The Centre reporter. (Centre Hall, Pa.) 1871-1940, May 22, 1879, Image 1

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    A Llff*! Regret.
Turning the Iftaro* in an idl* way,
<>l r book that I wns rending one .lay,
I tuiimi a line at th end nl a *ong
Which keep* rm haunting tne all nay long,
With it mwt an.l mournful makxly :
' Oh, that I'd only been helpful to thee !"
A *nddr Imrden eon Id ever there lie:
Oh, that I'd only lieon helpful U> thae V'
Feu- word*, how mrnple; hut, oh, how tnucit
TTie Ringer had told in that little touch.
Ever mat the atory of chancea lout,
Of bright ho)** blighted, and true love lout,
As heard in the whißprml melody:
"Oh, that I'd only lieon helpful to thee
To many a omw the key tnav I*'
" Oh, Unit I'd only lieen helpful to thee
lite world roll* on, and year* roll hy,
And ilay -dream* vanish, and niemonee die;
ltut it Riirgrs up with a i-estlos*
That fond, lout longing, ever aguin,
Hreatheil in the passionate melody
' Oh. that I'd only tieen helpful to thee
That might have lieeti, lait not now can it lie.
" Oh, that I'd only been helpful to thee
Ma; Baskets.
Open the window. Margie,
And drew the screen away;
My life i a dull 1 hsa-inlter,
Hut tny heart's as young as May.
listen ' The laugh of children 1
"Pis a foolish thought, 1 knew.
But it mind* me d one May morning
Seventy year* ago.
When a merry troop of children
Wakeneti the quiet street
With twhhle ol talk and laughter,
Antl swinging, like oeusers sweet.
The dear old-time Mivy-lstskel*,
liihhomsi. niitl pink and white
With the Messed Mootn tiiat gladdened
The gloom of the Pilgrim,' night.
Ami 1 know hy the robin's carol,
An.l the tender green 1 see
In UiFtojt* if the dear old willow,,
'That the May will come to me.
Margie, the seent ol May-t!owei> '
1 surely, surely know
Thai one sweet breath' t ouM the sooth
Bring it so far ? 'Phey grow
A mile away on the hillside.
Put there's a knock at the door;
Oh lor an hour of quiet.
To live my May-days o'er '
What's this * " From Karl and Carrie.'
Oh. let my chair Iw roiled
Just there— into the sunshine—
And give me them to hold '
I knew their breath, dear Margie;
Forgive thtwe foolish lissrs
Hut God has sent those May-flowers
Across lite seventy vtwrs !
—.Mtiey jt. LaLKti*ry.
A Man Without Enthusiasms.
I think that net titer of us could have
analysed or satisfactorily explained our
mutual attraction, but it is certain that
my old class-mate Manson :utd I were
feist frientls. He was a most lovable
fellow, hut had begun. long before our
college course cam. tti an end. to show
that apparent lark of interest in life that
distinguishes what we call a M.x* man;
and this at times to a degree at once
amusing and exasperating.
Not long ago a party of us. in the
pleasant smoking-room of a Pacific
steamer, were talking about one of our
fellow-passengers —rather a ooor spivi
men of this class —then of the class it
self; and the ohhst member of the little
group, who had been lighting his cigar
very deliberately with the little wire
which one dips in spirits of wine, re
sumed his sent with the remark, delivered
with great emphasis;
" Well, gentlemen, it's a dreadful thing
for a young man to have no enthusiasm.'
The expression brought Manson to my
mind. Ido not know why I luwi not
thought of him before, but reminiscences
now crow dial in rapi.ily me and I
sat for some moment s looking out at the
blue waves of the l*iu-itie. and oblivious
tf the niee points of the discussion.
Finally it seemed opportune to me to
narrate to the party -one- -d the eireum
stanct s under which my friend and 1 had
been thrown T>gi-tlier.
He was*, as ourt!d schoolmaster once
saitl. "fortunatein his eh->ieeofa father,"
and I fearctl that tie ;< ndeney which I
ltave mention*-vl woui IVw developed hy
a life of virtual idlet ss; and when we
ha<i partial, and I on y knew or his div
ings through his le'.ters, and those of
mutual aequaintane s, there w:ts every
reas n to bi-lleve that my forebodings
were oornvt. Ho made a short trip to
Europe, a rt-gion which he deserihi-d as
"slow." and then nominally entered on
a business life. His abilities were ex
cellent. and his perception- quick, hut
after he lmd been for oiue time p:irtner
in a firm, a friend wrote me that when
he met hint in the street, and asked him
where his office was, he received the
•• 1 don't know. They ve moved since
I've lw-en there."
I vas traveling some years later from
India to Europe. We hail a fine steamer
from Calcutta, and some most agreeable
people on hoard. It was just about the
tim- that some of the officers who had
served in the mutiny were getting their
furlough, and fine fellow- they were.
My room-mate, a stout, jolly-looking
man with rvd side-whiskers, was in the
Residency at Lucknow. and was suffer
ing from a wasting disease, hut he was a
go<xi -hot and theyconld not spare him;
and he used to tell me how, when they
had loaded his rifle, they would prop
him up on his mattress until he could
sight a sepoy and then -ink back again.
All these men had b-en through terrible
experience*, hut they were delighted at
going home, and were generally in the
highest spirits. I remember that they
would not " turn in" at *ll the night
tliat we ran up the Gulf of Suez, and
they were eager to get .ashore in the
morning. We went up to the hotel
built around a courtyard, and found a
French woman singing "II Baeio" in
the shrillest of yokes to the accompani
ment of sundry instruments played by
compatriots in fez caps. Even the
s<iualid bazaar seemed preferable to this,
and we were turning to go thither, when
I saw , leaning against a pillar my old
friend Malison: and hut that he had a
" puggerv" on his hat. he looked for all
the world just as he had looked many
tim<-- at a performance of "Trovntore
or " Favorit.a" in the old days at Boston
when the supernumeraries were all from
our class. I was delighted to nn-et him.
presented him at onee to my party, and
insisted on his going to Cairo with us.
He assented with the remark tliat he
could not be more bored there than he
bad lioen at Su<-z. My companions ap
probated his fine r|iialities. and. as they
grew better acquainted, were disposed
to " chaff" him a little about his eccen
tricitii-s. Some time before we reached
our destination he had been telling us
his experiences on arrival in Egypt. He
had intended to go to Bombay, but had
changed his mind at Suez the day before
we arrived.
" Fellows talked to me about grand
Cairo," said lie. "called it an epitome of
the "Arabian Nights," "Portal of the
Orient," and all that sort of thing. I
began to think tliat I might amuse my
self for a day there. Our steamer was
ate; we were sent through by express,
remaining ten minutes in the Cairo sta
tion ; and all that I saw of the " Portal of
the Orient," looking with sleepy eyes
through the window of the railway
carriage, was an Englishman in a tweed
suit and a sun-hat. standing before a re
freshment bar and calling out: 'Two
and sixpence for a bottle of soda water?
Soon after that lie went to sleep, and
just as we rolled into the station I re
member that one of the party awakened
him by shouting in his ear; "Passen
gers for Sodom and Gomorrah will
change cars!"
We luul hardly tune to see the mosque
of Mebemet All and buy some attar of
roses, when we were hurried off to Alex
andria. so that our only sight of the
Pyramids was from the train. None of
us were "griffins," hut those majestic
structures command interest at all times,
and then we had borrowed that won
derful book. " Our Inheritance in the
Great Pyramid," from the captain of the
steamer, and read it carefully, so that we
were as i-ageras schoolboys. I shall never
forget the scene which ensued. We
were craning our necks to get the first
sight, and two or three of us cried out,
"There they are!" Manson had been
leaning hack in his seat with an ex
pression of weariness on his countenance.
He raised himself slightly with his
hands, took one look, and sank back in
bis old place with the remark: "One
uxors sensation gone!"
FRED. KURTZ, Kditor ami V 'ropnotor.
The summer of IHV was an unusually
hot one in China, Residents of Shang
hai passed their time in an artilieial tem
perature produeed by " punkahs" hung
over d<-k*. dining tahies and I**l- in
deed, in every praetieal situation. The
despotic, implaeahiesun rose each morn
ing as if invigorated for a new cnr*vr ol
persecution, and mocked at hamltoo
shades, blinds and < ten til'-d txmfs
Crews of v.---.-!s coming up the river
w i driv en from a 1011, and strong men,
like tin jShimamite IH>V in S, tipinn . eriisl
out. "My head 1 my head!" In the lat
ter part of September came the lirst re
iit f root nigiitm then, at last, refreshing
days. 1 was dressing one morning, with
a serene satisfaetion in tin thought that
i might put on a flannel instead of a
linen c*tat. when mv '* bo\" announced.
"tine pitaas- gentleman hah got down
side; wantehiVs.s you." Stretched out
on an extension-oliair on the \ -nutda 1
lound.on deseetiiling. my friend Manson.
Ifos pointing to m\ delighted and surprised
greetings. In- told me that in had sud
denly made up his mind to visit the far
Last, and had starttsi without reflecting
that he would ft aeh India and South,nt
China at just the wrong time. He had
Ins-n nearly dead with heat, narrow iy
est apisl a sunstroke at Canton, and wait
caught in a typhoon hetween Manilla ami
llong Kong. 1 hail a room made ready
fvr him, found him a ohml Canton eer
v:uit and introduced him at the ciuh.
He was unanimously \otsl a success.
To people as busy as we all were with
the new season's lots, a perfectly l.n/y
man was a refreshing spectacle; and his
languid indifference ami dry conversa
tion were dtviared extremely " good
In a tew weeks I marie up mv mind to
lake a two or throe days' holiday and
carry out a cherished plan v>f a taint
trip on the Yangt.-ze,ana Man-on agreed
to accompany me. We had a large
"■hi>" of Chinese model apri i i;
—a fair sailer and v t ery comfortable; and
our two Canton boys—Ah Wins; and Ah
How—and our c.x.<k were sure to give
us good living. 1 was obliged, on ac
count of the illness of my iowdah.' or
captain, to engage a new one at -hort
notice. I did not know much about him,
and did not like hi- looks, hut I never
dreamed of any trouble with him or the
crew which lie engngisl. There was a
gun-rack in the cabin, and 1 had put in
a couple of Hnlield rifles belonging to
the volunteers and two Sharp'- rilhs
from the hong, tliinking that we might
compare their performance at a target.
Manson. to my amusement. added t> the
armory an elephant rifle, carrying a
heavy hall, which he had brought from
Ceylon.and hi- own old Kentucky hunt
ing rifle, which he had been "" hacking,"
he said, against all others. I laughed at
this Imttery (little thinking what 1 was
to owe to it), and threw in&eoupleof
revolvers to complete our assortment.
I shall in vi r forget the -ail down the
Wongpoo. or Shanghai riv> r, that plea.—
ant afternoon. To appreciate the cool
breeze from the southwest one niu-t
have endured tlie sufferings of the utu
rner, and it seemed to blow rather froiu
some breezy upland '"at home." than
from the low-lying, damp paddy-field-.
As we left the settlement fx-hind I felt
like a boy having a tir-t holiday, and
even fancied that the ordinary sunset re
minded me of some of tlie gorgeous ones
I had seen in more favon-1 latitude.
We passed Wix-ung and tie dilapidat<-d
earth-works below, rounded Paoushan
Point, and nui a long way kfure we an
chored for the night. In the morning
we were under way in good season, and
bore for the north shore. We had our
coffee and toast. :md were sitting aft.
when Ah Wing, my favorite servant, as
clever and "' plucky " a bnv as ever wore
a pigtail, came aft to speak to me.
"" Master." said he, "jussee now mi sx"
two pleceejunk come. Mi tliinkee he no
good junk. Mi fear he b'long hil.'-e-looii
(they arc bulrones or pirates). Mi askce
that lowdah — he motif no speakee ploppa
(his mouth does not answer me prop
erly). lie say iunk b'long he flcn (is Id
friend). Mi w lly fear lie no good man."
I ran forward and looked at the two
junks. We had changed our course and
were running west, with the wind on
our lieam. They were coming toward
a-, but both considerably to the north,
and one more so than the other. Their
character wa unmistakable, a- was the
expression on (he lowriah's face. Hespoke
a few words ofpidgeon English, and. on
my telling him to turn, said with a grin:
*" No wantcbee go kick Shanghai."
There was not a moment to lose. 1
had not ev en time to explain matters to
Malison. It anything can make one
think and act quickly, it is the approaeh
of Chinese pirates. I jumped down the
companion-ladder, s< iz-d a targe revol
ver, loaded and capped, concealed it un
der my coat, mid told Ah Wing to come
forward with me. As I passed Manson.
who was coolly smoking, and asked no
questions. I whispered:
"Stand by the helm, and wait for the
word, in ea-e of ne-d."
I told Ah Wing, in as mild a tone as I
could command, to tell the lowilali that
he had misunderstood me, and that 1
wanted him to turn around. He was off
his guard, and replied In a rapid Chinese
sentence, and with a chuckle.
"He talkee no wnntchee," said Ah
The man was nothing to me at that
moment hut a mad dog. Why I did not
blow his brains out 1 do not know. I had
backed up to the rail and could put mv
hand on a sort of belaying pin. I think
1 even calculated the force of the blow
that laid him out on the deck, before the
villainous grin was oft" his face. Then
were five men in the crew. One was
steering, two I pitched down the little
hatch, which I secured. The others,
thoroughly frightened, did as Ah Wing,
not a bad sailor himself, told then).
Manson put the helm hard down, and in
a moment we had come about, the sails
were drawing, and we were well to wind
ward, and under full headway. I (rave
my revolver to Ah Wing, with directions
a- to what he was to do; and no " Cau
casian " could haveobeved more prompt
ly and intelligently. 'We dragged the
lo wdali aft, and pinioned hands and feet,
in anticipation of his coming to himself.
M*nson had the helm, and I asked him
to give it to one of the crew. Ah Wing
was then told (and to this day, I re
member how curiously the pidgeon Eng
lish contrasted with the grim nature of
the communication) to make it clear to
the helmsman, that if the lioat went one
inch to leeward of her course, and to the
two sailors that if they moved, except
under orders, front the positions in which
they were placed—covered by the revol
ver —they were dead men.
" You sabedue?" (you perfectly under
stand) I asked Ah AN ing.
lie was one of the few Chinamen who
have what the plainsmen happily call
and, or dogged >rrit, and I saw it in his
eye as he cocked the revolver and replied:
"Alia lightee (all right)! Mi can do.''
" At your leisure," said a <-00l voire,
"perhaps you will tell me what this is
all about,'* and Manson lighted a fresh
cheroot. I explained to him that we
hail barely escaped destruction by treach
ery, an<l were even then in a dire strait.
We could not expect to sail as fast as the
pirates, and our only hope was in their
being so far to leeward, and in range of
our rifh-s. I was perfectly sure of my
man, and there was positively none in
my whole acquaintance whom I would
so readily have with me as my old friend,
the Muse, indifferent, dilettante Manson.
He shook me by tin- hand, and said in a
cheery voice, wholly unlike his ordinary
"All right, old fellow, we'll beat
A more impetuous though equally
brave man would have been far less effi
cient. Indeed, nothing could have been
finer than his behavior. The rifles, six
in number, were brought up and laid side
by side on the top of the cabin. Ah How
told me that he "sabe loader that gun,"
and to my great surprise, our old fat
cook ("Buddha," we used to call him,
as his countenance expressed the idea of
eternal allfitcc ntul rest) volunitvred hie
si ft ices in tins line as well. Then we
settles! down to otlf Wot k. tio old I 'a im! 11l
or Viking e\ i r more collected and ill lib
erate, and at the siuuetime allowing mote
ol" iheyiikdiiiiN n rkiMiiiM than our old
Used-UP. bond lilt mlu r of tlte class ol
IN% . Could wi keep those junks out ol
lingnl range until we reached a place of
-af.!-, ' lin > hid high sterns, runt the
sleefMtUUl esitlld he plainly seen Man
son tiaik his Kentucky rille, knelt down
away aft and aimed -low iv and can ful
ly Almost simultaneously I suocecdt l
in "drawing a la-ad " on a large man in
tin bow of the junk nearer to vis .lust
as the rides emeked site fell oft' visibly
and 11ist wav In-fore the dead steersman
i-ould In- renWed, nor was the huge man
again visit.;.-
" I am afraid 1 ean't do its w ell with
the elephant ride," said Malison. " but I
van try Let us Uith tire continually at
tin s'is t>mcn Wcdidao, with vtuy
ing suis-ess Ah How and tlte cook
loaded rapidly and well, hut the rides
were soon somewhat In-ated, and the
breech-loaders tnissisl fire several linn s
The iunk- were hmviiy manned and
could quickly till the places of those
whom we shot. They also arranged
soitiii kind of protection for the helms
men, although we pierced it more than
once. I began to fel terribly wolfish,
and so tilled with ragy at our antago
nists that 1 could only with difficulty
control myself sufficiently to aim delib
erately; hut m\ friend never showed
sign.- of all acceleration of his pulsi As
regular as clock-work he took the gun
from tin- Chinamen, and never tired a
second la-fore his aim was perfort.
We rested a -Itort tiim at la-t to take a
sum \ of the situation, and could not
disguise from ourselves that it wa* ser
ious. Tlte junks were nearer, and we
were stiii quite a long way from I*aoU
shaii. There was nothing for it hut to
go to work again, and we did. For ten
minutes or more we kept up an inces
sant tire, and, although we evidently
did much damage, the distance between
u- and them had la-en perceptibly li->-
senetl. We must soon expect to hear
the report of jingals. It ciuue in a
moment more, and tin clumsy hall fell
but little -hurt of us. Manson turned to
tue, still cheery and cool.
" 1 believe then- is a foreigner there,"
-aid he, " w ho is dim-ting ami in-piring
tht-iu. lit- ha- t-t ajM-d us thu- far. If
I can get a sight of him and can hit him,
I believe we shall get rid of this junk.
Since you picked otf that last steersman
tf the hindnio-t one, she has fallen oIT
dtvidedlv. Weil, that is not so lad,"
he continued. ;tsa jingnlletll strut k the
ina-t. it- asked All How to let him
load the K, ntueky rith hi ins- if. and
imcL-urtal out the powder, wrapped the
Itall in a -crap of hu<-kskin and rammed
it carefully home. Tln-n he knelt down
and watched hi- eh;uua-. Ail this titut
Ah Wing had kt pt his eyes and the re
volver on the steersman, and our boat
had done h*-r lic-.t. Thejingnl Ivtll*
were getting uncomfortably frtsjuent.
and it was only a small satisfaction to
me to have sent an Enfield bullet
through the head of one gunner, just as
he was getting lii- siglit. Ail at once I
heard the report of Manson's rifle ami
the quiet remark from him :
" ilalx-t!"
I saw the junk fail off. saw manifest
confusion on board, saw an opening for
two or three gotsi -hots, and had -*-ir.e.l
a fre-li gun, when I heard \! How rry :
" Master, h.-tb got steamer, welly
Hardly one f us h:nl glannai aliead
for half an hour. As for the steersman
and the crew, they had clearly but one
thought, and that was—to save their
heads. "It vvas with a strange fts"ling>>l
relief and satisfa -tion that 1 -aw 11. M
gunboat Petulant puffing along toward
us. In five minutes -In- was alongside,
and I flaw my friend Lieutenant t.ra
ham's jolly fa.-e over her raii.
•' What tin- deu<-e is tin- row. old fe!-
kw?" he asked in a perplexed war. I
explained as briefly as possible, and told
him that i thought w- had almost fin
ished the job, but he was welcome to
the rest of it. He could hardly wait
Air me to tini-li my story.
"You won't come with us, then?
"Woil. pood-bye, oh! A How. See you in
Shanghai. Full speed ale-ail! Beat to
ijuarters! !*>ok sharp now, and clear
away the l*w-gun!"
In "-s than five minutes we heard it*
report, and the shot crash into the
junk's side. We hid had fighting
enough for that day and concluded to
push on for home. The junk- ltad gone
about, hut we knew tliat they were
doomsl. and the roar of the broadside
soon informed u- that it would (>• quiek
work. Ah Wing never moved. Ib
would have kept that revolver pointed
at the Chinamen until doomsday, had I
not told him that he might put it away.
Ah How and "Buddha" took the
guns below, and made everything tidy,
and w- had hardly rounded Paoushan
Point when Ah Wing came up and said:
"That cook makee enquire what thing
you iikii- chow chow " (cat).
We had a jolly dinner the next night.
Lieutenant Graham and a couple of his
officers came just in time. They had
handed the survivor of the junks' crews
over to the Chinese authorities, in whose
care our rascally lowdah also was. They
had made short work of their tight, and
hadnocasualties. When the cloth wa*
removed. 1 tried to get Manson to make a
speech, but the only thing i could get
him to say was that he was never less
bored in his life than during the skirm
I have not seen him for years. He
drifts between the Old and the New
World, and when I last wrote to him I
quoted Hawthorne's expression about
the danger of doing si until the only in
heritance left him in either was the six
feet for his final resting-place. But, as
1 hail before insisted to my group in the
smoking-room, it is a great mistake to
judge by appearances, and I am surer of
nothing than that I shall never see a
finer fellow, on this side of Jordan, than
ray friend, the man without enthusiasms.
A Bath in the Bend Sen.
A correspondent, after bathing in the
Dnwl S-a. describes hi-- experience In the
following words: The water, which is
quite clear, and nearly the color of the
Niagara river below the falls, seemed to
me a little more bitter and salty than that
of Salt lake, although brighter and more
attractive to the eye when m.en close at
hand. Its supporting power struck mens
a little greater, also, than that of Salt
lake/as the body floated more easily, and
the difficulty of swimming was greater
on account of the inability to keep one's
feet under water. So large a quantity of
salt is held in solution that the water has
what is calks], I believe, a "ropy" ap
pearance. much like that of a plate of
WeU-CMMM tapioca soup. I observed,
however, that when we came out of the
water there was not so large a deposit of
salt crystals on the body as after a bath
in Salt lake anil the A-eling of the skin,
instead of being dry and prickly as I ex
pected, was rather oily and sticky. Our
dinner that night was seasoned with salt
made from Dead Sea water bv solar
evaporation. It was a little lighter in
color than the In-st article of brown sugar.
Its crystals were large and hard, and,
though foreign substances were evidently
present in considerable quantity, it was
not unpleasant to the taste. I wits told
that two quarts of water will produce
one quart of salt, hut this is probably an
exaggeration. To complete t,lie statistics
of t his remarkable liody of water, I may
add, what many of my readers may al
ready know—that there is no living thing
of any kind in it; that even the drift
wood brought down by tin- floods in the
Jordon is speedly east upon its shores;
tliat its length is about forty-five and its
greatest width about ten miles; that it is
over 1,300 feet at its deepest point; and
that the immense quantity of Ircsli water
poured into it daily is undoubtedly taken
up by evaporation, as its great depth lie
low the basin of the Mediterranean must
preclude the idea of a subterranean out
slum In* h<- I'm I lltsl II II *, 4'anals
khlw, Mrtatlur*. Tr I. t s|tlt., ('*•
|M|M 1., Hull* tool !!• I ski 111 Itlr
T tit *. 11 u.
The w heal crop ol the I nit<al Stat's
lor la?H was lUO.UOO.UOU bushels It is
easy enough to write the figures, but a
hard matter for the mind to grasp tin
idea of so enormous a quantity Bis
etloUgll to li.i I" I'l t l ih'W llig a gtaliai \ a
mile long, a thotiKind fit with- ami one
hundred feet high Totraiisjmrt it a< ross
the Atlantic would ris|uin YtkWof the
largest ships that sail on the teas; or,
loaded into freight ears, it would till
1 ,'230,0dd of them, whit-It would make a
train long enough to r< u-h from N- w
T "i k to San Franeisett and lun k again
What Iwa-omes of this enormous crop-"
Well, a general answer to this question
is not difficult. We retain ahatf 9M,
usviksi bushels for our own ue. t► he
ground into flour and u-ed for soil, ami
Uie balance of l?i,oot.l*m bllslit ls is lit
abroad, i hit fly to ftasl the ovel crowded
population t-f (Jreat Britain. It i- this
t-xporttsl bahutee thai is ehieflx illicit -t
--ing to the Aiinritaii farmer. It it brings
a good price—it the W heat crops of Eu
rope are s, aiitv, so that people mils! sup
ply tht-IU-elve-fiatlll the I lilted State-ol
g.t without tlien the American farmer
gets well paid fttr his whole crop. Ixttl.
for w Ital is used here ami w hat gi*-*
ahroatl. But if, on the other hand, the
European crop.- are plentiful, so that a
very small extra supply is m-eded, then
the American farmer find- prices low
and his crop for that year unprotitabie.
In iheoiy thi- is alsioluteiy true, hut
ill praellee tin stlUeimait litvtls -ollle
modification The farmer has ti l*ar
tlie full burdt-n of low prices, but most of
the adv milage of a list in value is often
reaped hy merchants, sptvuiaior* ami
other miudletneu, who stand t*-lwien
tin- farnn-r ami the foreign tonsuiui r. ami
who, forest < ing th' ath ants- in prit-e, buy
cheap from the former ami sell dear to
tin- latter.
To a certain extent, thi- condition of
a flairs is unavoidable; and, indeed, tin
farmer should be the last man to wish
it utterly altoiished. Tin- machinery by
hieh tie- distribution of the bulky pro
ducts of tin-earth i- at eoiujtiishtai, is not
only one of tin-w end'r- of lmttlern cit
ilization, but it is civilization it.-. If. Tin
railways that span the continent, that
Itritige the \ast rivers, ami i*tre th ir
way through imiHtk-alile mountains; the
canals that U-ar liundreds of thousand*
of tons of freight slow mm ing Iroiu the
midland country to the s.a; the giant
eletators that do the work of tranship,
ment st safely ami so s|ttssliiy ; the shi|is
that cross the ocenn ; tlte telegraph lines
ami cables that flash iiitt'llic- lnx- from
events, and tell the |teop!e of one place
what is wanUnl by those *>f another;
the merchants who mt*i on 'fhangt to
huv ami sell; the posttiffiwuthe instir
ame eomptnies that guarantee the im-r
--rhant against tin loss of his cargo; a.,
those are necessary agents in the work
of distribution, nnu are entitled to com
pensation for their iaßtr. Every one of
them is paid, and justly paid out of the
laltorn tf prodtuvrs, of farmers, miners
and maiiufat turers. The trouble is, that
tliev often get more pav than they an
t-milled to. and, growing wealthy hv
t|.-irre,-s. btsxuuf the masters of the pro
ducers. instead ttf their faithful and efll
en nt servants.
To appreciate tlnste trutiis. it is only
neees-ary f**r the farmer to suppos.- him
self deprived of the WTVio-s of any of
these distributing agents, ami *>.*• to
what a erinph-tl eonditi*>n In would l
rt*lu. . tl. Without our - ana - and rail
way-. the grain crops of the West might
rot upon the land t-r t*- consuim-d a
fu. 1; witiiout elevator* tin annual laltor
of iransit-rring grain from on* eonvey-
an on to another would !• large o in
creased: without tie te.egmpli and tie
|Hw>tolliee to carry intelligent e, and
new-puj>er* to make it dimply nvailable
foreverylwutv,nomereliant could funs.t
what he *M likely to rest lite oil Ills
shipment*. Ivor w hut prii*e he could af
ford to pay the pn>du< r; without mer
chants, the f.utuer would 1- com pi led
to accompany his produce to tin eri
d<s>r of the consumer. to carry with him
sufficient money to defray all tin .\-
pen.-es of tranj>iartatlon and tranship
luent. and to spend the monilut that
should 1h- occujiiial in tin production of
a second crop in end voting to dispose
of the first.
Is-tu- supfsisc that we have, in 1 'hi
cago. a lot of wheat, graded as No
Chicago Spring, which is sold at the
ruling price of the day. eighty-six cents
jw-r bu-hel. Now, what determine- the
price of this wheat 5
ltotore the days of ocean telegraphy,
prices dependis! largely ujMin guess
work. A merchant who Itought grain
in March to send to England, might not
know until niidsuiniiier whctlur he had
realized a profit or loss, lie made the
ln-*t rah-ulation In- could about tin-price
grain would le likely to hear in the
K.nglish market at t .c time hi- slnp
uient should arrive there, and raised or
lowered his prices accordingly, en
deavoring always to leave himself a
fair m:irgin of nrolit. l!ut nowadays tin
Atlantic cable una changisl all that. A
merchant in Ixmdon funis that lie can
make a contract to deliver a certain
quantity of grain, in liondon, six wet k
hence, at a certain pri<x\ He telegraph*
to a broker in Chicago, offering to pay
so much a bushel for No. 2 Chicago
Spring w heat, delivered in Ixindon on
a certain date. The Chicago broker at
oneeascertains tin* lowest rate at which
lie can contract with the railway and
steamship companies for transporting
such a quantity of wheat from the ele
vator in Chicago to the docks in Ixuidon.
Next lie goes upon 'k'hange to leant at
what price lie can purchase the grain.
If the cost of the grain in Chicago, ad
ded to the expense of tninsjHirting to
Indon. !■ less than the price offi-rcd
hy the I/mdon mwehnnl, tin- broker
, concludes the purchase, and |>ockct* the
diflY-renc* as a remuneration for his
trouble. Hut if the ciat of tin- wheat
| in Chicago, added to the cost of trans
| initiation. amounts to more than the
liondon merchant is willing to nay,
then one of several things hap|M-ns. The
j price of wheat may rise in I/mdon. the
English merchant making a higher offer,
! or it may fall in Chicago, or the rail
way and steamship companies reduce
• their rates of transportation, until it be
comes jKissilile for the broker to effect
sale at a profit: or, if all parties re
| main firm in their demands, no sale
, takes place, and the wheat market is
i said to Is-inactive. On the other hand,
' if the margin of profit left to the broker
: is very large, the Chicago merchants ad
j vance their nrices, ami wheat is said to
; he active ami rising.
These fluctuations in prices are antici
pated and largely speculated Upon hv
ucnliTS. Our lot of wheat, for instance,
is only worth eighty-six cents JMT bushel
to-day; hut there are plenty of people
who will agree to give us eighty-seven
rents for it. delivered at thu end of a
month, or eighty-eight cents at the end
of three months. llow do these specu
lators make their ealeulations, and
foretell a rise or fall? In the first place,
by a careful study of statistics. They
know, very nearly, what is the stock of
wheat in the entire world
and where it is. They know how much
wheat will l>e required for consumption
in different parts of the earth witliin a
given time. Combining this informa
tion. they foretell either a scarcity, or an
excessive supply, and foresee a rise or
fall. A change in the rates of transpor
tation, too, is a fmiucnt subject of pre
vision; if westward bound freights are
likely to balance tlmse eastward liound,
so that steamer lines and railways will
not he compelled to run empty in one
direction, then freights may be expected
to fall, and the price of wheat will rise
at the point of shipment. The abundance
or scarcity of money, also, is to betaken
into consideration; if money I termites
scarce wheat will fall, while if plenty,
it will rise. And lastly, the present
price of wheat uiay have been artificially
forced down, or driven up. by si* ' Uh
torn pure and simple, who buy without
ll.-Uid Hlltl St 1. with tilt* other, till they
hi nig the inai'kt I to a llgure to uit tlieiu-
Front among tin -<• various eaustw
width got tin the present ami fu Iu re
price of wheat, it Is not tliflh-Ull to seii . t
those that It is |tossihic for the farmer to
comprehend aiid iitvMiify H" cannot re*
eeiti-daily and hourly ndticea from tin
.oreigti ami domestic markets; or lair
gnin with railw ay am! steamship coiu
panies for special ran - f tranaportation;
ol lilt-el Ids fellow wheal growers Upon
'( hujige to 1< tin how far tln-y an- in
eliiied to augment or lower prices. Ail
this is proiM-rly the work of the m<-r
--t hauls and nrokt r> in tin- great eomiuer
eiai i-enters, ami the protits which they
make hy doing it are justly carm-d and
should Im allowtsl them uneomitlalniiig
!\ But when it comes to calculating
the future course of the market, am!
even, to -.lute extent, to governing it, the
tanner stands on equal grounds with llie
lucrvhanl, and, in some resjieets, has even
tile ad\ antage. 1 lie statlsti- - from wilieh
the merchant make- his ealeulatious an-
t-*|Ually at hi- service, enabling him to
fore-is- the ductU.'ttiolis of ilelliallti and
supply, a- well a- to judge whether
present prices are abnormally high or
ton Alt intelligent study of the course
of trade will teach him when the great
transportation companies will !■ likely
to lower their rate*-, ami wln n they wif]
he compelled to rni-e tin in. And a care
ful survey of tin- financial situation at
difTereiit pt rio*!- w ill instruct him as to
tin t-hli and flow of ih>- supply of money.
Moreover, In will learn that the ft nam ial
policy ol the country, ami the r, filiation
of its imiueiise railway system, are mat
ters in which In lias more than any other
man a vital and abiding int. rest, which,
a* a rule, is hut pooriy defended hy his
legislative repre-eiit.ativ cs.
Now tliat our fanm rs have discover*si
tlte advantage* of organi/atioii, ami are
assttt iating tin ins, ,v t s into granges,
farmers' clubs ami other societies, wt
may- httpe that the questions
lliav rtsa-ivt- intelligent eolisidrrjltion at
tin ir htuiih Quarterly.
From lime immemorial the rose has
l.ts-n cstis Ultsi as tin pre-eminent flower.
Tin (tixs'ks .lisiieatisi it to Aurora, the
guddi-ss ttf Morning, aa an euihlcm of
youth, from its freshitt-s ami Inurraiiee,
anti to Cupid, as an emblem of fug-achy
and danger, from its tran*it<>rin. ami
it- thorn- It was given by tin- g,*l of
l/jve t• iiar|*>erat.K, the g*td of Silence,
as a briltc, tt> j-r- vent him from Itt-lray
ing \ > nus. Am! becaus* of tlii* prtity
mytliologieal fancy it was sometime*
seuiplurcd on the ceiling- of banqueting
room* to remind tin gin -ts that what
vv .cs said in hours of eoiivivinlity ought
not to !>*■ rejM-ateti; ami from tiii* comts
the familiar "under the rose," or snA
tinvian pot- say that the res*' was
originally white, ami was tli.angtsl to
mCaitbar by tin td-ssi *.f Vmm, irho
larerattal In r fwl with it* thorns when
rtisliing to tin- aid of Adoiii*. who, in
the prime of hi* famed Ix-nuty. w.-t* kiihsi
and mangled hv a wild Imar : or.aetaird
ing to some, by the hltssl of Ad<>iti<t
ititiiM-lf. These |MM-IS say thai tlte *x
• lUisite Jterfuine of tbe rose is derived
from a cup of nt * tar tlirtiwn IV*T it hy
Cupid, ami that ' its thorns are the
-tings of tin- !**cs witli w hieh the are ttf
his ism vva* strung."
The Boinaiis also favored the rose.
Their Itantjueting-rts'in- were strtwtsl
witli it* taves; tin ir tiisln-s gariiishtsi
with it. tht-v wort garlands <>( it at their
feast*, ami their ladles' favorite pcrfum*
was rose wat. r.
Tli'' lVrsian# 1 lit vf thai in curing the
nightinim • flutter* and eonipiatn# about
Uh* rw*e-buh<. until lir fall* i the
ground, charmed anil namtUnHl, m it
were. I.T tin* subtle, deliciou* and tin>*t
ji>wi i -ful odor. This psetty fnhli* f the
HW't bin! *ingitig an sighing fur the
Is-autiful nnl ambrosial flower f it*
hive, i> told by tin* | ! Attar, in a work
i ailed "Buihul Nallieh," the lw*>k of the
nightingale. like this "The world of
birds < tune before King Solomon, eh • g
ing tie- nightinrali with disturbing tie ir
rest by the broken and |ilaintire warb
ling that all night long he trills in a sort
of fn-ngy or intoxication. The KVUSII
hint is lumtnonnl, questioned. and ae
quitP-d hv the wist' titan, and the night
ingale's defence is that he t an not *Up
p-.-es# Ills pa.—iotinte an 1 pathetic lane nt.
imrnuse his intense love for the queen of
flowers has distract l hit!
In Franee. in tin middle ages, the
knights at a tournament won* cmbmtd
• •red on their sleeve* a ruse a* an ■ nthleiu
that gentleniw* -hottld aciaintpaiiy cour
age. and that tn-autv is the reward of
valor. Aliout this ttnie. t<Nt. in France
the flower# were mUemol *o precious
that none hut the wealthy and intlm ntial
were permitted to cultivate them. :utd
later tenant* were taxed "so many
bushels of roses lliat were used for rose
water not only, but for ravering the
tables instead of napkin- "
There are few persons who have not
some sad or pleasant memory connected
with this interesting flower. Then* are
tlte roses that grew in tln-i pale, wild
loveliness on the green hillside, wh*re
we played with tie laughing, romping
friend- of our childhood; there are the
rosea that grew big and rod and fragrant
j ln-side the gate, or the old Stone wall ot
, the dear old home- f>r climbed to the
j very roof, dangling, dewy and delicious,
i Itcfore the window of the litth nmiti in
wliieh we sat in the silvery moonlight or
golden sunlight, year* and year* ago,
when the In-art was voting and the brow
unwrinklcd, dreaming ol -pl< nil id po—i
bilitii - never to *>•• realized. Tlu-re i
tln- dead ro-c, old ami -< t titles*, hidden
away in some dark, locked receptacle, a
IIK-mnito of an affection that has |*-ri*li
ed—of t; IM-IOVCII one that has pa-si-1 out
of our live* forever. There an* the white
roses worn bv the jovous bride, or lying
on a coffin lid. or hlo-soming on the
grave of the dearest, the l*-t, and the
I lost.
EviTywhere, in mirth or mounting, in
sorrow or in gladness, in remembrance
or in liiqie. in scenes of gavetv or in
haunts of despair, the rose, the flower of
llov\ers. bring- to u- its beauteous pres
ence tir some interesting association.
Slightly Sarcastic.
The professor of geology and miner
alogy came along after the hard fisted
miners had found a rich gold mine and
said he: "There is no doubt hut that
gold is here in large quantities. If you
find it rich it will pay." This was in
A little before this some hardy pro
speetors load**) a little mule with flour,
biwon and tools. Tliev traveled many
mile* north and finally found a rich
mine in Cariboo. The professor of
giology and mineralogy came along and
said: " Kverything hereabouts, judging
from the formation of the country and
the gangue rock indicates the existence
of gold." Then the miners forgot that
tiny had discovered the gold themselves
and tliev gave all the credit and Imwed
down before the professor. Then some
miners went south to Arizona, and after
starving for want of food and choking
witli thirst, and a few of their number
being toasted head downward by the
Apachi-s. they found a rich silver mine.
Shortly afterward down came the pro
fessor, and said lie: "Themctamorphic
and plutonic rocks hereahottt certainly
point to the existence of argentiferous
ores." And as usual the miners and all
around about forget they had discover**!
the mine, and gave all the credit to the
professor. Well, lie followed those
simple miners around to Utah, New
Mexico, I'ike's I'eak, Nevada and Kraaer
river, and everywhere they dug first he
came afterward, looked down the hole,
with a hook under his arm. said some
hard words, and everybody straiglitway
said lie had found the mine and that no
mine could he a true vein until it had
been scientifically dedicated by a pro
fessor.—New l'urk Orttphic.
FUlt Till: FA llt HEX.
*1 4 star.
It gliptMll 111 th (k-CMft WMVffi,
It IU ntllillltCl ■kr.
Tile liu lel tell *u,t 1< *1 sjt—l lite IMS
AID tiiilssl Willi lis IS tglitest .lye
It B|stJkls in the *i|'l'Ul re's tl, |.|lt".
Its UNLI IS on tlte turquoise tanl ;
Attd 111 llir robin's *|S klnl EGG
Its boiitosl lillgc**lc .iispllt)tsl.
So I*l iiertuips, ytai Wuten.s gu**t*l,
llut all' 1 Itstr ytm tnay surmise
\\ lien 1 t-onlrtss tins littHtettly hue
Itliiiits tsirost tu (lie hal.y's etes.
—.t/jriiu It /fi.iM'ny, IR Si. AirJUsr
!%(-** anil Volt s fur Wusitit.
English children wear pinafores oi
pink, blue and white washing *ilk.
Women's underclothes are elutapar in
New York than anywlutre in Flurtqw.
One hundred and seventy-four of the
T2 students of Boston University aru
A graml eeuinenieal council of women
who iteiievt- in woman's right* is to IM
bcid in St. Is>uis in May.
Mr. Ciladstom-'s ettu*lant*Laiit is
his tlaughter, who knows every book in
his library ami the contents -if it.
Yonng women are almost universally
employed a* typesetters in the printing
establishments of San Francim-o. t'al.
Airs. Ann Simpson, of Yorkshire,
England, has iaen apis.ihletl surveyor of
toads fur the |uvrihoi Kirhy < Irimlalylh.
Twenty ladies have i*-*ti authori/ssi to
w-tiu- M. U. after their names by the
Women's Medical College in i'hiia
There are real walking hats for
those who like them thi* season —hats
totally unlike tin- Itonnets, and intended
to droop over the eyes.
Mis llovey, of Boston, lias offered
is 11! •• Nt once ami more in the future
to Harvard University,onertnditioii that
it tqtt-m, the dttor of its tutalical s, hooi to
The lViniasts Ixiuise has taken the
trouble to tleny in einphatie term* the
report of a Isondon stw i-ty journal that
site was Is ins greatly laired by her
Canadian t-xperieme.
It is related of tin-late Mine Bonaparte
that she never adopt*-1 the new-fangled
notion of gas. hut always u*d eandlws,
ami she would not allow a carpet to be
laid on Iter ttcdrooin floor.
The first women employed in the
National Treasury were ap{Miinted in
I-c' Tin n- an n<>w l.*i in tlie depart
ments of Washington, who receive sala
ries varying from to f I.stoo yearly.
The ehn|K'l lielonging Ui< J rare church.
New- York, w a* tilt gift of Miss Catha
rine WooX ami cost $33,000. It waa
oeruuied for the first time at the erlclmt
lion f< a*i of the eouversitin of St. I'aui.
A Minnesota mail found a Ixauliful
v<>un(T wiu.iw al.uost fruecn to death,
lie took fier to hi* camp-fire and tried to
thaw h> r out. Win* she had melted a
little h< proposed marriage and was
It i said that QUMB Victoria, in lior
favorite Innika. UM- paprr-niarka upon
wliicli ar> inscribed in Ialin theae words
of Holy Writ: "Their hope is full of
immortality, and lie live* even though
h" I** d<wl."
Th#-hh*t daughter of Hishop Hunting
ton not <>nly writ** newspaper articles
and pnitridiw for rhariti*. hut walk* fr
-tu<!itSy twenty miU a day. taking an
umbrella in h<"r hand, a la lr. Franklin,
for storm or sunshine.
An intelligent schoolgirl, by name Eva
Scbc ' tniner. of Mem phi*. Tenn.. baa re
ceives! a gohl modal from the Howard
Association for meritorious services per
fnrmol in the midst of the pettilene*
which raged ia*t summer, and which
were unremitting from the beginning to
the close. .
Some of the insurance companies o!
New York have written let!<Ts of con
em! ulalion to an up-town lady on her
bravery when she discovered that a
room in the third story of her magnifl
e<-nt house was on tire. Calmly wrap
ping a rug alxiut her shoulders, she en
tens!. and closing an open window and
the door* kept the flam'* from spread
ing. and tWm telegraphing to the nearest
station for aid. tne flame* wore quickly
put out. but not until every article in the
room was reduced to a cinder.
fashion "%ers.
Worth puts plaitings ot colored satin
under the flounce* of dark walking
It.aek net vails witli liny dot* of gold
and gold borders arc new, hut unhe
i tuning.
Morning sacks of dotted or strijxst
muslin .UP t< In- worn with colomi silks
j this summer.
White hunting is made into niorirtng
wmpjs'i*, having many tucks sliU'htsl
with colored silk.
lengthwise buttonhole* are worked
around the waist line of wrapper* and
the Ix it is run through them.
Canton crape is for some Unmet*
in preference t chip. Silk is not worn
at all except in the turban shape.
The PariaSau napors speak of * very
choice new sliaac of bllic produced by
M>mc chemical prow-.** with alizarine.
Organdy evening drrsse* are made tip
with an imitation of old point law and a
|irofusion of Persian ribbon* arranged in
A gilt lattice, with a wild rose vine
running over it, formed the apron of an
evening dress recently worn in New
It is a great error for a lady to wear
a bonni-t tisi youthful for Iter age. It
only serves to' make the latter more ub- silk. bUck eatttelVhair and
black ca-hmere are still the favorite ma
terials for stnx't wear witii American
Bonnet firing* are tied in a large loosa
lsiw under tin' chin. not at the fide, or
they are simnly crossed in front, the ends
forming ajanot
'Hie new sunshade* have sixteen
1 iron zed or gilded rihs wliieh aiv thought
to he too pretty to hide, and are net in
front of the lining.
Hats of gold braid with trimming* of
gold-colon*! feather* and rlblion* and
gihh*l berries have Iwen Imported by
Host on milliner* for brunette*.
Nearly all of the daily and weekly
press of New York city have lady asso
ciates in the editorial "department, and
the same may Is* said of ltoslon.
A new brocade cashmere has alternate
strijM-s of plain satin and of wool figured
with wreaths of bright flowers. It makes
pretty and cheap vests for woolen gown*.
The pinafore hat i* trimmed with
Itlack velvet studded with steel stars, and
has one eideof the brim hoed with black
velvet and caught up by a butterfly haw
of white satin.
The papillon INIW is the pretty head
driws for the hou*e. It is made of full
puffed loop* of India muslin, with Breton
l ie.- mixed with it. and i* more ronipao
in shape than the long-looped Alsatian
hows. A smaller butterfly bow i* shown
as a cravat how.
Another fancy is the scarf of India
muslin, to I*' worn in the street ns lace
scarf* formerly were. It i* outside the
wrap, thxl closely around the nock, with
a IKIW in front; the ends hang down,
have plaited Breton lace across them, and
are tied with narrow riblion to give them
the appearance of a tassel.
New pocket-handkerchiefs of sheer
linen cambric have Breton insertion
forming a cross through the middle of
the kerchief, then passing around it as a
border, with an edge of Breton lace.
Plainer handkerchiefs have a shield done
iit,'colored embroidery in one corner.
TEHMH: #2.00 ft Ymr, in iVdvan
while the edge is merely waliujwd with
rial or blue.
Fit Im* of white *ilk muslin, or else of
li*se, are squnrt-s doubiial in ihree-eor
lu-rcd shape, nnd all the edge liordered
with insert ion in which tin lin-Uui de
sign is done with colors. A fine knife
plaiting of Breton bw-e edft* tle inser
tion. ami the etnls are eaugnt together at
tile waist hy a MiUqllet of row^bulls or ok
v< ilow- buttercups, a tuosierum- or some
favorite flower.
New mask veils are of Breton lace, and
may !*• either black or white. The o'*t
• ovi ring tin face has tiny dot* wrought
it. usually two or three in a group,
ami the isige is tinishisl with Hn-um iaia
two inches wide l>>nger veils, to Im
crusatai la-hind the head and tied uuW
the chill, are mails of hlk net, dotbd
with gold thread. The newest grena
dine scarf veils are of tan-color or light
blue, witii a say Koman striped border
on each selvedge.
Concrrulni Tltftai larl*|.
Aii ouUtMik'-n KngU*h clergyman, tbr
It*-v. 11. It llawei*. r*-ent]v called the
women <>f liin parish to task for criminal
ignorance anil thoughtirasri<-n in tight
Ih< trig. Perhaps there am- American
ladies wlio will Im nervous when they
read hi* denunciation* of unwholesome
practiee* in tin**. " Winn the door,"
In- eiclaim*-*i, "* close* on the light and
splendor of thn revel, tin* veil 1* drawn
quickly acrua*—tin* public are shut out:
hut tin* true physician, of souls a* well
as of bodies, will invite you to enter
that gloomier apartment. atid hear the
stern verdict u|*on another which to
morrow may be pronounced on you—
"Death front natural rauMtf IJy no
hUch thin, rine um-tion to your soul.
'ln-nth from rut in the liver and -orn on
the heart, produced hy light lacing.*
These are the very word* of a leading
physician of the day to nir. 1 plead lor
noiliiitg impossible—for nothing wiii.-h
■ -all Hot be. :iUi wilieh i not luaomplish
•*l every day hv sensible women in tin*
I***l circle*. Many plead for the mitiga
tion of a public eye-eore against which
our present fashion of following the
natural lima of the body, instead of
cri-ating false one*. protest* a* loudly a*
do the doctor* theinwlvm. I want you
to la- reasonable, and, knowing the ter
rors of the violated law of nature, 1 pray
to in- persuasive; and this i* the spirit .
in \s I.i.'h I pl.-ad with you this morning
against the evil* of exi-easive oomprne
ion in tight lacing, that systematic out
rage upon tiie human skeleton —that
fatal attack Ujsn tJc sacred organs of
circulation, respiration and nutrition."
W| ln 1* llcMktrvy.
The style in expensive hosiery i- em
broidered lisle tiiread and embroidered
Italhriggan. What are known to the
trade as bool-storking* arc a favorite
d<-igti and ar< brought out in solid and
contrasting color*, as for instance cherry
tops and D!UC feet. Old gold in vom
hination with other colors i* in great
demand, and come* either with or with
out embroidery, as uit* the buyer.
Plain silk, also plain lisle stocking* in
violet and in citron color, aw desirable,
as are those in sapphire shade* to match
tin new dn**s silks, fondartue. the new
army blue, i* vet another favorite color
in hosiery. ICihlseat hosiery remain*
fashionable ami lace stocking* are having
a decided run. Real Itaihriggiui in • m
color, witii liand-cinbroidered Instep of
dainty hum. an- designed for ladie* who
are averse to the more showy styk*.
In cheaper goods plain colors, w itli em
broidered clock*. fancy afaflu. hair-line
*tri|M- and |olka dot* on a plain jjmund.
prevail, both in Indie*' and children'*
luiMtrallelcd Ifaman Ferocity.
The Rangoon (India) correspondent
of the lemTn .Vim writ<*s U> his paper
an account of the inhuman slaughter of
atiout ninety iintnbrr* of tin- royal Bur
miw familv at Mandelav. TIN massa
cn' w* ordered Hy the King of Burmah,
and the person* butchered were all re
iated to him. TIM* ix.rnispondcnt Kxy*;
At iirst ,*.e roassacn* was carried on ac
coniingpith old lturm.weus. .-uid wont.
The victim* were led out of their i-dia
in two* xnd thn**. hnniglit to Jkrii©
| to tin* king, and tls-n dhpntl of is or
dinary Buddhist fashion. The head of
the victim was tied down to his ankle*,
and a blow on tin* hack of th 1 nei*k from
a heavy club put him out of pain. But
liii* soon proved too mild a spectacle
for the fiendish mania of Tlieehau. Tin*
I Thonmi prim*, whose insolent l*-aring
Kngiish visitors to Mandelay Will re
nicnilsT. on l>eing brought to do rever
ence to hi* young brother—the king in
juattwenty-one —prof-s*<slanuttv scorn
for what <*ould he done to him. and
was flogged to death. The Safe king's
oldest son. th. truculent Mckhaya
Prince, who used to look <n all foreign
t-rs x* *o much dirt under hi* fret.turned
craven, and w a# taunted and driv.*n to
I nimlti'SH hrftm* receiving the blow,
which only half stunned him. when
hi* writhing body wx* thrown intotliv
gigantic trench dug to receive the TIC
' tim*. Tlte m*s*MK carried on in
i a leisurely fx-hion. extending over aev
rraldays. ti< odish ingrnultv 1* ing laxo>l
I to the utmost to tlevisc fresh horror*.
Mming Oke. the < lover nor of Rangoon
when it was captured by the British in
iK'ifi, hail his nose and mouth till)*) with
gunpowder, a light wxs applied. and
lie was then flung into the trench to Is*
stilhsl hv tin* Untie** of sueiawding vic
tims. Tin* daughter of the Xyoung Yan.
a young girl of sixt*en. was handod oviv
to cigtit soldiers of the Koynl (luard. U>
Im* pitched insensible into the mm*' heav
ing grave. After some days of this sort
of thing, the cxivutionrrs got weary,
and hurri<*d through tlicir task.
children were put in blanket*and swung
against the palace walls; women were
Iwttcnsl over the head, a* taking lfl
trouble than tying them up so xs to|get
a blow at the n<vk Altogether aU>ut
ninety |M-rson> an- believed to hare been
put to death in this way. No one was
allowed to leave the palms* wliilc the
nixssai'n* was going on, hut it seems
certain tliat Mr. Shaw, our Resident,
wxs inside tlie jialaia* walks within a
very short time of its commencement.
He had been to a concert given by one
of the minister*. Oneolyeet of this psrvvt
wx* to drown the erics of the victim*.
The remonstrance wliieli Mr. Shaw, at
tlie instatus' of our govemnnvit. ad
dlWWsl to the king was roeived with
the utmost contempt, and he was tohi
in as manv wonts to mind his own
business: that Burmese doniestie affair*
had nothing whatever to do with Uic
Itrilisli government.
Kessenger's KomlcaJllles.
A lover of a certain rut of beefsteak is
like a plucky price-tighter, aiway* ready
for another round.
The must economical man is reported as
living in the second ward. He took a
bung-hole to the ooopar to have a barrel
made around it.
An exchange **ks: " Why do the horn*
of a cow grow up and the tail down*" We
*up|Ht*e it i* because the horns do not grow
down and the tail docs not grow up. If this
is not the answer we give it up.
A Roman savs he has figured out the
cause of the failures that overtake business
men. When he went to school he was
taught that the world was the h*j>e of an
orange—round, hut a little flattened at the
piles. He says that is when-the trouble
lies. If the world had not been flaUetu.*!
at the poles everything would have gotiwon
all right.
A painter, who had already put seven
coat* of paint on the walls, remonstrated
with the lady of the house because she
wanted him to put on another coat, just to
change the tint a little. " Why not put on
more?" she said. "What will lie the
harm?" "Well, madam, if you keep on,
you will take up all the room with paint,
and then von will have no space for your
furniture.' 1 Butshe insisted, and at last ac
counts he was still painting.— Rmt Scnlinti.
rut! ml UirM Afcaat UH nqMUr
Iji 1(.i7 Ik-nry Thompwci. of Totwn
hiuu, England, t'<k out Ui linn uaU-tiL
and in |hio Simmon<l* A Runty*]!, of
Charl<-*Uiwii, S. C . obtained letter* p-
UIII *' for impregnating wnletr
air." Kutojhs may have ld in Uw 4is
rovt*ry of tlx- principle of irriiuUion, T.t
It ww. for America to lead in tlx* InrPti
li'iu of improved machinery, an<t it)
making mxu water a pli-a*ant, rxhtta- '
rating and inm* u<u* Ix-vi-raga far **•
Tnl ue Until witftin * of s*nrm,
ago tlx- in.*•.- of tie original maker*
wvc .till in u*c in tlw fMd World •
Su. Ji a thin# a drinking soda w*to*.
except from ft lxrttfi*. wn* unknown, ll
remained for the I nktedHtia, Ui a#t/>n. .
fell and delight l,uni|>v Willi tin' #o '
water fountain, an<| u> i*h even • M
maker* a* Ellht. of Ruthin, mm* aw
wrinkle, in soda water luanufa, tut
lb* *nU water uiltcwt in the United
bUU< * ha* of taU ) uar grot* n into mn
m<iu# proportion*. Sotn* (tpfonujiM) ar
now inv.-*ti in the matiufaetnre of I
a-rateii ilrinke, fountain* and other ap
A* ion# affo dm th Ixndon Interntn '
tionaJ Kxuihitiou of IHtfci the Annrican '
wla water fountain wm Ui'* wwndto of I
Europe, and the efferv#oing. u--v*id i
liquid war u rerilabbj revelation to the ]
British palate Hie itrili.h taate run*
' larjjr-Jy to hot drink*, npd lh' render <wn i
itntpftf tile sensation* Of* IsMdoftitt* il i
magnate win. was to the touuuuif ji>
the Atnrriewi .wrton at th-i London <x 1
hihhion. and trier. trflrodtwd to hi* ffr*t
e\f*Tfonev <f Yank** (tod*'water. Tin
dav wa* terrfbiy lint for (lamdon. the
sod* wan drifriiiualf mid, omttny ami
foaming. 'n.ea. l.rtiiim eyed UiedtaUfiiii ,
conscrvalivaly, took one aw allow, ami
*ol I.M piaawtfown.
•• My dew," lie Mid, addm-stag tin' i
young iady who di* penned tie- b n wjfi, ,
"'are you such a thing a* n drop o| ut
WNWf" a
What U Mala :iU*r? Jt il dmpi* i
water strong iy impr'-uvated wilhuM-bunv i
acid gnb The gas i* obtained by jnMir
injc sulphuric acid ujxti r:ix!"tat< off
liiut* * it exists in auartde dual and
chi), in a powerful natal eylmdhr >
termed a " psnerator. CkaMMt-aeogne :
un ww formerly in trojfue mil flr* s >- j
<iu<-nt explosion*. nwkafas piiif Imwitw
ble corrosion. even where tin muni r i
ha* Ixs-n lined whit tin. lihsi-xi Ui Uu j
Mitistitution of 'J'Utscontact of lli>
*ulpluiric mid wiUi tin- ttirUma'e of
Unn' produces a tninendoo* eH-farr*- 1
onwr. Tin vitriol having * strong-* (
admit y for liau- liian ih -tuixmiu mil ,
gatt has, libcrat> tin- iatue and % sul
pliate of litue is furmn). 'Jin- rasthus i
obtained if then passed !hn*M{ii a wdi
aT —you can wars)a ana to perfectly as you
<-an a acia a handkerchief—v> remove-any 4
trace of sulnburie acid, ami tW-u it if '
pumped under enormous into 1
tiw fountains alrtwdy charged with 1
water. This constitutes. it Wrvrf, lit*
whole proceae of < arhunatinf.
Imitation* of vichy, khwligen. fbT
net-1 other roin.rai wahw* ure mad* lev'
dissolving tn the water iath< fountains '
tins requisite amount of tin* •alts held in !
solution by the genuine Water. (linger !
aia, birch lasr. root la-cr and ilruijjit '
a Imai pngtn- rajrr made SB tile Mtlli' war.
exoept thai the abated water if law i-t
through closed vespeh UiridilUl Ua- WT j
f<*nc- an<) extract* In solution. which,
impartto thaar drinks Un-ir cX-u-a-ti-r- '
italic flavors. The luauhimrv r—faffed
is intricate and costly. Ill* ff> UU
used hi largo establishments cost about .
IMM each, and the ortwr appliance*
arc vary expewiva Vat) few -iruggij?b
in cilian inak- Un-ir own soda wat*r. a*
they ran buy it very cheaply from whole- 1
sale "chargers.*'
The fountains vary (nia <* M draught.
tub<* and tire > rup* to six tuls* and
twenty-two rvrup*. ranging hi fmn
1 from a simple square mar laic hoa to'an a
rlaltorate got hiel< nple f the most mv-
I aauiaiu- waarktuanabip, and ia cost from
disuajti.iwo. <>n nopthar Ixn-arasp-1*
tliejv such an ertiavacant ooilaa ofs
j money, and a wwli mwnaesi oumyvn ■
sehiotu hula to lat very prothahh-. With j
gaaad syrups, an attraa*iv- fountain ami
atta-iul.-uit, and ftrict clcanlinov*. tin- sasia
w-alan-sUmi vrill )ay th- rent. It is j
upon tin- syrups that the trade turn* ;
Cotua-icntiaau* dtmia-rs make
tln-ir awn svrups. a*ame even niaMng '
pennine fruft syrnps; but a-seenoee are,
ca-neraHy preferml.
I'arsinnaaious dawlers sometimes i-t
tln-ir faauntnins go to ruin by allowing
the tin lining tf the ooilaand syrtip ran* i
to wa-nr <aff. tliusexjsKinp tin- ivippa-r and
itaeinc their a usfomers witii vaTitigru
i A Ypsiianti drusaist nnoe pursued Utu
system uf imisUrlTinactivity w idi such
suax-a-ss as to kill one man and lav up an
other for an entire summer. MTko avr
t lie soda-water drmfcers' fvajyi M'Sa
within pswli tf din feuataiu. a'mujqt.
l.asl year the vast *f ioc WMaplygh that
maast'of the small "sola n#n ' #rc
! squoeassi owt. a* jre at sivtr centwpct
I launaimi potiada wan too mwrn for tin au
Ssla w au-r is a son-at tyviaJ jswcr. tj
is the one drink to whiaii a pektlrnTTUt
may ptrlalielT invite a ladt: Ibe fountma -
i* the ilv hnr at which tkt s-tw may
iinv-i wit It perfist nnjfiriety. t durtslivp
in- thus lual- riaUy helped aad niat. bes '
! facilitated.— Xett J'ort CMJ7 jrtunlt
American EMillrft.
When Wilhelntj. tiic violini*t. wne in t
Washington recently, to- w.-i* tlie gtuvi 1
of Ss-r> tary S,-hurx. who is. .x is weii j
know n, a ntuleal amateur of. nftc and |
skill. Mr. S-lnir* regard" Wiiix-lmi m |
one of the grwatost mas or- o4" Uic vfoJia j,
the w>>rk) lias seen Wiihebip told liim
the enrinusfaet- tlwU thel**t violin.Mow
made anvwhere are ntrvir in thi. ooun
try ; and' it M, ms that themstr#<d till* ,
noble jn-truma willsend t> N- w \kl
or itrookltn when tin-, m-cti a tirst-cia>s ,
violin. Three men. il apiwwrs. Jiave b>
tlieir skill niaatrmd this brniuTi.yf art; i
two of tiiein are toTtnans —tie IjcoQuArs j
SchmunAb-. tlie third is an American,]
Waiter Colt,*, hinwelf a musician of dtp 1
eiiletl skill. u,d itxxu his <<ightli an
amateur of the violin. Mr.Colton is the
*ou of the K„v- Waiuw Coilon. a well- ,
known author, cluvptoin in Uw navy, and
tlie tirst Alcalde ofklouu t , in CaHfor
nia, afb r the Aiucricau.- took
The elder Co)u>n di,d many j> ars ago
ajid vouug t/ultou was ydui-ated tnmer -
the car, hi* utoUtfr, now Uie wife rr
Kepresfttitative Chittenden, of dtp
lvn district., lie was graduated fVom
Cohuubla College, studied for the mwM
eal profession, magnet Miss Litchfield,
of Brooklyn, and traveled In huixhit,
where his fondness for die violin de
veloped into a passion, lb' hunted
up the most celelirated old ' viofhts.
rind on his return begiui to make hi*tvti
inents, at first only for am us, Alien t. and
to gjve away to his friends; butprvm-ttt
ly there arose a demand which has of
late kept hint busy. Ole Bull. Kemenyi,
Wilhefn\j. and all the noted pn>f<"ssiona]
players come to his in use, and sejnd hun
their Instruments win-, thtty nnsl repair
ing. He employs no worknten, but makes
all parts of the" instrument himself, hav
ing contrived many of the tools he use*,
and he aims to make lut a*mall numlier
of violins In the year. Many valuable
violins an- sent hint from different parts
of the country to be ici>aiied; not lrtnr
since one was reoeiv,al wltiuh wasinsuwd
during transmission from a Wi-stvin city
to New York for ?N)0. and the owner '
presented Mr.Colton witit a how valued
at 1? 100 for repairing the instrument. It
is certainly odd that America should be '
so famous for violins that th*great play
ersofthe world acknowledged*'superior
merits of American instruments.—liar
fur's Weekly.
Eastern trout do not thrive in th*
waters of California. All tlie coast
streams have been stocked with them,
but they soon died out. This i* ascribed
to the sandstone formations through
which the stream runs, and which
make tlie waters muddy.
I u CUmi<hilA|n i* the * wallow /ton., an
] old pnpvW a-gag of th return of th.i
T "wniMW|/JF , Wr *&* hoy. of Khodea
4.iml almuTßin#ln|. of which the refrain
Tmrnnf. "He luw com., ban r.>m tbo
* Uarkt Hark to wwr
Tha ban* ftfohanr
That I .ring* again tha budding ywtr
Through air, through earth,
[' itMoundathtmiflhi
And hill, ring with the merry lrth;
The a wallow chirp* hie twittering tana,
And the iUMxtaan lad. prolong
v ,. With mftltgrnl atraiii tbair turnndMag—
as MelUf, helUw, ahohdoa.
' i<, * toUwn Mm vales.
if ilie dnigiae, date*.
The hmmtb 4 medudy aahalee;
, Aadlnppy phtia.
rren *w(dif%|fce ■■*>• kd mhaine |
Aw' hark ! th. ewallowe' too*—
li. iUi'.lpWw, tbftMoa.
(fjg|Htil )<|t| ||t< ; r \ v
Ctautf. out hi* ehpar*
}< 111* jaeo |.|rtitg to the year;
The boyy' blitha voioe
Moke* mirth it* chqiot,
Ant *ll the happy Mil. rmjuicm.
• ' Murk • fieum to the .wallow*' tooo
11.4th', It el the, chehdnn.
, TV- <arth *gnait iMMtt,
„ t WiUfcUifyP twal.uut,
, in umvapwljoy takrepart;
And 1 hmd* that fly
Atiiwort the ty
' * f vaA-hihg Ift floury rliwter* iie;
* Aisd A. • how ewaof the ewallowa' tone—
e HeiMf. Iwtthe. et ltdoa
TV- fring
' Muki^Nattlre' mng.
And life and love aiw ea the wing,
Ai.l**• loeeua cortding;
Soft in tb® ewaflowe' loae—
do earth—
Unhb', hetthe, rktWe
—Hmprr't Mmfmtou.
!"" -I. . ——
Prime tibftiT—A Wily #oat.
! Th' - fai-lTtf ttalrdwnr.
' It iinMtjt to (Ifh'tiribr to n*t*iv-—a
jhHI. 1 ' •
it tatm datyof ipoapaM. to ataod by
earh other.
1 The trsfh tif wijfiit I. .hipped by the
I brrwh iditay.
1 A imte af-iamwa m* in witb tb
I inwo ia44 anayoic
, lu a tiruia procwiou the man in th.
: van may W In uie rear.
' different kind, of flab ar.
ntujdit at Mwa aiim*. lowa.
A look.* well in a morning wrap
1 par erla-ii . got* to the paatofficr.
11M way ho ocnfce pulaUMw <troe up ia
.to lakn Ug U'ps and pull them
! up. *
HuTTnp e rtrrng in deatb.
The laM move:neat a liiai. lumko. i* a
I kirk. 1 ■
1 TIM IwwieiatMJW of kh iawan dirorred
thirty-four uiarrM*! cuupitai at iu rerrnt
. session.. , * .'
! iVh.-n a .junker nieAeumc hi. word.
1 lie nut A>> ft by the rule* of * pencil.—
. V. (k ftoiyeitf.
I "I woauer w!.u auiA*. my eym m
Weak.*' Mid a fujp U* intntwtuan. " They
are in a weak plate," responded the ink
Wdtgb—The involuntary how
1 a vonng nli mak* wln-n obliged to
! mirtie fn advance of Hit- to* of her angry
parent's hat. .; , z .
Htuaiway. bqgin. witb .oleawire and
1 out* w itb bitU-rmjiw, Il is tike the oolt
; which tlit* Mtt !<' lipy taid wa. very tame
In yrobl and very wildVehAnd
Cord* witb aeiaep aihato*i for catrb
inr wpthe tVmt-tnnu <4 a dm*, that it
I mat he abort mtaigti Mr walking, are
. *ix,wM4fioye,ir toniak h ivjwuunts;
, Jgr>pe ?' - JfY* w™ * 1 - 50 -
Fjuiri' { it i-ounr l—"*T<*, gentlenjen of
Irtjn jorf.-yitu Vf!l-,ih. I know you will
iMMi T .'ni vperw . irted-eiirttt to the arm.
of Uip WIV <w>* iMtitf mm, vh—" The
. court—" Your client i* a hsrbelor."
.if*-n*an- mfotbtoof taking a p*Tuliar
kind of ixvutigoagauwt Uitf w<nm*n who
:*• wt ;k enourfiTo Twlk-vethem p-rfoct.
1 PW ft few mwtitb* heffre marriage they
we far the tody'* bond, but for all the
>uag* after m.-trstoge Hut toavupeiied to
s*w /or frh'tu- , ui . r ,;
I Tip- York JlrolJ up: "Sinoe
' th<- wealthy voung laily foil m love witlt
and tnnrrii A tle> driver of t(Sixth avenue
ear, .-ui Wi -iriv er on the rariou* linen
gc to work ip th- tuorning yritii a ciean
chnvr and with iihining wpk"
• Tlie people of Ta.. recently
1 WitfpvoM ttteummftlspertou-li- of seeing
: an oil train shoot throughtb- town with
. ilu.- rapidly ol ikiUtniag and a aumher
of tie < ar on flr>. AVith considerable
1 difficulty the la3an<e of file train wa.
I saved just huvoodlto town.
A frwen-aiwmpH and for aught are
"i know Uedbwr '.rd in bedrrwa—
of a Urge liotin at IVaguc stati-d thai
• "tinrst* are wvjtftided to communicate
Ito the irtmliwrd toll otmpiaiM* arising on
litier sids." At Ihwth tu-dny a placard
.in a jajich-foniucntivi inn announce.:
j " (icnlh-uuv jwquc&a*! not to flatter
the u male H-rVapts on tin-.lairs, a. many
' didtt*. !nCvAiWii hfon hrokeb."
! A ! ft*Wojk WilffiAil%fc<mMSnt he mad*
t the \ it'Unol apracahwi joke. An Eng
< ip-H WMUii.n,,tit iag in Jlitininghatn rc
i, j\<-d a iwdaru hit,r hr which she
'H#f tr, pdv trit-ftdff when riie
opaMpi H'-'sb* fnund ri<*tdniik sheet of
; | <pM Juwi a farthing, Thr made
, htv.wLrvhplj and morbid, her mind
low It* halftnet . ahrt tflie ;mt an end to
♦hef heir'thnwt with
a rnaor. h Hid J.. e> , 1 i
I The, rtffftw viafoni HMfo if reported
to Is- w 4C'.k o iix luds a
j bdfl ftc: vice iwlere,#' ft f Cotirge IV.,
i wlihdt Wnl dirt* tin j<M*at*. and tlie
j same nnwwreh added to the eoliivrtton
I one Of -tlw tote* vine ,**lers in the
t-warld.w sldrid ffirmeti of mini! boxes,
i worth l>.<W> and thirty fotzen plat,*-.
1 vniili Tlwre .retih-o a variety
1 oi pic. ,* 1 nnigiit fiota nf >raa<l and front
I Imiuv. Utc inter inaktda n peacock of
lpi vci tu. skate, nf ejftfond. worth
ktbkto*). and * tipr's
i heaii. with crystal tarfii ami • solid ingot
of grid ft* iiViMUgar dT*
A tnawi nSnrv told of Beneral Clif
-1 font bond <,knHu d's servatd in com
liu uhi Hi N uiUi Africa. -One day in
I british < laffi arvi, durina ithc Caffhe war
of IrtMt-H. |i. wa. in the wM of sitting
i ttowu "tt lis* rtxain l. piaoing one hand
| l'walh hist for timt pur|*w lie felt
-.•in. '!, ing t-MUimy u> Utr-touch, and
1 fouud io bin hnrtur it was a puff-adder.
I a uukit vcuoutou.* rcpuh-. Another man
with le* wiilrpoMOWiiuii arotijd have r'-
IMTaI hi* hand, prwlmUly(f le stung in
tlie act- Nig so Clifford- With-great
maneaci of mind W lmid the snake down
tUiuij willi IcunL with the other
drew his clasp-knife, friuitghts pixrket,
upciKHi it vrilh ids teeth, and!hen cvuilly
severed Uii'/vptik-'s hcail from his body.
* am-, aia am nun—
n uuiau Thorns
.* ■ € W.T " - , •
Tbeiw am certain disagceenble people
in flits worjd wfro swiu to take a spts-ial
delight in tonoyirtir others by reminding
them of thing* would willingly for
get. ITiav am humnn thrtto*. forever
torturing 'their fellow-iuentef tlie sake of
torture, ii.-w a ptaa IticC with a ntisfor-
UUW< ip blteiuww. they are fob') <*r ret ail
ing the. foci. II v a man *u times that
iire gone watideu-jl .yilo devious paths,
thH are forever reminfflni: him of it,
offen bv hinilbat that is
past. "Has a man WtmdcfWl. they are
lorevwr tedliftg him wlmt f might have
beuu-" W ht'Ji the tliorn iaofethe mascu
line geptlvr,. there is one way of getting *
relief. He <*uv be knoehetl down iuid
taught manners. When the thorn is of the
feminine gender, the case is different and
not soi-iwily tUspowvtl of. But t'auseur
hear# of om- such scourge in pettieoats
who got JitV' Qeserts'the utlu r evening.
It was ftt a wljpfe some sc-ore
of people ptthen-d together. The
t horn sat Wkfir ft youflg matt tnio. in days
gone hy, had been guifty -of foliics that
cost htm r lie had put litem all
hehitnl lum. Hut the thorn took oeca
sfbn to rcell them, in a km slued and
,-onfldenthd tone. The vietfm. wlto hail
- lawn subjected to th. same torture lx-fore,
, spoke up so that aU could hear:
'"Madam," he said, "for five years I
1 have been trying Iwforget aH that. You
liAve been trying to mnifltnixr it. Y'ou
ltave succeed'-d bettiT t
late you." The thorn sub tided.
m silr, mftlt til} v.A torn el