The globe. (Huntingdon, Pa.) 1856-1877, October 05, 1859, Image 1

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c itittt ottrxt.
If I die first, dear love,
My mournful soul made free,
Shall sit at Heaven's high portal,
To wait and watch for thee— ,
To wait and watch for thee, love,
And through the deep, dark space
To peer, with human longings,
For thy radiant face.
'Mid all the stars of Heaven,
One only shall I see,
The Earth-star of my passion,
Half Heaven for holding thee—
All Heaven for holding thee, love,
And brightest of the spheres,
]3y thy smile illuminated,
Or liallow'd by thy tears.
If I die first, dear 'ow—
-1 feel that this shall be,
For Heaven will not be Heaven,
Until it's shared with thee—
Until it's shared with thee, love,
I'll linger at the gate,
Or be thy guardian angel,
To teach thee how to wait.
And when thine hour shall come,
And through the yielding night
I see thy happy spirit
Up soaring robed in light
Mine shall go forth to meet thee,
And through fix' eternal door,
Pass in with the rejoicing,
Made one forevermore.
Senator Douglas on Popular Sovereignty
in the Territories.
[From the Lancaster Intelligencer.]
Harper's Monthly Magazine for September
contains an article of nineteen pages entitled
"The Dividing Line between Federal and Lo
cal Authority. Popular Sovereignty in the
Territories. By Stephen A. Douglas. This
is the exposition which has been from time
to time announced from Washington as in
course of preparation by Judge Douglas on
the question which now attracts such a gen
eral attention, and which is supposed to have
an important.. bearing upon the next Presi
dential campaign. 14. Y
The position of Mr. Douglas as a candidate
for the Presidential nomination,. as well as
the distinguished part . which he has taken in
t discussions on the subject of the present
article, gives unusual significance to his opin
ions, at this time, and will lead to. a careful
scrutiny in all quarters. The article before
us is ably written, and presents a concise,
logical, and connected view of the subject
upon which it treats from the earliest period
in our colonial history down to the present
Mr. Douglas states the position of the two
great political parties in this country as fol
The Republican party (he assumes) hold to
the complete power over the question of sla
very in the Territories, in accordance with
the resolution adopted by that party in 1856,
as a part of the Philadelphia platform, which
declared— •
" That the Constitution confers upon Con
gress sovereign power over the Territories of
the United States for their government, and
that in the exercise of this power it is both
the right and the duty of Congress to pro
hibit in the Territories those twin relies of
barbarism, polygamy and slavery."
The Democratic party, Mr, Douglas says it
would be uncandid to deny, is not fully agreed
upon the relative powers of Federal and Ter
ritorial authority over the question of sla
very, and be classes these differences under
three heads:
" Ist, Those who believe that the Constitu
tion of the United States neither establishes
nor prohibits slavery in the States or Territo
ries, beyond the power of the people legally
to control it, but leaves the people thereof
perfectly free to form and regulate their
domestic institutions in their own way, sub
ject only to the Constituticin of the United
§ 4 2d, Those who . believe that the Constitu
tion establishes slavery in the Territories and
withholds from Congress and the Territorial
Legislature the power to control it, and who
I:yinsist that, in the event the Territorial Legis
lature fails to enact the requisite laws for its
-- - -protection, it becomes the imperative duty of
Congress to interpose its authority and afford
such protection.
" 3d, Those who, while professing to be
lieve that the Constitution establishes slavery
the Territories beyond the power, of Con
gress or the Territorial Legislature to control
-:it, at the same time Fotest against Congress
to interfere for its protection, but 'insist that
it,is the duty of the Judiciary to protect and
maintain slavery in the Territories without
any law upon the subject." ,'•
Mr. Douglas, of course, adopts the first of
the above propositions ; and he remarks, after
presenting the various aspects of _the
tion, that— • ,
. ,
." It is difficult to conceive how any person
who believes that the Constitution confers the
right of protection in the enjoyment of slave
property in the Territories, regardless of the
wishes of the people and of the action of the
Territorial Legislature,. can satisfy his con
science and . his oath of fidelity to the Consti
tution in withholding such Congressional leg
islation as may be essential to the enjoyment
of such right under the Constitution. Under
this view of the subject, it is impossible to
resist the conclusion that, if the Constitution
does establish slavery in' the Territories be
yond the power of the people to control it by
Jaw, it is the imperative duty of Congress to
supply all the legislation necessary to its pro ?
tection; and, if this proposition is not true,
it necessarily results that the Constitution
neither establishes nor prohibits 'slavery any
where, but leaves the people of each State.and
Territory entirely free to form and regulate
$1 50
their domestic affairs taluit themselves, with
out the intervention of Congress or any 'other
power whatsoever."
Mr. DouglaS disposes of the argument that
Con g ress may confer upon a Territorial Leg
islature all the powers which itself posseses
by declaring the reverse to be generally true,
that in fact, any subject upon which Congress
may rightly legislate cannot be delegated, but
that it may provide for a Territorial Govern
ment, for a people with whose local and do
mestic affairs it *has no 'power to interfere,
while it may create a Territorial Legislature,
which has full control over all questions of a
local nature, slavery included.
In pointing out and tracing the dividing
line between Federal and local authority, Mr.
Douglas goes back to our Colonial days, show
ing that the complaints of the Colonies were
never directed against the exercise by the
Imperial Government of powers which were
Imperial and not Colonial, but arose from the
fact that their local and domestic rights were
invaded ; that among other wrongs inflicted
upon the Colonies was-the authority given to
introduce slaves against their consent, against
which Virginia and other Colonies remonstra
ted, and passed laws taxinrslaves thus in 7
troduced, which laws were rendered inoper
ative by the order from the Imperial Gov
ernment to the Colonial Governors not to
give their assent to such laws ; that the right
to resist such "unfriendly legislation" was
insisted upon by Virginia and other Colo
nies, and that to this day the Constitution of
Virginia contains a clause, continued from
its original Bill of Rights, declaring that One
of the reason's for separating from Great
Britain was " the inhuman use of the royal
negative in refusing us [the Colony of Vir
ginia] permission to- exclude. slaVery from us
by law."
Wre have not space to follow the argument,
which is designed throughout to prove that
all legislation upon local and domestic ques
tions belongs not to Congress, but to the -Ter
ritorial Legislatures ; that such was the uni
form understanding in the early period of
our history ; that the " new States," as they
were then called, instead of Territories, pos
sessed the same control of their domestic af
fairs as the old, and that at no time has that
right been parted with or alienated to the
Federal Government.
Passin g to a review of the opinion of the
Supreme Court in the Bred Scott case, he de
nies that their is anything in that ()Pinion to
justify : tlWdeclaration that the'Constitution
carries "slivery into' all the Territories, but he
" if the proposition be true 'that the Con
stitution establishes slavery in the Territo
ries beyond the poiver.of . .the people legally
to control it, another result, not Jess startling,
and from which there is no escape, must in
evitably follow. The Constitution is uniform
`everywhere within the dominions of the
United States =is the same in Pennsylvania
as in Kansas—and if it be true, as stated by
the President in - his special message to Con
gress, that slavery exists in Kansas by vir
tue of the' Constitution of the United States,'
and that Kansas is therefore at this moment
as much a slave State as Georgia or South
Carolina,' why does it not exist in Penn
sylvania by virtue of the same Constitu
tion ?"
We do not deem it necessary to go more
at length into a statement of the position
maintained by Mr. Douglas, and with much
force and ability. The, whole matter is
summed up at the close in the following lan
"This exposition of the history of these
measures shows conclusively that the authors
of the Compromise Measures of 1850, and of
the Kansas-Nebraska Act of 1854, as well
as the members of the Continental Congress
in 1774, and the founders of our system of
government subsequent to the Revolution,
regarded the people of the Territories and
Colonies as political communities which were'
entitled to a free and exclusive power of
legislation in their Provincial Legislatures,
where there representation could...alone be
preserved, in all cases of taxation and inter
nal policy. This right pertains to the people
collectively as a law-abiding and. peaceful
community, and to the isolated individuals
who may wander upon the public domain
in violation of law.
" It can only be exercised where•there are
inhabitants sufficient to constitute a govern
ment, and capable of performing its various
functions and duties—a fact to be ascertained
and determined by Congress. Whether the
number shall be fixed at ten, fifteen, or twen
ty thousand . inhabitants, does not affect the
principle. The principle under our political
system is, that every distinct political com
munity, loyal to the Constitution and the
Union, is entitled to all the rights, privileges,,
and immunities of self-government in respect
to their local concerns and internal polity,
subject only to the Constitution of the United
'-FOLLY or PRIDE.—Take some quiet, sober
moment of life, and add together the two ideas
of pride and man ; behold him, creature of a
span, stalking through infinite space in all
the grandeur of littleness. Perched on a
speck of the universe, every wind of j ai Lyen
strikes into his blood and the col d s of
death ; his soul floats from his body like mel
ody from the string; day and night, as dust
on the wheel, he is rolled along the heavens,
through a labyrinth of worlds, and all the
creations of God are flaming above and be
neath. Is this a creature to make for himself
a crown of glory, to deny his own flesh, to
mock at his fellow, sprung from the dust to
which both will soon return? Does the proud
man not err ? Does he not suffer ? Does he
not die ? When ho reasons, is he never stop
ped by difficulties? When he acts, is be
never tempted by pleasure T When he lives,
is he free from pain ? When he dies, calf
he escape the common grave ? Pride is not
the heritage of man ; humility should dwell
with frailty, and atone for ignorance, error
and imperfection.—Sidney Smith.
Vir A married lady being asked to waltz;
gave the following appropriate answer : "No,
thank you, sir—l have just as much hugging
at homo as I can attend to."
' •
11, , .. ,
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A Young Wife bies Broken Hearted.
In the Obituary department of the Journal,
published at Palmer,
Mass., we find the fol
loWing announcement : • -
"Dran.-71Anr, aged 20, wife of Do Witt Clinton Pad 4.-
ard, of Providence, it. I."
. In the editorial column there is a sad and
touching story, relating to the announcement
which we annex below. It is a lesson from
the tomb, to the young and thoughtless, and
told so eloquently, that it cannot fail to make
an impression for good on readers of every
age. It says :
" In another column we record the death
of a young lady who died of a broken heart.
We do not like to trespass upon the sacred
ness of domestic grief, to unfold the details of
her sad story; but when the privacy of Olio tion -
becomes public feeling, it is not improper for
the Press to place the events on record. It
is not necessary to repeat names or relate mi
nute particulars. It is enough that we draw
the outlines of a picture for the reader to
paint with appropriate colors. Many months
ago, in the neighboring town of Belehertown,
a young man sought and received the prom
ise of the hand of a young lady, whose home
was in the lap of luxury, whose mental and
personal attractions made all pleasant around
her. Like too many confiding ones of her
sex, she trusted man's unhallowed promise
and yielded all to him. From that hour he
estranged himself from her, and removed to a
distant State. When it became evident that
he had exposed himself to the penalty of the
law, at the request of her friend he returned
to her to fulfill the vows he had long before
made. They were married in one' of those
hasty, unceremonious ways, which occupy
but little time . or attention. Late in the eve
ning they returned to her father's house,
where he left her in the street, promising to
return in a short time. But that promise
was never fulfilled. She wrote to him, anal
received encouragement that he would soon
provide a home for her, but delay followed
delay, till her letters and.entrea ties were'un
heeded and unanswered. At length a pledge
of woman's love for her husband came into
the world to open new fountains of affection
to the young wife. Still the husband and
father came not.
" The mother. recovered from confinement;
but 'after repeated letters to her husband
found no answer, the' idea that she was de
serted by him, forced itself upon her, and she
gave way to despondency and despair. The
'child, partaking of its mother's grief, soon
died. There was nothing that She could live
for now; and though suffering from no dis
ease; she sank upon a dying bed. Then the
- ssvift - . 3ving of lightning bore to the distant
husband:the intelligence that she was dying.
lie still hesitated, but at length set out to
meet his expiring wife. ' Conscious that her
hours were few, she only wished to live long
enough to see her husband ; he was still all
to her. ller last words to her friends were :
' Tell him that I still love him—that I died
for him.' When evening shadowed the earth
the husband came. As he approached the
bedside of his injured wife, he was recognized,
and the words ' He's come,' burst from her
lips. Already had the wing of the death an
gel cast its shadow over that dwelling, and
she was entering the dimness of the dark val
ley. Next morning, in that room, lay the
corpse of a beautiful young wife, on which
the husband had looked for the last time, and
" Last Sabbath afternoon, the funeral of
the young wife took place under her father's
roof. Her neighbors and friends to the num
ber of five hundred, were present ; but the
husband who had left her to die for him was
not there. A deeply affecting address was
made by her former pastor, and just as the
sun was sinking behind the western hills,
four young ladies of her acquaintance, clad
in garments of white, bore her to a grave in
the garden, where the green turf was laid
gently over her. . Such is the story of one
who died broken ' hearted. The grave is a
quiet place for the injured wife, but where in
all the world can there be peace for him.who
could thus bring sorrow and death upon her?
The story has its moral, but we -will leave
the reader to ; it is full of warning,
and we leave the young to heed it.
• When we think of the glowing woods and
purple lights and. mists of October, it seems
impossible that the analysis and description
of this month's work can be contained in
meager words and uninteresting narrative.—
No month is so full of rich and varied at
tractions, and none offer gratification, and sat
isfaction to the diverse tastes of so many ad
Theoretically, October should be a - sad
mouth, for then the harvests are mostly gath
ered in, the fields are bare of the Summer's
verdure, the woods in the first stages of leafy
deCay, the birds gone or going to more genial
climates, the garden' rusty and full of seedy
or frost-stricken flowers; everything telling
of the departure of genial Summer and. the
approach of chill Winter.
How opposite to this is the truth ! Now.
the farmer's heart overflows with the con
sciousness of his wealth. The rent-roll of the
largest land-owner, the stocks and bonds of
the richest broker, the ships and warehouses
of the most princely merchant, can never give
their owners such an overflowing and conten
ted feeling of well-rewarded labor, as the
crowded barns and granaries, and well-:stock
ed linters and folds give the farmer, Ile has
labored hard through the Summer's heat, has
cast many and anxious glances at the clouds
and winds, has listened with strained ear for
the creaking of ponderous wagons loaded
with hay, as his experienced eye reads the
threats in the gathering clouds. But now
under his own roof are gathered the accumu
lated and condensed rays of the sun and
breaths of Summer zephyrs ; the earth's fat
ness and its increase have contributed to make
him rich. As he stands on his •barn floor
with thelast rays of the sun just gilding the
Contented faces - of the cattle, enjoyitig their
evening meal or chewing their cud, and hears
the rhythmical beating of the milk on the
empty pails,- or its muffled sound as the rapid
stream is lost in foam, harmonizing with the
October's Harvests.
quiet cooings of pigeons, or the occasional
drowsy remonstrance of some hen or chick
crowded on the well-filled roost, his heart
cannot fail to overflow with gratitude and
thanksgiving for God's goodness and nature's
bounties. The undeniable signs of wealth
on all sides give him more positive satisfac
tion than any less tangible property can awa
ken in its owner. The miser to enjoy his
hoard must lock his door and think the gold
pieces together, else half his pleasure is want
ing. Bare ownership 'never rewards men ;'
the reward is in seeing the possession and
showing it to others. The well-filled crib,
the high-piled hay-stack or bay, the low of
sleek cattle, the peaceful bleat of sheep, all
reiterate in tones unmistakable to us and to
our neighbors, our prospdrity and thrift, and
bear constant witness to our Summer's work.
Go to a farmer at such a time if you wish
him to contribute to any worthy cause, and
you will scarcely be refused.
And it is not the farmer only that October
cheers and delights. To the eyes of all who
love nature, it offers, not decay and death,
but a rich display of her choicest beauties.
Every tree is now decked in its most glowing
attire; it seems as though all the sun's warmth
and the earth's rich fatness had been collec
ted and absorbed, only to be returned infi
nitely increased and improved. The air feels
its duties enlarged, and is changed into blue
and purple mists, that envelope all the hills
and fill the valleys. Nothing is as it was.—
The hedge-rows that all Summer long have
been the home of the catbird and the thrush,
and whose floral beauties have hidden their
heads in the thick verdure and shadow from
the too ardent caresses of the sun, are now
radiant with the, yellow golden-rod and the
purple aster ;in the brown meadows these
flowers are almost put to shame by the rare
blue of the gentain. Rising froth the mead
ows through these flower-mists of asters and
golden-rods, gaining 'intensity of color as it
reaches the birches, maples, chestnuts and
oaks, blended together and yet made more
brilliant by the purple atmosphere, the spirit
of beauty in color grows more and more won
derful and magnificent, till the splendors of
the earth rival those of the sunset. It seems
as if a consciousness of the long sleep of
Winter, now near at hand, had roused the
material world to show its gratitude to its
Lord and Master for his constant care and.
kindness—for the gentle rains and winds of
Spring—for the hot and stimulating suns of
Summer—for the bounteous harvests of Au
tumn—into one resounding hallelujah, in
whose song the voice of the smallest flower
is not lost, though blended with the mighty
tones of forest and mountain.
-I- His-heart must•be dead who can walk the
woods and fields now, careless or unconscious
of the beauty around him.
The harvest of the farmer is nearly over,
and although
" Like coals of fire the apples
Glow among the withered leaves,"
he has little more to look for. But now is the
very high noon of the harvest of beauty, which
beginning for the true lover of nature in the
violet and May-flower of the Spring, has been
constantly swelling by brook and river, in the
deep valley and up the hill-sides, all Summer
long, till now its fully ripened field is spread
out over every inch of the earth's surface,
and only waits the sickle of the reapers, who
may cut and store away in their memories
seed-grain Which shall feed their minds in all
the years to come, and growing and swelling
in them, shall make them fit to participate in
all the bounties that God so lavishly pours
upon his children through nature.
Among the thousands of marvelous inven
tions which American genius has produced,
within the last few years, are the following,
compiled in an abstract from the Patent Of
fice Report. Read them over, then say if
you can, that there is nothing new under the
The report explains - the principle of the
Robb lock. Its " unpickability" depends
upon'a secondary or false set of tumblers,
which prevent instruments used in picking,
from reaching the real ones. Moreover, the
lock is powder proof, and may be loaded
through the key-hole and. fired off till the
burglar is tired of his fruitless work,'or fears
that the explosions will bring to view his ex
periments more witnesses than he desires.
,and shutters have been patented
that cannot be broken through with either
pick or sledge-hammer. The burglar's "oc
cupation's gone."
A harpoon is described which makes the
whale kill himself. The more he pulls the
line, the deeper goes the harpoon.
An ice-making machine has been paten
ted, which is worked by a steam-engine. In
an experimental trial, it froze several bottles
of sherry, and produced blocks of ice the size
of a cubic foot when the thermometer was up
to eighty degrees. It is calculated that for
every ton of coal put into the furnace, it will
make a ton of ice.
From Dr. Dale's examiner's report, we
gather some idea of the value of patents. A
man who had made a slight improvement in
straw-cutters, took a model of his machine
through the Western States, and after a tour
of eight months, returned with forty thousand
dollars. Another man had a machine to
thrash and clean grain, which in fifteen months
he sold for sixty thousand dollars.' These are
ordinary cases--,while such inventions as the
telegraph, the planing machine, and India.
rubber patents, are worth millions each.
Examiner Lane's report describes new elec
trical inventions. Among these is an electri
cal whaling apparatus, by which the whale is
literally "shocked to- death." Another is an
electric-magnetic alarm which rings bells and
displays signals in case of fire and burglars.
Another is an electric clock, which wakes you
up, tells you what time it is, and lights a
lamp for you at any hour you please.
There is a "sound gatherer, " sort of huge
trumpet, to be placed in frontof a locomotive,
bringing to the engineer's ear all the noise
ahead; perfectly distinct, notwithstanding the
noise of the train.
There is an invention that picks up pins
from a confused heap, turns them around,
A List of Wonders.
Editor and Proprietor.
with their heads up, and sticks them in pa
pers in regular rows.
Another goes'through the whole process of
cigar making : taking in leaves and turning
out finished cigars:
One machine cuts cheese; another scours
knives and forks; another rocks the cradle ;
and seven or eight take in washing and iron
There is a parlor chair patented that can
not be tipped. back on two legs, and a rail
way chair that can be tipped back in any po
sition without any legs at all.
Another patent is for a machine that counts
passengers in an omnibus and take their fares.
When a very fat gentleman gets in, it counts
two and charges double.
There are a variety of guns patented that
load themselves, a fishing line that adjusts its
own bait, and a rat trap that throws away
the rat, and then baits itself and stands in
the corner for another.
There is a machine also, by which a man
prints, instead of writes, his thoughts. It is
played like a piano-forte. And speaking of
pianos, it is estimated that nine thousand are
made every year giving constant employment
to one thousand nine hundred persons, and
costing over two millions of dollars.
Counsel to the Young
Never be cast down by trifles. If a spider
breaks his web twenty times, twenty times,
will he mend it. Make up your minds to do
a thing, and you will do it. Fear not if trouble
comes upon you; keep up your spirits, though
the day may be a dark one—
Troubles never last forever,
The darkest day will pass away
If the sun is going down, look up to the
stars ; if the earth is dark, keep your eyes on
heaven. With God's presence and God's
promise, a man or child may be cheerful.
Never despair when fog's in the air,
A sunshiny morning will come without warning!
Mind what you run after ! Never be con
tent with a bubble that will burst ' • or a fire
wood that will end in smoke and darkness ;
but that which you can keep, and which is
worth keeping.
Something startling that will stay
When gold and silver fly away.
Fight hard against a hasty temper. Anger
will come, but resist it strongly. A spark
may set a house on fire. A fit of passion may
give you cause to mourn all the days of your
life. Never revenge an injury.
He that revenge' knows no rest;
The meek possess a peaceful breast.
If you have an enemy, act kindly to him,
and make him your friend. You may not
win him over at once, but try again. Let
one kindness be followed by another till you
have compassed your end. By little and by
little great things are completed.
Water falling day by day,
Wears the hardest rock away.
And so repeated kindness will soften a
heart of stone.
Whatever you do, do it willingly. A boy
that is whipped at school never learns his les
son well. A man that is compelled to work
cares not how badly it is performed. He
who pulls off his coat cheerfully, strips up
his clothes in earnest, and sings while he
works, is the man for me—
A cheerful spirit gots on quick ;
A grumbler in tho mud will stick
Evil thoughts are worse enemies than lions
and tigers, for we can get out of the way of
wild beasts—but bad thoughts win their way
everywhere. Keep your heads and hearts
full of good thoughts, that bad thoughts may
not find room—
Be on your guard, and strive and pray, •
To drive all evil thoughts away.
Tito Overflowing Cup
A company of Southern ladies were one
day assembled in a friend's parlor, when
the conversation chanced to turn upon earth-,
ly affliction. Bach had her story of peculiar
trial and bereavement to relate, except one
pale, sad looking woman,, whose lusterless
eye and dejected air showed that she was a
prey to the deepest melancholy. Suddenly
arousing herself, she said, in a hollow voice,
" Not one of you know what trouble is."
"Will you please, Mrs. Gray," said the
kind voice of a lady who well knew her story,
" tell the ladies what you call trouble ?"
"I will, if you desire," she replied, " for
I have seen it. My parents possessed a com
petence, and my girlhood was surrounded
with all the comforts of life. I seldom knew
an ungratified wish, and was always gay and
light-hearted. I married at nineteen one I
loved more than all the world besides. Our
home was -retired, but the sunlight never fell
on a lovelier one, nor a happier household,
Years rolled on peacefully. Five children
sat around our table, and a little curly head
still nestled in my bosom. One night about
sundown, one of those fierce black storms
came on, which are so common in our South
ern climate. For many hours the rain poured
down incessantly. Morning dawned, still
the elements raved. The little stream near
our dwelling became a raging torrent. Be
fore we were aware of it, our house was sur
rounded by water. I managed with my babe
to reach, a little elevated spot, on which a
few wide spreading trees were standing,
whose dense foliage afforded somo protection,
while my husband and sons strove to save
what they could of our property. At last a
fearful surge swept away my husband, and
ho never rose again. Ladies no one ever
loved a husband more—but that was not
trouble I
" Presently my sons saw their danger, and
the struggle for life became the only consit
oration. They were brave loving boys as
ever blessed a mother's heart, and I watched
their efforts to escape with such agony as
only mothers can feel. They .were so far off
that I could not speak to them, but I could'
sec them closing nearer to each other as their
little island grew smaller and smaller.
The sullen river raged around the huge
trees, dead branches, upturned trunks, wrecks
of houses, drowning cattle, masses of rubbish,
all went floating past us. My boys waved
their hands to me, then pointed upwards. I
knew it was a farewell signal, and you moth
ers, cannot imagine my anguish. I saw
them all perish, and yet that was not trouble!
"I hugged my babe close to my heart, and
when the water rose to my feet I climbed into
the low branches of the tree, and, so kept re
tiring from it, until an All Powerful Hand
stayed the waves, that they should come no
further. I was saved. All my worldly pos
sessions were swept away ; all my earthly
hopes blighted—yet that was not trouble I
" My baby was all that I had left on earth.
I labored day and night to support him and
myself, and sought to train him in the right
way ; but as he grew older, evil companions
won him away from me. He ceased to care
for his mother's counsel's ; he would sneer
at her entreaties and agonizing prayers. He
left my humble roof that he might be unres
trained in the pursuit of evil ; and at last,
when heated. by wine one night, he took the
life of a fellow-being and ended his own upon
the scaffold. My heavenly Father had filled.
my 'cup of sorrow before, but now it ran over.
THAT WAS TROUBLE, ladies, such as I hope
His mercy will spare you from ever experl.
There was not a dry eye among her listen
ers, and the warmest sympathy was expres
sed for the bereaved mother, whose sad his
tory has taught them an useful lesson.
NO, 15,
Popular Sovereignty---Judge Douglas as
its Expounder.
[From the Vermont Patriot.]
We consider that the Democratic) party is
irretrievable committed to the doctrine of
Popular Sovereignty. Popular Sovereignty
was incorporated into the Cincinnati platform
and it is too late for the party to retreat from
it if it would. It is to-day the strong link of
Democracy, and to sever it would be to de,
stroy the party North. We regard this doc
trine as in all future time to be the doctrine
of the Democratic party. It is the ultimate
settlement of the slavery question, and leaves
it where it ought to have been left at first—.
with the people.
Stephen A. Douglas stands forth to-day as
the great expounder of this doctrine. He has
stood by it in its original meaning and inter
pretation as it was incoporated in the Kan
sas-Nebraska bill. He has manfully resisted
all attempts to alter or prevent that interpre
tation. No matter how strong the blows, or
how powerful the assailants, ho has never
flinched from the contest that imperiled the
principle of Popular Sovereignty. He has
been faithful to himself and to the country.
He would not allow his motives to be im
peached or the country to be defrauded. He
is the representative statesman of the age—
frank and honest in the expression of his
views, and fearless in their defence. It is for
this reason that we prefer Stephen A. Doug
las as the candidate for the Presidency. By
his Course he has endeared himself to the
people, and there is no other man in our
opinion who would bring so much popular
enthusiasm to his support. We do not, in
deed, "pin our faith to the sleeve of any one
man." There are other men, good and true,
in the Democratic ranks—men of talent, pop
ularity, and unquestioned Democracy—who
could urge no mean claim to the support of
the party. We might mention many dis
tinguished names, but this is not necessary.
It is sufficient ground for our preference, that
as we have stated, we believe no candidate
would arouse as much personal enthusiasm
as Mr. Douglas,
Hon. John R. Sharpstein, editor of the.
Milwaukee News, who was in Chicago when
Senator Douglas arrived, and saw the eager
movement of the people towards him to wel
come him, says :
" Ile (Douglas) holds a place in the affec
tions of the masses which no man has held
since the days of General Jackson. The peo
ple are guided in such matters by their in
stincts. which are seldom wrong and always
efficient." He has boldly proclaimed his prin
ciples, and the people know that he will abide
by them. It is his boldness that inspires them,
with confidence in him, and it will ensure him
success hereafter as it has done heretofore.
When a man is seeking merely for temporary
success, and is trimming his sails solely for
the purpose of catching the popular breeze,,
it is well enough for him to be cautious, and
to observe the movement of the straws before
he plunges into the current; but when he
has discovered a living principle which ho
knows is right and true, then he must not
wait to feel and sound other men's minds or
see how it takes with them ; he should pro
claim it at once. Just so with Douglas on the
slavery question. His principle of popular
sovereignty is the only one which can settle
it satisfactorily, and the people all know it.
Now and then we find an abstractionist or a
fool who assails it; but as a general rule ev
ery man we meet assents to the correctness
of the doctrine—in other words, the princi
ple is so clear and plain that it has now be
come a political axiom. The more it is at
tacked, the more it is discussed, the stronger
will be its hold on the popular mind, and of
course so much the stronger will Douglas bo
with the people. There is no danger of his
injuring *himself by writing letters or making
speeches. His position is already well un
derstood and generally app . roved, ✓ so that in
his speeches and letters, he simply elaborates,
explains and illustrates it by arguments which
strike home to the hearts and judgments of
the people. Ile will thus grow stronger eve
ry day until 1860, when he will lead the De
mocracy in the great contest, and achieve a
complete and glorious victory over sectional
A POINTED SERMON.—Many a discourse of
an hour's length is not' half as good as the
following from an eccentric English divine:
" Be sober, grate, temperate."—Titus ii, O.
1. There are three companions with whom,
you, should always keep on good toms :
2. Your wife.
3. Your stomach,
4. Your conscience.
5. If you wish to enjoy peace, long life,
and happiness, preserve them by temperance.
Intemperance produces
6. Domestic misery.
7. Premature death.
8. Infidelity.
To make :these points clear_• I refer you,
9. To the Newgate Calendar.
10. To the hospitals, lunatic asylums, and
11. To the past experience- of what you
have seen, read, and suffered, in mind, body,
and estate.
Reader, decide ! which will you choose ?"
—Temperance, with happiness and long life;
or intemperance with misery and premature
death ?
De?" A young lady whose name was Patty,
being addressed by a Mr. Cake, accepted him
on the condition that he would change his
name, declaring that she would never consent
to be called a "patty cnke."
Iter The man who travels at thousand
miles in a thousand hours, may be tolerably
quick-footed; but he isn't a touph to the
woman who keeps up with the fashions,
The People are fox Him.