The Centre reporter. (Centre Hall, Pa.) 1871-1940, August 22, 1878, Image 4

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'""Ji'ii'Vf * *• k*( Marr iHi
to * Taaael Ont Paar Mil**
The Newark (N. J.) Ait7y AAnrMwrn
jlL j r ® wun P^ on <*f work on the Iqii
fl*wßder the Hudson between Now York
ff '"*7 atu * adds: "At present
we enterprise has progressed no further
than the sinking of a shaft at the foot of
Fifteenth street, Jersey Oity. The pro
ject has a singular history.' It wss con
nived by Colonel De \Vitt C. Haakms
five rears ago, wheu he and a party of i
friends were detained in Jersey City for
four hours on account of ice ami fog on
their return from a trip to Washington.
On May 26 following a charter was
granted by the Legislature to the Hud
eon Tnnnel 'Railroad Company, and the
Jersey City aldermen granted the com
pany permission to erect a building and
to sink a shaft at the foot of Fifteenth
street. Work was begun at the corner
of Jersey avenue and Fifteenth street
on November 1, 1874, but within a few
weeks the company were enjoined from
proceeding fnrther hy the ohanoollor.
Henry S, White, counsel for the com
pany." then applied to Judge Pepne to
appoint (wmmissioners to condemn the
in erest of landowners along Fifteenth
stri et, from Jersey avenue to the water
froi t These owners were the Ib'la
weie, Lackawanna and'Westcni and Sier
ra and Essex railroad companies aud
the Jersey Shore Improvement Com
pany. Long and expensive suits fol
lowed, but the Tuuuel Company was
finally victorious.
'• the expenses involved in building,
working, and in oondnctingthe law suits
amounted to upwards of $40,000, much
to the disgust of more than half the
stockholders, who forthwith forbade fur
ther expenditure and brought about a
dead lock. This was a year ago. Since
then Colonel Raskins lias visited Cali
fornia, and has interested Senator Jouee
and L. C. Fowler in the scheme, and
they, together with Trenor W. INirk and
a few residents of Chicago and Now York,
have tikxuniaed to relieve the dissatisfied
stockholders and to push the work to
completion. The company having tnvu
incorporated in both Slates, there are
two sets of directors, those on the New
Tork aide of the river representing $7,-
000,000 of the capital stock, and those on
the Jersey side $3,000,000.
"The tunnel will run principally
through tough mud until it reaches the
New York shore, when rocks will lie en
countered for a distance of about 400
feet, after which sand abounds. The
extreme grade will be two feet to the'
hundred descending from Jersey City,
and three feet to the hundred ascending
from New York, for 1,500 feet, the re
mainder of the route being two feet to
the hundred. The greatest depth of the
river at low water is sixty-two feet, and
. the roof of the tnnnel will be twenty feet
below the river at this point The tun
nel, when completed, will be a trifle
over four miles in length. Three gangs
of men will work eontiunonsly day aud
night, commencing on the Jersey side.
It is estimated that the construction will
consume two years in time, ami $10,000.-
000, and will employ from 1,000 to 1,500
Why Flies tan Walk on Ceilings.
I have no donbt that when yon have
been at the sea-side you have often
noticed the limpets which stick so hard
to the rocka. There they stick, however
the waves may beat against them, and
they stick hard too, harder than the
strongest cement could fasten them.
Have yon ever trie,! to poll one of these
limpets from its place? If von have
not, I can assure you that yon or I
might poll and pull away without mov
ing it a quarter of an inch. Now, the
the same power that enables the limpet
to hold on so firmly to the rock, enables
the fly, by means of those little hairs, to
trot about upside down; for in principle
the swelled-ont enda of the hairs act in
precisely the same manner as the body
of the limpet. With a little trouble, we
can out of simpie materials, a
very good imitation of one of theec hairs
sufficiently large to see how they act.
First we must get a bit of the kind
of leather that is used for the soles
of boots. It must be about the size of
a crown-piece, and also of the same
shape. We must then fasten it to a
yard of string by means of a hole in the
middle of the leather, a knot in the end
of the string preventing it coming away.
This knot should be so hammered against
the hole that no air can get throagh the
opening, or oar experiment will fail.
Now, with this simple contrivance we
shall, if we have made it properly, be
able to lift stones of several pounds
weight Bat before we try and do so
we must take care that the leather at
the end of the strinir has been soaked
some hours in water, to make it soft and
pliable. We will now take hold of the !
free end of the string, and drop the
leather upon the stone we wish to raise.
On gently pulling the string, we shall
find that the leather has taken such a
firm sucking hold upon the stone that
we can carry it from place to place; we j
shall also find that it requires some '
force to separate them. The reason
why the leather "sucker," as it is !
called, acts in this way is because when
we pull the string we raise up the oentre
of the leather, and make a little tent
shaped hollow space there between the
sucker and the stone. The air cannot
get into the little chamber thus formed,
for the Boft, wet leather fits closely to
the stone all round it. But the air tries
with might and main to force its way in,
and it presses so closely upon the aucker
, tliat it actually sticks it all the firmer to
the stone. The force that is exerted
_ upon the sucker is called atmospheric
pressure, and is exactly the same power
which keeps the limpet on the rock and i
the fly's foot on the oeiling.— Little
The Wool Product eI the World.
From an interesting srticle on the
wool trade of the Pacific coast, publish
ed in a recent numt>er of the Ban Fran
cisco Journal of Commerce, we learn
that the number of sheep in the world is
now estimated at from four hundred and
eighty-four to six hundred millions, of
which the United States has about 36,-
000,000, and Great Britain the same
number. From 1801 to 1875 the wool
clip of Great Britain and Ireland in- i
creased from 94,000,000 to 325,000,000
pounds. That of France has increased
almost as rapidly, though the wool is
finer, as s role, and henoe the superiori
ty of French cloths. Australia produce*
nearly as much wool as Iheparent coun
try—Great Britaiu. The United States
product increased from very little at the
beginning of the century to about 200,-
000,000 pounds at the present time. Of
this California has produced about one
fourth, and the Pacific coast as s whole ;
almost one-third. If the ratio ol growfh
shown in the past prevails in the future,
the day is not far distant when the
Pacific coast will produce at least one
half the wool produced in the United
States, as not only California and Ore
gon, but also Washington, Idaho, Mon
tana, Utah, and New Mexico are well
adapted to its production. The wool
clip of Australia is about 284,000,000
pounds; that of Buenos Ayres and the
river Plata, 222,500,000 pounds; other
countries not previously given, 463,000,- j
000 pounds. The total clip of the world !
Ust year ws abont 1,497.500,000
ponnds, worth $!50,000,000. This when
scoured would yield about 852,000,000
pounds of clean wool.
Mew of Few Word".
Some men use words as riflemen use
bullets. They say but little. The few
words go right to the mark. They let j
you talk, and gnide your face and eyes
on and on, till what you say can lie an
swered in a word or two, and then they
launch out a sentence, pierce the matter i
to the quick, and are done. Your con
versation falls into their minds as a river ; i
in a deep chasm, and is lost from sight i
by its M-pth and darkness. They will ]
sametimes surprise yon with s few words <
that go tq the mark like gunshots, and I
then they are silent again as if they <
were reloading. Such men are safe
counselors aud trne friends, where they i
profeas to be such. To them truth is
more valuable than gold, while preten-
sion is too gaudy to deceive them, t
Words without points to them are like t
titles without merit, only betraying the a
weakness of the blind dupea who are i
ever used to forward other men's a
schemes. r
A Sooth Africa Diamond Mine.
From whatever direction one comes
from the snrronuding plain, the most
prominent sight is the lofty range of
sand monnds, rising up from out the
I center of the town, and overtopping
everything. These are compose! of
earth from the original thirteen surface
acres of the Kimberley mine, and
thrown up around the edge of the gradu
ally deepening pit, just as the nut on a
•mailer scale piles up a circular ridge
around its hole. By diamond "mine"
| in Africa, is meant a pipe of several acre*
i superficial area and unknown depth,
miming straight down through stratified
layers of shale. Each pipe, and there
am only four, is filled in to the level of
the geueral surface of the plaiu with
sand, tufa, aud a dianioud-bcwriog lreo-
I cia or soft rock. The Kimliertey pipe or
mine lias new been excavated to a depth
lof about two hundred and fifty feet.
Most of the streets of the town converge
to it. We walk to the ilge of ruck
which surrounds it, called the "reef,"
aud before and beneath us extends an
abvaa -a hug*' ovnl-ahaptsl cauldron
open full to the skies. Over its edge
lies a sheer descent of two hundred and
fifty feet; aoroaa it, from side to side, a
stretch of a thousand feet, or a fifth of a
mile. Cuming even as one does from
the life and stir of the town, the first
look iuto the mine is a fascinating and
bewildering one.
Little by little the facts unfold and
st<al ujHui the attention. Oue talks to
his neighbor as to a deaf man, for a
steady hum or roar fills the sir, chiefly
made np of human voices and the w lar
of buckets ascending and descending on
their wire ropes. Ten thousaud men are
working l>elow aud around us, in the pit
and around its edge. All is iu plaiu
aight, for there is no burrowing under
ground. Far below, little black pigmy
men—so they soeui iu the distance—are
moving about, but uot aiugly or at ran
dom, for closer observation allows that
they are working iu groups, each group
upon a certain well-defiued square patch
of solid earth, at which it is picking ami
delving, or walking to aud fro over it,
carrying little buckets of loosened soil.
| Iu their midst sits or stands a white
overseer or the master himself.
Spreading over the whole excavation
or pit, cauldron, pot or basin, which
! ever couvevs the clearest idea, like a
j spider's we\> on a dewy moruing, run
innumerable white threads, so they seem
as thev glisten iu the snu. Follow oue
1 such thread to our feet, anil it will be
■ found to be a shining wire tope, worn
white with constant use. Aud here on
the edge or brim, called, as we know,
■ the "'reef," we find a scene of life and
labor even more animated than below.
All arouud, but chiefly on two oppo
i i site sides, is erected a strong frame-work
of timber called the " stagiug," estimat
: ed to have cost $250,000. It is bnilt in
three tiers, like a three-story tionse, and
i each tier is floured to afford standing
i room for laborers. Firmly set all along
1 each tier of this stagiug are hundreds of
wooden wheels, abont four feet in diame
; ' ter, with a crank on each side, to be
turned by four Kaffirs. The iron ropes
l ran from every part of the circnmfer
! cnee, but differ greatly iu length—some
. extending vertically down the reef, Borne
far out into the center of the mine, and
1 others to varying intermediate distances,
i but each to its own claim. Such a rope
1 is stretched from the bearings of each
■ wheel on the staging to its oorrespond
[ \ iug claim below, where it is made fast
> to a post sunk firmly in the gronud.
Thus a wheel, a wire rope and a " claim,"
■ be it onlv a sixteenth, are inseparable,
i and equal in number. On these wire
ropes the "bine stuff" is hauled iu
buckets by aid of the windlass, np out
of the miue.— Ser timer.
Fashion Notes.
The small round turban is again wiyn
j by young ladies.
Slender gold finger-rings bearing tiny
coins are among the latest novelties.
Birds of all kinds, and their plumage,
are ranch used for house decorations.
The oval neck which is replacing the
pompadour, is called the Agnes Sorcl.
Indian monsselaine over white satin
is the newest style for wedding dresses.
The soft willow feathers tipped with
gold are intended only for young ladies'
Ties, with three very flat bows on the
instep, are the prettiest shoe for street
Silver jewelry still continues in favor,
and the finest of filigree work can be
Passementerie and all flat trimmings
are much in vogue for trimming dresses
and paletots.
The most stylish visiting cards are
very plain, with the name iu writing or
a fac aimile of the owner's baud writing.
A beautiful material for evening dress -
es is the new jasper silk which ia, in
; color, a combination of delicate colors
and shadings,
j Breakfast caps formed by an oblong
piece of fine Swiss, and ornamented with
ace and ribbon, are worn by young
ladies, and are fastened to the hair with
long gold headed pins.
Plaid dresses in those Scotch patterns
combining a great deal of green and
I blae, with a touch of yellow or red, are
much worn; they are trimmed with gold
cord, and have vests of white or buff,
with gold buttons.
Wide leather belts are very fashion
able with all styles of dresses; these
hsve attached to them the small bag,
the chatelaine on which hangs the fan,
and the small portemonnaie containing
jast change enongh to be of service,
whether one is shopping, or at chnrch,
or passing toll-gates. In Eugland these
belts and their accompaniments are
called "passe-partouts."
Light colored percale dresses for
young ladies, or muslins of any des
cription, are made dressy by having
square-neck openings filled in with fine
embroidery or lace. A more satisfacto
ry way is to make a square collarette,
finished with ruffle of lace which is ad
justable, and that can lie worn with any
dress. Very tiny bows of narrow ribbon
of the shade of the dresses are nsed to
fasten the collarette.
- ■ .
Deaf, Dumb, Blind and Insane.
According to a statement published
by Dr. G. Mayr, the director of the
royal Bavarian statistical bureau, the
proportion of blind, deaf aud dumb
people and of imbeciles in the different
countries of Enrope and in America is
as follows: The proportion of blind
peoDle is in Germany 8.79 per thousand
of the population; in England, 9.35; in
Denmark, 7.86; in Norway, 13 63; iu
Sweden, 8 06; in Finland, 22.46; in
Austria, 5.55; in Hungary, 12; in
Switzerland, 7.61; in France, 8.37; in
Spain. 11.26; in Italy, 10.16, and in the
United States, 5.27. Of deaf and
dumb people the proportion is in Ger
many and Austria 9.66 per thousand; in
England, 5.74; in Denmark, 6.20; iu
Norway, 9.22; in Sweden, 10.23; in
Switzerland, 24.52; in France and
Spain, 6 26; in Italy, 7.34, and in the
United States, 4 20. The proportion of
idiots is in Germany twenty-three per
thousand; in England, 31; in Denmaik 1
and Sweden, 22; in Norway, 20J; in
Switzerland, 29; in Belgium, 14; in
France, 26; and in Italy and the United
States, 16. <
Prince and Sovereign.
Dr. Ruppaner, the well-known Gsr- '
man-American, and president of the '
Goethe Club, of New York, wag the
hero of an adventure in Paris recently '
that attracted much attention from those 1
who saw it. He had bailed a cab, and
as be was abont to step in ho was sur
prised to see another man entering at
the opposite side. Dr. Ruppaner de- ,
manded of the driver which of the two (
had hailed him first, and the driver de- <
cided in favor of the New Yorker. He ,
then politely requested the stranger to -
descend, but the latter answered: j
"I am Prince —giving a known ,
name. Dr. Rupanner replied: j
"You are a prince, but I am a sover- (
eign—a citizen of the United States;" j
and without much more ado he gently j
took the prince by the collar of his ooat (
and set him down quietly upon the side- f
walk. The prince went in search of ,
another carriage, and the "sovereign"
rod® off in trinmph. I
Kilracu lrn Ihr llrcel ASdre** S Crl.
Northrni*. al II aaJalarll.
There is a peculiar pleasure in the
culture of trees—a pleasure that never •
cloys, perfect, varyiug, growing with j<■
their growth. We watch them with <
pride, us year by year new lieautiea ap- >
pear. Like grateful children, trees i
bring rich returua and compenaate a j'
thousandfold for all the cure and twins 1
they coat; for a noble tree ia oue of the |'
grandest and tuiist lieautiful product* of
Natim<—airy aud delicate in it* youth, I
luxuriant and majestic in its prime, veu- <
enable and romantic ill its old age. 1
There ia uothing more ennobling than i
the conseiouaueaa of doing something l
for fntuni generations winch, so far I
from ita being ephemeral in ita infln- <
en lie, shall prove a great I >enef action in 1
distant y. ara. Trie planting ia a very !
delightful way of perpetuating one's
memory long after he has paaaaal away.
Even the poorest can in tins way pro
vide himself with a living monument
grander than the loftiest shaft of chisel- i
ed stone aud more beautiful thau any
statue of storied marble or classic brnuse
— a monument which will uot only adorn
the walks of daily life, but continually
suggest duty to the living, while it
happily commemorates the past. Such
associations grow ui interest from year
to year and generation to generation.
It is a matter of ixwgratnlatiou that
more than fifty associations for village
improvement have already been organ
ized, which have done great good in
i cultivating public spirit, improving
social and intellectual life, and enhancing
the value of real estate. Theee associa
tions promote improvements and en
courage tree-plautiug iu the streets,
sidewalks, roods, public parks and
buildings, the village groeu, the burial
ground, and, most aud beat of all, pri
vate grounds and dwellings; aud, if only
private taste, public spirit, towu prulg
can tie duly eulistod, iu co-operation
with the certainty of pecuniary profit,
our streets mid public roads, our ceme
teries, and especially our homes,
beautiful, as they already are, j
might become far more beautiful
and inviting. Now this wrork should go
oa until uot a siugle school-house,
dwelling or street is left without the
simple aud grand a.lormneut of shade !
trees, and shrubbery of creeping vines,
flowers and lawn. " A wise foresight is
shown iu the results which have grown
from our village improvement associa
tion; for in this way the public spirit of
the people becomes orgauixed.and efforts
for improvement are not merely stimu
lated, out conformed to some intelligent
plan —knowledge of plans and details for
improvement, the cost of trees and
shrubs, adaptation to soil and position
mav be secured, and wise concert of
action and symmetry of effect—and pre
vent the helter-skelter planting and |
various mistakes of which so many illus
trations are to lie found.
Car farmers and mechanics, our thrifty
and thoughtful wives, are beginning to
realize how easily and economically, and
even without any cost in money, they
can surround their homes with flowers
and trees, aud thus mcrease the value
of the homestead and lift their home life
to a higher plane. Every cottage is
made more healthy and inviting by
shrubs and shade trees, provided they
[ do not stand near enongh to shut out
the sunlight; and yon who have these
homes, adorned by* this stately elm, or
maple, or tulip—you have all blessed
the memory of those who planted them,
it may be a ceutury ago. In traveling
some thousands of miles every year, my
own experience has led me to look for
kindness and culture among those people
who cultivate the taste for arboriculture.
In Switzerland they have out of four
hundred and eighty-five households four
' hundred and sixty-five householders.
You can't match that even in favored
America. The Swiss very early under
stood that principle of John Adams, of
Revolutionary fame, that the ownership
, of laud is essential to individual thrift
and dignity aud uatioual strength and
prosperity. I say: Let ns encourage
our people to buy homes, to adorn their
grounds. These outward adornments
of the house are bat examples of what
von find in the higher attractions of its
inner life, realizing the highest beauty
in the unwearied and delicate attentions
of each to all. Let the sunlight of
generoas love illuminate oar homes.
It is a divine institution, the only
earthly paradise, the best school for the
Paradise of Hope above. The most
loved spot on earth ia the holy gmnnd,
consecrated by flowers, shrubs and trees,
each tenderly associated with a mother's
love and a father's care. Let Thanks
giving gather the scattered family, and
light the Christmas-tree for the children.
Let the birthdays be duly observed and
the marriage anniversaries enjoyed. The
house should lie the first aud chief place
to produce the love of flowers, of culti
vating them; and thus produce a love
of the beautiful in Nature and art, and
still more in character. We need more
carefully to cultivate home affections
and courtesies and the observation of
the amenities of life. As flowers seem
little things, so are the morning and
evening salutations in the family. They
seem little in themsclvi s; but when fitly
observed are mighty in their influence.
As the sunbeam is composed of myriads
j of minute rays, so the home should be
illnmined and brightened bv winning
smiles, cordial greetings, loving looks,
gentle words, sweet laughter, and name
less little kindnesses. Such beauties of
hand and heart, such amenities aud af
fections should be the sunshine of every
home. They refresh and pnrify the
social circle. Like the clinging vine,
they twine themselves around the heart,
calling forth its pareftt emotions. Such
a home is worthy the name, ordinance
of God. Such a life is worthy future
life. Snch a home will help prepare us
for a home hereafter.
Then let me say to the parents here:
Make the home-life beautiful, without
and within, and they will sow the seeds
of gentleness, trne kindness, honesty,
and fidelity in the hearts of their chil
dren, from which the children reap a
harvest of happiness aud virtue. The
memory of the lieautiful and happy
home of childhood in the richest legacy
any man can leave to his children. The
heart will never forget i'a hallowed in
fluences. It will lie au evening enjoy
ment, to which the lapse of yearn will
only add new sweetness. Such a home
is a constant inspiration for good and an
oonßtant a restraint from evil. Snch at- j \
tractions and enjoyments will invest
home-life, school-life, the whole future 1
of life with new interests and with new '
dignity and joyousnean, for life in just j
what we make it. We may by our blind- 1
nesn live in a world of darkness and 1
gloom, or in a world full of sunlight and 1
beauty and joy; for the world without 1
only reflects the world within. Also 11
the tasteful improvement of grounds 1
and home exerts a good influence not '
only upon the inmates, but upon the
community. An elegant dwelling, snr- 1
rounded by sylvan attractions, is a con- 1
tribution to the refinement, the good j
order, the taste and prosperity of every '
community, improving the public taste J
and ministering to every enjoyment.
On the other hand, people who are con- '
tent to dwell in lints and cellars grow bar- '
barons in their ideas. They become 1
dirty and ragged in their dress, uncouth
in manner, coarse in habits, brutal in
character, without aspiration for a bet
ter life. There can be no progress in ]
civilization but improvement in their ]
homes aud grounds accompanies, if it ,
does not directly produce the advance J
iu civilization. Improvements, s beau- (
tilul village, a fine park, are effective in- j
strnmenta of civilization and education, (
and there ia protection, as well us edu- (
cation, in a fervent love of improvement. f
with its multitude ol associations.
Hummer Kings.
The ancieut Romans had t>oth summer 1
and winter rings. That will not seem so c
strange to you when you know the size f
of the winter rings. They are simply f
enormous. The thumb ring—for thoy *
wore them there—was often four inches e
in diameter. The side intended to go '
next to the hand was an inch thick, aud c
the otLn r side at least three inches. One
can easily §ee that fingers full of rings *
like that would be rather nnoomfortab'e j 8
in warm weather, whatever they were in 8
cold. One of their writers sings of some a
one that i
" Charged with light summer rings, his finger* ''
sweat, | 8
Unable to support'a gem of weight." I p
Historic Sketch of H Famous Hem.
Mingling iu a crowd standing in front
of the show-wit dow of a Chicago jewel) y r
establishment, an Intrr Oocon nqiorter <
caught a glimpse of tlit' attracting eitri- I
natty, and saw there u either a golden i
calf nor a braacit image, hut a great, i
magnificent, glowing emerald the larg- I
rat of it* kind in Anient**, tin* placard i
HMV*. At any rale, a* it on IL I
txvl of suowy cotton, sjiarkiing in the i
aim like an enormous globule of water i
and tire, set in a broad band of Roman i
goltt, studded with twenty four glittering
diamond*, it formed an ornament as i
large as a trade dollar and Imrlaurio 111
its splendor, aud seemingly bettor tilted .
to clasp the gorgeous mantle of some
dusky Oriental queen or gleam from the
crown of a Persian potentate than to
shine in the window of a prosaic store in
prosaic, matter-of-fact America.
One of Uie firm kindly gave its au
thentic history, as follows: When the
emerald was discovered in its bed of
limeatoue is uukuown, but its historic
account tiegius in the year A. I>. 1191,
when Richard, e"rnatued the Liua
liearted, waged the third crnsadc against
the uifldele aud the Sultan Salad in, who
fonglit*ao bravely under his black ban
ner. During tho two years' siege of
Acre the stoue shown from the hilt of a
scimetar worn by an officer high in eotn
maud, and one of the Sultan's favorites.
Hut in oue of the many battles fought
and won by the stubborn English,
Hassan was takeu prisoner and confined,
with 2,71W of hiacountrymen as hostages.
When the crisis came, and Richard dic
tated las terms of surreniler, they in
cluded the giving up of the fragment of
the true cross, the fretvlolu of the Chris
tian priaonera, aud the payment in forty
days of 40,000 pieces of gold in redemp
tion of the iutldel captives. Saladiu
agreed, but the forty days panned away,
and neither the |toitiou of the holy erooa
nor the gold piMN were forthcoming,
and Uiohard resolved at any cost to im
plant the principle* of iwHgion, and put
the 2,700 prisoner* to the sword ai sight
of the camp of Saladiu.
When th* bodies were rifled the emer
ald was discovered on the dead officer
and conveyed to Urn English king. S >
delighted was tlie mo&areii with the
prerions bauble that he knighted its
Under on the spot, and promt* i him on
their return an estate in Merry Knglaud.
fioon after, it waa sent toyueen lh-reu
gia as a gift from her vovul aiamse, and
she in turn shortly afterward aold it in
onler to raise funds for the continuance
of the crusades. It waa purchased by
the royal house of Spain for £IO,OOO
sterling. In 1501, with princely aud
Spanish generosity, it was sent to En
gland as a welding present to the mag
nificent Catharine of Arragou, Queen of
Henrv the Eighth. On her death it re
verted to the Spanish jioeaession, and in
I 1735 waa re-cut by a lapidary into its
present carbnncle chape, reducing it in
use nearly one-hall, leaving it in its
prcseut weight of twenty-three aud three
eighths carats. For a time nothiug was
heard of the gem, but at last it was
offered for sale at the Paris Exposition
by an agent of the dissolute ex-Queen
Isabella of Spain. There it was pur
chased by a prominent London jeweller,
and after several transfers came, through
the medium of a New York firm, to
Havarian Superstitions.
A large proportion of the Bavarian
peasantry, unfortunately, entertain the
superstitious notion that Are kindled by
lightning is not to be extinguished.
When such au accident happens they
are discouraged, and ito scarcely any
thing to check the progress of the
flame*. A fuueral must never pas*
through a tilled field, not even in win
ter, though it might considerably short
en the way. The peasant is fully per
suaded that a field through which a fun
eral iiaa passed become* barren. Except
on extraordinary occasions, no funerals
'are allowed on Mondays and Fridays. A
peasant who is in search of a wife never
I goe*, except on a Thursday or Hunday,
into the house where he expects to make
his choice. The bride and bridegroom are
not to give their t>are hand to auybody
ou the day of their marriage except
to each other at the altar, otherwise they
are threatened with poverty during the
whole course of their union. It is also
a very boil sign if, when the bride re
turns from church, she finds anybody
on the threshold of her door. W lieu a
young girl finds a leaf of trefoil divided
into four instead of three part*, it is a
sign that she will be married within a
year; at all events, she carefully pre
serve* this leaf to her wedding day. On
Christmas Eve the countrymen are ac
customed to frequently drive out in
sledge*. They think that this will cause
their hemp to be more abundant and
higher. They do not fail to viit Co
ale house, and to drink heartily the same
evening; being mnrinced that this is
the way to make them look well till the
following Christmas, They never de
stroy crickets by fire, being persuaded
that those which escape will destroy
their linen and clothes. When a jieaa&ut
lose* his way in the wood after sunset
he avoids calling any person to show
him the way, being convinced that in
any such case the evil spirit of the forest
would cause him to plunge still deeper
into its recesses.
Eating Customs of Indians.
The Oocapah Indians, of Arizona, will
uot eat pork, though they have aoqttircd
a taste for salt beef. They are very fond
of fish ami will eat them at any time.
The Mono Lake Indians of California
eat soup made of nngle worms thickened
with grass seed flour. They also gather
bats from eaves and roast them in hot
ashes, without removing either feathers
or entrails. Wasp nests are roasted
aud eateu; the more young tbey contain
the better they are relished. The young
Indians, in order to find their nests,
capture a wasp, place a straw in the
abdomen, light it and let the insect go;
they then watch its flight, follow it and
secure the nest. The Miarua Indians
are very fond of the yellow lily <Lilium
c&naJense) with meat. In the fail the
roots, often two inches in diameter, are
gathered. They taste very much like
green corn. These Indians also eat otto
oil cooked in soup, and consider it very
nutritions. The Cheyenne* and Aarra
pahoes oouaider dog meat a superb dish,
and when they wish to honor a gm-st
especially they kill the fattest dog and I
roast it; great offense is given if the'
guest eat not bountifully of the chosen
dish. They also eat poisoned wolves in
the bnffalo conulry. The white men
kill the buffaloes for their hides, tallow,
tongue and some of the best portions of
their meat. The tongues bring a high
prioe. The rest of the carcass is then
poisoned with strychnine. The wolves ;
eat the meat, and their intestines l>e
oome inflamed, producing death. The
Indiana remove the viscera and eat the
remaining portions of the wolf. On
Crow Creek, in Kansas, in 18(15,1 saw
the carcasses of hnudreds of wolves that
had been eaten. The Wiohibi and
Comanche Indians will not eat fish that
have scales, b"t ar fond of those that
have no scales; they catch both kinds,
and sell those they do not like to the
whites. _____
United States Medals.
There are eighty-aix medals in all be
longing to the national history of the
United Htates, seventy-uino of which 1
were struck by order of Congress, and in
addition to the historical value of the ! j
aeries, a considerable num'ier of the i
medals are of very rare artistic merit. i
Of the eighty six, aeventeen belong to <
the period of the revolution, twenty- '
seven to the war of 1812, four to the 1
Mexican war, and two to the late war <
between the Htates—one of the two hav- <
ing been given to Gen. Grant, and the i
other to the late Mr. Vanderbilt in re-
cognition of his gift of a vessel to the t
government. Five medals only ltave 1
been given by vote of Congress to for- '
eigners, namely, one in the year of 1779
to Lieut. Col. de Fleury, a French f ffl- '
cer, for gallant condnct in the Battle of <
Stony Point; one in tho year of 1858 to t
Dr. "Frederick Rose, a British naval 1
surgeon, for a deed of kindness to the 1
sick men on an Amerioan man-of-war; 1
and three in the year 1866 to CaptainH 1
Creighton, Low and Stonffer, who went t
to the aid of an American ve-sel and ! 1
saved the lives of about five hundred f
persona. 1 1
Age. J
" It is hard to grow old gracefully," I
some authority tells us, and when we
see the atrnuuoua effort* made by maliy '
to reaist tin* incursion* of time, we r
readily agree to the proposition. But ' t
it ia like fighting against the stars in I
their courses, and perhap* the struggle 1
only rend era the ravages of year* more J
apparent. People are constantly grow- jt
ing old, aud vet uo one seems to get , t
used to it. Doubtless we ought to
accept every change age brings as an I
incident of the journev merely, aa we '
accept the change* of the seasons, t*k 1
ing part in the pleasures peculiar to (
each without hankering unwisely for ,
those Iteyoml reach and unseasonable. ,
Wrinkles should not appall or gray hair* I
afflict, uor the loss of bloom sodden, 1
since we would not barter our expen- 1
eutitML ottl memories, the fruit of yeara,
for all the beauty youth etui coast. j
Those who earn their* bread have a feel- ,
ing that age disables theiu ill the eyes of
the world, and tbmiutohee their chances j i
of obtaining a livelihood; others, who
have la-en used to being merely <irna- 1
mental, to l*eiug admired and oompli- |
men ted IIJHIII the very charms of which
age divests us, can uot endure its ap
proach with equanimity, ret*el against
iietng supplanted by yotutfeer people,
agaiust being laid on the shell like u
Issik that had outgrown its interest, and
they etideavor to repel it by a thousand
aits gud cosmetic*. They are afraid to
grow old. and fe*r t* always ungraceful.
But has uge no advantages, no Cornell
uess, uo attractions? lias n<>t the old
persou weathered many a dangerous
point f lias she not survived many a
vanity, many a heart-acne? lias she
uot learned to live from day to day, to
find pleasure* in trifles, to ShtTer with
out winning? Has she not the monop
oly uf giving advlee I Is not her eon
vernation a* mt<-renting as a historical
romance? Could any other make the
pant defile before us a* iu a magic mir
ror? \VIM> can tell us ao faithfully ss
alio of the man tiers and customs of fifty j
years ago— bow the hair was worn, the |
gowu out ? Is she not an encyclopedia
of tlie details which go to make up his
tory ? Does any oue elbow or contra
dict her, or tell her that her problems
are all unproved, and her eiitliu lastus
only unripeness? No precious possi
bilities keep her restless. She is ac
quainted willi youth no less than with
age, and claims the advantage of lmviug
s-eu them faith, near at hand and in ucr
*|>ective. Her work is done and har
vested; and though she may regret the
time when she bore the burden and heat
of the day, yet what has she to dread
from frost or blight ? Moreover, does
not age have the arm-chair, aud the seat
in the burse-cars ?— lUisar.
———— - -
A Venomous Water Insect.
The Norriatowu (Pa. I U> raid *ays:(
A curious little animal was recently !
caught in a pond of water at Mr. Frank
Ramsey's, in Plymouth township, and
presented to Dr. C. 8. Baker, of this
borough, who placed it in his souarinui.
It it about two inches long, and less than
an inch brood, with aix crooked legs. Its
color is dark brown, and large, promi
nent black eyes. The back is marked as
though undeveloped wings were hiddeu
beneath its hard outer coat. It swims
readily, but generally fixes itself to a
stone or some other object, to which it
clings with its two hinder pairs of legs,
holding it* head downward and the fore
leg* raised. It lias a sting or lance lik
a mosquito, which is only thrust out
wheu attacking its prey.
After having l-cen placed in the aqua
rium it remained quiet for several days,
during which time it was not seen to eat
anything. On a recent Friday it made
an attempt npon a little terrapin, maeb
larger, however, than itself, which it
caught by the head with it* forefeet,
running its lanoe into it* neck, lie soon
died, aud his destroyer dragged him to a
brick in tho center of the aquarium,
Then fixing itself on the brick in its
favorite attitude, it held the terrapin for
twenty-four hours, and seemed to be
sucking its blood. Hw much longer he
would have held him is uncertain, for
it* prey was then taken away. Wlieu it
is remembered that the weight of the
terrapin wtut several times its own, the
strength of the insect may be imagined.
On the following Sunday it sprang
npon a water snake eleven inches long. {
The battle wa* brief ami exmtrag. The
insect pursued the former method of
attack. It made a dive, caught him
sideways near the neck, twisted his head
around and thrust its lance into his
throat, quickly kilhug him. Then as
before, it sought a resting place, aud
held its prey suspended nntil compelled
to give it up.
Since that time it ho* made no farther
assault*. There are a number of gold
fish, frogs, tadiHilea aud little fiahea in
the aquarium, but it take* no notice nf
them. The name of the voracious ter
ror of the water ha* not been learned
definitely, but it is supposed to be a
mantis, a devouring insect which near!?
answers to tho description, and which
ha* a habit of folding it* five legs in an
attitude of prayer.
A Remedy fur Consumptive*.
Medical men have known for a long
time that the best remedies for consump
tion were plenty of pure air, sunshine,
and exercise, aud also food that con
tained much carbon. Cod-liver oil haa
lieen a favorite remedy, aud has done
good in prolonging the lives of con
sumptives, aud putting off the approach
of the grim monster. The virtues of I
Other remedies sre in proportion to the
smount of carbon they o*u infuse into
the system to feed the consuming flatne
that waste* the liody. The theory ia
that the internal fever bnrns up the car
bon in the bl.xsl faster than the food eat
en can replace it. The disease then
preys on the fatty snlistanoe* of the
body, and destroy* the lungs, and event
ually life. In short, there is not oil
enough in the lamp for tlie wick, aud the
latter is bnrnt ami the light goes out. i
The Chicago Tribune prints an inter
| esting letter from Dr. D'Unger, of
Minneapolis, Minn., on this subject, in
which ho makes public a prescription
which he declare* lias produced excel
: lent efft>eta, to his personal knowledge.
This ts his prescription:
One-half pound finely-cut-up beef- '
steak (fresh); *
One drachm pulverized eharooul;
Four ounces pulverized sugar;
Four ounces rye whiskey;
One pint of boiling water. ,
Mix all together, lot it stand in a cool .
, place over night, and give from one to 1
two teaspoonftils liquid and meat—be- 1
| fore each meal. I,
1 have used this preparation very fre- ' i
qnentlv, and have never found it act i
otherwise than beneficially. The dose 1
| should be small at first, until the stomach \
become* used to it, and then gradually
1 increased !1
This remedy lias, at least, the merit 1
of simplicity. Any one can try it
A Remarkable t ore.
A remarkable cure by blood trans- 1
fusion has been wrought in Boston. !
Cecilia Merkel, a child of seven years, ,
was attacked first by diphtheria, next by
reflex paralysis, and finally by nan- i
guinea purpura*, aud her life was de- '
apaired of. Her father, who is a pbysi- J
cian, consented to have the experiniens ,
of bldbd transfusion tried. Hlood was I
taken from the veina of a young man of '
eighteen, and injected with a syringe '
into the child's system. Subsequent)- [
the little oue took oold and began cough- ! j
ing, with a mucus rattle in her throat, so
that the father was compelled to afford i
artificial respiration. He then took
blood from* the vein# of bis servant, a 1
healthy girl of nineteen, and the effect J
of tlie transfusion was charming. The ,
child fell into a peaceful sleep, and a re- ■
in ark able change came over her. When '
she awoke she asked for her playthings, j *
and from that hour her improvement
was rapid. Her father has mode this *
remark to a (Jlobe reporter: "There j,
she was, growing gradually worse aud 1
worse, her nervous powers getting weak- a
er and weaker. She was sinking, and
wiih evidently beyond the roach of a'l s
human aid, and at one time life its df {'
had almost fled. The respiration was j,
not to be seen, her forehead icy cold. *
her body purplish, and the beating of r
the pulse could not be distiuguislbd. 1
Yes, sir, without doubt, it was the tram-
fusion of blood thit resto:ed my daugh- L
ter. " z
laators **4 M 1441* IUU.
Knsrnnv, the California labor agitator, who
mwutly MOM l'-a*t to organta* a |*rtjr, and
(i.'! llntlar liava hail an UiUwvlow at
llrlgMon, Ma**., during which an aichanga of
u|tinlou* look |ila> u|m tha labor qotwtiou. |
railroad*, o*Uoual (luwmw*. oU. Aooordlug lo
th* |illhllahad raport of tha Hilar via* • Unani
mity of opinion upon moat or all of the topioa
diacnaaad Iwdwoan thorn.
On the oloalug day of the trotting mooting
In Buffalo, N. Y., the hor*o llaru* trotted a
mile In a 13'j, latlug the faato.t Ume ovar
Itoval B. Oonaat, eaotilor of tlia Kttot Na-
Uoita) Hank, of lloalou, aUiOiht the dlrnc
lore of the Institution by calling a meeting,
roeigulug Id* IHMIIIOU and ack now lodging Umt
ha had nonappropriated 470 <*Kl of Uio hank *
inoiioy. He had uood Uo uiuuey lu poculat
lug iu mluuig etuoks.
John B (Mark, a aiita*n-T*ar-otd hoy livtng
lu New Vork city, waa bitten by a dog aomo
time ago. In about a mouth later he waa
M-Uad with eviuptoiue of hydrophobia aud iu a
fr day* died after havlug shown all the tor- j
rlblo pbaaa* of the dlaoaae.
Mrs. Kmitb, widow of tho Jarooy Crty (N. J.)
murdered puis*, idhoer, ha. been arreoted,
charged with t>eiug implicated in her *
Now York nfiaak tblove* entered John 0.
King e bouee and carried off Iki.tiW iu bonds,
Utl* aud gold.
A tout in Philadelphia, filled with Hnuday
•rhool eckolar*. was utrock by lightning and a
little girl was Instantly killed, two more chil
dieu wor* fatally tujnrod, and severai olhar
(icreuu* were |votrled by the thundorlsdt.
lleunU kearnav, Hie CaUfurul* labor agi
tator, made hia tlrel forma) pubtie a|f>earsix<e
lu KaneuU itaU. Ho.ton The hall was deueeiy
tMukod Willi wurkingiuea. Th# epMker gave
a history of the rise, (irogrea* and ueea of
the labor movement in California. Coring hia
address ho wee frequently applauded.
O. M. Bianchard A Co eaab and hkltd foe
' lory and Lovelace A lioulltUe * planum mfll
and hot factorv, with nearly oue million feet of
l iue lumber, at Oswego. N. Y., wer* destroyed
by Are. causing a kie# of sural 474,u0u, on
which the inauruiee la about 434.000.
V. I). Porkkurel, a merchant of I'otedam,
N. Y.. hu wife aud eon. were all drowned by
the capaiatbg ufa small boat.
A severe thunderstorm which prevailed In
the vicinity of Hartford, Onu., the other
afternoon, inflicted a great amount of damage.
Several persona were etruck by llgbluurg, the
fail of hail was nu;>aralJeied in vtoiauot and
iu the aim of the stonca, and the tobeoro crop
in many places waa greatiy injured.
Tlie Delaware Democrats met in convention
at Dover and nominated John W. Hall fur
governor and Edward I- Marun for Congress.
The platform .dopted deciaree that **ln ac
oordaocw with the tnne-houored and oonatltn
tionai faith of the Democratic party, we hohl
that the only houeet and lawful money of the
people of the I'til ted State# la gold aud stiver
oulu, or a paper currency convertible into such
coin at the wlli of the holder , charge# that
the Hotmblicau party is responsible for Use de
proiMd oondltiou of business , denounce* "the
couspiracy which, through oorm|Sioo and
fraud, gave the electoral vote# of South Caro
lina Lmisiaua aud florid* to Hutherford B
Haves for I reeidetii and William A. Wheeler
i f.>r* Ylee-i'reeldeut, against the dearly ea
preoaed will of the voters of thoee Slates
aseerts a firm convict lOU that " the refusal of
the Itepublican members of the Electoral Com
mission to iuveetlgate the charges of frond,
whereby the ccrtiflcate# of election were given
to the Hayes electors iu the said State*, was a
violation of public duty aud a Iwtrayal of the
trust reposed lu then and indorses and
approves the investigation instituted by the
House of liepreeentalivea "for the purpose of
exposing to the whole country the means by
which said fraud, were perpetrated and the
will of the Americanjwopb- defeated in the
election of their Chief Executive."
During a storm at Pho-nlxvi'le. I'a , liobert
Towusend and Edwin llolwrta took un
der a tree, which **. struck by lightning.
Towusend waa Uirlanlly killed and ltobswta
fatally injured.
A alight wash-out occurred on the New
Ixindou Northern railroad near North field
Farms. Mas... and a train was stopped until
the track had teen re laid. The train hod gone
forward again but a short distance wheu the
track suddenly caved in, throwing the engine
and tender down a gorge about forty feet deep.
M. J i'stee. engineer . George Arnold, ftraman,
and Itolph Uoot were killed.
Ktjous A Ives, dry goods dealers of Hart
ford, Coon., hare failed for over 4100,000.
John D. Candor, editor of the Bridgeport
(Conn.) Now bird, w*s .hot while ecu ffl lug
with a burglar who had entered the rooms
where he was stopping with hia family at
Korahiga, N. Y. Mr. Candse waa not danger
ously hurt.
At West held. Mass.. 11. H. Ktmptou. late
flnanctal agent for Mouth Carolina, was ar
rested upon tlie charge of having tweu o-
Caged In swindling operations white in office,
T which the Hlalc lust thousands of dollars.
1 Yanion Brothers' p*|-r mill near Northamp
ton, Mass., was burned to the ground. The
Are threw ISO men out of employment and
entailed a loss of 4113 ; partially insured
Dennis Kearney made an oddrees at an
o[ien air meeting on Boston Common.
Western and Be* the in Itatas.
Great damage by a terrific tornado was done
in portions of ludiana, Ohio and Illinois. At
Libert r, Ind , the Mrthodtat church was badly
injured, and (he residence of J. SI. Darco was
(tartly burned. At Eaton, Ohio, the corn was
flattened out over a large area, and apple, and
pear* covered the grounds iu the orchards A
rejsvrt from Iecatnr, lIL. says a storm passed
through that section, blowing down corn and
fruit trees, and wrecking two chnrchee. Kev
(gal dwellings were also unroofed. At CKutou.
IU.. the damage done to buildings is estimated
at 4-JO.OOO At Hopedale, 111, au extensive file
factory, railroad warchouoe. a hotel audaevera)
residences are in ruins. A number of persons
were senoßsly injured.
The Democratic State ticket in North Caro
line was elected without opposition. Both
houses of the legislature are Democratic by
decided majorities.
At Mount Vernon. Ohio, the Democratic
Congressional convention balloted 1.2&& limes
before a candidate was nominated.
The boiler of the tow-boat Brilliant exploded
while near Gid h poll a, (Ihlo. and three of her
crew were killed outright, while several other*
were hurt more or lees severely
I The Martin Bank of Kansas City. Mo., has
The Democratic campaign in Indiana waa
ofe-nrd by ex-Governor Hendricks, in a speech
at Indianapolis.
A boiler in a sawmill at Enterprise, on the
Kanawha river, W. Va., blew np. killing J. Tarr.
George Avery aud Frank Dilworth, and fatal
lly wounding four men The mill was blown
into atom*. Loss, 4-3,000; noinauranoe.
The disaffected ravage# in Oregon and Wash- ;
ington Territory are continuing their depreda
tions. killing and plundering whenever they
. get en opportunity. A Boise City dispatch
ays Ave men and two women were murder.-!
by Indians on Bounean river.
At Anna, 111., three ladtra—Mrs. Smith. Mies
Miller and Miss Matthias while seeking
shelter from a storm were instantly killed by
the top of a large tree which fell upon them.
A dispute at s picnic hear Frankfort, Ky..
led to a desperate shooting and slabbing affray
[■etween two parties of men. three on a side.
About thirty shots were tired and three men
were seriously wounded before a atop was put
to the row.
The Louisiana Democrat* held their conven
tion at Baton Ttonge, nominated candidates
and adopted a nlatfnrra which favor* • green
back enrrnnoy. demands the repeal of the re
sumption act, approves the Hottee presidential
election iuvestigatiou and exjvrease* sympathy
for the labor claeae*. *
The Topeka National Bank, of Topeka. Kan
fa*. has suspended payments.
The most appalling railroad accident that
has taken place in the Went for some time
nernrnid on the I'au-Houdk' route, at Miigo
Junction, Ohio, a few day* ago. Shortly after
one o'clock in the morning an eastern oxprves
train which was behind time aud was running
at lightn ng speed collided with • freight train
coming from the west. Both engine* were
completely demolished, while a passenger car
filled with em mi grants and two mail car* wen
rolled down an embankment and smashed into
splinters. So terrific wa* the *hock that per
sons asleep in their bouses nearly a mile off
were awakened. I'he scenes that followed the
accident are described a* heartrending. The
injured passenger* were buried under the
nuns of the car*, bnt a* it was very dark then
whereabouts could only be distinguished by
pitiful groan* and cries for aid. Help *oon
arrived from Mingo station, about one mile
dirtaut. and the work of reacuing the wounded
and extricating the l>odies of the dead egan.
The men toiled hard, but it wa* not until after
daylight that the last victim wa* recovered.
The bodies were in many cases, blackened,
torn, and unrecognisable. The dead and
wounded were taken to Hteubenvilla, where the
old railway hospital, which had recentlv been
discontinued era* brought into use. It was
•oon tilled to overflowing, and aeverol adjacent
houses were thrown o|hmi to receive the maimed
and suffering. The citison* vied with each
other in tlieir effort* to t>c of assistance to the
unfortunkt* victims. Fifteen persons were
killed and about forty injured. Tho accident
is attributed to a mistake iu time.
The South Carolina lb-publican convention
was held in Columbia. No State ticket was
nominated. The platform adopted charge#
Uio Democrat* with being ''unfaithful to the
pledges of 1*76, ' denounce* tho House presi
dential eleoti n investigation, asserts a belief
in the fair election iu South Carolina of Hayes
and Chaiuiierisin. aud declare* it inexpedient
to nominate candidates on account of the dan
ger involved in organizing or voting.
Tlie Texas Greibackers, in oonvention as
sembled at Galveston, have nominated a State
ticket aud adopted a rosoluti'-n In conformity
with tho principles of the party.
Tlie Colorado Kepublicana have nominated
a State ticket, headed by K. W. Pitkin for gov- 1
ernor, mid adopted resolution* opposing sub- 1
sidies by Congress, asaerting that the govern- 1
incut should provide and be responsible for (
honest national money sufficient for all the
legitimate needs of the country with gold, .
silver and paper equal in value and alike '
receivable for all public and private debts, and '
that the iuUirest-bearing debt of Ihe nation '
should be, as soon as possible, reconverted j
into a popular loan, represented by small ,
bonds or notes within the reach of every citi
zen ; accepting the resumption of specie pay- 1
mania a* practically aocomptlabed, and colling
for aoouomy In national expanses,
Frew Vaaklkltra.
internal llevoona Comtulaalouer llautn ha* j
rant eojdes ufa letter to the collectors of all the i
district* lu Ui* Hottth where Ironolra havw
arisen au account of Ulldt distilling. *"tUng
forth the willingness of tha government to
' deal leniently with all who will abstain from
violations of the law.
The Congressional oommiarton appointed
b> reorganise th# army, disbanded for the sum
mer after belug hi saas'-rak etgbl days at Wbtta
Kalpher Hpriugs, Va It Is rt>orted that the
commission baa agreed upon a bill reorganizing
th# army and making changes in th* conduct
nf military affairs. It wa* agreed to bold the
next meeting In New York on November 14.
Lite rioeas of United Htales export* over
Imflnrts for Ihe teat llacwl year amount to
4166 MK.IH7.
Waahlugtou ha* I-sen runted by a flame wind
aud rain *turtn. wbieb completely luundatssl
th* lower part of the city, uwuoted trees, un
ruufad houses, end did ouoatiioraiAe damage.
Tha total number of pieces ootued at the
I'uited Htates mints during July was 3,038.100,
and their value 48,637,1*8.
I A detailed statement of the raortpU of In- '
Israel revenue fur the fleoal year ending June
30, IN7B, ahow* that the 4lU.<*tMlV collected
during the year were from til* following
euurcee, the oullectlone from Ihe seei* sources
for the | ■receding fiscal year belug given for
purposes uf nmiparisou
IBT7. 1878.
Mlrtrll*. 487.46*,480 430,4*0,503
Tubaoco 41,106.547 40,0*4 530
Fermented Uqn-.ra 0,4*0 70 9,*37 043
Hank* and bankers 8,6X11,73* 3 403,081
Hlamps, penalties,
etc 7,10H,0 7,144,301
Total. .4110, **s,lM 4111,0**,81*
Foralga Mews.
The Liberal party In the British Parliament
has sustained a signal defeat upou the rote of
Ird IterUugtoii s resolution of aeusnre uf the
government a at made and Lord Beacunsfleld *
pulley in the peace congress. The resolution
was rejected by a vote of I*4 to S3fi.
Isirds Beacunsfleid and Kaltebury have been
presented with the freedom of th* oily of Loo
dim. The proceedings nere followed by a
grand banquet. Presenting an individual with
the freedom of the city of I xiudon 1* regarded
to England as one of the highest enrnpllmmit*
which can be paid a public toon
There hare been put*uiar rising* throughout
Herzegovina. The Mebomedan governor and
other official* at Mortar have beau oeeeeeinated.
The Austrian troop* sent to occupy Bosnia,
Ut accordance with the terms of the Berlin
treaty, hav* been mealing with armed resist
once b th* inhabitants. At on* piece seventy
Austrian hussars were killed by the insurgent*
and at various other points engagements have
token place.
The international pigeon shooting match be
tween Captain Bogardu*. the American chant
ptuti, and Aubrey Goran try, the beet shot In
England, .came of near IXjodon, and was was
by Bogardua, who killed 7* birds to hi* Oppo
nent's 7S. Th* match wa* for the champion
ship of the world and 44,000 a aide.
There are'47,ooo rtck Russian* ia Bulgaria,
and oonstaut reinforcements are needed to
keep up an army.
Cardinal De*oon I/treuxo Nina ha* been
appointed to suooeed th* late ( ordinal Franchi
a* pajial secretary uf stale.
Wa-tr I'rwducte.
The glycerine ituluatry, which hue ob
tained ootluuaai proportion*, ia a notable
illustration of a great manufacture liaeed
entirely upou the earing of a product
that until lately waa a waste- result with
the aoap boiler. Even more important
in magnitude, we may t*lunate the m
duatriee oonnected with manufacture of
the aniline oolora and artificial aiiaarine
from the refnae coal tax that was former
' ly the curse and the nuiaauce of the gas
works. The waste blood of the abat
, loiroa is sought after by the sugar refiner
l and the manufacturer of albumen. Old
i boots and shoe* aud leather waste are
1 turned to good account by the chemical
' manufacturer in produaing the cyanides
ferro and fern cyanides, ao indispensa
ble in color printing and photography.
. Sawdust mixed with blood or other ag
glutinative substance, and oompepaeed
I by powerful pressure, ia moulded and
; turned into door-knobs, buttons, ana a
" thousand decorative and naelul articles;
or as ia the case, too, with the a pent tan
of the tanneries, and the spent bark of
, the dyeworka, it ia utilized for feet Oya
. ter shells, of which our barbarous ances
tors made the shell-mounds that delight
> the aoui of the archaeologist, are burnt
to lime. The waste of linseed uti manu
' fact are is eagerly sought for aa food for
1 cattle. Tlie waste ashes of wood fire*
are leached for potash. River mud ia
i mingled with chalk burnt and ground to
make the famous Portland cement, and
the ruthless hand of utijitariaatam haa
, not even spared the brickbat, that from
t time immemorial haa served only to
r crack the heads of opposing factious,
' but grinds it op to make cement with
| lime. The fluent glue size ts made of
, the waste of parchment skins, lite wash
I gaaex of the blast furnaeea are now ent
-1 ployed to beet the bleat, to generate the
steam that drives the engine that makes
j the blast, to hoist ores, machinery, etc.;
• and even the slag that had for years
l served to decorate the hill-aidc, ia mat
' into building aud paving blocks, granu
lated for batidmgz-and, or ground for
; cement, mixed with appropriate cbemt
, caj*, and made into the common grades
of giaaa, or blown by a steam jet into
i the finest filaments to form the canons
i mineral wool used largely as a heat insu
lating protector upon eteam pipes, boti
l era, roofs, etc. So, too, the enormous
hill of antiiramte coal-dust that have for
years borne silent testimony to the cru
dity of our methods of ooal mining bid
fair to disappear in time beneatn the
, boilers supplied with ingenious dust
i burning devices, or in lumps of artificial
fuel. Even the anthracite itself but a
> few years ago was a black atone, unap
preciated and useless. Tlie waste beet
of the hme-kiln is made to generate
ithvun and warm immense public build
ing*, and tlie "exhaust" of the steam
engine must do duty in hearing the feed
water. Inetsuccs like the above could
be multiplied almost indefinitely to
demonstrate how iuveutioo haa enabled
aa, with the moat beneficial results, to
reap advantage# where uoue wera sup
posed to exist, or where, if they were
snsjHvted, they were undervalued or un
available, or simply neglected. And
now, having endeavored to illustrate
what modern invention haa done and is
'doing in tlie direction of utilising the
waste products of nature or those of the
industrial arte, we shall'be perpared to
consider the question whether there are
not waste forces of nature that can and
should lie turned to useful account, and
whether we are not guilt* of the crime of
neglecting to avail onrael*es of exhaust
leas and incalculable stores of power
that could lie made to do our bidding.—
Polytct hmc Review.
Fosdl Discoveries in the West.
The Omaha lire gives an interview
with Prof. 8. W. Wtlliston, of Yale
College, abont some remarkable fossils
which itsve been discovered by l'rof.
Marsh in the vicinity of Oomo, Wyo
ming, Colorado Kjmugs, Canyon City
and Morrison, Colorado. He said :
Of course, you are aware they are all
petrified. The hones found exhibit ani
mals of the reptile species of nearly all
sixes, from thai of a cat up to one sixty
feet iu height. The name of the animal
fonnd at Oomo is what is termed the
dinosaur. •It belongs to the reptile
species of tlie crocodile order. The re
mains give evidence that the animal
stood np on its hind legs, somewhat
like a kangaroo, and of oottrae its head
must have been about OH high as the
Grand Central Hotel of your city when
Ihe stood up. There were a large nnm
bcr of these giant reptiles. We found
one in Colorado that Prof. Marsh esti
mates must have been, about one hun
dred feet in length. We found and col
lected a great many different remains of
the same general" clans, bat belonging
to different ajtecies. We must have
shipped from Colorado, Wyoming and
Kansas from 300 to 400 specimens of the
dinosaur and shout one thonnand of
what are known by the name of ptero
doctyle. The latter are a apeciee of fly
ing reptile or dragon, that existed about
the same age at the dinosaurs. We
found a specimen of one whose
wiugs were from thirty to forty feet ,
from tip to tip. We found seventeen i
different species of this kind in the cre
toceons or chalk formations of Western ,
Kan HAS. We also fonnd remains of six >
species of toothed birds. Most of these '
name character of fosails are found to a
lesser extent in the cretaoeona forms- i
tions of England and also in Germany. J
The time when these animals existed i
must, of oouree, have been hundreds of i
thousand* of years before the age of j j
man. *ll
Art AAvertlaeiaraU Read!
Hon. John Vorsyth* th vßUrmn
alitor of the Mobile Jieffi*trr, u—i io
tell a good etory to illnetrmte the valne
of newnneper mlvertieing m • roeene of
getting liefore the pnblie whenever yon
wiebed them to know of your wnnte or
Mr. Fureytlio wee eoridentelly drawn j
into the diacaiMiuL of tliie subject with
a mere en tile friend, who cjpreseed m
--phetic doubts thst so advertisement
benefitted s man's busineas at all and
closed his side of the debate with the
common remark:
" It's all money given to the aid of
the newspapers. Nobody reads mv ad
vertia>meut, or thinks of it, or looks
after it, eioept your foreman and col
lector. "
Mr. Foraythe replied: " Let us teat
the truth of your assertion. Hit down
and write out so sdvcrtiaenient such as
i dictate, and we will put it in the
smallest tyjie the oases contain, and in
arrt it in the remotest corner of the Roy
isltr thst you can select."
The ueit morning there appeared in
ngste, without a bit of display, and in
the most out-o'-thr-way place in the
;taper, the foliowuig:
" Wanted —To buy a dog. Apply at
No. Blank street
Daring the day of the first appear
ance of his experiment, the merchant
celled at the Revisit' office several timet.
He looked as though be wae in trouble,
appeared nervous, looked over his
shoulder like one who is pursued by a
terrible bore or persistent don. Finally,
late in the evening he met his editanai
friend, and before the latter had time to
open bis mouth, the merchant said hnr 1
riedly, and excitedly, " Far heaven's
sake' leave thst advertisement out of
your evening edition. There's five dot j
Is re for it and five dollars more to nay I
you for saying, No. Blank street,Ws j
got e dog. I'm nearly worried to death."
Heatrthiag Hew.
" dot anything newt" inquired a Chi
cago reporter of a city official, in the
City Hall, one morning, recently. " I
should say I had," was the reply, as
the official ri**|Ki hie hands to ilia faoo
and rushed off as if in agony. "What
is it!" anxiously inquired the reporter,
following up his man. " Ob, please '
don't bother me j'nst now, sir," pleaded
the functionary, as be tore around the
hall. " I guees you better let me have
it," urged the item vulture. "I wish to
heaven I couid," mattered the official.
" Yes, yea, do; what is itt" said the ;
newspaper fiend, gaining hope. " Weih |
if you must know, I suppose you must," j
said the victim, as he buried his jaws hi |
lus hands again: "Til tell you what i
I've got new." " What is itf 1 * "I've!
got the neuralgia!" And the ungrateful
reporter, listing learned what it was,
said that he did no< want it.
The mistake we all make is in think
ing to buy the highest treasure at life
at an easier rate than the lower ouea— in
imagining that the thing typified can be
won with leas travail than the type;
ItMrlSr War
For the Mcape from the sysMn of its wart*
and delrta. which. If retained, would vitiate
the bodllv fluids and overthrow health. That
important channel of exit, the bowel*, ma* be
kept permanently free from obatructioo* by si
lt* the ntm-grintaf. gently erting and agree
able cathartic, Hteltttari stomach Bitten,
which not onlv liberates tmjjurioee, bat invig
orates the lining at the htteetiual canal when
weakened bv ronetipauao or the nawiee nee of
violent purgative*. The domach ltveg. and
nrinarv organs are hkewtte reh forced and
aroused to healthful action by thw brAeftoent
tonic and corrective and every organ, fiber,
muscle and nerve experiences s share of He
Invigorating influence. I'noh)ectmnahle in
flavor, a most genial and whoiooaaa madwsnal
aUamlant. and owing itt efficacy to botsnle
eonrcea exclusively, it it the remedy beet ad
apted to household use an aseoant of itt safety,
wide scope and epewdy action.
Menu at Bit i.sii will be pleased to learn
that the FaruHv of the Louisville Medical
College (Louisville, KT„) now give* three oom
plr la ooureee of lecture* in seventeen month*,
and so arrange their trices that a student
cave* *397 in hie medical education, and gain*
, , hi* third cours* of ledum*; all other oollagw*
give in ihi* ume only two ooureea Beneficiary
. privilege* are Honied, we see. to five per cant.
of th* Oaw. Next mnno begin* October 1.
1 im. Htudeott should at onoe apply, a* shove,
i for catalogue*. '
Evcrrbody know* that so long a* there I*
prood is i nor* or wound, U wfll not fcictl. (
i The obstacle is speedily removed and the Aetfc
rerouted tv Bsvur eCasaaucfiaLvx, the finest
embodiment in existence of that eupreme nfl- i
fler. carbolic acid. Itt emoUient ingredient*
modifr It* pungent said beats. so that it never
cauteriaM, ating* or ecurlfloe the diseased part
Bare* and eruptkms of all kinds are cured by
, it All I>rufgito sell tt
Net HI teas Cash a* y.
Nothing i* so well oaiouiated to promote good
health and good humor as light, easily <h-
Keeted, nutrition* cookerv. With that unrivaled
artttte, Dooiey* Yeast Powder, In the kitchen,
' elegai t white, light and wbedeaome breed
roll*. U*coitt, cake of every kind, and corn
bread, waffles, muffins, buckwheat cakes, etc.,
, are aJ war* possible in every household.
Grace'* Halve, manufactured by Beth W
> Fow le A Bona, Boston, is becoming more and
more popular every day, and itt aaie* are
rapidly increasing. It cures Cuts, Bum*,
Scald*, Felon*. Bait Bbeum. Kaaid Head, Hoars,
Flesh Wound*. Ac. S3 cents a box. By saail
35 oeala _ .
We have a list of s thousand country weak
lies. in which we can inaart a ooe-ioch adver
tisement one year for two dollar* and a quarter
a paper, or for the same price we can insert
flftv two reading Dotdoee (a new one every
wuekl. averaging seven line* each. For list of
paper* and other particulars. address BXALS A
Fiirrr.u, 10 Sjwnce Street, New York.
The Celebrated
Wood Tag Plug
Tub ) Visum Tokaccq Coatrarrr,
New York. Boston, and duoago.
For nnwarcu of Ihirtv year* Mrs. WINSLOWB
BODTHINOHYRCP ha* been used few children
with uevwr-failmg sucoesa It correct* acidity
of the stomach, relieves wind cotio, regulate*
the bowels, cares dysentery and diarrhea*,
whether arising from teething or other ceases.
An old and well-tried remedy. 25 eta. a bottle.
The evil consequences resulting from impure
blood are beyond bnman calculation, so arc
the vast um'cxpended in worth's* remedies
Parsons' Purgative Pill* make new rich blood,
and taken one a night for three months will
change the blood in the entire *y*tem.
The Markets.
saw seas.
ueefO.ttl* 8a1ive.....M ffi MM
fata* au Oberokee.. id # C*j
MUeh Ct* MOO MB'
Kcgi: Uw.. MM* MM
Drama*..... MM* <H
liMF.... MM# Mil
1amb5...... M',* MV
Ootten : Middling 11 * 11
flour ( Weatera : OeedtoOhete*. *•
mate: Pair to Choice.... 9T 00
VIM: Rrf *t* 1M * IHM
go. I Milwanke*..... 1 Of M 1 10
Bsc: Mate T * <8
Bartey: MM. * •*
Bartav Malt tt ffi M
Oau: Mlaad Wa**eru...M. 81 * MM
Oorn : Mixed Wmtaru M* M*
Hay, per cw1.................. • * t
Htraw, nerewt Ml M If 9" IT* U <| It
PwrY : Mem 1 M < 01 W
Lard : Ottv t team 01 (I V*M
Ptah t Mackerel, Be. 1, new 11 < HO <*/
•• Me. A new...MM. 10ro < ill M
Dry Oed, per ewt. < I 4f*
Herrtug, floated, per b0x.... 11 I i 1*
Fttroleem: Oriel* ......OS G(*k Belt DM... II
Woo' Oaltforula Fleece. 10 il
Tcaaa Pleeee... II * 11
Aestraltsa Pleaea...... Mm**
Mate XX. ..... 1* * It
Butt r Hute.. II • II
Western: Choice II * It
Western : Fair to Prim*. MM* 0 H
Western : Firkin* 0T * 1*
Obecee: Stat* Factory t*M* M
S!ar Hklmmad M * fl
Watrn...... MM* 01lf
Ecus: Htat* end Peuasylvenla.... U * II
Pi0nr............ in * ' M
Wheat—No. 1 Milwaukee 110 *1 10
Oora—Mixed U * tt
Oete M * M
Rye - M 9 M
Barley 9
Barley Malt 80 *
Beef Oat'. I *—Cxtri 0* 9 Bk
Rheep MM* M
Hog*—Dreeaed.... MM* MM
Flour—Pennsylvania litre tOO 9 I*o
Wheat—Red Western..... 11l flit
Bye ... <1 • ft
Corn—Yellow .......... M 9 ••
Mixed..... 40 * ft
Oat* Mixed M * M
Petroleum—Crude MM*MH Refined, 11
Wool—Colorado 18 9 11
Texas 18 § H
California H | I
Be*fOattla. M 9 OSM
Sheep MM9 MM
Gtoga MM (4 OTM
Plov r—Wleoon*ln and Minnesota... 100 98 M
Corn —Mlxad 9 M
Oatr— •• ... 87 2 88
Wool—Ohio and Pennsylvania XX... NAM
California Fall |0 9 M
asisBTOK, auaa
liar.f Cattle. MM9 SIM
Sheer. M 9 MM
Lnll N g 10
Bog* :. or M 9 M
waiaatowg, MAM.
Beef Oattlo—Poor to Choice *BO 9 880
8h*.... 800 9 ISO
hemw 1 00 9 00
The relaxing power of doh-y' *£*2
Unlmwit ia almost minwu-Jon* A
whom leg WM bH at the „ , n q
twenty yeer* oed tt llmbevet! lu ***"
the leg le uw/ a* good as the
IMfomirr MOTH T, R*B>
PUT tar vswrruit uiimgirr
Itoknma. ti
guowre Beowcmax
(jetreatft" G MO JU|G_ HehbetdMee KM*
WIMPI.K. KArtY, Mlflttil*
I etlefteie end < WMMEERTEL
t leml Benelf* *<>ii*l. Be# H*'e. 'jeoe.
yeer. riwpa.FW*ur> to RIUW, HRP-.TIUE BEEW-W. "
fCjUfi imih mmmm
—- - far OlfVfllkf I#
JMUJT ItUA 41 Xmmt It iTTo *** W
11 1 76.
$lO 2 $25 Novelties
'• U TT? Outfit Free 5*eSL Z
1 Be I rVm 11 ■IB I* MTT seem.
Care* Dy*pep*ia, Indifectioa,
Soar Stomikch. Sick Hfltdkcht.
/ fp \ N OIfUT, a lOWIRY.B. It*
$5,000 !
OeeefmaßrnMirneit by theCaeadaßllem Mtemg
LWoeay I* r.*■■■■< aash pmr at BAUUO *a*h
UewglOser BeeA Per parUcwUr* addiwe*!■*■<■
stair, asMw *temp, ft. INLAt'B. Werunary
JCWWVTUJt. HtaA . Bee RW-Met ttfe: I
•am yea Iteta. fcrtwtMxeae* 1 heee
kad two nf km mU them aa ae elaar a*i teaaaef
ala elmam weiL B1 m mtmlly yam*. C J. vas Base.
Paints Ready for Use
For Farmer* sad Naaifattarer*.
Ihar ar* an: fan* Is *he4e, UF U>e osier M alwag*
It* ■Art.* AarmtaepmtvUUm. ,TW>*
•sty NPTW oevenog peop.NW.awl DE ear, like toe as
miec. paieM yetet*. 1 ■FL 1 AMHM wetar. baesHwer
alhslx Ttwe.psmnamtaLMMdFofm.aed aremld
IS Oaßee Case wit Bili'ala Thry ate alas pet ep TE
ma.ll WERLMTTRLRAFUTO N*OD • uaawlssard
sbewine D FLNW tkto. T. MtVOE EM.
F*le eeSwiH FMAM. Bee _ . ,
aaamL* ■*" - J Xaw.
Daily and Weekly. Quarto,
Ikomtoxi, Mas*.
The LEREEEL Oheepwt and BAM Family L%Spapr
■ KeeKneiaad ItAted wfto apaamt fetanam U> Uw
rarwd twM ud raawirrenafi at th* home circle. AH
the faratge eed teed eeeapahhthed prwmptti.
A aapme le ens eddaaaa.) STUN) par
aMßrAlttevmraaUlmdtmMadttßae DK
jLuTsifif' Bidew kr Feed HTT LM
sadM net* ft* a tdpy af Acts
Chtalar*. IB
WM. r. tmuxua a cm..
a a
/ 1E33 \ \
/ X \
\\ \BIIILI, viamy J
\ \KNEPFLOOD /* //
\ \ tme. / ,y
FOR $750
Wa will inaart a one-inch advert ■eraant, thirtea
titns*. in ooe thonaand Amarican weekly newtpeper*
advertasunent mat appear three moath* ereiy eee
avery utoer seek tot ataelba.
For eeth payment entirely le advance, flea per eeet
discount No extra oharpe (or making and aaodtna
For cataiagna of papain and other tnfnrmatooe addram
10 Spruce STREET New York
Co . Bnfleic.N. T