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Administrators' and Executors' Notices,
Advertisements not marked with the number of inser
tions desired, will be continued till forbid and charged ac
iording to these terms.
pROOLAMATION.—Whereas by a
. precept to me directed, dated at Huntingdon, the 24th
day of January A. D. 1851, wider the hands and seals of
the Hon. George Taylor. President of the Court of Common
Pleas, Oyer and Terminer, and general jail delivery of the
24th judicial district of Pennsylvania, composed of Hun
tingdon, Blair and Cambria; and the Hons. Benjamin F.
Patton and John Brewster, his associates, Judges of
the county of Huntingdon, justices assigned, appointed to
hear, try and determine all and every indictments made or
taken for or concerning all crimes, which by the laws of
the State are made capital, or felonies of death, and other
offences, crimes and misdemeanors, which have been or
shall hereafter be committed or perpetrated for crimes
aforesaid—l am commanded to make public proclamation
throughout my whole bailiwick, that a Court of Oyer and
Terminer, of Common Pleas and Quarter Sessions, will be
held at the Court House in the borough of Hunting-don, on
the second Monday (and 13th day) of January next, and
those who will prosecute the said prisancrs be then and
there to prosecute them as it shall be just, and that all
Justices of the Peace. Coroner and Constables within said
county be then and there in their proper persons, at 10 o'-
clock, a in., of said day, with their records, inquisitions,
examinations and itemembrances, to do those things which
to their offices respectively tippet lain.
Dated at Huntingdon the 18th of Mach, in the year of
our Lord one thousand eight Invoked and fifty-six, and
the 80th year of American Independence.
G RAP FPS MILLER, Sheriff.
rofoCLAMATION.—Whereas by a
precept to me directed by the Judges of the Conunon
'leas the county of Huntingdon, bearing test the 24th
day of Jan., 1807, 1 am commanded to make Public Proc
lamation throughout my whole bailiwick, that a Court of
Common Pleas will be held at the Court House in the bor
ough of Huntingdon ' on the 3rd Monday (and 10th day) of
January A. D.,17F:,7,f0r the trial of all issaes in said Court
which remain undetermined before the said Judges, when
and where all jurors, witnesses, and suitors, in the trials
of all issues are required.
Dated at Huntingdon the 11th of March, in the year of
our Lord 1830, and the 80th year of AMerican Independ
SrnrirF's Or rrcr., t
Huntingdon, _March IS, 'S.W.)
ryiRIAL LIST FOR APRIL TERM,
_EL 1857. EIR;:z1! WEEIC.
Robert WilEou. vs Win. I'L.ster's Ex - rs
Huntingdon county N'S AlldreNV Robison's Era's
Dumas V. 3 Jaillol Porter
Dr. P. SlmEmberger's Ex'rs VS A. P. 'Wilson et at
Stev.ms for u 5 ., ..! of Myton vs 6inith ,S: 1.1.,..nry
John icit , niing
Thou Clark', heirs
Asa COL bill
N. C. Duckor
jam G. Orlady Exrs
John Penn Brock vs - john
Sams t 3 ;r:azno
John r 4 Waltc , r ner
Union Trans. Co. is Penn (Alio Trans. Co
Leonard Weaver vs Lock 4 Snytkr
Samuel Caldwell vs 311.11 w :IJ. Mart:a
John Dougherty vs Taylor. Wil:cn 4.; retrilrm
Weiner, Kline d Ellis vs CliVisti'M Coots
George Couch Is The I nsdrance Co
Matthew Truman for use vs Itobert flare Vowel
Peter Long & wife vs Daniel Roberts' Acitur
Juice & Baugher vs .ram..,; Bricker
Mary E. Trout vs Martin Men ner_et al
ME.tsen Walker vs if naroAv Walk ,- ,:r -
L. Sr. S. - Matti vs :Uri tratnif,un
Ettinger Si Theecirnan • vs III:yea, k S-etit
Bareroft, Beaver 8.: Co vs .. - ToAlua it. Cox - J Adnir
Isaac M. Ashton Ts Same
Baum) va Sam , -
M. F. C.k...3IP_BELL, Pro t'y
March IS, 1857.
ythat EGISTER'S NOTICE.— NOTi_CE
ti 3 hereby given to all persons interested at the f,•l-
owing named persons have sAtled their acetJunts in the
Register's (Alice at Huntingdon. and that the said accounts
will be presented for confilm,ition and al itysan ee, 4,1 im t)r
phaus' Court to ho held at Huntingdon. in mill to. the
County of Huntingdon, on Wednesday, the 15411 day of
April nest. to wit:
1. John R. Hunter and George P. Wak-11,1,1, Executors
of the last will and testammt of John Wakefield, late of
Barret , township, deceased.
2. Thomas Weston and Martin Weston. Executors of the
last will and testament of Wm. BVeston, late of Warriors
mark township. dsc'd.
3. Samuel Mc Yitty, Executor of the la.st will, &c., of Jas.
Ramsey, Esq., late of Shirleystang, dec'd.
4. Benedict Stevens, Executor of the last will, Sc,:. of
Benedict Steven., Sr., late of Springfield township, deed.
5. George C. Bueln r and Samuel Work. Executors of the
last will, of Joseph Work. hte of Porter twp., dec'd.
6. Abraham Cresswell, Uear , lum of Anna Mary Borst, a
rumor child of Jacob Borst, late of West twp„ des d.
7. Thomas Orbison, Administrator of David Bucket,
late of Shirley township, dec'd.
S. Peter Swoops, Trustee appointed ,by the Orphans'
Court, to make sale of the real estate of Peter Swoop: : Sr.,
late of the borough of Huntingdon, dee'4l.
P. George Hallman. Trustee appointed by the Orphans'
Court to make sale of the real estate of George Henderson,
late of West township, deed.
1.0. Peter Stryker, Administrator of the estate of John
Stryker late of West township, dec'4l.
11. Samuel T. Brown. Esq., Administrator de bonf , 4 nen,
of the estate of Win. Buchanan, late of Brady township,
12. John Wareham Mattern and Susan Mattern, (now
Susan Wills.) Administrators of the estate of Jacob :3. Mat
tern, late of Franklin township, deceast - 41.
13. Dr. John McCulloch. Administrat e of the estate of
Alex. McKibben. late of the borough of Huntingdon. deed.
14. John 11. Given, Executor of the last &c,, of John
Shultz, late of Hopewell twp.. deed,
HENRY GLAZIER, Register.
Huntingdon, March IS, 16.57.
LIST OF GRAND R.TRORS for a
Court of Quarter Sessions to be held at Huntingdon
in and for the county of Huntingdon, the second Monday
and I.lth day of April, 1557.
Brice Blair, fanner, Dublin.
Michael Baker, carpenter, Porter.
Alexander S. Th: figs, farmer, Tell.
Philip Crouse, tailor, Cassville.
James B. Carothers, farmer, Morris.
John M. Cunningham, carpenter, Huntingdon.
William L. Comb, fanner, Barrec.
David Enyeart, farmer, Walker.
John Foster, thriller, Shirley.
John Graffnas, Griner, Warriorsmark.
Jacob Hoover, farmer. Penn.
Robert F. Haslett, Innkeeper, Morris.
Geo. W. threard, farmer, Union.
Robert Johnston, farmer, Jackson.
John Lee, miller, Walker.
Thomas Osborn, farmer, Jackson.
Isaac Oatenkirk, farmer, Brady.
John F. Parsons, farmer, 'Tell.
Livingston Robb. farmer, Walker.
Wm. Stapleton. fanner. Tod.
David Swoope, jr., carpenter, Clay.
Andrew Smith. farmer, Union.
William Walker. carpenter, Porter.
Elias B. Wilson, J. P.. Cassville.
TRAVERSE JURORS—REST wram
William Africa. shoemaker, linntingdon.
Alexander Appleby, farmer. Dublin.
Samuel Bowman. farmer. Shirley.
Jacob Brumbaugh, farmer, Penn.
John C. Bolinger, farmer, Cromwell.
Bichard Cunningham, tanner, Jackson.
Isaac Curfman, farmer, Tod.
Joseph Cornelius. farmer, Cromwell.
Jacob 11. Dell, farmer, Cass.
John Duffey, mason, Springfield.
Gideon .Elias. surveyor, Tod.
Martin Flenner, wagonmaker, Walker.
Robert Fleming, farmer, Jackson.
Jonathan Frazier, tanner. Jackson.
Michael Flesher, farmer, Jzicksm.
James Goodman. carpenter, Huntingdon.
Hiram Grady, farmer, Henderson.
Austin Green, mechanic, Cassville.
John Griffith, farmer, Tod.
John Hewit, farmer, Porter.
Thomas Hamer, jr., farmer, West.
Samuel Harvey, fanner, Shirley.
Solomon Houck, farmer, Tod.
Daniel Knock, farmer, Porter.
Charles H. Miller. tanner, Huntingdon.
Abraham NlcCoy, briekmaker, Huntingdon
William Morgan, farmer, Shirley.
William C. McCauley, tanner, Brady.
Asa Price. farmer, Cromwell.
John S. Pheasant. farmer, Union. -
Charles Rhinehart, fanner, Clay.
Bohn Shaffer, farmer, Morris.
Philip Silknitter, farmer, Barren.
.DOD 13 00
.12 0) 16 00
2.0 00 30 00
GRAITUS MILLER, S/D-rij:
VS B. X. _Glair ct al
1.n.:F0):1 Chi is
VS t 2` ens
Vi AV1.3.! Thirh—nan
141i1 !toad Co
.10111: 1)01'211 , 21:ty et al
V 3 Boat g LLliingLum
9 0 00
VOL. X' I,
Peter Shaver of Samuel, clerk, Shirley.
Peter Shaffer, farmer, Morris.
David Snare, J. P., Huntingdon.
Jacob Snyder, tailor, Huntingdon.
William ShIMS, clerk, Franklin.
Thomas Weston, Esq., J. I'., Warriorsmark.
Thomas Wilson, J. P., Barret,.
F. B. Wallace. blacksmith, Huntingdon.
Armstrong Willoughby, tailor, Huntingdon,
Leonard I.Veaver, Lamer, Hopewell.
Thomas Whittaker, farmer, Porter.
Jacob Walters, farmer, Franklin.
Samuel Wall, merchant. Penn.
John Kinch, blacksmith, Franklin.
John Rung, gentleman, West.
TRAVERSE JIIRORS—SECOND WEEK.
James Bell, Esq., farmer, Warriorsmark.
William Cramer, farmer, Tell.
James Cree, farmer, Dublin.
Hugh Cunningham, farmer, Porter.
David Colestock, farmer, Huntingdon.
John Duff, thriller, Jackson.
Thomas Duffey, farmer, Springfield.
John Eberly, farmer, West.
Martin Fleming, farmer, Brady.
David H. Foster, merchant, Hopewell.
John Gagbagan, carpenter, Porter.
Joshua Green, farmer, Barree.
John Grafins, laborer, West.
Caleb Greenland, farmer, Cass.
Ceorge Hight, farmer, Tod.
John Hovel, farmer, West.
Jacob H. Knode, farmer, West.
Hugh King, farmer, Shirley.
James Herr, farmer, Brady.
John I'. Murphy, shoemaker, West.
George Myerly, farmer, Springfield.
Franklin B. Neely, farmer, Dublin.
John A. Nash, printer, Huntingdon.
Henry F. Newingham, gentleman, Ifnntingdon
Christian Peightal, tailor, Barree.
Jacob Spanogle, farmer, Shirley.
John Simpson, farmer, Huntingdon.
Henry W. Swoope, farmer, Porter.
Samuel Smith, farmer, Union.
Valentine Smittle, farmer, Tell.
James Stevens, farmer, Clay.
William P. Taylor. carpenter, Clay.
John Weston, farmer, Union.
John 1 ,5 hittaker, gentleman, Huntingdon.
I;ichard Wills, cabinet-maker, Warriorsutark.
Michael Ware. farmer, West.
Huntingdon, March IS. 1837.
sreetfiiii,y nmiounces to her numerous patrons and
Ii enos that she continuo, as hetetnfore, to give lessons
on the Piano, il.lelodeon and Guitar, at her residence in the
old Presbyterian (;Lurch, or at the residence of pupils in
fi.he is in monthly receipt of all the new music published
at the first xnu,fcal 1i , a15.2.3 in the country, and will furnish
pupils and others with any piece requited.
:he will also teach the Guzman and French languages.
:::utuerutts references given.
I hinting - Awl, Febrially 4. 1557.
NTO LIBRARY: - IS COMPETE WITH
OUT IL-TESTIMONY OF SIXTEEN THOUSAND
CIiCIIASEItS.--M!O WORK OF HISTORY!
IVIIOI.E ',HIRAM,' IN ITSELF!-COST jll,OOO-70
MAPS-700 ENGRAYINGS.-A HISTORY OF ALL NA
From the earliest period to the present thee, the history
of every nation, ancient and modern, being separately
given. By S. G. Goomizeu, author of several works of His
tory, 'Peter Parley's Tales,' Ste.
It is believed that the above work will be very accepta
ble to fl;; American public. It is the result of years of
toil nod labor, assisted in his researches by several scholars
of klie'XlL ability, and has been got up at a.great expense
by th.• proprietors. No pains have been spared in the ex
cention i i the Illustrations and Maps, which are prepared
expres , ,ly for this week. Indeed. all the other historical
writing of Mr. Goodrich, sink into insignificance, when
compared to this. the result of his riper and maturer yeats.
It is admitted that one hundred dollars could not purchase
the same matter in any other shape, and the publishers
confidently expect, in consideration of the great literary
value of the w orb, the large sum expended in preparing
it for the press, and the exceedingly moderate price at
which it is offered, that it will be favorably received by
every lover of good books. Many of our first scholars, di
vines and gentlemen. w Ito have examined the work. have
given it their unqualified approbation and commendation,
which it richly &serves.
T.IXIEORN RETAIL PRICES.
In one volume, Turlck.y Morocco, 3lartile Edge, Gilt
Back and bides $6,00
In one volume, Turkey Morocco, Marble Edge, Full
1n two volumes, Turkey Morocco, Marble Edge........ 7,00
In two volumes, Turkey Morocco, Gilt Edge and Full
In two volumes, Full, heavy Stamped Cloth, Sprink
led Edge 6,00
3lany of our Agents having been told when soliciting
subscribers, that this work NI ould soon be sold in Book
stores. and at a reduced price, we hereby rive notice, as
Sole Publishers of it, it will not be sold in Bookstores at
any price, and will be offered by our canvassing Agents
only, who have the sole right of sale in their respective
districts, except that where we have not appointed an
agent. WE will send copies by mail, postage pre-paid. to
any lru•t of the United States, upon receipt of the retail
N. B.—The one volume copies, weighing over four pounds,
cannot be :rent through the mail, but the two volume copies
can be mailed as two hunks.
Miller. Orton S; Mulligan, Publishers, No. 25, Park Row,
N. Y. For sale by GEO. DERGSTRESSER,
Itrl, CREEK, Mint. Co., Pa.
gz- - - Also, Agent fur Dr. Kane's worlae.
Feb. 11, 1557.
WANTED.—A partner in the Tavern
business, in the centre of the Broad Top Coal
mines. at a stand now doing a good business. Any one
who wishes to go into that line of business, will find it an
excellent ehanee rarely to be met with. Address by letter
to B. at this office, when evemy information required shall
be given. February ::5,1557.
ACARD.—To Teachers and all whom it
may Concern; The undersigned arc making prep
a; alums to open a Normal School in Huntingdon County;
and we design making it a permanent Institution. The
Instructors will be persons who have been educated in
Normal schools, and who arc known to be eminent in their
profession—in the didactic art. Our advertisement will
appear as soon as our correspondence with the Faculty can
be completed. We desire to open the school in April.
Ihmtingdon, Feb. 11. 1557. P. IL LANE.
AHOUSE FOR SALE.—Thera
subscriber will sell the HOUSE and TIIIIEE
LUTE OF GROUND he now occupies in the North East cor
ner of the borough of Huntingdon. The house is a two
story fuune, nearly new. For further information enquire
of A. J. WHITE.
February 11, 1857.
STEW DRY GOODS FOR SPRING
SILK. ROBES, Flounced,
BLACK SILKS, extra gloss,
SPRING DRESS. GOODS,
NEW SPRING SHAWLS,
BRITISH & FRENCH CHINTZES,
LAWN & LAWN ROBES,
SHAWLS, of the newest Fashions,
Staple Linen Goods, Blankets, Quilts, Damask Table Cloths,
Gentlemen's Wear and full stock of Goods for Boys' Cloth
Bargains, daily received from Now York and Philadelphia
Wholosale buyers arc invited to give us an early call.
LYRE & LANDELL,
4th and Arch streets, Philadelphia.
.42r - Torms Nett Cash, and prices low.
Match 4,1857-3 m.
AMUE.L M. MI43CUTCHEN,
Q WRIGHT AND BURR MILL STONE MANUFACTU
RER. Sole Proprietor of JOHNSON'S highly approved and
much improved SMUT AND SCREENING MACHINE:
Improved IRON CONCAVE BRAN DUSTER, TUB PRE
MIUM MACHINE FOR MILLERS.
- - -
residence: NO. 64 QUEEN Street, (ISth Ward,) address
Kensington Post Office.
Shop: lIAYDOCIL Street. below Front. Philadelphia.
Cocalico Mill Stones. Mill Irons. Smutt Machines, Patent
Mill Bush, Portable Mills. Stretched Belting, Cement
and Screen Wire,
SQUARE MESILED BOLTING GLOTILS.
Philadelphia, Feb. :25, ISST.
ADMINISTRATORS' N ()TIC E.-
Lettens of Administration have been granted to me
upon the Estate of Samuel Thompson, late of Shirley top.,
deed. Ali persons indebted are requested to make pay
ment and those haling claims to present them to me.
Petersburg, Feb. 20,1857.*
500 BUSHEL S of Dried APPLES,
wanted In exchange for our goods.
Der.l7, 1856. LOVE a McDIVIT.
4) . 7
111 , .
Dangers of the Coast—A thrilling Bide in a
Canoe—Eight clays and Nights in a Storm
—Eating Snails—Singular delusion—The
Surf and ifs Dangers—A Baud?:ful Sun
rise—The Enchanted Mountain—The COU7I-
try, its inhabitants, Agriculture, &c., cr-c.
We are permitted to make the following
interesting extract from a private letter from
Dr. Wm. Grafius, who went out as physi
cian to the New Granada Mineral Land Com
pany, from Huntingdon county. Much of it
will be found of thrilling interest.
COCUYAS DE VERAGUA,
New Granada, Febuary 14, 1857, j .;:;•
You ask what Ido out here ? Who lives
here ? What kind of a region it is ? How
I came to be tumbled into the sea? How I
escaped drowning? &c. To answer fully all
these questions would take almost a book.—
Part of our voyage had to be accomplished
in a canoe, made from the trunk of a tree.—
This contained seven persons, besides bag
gage and other loading.
The top of the boat Was but about six
inches from the water when we were ready
to start. When our sails were set and she
leaned fairly to the breeze, the one side was
not more than three or four inches from the
water. Of course, even in a quiet sea the
waves would easily dash into the boat.—
Judge then, how it was in a storm on a coast
celebrated for its dangers, and the month
(July) called here the hurricane month.—
The distance we had to make was only about
seventy-five miles, and under ordinary cir
cumstances, can be accomplished in two
days ; we were eight days and nights on the
way. I cannot give you any detail of the
passage. Our provisions consisted, on the
start, of navy bread and half putrid salt meat.
The bread - had been wet, and was covered
with mould. We had but two days' supply
of this. Rain fell all the time day and night.
Sometimes we beat about, baffled by head
winds and opposing currents, all day and all
night. Sometimes, when the night threaten
ed to be unusually stormy, and we were thor
oughly exhausted by labor, hunger and loss
of sleep, we would make for the land. The
breakers all along this coast (there is no such
thing as a bay here) rusli on shore with
frightful violence. There was little choice
between the dangers of the open sea and
those attending an attempt to land, and af
terward get out through the surf again to
pursue our journey.
In one of these attempts to land, (and it
was "neck or nothing" either way,) the waves
dashed over our little boat as if she had been
a feather, sinking and upsetting her. A mis
hap of this kind, attended with imminent
danger, calls out all the energy and manli
ness that exists in the character of any one.
It tries his mettle thoroughly. All that can
be done is to seize the boat, if possible, and
cling to it'for life. The breakers will tum
ble you on shore. If you happen to have
wind in you, good; if not probably just as
good. This time it threw us all safely on
the beach. We hauled our boat out of the
reach of the waves, gathered up our goods
and chattles, and sat down to ruminate. It
was pouring down rain all the while, but
that, we had learned long before, was a small
matter. After taking our bearings and dis
tances, we found ourselves in about the fol
lowing latitude and longitude: Shelter the
deserted hut (four upright poles and a palm
leaf roof) of some Indian fisher ; clothes, all
wet; food, none; hunger, terrible; exhaus
tion, extreme ; spirits, of some, rather des
ponding—mine pretty fair ; health, good ;
terra firma, woods impenetrable to the sight
—a dense mass of trees and undergrowth,
such as only can be seen in the tropics, ex
tending to the very edge of the water. Not
a very pleasant position that, was it ? That
night and the following morning we fed on
snails gathered from the rocks.
We got on safely, and worked alternately
with sail and oar all day, without making
much headway. As night approached, it
threatened to be a stormy one, but we deter
mined to brave it. That was the night of
my life which I shall longest remember.—
Ye gods ! how the wind blew, and how the
raid descended—and how the waves rolled!
The air was black as Tartarus, but the sea,
HUNTINGDON, PA., MARCH 25, 1857.
From the National Emporium
I LOVE HIM STILL.
Softly are the shadows flitting,
Through the open cottage door,
Weaving a bright chain of beauty,
As they dance across the floor.
Mellow moonbeams fall around me,
Whispering vine-leaves murmur love,
Golden stars are gently smiling
On the scene, from realms above.
Zephyrs laden with sweet music,
Float around on balmy wings,
And a fount of crystal water,
Softly to the bright moon sings;
But my heart is sad and lonely,
For its spirit mate has flown;
Hopes, that once I fondly cherished,
In a gloomy cloud are thrown.
Startled once I heard each footstep,
Hoping all in vain 'twas He;
But I learned to watch no longer,
For I knew that he was freti;
Free, from every chain that bound him,
To my trusting, loving heart;
Rouse I, all my pride and firmness,
Bidding all the dreams depart.
And my heart has ceased to flutter,
When his name I sometimes hear,
And no more will I in sadness,
Shed for him a bitter tear.
But though conquered each emotion,
Which the heart can cease at will;
Though my lips no more may tell him,
In my heart I love him still.
PROM NEW GRANADA
boiling like a cauldron, sparkled with phos-
Oorescent glow. We alternated between
Scylla and Charybodis. Should we get out
of sight of land Without a compass, we were
lost. Should we run among the breakers, it
would be certain death. We tacked alter
nately land and seaward, at chance, and at
every tack were in extreme danger of upset
ting. Our little canoe flew like the wind,
and as she struck each wave, it broke over
her bows and sides, so that one of us had to
bail constantly. Through all that night,half
overcome by sleep, but not asleep, I had a
singular delusion, which I could not remove
by any effort of reason. It seemed to me
that to the right of the canoe, just behind the
sail, stood a farm-house, a few feet distant
from a post-and-rail fence, (they were split
oak rails,) which ran along the sea in the di
rection we were going, and not far from the
boat. The delusion gave me a feeling of se
curity, as I thought, in case of accident, I
could easily swim to the fence, and get into
As morning approached the wind became
more violent and irregular, and the waves
rolled higher and higher. Our native sail
ors, four in number, were now helpless—one
had the fever, and the others crouched in the
bottom of the canoe, a set of shivering and
frightened wretches. The captain was so
sick, also, that I really thought he was going
to die. The other person, an employee of
the company, and myself were left alone.—
In thig state of affairs, just as the day began
to break, a more violent storm than any pre
vious one arose. Fortunately, my companion
was a young man of much courage and cool
ness, and knew how to run the boat. lie
took the rudder and I took the bailing in
strument; we " let her went" fast as the
winds of heaven could drive her. Each wave
we met, I thought would be our last, but our
gallant little canoe breasted them nobly. As
they approached, she would spring to meet
them, and raising her bow, would leap up
their sides and plunge through their crests,
covered with foam, down into the abyss be
low. At times, the water would break over
her bow, and pour over her sides in fearful
quantities. The rain all the time poured
down as it only can in this country, and ran
from the sail into the boat like water from
the roof of a house. For three long hours I
bailed without intermission, as a man will
bail when life depends on his efforts ; once
the water gained on me so fast, I felt half in
clined to give it up us a hopeless job; I did
not feel like bailing out the whole sea.
When the storm cleared away we found we
had made many miles headway, and were
still in sight of land. That night, after a day
of toil at the oars, we ran on the beach at the
hut of an Indian. We were in a half-fam
ished condition, and could scarcely wait till
our chickens (Si 50 per pair) and corn were
half boiled. Then we had a feast in quantity,
at least, and to us in quality, - that would
make the most hardened epicurean sinner
stare. After gorging ourselves we stretched
our limbs on the ground and slept till mid
night, when finding the wind fair, we seized
the opportunity and were off.
To arise from a comfortable sleep, after
having been deprived of it for many hours,
to undergo the risk of running out to sea
through the breakers by night, required no
small effort of the will. However, as in many
other things attended with danger, the ac
companying excitement made it positively
attractive. The modus operandi of "putting
out" is this ; after drawing the canoe down
the beach she is pushed into the water deep
enough to float her when loaded. To hold her
while this operation was going on required
four persons—two at the bow and two at the
stern. As the breakers would strike her it
required all our strength to keep our feet and
prevent the boat from turning with the wave
and upsetting. After the loading was finish
ed, we arrayed ourselves along each side, and
waited until some wave less than the others
would roll in—then for one grand rush as far
as we could wade—a leap into the bodt—seize
a paddle, and work as if Old Nick was after
us ! If we were so fortunate as to hit the
right time, and meet the waves before they
would " break," all would be right; if we
had been too late the waves would roll over
the boat, sinking and upsetting her, and
plunging us into the sea.
To convince you,that I have not exaggera
ted the danger of navigating this coast, I will
mention that, three months ago, when our
canoe started for Aspinwall, it upset and the
whole party in it made a most narrow escape.
Two months ago, one man, a member of the
staff, was drowned, and three others saved
their lives by clinging to the bottom of the
boat until they were picked up by a schooner.
One month ago, the boat upset, containing
the mail, (with your letter,) and the captain
got on shore with about as much water as
wind in him. The mail was in a safe place,
and was thrown ashore with the boat, well
soaked, of course. All the provisions which
the boat contained were lost, and in conse
quence we are now on very short allowance
—fat salt pork and navy bread, and enough
of that to last not more than two weeks. We
are expecting a schooner with provisions from
the States. I pray for its hasty advent.
After a delightful sail, just at daybreak,
We arrived off the mouth of the Bejuco river,
the termination of our journey by water, and
as we sailed in, we beheld the most gorgeous
sunrise it has ever been my fortune to look
upon. It arose over amountain called Chuca,
or the enchanted, because it seems to disap
pear as you approach, and is rarely visible.
Dr. Merritt, who has lived here five years,
has seen it but once or twice. On this occa
sion, the atmosphere was transparent to such
an extraordinary degree, that we could see
its lofty summits, its craggy sides, and fright
ful chasms as distinctly as if we had been
but a mile from its base. By the way, there
are some singular traditions, quite romantic
in their character, and tinged with the terri
ble and tragic, which affirm the presence of
quantities of gold there which seem rather
fabulous. There is no doubt about the fact
that it has not been visited by any mortal for
several generations—not since shortly after
the conquest by the Spaniards, who would
have faced the devil in search for gold. The
Indians hold it in dread, and fear the spirit
which resides on it. It is not more than fif
teen or twenty miles from this place. Dr.
Merritt has been talking of making an at
tempt to reach it. If he tries, lam in for
one of the party. It would require not less
than three weeks. This will give you an
idea of the extraordinary difficulty of travel
ing, from the ruggedness of the country and
density of the undergrowth, all tangled and
interlaced with vines.
Cocuyas you will not find marked on the
map. Once, it was an important Spanish
town and quite large, as is still indicated by
the foundations of dwellings scattered around.
Now it is an insignificant Indian village, in
habited only by those who depend on the pre
carious occupation of gold-washing for a liv
ing. Look on the map of Central. America,
and you will see the province of Veraguas,
in northern New Granada. Look for Aspin
wall, and westward for Chiriqui Cayoon, near
the boundary of Costa Rica and Veraguas.—
About half way between these is the river
Bojuca. From that point, directly southward,
and in the narrowest part of the narrow Isth
mus, and a comparatively short journey, so
far as mere distance is concerned, to moun
tains from whose summit, it is said, both
oceans may be seen and their roar almost
heard, reposes the village of Cocuyas, at an
elevation of five hundred feet above the level
of the sea. Just at the base of Cocuyas hill,
commences a row of conical mountains, ele
vating their heads to a height of some two
thousand feet; one of these, whose sides are
inclined, at one angle, to not less than forty
five degrees, I spent a day in climbing up to
the very top. The surface was not more than
twenty feet in diameter. The highest I have
yet to climb.
As to the character of the country, it pre
sents most interesting geographical features,
which render it quite peculiar as a gold-min
ing region. The details of this, and the
modus operandi, of gold-mining, I must re
serve for a future letter.
As to the country itself, it is in a state of
gurus naturalibus, so much so, that I think
if you were perched on the summit of the
highest mountain, on the clearest sunny day,
and had the eye of an eagle, you would scarce
ly be able to perceive, on the whole Atlantic
slope of the Cordilleras of the Andes, a sign
that human life existed on it. It is a "wilden
primeval." Trees of the most gigantic size
(I have seen them fifteen feet in diameter,
and extending more than one hundred feet
into the air,) furnish support to innumerable
varieties of vines, clambering to their very
tops and extending to all their branches, each
bearing its own peculiar hue and form and
size of leaf. Mingled with all these are end
less numbers of air plants and parasites,
which drop down their roots to the earth,
long, flexible, and cord-like, and straight as
an arrow, or twisted into spiral folds like huge
serpents. All around presents such a profu
sion of vegetable life, as to astound one who
has been accustomed to northern forests.
Ido not mean to assert that there are no
inhabitants in all this wilderness; here and
there is an Indian village, the abode of gold
washers, and those who act as their leeches,
to relieve them of their gold, and supply them
with necessaries. Now and then you may
meet with a yuca plantation or plantain-patch,
and a few along the sea coast or road-sides,
which make pretensions to something more
than this; but these all amount to nothing,
and are no evidence of cultivation, they are
only different phases of nature itself. The
soil possesses extraordinary fertility, and, if
intelligently cultivated would richly repay la
bor. Yucas, yams, plantains, bananas, choc
olate, coffee, corn, beans, rice, oranges, pine
apples, and the whole list of tropical produc
tions, grow with great rapidity. But, a gold
bearing country, you know, is seldom an ag
ricultural one. Besides, the natives are too
indolent to work unless compelled to. The
consequence of all this is, that the Atlantic
slope of all this part of the Isthmus does not
produce enough •to support even its scanty
population. The Company has to depend
upon receiving provisions from the States.—
The natives depend upon provisions carried
on the backs of men from the Pacific slope,
called savannas, over the Andes. This is a
journey of from one and a half to two days,
and over roads that a mule could not travel
—a mere path through the woods—scarcely
perceptible, except to the practised eye of a
native. During much of the rainy season
this road is impassable, on account of the vi
olence of the mountain torrents. The peo
ple here, then, get pretty well starved out.—
We are pretty much in the same fix now, our
selves. The savannas of the other side are
rich, alluvial plains, much like Western prai
ries, extending from the base of the Andes to
the - Pacific ocean. There are many native
towns in it, but, judging from the specimens
who come over here, both male and female,
they are a more indolent and. miserable race
than those on this side. I forgot to say, that
this side of the Isthmus consists of conical
mountains, gradually descending in height
until they become steep, egg-shaped hills, ex
tending to the shore of the Caribbean. Be
tween these hills there is a perfect network
of streams, which, at times, become furious
torrents, rushing over rocky precipices of
frightful depth. Much of the scenery is
therefore wild to sublimity , . But I must de
fer further particulars until the next mail.
Vir.A. friend has furnished us with the
following copy of a sign over the door of a
respectable looking house near Chichester,
England: "Here Life 1 on Quers A Goos."
Any joker that can translate the above at
one reading, can take our hat. The follow
ing is the translation: "Here lives one who
par A - wag, upon visiting a museum, was
shown some dwarfs and other specimens of
mortality, all preserved in alcohol. "Well,"
said he, "I never thought the dead could be
in such spirits."
rte.. Sincerity does not consist in speaking
your mind on all occasions, but in doing so
when silence would be censurable and false
Editor and Proprietor.
Respect Old Age.
There, give him all the path. Tread slow
ly and. reverently in his presence. Hush that
rude laughter; check that idle jest. See you
not upon. his temples the snow of many win
ters ? See you not the sunken eye, the bow
ed form, the thin hand upon Whose surface
the blue veins stand out like cords. Gone are
the bt , auty and strength of manhood ; and in
that faded eye but little light is left, save that
of love and kindness. That voice has lost
its music, savo the soft undertone of affec
Sit down young friend, and hear that story
of the olden time ; and if, in looking back
wards into the mists of the past; he some=
times forgets,--sometimes confounds dates
and. incidents, or tells the same old tale for
the twentieth time; think over What a vast,
vast field his memory wanders: Think; over
what a checkered web of events; thought
takes her beaten track, down into the depth
of years. Oh, the jots and sorrows, the
hopes and disappointments, the anxieties, and
wrongs, and sufferings he rouses from their
dreamy beds, as he " fights life's battles over
"And scones long lost, of Joy and pain,
Conte wildering o'er his aged brain."
Standing upon the boundary line between
life and the untried future, his feet would
fain turn backwards into the paths of the
past. One moment he longs for rest—the
next come back the mocking memories of de
parted joys. The thorns have dropped silent
ly away amidst the leaves of the roses he
gathered in childhood and youth—their beau=
ty and fragrance alone remain.
0, you in whose bounding - veins younr , m life
yet lingers, and you in the full beauty and
vigor of manhood, respect the aged! Speak
gently, hush the rude laugh, check the idle
jest, listen to the wisdom which is the voice
of experience. Cheer him with kindly words;
encircle him with your strong arm and lead
him as he descends the down of life, the
shadows deepening into night—the white
hairs upon his temple already drifting in the
cool breeze which comes up from the valley
Honor the aged that he may leave you his
blessing on the threshold of the unknown
land. ilonor him, and God -will raise up for
you friends to remove the thorns from the
last league of your own life-journey; for the
sake of the weary one of long ago, whonever
wept for your ingratitude ; whose bowed form
never struggled with a weight of care or grief
which you might have carried; •iithile you
- Walked carelessly along, intent upon your
own ease and pleasure.
llon'or the Aged for Ilis sake who was old
before lie Was--:whose life is from everlasting
nor him that feeble wait:oth
With his staff the white-haired sage,
God will curse the wretch that mocketh
Ibiary hairs with slighted age.
Profanity in a child is a terrible thing.
We encountered a lad some six or eight
years old on the street the other day, who
was swearing terribly at a companion; ncr
one in "the army in Flanders" ever indulg
ed in fouler profanity than this mere child:
Where he had learned to profane the name
of the Deity we know not; but if he has pa
rents—a mother who loves him; a father
who cherishes great hopes for the future—
we pity them. Their boy can never be else
than a curse and a shame so long as his lips
utter blasphemies. The swearer, however
proud or elegant he may be—however eleva
ted his social position—has nothing of the
true gentleman in his nature, and tho halo
of Divinityewill never consecrate his achieve-r
Let no boy indulge in profanity, in the
hope to acquire an appearance of manliness
—for the good and true will regard him as a
blot on God's beautiful earth, and will shun
him as a pestilence. Wherever he may
walk, the flowers will wither under his tread,
and his memory will be in the hearts of men
a bitter thing fbreti•er:
What is Dirt.
Old Dr. Cooper, of South Carolina, used to
say to his students:
Don't be afraid of a little dirt, gentlemen.
What is dirt? Why, nothinc , ° at all offen
sive, - when chemically viewed. Rub a little
alkali upon that "dirty grease spot" upon
your coat, and it under g oes a chemical
change and becomes soap. Now rub it with
a little water and it disappears; it is neither
grease, soap, water nor dirt. "That is
not a very odorous pile of dirt" you
observe there. Well ? scatter a little gypsum
over it, and 'tis no longer dirty. Everything
you call dirt is worth your notice as students
of chemistry. Analyze it ! It will separate
into very clean elements.
Dirt makes corn ; corn makes bread and
meat, and that makes a very sweet young
lady that I saw one of you were kissing last
night. So, after all, you were kissing dirt—
particularly if she whitened her skin with
chalk or fullers' earth. There is no telling,
gentlemen, what is dirt. Though I may say ,
rubbing such stuff upon the beautiful skin of
a youn g lady is a dirty practice. Pearl•
powder, I think, is made of bismuth—noth- -
mg but dirt.
Thrilling accounts are given in the Marys-`
ville, (California,) papers, of the chase of two
lowers, by an enraged third party, (the pari
ent,) who, as we take up the story, was follow=
ing them across the Yuba river:
Augustus saw the fury depicted in the old
man's face, and deeming discretion the bet
ter part of valor, made a dead halt in the road
and concluded to surrender. Maria was fran
tic. Leaping suddenly from her horse, and
- walking around through mud three feet deep,
she gati.lred her husband by the legs and
dragged him to the ground. Then grasping
him tightly around the neck, she shouted to
her father, who was now in speaking distance--
" You shan't part us. Right here up to
our knees in mud, we will love and did to
The old man started back in amazement,
"Yes," muttered the half used up Augus
tus ; "we'll die right here in the mud."
"But, Maria—my child," groaned the old,
man, "are you not my daughter still?"
"Yes," was the reply, "and I'm his wife
"And are you married?"
"We are," exclaimed both.
The old man looked daggers for a moment,
closely scrutinised the couple as they clung
to each other in tho mud, and, turning his
horse's head toward the city, he started off,
'That's all I wanted to know. You can
now get out of the mud and come home!"
may -There is a woman's "dress reform"
convention in session at Cannenstota, New
York, one object of which is stated to be to
"put down low necked dresses." Many folks
think them too low now.