The Centre reporter. (Centre Hall, Pa.) 1871-1940, January 23, 1879, Image 1

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    A Warning.
1 knew two filands as mtioh alike
As aver yon saw two stumps ;
And no phrenologist could find
A difforonoe in the bumps
One took paper, and his life
* as happier than a king s ,
His children all oonld real and write.
And talk of men and things.
The other took no pajxn rd.
White strolling tin ui. the w.svl,
A tree fell down upon Ins crown,
And killed him as t should.
Had he bean reading of tlia news
At home, like neighbor Jim.
I d bet a cent Uiis accident
Had not tiefalleu hini
The Poor Kiildlcr'" (Me
TV % Ht* OiD "\in*UL,
jtrwwM, I u ourti;
niwa .
Maiioi (fttup,
i'ttnlU itour ;
lHiu at door,
H*!f k wvjy
NVtTr li Uin.
1 wrtttw wmklti .
Nurwr a rwiiiUK.
RiUy % hoopit^,
\\ao jxvr Jvw.
WMh fcalrrtxl |Ot
Com* tUrn. ui> ndd.
mj oUtct. fitttr oru fr.rml.
With Jojvu*. **t .it *. I ;. tut . utid.
Notlit' iJuHIgU lni;a rOt, ol*o* i*Ul
Thy tMilikh* I i P it; i-liwc embrhix
\ )o\ i,.iiiiit my tmns-.
>vhiku ovrr lh> I dr*w m> bow
M> hfwtiTtwtfvl rtwr;
A Uvxix wfrwiu ! tonoh, aiut to!
1 to njeumt tvx* thr •!!.
Thrv on Kimnti l woor,
H**rdk of fkli Ih* dun*l door;
Otllvivttt* *11; X few m> vivy uo monr
IlUt a>W the tnU£*.
A my vkid (Mite Willi;*.
' <v.vxt u anter.
You rn> taxi! kiuw
1 WUI ftliat muwu
It you iwili tlu.t K^wr,
I to Alt, to li twlow.
KmH|CU<xl, I IDM * > ■ AU|,e the tilt—
lor worn* .<t mi. t>4 •*! .
WithgnaiMxitlon thetmmat*nu;
M\ U**r(. rva|*i'iia:\e to th# ohortu.
niT\"*be ; h !! e*rr \ hra.t!i-a\>rr\i!lti|t ourr
phWir*t*SV*l;iJUlahcJ |*y the aaxft u e2tlt!uott air
More I'lamtixe tux eyo with tear* O rriow
And }\aU*tKX> milil,w*.xm amivtb*tut wrmklod br\*w
Krev'.> h*U!tVTC*U *s.le*i waiai:.* tfule c%U
th *er|Wi:t if• . and t' trotutwue tuwjbow
Hut my lVii.* mjf (4d < V.the | riiuw of thru*, a.
Ooukt eVn l>r> Jen return, thy i rainc to reltr^-.
Ill# odr to l>lu %VUkl weetu rUjfifvsl xerwe.
Now to thy c+*t iu ft*: el warm to
ItUcmlWd to :Ux u.islrr by.
* A ixkiio.
A CXVsSiAi K'S ADtXVn in: ts l-i'KHAKA.
When the Turkomans captured me on
the Syr-l>aria (said Captain Koeta
retiko, handing me a tumbler of tea and
lemon-juice, with the air id a man who
knew that I would uetvt some refresh
• ment before his story ended 1, they ear
ned me south and sold me at Khiva.
But I didn't stay there long—for iu
Central Asia a slave changes hands as
often as a horse does among us—anil
insfore I hail time to aee more of Khivu
than that it was a little cobweb of dirty
streets, with a big palace in the middle
and a mud wall ten feet high all round
it, I found myself handed over to a mer
chant from Bokhara, who was just start
ing home again across the Kizil-Koum
(EUxl Saudi desert.
I was a strapping young fellow in
f hose days, and could manage a horse or
a saber with any man. Moreover, I
knew the native language well, which
was a rare thing with a Russian in those
days; so my new master counted npou
getting a good price for me in Bokhara,
and took all possible care of me on the
I needn t teil you about the desert
journey, for you've seen it all for your
self— the thirst, and the scorching, aud
the hot, j nckly sand, and the prayer at
sunset, and .he halts beside the wells,
and the cat is strung out in single file,
nose and ts . together. But we had one
adventun -a the wa% that was to have
consequences wh . u I little dreamed of.
There were three or four Afghans in
our comp i y, ah noted marksmen, who
one day umusid themselves by having a
shooting ui'.tcfc. I pot leave to join
them, and lial the whole lot, to the
great deli put of my master, who Lad
bet high on me, and the amazement
of the men themselves. I heard one of
them whisper to another, " This will be
news for Seta Ali, if he is still in Bok
hara: ' tint 1 thought nothing > f it t
the time.
The evening -that we reached Bokhara,
after we had got ourselves settled in one
of the gr at caravansaries, the four
Afghans and I sat down at the door to
have a game of "pasha vnnma" 1
described :t once to an Knpbshman, and
he told me that tiiev have a gam" some
thing like it. cait-1 *'forfeit*," which
they rlay it Roj leatvo (Ghriatnas). It's
played with du . and La- four throws,
three of which are called shah (king),
wnnc.-r (vizier) aud ghorcmsaug (rob
ber). The fourth (farmer) counts for
nothing. Wl en any two players have
thrown king and vizier, the first who
throws robber, is seized by the vizier,
who ltads him np to the king, saying,
"I've caught a robber." The king asks,
"What ha" be done?" and the vizier
answers, " He's stolen his sister's trous
ers,"or, "He'spulled a horse's feathers
off," or some snch nonsense. Then the
king orders him to stand on his head, or
throw down his turban and pick it np
with his teeth, or anything else he may
think of; and so the game g.n on till
everv one has had his turn.
While we were playing, a tall, hand
some man in a rich dress, who looked
like a Persian, cam*' swaggering by.
Just as he got close to ns, I hapi-cued to
throw "robber."
One of the ifghans gave the others a
look, as much as to say: "5 ow you'll
see some fuu !" and, catching hold of
me, called out: " I've caught a rob
" What has he done, then ?"
" He has shown himself a better shot
than Seid Ali," answered the other, at
the top of his voice.
The Persian's face grew black as
night, and with one stride lie was
among us, looking at me as if he conld
eat me raw.
"Are yon he who can shoot better
than I caxi, then ? They have taken vou
too soon from your mother, child ; yon
are no match for a man !"
"Men fight with weapons ; women
aud Persians with their tongues. Try
Like lightning the fellow whipped
out a pistol, aiul let fiy at me. I sprang
aside just in time; but he was drawing
his second pistol, when my master, see
ing what was gojng on, came rushing up
<es if ho were mad.
" Help, brothers !" he yelled; " this
slave is a present for Hazret (his majes
tv). Let DO one dare to harm him ?"
" "What is all this?" asked a sharp
voice; and through the crowd came a
tall, thin, hatched face fellow, so grand
ly-dre-sed that I made sure he must be
some great man, especially as every
body got out of his way as if he had
been a tiger. I learned afterward that
lie was the captain of the palace guard,
Sbabrookh Kuan.
My master told his Btory, and the
Afghans, on being questioned, gave the
whole history of the shooting-match in
which I had beaten them. At the men
tion of that, I thought I saw Shah
rookh's face brighten, as if he had come
upon the very thing he wanted.
" This is a matter for the ameer (king)
to decide," said be. " Let the Oorooss
(Russian) be kept here to-night; to
morrow be shall be sent for.'
Sure enough, the first thing next
morning, three men made their appear
ance at the door of the room into which
I hail lie en put. The foremost (who
wore a rich robe of flowered silk) had
round his forehead the yellow band
which was the badge of the ameer s
makhrav, * (confidential servants); the
other two appeared to be soldiers.
" Follow ns, Oorooss," said themakh
• ram; " his majesty calls you."
Away we went, right through the
heart of the city. It seemed much
larger and more populous than Khiva;
i;ud aiiei the silence and loneliness of
FRED. KUHTZ, Kditor and Proprietor.
J the desert, *ll t liik crowd ami bustle
porters, fruit sellers, trader*, cauiela mil
wagons with seven toot wl\wE fairly
made tuy head go round. Ever* race of
Ana, from the east to the west, seemed
to N gathered there. Sallow, narrow
eyed Tartars, with tho dust of tho desert
ft ill upon thoiu; tall, gaunt, hiok iueed
rurkomaus; fat, lumpy Sari*, and Kan,
1 gh-ohreked Persians; fiiuat, gu uic
ill • Bashkir , who lad almost tin look
if I vara on biud log*; yellow-faced
(.'. ; anion, wiih loug pig-tail*. and
shaggy, niotikev-hko Dhouwaua*, in
lot go fur bonnets; slender, graceful
Hindi-*s, woariug silver ring* on their
wrist* aud ankles; portly KUokaudeae
n -v'! , will filthy Kirghiz pilgrims,
skinny Kashgarirs, with hngo hat-like
no projecting from under their little
-vitnoer-fliapi\l cap* ; and tall, stately
Afghans, tu white frocks anil green
sasrea, stuck all over with pistols aud
dagger* like the wall of an armory
At the corner i: one of the principal
streets there M<euied to lie something
s}ivtal going on, for such a crowd had
c .IcvtCi. there that the street was quite
bhicked up. But the makhraw flourish
ed li's saWr tipped rod, shouting
" Make way for the servant* of the
king 1 ' and the soldiers let fall tin r
musket butt* on the tiv<* of the fieople,
o jroddtvl tiiem behind with their
hayo: eta, so that then* was away open
id for us iu uo tune. Aud when we got
into f e middle of the tliroug, wiiat
should 1 fis but twi men shaking a lot
of human I.* als out oi a sack, just like
vi many pomtiss a sight which ! saw
often enough iu after days," but which
rather took me aback just then. The
makhram, seeing that 1 haiked puxxled,
kindly explained to me that it was one of
the ameer's pleasant habits, whenever
any towu or village offended him, to
levy upon it a tribute of so many heads,
ami that if the man who >* Hooted them
happened to be short iu his reckon
ing, off wont his own head to make
matters straight—which must have
greatly encouraged the popular study of
A little farther on we heard a terrific
yelling and scree-lung, proceeding ap
parently from a group of native soldiers,
in the midst of which lay a man flat ou
his back, with a huge fa! fellow seated
cross-legged on his chest like a night
u ire. byway of keeping him comfort
able, while two sturdy Bokhartotes were
iviug ou to the soles of his feet with
whips wiili all their might and main.
But the best of the whole affair was that
tne fellow who was heiug flogged never
U'tered a sound, wh: e the two who were
flogging him screannsl ami howled like
demons incarnat to save him the
trouble, perhaps, of doing it himself.
So he got his five-aml-twenty whacks,
and was cast off; when instantly up
jump" d two more soldier*, and whacked
the first two (for not hitting hard
enough. I suppose); and thou a corpu
lent old officer, who had been looking
on with a pleasant smile, waddled up
and gravely boxed their ears all round,
as if he hail been giving them his bless
ing, after which the congregation dis
At last we came to a steep hill, and as
we ascended it, I began to see overhead,
as well si the clouds of dust would let
me (for walking through the streets of
an Asiatic towu when the wind's bi< *
ing is quite a* bail as meeting a siai*-
in the desert), a Luge fortross-lik
building, s metlung after the style
our governor-gt'iitral's place at Oren
burg, wi ich, with it- i amtetl parapets,
and msay oolnr< 1 towers, and great
white battlement\ made quite a grand
show in the bright ap-rning Miush no.
The wakhram told ait- that tin.- was the
ameer's palace, and that they were
going to take nie before him at once ;
bat when I v i to ask what he
wanted with iu<, tue ltikhariote only
shook his head in away that wasn't at
all encouraging. It was curious to see,
as we neared the entrance, how sileut
all three of them became, and how the
swagger with which they had marchei
through the town changed to a cautions
timid e tep, like some one approaching
the lair of a wil.l beast, from which fact
I could pretty well guc.s* u'.it th: s
worthv ameer must be like.
Just outside the great pate stood fifty
or sixty cannon i mostly brass twelve
ponnders), all in a row—like Napoleon's
guns in the Kremlin at Moscow. I no
ticed one that was made of iron and
silver bands, turn about ; and the
makhram told me it had la-en taken at
the capture of Khokand, ten years
Two soldiers were standing at the
gate as we entered ; and I saw one of
them point to me aud draw his hand
acnes his throat, and the other nodded,
which didn't raise my spirits much, I
can assure von.
Inside, tadl Was deadly still ; and the
loneliness of that great wide court, with
its grim silence, as if the whole place
were holding its breath liefore some
thing dreadfnl, struck colder upon me
than anything yet. However, I hadn't
much time to think of it. for the next
moment I was led through a deep arch
way into the inner court. It was very
much like the other, only not so lonely,
for the sarbazi (soldiers) of the palace
guard were drawn up in line along
either side of it. in their red jackets,
leather trousers, and high black sheep
skin caps, and at their head was
Hbahrookh Khan, with He id Ali beside
I had just time to notice a si ne bal
cony on the further side, with a curtain
of yellow silk before it, when the cer
tain was sudddenly drawn back, and
this is what I saw :
Heated cross-legged on pile of
cushions wan a abort fat man, with a
broad, heavy face, without a sign of
life in it except its srasil, restless black
eyes. He wore a long blue rolw; and
pointed red cap, and his breast was
covered with medals. I saw the
makhram bow to the earth, and then I
knew that this dnmpv little feliow was
the ameer himself, who was going to de
cide whether I should live or die.
" Is this the man ?" asked the ameer.
His voice was low and rather pleasant;
but, every time he spoke, one side of
his face twitched as if jerked with a
" Your majesty lias said it," answered
Hhahrookh Khan.
The ameer looked hard at me for a
moment, aud then clapped his hands
twice. Instantly a door flew open in
the wall, and out came a tall, gaunt,
hideous-looking black man, wearing
nothing but a pair of white cotton draw
ers, splashed with blood, and carrying a
huge broad-bladed knife, just like a
butcher's chopper.
Then I thought all over, aud I settled
my face as firmly as I could, that the
unbelievers might not think me afraid.
But I fancy it was only done to try me;
for the ameer, after watching me for a
momeDt to see how I took it, waved the
headsman back with his hand, and said
to the makhram. " Make proclama
tion !"
The makhram raised his arms, and
shouted thrice "Ooshai 1" (attend) and
then went on:
" This ia the command of Nasr' Ullah
Khan Bahadoor, the great ameer of
Bokhara: Heid Ali and the Oorooss
shall shoot three times at a mark in his
majesty's presence, and he who is beaten
shall be beheaded on the spot. May his
majesty live a hundred and twenty
This was more than the Persian had
bargained for, and when he saw that in
stead of getting me knocked on the head,
it waa my life or Ilia own, he looked uo
happttr than a wolf lu a trap. However,
there waa no ilrawtug back now, auil be
hail just t> make the Ixnt of it.
They put ilown a little aipiare carpet
iu one corner, ti> show where we aln<uhi
stand,and then they brought ua a ooupl*
of long Afghan ritlea.witti about a iloten
cartridges each. In the mulnt of a dead
silence, with all thoae countless eyes
watching ua curiously, we hauled our
pieces, and sti*d ready.
All this while there was uo sign of a
target ; but suddenly Shuhrookh Kahu
came forward with u small round shield
ljust big enough to cover a man's
breast), with a polished stone tu the
middle, I'heu he stationed two soldiers
m the corner opjuisite ours, about three
loot apart, and passing a light rift
through the strap of the shield, reeled
the two ends on their shoulder., rill*
was to l>e our mark a target with living
supporters, who might be killed or sot,
just as it happened.
At a sign from the ameer, Hold Ah
stood forth, and aiuiedso long aud care
fully, that I saw he wasn't quite sure of
wiumug. At last he let tlv. There was
a dull thud, and the shield rocki d
violently. His bull had gone through
it pretty uear the center, but without
touch lug the stone.
The ameer uodded, and 1 stepped for
ward in turn.
1 knew that, with uiv own life for the
stake, I should Ih> the shakier the long
er 1 waited, so I tired the moment 1 got
my aim fair on the sparkle of the central
stone. There was a sharp crash, aud a
shower of sparks seemed to rty up frutu
the shield. 1 had split the stoue !
We loaded and fired again. lhe
Persian did better this time, but lie was
still wide of the center. 1 went wide of
it, too, but I tiittuoged to graze tlie ring
that had held the central stoue, and that
was still a good iuch nearer than he
Just then leaught sight of the auieer
face, and n grewsome sight it was. It
had flushed purple, and the great thick
lips were drawn back, showing his
sharp white fangs, like the teeth of a
mail dog; and his cruel black eyes
looked at Sen! All, as if they could *•>
the knife already at his throat. 1 saw
the same look ou his face many a time
afterward, but it never seemed half so
hideous as it did then.
And when I looked at Seid A!i, hi*
proud handsome face seemed to have
grown pinched and ghastly all of a su i
den, as if death were clutching it with
unseen fingers. It was pitiful to see
him trying to steady his hand for the
final shot, knowing that it was his last
chance of life; but at Ust hi* gun went
off almost at random, and the bullet
struck full ou the breast of our of the
target bearers, who dropped dead with
out a crv.
The ameer wavt\i his baud ami
another soldier stepped forward, pushed
away the corpse with his foot, and laid
the end of the rod upon his owti shoul
der. The moment the target was
straight again, I fired, and weut right
into the center.
The echo of the shot was still ringing,
when the headman's knife flushed and
fell, and He id Alt's head rolled on the
pavement, hlotfmg the smooth white
stones with its blissi.
"Ken Kan pxdisbali hast ilt is the
king's doing)! cried the executioner,
holding tip the Iv til by its long black
The soldiers, with one voice, repeat
e I, •• It is the king's dying."
And the sums r himself rubles! his
great fat bands for seeing people killed
always put turn in : ssl humor) and said
to me, " It is the will of Allan—hence
forth thou art my soldier."
And so was fulfilled tin old saying,
'• He who sets a trap for is uoighbor
may get caught himself."— liavid A'/ - ,
in Spirit of (he Time*.
"The Five Mirer Donkeys."
A very wealthy man fimltug himself
near his end, called his five sons to his
bedside aud presented each with a silver
on key, equipped witii pauniers. ami
■ id : " There was a merchaid travel
ing from Hasira to Bagda-i w;tr a cargo
of silk, but as this, however, was not
sufficient to fill more than one of the
panniers, he balanced the burden by
tilling the other with stones. As he
was journeying he was overtaken by a
wayfarer who fell into conversation with
him, and iu course of it remarked,
• What a fool yon must be.' ' Very pro
bably,' was the reply, ' but in what par
t.cnlar?' 'Why.' said the other,
' don't yon see that, if you were to dis
tribute your silk equally between the
two panniers and throw away your
stones you would diminish your ses'
burden by one-half?' 'Very true,'
rejoined the other. 1 I thank you for
your wise counsel;' aud forthwith the
silk merchant threw his stones out on
the road, and distributed the cargo in
equal V ro P or fions between the two
panniers. As, however, they continued
their journey, the merchant remarked,
' Yon are a very elever and discerning
person, but how is it that you are in
such evil case? Your clothes are soiled
sud threadbare, and you have scarcely
a shoe to your foot.' ' The truth i,'
was the reply, ' I am an nuf< rtntiate
man.' 'Are yon nn unfortunate man ?
Then I will go back and pick up my
stones,' which he accordingly did, ami
replaced the silk in xtatu 'put. It hap
pened that when he arrived at Bagdad,
lie found that the caliph was building a
new palace, but was brought to a stand
still fcr want of stones. Ho the mer
chant. soi<! his stones for more than be got
for his silk, and returned rejoicing.
Now, my sons, in presenting yon each
with the silver donkey, I wish to impress
npou you this maxim, Never take the
advice of an unfortunate man."'— The.
f'nirrritif Magtuine.
A Ladj Knotting Kiectric Sparks.
A Nevada City lady of high social
standing presents a singular case for the
consideration of scientists, Hays the
Nevada Tranxcript. For many years
past she Jias been afflicted with acute
neuralgia pains 111 various parts of the
body, and some time since, hoping to
find relief, resorted to the use of an
electric battery. Hhc used the appara
tus for six months, but found no relief.
At the time nothing was noted of an
unusual character as a result, and al
though several months ha?- 1 since
elapsed, it was only when the recent cold
weather commenced that any extraordi
nary- symptoms follows!. One night the
lady had occasion to enter a dark room
and pick up a woolen coat that was
lying there. As she did so she was
both surprised and frightened to observe
a bright light siujonndiug the hand that
held the garmeiff. At the same time
electric currents passed along the arm,
shocking her quite severely. When her
husband was informed of the fact he
discredited its reality, thinking there
was more imagination than anything else
in it. 80 the next evening, to convince
the incredulous better-half, she turned
the gas out in the room where they wore
sitting, and letting her hair down began
combing it. A remarkable display of
light WBH the result. The sparks tlew
in every direction, aud there was a sharp,
crackling sound as the teeth of the comb
passed between the hairs. In laying
her hands upon iron the lady does not
observe the peculiarities referred to,
but the instant she touches woolen cloth
the fire begins to fly, and the shocks
follow one another in rapid succession.
LkVII'N C'r*TAßt. — MAKE the juice of
a largo lemon very sweet, UN'U pour IU
gently pint of tabling cream, mill stir
it till nearly ixW.
I'oi'-tlrittH. One pint flour, uuf pint
milk, two egg*; gK K l "ton Ui frotli,
iuii quioklv, mul Imke in hot buttered
Clip*. Serve witli hot Ml lit*.
(.ktrrlK OAKK.—Otic clip of angar, 'i'c
cup of butter, ono cup of molasses. olio
cup of col>t eotfec, four cup of dour,
tw • oupn of raisins, two toae|H>ouful* of
bakuig powder. Spice to taste.
MINI'* lias. Boil A fresh tougue,
chop it very flue, alter removing the
skill ami nx.ts; wholi oolil, luhl ouo
poiaul of chopped suet, two pound* of
stoned raisins, two poiiuiU curratita,
two jiouiula citron cut tu flue piece*,
nil cloves powered. two tcaspoouful*
iMunauiou. half U-aaJHKiuful Uiaoe, ouo
pint i'liior, two ponutl* augur; put tins
all in a stone jar ami cover well; ui mak
rng pie* chop aotuc apples very tiue, mul
to ouo bowl of the prepared meat take
two apples; add ui ire sugar, according
to taste, auii *Wcet cider enough to
make the pnw ju cy, but uot thin; mix,
ami warm the ingredient* tiefore putting
luto your pto-platoe; always liake with
an upper auil uu.ier cruat, m*le with
one cup of lanl, one of butter, one of
waier ami four of dour.
CIIICXKN Soil-. 'lake a cillckCU
weighing at*oiit three pounds, t'ut it
in ijuartera and place in a porcelain
|H>t. Add two quarts of water and let
it IH.HI one hour. Then have a frying
pau roaity with a lump of butter, and
lemove the chiekeu to it, aud have aotne
Ixitlod rice ready, cooked in another
avucepau snout oue cupful of biiileil
rice aa boiling the rice with the chick
en improves the flavor of the aoup. Add
alxmt one tal>les|xx>nful of chopped
parsley, one onion, and a mi*)! carrot,
in verv thin slices ; boil the giblets
separately, and when the chicken is a
rich brown remove it to make a gravy
by adding a half cup of water, one table
s{xx>uful of flour, aud the giblets
chopped flue. Serve the gravy sejai
rate'v. nil Urusftlsn.
(i. M. F. writes to a New York paper;
'• What kiud of soil is l>est adapted fir
strawberries'' Is uot clay, well worked
tip with loam or muck and manure,
good * When should the rtmners lie
clip|Nsd oil * Should the vines l>e cov
ered in the winter with straw or horse
manure, or uot at all? Also, nutil how
old should grajevine- be kept trimmed
down f
He ply. —Some straw Ix-rrie* succeed
lietU'r IX(H>XI clay soils than upon light
ones, ami others do very ill upon clay.
A moderately clayey 1 ami is the best for
this fruit. For clay soils triomphe de
gaud, jucnuda, black dellance, Boy
den's, and Colonel Cheney may lie
chosen; for light soils, Wilson,
pion, Kentucky seedling, monarch of
tlie west, and Downer * prolific will be
better. The runners mould b -In jx i
when the bliHiioujs and trmt form
iug, so aa to turn all the vigor of the
plant to the frn.t Horse manure is rot
good b r a covering, nor even lor ma
nure for strawlierriex. Cow dropping*
well rotted, with a little guano, iu the
spring, make the best fertiliser. C arse
hav, corustalks. aud lar or pine brush
are the best for covering. Litter (rom
the oi>w stable is Very good. drape
vines should lx- kept ttimmisl alwavs.
If they are a hundred years old, they
will need trimming a* we ] as when but
oue year old.
lUrtitti !(••(•
Wheu turnips. b - < t* aud other rools
are buried oit-.lfr, the connnou rootle
for protecting th-m trotu the trost is to
put on a moderate layer of sttuw ami
then a thick coat of earth. Hut if more
straw and leas earth are employed it
will be 1 letter for the roots, as they will
be dryer, the straw atxtorhing the mois
ture. A neighbor has Ixx nin the prac
tioe of plie-iug sixty or seventy bushels
of potat cs in each iicap, covering them
with a foot of comjiact straw aud three
inches of i .irtli. lie has not lost one
bushel iu a hundred. If straw cannot
la* had m suflicii ut quantity, it i* a
good way ..Iter covering with a few
•nehe* of earth, to apply to the whole
exterior of the heap a layer of leaves.
These act as a non-conductor, and n
shingles, keeping the rain from entering
the inner coat. A not! er moderate layer
of <*arth completes tlie covering. Ven
tilation is never to iH omitted. FT
To KrTltrp Krotird I'lnnta-
Plants are often frosted thrwugh neg
lect and allowed to die through ignor
ance. Those that have been quite se
verely pipped may bo saved if treated
rightly. The proper way is, when the
frost lias been partially drawn out of
Ihem, naturally, to drench them with
cold water from a flne-noaed watenug
iKit, and immediately ©over again and
lot them so remain until they regain
their natural color. When they are re
moved, clip ofT all such jmrts as are
blackened. As soon s it is discovered
that a plant has I wen touched by frost,
remove it to a cool, dark room, and on
no account suffer the sun to shine on it.
If they can lie covered so as to exclude
air as well as light, it is better still.
Dahlias, carinas and the like need not
lie removed uutil the frosls are severe
enough to blacken the leaves. Herald.
Koine Nenlitiel llreillies.
The average dairymau is a good
astronomer ; at least he knows all about
the nnlkv whey.
It in reported that the ntneer of Af
ghanistan IIM fbsl the capital, Wving
)ii wn, Yuakoob Kalin, in power. If
Yaakoob Kahn uot master the ait nation,
who Kalin ?
When people flock into a place of
business aa if they were making a run
on a Having hank, there ia no occasion
for alarm. It ia only an evidence that
the eatahliahinent advertiaea.
When a paragraplier geta hard (ireawal
for an item with a Rood point, he inva
riably recolleeta that aonieliody lately
ant down ii|>on au upturned ear|>et taok,
a 1 piu, or the huHineaa end of a
humble tiee.
A kindergarten pupil who hud re
ceived hia tlrat lessons in anatomy, had
beau told that the object < f the finger
naila wan to protect ttie enda of the
fingers. Thia part of hia leaaon hail
not been very clearly itnpreeacd njain
the yonng atudeut'a mind, and when hia
teacher naked him, " What are linger
naila for?" hia anawer waa, "To scratch
An advertisement in aa exchange says
a "large gray geutleman's" shawl has
been lost. That'a singular. Now, if it
had been a large gentleman's gray
shawl, bra gray gentleman's largo
shawl, or a gray large gentleman's
ahawl, or a gentleman's large gray
shawl, it would, of coureo, have been
different; but the thief who would atcal
a shawl from a large gray gentleman
deserve* to liavo his hair turn gray in
one night, and ought to lie made to wear
a gray-striped anit the balance of hia
A preacher in Kentucky oue Sunday,
liecoming exasperated, paused in his
discourse to say : " Ladies and gentle
men, if you will give me your close at
tention i will keep a lookout on that
door, and if anything worse than a man
enters I will warn you in time to make
your escape."
Ike hrl American flag.
"The History of the First American
Flag," though often told more or less
minutely, still possesses all interest, and
especially to younger readers, (hit. J. K.
Ueignrt, of llarrisbtirg, Pa., has written
actmctsn little aivHiuut of it, and from his
sketch we gain many interesting facts.
There is a certain romance *nnecteil
with the emblem, from the fact that it
was designed and first made by a
patriotic wi-tnau. Miss Klizals-tli (iris
coin wan born in I'hlladelphla in 1712.
In 1762 she married John Boss, a inei
ohant m that city. Bhe was known iu
I'hlladclphia as bring the most ingen
ious and fin. st embroiderer iu the city.
She delighted in her art, aud the most
costly nut ins and velvets were imported
t< her orders, upon which she displayed
her marvelous skill. Hhe called to her
aid her sisters, daughters and nieces, so
that at least a dozen were thus constant
ly engaged IU this class of work, and
many relics arc yet preserved as souve
nirs by the descendant* of the old fami
lies. Amoug those njmn her list of visi
tors were (leorge Washington, tieu.
Hand, Thomas Miflliu and (lov. Morns.
She adorned the halls of the Continental
Congress ami the governor's reception
room. bhe designed and made the
streamers for Caleb ami Thomas Cope's
packet ships, of rod, white and blue. At
the request of l>r. Franklin, Roliort
Mortis and Col. Oeorgc It, ahe de
sigiiml and maile the (lag of the Cuited
.States, consisting of thirteen red and
white strq>es, a bine field as a square on
the left ami llp|er corner. I'jaiU Uie
blue field was a spread eagle, with thir
teen stars, in a circle of rays of glory
surrounding its head. This design, and
another of a shield of rod, white and
blue on the breast of au eagle, holding
in its talons an olive branch and thirteen
urrows, and in it* lwak a scroll, with
the motto, " F Pluribtu I HUM," WH*
approved by the committee and adopted
bv Congress, before the words " United
States of America " were legally used.
The conn try was at that Um called
Columbia, and the C<uigriw was i-wlled
•• The Continental Cougriws of the North
American Colouiea;" nevertlielesa Itetsy
iiiMn worked upon her flag, in words of
prophetic ritioo "Tbe TmUitl .State*
of America." In 1775, !>r. Franklin,
John Adam* and Tuorna* Jefferson were
upl* anted u secret committer of (Vn
grcsa to prepare a tlag and *!. I'pun
the fonrtli Jay of July, 1776, the L>eola
ration of Independence was mguni and
read. 'Hie ltev. Ir. Dnche, cliaplaih of
Congress, offered prayer, anil Hetay
HOMI' " Htar Spangled Fanner " | a-*s 1
froiii Lor keeping to HIP hands of the
truest and brve*t men of the nation, to
!m forever, it la hinted, an emblem of
liberty and union, xhe nxl stripe* were
emblematical of fervency and fai; the
white of integrity and purity; the blue
tield, with atari, of unity, power and
glorv. The number, thirteen, w*a to
symbolise thirteen original colonial
State*. In IHIM Congress passed an art
adding a star upon the admission of enrh
n w Stat.
Word* of Widoui.
A man will confess hi* fault*, bill uev
er hla follies.
The tir*t and worat of all fraud* is to
cheat onc*elf.
The solemn thought of the touib i
the skeleton at every leant.
Countries are well cultivated, not a*
they aie f< ilije, but as they are lree.
The r<ch tuau wroug* himself by every
stijwrflmtv which he doe* not Kliare.
Nothing exasperate# more lOau a oou-
Kiderale, <|tnct hatred; n | a**i'<n*tc
hatred doc* ao far lea*.
Make but few explanatiou*. the char
acter that run not otherwise defend
itself i* iet worth vindicating.
The reputation of a man i* like his
shadow -gigantic when it precedes him,
and pigmy in it* proportion* when it
follow* him.
Ho that is proud eat* up ilimaclf;
pnde i* hi* own glass, hi* own trumjiet,
in* wt' chronicle; and whatever prai*e*
t*elf but in the deed, devours the deed
u the praise*.
How ooantifnl i* youth; a little mt*>n
ahitie, few musical water drops, the
strain of a song, and the voting heart*
ex|>erietioe poetry aa it never could be
intrusted to paper.
Will not a tiny sjieck very close to
our viaion blot out the glory of the
world and leave ouly a margin by which
we see the blot? I know no s|uvk ao
t ronbltwomo aa self.
Itrave heart arise 1 He free from
every chain, though it be glittering
with gold. He nobly courageous. Fol
low the true pride of thy life, even if
her name l*> sorrow. Let the shell |or
isli, tliat the pearl may appear.
The lilil that Followed the IHnucr.
An American ge.utleman paid n round
sum for a dinner he gave to six friend*
at a fashionable Pan* rc*tanmnt a few
week* ago, according to the corre
spondent of a London paper. After
coffee and cigars he asked for the hill,
and the waiter, Isiwing with great def
erence, presented it to the host, who
ran his eye over the several items.
Asking pardon of his guest* he showed
them the lull, and desired to know if
thev thought '2*o francs ($66) a reaaona
ble'aum to charge for the dinner they
had had. The opinion was nnanimons
that the amount asked for so ordinary a
dinner was more than exorbitant. The
proprietor was called in. He entered
with a pompon* bearing, and, after hear
ing the ease, regretted that it was not
the custom of Ins house to reduce any of
the charge* made. Two hundred francs
1840) were oflered him and refused,with
great dignity and when he found that
the American gentleman was inclined to
argtie out each item with him, he waived
his hand deprisuitingly, told hi* custom
ers that he was uuuhio to give them any
more time, and asked tliem, since thev
appeared unwilling to pay the amount
of lna bill, to do him the favor of consid
ering themselves his guesta. He left
the room; the 200 franc* were sent down
to him, but were reftiaed, and the party
quitted the place, furious at the imper
tinent manner In which the dinner had
l>een offered gratuitously. In the morn
ing the 200 franca were offered him
again by a public notary, and be accepted
Thibet and It* People
Captain Gill, n recent address be
fore the Bntiah Geographical aooiety,
gave aomo Infereatmg information re
specting the lttbita of the TlnlieUna,
contraating them with thoae of the Chi
nese. Owing to thair originally nomad
mode of living, they have no l.lea of inn
accommodation, and the owner of a gixal
houae will aa often aa not be fonud
aleeping on the flat roof, whiletho hardy
people in winter can aleep with their
olotiiea half off, and their hare shouldera
in the anow. Tallica, chairs, and bed
steads are unknown iu their hotiaea.
Thibet ia a laud flowing with milk and
1 mtter, the euormoua quantity of the
latter consumed by a Thibetan being
very startling ; there ia butter in hia
oatmeal porridge, and there are hnge
Inmpa of butter in hia tea. Aa a rule,
he does not drink much milk, whioh ia
mostly made iuto butter, lint be ia fond
of aour cream, curds aud cheese ; and
thia brings a Thibetan bill of fare to an
yaoßtra Has.
Oream color is a favorite shade fol
evening gtovea.
The newest chatelaine >ag# are of
sealskin, with silver mountings.
The favorite flower this Bessou is tlie
rose ; fine fiowi-rti are out of fashion
Haudkerehiefn with colored embroider
ed edge# are Converted into '* breakfast
Htyliah coat* are made of wool da
masse with vest and ruffs of silk inate
New ehalelaiue pockets are of black
fuorucou, inlaid with red gold. Belt
buckle* are mode to match.
A yellow gauze dress trimmed with
knots of blue aiul red waa recently made
in l'sri* aud prououuceJ |wrfectly
Conch shell chains of roses and medal
lions, with amphorw ami c*rabi*i pen
dant*, are used this season, and are iu
high favor.
Home of the late im|K>rted costumes
are remarkable for their plaintitws, being
mode without flounce or ruffle of any
New white uudressed kid gloves are
trtmmed with three row* of inch-wide
Valenciennes insertion and a knife
plaited frill of lace.
Among the new fashion* for house
hold affairs ta the one of having table
cloths and napkins with colored borders,
embroidered by hand or with the oulor
woveu into the goods.
There is a fancy for putting fan* of
plaitesl satin i alxmt as deep a tlie fan
carried in the hand) at intervals art mud
the foot instead of a flounce. 1! is oou
sidered e|>eeialiy stylish to liave the
rich fabric of the overakirt reach from
the licit to the fiait, where it is fringed,
and these fans are then inserted, either
iu the seams or )>erhai>a in the middle
of the breadths as well.
Fur lined and fur-trimmed wraps will
t>e fashionable. Sealskin sacks will
take the lead in fur garments. These
garments are cut longer than formerly
worn, aud are trimmed with a band of
black inartiu. chinchilla, or silver-point
ed otter fur. Muffs are smaller and Is .as
are worn flat. Of oonrw, all rich fara
will tx-worn, bnt sealskin is the tun fur
for the winter of IH7B-79.
Nrwi mm 4 Mte for \%wmeu.
Worth uses thousands of yards of
lire ton lace daily.
A woman may wear anything ahe
pleases nowadays, except a one-button
A French lady never varies the flower
that she wear* for a button-hole bou
quet. .
Tlie Japanese ladies, when attending
the theater, change their dreaaes be
t ween each act.
During the last century the head
drew* of a f.tshionable lsilr added three
fee* to her stature.
Among the favor* given at n " Ger
man " reocntiv lu New York, were gold
*c*rf piu* for gentlemen and bangles for
Avoid the extremes of fashion. To
dree* up to its entire demand is to sub
mit to a condition of per|ietual self
Gwnera nf jxarl jewelry should lie
enreful Ui ke*p it from exjH>un- to
gn a*y surfaces, as ixiutact of this kind
destroys its luster.
A m< lical writer inforn.s laiiiea that
by a too active use of their fans tliey
check (xirapiratiou and pttalnce cutane
nn* diseaa*s.
A I*>ndon magistrate lately declared
the outside pockets on ladies' drosses to
l>e an indnoement to thieves. He pro
uonnceit them to lx< a fooliah ami mi
pnuier faslnoti, nor did he pity any one
(or losses thu* incurred.
A Iwanliful Kngliah woman was walk
ing in the Rue de La Pail, when a Fn-nch
puppy greatly anuoyed her by p**rtiua
eiimfy lier and glaring at her.
Hhc tiirueil upon him and said :
•' Ihwlly, I have not a son to give yon."
About Language*.
The following interesting extracts are
from a sermon preached by Rev.
Joseph Wild in Brooklyn and pnblish*l
in the New York Champion :
A British poet haa preaenteil in poe
try the sjiecul feature* of aevtiral of the
Eoropeau langnagva, which we give :
'• Ureek • * bsrji we love to bear ;
latin Is • trumpet clear ;
Spsnbh '*ke *n organ swells .
Italian rings its brutal bells .
trance, with mat.v * frolic mien.
Tunes iler sprig btiv violin ,
lead the Itenoan rolls bis drum
Wben Hussia * clashing oTubals oame
1 tut Britain s s<itis may well njoice.
For Knglish is the human voice."
There are eight languages in the
hounds of Christian civilisation that
m*v Ih> accounted powerful, because
, they are the tongues of vigorous peo
ple ; tbcv are the English. Russian,
Herman. Vrench, Spanish. Italian, Por
tuguese aud Scandinavian. But of these
all an 1 indigenous, eicept the English,
so that they die if transplanted. Look
' at this country and behold what a ceme
tery it is for languages. Once the French
had strong hold ami promised to abide
here ; but it is now nearly gone, even
from the State of Louisiana and Cana
tla, the last places of retreat.
If we take note of the population ac
cording to these several language*, we
Hhall see the prophetic future of the Eng
lish. It is spoken by almnt ninety mil
lions. Hußsiaiiaoventy-flve, German flfty
six, French forty, Spanish thirty-eight,
tali an twenty-nine, Portuguese four
teen ami Scandinavian nine. Within the
control of the government* of these
languages we find England to have
rule over '266,000,000 people, who
do not, as yet, s|>eak English,
and wo find that the other seven
have onlv seventy-five millions out
side of themselves ; here is au im
portant difference. If we look at them
by territorial limits, leaving out Knsaiti,
we And the English language to u
12,382,686 square miles, Oormauv 4451.-
684. French 671,678, Spanish 4,654.811,
Italian 114,46(1, Portuguese 4,028,311,
and Scandinavian 1,808,830. The ag
gregnte numlier of square miles pos
sessed by these six languages, is 11,187,-
620, which altogether, you see, own
1,215,066 miles square less than the
English, This IsUaneo itself is more
than Germany, France and Spain put
together. The English language is di
vided only into two governments, but
the other "six are divided into twenty
six. * * * In one hundred jrears
from now the English language will be
spoken by a thousand million people.
Thns we need no stretch of fancy to see
that what the prophet s|>eaks of iu the
text will be accomplished in due time.
Thiß lauguage will soon lie universal;
by common oonseut it will become the
language of the world. All the changes
going on among nntious forecast its
übiquity. China, by an imperial de
cree, has just added to her language 700
| English words. Her sons by the thou
i sand ure with us, aud by the thousand
they are loaruiug our mother tongue.
The Japiuietie, till a few years ago, car
ried on their foreign coriespondeuce
through the Dutch, but now they liave
changed to the English. Besides, in the
60,000 schools in Japan English is being
TKKMB: ?g*2.00 a Year, in Advance.
When (he *ultan Die*.
"Scarcely haa the sultan drawn hia
last breath," saya a recently published
work, " wheu his wives, his favorites,
in short, all tlie women whose power is
now at an end, are desired to be ' off'
within four-and-tweuty hours. Thla
clisnge of scene is a veritable rout. It
may rather lie compared to a ship
wreck, wheu each passenger tries to lsv
hold of some means of safety, by which
she may float on the surface, and may
be prevented from sinking into the
deep where all are forgotten—that is
to aay, the depth of the old seraglio.
Thither are transferred those of the
kadiues and favorites whom their
sterility had already condemned. Those
who are mothers slone art allotted the
protection of the imperial palace, for
reasons of state make it unadvisabte that
they should be removal) from the su
perintendence of the heir of the empire.
As to the other ladiea, they mil* disap
pear with their slave* and female at
teudanta, although, iwrhapa, there may
be some among the latter who, thanks
to fresh patronage, flud the means of
lodgiug themselves in the little female
court* which are formed upon the old
oues. The old seraglio, situated at the
extreme cud of the palace, is a sad and
lugubrious building, a verv tomb, where
human lieings are buried alive. Im
agine a medieval castle, with it* lofty
crenelated walls aud it* narrow windows,
the whole surrounded by a thick ami
dark moss of ancient cypreaaea : one
may then perhaps form a correct idea of
the retreat which, as in a prison, con
fines the fallen goddesses of the harem.
Beyond the apartment* destined to the
ladiea, the old seraglio also contains a
nunitter of buildings, among which may
lie reckun*l the imperial treasury, the
library, the mosque, which contains
such relics a* the standard of the
prophet, hi* beard, etc. There it is,
tinder the shadow of theae religious
souvenirs, that the j oor abandoned
lieaut le* of a former Ottoman court
have to submit to the most severe se
clusion. Their goings in and oat are
confined to what are strictly neonasary,
and their relations with the world strict
ly watched. Bucb are the suspicions
of their new sovereign, which cause
them, doubtless, to regret the uncertain
affection of their defunct husband. Poor
souls, thus placed between the jealousy
of the dead and the living ! But reasons
of state cannot listen to the dictates of
the heart. Each sultan looks upon
, himself as tlie responsible guardian of
the hon:>r of his predecessor*, and in this
capacity be is bound to take care that the
widows"of these pnnces(or whatever their
title may le i should lie subject to strict
and watchful supervision. This seclu
sion, however, is not for life, and with
time the jailer shows himself more com
placent, and relax* m some degree the
seventy of his watch. The indulgence
ir not shown until those who are thus
confined have passed the p rioJ of
temptation. It is when the amiable
kadme has reached her fiftieth year that
the rtigniug snltau places at her dis
posal one of the royal residences, and
begh her to act as she pleases.
Hunrii Treasure Brought te Ught. J
There has been considerable excite
ment among the residents of Rossville,
Htaten island, over the good fortune of
Christopher Meister, a German market
gurdener, living on the Lake farm on
Lake i*laud. near the sound shore. Mr.
Meister and his sou, while digging a
pit to hory turnip*, in a aaauy pot
near the shore, struck a large atone
three feet Iwlow the Upon re
moving the stone they uwooveral an
old-fashioned mn pot. of about a
peek'#capacity, filled with what *pj>ear
txl to lie large copjer oo;ns. They at
once removed tlie Pot to the In-nse, and
after cleaning a few coma, which were
black with age, found them to be Span
ish silver dollar*, some of them bearing
date 17AH. Tlie farm occupied by Mr.
Meister w*a owned and occupied by the
Lake family tiefore aud during the
revolutionary war. It seems probable
that the treasure found by Mr. Meister
was hidden where found by some of the
Lake family during one of the raids
made by toriea on the island. About
five yeara ago a number of gold and
silver coius were dug up in the garden
of ex Sheriff Negnant at Rossville, and
still later a l*>x fnllof Spanish dubloous
was fonud on tlie farm of Mr. Jrxmpean.
n*r the old Methodist Episcopal
church at Rossville. Mr. Meister was
highly elateil over his good fortune, and
intended making further eiplorationa,
lieheving that there is more burial
treasure in the vicinity.—Aev }ork
Heath in a Maa\ Bite.
IK k mn a poisonous animal? It
would seem KO when he is verv angry,
and that be poisons those he bites, as
other bea*t* often do. Every once in a
while the press records a case of some
body dying from the bite of a man, and
the eases appear to bo well authenticat
ed. The lattMit instance was in Wash
ington, where Peter MeNamara died
from the bite of one Danaher, with
whom he liatl had a light two montha
before. The physicians discovered poi
non in hia blood, and amputated the
tluger on which the brute had fastened
lna teeth. The poiaon Lad spread, how
ev r, to the arm, which would alao hare
lieen removed had the sufferer been able,
in the opinion of the surgeon, to endure
it, Deaths of this sort demand investi
gation of the ablest physicians. If we
can impart mortal poison by our bite, as
dogs au<l other animals can, we ought
to know it. Fortunately, it ia not our
habit to bite ; but, if it were, we might
be as dangerous as mad doga. There
haa l>een a rast deal of discuaaion latter
ly on the subject of hydrophobia, some
medical authorities maintaining that
no such disease can 1* engendered by
the canine species. Can hydrophobia
or aught approaching it be communicat
ed by the human species? We certainly
need light on this point. If man is
capable of rabies and of conveying it by
a bite, it would appear to be a new ar
gument IU favor of evolution.
Virtues of a Vvaila Nut.
Piucnuts are now to l*> found on sale
at most of our fruit ptands where other
uuta are kept. They are a pro
duction, and are therefore suited to the
requirements of our people iu the nut
li no —good to be esteu iu this climate.
They are quite sweet and agreeable to
the taste, notwithstanding a faint flavor
of pine or balsam. It has long been
known that these nuts were exoellent
for all diseases of the kidneys—the early
settlers made that discovery— but it is
not generally known that they are abont
the best medicine that cau be takeu in
case of bronchial affections and throat
ailments. There is iu the nuts just a
sufficient amount of a peculiar piney
balsam, combined with a sweet aud
agreeable oil to soothe aud heul the
throat, aud to clear and strengthen the
lungs. It is only necessary to carry
them in the pocket and nibble at tnem as
at uuts of any other kind. No one need
tie afraid of eating too mauy of the nuts.
They are the bread of the Pintes, who
fatten on them. Children devour these
uuta with aridity, and in this climate
aud thin atmosphere they should be se
lected for them in preference to nuts
from the tropics or other foreign regions.
In case of throat troubles or weak
Inngs, pinenuts are the best anil cheap
est medicine that can be fonnd by the
little folks; big folks ditto.— f?ry*ita
(>'•.) Rnterpri#e.
Hpam is of more account In this world
Hin >• generally souposad It look,
together wilh tU colonies, 2,000 dis
tinctions of all ktuds at the Parta exhi
bition, while Kugbuu] and her noloniea
took '2,400.
A consignment of H7O sheep from
Kentucky, said to be the fluest ever
raised iu this country, brought eight
and in** l*!J oenta a pound in a Mansarhn
artta market receutly, whereat the Boe
tou Cultivator .-xelaims: " How ia that,
Northern fanner* f"
Pbilipjiua wntoa to the London J\trui
that he finds a horae'a ahoM will by de
greea (he being worked lightly at first)
wear down till a a train m of the boof ia
reached at which he can perfectly well
lie worked without ahoea—in fact, goea
better without them.
In January, 1871, a Frrucb gunner
*u struck by ■> fragment of • Pruaaiau
shell which carried away hi* jaw, uoae
and both eyea. TLe surgeon# have at
laat devised for him a metallic maak,
with ryes, a fall* nuae and an artificial
jaw that permits him to masticate hia
food. The woman he was engaged to
when the war broke oat married htm.
Willie Williams waa taken from the
poorhonae iu Detroit, Mich., when he
was a little boy, aud made a drudge m a
physician's family. He waa sent to
school, where he frequently complained
of hard work at home, inanfflcient food,
and severe punishment. A few days ago
he went to market with five dollars to
make some purchases. He returned
with the cbauge two dollars short, and
said, on being questioned, thai he had
spent the miming money for a pistol
with which to shoot himself. The phy
sician tried to take the weapon away
from him, but he ran into another nxna,
locked the door and committed anode.
English photographers avoid the strain
on the sitter's eyes, which usually re
sults in a ghastly stare, by having a
clock-face as the point to which they
are directed, the eyea being allowed to
travel slowly from the figure XIL all
round. The rotatory movement of the
eyeball in adapting itself, step by step,
tii the figures upon so small a circle at
such a distance, is ao excessively fine as
to cause no interference with the pho
tographic process. The eyea are excel
lently well defined, even to the iris, and
the pictures have a marked superiority
over those previously taken in the man
ner in which the details of the eyea are
reproduced. The titters have expressed
themselves aa not having had any atrain
upon their eyes.
The latest exploit of the Ban Francis
co reporter is the alleged exposure of a
process for manufacturing hens' eggs
from deleterious materials. Acoorl-i g
to the narrative the albumen is imitated
by a mixture of sulphur, carbon and
fatty matter obtained from the slaughter
houses and rendered sticky with muci
lage. The yelk is made of blood, phos
phate of lime, magnesia, muriate of am
monia. oleic aud margaric acids and
colored with chrome yellow. The shells
are shaped by a blow-pipe from a mass
of gypsum, plaster of Paris, carbonate
of lime and oxide of iron. After the
shells sre blown the slbumen is forced
in through a hole in the small end and
sticks to the sides; then the velk it
added, and after being covered with
more of the albumen mixture the hole
is sealed with cement, the complete egg
is rubbed prettv smooth and hud aside
for packing. It is asserted that many
barrels of these eggs have been shipped
eastward tor ctuiiumption.
Hereditary FMreta ef llrink.
l>r. Wiliard Parker, referring to the
hereditary effect of drink, aaul to a New
York repot tor: "Of all agents, alcohol
is the most potent in establishing hered
ity that exhibits itself in the destruction
oi mind sud body. It transmits an ap
petite for strong drink to the children,
sou the e are hkelv to have that form
of drunkenness which may be termed
paroxysmal; that is, they will go for a
considerable period without any indul
gence. nntil at last all barriers of self
control give way. The drunkard by in
heritance is a more helpless slave than
hi 3 progenitor, and the children be
begets are more helpless stilL Heredi
tary effects of drink are shown in insani
ty, idiocy, epilepsy and other affections
of the brain and nervous system. Prit
chard and Esquirol, two great authori
ties on the subject, attribute one-half
of the cases of insanity in England to
the use of alcohol, and the same is prob
ably true in this country. One-half of
the*idiots are of drunken parentage. I
liave been acquainted with several men.
having brilliant and cultivated minds,
who inherited the vice, and they have
staUvi to me that there were times when
tbe impulse to drink strong liquor was
irresistible, and that nothing had power
to dissuade them from yielding to it.
An instance of how a mother, aocus
tnmed to tbe nse of alcohol, influences
her offspring, may be related from mv
own experience. A merchant in good
circumstance* came to me for medical
advice. He was in the habit of getting
intoxicated every night before retiring.
His mother also drank habitually, and
died of paralysis. He bail two brothers
and three sisters. The oldest brother
died a paroxysmal drunkard. My patient
was always in a state of mental discom
fort and was suspicions and jealous to
the most unreasonable degree. The
third brother and child died a drunkard,
and the fourth child, a sister, was an
inmate of s lunatic asylum. The filth
child was intolerable on account of her
eccentricity. The sixth child, also a
woman, diedofoonsumption. The second
son, my patient, married a woman of
fine physical and mental organization.
They hail two sons; the elder was asso
ciated with his father in business, and
was an energetic man, but very excitable,
and although not an habitual drunkard,
was a slave to hia other animal appetite,
The other child was in reality a moral
idiot Here, in spite of the restraining
influence of the fine mental and physical
organization of the mother, we see the
effects of alcohol cropping out in the
third generation. We do not always
see the worst effects of the hereditary
influence of alcohol, because of the fre
quent mingling of good blood with that
which is tainted. From my own obser
vations and tbetestimouyof others, 1 am
led to the conclusion that by far the
larger share of mental disease, poverty
and crime is the direct heritage of alco
hol It is also the cause of a great share
of our bodily disease, and is shortening
the average duration of life. Bobbins,
in a work on sanitary science, says that
tbe average duration of life in this city
in 1810 was between twenty-six and
twenty-seven years. Sinoe then it has
decreased until the average age does not
now exceed fifteen years. If we reduced
the death rate to what it was flfty years
ago there would be a saving of more
than 11,000 lives every yeur. Our city
ought to be one of the healthiest in the
world. A careful examination will al
ways reveal the fact that indulgence in
alooholic beverages and the death rate,
as well as the increase in mental and
nervous diseases, have a relative propor
tion. Of oourse there are other de
generative causes, but tbey go back to
intomjieranee as the primary one."
Item* af later eat
A grata wit Ooal.
Always awake—A vessel's track.
Played out—An extinguished fire.
A editable dower for a widow—A
Pruauia baa 26,724,404 inhabitants
and 8, 228 physicians.
A philosopher fall sick, and waa or
dered to drink aage tea.
Ninety-six murderer* were hanged in
the United Htatee last year.
A handsome pair of alippera—Two
pretty girls sliding on the ice.
Edison now aleepa in the day time and
works st night, to avoid riaitnrs.
! The nose is red, the lipe are bine; the
i weather ia ooki, and so are yon.
The electric light is to be used in the
streets ut Liverpool IDS teed of gas.
Geography bees bare replaced spell
ing bees ss s winter amusement in the
' Green-haired children are sometimes
bora in Aleaee, bnt the color disappears
after a few month#.
Many a boy who handle* s billiard
cat with consummate skill, can't get the
hang of a snow above).
Uncle Ham's large family has licked
nearly ten billion jxatsge stamps since
their introduction in 1847.
There are two kinds of men who tell
the truth—one from force of circum
stances and the other for a change.
Kalakaua, king of the Handwirb
islands, has invented a gun, and thinks
of taking out s patent in this country.
The moat beabful girl we ever bean!
of was the young lady who blushed
when she was asked if she had not been
courting sleep.
A friendship that makes the least noise
is very often the most useful- for which
reason I should prefer s prJuent friend
to s sealooa one.
Home one says that nothing is healthy
that ia friad. This is probably ao.
Even Pri'day is unhealthy—for oou
rioted murderers.
A cloek la being exhibited at Pari*
which fires e shot every boor. Home
body says that its graat practical utili
ty is " to kill time."
" Pants for $5 ?" said a seedy-looking
mn reading a sign in the window of a
clothing store be was passing. "Ho do
I. I never panted so for $5 in all my
An Idaho editor propone* to nail
another editor's " vulnerable hide to
the wall, and make it look like a wood
chock-akin on a country barndoor in
bean time."
• Hurrah for the beautiful snow !" he
cned; "how brilliant, sparkling and
clear I" But ha quick changed his tone,
for a wicked gossoon plastered some on
the flap of his ear.
A country lad says his Uncle Ben
made s scarecrow ao frightful that one
of the black- ffathered thieves went and '
brought back all the corn be had stolen
daring the six previous days.
Pride is ss loud s beggar as want,
and a great deal mere saucy. Wheo
you haTe bought one fine thing, you
must buy ten more, that your appear
ance may be all of a pieee: but it is
easier to' suppress the first desire than
to satisfy all that follow it.
Tts gnddlscskseome days as** otms.
When prood Malinda'.paaes.
Her utile platelet back for more
and sops 'am with asnlsssin
Metinds. prood Melinite Jane.
I lees* for mere*'* mke !
ties, piling in those gnddis-cskee
Too 11 get the lomsrh asks.
And then. Mshads, loaded down
With gnddle-oskas. TOO d sse
Thsl viands doughnut ease the sool—
How waffle that would be!
—SL Louis Timm Jounna..
1890. —Only two sovereigns erenow
left alive in Europe. The socialists
have got the thing down to a dot, and
pop the new ones off as soon as they are
crowned. The emperor of Germany
hasn't starred from a castle on an island
in the Rhine lot six months. N J body
can be trusted ! They put poison in
the kingly food, born their palaces,
blow them np in their csetlea J The
king of Italy lives in the cellar. A so
ciety for the prevention of cruelty to
kings is now is process of formation. —
j Hae York Graphic.
A I*JT who arnv*l recently from the
Eaat in Sacramento, CaL, on a train, had
in her poeweiwoo a rare pat—a land
turtle—which ab seemed to think
very much. The animal'a ah ell had
been highly poliahed until it reaembled
one of the* large back comb* worn by
. ladies, and he waa moat obediert to the
calls of hie mistreaa. A call or low
clock from the lady waa sufficient to
bring him from under the aeata in the
oar, and with bat little encouragement
or aaautancr he would climb to the
lady's lap. The pet would also tear a
pin*from the lady's dress.
It will be remembered that in Ger
mane some of the men bearing the
names of Hoedel and N'obehng have
testifies their loyalty to Emperor Wil
liam by asking legal authority to change
their names. But now the entire com
munity of Bslna, in Italy, the birth
place of Pa**anante, have', it appears,
asked the privilege of changing ite
name to Savui* —thus, by a two-fold
stroke, cu rising the oook and compli
menting the king. If the regicidal at
tempts in Spam, in Denmark, and in
Austria should be followed by like
change*, the renaming* of men and
places for this one eanse will reach a re
markable number for a single year.
The following anecdote was told to
show the informal and domestic man
ners of the crown princess of Germany
and tbe rigid etiquette of the German
court: One d*T, at a ball in Potsdam,
the princess could not find the prinoe,
and meeting the empress, saked her
where her husband could possibly be.
' " I do not know where your husband
is," said the empress; •• bat I can tell
you where the crown prince is. ' The
prinoeaa made no reply; but soon after
ward, seeing her husband, she com
plained of the rebuke she received- The
pnnoe bit his lip*, and walking up to
the empress, said, " Mamma, will you
be good enough to toll me where my
wife is F*
An account is given in the French
journals of a new and interesting inven
tion, namely, a method of producing a
cloth from glaga, which ha* some special
advantages over ordinary textile* ; that
ia, it is produoed in all colors tod of
different strengths, ami is also incom
bustible, thi* latter property rendering
in valuable for thoae who have to work
near a fire or flames. It is also adapted
for ladies' dreeea*, and for other pur
poses, in place of silk, and it is said t >
be more glossy and lustrous, and is.
moreover, easily washed. It is stated to
have all the ap|>earance characterizing
beaw ailk, and ia soft and elastic like
the latter. Its usefulness, however,
must of oourse depend in a great degree
on its durability.
A Fatherly Man.
Griswold street, from Fort to Con
gress, offer* such superior facilities for
falling down in the winter, that all the
newsboys and bootblacks who look upon
the bright and cheerful fide of life loaf
around that section a great deal in order
to be on hand when the climax occurs.
Seven of them stood in a row yesterday
morning as a fatherly, unwieldy citizen
turned the oorner of tbe Moffatt block.
" Select your spot ! " they yelled a*
he reached the descent, and in about a
minute he reached the conclusion that
they had gather* d there to sec him fall.
Some men would have jumped aside into
the street, but this fatherly man contin
ued on. He resolved to himself :
••Now theee boys are poor, forlorn
boys. They Beldom" have auy fun. They
are hungry, ragged, and do not look
forward to Christmas. They wish me
to fall If, by falling, I can add to
their happiness, it ia my duty to do so."
'lTioee bovs may never know that the
good man fell on purpose to please
them. He suddenlv made a slip to the
left, stretching ont bis leg nntil it look
ed to be ten feet long—then a slip to the
right, and as he recovered he stuck his
heels toward the south pole, clawed out
like a million angle worms fastened to
gether, and the anow where he struck
flew sixteen feet He didn't get np and
tell the boys that it was a put-up job to
lighten their hardens of care and sorrow
for a moment, but he knows, and tbe
reader knows, that it was.— Frte. Pre**