The globe. (Huntingdon, Pa.) 1856-1877, January 07, 1857, Image 2
TIDE HUNTINGDON GLOBE, A DEMOCRATIC FAMILY JOURNAL, DEVOTED ' THI GLOB dirculatidn—Ae largest in the county M@TIVYMDC3II, P[L, Wednesday, January 1,. 1857 Book Notices The North British Review is once more on our table, and its contents are highly inter esting. Dr. Chalmers' Works. Froude's nistory of England. The Workmen of Eu rope. The Sight and how to See. Remusat's English Statesman—Bolingbroke. Religious Novels. Cockburn's Memorials. Spain.— These articles are certainly attractive. Blackwood for December is also before us. The contents are : A Recent Confession of an Opium-Eater, Our Indian Empire, The Athelings—part VII, Respectability—A Di alogue, Dred, The English Ecclesiastical Courts, The Food of London, The Political Lull ; and what will break it. See advertisement in another column, of the Re-publication of Foreign Periodicals, by L. Scott & Co. _Now is the time to subscribe for the new volumes. We understand that Prof. STonaAnn of the University of Western Pennsylvania is visiting our county, and that he will accom pany our Superintendent, visiting schools and lecturing on the necessity for qualifying teachers for their profession by Normal train ing. This is but the beginning of the good and important work of our industrious Super intendent. The teachers and the public gen erally should attend the Lectures. RESIGNED.—Mr. T. K. Simonton, has re signed the Agency of Adams & Co's Express at this place, which he has filled for five years with entire satisfaction to the Company and the public generally, and with credit to him self. Mr. J. J. Lawrence, Ticket &Freight Agent at Huntingdon and Broad Top Rail Road De pot, has been appointed Agent at this place for Adams & Co's Express. That Mr. Law renceNvill render as general satisfaction to the Company and the public as did Mr. Simonton there can be no doubt, as Mr. L. is an active and obliging business man. MURDEROUS ATTACK.-11 7 0 learn that Tho mas IV. Horton, Esq., of Hopewell, was way laid near that place on New Year's Day, and horribly beaten by. several Irish laborers. It was thought at the time that he could pot re cover, but the latest reports are that the Squire will live, at least long enough to see the cow ardly rascals " put through." Three of the party have been arrested. S e "'" THE CARRIER" returns thanks to the numerous patrons of The Globe in the "an.. cient borough," for the handsome manner in Which he was received Ohl T.ZCIT Year's day.— He was handsomely rewarded for his labors. PREMATURE INTERMENT.—Lorenzo Shep herd, a prominent Democratic politician, re benily died in New York, and was buried in a vault in the Second street cemetery. Short ly afterwards it was found necessary to visit the vault; when it is said the body was found turned in the coffin. gef.The Court of Oyer and Terminer at Pittsburg, a few days since, rejected. an ap plication for a divorce made principally on the ground that the wife was an inveterate scold, therefore a most undesirable life com panion. Judge .11PCLuan remarked, that if icien married sharp tongued women, they must expect an occasional excoriation, and not trouble his Court ritli an application for a severance. Bachelors should remember this decision and as a remembraneer, we ad vise them to cut this paragraph out and paste it in their hats. MortAL INSANITY.—In the case of Hunting ton, the forger, now on trial in the city of New York, for the forging of papers to a large amount, some thousand of dollars in extent, the plea of moral insanity, is set up as a de fence. This is something of a new wrinkle in the meshes of the law, entangled as they are, and the plea, surprised the Court, Bar, Jury and all. In the opening of the defence the counsel for the accused not only admitted the perpetration of the forgeries, but gave a series of others committed by the accused during his life, but contended that he com mitted no crime, as he had no idea of what he was doing—and that therefore the animus as we believe lawyers call it, or intention ne cessary to constitute crime was wanting. To show this the father of the accused was cal led to testify in his behalf—according to his testimony, he had a penchant for doing such things, without having any motive for so do ing, At one time, he altered the family record, so as to make his age one year young er. He Wotild cut into a costly rose-wood Piano to see what was in the inside, without teeming to have an idea of the injury he was doing. - Should this plea of Moral Insanity be successful, it will hereafter, no doubt, be made available in many cases, and add an other loop hole to the many loop holes of the law already existing, through which rogues but too frequently escape from getting their just deserts. GUBERNATORIAL CANDIDATES.--The follow ing named gentlemen are spoken of in con nexion with the Gubernatorial nominations, viz : Hon. John L. Dawson, of Fayette. Gen. William F. Packer, of Lycoming. Col. William Hopkins, of IVashington,- Hon. William IL Witte, of Philadelphia. Col. Samuel IV. Black, of Allegheny. Hon. Charle. ,, R. Buukalew, of Columbia. Banks and Banking Every meeting of our Legislature witness es a horde of applications for bank charters, most astonishing in the aggregate, and leads one naturally to ask the question, is all this paper circulation really needed to make the business of our State more prosperous ? Thus far great care has been taken in grant ing charters, not to give such institutions pow ers of an unlimited nature, and in some in stances they had been permitted to do busi ness under the most stringent restrictions.— To this fact, in a great measure, do we owe the safety of our monied institutions, and Gur comparative freedom, of late years, from the infliction of a fluctuating currency. The sound doctrine advocated by Bigler, during his administration, in regard to Banking priv ileges, had a powerful influence over the peo ple of this State upon this question. His plain expositions presented the bad features of unlimited banking in such a vivid style, that all, who had never looked beyond the pretty pictures upon the face of the note, when they grasped it, to inquire its worth, at once saw the power of such corporations at one time to flood the country with their is sues, and at another to depreciate their notes to a mere fractional value. No greater in convenience can he visited upon the business community than an unsafe currency, a fact which many now living can testify to with sorrow. Who does not remember the days of shinplasters and bankruptcy, when the most reckless speculations were entered into with an avidity bordering on insanity—all resulting from the fact that there was little, if any, limit to incorporated institutions of this nature. The Legislature will be called upon this winter to act upon a large number of bank ing institutions—granting charters to new ones and increasing the privileges of old ones. That they will carefully guard the interests of the great mass of the people, we have no doubt. In certain localities, where a heal thy business demands its presence for conve nience and expediency, a bank, honestly and properly conducted, is advantageous, but when its privileges are abused, as in the case of the Lancaster Bank, where an issue be yond the means of redemption was made, the people, the laboring classes, will be the suf ferers. It is well for our legislators, when necessarily granting privileges of the above nature, to engraft into the charter all need ful regulations to guard the innocent note holders against loss. It is right and proper that it should be done.---Arnistrong Demo crat. Death of Father Mathew Rev. Theobald Mathew, the Irish Apostle of Temperance, better known as "Father Mathew," died at Cork, Ireland, on the 9th of December. He was one of the true re formers of the age—an enthusiast, indeed, and an inspirer of enthusiasm in others; but at the same time a hard-working, devoted and practical philanthropist, whose work still sur vives in Ireland and other lands that he has visited. He was born of a good family, at Thomastown, Ireland, on the 10th of Octo ber, 1700. Having been left an orphan ear ly, his aunt adopted and educated him. He was seven years at an academy in Kilkenny, then at Maynooth, and was ordained for the church at Dublin. Ile had previously taken religious vows as a Capuchin, and began his labors among the poor in the vicinity of Cork. The frightful effects of drunkenness among them, induced him to urge upon them the ne cessity of taking the total abstinence pledge. He began to hold meetings, at which thous andsattended ; great excitement was created, and the number of signers was immense.— Ile went all over Ireland, holding meetings which sometimes numbered hundreds of thousands of persons. Since the time of the Crusades there had been no such extraordi nary scenes witnessed anywhere in the world. The effect of the reformation of so many hun dreds of thousands of people, upon the con dition of Ireland, was remarkable. He then went to England, whore good results also at tended his labors. In 1849 and 1850 he vis ited the United States, and administered the pledge to many thousands of his countrymen. His health was broken down, however, by his arduous labors and the exposure atten dant upon them. He has visited Maderia and other mild regions in the hope of benefit; but he has at last died, at the age of sixty six years. He has expended all his means in his temperance labors, and has been sup ported for some years by a government an nuity of £3OO, andby the assistance of friends who appreciated his services in the cause of temperance. No one ever showed greater patience in suffering and fatigue, greater gen tleness of temper, greater zeal in the cause of religion and morality. Ilis death will be lamented by the people of all countries and all religious sects ; for he was one of the few true, disinterested, self-sacrificing reformers of the age. VSQWO.IIA.N'S RIGHTS CONVENTION.—The Charleston (S. C.) Standard opens its battery against the late convention of strong-minded women with the following flourish of trump ets: Tremendous Rerolution—Four and Twen ty Hoops in a Row—Dry Nurses on a Strike —The Pillows and Bolsters of Society badly Shaken—Emancipation of the Tongue Femi nine—Katherine and Petruchio, with an In terchange of Character. "Little boy, little boy, who mivle your breeches? Mammy cut them out and daddy sewed the stitches.' kiEir.Progeeseing—The Huntingdon Cum.- wercial Cone; 2 ;c. A good Meeting of Forgemen Pursuant to public notice, delegates from the different forges in the counties of Hun tingdon, Centre and Blair, assembled in con vention at Tyrone City, on Friday, Decem ber 26th. A session was held in the Town Hall, with closed doors, at ten o'clock in the morning, and organized by electing BENJAMIN R. Hor- KINS, President ; William Barry and Benja min Rough, Vice Presidents; and William R. Hopkins and Stanley Kays, Secretaries.— More than one hundred forgemen and run out men were present. Business matters per taining to their mutual interests were dis cussed, and the following preamble and reso lutions adopted: WHERE.As, The system of paying in trade which has been practised upon the forgemen of this region, with its attendant evils, is re ducing us to a condition but little more desi rable than that of slavery; therefore, Resolved, That we form ourselves into an association to be known as THE FORGE3IEN'S Sin SOCUTY. And Resolved, That we will not make nor run out iron for less wages than we have hereto fore been receiving; and after April Ist, 1857, our wages must be paid in cash. And Resolved, That those thrown out of em pty in carrying out the restrictions of this so ciety, shall be entitled to receive three dol lars a week from us, so long as the necessi ties of their case demand it. At two o'clock in the afternoon, the socie ty being called,to order, the President intro- i duced A. W. BENEDICT, Esq., of Huntingdon, who proceeded to deliver a masterly and en tertaining lecture upon the subject of _Labor 1 1 and the Laborer. Mr. Benedict said that la bor was the foundation upon which the struc ture of society rtsted—and being most indis pensable, ought therefo . re to be most valued. He spoke at length of the relations existing I between the employer and the employed, and of the duties which they owe one another.— He maintained the dignity of labor, and the necessity of a manly and true life; and urged a thorough knowh.dge of whatever task is undertaken, and honesty in the performance of it, as being essential to the self-respect area social elevation of the laboring man.— The remarks of Mr. 8., were in his happiest vein—enriched with passages of genuine pathos, and a fund of quaint illustration and racy anecdote, which called forth frequent bursts of applause. Mix. GREENE, Esq., was next called for, and respodded in an earnest address. Mr. Greene had come there from his sick room, but hi reply to their solicitation, could not refrain from assuring his friends of his heart felt sympathy. He dwelt upon the practica bility of regulating and advancing the prices of labor by organized effort, and glanced at the history of the progress which had been so made in this country, and other parts of the world. He spoke of the great social wrong which gives to the manufacturers, merchants and professional gentry the enjoy ment of riches which have been created ,by the ill-paid toil of hard-fisted artizans; and alluded to the fact that, in a fertile country like this, two hours out of the twenty-four, of well-directed labor, on the part of every healthy man and woman, would be enough to supply the whole population with the ne cessaries and comforts of life. He argued that were labor properly paid, it would be better for all classes—for the child of "up per-tendom," who is sunk in effeminacy and debased by luxury, and certainly better for the toiling thousands who are bowed in body and mind by constant work, and are not even allowed time to think how they may improve their * condition. He looked upon the moral ) and social elevation of the laboring classes, as sure to follow in the wake of better wages: there would then be more time to read and reflect, and the man of work would become a match for his employer in. point of shrewd ness, and he qualified to look after his own interests in politics and everything else, with out having a privileged order of fellows set over him to do head-work. The title of edu cated workingman, he said, NS'as the noblest on earth. As a representative of the craft which instituted the first trade-union in Amer ica, Mr. G. congratulated the members of this association, and wished them God-speed in their well-begun enterprise. The speeches throughout were listened to with interest and evident satisfaction. At the close, some appropriate and pointed re marks were made from the chair, breathing a spirit of determination and perseverance. After which the convention adjourned. Statistics of Intemperance Our reporter understood Judge Capron, at the Union Temperance Meeting, held in the Tabernacle, on Thursday, the 11th inst. to state as the result of his own investigations that in New York city there are 15,000 dram shops and 400,000 drunkards ; at the very least calculation, each of these drink two gills of intoxicating liquors every day, being equal to 800,000, or 806 barrels per day ; 300,000 barrels in a year. This quantity would make a reservoir '3OO feet long, 80 feet wide, and :26 deep, equal to 3,744,000 cubic feet, and could float four large ships in full sail. At $3O per barrel it amounts to $6,- 000,000. Sixty thousand children never en ter the school. During the last vear 60,000 arrests have been made, and 4'2,000 convic tions. At the Court of Special Sessions dur ing the last year 5,000 cases were tried, of which there were 4,200 convictions. Not more than 94 of the subjects of these trials were sober when arrested. Not more than 194 who were habitually sober persons.— Paupers cost the city $2,000,000 a year. With regard to the number of dram shops and drunkards, we think the Judge has made a very extraordinary calculation. Di viding his totals by three would come nearer the fact, especially in the number of drunk ards. The entire population of the city, over 15 years of age, is hardly 400,000.—x, Y Tritmw. Another Outrage in the Senate---More Work for the Massachusetts Legisla- WM We happened to be absent, says the Wash ington Union, of yesterday, when Senator Brown made the closing speech of the debate in the Senate on the President's message, and therefore did not witness the impaling to which he subjected the Ajax Tlemon and the Jupiter Tonans of the black republican par ty. The regular correspondent of the Albany Argus, under date of December 23, gives a graphic description of the proceeding ; and as it corresponds with the oral description of the same given to us by several eye witness es, we transfer it to our columns, that our readers may be prepared for such action in the premises as the Massachusetts legisla ture, in its wisdom, may choose to adopt.— The scene is described as follows: " The AjaX Tlemon and Jupiter Tonans of the black-republican party—so Senator Brown terms your Senator Seward—and the left leg of the Massachusetts senatorial representa tion, (Brigadier Wilson,) received a scathing review from the Mississippi senator yester day. I only object to the classical nomencla ture of Governor Brown ; for, however well it sounds in his mouth, it seems wofully mis placed in this connexion. Substitute Mephis topheles for Senator Seward, and Bob Acre' for the Massachusetts brigadier, and I will at once move on to the parts of Senator Brown's speech to which I have not the heart to make the least objection. You know it is not the role of Seward S.: Co. to play the conservative, and to deny and explain away the mass of in flammatory and incendiary expressions piled up in their speeches like Ossa on Pelion, in view of a general spoils intrigue now on foot to take effect in 1860. Gov. Brown's speech, like that of Senator Jones, which Seward has not yet had the courage to answer, taxed Seward and Wilson severely with the incon sistency of their present professions, and demonstrated it, too. Wilson was confronted with a letter of his own, written to that noto rious abolitionist and traitor to the constitu tion, Wendell Phillips, during the late cam pain ; which letter, like the ghost at Mac betres kingly table, came to perturb and vex the Massachusetts senator inopportunely.— Mr. Wilson was unable to reply as Macbeth did : `Thou must not say I did it 1' though he had the best will to do it. lie hesitated, squirmed, and blushed, like a swain whose first enthusiastic love-letter is read in the presence of a cold blooded company of rela tives ; and, indeed, the fond expression of Wilson's missive to his 'dear Phillips' suffi ciently carries out and finishes the figure.— The unhappy senator tried to explain, but halted and stumbled like a horse in a bog, and finally fell face foremost in the muck, in which position the senator from Mississippi pitilessly pelted him with a remorsele.ss raw hide. It was, in fact, another Sumner out rage, though Mr. Brown's weapons were sim ply those of cutting but courteous parliamen tary language. Mr. Wilson should go home. smother his head in wet cloths, and appeal to the sympathy of Massachusetts. "When all this was over, Mr. Brown next came down on his unarmed antagonist with a charge, which, if true, must shock the mor al sentiment of every decent citizen. The charge was, that Wilson, in a public hotel in this city, had lately given utterance to the sentiment that 'the slaves had a right to cut the throats of their masters, and that be did not know that he would •advise them not to do it l' The charge horrified the Senate, and Wilson cowering under the indignant gaze of the Senate and the galleries, falteringly denied that he had used the expression.— Gov. Brown said that he made the charge on good authority, and the gentleman on whose authority it was made publishes a card in this morning's Union, assuming its whole responsibility. 1 learn, also, that this atro cious sentiment was uttered in the presence of a slave, who greedily listened to the sena tor's conversation, and in a house where sev eral slaves resided with their masters. "Such is black-republicanism—Massachu setts black-republicanism! Is it any wonder that southern men, and patriots all over the country, dreaded its ascendancy, and united in the late campaign to - ward off such a re sult?" INTEMPERANCE AND IrEcAc.—A writer in the London Lance! says:— "I would recommend ipecacuanha as a remedy for drunkenness, taken in half drachm doses as an emetic. Ipecacuanha has the ex traordinary property of stimulating the whole system, equalizing the circulations, promo ting the various secretions, and, indeed, as sisting each organ of the body to perform its function, and restore it to its normal state.— Ipecacuanha can he taken with perfect safe ty as an emetic; on that account it is prefer ablefdtitartar emetic. I believe the adminis tration of half a drachm of ipecacuanha, as an emetic, to be a cure fur periodical drunk enness. It is observed, that in the intervals between the periods of these attacks, the per son is quite sober, and often remains so for two, three, or four months, or for a longer time. When the mania comes on, the intense desire for alcoholic stimulus is so strong as to render the sufferer subject to no control, and, from the sensation of depression and sinking, he can look upon alcoholic stinm lants as his only remedy. - When a person is in this state, it will he always found that his stomach is in fault, and the unnatural appe tite arises from that cause alone; if half a drachm of the powder of ipecacuanha be ta ken so as to produce full vomiting, the desire for intoxicating stimulus is immediately re moved. "From the experience I have had of the effects of ipecacuanha, I am of opinion, if a patient can be persuaded to follow up the emetic plan for a few times, when the period ical Attack comes on, that he will be effectu ally cured, and the habit (for such I look upon it) will be broken." ,'DIED, at his residence in Juniata town ship, on the 12th of December, 185 G, Mr. Wu. SHAW—the oldest person, perhaps, in this or any of the adjoining counties. his birth, as recorded by himself in his family Bible—a venerable relict of olden times, when Bibles were scarce, and of plainer make than now—was on the day of August, 1755, making him upwards. of one hundred and one years of age at the time of his death I—Hollidaysburg Register. 111-The funeral of Father Matthew, in Cork, was attended by fifty thousand people, and the bishop and ;,eventy priests officiated in the church. 0 LOCAL AND GENERAL NEWS, &C. The Murder at the Massachusetts State 1 Prison The murderer of Mr. Solon H. Tenney, the -warden of the Massachusetts State prison, on Monday by Charles L. Decature, a con vict, was a most cool and deliberate act. The Boston Courier of Tuesday last furnish es the following particulars of the tragedy. Mr. Tenuey entered the shop at the west door, conversed a moment with the overseer, M'r. Theodore Dearing, and had passed on almost to the east door, when Decature jump ed upon his back, and thrust a sharp pointed shoe-knife, about four inches in length through his neck, severing at once the principal arte ries. Mr. Dearing ran to seize Decature.— Mr. Edward Crowther, the instructors or foreman of the shop, went to the assistance of the warden, and bore him away to the hospital. Decature, the moment he stabbed Mr. 'Ten ney-, withdrew the knife and threw it from him. When Mr. Dearing approached him he extended his arms. The overseer seized them, placed his knee against the murderer's breast and threw him on his back. Decature resisted; hut the overseer threatening to strike him with a hammer, he became calm. The tragedy took place in the presence of forty-five men, who, upon seeing the warden fall dropped their tools as if amazed; but upon the command of the overseer they at once returned to their respective benches, and Decature was conveyed to a solitary cell. He was reproached for the murder and. re plied—" I have been watching my chance for two days." It would seem that the murder was the re sult of predetermination and plan. About six weeks ago, Decature asked for a new knife, saying that that which he had been using had been misplaced or lost. The mur derous weapon, it now turns out was the same which he said he had lost. Ile had sharpened it for the purpose, and secreted it somewhere atout his bench. The other evi dence of premeditation is found in the facts that he yesterday morning asked Mullen, a convict, "If the warden would come through to-day," and said to Thayer, also a convict, "You'll see fun before night." Other con victs report other language, to the sonic gen eral purport. Mr. Tenney never spoke after he was stabbed. He reeled, drew hi 3 revolver and fell upon his knees. He muttered, and gasp ed and died in the arms of Mr. Crowther within fifteen minutes after the assault. 'The suddenness and violence of his death, coupled with the recent death of the deputy warden —Galen C. Walker, who was stabbed on the 15th instant in the prison chapel by the con vict James ..lagee—together with other cir cumstances of late date, combine to make the murder of the warden a cause of more than common sorrow. On the 10th instant lie was married to Miss Mary E. Bartlett, daugh ter of Wm. S. Bartlett, superintendent of Suffolk county jail, and while yet on his marriage tour, he was summoned home in consequence of the murder of his deputy.— And now he, in the 23d year of his age and the first month of his marriage, is cut down. His mother and wife resided with him in the " warden's House," in the prison grounds.— Their grief cannot be measured. Mrs. Walk er, cn hearing that Mr. Tenney had been killed, became frantic, and for an hour a feel ing of insecurity and excitement prevailed throughout the premises. As soon as possible the convicts were sent to their cells for the night. Generally they manifested sorrow; for the warden had been kind to them. He was a man of experience in prison matters. ,tr .. ...T1.7DGE LEWIS malgis the following sen sible remarks, in a. recent lecture before an association in Spring Garden, Philadelphia: —"Each of the employments to which we have referred has its peculiar rights and du ties. Where trust and confidence are repos ed the most perfect good faith is required.— This applies to all who net as agents, factors, or trustees. In the trades, and professions, the law requires the exercise of ordinary skill and care. In all occupations, the punc tual performance of contracts is demanded. This obligation extends over all, from_ the poor boy who shovels the snow from the dour, to the rich banker who draws his bills of ex change for millions. When the master-work man takes an apprentice, he should bear it in mind that the apprentice gives his services A BREACH OF PROMIBE.—A breach of prom in consideration of instruction in his master's ise case was tried at the late Circuit Court art, trade, or profession. The boy's fine in Cooperstown, N. Y., wherein Jane Drake, should be employed in the business stipula- of Otsego, was plaintiff, and William Water ted in the contract. The practice of employ- man defendant, in which the plaintiff recov ing apprentices in domestic services, not con- erect $2OOO damages. It appears that the netted with the business to be taught, has defendant was engaged to be married to the no countenance in law or morals. Its ten- plaintiff, the day set, the dress was made, dency is to deter parents from putting their and packed in trunks ready for a bridal tour children to useful trades, and hence 11111T117 west, and that on the same morning the core youths are brought up in idleness. Every I niony was to have taken place, the defendant thing which tends to elevate the laboring was married to Miss Ann Warren, a near man promotes the general goo 1. When ap- neighbor of the defendant, and that she prentices are respected as they should be— (Miss War:en) occupied the same seat in tha when the public mind conforms to the rule stage that the plaintiff was to have occupied of law—that apprentices to the mechanical when starting upon the said western bridal arts are on equal footing with apprentices, to tour. The plaintiff is described as being the learned professions we shall have more 1, young and handsome, and during the giving useful workers and fewer drones. It may of the testimony it was proven that there sound strange, to speak of a blacksmith's I had been a great change in her health and situ-kW, in the same category with a lawyer's I mental condition, since the unfortunate ter student or a doctor's student. But in law, I mination of her engagement, and that she and in common sense, all three terms meen was given to frequent weeping and a desire the save thing, and the persons thus designa- to 3 . )e alone. ted all stand ou the same level of respectal; so far as their occupations are concerne LENATOrt DOUGLAs.—The Washington cor- Their may be many interchanges of kindnesl re sponde nt of the Traveler writing on the between master and apprentice, not strictly 15tht ins ~ says : within the legal obligation of either. The ' happiness of each is often promoted by these Senator Douglas appeared in his seat to courtesies. But it is essential to the welfare day, for the first time this session. The great of each, that they should be understood as est possible improvement is visible in his ap discretionary, and not to be exacted as a Pearance since his marriage. Last session matter of right. They will then be recipro- he wore ill-trimed whiskers, long hair, turn cal, and will be confined within reasonable down collar, seedy dress-coat, and had a de limits. The apprentice should be diligent I cidedly shabby look. Now, his face is clean and faithful in his master's business. The shaved; his collar stands stiff and glossy; his master should, in like manner, fulfil his obli- linen looks decidedly respectable; he wears rations in good faith. his hair much shorter than usual; and, to He should see that his apprentice is provided for, and instructed crown all, lie appears in a new suit of black, according to the contract. a neat fitting frock, instead of the shabby The tradesman should execute his contract old dress coat, and looks about ten years , younger than ever. On coining into the Sen "nominated in the bond" or not. T in a workmanlike manner, whether it be so ate chamber he was congratulated by all, and This is an I obligation of common honesty which the law by none more warmly than by his political implies in every contract. When the work opponents is done, or the service rendered, the price should be paid without delay. The employee should not be compelled to waste as mtich time in collecting what is due to him, as it cost him in the first place to earn The wages of him that is hired shall not abide with thee all night until morning." Lcv. 19 v. 13. The sin of with-holding payment un reasonably for goods purchased, or services rendered has ndtistification. The rich do not always reflect upon the inconveniencies and sufferings which are often caused by thie, unjust practice I v • - p er Z: INGTON. Particulars of the New Treaty between the United States and England on Cen tral American Affairs. WASHINGTON, Dec. 24. By the first article of the recent Treaty be tween the United States and Great Britain, the contracting parties agree jointly to pro , poseto the Republics of Nicaragua and Cos ta Rica, that a territory shall be set apart for' the Mosquito Indians, the boundary to be' designated and marked by two Commission- - era, one to be appointed by Her Britanic Maw jesty, and one by the President of the Repub- , lie of Nicaragua. The fourth article declares that the Repub lics of Nicaragua and Costa Rica shall.allowf the territorial disputes between them and the' limits of extension to be given to the town of San Juan or Greytown, if the same cannot amicably be adjusted between themselves ands that town, to be settled by the arbitration of the United States of America and Great Britain, who, in any doubtful point, shall be able to call for the decision of a third party, The Republic of Nicaragua shall consti tute and declare the port of Ureytown, or San Juan, a free port, and the city a free city, though under the Sovereign of the Republic, whose inhabitants shall enjoy the right to govern themselves by means of their own municipal government, to be administered by Legislative, Executive, and Judicial officers of the town election, according to their own negotiations ; trial by jury in their own courts; perfect freedom of religious belief and of conscience. Article ninth provides that the two Govern ments shall bind themselves, in case the Re publics of Nicaragua and Costa Rica, or ei ther of them, should refuse to accept the ar rangements contained in the preceding arti cles, not to propose nor consent to any other arrangement more favorable to the refusing party or parties. The additional articles state that it is mu tually agreed and understood that her Bri tunic Majesty's Settlement, called the Belize or British Honduras, bounded on the north= by the province of Yucatan and on the south the river Sernstoon, was not and is not em braced in the treaty entered into between the c,nitracting parties on the 19th of April, 1850; and that the limits of said Belize on the coast as they existed on the said 19th day of April, 1856, shall, if possible, be settled and fixed by treaty between her Britanic Majesty and the Republic of Guatemala, within two years from the exchange of the ratification of this instrument, which said boundary and limits shall not at any time hereafter be extended. That the islands known as the Bay Islands, having been, by a convention hearing date of 27th of August, 1856, between her Britanic Majesty and the Republic of Honduras, con stituted and declared a free territory under the sovereignty of said Republic of Hondu ras, the two contracting parties do hereby mutually engage to recognize and respect in all future time the independence and rights of the said free territory as a part of the re public of Honduras. EMI The Widow's $3OO The Pittsburg Union reports a case in the Supreme Court of this State, of general in terest. Sarah Smith took out letters of ad ministration on the estate of her deceased husband, James Smith, who died Sept. 15th, 1854. In her administration account she charged herself with the proceeds of a lot of ground, sold by her under an order of the Orphans' Court, and retained credit for the sum of three hundred dollars claimed by her self as widow, by virtue of the act of April 14, 1851. Joseph Spencer held a judgment against James Smith, the decedent, entered January 24, 1854, on a bond with warrant of Attorney, waiving a benefit of the Exemption Act of 1840. Joseph Spencer accordingly filed exceptions to the administration account, and contended that the widow was not enti tled to retain X3OO as against him. The Court below, McClure, P. J., decided differently, and Mr. Spencer appealed. '1 .e opinion of the Court was delivered NOV. 27, 1856, by Judge Lowrie, who decided that a widow of a decedent is entitled to three hundred dollars out of the proceeds of his real estate in preference to a judgment cred itor, in whose favor the husband has waived the benefit of the Exemption Act of 1849. ,It is stated that in New York city there are two hundred gambling houses, and probably one hundred faro banks ! Can wo wonder at defalcations and forgeries under these circumstances. APPOINTED.—Nathan G. Horton, Postmas ter at Eagle Foundry, Huntingdon Co., vice John Hamilton, resigned. Also Jesse Barnes Postmaster at South Hill, Bradford Co., vice •Tames Butler.