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THE HUNTINGDON GLOBE, A DEMOCRATIC FAMILY JOURNAL, DEVOTED TO LOCAL AND GENERAL NEWS, &C.
EDITOR OP THE GLOBE : I intend to review
the educational affairs of each school district
in this County, and-to present them as they
are, in their merits and their deficiencies—
with-holding praise where it is unmerited,
and ropooof where it cannot correct.
Wasi township is by incident first brought
to our view. The time has been when several
of the upper districts presented a livelier in
terest, a more vigorous effort, and a fairer
prospect than West; but recent developments
'are indicating to her rivals, a disposition to
'become the banner district. The first indi
eation was - a disgosition to employ experi
enceatteachers for the prominent schools of
the district. At several schools the 'citizens
showed an unusual liberality, by contribu
ting and raising the teachers' salaries quite
above that fixed by the directors. A teach
ers' Institute was held at the "Green Tree"
on the 19th, 20th, and 21st ult., which has
given rise to an educational mass-meeting ap
pointed for the 11th inst. The institute had
a larger attendance, and a happier termina
tion than any that I have attended in this
On arriving at the place of meeting, we
found the school hall tastefully ornamented,
and an unusual interest on the part of the
It being a local institute, the number of
teachers - was not large, but we were more
than compensated by the spirit manifested
by those who did attend. The time happened
to be the most inclement days of the season,
yet a large circle of fashionable ladies and
gentlemen were in attendance—even surpass
ing our largest county institutes. A choir
of singers, with the melodeon accompani
ment, lent enchantment to the occasion.
The day exercises consisted chiefly of lec
tures upon different branches of study, while
those of the evening, referrred to the whole
subject of education. These discussions call
ed out men of means and influence who have
not, heretofore, taken a prominent stand pro
or con, our educational system. On the
third, Saturday, I offered a motion for final
adjournment, at 3 o'clock P. M., which was
negatived unanimously, ladies and gentlemen
voting. Mention is made of this circum
stance, only to show the spirit of the meet
ing. The evening session was larger than
any of the former. The subject of a Central
high-school for the district was brought up
for discussion. In it everybody seemed to
be interested, and the discussion was all
upon one side.
Lommittee was appointed to report upon
its utility and practicability, on Christmas
night. Since that, the undersigned has re-
Caved a note from the Committee, stating
their intention to report on the 11th inst., - and
they also issue a call for an educational
mass-meeting, which will be something new
in our county. We have had our institutes,
and our associations, but a voluntary coming
together of the people to deliberate on the
improverdent of our system of popular edu
cation, is another thing.
Rev. Mr. C URRAN will be present, and lec
ture upon the subject. A large meeting is
anticipated.. Its results will be given to the
West township with its Central high-school,
its eleven common schools, its intelligent di
rectors, its accomplished teachers, and its
abundant means for the promotion of all,
will not easily be surpassed.
Walker township, having been recently sev
ered from Juniata, has only five schools, and
these are all within the fertile 'valley which
embraces nearly the whole territory of the
district. In a district where the face of the
country is traversed.. by ridges and water
courses, a sparce population often has a de
mand for more schools than men's liberality
will support with cheerfulness. But Walker
has no such hindrance to contend With : a
clear course is now open for that district to
show what merits there are in the present
system of Common Schools. As far as our
knowledge extends, the directors of the dis
trict are loyal to the school interest ; but
men everywhere are liable to err in the
means for promoting that interest: The spirit
of the "present board leads us to anticipate
an improved, state of affairs; and there is a
necessity for it. The school buildings , are
ordinary and the furniture inconvenient.—
But what is true of this district, in this re
spect, is generally true. The present staff
of teachers have entered upon their duties
with an ambitious cheerfulness. Several of
them in this, their first trial, will demonstrate,
that age and experience are not always - ne
cessary to success.
The district is well suited to the new idea
of grading common schools, i. e.- to the estab
lishing of a central school where the advanced
scholars may enter, and receive instruction
in the higher branches-of an English educa
tion. This subject will be discussed at a more
convenient time, and a full examination of it,
by the directors, is hoped for.
With an entire conciliatory spirit towards
this district, we still think that there is not a
sufficient life and vitality existing, to render
the schools as efficient as they easily can be
-made,' We -hope the teachers and directors
will-enable us to. give Walker a prominent
place in our next annual report. The influ
ence of the teacher should not be limited' to
his - own school room-. He should consider
the educational interests of the district—the
means . 13y- which the - whole system can, be
"Promoted—the chief hindrances in the -way
of a speedy reforrhation—the great and in
creasing demand for eminently practical
teachers—the unbounded field of literature
over which he has an opportunity to travel—
the strong ties of interest which bind his pro-•
fession to the whole community : let him do
this fairly, and his efforts shall not fail of
success. COUNTY SUPERINTENDENT.
A CHANCE TO GET A HusnAND.—Ladies,
don't - get excited, be easy, prepare for the con
test calmly and with a determination to win.
There is in town at the present time a gen
tleman worth picking up, and who has no
serious objections to being picked up by a
young lady (18 to 30) of good common sense,
reasonably good looking, not ashamed to work
in the kitchen when necessary, plenty of
"rocks" no objections. The gentleman is
of good size, good looking, unimpeachable
character, in the prime of life, and has what
is of great importance these times, the
"rocks" to fix up a house in good style. A
few of a xx will secure our influence.
GAME IN THE WEST.—The Oquawka (Ill.)
Spectator of the 13th ult., says—" A party
hunt, in which about fifty persons participa
ted, came off in this vicinity on Thursday of
last week. The amount of game killed far
exceeds that of any previous hunt of this
character. The 'Count' reached five thous
and five hundred and thirtylour—of which
the party chosen by THAD. KINSLOE made
3,646, and SIM. CARL'S party 1,888. "Our
side" got badly whipped—but the reason was
not want of skill, it was purely want of
A man was cured of hydrophobia in Italy
lately by swallowing vinegar, in mistake for
a medical potion. A physician at Paqua
heard of this, and tried the remedy on a pa
tient ; he gave him a pint of vinegar in the
morning, another at noon, and a third at sun
set, which cured him.
A NEW CUR.E FOR CANCER.-A man by the
name of Edgar Fluker, has forwarded to the
Alabama Jeffersonian, a new recipe for the
cure of those painful excrescences, cancers.
The remedy is cheap, and easy of obtaining
and applying, and cannot possibly do any
harm. It is simply to hold a toad or frog,
either dead or alive, to the affected part for
the space of one hour, repeating the applica
tion as occasion may require. With six frogs
Mr. Fluker says he cured a very painful can
cer upon his nose, of six year's standing,
and now considers himself sound and well.
B USINESS NOTICE'S'.
FAINI,I3 0•DOB aOOlO 3DPfO :10 WM
AT TIE LATE FAIR FOR
6 X I .70 31Wil 'I"
CARD, BLANK & HANDBILL
Highly Important !
CnAnus ILtur..snss & Sox, Wholesale Clothiers, 338 Mar
ket Street, (South-east Corner of Fourth Street,) PIMA-
Have determined to CLOSE OUT their ELEGANT STOCK of
new Style Fall and Winter Clothing, at au IMMENSE RE
DUCTION on the regular prices.
Wholesale Buyers will do well to arai I themselves of the
N. IL—Notes of all SOLYENT BANKS Wien at PAR.
October 28, 1657-3 m.
PFIILADELPIiIA 11IAItI ET S.
MONDAY, Dec. 7, P. M.—Breadstuffs are dull. The ex
port demand for Flour is extremely limited, and the only
transactions are 1000 barrels at $5 per barrel for superfine,
and $5,25 extra. Small sales to the retailers and bakers
from. $5 to $6 for common and extra brands. and $6,25@.
6,50 for fancy lots. Rye flour dull at $4,25, Corn Meal $3
v:-.GRAIN.-.-Wheat unsettled, and 5010 e. q 3 bu. lower.—
Sales at $1 for inferior, $1 150,1 24 for reds, and $1 200
130 for white of fair and prime quality. Rye steady at
75c. for Delaware, and 75080 c. tbr Peuu'a., mostly at 7Sc.
Corn dull, at 79081 c. for old yellow, afloat; 77080 c. in
store, and 58065 c. for new- Closing bales, 77078 c. for
old, and 60@,,02e. for new. Oats dull at 34@a7c., closing
at at former figure, which is a decline. Barley, 700T5e.
Tor Pent a., and New York at 90c. Barley malt at $1 10.
In this borough, on the 6th inst., by Rev. D. Shoat T. Mr.
WILLIAM Wn.t.tams and Miss LOB. Runt, both of Hun
At Mr. J. S. Miller's Hotel, on the 2nd inst., by Rev. A.
B. Still, Mr. T. A. W. WEBB, and Miss ANNA M. H.Lust, both
of Allenville, Mifflin county, Pa.
On the Ist inst., by H. Clay Weaver, Esq., Mr. Henry E.
BENNER of Mifflin county, Pa., and Miss RamccA WEIVER
of Williamsburg, Blair County, Pa.
ir S. LIGGETT & CO.
t_ll\ ty 0 FLOUR DEA TYRS,
via ....--v x, and Commission Merchants for the C I.
e- 4) =47 ,7 4 10 -: sale of Grain, Seeds, and Produce ,- !‹.....
generally, keep constantly on hand the best qualities of
Southern, Ohio, Kentucky, Indiana and St. Louis brands
Flour. Orders faithfully filled at the market prices of the
day. Nos. 69 and 70, Water street, Pittsburg, Pa.
December 2,1557-3 m.
ORPHANS' COURT SALE of VAL
UABLE REAL ESTATE. By virtue of an alias or
der of the Orphans' Court of Huntingdon county, I will
offer at Public Sale, on the premises, on WEDNESDAY,
23d day of December, 1857,at 10 o'clock a. m., the follow
ing Real Estate, late of ohn Conrad, Esq, deceased, to
ONE LOT OF GROUND, at McAlayy's Fort, in the town
ship of Jackson; bounded on the North, West, and South
by lands of Robert Mcßurney, and on the East
by lands of the said Mcßurney, now occupied by mi ll
Wm. Hunt, containing ONE HALF ACRE, more
or less, and having thereon erected a TWO-STORY
DWELLING .1101JSE, part of which is now occupied as a
Store house; Stable, Wood house and other improvements.
TERMS OF SALE.--One third of the purchase money to
be paid on confirmation of the sale, and the balance in two
equal annual payments with interest from the date of the
confirmation ; to be secured by 'the bonds and mortgage
of the purchaser.
N. B. Possession of the said property will be given on
the first day of April next. The rents due or to become
due under the lease of the said property to Wm. Hunt, are
reserved from the effect of the sale of the said property.
JOHN JACKSON, Trustee.?
December 17, 1867.
AFARM . AT PUBLIC SALE.-0R-
PriANS' COURT SALE.—In pursuance of an Order
of the Orphans' Court of the county of Iluntingdon, I will
offer at Public Sale, in the borough of Huntingdon, on
SATURDAY, 26th December, 1857, at 1 o'clock, p. M., the
following described Real Estate of Alexander Gwin, dec'd,
A Plantation or Tract of Land, situate in the township
Of Henderson, in the county of Huntingdon, adjoining
land of John AleCahan's heirs, Christian Courts,
EtoSamuel Friedley, John Simpson and Elisha Shoe
. maker, containing 225 acres, or thereabouts, be
the some more or less, of which there are about
150 acres cleared, having thereon a largo frame bank barn,
log dwelling house, apple orchard, a good well of water,
Sc. Said tract of land is distant from Huntingdon two
miles, a public road leading from Huntingdon to Ennis
yille passes through it, and on the east it is bounded by
Stone Creek; said farm is well adapted to raising stock,
having a largo quantity of meadow thereon.
TERMS OF SALE.—One fourth of the purchase money
to be paid on confirmation of the sale, the balance in three
equal annual payments with interest, payable annually, to
be 4ecared by the bonds and mortgage of the purchaser.
JAMES GWIN S
Guardian of the minor children of Alexander GWitl, and
Charles A. (win. ' December 2, 1857,
t o m T. A. LYON, Dentist,
SHADE GAP, Huntingdon county, Pa
ovembar 11, 1857.
i •%OBWW 3 OOIt,
..4*.Z; • ‘
A G e& ' O 4 tr477 1 170 7 M : ; 1 1' 47 .' " ,_
471;;;'' "''r • , •
• = '
lIANGE OF TIME.—On and after
YLJTIIURSDAY, 10th inst., the Passenger Train on the
Huntingdon and Broad Top .Road will leave Huntingdon
at 8.00 A. M. and 4.00 P. 21., and arrive 1.10 P. M. and 735
P. M. J. J. LAWRENCE,
Iluntingdon, December 9, 1857
"ViXECUTOR'S NOTlCE.—Estate of
MARY GILLILAND, dec'd.—All persons interested
ure hereby notified that Letters Testamentary have been
granted to the undersigned Executor of the last will and
testament of MARY GILLILAND, late of Tell township,
Huntingdon county, dec'd., and all persons having claims
or demands against said estate will present them without
delay, and those indebted to said estate will make immedi
ate payment. JAMES GIFFORD, Executor.
December 9, 1857.*
ORPHANS' COURT SALE of REAL
ESTATE.—By virtue of au order of the Orphans'
Court of llunting,don county, I will expose to public sale
on the premises, on WEDNESDAY the 30th day of DE
CEMBER, next, at 11 o'clock in the forenoon,
All that certain Farm and Tract of Land,
situate in Cromwell township, Huntingdon county, adjoin
ing lands of James Colegate on the north, bounded by Big
Aughwick creek . on the cast, lands of Simon Gratz ,
and George Swartz on the south, and lands of Price's P;
heirs on the north, containing 160 ACRES, more oral:i.
less, about 100 acres of which are cleared, and having there
on a log DWELLING HOUSE, log barn, and other improve
ments. Said property is about 236' miles from Orbisonia,
and about 3 miles from Shirleysburg.
TERMS—Ono third of the. purchase money to be paid on
the confirmation of the sale, and the residue in two equal
annual payments thereafter, with interest, to be secured
by the bonds and mortgage of the purchaser.
Attendance will be given by DAVID HICKS,
Gnardianof John. Flasher and Jacob Flasher
December 9, 1857.
ONLY $l9 50 PER QUARTER.
THE NEW FACULTY.
hi. McN. WALSII, Principal,
Prof. of Languages and Philosophy.
Kerr KARL BOCKENHELM,
Prof. of German Language and Literature.
hi EUGENE, CIIIVANT,
Prof. of French and Piano Music.
Prof. of Mathematics, etc.
Mrs. M. IteN. WALSH, Preceptress,
Grecian Painting, Botany, History, etc
Miss E. FAULKNER,
Monocromatics, Painting, Drawing, etc
Miss ANNIE M. GAY,
Piano Music and French.
Miss JENNIE M. WALSH,
VT—This Institution has lately fallen into new hands,
and the present owners are determined to make it a first
class school. The majority of the new faculty are already
on hand, and students will be received as soon as they
Young ladies and gentlemen intending to go to school
will do well t 3 write to us before concluding to go else
where. There is no cheaper, and we believe there will be no
better school now than ours.
Both sexes are received, all branches are taught, and
students can enter at any time. For other information
address John D. Walsh, Cassville, Huntingdon county, Pa.
December 9, 1857.
OUSE, LOT, and. OUTLOT, for sale.
The subscriber, intending to move West in
the Spring, offers for sale the house and lot now
occupied by him in the borough of Huntingdon. 9
The lot fronts 50 feet on Washington street, run
ning back 200 feet to itlifflin street, on which is a two-story
house well finished, a kitchen, wood house, well of water
at the door, and a stable.
Also, a FOUR ACRE OUT-LOT, on Stone Creek, near the
borough, now in timothy.
If the above property is not sold before the 28th of De
cember inst., it will on that day be offered at public sale.
Terms made known on application to the subscriber.
December 2, 1857. THOS. L. STATES.
A.SSIGNEE'S SALE.—The subscriber
will offer at Public Sale, at Marklesburg, Minting
(ton county, at one o'clock, p. in., on SATURDAY, the 19th
of December, 1857, the entire stock and fixtures in and
about the store lately occupied by David IL Campbell. The
whole will be sold together. Persons wishing to purchase,
can examine the stock in the meantime.
Terms of sale will be made known on the day of sale, or
previously, on application to the subscriber.
JOHN IL WINTRODE,
Assignee of D. IL Campbell.
blarklesburg, Dec. 2, 1857
A UDITOR'S NOTICE. JACOB NU
_LUMER'S ESTATE.—The undersigned Auditor, appoint
ed to distribute the fund or assets in the hands of A. L.
Grim, administrator of Jacob Numer, late of Huntingdon
Borough, deed, will attend at his office in the borough of
Huntingdon, on Saturday, the 26th of December, next, at
10 o'clock, a. in., for that purpose; and all persons are re
quired to present their claims before such Auditor at that
time or be debarred from coming in for a share of such as
sets or fund. A. W. BENEDICT, Auditor.
December 2,18574 t
AUDITOR'S NOTICE.—The under
signed Auditor, appointed to distribute the fund in
the hands of Graffus Miller, Esq., Sheriff; arising from the
sale of the Real Estate of the Cassvillo Seminary, will at
tend for that purpose at his office in the borough of Ifun
tingdon, on Thursday, December 24th, 1557, at 10 o'clock,
a. in. All persons are required to present their claims be
fore such Auditor at that time or be debarred from coming
in for a share of such fund.
December '2, 1557. A. W. BENRDICT, Auditor.
QIIERIFF'S SALE IN PARTITION.
ki—By virtue of sundry orders issued out of the Court
of Commou Pleas of Iluntiugdon county, to me directed,
I will expose to Public Sale, on the premises, on
WEDNESDAY, OUTia DAY OF DECEMBER, 1857,
at 10 o'clock, A. M., of said day, the following Real Estate,
- • •
A Tract of Land in Clay township in said
county, bounded by lands of John Rohrer. Charles Rine
hart and others, containing 101 acres and 130 perches,
more or less, now occupied by Jacob States, hating thdre
on erected a log house and barn, and other improvements.
Also, another Tract of Land adjoining the
one above described, adjoining lands of Caleb Brown and
Robert Madden, containing 70 acres and 130 perches, more
or less, a part of which is cleared but no buildings there
on, in pursuance of proceedings in Partition to No. 54
April Term 1857.
Also, a Tract of Land adjoining the tract
first above described, containing /05 acres and 30 perches
and allowance, more or less, now occupied by John Baker,
having thereon erected a log house and barn.
TERMS—One half of the purchase money to be paid on
the day of sale, and the balance to be secured by the mort
gage or judgment bond of the purchaser at such time as
may be agreed upon, ou the day of sale, in pursuance of
proceedings in Partition to No. 33 April Term 1857.
Dec. 2, 1857. Sheriff.
0 IN VALIDS .—Dr. Hardman,
Analytical Physician.—Physician for Diseases of the
ungs, Throat and LI - earl—Formerly Physician to the
Also to Invalids Retreat, Author of "Letters to invalids,
IS comEsa I See following Card.
R. HARDMAN, Physiehni the
disease of the Lungs, (formerly Physician to Cincin
nati Marine hospital,) will be in attendance at Lis rooms
as follows :
Huntingdon, "Jackson's Hotel," Tuesday, December 15
Lewistown, " 16
Hollidaysburg, " 14
Dr. Hardman treats Consumption, Bronchitis, Asthma,
Larryngittis and all diseases of the throat and lungs, by
Medical Inhalation, lately used in the Bromton Hospital,
London. The great point in the treatment of all human
maladies, is to get at the disease in the direct manner.—
All medicines are estimated by their action upon the organ
requiring relief. This is the important fact upon which
Inhalation is based. If the stomach is diseased we take
medicine directly into the stomach. if the lungs are dis
eased, breathe or inhale medicated "vapors directly into
the lungs. Medicines are antidotes to disease and should
be applied to the very scat of disease. Inhalation is the
application of this primiple to the treatment of the lungs,
for it gives us direct access to those intricate air cells, and
tubes which lie out of reach of every other means of ad
ministering medicines. The reason that, Consumption,
and other diseases of the lungs, have heretofore resisted
all treatment has been because they have never been ap
proached in a direct manner by medicine. ' They were in
tended to act upon the lungs, and yet were applied to the
stomach. Their action was intended to be local, and yet,
they were so administered that they should only act con
stitutionally, expending their immediate and principal ac
tion upon the unotiending stomach, whilst the foul ulcers
within the lungs were unmolested. Inhalation brings
the medicine in direct contact with; .- the disease, without
the disadvantage of any violent action. Its application is
so simple, that it can be employed by the youngest infant
or feeblest invalid. It does not derange the stomach, or in
terfere in the least degree with the strength, comfort, or
business of the patient:
Other Diseases Treated.--:In relation to the following dis
eases, either when complicated with lung affections or ex
isting alone, I also invite consultation, I usually find them
Prolapses and all other forms of Female Complaints, Ir
regularities and Weakness.
Palpitation and all other forms of Heart Disease, Liver
Complaints, Dyspepsia, and all other diseases of stomach
and bowels, &c.
All diseases of the dye and car. Neuralgia, Epilepsy,
and all forms of nervous disease.
S. D. HARDMAN, M. 1.1
irso,lco charge for conatiltatien. (Sept. 9, 1557
The• President's Message-teas read yester
day, and we give this morning• the Kansas
part of it. The. whole shall appear in the
It is unnecessary to state in detail We alarming condi
tion of the Territory of Kansas at the time of my inaugu
ration. The opposing parties then stood in hostile array
againt each other, and any accident might have relighted
the flames of civil war. Besides, at this critical moment,
Kansas was left without a governor by the resignation of
On the 19th of February previous, the territorial legis
lature had passed a law providing for the election of dele
gates on the third Monday of June, to a convention to meet
on the first Monday of September, for the purpose of fram
ing a constitution preparatory to admission into the Uni
on. This law was in the main fair and just; and it is to be
regretted that all the qualified electors had not registered
themselves and voted under its provisions.
At the time of 'the election for delegates, an extensive
organization existed in the Territory, whose avowed ob
ject it was, if need be, to put down the lawful governmeut
by force, and to establish a government of their own un
der the so-called Topeka constitution. The persons at
tached to this revolutionary organization abstained from
taking any part in the election.
The act of the territorial legislature bad omitted to pro
vide for submitting to the people the constitution which
might be framed by the convention; and in the excited
state of public feeling throughout Kansas an apprehension
extensively prevailed that a design existed to force upon
them a constitution in relation to slavery against their
In this emergency it became my duty, as it was my
unquestionable right, having in viuw the union of all good
citizens in support of the territorial laws, to express an
opinion on the true construction of the provisions con
cerning slavery contained in the organic act of Congress
of the 30th May, 185-4. Congress declared it to be "the
true intent and meaning of this act not to legislate slave
ry into any Territory or State, nor to exclude it there
from, but to leave the people thereof perfectly free to form
and regulate their domestic institutions in their own way."
Under it Kansas, "when admitted as a State," was to "be
received into the Union, with or without slavery, as their
constitution may prescribe at the time of their admission."
Did Congress mean by this langnage that the delegates
elected to frame a constitution should have authority fi
nally to decide the question of slavery, or did they intend
by leaving it to the people that the people of Kansas them
selves should decide this question by a direct vote ? On
this subject I confess I had never entertained a serious
doubt, and, therefore, in my instructions to Gov. Walker
of the 28th March last, I merely said that when "a consti
tution shall be submitted to the people of the Territory.
they must be protected in the exercise of their right of
voting for or against that instrument, and the fair expres
sion of the popular will must not ho interrupted by fraud
In expressing this opinion it was far from my intention
to interfere with the decision of the people of Kansas,
either for or against slavery. From this 1 have always
carefully abstained. Intrusted with the duty of taking
"care that the laws be faithfully executed," my only de
sire was that the people of Kansas should furnish to Con
gress the evidence required by the organic act, whether for
or against slavery; and in this manner smooth their pas
sage into the Union. In emerging from the condition of
territorial dependence into that of a sovereign State. it
was their duty, in my opinion, to make known their will
by the votes of the majority, on the direct question whe
ther this important domestic institution should or should
not continue to exist, Indeed, this was the only possible
mode in which their will could be authentically ascer
The election of delegates to a convention must necessa
rily take place in separate districts. From this cause it
may readily happen, as has often been the case, that a ma
jority of the people of a State or Territory are on one side
of a question; whilst a majority of the representatives
from the several districts into which it is divided may be
On the other side. This arises from the fact that in some
districts delegates may be elected by small majorities,
whilst in others those of different sentiments new receive
majorities sufficiently great not only to overcome the
votes given for the former, but to leave a large majority of
the whole people in direct opposition to a majority of the
delegates. Besides, our history proves that influences
may be brought to bear on the representative sufficiently
powerful to induce him to disregard the will of his cm
stituents. The truth is, that no other authentic and satis
factory mode exists of ascertaining the will of me majority
of the people of any State or Territory on an important
and exciting question like that of slavery in Kansas, ex
cept by leaving it to a direct vote. How wise. then, was it
for Congress to pass over all subordinate and intermediate
agencies, and proceed directly to the source of all legiti
„power under our institutions 2
now vain would any other principle prove in practice!
This may be illustrated in the case of Kansas. Should she
be admitted into the Union, with a constitution either
maintaining or abolishing slavery, against the sentiment
of the people, this could have no other effect than to con
tinue.and to exasperate the exciting agitation during the
brief period required to make the constitution conform to
the irresistible will of the majority.
The friends and supporters of the Nebraska and Kansas
act, when struggling on a recent occasion to sustain its
wisp provisions before the great tribunal of the American
people, never differed about its true meaning on this sub
ject. Everywhere throughout the Union they publicly
pledged their faith and their honor, that they would cheer
fully submit the question of slavery to the decision of the
bona .faide people of Kansas, without any restriction or
qualification whatever. All were cordially united upon
the great doctrine of popular sovereignty. which is the vi
tal principle of our free institutions. Hail it then been
insinuated from any quarter that it would be a sufficient
compliance with the requisitions for the organic law for
the members of a convention, thereafter to be elected, to
withhold the question of slavery from the people, and to
substitute their own will for that of a legally ascertained
majority of all their constituents, this would have been
instantly rejected. Everywhere they remained true to
the resolutkm adopted on a celebrated occasion recognizing
" the right of the people of all the Territories—including
Kansas and Nebraska—acting through the legally and
fairly expressed will of a majority of actual residents, and
whether the number of their inhabitants justifies it. to
form a constitution, with or without slavery, and be ad
mitted into the Union upon terms of perfect equality with
the other States."
. The convention to frame a constitution for
Kansas met on the first Monday of Septem
ber last. They were called together by virtue
of an act of the territorial legislature, whose
lawful existence had been recognized by Con
gress in different forms and by different en
actments. A large proportion of the citizens
of Kansas did not think proper to register
their names and to vote at the election, for
delegates; but an opportunity to do this hav
ing been fairly afforded, their refusal to avail
themselves of their right could in no manner
affect the legality of the convention.
This convention proceeded to frame a con
stitution for Kansas, and finally adjourned
on the 7th day of November. But little dif
ficulty occurred in the convention, except on
the subject of slavery. The truth is that the
general provisions of our recent State con
stitutions are so similar—and, I may add, so
excellent—that the difference between them
is not essential. Under the earlier practice
of the Government, no constitution framed
by the convention of a Territory preparatory
to its admission into the Union as a State
had been submitted to the people. I trust,
however, the example set by the last Con
gress, requiring that the Constitution of
Minnesota "should be subject to the approv
al and ratification of the people of the pro
posed State," may be followed on future oc
casions. I took it for granted that the con
vention of Kansas would act in accordance
with this example, founded, as it is, on cor
rect principles; and hence my instructions to
Gov. Walker in favor of submitting the con
stitution to the people, were expressed in
general and unqualified terms.
In the Kansas-Nebraska act, however, this
requirement, as applicable to the whole con
stitution, had not been inserted, and the con
vention were not bound by its terms to sub
mit any other portion of the instrument to
an election , except that which relates to the
" domestic• institution" of slavery. This
will be rendered clear by 'a simple reference
to its language. It was "not to legislate sla
very into any Territory or State, nor to
clude it therefrom, but to leave the people
thereof perfectly free to form and regulate
their domestic institutions in their own way."
According to the plain construction of the
sentence, the words, "domestic institutions"
have a direct as they have an appropriate
reference to slavery. "domestic institu
tions " are limited to the family. The rela
tion between master . and slave and a few oth
ers arc " domestic institutions," and are en
tirely distinct from institutions of a political
character. Besides ; there was no question
than before Congress, nor indeed has there
since been any serious question before the
people of Kansas or the country, except that
which relates to the " domestic institution"
The convention, after an angry and exci
ted debate, finally determined, by a majority
of only two, to submit the question of slav
ery to the people, though at the last, forty
three of the fifty delegates present affixed
their signatures to the constitution.
A large majority of the convention were
in favor of establishing slavery in Kansas.—
They accordingly inserted an article in the
Constitution for this purpose similar in form
to those which had been adopted by other
territorial Conventions. In the schedule, how
ever, providing for the transition from a ter:
ritorial to a State government, the question
has been fairly and explicitly referred to the
people, whether they will have a constitution
"with or without slavery." It declares that,
before the constitution adopted by the con
vention "shall be sent to Congress for admis
sion into the Union as a State," an election
shall be held to decide this yiestion, at
which all the white male inhabitants of the
Territory above the age of 21 are entitled to
vote. They are .to vote by ballot; and "the
ballots cast at said election shall be endorsed
`constitution with slavery,' and 'constitution
with no slavery.' " If there be a majority
in favor of the "constitution with slavery,"
then it is to be transmitted to Congress by
the President of the Convention in its origiz
nal form. If, on the contrary, there shall be
a majority in favor of the "constitution with
no slavery," "then the article providing for
slavery shall be stricken from the constitution
by the President of this convention ;" and it
is expressly declared that "no'slavery shall
exist in the State of Kansas, except that the
right of property in slaves now in the Terri
tory shall in no manner be interfered with ;"
and in that event it is made his duty to have
the constitution thus ratified, transmitted to
the Congress of the United States for the ad
mission of the State into the Union.
At this election every citizen will have' an
opportunity of expressing his opinion by his
vote, "whether Kansas shall be received - into
the Union with or without slavery," and thus
this exciting question may be peacefully set
tled in the very mode required by the organic
law. The election will be held under legiti
mate authority, and if any portion of the in
habitants shall refuse to vote, a fair opportu
nity to do so having been presented, this will
be their own voluntary act, and they alone
will be responsible for the consequences.
Whether Kansas shall be a free or a slave
State must eventually, under some authority,
be decided by an election ; and the question
can never be more clearly or distinctly pre
sented to the people than it is at the present
moment. Should this opportunity be reject
ed, she may be involved for years in domes
tic discord, and possibly in civil war, before
she can again make up the issue now so for
tunately tendered, and again reach the point
she has already.
Kansas has for some years occupied too
much of the public attention. It is high time
this should be directed to far more important
objects. When once admitted into the Union,
whether with or without slavery, the excite
ment beyond her own limits will speedily
pass away, and she will then for the first
time be left, as she ought to have been long
since, to manage her own affairs in her own.
way. If her constitution on the subject of
slavery, or any other subject, be displeasing
to a majority of the people, no human power
can prevent them from changing it within a
brief period. Under these circumstances, it
may well be questioned whether the peace
and quiet of the whole country are not of
greater importance than the mere temporary
triumph of either of the political parties in
Should the constitution without slavery be
adopted by the votes of the majority, the
rights of property in slaves now in the Ter
ritory arc reserved. The number of these is
very small ; but if it were greater the pro
vision would be equally just and reasonable.
These slaves were brought into the Terri
tory under the constitution of the United
States, and are now the property of their
This point has at length been finally deci
ded by the highest judicial tribunal of the
country—and this upon the plain principle
that when a confederacy of sovereign States
acquire a new territory at their joint expenSe
both equity and justice demands that the
citizens of one and all of them shall have
the right to take into it whatsoever is recog
nized as property by the common constitu
tion. To have summarily confiscated the
property in slaves already in the Territory,
would have been an act of gross injustice,
and contrary to the practice of the older
States of the Union which have abolished
THE CAMPAIGN OPENED !-
A_ 'FIRST ARRIVAL OF FALL AND WINTER GOODS
FISHER S.: McMUIZTRIE
Would respectfully announce to their numerous friends,
and public, that they have just received from the East a
most beautiful assortment of FALL and WINTEII Goods:
embracing every ariety of new styles, such a 9 Valencia
Plaids, Plaid Ducats, Oriental bustres, Gala Plaids, Tames()
Cloth, Poplins striped, and plaid, ()rabic striped DeLaines,
French Merino, Printed DeLaines, Bayadere Stripes; Argen
tine, Coburg, Mohair and Madonna Cloths, Shepherd's
Plaids, French Blanket. Bay State, Long and Square Broche
Shawls, Gents' Travelling ditto, French ClothS, plain and
fancy Cassimercs, Satinettes, Jeans, Tweeds, &c.
Ribbons, Mitts, Gloves, Gauntlets, Talmas, Cloaks, Che
nille Scarfs, Dress Trimmings. Ladies' Collars, Brilliants,
plain and spriged Swiss, Victoria Lawn, Nainsooks, and
every variety of white Goods. Hats, Caps, and Bonnets
of,,every variety and style.
We have a full stock of Hardware, Queensware, Boots 4:
Shoes, Wood and Willow ware, which will be sold on such
terms as will make it the interest of all to call and exam
Groceries can be had lower than the high prices which
have been maintained heretofore.
We also deal in NastPr, Fish, Salt arid all kinds of Grain
and possess facilities in this branch of trade unequaled by
We deliver all packages or parcels of merchandise Free
of Charlie at the Depots of the Broad Top and Pentia hail
Iluntingdon, Sept. 30, 1857
DANK NOTES AT PAR! AT THE
HARDIN - ARE DEPOT!
The subscribers have again rettumed front the East, with
an enlarged stock of
Hardware, Mechanics' Toots,
Oils, Coach trinunlits,&c. kc.
With an endless variety of modern inventions and im
Having purchased our goods at wholesale chiefly from
manullycturers, we are enabled to sell 'wholesale and retail
tr9,ltank Notes taken at par for goods.
Ari.7:-All orders receive prompt attention.
JAS. A. DROWN Jr CO.
Huntingdon, Oct: 28, 1857.
T HE WITHERED HEART.
• By T. S. ARTHUR.
'r. dais a large nreo. 'volume, Price "i,1.00 with a fine
mezzotint engraving, and is one of the most thrilling tales
ever written by the author. It shows how a man may
seem to the world all that is good and noble, and yet be a
tyrant in his family, and finally send his wife to a mad
We publish nil Mr. Arthur's new Woks. also works of
History, Biography, Sc., for which WO Rant Agents in all
parts of the United States, to whom the rargest commis
sion will be paid. also an extra commission in the way of
J. W. BRADLEY,
l'ourih St., Philadelphia, Pa.
N. B.—Specimen copies sent by mail, free; on receipt of
the mice of book. Oct. 28, 1847.
EAL ESTATE Off' - DAWSON C.
SMAWLEY, - dec.M.-ORPTIANS' COI:MT:SALE.—
* virtue of u second alias order of the Orphans' Courrt
of Huntingdon county, there will be sold at public yendue
or outcry. on the premiseitton
FRIDAY, TICE 18TEI. OF DECEMBER, 1867,
beitieen the hours of 10 A: M. and 2 P. M:, a TRACT Oh'
LAND, situate in Shirley township, Huntingdon county,
bounded by Juniata riior on the east; by lands of SWlR
lipart heirs on the north; by Anghwick creekon the-north
West; by lands of James M. Bell on the south; and by
lands of Bell's heirs and Oliver Etnier on the south west
containing about TWO 'HUNDRED AND FIFTY ACRES,
11101'43 or less; about one hundred of which are cleared and
under cultivation, Baying thereon erected a TWO STORY
STONE DWELLING HOUSE, with kitchen attached, a
stone bank barn, stone spring house, tenant house, &c., &c.
Also, on said premises, is an iron ore bank, orchard, &c.,
beingthe real estate of Dawson C. Bromley, dec'd.
TERMS OF SALE.—Oho third of the purchase money
to be paid on confirmation of sale; and the. residue ice two
equal annual payments, with interest, to bo secured by the
bonds and mortgage of tlfe purchaser. Due attendance
given en the day of sale by HENRY BREWSTER,
_ AdnOrof Dawsun C. Smatoley, deed.
Nov., 18, 1857-st.
VOTICE.—AII persons having claims
against DAVID IL CAMPBELL, of Mark ' lesborg, ara
requested to present them properly authenticated, - and
those indebted will tanks payment, to the .subscriber,
whom said Canipliell has executed a deed of Assignment
for the benefit of creditors. ' JOIE% li. W.L.NTBODE,
Marldesburg, Nov. 20, 1857. . Asdigmee.
A X COLLECTORS-TAKE NO
TICE.—Mic Collect6iS of County and State tales for
t e year 1856 and all previous yeai'e, are required to make,
immediate payment of the balances due on their duplicates,
or they may expect to be dealt with according to law. -
The collectors of 1857 are earnestly requested to collect
and pay over to the Treasurer the amount of their dupli
cates as soon as possible. Money is Muclt needed' at tho
present time and must be had.
tA.COII BA gER;
H. L. MCCARTHY,
0. W. MATTEILN,
Com missi o vers.
November, 25, 1557
k),„TRAY HOB SES:=Carne to the pran
ises of the subscriber at Water street, in Morris town
ship, on the 16th of November inst., three horSes, two
large bays and ono black—all work horses. The two trayd
arc supposed to be from 9 to 12 years old—the black may
be older. The owner is requested to come forward. prove
property, pay charges and take them away, otherwise they
will be disposed of according to law
NoV. 20, 1557.
WOOLLEN FACTOR.Y and FARM
FOR SALE OR RENT, in Jackson township, Hun
tingdon county. 'Die Factory inis machinery in good or
der for the spinning and manufacturing of yarns, anti
Vivolieu goods, turned by Stone Creek, a never-failing
The farm consists of fifty acres of good limestone and
bottom land, in a good state of cultivation, with an apple
orchard, barn, and live dwelling houses thereon.
Information in relation to the property will be given by
T. Sewell Stewart. Esti., of Huntingdon, or the subscriber
at McAleavy's Port, Huntingdon county, Pa. Terms will
be'Made cr,:ey to suit pUrehitsers.
November 4, 18574g.*
TOTlCE.—Letters of Administration
have been granted to me upon tlio estate of Mrs.
MARY RAYMOND, late of the borough of Uuntingdott.
deed. Those having claims ag,ainst her Will present then
properly authenticated, and any who arc indebted are_ re
quested to make payment to me
Huntingdon, Nov. 11, 1657.t1t.
QADDLE, lIARNESS, AND TRUNK
k . D . MA.Is',UFACTOIII7.—J. B. LONG, would inform the
public in general, that ho has
'4P-W---'r'-' :nlned the above bus
11% ia.mlieleiei;enstoieepion 4 „stmoyon hand, and'manilieture to
opler, all kinds of Saddles, Harness,
Trunks, Ax., which lie will sell as lor its can lie lmtight in
the country. Also, Buggys trininimi, and all kinds of Up
holstering done in the neatest style.
Alexandria, August 26, 1857.
TO THE PUBLIC---The man
now traveling through the county, with horse and
waggon, selling Heady-Mario Milling, is no Agent or
Clerk of mine, his representations to the contrary not
withstanding: 1 have no Agents or derks peddling Cloth
ing for me. IL BOHAN.
Ihintingdori, Sept. 23, 1857.
QTOLEN !---:-The Store of the under
signed was fobbed on the night of the 7th August,
18F, and among - other valuables, the following were taken,
,Certificate of Register of Land office at Council Bluffs,
lowa, on Military Bounty Land WaWant (Act df 1855) No.
2117, issued to Studley Bisbee for 100 acres;, assigned to
MC, and located Nov. 3, 1855, on E. 1 / 1 of S.W. %, and S.W.
.% of S.W. lA', Section Eleven (11) aud.S.E: I% of S.E. 1 4,
Section Ten (10) in Township 78, North of Range 39, West
of sth Principal Meridian. Also, Certificate Of Register of
Land office at Council Bluffs, Iowa:, On Military Bounty
Land Warrant (Act of 1655) No: 13070 issued to Sarah P.
Wing for 120 acres, Misigned to Me, And located Den 13,
1855, on S. 1 / 2 of N.E. V t . and N.W. 1 4 of N.B. V D Section
Eight, (8) in Township 82, North of Range 31, Walt Of sth
All persons are hereby cautioned against purchasing the
same, as application will bo made by the undersigned to
the Commissioner of the General Land Office at Washing
ton, p.: C., for the delivery of the Patents which may issue
on said Tracts of Land, when the same are ready for trans-
WM. J. OEISINGER.
Huntingdon, Oct. 25,1857-fit.
•„. - COUNTRir . DEALERS can
buy CLOTHING frOm ruo . in Huntingdon at
WHOLESALE ni cheap as they can in the
cities. as I liars a, wholesale store in Philadelphia.
Huntingdon, Oat. 14, 1857. IL ROMAN.
NEW CLOTITING H. ROMAN,
Opposito rho' "Franklin House," Huntingdon, Pa.
Has just opened a very extensive stock of
of the very latest fashion and of the best mnterials.
The same quality of Clothing cannot be bought at any
other store cheaper if as cheap.
Call and examine for yourselves.
lluntingdon, October 7, 1857.
=ROOTS & SHOES: A. Jim stock re
. ccived ! LEVI 'WESTBROOK, 1;lts just open
ed another new stock of BOOTS & 'AWES, of the i+l
Lest and most fashionable kind to Un had in the
Ladies and Gentlemen, Aliases anti Boyscan lie suited by
calling at my store.
Thankful for vast fa - rois I ask a continuance of the
same, knowing that customers will be pleased with my
Boots & Shoes and my price's. L. WESTBROOK.
Huntingdon, October 7, 1857.
NOTlCE—Notice is hereby gii , cti to
all persons interested, Oat &W. Saxton, of the
borough of Huntingdon; did. on the 9th day of July last,
make and execute to the stfiK4criber of shit! Borough, adeed
of voluntary assignment, for the benefit of creditors.--
Therefore, all persons holding claims against the said 3.
&. W. Saxton, or either of them, will present them prop
erly authenticated fot settlenient, and all indebted to said
firm, or either of them, in any way, will make immediate
payment to W. B. ZEIGLER.
Huntingdon, August 19, 1857-tf.
TopltooKEn & MARSII, AUCTION
EERS AND COMMISSION iinAteirANTs, No. 262
North Sd Street, one door belcraf Vine, Pliiladelptia•
Sales of _BOOTS and SILOES., pity GOODS. GUNS,
HARDWARE, WATCHES, FANCY GOODS, Sec:
Country Storekeepers and offiers will always find
at our evening Sales a large and desirable assortpront (A
tha above goods, to Do sold ip lots to suit buyers.
' ***Goods packed on tic) premises fo'r Country Trade.
Sept. 30, 18.57,3ei:
pUBLIC NOTIVE.-- The subscriber
having no permanent residente at present, winlic:s
to inform all. person's who gave their notes for property
purchased at his sale, that they can save cost by calling
on D. P. Gwin of Huntingdon. who is. trafhorLzed -to re
ceive the amount of said notes, whith will be due on the
17th of December next. JAMES PORTER. -
Nov. IS, 1857.
QTRAY to the resi
den co of the subscriber. in lienderson township, some
time aboitt tire Ist of April last, a black heifer, supposed
to be a year old, with some white spots. the right ear
clopt off, and a slit in it. The owner is requested to come
forwdrd, prove property, pay charges. and take it away,
otherwise; it will be sold according to law.
Nov. is, 1857.* . JACOB HESS.;
THE LATEST and NEWEST Styles
of Ladies' Collars - at FISHER & i'Ife3TURTRIE-S.
BOOTS and SHOES, die largest arid
cheapest assortment in town, at
Y. P. GVVDPS.;
LOTHING ! CLOTHING 1.1. Keep
I„„jyourself warm. Call at M. CLAM:AN & CO'S Cheap
Clothing Stare, in Long's new building; Market Square,
Ihnitilo.aon: Pa. A good Mock always.on hand. (oc2S.)
WHALEBONE,)Eteed& Bra s s hoops,
and Reed Sltirts, for min it the dreap; Store of
. • 11. - I'. GWIN. •
rrEAS,_ TEAS—of 'excellent .qualitiee r
and the cbdapo4, in tow, at LOVE tkigcDTVIT'S
e S a h a r tS M a
a a e e r i) r a V r
.C4.)llars, It., very cheap at D. Y. -GWIN'Et.7
11100tROCHA. and Wool Shawls,• Fine and
Cheap. at the cheap store P. r. Gssz..x.