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THE HUNTINGDON GLOBE, A DEMOCRATIC FAMILY JOURNAL, DEVOTED TO LOCAL AND GENERAL NEWS, &C.
An Enlightened Public Sentiment in
this,Country Essential to Good. Schools.
The"principle upon which the systems of
public" instruction in this country are organ
ized, differs very materially from that upon
which they are based in European countries.
There, schools are not only established by
government,, but are made to subserve its
purposes. School• officers, from District In
speetors and Principals of Normal- Schools,
down to the:lowest' grade of teachers, are
governmental officials and bound to carry in
to =effect the will of the central power.—
Schobls and teachers arc as Much under the
control of kings and rulers, as our custom
house and custon house officials are under
the authority of the ; President. The throne
is the , pnly legitimate source of power in
school matters, and, from itiuust emanate
all school laws and all provisions for their
It cannot be doubted that the tendency of
such an educational system would be to make
their teachers the servile tools of the govern
ment, to fetter students in their range of in
vestigation, and to destroy all popular inter
est in its well working.. Judicious Ameri
can travellers have eulogized European modes
of teaching-and their provisions made for ed.- .
neation ; especially those adopted in sOmerof
the German States ; but, from a democratic
stand point; .however good . they may, be in
many respects, their whole educational super
structure seems based upon an erroneous
principle. Authority emanates at the throne
and goes doWn to the. people ; whereas, it
should emanate from the people and go up-to
the throne. If good teaching be done, it is
Merely the drill of the soldier, not. he unfet
tered freedom of thought, and that practical
application of principle, inculcated by an
But the worst effect of Enropeon systems
of education, and of all systems calculated to
strengthen monarchical government, is that
they leave the people no part to perform in
the- establishment of school's, or in'the ap
pointment of teachers. The people know
indeed that School-houses are built, that
teachers are appointed, that their children are
often compelled to attend scheid, that money
is furnished to keep the machinery of the
schools in - operation ; and their advice not
being asked or their wishes consulted, they
stand aloof; and the great public heart re
mains dead to nil interest in the work, sub
mitting to it only as to a conscription' of sol
ers.cr. a. levy taxes.
In 'this country, and particularly under
the wisely contrived school-law of our own
State, the order of things is entirely reversed;
and, to the
.people, primarily, is entrusted
the .care-taking of - the whole system of pub
lic instruction. Each school district elects
its - own school officers ; and, hi the hands of
these officers ; thus voted for directly by the
people, is placed the powerto build school
houses, appoint' teachers, and expend all
school moneys beloncriiig to the district. Oth
ei-Sehool officers, whose duties are of a more
general character, and not' elected directly by
popular vote; 'but, indirectly they are equally
responsible to the popular will. If our Legis
lature enact obnoxious school, laws, nothing
can he 'more simple'than the mode in which
the people can effect their repeal.'
The result is that while in Austriaor Prus
sia, there may be well qualified teachers and
well managed schools among a population
who regard _ediication with indifference; here,
an interested people and on enlightened public
sentiment are essential to good schools. With
out these, in this country, potting can be
done with them everything. Without them,
all educational reform will be spasmodic and
shortlived.; but., advancing, step by step, as
people become more interested, and public
sentiment becomes more enlightened; it will
have a foundation sure and steadfast, and
cannot but be permanent.
Directors will not erect large and costly
school-houses, or supply them with suitable
furniture, unless the public sentiment of
their respective districts will sustain
them ;--good teachers can not be had- where
a parsimonious public are averse to paying
them reasonable salaries; nor, if emploied,
can they effect Much good among a people
who-refuse to co-operate with them, or who
are hostile to improvement;—faithful super
intendants will labor in vain to establish bet
ter schools in a district in which no want of
better schools is felt, or to introduce' better
teachers into one, whose voters take pains to
let them see plainly enough that they stand
opposed to the introduction of any such su
perfluities ;—our Legislators may pass wise
school-laws . and the heads of ours School
Department' diligently exert themselves to
carry them into effect, —but all the laws pass . -
ed by the former will prove a nullity and all
the efforts of the latter fruitless, among ,a
people unable, through ignorance,. 'to appre
ciate their good intentions or stubbornly dis
posed to thwart them. ' '
In this country, the popular will is the
,governing power; and, as a stream can not
rise aboi-e the fountain from which it issues,
so a people cannot give expression to what
they do not think, or create what they have
not conceived. In democratic governments,
majorities can- effect'mueh ; but, such is the
relation of each individual to' our system of
public instruction, that a majority of the
citizens of the State is not enough to accom
plish its 'full purpose ; and, it is still true
that the education of a whole people can
never be attained without the consent of the
Under these circumstances, it is evident,
that all edudationaLreform must be slow and.
-gradual; and . can be-permanent only when
it_ rests Upbn ' the increased intelligence of
:the masses. In a monarchy, they may en,
act a - school law, and speedily they can have,
according the original design,. all the machi
nery of schools, teachers and school-officers ;
while in a Republic, we must await the slow
-growth of Public-sentiment;—but then,their,
systems, thus - enacted, can prove little else
. - tharitnere machinerg; while ours is based
upon the intelligence and affection; and built
up in sympathy with the well:wishes of our
--The-.fact that the condition of schools de
-ends uponpublic sentiment respecting them,
'will teach us, also, that the direction in which
the most effectual effort can be madefor their
improvement, will be to enlighten that pub
lic sentiment. • .We complain of uncomforta
ble school-houses, clumsey school furniture,
incompetent teachers, poor schools, irregular
atteridande 'of scholars, &c., &e., when the
secret source of the evil lies in the want of
appreciation of the whole subject on the part
.public. Could the people estimate the
value - of' -education, could they properly feel
the want of good schools and good teachers,
the"great Work -of, educational reform 'would
speedily he effected.
Some means, 'which seem well calculated
to operate favorably upon the Public Mind,
suggest themselves, but as this communica
tion is already long, they will be reserved for
another. ' - ,r. P. W.
Repetition and, Variety
As for more important facts and princi
ples which are learned at school, particular
care should be taken that they are not only
learned to-day but will be remembered -to
morrow and through life. It is not enough
that the pupil can say t "I know things now,
I clearly understand them; let me leave
them, and hasten onward." Are you sure
he will retain this - knowledge until it is wan
ted? There must be a great deal of repeti
tion .at school—repetition until a subject is
learned and understood ; and repetition tlt ea un
til there i 4 reasonable assurance that itwi'.l not
be forgotten. There must be line upon line,
line upon line, precept upon precept, precept
upon precept, here a little and there a little.
:Repeat, repeat; but most earnestly en
deavor to avoid.a monotonous repetition. Do
not repeat just the same thing in ji.A. • the
same way under the same circumstances, day
after day. Let repetition be relieved with va
riety. 'for illustration, in teaching a child
to pronouce words at sight, they may be
chalked on the blackboard, the words may
then be formed in a different order on little
cards on his slate ; the pupil may endeavor to
make them himself; lie may afterwards find
them in his spelling lesson in his book, and
he may finally recognize his own friends in
his fending lesson. Pupils may pronounce
them in concert, and then individually.—,
They may be asked to 'tell the various uses,
actions, or qualities of various animals or
substances, while they are learning to read
their names; or they may be required to tell
their uses, action, or qualities, without pro
nouncing the ;name. You may sometimes
conduct the exercises yourself, and some
times call upon one of your scholars to con
duct them. A pupil may sometimes do this
to a better advantage than you can, simply
for variety's sake. oAs much repetition and
variety as this may be - necessary in every
case ; it - is the principle which I contend for,
not this peculiar application of it.,
Most adults, and all children, are fond' of
something new. A teacher is sometimes de
ceived into an over estimate of new plans, by.
his increased success during the first few
days of their trial. . Their novelty is perhaps,
their own and their sufficient recommenda
But if we can no't make repetition interest
ing by novelty and - variety, -it is better that
the pupil's labor be tedious than that imor
tant principles be only half learned. And
it must be remembered that there are - two
extremes to be avoided. There is some dan
ger of nourishinc , an unwholesome thirst for
perpetual shifting and changing. D. in New
Hint to Teachers
Our pupils, let us remember, cannot re
ceive from.us a greater degree of excellence
than we ourselves , attain. Books and other
influences may carry them higher, but no in
fluence from ourselves can. The stream can
not flow higher than its fountain. It is
possible to communicate and establish in the
character of another a christian grace which
we do not ourselves possess, as it is to preach
what - we do not ourselves know. We must ac
quire what we would impart, and bewhat we
would have our pupils heceme.—Scleeted.
Best Way to Apply Manures
"Much is, now written on this sul tject," and
more will, be, for it is the "sheet anchor" of
agriculture, and the 'best bower' too, especial
ly to the thousands of small farmers of New-
York and New-England, who cultivate their
20, their 50 and 100 acres, and earn, in not
a few' instances, a limited living from the too
often stubborn and - reluctant soil. What will
meliorate and fertilize this soil? Manure.—
The various ways of saving and increasing
the pile, are well taught in some of our agri
cultural papers, and the lessons every farmer
may learn from them, can lie of no doubtful
utility. But after the heap has been accu
mulated with much toil and trouble, there is
still a "vexed question" as to the best way of
applying it to field culture. The Cultivator
says, mix thoroughly with the soil. This is
excellent no doubt. But it takes more time
and,labor to accomplish this feat than is al
ways convenient to bestow. The'question is,
what way shall we apply manure so as to give
the quickest and longest fertilizing power to
the soil ? In view of all that has been writ
ten on this subject, it would seem that some
best way might by this time have beeri estab
lished. Perhaps the majority of farmers are
persuaded in their own minds that their prac
tice is the best that could be. The writer is
not among the number of those, and would
be glad of the opinion and judgment of men
of more ability and experience than himself.
Would it not be of some use and interest for
a number of the readers and correspondents
of The Cultivator and Country Gentleman,
from various and distant sections of the coun
try, to give a brief description of the different
modes of agricultural practice in their re
spective neighborhoods, not only as to the ap
plication of manure as above, but in the va
rious other arts andlabors of the farm ?
In furtherance of this view, the writer will
state the mode of applying manure to the toil,
which prevails to some extent in his• own
neighborhood, and. it is believed the practice
is rather extending. ' Prof. Mapes has said,
"do not plow sandy land in the fall." Now
many of our farmers, not having the fear of
the Professor before their eyes, do plow their
sandy lands in the fall, and afterwards apply
barn-yard or other . manure to the surface of
the plowed ground, to be spread and harrow
ed at the proper time for corn or other crops.
Is this the most judicious mode of treating
such land, or any kind of laud, with a view
to its permanent improvement ? The writer,
of this asks for instruction. His practice on- -
to this time, - has been to plow under manure
- with a shallow furroW, and the next season
plow deeper and seed down. This has seem
ed to him a reasonable way of farming ; but
the fertility and improvement resulting from
it, he confesses have not equalled his expec
tations. An elderly and experienced farmer
has declared he would as soon dump 'his
barnyard manure into the river as turn it
under with the plow with the expectation of
receiving any benefit from it. Now this is
ultra and erroneous' no doubt; but as one ex
ample it goes to show how widely men differ
in opinion. The advocates for surface manu
ring, state that the effect is more immediate,
ancrthe first crop more increased by this mode
of using manure than by turning it under
the soil. But by exposure, &c., will there not
be a loss - to counterbelance this bemfit ? The
writer has limited knowledge on the subject,
and would be thankful for the instructions of
any one through your pages, . which would
lead him to a true conclusiod on the subject,
D. E. E.'
tirses of Salt in Agriculture
MESSRS. EDITORS—It is strongly recom
mended to use salt as a manure, 'in agricul
ture. I find very few who can confidently,
from personal knowledge, recommend it. On
some soils, it yields no apparent benefit. I
tried it, and•`found it wanting." Took about
4 lbs. of salt to one barrel of water ; then
watered a row of celery, containing 150 plants,
with said solution, and in three days, they
were all decayed. I then tried one more
row, containing the above number of plants,
with the solution reduced one half, and there
was ten plants left, of a very sickly appear
ance, and in four weeks disappeared.
I commenced on a third row, with a solu
tion of about one fourth the above strength.
From this row I had fifty plants that showed
signs of holding on, until the celery. was ta
ken up in the first part of November, and
left them in the trench as-useless.
I should like to know what species of plants,
in the vegetable kingdom, it will benefit, how
applied, and what quantity ? -
It has been generally supposed theSe mate
rials act in vegetation in -the same way- as
condiments of stimulants in animal economy,
and that they render the common - food more
nutritive. - 'ls it taken up in corn crops or
crops of peas and beans, or' barley and
wheat? I have tried some experiments on this
subject, which are contradictory to thenotion
laid down, that salt is a most beneficial ma
nure. Effects equally as astonishing have
been produced by salt,-and they.only cease to
be equally wonderful to the chemist and man
of science, in whose laboratories the causes
which produce the effects are more readily
seen, than in the great laboratory of nature,
where it is most probable that hidden. and
combining causes will forever, more or less,
defeat the experiments of the wisest chemists
under the sun.
.-It has been stated,- also, That
it acts on plants. as- whisky or brandy does
with the natives, or opium does with the
In conclusion I would 'say, I have found
from experience, that waterrun through good
rich manure into a recei . ver, from the hogs
head containing the manure, is better for cel
ery plants than all the salt in . ehristendOm in
solution. jouN:WurrE. Odgensburg,
CII.IIICONL FOR SWINE.—It is not perhaps
generally known'that one of the best articles
that can be.given to swine, while in prepara
ration for the tub, is common charcoal. The
nutritive properties ,are so great that they
have Subsisted on it without other food for
weeks together: Geese confined - so as to de
prive them of motion, and fattened on three
grains of corn per day, and as much coal as
they 'can devour, have beconie fattened in
eight days. The hog 'cats voraciously, and
after dilate time, and' s never sick while he
has a good supply, -- It - should always be
kept in the sty, and be fed :te' the: inmates
regularly like other food.
LITTLE GRAVES.---Sacred places for, pure
thoughts and holy medi4tion: are the little
graves in the churchyard. They are the de
positories- of the mother's sweetest joy, half
unfolded buds of innocence, humanity nip
ped by the frost of time, ere yet a single can
ker ivorm of corruption- had nestled among
its embryo petals. Callous, indeed, must be
the heart of him who can stand by a little
graveside and not have - the holiest, emotions
of his soul awakened -to the thought of puri
ty and joy which,belongs alone to God and
Heaven ; for the mute preacher at his feet
tells him' of life begun and life ended; without
a stain ; and surely this' be the spirit land,
enlightened by the son of infinite Goodness
whence emanated the soul of that brief so
journer among us. How swells the heart of
the parents, with mournful joy, while stand
ing by the cold earthbed of lost little ones !
—mournful because a sweet treasure is taken
away,—joyful, because that precious jewel
glitters in the diadem of the Redeemer.
ELOQUENT EXTRACT.—We copy the follow
ing extract from a new work entitled " The
Old House by the River :"
Go preach to the dead, ye Who deny the im
mortality of the affections. Go reason with
trees or hills, or images of wood, or with your
own motionless, lifeless, icy souls, ye who be
lieve that because there is no, marrying yon
der, there shall be no embracing, or because
we may not use the gentle words " my wife,"
we may not clasp those sanctified' forms in
our arms ! I tell you, man, that immortality
would be a glorious cheat, if with our clay
died all our first affections. I tell you that
annihilation would be heaven, if I could be
lieve' that when my weary head' at length
rests on its coffin pillow, and my lids sink to
the silence and repose of death, those loving
eyes will never look into mine again, that
pure clasp never be around my neck, that
holy caress never bless me more.
BEAUTY OF A RELIGIOS LlFE.—The' beauty
of a religious life is one of its greatest rec
ommendations. What does it possess? Peace
to all mankind—it teaches us .thdsc arts
which render us beloved and respected;
which will contribute to our present comfort
as well as our future happiness. Its great
est ornament is charity—it inculcates noth
ing but love and simplicity of action—it teach
es nothing but the purest spirit of delight;
in short, it is a system perfectly calculated
to benefit the heart, - improve the mind, and
enlighten the understanding.
Tut Sox or NAPOLEOI!L---It is now denied
that the Austrian Government has consented
to the removal of the mortal remains of the
Duke de Reichstact to Paris. An Austrian
paper says ;
The son of the great Napoleon was, by or
der of the late Emperor Francis, buried with
the other members of the Imperial family of
Austria, and the' present Monarch has far too
great a respect fur the memory of his ances
tors ever to think of acting in opposition to
his expressed will.
A TlAppy FlunstnE. 2 —H9me is the resi
dence not merely of the body but of the heart;
it is a place for the affections to unfold and
develope themselves ; for children to lore,
and learn and play in ; for husband and
wife to toil smilingly together, and make life
a blessing_ The object of all ambition should
be to be happy at home ; if we are not hap
py there; we cannot be happy elsewhere,—
Tt iathe best proof of the virtues of a family
circle to see a happy fireside.
.Within a few years, no less than sev
en representatives of foreign Governments
have married American ladies.
PROFESSIONAL & BUSINESS CARDS.
anPR. JOHN MeCULLOCII, offers his
professional services to the citizens of Huntingdon
vicinity: Office at Mr. Itildebrand's, between the Ex
change and Jackson's Hotel. ' Aug. 28, 155.
P. CAMPBELL, Attbrney' at Law,
• Office in the brick row near tho Court House.
JOHN SCOTT. • SANIIIII, T. BROVi - pi.
QCOTT & BROWN, Attorneys at .141:v . v . ;
Huntingdon, Pa. Office same as that formerly Occu
pied by Mr. Scott. Huntingdon, 0ct.17, 1853.
— TOTIN N. PROWELL, Attorney at Law,
ca Will attend faithfully to all legal business entrusted
to his care. lluntiuplun, July 20,1555.
TOHN FRISCH, Watch Maker, 4.1.-
ty Can be found. at E. Snare's Jewelry Store: All It."'.
work warranted. March 13, 1855.
T SIMPSON AFRICA, . County .Sur
o veyor, Huntingdon, Pa. Office on MU street. •
DRS. MILLER & FRAZER,
DENTISTS, Huntingdon,' Fa. Offices '4.LCICDff' .
On Bill street, opposite the Court House, and
North East corner of Hill and Franklin. Jan. 9, 1850.
T & W. SAXTON, Efuntingdou,
Dealers in Dry Gook:, Groceries; Hardware, Queens
ware, Hats, Caps, Dents, Shoes, Grain, &c., &c.
Dealer in books, Stationary, Wall - Paper, Sx. &c
P. GW IN
11 Q Dealer in Dry Goods, Groceries,UarcliTare, Queens
ware, Hats , and Caps, Boots and Shoes, &c.
,& H Bl ti t h o ,zit,
- L) McGILL, '
te Founder, Alexandria, Huntingdon county, Pa
Dealer in Dry Goods, Read• Made Clothing, Gro
ceries, hoots aad•Shoers, Hats and Caps, etc:
0 Dealer in Ready Made Clothing, 'flats and Caps,
Boots and &c.
- DEN J. JACOBS,
_LI Dealer in Dry Goods, ROA,- ',l.datlo Clothing, Grocer-
Qncenswaro, Sic% Sze.
E VI WESTBROOK,
Dealer in Gentlemen's,
_Ladies' and Misses' Boots,
;Shoes, Gaiters. etc.
.ONG & DECKER,
4 Dealers hi Groceries, Confectionaries, Qucensware
TOSEPH REIGGER; •
9_9 Watchmaker and dealer in Watches, Cluck, and Jew
EDM. SNARE, •
Dealer in Watches ; Clock - s,;Teweiry, Musical Instru
Plain and Ornaine,ritrdMarble Manufacturer
T QVE and McDIV.I.T,
J Dealers in Cirocerics, ConilictionaricH, Flour, 4:c
JAS. A. BROWN and CO.,
Dealers in all kinds of Hardware
CUNNINGHAM aud. DUN N,
. Dealers in Dry Cools, Groceries, Hardware Queens : -
ware, Grain. &e. &c.
Carriage and Wa.ggnii .Maniiliteturer
Proprietor of the . PartnerB' Home hotel
A NDREW MOEBUS,
Proprietor of the Broad Top House
JIIN F. RAMEY,. Practical Surveyor,
ZY Huntingdon, Pa. Office on Hill street, one door east,
of the Huntingdon Marble Yard. -
REFERENCES—L. T. 'Watson, Thilajelphia ; J. P. Leslie,
Geologist, Philadelphia; Charles Mickley, Rough and
Ready Furnace, lion. Jonathan M‘Willianel. •
- A DAMS & CO'S EXPRESS: T. K.
i - a....9 - aursToN. A gent, linntingdon, Pa. MOTIPy,
ages, and (locals of all-kinds received and t'on‘arded at the
risk of the Company, to all the cities :ind principal towns
in the United States.
AtRBISO'N, DORRTSA CO.,
ler Miners, and Dealers in Brovid Top Coal, Huntingdon
_Llliners. and Dealers in Broad Top Coal, Hunt iugflon
ESSLER, WHITNEY -& CO.,
Miners, and Dealers in Dread Top Coal, !Dint ingilori
- DOWEL, SAXTON & C0., -
Miners, and DC;alersixt Broad Top Coal. J. W.;..axton,
flintin,gdon; A. Hare Powel, sfi Walnut E.q.. Philadelphia.
51 1 44‘6 1- 11)Ej .1) L 'INS S , Lie 9 ul O ly K O l ne J rL :l l ' l l° C
'Velltllle, clot elegantly . illustrated. „Price 4 ; 1"5 Mail
ed free of postage on the receipt of the retail price.
OPINIONS OF 'TIE PRESS
This volume will be read with satisfaction by those who
most enjoyed the "Sacred Evening
It is full of deep interest, and written in a most glow
ing and beautiful sty le.—Loui.seille Journal.
There is merit sullicient in the work to snake it ti favo
rite with, tne lover of things associated so close With Bib.
liner history.—DcGroit Daily Adverliecr.
Thb writer has a powerful use oflitnguage and though
he enters upon his task with a true devotional spirit Ise
invests his theme with an interest sure to lisscinate the
general reader.—S. Evening Gazelle.
A finished specimen of style and workmanship.—Buf
jalo Christian, Adtrocate.
lle has clothed his ideas 'with lofty and beautiful leis.
gunge and treated the subject in a manner becoming Hs
The style is different from ,J. T. Headley, and perhaps
better adapted to the subject. It is simple and unpreten
ding, but plain and forcible.----Boston Journal.
It is written In a style of poetic prose suited to the sub
ject, and snakes sonic glowing pictures of the ••Sacred
Plains," spreading them oat in all their oriental loreli
31C,S, and investing them with a charm and interest that
belongs only to scriptural scenes.—. Medina Tribune.
An elegant book, both in contents and appearance—fit
ted to adorn and increase the value of any library.—Bitf:
falo Daily Repuhlia.
This volume is handsomely 11114r:idea with views of
many spots male interesting by the sacred history.—Bus
ton Daily Advertiser.
The author has fhithfully executed his design, mid pre
sented to the public a book replete with interest and in
struct ion.---Oenenee. Republic.
The materials of the several chapters seem to have been
collected with great care.—Salem Observer.
inserting the foregoing three times and
sending a copy to -the Publishers, will receive a copy of
the above work, and also the Economic Cottage Builder,
prepaid. WANZER, CO., Publishers,
july2-3t Buffalo, NOV York
THE BEST CHEESE always on hand
at 14 cts., at LOVE'S MeDIVIT'S.
OBAC CO, Segars and Snuff, the best,
atLOVE A: McDINIT'S.
BEST SUGARS, from 18 to 15 cents,
at LOVE & atcaIUVII7S.
EST COFFEE, at 14 cents, to be had
VD at LOVE &
-r;EST MOLASSES from 50 to 75 ets„
by the gallon, at ' LOVE A; McDIVIT'S:
. 4 4 . I 3_ epper' ance au
; Catsup, at LOVE Sz MeT)IVIT'S.
-UMBRELLAS and Parasols; .of a new
style, just receivecVancl_for sale by
ap11.6 J. Sc W. SAXTON.
ARE you afillete'd. with Rheurnati,sm ?
J.OHN C. WESTBROOK, of Cassvillo, manufactures
a sure cure for Rheumatism. December 7, 1855.
WL. Be MUSGRAVE - & - , CO., Whole
. sale Druggists, and Dealers in Drugs, Spices,
Chemicals, Dye-Stuffs, Acids, Glassware, Paints, Oils, Glass,
376 Market Street above 11th, South Side,Philadel
Druggists and country merehantt are requested to
give them a call and examine their stock and prices, before
making their purchases. May 25, 1856.
HE EST BRANCH INSURANCE
COMPANY, of Lock Haven, Pa., insures Detached
dings, Stores, Merchanclize, Farm Property, and other
Buildings, and their contents, at Moderate rates.
DinEcrons—Hon. joint 3.. Pearce; Hon. G. C. Harvey,
John B. 11,111, T. T. _Abrams. Charles A. Mayer, D. K. Jack
man, Charles Crist, W. White, 'Peter Dickson, Thomas
Kitchen. • •
lion. G. C. Harvey, President; T. T. Abrams, Vice Pres-
Went ; Thos. Kitchen, Secretary.
ItEmrtmicts—Samuel H. Lloyd, Thos. Bowman, D. D., A.
A. Winegardner ' Wm. Vanderbelt, L. A; Mackey, Win.
Fearon, A. White, Dr. J. S. Crawford; James (Wiggle; A.
Updegraff, John W. Maynard, JaMeS Armstrong, Hon.
Simon Cameron, lion. Wm. Bigler.
A. S. HARRISON, Agent.
Huntingdon, April 9, 1856.
JA b3 l,l s , Shoulders and Flitch for sale
rrHE HUNTING-DON FOUNDRY IN
xair.LAST AGAIN !—The subscribers tali° this method
of informing their friends and the public generally, that
they havo rebuilt the Huntingdon Form
, dry, and are now in successful operation,
and are prepared to furnish Castings. of
14 1 4417 - F "";, every description, of best quality and
Avorkmanship, on short notice, and on
reasonable terms. Farmers are invited to call and exam
ine' our Ploughs. We are manufacturing the Hunter
Plough. This plough took the first premium at the Hun
ting-don county Agricultural Fair last fall. Also, Hunter's
celebrated Cutter Ploughs, which can't be beat—together
with the Keystone,- Hillside and Bar-shear ploughs. We
have on hand" and are manufacturing Stoves—such as
Cmik, Parlor, and Office stoves for wood or coal. Hollow
ware, consisting of Kettles, Boilers, Skillets, all of
which we will sell cheap for cash or in exchange for coun
try produce. Old metal taken for castings. By a strict
attention to business, and a desire to please, we hope to re
ceive a liberal share of public patronage.
CUNNINGHAM & BRO.
' Huntingdon, April 30, 1856.
QPECIAL NOTICE !—lt. C. McGILL
wishes to inform his friends and the public generally,
id t • that he has bought the Alexandria Foun
dry, lately owned by Israel Grafting, Esq.,
m ogether with its Patterns, Flasks and
z 717 a t - 4 A , „;„„ other contents. And fro his long expe
rience in the business, he hopes to obtain
a share of the public patronage. As he has the Foundry
in full operation, he can furnish all who may give him a
call with all kinds of Castings, such as Bolling Mill, Forge,
Grist and Saw Mill Castings,-improved Thrashing Machirup
Castings. And in a short time will have Cook. Stoves of
various sizes and. improved patterns for wood and coal.=
Also, ten-plate, air-tight, parlor, and bar-room stoves, of
various sizes, for wood or coal. • Also; Castings - for houses,
cellavgrates, such as Lintels, Sills, Sash weights, etc.—
Ploughs of every description, the latest and most improved
styles. Also, Sled Soles and Wagon Brixes, oven frames,
large hells, and water pipes. Hollow ware---consisting of
kettles, boilers, etc. Having turning lathes he will be
able to furnish any of the above named articles of either
wood or iron—and all other kinds of Castings, "too nu
merous to Mention," all of which will be soldcheaper than
ever for Cash and all kinds of country produce. Oldinetal
will be taken in exchange for castings. Bring along your
old metal, your cash and country produce, whin any arti
cles are Wanted. 11. C. McGILL.
Alexandria, April 2.3,
Fri '+(i) ffiill YO BLIC.—The undersigned
g informs his friends and the public generally, ;4
that helms leased the FARMERS' HOME HOTEL, Mk
in the borough of Huntingdon, and is now prepared " 9,
to accommodate "with boarding and lodging all who may
faVor him with a call. His Bar is furnished with the best
. . . ..
11,TVE1tV STABLE.—IIe has :1160 proviiled
himself with a good stock of gorses, Car
riages, Scc.. for the accommodation of the pub- -
lic, at reasonable charges.
- HENRY MOIANIGILL.
Ilantim r ,-don, April 7,
BOOKS! BOOKS ! 40,000 VOlllilleS
of new taut popular Books, embracing every variety
usually kept in a Philadelphia Book Store,
and many of them at half the Publisher's
= l l - retail prices, the subseriller now offers to
.4 1 V 1 E 4 the public.
'All .School Books used in the county can
be bad in any quantities at retail and wholesale rates.
Foolscap, Letter, and Wrapping-paper,
wholesale, or by the ream.
100 Superior Gold Pens with Silver and
Gold eases, from $1 upwards.
Also Pocket and Pen Knives of Rogers'
and others' best manufacture.'
100 Splendid Port Monniaes and Pocket
Books at 20 cts. and upward..
3,000 pieces Wall Paper of the latest and,
prettiest i..tyles, just received front New York and Phila
delphia, prices from 10 cats a piece and upwards.
500 beautifully painted and gold gilted
Window Shades at 44 cts. and upwards.
_ The public have but to call and examine, to be convinc
ed that in buying of the above stock they will be pleased
and also save money. Remember the place, corner of
Montgomery and Jut ilroad streets. WM, COLON.
Thintingdon, April 16,-1856.
NEW 'GOODS ! NEW GOODS ! AT
D. P. WIN'S. D. P. Gavin has just received from
Philadelphia a largo and beautiful usztortinent of Spring
and Summer Goods, consisting of the most fashionable
Dress Goods for Ladies and Gentlemen, such as Black
Silks, Chamelion and _Fancy Sillea, Silk Challi, Challi De
lains, Springo Styler of Ilan - 01ton 'Mains Darage-s, all
Wool Delains, Fancy and Domestic Gingfim. Deharge,
Madonna Cloth, Alpaca, Lawns, and Prints of every de
scription. ' . _
Also a large lot of Dress Trimmings, Dress
ntmons. Rolm&Ce.inis, Ribbons, Gloves, Mitts, Hosiery,
Laces, Veils, Collars, Tholers!mires, Cliirnizetts, 3.lohair
Head Dresses, Summer Shawls, &c. .
Also, Cloths, Black and Blue, Black and
Fancy Cassim ..
ers, Cassinets,,Testim4s, Cotton - Drills, Nan
keen,'Muslins bleatted and unbleached, 'ricking; Checks.
Table Diaper, Woolen and Linen Table Covers, and a vari
ety of goods tdo numerous-to mention:-
Also, Bonnets and fiats, Boots and Shoiss,Vq
Zogneensware, Hardware, Buckets, Churns,
5 - ..a.Tubs, Baskets, Oil Cloth.
Groceries, Fish and Salt, and all goods
usually kept in a country- - store.
illy old customers, zual as inaly new ones as can crowd
in, are respectfully requested to call and examine my
All kinds of country produce taken in exchange for
goods at the highest uia:•l:et prices.
Huntingdon, April t)','7lS:l6.
SPRING AND SUMMER GOODS,
LATEST ARRIVAL. '
J. 8.: Y. SAXTON are now receiving, and now opening,
one of the finest aSSor t mon ts of Goods ever offered to the
citizens of this nittee, as Rdlows:
Cassimers, Sattinetts, Vebtings'
Cotton Uersls for Sumner wear.. Also, Shalleys, Derages,
Lawns and Prints, with other articles for the ladies. A
splendid lot of Black silk, Ladies' striped and barred Dress
Silly Muslin, Linn Goods, and in filet, every article of wear
ing, apparel necessary fur the Lathes.
Hosiery and Paney Goods. Also,talkinds
of Dress Trimmings, Gloves, Combs, ribbons, Hair Broods,
Dress Caps, and every kind usually kept in a country store.
Bonnets and Straw lists of the, latest styles; silk, crape,
and straw bonnets. ' Hats awl Caps of the very latest
styles, and of ever' shape and color. .
Boots and Shoes. Our stock of Boots and
Shoes can't be beat for quality and cheapness of prices,
and one of the finest stocks ever offered.
Carpet and Oil' Cloth. A splendid assort
ment of Carpet, Drug, , gett, and Oil Cloth. Also-Alard
ware, the best assortment in town, not excepting the Hard
ware establishment, and at -lower prices. Queensware;
Groceries, Tobacco, Segars, Willow 'ware and Cedar ware,
Ropes, Tow-lines, and
„Cords, and everything usually kept
in a country store, can be had at the Cheap Store of
..Z.untingdon, April 16, 1856.
ti; W. SAXTON.
MHE CHEAP CORNER FOREVER!
A . , : SPRING and SUMMEIIt GOODS, Ilcady-Nade Cloth
ing, &c.—BENJAMIN JACOBS informs his old customers
and the citizens of the bcirough and county of Hunting
dongenerally, that he has just opened an extensive.assort
ment of Goods of all kinds suitable Mr Spring and Swim
mer, which will compare in quality and prices with any
others -brought to town the present season. His stock
consists of every article of Ladies' Dress Goods. In part,
Giughams, Lawns, printed and plain Bareges, Prints of all
kinds, Muslins, Gloves, Hosiery, dc., &c., in fact all arti
cles of dress to he found iri any other store in town. •
Also,,an extensive assortment of Ready
made Cloting, for men and boys, for spring and summer
-wear, all well madoand of good materials. Also, Hats,
Caps, Boots and Shoes, of all sizes.
- Also, Groceries, Queenswarc, Glass-mire,
Hardware, equal to any in town; and many mord articles
",too numerous to mention." ,
- 11.1 y old customers and the public in general, are _invited
to call and examine my new Goods. They will find them
equal in quality, and as low iu price, as any others in the
',kW - kinds of country p . roduce taken in exchange' for
Goods at the highest market prices.
• Huntingdon, March 26, ME.
OLD STROUS HAS COME AGAIN
with a splendid stock of CLOTHING, made up in
the latest styled of the choicest Cumls.' The sl i pck consists
in part of Dress and Frock Coats, Pants, Vests, &c., &c., all
of which will be disposed of at low rates.•
Also, a , good assortment of
Comprising Bareges, Tissues, Challeys, De Laines, Brif
liantes; Lawns, &c. _ _
Also, GROCERIES, &e. -
anxious to secure a part of the public confidence
and patronage, I will do my utmost to merit the same,
and therefore would earnestly solicit those about purchas
ing any thing in my line, to call:and examine my Stock
before going elsewhere, as I shall always keep a complete
Stook-constantly on hand, to enable Me to suit the tastes
of all ho may feel inclined to 'favor me with their custom.
Remember your old friend Mosel
Dorris' Building, Iluntingdon, Pa
March 1% ISii6.
G ROCERY AND CONFECTIONA
RY STORE. LONG Sr, DECKER, respectfully in
form their• friends and the public in general, that they
still continue the Grocery and Confectionary business,
under the Sons of Temperance HA on Main stret, Hun
tingdon, where they have now on hand a full and general
Groceries and Confectionaries, .
which they will sell wholesale and retail. They have also
on hand Buckets, Salt, Carpet l3ags, Fancy Articles, &d.,
&c., &c., all of which they will sell cheap: Country pro
duce taken in exchange for Goods—the cash paid when we
have no Goods to suit customers.
As we are determined to accommodate all who may call at
our store, we incite an examination and trial of our stock.
LONG 6 DECKER.
UNTING DON COMMERCIAL
SCHOOL.—This school has been opened in the Hall
fertilely used by the Sons of Temperance, on Hill street
The course of instruction embraces Single Iv& Double
Entry Book-keeping, Lectures on Commercial science and
also Lectures on Commercial Law, Ethics, and Political
Economy, delivered by members 'of the Bar.
The Student passes through a course
four hundred forms, writing out, Journalizing, Posting,
and closing four entire sets of Books, solving Problems,
&e., precisely as in real business, and in addition to thikt
he has largo practice in oral and blackboard exercises, in,
opening and closing Single amt Double Entry Books, in,
Partnership; Administration, Joint and Compound Com
pany settlements, in receiving a partner into. co-partner
ship, and settling with a retiring one; all .of which,
together with various other exercises anu calculations,
cannot tail to give full satisfaction ausl.proftt the li2arnert.
Students can enter •at any thus, a day or evening clasS,
or both, if they wish—the time is unlimited. They can,
leave at any time and return at pleasure without addition-.
- Assistance given, when required, in opening mul t i
For any other particulars address personally or by lefterK,
T. H. POLLOCK,
Huntingdon, April 2, 1.856
triLOTHING A NEW ASSORT--
MENT JUST OPENED! and will be sold 30 per.cen4.
CHEAPER than the cheapest.
11. ROMAN respectfully informs his customers, and the.
public generally, that he has just opened at his store room,
in Market Square, Huntingdon, a spleuAkl, neW stock of
Clothing for Spring and Sumner,
which he will sell cheaper than the same quality of Goode.
can be purchased at retail in Philadelphia orrAny other
establishment in the country.
Persons wishing to buy Clothing would do well to call
and examine his stock before purchasing elsewhere.
Huntingdon, April 2, 1E56.
HUNTINGDON - CARRIAGE AND
WAGON MANUFACTORY.—OWEN BOAT, thank
ful for past favors, respectfully informs ,71,%r
the public in general that he has removed... 1E
to his newshop on Washington street, on
the property lately and for many years oc
cupied by Alex.. Cannon, where he is prepared to .manufac
ture all kinds of Carriages, Buggies, noekaways". Wagons.
and in short, every kind of vehicle. desired. Rockaways,
and Buggies of a superior manufacture and finish always
on hand and for sale at fide prices.
Repairing of all kinds done at the shortest notico and on,
the most misonable terms.
lluntingdon, MIT 16, 1854
LATEST 'ARRIVAL OF SUMMER
GOODS nt the BROAD-TOP DEPOT. CUNNINCHLS.3I
& DUNN, have juqt received a well selectectsteek of Spring
and Summer Goods, consisting of
Dry Goods, Oroecties,
Hats and Caps.
Boots and Shoes.
Hardware. Queensware, Cedarware. Crockery-ware, stone
and earthen, Tin ware, Cane Fishing Rods, Beady-made
Clothing, and in short ; everything usually kept in a coun
Fish, Salt, Bacon and Plaster, kept con
stantly for sale. Call and examine our goals and judge
for yourselves. All kinds of country produce taken at the
highest market price in eXehange for Goods.
The highest market price paid for Grain. Prompt atten
tion paid to storing and forwarding all kinds of Merchan
Huntingdon. May 14, 1850.
i - E YARD. The undersigned
respectfully call attention of the citizens
of 3 uT_
ntingdon and the adjoining counties to the stock of
beautiful marble now on hand. Ile is prepared to furnish
at the shortest notice. Monumental Marble, Tomb, Tables
and Stones of every desired size and form of Italian or
Eastern Marble, highly finished, and carved with appro
priate devices, or plain, as may suit.
Building :Marble, Door and Window Sills, Jtc.,. will bo
furnished to order.
W. W. pledges himself to furnish material and work
manship equal to any in the country. at a fair price. Call
and see, before you purchase elsewhere. Shop on Hill
street, Huntingdon, Pa.
Huntingdon, May 16, 1555.
i. COUNTRY DEALERS can buy Cloth
ing from me in 'Huntingdon at WHOLESALE. as
cheap as they cnn in the cities, as I have a Wholesale Store
in Philadelphia. H. ROMAN.
Huntingdon, April 2, 1856.
S, CLOCKS,, AND ~"
y JEWELRY. The subscriber, thankful to A1 f. ... !
his friends and patrons. and to the public. gener-1, •. , -.. 42 .
ally, for their patronage, still continues to carry on at the
same stand. one doer east of Mr. C. Conts' Hotel, 'Market
short, lluntingdon, where he will attend to all who- will
favor him with their custom ; and also keeps on laud a
good assortment of Watches, Clocks, Jewolry,_
&c.. ttc., all
of which he is determined to sell at low prices. Clocks,
Watches and Jewelry of all kinds will be repaired at short
notice, and having made arrangements with a good work
man, all repairs will be done in a neat and durable manner,
and any person having articles for repairhsg, shall have
them done at the promised time. By paying strict atten
tion to liminess. and selling at low prices, he hopes to re
ceive a share of public patronage. .
I~TAIL LINE from Mount Union to
onAmnEREBURG. The undersigned still 'contin
ues to run a triweekly line of stages over the road between
Monut Union and Chambersburg. • Coed horses and com
fortable stages have been placed on the route, and experi
enced and trusty'drivers will superintend the, running of
the Coaches. The proprietor of theline is desirous that it
be meintaired, and he therefore earnestly calls upon the
public generally to patronise it, confident that it will ho
for their mutual rolvautage." E:ery attention necessary
will be given, and the running of the stages will be regu
kl,),..Stages leave Mt. Union at .5 o'clock, "p.- m., every
Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday—returning on Mondays,
Wednesdays ;nut Fridays; arriving at 'Mount Union in
time for the cars. Stages stop at Shirleysburg,, Orbisonia,
Sluelt.: (lap, Burnt Cabins, Fannetaburg, Horse Yalloyi
Strasburg, and Keefer's store.
VO.-__Fare, through $3,00; to intorrnediato points in pre
portion. "" JOILN JAMISON.
August 22, 1855-tr.
FOUNDRY AND MACHINE SHOP
FOR SALE. The tulvertii•er offers at private sale
the concern known as the " Keystone Machine Works," in
This property consists of a corner lot of 78x105 feet, Sit
uated near the breast of the town, On the premises aro a
Machine shop, Foundry, Blacksmith shop and Brass Fut:-
nace. The buildings were all erected expressly for their
present use. The machinery, tools and fixtures are of the
best description and in good repair.
The location is one of the best in the town, and is well
adapted fun carrying on a general foundry and machine
business, and would also be a first rate point for agricultu
ral machine building.
The ground and buildings will be sold with,the machin-.
cry, or leased, as parties may &wire.
A sale will he made on liberal terms, and to enterprising
men this is a rare opportunity to embark in a well estab
lished business. For further information address
May 7.1856. Harrisburg, Pa.
QTAUFFER & HARLEY. CHEAP
WATCHES and JEWELRY, wholesale and
retail at the "Philadelphia Watch and Jewelry -.."
Store," No. 96, North Second street, corner of
Quarry. Philadelphia. • 1
Gold Lever Watches, full jewelled 18 carat eases,...".s2B 00
.... 24 00
Silver Lever Watches, full jewelled, - 12 00
Silver Lopine, jeweli o , 9 00
Superior Quartiers, 7 00
Gold Spectacles, 7 00
Fine Silver do., 1 50
Gold Bracelets 3 Og
Ladies' Gold Pencils, - 1 00
Silver Tea Spoons, set 5 00
Geld Pens with Pencil and Silver , Holder; , 1 00 q
Gold Finger Rings, 37;4 cents to i,'Bo ;.Watch glasses, plain,'
12% cents; Patent; ItiX ;- Lanett, '25 ; ether articles in
proportion. All goods warranted to be what they are sold,
for., STAUFFER & HARLEY.
On hand, HOMO Gold and - Silver Levers and Lepinos, still
lower then the above prices. • October 31, 185571 y.
ISHING TACKLE AND GUNS.--.
The subscribers call attention to their stock of Fish
hooks and Tackle of every
,description. Cade Reeds, Sea
Grass, Trout Flies, Lines, &c. ' Also, Fine English and
German - Gunfi, Revolving Pistols, Percussion Caps and'
Sporting Apparatus generally.
For sale at lowest Cash Prices, wholesale and retail.
April 2,1856-3 m. JOHN M. ILEYBERGER & BRO.,
. No. 47 North Second Street, Philadelphia.
E W WHOLESALE DRUG STORE
-N. SPENCER THOMAS, No. 26 South Second St.:
Philadelphia, Importer, Manufacturer, and Dealer.
Chemicals, Acids, Dye Stuffs, Paints, Oils, Colors, White - ,
Lead, French and American White Zinc, Window Glass,'
Glatsware, Varnishes, Brushes;, Instruments - , Ground.,
Spices, Whole Spices, and other articles usually kept- by,
Druggists, including Borax, Indigo, Glue, Shellac, Potash;
All orders by Mail or otherwise 'promptly
attended to. Country. merchants are 'invited to call and.
examine our. stock 'before purchasing • elsewhere. Goodi
sent to any of the wharves or' railroad stations. Prices.
low and goods wurrantcd.
Philadelphia, March 12, 18.56-Iy.
T)LINDS.4 SHADES at 'reduced Prices.
8.41-N41.110.15., No. 12 North Sixth Street, Phila.:
ia - originator of all now styles of Venetian .Blinds, -
Gold Ittirderell and Painted Shades, of beautiful designs.— :
Muff, and all other colors of Holland, used for Shades, Fix
tures, Triminings, &c. '
Store Shades Painted to order. B. J. W.
thankful for past patronage, respectfully solicits the citb,
zens of Huntingdon county to-call and examine Lila largo
assortment before purchaiing elsewhere. We study to,
please. - April 2,1856-3 m.
MACKEMACKEREL, Codfish; Salmon, Het
ring, .Pork, Hants & , Sides, Shoulders, Lard and
constantly on hand and for salo by
J. PALMER, &
April 2,1556-21 u. Market Street Wharf Philadelphia.