The globe. (Huntingdon, Pa.) 1856-1877, February 15, 1860, Image 1

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Administrators' and Executors' Notices, 75
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tions deiired, will be continued till forbid and charged ac
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Of the Huntingdon County Agricultural
To the President and CY/leers of the State Ag
ricultural Society :
GENTLEMEN :-At the close of this the sth
year of our existence as an Association, I
have again, in behalf of the Society, the hon
or of presenting for your consideration, a de
tailed report of our history and practical op
erations during the year 1859. Though our
position at the present time, as well as our
prospects for the future, may not be as flat
tering as we could wish them as a society,
and though we have failed to a certain extent
in realizing all the expectations, expressed in
our last year's Report, yet in contrasting our
condition as a community, with that of neigh
boring counties, and especially when taking
into consideration the circumstances under
which the present year was commenced, we
have great reason to be thankful to that Prov
idence, which has so especially favored us in
comparison with other sections of our State.
The year 1559 was commenced under cir
cumstances, to say the least, somewhat de
pressing. Pecuniary embarrassment, finan
cial depression, scarcity of employment, par
alyzed industry, and a partial failure of the
grain crops, arc by no means flattering pic
tures to contemplate. Perhaps at no time in
the history of our country has the surplus of
grain been so closely consumed, and the ap
proaching harvest looked forward to with a
greater degree of anxiety than during the
past year, whilst the ravages of insects and
other enemies to the growing crops, which had
for two or throe successive years intervened
to blast the prospects of the husbandman,
rendered their hopes still more precarious.—
Poverty and faith it is said, journey very un
comfortably together, and it would most un
doubtedly have required a very strong exer
cise of the latter virtue to have sustained the
sinking hearts of many under a similar visi
tation. The most sanguine expectations,
however, were realized in the harvesting and
ingatherinc , '' of an abundant crop. The late
June frost, so very destructive to the grain
crops of some of our neighboring counties,
was in our community, productive of but lit
tle injury, and perhaps should be regarded
more as a blessino• than otherwise, inasmuch
as it no doubt tended' largely to the destruc
tion of insects and other enemies to the ad
vancing crops, their disappearance, to a very
great extent, being mainly attributed to this
cause. Some portions of our country were,
during the early part of the summer, visited
by severe hail storms, which, as far as they
extended, have been very destructive, but
their ravages were happily confined to very
narrow limits. The fruit crop, however, suf
fered severoly from these visitations, in some
sections being totally destroyed, and in others
materially injured, so that neither in quanti
ty or quality could it be reckoned as more
than an average crop.
Aside from the causes enumerated, it is to
be regretted that in a fruit growing region
the attention of our agriculturists has not
been directed more to the careful cultivation
and improvement of this valuable depart
ment, and a more extended and scientific
study of the habits and wants of each tree,
fruit, flower, and shrub, which must be pro
duced in order to their successful cultivation,
and by which they would improve instead of
In accordance with previous arrangements
an annual Fair or Exhibition was held on the
4th, sth and Gth days of O.:robot. l a st. The
ground selected by the Committee of Arrange
ments was the same which has heretofore
been occupied fur this purpose. The build
ings were enlarged and the accommodations
ample. The attendance was unusually large
and the amount of Stock, Grain, Domestic
Manufactures, Fancy Needlework, Flowers,
and specimens of Fine Arts, far exceeded.
that of any previous exhibition. The supe
rior and abundant display of fruits was the
subject of universal approbation ; as an evi
dence of which we would here take the priv
ilege of quoting a portion of the report of
the Committee on this class: "those of your
Committee who visited the State Fair at Phil
adelphia, last week, have no hesitation in de
claring the display of apples at this exhibi
tion superior in quality and beauty to that
of the former." It may be well to remark
further that the Committee was composed of
gentlemen whose judgment would not be dis
puted, and that a majority of them had at
tended the State Exhibition the previous
But our space would by no means permit
us to do justice to the articles exhibited in
each department, it is sufficient to say that
the entire Exhibition was one which reflected
entire credit on all the exhibitors, as well as
on our county, and that in the distribution of
praise the fair portion of our community are
entitled to the greater share, inasmuch as we
were indebted not only to their presence,
their smiles, and their assistance, but also to
their taste, skill and refinement, for the suc
cess of this as well as every other underta
king of utility and importance. At the con
clusion of the Exhibition, an Agricultural
Address was delivered by Dr. J. H. Wiutrode,
a former Representative from this county in
the State Legislature ; of its merits we need
say nothing ° further than it was a masterly
effort, one worthy of the man and fitting for
the occasion, but as it was delivered extem
poraneously, and without notes, we regret
that a copy cannot conveniently be procured
for transmission.
The weather was for the greater portion of
the time rather favorable, the season of the
year well chosen, and the entire scene was
one on which the eye might dwell and the
mind contemplate with satisfaction and de
light. The lowing of herds, the bleating of
flocks, the restless neighing of the impatient
chargers, the soul-stirring music discoursed by
the Excelsior Brass Band, (one of the finest
in the State) the dense, yet ever waving mass
of animated nature, the immense banquet ta
bles spread over the rich carpet of heaven's
3 months. 6 months. 12 months.
...$1 50 : ,, ,3 00 S'i 00
... 3 00 5 00 7 00
.... 5 00 SOO 10 00
... 7 00 10 00 15 00
... 0 00 I'3 00 0 0 00
....12 00 10 00...........24 00
...20 00 ...... ....30 00.... ..... .50 00
$1 50
bounty, and groaning beneath the weight of
divine benificence, the whole illuminated by
the mellow rays of an autumn sun, reflected
from the pure azure of an autumn sky, and
decorated with the thousand varied tints of
the frost-stricken forest,now vocal with the fare
well melodies of summer's latest warblers,
combined to elicit from every heart a ready
response to the sentiment expressed in the
beautiful and grateful language of one of our
most gifted poets :
"Our ommon mother smiles, and sings
Like Ruth among the garnered sheaves;
Iler lap is full of pleacant things,
Iler brow is crowned with Autumn leaves !
Oh favors. old but ever new!
Oh blessing:4, with the sunshine sent!
The bounty overruns our One;
The fullness shames our discontent."
Our receipts fur the Exhibition were as
Annual membership tickets,..
Single admissions,
Licenses, sale of lumber, etc.,
Premiums, policemen, music, printing, merchan
dise. ground rent, etc, 1147 45
'Pah lug into con - i derat ion the appropriation receiv-
ed from the Co. Treaq. of 8100 ; together with
a balance on hand from year of 515145, leaves
a present balance of the Treasury of.
That the exhibition should be a complete
success, except in this one important feature,
the pecuniary department, is to be regretted,
and, were it not readily accounted for, would
be a source of discouragement. While a
number of our incidental expenses might per
haps have been to some extent curtailed, yet
our principal error seems to have been the
extension of our premium list beyond its or
dinary limits and beyond the bounds of pru
dence. We have now obtained sufficient data
on which to base our calculations with some
degree of certainty in future. We have learn
ed the maximum as well as the minimum of
our receipts under the most favorable as well
as unfavorable circumstances, and will here
after be enabled to shape our expenses accor
dingly. We have also learned the amount of
those expenses, under the most rigid system
of economy, which information will, we trust,
be sufficient to enable us to so arrange our
affairs as to guard against a similar result in
We are happy to say that a movement has
been made, and agitated to some extent, by
some of our most active and influential citi
zens, for the purpose of raising a fund suffi
cient to purchase a suitable lot of ground, to
be fitted up for and appropriated to the ex
clusive use of the society; this measure, if
once carried into effect would to a very great
extent, reduce the expenditures annually in
curred in fitting up the grounds, employing
a police force, etc., and also prevent the heavy
losses to which we are subjected in exposing
the lumber to sale after each exhibition, and
would in the end, no doubt, enable us to re
alize a handsome revenue after paying all ex
We need not say that we hail with feelings
of pleasure and pride, the establishment of
the Pennsylvania, Agricultural College, or
Farmers' High School, as a fitting experiment
for a great agricultural State like ours, or
that we rejoice in the success of this new and
flourishing institution. We believe all the
pupils admitted from our county, in returning
to their homes, have expressed themselves as
highly pleased, not only with the course of
instruction there pursued, but also with the
happy combination of physical with mental
labor which forms one of its principal and
most distinguishing, features. This speaks
volumes in favor of the institution, and may
he hailed as a sure precursor of success. We
sincerely hope that the day is not far distant
not only when science properly - applied shall
be made subservient to the proper and suc
cessful cultivation of the soil, and knowledge
he regarded as truly useful in any pursuit of
life, but when the true dignity of labor shall
be thoroughly known and duly appreciated,
and the title of true nobility shall be drawn
direCtly from the soil.
In conclusion, we would only say that even
in the face of all prejudice against " book
farming," as well as opposition to " county
fairs," a steadily increasing interest is mani
fested by our agriculturists, in a judicious
and successful cultivation of the soil, and the
growth of cereal grasses, leguminous plants,
and farinaceous roots, which every candid
mind will admit has been materially strength
ened and promoted by the practical workings
and general influence of the Huntingdon
County Agricultural Society. If it be of no
further utility than that of enciting a spirit
of emulation and inquiry, as to the most ju
dicious rotation of crops, the cheapest, most
available, and yet most effectual methods of
fertilization, in order to prevent the most am
ple soil from passing into an irreclaimable
waste, or of restoring the same from a state
of comparative sterility to one of fruitful fe
cundity, we shall feel that our labors have
not been unrequited. And now relying upon
the generosity of our fellow-citizens to assist
in replenishing our somewhat depleted treas
ury, together with the renewed energy and
untiring exertion of those friends of improved
agriculture and modern reform, who have
ever stood by the society, even under far less
favorable circumstances than the present, we
would once more unfurl our canvass to the
breeze, trusting at the end of another year
to be able to present you with a more favora
ble and a, more satisfactory account of our
By order and in behalf of the Society.
Acting Secretary
HUNTINGDON, PA., Jan. 10, 1860.
Legal Journal gives the following decision of
the Supreme Court in this State, in regard to
a widow's claim under the exemption law:
" The right of a widow to retain real or
personal property of her deceased husband's
estate to the value of three hundred dollars,
is waived entirely when she neglects to de
mand an appraisement. If an appraisement
be made, and she neglects to retain less than
the value of three hundred dollars, she waives
her claim to all which she neglects to retain.
She has no right to a second appraisement."
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fudge Douglas and the Administration—Le
compton— COngreSS ionallntervention—Pop
vim- Sovereignty and the Charleston Con
[From the Baltimore (Maryland) Dispatch.]
If ever there was a public man whose mo
tives and principles have been wickedly mis
represented and maligned, by a few active
enemies in place and power, Judge Douglas,
is that man—in spite of all his glorious ante
cedents—his unspotteed loyalty to Democracy
and the cause of Southern rights, from the
days of Jackson down, we are expected to be
duped by the partizans of the Administration,
into the belief that Judge Douglas has be
come a traitor to the National Democracy and
the cause of the South, notwithstanding the
stubborn fact. that he is now as he has ever
been, the most implacable enemy of Black
Republicans, and is by them the most hated
and feared, because the most formidable cham
pion of Democracy—these cunning enemies
of the Union and the Constitution, know full
well that if Douglas is sustained by his own
party, there is an end of their mad career
now and forever.
The daily announcement of the results of
the election of Delegates for Charleston in
the free States shows conclusively that all the
machinations and misrepresentations of his
enemies, have not shaken the confidence of
the Democratic masses of that section, in the
integrity and loyalty of Judge Douglas. In
the South also, the light of reason, truth and
justice, is beginning to reveal the strong and
inestimable claims which Judge Douglas
has upon the confidence and gratitude of all
conservative national men. That there has
been, and is yet much prejudice in' the South
against Judge Douglas we admit, but it is
mostly found in political fire-eaters, and is
not shared in by the mass of the Southern
Democracy. The cause of Southern preju
dice against Douglas has been chiefly, because
the Southern party
. press failed to give him
the benefit of a hearing, and published inces
santly the most inflamed and vituperative at
tacks on him, derived for the most part from
the Administration press in Washington.—
But the mists are rolling away, and we al
ready behold Southern press after press, fal
ling into the Douglas line after a fair investi
gation of his claims. In no State has there
been more misrepresentation of Judge Doug
las' true position, and less light on the sub
ject from the public press, than in Maryland.
Yet even here, we see some of the ablest and
best Democrats, day by day acknowledging
the injustice of past prejudices and rallying
to the only man, as they believe, who can lead
them to victory. Indeed, we now believe that
Douglas will receive the votes of several South
ern States at Charleston.
We of the South, owe far more gratitude to
those gallant men of the North, who have
fought in defence of our dearest rights and
interests, against a powerful faction in their
own section, than we owe to Southern Hot
spurs, who would, if they were allowed to do
so, ruin their own cause by denouncing and
abusing as " unsound and rotten" the great
body of our Northern friends and allies.
Hence we think' it our duty as Southern
men to repair this injustice and testify our
reunion with these truly national men of the
North, that WO should "strengthen their arms
and sharpen their weapons," by nominating
as one common leader against the common
enemy, that distinguished chieftain, who is
the favorite of our Northern allies, while ho
himself is ready to support the nominee at
Charleston, whoever he may be.
We regret to see how fiercely the Adminis
tration and all its official dependents have
waged relentless warfare against Judge Doug
las, and it now becomes the people to resume
" popular sovereignty" into their own hands,
and ignore the dictation and malevolence of
men in office, who are bound by past honors
and present emoluments to support even Judge
Douglas, when declared the choice of the peo
ple. We are told that the President is not a
candidate for re-election. If so, he has no
right to use his influence to proscribe this or
that candidate, or to nominate his successor.
It is, to say the least of it, in bad taste and
should be rebuked by a people capable of
Believing as we do, that Judge Douglas
can satisfy every fair-minded Southern
that he has taken the only ground, on Le
compton, Congressional Intervention, and
Popular Sovereignty, on which a Northern
Democrat can successfully stand, and that
his doctrines will practically and forever kill
the Republican party, by not only withdraw
ing the slavery agitation from the halls of
Congress, but from dangerous discussion and
agitation in all the free States, thus localizing
the issue of free soil, or slavery, to the limits
of each territory, subject to the Constitution
as it may be expounded by the Courts, we
have no fears that any Southern State will
fail to ratify the nomination of Judge Doug
las at Charleston, in spite of rampant disor
ganizers or fillibustering fire-eaters. " Truth
is mighty and will prevail."
$6lO 00
100 00
127 73
$927 73
$3l 75
male College, at Oxford, Ohio, was burned a
few nights since. The building contained
175 young ladies. The escape of Miss Sallie
B. Moore from the college is unparalleled for
daring. She roomed in the fifth story, and
returned the second time to her room for some
books. On opening her door she discovered
that the hall was dense with smoke, and the
stairway was in flames, and all means of exit
in that direction was hopeless. Closing her
door, she deliberately tore the bed clothing
into strips, knotted them firmly together, and
tying them to her bed-post, she 'hopefully
stepped from her window, and made a suc
cessful descent to the ground, a distance of
forty-five feet. The presence of mind shown
by the entire body of young ladies was re
marked by every one. This was, no doubt,
promoted by some remarks Misg Peabody
had made the day before, commenting on the
Pemberton mill accident, and desiring if any
sudden casualty should visit them, if the col
lege should take fire, or any other accident
occur, they might act in a thoughtful and
collected manner.
A Voice From the South!
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The editor of the Advocate and Journal,
We have had occasion lately to prepare for
the Methodist Quarterly Review an estimate
of the actual statistical condition of Metho
dism throughout the world. By permission
of the editor we are allowed to condense these
statistics for our columns, in response to calls
made for such facts. The following are the
latest and most accurate estimates of its com
municants :
Methodist Episcopal Church 956,555
Methodist Episcopal Church South 700,000
Canada Wesleyan Conference 43,672
Eastern British American Conference 16,935
Methodist Episcopal Church, Canada 13,352
American Wesleyan Methodists 21,000
Methodist Protestant Church 70,01 S
African Methodist Episcopal Church 20,000
African M. E. Zion Church 6,203
Albright Methodists 21,076
Total lay members in America, 1,868,811
Add traveling preachers, (except
Albrigb ts,) 11,458
Total American communicants, 1,880,264
The Methodism of Europe—excepting the
British and American colonies and the Amer
ican and European missions, included above
—exhibits similar though not equal vigor.—
The latest accessible returns show :
Wesleyan Methodists 435,908
Primitive Methodists 123,863
New Connexion Methodists 27,000
United Free Church Methodists 43,000
Wesleyan Methodists who remain
independent, 12,000
Bible Christian Methodists 19,068
Church —Methodists in Ireland,
called Primitive Methodists, 9,158
Total British lay members 669,397
Add traveling preachers 3,255
Total communicants
Besides these divisions, there are minor
ones, whose statistics cannot be exactly as
certained ; an authority gives them an ag
gregate of 10,000 members and 200 preach
ers. Summarily, them Methodism, through
out the world, comprises 2,548,190 lay mem
bers, and 14,883 traveling preachers—an ag
gregate of 2,563,091 communicants. If we
add three non-communicant members of its
congregations for each communicant—a safe
estimate for Methodist congregations goner-
Oly—we have a population of more than ten
and a quarter millions attending its ministra
tions. It extends densely over North Ameri
ca and England, it has " Conferences" in
France, Germany, Africa and Australia; its
missions are in Sweden, Norway, Switzer
land, Spain, Turkey, and South America ;
they dot the coasts of Africa, India, China,
and the isles of the Southern Ocean. Its
great missionary organizations include more
than three thousand laborers ; its educational
institutions comprise more than 130 colleges,
theological schools and boarding academies ;
and in England more than 500 day schools.
It has more than two millions Sunday schol
ars, and 350,000 tt,3ehers. Its 35,000 local
preachers make with :ts " itinerants," a min
isterial force of nearly 50,000 men.
Gambling in Washington
"Occasional," in writing about the gaming
houses at the national capital, says :
A gentleman well acquainted with the se
crets of these resorts, tells me that he has
known as much as ten thousand dollars to be
risked on a single game, and others hare seen
two or three thousand dollars hazarded on a
single card, and in a single game. The non
chalance of the players is startling. They
win or lose thousands without a sigh or a
" Faro," in which the better encounter the
bank, is the prevailing game in these saloons,
and, although tables are set out at which
what is called " brag," " poker," and other
games are played, the principal fascination
is the platform covered with green leather,
behind which sits the imperturbable dealer,
with his pale face, black eye and monotonous
"call," while on three sides are gathered,
sitting and standing, rank after rank, anxious
and excited spectators, who, breathless with
anxiety, watch the little cards as they are
dealt from the tin box, and pick up their
gains or swallow their losses with a silence
only interrupted now and then by an angry
exclamation or a quiet chuckle of exultation.
Night is turned into morning, and the lat
ter frequently surprises the contestants in the
struggle. Occasionally a streak of luck be
falls an outsider, which, like a prize in a lot
tery, becomes a sort of advertisement for the
gambler. Ido not pretend to say that there
is fraud in these games, because it frequently
happens that there is as much skill among
the volunteers as there is in the principals of
the establishments ; but those who have ta
ken pains to investigate the facts do not hes
itate to say that, unless on extraordinary oc
casions, the bank is sure to beat those who
attempt to take up arms against it. So cau
tious have the keepers of these places become,
that they are very careful as to whom they
admit into their saloons, and it is to this cau
tion that the public is indebted for the pres
ervation of so many of those secrets which,
if disclosed, would undoubtedly result in
great excitement.
bushels of catfish were taken from Horicon
Lake, Wisconsin, recently, in a singe day.—
The Milwaukee News thus relates the mode
of their capture :
" Horicon Lake froze over very rapidly du
ring the present winter, and this species of
fish being, in a manner, amphibious, must
have open water in order to exist. The clo
sing of the ice drove them to the foot of the
lake, where men are engaged in cutting ice for
summer use. Thus collected together so thick
that the eye cannot penetrate the water to
the depth of six inches, a basket is crowded
down into the midst and immediately with
drawn, completely filled. They are pur
chased by farmers at twenty-five cents a load,
who feed them to their hogs."
Statistics of Methodism
The Constitutional gives the following an
ecdote of the late war in Italy :
During the battle of Magenta the combat
was exceedingly severe round the railway
station, and as the French regiments ad
vanced, men were busily employed in re
moving the wounded, fearing that if their com
rades should by chance be obliged to fall
back, the men lying on the ground would be
trampled under foot. An officer perceived a
soldier on his knees near his musket busily
employed in binding up his head with a
handkerchief having received a thrust from
a bayonet, which had passed through his
cheek and entered his left eye. The officer
asked him what he was doing, and seeing
that he was badly wounded, told him to go
to the ambulance.
"To the ambulence," said the soldier,
"and why ?"
" Because you have lost your eye," said
the officer.
" Yes," said the soldier, "but the other is
still good," at the same time pointing his
musket to show that he could still take aim.
In a quarter of an hour after, the railway
station was in the hands of the French. A
ball fired by the Austrians struck in the arm
of a French soldier who was climbing up to
one of the windows, and he fell. The same
officer ran and raised him up.
" Ah, is that you captain ?" said the same
soldier ; "thank you, but the rascals have
broken my arm."
"Yes," said the officer " have you not had
enough of it now?"
The soldier did not for a moment reply,
but after taking up his musket, he said with
a smile:
" It is only the left, captain—the other is
still good," and he again hurried to the combat.
The captain went on also, and in a few mo
ments, again saw him fall down from a shot
in the breast.
" Poor fellow," said the officer, leaning
over him. The soldier heard his voice, and
withdying accents, said :
"Captain, you must not be angry with me,
for if I had left the field, two other men
would have been hit, whereas, in my case, it
makes no matter, as my time was evidently
come." And the poor fellow, falling back,
expired. It was the officer who told the sto
ry, and in his turn was killed at the battle of
Solferino. Such is the fortune of war.
ZED—A newspaper published at Colima,
Mexico, on the 24th of October, tells the fol
lowing frightful story: "When Gen. Pueblita
entered the town of Ayo, in September last,
he exacted a forced loan from the people, and
a share of it fell upon the curate of the place.
The curate acted as though he -would pay,
but as he did not make his appearance at the
point designated for payment, Gen. Pueblita
ordered him to be arrested. A party of men
went to his dwelling and knocked at the door;
there was no answer and they broke in.—
Tney found no one in the house, and were
about to leave it when they heard a frightful
voice proceeding from the ground, saying "I
am hungry." The officer in command went
back to General Pueblita and told him about
the voice. The General appointed a commis
sion to examine the house. This commission
went to the curate's dwelling, and, after a
careful examination, they found a movable
stone in the floor, and under this was a stair
way leading down to a vault, which was en
tirely dark, and had no connection with the
air, save by the staircase, and a small hole
that served as a ventilator. In this vault
were some books, a few articles of furniture,
and a woman who had been shut up there for
eighteen years. She was taken to General
Pueblita's quarters. When brought into the
light where she sawn number of persons, she
fainted. After she had returned to her sen
ses, a thousand questions were asked of her,
to which she replied only that she had been
buried in that vault for eighteen years with
out going out for a moment; that she had
been married, and had children by her hus
band, but she knew nothing of their fate ;
that while imprisoned in the vault, she had
had children by the curate, but she knew
nothing of what had become of these chil
dren ; and after saying this much, became
obstinately silent. While this was passing,
a sergeant of the Pueblita Brigade, then
present, discovered that this woman was his
mother, and she recognized him as her son
and embraced him. The sin then ran for his
father, who came and recognized his wife.—
The husband, fifteen years ago, was impris
oned throe years under charge of having
murdered his wife, this woman."
Ile'. An extraordinary case of a girl con
cealing her sex for many years, has been
brought to light at Poictiers, Prance. Augus
tine alias Augustus Boudoin, a young person
of seventeen, was known in the town and
neighborhood as an active lad, and had been
in place at respectable houses as " odd boy."
This individual was lately tried for robbery,
and while in prison the authorities conceived
some suspicions, and ascertained her to be a
female. On being asked what reason she had
for wearing men's clothes, she said she had
observed that men got their living easier than
women ; but she refused to give any informa
tion as to her birth and parentage. -She was
removed to the female wards, but her repug
nance to appear in female attire among her
fellow prisoners was so great that she com
mitted suicide by hanging herself to an iron
bar with a pocket handkerchief.
The New York correspondent of the
Mobile Register gives the following as the
reason why the Republican Convention is to
be holden at Chicago. A delegate of the Com
mittee said to him :
" We Republicans dread but one name,
and that is the mighty name of Douglas.—
It has roused thousands of stalwart warriors
in the olden time, and it will do it again if
the Democratic party nominate him at
Charleston (and we Republicans are not go
ing to give our opponents credit for being
such infernal fools as not to nominate him.)
We will try to kill the Douglas on his own
hills,' by having all the eclat and excitement
of a Republican Convention in the principal
city of Illinois."
Editor and Proprietor
NO. 34,
The Brave Soldier.
What Have They Made by it ?
What has the President and his followers
made by reading out of the Democratic party
that portion of the Democracy who refused
to accept the Lecompton constitution ? This
is a right pertinent question at the present
moment. How much stronger is the party
because of it ? How many more friends has
Mr. Buchanan for it ? How much less sec
tionalism is there in the country ? How
much improved are the prospects of the De
mocracy to carry the President in 1860 ?
Some benefits ought to be shown as the re
sult of this measure, for Gen. Jackson never
made half the effort to uproot the United
States Bank than did Mr. Buchanan to push
through Congress the Lecompton Constitution.
In the first place this measure and its bastard
progeny, the English bill, although bought
through Congress, accomplished nothing. It
was indignantly rejected by the people who
were effected by it. It settled nothing. It
has kept the Kansas troubles before the coun
try for the whole term of Mr. 'Buchanan's
administration. It is there yet, and unless
they decently submit to the will of the people
it will be still continued as a bone of contention.
What then, we repeat, has the Democratic
party made by its wonderful Lecompton
? It will be remembered that we did not
ask the President and his advisers to think
with us, we only demanded they should not
for psa to think with them. We asked a lit
tle ys
Medom—we claimed to have an honest
opinion that the measure was wrong and in
conflict with previous pledges made to the
people. We did not deny the right of Mr. Bu
chanan to go on his own way rejoicing, we
only complained that he forged manacles to
make us do as he was doing. His determi
nation was to force us along a certain path
way, and in case we failed to walk in it, to
visit us with the punishment of throwing us
out of the Democratic party. He and his
followers boast that they have done so too,
but even admitting for the sake of the argu
ment that they have, which wo utterly deny,
what have they made by it ? Who are t,
men who have stepped up to fill our places in
the broken ranks ?—Chester County Demo
Hon. Augustus R. Wright, late member of
Congress from Georgia, has written a letter
in which he eulogizes Senator Douglas and
declares that if a Northern man is nominated
"or President at ,Charleston, he must be the
man. Mr. Wright concludes his elogftent
letter as follows :
"Are his popular sovereignty principles
insufferable to people who govern themselves ?
Suppose the people of a Territory , did mould
their institutions to suit themselves, if it was
honestly and fairly done, would freedom
shriek and her banner fall to rise no more ?
Douglas is the same man now that he was
when three thousand Northern clergymen
presented him to the Senato as a traitor to his
country and a nuisance to the council cham
ber. He has changed no principle since;
surrounded by the maddened Abolition rab
ble of Chicago, armed with Bowie-knives and
pistols, he mounts the platform to defend the
rights of the South, or shed his blood upon
the soil of his native State. Fit type of our
country's progress, and of the true hearted
Democracy of the Union, if he is nominated
at Charleston, let our banner-cry be Onward
to the rescue.'
"Respectfully and truly,
respondent of the Sunbury American, wri
ting from Warren county, says: The recent
discovery of oil springs in the western part
of Pennsylvania is more important than
many are aware of. In conversation with
an intelligent gentleman from Warren, Pa.,
he informed me that one of the wells recent
ly dug in that vicinity, the production of oil
was about thirty casks, of forty gallons each
daily. This well is about seventy feet deep,
and is bored through about thirty feet of a
kind of soapstone, after which it penetrates
into sandstone formation, from the crevices
of which the oil is forced upwards to the sur
face. A small engine is used to pump up the
liquid, about 25 per cent. of which is oil. It
is received in large vessels, from the top of
which the oil flows, while the water is run
off at a point below the oil. In this simple s
manner the oil is separated from the water,
and is worth there forty cents the gallon.—
At present the crude oil is taken to Buffalo,
and by a little refining is there sold at ninety
cents per gallon. There are now about thir
ty wells being dug and in operation in the
western part of Warren county.
correspondent of the Cincinnati Enquirer,
writing from the Federal Capital, speaks of
the Prime Minister of our Democracy in this
fashion :
It is a significant fact that the manager
of Pennsylvania politics is William B. Reed,
late Minister to China, - who never gave a
Democratic vote in his life until he cast one
for Mr. Buchanan in 1556. lie was the most
violent assailant of General Jackson, Martin
Van Buren, James K. Polk, Lewis Cass and
all the old apostles of the Democratic party.
This man is now here assailing Judge Doug
las, with voice and pen. He is a fit compan
ion of Grund, Bennett and others, and is deep
in the confidence of the President. The Dem
ocratic masses of Pennsylvania are notorious
ly in favor of Judge Douglas for President,
and yet Mr. Buchanan, through his officials,
is straining every nerve to secure the delega
tion for himself. For this purpose Breckin
ridge's name continues to be used."
WirAT GEN. CASS TnnvKs.—This veteran
Democrat, at present a member of Mr. Bu
thanan's Cabinet, a few days since, in con
versation with a prominent Ohio Democrat
said ; " This war upon Judge Douglas and
his friends I have always discountenanced.—
It is wrong—all wrong, sir ; and if persisted
in must ruin the Democratic party. Judge
Douglas is a Democrat—as good a Democrat
as lives to-day ; and if the politicians succeed
in defeating him at Charleston, as a party we
are lost, and God only knows what catastro
phy may follow !"
gers" who do the " menial" work at the Cap
itol are a shrewd set of fellows. Tuesday
one of them was standing by one of the doors
of the House, looking in at the members.—
The door-keeper said, " Jim, they're talking
about niggers in there." " Well," was the
response, " dat's der business. Lor bless
you, if it wasn't for de niggers, dere wouldn't
be no Congress."
The Governors of the States of the
Union, including the Governor elect of Kan
sas, are seventeen Democrats, sixteen Repub
licans, and one, in Maryland, American.
The Democratic Governors arc in fourteen
slaveholding States, and three free States.
The Republicans are, of course, all in the
free States.