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TERNS OP - THE (TOE +'i
. , • :
Piz annumin 'ativancti -- '-- • - - - "$1 do '
: 7— :" . l'h - rilie-morrtne- - • --- 50
• 4.4railu;erto_notifyziiv..disemitinuance at The _expiration of
die term subscribed for will be considered a new engage
c..i•t. :::- e_.- : -a,: !.- -..-.: ...- ..`. ::: - .- , : : ..• -• ; .. . ,
Trants, OF ,A.DV ERTISLN:G.-
'-'—' 1 Tmichion: -: 2 do. 3 do.
Pcmr.lines or lad, - " ' T S • Z.:. S ' 3734"; ... $ 50
One square, (1.21inea,),.". , :.. - .. i - 50 75 1 00
Two squares, ' 1 00 1 50 2 00
Tbree"-square.s, " ' 1 " ' 1:50 '2 25 ' 300
Over three week and less - than three months, 25 cents
PFr:9Y,a-VF each Inße%
on. • -
m. 0 nic;Uths, 12 mouths.
Six lines or less, Si 50 r.'3 00 55 00
One eggysci c ;,.., - ',3 00
• 5OO ' ....1 00
Tsro . _ squares, 5 00 8 00 10.00
: 'Mice squares, - - - 700 10 00 15 00
l'ottr - .Squares, ' " 9 00 13 00 20 00
nail a column,. 12 03 16 00 24 00
brie column„ 20 00 30 00 - 50 00
' Prordiiionartia Business Cards not exceeding faiir lines
-_ono year. ' ' • ' 's3 06
- • Administrators: and Exccutors' Notices, 4i 'l5
Addei•tisements not marked frith the.number of laser
:be-cotitinned 'till forbid and charged ac
cording to these terms.- :
ROCLAMATION:—Whereas "by - a
-- • • prce.ppt to me directed, datedat Huntingdon, the 24th
ay, of January, A. D.1§57, under the; hands and seals of
"-the Hon: GeOrge Tityron'Presidentof the Court of Common
Pleas, Oyer and Terminer, and general . jaillielivety of the
. 24th judicial district of Pennsylxania, - composed of Hun
tingdon, Blair Mad Cambria; and the lions. Benjamin,. F.
Pattori 2 aind John 'Brewster, his ' associates, Judges of
the county of Huntingdon, justices nisigned, appointed to
heir, try and determine all and every indictments made or
taken for or concerning all crimes, which by the laws of
therStafe are made capital, or felonies of death, and other
.offences,. crimes and misdemeanors, which have been or
shall hereafter be 'committed or perpetrated for crimes
aforesaid—l am commanded to make public proclamation
throughout my whole bailiwick, that a Court of Oyer and
Terminer, of Common Pleas and Quarter Sessions, will be
- held at the Court House in the horough of Huntingdon, on
. the - second :Monday (and:l3th day) 'of January next; and
those who will prosecute the said prisoners be then and
there to, prosecute them as it shall be just, and that all
'Justices of the Peace, Coronet' and Constables" within said
: county be then and there in their proper persons, at 70 O'-
clock, a m., of said day, with their .records, inquisitions,
- examinations and remembrances, to do those things which
to their offices respectively appertain.
.Dated-at. Huntingdon the 18th-of Mach, in 'the year of
"our Lord one thousand eight hundred and fifty-six,, and
the 80th year of American Independence.
- - GRA IrEUS MILLER, SherT.
- -- -
ROCCA ANATION.- - Whe'reas by a
precept to me directed by the Judges of the Com Mon
leas of- the county qf,Huntingdon; bearing test the-24th
- day of Jan., 1857, lam commanded to make Public Proc
lamation throughout my whole bailiwick, that a Court of
Common Pleas will be - held.at the Court House in the bor
ough of Huntingdon ' om the 3rd Monday (and 19th day) of
January A. D.. 1t 4 57,f0r the trial of all issues in said Court
:which remaimundetermined before the said Judges, when
and where alijimors, witnesses, and suitors, in the trials
of all issues are required.
-Dated at Huntingdon the 11th of March, in the year of
our Lord 1856, and the 80th year of American' Independ
Huntingdon, March 13, 1850.
'METAL LIST For. APRIL TERM,
AL . 1837. 11.1; FA WEEK. •
Robert Wilson cs Win. Roster's Ex - rs -
Huntingdon county vs Andrew Robison's Exrs,
Dumas. ' -, " vs James Porter
Dr. P. Shoenberger's E.Yrs vs A. P. Wilson et al
Stevens for use of Myton vs Smith W. Ltenry
John Fleming vs E. X. itlair et al
Thos Clark's heirs vs Brison Clink
13eorze .51e0rum vs Thomas Wilson
Davis Grow's Adnir vs Abednego Stevens
Michael Quarry vs (Vise & Duel's:tan
Patrick-Kelly • vs Penn's Rail Road Co
Asa Corbin vs John Dougherty' et al
N. C. Decker vs Boat & Buckingham
*T.cisi) SI ELT:
John G. Orlady
John Penn Brock
Sarno ,„ vs Same .
Solin•ltt. Walter vs David 1 - nrorl•
futon Trans. - - vs- Penn Ohio Trani.. Co
Leonard Weaver v.s lock: & Sn 3 der
Samuel Caldwell vs Michael .J. Martin
- vs a'aylnr, & Petrihen
Weiner, Kline & Ellis vs Cltri,tirtn Couts
George Couch vs The _lnsurance Co
Matthew Truman for ufa vs Bubert ]lore Towel
Peter Long & - wife vs Daniel ltob-rts' A (tiny
Joico & Baugher vs James Bricker
Mary E. Trout vs 31artin limner et al
Matson Walker vs .Imlrf.w Wall:t.r
L. & S. neethl vs John -Jath:son '
Ettinger & Theca - man vs itnyett & I•3eecis
Bircroft, Beaver &Co vs .Jce- ua E. Cox's Aduir
TilaßC M. - Ashton vs same
Same vs Sarno
- - - . • • M. F. CAMOBELL, Prot'y
- March IS, I.S.W. -,
11) EGISTER'S NOTICE.— 'NOTICE
los hereby given to all pe'rons interested that the fol
lowing named persomp have settled their. i-et - Milts in the
Register's Office at Huntingdon, and that, the said accounts
will be presented for continuation and :illmance, 11,t, an Or
phans' Court to be held at HuMtingdon, lh 'and far the
County of ,Huntiugdon, on Wedne.day, , the 15th day of
April next, to wit: ._ , .. _ .
1. John R. Hunter and George P.'ll
of:the last will and testament of Joh'ff IFattefield,_-1,110 of
Barree township. deceased. , . .
_Thomas Weston and Martin Westom'Executors' of the
last-will and testament of Wm. 'Weston, late of Warriors
mark township, deed.
McVitty, Executor of the last will, Sc., of Jas.
Ramsey; Esq.', 'late of Shirleysburg. deed.
4. Benedict Stevens, Executor of the last will, &c., Of
Benedict Stevens. Sr., late of Springfield township, deed.
§. George C. Bucher and Samuel Work, Executors of the
last will, Scc,;of Joseph Work, Lite of Porter twp.. deed.'
t. Abeabam Cresswell, Guardian of Anna Mary Borst, a
minor child of Jacob Borst. late of 'West twp.. deed.
7. Thomas E. Orbison, Administrator of David Burket,
late of Shirley township, deed.
8. Peter Swoope, Trustee appointed by the Orphans'
Court, to make sale of tho real estate of Peter Swoope,
late of the borough of Huntingdon. decd.
0. George Hallman, Trustee appointed by the Orphans'
Court to make sale of the real estate of Geurgo Henderson,
late of 'West township, der d.
Peter Stryker, Administrator of the estate of John
Stryker, late of West township. deed.
11. Samuel T. Brown, Esq.. Administrator de bonis non,
of the - estate of Wm. Buchanan, late of Brady township,
12. John Wareham Mattern and Susan Mattern, (now
Sus Administrators of the estate of Jacob S. Mat
tern,late of Franklin township, deceased.
13. Dr. John McCulloch. Administrator of the estate of
Alex. McKibben, late of the borough of Huntingdon, dee'd.
14. John B. Given, Executor of the last will, &e., of John
Shultz, late of Hopewell twp., decd.
lIEN,RX GLAZIER, Register.
itrGISTER'S OFFICE, ,1
Huntingdon, March 18, 18.i7.
lISTI IST OF GRAND JURORS for a
-/Court of Quarter Sessions to be held at Huntingdon
in and for'the county of Huntingdon, the second Monday
and 13th day of April, 1857.
.:':Brice Blair, farmer, Dublin.
Michael Baker, carpenter, Porter.
Ale.i.iiider S. Briggs, farmer, Tell.
Philip Crouse, tailor ' Cas4ville.
James B. Carothers, farmer, Morris.
John M. Cunningham, carpenter, Huntingdon.
William L. Couch. flamer, Barree.
David Enyeart, fanner, Walker.
John Foster, farmer, Shirley.
John Graffius, tinner, Warriorsmark.
- Jacob Hoover, farmer, Penn.
Robert F. Haslett, Innkeeper, Morris. '
Geo. W. Hazard, farmer, Union..
Robert Johnston. farmer, Jackson. ' •
John Lee. miller,
„Thomas Osborn, farmer, Jackson.
. Isaac Oateukirk,.farmer; Brady.: -
Parsons, farmer, Tell:. • ,
Livingston Robb, farmer, Walker. '
' : `Wm. - Stapleton, farmer, Tod.,
David Swoop°, jr., carpenter, Clay.
Andre*” Smith; farmer, Union.
William- aaker, carpe.hter, Porter.
Elias B. Wilson, J.
TRAVERSE 3171t1201S—FIRST WEEK.
Williatn.Africa., shoemaker, Huntingdon-
Alexander Appleby, farmer, Dublin.
. - - Samuel Bowman, farmer, Shirley.
Jacob Brumbaugh, farmer, Penn.
John C. Bolinger, farmer, Cromwell.
.• Richard Cunningham, farmer, Jackson.
Isaac Curfrnan: farmer, Tod. • -
Joseph Cornelius, farmer, Cromwell:
Jacob H. Dell, farmer. Case.
• 2 - John'Thiffey, mason. Springfield.
L"." Gideon Elias, surveyor, Tod. - •
Floimer, wagonmaker, Walker.
, Robert-Fleming, farmer, Jackson.
Jonathan Frazier, tanner. Jackson.
Michael Flesher, farmer. Jackson.
. James Goodman, carpenter, Huntingdon.
-Hiram Grady, farmer, Henderson.
Austin Green, mechanic, Cassville.
John Griffith, farmer;Tod. • ": • •
johnliewit, farmer, Porter.
Thomas Hamer, jr., farmer, West.
HarVe - Y - ;faimier, Shirley-. •
Solomon Houck, farmer, Tod.
Daniel Knode, farmer, Porter. '
' • Charles H. Miller, tanner, Huntingdon.
_• - Abraham McCoy, brick:maker. Huntingdon
- • ..WilliamMorgan, farmer, Shirley.
William C. McCauley, tanner, Brady.
. Asa Price, farmer, Cromwell.
John S. Pheasant, farmer.. Union.
• Charlea Rhincliart, fartner,Si&v.
• .John Shaffer. fanner, Morris. 1 .- -
',Philip Silknitter, farmr.r. Barre*
GIIAFFUS MILLER, acrifi:
vs'Clal.ae. Ex l'R
riiter Shaver of Samuel, clerk, Shirley:
Peter Shaffer, farmer, Morris. -
David Snare, J. P., Huntingdon. •
Jacob Snyder, tailor. Huntingdon.
William Simes, clerk, Franklin.
Thomas Weston, Esq., T. P., Warrio}•smark.
Thomas .T. P., Barree.
F. B. Wallace, blacksmith, Huntingdon.
Armstrong Willoughby, tailor, Huntingdon,
Leonard Weaver. farmer, Hopewell.
Thomas 'Whittaker, farmer, Porter.
Jacob Walters, farmeiyFranklin.
Samuel Wal.l.:merchant,.Penn. , -
John Kinch, - blacksmith, Franklin.
John 'Eatng,. gentleman, West. •
- .TIZ AVE:ESE JUROWS—rSECOND WEEK.
• James Bell, Esq., farmer, Warriorsmark.
William Cramer, farmer, Tell.
James Cree, fariner,,Dublin. •
Hugh Cunningham, farmer, Porter.
David Colestock, farmer, Huntingdon. •
John .Daft, Ramer; Jackson.
Thomas Dull - 027, farmer, Springfield. . .
Joint Eberly, farmer, 'West.
Martin Fleming, farmer, Brady.
David H. Foster, merchant, Hopewell.
' John Gaghagan,
Joshua Green, farmer, Barree.
. John Grallus, laborer, West.
Caleb Greenland, farmer, Cass.
Ceorgc Hight, farmer. Tod.
, John liewel,.farmer, West.
Jacob 11. Knode, farmer, West.
- Trugh King, farmer, Shirley.
. ' I 'James Kerr, farmer, Brady.
John . P. Murphy, Shoemaker, West.'
George Myerly, farmer, Springfield.
Franklin:B. - Neely, fariner. Dublin. _
John printer, Huntingdon.
Henry P. Newingliam, gentleman, llnntingdon
Christian Peightal. tailor, Barret,.
Jacob • Spanoile. farmer. Shirley. • '
John Simpson. 'farmer, Huntingdon.
Henry W; Swoope, farmer, Porter.
Samuel Smith, farmer, Union. •.
Talentinc , Smittle, farmer, Tell. - ' - •
James Stevens. farmer, Clay.
William P. Taylor. carpenter, Clay.
John Weston. farmer, 'Union.
John Whittaker, ovntleman,-Huntingdon. ' ,
Richard Wills, cal7inebmaker, Warriorsmark.
Michael Ware, farmer. West.
Huntingdon, March IS, 1557.
AT:UST.C.-M RS. 11.ANEGAR. re
spectfully annonnces to her numerous, patrons and
Menus that she will continue, as heretofore, to giv6 lessons
on the Piano, Melodeon and Guitar, at her residencein.the
old Presbyterian Church, or at the residence of, pupils' in
She is in monthly receipt of all the new =isle published
at the first musical houses in the country and «ill furnish
pupils and others with any piece required. • -
.he will also tench the-German and French- languages.
Numerous references given.
Huntingdon, Fein-limy 4. 1557.
NTO LIBRARY IS COMPETE WITH=
OUT IT.-TESTIMONY OF SIXTEEN THOUSAND
L 1 CItCHASELS. , -MAGNIEICENT WORK" OF 11.1 STOE Y 1
-A WHOLE LIBRARY IN .ITSELF"-COST $ll,OOO-70
51A , -700 EN CI RAV /NGS.-A HISTORY OF ALL N
From the earliest period to the present time, the history
of every nation, ancient and modern. being separately
given. fly '6. G. Goonnten, author of several works of His
tory. •Peter Parloy - s &c.
It is believed (lint the above work will be very accepta
ble to the American public. •It is the result of years of
toil and labor. assisted in his researches byseveral scholars
of known ability, and has been got up at a great expense
by the pioprietors. No pains have been spared in the ex
ecution of the Illustrations and Maps, which are prepared
expressly for this work. Indeed, all the other historical
writing of Mr. Goodrich, sink into insignificance, win
compared to this, the result of his riper and maturer years.
It is ailwitted that one hundred dollars could not purchase
the saint , matter in any other shape, and the publishers
confidently expect, in consideration of the great literary
value of the work, the large sum expended in preparing
it for the press, and the - exceedingly moderate price at
which it is offered, that it will he favorably received by
every 10, er of good books. Many of our first scholars, di
vines and geutleinen : ii ho have examined the work, have
given it their unqualified approbation and commendation,
which it richly deserves. .
. — LENITOR:6I RETAIL 'rnic,;s..
In one vcdinne. Turkey Morocco, Marble Edge, Gilt
Back and Sides $6,00
in one volume, Turkey Morocco, Marble _Edge, Full
In two volumes, Turkey Morocco, Marble Edge 7,00
In two volunus,•Turkey Morocco, Gilt Edge and Full
Gilt Sides 10,00
In two volumes, Full, neavy Stamped Cloth, Sprink
Many of our Agents having been told when soliciting
subscribers, that this work would soon be sold in Book
stores, and at a reduced price, we hereby give notice, as
Sole Publishers of it, it will not be sold in Bookstores at
any price, and will he offered by our canvassing 'Agents
only, who have the sole right of sale in their respective
districts, except' that where we have riot appointed an
agent, WE will send copies. by mail, postage pre-paid, to
any part of the United , States, upon receipt of the retail
.N.ll.—The one volume copies, weighing over four pounds,
cannot be sent through the mail, but the two volume copies
can be mailed as two hooks.
Miller. Orton & Milligan. Publishers. No. 25, Park Dow,
N. Y. For sale by CEO. BERGSTIIESSER„
:51n.t. CatEk, Mint. Co., Pa.
Also. Agent for Dr. Kane 's works.
Feb. 11, 1854.
WANTED.—A partner in the Tavern
business, in the centre of the Broad Top Coal
mines. at a stand now doing a good business. Any one
who wishes to go into that line of business,
will find it an
excellent chance rarely to be met with. Address by letter
to B. at this office, when every information required shall
be given. , • . February 25, 1857.
AC ARD.—To Teachers and all whom it
may Concern: , Thil 4 ersimied are making prep
arations to open a Normal s, Ain Huntingdon County ;
and. we design making it a permanent Institution. The
Instructors will be persons who have been educated in
Normal schools, and who are known to be eminent in their
profession—in the didactic art. Our advertisement will
appear as soon as our correspondence with the Faculty can
be completed. We desire to open the school in April.
Huntingdon Feb. 11,1857
AHOUSE FOR SALE.—Theia
subscriber will sell the HOUSE and THREE
LOTS OF GROUND he now occupies in the North Beast cor
ner of the borough of HUntingdon. The house is t two
story frame, nearly new. • For further information enquire
of A. J. WHITE.
February 11, 1857. „ , •,. .
NEW DRY GOODS FOR SPRING- -
FASHIONABLE SILKS, ,
SILK ROBES, Flounced.
BLACK SILKS, extra gloss, .•
SPRING DRESS GOODS,
NEW SPRING SHAWLS.
Hnansa do FRENCH CHINTZES,
LAWN & ,LAWN ROBES, • :
SHAWLS, of the newest Fashions,
Staple Linen Goods, Blankets, Quilts, Damask Table Cloths,
Napkins. &c. _
Gentlemen's Wettr - tind"fulr stock of Gixids for Boys'
, - •
Bargains, daily received,from New York and Philadelphia
Wholesale buyers are invited to give us an Carly - •
EYRE LANDELL. •
4th and Arch streets, Philadelphia.
X#sT - Terms Nett Cashi and prices lost. --
March 4,18-57-3 m.
CIAMUEL AZ. MEGUTCHEN, MILL
WRIGHT AND BI RR MILL STONE MANUFACTU
RER. Sole Proprietor of JOTINSON'S highly approved and
much improved SMUT AND SCREENING MACHINE:
Improved IRON CONCA\E BRAN DUSTER, THE PRE
MIUM MACHINE FOR MILLERS..
Residence: , NO. 64 QUEEN Street, (18th Ward : ) address
Kensington Post Office.
Shop: HAYDOCE: Street, below Front. Philadelphia.
Cocalico Mill Stones, Mill Irons, Smutt Machines, Patent
Mill Bush, Portable Mills, Stretched Belting, Cement
and Screen Wire.
SQUARE . MESHED BOLTING CLOTHS
Philadelphia, Feb. 25, 1857.
'ADM INISTI;ATORS' NOTIC E.-
L Letters of Administration have been granted to mo
upon the Estate of Samuel Thompson, late of Shirley tarp.,
decd. All persons indebted are requested to make pay
ment and those having claims to present them to me.
• JAMES MURPHY,
Petersburg, Feb. 20, 1857.* • Administrator.
500 BUSHELS of Dried APPLES,
%%anted in esohange for our goods.
Doc. 17, 1856.- LOVE & McDIVIT.- •
'Answer to icMy I'dattve 'Ughland Hotue.”
Thy highland - Cot, Where tempests roar,
And northern blast ;contend,
Thy brooks and braes IWe'Whiten'd o'er,
While glittering snows descend;
'Yet, lien'ry; dearest of my heart, '
I'll gladly with thee rove,
O'er highland hill; or lOwlandpart,
- Through desert, or through grove.
Then we will go to Scotland dear,
And never more will roam ;
Content shall bless our humble cheer,
Within our highland home.
.We do not like. to excite unpleaSinat memo
ries, even among our: political opponents, but
it would be wrong not to avail ourselves of
the useful lesson which is to be drawn from
the history of the opposition in the late Con
gress. This opposition was composed in the
beginning of 'two `e_lenients, each of which
started into life with pretensions of extreme
purity.and: patriotism, and loud promises of
The black-republican party originated, to
a considerable extent,
,with men who found
neither of the old parties suffacientlyjust and
pure to be worthy. of their 'companionship.—
Some of them were not quite satisfied, even,
with the constitution, and offered a, "higher
law" of their own to the practical legislation
of Congress. Their feet were on the earth,
but their heads seemed very much in the
clouds. Clothed with a prodigious -quantity
of self-righteousness, and claiming to rise su
perior to all party considerations, they band
ed themselves together 'as the forlorn hope of
virtue and Christianity in a degenerate age,
and invited 'around their standard all those
thought they had plenty of goodness
and philanthropy to spare for the benefit of
their neighbors• and the world. As their fol
lowers gathered, it Was curious to sec, not
only how abundant virtne vas in quarters
where its existence' had never been suspected
before, but how suddenly a great many peo
ple had changed all their ideas with respect
to parties and : office. ',ln ,this self-denying.
and disinterested band of reformers were
found, miraculously brought together, decay
ed politicians . Of almost every grade and or
der. It Was a_ perfeet hospital of .politiCal
invalids, and quite wonderful was it to ob
serve how many of these old and worn
cal hacks were then willing to pursue a new
career of service for, no Other motive on
earth than the pnblic good. Their object, in
the beginning; was to control the local legis
latures in .the free - States, and secure a ma
jority of representatives inthe Thirty-fourth
Congress.. To this end they seized upon the
Nebraska, bill, and so inflamed the public
mind that, in' the heat of excitement; they
drew into their ranks many persons who
had usually been conservative, and who, by
this time, begin to wonder themselves at
their own hallucination. The Democratic
party of course, maintained its organization,
and kept its 'flag flying. ;1;_
But the tide rolled on, and with the a,id ,of
the -"s'ecret order" the. republicans 'of. the
-North elected almost 'all their congressional
candidates. Their success would have 'been
far less generatwithout this aid; for although
in-a large majority. of cases the know-mitla
ings` and republicans of New England were
'essentially the'saine; this was not universal
'ly-so at the North—and,' besides, a secret or
ganizatienT Made .black - republicaniSra more
dangerdus. 7:l'n' . 1854:the know-nothings and
the• black repnblicans loOked kindly upon
each other; both.Nerth and South. ,
F. 11. LANE.;
This know-nothing party was another or
ganization, made up of men who had an ex
uberant"share of patriotism and virtue.—
Their love 'of Christianity was so great that
they could not tolerate free religion. Their
philanthropy was so exalted_that they lOoked
with fear Upon the immigratidn to our shores
of the poor • and needy and oppressed abroad,
They had so deep a respect for
. our republi
can institutions that they Wrire jealous of
any participation' in their blessings of our
naturalized citizens. And these views they
held to be .so- excessively pne' that they
would not allow the sun to shine upon, them.
They held their conclaves, therefore, at-night,
and administered' their oaths in darkness;
and laid upon their associates, moreover, it,
is to be feared, the 'lamenttible necessity,
under certain circumstances, of choosing be
tween falsehood uttered openly and a viola
tion of Oaths Which had been assumed in se
cret. This monstrous order—worthy only
of the darkest period of the world—com
bined substantially , with the black-republi
•can organization , in the reformatory 'move
ment aich was to commence its career of
usefulness with the Thirty-fourth Congress.
The presidential campaign had. not. then
HUNTINGDON, PA., APRIL 1, 1857.
THE STAR. OF LOVE.
BY GEORGE P. MORRIS
The star of love now shines above,
Cool zephyrs crisp the sea;
Among the leaves the wind-harp weaves,
Its serenade for thee.
The star, the breeze, the wave, the trees,
Their minstrelsy unite;
But all are drear till then appear;
To . decorate the'night.
The light of moon streams from the moon,
Though with a milder ray,
O'er hill and grove late woman's love,
It cheers us on our way.
Thus all that's bright—the moon, the night,
True heavens;the earth, the sea—
Exert their powers to bless the hours
We dedicate to thee.
• When summer combs; along the vale
We'll pluck the sweet blifebell,
The thistle green, the lily pale,
Or gowan from The dell;'
And thus we'll pass our life with glee
While prattlers round us eneile,
And none shall be so blest as we
Around our bonny isle.
• Then we will go, &c.
.A PAGE OF', HISTORY
been organized. But the combined opposi
tion. succeeded in electing a majority of the
House, and controlling a few of the State le
gislatures. The special:promise of the know
, nothings was, that the naturalization laws
• should be repealed or essentially changed.
~The great boon which the black republicans
-were to secure to the people was the repeal
'-of the Nebraska bill. To many persons this
seemed a work of difficulty, if nothing more ;
but in the view of these, ardent reformers
nothing was more easy. We well remember
to ha,vp heard Senator Hale, of New Hamp
shire, ;describe. the process by which it was
to be accomplished. It was only to add the
repeal as an amendment to the civil and di
plomatic bill, and send it to the Senate. If
the Senate sent it back, the House was to
"stick," and by this ".sticking" process the
Senate and the- President Were to be forced
into an approval of black republican legisla
Such was the manifesto. We wish our
readers to remember, now, how very :far ,
' short of it has conic the performance; ~ The
last House of Representatives began its
career in a quarrel . about
. Speaker, which
- wasted many weeks of valuable time; did
what it could to inflame the public mind on
the slavery question; compelled an extra ses
sion by its factious course on the army bill.;
and. finally wound up in a blaze of glory by
convicting three or four black republican
members of downright corruption ! No Ne
braska bill repealed I No change of the
naturalization laws .! Nothing done as was
promised! But instead of it, we have had
the painful spectacle exhibited to the world
of a committee of investigation in the House
fastening corruption upon a portion_ of its
What a commentary is this upon the ex
alted professions of purity with which the
opposition organized their congressional cam
paign What an admonition, also, does it
furnish to all right-minded men who' were
seduced; by such professions, into the oppo
sition ranks "0 Liberty," said Madame
Roland, "how 'many crimes are committed
in thy name!" 0 Virtue, it may be added;
how many of thy professed votaries pay thee
no other hcmage than that of hypocrisy
Washington . Union.
Have We Native Cattle ?
The following article communioated to the
Plow, Loom and Anvil, by Mr. J. ,W. Pick
ering, and the remarks appended by one of
the editors of that valuable periodical, _pos
sess more than common interest upon the sub
ject treated on, and hence they are submitted
to the readers of the Huntingdon Globe:
ESSEX COUNTY; Mass., Feb. 11,4857-.
FRIEND • Nasu :—Have we in New England,
any native- cattle? - I know of no one whose
opportunities for observation have been more
favorable than yours to enable hirdto answer
this question with propriety.(') Will you say
the question is not a proper one to be - put?—
If you do this, •I must, beg leave to demur to
Within the last two weeks I have been pres
ent at two meetings of the Legislative farm
ers of Massachusetts, at the State House in
Boston, where I have heard it positively as
serted that there is no such thing as a native
breed of cattle among us; and some go so far
as to say. there is no such thing as native cat
tle among us, leaving out the term breeds: I
presume both intend the same thing, although
when hard pressed, those whe use the term
breed, have more plausibility in their state
ments, using the term breed as indicating au
-als that can beget or produce their like.
imals ,ia can •eget or prou _
last evening a prominent farnierfroin Sut
ton, Worcester county, said the animals that
have - been reared in that town for the last
thirty years, and which have drawn so many
premiums, and have acquired SO, much repu
tation for their beauty, energy and activity,
are natives, and nothing 'else; - and that he
came in expressly to vindicate their charac
ter as such; that he had reared manyof them,
and so had his father and grandfather,before
him. I was delighted' to hear this, for you
know I am a full-blooded Yankee,- and am'
always pleased when the excellence of New-
England cattle, or energy of New-England
men, is presented in a fa - vorable point of view.
But then the gentleman nearly spoilt his.tesz
timony. before he closed, by the coarse 'and
harsh epithets that he: applied to the Dur
hams, saying that he wouldnot accept the'
,best herd of them' lid, ever saw, to be under
obligations to keep - them on his'farin:C. 2 )
Ancither gentleman,' roin Franklin count-,
'who professed to have much skill inbreeding,
was equally denunciatory of the natives.—
Comparing the assertions of both theSe gen
tlemen, -and' several others 'who were present,
who professed to give their experiences, it
would he exceedingly difficult to come to any
conclusion in the matter.
The further consideration of the subject is
deferred for one
,fortnight, when I hope, if
nothing moves, I may •be inStriicted - by you
what to say. I was in such - a maze last night,
I said •nothing, though I was taught forty
years ago, by my old master, Pickering, to
believe that the native cattle of New-England
were the best ground of hope for improved
stock on our farms; and such is my contidenee'
in his wisdom, that I do net like le : abandon
the idea ; ' certainly not -until good reasons are
shown for . so doing.( 3 ) a. w. r.
1. The question whether we have native
tattle, islittle else than a play Upon words;
hardly worthlthe time of grave legislators.—
It seems, to have arisen from" a' bonfuSien of
terms: Politically, we should be willing that
all men, born in this country, should be,Cou
sidered as Americans, wherever their ances-'
tors came from. By the 'same rule, all ani
mals born here are natives, whenceseeVer
their progenitors came here. Indigenous-- - L
produced naturally in, the country—they axe!
not; but native—born in the country—they
are, in the only sense in which that word
ought ever to be used; and this is true . of all
our cattle, except a few recently imported.
2. If the gentleman from Sutton meant to
condemn Durhams for all countries, or for all
parts of our own country, he must have been
- .....,. • . „,
:•, .1 ''::;:i",..fi. - ..r • _
3,.,... . .. 7 %•* . : ,, 4.
wise overmuch; but if.he:enly meant that he,
in that climate, on' that soil, by his mode of
farming; could buy, and milk, work, or fat
ten, and sell, the common cattle of that neigh
borhood, so as to do better than to accept a
fine herd of Durhams, with the obligation to
keep himself supplied with such for a long
series of years, we certainly should not des
pair of, his being able to get through life
without help from any of those beautiful in
stitutions for charity with which his State
abounds. Durhams are not the best cattle
for that region; and he, if he is the man we
suspect him to be, is:the very one to know it.
' 3. Whether Mr. Plek.ering's views were
correct, or whether we have any such thing
•as a native breed of cattle; that is, a variety,
a family, so long and so judiciously bred to
gether that the bad, ce.,.alities are bred out,
that the good - qualities have become fixed, and
that they may reasonably . be expected,-with
good keeping and judicious paarin,ci,' to be
transmitted from parents to progeny for ages
to come, is more than, we know. That it is
- possible to obtain about such qualities as you
please, and that these qualities may be trans
mitted with all but absolute certainty, so long
as the best keeping,
,kind care, and sound
judgment are employed, the experience of
English breeders has shown. We rejoice in
all efforts to . perpqmate in this country the
,qualities which have:become established there.
Men of wealth and leisure, and especially
those who love notoriety, can afford to import
the animal,' without regard to , price ;
and they will benefit the country by doing it;
for whether their stock turns out, in the long
run, better than stock I)red and reared with
equal care from the comthen cattle of the
country, or not, they will hate created a just
appreciation - of fine stock, and they will at
least have convinced their countrymen that
plenty of suitable feed, constant care, and I
the exercise of sound judgment in selecting
breeders and in pairing them, are necessary
in order to keep up a good stock, whatever
be its source.
As to whether the mass of farmers--those
who farm for a living, not to get rid of - too
much money—should go into fabulous prices,
paying $5OO for a cow, instead of buying two
or three for $lOO, we cannot do better. in the
way of advice than to relate the words of a
practical farmer in the valley of Aylesbury,
Buckinghamshire, England. His pasture was
exceedingly fertile. Buyine , cattle from the
hills of Wales and Scotland, keeping them till
fat, and then turning them °Vet to th.ehatch
er, was his business. In answer to the ques
tion what breeds he preferred, he said, "'I
care nothing about the breeds; I want those
that I can make money on; I have been in
this business a long time; there is something
about a beast by which I can judge whether
he will do well; sometimes misjudge, but
generally hit about right; and if I find one
that will be pretty sure to be worth a good
deal more, after being in this pasture a few
weeks, than is asked for him, I buy him';
Advice to Young Farmers
We propose a short series of articles for
Young Farmers. There are, many young far
mers about commencing their career, and.
many more soon to commence. They desire
to succeed well. Much of their life's happi-•
ness and usefulness depends upon their suc
cess. They will centre their hopes and as
pirations very much upon their profession.—
They want to be honorable men, and do their
share of manly duty in the communities in
which they live. They want to live comfort
able, make some , money, make themselves
good homes, rear good families, and be instru
mental in sustaining the institutions of the
country and the age. This is an honorable
ambition. It well becomes the - young far
mers of America. Our country looks to them
for strength and support. The stirring life
of this age is to draw its main . nourishment
from then. HOnorahle and useful -is the
place the young farmer is to occupy-in the
coming. years. It is important then, that he
should begin well. Much depends upon a
In securing land, stock, fruit, seed, loca
tion, implements, and whatever is wanted to
make a new farmer, it is important that the
best of everything be had. A good tree oc
cupies no more room than_ a poor one ; it re
quires no mere nouriShment from the soil, no
'more attention. A good animal is generally
easier and cheaper kept than a poor one.—
A good acre of ground is by far the most
profitable. Good hay,' good wheat, good
breeds stock, are more easily raised and
more profitable,, than bad. On the whole, we
repeat it is altogether best that every young
farmer Should start right; hence we propose
to say • a 'little here upon the selection of his
farm r . - - ,
ISt. Make.it apoint, if possible, to locate
your - farni in some faVarable place, as regards
markets, roads, respectable society, schools,
and opportunities to keep
i up with the im
provements of the age. It s bard to be Suc
cessful out of the reach of the world. It is
hard to get along well and cultivate well,both
a farm and a family, far away from a mill, a
store, a blacksmith shop, a post office, a
,school, a church, or the associations,,
ges and . excitements of good society. The,
price 'of all articles - of farm product, de
pends muely upon the nearness to market,
and the facilities for , transportation. Let
these things be duly considered, in selecting
a locality for a farm.
2d. "Seek good land ; not land adapted' es
pecially .to the growth of rt,'particular article,
unless that be your especial object, but asoil
that will be good for all farming purposes.—
Poor land pays but poorly for the labor put
upon it. It is actually easier to cultivate an
acre of good land well; than of poor, and the
profits is often double or triple. It is' often
that young farmers think they must have a
large farm, whether it is good or not, This
is a mistake. If your means are limited, -
buy less land. Be sure that it is good. By
and-by you can buy more of the same sort.
You generally see good intelligent farmers
on good land,. See to it that the soil is good,
with water,.timber, rock, B:c., in convenient
and useable relation to it. Be careful that !
is not too flat. Good drainage is impor
Editor and. Proprietor.
taut. It is one of the great• desideratums of
good farming. Hence, perfectly flatland; is
objectionable. Neither should it be too hilly;
for them its life will be washed out of it.
'3d. It is impOrtant 'that the "farm' should
have upon it a. good building site—high, dry,
healthy, in convenient relations to the whole
farm and the road, a site well adapted to - all
tlie . purposes of a farmer'shOrne.:.
4th. It should have, if possible, a favora
ble spft-fer a garden and an orchard:: contig
nobs to the building - site: These are the
main. things te,.be considered, in selecting
land for a new farin; We deem it important
that the Y.eting
_farm e'r. should give good at
tention to thee], an&unite . them all, 'as far as
possible, in his farm. Valley „Farmer.
Sayings of Martin
Luther, taking up-s, caterpillar "Tia
_an emblem of the devilin its -crawlingtvalk,
and bears his colors in its shining hue.'
'Luther one day being shaved and having'
his hair cut in the: presence of Jonas, When
1w said to the latter :—Original sin is
like the heard. We are shaved to-day, and
look clean and have a smooth chin; to-rnor
'row "our beard is to grow again, nor does it
cease growing whilst we remain on earth.-
In lik manner original sin cannot be extir
pated from us ; it springs up in us as long as
we exist. Nevertheless, we are bound to ,
sist it, to the nd. tinost of our strength, an to
cut it down unceasingly."
'When I am assailed with heavy tribula
tions I rush out among my pigs, rather -than
remain alone with myself. The human heart
is like a mill-stone in a mill; when you put
wheat under it, it turns and grinds and brui
ses the wheat to flour. If you put no' wheat,
it still grinds on; but when 'tis itself it grincli
and wears away.'
larsu Bura.s.—Adam Clark used to say
that the reason why the Irish are so famous
for conversational bulls, is, because they
think much faster than.they can talk. How
ever that may be, many of these lapsi
attributed to the Hibernians, are very amus
ing. A Dublin student being asked whit
was meant by "posthumous works," answer
ed—" Such works as a man writes after ha
is dead 1" An Irish Lieutenant, stationed
abroad, being informed
,by letter that his
widowed mother had married a; second time,
expressed hiS , alarm -about his right of pri
mogeniture, by hoping that "she wouldn't
have a son older than himself!" Pint the
best bull we ever heard of was shciwn in
Paddy's description of the animal of that
name: "This is the way you may know .
him. When you see a group of cows lying
down in the field, and one of 'cm is a-stand
in'—that's a bull." Yes, Paddy, two bulha
A. Goon MAN'S would rather,
when I am laid in the grave, that some one
in his manhood should stand over me, and
say,—There lies one who was a real friend to'
me, and privately -warned me of the dangers
of the young. 10 one knew ir, but he aided
me in time of need. I owe wliat;l am to him."
Or would rather some widow, with choking
utterance, telling her children.--" There is
your friend and mine. He visited me in my
affliction, and found you, my son, an employ, 7
er, and you, my daughter, a happy home .
a virtuous family." I would rather that such
persons should. stand at my grave, than to
have erected 'over it the most. beautiful sculp
tured monumenf -_
Of Parian or Italian marble.
The h.". -. .,rt's broken utterance of reflections of
past kindness, and the tears of grateful mem
ory shed uponthe grave, are . , more valuable,
in my estimation, than the most costly ceno
taph ever read.—Dr. Sharp.
THE NEED OF Love,.--Oh that. there were
more love in the world, and. then thesethings
that ire deplore could not be I One would
think that the man who had once loved any"
woman, would have some tenderness for U 1 ;
and love implies an infinite respect. All that
was said' or done by chivalry of old, or sung.
by Troubadours, but shadows forth the feel
ing which is in the heart of any one who
loves. tore, like the opening of the heavens
to the Saints, shows for a moment, even to
the dullest man, the possibilities-of the hu
maxace. He has faith, hope, and charity
for another being, - perhaps but a creature of
his imagination.; •still is a great advance
for a man to be profoundly loving, even in
his imaginations. Indeed, love is a thing so
deep and so beautiful, that each man feels
that nothing - hut conceits and pretty words
have been said about it-by other men. And
then' to come clown from this, ind. dishonor
the image -of the thing so loved!
A western editor on entering his office one
day, and 'seeing his apprentice boy cutting
some queer capers, called out to him:
"Jim, what are you doing on the floor?"
"Why, sir, I have a shock!"
"What kind of a shock?"
"Why, sir,"? said the la - d, gasping, -"oi - ie'of
your subscribers came in during your ab
sence—said he owed for two years' subscrip
tion—paid it, • and alsk paid another year in
"In advance!" gasped the editor, nearly as
much overcome as his lone apprentice.
"Yes, sir, and it has produced such an ef
fect upon me, that I have been perfectly
helpless ever since."
"And well you xnay, Jim. But,get up ;
if you survive this, you are safe, as there is
little prospect of another si ob. cat-astropho
in this office."
ise, One' 'Of - the keepers of the Auburn
_prison Writes-to the Advertiser of that city,
that among the inmates of that institution is,
t man named Joseph Sehonovon, who is with
'in a few months of a hundred years, of age.
lie fought with Washington and Lafayette„
in the American Revolution, .and under com
mand of Gen. Scott, at the battle of Chippe
wa,. At the latter place he received a wound
in the leg, from a musket ball, Which is still,
apparent. The keeper Very properly inquires,:
Should not such services entitle him.te mono
honorable if not more comfortable quarters?'.';
)• The head clerk of a large mercantile'
'house was bragging rather largely of -the
amount of business done by his ‘•firrti."—..
"You may judge of its extent," said he,
"!when I tell you that the quills for our cor
respondence only, cost two thousand , dollars
a year 1" "Pooh !" said - the clerk of another
house; who was sitting by, "what is that to
our correspondence, when I.Sare Tour thou
sand dollars a year in ink from merely omit-1
tin ,, to dot the - _
The death of a printer is thus de
scribed in an English paper :—George Wood
cock, the * of his prOfesston, the type of hon
esty, the ! of all; and although the Alial. of
death has put a . to his existence, every i'
his life eras without a
Raillery IE the lightning of enitithoy