The globe. (Huntingdon, Pa.) 1856-1877, December 08, 1858, Image 2
M==M THE HUNTINGDON GLOBE, A DEMOCRATIC FAMILY JOURNAL, DEVOTED TO LOCAL AND GENERAL NEWS, &C. THE GLOBE. Cirenlation—Me largest in Me county I:OIITrifUTICE:IDOTI 1?,.A. Wednesday, December 8, 1858. LANKS ! BLANKS ! BLANKS ! coNsTAnr.rs SALES, lATTAMT EXECUTIONS, ATTACHMENTS, EXECUTIONS, SUMMONS, DEEDS, SUBPCIENAS, MORTGAGES, SCHOOL ORDERS, JUDGMENT NOTES. LEASES FOR HOUSES, NATURALIZATION IPICS., COMMON BONDS, JUDGMENT BONDS, ARItAis.;TS, FEE BILLS, NOTES, with a waiver of the S3OO Law. JUDGMENT NOTES. with a waiver of the 5300 Law. ARTICLES OF AGREEMENT, with Teachers. MARRIAGE CERTIFICATES, for Justices of the Peace and Ministers of the Gospel. COMPLAINT, WARRANT. and COMMITMENT, in case of Assault and Battery, and Affray. SCIERE FACIA& to recover amount of Judgment. COLLECTORS' RECEIPTS, for State, County, School, Borough and Township Taxes. Printed on superior paper. and for sale at the Office of the HUNTINGDON GLOBE. BLANKS, of every description. printed to order, neatly, at short notice, and on good Paper. WILL BE TAKEN AT THIS OFFICE, in pay ment for subscriptions, if delivered soon— Good dry wood, wheat, corn, buckwheat and potatoes. Notice, by John Brewster. Xvb 51000 Loan, by Town Council. .+l3 - - Stray Steer, by Brison llouck. AZ"- Teachers' Institute, by County Superintendent The News The Democratic State Convention of Vir ginia have nominated Hon. John Letcher as the successor to Gov. Wise. The Gettysburg (Pa.) Railroad has been fin ished and the locomotive entered that bor ough for the first time, on Friday the 26th ult. The tax levy in New York city for 1858 amounted to $8,620,926 72, and the amount already paid is $6,968,687 01, leaving $l,- 652,239 71 yet to be collected. The Senate of the Mississippi Legislature has passed a bill prohibiting, after the Ist of January next, the circulation of bank notes of $2O and under. The report of the coinage of the United States Mint, for the month of November, shows that there were coined $304,135 of gold, principally of double eagles. The sil ver coinage was $550,000, the whole of which was , in half and quarter dollar pieces, with the exception of $lOO,OOO, which was in dimes, half dimes and three cent pieces. Two and a half millions of cents of the val ue of $25,000 were coined. The whole num ber of pieces coined 5,608, 838 of the value of $879,135. The deposits for the month were $382,770 in gold, and $227,720 in sil ver bullion and purchases. The journey from Philadelphia to Chicago by the Pennsylvania Central and Pittsburgh and Fort Wayne Railroad, now occupies but thirty-six hours, and but one change of cars, at Pittsburgh, is necessary. We understand, in a few days, such arrangements will be ef fected as to render even this change unneces sary, and this route will then form the long est and most complete uninterrupted railway route in the world. Those who traveled it, speak in the highest terms of its superiority. The conflict between the Government of Aargau and the Catholic Church, respecting the proclamation of mixed marriages (be tween Catholics and Protestants) in Catholic Churches, has been settled by a compromise, the Pope having authorized the parish priests to publish the bans of all such marriages, on condition that in the publication no mention be made of the difference of religion, and that in the certificates of publication it be remarked that, "with the exception of the difference of creed, there is no other obstacle to the conclusion of the marriage." Our Banking System In noticing the recent movement in New York, looking to the introduction of many important reforms into the Banking system of that State, the Doylestown, Democrat, truly say " Before the banks in existence in this country can answer the legitimate end of their creation, they must undergo a radical change in their organization. There must be a limit placed upon their:circulation, and not to he allowed, as now, to extend their accom dations to an unlimited extent. They have it iu their power to create a panic at pleas ure, and always will have, so long as conduc ted as at present. Like individuals, they must be compelled to do business within their means, and not to be allowed to issue their promises to pay to four or five times their ability to pay. Were we to give our pa per for four times the amount of our means, we would soon lose our reputation and the confidence of the community, and justly so. If this rule is a good one when applied to in dividual citizens, it certainly ought to be good when applied to the transactions of six. or twelve men doing a business under a char ter. Should banks be treated with any more favor than individuals ? We think not.— While their issues should be limited more strictly than at present, they should also be compelled to keep a greater amount of specie in their vaults. At best, their notes are but the representatives of value, but if there is no bullion on hand to pay with, they repre sent nothing. There is hardly a bank in the Union able to pay its debts to day, if called upon, for the reason that their notes in circu lation greatly exceed the specie in their vaults. An individual doing this kind of business would be considered bankrupt; and why not judge a corporation by the same rule ? Can any man answer ?" ~ Iter See advertisement of Prof. Wood's Hair Restorative in another column. Congress Congress met on Monday for the short session, closing on the 4th of March. The President's message is very lengthy and im portant. We give a few abstracts this week —in our nest we shall endeavor to give the message in full. THE KANSAS QUESTION The President in his annual message opens by congratulating the country on the contrast of the agitation which existed in Kansas a year ago, with the peace and quiet which now prevails ; he refers to the Lecompton Constitution and re-affirms his position on that subject, and thinks that if Kansas had been admitted with that Constitution the same quiet would have been secured at an earlier day. Being perfectly willing to ac quiesce in any other constitutional mode of settlement he signed Mr. English's bill, and probably when Kansas again applies for ad mission she will hare the population required by that bill. He goes at length into the sub ject, and recommends the passage of a gen eral law, so that no new State shall be ad mitted unless she has a population sufficient to entitle her to one representative. UTAII ArTAIRs Ile congratulates Congress on the settle ment of the Utah affair without the effusion of blood. He compliments the officers of the army there, and expresses satisfaction with the course of Gov. Cummings, and honorably mentions Col. Kane. TUE RIGHT or SEARCII-CENTRAL AMERICA He congratulates the country on the aban donment of the right of search by Great Britain, and in reference to Central America says, "that negotiations are still progressing, and he has not yet abandoned the hope of success." lie refers to what was stated at the last session of Congress in that connec tion, and that his views on the subject of the Isthmus routes accord with the policy here tofore announced by Mr. Cass. His only desire is to keep the routes open, and he desires no other privilege for the Uni ted States than we expect other nations to enjoy, but will not consent that they be closed by the imbecility of nations which reside near these. He regrets that the Nicaragua route has been closed, and speaks of the ne cessity of enforcing our claims against Costa Rica and Nicaragua. OUR GOVERNMENT AND MEXICO. rle speaks of Mexico as in a condition of civil war, with scarcely any hope of restora tion to a permanent government. lle refers to the causes which led to a rupture of the diplomatic relations there, and speaks well of Mr. Forsyth's efforts. If not for the hope of obtaining justice from the liberals, which now appear approaching to power, he would recommend the taking possession of a por tion of Mexico, sufficient to indemnify us for all our claims and grievances. In the north of Mexico, bordering our territory, there are other considerations which claim attention. We are interested in the peace of that neigh borhood. Lawless Indians enter our settle ments in Arizona, and there. seems to be no other way that this difficulty can be removed than in establishing military posts in Sonora and Chihuahua, and recommends that this be done, regarding Mexico as in a state of imbecility and anarchy. DIFFICULTIES WITH SPAIN As to Spain, he refers to the causes which delayed the appointment of a successor to Mr. Dodge, and says that Mr. Preston will go out with powers to settle the difficulties with Spain, if possible. ACQUISITION OF CUBA lie says that Cuba ought to belong to us, and recommends that steps be taken for its purchase. As we acquire all new territory by honorable negotiation, this should not be an exception. • • TEM TARIFF. He re-affirms his former opinions in favor of specific duties on certain articles, and sub mits the whole tariff question to Congress. PACIFIC RAILROAD, lie calls attention to the Pacific Railroad and refers to the overland mails as showing the practicability of the route. Among other subjects he reiterates the recommendation to establish a territorial government for Arizo na. The Farming Interest, the Leading One. It is customary, says the Pittsburgh _Press, to rank the great industrial interests in this wise : The Commercial, Manufacturing and Agricultural. And in this order the care of Government is generally dispensed for the development and protection of our great in terests. Statesmen and politicians, except some of the South, generally place Agricul ture in the subordinate position ! There is no wilder or wider mistake. The Farmer is our Master. Ire carries in his pocket the keys of the public prosperity. When things go well with the Farmer, when his crops are abundant and hiegranaries have not been exhausted before new stores come to be housed, then all will be found to be well with Commerce and Mannfactures. We might produce and multiply proofs of the - truth of this proposition, but we state it and defy contradiction. And, of course, the opposite is true. When the Farmer is unsuccessful, when he has no surplus to sell, no heavy crops to send to market, employing our [ steamboats, or railroads and ships, down runs everything else,—money grows scarce, labor languishes, and we have commercial crises, as they aro called, which are but crises of the Farmer's ill-success. A Com mercial crisis that springs from any other cause is unnatural, and if a wholesome con dition of the Agricultural interest exists at the same time, its counteracting influence soon corrects the evil. We have a striking exemplification of this in the "Commercial Crisis" of 1857. That disaster, we maintain, was unnatural and avoidable, and in all its consequences of ruin to merchants, and distress to labor, is due to the wild and gross mismanagement of New York Banks and New York Importers and Jobbers. It occurred, however, when the Farmer was full-handed and prosperous, when a second consecutive year of abun dance had filled the granaries, and lo ! in a few months, Bank Resumption followed.— Merchants who were broken, resumed their payments, and yet no change whatever was perceptible in the general condition of the country, and only the tainted New York Banks had been wiped out, and the impov erished remainder strengthened by accumu lations of specie. Any one capable of look ing intelligently into this subject, will be at no loss to supply the explanation. The Far mer is our master, and he happened to be in a condition to furnish the restoratives. There should boa change in the popular estimation of the comparative importance of the great interests of this country,—Agricul ture,- Manufactures, and Commerce would be the true classification. The last is but the child and dependent of the first two, and the first is the Life of the twain. EDUCATIONAL BY TBE COUNTY SUPERINTENDENT. District Secretaries are entitled to the "School Journal," which contains all new decisions from the Department at Harrisburg; and it is supposed that all Secretaries in this county are receiving it. The late decisions relating to the employment of teachers, the new form of blank certificate and affidavit, and other regulations, are highly important to the Boards of Directors. It is expected that the Secretaries will keep the Boards in formed on all new decisions of importance ; but it is feared that such is not the case in a few districts. Some recent developements indicate difficulties arising from a neglect of this duty, where no possible necessity exists for it, but where a considerable misspent time is required to adjust an illegal proceeding. If each Board would obtain a copy for its President, it would doubtless prove an ad vantage, and in many instances, be a great saving of time. But few teachers in this county receive or read the Journal. Men— teachers will refuse to take the Journal, and then come three or four times to Huntingdon, at a loss of time and expense, and go away disappointed, all for a want of the very in formation given in the "Official Department of Penna. School Journal." This publica tion not only contains legal decisions, but in formation highly valuable to every teacher who is not determined to belong to the stand still school, and oppose every improvement, as a needless innovation. If the question were asked me, Why do not the teachers of Huntingdon county read the Journal? I could not answer it. Its usefulness has been acknowledged by every Institute, and it has been recommended in every district. Will not the teachers of this county consider the ' matter anew, and raise a club in every dis trict ? Let, us all begin anew with the ap proaching new year. EXTRACTS FROM MT' NOTE BOOK. Warriorsmark District, Dec. Um-Bot tom School, James E. Wilson, teacher. Fifty scholars in attendance. Order good—a uni formity of class books, with the exception of grammars. The school is supplied with maps, charts and apparatus, to the amount of fifty two dollars, at the expense (f the teacher. The system of instruction is good. The house and its conveniences are only middling. The Gnoe School.—Jno. T. Dopp, teacher. Forty scholars. The general attendance good. Order in school, good—a uniformity of hooks, except arithmetic& Geography and grammar are not studied. The house is third class—the teacher's qualifications good. The araSier School.—Martin Funk, teach er. Forty-six scholars—general attendance good—the house middling. The scholars are studious—four study grammar—twenty arith metic. All exercise with the outline maps. The school is furnished with Pelton's Outline Maps, Colton's Geographical Charts, Osgood's Cards, Geometrical Solids, Sander's Elocu tionary Chart, Chirographic Charts, Astro nomical Apparatus, &c.; and all at the ex pense of the teacher. Mr. Funk is an excel lent teacher. Cross Roads Sch.ooZ, Dee. 2.—D. B. Biddle, teacher. Forty-seven scholars—general at tendance middling—house second class, but furnished with maps and cards by the teach er—has an extensive blackboard. Order in school good—vocal music is taught in the school. A cheerful compliance to regulations and to study. Mr. Biddle is improving. May his teach ing like his flute, gain the praise from the company. Tfrarriorsmark Max School.—Levi Cla baugb, teacher, Miss Kate Rider, assistant. Seventy-five scholars—attendance good. Or der in school good, hut out of school other wise. A uniformity of class books. The house good. The higher branches are taught in the school. - Union School.—Samuel Hannah, teacher. Sixty-five scholars. Order good—house poor —entirely inadequate to the wants of the school—general attendance good. The schol ars are cheerful and studious. A uniformity of class books. Mr. Hannah is a good teach er, and entitled to our kindest regards in his arduous task. The township is favored with very gentle manly teachers, and a high appreciation on the part of the people, will not cause their abundant harvests, or their " cattle upon a thousand hills," to diminish. In addition to the common branches, vocal music, book-keeping, algebra, natural philos ophy, physiology, and the Latin grammar are taught. The Birmingham school will be visited again. My notes arc deficient—the industri ous teacher will not fail of success. Authentic News from the Pike's Peak Gold Region The St. Louis Republican has the follow- ing Messrs. A. French, Joseph Bradt, William Hartley, T. C. Dickerson and William Smith, arrived in this city yesterday, direct from Pike's Peak gold diggings. They loft the mines October Ist, in the company of four teen persons, nine of whom remained at Law rence, K. T. They are a portion of a com pany of forty-nine men which was organ ized under the auspices of the citizens of Lawrence, for the purpose of prospecting in the Pike's Peak region, information of the discovery of gold in that section having been brought into the town by a party of friendly Indians. The different trains numbered col lectively about five hundred men, with one hundred and fifty-seven wagons. The stock was in good condition, and, with the excep tion of the loss of a few cattle by one party, no accident had happened to any one of the trains. The emigrants were in fine spirits on being informed concerning the true condi tion of the mines, for the various indirect re ports received along - the route had somewhat dampened their ardor. About an equal number of emigrants were reported on the southern road. Our informant states that there are at pres ent, about fifteen hundred persons in the mines, composed principally of Americans. There are a number of Mexicans, and a few Indians. Yankee enterprise has already be gan to manifest itself in the founding of two towns—one, St. Charles, situated at the mouth of Cherry Creek, and the other, Montano, about eight miles above the former. Build ings are going up rapidly. Provisions, though not superabundant, are sufficient to supply the immediate wants of the miners, and no very great suffering for want of food or pro tection during the coming winter is appre hended. Our informant says the general impression among miners is, that extensive deposits will be found throughout the mountains. The best diggings are located a short distance above the mouth of Cherry Creek, where six men can make from forty to fifty dollars per day. The mining implements are the pick, shovel, and pan. Washings average about ten cents per pan, though our informant has known as much as four dollars to be obtained from one panfull of sand. It takes from four to five minutes to wash a panfull of sand.— In the regular mines, the " dust" is found from two to six feet below the surface, among gravel and boulders. Reports have been started that the ore is to be found in lumps, but this, Mr. French says, is an erroneous idea, it being seldom or never found in lar ger grains than those, the size of No. S shot beaten flat. lie has some beautiful speci mens of dust in vials, which appear as rich as any California gold we ever saw. Ribandism in Ireland Tha Carlow Sentinel, a Government organ, expresses alarm at the progress of Riband Societies in Ireland. The organization, ac cording to the Sentinel, employs agents to traverse the country, organize lodges, and draw young men into them. All the efforts of the Government, for their suppression, are unavailing ; and the most extravagant statements are made in the Government jour nals, regarding the objects of the Riband men. It is shrewdly suspected that the so called Riband agents, are spies in the em ploy of the Government, and that the old trick of fomenting party religious feeling, to divide the Irish people, is being played by the present British ministry. Louis Napoleon frightened the French peo ple into the endorsement of his despotism, by displaying the bugbears of "Socialism" and savage "Red Republicanism ;" and it has been the policy of successive British ministers, whenever they wished to strength en their rule in Ireland, to revive the spectre of "Ribandism," under the figure of what the Irish call, "a raw head and bloody bones." We are reminded of the frightful pictures of the arms of the French Red Republicans painted some years since, by Louis Napo leon's organs, as we read in the Carlow S'en hind the following representation of the ob jects of the Riband organization. Ribandism exercises an appalling tyranny over the farmers of every district in which it takes even temporary root, as their "servant boys" are usually prominent members of the body. This confederation aims at the regu lation of "wages and diet," as they do at present in the counties of Kerry and Cork. They assume the right of adjudicature in the management of land ; they dictate to the do mestic circle by proclaiming marriage, on pain of death, between the farmer's daugh ter and one of their body ; finally, if the farmer's -sons enter into the conspiracy, it assumes another phase—that of compassing the death of those in the occupation of land, who do not surrender it to the former occu pants, who may have given "their good will of it" for a consideration, some ten or twelve years ago, and at this point, agrarian out rages and murder commence. If it had not been proved, over and over again, that the active agents in these organi zations are Government tools, and that all the intelligent Irishmen, and he clergy, con demn them, we would set Ireland down as hopelessly bent on perpetuating her disgrace. BERKS COUNTY ELECTION- Official.--The following is the official result of the election held in Berks county, on Tuesday of last week, for Member of Congress to supply the vacancy occasioned by the resignation of Jehu G. Jones, viz : Win. 11. Beim, (Op.) volunteer, 6156 J. B. Warner, Dem., 5687 Gen. Keim's majority, 469 Gen. Beim was supported as the Anti-Ad ministration and Tariff candidate. A DESERVED TRIBUTE.—IL is encouraging to know that the labors of editors and prin ters are occasionally duly appreciated. The following extract from the report of the Committee on Printing, of the Legislature of Wisconsin, pays them a refreshing compli ment : We are not aware that printers and news paper proprietors are a class of so little use in the community, or so destructive of its in terests, as to be entitled to but half compen sation for the labor and services they per form. But your committee do believe that no class of men perform more gratuitous ser vices for all general and local interests, or are more actively and effectively engaged in disseminating information, making known the resources of the country, and inciting to action the energies of our people, than prin ters, proprietors and editors of newspapers. Trial of Bank Conspirators Allibone and Newhall, two of the head managers of the Bank of Pennsylvania, are now on trial for conspiracy, in the Court of Common Pleas of Philadelphia. The evi dence given on the trial is exceedingly inter esting, and we copy a synopsis of the pro ceedings from. the North Anzerican, which says: " John 11. Haverstick, a clerk in the hank, testified to the minute book, which was then offered in evidence. The defence objecting to its reception, George Philler, Jr., son of the cashier was called, who swore to having copied the minutes in the book, but said that he was not present at the meetings of the Board which they reported. His father took the minutes and be copied them. his father was not in Court, being sick, and the Court ruled out the reception of the minute book as evidence. The testimony of George Philler, Jr., then proceeded. Ile said that on various occasions Newhall had acted as President of the bank. He was proceeding to narrate a conversation he had with New hall, about a $lO,OOO which was ruled out by the Court, because Allibone was not present at it. A. _Howell, one of the Directors, next testified to Newhall having acted as Presi dent of the bank in Allibone's absence.— John Whiteman, Sr., paying teller, swore to three memorandum checks, amounting to $136,000, having been counted cash from July 14th to September 22d, with Allibone's knowledge, and on September 22d paid by a regular cheek from Newhall. These three checks were mere tickets, made by Mr. Cox, the foreign note clerk of the bank, and given to the receiving teller for sterling bills bought of the bank by Newhall, without any other equivalent than these memorandums, which were not signed by him, Newhall's checks were given, for these tickets and oth er matters, to the amount of $262,254 78. A check for that amount was handed to the witness, who swore that it was the ono given by Newhall. George Philler was recalled, and testified to memorandums in Allibone's handwriting, containing the appointment of Newhall as President pro tem. Alfred Cox, the foreign note clerk, testified to various bills of exchange, for large sums, granted to Newhall, by Allibone's order. One of these was for $82,733 ; a second for $53,655 53 ; a third for $00,709,26 ; a fourth for $2U,666- 60 • and a fifth for 8240,000. For all these, credit was given by the bank to Newhall, by Allibone's order. The first of these trans actions was on the oth of July, and the last on the 15th of September—the others cover ing the intervening time. The largest of these bills of exchange was produced, identi fied, and shown to the jury. The enormous transactions, it will observed, were close upon the failure of the bank. "Conscience Case" Extraordinary--Con- fession to an Assination On Friday last a middle-aged and appa rently hard working man, who gave his name as Peter Martin, appeared at the police of fice in St. Louis, and stated that he had com mitted a murder and wished to be taken into custody. The St. Louis herald says: He states that about six weeks ago ho left Cincinnati for St Louis. At Cairo he took passage on a New Orleans boat bound up ward, and in due-time arrived in this city.— The day before his arrival here, while on a drunk with another deck passenger, whose name he does not remember, he was robbed by him of all he had. He endeavored, as be alleges, for twenty-four hours to induce the man to return him his money, but finding all efforts to accomplish that end unsuccessful, he determined shortly after the arrival of the boat at the St. Louis wharf to revenge him self upon him. Borrowing a sheath knife, from another passenger, he waited upon the starboard guard of the boat till his victim went to pass him, when he stabbed him to the heart. As he fell he pushed him over board and instantly threw the knife after him, and left the boat. Since that time, he states that he has Teen wandering in various parts of Illinois, between Cairo and this city, una ble to sleep, haunted constantly by the im age of the murdered man. Unable longer to endure it, he determined upon delivering himself up to justice, and accordingly pre sented himself at the police office, as above stated. lie was sent to the calaboose. AN lIIALENSE WlNDFALL—According to the Cumberland (Md.) Alleghanian, an old man named John Brobst, living in the glades, in that county, recently discovered that he was the rightful owner of a large tract of land in the richest mineral region of Penn sylvania, underlaid with immense seams of coal and iron, and valued at $8,000,000. Brobst, it is said, lived on the land fifty years ago, became involved through his brother, mortgaged his property to its then full value, and came to Maryland, where he has ever since lived in indigent circumstan ces. The property subsequently passed into the hands of his nephews, who afterwards sold it to a wealthy company. The difficulty of giving a good title to the property led to the fact that Brobst was still alive. He was searched out, found, and taken on to Pennsyl vania, and, according to the Allegkania,n, has sold out all his right for $2,600,000. fat ,-A singular case of alleged embezzle ment of a letter was tried recently in the United States District Court of Philadelphia. A person who had been a clerk in the Post office seems to have lain for seven long years under a false charge, because a letter belong ing to another person was found in a book in his house. His vindication was complete.— It was shown that the person to whom the letter was addressed had married a cousin of the defendant's wife ; that the book was loaned to the latter by the former, who had placed the letter in it as a marker. The de fendant has repeatedly endeavored to get the case tried, but without effect. The jury by direction of the Court, returned a verdict of not guilty, and the innocence of the defen dant had been fully established. This is the most remarkable case of recent date. A VOLCANO IN CANADA .—The Pembroke Observer has the following : The Rev. Mr. Roy, Wesleyan Minister at Wakefield, in a letter to a brother clergyman, says, "I learn from an authentic source, that we have what is supposed to be a boiza fide volcano, about 130 miles up the Gattineau river. Parties living near the place have seen it smoke, and its internal rumblings have been heard and felt at the lludson's Bay post at the river Desert, which is thirty miles distant. It is called Mount Diable. This may probably account for the many shocks of tarthquake felt in this vicinity." Agricultural Operations for December. We have many agricultural readers, fur whose especial benefit, the following summa ry for December duties has been prepared. Buildings for both man and beast, see that they are as comfortable as possible. Cattle come in for a large share of atten tion. Cellers may need additional protection to keep out frosts. Drains may still be made where the ground is not to wet or frozen. ,Fencing—Get materials from the woods and swamps, and split a good supply of rails, and prepare posts. Fodder—llun it through a straw or hay cutter and add some kind of ground feed. Forest Leaves—They make excellent bed ding, manure and hot-bed materials. Secure under cover, before it is too late. • Hedges—Plant, where the ground will ad mit of working. Hogs—Complete fattening those intended for killing. Horses and Mules—See that their stalls are warm and well bedded at night. Ven tilate their stables and use absorbents or de odorizers to take up the gases, which are un healthy. Ice Houses—Fill with the first firm, thick ice, which is usually the best of the season. Manures—Push the manufacture of these at this season. Plowing during open- weather may be con tinued on clayey soils when sufficiently dry, Poultry—Give warm quarters, plenty of food and drink, with gravel, lime and meal_ Schools are now in sesson in most dis tricts. Let the children attend as steadily as possible. Sheep—Provide racks for, and feed under cover during storms. Give turnips or carrots, instead of all dry feed. Tools—Look over, during the stormy days of this month. New ones of domestic man ufacture, such as harrows, ox yokes, bows. hoe, fork and axe handles, wood sleds, ,Cc., may be made. Turnips—Harvest any still in the ground. Water Pipes and Pumps—See they are sufficiently protected from frosts. Winter Grain—Allow nothing to graze upon the fields during the present. month. Wood—Commence early to get the 'Winter supply. It is better to cut and draw togeth er as much as possible before the deep Win ter snows fall. Refused to Swear An amusing incident occurred the other day before the court, held in Wabliiiigtim county. A young man was called by the de fendant as a witness in support of one of the reasons filed for a new trial, when the clerk put the usual question, " How do von swear ?" With a rather defiant t-ir, as though "Ile knew his rights, am] ; knowing, Oared maintain them," he answered, that "he didn't intend to swear at all till he got his costs l" The judge di rected the clerk to "swear the witness," but the witness said "he wasn't going to swear till he got his costs—there wasn't any use talking about it." The clerk was ready to proceed with the oath—the counsel for the prisoner urged the gentleman to hold up his hand—the judge told him he would send him to jail if he didn't—but it was all no go. He stood as firm - and resolute as a donkey at the foot of a hill. le grew excited—said lie "had walked twenty miles—didn't know much anyhow, and what he did know, ho wasn't going to tell till he got his costs"— said "they had tried to impose on him by getting him here on Monday," and rather intimated that "the whole thing was a swin dle—a conspiracy to cheat ;him out of his costs—at any rate, a humbug—and he was bound to have his costs." The judge there upon incontinently ordered him into the cus tody of the sheriff. The sheriff did not hap pen to be in court, except by deputy, where upon the deputy was ordered to seize the gentleman and convey him to "limbo," which the deputy—who is always on hand to attend to these little matters—forthwith proceeded to do. At this stage of the pro ceedings, matters were getting rather seri ous—the jail on the one hand, or costs and the rights of the citizen on the other. Tho young gentleman reflected for a moment— the whole thing passed through his mind in the twinkling of an eye—the horrors of in carceration between the cheerless walls of the calaboose, if be did not testify, and lib erty, and perhaps the loss of his costs,. on the other. It was a momentous issue, but liber ty triumphed. He held up his hand, took the oath, and then told the court, with a rather triumphant air, that they "had got to pay his costs." He gave his testimony, and then asked the judge where he "would get his costs." The judge told him, with most astonishing calmness, that "he must look to the defendant for his costs." Ile left the court house, and at last accounts was looking for his costs, including mileage, NOTICE TO TRAVELERS.—The Harrisburg Union says that the following "rules of the road" are all based upon legal decisions ; they ought to be universally made known : "It has been legally decided that appli cants for tickets on railroads can be ejected from the cars, if they do not offer the exact amount of their fare. Conductors are not bound to make change. All railroad tickets are good until used, and conditions 'good for this day only,' or otherwise limiting the time of genuineness, are of no account. Passen gers who lose their tickets can be ejected from the cars, unless they purchase a second one. Passengers are bound to observe deco rum in the cars, and are obliged to comply with all reasonable demands to show tickets. Standing upon the platform, or otherwise violating a rule of the company, renders a person liable to be put from the train. No person has a right to monopolize more seats than he has paid for, and any article left in a seat, while the owner is temporarily ab sent, entitles him to the place upon his re turn." ZThe Pittsburgh Chronicle says Col. Samuel W. Black, one of the Supreme Judges of Nebraska, was dangerously wounded with a gun in the hands of a friend, a few days since. It appears that, accompanied by an other. gentleman, he was out hunting on the prairie, and, passing into a clump of bushes with a view of driving some prairie hens from their cover, his comrade, who did not observe his presence, discharged his gun twice in succession, the first load—a heavy charge of buckshot—taking effect in the head, and the second in the arm, inflicting two se vere, though, we are happy to state not dan gerous wounds. At last act,unts, the Colo nel was rapidly recovering, and his speedy return to convaloscece was confidently looked,. for.