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. - Sniert - .Vtrtfq.
DEMOCRATIC BATTLE •lIYMN,
13ehold the ftrious . storm is rolling, -
Which traitor fiends - confederate - raise;
The hounds of woe, - let loose; aro howling,
And soon - our'brotherS' homes will blaze;
And 'shall WO .calmly.view the - ruin
While bloody force, with, lawless.s4le, -
'Sprdad4 desolatien far
- and wide,
This happy land iri blood imbruing? -
Arise, Arise, ye brave! -
our war cry; lie
Our God, our Union, 'anil our.flag,
Our creed, and victory. . '
Oh, blessed Unioul we will ne'er resign thee,
Nor fail to bow before thy glorious name,. .
11 7 bile madmen rail and knates malign thee,
Shall we be recreant to thy - flume?
No! by the Constitution bending o'er us 1
No! by the Revolution's sabred dead!.
No! by,the perils past and fiedl, -
No! by the destiny before us! . - -
Awake 4 nivakel brave hearts! •
Put down the traitor clan -
Who would our Union rend in parts,:
The-last - best-hope of Man.- - ' -
And hark! the pOpular shout is Faking
In every - breast a generous flame; '
And Treason, in'his den is (making,
Antishuddering at its death of shame;
And where our starry banner's - gleaming,
The patrior.BucruNA - S stands,
Supported by our hearts and ha.nds,
Triumph above arid foinul him beaming.
For on the Constitution's rock,
iVith God oar-hearts-to see,
- dare the traitor's dirist shock,
And wait for victory.
, Do not despair! ye millions pining
In bloody fetters o'er the sea: •
The orb ye watch is not declining,
The' sorely clouded it mantic.. • •
tni this fair shore we wilt reserve, ye
A shelter=from the despot's frown; "
- A refuge from the pelting storm, • -
And, blessed Union! we still preserve thee!
Yes ! for the God ahoye
has made and kept uc free;
Aml from the skies beyond us -
ire points to vieteryl •
Nudj4ifitit.lli4 74i11 - ,c hiiri.,-ibge.
LETTBR:OF RUFUS CHOAT,2I
Trorn the , nosto.'n Courior, 1,1.•
The Whigs of Maine held a 'grand mass
meeting in the tOwil of Watervilleye'sterdtiy:
lion. Rufus Choate was invited to be pres6nt,
but being Unable to attend, be sent- a letter,
in whie,h he - defined his own: position on the
Presidential iluastivn ; and avoWea his inten
tion to vote for Mr. Buchanan. We- give it
TiosTON; Saturday', Aug.-9, .1856
4. Upon my return last, evening,
after a short absence from the citY,:.l found:
your letter of the • : 30th, iiit.,, inviting me to
take part in the, proceeding's cif the W
Maine,' assembled in mass meeting. ,
• I ,apnreciate' most highly- the honor and
kindness of thiS invitation; und . should•lia-,4e
had true- pleasure iii accepting it. The Whigs
of Maine composed at all times- so important
a division of the great - national party ; which.
under that name, with or without of f i c i a l
- power, as a responsible administration
only an organized..opinion, has - dote so Much
for -our- country—,„ our whole' country-L.-and
your responsibilities : at this moment are so
vast and -peculiar, -that acknowledge an
anxiety to see—not NVllit to hear=--with - what,
noble bearing you meet
_the deMandS of the
time. If-the tried legions, to whom it is °gin;
mitted. .to guard the frontier, of the - Union,:
falter - now,. who, any where, can he entrusted?
My-engagements, however, and the neces-'
sity 'and expedioney' of _abstaining 'from all
speech requiring much effort, 'will prevent my
being with you. And yet,- invited to, share
in your counsels, and grateful _for' such
tinction, I cannot, whbllY decline :My oWn
opinion' on 'one of the . duties- of the-Whis iu
what yoicwell &Scribe' aS " the present crisis
in the political affairs of the country."
cannot now, and need not, pause to ,elaborate
or -defend them. - -What I think, and what .1
have decided to do,, permit nie in the briefest
and plainest expression-to tell you. ‘, -
The first duty, 'then, of Whigs, not merely_
as patriots and as- citizens,--loving, with a
large and equal love our whole nativeland,—
but as,Whigs, and_ because we are Whigs,' is;
'to unite with-some organization of our coun
trymen, to - defeat and dissolve the new geo
graphical party, calling itself Republican. L----
This is our first duly.- ' -It would_ mereekactly
express my opinion to say; that at 'this mo
ment, it is-our.only. duty. _Certainly, atleaSt,"
it comprehends or Suspends all others • 'arid
in my judgment, the question for-each: and
every-one of us is; not - whether thiS candidate:
or that candidate would,be oar first choice
not whether- there - is some good - talk in'the
- worst-platform, and some bad talk in the best.
piatforin ; not whether.thiS Man's' ambition ;
or that man's servility, - or boldness, or fanat
icism, or• violence, - is respothible fOr: putting,
the wild waters in this uproar;---but jUstthis,
—by what'-vote can 1 - do most to prevent the
madneSs of the times from working its mad
dest itct,'Hthe Very,ecStacy, of r its
the permanent formation and thonctual pres
ent- tritimph-of a,,partyl;thich knows , ono half
of America only-to hate and, dread" it; from
whose unconsecrated and :revolutionary, ban
ner fifteen stars are'eraSed - or have - Tanen ;
in whose nationaranthem'the old iiiidendear
eel airs of the Eutaw . Sp_ringS,..ind:the King's
,m o m i t a ih, and . Yorkto.wn; and, these; later; of
New Orleans, and Buena Vista;. and Cha,pul
tetTee, bicathe- no more.: To ':this . duty; to
this question, all others semi to . me - fo stand
for the present postponed and,speondary.
.:Andy-why ? Because, according' to . onr
creed,: it is only'the United- America Which
can peacefully,,gradnally;" safely, improve,
lift up and-bless with all social and persbnal
and civil blessings, all the - races and all the
conditions Which- compose our vast and vari- .
- ous family—it such an Ainerica, only,
whose arm can guard our flag,'develope our
resources, extend our trade ; and fill the mons
- nre of our glory; and, because; according-to
,our convictions, the triumph of such a-Party
'puts that Union in danger. That is my reason.
And-for. you ,:and for me,. and for'all of us in
whoSe regards the Union- possesses-: such It
'Value, and to whose fears it seems menaced
11 , 50
by,siteha, danger'; lg. reason enough:_Be
lieving the noble ship of .state to be. within ;
,the lee .
in gale . of our.. first .business , is put
her. about, and erowd'her Qff,:into-the
open sea. That'-done, we
stowage of her -lower tier' of powder,.and:se
lect her cruising ground; and:bring-hei!' offi
cars to court-martial at - our leisure.
' If, there are any in Maine—and'am s orig the
Whig of Maine 1_ hope - there is "not one—but
_if there are any,:in whose hearts strong pas
-gem, .v-aulting-aMbition, :jealousy of 'men or
sections; unreasoning. and"inapatient'philat
thropy,- or whatever else have turned hate
Or coldness the fraternal blood -and . quenched'
the spirit of national life at-its source;' - With,
*hoed' the Union of slave - States ana. free'
States uiader-the'actualConstitution _
a-hindranae, a reproach ;' With those, of course
our view - _ Of our 'duty and the reason of it,fare'
a- stumbling block and foolishness. To 'such
you can have nothing - to say, and from such
you can" have nothing to hope. But if there
are those again„Whe Rive the - Union a:s we,
love it; and.prize it as' we prize it ; who regard:
it- as we do; not • merely as a vast instrumen
tality fbr the:protection of. our oommerce-an&
navigation and.for achieving power, eminence
nal*, anion ;.the sovereigns of the, egth.
as - ' means of improving the . ' material
lot, and blevating the moral and menial rd
tare, and insuring the personal_ happineSs,'Of
the -millions of 'inany.distant generations.; if
there . are those. who think thus justly of
and yet hug the fatal.clelusien - that,= because
it is good, it is 'necessarily immortal;_that it,
will thrive .without care ;'that anything crea
ted by inate,s will is above or_ strongers.than
His will; that because the reason and virtue
of our age of .reason and_virtue could build
it,. the passion§ and stimulations of a day - of
frenzy cannot pull it down;' if such - there are
among-you, to-them address yourselves;'ivith.
,all the earnestness .and all the eloquence of
men who feel that some greater' interest is at
stake ; -and -Some mightier cause in hearing, :
than ever'yet tongue had ; pleaded or - trumpet
proclaimed::: If . such'mindS:and hearts are
reached, all is safe: -.Bat how .specious and
how . - manifold'are the sophiSm.S by which they
are courted ? -
They hear and they : read. much :ridicule of
those - who fear that geographical, party 'does
endanger the,'Union. But - cart- they - forget
that :our, greatest, wisest; and most hopeful
statesmen have alwayS felt, arid - have - all, in
one forwor another;. left on record their own
fear of -such, a 'party ? The- judgments of
Washington, -Madison, Clay, 'Webster, on the
dangers of the ~American Union—are they
worth nothing to a- consistent love of
What they dreaded as a remote.and improh 7
able- - contingency—that -against" Which they
cautioned, - as• they thought; distant genera
tions—that- which-they were so happy as to.
die - withent seeing—is ',upon - And - yet
somesoe men would-have us go on laughing and
singing; .like the traveler in the satire, -with'
hiS pockets empty, at a present: peril, the
mere apprehension: of which, as a distant and.
bare possibility,-could sadden the heart • of
the Father -of his Country, and. dictate the
(nave - and grand warning of the Farewell Ad-.
dress. • - -„ „
They hear then such a party ought
not to_ endanger the_ Union ;- that, although it
. happened to
-be formed within one geograph
ical-Section, and confined - exclusively to it;
although its end and aim. is to rally that sec-.
tion against the other on a question- of mor
als, policy-and feeling, .on which - the two dif,
fer eternally - and - unappeasibly ; although,
froin the - hato:re of its origin and objects, no
man in the-section outside can - possibly join
it, ,or accept office -under - it without infamy-at
home ; lthough, -therefore, -it is a stupendous
organization, practically: to take - power and
honor, and a full share of -the - Government,
from our whole - family of States, andbestoW
them; substantially, all . upon: the antagonist
family; although the doctrinea- . of bunian
rights,, which it gatherS out :(if the 'Deeldra
tion_- of- Independence--:that -passionate, and :
eloquent manifesto of a...revolutionary war—
and adopts as - RS fundamental ideas, announce
to any Southern :apprehension • a -crusade of
government against-slavery,' far without and
beyond Kansas ;. although the spirit and ten
dency Of its - :electioneering - appeals.; as a
whole, in - prose and :_Verse; . -' the leading- arti
.of its papers,:nr4the •speoches of its or- .
ators, are to excite contemptand
. hattcor fear.
of our:entire - geographical - section, and hate
Or dread or contempt iS:. thenatural inaPres
thou it all leaves on the...Northern-Mind and
heart; yet; that nobody a.i4. -- Wherequght to he
rin7y,: or. ought to be frightened; - that ti
majority must gOerni- and that-the. North is
a majority . that it is ten -to one - nothing will,
that, if -worst - conies 'to,
• South knows- it .is Wholly - lo biame; 'and. 'xioe - 4
the Union,more than - we do; and will be qiiiet
aceorclingly.. :. • . - 7.
--- But do they Whahold thiS language forget .
- that the question "aught-to endan-.
ger the Union, but :what will Ide it? -TS it
man as_he ought to be, or Man - as he is; that
- we - must live with alone.? -In - appro- :
elating - the 'influences 'which may disturb - a
political system; :and. especially one like.ours,
do you make no allOwance. for
• pride ) , for infirmity, for :the - liiirrinig - sOnse of
even imaginary V7r01,3. - g? j3 , 0 - you-astunettlia4
'nal men; or-all masses of mon;in 411
-uniformly-01)0 reason, and uniformly-wifely
see and - calmly
_seek their,-- trueintereSis - V.;--
:Where on earth is such a' fool's Paradise as
: that to be found - Coneeding -to thepeople
of the. fifteen States the ordinary and average . _
human. nature,- its gOod and its evil, its Weak.-7
'nese and its strength, I, for.onc; dare not say
*that the I - rime - 10i of such a party ought not
to be ex-peeled naturally and probably tadis
, unite the States. - .
With my uMloubting - convictions; I know
that it would-he folly and_immorality: in men:
- to wish it: Ceitainly Ahem :are in .all see!
tions and in
,all States those . ;MI6 'love the
Union?. under. the'.iietual:_ :Constitution, as
Washington , did, Jay, ilanailtoriandliad
ison Jackson,' Clay'andlYebsterlov-,
ed it. Such even: is the heretlitarrmad. the
habitual, sentiment of the -general Aineriein
heart. But ho has read and books
tle purpose who has not learned, that "bosom
riiily'he'"tO r resen erit soured,",.
and that rth hatred is so keeri",-,deep, and pre
cious - as - that. • • •
- And to be wroth with one we love, ' ,
Will work like madness in the brain." ,
He has read the book of our history to, still
less pnqicie; 'who has not, - learned that tho
friend Ships of these States—sisters,butri
valsovereigns 'each, witha and
.a-body of interests, - and sources of honor and
shame of its own and.' within itself,
tcttinto-'two great opposing group's, arepf all
hurnan ties most ES xpos9d to such rupture and.
haVe n'ottixne - ii :these- hasty lines, and
there is no need, to- speculate on the details
- of .the modes iii which;- - the 'triumphs of this
party wbuld-do -its work _of evil. - Its mere
.struggle to obtain. the government, •as that
struggle is: 'conducted, is misChieinus to - an
extent incalculable. That
,thonsands of the
good_ men who have joined. it deplore thisis
certain, but, that does not mend the matter.
I appeal to
-the .conscience and._lionor ; Of. my
country,' that -if it' were the aim of a - great
party,- by every species of- access to the -pop-,
ular mind--by eloquence, by argument, by
taunt, by sarcasm;, by :recrimination,: by ap
peals- to pride, Shame, and naturalright—to
prepare the nation - for a struggle With Spain
,or. England, - or-Austria, it could not do-its bu
siness more thoroughly: :Many persons, ma
iiy_ speakers—many, very many, .set higher
and wiser exaniple, but the Work is doing.
If it accomplishes its object, and gives-the
GoVernment to the • North, I - turn xny'eyea
from the , consequences. -. Tethe - fifteen States
of the, south, that Government 'will appear an
alien" GoVernm,ent. It will appear worse.—
It will "
appeara hostile Government It will
represent •te their eye a vast region of States,
organized upon-Anti-Slavery, flushed by tri
umph, cheered. Onward by the iroices of the
pulpit, tribune and press ; its mission to in
augurate Freedom - and 'put: down the oligar
clay ; its constitution the glittering and sound
ing generalities of natural right-which make
up the Declaration Of, ,Independence.: And
then and thus is' the beginning of the end. •
- If ,a necessity could be ma - de out for such'
a, partyve might submit to it as ,to other Un
avoidable 'evil, and. other= certain ilani).er.—
But 'where do they find •that ? Where do they
pretend to find it ? - Is - to keel' Slavery out
of the Territories? There is not 'one but
Kansas in which Slavery is possible. No
man fears, -no man hopes for Slavery is Utah,,
New 11IexiCo, Washington or Minnesota: A
national party to give them' to Freedom is
a.bout aS needful and about as feasible as a
national party to keep .Maine for Freedom.—
And Kansas 1 Let that abused andprofaxied
sell have 'calm within its border';deliVer it
over to. the natural law of peabefu andsPon
tine'ou.s immigrationi-r -take "eIY she: ruffian
hands; strike down the rifle _ and the boviie
knife; guardits'strennons s infancy and youh
till it comes of age to choose for itself--and
it will choose Freed.om 'for •itself, and, it will
have forever what it chooses. , .
:When this Policy, so easy,-sianplo, and just,
is tried and fails, it will -be iiine enough to
resort-to. revolution: It • is• in. 'part because,
the duty .of protection; to:the- local settler. was
not'porformed that the Democratic partyfhas
. by' the action,ol its great "represents=
tive convention resolVed - to pUteut . of - office
its own a - drainiStration... That !lesson will not
and must not be lost on anybody. = The coun
try demands that Congress, before it adjourns,
give that Territory peace.: it do, time will
inevitably_ giVelt freedom;
I have hastily and imperfectly, expressed:
my ,Opinion through the. unsatisfactory forms
of a letter, as to the immediate duty . of Whigs. -
We are to do what we canto, defeat' nd. dis=
band this, geographical ; party. - -Mit by what
specific action ; we' can most effectually
bute - to - such- - a result a question of ' more
ili Nulty. It. Seems --nev - i - Ao . . be settled that'
nresent, no candidate ,of. our , own. -If - *e
vote at all,. we vote. for-Alrenoinineos_ of the
American or the nominees' of the Democrat-.
.16 - party.- - As : betweenthein. - Lshall not ven
ture te.counsel the _Whigs- of Maine, but I
deem it duo .to ,frankness. and honor to say,
that while I entertain appreciation of
the -charaCter - and ability ref. Air. .Fillmore,
do not sympathise in any degreeWiththe ob-=
jectS.and.,creed: of the- particular party that
nominated him, arid do- notapprove,of their
or, , ;anization and-their tactics.
Practically,, too, 'the . contest; my:judg
ment; is between - - Buchanan and. Col.
Fremont. InAhese: - circuinstivacesJ vote for,
Mr.. Buchanan: He has large experience in
public affairs; his cerninanding capacity is
. universally acknowledged; his life. is without
a stain.... - I- am 'constrained to' add that he
seems_ at this inomerit,- by. the'. concurrence of
other, -- te represent that sentiment of nation-
ality,-‘-toleraiit; - Warm and coMpicheusive;---
-Without Which, - without increase - . of which,
America, is no . , longer- - Arnerica ; and -to -pos
sess.the power; and' I trust, the disposition
to restore and keep. that' - peace;Within our
berdere.and . Without, - for Whioh:our hearts all
-Yearn, which all our interestsdernitsid,through
which arid by: which. , alone) may.hope 'to
gro - W to the true greatness-of -nations., -, •
Very repeptfully your fellow citizen,
. -other,gentleincn of
the - Maine ,Whig State Central Committee.
Letter of Vlichael-Den.-IVlagehani_ Esq.
Tiffs gentlenian so 7611 known, and :who
has elWays taken an active part in thp, poll
„tice of the _country, has addFesseit a letter to
Blej; Jelin Linton,,fornrerly a Whig nle,mber
of ,the, legislature _from Cambria county, who
is also well and favifrably knownliirouglingt
the State, .which . .,We ere pleesedto lay before
, onr Feeders. discusses the presiden
tial question in' his _usual style; ancrin. strong
language exposes thei.,nnconstitutional and
treasonable organization and, designs of the
Know Nothing. - and Black Republican par
-1 tics, and takes oecasion.•tO 'define' hisnwn po
sition. Likelmn drab of "Old - tine Whigs”
throughout, the Unioh ho avers hie determina-
HUNTINRDON ) -IA., AUGUST 27, 1856.
Lion to support Bucha,nan and. Breckinridge,
regarding them as:the only ,National candi
dates.for the two highest offices in the gift of
a:free people, and whose election onlyman
the Constitution. and, Union Ofthese now
happy States be preserved. Mr.. 1 1 / 4 1agehan
has heretofore been regarded. as one the
most active opponents of- the. Democratic
party in dambria.county, and his present pa
triotic course when ho perceives the institu-'
liOns of his country endangeied - by the mad
- . ,.„ .
'schemes of .fanatics and disunionists, cannot
fail to be commended: 1110.etter no doubt ,
`will have its weight upon those -with whom
he has fornacrly acted,.o.ndwe cdmmend. it to
the perusal of our readers.
EBENSBURG, Aug. 6th, 1856:
- MY DEAR, -
The-course which I have felt cbnipelled' to
take in-the epprettehing:political contest, has
elicited much'of condemnation.and' some ap
probation, froth men -With. whonil have acted
- tor near ,ft quarter of 'a - century. -
It is due to my early - and steadfast friends,
as well as to myself, that -Ishould. either jus
tify myself, 'or be the fit subject of their scorn,
as a recreant froni, principles which I still
-have an abiding faith in. '-2 -
The cherished :doctrines of DANnu WEB
STER and. HENRY : CLAY; Will receive full ac
.quiescence from Me, 'so long as reason retains
her' dominion. within .the earthly case that re
tains the mind, the thoughts and energy
(small though they-be;) - with which the giver
of all good has endowed The.'
-The first question Which -presented itself to
me after the nominations, were' Made was=-:
Where is the Whig Party ? To that question
'I have obtained no satisfactory . ansWek. Some
tell me that it is tole found: na'rthe stables,
out-houses, caverns and fence corners of the
foul band. of conspirators, - who in enormity,
crime and- blasphemy hive Shamed and driven
back to the-gloomy shades of eternal desola
tion,-the sulphuric shades Of Marat, Danton,
Robespiere, and their_ fellow' ncarnations of
all that was vile, ;wicked, herr - dila - of other
clays. 'I believe it'nOt The party so loving
the Constitution of our country—so - faithful
-to the principles of self-government.' 'Aye,
that party. of Webster.and of -Clay, and. our
own John Sergeant- and Walter Forward,
- never did, never can sacrifice itself in the
lewd - embraces of midnight conspirators, col
hiding,together unseen by any_but - the aveng
ing Angel, .and. their- fit, associates, low- de
mons Spewed forth from- Hell to give, some
.tone and charader to their infernal.
The Whigs I - We, thy friend, are not with, or
of their. - - _
Where thdift is that noble, trustworthy, true
• party . to' which 'we _belonged ? Is it- to. be
found in :principle or practice_ among. the
'Black Republicans? No.! No! That old
• line Whig cannot be found: mean enough - to
descend from .llarrison, Clay, Wehster, Tay
lor, Scott and host§ of mighty spirits who
adorned not only our party,.and the councils
.of the nation, but human nature itself, by_
their brillianttalents, pure' lives, honest, fer
vid patriotism, to John. C. Fremont. What
arehis antecedents ? Are they such as would
recommend him for a eommon county office ?
Is the climbing of mountains, the. eating of
reptiles, the degrading sentence of a court
martial, the contumely with which he - Was
hurled out of-the United States Senate, -'the
fraii.dulentspebulationwith government funds
-in mild' cows; or the crowning feat of his in
glorious life, in accepting nomination which
if consummated by ,eleetion. would. scatter to
- the-four winds'of. Heaven the labors of our
(not his) fathers. "Are; I - ask, theie the rea
sons which -will-inthice the American people
to' elevate' him - - to- the-highest - office - iu the
known world T- Hashe, again ask, any -ea
pacity,-- any integrity; -or a - single -qualifica
tion Tor that high statien ? Would you not
be -ashareed to own-that yeti aSsisted to
vate the creature of yesterday; the nothing
of to-day, whose' impotent and pigidy mind-'
cannot soar above the -irobbery:of_the poor
frontier settlers out of their rights, and along .
with his vile adherentS' belch forth - his foul
effluvia- over our hippy - land, carrying with
its pestilential- breath disunion,
dismay • and
- ruin -over 'the - fair' h eritage which our fathers
-purchased-in blood, and. bequeathed to us, as
the greatest legacy. Man ever left to his-de
scendants, . •
' But lant ashamed to talk to yOut in such a
strain. You. 'Cannot and will not hugig,no
rarice, impudence and assurance, like the
spartan fool did the for, to-your• bosom- until
your vitals are torn out. -..50 Tar• as Fremont
is concerned' imPlore -you net •sto Assist to.
,temple of liberty. , •
'I hate .done with the man and his conlo.-
- Now, sir; can rsupport
'Can. ,:you :support A. 3. DonaldSoh?: These
are questions not easily answered by you.
You: will not ask me to support the nominees
'of :party - who with the'tilth'of stables-and
hog peps hanging to their : feet, redolent - with
the effluvia 'of the dirt and mustiness of filthy
haunts, calumniate all that is dear to me ?L..- 1
Vagabonds knowing no law; no God, dare to
arraign dbristian doctrines and , . practices at
the standard 'of their malignant - hearts, and
with -"dispOsitions engendered' in the regions
of misery, claim to crush and - destroy
all_Who will net deny their their religion;_
and their' country's. institutions, and .bow
down to the accursedlda which they,isish
erect on the ruins of the great fabric erect
ed by: , our - fore-fathers,; cemented in their
blood, and in' all the vicissitudes of political
commotion;-held to, revered--,atinost adored
by :their • descendants of - all parties: 'Now
.with 'Spirit: accursed the' deratin has mitered'
into Eden of Fieedom`and attempted to
pervert, , Mislead and' Misdirect' :the public
-luring, it- from' the patlas'of peaceful
4tippinoss : dig Order, severance of
and'all the .eyils . attendant - on intolerance, re,
ligiousmd: sectional jealousies.
When this bold attempt was made by wick-
ed: designing men; the good - and - true
friends' of their country looked on with apa,
thy . and scorn. No friend. of his eountry
his, country's laws would believe that other
than , ignOrance, and: base,low bred bigotry,
epuld be induced to enter: into so unhallowed
a - combination against the institutions planned
by Washington, andperfeeted by the far see
ing statesmen of the Revolution and their
descendants. . - • -
• But we were mistaken, the-Fillmore's, _the
Donaldson's, the Johnston's, Conrad's, Crit
tenden's, and others of kindred:feeling,. felt
no shaine in. joining and. intimately, associa
ting with the vagabond. outcast in . midnight
. cabals, and secretly binding theirtSelvea-,A6
their 'ruffianly cenfederat6s - by oaths so h - Or-.
rible, impious, and bla.sßhemous, that none
Who has a spark of christian feeling or bro
therly.love could do aught but recoil in dread
from the fearful profanatiOn.
•Yet, this is the man 1 The great recipient
of - Whig-favor, for whom I am not asked to
'vote 1: For he and his myrmidons declare to
the, world that 'the • son orthe Revolution,
whose. ancestors -acquitted. theinselveS with
honor during that tremendous struggle,: be-.
cause of his belief in the creed handed down
by, them - to him, must
_be ostracised and
driven beyond the pale not, only of .freedom,
but of civilization itself. : ,
I R iii not, byrny Vote,. invoke Fillmore and
' Donaldson 'to make my son a Rariah. -
But I fear I tire you; I can support DI
-chanan because he never advocated a viola
tion: of .the constitution, Because I sincerely
believe that he and his-adherents are the only
national: party loving the constitution, and
having an unyielding, determination.to Tire
serve the integrity of the Union at all and ev
ery risk. -
And because, - the principles of religious
equality would be as safe and sure in his
hands as they were in the days of -Washing
ton:and of Jackson:
MICHAEL DAN MAGELLA.N.
To Maj. jORN LINTO, •
MIS REASONS FOR SUPPORTING JAMES BUCIISNAN
This gentleman, a leading Whig of Massa
chusetts, and formerly Speaker. 'of the House
of Representatives in Congress, was lately in
vited to attend a Kansas Aid Meeting in Fan
ueil Hall in Boston, to which he replies in a
calm, dignified manner, but takes occasion to
administer a just and merited rebuke to such
traitors, as are instigating rebellion in Kan
sas, thereby visiting upon :the country the
evils.of civil war and a dissolution of this
glorious Union. His letter is worthy of an
old - line Whig statesman, whose affections are
centered on the Constitution of his country,
and who is willing to sacrifice party attach-,
merits Nylon our_free institutions are in peril.
In, closing his letter he states his position in
the following language: .
" This is really but one absorbing question
now before the people. In the solemn mag-_
nitude of its presence all others are hushed.
This question is at last presented in a tangi
ble form,, shall, the Union -be preserved ? or
shall the first step be taken toward the entire
disrUption of the Statei of the Union by a
severance of "the North from the Sonthl---
Looking at the political signs of tho times,
with this question
_staring, us in the face, we
make our choice of candidates.- The nomi
nees of the Cincinnati. Convention make the
preservation of the Union the matter of par
amount interest; Other principles are advo
cated; but if any subserviency is to be made;
all the others may 'be compromised, all of,
them may be subservient ; but "the Union, it
must be preserved."
On the other - hand, the . preservatien of
the Union is a minor and secondary principle
'with those who have -met in convention un-'
der the title of Republicans. With them the
-preservation of the Union is to be tolerated
as a matter of contingency. ; Mr. Banks com
mitted the first act of treason in declaring in
the halls of Cong Tess that he was in favor 'of
"letting the Union slide," •unless - a favorite
crochet of his own or his associates could be
'Thisis the broad and grand division of
the qUestion that • now divides the country;
and in viewof it we hesitate not to declare
our 'infinite preference for James Buchanan
to _any other man , who sustains the least
chance of - election, and to, endorge . him as a
man - well _calculated to, :face .the factions in
our own land, and the - wiles, and cbrabina,
tions, and manifold' diplomacy of the triek
ster politicians of the old world." -
. The Black Republicans are clamorous for
the admiSsion of Kansas as afree State. un
der -the Topeka Constitution'.
We aver that , under -that Constitution it
cannot be admitted -as afree.State, because
one of its proviSions prohibits , under severe
penalties the - settlement qf any free lzegroes
there. • - -
Thus we find - tbe Black Republicans, who
have - been bellowing against slavery and
shrieking for freedom to the black Irian, fix
ing severe penal - ties - in' the fundamental law
of Kansas•against hie settlenient there.
Such is their sympathy fOr the negro !
Well does the, Detroit _Free Press remar-ki
-"Yes; reader;' this free . State _Constitution
- thakes it an offence for a free black man to
enter - the Stato of Kansas!. It treats him not
ins a man and. a • brother, but as an 'outcast
-aitd-a wanderer, whose footstep upon Kansas
-soil is pollution ! ' We have. heard" "much of
''the obnoxious acts prissod by the Territorial
lecrislature of Kansas, but.we-submit whethi
er c 'there is one law among them so barbarous
as this•iireparable constitutional provision--
so hostile to libertv—,a6 at war with the spir
it of tholige:' Why, no slave State has in
its fundamental.• law or -uponits statute book
anything so cruelly proscriptive of the black
race." • • • . -
. Let the honest men of the country put a
mask upon these vile hypocrites and F REIM:NT,
their candidate,".at the next election.
There are various melhods of rising in
this world. One of the most expeditious„
to tea - se a short.tail - bull in fly time. Tiy .
on, and bring in a verdict your Self, _ _
Editor and Proprietor.
Robert C. Winthrop.
The Topeka. Constitution
Some of them at least ttre unpurchasable.
The great mass of them are true, and will re
,Money and a lie cannot buy them.
Behold one example iri thafolloWing afftda,
vit. AVhence..comes the money that is so pro-.
fusely lavished - in buying german papers ?
There will be more afftdavits out soon show..
ing that in some instances the ofFers'of Men,
ey have been-spurned. -Three thousand - dol-
Lars was offered for a German paper at Ens'
ton and , refused. The Know Nothings and
Republicans think the Germans - aro mere at
tie and can be bought and sold in the mar
let. = Yet the.same bribers prate about "Free
Kansas and free negroes," Hero is the ,dl..
davit: - -" ' : -
N 9. 10,
State of Pennsylvania, - Northamplon Coun
-ty,-ss: - _ _
Personally appeared before the subscriber,
a Justice of the I - 'eace' in, and-for said roun.-
:ty, jesiah -Cole, editor of the Independent
,Gerrean newspaper,- published
- in the borough of -Easton, •in said' county,
who being duly 'sworn according to la'w,'doth.
oti.his; - Solemn oath declare and say_, that on
or, about the middle of July .. last, Henry W,
.of Major. Gen. Grove P.
,Lowry, of Kansas, - having . - first'called depo- ,
nentasids, proceeded - to inquire if, he was
proprietiir and had sole. control of the
of which he was,the :editor. That upon this
deponent answering - in . the den:native, and
after some conversation had passed upon the
- prospects for success - of the severainandi- ,
dates for the Presideiacy, the said Henry W.
'Lo-Wry further said that he was authorized
by certain persons to say to him that if, he,
the said deponent would come out and faith ,
fully support Col. Frement, he the said de
ponent would receive three -thousand dollars.
That they had the nionefready, and all they
wanted was for him. to - pledge his honor that
he would so support - Col. Fremont and the
money should be paid down to him, in cash,
before he should
_be required to take' any
stand: - That upon this - deponent replying
that he would not do it,- the ronversationup- ,
on that'subject ended and they separated.
And thiS - deponent further saiththat tb6
above and foregoing is subStantially all that
passed, between him and - the-said Henry V.
Lowry in relation to that subject. '
:Sworri and 'subscribed August -4th, 1.860,,
before me. ~ - Hon. Ef "%You; J. P.
Every -good citizen, on - the return of a
Presidential election, owes the duty to his
country, to examine parties and their conse
quences: and, having done this, vote as his
There have been seventeen elections- of
President. .Let the critical observer ge over
them all and look at the administration of
them all ; and he will find that all have had a
national cast ; that the candidates have been
supported, and, after Washington's adminis,
tration, by parties without reference to locali
ties. On the occasion of the re-election of
Jefferson, the 'party opposed to him—and it
had its centre in New England=--voted for
Charles Cotesworth Pinckney, of- South Car
olina ; and he continued to be 'the candidate
of the same party in the first election of Madi
son. James Monroe was elected by the votes
of all the States—with the, solitary exception
that one of the electors gave his vote for-John
Adams. In-1825n11 the States but two, and
those Ohio and Virginia, gaye their votes for
John Calhoun for Vice President: -In- the
election of 1828 the great States of York,
Ohio and Pennsylvania, and other Northern
States cast nearly as many votes for Jackson,
as other Northern States cast for Adams. It
is unnecessary to do more than name the re
cent elections of Harrison, Polk, Taylor, and
Pierce, where a national spirit is seen perva
ding them.—The obseiver, in the results,
will look in vain for the evidence of section
alism, for they all bear the glorious impress
The same great feature is seen running'
through successive administrations. - The
whole world can offer no prouder catalogue
of characters worthy to be called statesmen ;
men trained in civil affairs; and who under•
stand the wants of our country, and who
patriotically labored for its interests, than the
catalogue of those who have been.at the head
of our executive department, There is seen,
too, this same feature of nationality; the repre,
sentativo men of different sections of our
country, ever faithful - 0-the rights of all sec.'
tions, and yet ever true also to what the
whole country required of them, There is
Jefferson, of the South, acting with Hamilton
of the North; John Marshall; of 'Virginia ;
acting with Samuel Dexter of Massachusetts;
James Madison and, Albert Gallatin ;- John
Q. Adams 'with John C, Calhoun ; Henry
Clay with Richard Rush ; Edward. Livingston
with Louis McLane ; Daniel Webster with
Hugh S. Legare ; and so We might go on,
enumerating the great statesmen of the iSTOrth
and South who have honored the country,
and whose renown is of, the treasures of the
country, and who - Side by side have worked
together to consolidate its strength and pro.
mote its interests. Here, too, we see the
marked characteristic of nationality ,---Suck
administrations were not composed . of men
-representing but a fragment of our: country;
they represented. a boundary as wide as the
constitution of. the Union, - they represented
nothing. less than the - whole - country. *
The-true issue. of this Presidential election'
is: Shall a party prevail which is ekclusive
-IY. confined to the North, and - which seeks-•t
halve and divide our country? Or shall the
.. Democratic party prevail, which has aferai.
ties or 'organization nation-wide,; Which' has
basis principles as wide as our- ConStitution
extends, which would guard alike the rights
of all sections of our country; which would
renew in this election, as they /lave been prac,
&ally renewed in every Presidential election
thus far, the spirit of cennpronnse which
originally made the, Union and the., constit?c,
This national party is represented. in Bn.
chanan and Breckinridge. Let them succeed !
and it-will berenewin' g the lola , "44.4
'strength, guarding.t4e rights,.Und perpetp.a.
tics g the glory .of our whol. conntry l ,
nothing but our country.
. , . ,
M. The poor pittance of;seventy years Is
not wprth z bemg- a villainfor, -
it if your neighbor lies in a splendid, tomb ?-
Sleep you in Innocence, , - -
-Azz Uisa-mtzsc. Cunn.--Tha Rochester (N,
Y. ) ;Demoerat gives
_the following as, a cm!-.
Min cure 'for cas on dogs.
_" Soak tbe . dog
for five minutes, in - eamphine, and then set
,fire to. him., The effect is instantaneous,"
Zer•Better bathe heed of theieotnanq
than ts il. of the gently."
Piide costip.s more hq.l3.hliircer,, #l.l.wt
,Are Germans sought'?
The Presideptini Election.