The Centre reporter. (Centre Hall, Pa.) 1871-1940, February 21, 1878, Image 1

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    Home Song
BT a. w. uvKoraixow.
St AT, Uy at hoßin. MY heart and r**t ;
Home-keeping heart, are happiest,
For tho* that wander they know not where
Are full of trouble and full of rare ;
To ftay at home is beat.
Weary and homeeiok and di.troa.ed
Tliey wander eaat they wander went.
And are haflind and beaten ami blown about
By the * .Ida of the wtlderaeaa of doubt ;
To atay at home ia best.
Then atay at home, my heart, and rent;
The bird ia aafeat in iia neat ;
O'er all that flutter their wing, and fly
A hawk ia hovering in the aky ;
To atay at home ia bmV.
Mrs. i onj and 1.
Mrs, IAVRJ keeps a oarnage.
So do 1,
She has dapple-grava to draw it,
None have I;
She's no prouder *i'h her
Than am 1.
With aiy b ue-evej laughing baby,
Trnndhng bv.
1 hide hia face lent she should so.
The ohenib boy and envv me.
liir hue hualatv! haa white fingers.
Mine has not;
He eonld give his b ids a palace
Mine, a cot.
lie s comes home beneath the atar-1 gbt -
Ne'er care-aos sN>;
S'iie Pomes ui tho per pie twili, ht,
Kisses uie.
An I (iraya that Ho who turns life's aauda
Wi. hoJJ his lo inl oiu in i l hands.
Mr. Lofty b* her Jewe ,
So haw t;
Sh.< wears her* IIJHU her bosom.
Inside I;
Rio will lesv. he s a d.-th s porta',
I shall ben my tieasure with me
When I die.
For I haw love, aud she has gold—
Sh< counts bar wealth-nuuecauT tw told.
Si*- has those who love her -station.
None have 1;
rl I've one true heart me
(Had am I.
I J not change it fc>r a kingdom.
No. not I;
Gol will weigh it in His balance,
Aud then the diflf r nee He'll define
T.ixt Mra. l.ofty'a aea th and BUtie.
T! ere was beauty enough to he found
in Ma task* vullev. what with the river
and the lake and the forest-crowned
hills. .t least in summer time ; aud even
tl># dry. cold rigor of a Minnesota win
ter could not take it all away. Xcver
?l ele-<s, there was nothing else there
h.,lf so beautiful as Noma Ericsou.
Her withered, old Norwegian father
had settled himself on a good-enough
) ie of land, away np above the head of
the lave, miles awav frmn Mataska vil
lage, ami no one could say he had so
much .is one friend more, at the end of
a live-years" residence, than the day the
lirst timber was cut for his house.
A thoronghgoing miser was old Jan,
and his crusty selfishness included not
only his earthly goods, and tbe gift or
u-e thereof, ana his own uot very desir
able company, but also his one jewel of
a daughter.
Rarely was Noma seen in the village ;
•'most never at all at any merry-making
or the neighborly country folk ; and old
Jan seemed to take au ogreish sort of
pieasnre in preventing her from enter
taining visitors—yonng men especially—
at his own house.
And so, the more Noma's beauty
grew and became knowu among them,
the more unpopular was old Jau Erieson
among tbe free-hearted settlers of the
Mataska valiev.
And yet there were those who had
suco-eded in breaking through or elimle
iug over the odd old miser's wall of re
John Pinner had done it, by his
father's advice; for Judge Pinner was
J in Ericson's lawyer, and he hail more
than once hinted to his son and heir
that Noma had other ami more solid at
tractions than her beautv.
If, therefore, any fair occasion offered
to sen 1 a message to the Ericaon farm,
J >hn Pinner had been generally quite
ready to oblige his father by earrying it,
and more than once he had even ventur
ed on a brief call without any special
As for Panl Wood, on the other hand,
either he hail no; sufficient cunning to
invent errands, or his pride forbade any
subterfuge, for he had positively and
openly bra veil, more than once, even the
harsh discourtesy of old Jan, in his un
invited, unabashed intrusions.
If Paul did not pretend to vie with
John P.nner in dress, wealth or apparent
prospects, he was certainlya fine, manly
specimen of a young Western farmer,
and his dark carls and almost swarthy
feature* wore a pleasant contrast to even
the ri:>e blonde Norse loveliness of Noma
One bit of strategy it seemed that Paul
h*<l stooped to, for more than once
Noma hail been surprised that he had
!>een " out a-hunting in that neighlmr
hooilon the very days which old Jan
had chosen for a bit of teaming on the
furthest edge of his possessions, or a
trip to the store at the village.
Nobody ever knows how such things
come to be common property; but, some
how or other, Judge Pinner and his son
were made aware that they had reasons
f >r ihstrusting Paul Wood, and he had
I-ecu made to teel the fact very sensibly,
more than once.
T x-re had been an added bitterness
the 1 autumn, iu the fact that John
Pinner's nomination to the State lejris
-1 dure hail only resulted in showing the
folly of the Matnska valley people, for
t'ie stupid fellows hail known no more
t van to choose Paul Wood instead ; and
• '.*eu Noma Ericaon had said she was
glad of it.
There came a day, however, in the
1 irlv winter, when Paul would have
riven his political honors aud his best
h >rse, perhaps even his farm to boot, to
have known why it was that Noma sud
> enlv liec&me as distant aud repelling as
old .Tun himself.
Not a word would she vouchsafe him,
1 hontrh he met her a full half-mile from
ihe house, and walked to the very door
by her side.
He did not give the matter up, even
theD, half so much for the volly of bit
ter ahnse with which the old miser
greeted him, as for the icy look of imlif
irente with whieh Norna marched
etraigtit on into the house, and closed
he door.
There was really very little "give up"
n Paul's composition; Vint he met John
Pinner, before he had left the farm a
•aile behind him, aud there was a look
■ m John's face that suggested a good
many ugly thoughts to the sore heart of
' be discomfited youth.
The next day and the next, and, in
fact, a good many days after that, were
iecidedly unfavorable to courting of any
It was weather to have "bred a cool
ness" in a blast furnace. First, there
• •anae a driving northerly storm bring
* nntold freights of drifting snow from
the Arctic regions, till all the country
was buried nnder a genuine "Minneso
ta blanket." No roads, no paths—no
use in trying to make any, almost.
And then there followed a cold snap,
that utterly exhausted the expressive
powers of the thermometers. The only
way to get the mercury low enough was
to hang it down a well Thirty, thirty
tive, and some said forty degrees below
zero—only, when people are half frozen,
they are apt to exaggerate.
Anyhow, there were terrible stories
of suffering, bere and there, and nobody
cared to stir far from home "until the
frost should let go its hold a little."
"John," said the careful judge, on
the third day, when the abating storm
l>egau to let in the frost—" John, don't
you think you'd better go and take a
look at the Erioeoas ? I don't believe
the old man was ready for this."
FRKD. KURTZ, 1 Editor and Proprietor.
"What! Yon ain't in earnest?" ex
claimed that ardeut lt\ er. " Teu miles
through these dnlta! l>o you want me
to bury myself ?"
" \\oil, maybe you're right; hut 1
wouldn't wait t*a loug. They'll be
breaking out the roads IU a day or no,"
replied the judge.
ltnt more than " a day or so " wont by
before the Mataaka j>©iile oarad to at
tempt a gi<od ileal ui the way of road
tnakiug, and in the meantime the Krie
ams " had not heeu ready tor tkia."
With endless snpplie* of timUr-land
chve by—that is, within a mile or ao,
and geuerally tine winter weather to
haul in what he might want, old Jan
could never see the policy of making up
much of a wv,hpile.
Ileal .lea, a huge provision for warmth,
such as hia ueighi'ors made, offeiuleil
Jau'a keeu aen.e of economy. They
would surely waste what tlmy kail ao
much of.
When, however, the ohl man saw the
storm beginning, the even unusually
bare muiiittuo of hia pile of chips
•truck him with a sudden dismay, and
he at once started for the forest with a
roke o' oxen.
It was a rash thing to do, for a man of
his age; but he hail counted on his
thorough Scandinavian Uuighne.-s lo
carry him through. And so it did; for
at supper-time he fought his way to the
house again, through the heaping drifts
aud the oiiuihug rush of the storm; but
he came alone, for hia team and their
liiad were hopelessly stalled and snowed
There was fuel enough on hand for
that night, with economy, and old Jail
cheered Norm with the promise of what
he would do .in the morrow. And Noma
tried to he cheerful; but the howling,
dismal tempest without was only too
well in keeping with the dismal state of
her own internal feelings and thoughts.
The night weut by and the uioruiug
came. and the storm still raged; hut old
Jan Erieson did not go out to cut wihhl.
He did not even ieaw Uia for ex
posure and cold and over-exertion had
done tlieir work on his rheumatic old
liuibs, and imprisoned him only too effec
Poor Noma's heart sank within her,
for she knew that such attacks were apt
to be tediously loug, and even food
uught fail her, as well as the means of
cooking it.
She was a brave girl, and she made out
to go to the bam and the stables that
day. so that the stock did not suffer; but
the few fence-rails aud odd pieces of
titnher she was able to bring in enabled
her to make but a poor defeuse against
the fast increasing cold.
Moreover, old Jau was chilly, and
frettd and complained of the absence of
the grand old fires he had l>een tis-d to
in his youth, among the distant hills of
That was a terrible day for Noma, aiul
wheu another morning dawned, she
looked out upon the white and more
thau Arctic desolation around the house,
with a feeling near akin to despair.
Still, with true courage, the Beauty of
Mataska faced her troubles, waded
through the drifts, fed carefully her one
feeble Are, attended to the querulous
demands cf unreasonable old Jan, and
wondered, now and then, if the people
at the village would ever dream of send
ing out to look after them.
Then there followed another long,
dark, miserable night, and Noma could
not get a wink of sleep till toward morn
ing, for thinking of what might come.
She did not even rise at ouce when
the tardy light began to come tlmmgh
the thickly frosted jianes of her window.
Why shoald she. when she bad nothing
to make a fire with ?
" Would it not be better to bnrn the
fnraitnre than to freeze ? She could
mAke a cup of coffee, at least, with the
kitchen chairs."
Just then she heard a slight sound in
the adjoining room, and wondered if her
father could be stirring.
It was an effort even to rise and dress
in that stinging cold; but Noma wo*
brave, and in a few minutes more she
was ready to face the lalxirs and perils
of the dav.
Her heart was heavy enough when she
laid lier hand on the kitchen-dour; but
when she opened it she fairly started
hack in astonishment, for a blast of
warm air, balmy with the breath of
blazing pine, snnite her in the face.
Not the cheerless, chill, deathly deso
lation she had exj>eetcd wits the ample
kitchen, bnt the high-piled hearth
blazed and crackled with a most un
wonted prodigality of pine, oak and
hickory, while heaped on either side of
it were ample supplies for at least that
day's consumption, whatever might be
the condition of the thermometer.
Noma did not believe in miracles, bnt
she thought of her bedridden father,
about to lie frozqp to death bnt for that
pile of wood, and she just sat down by
the window for a good, wholesome cry
liefore she set herself to work at getting
breakfast reailv.
The tea-kettle hail evidently filled
itself, aud started for a boil on ita own
account, and Noma's curiosity took her
at onoe to the door, to see what solntiou
of the puzzle might lie found outside.
Not a sign of human life was there, but
somebody hail been at work with a
shovel, for there was a very dei'eut path
way cut as far as the baru.
Tracks, of course, here and there, but
big boots are too nearly alike to tell tales
to the eyes of any one less acute of vis
ion than an Indian trailer.
Still, Noma wondered and wondered
how all that wood could ever have got
Getting into the house was easy
enough ui a region where wooden latches
take the place of combination locks, but,
whoever the unknown benefactor hail
been, he must have possessed wonderful
faculties for silence.
Tin-re was magic in it, and Noma
called to mind the old Norse tales she
liad heard of gnod-natumi demons of the
forest ; but, then, all that belonged to
Norway, and not to Minnesota.
Later in the day, as Noma paoed here
and there among the drifts, she got one
hint, at least, for those brood though
deep dents in the surface of the snow
drifts could only have been made by
When she finally fonml her wav to the
stables, Noma saw that her work there
had all been done for her, and a got d
deal more, and that even an old wood
sleigh had been dug out of the snow, as
if in anticipation of future use.
Inside the house the " food question "
was fast becoming an important one, no
closely had the narrow and stinting
policy of old Jan permitted the current
supply to run down ; bnt, for all that,
Noma Ericson sang all day the quaint
and musical rhymes of her northern an
cestry, which her mother hail taught her
years before.
Bitter, bitter cold it waa without, but
the bountiful provision of the unknown
friend left little to ask for within, and
the vsry dancing blaze itaelf seemed to
laugh in mockery of Noma's curiosity.
The long night came again, of oourse,
and Norna tried bard not to go to sleep,
so that she might listen.
Youth and health forbade any such
doings, however, and Norna woke in the
morning, not to fiigl her fire alight, but
all preparation made outside, iu the
shape of heaps of fuel.
It was evident, moreover, that Jan
Ericson's remaining ox-team Lad been
having a qight of it. Well they might
be jaded and used up, for, not only had
| some pitiless driver foroed them to help
him break a road to tho timber (trough
a mile of drifts, hut to haul hum" again
a'very resjwvtable load.
"All* that wan a hilar discovert of
Norua'a, hut tho first thing to (twt !n>r
eves, a* alio swung tho door upWI, was
tfu> carcass o( a goodly ikser that hung
against it. aud ale know very well how
mtioh licttcr veuisoO-atcnk* nre thau ut
tor at*rvativtl. They aro a good deal
The next ilny and tho next went by,
and tho terrible cold aeoiued to have
grijed everything with a hand uf frnwai
Again and again did Vorna Kricaon
shiver and turn pule, a* she thought uf
what would aiirely lave been her fate,
but for her unknown helper.
Old Jan waa able to ait up now, and
grumble at the *d necessity ui buruing
so much good w.axi, j tat U> keep warm
Lu reply to N'orna'a .peculation* aa to
who had sent it, however, he teatily re
plied :
" I kuowred Judge Pinuer would keep
ari eye on ua. That coffee you any WIH
left tliia morning eaiue from Jones'*
a tore at the village. 1 knoweil it fcan
as I tasted it. It's what the judge at
ways buy a, and it'a two cents a pound
more tliau 1 want to give."
True enough. Judge P inner bad by
U> IBOIUiS forgotten li obeut, and at
last he succeeded ii stirring up John's
chivalry and his own, uow tU# roods
were beootmug 4 turte lietter broken,
and the mercury ventured a few poiuts
higher uj> in tlie gins*.
It was with nil>re than a little misgiv
iug that they started. and they decided
tn take aime tf their neighbor* with
them, " in case they fooikl aiti thing bad
had happened at eld Jan's."
Bitter cold yet, hut when the double
team of Judge Pinner pulled his com
fortable, closely parked sleigh 111 sight
of Jan Ericaou* homestead, the curling
Mjn>k from tbe chimney promptly dis
pelled all their fear*.
" Hurrah for old Jan 1" exclaimed the
judge. "Jack Frost didn't catch htui
tireat was the surprise of both and
sou, however,wheu the old man hobbled
out to meet them, to be greeted with
such a torrent of what seemed t" lw
genuine gratitude for the kind attention
they had shown during his iltuess, and
all they had saved him and Noma from
during the oohl snap.
Just at that moan lit a mail on snow
shi>es cutiie plodding down the road, but
nobody thought mueli alont him, and
John 'PiuueT mustered self-ptiaeeasion
enough to answer:
" Well, of course, we were anxious
about you and Noma, and we've come
now to see if there's anything else we
can do. How's Noma ?"
"I'm prettv well, thank you," said
that voting Imiy her-!f, from the door
way. " Father, you should thuuk Mr.
lhnner for tbe veuisou aud tbe coffee."
The man on snow-shoe* had half
halted wtthiu hearing distance, and
could not Lave lost a word of Jan Eric
son's thanks, or the dubious protesting
and yet acknowledging acceptance
thereof bv the Pinner*.
"Is that you, Mr. Joneaf" again in
terrupted Noma, addrf s-mg the "store
keeper," who still sat muffled up in the
sleigh. "I'm plod vou've o>me. I
want you to read somethiug for me."
" All right!" exclaimed the gallant
merchant, springing ont luto the snow
to take a large slip of brown paper from
Noma's extended hand. " Where did
that come from ?"
" Bead it—read Tt !" said Noma.
" Paul Wood ! That's plain enough ;
and it's in my own Oh, I
remember, 1 did np a whole lot of tilings
that day for one and Another, and I put
the names on 'em, *o's not to git 'cm
'• Oh, that's it, is it ?" Said the beauty.
"I see now. Father, John Pinner g>t
Wojd to buv the cffee forhim aud
tiring it out. Mr. Plotter, how much
did von pay Psnl for working alt night
in tie storm? Did you tell him not to
forget about the venison and the rest ?
Ft was real good of y >n. 'Twns good of
him, too, to give up his courting 111 the
village all through the cold auap."
"What's that?" suddenly exclaimed
the man on snow-shoes, untwisting a
huge far muffier from his bead 11a he
spoke—' whit's that about courting in
the village ?"
John Pinner was evidently chilly,
judging by the way his teeth chattered,
and it w really a very cold day; but
Noma Ericaon's face was all iu a Wight
warm glow.
" Paul 1" she exclaimed " Paul
Wood ! Come right in now < C ne
and warm yourself by the Are that would
have been out for ever if it hadn't been
(or you. Father, John Pinner and the
judge would have let 11* freeze an 1 starve.
It was Paul that saved 11s. Come in,
Paul. Mr. Jones, you come t->o, and
the judge and Jolji may come if they
want to.*'
"John," dryly remarked the store
keeper, "don't yon think we'd better go
home while the'sleighing's good ? This
isPanl'sdny. Elected again, Hire's you
There was no doubt about it. Paul
Wood was Noma Eric soil's "elected."
A Kite.
In Chili therein an elderly farmer who
is passionately fond of sport—especially
fishing and hunting—and he has a Hon
who is a chip of the old block iu that as
well as in otoer respects.
One day last summer the old gentle
man left home, hut before going set Ins
hoy at a job he was anxious to have
done. Returning sooner than he was
expected, he found that the Imy waa
" Where's Tom ?" he growled, as he
entered the kitchen.
" (lone fishing)" said the girl.
"Fishing! the rascal; 111 flsli him
when I catch him."
And awny the angry ol 1 fellow went
for the brook. Coming within hailing
distance of his hopeful son, who was
1 lending eagerly over the stream, the
father yelled:
" Tom ! you somindrel, Tom !"
There was a deprecating movement
of one hand on the part of the lw>y, who
did not, however, tnru his head. Htill
more angry the avenging parent came
nearer and bawled ont—
"I'll learn you to stay home and work
"8h ! sh ! sh ! father," said young
Isaac Walton. " I've got a bite."
The old fellow's passion |ieroeptil)]y
| cooled at that announcement, and, lucky
I for the boy, the latter just then hauled
!up a handsome perch. This was too
much for the dad, who sprang forward
and helped unhook the fish, and then—
" Tom, have you got another hook ?'
Victory perched On the boy's fish line,
i _ RochnmUY (JV. Y.*) Sunday Herald.
The Leech.
R"'rent observations on the com para,
tivc anatomy of this little animal, have
made known to us that just within its
mouth it is furnished with three little
jaws, triangularly arranged, on each
side of which are inserted a row <rf very
minute, sharp-pointed teeth, much re
aembling the teeth of a saw. Each jaw
has its appropriate muscular apparatus
for its peculiar action, and thus is ex
plained the constant shape of the woittid
observed after the application of this
very useful animal.— Annals if Chemis
- -
t urararnllvr Croats ml t rbsa sH Horsl
' Srritmrr'* Monthly for January con
tain* an silicic on the sunpartivo in
crease of urban aud rural population 111
the United flutes; bat it only give* the
chief cities, leaving out the large town
and village |inunUki*i. The Cincinnati
(kommrvUil haa tried to supply tin*
omission 111 the cum' of ten Htatc*, ami
it JVMUW put tiie following alining the
I cs ii*i-cjuoiiecs of eiceaaive urban growth:
1. Concentration of population.
1 'J. Concentration of wealth.
1 Jt. Breaking down tlic great middle
4. The luci'ease of the |**-r at u very
nmcti greatcr ratio than tiuit of the jHipn
j lation.
6. The mereaee of the jwiwer of re
! alistsl wealth.
tl. luoroaae of mortality and effemin
Increase of vice and crime.
H. i'bvsuat au i moral degeneracy.
•J. Increasing peril to free institution*.
Accurst* sUtistio*. carefully and lion
e*tlv luuiilled, are indispensable to a full
„uud"erataudiug ->f our economical, sia-ial,
[s-htical, im-ral and eiluoatioual
tloua. We have made a Houiewliat tedi
otia scrntiuv of the Htatc of New York,
and separated the entire towu |H.pula
tion from that of the purely rural, aud
fiud that the grand aggregate to have
, beet! in 1.K70. 2.tfclt.yml, against l.tkVJ,-
317 iu >B6O. We have now the follow
I*7o. I*SO.
I'uUil |k>puU|imi 1 l-i.7"-i S il'.'T t'.sl
i t'rtiau po|>aUiM>:i . -Ji.'js-, 1 t,:.j 317
Kursl poptiUtlou t,5J7,773 t.4t5U77
llu- rv.v of I t*i p"pitUUU 1 2*-' ■"o
lucre*M. of utban popul*t on 1 17a
ti-rr**e of ror*i po|HilaU u ItaJW
I iii-re**e |or cent. Tot*!, U, urlsn, . 1
j raral J>.
A tlioreogli aualywht for tiie whole
State of MiisswUiisett* gives a rural iu
crease during the two decade*, of but
t m-ven jver ceut, against an urban in
cr.-rtse of ninety two per cent. Were all
the town pi'pulaUoii of Pennsylvania
gathered up, the rural iuoreaiw woulil !*•
found to have l-eeti alvmt tell pr ceut.,
xtxi the urban I'Jt) jier ivuL In Illinois,
a c iinjvaratively uew State that *a
t clue fly e tiled dtiting the two decade*,
we And thirtw-n cities and towu* of over
T.lkk) |>eople in IS7O that can l>e o>m
pansl W itu l<*>. The aggregate* arv:
p7O. 1-vJO
•UaW poinhi't u. JA-ivr't %1.*70
ProWi 4i *7f. t'g s l7
I Uarsl ■ ■ a.inl,4M 7*k.'ihS
i Inrresv* of 8t .to pepelstteu. t < *7. til
Itu-rrSM- of urtuni |*>ittlaUi'ii 3SX.J4*
| of ruri isipuUiiim .. 1
Kurd, 106 per coot, til*, 17 J irt > ' ut.
Were all the town* and villages of the
State sifted out, the raral increase would
lie found hi have lieen much loss than
1(16 |xT ceut. Ohio is a fair average be
tween the old and the new States. After
I scanning all the township* <if Ohio, and
separating th* village, town and city
(Hipulstiou from tlie grand total uf the
' Stiite, we have reached the following re
' I'rbau poy latma .... . I.wu,ivo (ee.OOO
l'urelv rural 1.¥.10,320
t'rtiau Uj<-r*e SrstSfl I**Ct,
The sggr'gates for t*u <>f the princi
iial north western Sute* are as follows:
• Iffk ls&o.
IVn Stair- 2*i XS\7im IX.IM.QM
:*v*uty citio* 5.111,925 H,IW\ IS7
I'lUas doJurt d li,M*,S4i 5'.r.t;1.75
I:t**M of population. ... 5.7'.1.T3.V
1 :.rr a *ef tiruwu population.... ■... 2.>*3 76*
liKVaaar Of rur! popuUtioj i.'7
lncraaM. |wr cent. U>t*l populslkm, M ~
city, 137; rural, J.
These States are New York, Massa
chusetts, Pennsylvania, Maryland, Ohio,
Indiana, Iltiuois, Missouri, Wiscoumii
mill Michigan. The great !••**<n from
these fiw'ts is that efforts to prevent the
increase of vice and crime, ami tb miti
irate the calamities of poverty in our
cities, should tie inorcawd in jm>porti m
to tlie iiicrea**.' uf concentration. The
|iliUrMumhrw iui-1 philanthropists can
*'udy tne problem at their leisure, and
the more they study the more they will
find it uoresaorv to do in order to coun
teract the unfortunate results of this
tendency of population.
Reekie*.* Competition.
A couple of stationers living opposite
b> each other in a seosido resort on the
Muith c.vset of Kngland reomitly got at
loggerheads. One o( tlietu, iu order to
draw his neighbor's customers, piled
his window with shilling packets of note
paper msrked at elevenpence. People
stared, walked in ami purchased. The
{ nejtt morning, when the other man's
shutter* were taken down, the window
was tilled w Ui shilling packets of note
pa|>er marked eightpence. D.iJ by d*y
tin* little game went on, one under
telling the other nutil prioas gra lually
drnpje.l to gixpencb, flvptnoe, four
pe-ce, tlireepehoe ami twopeu'ie.
By this timt? the town saw and en
joyed the joke ; mel. not withstanding
the efforts msi lu to kivp the sales down,
by taking at leasi ten minutes to seal or
tie up every pnrehas , > tle'twostationers
were heavy sufferers, *iel every mnn,
woman and child m the towu ws* stocked
with en-ugh note paper to lonl. them
half a lifetime. However, tiie fight
went on, eu -h man devoutlv wishing lie
lusl stuck to hi* legitimate trade, snd
liwl not tried to undersell his neighbor.
The following morning the "21. "day
found the opposite window with the
shilling pocket* Id. This was too much.
Within ten minute* ou enormous pis
card obscured the windows of the oilier
man/ bearing in huge letters, the words:
"(to to the fool opposite," But the
"fool opposite" had hiul enough, lu
a few minutes the penny ticket disap
peared, and in its place the old price,
one shilling. Iu a twinkling down came
the jus-tor benring the obnoxious words,
and an exactly similar placard appeared,
announcing that " the pri e of a -hilling
packet of note paper i* one shilling."
Ami thus the wnr of extermination
The KnglUli (liuunel Tunnel.
< Iporation* connected with the sub
murine tunnel have already LH -H eorn
ineoced on the French side of the chan
ncl, several pits having been sunk to a
depth of 1 li) yards. At the same time
the French and English committees
have definitely drawn up the conditions
of working for the route. The >roperty
of the tuum-l is to lie divided in half by
, the length ; that is to say, each company
is to possess half of the line, reckoning
the distance from coast to coast at low
ti<h>. Each company will cover the ex
|wmses of its portion. The gcuertil work
of exenvut iott will be doue, on the one
hand, by the Great Northern of France,
and oil the other by the (Jludbiun and
Hoiit eastern compftnies, the two latter
having each a direct route from London
to Dover. All the materials of the
French and Euglish lines will pass
through the tunnel in order to prevent
unueccHsay expenses and delay of trans
shipment, as in England ami in France
railway companies use each other's line,
and good* can jiass from one lino to
another without changing vans. It is
understood that nu arrangement will be
established for a similar exchange of
linea between all the Euglish and conti
nental railway companies wheu the tun
nel is completed. The tnnnel will be
long to its founders. At the expiration
lof thirty vears tbe government will be
able to take poseasion of the tnnnel upon
i certain conditions. — Mining Journal.
Xillikcas* Grief
It was too bad, ;uat after these uiee
ram. haii filled the cistern tip so finely,
too. It had leeu perfectly emptv, ami
Mr. Mllllketis hail just got it eleaneil
aud ttxed up in time for the weloome
showers which filled it with uit übuud
unce of nil*' pure wider. And the next
morning Mr. Milllai. < delivered hia
faintly a Umehiug lecture oil the ble
suigH of water, and m his beautiful and
vivid imagery, he tjnite surpas.ed the
1 luridaon fountain. And then when lie
stopped the e*.r at Maide street night
la-fore lust mill Walked rapidly to hm
Itaopy hoUie, (low do you alip|aiae he
felt when in* staring children met him
at the gute ami yelled in excited chorus :
"t>h pa, pa, pn, Mrs. Mtiggiidgers'
eat went ami fell down our cistern ami
drowned !"
Mr. Millikf-us always did hate that
cat of the Muggridgura'. A great
brindltwl monster, with only tine eye
and the hair scalded olf lta tail, it hud
killed more little ehickeua ill the Milll
keua'coops than there are rate in lowa,
and many a time ami oft, she luul
found her way into the Millikeu*' cellar
and fillid her bloated form with cream
and sirh iu Hteak*. And Mr. Mdhkens
could Uot remember the uumtier of
time* he lnnl sprained hi* arm and
nearly threw hi* shoulder out of joint
iu tnirbng briokw at that cat, which
would ait ou the back f -nee, Hinging
serenades and winking ph cully at him
vvith It* lout- eye, and wondering what
all the racket wa* about. Tiint eat had
been the chairman of the anti midnight
district central committee for three
v imuw, and had attended more caucuses
and called more couvriitious iu MHi
kens' back yaivl tliau it had hair* on it*
lull-;, li had made the summer nights
a burden to Millikeu* all lta life, and
no* it had drowned itself iu In* cistern
It was a piece of iletilouiacal spite
work. You couldn't make Milliktui*
lielieve otherwise ; there was a terrible,
tieudlsh i itelhgt net- iu tlial cat, and its
desire to torment Millikeu* had lieeil
greater th.,u it* love of life. Ever
since Millikeu* had M-alded the ball off
it* tad lie ha<l lie n rxpcetiug aonie
tlliug bke till*.
If it h id las decent kind of a cut,
lie mud, as be pulled off 111* coal, tucked
hi* tr Miser* iu Ins boots and began the
paiuftil labor of emptying tiie cistern
with a bucket, he migtit have stool it to
get the cat •ait, and go ou lining the
witi-r but tlint one-eyed, rat-tailed,
hideous, serenade acreecber, faugh' 1 fie
disgusting thing, be would never mw the
eisterti again; In- would tiil it tip a* *<*>ll
n* he gol llie water out, and would dig
another one Dug gone the eat, lie said.
He Uuleil manfully on, and the water
grew lower with terrible *l-ivmis. He
felt the bucket strike the holy of the
floating cat several time*, but lie hadn't
hanle fit np yet. lie kept on tugging
at the bucket rope till hi* ann* ached.
And hi* back. Ami In* leg*. And hi*
No, he snappishly told Mrs, Mdlikn s
in answer to her tenth summons, that he
wasn't cmiiuK to supper till he had
emptied this cistern. He didn't can- if
it was spoiling. What f Weil, let the
tlie* cut everytiung up, he didn't care ;
he could eat the the*, he nvtumwl u
lastically), couldn't lie? lley! Well,
he didn't care if It did take hiui S week,
he was going to keep at it till it was
emptied. 11 g gone the cat, he wislnsl
h was Milggridger hiui*oH that wa* in
the cisU-ru. Blast a cat, anyhow.
How he did haul water, and splash hi*
clothes and aw> ' ami swear, slid how
the thlK>r' wives lmng over the front
fouee uud tklked glibly to Mr*. Milli
kena sU>ut the catastrophe, and how he
wuhed they wer' al! iu Willi tlie cat.
And Mr*. M iggnder catue and hung
over the femn l ainl wept, and told won
derfut atorie* of that cat's sagacity aud
its affection for children. "Affections
fir mv chickens," Millikejis muttered.
Ami tne women talked and jabbered, and
pitted Mr*. Muggrider more than if it
had been one uf the children that had
i>een drowned. .Millikens toiled o, hi*
fiioe very hot at lictug the focus of
*. nufny eyes, llog gone the dog-g>>nne*l
eat to ttiuudcr, he said, with considera
ble asperity. How he did hate cats, lie
The cistern wa* getting pretty low
now. The sun had goue down behind
the western lulls, in a glory of peaceful
splendor, ami tlm ruddy tints uf the dy
ing day touch*! the clouds and sky with
s aereuc, i*>lemn b-anty, almost t*>
ethereal to hang over * world tainted
with the blight of siu aud one-eyed cat*.
The noisy iirsttters at the front fence
f.-lt the ltallowis 1 influence of the hour,
and Silence la ol her fingers on their Iqm.
< >nlv M.lliken's stertorous breathing and
toe plash, plash of the backet broke the
oppressive silence. Thank heaven, Milli
ken* sighed, it is nearly empty.
" Mian-ow-ow-oow!"
A weird, unearthly sluriek that curdled
the blood in the bravest heart, and made
Milliken* drop bucket, rope and every
thing down into the cistern. Ho stood
up ami glared in spoechlev* aniaaement
♦ Muggridger's cat, on the back
f.-nce, which winked pleaaautly at him
with it* lone eye, and went ou calling
the names of tlie delegate*. There
w :v*n't damp hair on it. When Milli
ken* could speak, he called his children
atid savagelv demanded what they m<>aul
by telling him that, lie altotit the cat.
• Well, pa," they said, "we thought
it fell down the cistern, anyhow; but wa
xildn't iwe very well just where it diil
ao, and maybe it onlv run around the
Them was weeping am! wailing in
Millikens' house that night, but Jong
utter the sobbing children had found u
place they could lie on without howling,
t IO voice .if Muggridger's cat wa* dis
tinctly heard closiug the delate, which
had been unusually long aud stormy, in
uu eloquent argument against the ad
i fission of violin strings free of duty.
Millikens hoard every Word of it, anil lie
|Hmnded his pillow and flopped over b> a
netr position.
" Dog gone that cat!" he sifid. tiur
lin'/fnn I taw key e.
• The City of Lions,"
A correspondent of the New York
77 me*, who dates his letter from yiugu
jsre, in the north-eastern part of Asia,
writes: The Hons of Siiißupore (which
means " City of Lions ") are not numer
ous. There are two gardens, one be
longing ti tin 1 corporation and one be
longing to a Chinese merchant, both of
thera well worth a visit. The luxuriance
of tropical growth is well illustrated,
end one sees new ami curious tn>es that
would require much space for a descrip
tion. Each girdcn has an orang outaug,
one of them the largest I have ever seen,
and so human in appearance that my
heart warmed toward nun, though I kept
it carefully out of his reach. There are
pretty drives around and over the island,
and one may now and theu meet a tiger
in the portion of the jungle nearest the
mainland, and indulge in discussion
with him. The mainland is infested
with tigers, and they occasionally swiin
over the channel in search of prey, which
is plentiful, as the island is well peopled.
The number of natives and Chiuese an
nually eaten by tigers varies from year
to year, but it is always unhappily large,
and there seems no way of reducing it.
The tigers only attack people on foot,
and for that anil other reasons (not un
connected with heat and heaviness) I
shall make no pedestrian excursions to
distant points.
I.lXuls MH'TIIERX lU'F.Ui.
I I l*tiitu an lUrartiurk i'truiiu nh4 T*
>lui ahnll % |Vnul llcwlii!rr*rt,
(her tlif signature <>l " ti." some uD
k<'Uilh the following letter to the Now
Y<>rk ,S'mm • The A'mii has recently pub
lished litiiilit interesting rcuunisomioo# of
Uotod iliit-U iu tiie S 'utii, but the record
ut by ut> lut'itiix exhausted. A long resi
dence in the South hid I West has made
■ mit fnimliai with Uin hmtorv of tunny of
thfiui encounter*. One of the most aing
uliir, which hnpp<-n<-d at Sew Orleans,
• itt fought between a gentleman recent
ly In-fore the public, ill a suit to inani
tion or recover hi* commission and
emolument* in the United Hute* army,
(.'apt. iSchtnubeig, and it Mr. Chevalier,
1 he coiuhut took place at tin- ruce track
near New Orleans, on horseback, with
sabre*. .HchemlM-rg's horn , n line uni
mal, waa killed, and, I believe, Hint waa
brought by the owner to recover dam
age*. So other harui waa done.
The duel bctwceu the great orator,
Sergeant S. I'rentiaa, of Mississippi, ami
e\-tJov. Henry 8. Foote, occurred near
Yickaburg. A large OTOVrd waa preaeiit,
and after one t two hanultaui eh.a* had
liet-u exchanged, I'rentiaa, with hi* in
imitable good humor, called out to aouie
yoiiugatcra who were |iercbed ou a tree
near by, "Take care, boy a; the gov
ernor la tiring very wild to-day." Foote
wua finally wounded. I'rentiaa waa one
of the coolest and bra vent, it* well aa
the moat magnanimous men I ever met.
He wa* one of the counsel for the de
tt-iiae iu the cclehnttctl Wilkiuaou and
Murdaugh trial for murder in Kentucky.
The cbac ww. removed to llarrodabiirg
ou account t>l the prejudice again*! the
uceu*cd at letuiaville, where the killing
occurred. When I'rentiaa arrived at the
tialt House ou tua way to the court,
aouut one wartn-d him of the bitter feel
ing t-staling agiuiiat hi* client*, remark
ing at the aaute tunc: " They will tie
hunting you, Mr. I'rentiaa, if they fiud
out you are iu the city." "Ah!" *aid
he, reaching over the counter for hia
travelling bag and taking out a pair o(
pistol*, which he jilaccd in bin pmkvla,
" Well, I atu a hunter my tell whentliera
i* game nr.mud," No pur m'-lest-d hiui,
The MlrbritfJ Thomas F. Marshall,
of krlltuc'.T, (iHiiilil trtHTl] duel*; that
with OJ. -lame* Wilson Webb is famil
iar to mi*. northern readers. Tun nooc
told the mw-i that i( Webb hail not
t.d cr< <*• legged and disconcerted his
aim, he would have killed hiui; that be
had meant to have another fight with
hi tn, but the colonel, unfortunately,
t K.k the pleilge io Out, Hftnml. Au
•'thi'T ol Tom's duel* ** with John
R 'Wtiii, of Kwtnrkr, a crack abut, but
our of tio* I1).M uUiiable and grnth-muulv
ot tb<- oh! •• tin* eaters," Turn mwivh
a bullet in tht? leg, and, a* Rowan, who
dnl Hot urtah to kill hitn, Walked Up to
express his regret, .Marshall, lying ou
the ground, exclaimed: " Xlt. Rowan,
iot shoot a fellow and then apologise
tor it with more grace than any mau in
With one ot these Kentucky affairs,
which uocirml in 1 H4't, 1 was unfor
tunately connected, and the course it
' took mnv illustrate the stab* of feeliug
on the subject at that tune. The princi
pals wkji lir. T of Hamdsburg,
and Counselor Hbrothers-in-law.
The ame of offence was a family affair.
I n-n l.*t in Lcxmgtou at the time, ami
was induced to interfere, in tlie iuwnt
of l-ce, on behalf uf Dr. T., who wm
*t ranger to me. After several days'
dis Winston on the part of the doctor's
friends, and canvassing as well as I
<* uhi the view* of the other party, 1
found uu amicable adjustment impossi
ble, and having goue so far, there was
i nothing left for me but to carry a chal
lenge. The elder brother of the doctor,
himself ati eminent lawver, the brother-
I in-law of the latter, and even the vener
able mother—-the last two atrict mem
lier* of the church—were consulted by
rue, but lite feeling among them all was
that their relative had been grossly in
suited, and must vindicate his honor in
the usual manner. The meeting was
p|Miiutod to take place at a retired spot
in Boyie county, but was prevented by
the authorities, and I remember well we
had a scamper to get beyoctd their juris
diction and avoid arrest.
In the meantime I rrceiriyl a request
fn>m a reverend gentleman, wiioae death
I saw noticed last year, to withdraw the
challenge for an accommodation which
he hoped to bring (IswL I glally agreeil
hi comply provided tlie opposite party
consented to <he arrsngeraent without
prejudice to my friend; but tlie over
ture was plnmply rejected by them.
The meeting took place tlie next morn
ing at a wild, romantic ajnit on Dick's
river. The law officer* were on the hill
alxive u*. but an old boatiuan and his
sons, whom we were compelled to take
into our confidence, and who had the
Kentnckian's instinctive love of a " fair
fight," kept them at bay. The weapons
weru the o|d-fa*hioned duelling pistols,
, those need by the opposite party t icing
s iieir belonging to Henry Clsy. Coun
selor H. fell, mortally wounded, at the
first fin>, sml, as there was lint oue liost
to cross tlie river, the constables wait
mg for ns on the side we occupied, uud kept back by a wholesome fear of
bur friends, tlie boatmen, we were oom
' jielh-d to watt uutil the wounded man
had hi en transported across. I never
saw a man suffer more meutal agony
than the doctor did during the time,
' having Iteen informed of the result He
had not wished to kill liis opponent,
only to inflict a wound such we might
euii the affair. We both left the State,
going in different directions, lie to Mis
-1 sonri aod I to Louisiana.
From what I subsequently learned of
| his history, this affair wrought the most
singular change ill the character of l>r.
T . Prior to tlie fight 1 hail found
> him amiahlc, inoffensive, and averse to
bloodshed, though truly brave; but
afterward i heard that lie was frequent -
I ly engngixl in desperate encounter*. in
one of which, I lieheve, he was killed.
This duel created considerable excite
ment at the time, aud the Ixmisville
i Journal having published au accouut
derogatory to Dr. T , Mr. Geo. D.
Prentice, the editor, was called on to
correct it, which he did.
Italian Superstitions.
The superstitions existing among the
continou people in Italy is thus strik
ingly illustrated in s Florentine letter
to the Philadelphia 7V Irgraph: "Mr.
George P. Marsh has just returned from
Home, where he lias been busy looking
for an apartment for this season. His
return was delayed after having found a
desirable and very handsome residence
liy an amusing circumstance. The msr
chese front whom Mr. Msrah rented the
apartment refused to sign the contract
on Friday, that dny beiug tabooed in
this country. So the United States
minister was obliged to stay another day
in Home to satisfy tfec scruples of this
superstitious nobleman. Tris m itter is
earned to excess in Rome, woere no one
will light three randies or sit in a room
where three caudles only are lighted.
Here in Florence this deep-rooted hor
ror of certain numbers ai d days takes
quite a comical form. In many streets
aud squares there is no No, 13, hut 12)
has lieeu *ulstitnted, so that the num
ber* run 11, 12), 14. In this ingeuious
way the dread number is completely
done HWHV with. Houses booring the
unlucky 1J rarely find any Italian lod
TKIiMB: $2.00 a Year, in Advance.
'l'hr king of Hmnkrrs.
A year or two ago there died ui Hot
Lerdaiu a iwrtain Mvnberr Van Ktaea, to
whom ia onrUmly lue the title of " The
King of Hmokera." To gain this dm
tiuetiou in the greet nation of puffer*
must require almost superhuman pw
era and a love for the Indian weed that
I leasee human uuderwtaiiduig. But Van
Klaee was ever superior to the emer
gency. It took no effort on hia part to
gain the smoky crown and wear it while
he lived. He did net even die young,
as we might hare autirij#ted from hi.
immoderate use of the weed, but both
enpiyad life and satokiug nntil after he
lied passed Ida eighty ttmt birthday.
llnriug the long vutto of smoking
veers iu winch he reveled in his pipe,
Van Klae* consumed four tona of tobav
co, well wetted down by 590,(Mt0 ijuarta
of ale which he dnuik, not to mention
Schiedam sctmap|ia aud othf national
In Mynheer'a house was a anmptuou.
ii))artmcnt, entirely devoted to pipes and
tobaivo. Kvery variety of wriwl grown
oh the earth'a surface was to lie found
there, in the plug, cat up or shredded,
cigars, cigarette* and cigarillas were
grou|M*l aUmt iu taatefn! display, lint,
above all, Mynheer'a pipes first riveteil
the visitor'a eye. Iu tliia choioe aoUee
tiou every branch or variety of the pipe
family hod its representative; one could
, trace the whole evullitiou of the race,
I from the clumsy bowl and thick statu of
Bir Walter Keletgb's clay to the carve 1
meerschaum from Trebutond.
In tin* temple of tobaar-o the veteran
would ait, puffing prouigioua volume# of
smoke from hi* weil-filled pipe, only
tiaUMUig now and then to w<-t hia tlnraty
lips with a drink of ale. It la aakl that
hi* last reflecting breath waa borne from
In* life!***! body ou a cloud of smoke
A few hour* liefore bi* death Van
Klaea called for a notary to make hi*
will. Puffiag vigorously, ami after tak
lug a pull at hi* Schuslam, Myuheer
gave jirevise dir<vtiou* for the per
formance of in* oliaetjuiea. In the first
place, hi* ooffin wa* in be thoroughly
liued with the top*. Uittoiu* aud sides
of bote* that had coutaiued hia favorite
cigars; then a bla<id-r of the finest dry
cnt Dutch gulden leal was to lie placed
at Ins feet. Most iiu|*ortant of all, his
favorite pipe must lie hud at his aide.
A firm oouvictiou that his soul was not
gtHUg to dwell in thoae latitude* where
tire t sure to tie close at hand, caused
Mmhecr to direct Ui evecntor to place
a ixu of matches by hi* side, and, with
great foreaight, lie also dewinsl that a
flint iind *teel should lie added, a* by
some unforeseen oocuitwacc the mab-lie*
might d.nnpeii liefoir- tltey wiutld lie
Having thu attended to hi* personal
wraut* in the next world, Vau Klaes de
sired Uiat the smokers in the ueigtdior
hood alionld be invited to bis funeral,
each one te be presented with ten pound*
of tuliacco and two pipe* stamjwvl with
the name and arm* of Vau Klaes, to
gether with the ilate of the donor's
demise. These guest* were to le al
tmmishwd to keep their pipes lighted
during serriee snd to scatter ashen ou
the coffin a it was being consigned to
mother earth.
The poor of the vicinity who observed
these instructions faithfully were to be
Ii resented on the anniversary at Myn
c-er'* death with ten pounds of tobacco
and a firkin of ale apiece. After these
. items were arranged to his liking Myn
| beer smoked hi* Wt breath, constant to
the last, and certainly deoerving to tie
immortalised as tlie " greatest smoker
since the flood."
(vesta* on a Tramp.
A wonderful pin pUm with a ro
mantic history is exciting the musicians
of RrHige|>ort. About two week* ego s
shabby t ramp entered a wall-known
music-store ou Main street, and asked
for permission to use a piano for a short
time. The proprietor refnaed at first,
but afterward consented because the
man's manners were much better than
bts clothes. The tramp sat down and
played a difficult oompoaition with grest
ease and brilliancy. Tbe pity and con
tempt of bis listeners were at once
changed to admiration. Friends sprang
around bim, aud tli< y are trriug to get
him once more on his feet. His history,
as told by tbe Farmrr, is as follows:
He belongs to a titled t*ermaa family,
and bad for his godmother and psfcruuees
no Iw* a jieraonage than the Queen of
Wurtemburg. He received a nuiveraity
education. and tieeame a lawyer. He
was at one time consul to Paris from
Wurteraburg, aud moved in tbe highest
merle* of the capital wb*n Napoleon
and Eugenie were ou tne throne. The
cause of his fall from all this high
estate was dissipation of the wildest
kind. As a result of his wild and reek
less course*, be lost his official position
and standing in society, and not only
squandered the income from hia family
estate as fast as it came to him, but, in
order to raise money, sold hia claim to
wliat should be due him for twenty
seven years ahead. When he had ex
hausted his resources at home he came
to th*s country and engaged in some
kiud of business or occupation in New
York. His ignorance of the language,
or the dishonesty of his associates, or
both, caused him to fail, however, and
left him utterly destitute. It was then
that he *uu-ted out from New York on
the tramp, pa-king up an odd job now
and thru on the nwul, but gn>wiog all
the while more ragged and wretched.
♦ His aimless tramping journey had
brought him so lar as Brhlgeport on the
morning when he passed the music
store. aud was irresistibly impelled, by
a sight of the pianos, to go in and ask
to lie allowed to play.—iVetr Ifavm
An Inhuman Father.
Frank Lynch, a would-be suicide, *M
myotlv >rri<til on the Fort Wiyn#
railroiwl bridge, over the Allegheny river,
at Pittsburgh, Pa., an officer coming
upon hin> while he was preparing to
jump. On Iteing takeu to the atation
house Lvncb ooofcijsed to having mur
dered hi* little boy, two and a half years
old, by throwing him into the river one
uight about air week* previous. At that
time Mr*. Lrnch waa bring at Glen Held,
a few utile* .Vrau the river, having sepa
rated from her huaband ami reUimitg
the child. She came to Pittsburgh,
bringing the child with her, was uiet at
the station by her huaband. and on their
way over the river thev quarreled. Lynch
knocked hia wife down, aud, seizing Uie
child, fled. He secreted hiiraelf until
dark and theu started over the river.
On liia way over the tbonght struck him
that now was the time to end the little
one's troubles, and, lifting him in hia
arms, dropped him into the stream. He
got work on a steamboat the next day
and went down the river, but bis con
science troubled him, and he came home
a few daya ago. He went to hia wife
and oonfeeaod the deed, and while she
was overcome with the tidings he again
made hia escape. An information for
murder was made against him, and the
officer following him to Pittsburgh was
just in time to prevent self-murder.
Iu some parts of Maine huge flocks of
geese feed by day iu tbe fields with only
a small boy to attend tbem. Returning
home under his charge in the evening,
as they march down the roads they drop
off by detachments without confusion,
and proceed soberly of their own accord
to the honsee where they lodge.
Ksa>.>d Wn mt ■'** Tks.
l>r. fed ward HmiUi aaya: It wonld nort
be {Miaeible to exaggerate the value of
rgga as au article of food, whether freeu
I heir uni vernal nee, or the convenient
form tu which the food aa preserved,
presented and cooked, and the nutnineut
they contain. Again he Mja: There it
no "egg of a bird known which i not
good for food, or which would not be
eaten by a hungry man. The white of
eggs constats of nearly pare albumen,
oils, sulphur and water. Albumen it
considered the most important single
element of food. It is found in all com
|M>unded animal structures, and in the
vegetable productions moat ralngbi* for
food, though in a modified form.
There is great difference in the value
of different cgg, a* there ia in their suu
and flavor. Wet! fed domestic fowla
yield far richer food in their eggs than
common wild fowla. Many suppose
that raw eggs are more easily digested
than tkoar that are cooked, bat for the
moat persona thia ia not the case, if the
eggs are not cooked improperly. l>r.
Smith thinks it ia a mistake to give a
mixture of raw eggs and milk to tie
vahils, such a mixture tending more to
hinder than t> promote digestion. I>ya
peptics often think that they cannot eat
egga at all, and it is tlie esse that delt
<*Ue stomach* do aometimes suffer
greatly from eating sny but the freshest
of eggs. When we cannot be sore of
the age of the eggs provided, it ia altrgys
safer to break them before cooking.
For invalids the very safest way ia to
drop lite egg from tne aiieii without dis
arranging its form, into water boiling in
a shallow dish. A few minutes boiling
is sufficient, and no dressing ia neces
sary, except a trifle of salt for tiioar who
est' anything sally. though, of course,
good butter ami pepper may be added,
or die egg may tie carefully laid ujxm
tat. For a family of children, it ia
often mors convenient, in all reapeute, to
serve eggs IU scrambled form, or in ome
lets, than to ouok them separately,
.tome children are notional, and will net
cat the white of an egg, others think
tliev dislike the yolk, lint whan both ace
txaikad together tlicy think nothing
altont it, bat eat with pleasure all they
.can ge'. In most receipt hooka, the
directions for scrambling egg* advise s*
guod pasce of Wntter with which to cook
the eggs, seasoning thein with salt and
|M-pper, and with chopped parsley, if
you chouse. But if for any outer reason
yon prefer it, voa can use milk instead
of butter, and for children, thia ia beat
The proportions used for an omelet are
very good—a cup of milk for six eggs.
'Oil* increases the quantity. The egg*
are broken bnt not beaten, and are
stirred simply to mix well, and to pre
vent burning while rooking.
IIMM-Mi Htata.
part of oxalic aciJ and nix of rotten stone;
mix with equal parts of whale oil and
spirits of turpentine to .H paste.
To CLEAN MAKBLK. —Take two parts
common soda, one jiari pulverised pum
ice stone, one part finely powaered
chalk; sift the mixture through a fine
sieve and theu mix with water: rub it
thoroughly over the surface of the mar
ble, and the stains will be removed; then
wash the marble over with soap and
Sua vigo boar.—The !>ruggit* Cir
cti lor gives the following formula for a
sharing soap: Take white snap, four
ounces spermaceti, one-ha IT ounce;
olive oil, one-half ounce; melt them to
gether and stir till nearly oohi;ecent
with such oils as may lie most agreeable.
women of Holland and Belgium, so pro
verbially clean, and who get op their
linen so beantuuily wh'te. use refined
borax aa a washing powder instead of
nods, in the pmportaaa of a large hand
ful of pulverised borax to about ten gal
lons of boilimr water. They save in sbap
nearly one half. All other large wash
iug establishments adopt the same mode.
For lace*, cambric*, etc., an extra quan
tity of the powder is nsed, and for crino
lines (required to lie made very stiff), a
strong solution is necessary. Borax being
a neutral *alt, dows not in the slightest
degree injure the texture of the linen;
ita effect ia to soften the hardest water,
and therefore it should lie kept on every
inlet table. To the taste it is rather
sweet, is used for cleaning the hair, is an
excellent dentifrice, aud in hot ooantrics
is used with tartaric acid and bicarbon
ate of soda as a coaling leverage. Oo>4
tea cannot be nude from hard watr; all
water can be nude soft by adding a tea
spoonful of pulverised borax to an ordin
ary sited kettle of water, in which it
should baiL The saving in the quantity
of the tea used will be at least one-fifth.
—le American.
A MinlPM< Hole!.
A Farmingtrm correspondent of the
Baa|>ort Sentinrl write* *• follow*; •• I
rode to the tirst-clawi h<*4 ; it was a
covered frame on Stilt*, and barelv pe
titioned off in*ide with lath*. Every
one washed from the same tin diab, nod
wiped upiui the same towel ; the fare
wnn tough steak ami tougher biscuit ;
the Iwsl* were mere boxes on leg*, and
filled with coarse meadow hay. No
door* to the room*, nor uails to hang a
coat, no stand or even chair to pnt a
lamp u ; but mine boat just drooped
aome grease from lita dip upon the floor,
into wliieh be inserted liis candle, tutd
bade me make myself comfortable. Now
I had hire*! the " private room ** at an
extra price, with no understanding that,
it waa to be all ray own for the night,
and, of course, the' only aafety for the
money waa to put it to bed. 80 you
may imagiue my aereuity when at twelve
midnight in bonnoed a straggler in loug
hoota ; the laudlord hal sent him up, he
said, aa mine WRS the TIULY bed with but
one in it. In the" morning I
found that about forty peraoua hail
leeu lying right across the loug entry
Itetween the rooms, with only here and
there a blanket among them, and they
snored (Hi ua I walked over them. After
breakfast the landlord told ua all to
come out aud equate tlie house into
place—it hail l>eeu moved on its bed in
the night by the wind. Leaning on a
long mil as a lever, we all bore onr
weight npn it. and the first-dam hotel
came into place again. But now, mark
me, that place la a county seat, lias a
court bouse and other fine buildings,
with churches, two newspapers, and
really more than one " first-class " hotel.
And this ia a sample of Imndreda of
place* on the prairies.
Married in Haste.
The North Carolina train arrived at
the depot at Charlotte one Tuesday
night recently on time, anil the brake
mau shouted "All oat for Charlotte."
A lady, who occupied a seat in the car
and was traveling alone, stepped out on
the platform aud glanced wistfully at
the crowd. A man elbowed hia way
through the throug and joined her on
the platform. They shook hands and
stood there with folded arms. Then
another man emerged from the crowd
and, standing in front of them on the
lower step, said something to them in a
low tone. He wus a justice of the peace,
aud hail made the couple man and wife.
"All aboard!" shouted the conductor;
he magistrate jumped off, the two
figures on the platform bolted into the
car, the bell rang, the whistle sounded,
and the train-boy started on the lozenge
round, The we lding journey bad ba*
IteUM mt Interval.
What ia atoeh t It'i snow roattrr.
f The F>mpfre mt mad* of 8,800
< Three am 11.800 fee* oo tha London
police foroe.
The governor ol Missouri offer*
810.000 far i store remedy against ho*
j Tha oldsst bona# to New England m
■aid to be in Ouilford, Oonn. It was
kailt in 1880.
A hone*bolder in Charleston, a C.,
; vu fined the other day for allowing hia
chimney to taha fire.
It ouat the Northampton (Mass.) bank
$30,000 to arrest and convict the mrn
who robtied ita mfe.
Printer* seldom follow the honnda,
and yet the oliae* takes an imposing
form wi tlioat them.
The Central Pacific railroad ompany
' ' litre onlered 700,000 tress to be aet ont
| along the line £ their road the coming
' | Hcason.
Turkish soldiers have recovered from
their wounds in • marvelous manner, in
i | many instances, owing to thutr strictly
I temperate lives.
| "Did you ever know of a crack that
was too small for a spying old woman to
peep through, Tom ?' " Yea, John, the
j crack of a whip."
The first interviewer in the United
MUte* was Mrs. Ann Royal, who edited
the Huntress and Paul Pry, in Wash
ington, fifty year* ago.
Bv a Michigan court it has been de
cided that oysters are fish; but very few
imople, however, will think of going
fishing when they want oyster*.
A number of superb seal sacques have
besa floating in Newport harbor. The
reals had 'em on, and no furrier could
' have improved on the fit.
Ooealna mdirus, a virulent poison, ia
largelv imparted into this eoantry, yet
it u ut known to he used in any manu
, facture except that of lager.
The beat paaapkin-pta* and healthiest
girls are raised in the ooontry. Any
• >u can tell this ia so the minute be
tantes of one. The pies we mean.
Japan baa no system of patent laws.
The Japanese, with their native skill and
ingenuity, copy very successfully many
of the machines sent to that ooontry.
Living fifty-four yuan in amm village
and daring that time repairing 18,000
watches, lor each of which he received
pay, is the history of a jeweler of Handy
Hilf, S. C.
A gentleman cooling into the roomtof
1 the late Dr. Barton. ToM him that Mr.
Vowel was uead. " What!" said he,
u Vowel deed! let us he thankful it was
..either n nor L"
The prfafVpel articles exported from
'the United States to Europe are gram,
pork, laid, savings bank president*,
•iff—*, butter heiresses, wesihar predic-
I lions and horses.
The Tuck has an horror ot
amputation, preferring death. Few a
long while Osman Pasha refused to allow
the surgeons to drem or even examine
the wound in his arm.
The fanners of Mania Ami, Lot
„ Angeles county, CeL, are building a
..-anal fifteen miles long by km feet wide
at s cost of 850,00(1. by which 15,000
seres of land will be irrigated.
John Fletcher, of Tennessee, fired at
his nephew with e double- barreled shot
gun a few days ago, and shot out nearly
< all of hia teeth, destroyed both of his
eyes and shot hia noee off. The phy
' stciaa* tlunk that the Tonth will live,
thus disfigured and totally Mind.
Captain Boyton has achieved another
jrreat feat in swimming, having descend
ird the Loire from Orleans to Nantes,
where he was received by an enthnaiaa
, tic crowd assembled to greet hia arrival.
He seemed quite wore .mt from excess
of fstigue and hia wrists were swelled
and painful.
The very litest **Turkish atrocity " is
to be seen in Cheapside, in London,
(where a peripatetic vender of penny
wares ia oarvjing about e trayiul of
. Bulgarian <**, mwle of ficah colored
india rubber, and imitating, with frights
' fnl fidelity, a tinman ear severed from a
br-man head.
What's tn a name? A Chinaman in
Man Francisco foond there ware thirty
days. He stole e Frisco man's door
piste end fastened it to hia own door aa
an ornament. He didn't know that the
' name woald betray him, w be thought
that was merely euhred oe for the beauty
of the thing. The Cm r wan now lan
guishes in the Itsetilm. another victim to
the mysteries of English orthography.
4 A utorieal friend ia Golorado sends na
tha following, oupiad from a grave-stone
at Fairfax, in that State. Alter giving
1 the name and age of the defunct, follows
this verse r •
iltest (tod ' what sorrow* I must test.
Wtacfawoui* my poor husband stash
And died in dx weeks' time *
——JShtrpfr "tt HfrrjariTir
Pliav and Paladhw Rntfhns, in their
writing*, 4ecribe reaping maohines to
have I >**u used by the Gauls. It has
been thought by some tluit. the Pha
raohs of Egypt were acquainted with the
application of steam aa a motor to ma
l ekmerv. sad that they even had their
steam carnages; but at thia there ia no
sufficient proof. But that the reaping
machine, m some form or other, was
nsed as earlv as Christianity there can
be little doubt The identity at the
machines deaeribed by tha two writers
is manifest, IA appears that in the lapee
of over fourteen hundred year* only
some slight modification of the original
has been effected.
A cruel outrage wasperpetatod on two
Chines* ganksner* a* Freak town, OaL,
recently. Two deeperadoe* stacked
them one evening at their cabin, bound
their hands and feet, demanded that
they should reveal where their money
was secreted, nod on refusal cut off the
right ear of each ami hia cue. The
Chinamen were theu gagged, and the
villains proceeded to search for the
money, which they found, and made off
with 81.200, which had been secreted in
a mattress. The poor Chinamen had to
pass the night iu their gagged Mid muti-
Inted condition, but were discovered and
relieved in the morning. The thieves
were masked and cannot be identified.
In northern China, people of all ages
are dving or artuaS starvation by thou
sands. The famine extends over a dis
trict which inclndes at least 5,(W0 villa
ge*, and it ia said that at least s<Kl die
daily. Houses are pulled down in every
village to sell the timber aud thatch
inoider to get food. Those who can get
husk* aud dry leaves ordinarily used
, foe fuel, are oourideral .weikoff, Most
of the poor young girl* have been sold ;
old men, rmddlo-agod men and young
men, and children die daily of starva
tion and other* freeae. The dead can
not get a barial ; they are too many,
and none can afford the experee ; to
they are cast daily into large pita. The
people at Hhansi are said to be living on
the corpses of their faHow bmngs who
die of starvatkm. And the strong are
killing the weak for the sake of obtain
ing their flesh for food.
How Artemns Ward Wrote.
A friend of Artemus Ward, who was
with him on the Cleveland Plaindealer
for some time, ears he used to be inces
santly whittlinghie chair and desk. His
manner of writing waa as peculiar as
evnrthiDg else about the man. His
mission in life seemed to be to hunt up
funny thing*. When he found them,
out of his own head or elsewhere, he
hunself enjoyed them better than any
one else. As he sat writing, when the
funny ideas struck him, he would laugh
with a guffaw which seemed to shake him
from his heelf upward. He aat in liis
arm -chair, always with liis left ley swung
over the arm of hia cJhfUr. When the
joke came he nurd to pound the table
i with his list, slap the long, thin leg that
1 hong over the chair, and explode with
laughter. It wos his habit to share a
good joke with his associates in the office
at once. He loved sympathy as if he
had been a woman, and seemed to stand
as much in need ef it. He wrote rather
rapidly, and writing seamed to come
easy to him. Ha laughed nearly ell the
time ha was writing