The globe. (Huntingdon, Pa.) 1856-1877, January 07, 1857, Image 2

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dirculatidn—Ae largest in the county
Wednesday, January 1,. 1857
Book Notices
The North British Review is once more on
our table, and its contents are highly inter
esting. Dr. Chalmers' Works. Froude's
nistory of England. The Workmen of Eu
rope. The Sight and how to See. Remusat's
English Statesman—Bolingbroke. Religious
Novels. Cockburn's Memorials. Spain.—
These articles are certainly attractive.
Blackwood for December is also before us.
The contents are : A Recent Confession of
an Opium-Eater, Our Indian Empire, The
Athelings—part VII, Respectability—A Di
alogue, Dred, The English Ecclesiastical
Courts, The Food of London, The Political
Lull ; and what will break it.
See advertisement in another column, of
the Re-publication of Foreign Periodicals, by
L. Scott & Co. _Now is the time to subscribe
for the new volumes.
We understand that Prof. STonaAnn of
the University of Western Pennsylvania is
visiting our county, and that he will accom
pany our Superintendent, visiting schools
and lecturing on the necessity for qualifying
teachers for their profession by Normal train
ing. This is but the beginning of the good
and important work of our industrious Super
intendent. The teachers and the public gen
erally should attend the Lectures.
RESIGNED.—Mr. T. K. Simonton, has re
signed the Agency of Adams & Co's Express
at this place, which he has filled for five years
with entire satisfaction to the Company and
the public generally, and with credit to him
Mr. J. J. Lawrence, Ticket &Freight Agent
at Huntingdon and Broad Top Rail Road De
pot, has been appointed Agent at this place
for Adams & Co's Express. That Mr. Law
renceNvill render as general satisfaction to the
Company and the public as did Mr. Simonton
there can be no doubt, as Mr. L. is an active
and obliging business man.
MURDEROUS ATTACK.-11 7 0 learn that Tho
mas IV. Horton, Esq., of Hopewell, was way
laid near that place on New Year's Day, and
horribly beaten by. several Irish laborers. It
was thought at the time that he could pot re
cover, but the latest reports are that the Squire
will live, at least long enough to see the cow
ardly rascals " put through." Three of the
party have been arrested.
S e "'" THE CARRIER" returns thanks to the
numerous patrons of The Globe in the "an..
cient borough," for the handsome manner in
Which he was received Ohl T.ZCIT Year's day.—
He was handsomely rewarded for his labors.
herd, a prominent Democratic politician, re
benily died in New York, and was buried in
a vault in the Second street cemetery. Short
ly afterwards it was found necessary to visit
the vault; when it is said the body was found
turned in the coffin.
gef.The Court of Oyer and Terminer at
Pittsburg, a few days since, rejected. an ap
plication for a divorce made principally on
the ground that the wife was an inveterate
scold, therefore a most undesirable life com
panion. Judge .11PCLuan remarked, that if
icien married sharp tongued women, they
must expect an occasional excoriation, and
not trouble his Court ritli an application for
a severance. Bachelors should remember
this decision and as a remembraneer, we ad
vise them to cut this paragraph out and paste
it in their hats.
MortAL INSANITY.—In the case of Hunting
ton, the forger, now on trial in the city of
New York, for the forging of papers to a large
amount, some thousand of dollars in extent,
the plea of moral insanity, is set up as a de
fence. This is something of a new wrinkle
in the meshes of the law, entangled as they
are, and the plea, surprised the Court, Bar,
Jury and all. In the opening of the defence
the counsel for the accused not only admitted
the perpetration of the forgeries, but gave a
series of others committed by the accused
during his life, but contended that he com
mitted no crime, as he had no idea of what
he was doing—and that therefore the animus
as we believe lawyers call it, or intention ne
cessary to constitute crime was wanting. To
show this the father of the accused was cal
led to testify in his behalf—according to his
testimony, he had a penchant for doing such
things, without having any motive for so do
ing, At one time, he altered the family
record, so as to make his age one year young
er. He Wotild cut into a costly rose-wood
Piano to see what was in the inside, without
teeming to have an idea of the injury he was
doing. - Should this plea of Moral Insanity
be successful, it will hereafter, no doubt, be
made available in many cases, and add an
other loop hole to the many loop holes of the
law already existing, through which rogues
but too frequently escape from getting their
just deserts.
ing named gentlemen are spoken of in con
nexion with the Gubernatorial nominations,
viz :
Hon. John L. Dawson, of Fayette.
Gen. William F. Packer, of Lycoming.
Col. William Hopkins, of IVashington,-
Hon. William IL Witte, of Philadelphia.
Col. Samuel IV. Black, of Allegheny.
Hon. Charle. ,, R. Buukalew, of Columbia.
Banks and Banking
Every meeting of our Legislature witness
es a horde of applications for bank charters,
most astonishing in the aggregate, and leads
one naturally to ask the question, is all this
paper circulation really needed to make the
business of our State more prosperous ?
Thus far great care has been taken in grant
ing charters, not to give such institutions pow
ers of an unlimited nature, and in some in
stances they had been permitted to do busi
ness under the most stringent restrictions.—
To this fact, in a great measure, do we owe
the safety of our monied institutions, and Gur
comparative freedom, of late years, from the
infliction of a fluctuating currency. The
sound doctrine advocated by Bigler, during
his administration, in regard to Banking priv
ileges, had a powerful influence over the peo
ple of this State upon this question. His
plain expositions presented the bad features
of unlimited banking in such a vivid style,
that all, who had never looked beyond the
pretty pictures upon the face of the note,
when they grasped it, to inquire its worth, at
once saw the power of such corporations at
one time to flood the country with their is
sues, and at another to depreciate their notes
to a mere fractional value. No greater in
convenience can he visited upon the business
community than an unsafe currency, a fact
which many now living can testify to with
sorrow. Who does not remember the days
of shinplasters and bankruptcy, when the
most reckless speculations were entered into
with an avidity bordering on insanity—all
resulting from the fact that there was little,
if any, limit to incorporated institutions of
this nature.
The Legislature will be called upon this
winter to act upon a large number of bank
ing institutions—granting charters to new
ones and increasing the privileges of old ones.
That they will carefully guard the interests
of the great mass of the people, we have no
doubt. In certain localities, where a heal
thy business demands its presence for conve
nience and expediency, a bank, honestly and
properly conducted, is advantageous, but
when its privileges are abused, as in the case
of the Lancaster Bank, where an issue be
yond the means of redemption was made, the
people, the laboring classes, will be the suf
ferers. It is well for our legislators, when
necessarily granting privileges of the above
nature, to engraft into the charter all need
ful regulations to guard the innocent note
holders against loss. It is right and proper
that it should be done.---Arnistrong Demo
Death of Father Mathew
Rev. Theobald Mathew, the Irish Apostle
of Temperance, better known as "Father
Mathew," died at Cork, Ireland, on the 9th
of December. He was one of the true re
formers of the age—an enthusiast, indeed,
and an inspirer of enthusiasm in others; but
at the same time a hard-working, devoted and
practical philanthropist, whose work still sur
vives in Ireland and other lands that he has
visited. He was born of a good family, at
Thomastown, Ireland, on the 10th of Octo
ber, 1700. Having been left an orphan ear
ly, his aunt adopted and educated him. He
was seven years at an academy in Kilkenny,
then at Maynooth, and was ordained for the
church at Dublin. Ile had previously taken
religious vows as a Capuchin, and began his
labors among the poor in the vicinity of Cork.
The frightful effects of drunkenness among
them, induced him to urge upon them the ne
cessity of taking the total abstinence pledge.
He began to hold meetings, at which thous
andsattended ; great excitement was created,
and the number of signers was immense.—
Ile went all over Ireland, holding meetings
which sometimes numbered hundreds of
thousands of persons. Since the time of the
Crusades there had been no such extraordi
nary scenes witnessed anywhere in the world.
The effect of the reformation of so many hun
dreds of thousands of people, upon the con
dition of Ireland, was remarkable. He then
went to England, whore good results also at
tended his labors. In 1849 and 1850 he vis
ited the United States, and administered the
pledge to many thousands of his countrymen.
His health was broken down, however, by
his arduous labors and the exposure atten
dant upon them. He has visited Maderia
and other mild regions in the hope of benefit;
but he has at last died, at the age of sixty
six years. He has expended all his means
in his temperance labors, and has been sup
ported for some years by a government an
nuity of £3OO, andby the assistance of friends
who appreciated his services in the cause of
temperance. No one ever showed greater
patience in suffering and fatigue, greater gen
tleness of temper, greater zeal in the cause
of religion and morality. Ilis death will be
lamented by the people of all countries and
all religious sects ; for he was one of the few
true, disinterested, self-sacrificing reformers
of the age.
Charleston (S. C.) Standard opens its battery
against the late convention of strong-minded
women with the following flourish of trump
Tremendous Rerolution—Four and Twen
ty Hoops in a Row—Dry Nurses on a Strike
—The Pillows and Bolsters of Society badly
Shaken—Emancipation of the Tongue Femi
nine—Katherine and Petruchio, with an In
terchange of Character.
"Little boy, little boy, who mivle your breeches?
Mammy cut them out and daddy sewed the stitches.'
kiEir.Progeeseing—The Huntingdon Cum.-
wercial Cone; 2 ;c. A good
Meeting of Forgemen
Pursuant to public notice, delegates from
the different forges in the counties of Hun
tingdon, Centre and Blair, assembled in con
vention at Tyrone City, on Friday, Decem
ber 26th.
A session was held in the Town Hall, with
closed doors, at ten o'clock in the morning,
and organized by electing BENJAMIN R. Hor-
KINS, President ; William Barry and Benja
min Rough, Vice Presidents; and William R.
Hopkins and Stanley Kays, Secretaries.—
More than one hundred forgemen and run
out men were present. Business matters per
taining to their mutual interests were dis
cussed, and the following preamble and reso
lutions adopted:
WHERE.As, The system of paying in trade
which has been practised upon the forgemen
of this region, with its attendant evils, is re
ducing us to a condition but little more desi
rable than that of slavery; therefore,
Resolved, That we form ourselves into an
association to be known as THE FORGE3IEN'S
Resolved, That we will not make nor run
out iron for less wages than we have hereto
fore been receiving; and after April Ist, 1857,
our wages must be paid in cash. And
Resolved, That those thrown out of em
pty in carrying out the restrictions of this so
ciety, shall be entitled to receive three dol
lars a week from us, so long as the necessi
ties of their case demand it.
At two o'clock in the afternoon, the socie
ty being called,to order, the President intro- i
duced A. W. BENEDICT, Esq., of Huntingdon,
who proceeded to deliver a masterly and en
tertaining lecture upon the subject of _Labor 1 1
and the Laborer. Mr. Benedict said that la
bor was the foundation upon which the struc
ture of society rtsted—and being most indis
pensable, ought therefo . re to be most valued.
He spoke at length of the relations existing I
between the employer and the employed, and
of the duties which they owe one another.—
He maintained the dignity of labor, and the
necessity of a manly and true life; and urged
a thorough knowh.dge of whatever task is
undertaken, and honesty in the performance
of it, as being essential to the self-respect
area social elevation of the laboring man.—
The remarks of Mr. 8., were in his happiest
vein—enriched with passages of genuine
pathos, and a fund of quaint illustration and
racy anecdote, which called forth frequent
bursts of applause.
Mix. GREENE, Esq., was next called for,
and respodded in an earnest address. Mr.
Greene had come there from his sick room,
but hi reply to their solicitation, could not
refrain from assuring his friends of his heart
felt sympathy. He dwelt upon the practica
bility of regulating and advancing the prices
of labor by organized effort, and glanced at
the history of the progress which had been
so made in this country, and other parts of
the world. He spoke of the great social
wrong which gives to the manufacturers,
merchants and professional gentry the enjoy
ment of riches which have been created
the ill-paid toil of hard-fisted artizans; and
alluded to the fact that, in a fertile country
like this, two hours out of the twenty-four,
of well-directed labor, on the part of every
healthy man and woman, would be enough
to supply the whole population with the ne
cessaries and comforts of life. He argued
that were labor properly paid, it would be
better for all classes—for the child of "up
per-tendom," who is sunk in effeminacy and
debased by luxury, and certainly better for
the toiling thousands who are bowed in body
and mind by constant work, and are not even
allowed time to think how they may improve
their * condition. He looked upon the moral
) and social elevation of the laboring classes,
as sure to follow in the wake of better wages:
there would then be more time to read and
reflect, and the man of work would become
a match for his employer in. point of shrewd
ness, and he qualified to look after his own
interests in politics and everything else, with
out having a privileged order of fellows set
over him to do head-work. The title of edu
cated workingman, he said, NS'as the noblest
on earth. As a representative of the craft
which instituted the first trade-union in Amer
ica, Mr. G. congratulated the members of this
association, and wished them God-speed in
their well-begun enterprise.
The speeches throughout were listened to
with interest and evident satisfaction. At
the close, some appropriate and pointed re
marks were made from the chair, breathing
a spirit of determination and perseverance.
After which the convention adjourned.
Statistics of Intemperance
Our reporter understood Judge Capron, at
the Union Temperance Meeting, held in the
Tabernacle, on Thursday, the 11th inst. to
state as the result of his own investigations
that in New York city there are 15,000 dram
shops and 400,000 drunkards ; at the very
least calculation, each of these drink two
gills of intoxicating liquors every day, being
equal to 800,000, or 806 barrels per day ;
300,000 barrels in a year. This quantity
would make a reservoir '3OO feet long, 80 feet
wide, and :26 deep, equal to 3,744,000 cubic
feet, and could float four large ships in full
sail. At $3O per barrel it amounts to $6,-
000,000. Sixty thousand children never en
ter the school. During the last vear 60,000
arrests have been made, and 4'2,000 convic
tions. At the Court of Special Sessions dur
ing the last year 5,000 cases were tried, of
which there were 4,200 convictions. Not
more than 94 of the subjects of these trials
were sober when arrested. Not more than
194 who were habitually sober persons.—
Paupers cost the city $2,000,000 a year.
With regard to the number of dram shops
and drunkards, we think the Judge has
made a very extraordinary calculation. Di
viding his totals by three would come nearer
the fact, especially in the number of drunk
ards. The entire population of the city, over
15 years of age, is hardly 400,000.—x, Y
Another Outrage in the Senate---More
Work for the Massachusetts Legisla-
We happened to be absent, says the Wash
ington Union, of yesterday, when Senator
Brown made the closing speech of the debate
in the Senate on the President's message, and
therefore did not witness the impaling to
which he subjected the Ajax Tlemon and the
Jupiter Tonans of the black republican par
ty. The regular correspondent of the Albany
Argus, under date of December 23, gives a
graphic description of the proceeding ; and
as it corresponds with the oral description of
the same given to us by several eye witness
es, we transfer it to our columns, that our
readers may be prepared for such action in
the premises as the Massachusetts legisla
ture, in its wisdom, may choose to adopt.—
The scene is described as follows:
" The AjaX Tlemon and Jupiter Tonans of
the black-republican party—so Senator Brown
terms your Senator Seward—and the left leg
of the Massachusetts senatorial representa
tion, (Brigadier Wilson,) received a scathing
review from the Mississippi senator yester
day. I only object to the classical nomencla
ture of Governor Brown ; for, however well
it sounds in his mouth, it seems wofully mis
placed in this connexion. Substitute Mephis
topheles for Senator Seward, and Bob Acre'
for the Massachusetts brigadier, and I will at
once move on to the parts of Senator Brown's
speech to which I have not the heart to make
the least objection. You know it is not the
role of Seward S.: Co. to play the conservative,
and to deny and explain away the mass of in
flammatory and incendiary expressions piled
up in their speeches like Ossa on Pelion, in
view of a general spoils intrigue now on foot
to take effect in 1860. Gov. Brown's speech,
like that of Senator Jones, which Seward has
not yet had the courage to answer, taxed
Seward and Wilson severely with the incon
sistency of their present professions, and
demonstrated it, too. Wilson was confronted
with a letter of his own, written to that noto
rious abolitionist and traitor to the constitu
tion, Wendell Phillips, during the late cam
pain ; which letter, like the ghost at Mac
betres kingly table, came to perturb and vex
the Massachusetts senator inopportunely.—
Mr. Wilson was unable to reply as Macbeth
did : `Thou must not say I did it 1' though he
had the best will to do it. lie hesitated,
squirmed, and blushed, like a swain whose
first enthusiastic love-letter is read in the
presence of a cold blooded company of rela
tives ; and, indeed, the fond expression of
Wilson's missive to his 'dear Phillips' suffi
ciently carries out and finishes the figure.—
The unhappy senator tried to explain, but
halted and stumbled like a horse in a bog,
and finally fell face foremost in the muck, in
which position the senator from Mississippi
pitilessly pelted him with a raw
hide. It was, in fact, another Sumner out
rage, though Mr. Brown's weapons were sim
ply those of cutting but courteous parliamen
tary language. Mr. Wilson should go home.
smother his head in wet cloths, and appeal
to the sympathy of Massachusetts.
"When all this was over, Mr. Brown next
came down on his unarmed antagonist with
a charge, which, if true, must shock the mor
al sentiment of every decent citizen. The
charge was, that Wilson, in a public hotel in
this city, had lately given utterance to the
sentiment that 'the slaves had a right to cut
the throats of their masters, and that be did
not know that he would •advise them not to
do it l' The charge horrified the Senate, and
Wilson cowering under the indignant gaze
of the Senate and the galleries, falteringly
denied that he had used the expression.—
Gov. Brown said that he made the charge on
good authority, and the gentleman on whose
authority it was made publishes a card in
this morning's Union, assuming its whole
responsibility. 1 learn, also, that this atro
cious sentiment was uttered in the presence
of a slave, who greedily listened to the sena
tor's conversation, and in a house where sev
eral slaves resided with their masters.
"Such is black-republicanism—Massachu
setts black-republicanism! Is it any wonder
that southern men, and patriots all over the
country, dreaded its ascendancy, and united
in the late campaign to - ward off such a re
the London Lance! says:—
"I would recommend ipecacuanha as a
remedy for drunkenness, taken in half drachm
doses as an emetic. Ipecacuanha has the ex
traordinary property of stimulating the whole
system, equalizing the circulations, promo
ting the various secretions, and, indeed, as
sisting each organ of the body to perform its
function, and restore it to its normal state.—
Ipecacuanha can he taken with perfect safe
ty as an emetic; on that account it is prefer
ablefdtitartar emetic. I believe the adminis
tration of half a drachm of ipecacuanha, as
an emetic, to be a cure fur periodical drunk
enness. It is observed, that in the intervals
between the periods of these attacks, the per
son is quite sober, and often remains so for
two, three, or four months, or for a longer
time. When the mania comes on, the intense
desire for alcoholic stimulus is so strong as
to render the sufferer subject to no control,
and, from the sensation of depression and
sinking, he can look upon alcoholic stinm
lants as his only remedy. - When a person is
in this state, it will he always found that his
stomach is in fault, and the unnatural appe
tite arises from that cause alone; if half a
drachm of the powder of ipecacuanha be ta
ken so as to produce full vomiting, the desire
for intoxicating stimulus is immediately re
"From the experience I have had of the
effects of ipecacuanha, I am of opinion, if a
patient can be persuaded to follow up the
emetic plan for a few times, when the period
ical Attack comes on, that he will be effectu
ally cured, and the habit (for such I look
upon it) will be broken."
,'DIED, at his residence in Juniata town
ship, on the 12th of December, 185 G, Mr.
Wu. SHAW—the oldest person, perhaps, in
this or any of the adjoining counties. his
birth, as recorded by himself in his family
Bible—a venerable relict of olden times,
when Bibles were scarce, and of plainer
make than now—was on the day of
August, 1755, making him upwards. of one
hundred and one years of age at the time of
his death I—Hollidaysburg Register.
111-The funeral of Father Matthew, in
Cork, was attended by fifty thousand people,
and the bishop and ;,eventy priests officiated
in the church.
The Murder at the Massachusetts State 1
The murderer of Mr. Solon H. Tenney,
the -warden of the Massachusetts State prison,
on Monday by Charles L. Decature, a con
vict, was a most cool and deliberate act.
The Boston Courier of Tuesday last furnish
es the following particulars of the tragedy.
Mr. Tenuey entered the shop at the west
door, conversed a moment with the overseer,
M'r. Theodore Dearing, and had passed on
almost to the east door, when Decature jump
ed upon his back, and thrust a sharp pointed
shoe-knife, about four inches in length through
his neck, severing at once the principal arte
ries. Mr. Dearing ran to seize Decature.—
Mr. Edward Crowther, the instructors or
foreman of the shop, went to the assistance
of the warden, and bore him away to the
Decature, the moment he stabbed Mr. 'Ten
ney-, withdrew the knife and threw it from
him. When Mr. Dearing approached him
he extended his arms. The overseer seized
them, placed his knee against the murderer's
breast and threw him on his back. Decature
resisted; hut the overseer threatening to
strike him with a hammer, he became calm.
The tragedy took place in the presence of
forty-five men, who, upon seeing the warden
fall dropped their tools as if amazed; but
upon the command of the overseer they at
once returned to their respective benches,
and Decature was conveyed to a solitary cell.
He was reproached for the murder and. re
plied—" I have been watching my chance
for two days."
It would seem that the murder was the re
sult of predetermination and plan. About
six weeks ago, Decature asked for a new
knife, saying that that which he had been
using had been misplaced or lost. The mur
derous weapon, it now turns out was the
same which he said he had lost. Ile had
sharpened it for the purpose, and secreted it
somewhere atout his bench. The other evi
dence of premeditation is found in the facts
that he yesterday morning asked Mullen, a
convict, "If the warden would come through
to-day," and said to Thayer, also a convict,
"You'll see fun before night." Other con
victs report other language, to the sonic gen
eral purport.
Mr. Tenney never spoke after he was
stabbed. He reeled, drew hi 3 revolver and
fell upon his knees. He muttered, and gasp
ed and died in the arms of Mr. Crowther
within fifteen minutes after the assault. 'The
suddenness and violence of his death, coupled
with the recent death of the deputy warden
—Galen C. Walker, who was stabbed on the
15th instant in the prison chapel by the con
vict James ..lagee—together with other cir
cumstances of late date, combine to make the
murder of the warden a cause of more than
common sorrow. On the 10th instant lie
was married to Miss Mary E. Bartlett, daugh
ter of Wm. S. Bartlett, superintendent of
Suffolk county jail, and while yet on his
marriage tour, he was summoned home in
consequence of the murder of his deputy.—
And now he, in the 23d year of his age and
the first month of his marriage, is cut down.
His mother and wife resided with him in the
" warden's House," in the prison grounds.—
Their grief cannot be measured. Mrs. Walk
er, cn hearing that Mr. Tenney had been
killed, became frantic, and for an hour a feel
ing of insecurity and excitement prevailed
throughout the premises.
As soon as possible the convicts were sent
to their cells for the night. Generally they
manifested sorrow; for the warden had been
kind to them. He was a man of experience
in prison matters.
,tr .. ...T1.7DGE LEWIS malgis the following sen
sible remarks, in a. recent lecture before an
association in Spring Garden, Philadelphia:
—"Each of the employments to which we
have referred has its peculiar rights and du
ties. Where trust and confidence are repos
ed the most perfect good faith is required.—
This applies to all who net as agents, factors,
or trustees. In the trades, and professions,
the law requires the exercise of ordinary
skill and care. In all occupations, the punc
tual performance of contracts is demanded.
This obligation extends over all, from_ the
poor boy who shovels the snow from the dour,
to the rich banker who draws his bills of ex
change for millions. When the master-work
man takes an apprentice, he should bear it
in mind that the apprentice gives his services A BREACH OF PROMIBE.—A breach of prom
in consideration of instruction in his master's ise case was tried at the late Circuit Court
art, trade, or profession. The boy's fine in Cooperstown, N. Y., wherein Jane Drake,
should be employed in the business stipula- of Otsego, was plaintiff, and William Water
ted in the contract. The practice of employ- man defendant, in which the plaintiff recov
ing apprentices in domestic services, not con- erect $2OOO damages. It appears that the
netted with the business to be taught, has defendant was engaged to be married to the
no countenance in law or morals. Its ten- plaintiff, the day set, the dress was made,
dency is to deter parents from putting their and packed in trunks ready for a bridal tour
children to useful trades, and hence 11111T117 west, and that on the same morning the core
youths are brought up in idleness. Every I niony was to have taken place, the defendant
thing which tends to elevate the laboring was married to Miss Ann Warren, a near
man promotes the general goo 1. When ap- neighbor of the defendant, and that she
prentices are respected as they should be— (Miss War:en) occupied the same seat in tha
when the public mind conforms to the rule stage that the plaintiff was to have occupied
of law—that apprentices to the mechanical when starting upon the said western bridal
arts are on equal footing with apprentices, to tour. The plaintiff is described as being
the learned professions we shall have more 1, young and handsome, and during the giving
useful workers and fewer drones. It may of the testimony it was proven that there
sound strange, to speak of a blacksmith's I had been a great change in her health and
situ-kW, in the same category with a lawyer's I mental condition, since the unfortunate ter
student or a doctor's student. But in law, I mination of her engagement, and that she
and in common sense, all three terms meen was given to frequent weeping and a desire
the save thing, and the persons thus designa- to 3 . )e alone.
ted all stand ou the same level of respectal;
so far as their occupations are concerne LENATOrt DOUGLAs.—The Washington cor-
Their may be many interchanges of kindnesl re sponde nt of the Traveler writing on the
between master and apprentice, not strictly
ins ~ says :
within the legal obligation of either. The
' happiness of each is often promoted by these Senator Douglas appeared in his seat to
courtesies. But it is essential to the welfare day, for the first time this session. The great
of each, that they should be understood as est possible improvement is visible in his ap
discretionary, and not to be exacted as a Pearance since his marriage. Last session
matter of right. They will then be recipro-
he wore ill-trimed whiskers, long hair, turn
cal, and will be confined within reasonable down collar, seedy dress-coat, and had a de
limits. The apprentice should be diligent I cidedly shabby look. Now, his face is clean
and faithful in his master's business. The shaved; his collar stands stiff and glossy; his
master should, in like manner, fulfil his obli- linen looks decidedly respectable; he wears
rations in good faith. his hair much shorter than usual; and, to
He should see that
his apprentice is provided for, and instructed crown all, lie appears in a new suit of black,
according to the contract. a neat fitting frock, instead of the shabby
The tradesman should execute his contract
old dress coat, and looks about ten years
, younger than ever. On coining into the Sen
"nominated in the bond" or not. T
in a workmanlike manner, whether it be so ate chamber he was congratulated by all, and
This is an I
obligation of common honesty which the law by none more warmly than by his political
implies in every contract. When the work opponents
is done, or the service rendered, the price
should be paid without delay. The employee
should not be compelled to waste as mtich
time in collecting what is due to him, as it
cost him in the first place to earn The
wages of him that is hired shall not abide
with thee all night until morning." Lcv. 19
v. 13. The sin of with-holding payment un
reasonably for goods purchased, or services
rendered has ndtistification. The rich do
not always reflect upon the inconveniencies
and sufferings which are often caused by thie,
unjust practice
I v • - p er
Particulars of the New Treaty between
the United States and England on Cen
tral American Affairs.
By the first article of the recent Treaty be
tween the United States and Great Britain,
the contracting parties agree jointly to pro ,
poseto the Republics of Nicaragua and Cos
ta Rica, that a territory shall be set apart for'
the Mosquito Indians, the boundary to be'
designated and marked by two Commission- -
era, one to be appointed by Her Britanic Maw
jesty, and one by the President of the Repub- ,
lie of Nicaragua.
The fourth article declares that the Repub
lics of Nicaragua and Costa Rica shall.allowf
the territorial disputes between them and the'
limits of extension to be given to the town of
San Juan or Greytown, if the same cannot
amicably be adjusted between themselves ands
that town, to be settled by the arbitration of
the United States of America and Great
Britain, who, in any doubtful point, shall be
able to call for the decision of a third party,
The Republic of Nicaragua shall consti
tute and declare the port of Ureytown, or San
Juan, a free port, and the city a free city,
though under the Sovereign of the Republic,
whose inhabitants shall enjoy the right to
govern themselves by means of their own
municipal government, to be administered by
Legislative, Executive, and Judicial officers
of the town election, according to their own
negotiations ; trial by jury in their own courts;
perfect freedom of religious belief and of
Article ninth provides that the two Govern
ments shall bind themselves, in case the Re
publics of Nicaragua and Costa Rica, or ei
ther of them, should refuse to accept the ar
rangements contained in the preceding arti
cles, not to propose nor consent to any other
arrangement more favorable to the refusing
party or parties.
The additional articles state that it is mu
tually agreed and understood that her Bri
tunic Majesty's Settlement, called the Belize
or British Honduras, bounded on the north=
by the province of Yucatan and on the south
the river Sernstoon, was not and is not em
braced in the treaty entered into between the
c,nitracting parties on the 19th of April, 1850;
and that the limits of said Belize on the coast
as they existed on the said 19th day of April,
1856, shall, if possible, be settled and fixed
by treaty between her Britanic Majesty and
the Republic of Guatemala, within two years
from the exchange of the ratification of this
instrument, which said boundary and limits
shall not at any time hereafter be extended.
That the islands known as the Bay Islands,
having been, by a convention hearing date of
27th of August, 1856, between her Britanic
Majesty and the Republic of Honduras, con
stituted and declared a free territory under
the sovereignty of said Republic of Hondu
ras, the two contracting parties do hereby
mutually engage to recognize and respect in
all future time the independence and rights
of the said free territory as a part of the re
public of Honduras.
The Widow's $3OO
The Pittsburg Union reports a case in the
Supreme Court of this State, of general in
terest. Sarah Smith took out letters of ad
ministration on the estate of her deceased
husband, James Smith, who died Sept. 15th,
1854. In her administration account she
charged herself with the proceeds of a lot of
ground, sold by her under an order of the
Orphans' Court, and retained credit for the
sum of three hundred dollars claimed by her
self as widow, by virtue of the act of April
14, 1851. Joseph Spencer held a judgment
against James Smith, the decedent, entered
January 24, 1854, on a bond with warrant of
Attorney, waiving a benefit of the Exemption
Act of 1840. Joseph Spencer accordingly
filed exceptions to the administration account,
and contended that the widow was not enti
tled to retain X3OO as against him. The Court
below, McClure, P. J., decided differently,
and Mr. Spencer appealed.
'1 .e opinion of the Court was delivered
NOV. 27, 1856, by Judge Lowrie, who decided
that a widow of a decedent is entitled to three
hundred dollars out of the proceeds of his
real estate in preference to a judgment cred
itor, in whose favor the husband has waived
the benefit of the Exemption Act of 1849.
,It is stated that in New York city
there are two hundred gambling houses, and
probably one hundred faro banks ! Can wo
wonder at defalcations and forgeries under
these circumstances.
APPOINTED.—Nathan G. Horton, Postmas
ter at Eagle Foundry, Huntingdon Co., vice
John Hamilton, resigned. Also Jesse Barnes
Postmaster at South Hill, Bradford Co., vice
•Tames Butler.