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THE HUNTINGDON GLOBE, A DEMOCRATIC FAMILY JOURNAL, DEVOTED TO LOCAL AND GENERAL NEWS, &C,
Circulation—the largest Lit thi3 county,
UMITTD.TMEJOB, P 2.
Wednesday, August 26, 1857.
lion. WM. F. PA.CIC...ER, of Lyeorning.
TOR CANAL COMMISSIONER,
NIDIR.OD STRICKLAND, of Chester.
FOR SUPREME JUDGES,
1-lon. WILLIAM STRONG, of "Berks.
Hon. JAIITES THOMPSON, of Erie.
P $ kyr WO zirt l 4 01[01•10 *
DANIEL HOUTZ, of Alexandria.
FOR REGISTER & RECORDER,
JAMES B. CAROTHERS, of Morris
DAVID CALDAVELL, of Cromwell.
JOHN H. LIGHTNER, of Shirleysburg.
FOR. COUNTY COMMISSIONER,
THOMAS OZBORN, of Jackson.
FOR DIRECTOR OF THE POOR,
JAMES 211TRPHY, of Petersburg
JOHN M. STONEROAD, of Birmingham.
THANKS.—Those of our friends who made
it convenient to give us a "lift" during
Court weeks, and before and since, have our
thanks. Those yet to call will be kindly re
ceived. Don't be backward, friends.
TIIE RIGHT SPIRIT.-Our friends in differ
ent parts of the county, are daily sending in
the names of good and true men to be book
ed as subscribers to the Globe. We notice
among the number several who have but
lately deserted the opposition ranks. We
still have room for more of the same sort.—
Only $1 50 per annum.
Daniel Houtz and the Three Mill Tax
We learn that the opposition are endeavor
ing to make capital for their candidates by
falsely representing DANIEL HOUTZ, the Dem
ocratic candidate for Assembly, as being fa
vorable to the repeal of " the three mill tax."
Where lioatz's opinions are known, such
falsehoods have the effect of making him
friends among the opposition ranks. We are
authorized to say that DANIEL HOUTZ is un
qualifiedly opposed to the repeal of the three
mill tax. •
ririe"WitAT DOES IT MEIN ?—We see that
the officers of the Agricultural Society, or
those having the appointment of committees
to report on articles to be exhibited at the
Fair; have again, omitted the appointment of
a committee on Printing. True, premiums
are offered for the best specimens, but who
are to examine and award premiums? In
our opinion, it is about as important to the
people to have printing well done, as it is to
have a handsome baguet, or a neat hearth
rug. The absence of a Committee on Print
ing may be an accidental over-sight of " the
powers that be;" if so, it is not too late to do
the printers of the county justice by appoint
ing said committee.
JOHNSON'S NEW ILLUSTRATED AND EMBEL
LISHED COUNTY MAP OF THE REPUBLICS OF
'Mr. J. A. Moons is now canvassing this
county with this new and beautiful map. It
is large, and decidedly the best published, as
it exhibits the whole of North America south
of the 50th .parallel of latitude—embracing
the Canadas, the United States and Territo
ries, •Mexico, Central America, the Isthmus
of Panama, the West India Islands, New
Brunswick, Nova Scotia, and part of South
America. Also a superior Map of the World.
It is on a scale larger by 10 miles to the inch
than the largest Map of the same territory
ever published, and 13 miles to the inch larg
er than Monk's or the. Map of "Our Coun
try!' It occupies a sheet 72 by 80 inches:
larger than Sherman & Smith's mammoth
Map-of the Old States (now Colton's), and
covering about four times as much of the
Earth's surface as that work. _lt is 1,500
square - inches larger than Colton's, Monk's,
or--Mitchell's Map, and gives a geographical
delineation of the Countries it embraces with
an accuracy and fullness of - detail altogether
beyond the reach of any other Map. • Al
though there are :some Two Thousand •cotin
ties in the United States and Territories, each
county is named and colored on the face of the
map..• ' Of course it contains all the railroads
(both the finished and the finishing); and, in
the Southern and Western -States, nearly all
the railroad stations I '
:ger" triflON COUNTY TICKET" heads: the
oppOsitionficket in the American, and also
the opposition ticket in the Journal. . The
.Ani - eridan's ticket has Col: S. S. Wharton,
for Assembly; the , Journars ticket has Levi
Evani for Assembly. Reader, you ask what
such i p,"union" Of the opposition means?—
It's a trick of the' enemy—both candidates
ha,ve.been dyed, in the_ wool of Know Noth
ingism,, and baptized in the river of, Aboli
tionism. Either Wilt step upon any platform
the desporateleaders of the opposition may
dictate for them. Both will be kept.in the
field as long as there is a possible chance of
distracting the Democratic party by holding
out: the idea .that Houtz is not the man for
the times. But where is there a Democrat,
an - honest voter of either party, who will not
admit that Houtz just the kind of man to
make honorable, straight-forward; Rep
resen of ;pc? ple
At a meeting of the Huntingdon county
Agricultural Society held in the Court House
on Monday evening, 10th inst., the time and
place for holding the next annual Fair were
fixed at Huntingdon, on the 14th, 15th and
16th days of October next.
Hon. Jona. McWilliams, T. 11. Cremer,
Esq., and Gen. G. W. Speer were chosen elec
tors to represent this Society in the election
of Trustees for the Farmers' High School of
Pennsylvania, on the 2nd day of September.
The premium list suggested at the last
meeting was adopted after certain alterations
and additions were made, which will appear
in the list. Resolutions were passed to the
effect that no land of grain in less qnantities
than a half bushel should be considered in
competition ; that domestic manufactures be
divided into three classes, viz : Ist, Eatables ;
2nd, Wearing Apparel, and 3rd, Fancy Nee
dle and Ornamental work; that "no article
or product shall be excluded, if offered FM
exhibition by a member of the Society, but
premiums shall be awarded only to manufac
turers or producers, or their immediate
agents," and that the executive committee be
directed to " take the necessary measures in
order to, prevent promiscuous riding and dri
ving on the fair ground."
At a meeting of the Executive committee,
held on the 11th inst., Messrs. R. B. Petri
ken, J. C. Watson, J. Simpson Africa, Jacob
Miller, (creek) and Dr. R. A. Miller were ap
pointed a Committee of Arrangements, and
a resolution passed to the effect " that said
committee shall have authority to make all
necessary contracts in order to complete the
arrangements for the annual Fair; to audit
all bills of their contracting, and to draw or
ders on the Treasurer for payment of the
Committees were also appointed by them
for the purpose of awarding premiums on the
different articles and productions to be offer
ed for exhibition, together with the list of
premiums altered and amended as agreed on;
also a discretionary committee, and a—com
mittee to solicit subscriptions.
The Chinese War.
The present war between China and Eng
land is one of much moment to the world in
more respects than one. The Chinese form
a vast and powerful empire, whose exclusive
policy has shut out the civilized world from a
full participation in the vast advantages of a
free commerce with her' millions of inhabi
tants—an exclusiveness which, in this age of
the world,, no nation in justified in pursuing.
Whatever the origin of the quarrel between
England and China may have been ; no mat
ter whether the Anglo-Saxons or the Celes
tials are in the wrong, the results of the pres
ent war must redound to the advantage of
civilized Europe, in the end. The policy of
England has always been, in all her foreign
wars, to make the nations with which she
has quarreled pay the expenses, and she will
not neglect this idea in the present contest.
If, as we have no doubt will be the case,
England succeeds in opening the ports of
China to the world by the present war, that
country will confer blessings and benefits upon
Europe and America, and upon the Celestials
We confess that our sympathies are with
England in the present contest, and we be
lieve that our citizens generally wish her suc
cess. Nor can the result be a doubtful one,
when the two nations are so circumstanced as
are the belligerant powers now engaged in
China. England, with her immense naval
force, must ultimately succeed, and if she
(Wes, will dictate her own terms when peace
is - restored.
Nur will these results be lost upon another
country whose policy has been as exclusive
and unreasonable as that of China herself.—
We mean Japan. This latter country, it is
true, has, to some limited extent, granted a
few commercial privileges, to a few powers,
by late treaty stipulations, of little or no prac
tical value; but should England succeed in
,her present designs with China, it will not
be long before she will compel compliance
with her wishes, on the part of Japan, in
which she will be seconded by every other
commercial country on the globe.
BOUGHT I BOUGHT ! -SOLD ! SOLD !-If ,we
were to believe half we hear of persons
being ." sold,'?: and " bought," we would . be
compelled to come to the Conclusion that . a
- few very influenlial politicians have not been
thought worth buying at any price.
SIIAMEFUL—the practice of scalding dogs.
Those guilty of such an act should remem
ber that the world will never accuse them of
possessing those finalities which always gov
ern the conduct of a person of humane feel-
MOUTALITY AMONG 11. S. SENATons.—Cut of the.fifty
nine members of the Senate during the last Congress, no
less than live have already passed away, viz : Messrs. Clay
ton of Delaware; Bell, of New Hampshire; Adams, of Mis
sissippi; Butler, of South Carolina; and Rusk, of Texas.
.1/cir LOOK 0(37 !—A number of counterfeit $5 bills on
the York Bank, d'ennoy/vania, are in circulation at Harrit
burg, and will doubtless soon find their way up here.—
They are said to be well executed, and liable to deceive
even experienced judges of bank'paper.
.4-Z- A tannery is about being erected in Kidder town
ship, Carbon county, Pa.. which will be one of the largest
establishments of the kind in the United States. The main
building will be between six and seven hundred feet long
and fifty wide, calculated to tan 33,000 hides in a year—
more, it is said, than any other tannery in the United
States. An engine of ninety horse power will be put up.
In Chicago, last week, a fellow named lteed was
arrested, charged with passing two $lO counterfeit notes.
The charge was fully proved, that he had stolen the bills
from& comrade, thus showing that he supposed them to he
good; and it was no larceny. as the law does not consider
counterfeit bills property. So the thief and shaver" got
free, while his comrade is held for having tile bills in the
first instanea. - •
" NEW COVNTERFEST.—A new and dangerous counterroit, of
the denomination of on the Farmers' and Drovers'
Bank of Waynesburg, Pa.,.has been put in circulation.
yt i 3 well executed and calculated to deceive.
The Democratic Candidate for Governor
William P. Packer is above the ordinary
size; his robust frame, with rounded contour ;
his fair complexion, tinged with the rosy hues
of a healthy and vigorous circulation; his
capacious forehead, indicating great intellec
tual power ; his intelligent countenance and
agreeable manners render his personal ap
pearance at once prepossessing and com
manding. In 1846 he was duly elected a
member of the House of Representatives from
the District composed of the counties of Ly
coming, Clinton and Potter ; but by a mistake
in carrying out the returns of one of the
townships in Clinton county, his opponent
was returned as elected, and actually served
during the whole of the session, before the
mistake was discovered. In 1847, the people
of his District appeared to be determined to
manifest their views by a vote so decisive as
not to be mistaken or defeated, and he was
accordingly elected to the House of Repre
sentatives by a majority exceeding fifteen
hundred over his competitor. Although this
was his first appearance as a member of a
legislative body, his knowledge of the public
interests, his acquaintance with parliament
ary rules, and his business capacity were so
universally known and acknowledged, that he
was at once chosen by his fellow members to
preside over their deliberations as Speaker of
the House. The selection of a new member
to a post of such great responsibility, and re
quiring such varied and extensive abilities,
may be regarded as a high honor, in which
Gen. Packer stands as the sole recipient in
his native State. Such a recognition of pre
eminent abilities, is of rare occurrence every
where ; and it is believed never occurred be
fore in Pennsylvania. In 1848, he was re
elected to the House. The brilliant achieve
ments of a brave and successful General,
who was a candidate for the Presidency, had
produced disastrous results to the Democratic
party throughout the nion, and had iven
the - Whigs a large majority in the Senate of
Pennsylvania, and reduced the Democratic
members in the House to a bare equality in
numbers with" their opponents. Notwith
standing this circumstance, and although ev
ery member was in attendance at the organi
zation of the House, Gen. Packer was again
elected. Speaker of that body. Considering
his known attachment to Democratic princi
ples, his great influence and continual activ
ity as a writer and as a public speaker in
sustaining the principles and candidates of
the Democratic party, his second elevation to
the Speaker's chair must he regarded as an
honorable and magnanimous tribute to his
talents and integrity, and to the impartiality
and ability with which he had discharged
the high duties of the office at the previous
session. This compliment was in fact richly
merited. General Packer possesses a mind
well stored with useful knowledge. Although
self-taught his education has not been neg
lected. He is familiar with the current liter
ature, and with the teachings of history and
philosophy. Although not a member of the
legal profession he is a much better lawyer
than many who belong to it. - His thorough
acquaintance with legal principles, and with
constitutional and parliamentary law, emi
nently qualified him for the duties of the
chai r . And so satisfactory were his decis
ions upon - many difficult questions which
arose during his two official terms as Speaker,
that they have been in no instance mersed
ny rh,, )-F -1,-A<Za"..a, le ~c cxxv - net mista
ken, an appeal was never taken from any de
cision pronounced by General Packer as
Speaker, except in one solitary case ; and on
that occasion, upon hearing his reasons and
the authorities cited in support of his decis
ion, the judgment of the chair was unani
mously sustained ;
,the gentleman who took
the appeal, acknowledging Isis error, and vo
ting against his 011:21, appeal to sustain the de
cision of the chair, It is proper to add, in
this place, that General Packer is one of the
most powerful public debaters which our
country has produced. In the primary as
semblies of the people, and in their legisla
tive halls, his eminent abilities in this respect
have been frequently displayed and always
acknowledged. In a government resting
upon public opinion, the discussion, in pub
lic assemblies of the people, of the principles
and measures to be opposed as detrimental,
or advocated as advancing the public interest,
is absolutely indispensable to success.
The freedom of debate is emphatically the
aliment of self-government, which goes hand
in hand with free discussion in our public
journals. The - freedom of speech and the
liberty of the press are the palladium of
public liberty. But the temple would soon
be overthrown by the strong arm of tyranny,
unless its columns were continually support
ed by the power and patriotism of her wri
ters and orators. In this age of progress,
the man who is unable to express his views
to his fellow-citizens, and to discuss the
measures of government before the assem
-1 lilies of the people, will be left so far behind
in the political race as to be soon forgotten.
General Packer's distinguished abilities as a
writer and as an orator, take him out of this
category and place him in the front ranks of
our most, useful, influential, and promising
The subject of this sketch is thus before
the reader, and we see what he is now. Let
us look into his past history, that we may
understand the means by which , he has ac
quired his present eminence. lie was born
in Howard Township, Centre county, on the
2d of April, 1807. He is descended from a
I highly respectable family who belong to the
Society of. Friends; but they were Whigs of
the Revolutionary period, and were attached
to the cause of their country in her struggle
for liberty. His grandfather, James Packer,
was born in 1725, on a farm in New Jersey,
where the town of Princeton now stands.—
His father, also named James, was born in
Chester county, Pennsylvania. On
ternal side he is connected with the Pettits,
a large influential family in Pennsylvania.
When General Packer was but seven years
old; his father died, leaving, a Widow and
five small children. At this tender age he
was under the necessity of contributing to
his own support, and that of the family, by
the most severe and exhausting labor; and
some years after, at the age of twelve, ho
travelled from Bellefonte to - Sunbury, for the
purpose: of learning the printing business
with his cousin Samuel J. Packer, fermerli
a distinguished Senator, and then editor of.
the Public Inquirer, a paper which advocated
with great,ability the re-election of William
Findlay for Governor, in 1820. Some time
after the defeat of Mr. Findlay, the Inquirer
was discontinued, and in 1823 Gen. Packer
returned to Bellefonte to complete his knowl
edge of the printing business, in the office of
the Bellefonte Patriot, then under the con
trol of Henry Petrikeri, Esq.; who was sub
sequently distinguished as a Senator. Gen.
Packer completed his apprenticeship in May,
1 1825, and was employed as a journeyman at
the profession of the great Franklin, on the
public printing in Harrisburg, in the years
1825, 1826, and 1827.
In the latfer year he purchased an interest
in the Lycoming Gazette, at Williamsport,
Lycoming county; and in 1829, upon the de
cease of his partner Mr. Brandon, became the
sole owner of that time honored Democratic
journal. Its years already number more titan
half a century, and it still carries at its head
the motto: " Be just and fear not," &c., which
was placed there nearly thirty years ago by
the present Judge Lewis, of Lancaster, dur
ing his editorial control of the paper. It is
still a flourishing and. influential journal, and
is at present conducted by C. D. Eldred, Esq.,
a gentleman of fine abilities and excellent
judgment. While the Gazette was under the
control of General Packer, which was about
nine years, it supported the election of An
drew Jackson, Martin Van Buren, George
Wolf, and other Democratic standard bear
ers of that period; and the cause of Democra
cy was greatly indebted, during these con
tests, to the discreet counsels of Gen. Packer,
and to the power of his pen, as made known
through the editorial columns of his paper.—
In 1829, General Packer, intermarried with
the daughter of Peter Vanderbelt, Esq., re
spectable citizen of Williamsport, who had.
occupied various official stations, indicative of
the public confidence of his fellow citizens,
Miss Vanderbelt was the grand. daughter of
Michael Ross, Esq., a gentleman distinguish
ed for his energy of character, and strength
of mind. He was at one time the owner of
the land whereon the borough of Williams
port now stands, and his descendants continue
extensive proprietors of valuable lands adjoin
ing the town.
In 1812, shortly after the improvement sys
tem had commenced in Pennsylvania, and af
ter the West Branch Canal had been adopted
as a part of the system, through the votes and.
influence of the Philadelphia members, the
West Branch Improvement was left out of
the Improvement Bill, and thus threatened
with abandonment. Had this decission been
adhered to, the people of that section of the
State would have derived no benefit from the
large expenditure of the public money for
improvement purposes. Public meetings
were immediately held, addresses were deliv
ered, resolutions adopted, and, among other
strong measures, a direct appeal was made to
the people of Philadelphia city and county
against the suicidal policy of their own mem
bers. This last measure had the desired ef
fect; and the Philadelphia members, under
the influences brought to bear upon them
from their own immediate constituency re
traced their steps, and voted fur the West
Branch Improvement, and it was thus saved!
In all these . proceedings, Gen. Packer, al
though a very young man, bore a leading
part. To his efforts, more than to any other
individual, are the people of that section of
the country indebted for the construcition of
their Valuable canal. -
As the work progressed, the public voice
very properly called for his appointment as
superintendent, which office he held until the
Spring of 1835. He discharged the duties
of this station to the satisfaction of the peo
ple, and disbursedlyithout a dollar's loss to
the State, while ho'held the office, more than
a million and a. quarter of-the public money !
His accounts were all regularly and properly
settled. In 1835, General Packer was the
warm friend of Governor Wolf, and received
the hOlimiiition tor tlle berate ;
but as the Democratic party was that year
distracted by the unfortunate gubernatorial
contest between the friends of Wolf and Muh
lenberg, a portion of the friends of Muhlen
ber coalesced with the Whigs in favor of
Alexander Irvine, then a Muhlenberg Demo
crat, but since United States Marshal under
General Taylor, and Gen. Packer was defeat
ed. In 1836, he united with Messrs. Park
and Barret, in the publication of the Harris
burg Keystone. The paper itself is the best
evidence of the eminent abilities of these
three gentlemen as editors. This connection
continued until 1841. Mr. Park is now en
gaged in the practice of the law, and Mr.
Barret, after a season of retirement from
public life, has again made his appearance in
the editorial chair, and his abilities will, no
doubt, insure him an appropriate reward.
.In 1838, General Packer distinguished
himself by his political tact and the power of
his eloquence as a speaker at public meetings
of the people, in advocating the- election of
David R. Porter, then the Democratic candi
date for Governor: In 1839, he was appoint
ed Canal Commissioner in connection with
Hon. James Clarke, and Hon. E. 13. Hubly,
and continued to discharge with unsurpaised
ability, the highly responsible duties of that
office, until the month of February, 1842, a,
period of three years. In May, 1843, Gen
eral Packer received the appointment of Au
ditor General of the Commonwealth. He
continued to discharge the duties of this office,
until May, 1845, a period of three years.—
His office gave him a seat -in the Cabinet, of
the Executive, and thus -called into action his
knowledge of men, of measures, and of the
diversified interests of the Commonwealth.
Holding jurisdiction over all the public ac
counts, the large expenditures of money for
public improvements, and the numerous diffi
cult questions and. complicated cases - which
arose for adjudication, called for the exercise
of the soundest judgment ; and no mind,
save one enlightened by ektensive ac
quaintance with. common law- and , equity
principles, as well as with the statutes of the
Commonwealth, would have .discharged the
duties of this exalted station. The settle—
ment of the claims of the domestic creditors,
with the other business .of the office arising
from the increased public expenditures for
improveinent and other purposes, rendered
the duties of the Auditor-General, far more
burdensome than they have been since, or
had ever been-before, at any former periOd
in -the history. of the government.'.. And the
ability displayed by :Gren bral Paoli:6r,, his per
fect mastery of 'every question which arose,
and his impartiality in the discharge of his
duties,.in the settlement-.of theSe questions,
are acknowledged by .men of all parties. •
It may with great truth be said of Gen. ,
Packer that he is indebted to his own indus
try for the, education and knowledge - he has
acquired, and to his • own - merits for the dis
tinction to which he has attained., He is
thoroughly - Democratic in-his principles, and'
is always ready to. , devote his talentsand his
means to the success of those principles.—
He is no empty' talker about names and
forms, but an energetic actor,- following the
substance and not the shadow. Springing
from the people,• he is always ready to battle
,their rights. Looking to them as the le
gitimate source of all political authority, he
is ready to trust thorn with every power con
sistent with representative government.—
Aware of the nature of the federal compact,
and of the unwillingness of the early states
men of Democracy to trust the central gov
ernment with any but a limited authority,
he is ever ready to stand by the State sover
eignties in confining the General Govern
ment strictly within the powers granted by
the "Federal Constitution. Men of eminence
in the party to which Gen. Packer belongs,
may occasionally differ in the application of
principles to particular cases; but all politi
cians, of the genuine Democratic school, sub
scribe to the great fundamental doctrines of
the party, that "the powers not delegated to
the U. States by the Constitution, nor pro
hibited to it by the States, are reserved to
the States respectively, or to the people."—
Upon this great fundamental principle hang
all the doctrines of the Democratic party.—
Upon the steady support of this principle
the permanency of the Union and the liber
ties of the people depend. Every extension
of territory and every increase of the great
sisterhood of nations of which our glorious
confederacy is composed, is but a new de
mand upon the patriot for a vigilant and en
ergetic support of the ancient, safe, and
chief principles of the Democratic party, a
strict construction of t'te Federal Constitution.
So long as this principle of construction be
adhered to by our public authorities, and by
those who clothe them with power, the rights
of the people and of the States, will be pro
tected against the usurping tendencies of a
great central government. With this prin
ciple constantly before us, and with our pub
lic men able and willing to maintain it,
either in the legislative hail, or in the judi
cial forum, we can have no fears of nullifi
cation or consolidation ; but our great and
glorious Union, a
standing san illustrious ex
ample of the capacity of the people for self
government, shall not only secure its own
greatness and perpetuity, but shall light all
the nations of the earth in their onward
march to freedom.—West Chester Tefferso
The High Price of Provisions
The high price of provisions exercises a se
vere pressure on a considerable portion of the
people. To suppose that flu mers are thereby
greatly beuefitted is a mistake, fbr they them
selves have to pay, in consequence of it, more
for labor, for manufactures of every descrip
tion, clothing, implements, etc. There is a
certain equilibrium bet Ween the different de
partments of human activity possible, which
yields to each a fair and equitable remunera
tion, and marks the most desirable condition
of things. This equilibrium, it seems, is dis
turbed ; for while the present state of the mar
ket yields to agriculturists no decided advan
tages, it subjects all engaged in other pur
suits, numerically exceeding the former three
or four times, to retrenchment and unaccus
tomed privations. The evil is not to be re
garded as a mere passing phenomenon. Pro
visions have advanced gradually and steadily
for a long series of years, which fact justifies
the presumption of a deep seated disorder in
the machinery of production or interchange,
or in both perhaps. A comparison` of the
census of 1840 with that of 1850, reveals cer
tain startling facts, that may serve to discover
the causes of the perturbation.
In 1840, for instance, the United States
84,820,000 bushels of wheat.
108,000,000 bushels Irish and sweet potatoes.
14,970,000- head of cattle.
Had agriculture remained simply station
ary—considering the increase of population
115,24(/,000 bushels of wheat
146,000,000 bushels of potatoes.
20,349,000 head of cattle.
Instead of which it only yielded
100,480,000 bushels of wheat.
104,000,000 bushels of potatoes.
18,378,000 head of cattle.
Thus the diminution of these articles, du
ring a period of ten years, amounted to about:
15,000,000 bushels of wheat, which is a fal-
ling off of 1-7
41,000,000 bushels of potatoes, which is a
off of - 1-3
2,000,000 head of cattle, which is a fallin g
off of - 1-1
of the production in 1840—duly taking into
calculation the increase of population.
Here then we have one reason for the ad
vance of provisions.
While agriculture thus proved unable to
keep pace with the growth of the population,
the, exportation of breadstuffs increased pro
digiously, which, of course, re-acted upon the
The value of breadstuffs and provisions ex
ported, averaged per annum for the period
from 1830 . to 1840 - - - - $12,000,000
" 1840 to 1850 - - - - 27,000,000
" 1850 to 1856 - - - - 41,000,000
Thus, the exportation more than doubled
in ten years, and nearly doubled in the last
seven years. This furnishes a second reason
for the advance of provisions.
It is much to be regretted that no official
statistics arc in existence , for the time subse
quent to 1850, of the produce of agriculture.
But there is,good cause to believe that the in
fluences which operated previous t 0.1550, are
yet active, which supposition is, at least, sus
tained by the steady advance of the market,
since. It is of importance to ascertain in
what these.influences consist. Immigration
continues to provide laboring forces, which
become productive, at all events, the year of-.
ter, their arrival; and increased production
neeessarily tends to diminish prices, provided
the number of non-producers does, not aug
-ment:disproportionately to that of producers;
'Now 'it is. a. notorious and very obvious fact,
which needs no.-statistical figures to prove it,
that all,nOn-producing pursuits_ are overstock
ed: In cities, towns and villages, every other
house almost is a shop; there are five lawyers
and,five doctors where one is.only wanted,
and so forth. Owing to our numerous retail
establishments, merchandize changes hands
often. All-this enhances it. Then it is trans
ported to great
_distances, a consequence, of
the too rapid progress westward. .
This inordinate dispersion "of population
over wild regions, while cultivable lands are
yet obtainable within the old centres of civ
ilization, involves a considerable waste of la
bor and capital. Railroads •and canals have
to be constructed to connect the new• settle,
month with the Eastern ports,; the capital for
which has to be withdrawn from more pro
ductive enterprise, the cultivation of the soil
- and the operation of factories, mines, &c., in
States where moans of communication already
exist., The multiplication of railroads and
-canals, and ships, and areable acres even,
constitutes not, in itself, national wealth.—
These .are only the means wherewith to create
and distribute it. The less there are of them,
the less money invested in them, the better.
Produce will bo cheaper, the shorter the dis
tances of transportation. Real agricultural
progress is not so much manifested in the ad
dition of areable acres to those already under
cultivation, than in the increasing produc
tiveness and value of the latter. According
to official data, every acre of land produces
in England, on an average, nearly three times,
and in France twice the amount of grain than
with us. That is to say, our 'farmer has to
go to the trouble and expense of cultivating
two or three acres to obtain the same results
as the English or French. It is the cheap
ness of land here, which explains the fact
that we command the Europe'an grain mar
ket, but our profits would be larger were to
this advantage the superior productiveness of
European lands added. The whole secret of
this superiority consists in the adherence to
the principle of returning in the shape of
fertilizers, the substance taken from the' soil
in the shape of produce. But thiels'iMprac
ticable under a system of insolation and con ,
stant dispersion, which tends to remove the'
farmer too far from his Market, arid the man
ufacturing and commercial cities. The'
greatest efficiency of population and industry
can only be attained in districts where
culture, trade and manufactures go hand in
hand, offering the greatest possible diversity'
of remunerative and steady employment.—
Besides the causes already touched upon,
there are others affecting the price of neces
saries of life,.of which the extraordinary de- .
sruction of property by fires and other acci
dents deserves to he mentioned.—Pennsylva
B CTSLN - ESS _YO TIC YL.S-
Call on PRETTYMAN, ut the Central Railroad Station
House, and get a DAGUERREOTYPE, AMBROTYPE Or PROTO
an.trii likeness of yourself. Ills pictures can't be Feat—
call and examine specimens.
Plain and Fancy Printing.
Job work of all kinds—such as Handbills, Circulars
Business, Visiting, and Show Cards, Tickets, Bill Heads,
Deeds, Mortgages, and all kinds of blanks, &c., &e.
neatly printed at the "CrLone Job Office, Huntingdon. Pa.
..trZ - Specirnens of "Oman" printing can be seen at the
office—which will satisfy everybody that it is no longer
necessary to go to Philadelphia for neat work. Call and
see for yourselves.
Blanks of all kinds,
Neatly printed and for sale at the "Globe," °Mee—such as
Blank Deeds, Mortgages, Judgment nod Common Bonds,
Agreements, Leases, Judgment and Promissory Notes,
Notes relinquishing all benefits of exemption laws, License'
roods, and all blanks used by Justices of the Peace.
For Ready-Made Clothing,
Wholesale or retail, call at H. ROMAN'S Clothing Store,
opposite Coots' Hotel. Huntingdon, Pa., where the very
best assortment of goods for men and boys' wear may be
found at low prices.
Generally are invited to cell at the New Drug Store o f
Ili mv MeMAmumt. Every article usually to be found
in the best establishments of the kind, can be had, fresh
and pure, at their Store, in Market Square, Huntingdon.
See advertisement in another column.
NOTlCE—Notice is hereby, given to
all persons interested, that T. & W. Saxton, of the
borough of Huntingdon, did, on the 9th day of July last,
make and execute to the subscriber of said Borough. adeed
of voluntary assignment, fur the benefit of creditors.—
Therefore, all persons holding claims against the said J.
R. W. Saxton. or either of them,
will present themprop
erly authenticated fur settlement, and all indebted to said
firm, or either of them, in any way, will make immediate
Huntingdon, August 19, 1557-tf.
pEAI, ESTATE AT PUBLIC SALE.
- 10 Will be exposed to - public sale, ON THURSDAY,
SEPTEMBER 10TH, 1807 at 10 o'clock, A. M., on the
premises, all that VALUABLE TRACT OF LAND, late the
property of John Barr, of Jackson township, Huntingdon
county, deed, in pursuance of directions given in the last
..... . _, ..... ni - ......3 .3. - . Ct....a ~.....-....- 4.- --5..........-e...-..n Env arellaiSVl/
township, adjoining lands of Alexander Vance, Doctor
Bigelow, and others, containing one hundred and eighty
four acres, more or less, about 130 acres of which are clear
ed and in a good state of cultivation, having thereon erec
ted a two story Log Dwelling House, a Barn and Saw Mill;
and also having thereon a good Apple Orchard.
ALSO—At the same time and place, there will be exposed
to public sale, A TRACT OF TIMBER LAND, (White Pine
and Oak of good quality.) said tract adjoins lands of Joseph
Belly, F.sq.,Sames Barr. and others, containing about SO
acres, and lies about three quarters of a mile from the
tract just described.
TERMS OF SALE.—One-third of the purchase money to
be paid in hand, anti the residue in two equal annual pay
ments, to be secured by the Judgment bonds of the pur
chaser. SAMUEL STEWART, Executor.
Jackson township, August 19, 1557.
IMPROVED PATENT ASPHALTIC
ROOFING FELT—A CHEAP, DURABLE AND PER
ELCTLY WATERPROOF ROOFING—PRICE, TnREF. CENTS
PEE SQUAEE FOOT.
WAI. LEWIS, Huntingdon, Agent for Huntingdon coiinty.'
'lids improved PATENT FELT makes a Cm" Dtrammtand
PERFECTLY WATERPROOF Room°, for CIIURCUES, CHAPELS,
PUBLIC HALLS, RAILROAD STATIONS, HOUSES, COTTAGES, VER
ANDAHS, TARSI BUILDINGS, CATTLE and SHEEP SHEDS, and
every other description of BUILDINGS, in lieu of Tin, Zinc,
Shingles, Tiles, Thatch, &c.
It costs only a fraction of a Tin or Shingle Roof and is
more durable, as it neither CORRODES, CRACKS nor LEAFS.
It is Made of the strongest and most durable materials,
and saturated with the best of Asphalte.
it is made up in Rolls, 23 yards long, 32 inches
and can be easily applied by any unpracticed person, with
a few tacks.
It is invaluable for LINING the WALLS of WOODEN Houses,
GRANAmEs, BARNS, &c., as rats or other vermin and insects
will not touch it.
IT IS I3II'IMVIOUS To WET and being a NON-007DUCT011,
counteracts the heat of SUZIUUM and the cold of WINTER,
equalizing the temperature within every building where
it is used.
To the Agriculturist, it makes a CHEAP and Erne=Ar.
Room:sic, for F.tum Itumamos and SIIIIDS ; a COVEAUNG for
Com: and HAY limus, also a DEFENCE for Sheep during
snow, and in the Yard as a loose covering for Turnips and
other Fodder in Winter—the use of this FELT proves agreirt
annual saving to the Farmer.
It is suitable to every climate:
It is light and portable, being in Rolls, and not liable to
damage in transportation.
When used uNDER. TIN: or other ROOFING, it forms a
smooth body for the metal to lie tightly on, whereby the
Tin wears much longer, not corroding beneath ;' at the same
time DEADENING SOUND. Also being a NON-CONDUCTOR, it
keeps the,urvnn ROOMS COOL in Summer, and being WATER,
PROOD. prevents the Roof from LEAKING.
August 19, 1857.
NTE - w-,AND CHEAP WHOLESALE
AND RETAIL GROCERY STORE.—DAVID GROVE
informs the citizens of Huntingdon and vicinity, and the,
Public generally, -that he has opened a Grocery Store on
MR street, Huntingdon ' a few doors west of Wm. Orbi
son's residence, Where he will at all times be prepared to
supply customers with
ALL KINDS OF GROCERIES' OF THE PEST,' . '
CHEAPER THAN THE CHEAPEST,
at wholesale and retail. Sugars, Coffee,' Teas; Molasses,
Cheese; Spices, Confectionaries, Hams, Salt, Brooms, Buck
ets, Segars, Tobacco, &c., &c.; in fact, everyarticle usually
'kept in a Grocery Store.
As I 'arn. determined to soli CHEAPER than the.CHEAP
EST, I want everybody to call and examine my stock and
prices. DAVID GROVE.
Huntingdon, July 22, 1857.
TIPTON STEAM FRAME. -SASH,
Doon,:SHUTTER & FLOORING MAbiIIFACTORY,
TIPTON, DLAIR COUNTY, PA., 10 miles East of ,4/toOna, The
undersigned having provided a complete set of Machinery
for the business, and being practical House Carpenters
and Builders, are extensively engaged in Manufacturing
by steam, any description of carpenter work, which we
will furnish at low rates, and ship to any poinkiligl the
Penn'a Rail Bead.. ' Plans of every description for Disildinge
with specifications and bill of timber prepared. Orders
from a distance respectfully solicited,
Tipton, July 1, 1857-ly
T AST NOTICE—AiI indebted.
to the undersigned by note or book account, are re.
quested to call and make payment on or before tlie.:Pit
day of 1V *ember next. All notes, and book accounts re
maining unsettled after that date, will positively be sued,
out without respect to persons. J. N. SWOOPE.
Alexandria, July 20, 1557.
AIMILNISTRATOR'S NO TI
Whereas, Letters of Administration on the Estate
of TuortrAs M. OWENS, late of the borough of Birming
ham, Huntingdon county, dec'd, having been granted to
the undersigned, Notice is therefore hereby given to ail
persons indebted to said Estate to make immediate pay
ment, and those having claims against the same to present
them duly authenticated for settlement.
July 14, 1557-*,
100 Sacks Ground Alum Salt, 50 tons
Plaster to be disposed of by
August 5, 1.857.
F,COTT & BROWN.
W. B. ZEIGLER
GEORGE W. OWENS,