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cording to these terms.
FISHER & BI'MURTRIE
ARE NOW OPENING
The largest and best selected Stock of Goods
ever offered in this community.
It comprises a full line of Fashionable
Dress Goods, suitable for FALL & WINTER, such as Black
and Fancy Silks, French and English Merinos, All Wool
De Laines, (plain and colored,) Nauvau Plaid, Tanjore
Lustre, Figured Cashmere, Plaids, Mousline De Laines,
Coburgs, Alpaccas, De Barge, Ginghams, Prints, &c.
A large and beautiful assortment of Fall
and Winter Shawls, consisting of Stellas, Double Reveres
bles, Single and Double Brocha,Waterlop, Single - and Double
Wool Gents Traveling Shawls, &e. A full stock of La
dies' Fine Collars, Gentlemen's Furnishing Goods, such as
Collars, Cravats, Ties, Stocks, Hosiery, Shirts, Gauze and
Silk Undershirts, Drawers, &c.
We have a fine selection of Mantillas,
Dress Trimmings, Fringes, Ribbons, Mitts, Gloves, Gaunt
lets, Hosiery, Handkerchiefs, 'Buttons ' Floss, Sewing Silk,
Extension Skirts, Hoops of all kinds, &c.
Also—Tickings, Osnaburg, Bleached and
Unbleached Muslins, all prices; Colored and White Cam
brics, Barred and Swiss Muslins, Victoria Lawns, Nain
nooks, Tarleton, and many other articles which comprise
the line of WHITE and DOMESTIC GOODS.
French Cloths, Fancy Cassimers, Satinets, Jeans, Tweeds,
'Denims, Blue Drills, Flannels, Lindsey s, Comforts, Blank
Hats and Caps, of every variety and style.
A Good Stock of GROCERIES, HARDWARE, QUEENS
WARE, BOOTS and SHOES, WOOD and WILLOW-WARE,
which will be sold Cheap.
We deal in PLASTER, FISH, SALT, and all kinds
of GRAINS, and possess facilities in this branch of trade
unequalled by any. We deliver all packages or parcels of
Merchandise, free of charge, at the Depots of the Broad Top
and Pennsylvania Railroads.
COME ONE, COME ALL, and be convinced that the Me
tropolitan is the place to secure fashionable and desirable
goods, disposed of at the lowest rates.
FISHER Jr; MaIIIRTRIE.
Huntingdon, Oct. 4, 1851
NEWS! NEWS !! NEWS !!
AT BEN JACOBS'
AT BEN JACOBS'
BENJ. JACOBS has now upon his shelves a large and
full assortment of
FALL AND WINTER GOODS,
Comprising a very extensive assortment of
LADIES' DRESS GOODS, DRY GOODS,
READY-MADE CLOTHING, GROCERIES, HATS & CAPS,
BOOTS & SHOES, &c., &c.
His stock of CLOTHING for men and boys is complete—
every article of wear will be found to be good and cheap.
Full suits sold at greatly reduced prices—panic prices—
which will be very low.
His entire stock of Goods will compare with any other
in town, and the public will do well to call and examine
before purchasing elsewhere.
As I am determined to sell my goods, bargains may be
expected, so all will do well to call.
Country Produce taken in Exchange for Goods.
BENJ. JACOBS, Cheap Corner.
Huntingdon, Oct .4, 1859.
SlO5OOO REWARD !!
Will risk the above sum that he can Sell Goods, to every
body, at prices to suit the times. His stock has been re
newed for FALL and WINTER, and he invites all to
call and examine for themselves.
His stock consists of every variety of
LADIES' DRESS GOODS,
DRY GOODS, OF ALL KINDS,
Such as Over Coats; Frock Coats, 'Dress Coats, Jackets,
BOOTS and SHOES, HATS and CAPS, of all sizes, for
old and young.
GROCERIES, of the best; QUEENSWARE, &c., &c.
The public generally are earnestly invited to call and
examine my new stock of Goods, and be convinced that I
can accommodate with Goods and Prices, all who are look
lug out for great bargains.
All kinds of Country Produce taken in exchange for
Goods. MOSES STROUS.
Huntingdon, Oct. 4, 1859.
Hill Street, one door west of • Carmon's Store,
Has just returned from the City with a splendid assort
PLAIN and FANCY VESTINGS,
which he will make up to order in the best workman-like
Thankful for past favors, a continuance of the same is
Huntingdon, Oct. 4,1859-3 m.
BOOTS AND SHOES,
HATS AND CAPS,
CALF-SKINS AND LININGS,
LASTS AND FINDINGS.
Has just opened his new stock of
BOOTS and SHOES for men, women, boys, misses and
children. All kinds of styles for Ladies can be found at
his store, and the men will not find fault with his stock
for their wear.
His old customers and the public generally, will please
call and examine liis extensive stock.
His stock of Calf-skins, Linings, Lasts and Findings,
will please all in the trade.
Huntingdon, Oct. 4,1859.
I=l' ROMAN I .
H. ROMAN I
H. ROMAN !
H. ROMAN 1
' - NEW CLOTHING
BELL, GARRETTSON & CO.,
• • HUNTINGDON, PA.
4 general Banking business done. Drafts on PhiWel-
RUM, Pittsburg, &C.; constantly for sale. Money received
on deposit; payable on dethand without interest, or on
time with interest at fair rates.
August 17, 1859.*
OF VARIOUS SIZES, for sale at
LEWIS" BOOK AND STATIONERY STORE.
V 4 NV,ELOPES-
By the box, pack, or less quantity, for sale at
LEWIS' BOOK AND STATIONERY STORE.
WRAPPING PAPER !
A good article for sale at
LEWIS' BOOK STORE
DON'T FAIL to see " SIXTH AN
NUAL ANNOUNCEMENT," and brilliant offers, in
TT is a fact that Fisher & McMurtrie have
I the iargezt and cheapest stock of Qoode in town.
Huntingdon, Oct. 4, 1859
3,, stlert storg.
SING TO IIE.
Oh, sing to me, my own beloved,
That sweet and simple strain„
That I have treasured in my heart
Throughout long years of pain!
For its clear tones recall to me
The joys of by-gone days,
When hope's bright sun lit up the path
Of happy childhood's ways;
And, as I hear its soothing notes,
My mind goes wandering back,
And once again I tread with joy
Sweet childhood's fairy track.
Oh, would that - we, .my.own - beloved,
Could woo again the shade
Where, in the halcyon days of youth,
Our wandering footsteps strayed,!.'
Oh, would that we could sit beside
The dwarfish mountain streams,
And mirror as in days of yore
Our future golden dreams.
But ah, alas! we only
Their memories can bring,
And soothe the soul with melting tones
Of songs we used to sing.
d ) rigin'at.
DELIVERED BY S. T. DAVIS, OF COTTAGE, HUNTINGDON COUN
TY, PA., AT THE ANNUAL COMMENCEMENT OF THE LANCASTER
- COUNTY NORMAL SCHOOL, SEPT. 2ND, 1859.
Subject—SClENCE THE ECANDISATD OF RELIGIOZI
Great Philosophers have asserted that sci
ence is the handmaid of religion, and they
may assert it with confidence, since they have
abundant proof to substantiate its correctness.
Nor need we be confined to the hypotheses
of any particular man who has received the
appellation of a Philosopher, neither to any
particular branch, but ,to true science in gen
eral. To enter properly upon the discussion
of this subject, it becomes necessary to learn
what science is, and whence it is deduced.—
Science is nothing else than a rational in
quiry into the arrangements, designs, power
and goodness of the Almighty, in order to
-trace out the scale of magnitude, perfection
and grandeur which overwhelms,the human
understanding. It is deduced from the vari
ous operations and phenomena of nature in
the material world.
For the purpose of illustration, let us con
sider some of the most prominent divisions
in science. The geologist deduces science
from the ground upon which he treads, the
surrounding country, the mines, caves and
caverns which he explores, and every new
country in which he travels. He scales the
rugged peaks of mountains, and gazes with
rapture as the fiery volcano emits from its
deep interior, streams of melted lava ; he
delves into the bowels of the earth,. and brings
from nature's cabinet, fossil remains of an
extinct creation—from the gigantic dinotheri
um to the most diminutive shell.
The Chemist converts the productions of
the vegetable, mineral and animal kingdoms
into new foams, and makes them subservient
to civilized life. Again, the Astronomer, on
imagination's airy pinions, takes his flight
through Heaven's wide expanse, and watches
with intense anxiety, the movements of re
splendent orbs as they revolve around the
" King of day "—all performing their re
spective circuits in stated periods of time.
By careful and unrelenting observation,
the Astronomer has been enabled, step by
step, to base upon the everlasting foundation
of truth, a science; a science which has not
only been the means of propagating and en
larging our views of those brilliant gems
which bedeck and illumine the vault of heav
en, but is one of the keys which unlocks di
vine revelation—an instrument in the hands
of a wonder-working Providence, through
which the children of men see clearly the
benevolence, power and infinite wisdom of
the " King Eternal and Invisible."
By tracing out the different branches of
science, we find them the results of investi
gating the numerous displays of divine wis
dom, the perfect adaptation and relation which
they bear one to another, the complete struc
ture of every plant that grows, and every in
sect that flies. What is• likely to be the im
pression left upon that mind which is illumi
nated with the light of true science? The
answer is unavoidable; it is evident the idea
of a Deity is deeply impressed there, and his
heart cannot but rest with confidence on Him
who created and governs the Universe, that
His almighty power, as manifested in all His
works, is capable of rendering His creatures
happy for all time. Under its powerful in
fluence, the Deist has been made to tremble,
and Atheists have been brought to their knees
and made to acknowledge the existence of a
Supreme Being. It has been intimated that
science assists man in interpreting divine rev
elation ; if suchb.e the case, it must evidently
lend a helping hand towards the extension of
the Christian religion.
The Bible must be interpreted precisely in
the smite manner as any other production,
and requires previous and special preparation.
No man can become a skillful physician un
less be previously makes himself acquainted
with the structure of the human body, the
functions of the different organs of the sys
tem, and the laws and conditions upon which
health depends. Neither can man interpret
the true meaning and object. of divine-reve
lation to any extent, without a careful exam
ination of the phenomena of nature. Reve
lation without the works of nature, or the
works of nature without revelation, are not
sufficient to give us a clear and satisfactory
conception of God's will and the designed
sphere of man. It cannot be denied that
modern science has corrected the ungrounded
opinions which the - ancients adhered to wjth
regard to the operations of nature.
But perhaps facts would more satisfactorily
decide the different interpretations of the
scriptures than reasoning. The ancients sup
posed that the heavens were spanned by a
solid transparent arch, and that in this arch
there were windows or apertures, through
which the rain descended, and they resorted
to the bible for the proof of their opinions,
pointed out the description of the creation,
the formation of the firmament, the division
of the waters, and also the account of the
deluge, during which the windows of heaven
are represented as being opened.
It is hardly necessary .to state that meteo
rology has fully demonstrated that the an
cient's interpretations of those passages of
scripture, are preposterous, and that no such
solid arch exists in mid-heaven, but that the
earth is surrounded by a. transparent atmos
Again, until the science of astronomy be
gan to be developed, no other principle was
thought more obvious than that the earth was
immovably fixed in the centre of the Universe,
and that the heavenly orbs performed their
revolutions regularly around it. And to sub
stantiate their opinions, they could quote pas
sages of scripture of the most conclusive
God is said to have "established the foun
dations of the earth so that they could not
be removed forever." The inspired Psalmist
But it has been clearly demonstrated by
astronomy, that the earth is not a fixed planet,
but revolves around the sun, and thus causes
the apparent rising and setting of the heav
enly bodies. And although the two venera
ble philosophers, Copernicus and Galileo,
were shamefully forced to recant their doc
trine on their knees, as being in direct oppo
sition to the sacred scriptures, it is true.
Now, are we to suppose that the sacred
writers meant to teach anything that was not
strictly true ? Certainly not, but they used
language which was optically, although - not
physically correct; and if we but examine
the writings of the sacred scriptures, and the
sublime figures therein employed, we are al
most led to believe that their authors antici
pated the aid of science to assist the children
of men in interpreting the true meaning and
object of divine revelation.
Science has a basis as well as religion, and
if they are but united, their foundations will '
become broader and stronger, and they will
rear themselves into one great fabric to the
glory of God.
Science in this world, may be compared to
the little stream that trickles from the moun
tain spring—though impeded in its course,
it presses boldly on, and increasing in size,
it winds its way through the silent forest and
over fearful precipices, till it swells into the
Majestic r;_ver,. and is- borne smoothly along '
and at last mingles its placid waters with
those of the mighty ocean—the great empo
rium of waters.
So with science ; men in some simple oper
ation of nature, discover-a Kew. simple tenths-;
they pursue these onward till they unite in a
great principle, and as they follow farther
onward, new tributaries of truth come in on
either side, and form a principle broader and
stronger, and still more comprehensive.
And when the Christian Philosopher shall
resume the study of science in a future world,
he will be able to trace onward the ramifica
tions of truth, till they unite into higher and
higher principles, and become one in that
centre of centres—the Divine Mind—the
ocean from which all truths originally sprang,
and to which it ultimately returns.
The following startling delopiiients made
by Dr. Hiram Co; Inspector of Liquors in
Ohio, in a letter to James Black, Esq., of
Lancaster, will show the extent to which
the adulterating and drugging of liquors is
practised, and the devastation which these
poisoned beverages is making among all
classes of drinkers. We publish Dr. Cox's
exposition for the benefit of community gen
erally, and at the same time show up the
villainy of the traffic which is robbing the
pockets,. desolating the homes, dethroning
the reason, and killing the bodies and. souls
of thousands of the people of this country
annually. Dr. Cox is the regular appointed
Inspector of Liquors for the . State of Ohio,
and, therefore, the facts stated by him come
to us in an official shape :—.
CINCINNATI, Ohio, Oct. 3, 1859.
Another evidence that the exposures which
I have been making have had a salutary
moral effect, is that there has not been one
fourth as much liquor sold yearly since as
there was previously; and another is, that a
number of large liquor establishments have
closed, their proprietors ruining many of
their fellow-citizens who had become their
sureties. A number of distilleries have
closed in this vicinity. They have, as it is
familiarly called, " burst their boilers."—
One year previous to these breaks ups, one
of our largest distillers and liquor merchants
in the city, said to me, "Dr. Cox, your arti
cles on the adulterations of liquors have ta
ken more trade from Cincinnati and more
money—at least, $lOO,OOO per month—since
they . have been put in circulation. For God's
sake, stop them, sill—you will break me up.
I' have been to New York," he says, "to
Boston, 'to Rochester, to Canada West, and
have just returned; and wherever I stopped,
there was nothing' else talked of but' the
poisoned liquors of Cincinnati, and Dr. Ccx's
exposures ; for God's sake, I say again
Although the liquors are villainous in the
extreme,. there are other, large cities equally
as culpable. For example; A gentleman of
our city, a druggist, that he might have pure
liquor as a medicinal article, and that kind
for purity, &c., that he could recommend to
-his customers, went to New York and pur
chased two half-pipes of splendid " Seignette
Brandy," one pale, the other dark. When
passing one day, he called me in to see his
beautiful, pure brandy," just from New
York ! I stopped, looked at it, smelled at it,
but before testing it, happening to have some
blue Litmus paper in my pocket, I introduced
a small piece—it came out red as scarlet I
then called for a polished spatula, put it into
F*l;': 10 k' ' , : - '::
E-,x,:• :,.:,:: ?)-` .. I'.'
:,...?;;': -,,,,...... Yi•-•,; - :
..,','.:;.!:.'• .:I::' ''''-i3:'•
HUNTINGDON, PA., DECEMBER 7, 1859.
" He sets the moon in heaven thereby
The seasons to discern, -
From him the sun his certain time
Of going down doth learn."
Startling rants I
a tumbler containing, perhaps, half a gill,
and waited on it 15 minutes--at the expira
tion of which, the liquor was black as ink.—
The spatula corroded, and when dried had a
thick coating of rust, which, when wiped
off, left a copper coat almost as thick as if it
bad been plated. I charged him on the spot,
under penalty of the law, not to sell a drop
of it; took samples of it to my office, and
the following is the result of the analysis :
lst sample, (dark,) 55 per cent. alcoholic
spirits, by volume, and 41 per cent. by
weight; specific gravity 0.945. The tests in
dicate Sulphuric Acid, Nitric Acid, Nitric
Ether, Prussic Acid, Guinea Pepper, and an
abundance of Fusil Oil, Base—common whis
ky, not one drop of wino.
2d sample, (pale,) 54 per cent. alcoholic
spirits by volume, 40 per cent. by weight;
specific gravity 0.955. This article has the
same adulterations as the first, but in greater
abundance, with the addition of Catchue.—
Remark—Most villainous concoctions.
As a matter of course, these articles of
liquor could not be sold without a violation
of the liquor law, consequently I condemned
them. They were purchased on four months'
time. The purchaser immediately notified
the New York merchant of the character and
quality of the goods, and directed him to
send for them; but, instead of sending for
them, he waited until the notes became due,
and brought suit in our Court of Common
Pleas. I analyzed the liquors in the pres
ence of court and jury, showed them satis
factorily that they were the pernicious, poi
sonous and villainous liquors, which I had
represented them to be, and the defendant
gained his case triumphantly ; and Mr. New
York merchant vanished before I could get a
state warrant, or he would now be learning
an honest mode of making a living at one of
our State institutions in Columbus.
I was appointed to-the office of Chemical
'lnspector on the 19th . ,;da * y of March, 1855.
Since then I have made upwards of 600 in
spections of stores, and,lots of liquor of ev
-ery variety, and positively assert that 90 per
of all that I have analyzed were adul
'terated with the most pernicious and poison
•ons ingredients. The business of inspecting
against the will of men who are only gov
erned by motives of cupidity, I have found
an up-hill business. I have had more laming,
more squabbling and quarreling with un
principled things, bearing the shape and form
. men made after God's image, since I have
been engaged in the capacity of Inspector,
than I had during half a century before.—
You may think that I have heard it thunder
• acme ; well, so I have. lam 66 years old,
- tilt in all'my recollection I have' not heard
thunder that had the same effect on my ner
vous system; nor anything else to affect my
sympathetic nerves so much as the sad effects
4)f - imbibing the miserable concoctions sold
vica our markets under the character of healthy
beverages,' with which Cocktails, Brandy
Smashes, Mint Juleps, &c., &c., are concoc
ted, and which sent nineteen young men, all
under 30 years old, and sons of some of our
most respectable citizens, to a premature
grave, during the winter previous to my ap
pointment, some of whom had not been
drinking three months ! Not only young
men, but many old men of our city, who
were not considered drunkards, died, during
the same winter, the horrible death of the
drunkard, with the Delirium Tremens
These facts induced me to accept the un
thankful appointment. Since my appoint
ment I have, as a Physician to the Probate
Court, examined upwards of four hundred
insane cases, two thirds of which number be
came insane frond drinking the poisonous
liquors sold at the doggeries and taverns of
our city and county. Many of them were
boys of from 19 to 20 years of age, some of
whom were laboring under a hereditary
taint—and perhaps many of them the mental
derangement would never have been devel
oped had they not drank of these poisoned
decoctions. One boy, 17 years of age, the
principal support of a widowed mother and
a little sister, was induced on the 4th day of
July, 1855, to drink some beer, and from
beer to the horrible rot-gut whisky, kept in
the low doggeries of our city. They all got
drunk, and the boy referred to, became hope
lessly and incurably insane, and is yet in
the insane asylum at Dayton. In examining
the case, for the purpose of getting all the
antecedents with it, I learned that the grand
father of the boy died insane. I think the
probability is altogether in favor of the idea
that insanity never would have. been devel
oped in this case, had not these poisoned ad
mixtures acted as a powerful excitant cause.
I called at a grocery store one day, where
liquor is also kept. A couple of Irishmen
came in while I was there, and called for
some whisky, and the first drank, and the
tears flowed freely, while he at the same time
caught his breath like one suffocated or
strangling. When he could speak, he says
to his companion, " Och, Michael, but this is
warming to the stomach !" Michael drank
and went through like contortions, with the
remark, " Wouldn't it be foine in a covrld
frhosty morning ?"
After they drank, I asked the landlord to
pour me out a little in a tumbler, in which
I dipped a slip of litmus paper, which was
no sooner wet than it put on a scarlet hue. I
went to my office, got my instruments and
examined it. I found it had but 17 per cent.
alcoholic spirits by weight, when it should
have had 40 per cent., to be proof, and the
differenpe in per centage made up by Sul
phuric Acid, Red Pepper, Pelitory, Caustic
Potassa and Brucine, one of the salts of Nu
cis Vordice, commonly called Nux Vomica.—
One pint of such liquor would kill the strong
est man. I had the manufacturer indicted,
but by such villainy be has become wealthy,
and I never have, owing to some defect in the
law, been able to bring that case to a final
issue. Yours Respectfully,
• HIRAIVI COX, M. D.
B'.lt is understood that the physicians
of Judge Douglas unite in urging him to pro
ceed to the coast of Florida, with, a view to
the restoration of his health, and .also that
Mrs. Douglas accompany him for a similar
purpose, as soon as their strength will enable
them to travel.
We give below, extracts from a Sermon
lately preached in Doves, New Hampshire,
by the Rev. Edwin M. Wheelock. They will
give the people of Pennsylvania to under
stand the treasonal spirit that exists among
the Abolitionists of New England.
* -x- * * * *
From the martyrdom of Brown dates a new
era of the anti-slavery cause. To moral agita
tion will now be added physical—to argument
action. The appeals of the North will. now
be applied to the terrors as well as to the con
science of this great barbarism. Other devo
ted men will follow in the wake of Brown,
avoiding his error, and will carry on to its
full results the work he has begun. Slave
propagandism we have had long enough.—
We are likely now - to have some liberty prop
agandism. I rejoice to see a man whose
banner bears no uncertain sign. The North
wants no more cornstalk generals, but a real
general, one who is both platform and party
in himself. If an honest expression of the
North could be taken to-morrow John Brown
would be the people's candidate for the next
Presidency, and he would receive a million
votes. He had a live religion also. He be
lieved that God spake to him in visions of the
night. Yes, incredible as it may seem, this
man actually believed in God. * * * The
picture of the Good Samaritan will live to all
future ages as the model of human excellence
for helping one whom he chanced to find in
need. John Brown did more. He went to
seek those who were lost, that he might save
them. He a fanatic ! He a madman ! He
a traitor! Yes, and the fanatics of this age
are the star crowned leaders of the next.—
And the madmen of to-day are the heroes of
It is the fashion now to call him a crazy
fanatic. But history will do the head of John
Brown the same ample justice that even his
enemies give to his heart. It is no impossi
ble feat to plant a permanent armed insurrec
tion in Virginia. Within a few days march
of Harper's _ Ferry, lies the great Dismal
Swamp, whose interior depths are forever un
trodden save by the feet of fugitive slaves. A
few resolute white men, harbored in its deep
recesses, raising the flag of slave revolt, would
gather thousands to their standard, would con
vulse the whole State
.with panic; make servile
war oneof the inseparable felicities of slavery.
Let us not forget that three hundred half
armed Indians, housed in similar swamps in
Florida, waged a seven years' war against
the whole power of the United States, and
were taken, at last, not .by warfare but by
treachery and bribes.
It is a great mistake to term this act the
beginning of bloodshed and civil war. Nev
er could there be a greater error. We have
had bloodshed and civil war for_ the last ten
years. The campaign began on the 7th of
March, 1850. The dissolution of - the Union
dates from that day, and we have had no con
stitution since. Ou that day Daniel Webster
was put to death ; ah, and such a death i
And from that time to this there has not been
a month that has not - seen the Soil of freedom
invaded and attacked, our citizens kidnapped,
imprisoned, or shot, or driven by thousands
No, it is not true that the conflict at Harper's
Ferry is the beginning of a civil war. That
would be like saying that the capture of York
town was the beginning of the Revolutionary
struggle. The meaning of that new sign is
this : Freedom, for ten years weakly standing
on the defensive, and for ten years defeated,
has now became the assailant, and has now
gained the victory. The Banker Hill of our
second revolution has been fought, and the sec
ond Warren has paid the glorious forfeit of
One such man makes total depravity im
possible, and proves that American greatness
died not with Washington. The gallows
from which he ascends into heaven will be in
our polities what the cross is in our religion—
the sign and symbol of supreme s4f-devoted
ness, and from his sacrificial blood the tem
poral salvation of four millions of our peo
ple shall yet spring. On the second day of
December he is to be strangled in a Southern
prison for obeying the sermon on the Mount.
But to be hanged in Virgina is like being cru
.cified in Jerusalem—it is the last tribute which
sin pays to virtue. * *
If this is not treason, in the full sense of
the word, to say nothing of the rank blasphe
my the remarks contain, we are at loss to
know what is.
From the hands of the +benevolent Being
who sitteth upon the " circle of the uni
verse," directing the destiny of the human
family, we receive naught to injure or mo
lest us—all his dispensations are for our
good, and that only—and all his gifts are
for our happiness while upon the earth.--- : -
Those mighty engines of human destruc
tion, which - damn our earth and obscure
heaven, are of human origin and human in
vention. Rum, the great sire of them all,
was conceived, concocted, and created by
man, for nowhere in creation can it be
found among the gifts of our Heavenly
Father. We affirm that in all the world—
nay in all the universe of God, there is not
a lake, a river, a streamlet, or a fountain of
intoxicating drinks. There is' no such a
thing in natnre. Water, God has everywhere
given, spread it all over the world, sent it
down from the clouds, sent it bubbling up
from the earth, made it journey in ceaseless
activity in' rills and great rivers towards the
ocean. He has, wherever men can live, given
it to him at his very doer,:but. intoxicating
drinks he has provided nowhere on the face
of the whole earth. That " gift," whether
good or evil, is not the gift of God, but the
invention of man—an invention that has de
stroyed more lives, desolated more homes,
occasioned more sorrow and anguish, than
war, pestilence and famine combined. It
may, by many, be thought a questionable
policy to deprive men of the use of it by le
gitimate enactment, but to call intoxicating
drinks the " Good gift of God," is an abuse
of terms, and a burning reproach upon the
benevolence and holy attributes of the Deity.
Editor and Proprietor.
Treason in the Pulpit.
Rum is Not a Gift of God.
The following letter communicated to the
Independent, was written by Captain John
Brown to Rev. H. L. Vaill, of Litchfield, Ct..,
who . was in 1817 an instructor of Mr. Brown.
The Italics and small caps follow the original
CHARLESTOWN, Jefferson Co., Va., }
Nov. 15, 1859,
REV. H. L. VAILL—My Dear Steadfast
Friend—Your most kind and most welcome
letter of the Bth instant, reached me in due
lam very grateful for all the good feeling
you express, and also for the kind counsels
you give, together with your prayers in my
behalf: - Allow me here to say, that notwith
standing " my soul is amongst lions," still I
believe that " God in very deed is with me."
You will not, therefore, feel surprised when
I tell you that lam joyful in all my tribu
lations ;" that I do not feel condemned of Him
whose judgment is just ; nor of my own con
science. Nor do I feel degraded by my im-.
prisonment, my chain or prospect of the gal
lows. I have not only been (though utterly
unworthy) permitted to "suffer affliction with
God's people," for preaching righ,teouness in
the great congregation. I trust it will not
all be lost. The jailer (in whose charge I am)
and his family, and assistants, have all been
most kind; and notwithstanding, he was one
of the bravest of all who fought me, he is now
being abused for his humanity. So far as
my observation goes, none but brave men are
likely to be humane to a fallen foe. Cowards
prove their courage by their ferocity. It may
be done in that way with but little risk.
I wish I could write you about a few only
of the interesting times I here experience
with different classes of men, clergymen
among others. Christ, the great captain of
liberty as well as of salvation, and who be
gan his mission, as foretold of him, by pro
claiming it, saw fit to take from - me a sword of
steel after I had carried it for a time; but he
has put another in my hand, (" the sword of
the Spirit,") and I pray God to make me a
faithful soldier, wherever he may send me,
not less on the scaffold than when surrounded
by my warmest sympathizers.
My dear old friend. I do assure you I
have not forgotten our last meeting, nor our
retrospective look over the route by which
God had then led us ; and I bless His name
that He has again enabled me to hear your
words of cheering and comfort at a time when
I, at least, am on the "brink of Jordon."—
See Bunyan's Pilgrim. God in infinite mer
cy grant us soon another meeting on the op
posite shore. I have often passed under the
rad of Him whom I call my Father; and cer
tainly no son ever needed it oftener ; and yet
I have enjoyed much of life, as .1 was enabled
to discover the secret of this somewhat early.
It has been in making the prosperity and
the happiness of others my own; so that re
ally. I have had a great deal of prosperity.—.
I am very prosperous still ; and looking for
ward to a time when " peace on earth and
good will to men," shall everywhere prevail.
I have no murmuring thoughts or envious
feelings to fret my mind. " I'll praise my
Maker with my breath."
Your assurance of the earnest sympathy of
the friends of my native land is very grateful
to my feelings ; and allow me to say a word
of comfort to them :--
As I believe molt firmly that God reigns, I
cannot believe that anything I have done,
su f fered, or may yet su f fer, will be lost to the
cause of God D2' of humanity. And before I
began my work at „Harper's Ferry I felt as
sured that in the worst event it would certain
ly RAY. I often expressed that belief, and
can now see no possible cause to alter my
mind. lam not as yet, in the main at all
disappointed. I have been a good devil dis
appointed, as regards myself, in not keeping
up to my own puin; but 1 noW - ieerontirely
reconciled to that, even, for God's plan was
infinitely better no doubt,i or I should have
kept my own. Had SAMPSON kept to his de
termination of not telling DELILAH wherein
his great strength lay, he would probably
have never have overturned the house. I did
not tell DELILAH, but I was not induced to
act very contrary to my better judgment ; and
I have lost my two noble boys, and other
friends, if not my two eyes.
But " God's will not mine be done." I
feel a comfortable hope that, like that erring
servant of whom I have just been writing,
even I may (through infinite mercy in Jesus
Christ) yet " die in faith." As to both the
time and manner of my death—l have but
very little trouble on that score; and am able
to be (as you exhort) " of good cheer."
I send through you, my best wishes to Mrs.
-- and her son George, and to all dear
friends. May the God of the poor and op-
pressed be the God and Savior of you all.—
Farewell, till we meet again. Your friend
in truth. JOHN BROWN.
There are no purer feelings kindled upon
the altar of human affections than a sis
ter's pure, uncontaminated love for her broth
er. It is unlike all other affections—so dis
connected with selfish sensuality—so femi
nine in its development—dignified, and yet,
withal, so fond and devoted. Nothing can
alter it—nothing can suppress it. The world
may revolve, and its evolutions effect changes
in the fortune, in the character, and in the
disposition of the brother—yet if hnwants,
whose hand will so speedily stretch out as
that of his sister ?. And if his character is
maligned, whose voice will so readily swell
in his advocacy? Next to mother's unquench
able love, a sister's is pre-eminent. It rests
so exclusively on the ties of consanguinity
for its sustenance, it is so wholly divested of
passion, and springs from such a deep recess
in the human bosom, that when a sister once
fondly and deeply regards her brother, thiit
affection is blended with -her existence. In
the annals of crime, it is considered some
thing anomalous to find the hand of a sister
raised in anger against her brother, or her
heart nurturing the seeds of envy, hatged or
revenge, in regard to that brother. , In all af
fections of woman . there is a devotedness which
cannot be properly appreciated by man. In
these regards where the passions are not at
all necessary in increasing the strength of the
affections, more. sincere truth and pure feel
ings may be expected than in, such as are de
pendent upon each other for their duration as
well as their. felicities. A sister's love, i$
this respect, is peculiarly remarkable: There
is no selfish gratification in its out-pourings ;
it lives from the natural impulse, and.person
al charms are not - in . the slightest degree'ne
cessary to its birth or duration.
WORTHY OF RECORIL—The Harrisburg Pa
triot and Union says, within the last two
years the Pennsylvania railroad. company
have carried over two millionS of passengers
upon their raod, and in all that number not
a single one has been killed in the cars. 'Ac
cidents, to be sure, have happened, but they
were either to persons standing on platforms
or attempting to get on or off 'the cars while
in motion. To those who were seated in the
cars not an accident has, in this Vag number
of persons, resulted n death.
A Letter Prom Captain Brown.
A Sister's Love.