays were
required by Mr. Africa, and Mr. Fleming and
were as follows, viz :
Yeas 51 ; nays 30.
So the question was determined in the af
PET BlRDS.—Caged birds are the source of
much pleasure, and while they give great
happiness if they are kept in a good healthy
condition, seem to enjoy life nearly, if not
quite as well as their mates in the bush or
the wild wood—especially if, either from
lack of memory or blissfull ignorance, the
caged birds do not know what pleasure they
lose. " Where ignorance is bliss, 'tis folly
to be wise." One of the great drawbacks to
the happiness of birds and to the pleasure of
keeping them, is lice, and having noticed in
an exchange paper, what is said to be a safe
and sure way removing of them, we give it to
our readers:
" Lay a piece of canton or cotton flannel
over the cage at night, several nights in suc
cession, taking it off at daybreak. Multitudes
of lice will be found upon it, which are easily
killed. After a few days all will be removed.
A case in which this was very successful, has
just been brought to our notice; from a pair
of bobo-links hundreds of those parasites
were removed in this way."
The Platform Makers.
[From the Pittsburgh Post.]
The announcement, made day or two
since, that Senator Bright, as a chairman of
a caucus of Democratic Senators, had ap
pointed a committee to " arrange the Qharles
ton Platform," at least so far as the territo
rial policy of the country and the slavery
question is concerned, is receiving the welt
deserved reprobation of the Democratic press
all over the country. The truth is, that in
matters of this description, the day of Con
gressional and Senatorial dictation is past,
The ueople will not submit to it, and those
who attempt it arc doing a great injury to
the party. The character of this commit
tee, which Mr. Bright has appointed—the
names of the gentlemen placed upon it--
prove that its intention, at the best, was
to aid an unjust opposition to those who
agree in sentiment with Senator Douglas
and, if possible, to .insert such a plank in ,
the platform as would prevent him from
accepting the nomination for the Presiden
cy. The great Democratic mind of the
country is not to be prejudiced by such
unauthorized and high-handed political
movement as this. The gentlemen who com
pose this caucus are in no sense the repre
sentatives of the people in this behalf. They
possess no power,—either original or dele
gated—to do this thing. It is not even a
Congressional caucus, nor a caucus com
posed of leading Democrats at the Capital
—it is but a Senatorial caucus, and a self
constituted body at that. The people are
not bound to the behests of any such body.
Their opinions and their platforms are but
the ideas of a few individual Democrats.
They are acting without the sanction, and
in antagonism to the rules of their party or
The bitter opposition to the - views of Mr
Douglas, upon the territorial question, which
Mr. Buchanan and Attorney General Black
have waged as though he was a candidate
for the Presidency against them is a purely
personal matter. The people—the masses
of the Democracy—hare not one particle of
sympathy with the President or the Attor
ney General in their self-imposed task .of
defeating the will of the people. The Ad
ministration has used the power of its pat
ronage and of its influence to injure Mr.
Douglas by every means in its power. The
concentrated power at Washington has as
sumed authority to control the will of the
people, and to make tests of Democracy,
which the people will never acknowledge.
It has said that no man who befieves with
Mr. Douglas and advocated his nomination
for the Presidency. should be acknowledged
as a Democrat. Through its officials, the
Administration has constantly labored to
obtain expressions from conveions inimical
to those who agree with Mr. Douglas. In
some instances, it has succeeded. It makes
its open boast, in Washington city, that it
will control our own State Convention,
which is to meet at Reading, next week.
It seems to have arrayed itself to defeat the
will of the people, and to rule the party
and the country by a novel sort of dictation
al power, before unheard of in the history
of the Democratic party.
This Senatorial Committee, to arrange the
Charleston platform, is part and parcel of the
scheme of the President and Attorney Gener
al to defeat Douglas, and with him, the wish
es of the large majority of the Democratic
party who think with him.
What business has the President, the At
torney General, or any caucus of Senators, to
meddle with the business of the people in the
construction of their political platforms, and
the choice of their candidates for the Presi
dency ? We deny to the administration or
its officers the right to dictate to the plat
forms of the party, or to any caucus of Sena
tors the right to decide what the basis of the
political belief of any party shall be. That
duty the people have heretofore entrusted,
and will continue to entrust, to a convention
of delegates, chosen by themselves, fresh
from among themselves and for this specific
purpose ; the Presidents, and Attorney Gen
erals, and grave Senators go out of their
province, when they attempt to forestall the
people in caucus or elsewhere, in a matter of
this kind.
In its opposition to the popular soverolgn
ty doctrine, as enunciated by Mr. DJughis,
as maintainea years ago by Mr. Cass, and as
endorsed by the Democratic party in the Cin
cinnati platform, the present administration
has departed from its dignity, and seriously
damaged the prospects of the National De
mocracy. Its course has been to concentrate
power and accmnulate political knavery at
Washington, Nov, the Senators arc coming
in as self-constituted advisers in a matter up
on which the people want no advice, and will
submit to no dictation. The tests to be sub
mitted at the Charleston Convention are be
yond and above the executive power of the
President, the legal advice of the learned
gentleman from Somerset, or the concoction
of Senatorial wisdom—traveling out of its
duties and beyond its authority.
All the opposition which the administra
tion has been able to bring to bear against
Mr. Douglas has not abated one jot from his
great popularity with the peoplp. This at
tempt now being made is to make a platform
for individuals—not the party: This is a
safe assumption from the political antecedents
of the men who have been placed upon this
committee. Jn'the coming contest, the De
mocracy must fight under the broad banner
of conservatism, against anti-slavery passion
and fanaticism. In arranging the prelimi
naries of the contest, ; I '. personal oppositions
of Presidents and Attorney Generals—against
any candidate, for the leadership of the cam
paign, will be swept away like straws before
the energetic force of the popular will. The
waters of the ocean staid not at the command
of a king, and the gushing tide of popular
sentiment among the Democratic party, Pres
idents, Attorney Generals and Senatorial cau
cuses may attempt to command but it will
not stop at their bidding. The people—the
source of all power—in matters where they
have delegated no authority and asks no ad
vice—will disregard the wisdom of Senators,
the learning of law-givers—and the dictation
from any source whatever. It is high time
that these efforts to maintain a personal pride
of opinion—so damaging to the party, and
subversive of its united and harmonious ac
tion should cease
ze— The Broad Top R. R. Company have
established a telegraph line from this place to
Salton. We are pleased to note this addl_
tional evidence of the prosperity of the Com
De- The history of all Religions, by
Smucker, just published and for sale at Lewis'
Cheap Book Store. Also, Hymn Books and
Poelcet Bibles with and without clasps.