The Centre reporter. (Centre Hall, Pa.) 1871-1940, February 08, 1877, Image 1

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Ths pilgrim and stranger who through th* Ut
Hold* ovw the desert hi* truckles* war,
Whwa the terrible aanda no ahade hare known,
No snund of life aave the camel's moan,
llear* at last. through the merer of Allah to
From hi* tent door at evening the Bedouin *
" Whoever thou art whoao need i great.
In the name of Aval, the iVtupaa*tonU
And Merciful One. for thee 1 wait."
For gift* in liis name of food and re*t
The tent* of lalani of Ood are bleat.
Thou who ha*t faith in the Christ above.
Shall the Koran teaeh thee tlie law of lore
Oh. Christian ' open thy heart and door.
Cry east and wt *t to the wandeiiug j*oi*r
•• Wherever thou art whose need is great,
In the name of Christ, the Compassionate
And Merciful One, for thee 1 wail."
Her Answer.
All day long she held my tjneation
In her heart .
Shunned my eye* that eravcsl an answer,
>1 oved apart
Touched my hand in good-night greeting.
Hosier grr *
Should 1 leave tc>-niorrow warty ?
t Then adieu '
Beat her head in farewell courteous.
Onward passrst.
Whilea cold hand gnpjxxt my heart string*.
Held tlieui fast.
Still 1 waited, still 1 listened ;
AU my soul
Trembled ill tlie eves that watehrd her
A* she stole
Up the stairs with measured footstep*.
But she luruid
Where a lamp m brazen bracket
Brightly burned.
Showed me all the glinting npple*
Of her hair.
Wiled her eyi . in violet shadow.
Ohnunered where
Curved her mouth in soft compliance
As she bent
Toward me from the chtskv railing
Where slie leant.
Ah, my lore ! * * • One wlnte hand wanders
To hi r hair.
Slowly rose that nestle*
Softly tliere ;
Breathes she to it* heart my answer
Shyly sweet.
And love'* cn ..age mutely flutter*
To my feeh
- flrijuwn.
Previous to the breaking out of the
Me xioui war in IMo, 1 making a
tour of observation through the v.rn
portion of Texas, looking for an eligible
location on which to commence my ca
reer as a stock raiser. The summer sea
son luui passed awav, and th-tohor with
its hazy beauties lingered ujsm the
prairies, the low trees and tender mos
quito foliage, w tli a softness and gruoe
that gave a charm to dl that the eye
chanced to rest upon.
One afternoon, when the sun was low
ering itself ui the w. st, leaving m the
valleys shadows that the ;.rt of the jnmit
er could hazdlv equal for softm-ss and va
riety of shades, 1 pas*- .J througli his
toric Goliad, a small village on the lim
pid San Antonio, and spurred my horse
ou toward the old Spanish mission,
which reared itself as some ant que
structure, a link between the living
present and the dead joist. As I rude up
the liill leading from the river, at that
time of the year fori la hie, the mission at :
tracted niv full attention. It was al
most square, built of rough stone, and
commanded a view of the whole coun
try. The walls were thick, windows
few, narrow and Inured with rials of
iron; anil fr>m the fides and ends, in
tiers, were portholes, from which, in
former days, the muzzles of guns peered
forth at hostile men.
It was at this sjn>t —around this mis
sion—where Fannm and his gallant sol
diers were slaughtered by the treacher
ous Mexicans. The river, the waters of
which look milky in their purity, that
day were tinged with eddying pools,
leaving the incarnation which distin
guishes the corolla from the rose. l),s-
TU'tunting from my horse, my miml took
iu at a glance all tiiat occurred on • the
lay of the massacre, and a multitude of
emotions thronged my breast What a
change had taken place since that event
ful period. Instead of armed men,
twaring lance, sword and carbine, chil
dren played around the low, broad door,
and up from the river was wending its
way in the shadows of tlie hill and strag
gling snnhght, a train of empty Mexican
it carts—fifty or more—two wheeled
vehicles, and the small animals yoked
with wooden bars from one to the other,
on the fore part of their sturdy heads.
The drivers, vaqneros, were customed iu
leather breeches and jackets, and wore
upon their heads the inevitable som
brero. As tlie Mexicans gosded their
animals with e-nsr poles, in which rested
long, sliarp pieces of iron, up the nc
clivity, ana on across t..e prairies, my
eyes commenced to take in objects that
surrounded me.
The mission had been transformed into
a caravans-uy. and around its door played
innumerable Mexican children, and dogs
of the half w ill species squatted in lazy
attitudes in patches <>f sunshine that lay
around. Groups of Mexican men an !
w.irnen lounged about, talking in th -ir
low, musical Spanish patois, smoking
cigarettes aud blowing the light clouds
of vapor alx>ve their heads in fantastic
sliapes and spiral columns.
A short distance to the right of this
group, ou a square stone that project!-. 1
from the mission, forming the center of
a cross, stood a y.-ung girl looking ab
stractedly toward Goliad, the white stone
houses of which peejicd through the
trees, and tlie quaint towers reflected the
soft light as it came from the west She
was appareutlv thirteen years of age,
dressed in bha-n, and alvitit her shoulders
was the usual Mexican mantle, which
drupjM-d down, and lay iu <-areless rolls,
resembling drapery around a statin-. A
foot, small and delicate, arched exquisite
ly, and covered with the Mexican gat *' p ,
protruded from under the folds of hr
dress, as it was disturbed by the winds
of the eveuing that crept in gusts tip tlie
valley. Her hair fell over her shoulders
in auburn ringlets, and us the wind softly
lifted them the waning sunlight shone
throngh their golden folds with an in
effable halo.
Who could nhe lie ? I had not ye* seen
her face. Walking slowly to where she
st'Sxl, I looked for her to turn and con
front me ; but she did not. The profile
contour of the face wore a perfect shape,
but there was a seemingly cold beauty
about it.
"Seaorita," I ventured to say, " this
is a chirming evening "
She turned her face full upon me. I
was almost startled at the expression of
the eyes looking from n face that was
licautiful to perfection. They were gray,
but unfeelingly cold.
" Yes," she answered, and her voice
rang with a metallic sound.
" Do you reside in this strange place?"
I again ventured.
" Yes."
"No more ; that was all the answer I
received. Now, lam not inquisitive,
but I was determined to learn more about
"Do you reside near the mission,
miss?" I asked, persuasively, bending
my head until my faee almost touched
her golden ringlets.
She turned her botly, with back to me,
holding her position firmly on the square
rock, and her figure took a pose that a
sculptor would have admired, the folds
of her dress and gown forming drapery
no art could equal, and shot her arm
straight out, and the finger of her brown,
tapering hand pointed up to the western
slope to the top of a stone house that
just displayed itself from among the
deep growth of mesquite branches inter
vening. No word in reply escaped her.
She only relapsed into her old attitude
and looked toward the village.
Turning, a youthful Mexican was
standing near me. He beckoned me to
follow him. I obeyed reluctantly ; as
the youthful being who stood on tlie
broad stone cross was really beginning
to bee ime of great interest to me.
"Senor," and the Mexican gracefully
FRED. KUKTZ, Ktlitov and I *ro]>riotor.
t.sik front his ntoutlt a cigarette, " *hc
will not converse with von."
Way?" 1 replies!, in apparent nttr
"She will converse with uo stranger* ;
nor will nhe tell her history wild n
onreles- smile thttisl aor\ss lo* brown
fnoe. " One year ago to-day, just at day
bleak. the people in the phiz* at ttolliul
we te startlsl by pistol shots, ami a laxly
of men rale through the town, evidently
in pursuit of s >tue one. On running
from their houses this girl was found
woumlixl in the shoulder, but she would
reveal u thing, tier would she jx-rmit
any one elm* to touch lu r except the
surgeon who dressed her aouuds. It
was pnuioumxvd trivial. I'lto surgeon, a
gvxxl tuan, t.s>k her to his house, but
slie mill*!ned aulleit and reticent all that
day, and m tlie afternoou fled, and in the
evening was discovered standing where
she is new. Hut nature could not lear
tlie strain, and at alxmt this very hour,"
and he linked at tlie declining suit, "she
lell with a tuoan, her wound broke out
afresh, and slie was soon twered with
bUxxL Phe jHMple in yonder house,
Americano," and he |xiiuted to the stone
house, "took her, and she has lieeu
writh thetu ever since. Her mind i* not
impaired, and the jieeple with whom she
resides say that she is gentle unless
afottsi >l, and then she ts like a tigress.
But her tiervvness never displays itself
only to strangers, or to those who she
thinks are doing a wrong."
"Strang-, strange," 1 said, tuid U:UM\I
over what I had hoard. "la there no
huk l>y which she can IK- traced?"
"DM; it has IH-011 tried. The men
who rode through the towu never re
turned, anil shortly after that oocurremv
three men were found murdered on the
baaka • the RMCM mwr. They wm
buried. That is tlie only clew, and was
never followed, as no one cared."
AM he ceased sja-aking, six artneil men
r.slr up to the mission. Five dismount
ed; the sixth, a tall, museular, brown
haired, blue eyed man, was left upon
his horse, Ismail, his arms being tied
behind him.
"Help liim to dismount, Rueker."
spoke the leiuh rof the party. " lie
must lie tlnrstv."
From the K>iuid captive I casually
glanced at the girl. She hal changed
her position, and was looking at the
prisoner, and her gray eyes ap>parentl\
dilated as slie caught a gleam from th s.-
of the tail, tuud man, and 1 thought a
tear glistened iu tlieui. Their eyes
fully met, ami something like a flash of
recognition, as an electric sjiark, pass.-d
lictw een them, and again her fac- w ore a
lsik of cold uncontvru.
"tirey," spoke the leader, a low s-t,
■lark featurevl man, " will you Lave
some water ?" as the captive dis
" Yes, Haskell. You know I have
drank but ouce to-ilav."
"When we reach S n Patricio, where
you killeii your victims one year ago,
yon will nt-e.l no water."
" They pursued me one humlreil tniles
and fought nie all the way. It was a fair
tight, and if 1 were only loose and arm
e 1 yon would not follow me," and the
bine eyes turned to an almost harsh
" Curse you ! vi>u shall have no wa
ter," s. id ltaekell , as he turned away.
With a bound us swiit us a cat's leap,
the girl sprung upon him and wrenehed
tlie gourd, full of sparkling water, from
his h.inJ, and her metallic voice shrieked
out :
" He shall have water !"
Haskell was starthsl, and a wild shout
of laughter broke fr >iu the throats of
his companions. The laugh was loud
and 1 mg. and the g"rl stood beforo as
one i isjnrcd with the ferocity of a tigress.
Tiie prisoner remained unmoved, hit
anus still pinioned.
"Cursi' the little catam<>urt 1" mutter
ed 11 iskell. "Give it to him, and give
plenty—enough to last lum to Sm Pa
tn 'I I. We w ill hang him as fu*>n as w--
reach that place. He i - M<istatig Grey 1"
" Mustang Grey ?" was re-i-choeil by
those gathered around, as he was known
as tlie most desjH'rati- man that ranged
from the 11 o Grande t-> the Gaudaloiijie.
I had heard of him as I {tossed through
Texas, and often heard of his during ex
ploits among Mexicans ; ami in the town
of Victoria, w here I had resided a mouth,
he had been a resilient long hefore he
commenced his wild and lawless career.
Mustang Grey stepjs-d upon the broad
stone where the strange "child stood
previously iu her statin sque |K.SV, sank
l| til oue knee, aiid Itoweil his hea.l to
receive a c.*>ling draught from the round
gourd in the hindtof tlie brave girl.
She st<M>|Ksl forward, iml her curls
fell down to his lips. 1 thought I
heard an nu lible whisja-r ; lmt, when lie
arose to his feet, his fiu-e was calm ami
hers wore the same look of passionless
"Now, mv little viper, are you satis
fied? If you thoroughly knew the man
you would have giveu him iioiaoii in
stead of water," grow l, d ll.iskell, lis lie
hsik'the g;>urd.
There was only a spasmodic twitch of
the girl's fac.-, and a flush of her gray
eyes, and she was again in that im
penetrable rejsise from which she could
not easily 1m- sturh-d.
The sun had entirely disnp|tcared frm
view, and the verge of the western sky
was enameled with mellow tints, and iii
the east shadows were gathering, mak
ing somlier and phantom-like shapes,
heralds of approaching night.
"Mount, Grev, we must to camp,"
said Haskell, as lie roughly assisted the
bound man into saddle. "Stranger,"
sjsaking to me, "will you camp with
ni? Tlie more the merrier."
I gave my assent, as I was glad of
their company, and rode along with the
Textins and their prisoner. One mile
from the old mission, on the route to
Mexico, we camped in a basin-like re
treat, in the center of which was a small
lake of clear water.
Dismounting, our horse* were stripped
of their saddles, bridles and saddle
blankets, waterinl and securely staked on
the margin of the lake, where the grass
was nutritious un<J plentiful ; then our
arrangements were made for an evening's
repast. That througli with, we spread
our blankets and prepared for repose.
Mustang Grey's arms and legs were
securely hound, lie submitting without a
murmur. His blanket was spread and
his saddle arranged so as to give him a
rude resting place for his head; then he
w-as left to himself and his gloomy
thoughts until morning Hhould call his
captors to the saddle.
As we gathered around the ramp fire
many were tlie stories told of tlie daring
and outrageous arts of Mustang Grey
and his numerous escapes from even un
der tlie roj>e. Soon one bv one fell
asleep, until the Texans were deep in re
pose, and the camp tire liail sunk into
white embera and served as a sentinel to
our quiet camp.
The events of the day hail impressed
me strangely, and I pictured to myself
the kneeling figure of the strong, tall
desperado, and the lithe, graceful form
of the strange girl, as she gave liim a
cooling draught to wet his parched lips
and tongue.
The canopy of heaven was studded
with stars. No light from the moon
paled their liquid gleaming, and the
milky way, wherein clustered myriads of
these unseen celestial torches, belted the
torrid and frigid zones in its magical
Could the prisoner, thiß man of strange
deeds, be asleep ? I looked toward him,
and as an ember fell from its living pin
nacle, lighting up momentarily the face
of llrev, 1 suw thut his ©yea w ere not
oha-tnl. Fmiii thnt moment 1 banished
ship, iitnl ticv sympathies went with tins
strange being, knowing thnt the Tenuis,
who were hia emptors, would envuteliilti
without authority of law
1 wns so elose to hint thnt by harking
t liis m-liuitig form intently for a short
space of tune, I iVltld allUost see the out
litiea >f his fnoe.
Hie hour of midnight had pussed, ami
I'rsa Majot was lielow the Vi rge ol the
northern sky, when 1 saw something lluit
resembled a creeping form. Its move
mollis were slow, utid soon it wan almost
at the side of the prisoner. Hiere was a
■nomelltarv pause; uliotiier ember fi 11,
ami 1 rvsMgiuztsl tin - jirostruti form i f
the girl of the stone mission She crept
closer, when her head t >uoluxl the face
of llrev, and there was a sound us if lips
touohtxl in u fervent ki*s I'hen a knife
gleuinixl, and 1 heard the thongs tliat
lam lid the captive snap as the ligaments
lie w ttd as free tu air. Another tl isli
from the almost dead eiulierw, and 1 saw
two brawnv arms tvumvl rotutd the mvk
of the strange gtrl, whose head was
nestled IU tlu- di sjs nulo s IHISOIU. Onlv
a moment, and hi - sbxxl bttekling a la-It
containing pistol and knife around lus
Wiust. He lifted his saddle and blankets
from the ground, ami s.*>u the tall out
law and tlie strange girl faded tu the
darkness that enveloped tin- eanrp.
Morning, solx-r and staid. Vume on,
and one hv one ilte lYxaits arose from
their blanVi ts. and M they stretcluxl
their drowsy limbs they mechanically
hsikisl for Orev.
He had tied."
Tliev swore loud and d-.vp, and gal
loped t> tlie mission and aroused its
sleeping inmate*; hut they could give no
information m relation t> the outlaw.
Nr\t they visited the altode of the girl
of the mission. Her room was entered,
but it found eiuptv.
" We nillst give up the search, ' said
Haskell; "the little tigress turned him
h- lie is wuied and will tight like a
demon; la ssies, he is many miles on his
■nt -the Vs.-vs. This Is had Work f r
us." The latter sentence he muttered in
low tones, us if dreading tlie future.
The rangers left meat the mission,and
one month from the night of Mustang
Grev's i-Hcap< 1 was again in \ ictoria on
the Qattduloupe, where I leartitd that tin
girl was the daughter of Grey, and thai
she inherited all tlie fierce traits of her
That eventful night she rode in the
gloom in the direction of the K • Grande,
the route to which wild stream she tin w
as well as any frontier sent.
While the contlict waged In-twecti the
United State* and Me\i-t>. Mustang Grey
proved himself of servu-e, and at Hit
mautia lie received his death wound anil
(lied in Pueblo.
The history of his child is unknown,
as she faded from s ght aud memory of
men, as she sunk into the darkness of
the night when she and Iter father tied
from the old mission.
A lHva*ter at Sea.
The follow lug sta'ement is made by
one of the -tin.% rs of the steamer Mont
ginnery, of tlie Havana line, sunk by the
Seminole, of the Ihwtou aud Savannah
line: The watches were set (■ r the nigh'
as usual, and the match Itelow h id turned
in. Sh rtly after tw lolls ha 1 Is-en
stnvk 1 heard sou il l* of rsinfusiou on
divk, and K* if an iu" ilent of sonn
kind hail happened or w is iiu|<ending
My berth was in the forwani lsmse, and
as s sin as I awoke I jumjMsl from my bunk
an 1 pulle lou my trousers. I was en
gaged putting on my l>ots when the
crash cu'ne, an 1 the steamer s-enie l to
atop, as if it hid s'ni'k a rook. There
was a crashing of timlier and a slight re
coiL I out njs'lt the deck, ami
on l >kmg thr ugh the mist dutoovorisl
that we h'id I>een run into by a bark rig
gisl steamer. All wasconfusi n. Th<wc
who were below rushed on dis-k just iu
they left their bunks, terrifiisl ut tin
thought that the stmmer ha 1 struck
something ami was uisuit to go down,
while to their nnmlier wen- a hie I several
men who had junqied from the vi-sel
they ha-l run into. It was but a second,
so it seemed, we lm 1 a chance t• m-o what
we h.ul struck. When I first saw her she
was settling by the head, and, in another
moment she male a lunge forward and
sank l>eneath the wave-, carrying num
bers down with her. By their agonizing
cries it aj'pe .re 1 to me that a large ship's
company were struggling for life, but
these voices were soon hushe h Tliere
was quite a high MM running at the time,
an 1 the Seminole's forward on the
-tarb -ard side was with difficulty cleare-1
away, launehid and nianne 1, nn 1 sent to
aid any that might be tl siting on any
part of the wreck. But tliere was little
left to m. rk th" -quit where the ill fated
steamer had gone down. The lmat re
tnnied with but one man. Presently a
boat belonging to the other steamer
Warded the Seminole, and when all hands
were afterward nmsterisl it WHS found
that only fifti en of the twenty-eight per-
HOJIS who hud left New York for Havana
in tin* steamer Montgomery were alive.
A Party Comes to Crlef.
The Albany Time M given tln following
interesting account "f the untimely end
ing of H jmrty in that city: A family liv
ing m Lancaster stris-t went to New
York, leaving the servants in charge of
the house. Kupfswiug that the visit was
to he prolonged till after New Year's, the
" Belh-s of the Kitchen " determined t>
improve their opjairtunitv and give n
sel<vt party. Invitations were issued and
aa jolly n crowd collected aa wan to he
found in the whole city. The " spread "
wan ample, the luxnrious belongings
were well enjoyed, and all went merry aa
a marriage hell. Suddenly a aharp ring
lit the door startled those who heard it.
A telegram was handed in announcing
that "the family wonhl arrive within an
hour!" All wan connternntion; the
" giu-sts " were made aware of the situ
ation, and leaving the tahle hut partly
cleared of its gi**l things, donned their
outer garments nud departed. The
" hostesses " begun the almost imjmssi
hlr task of putting things t > rights in
the short time allowed them; hut did
their hest, and at the expiration of the
hour something like order reigned once
more. But the family came not, and
haven't eome yet. Tli telegram was a
In-artless forgery roinmithd by some en
vious creature who didn't get an invita
The Child's Fpilaph.
Readers remember the sinking of on
immigrant ship, a year or two ago, off the
ooast of Kent, Knglaml, when 360 persons
perished. The people of the |irish ad
joining are very poor, and were for
some time in great distress, expecting
that most of the ladies would be washed
ashore, in which rnsethe law would com
pel them to bo at the expense of their
burial. Curiously enough, however,
only a solitary corpse ever reached the
land, and that was of a little boy a few
months old. The parish eonstable took
it to the parish carpenter to have its
coffin made, and, on being asked its
name, replied, simply and naturally
enough : "God knows." Some one must
have heard and been touched by the
constable's pious ejaculation, for the day
after the child was buried there was
found at the head of the. grave a little
slate tombstone, on which were engraved
i these two eloquent words: "God
i Knows."
nu: iu:\ uisami k.
Thr t * rlnr-*li li kru IMsirhls llestrlhewl
bl Ul. KVS-W llHesa.
The <>) lndii i contains the fo|
lowing minute oi the lieuteiiuiit-governor
.>t Itcugul, Sir Kiehurd Tcinule, on
tiin ovoloue uinl storm wave iu 11 in dis
trict.* of Hnckeiguiigo ami Ni woolly
In mi uri'it r 'liii' il.thH square inili-i*
out of 1,0t12,0(K> jM-rtuilUl Suddenly
thrown into more or loss of danger, 'Jl.ft,-
noo must have jierished. This, of omrw,
in only uu estimate ; tin - exact number
cannot In' known vet awhile, pcrhupa
never w ill In- known. Wo found in some
villages thirty per ivni. of tin- inlwlii> loot, ill others titty per .int., in
souio t\cu m venty |ht 11 ut. I'ln -re was
a severe oycloue in t!io Imy of llciigal on
tin* night of tin- thirty first oi October.
Hut it wur not tin- wind wliioli proved bo
destructive, though tiiut was bad enough;
it was tin- utoriii wave, sweeping along
to ti height of from ton foot to twenty
feet, uceordiug to different localities ;
in some places, w here it met witli iiuy
rmintalliv, It lin 'lllitiil I veil higher than
tiiut. In the evening tin- w.uthoi wiuitt
little windy mid hazy, und had been
Bomewhut hot ; tnit tin- people, a million
or therenl >outs of ROUIR, u-tirod to rest
apprehending nothing. Hut In-fore
eleven o'clock the wind suddenly ft' all
ened, mill about midnight there arose II
erv of " I'ln water in on üb,' and
wave lutnit over the country iwy oral fi • t
high , it w .in followed hv ailotlici wave,
and ngiun liy u thirl, all three runhnig
rapidly .southward. the air and wind le
--mg chilly I*l *hl. The jnviule were thus
i'aught UJI lief ore they had tllin I M'ii to
eliiub on tin ir roofs, ami were lifted to
the Blirfaoe of the water, together with
the lieattiß and thatches of their inittagcs.
When the htorm burst there was an
abuiidant rii-e eroji rijwnilig for the har
vest -the well known deltaie mv crop
which is inueh lieyond the mssls of Im'al
coiißiimptiou, and quantities (measured
by thuusauds of t. u aunualiyifor i v
■Hirtatiou to distant districts. A part is
lost, that 111 which the plant hod tut ad
van Ceil beyond the stage of tl oweriug,
and a part is still safe, that ill which tin-
grain hal fonutxl or Iwguu t • foriu.
If even uue-thinl i* *i.v>l that would
suffkx- for the isipulutioii now on the
land. The wealth l.l was almost en
tirely ugneulturnl cr.'p* or cattle. To
this, how ever, there is one uotiecabh <-\
ception, namely, Ib.whitkhan, a rich
trading town, clean destroyed, with 1.-**
of i4is-ellaiix.u* property and valimbl.
rtxvorvls. It lual eight tliou*an.l inhabi
tunt.s, oiio-fotirth of whom j* ri*hsl, |* r
hap* more. It may IH- ASK.vI, in CUB
elusion, whether any protective means
agaiiist *uch calamities in future can I*-
devised any embankment* or the like f
This question will lie duly IMUSI.UT.XI ;
but at prcM-iit I know not how to de
vise Mich saf.-guard, 11 -r have 1 *.x-n any
one who call suggest anything. i'lie
ar*a to lie protx-te.l would IH- t<*> great
to 1 H< enconq HlMMXl with prvtx-tiv. w.-rk*.
If emlianktueut* lax-atue br. lu hixl in
such a storm, thev would aft. rwar.l da
more harm than g.**l, for they would
prevent or retard the running • ff and
the HlllwudeU.M of the water*. l'. rhap*
the jHXiple might build jH-reh.-* for them
selves oil platforms, on stilt*, and the
like ; but the trc< * which invariably sur
round the homestead* serve this pur
j*-"- ndiiurubly, and it is to tLeiu that
tue survivors mainly owe their csen|e.
l'he Muri f ii I hild.
N.-w Year's night an uifiuit child wa
found in a ba-k. t at tlie Ceutniville
>le|*d, < n the New Jersey t'.-ntral rail
r<i 1. by Edward Marshall, a tru -k walker,
and bv him taken home. A .-ar.l iu
scribe 1 " Alartha Jenkiii* " fast.-mxl to
the child's clothing hxl the old folk* to
In-lieve that it might IH- their .laughter'*
child, she having I-lO|HX! front their home
in Eiverjsx'l, Eiigltui 1. w th a man iiannxl
Jenkins. They w.-re *•• strongly im
pr.-Hs.xl with the i.1.-a that they requestixl
the rep'rler- who culled in si arch of tin
fa-ts to in n?i- nit in their story. and to
say that their .laughter Would rtxx-ive a
welcome home if she would return t
them, she bring their only child. Chief
Whitney, of tin Itav -im. jx.ltc.-, L-unuxl
of a probable ens.- >.f infanticide, and in
working it up hwrnixl that a js*>r,
miserable woman, living in a tenement
house on Avenue I>, J lay. nine, had had
an infant child until a f' w ilav* ago, but
ixxx'iitly it had not IH-.-U heard or s.-. u.
He h iini.xl that the woman was a Mr*.
Jenkins, and on questioning lu-r al*>nt
the fate of lor child l-annxl further tlmt
she ha.l put it out in the snow iu a basket
on New Yar' . night. Sir told lmu her
story, how she lul l eloped from Inver
ts *.{, and liv.xl m N'-w A'ork with her
Imslsm.l until alsmt 11 y.-nr ago, when he
t.*>k to ilrmk bix-anse he could not obtain
work, ntid then deserted her. Slu- had
four children, but tlmx- had diixl, and
the last oii<- was l*>rn aft.-r her husband's
tligbt. She learly starv.xl after the
birth of her child, and wa* kept alive
otilv bv the charity of her neighbor*, as
!**>r almost a* herself. When she could
go out she could not ftlld employment,
and bv reason of ill health and scant
f.**l she could not nourish In r child.
She knew from a letter she received from
friends iu England where her father was
employed, and knowing his fondness fo*
children determined to put her child in
his wav. She watched lain, and knowing
when lie would pass tlie dejsit at t'entre
ville she left the child just where lie
would s.x' it. She lit.l to see what be
came of it, and when he pieked it up she
ran away. She intendixl to eonimit
suicide the following day, but her courage
failed her oil seeing the ice on the river,
and she went back to tlie tenement house.
She would sen reel v believe the chief
when he told her that her father wantixl
her to come home again, Is-cnuse he had
been so muell incensed sit her elopement.
Finally she consented t<> go to her father
and returinxl home.
Dull Days.
Don't lie discouraged. Slow growth
is often sure growth. Some minds are
like Norwegian pines. Thev are slow
ill growth, but they are striking their
rsts deep. Some of the greatest men
have been dull boys, Drvdeti and Swift
were dull Ikiys. S) was (ioldsmitll. Ho
was Gibbon. So was Sir Walter Scott.
NH| KIL.-on at HCIKK.I had so muell diffi
culty ill learning his luitin that the mas
ter said it would need n gimlet to get a
word into his head. Douglas Jerrol.l
was so backward in his lsiyhood that at
nine hi' was scarcely able to read. Isaac
Harrow, one of the greutest divines the
English elmreli has ever produced, was
so dull that his father more than once
said if (hxl took away one of his children
h<< hoped it would be Isaac, its lie feared
he would never be fit for anything in
this world. Yet that boy was the genius
of the family.
What Increases Drunkenness I
The i/uartcrh/ Journal of Inrhrirfi/
snvs : It is a curious fnet that gTcnt tl
iiatirin] reverses and upheavals of society
are felt like waves, in the increase of pa
tients in all the larger inebriate asy
lums. The Black Friday of Wall street,
the Are of Chicago, and the present fi
nancial crisis, with its sudden revolu
tions, have and are still developing thou
sands of inebriates, all over the land.
The better class of these unfortunates
come to inebriate asylums, others sufTer
; ing more severely appear in insane lios
fiitals, and another class drop to the
owest level nnrf soon disappear.
THI: i> TMIL U sit,\ vi..
Trouble Vinous Ibr "viol*---\V bill Mat 11 ai |>.
!•■ ■■ lu u* Tbruuab Truublr nub unr una
Mr. Kit-hard I'itH'toi wiit<R to the
laUiduli / o/io its follows ; NN have
w ithlli a short time had liew evidence ill
the depths of a iluiigi i to which our
own sun, and we along with it, would
siH'lli to be i yjnißod. Ihe tlewn frolu the
star depths concern us more nearly. It
tells us of a sun, doubtless in general rc-
Rpei-ts like our own, which has met with
some greut catastrophe, whose cause we
cannot at present determine, but whose
real nature is unmistakable, Our sun is
one tuiioug humlreds of millions, each of
Wrhiell is probably, like it, tin' eenter of
a neheme of circling Worlds. Koch still
is rushing along through space, with its
train of worlds, each Waring, perliapa,
like our earth, its living freight, or, more
probably, i-aeh, at sorue tilui* or other of
its existence, la-coming habitable for a
longer or shorter period. Thus the suit
may be compared to engines, each draw
ing along its well freighted traiu. Acci
dents among tin ri- eeh stial engines sei-m
fortunately to Is- rare. A few among the
suns apiiear suddenly (that is in the
ooure of a few hundred years, which in
celestial chrouoiuetry amounts t> n lucre
instant) to have lost a large part of their
energy, as though the supply of fuel had
somehow run short. Mishaps of tins
kind have not attracted much attention,
though manifestly it would la-a serious
matter if our own sun were suddenly t
lose three-fourths of las heat, as has
happem-d with the middle star of the
Plow, or ninety-mile hundredths, as has
happened with the ouee blazing, but now
scarcely visible, urb called Kta, iu tile
ke<-l of the star ship Argu. Hut when
we hear of un accident of the contrary
kind a sun suddenly blaring out W-Itii
more than u hundred time:, it* usual
splendor; a celestial engine whose ener
gies have la-en ov i rw roilght, so that a
sudden explosion has taken place, and
the tires meant to w .ik steadily for the
train, have blazmt folth to its destruction
we are impressed with the thought lliMt
this may possibly one tby hapjicu with
our own sun. The eireumstiunvs are
very curious, and though they do not
show clearly whether we arc or are not
ex|siaed to the same kind of danger
which had uv< rtaken the worlds circling
around those rejuot" stui*, they ore sutli
elelitlv BUggi-stlV'
N..W, u j -tilt !•> v. i,eh I wou'.d call • *
jHs-ial iittelitinn is. that all the element*
n( the catastrophe, if nne may s<i speak,
which ). as befallen llie remote sliu ill the
Sshi exist in our own sun. At times of
markisi disturbance parts id niw sun *
slirfjo-e sh 'W the lilies of iixdrvigeu
bright of dark, which mean* that
the riatiH * < f hyJrvigen over thiaa* parts
• d the MI it ar<- hotter tluui the glowing
surface of the Mill tie re W'e have all
lu arvl, ag .'ll, how I'. ■ iillii Mild MHs-ctii, in
Italy, attributed some excepUotially hot
Wi-atlier we had a few Vears agvi ti out
bursts of glowing magnesium. And.
last Iv, our *uu la certainly well siipplu-d
with that element, wlnxtevir it l*. which
give* the hi gilt line of hi* Co! : .< dill
mg eclipse*; for we now know that the
who!, of th. *treaked and rndiu*l < ro-
na lavrupvmg a region twenty tunc*
greaU-r than the glolx- of the *un which
itself r\x-<xl* otir • irtil 1,'250,1**1 tiluca
ui voluui i I*l -iigs t<< the itiu. Aga n,
though the ami hi* dioiie *1 -adtlv for
thousand* of*, vet, so a* eali Ih
judged, the star* vi !i oh. like thl* one iu
the Swan, have burst out suddenly,
hh>**otnmg mt* • tl une* of hydrogen,
within which the M r* heart it*, glow*
with many htimlnxl turn* ita former heat,
have al*o 1H . II forage* *lutiing *t< .ulily
amid the star depth*. We know that
the one which blared out ti-ii year* agvi
in the * N .rth.-ni Crown win otn-of Ar
gclander'* lt*l, a *trof the tenth magtii
tilde, ami that, after glowing with eight
hundred timca it* former brightm-** for
a few ituva, it has p'Ollilivl it* forldiT
luster. We hav.. every reason which
analogy can furtu*h for Wln-ving tiiat tlie
uew star, which w:i* u t in Argclander"*
li*t, aiuiply >-*'a|H- l rev.r.l l>y hitn >.: i ac
count of its famtne-w. It i now fa*t
liMiiug it* suddenly acqnirevl luster, and
is already invisible t. tl.c nukci eye. It
npj>eiir. thervfore, that Un re n nothing
in the longcoutininxl atendfastnenaof onr
sun a* a source of light to aaaurc u*
that lie, too, ruiT not suddenly blar.c
f 'rth with mauv hnn.lrc.l timm hi* usual
lustre i the coiirfagration beingorigiuuted,
jKirchaii'v, by aotne nawt uiifortunat. Iv
traveling t*i lUrwctly toward hitnj.
Though lie would probably c s.l down to
hi* present eon.litiou again in the ooiinw
of a f. w w*'ks. Ho terrestrial obiwrv. rs
would be alive, at IUIV rate, to la te the
fact, though the whole series of events
might nflfonl subject of intcroatina *JHS'-
illation to the inhabit;.lit- of worlds cir
cling round Sinn* or A return*. For
tunately, we uiay legitimately rcnvii
that the risk i* small, seeing that among
the millions of suns which surround onr*.
within enay tcl.-s.Xij.e distnnce, such
catastrophes .Ki'iir only ten or twelve
times per ixuitiiry.
V Fearful Death.
Aft- r very many year*, there was an
an execution at Eiioknow, India, a short
time since. A moulvie of some little
repute paid the lust penalty of the law.
lie was convicted of a most brutal act of
murder, albeit not committed by hi* own
hand*, but through means the most re
volting t<< humanity, and was sentenced
to death. He kept a small school, and
one of t)i" boys who had lsx-li absi-nt for
two or three days, yn ixiiniug to selaxd
was locked up by him in a small nx>m.
In this room a snake lutd IMX-II some days
previously, but was not kilbxl. A little
while after the boy's incarceration he
culled out : " A snake ! a snake!" and
implored the moulvie to open the door.
"Oh!" he said, "open the door uud see
for yourself for Mahomed Hnaaool'n
sake oiien the il'*>r!" The moulvie
would no nothing of the kind. At last
the pxr boy wil* bitten ill several places
in the ankle, and lie called out : "Oh!
now that I have been bitten, open the
door." The moulvie was inexorable
lie would not op< n the di*>r. Alsmt mid
day the father of the hoy came to the
school and inquired wliv lie had not
confe home for hi* usual meal. The
moulvie said : " I have ixinfitxxl him for
his absence." "Well," mid the father,
" release him now." The disir was then
opened and the corpse of the lnd twelve
years old, the only child of its parents,
was the sad and shocking sight which
presented itself, with the snake coiled
near his mx-k.
What (nine in n Potato.
The Worcester (Mass.) A '/if/ says : A
friend of onrs received a day or two ago
through the m>st office, from Olympia,
Washington Territory, a roundish, ir
regular package, which on examination
proved to contain a large potato, l-'ur
thnr investigation showed that the j*>ta
to lual been out in two and the inside
sixsiped out, sml in tin l cavity were
found flowers ami leaves, which, a* he
learned by n note previously received,
hiul been picked in a garden in the open
air on the twenty-sixth day of December.
The flowers, pansies, geraniums and
others were ns fresh uud bright as if
they hail lieen gathered within an hour,
though their journey across the con
tinent had occupied tiftecu days. Olym
pia is in about the Intitude of Quebec,
though its winter climate is not more se
vere tlmu that of Memphis.
I'lsii|Mi THE It K.
A I uuintunll* l I l.hrrun n l.ttlos ou Ibr
|i-r ol stt.lssw lias.
I visited Hay fily a few daya ago,
say a a Itetroil /ri < t'n ** istrreajsmdeut,
and learinsl that the tlshllig season had
fiurly e<imiiieliotxl, and that tinhiug par
ties wi re daily going out to the bay with
their shanties and fishing upparutus to
©iimmeuee their winter's work. 1 at
lie** upp I lis Ito a livery stable for <n
vi-yanee to the eurtoiia city. I was in
formed it was some six or seven
miles to the tlshuig grounds, mid tnat
the only riul by which I could reach
Uietn was ou the tee on the rivet. I was
asMirixt that the river ro.ili was perfectly
safe, that tlie ire was about eighteen
llielies ill Unekmvss.
The lirst fisluug shanty 1 found about
u mile alwive tin- mouth of the river, and
m this ui-ighlsirluMsl were |nrhtips a
doren, being all of nlsart the same
make and sire, uWut MX fe t square,
high enough for a im.n to stand up in,
covered with a roof, and budt on ruu
ners ao as to Im* easily moved nun place
to place, as the oVi ler might desire.
small stove, and blanket i for sleepiug,
forms also an uu|Mirlaiit part of the
on tilt. The material mostly us>d iu the
eoustrui-tiiu of the shanties .st lur
strips of timber lilted with thick build
ing |taper. Near the 111 t r t up of
slißittii'B, and on the hiel. roalt the
bay, ntuiulri a new, niugh • ■ srJ build
ing, uWllt twelve fiH-t bv Sixteen ,cet,
built also on ruiiuer* and labeled over
thr dour. " saloon." Immediately after
(mssiqg this group aiul the saloon the
riswl leaves the river channel and | oases
for home ibsUuii*' over 101 ovi rtlviwed
marsh to the sltoree of Saginaw bar.
Here was a low, uait'ow i. lge of land,
and from it could 1h- e-'ti as far us the'
eve could reach outwonl tow ird tin-lake,
tfiese hmnll ulsoles of the ti-dieruieu. I
ivotlld SIR' from this J Oi- t what Pjiearixl
to Ih' quite n large Iniibtiii- , alsiUt a
luile diet mt from the shore, and started
ut u brisk pace to reach it. I found the
dlstniio- to In- much greater tliaU it sje
I wared. When lUW tln-re 1 iluoviVered
it to Ih a li-'tel, which afl ir<ls eutertsin
nieut foi mull, and stabling and hay for
The Mglit lrilu this |H>iut Ui astonish
ing, the rsltuntti * dotting the wirf*o" of
the buv in nil dircclious <ut fur u* I could
NV, 11. timed tliul the number of tlicoe
slmiitie* <•!! tie I HIT tu nl mt three hllll
<lr-J, that about thirty were arriving and
being put ttp ilaily. and that tin- aicr
ag- numlx-r f occupants in each shanty
iu> tliri <• meu or l*iv*, thus making, in
cluding tlx* larger building* and their
ory-tlpitllt*, Mot less than 1,000 |K-r*nti
already living on tin- ice. Mr. Fuller
think* there will IN- thrice thai UUIUIHT
ad the m- by tin* first of February, and
that tliey can remain there m aafHv un
til the uiidiHe of Marvli. Mr. Fuller
iMiild not (rive any satisfactory estimate
of the amount of tish caught, hut the
fact that t *lll* are engaged
in gathering togetlo-r and hauling the
fixh to Bnv City, whence they are *hip
|hxl to all putiof the Stat-, and that all
three |H*iple find it *uffiri< - itly profitable
to induce tlieiu to brave th<* ptih a.ul
hardship* attending tin- al\ n'.nruua
life, i pr*f that the aggregate rev.-UUt'
of the btuuneaa must Ih* qll -e large.
Tbia mode of tWhilig '• ma to Ih- pe
enlijir to Saginaw bay, and vw pnie iced
by the Indian* many - .n alio, but it
ha* Ihh-u but a few * i • it has
groani into auch eouru; u* dimension*.
An I nliappt I'dM*trr,
The J*M master of Nj* iifoii. N. A.,
f* not happy. Hi* Li** <('■ rtr* account
*hoa. I hnii indebted to tie govi rimicnt,
over and above hi* M I V duduirw*-
lm-nt*. in the *nui of £7 V .70. Tliia
amount he haeonliaud and cannot legally
get rid of IT The department ordered
him to |*v it over to the agent of the
limb-mi lliver railroad eolnjauiy, but tluit
individual decline* to iwcnive it. a* the
larger portion i* o>lni*xxl of ailver com,
and the lit a i- Mvillc that *liv-r coin I*
onlv a legal teu-ier 111 Mini* of 05 or lex*
S.x-tn-11 A'.v of the I'oMiii law* provide
that no po-tnuv-ter *ha!l " loan, invest,
appropriate or excluuigw" any money
coming into hi* hand* in lu* official
capacity, an i section 35i> make* it a
{j.-inm f<H case <>f i inla'Uiletnctt if he
in-glcct* or refuse- to hole I a draft, duly
oertitied. present- 1 by any ix-ntnielor or
agent t r mrrviii;. the mail*. No excuse
whatever will Is- receivi-d for noti-com
The position of tlie mifortunale man
is, tlier.-fure, this : The government
cannot CMUIIMJ tlie Hudson ltiver rail
roiul ix i.ipiiuy t receive more than
worth of silver coin. They liave or.lersl
the j**tmaster to pay over his surplus
to the aforesaid rd. That stiqdus x.n
sist* principally of silver, which the law
forbid* him to exchange for other money,
ami which tlmdepartment itself is, under
tlie law, forbidden to nxx-ive from him
in any amount ov.u $5.
The unfortunate man ha* written a
pitiful iqqmal to Postmaster Jame*. in
New York, but the entire wisdom of tlie
department ha* tlm* far IHXMI lnadeoiiatc
t<> any mean* of relief. I ntil
tin' law is elunig.xl he *tuds w-lf-con
victsxl of being an iuvoluutary felou.
The Shore Disaster.
When the conductor of the train that
was wns-ked iu the Ashtabula ravine was
told that alsmt Hfty of the passengers
had IMH-II saved, he exclaimed: "My
(hid' have the rext of the 200 lieon
tunned up?" When he went licfore the
coroner's jury lie te*titixl that there
were only 131 passengers on the train.
The Cleveland Is iidrr very sensible re
marks that the absolute truth ought to
IH- brought out without misrepresenta
tion and pettifogging. Me do not
charge that the conductor's testimony
before the jury was inspired by his offi
eiul Hiijierior*; we do j*>int out the fact
that it i* already impeached by the evi
deinx' of another evninetor ami bv other
witneHssex, ami that it i*. therefore, no
only ineffectual but damaging We have
pla-x-l no faith in the nl>*nr<l t->rv that
tin- ollieera of the coliquuiv forliade the
use of it* steam pump and hoar, which
sbssl ready on the shore lneide tlie
wreck, to quench the tire that was con
suming the <nr* and the wounded within
them, but we want to see thnt charge
overthrown and bnrieil by testimony
whi'-li will ixuivince every one. Plain
language and perfix-t fnuikness on the
part of witnesses, and cool, judicial foir
ne* on the part of those who hear ami
judge, an> essential. Nothing else will
l'he Dance of Death.
It was New Year's night at Cole Camp,
sixteen miles from Sedalia, Mo., ami
there was a bar in the ballroom. A young
man, while dancing near the counter, stag
gore !,felltotheflooraulbrokehianoao. It
was HO e.million an incident that no at
b-utiou was paid to it. The man lay on
the tl sir for half an hour, and the dance
went on. A physician came in, felt the
man'* pulse, mid gravely remarked that,
he would die in a short time. 11l twenty
minutes the man was dead. As the
waitKers whirled by the corpse thev chat
ted pleatuuiUy about the cause of death.
Some thought that it was the bod quality
of the whinky ; others attributed it to
undue indulgence in Kiminel ; others
said it was the shock caused by the full ;
others mentioned heart disease. But the
dance went on at Camp Cole until day
break, although the man under the. bar
hail increased his distance from Sedalja,
TERMS: 82.00 a Yoar, in Advance.
THE El MM 111. I'llOM'Et T.
l(r|M>rt ol I uilmn far ibr Vrar
i awssrlMS nilb t"rrio* 1 rar*.
If a |tom to safety ainl proBJH-lltV by
the trade of the country is to lw judged
by tin- iviiiijiurative uutiilM-r of failures,
the figures for IHTtI mdieale that these
conditions ore further away thuii ever.
Prom information gleone.l fiouithe usual
luuitial Cirrtilar of the mercantile agency
of Mi-Srn. K (I. I>IIU & Co., We learn that
there has been a marked mcreane iu tlu
uuntber of tlli-se euMiuhles an eoliipaiisl
w iilt previous years, though we sre ghni to
observe that there i a considerable
diminution in the amount of liabilities.
The figures showing the number of fail
ures throughout the Uuited Ktates, to
getlier with the aiuoiint of ItabilitieH, for
the jatst and si'verul previous years, is as
follows :
' JWT/hoJ* '"MI /aSOo /
i*"c. •.MS Knin,M
I w7a . aoi.uoo.s&i 'Ziwyi
ih7 ... i&' aß.ori
ikts.. . a.isa zis,t!#a.tiuo ,t6
1*72 l.isin U1.0ft6.000 J-5W7
The marketl n-luetioii in the average
liabilities for 1g715 llidicaU* that, the
wider the wave of trouble extends, the
greater the windier of small trailers it
In order to illustrate in what sections
of country tin* financial pressure has Ireeti
most severe, the agency has compiled
the following instructive table for 1H7(5:
I. A ~r Am.ZZI K f
Asmsom /aM'w#w i.
N. b. MUtes. TT.ftfta 1,314 t37.6&T,06J
Middle MUteS 16ft. I*4 l** 72,344,6*1
Wentsru State*. rift.vw 3.139 ft 2.*"0.&41
Moulin in Slates.. *7.140 1.361 23,tCt,366
I'acUM- MUkw 22.313 369 ft.262 236
Canada . ftlouu 1,72* 2ft. ft 17.991
An eiuminatiou of the al*ive table
confirms the lmpreHsiou, which lias beeu
very general, tliat the trade in the West
ern and Hon the rn States ha* I wen leas
disustroUß than that of the Kan tern and
Middle State*. In this cvmniftion the
agency draws atn-utiou to the following :
"lti* * yiiruifV-A it cireumxtauer. that tlis
fallure* la tin Middle MUlr.- art- one in evr
nftv-srvsu name* rrj**led lu lamine**. while
111 the Wi*lrni Mute* tlir jifo|*Ttlou U ola
lli every wvMitydwo, tut Uu- rotuparxerii bs
tueeii the last and the Mouth is even mors
■Kgnitkeant, for in New England, with all Ms
w. alth and sohdilr. one in every 6 fly-mm has
yild<*l tu the urrastire of ll>e Una--, while in
the South, witli all It* poverty, IU pdltkal ami
other disaliUlUea, the jereentags of (allure* u
only tave in every aixty-ti'ur. gven in Canada,
where there is a gold las*, light taxation
treed.-iu from political loinplieatlons. and all
other favoring oondltauis. the above showing is
iishratiie of inueh gmatei prmwtire than in
the I' mted Male*, tin fall we* lit the Ikanmioli
bring otic in i very tlurty-lwo. In Englaial no
Very accurate tiguriw an olitaiiiabl*. and none
of rvmrw as yet for the last year, but fir 1*76
a n-turn was made • f ], ,uo failtur* among (id,-
000 linns prominent in trade, indicating one
failure f<r every thirty-six finu rapurted in
t uuiiaas, with an an-tage liahtlltv of V*7.V7U.
The ngure* for the Putted Mutes, showing a
failure of one in rver> sixtv-three. with an
aveiage Ualolity of 421,1**1, indicate that ttu
jii *ureof the time* has Ineu ritl-r ma *
erest in tins oouitlry as elsewhare. or lint it
lias teen U-tne Willi ies* disastrous results.'
But reverting to the palpable and
iiaittful fact tiiat the failure* in the
I'lnted State*, instead of showing a de
crease a* resulting froui the economy and
omaervaUmi everv w here evident, actn
ally have inctvwMxli m 1*76 to tne extent
of 1.350, eTeU over tin*** of 1*75, which
in it* turn whoaed an increase of nearly
two thou*aiid, some explanation lancces
*ary. This, the circular licfore us seek*
to furnish as follow* :
" ftrr* it tt<>t f. the rrAntxiu ibal dla*U*~*
ur tin- rr-nlt of nrrtiru*Uioe IK"t direct 11
> 'hargeidile to the buaHie** the
veat. tbc would 1 well uifb di-
Ui-artomiif lint that • Laip muni** of I heai
failure* are the rrauH* ft ii< | wit tire fnni our
root bua'iK'M |mKii4> Hi vnr- j;.*k by. there
em lr too doubt. lb' m*i* of I(CS. and tbr
condition of exjwiiaioii and H> valuation
• Inch it revealed, bar. had far mnrx. to do with
oanatitK tbr tmmerv.ti* failure* of 1X76. than
ban lb. luaine*. operation, of that year. Tin
• fleet* of thr de]<eM . and tu canary <*b
traotioua .f I*7l and 1X75 were hardly more
a; pxieitl tu thr failure* of tboae year* than
they arr lu Ui<•* of 1X76. It would 1 r entirely
uiiiwaaolil' to n)rd U>at tbr reln.i*l and
pi.-ntlrw* trad' of t)ir> latrr year* aonld Iw
aitfth-iMit to aiiataiiitbr targe utimU-i of trader*
which former proiqwroua M-arona Mvdnord luto
t.uaiiicuo. . while (in lbo*r a tni; tinir m tradr.
aud |i lanrif lug all other rlroirtita of *uoor*.
fciuiu it impo**ible to aolvr that luoat difficult
of iroblnii. of reducing exjenar* anth tbr
*ame laiadilT tbrir trade and profit* di
uiiuiahed. To Intrench oti capital and largr
ly rial nor It, wa* of conrwr thr neeeaaary oou-
Ma] lienor : bat utiforMnalel) a very large imm
brt of trader*. iinuiindful of thr atiom that
•to do(*rt frotn legitimate trade la to-kire
money,' had in the good time# inverted their
rnirpliM in out aide .>i-iationa, an. li a* real
eat ate and other permanent laaeta, *o tliat
when th.' need for aotlie capital came Ulxm
Ihetn. the* were in no lwriuou to rMpOM to
■ •reaMUj; obligationv. Tne consequence ia ami
in the augmented Uat of failurv a a lore pre
sented. It la true uiany of thear failnrra arr
thr reault of other influence*, hrreinaftrr re
ferred to, hut it will 1# readily admit hx] from
the>!. tliat to other cansr* than th<e
winch hair .aiginated and prevailed during
the |at \ ear, may Iw attributed a laiyr
ahart of the liuef.ainra a which have twen our
unhappy duty to chronicle."
From thia it might ho tinftur to con
clude that the trade ia in an unpromising
condition heotnae the failures ahow
audi a marked increaae. A wider view
would probably include rimuMtum
more encouraging. and Ihe circular from
which we are quoting supplier some
foots eotiflnnatnrv of tliat impre—ion :
'• For inatance, it ia undeniable that thr past
year baa Witnessed a marked imjvruvrment in
thr vatnra ..f many leading staple*. aa eompar
id with tbr nnei prrvwling in 1X75. It ia
equallv trnr that in l atent of profitaliie trad*'
there haa liern a perceptible (tain, and there l-
K> denying thr fact that, m many liranc)ie of
buainea*. a much largrr iminU i have added to
their available surplus during 1X76 than in
Many ariiclea hail reached a lor value, in illus
tration of which thr statement may he ventured
that, aa far aa further depreciation in poor*
wa* concerned, six-oie }<aymrut inyli' havi
ben reaunied in the early part of 1*76 without
causing any materialdi*tui hance in value*. Not
only had aomr price* reached par and in rome
eaai-a below it hul it wa* a •Titled convicfhin
that Uie at.a'k of pad* in all hau.l* nearrat Iho
conaiimei Ilia! POniiixl the }HMaihlr (lutit.
Production, warn.xl by previon* loan'*, had
In n regulaJ.d to the extent of positive want* ;
and the prr**nre to noil, w a> "parent in 1"75.
waa largelv dinunialml. Tliu*. iiartiv thr tiiwt
half of lxV" waa reaeind. when all the condi
tion* of atoek. aupply, demand and prhx- favi>nd
an improved c.ndition of huainrra. 1 hat tin*
improvemont did take place in Senteiiila r and
<Vtiier wa* cvervwhere evident ; Hot the lioat
<d lYeidential context, and the miaerable mud
dle a to the reault of tliat eonteat whieh ha*
mice prevail.*!, lia* alnv>*t eouipletolv paralyr.xl
buaiiieaa. The laat two month* of the year,
therefore, were tnot di*ap|<oinUnK, and from
eaiiai'* exceptional and tem|*>rary in rharacter,
the promiiw f the early autumn of improve
ment in huaiiiea* wa* not fnlflllid. It i* aignifl
eant. however, that the failure* in the laat
quarter of 1X76 are lea* by twenty per cent, in
numla r than for the laat quarter in 1X75, while
the total habilitir* for the laat quarter of 1X76
*i .* not one-half of those of the corresponding
quarter of 1X75. The aanie favorable compari
son also hold* gi*"d a* to the decreased numlier
of failun-a whieh occurred in the fourth quarter
of iM76. a* conqwriil with tlie larger number of
the third quarter."
After attributing to the National Bank
rupt Kaw a most jwrnieious influence in
causing failures and the encouragement
of frauds upon creditors, the agency very
clearly photographs, in a few lines, the
salient jxiints in favor of n ladder busi
uoas future :
'•The same conditions which faworod an iin
iirovcinciit in trade. jn the autumn of the year
just closed, and which to some extent were
participated in, still prevail. It is true tliat the
gloomy cloud of the |M>litical contest obscures
these conditions somewhat, and that a winter
of rv|a:nic severity, with difficulty of trans
portation and other causes, retards their action
to sonic extent. But that these favoring condi
tions not only exist, and continue to increase,
none can doubt. The year just closed has
ls'en a nu>-t prolific one "in largely augmenting
the wealth of the oountry. Cotton, grain,.
sugar, tobacco, gold and silver, petroleum and
uinix-ruti- <IUM-T nnuniwiof Uiia great conli
m-til have Imi |trutlucMl in tu*iiUUw> -u/lk v-ut
to firU iK-arlv one tluaiaaixl million- of dollar-.
While the |M miming power of til* 11*1*41 ll*
fitil- heeu eihlhllUig itaelf on the Ota hand, the
< . .Heany of in i*.|4e haa hern equally clearly
•Imtuii-tran-d on tie- other. IV tiu|*<rtatiuu-
Itave ilwmdlrd to dUnrualona a mailer than wa
it one tune thought jwaaihle, a-l the raStirlel
l>uirhM-- of ilon-U<- aa well *• I' aeign good-,
in all H-tlou- of tlie ooiuitry, afiord tlie
ntr-Mige-t po—ll'le indH-aUoii that tha foohii
etra agancr wlileh so universally prevailed In
Ihe hi -I five year# of OK- decade fa hriug *'
m mhd Vv lrueued hvlng and busbies- -
l-iiM-a, ami a aafer lauia generally la thu- be
ing reached.
Kveu tlie seventy <if the winter, which
to tunny i* *ti undoubted calamity, has,
according to the circular before u*. cutn
]>eii*atiug advantages tiist may contribute
to an improved spring business. Our
•ouutry friend* will to able to nay
whether these conclusion* *re Well found
•*1 or not, though they seem sensible
enough :
-' The abundance of anow, wbich i* termed
ohr | -if man - luanuie. aud which unqnesOon
lbh rum-he- and imgats- the -Ml. also pro
tah the fall crop-, beside- providing an abute
danrr of waU-r furtiio cattl* <>u a thoumud hill-,
win.). sere iutpuveriatttd for nred of It all the
early >|>nng la-t year. It also mate- magnifi
cent country r>-sd-, the advantages of which
-re when it is remetniawdhow er*<u
ly trade la-t year ->• tnu rfered with at tin
and later |--nud-. when the road* in whole
iwdMo of the country were—able fcan
the want of frost aud anow. Tl-r delivery of
graru, |-si. and other farm (sod nee, will dunug
Uir oreweiit -ew-ou. thc-tigh the Nortii ana
N<SILWMI. be at least double tliat of the vrnle
inoulii- of la-t year, while tlie onerstrmi- of
IIIMIHW wUi be greatly farinUtod. The
uiUM-iuene will Is- much frtwr purchases at
country -tore-, a larger<si of gusl*.
and a inure active .irruiatton of rumax-y than
ha- bcrti witno—ed in -otne year- iat.
The agency conclude* it* very extaus
liw review by • suggeatKiu, that in tunes
when economy i* no much iu vugue, care
should I H* taken to distinguish between
what is true aud what is fa!*e economy.
It ts very truly remarked tliat mltte
tiou in expenses, which impair* efficiency,
or which increase* tlie una voidable risk*
to which all business men *re expiated, t*
not true economy. It would be, for in
stance, fslse economy to cease to uisnrc
sgkuist fire, liecause the ssviug of the
premium might reduce expenses; it
would l>e equally unwise to change from
strong to weak insurance companies, be
csnse a waving could be effected; and it
would lie tlie extmnest folly to dispose
of a fir*t-cl*a* fireproof aafe and procure
a weaker one, only Ivecattae it was cheap
er. On the contrary true economy would
1m- more evident on tlie part of the mer
cliaut if he sought to strengthen the
companies in ahowe safety he tail so di
rect an interest; or still more evident if,
lieing iu w<-ak companies, lie ctanged to
tlie strongest.
The Find I'lirthaM- of lUilrMMi Mori.
It van about 1857 that the late Com
modore Yauderbilt lieguu to lie con
vinced tliat railroad*, and not atraui
UatK, were hia element, ami he dropped
ioa steamboats aa quietly a* ream I>e fon
lie had in ven up nailing vuaoeht to adopt
them. He had urge caah accumulation*.
He liegun with New Jersey Central, ami
in 1863 he bought Hnrleui modcstlv.
liariein waa in no verv promising oomli
tjon at the time." The lswr* were feeding
ou it ami it ha<l got down to three rente
on a dollar. Wall atreet misjudged the
commodore, ami considering him of like
paaaionti aa itself. et out to treat him ac
cordingly, aud with some resentment that
a new liam.l should venture to lay hold of
so old a lame at the start. Hut Vamler-
Ihlt was in no sense a speculator. He
believed iu himaelf and in all hia works
and proposed to have whatever ha *ns
interested m unaiper. He worked his
railnwds for the uses of them, and not
fur the usee of the street, ami from the
first stood by theui iu good report ami
evil report aud forced success out of all
of them. Indeed, when he waa making
hi* beginning with Harieni the street
soon fottml out tliia new fellow's method,
ami With more or less grief to itaelf lias
had reasons of renewing the discovery
ever since. Harlem stood at three. He
begun to buy it ami brought it up to
fifty-seven. "I've "got s few millions
lying idle," he said to a wondering ac
quaintance, *' and Harlem u going up to
jar if we give it time. If I don't get the
inmefit of it. my cluldren will." This
amused the broker*. Buying Harlem
for an investment waa ao downright al
wurd, and they accommodated him freely.
He Insight all winter. Iu April there
l>egun to lie reports tliat Harlem had got
something—a street franchise down
Broadway to the Battety, some said, but
Muldn't "find anything of the sort in the
.•luu-ter. and it looked rather improbable,
ami this franchiae was just wlrnt it liad
alwavs hungrily lacked. April 21. in the
rveiling, tiie MQUBOO <\>uncil witli great
haste made precisely that grant, ami
when the news got to the broker* away
went Harlem up to seventy-five. The
ximmodore liad calcu'ated on this uiuch.
but foresaw storms iu well, and detor
nuned to hold up liia stock in all ca
lamity. A large " bull " element in the
atr*t heljved hiru, and during that sum
mer what is remembered for its sudden
■luwstrvus alternations of ebb and flow aa
•' The Clumcellorsville Rise " of stock*
followed. liate in June a queer thing
Itegun to happen, namelv, that the com
mon eooncilmon who had been so gener
onof their franchise lngun to sell Har
lem short Tlien they rescinded their
generous ordinance, as the comrmxlore
liad all along expected, though thev
thought they were l*ing scampish
enough to take him in. Before that
Judge Brady. in common picas, had en
joined the laving of rails in Broadway,
and on the whole it looked like disaster
for the commodore's stock. So the
merry brokers sold abort, aud the stock
dropped to seventy-two, and rebounded
aud fell again in its new summer fashion.
The commodore liad two unlives now
one the safety ami success of hia stock
and the other the bitter punishment of
its assailant*. " I bide my time, he
said, aud he silently bought block after
block of the stock. When settling davs
came there was no shirk to be liad; the
commodore's small assailants of the com
mon council were ruined and their allies
of the street in dire straits, for up went
Harlem to 115. 120, 130, 150, 180 !
"Short of Harlem" aud "smashed"
were synonyms the rest of tliat season.
What Made Tbem So !
1 must say it! Human beings, con
sidering how talented they are, are very
foolish. If not, why do they make other
living things afraid of tliem instead of
teaching love and confident* by their
own example? Almost all animals who
see men for the first tim approach them
without fear. lam told that when the
naturalist, Darwin, went to the Galapa
gos islands, he there found hawks that
had ueyer seen men, and they were so
tame that he shoved some of them gently
off a branch with the muzzle of his gun,
while others came to drink from a pitcher
he held in his hand. It is only because,
for generations, l>easta and birds have
been so often deceived and cruelly treat
ed by men that they have become sus
picious of them.
Prompt pavment of newspaper sub
scriptions will meet with due reward. In
proof of this statement, read and ponder
the following incident : A gentleman lost
his pooketbook at the Centennial. The
other day he received it by express, with
contents intact, from a New York lady
who had found it, and identified it from
a receipted subscription to a newspaper.
There is no wisdom save it) truth,
('•MW !•** mm NkM
An interesting trial of collie* at work
—diet ween twenty aud thirty entries
taring been made— recently took pbw-*
#t Alexandra >*wk, and *• reiiortcd at
length in the Standard and other Lon
don paper*. I'en* linlf a Bill# apart
were employed. The dog standing with
. liia niasU* at the empty one was directed
by word towaril the oilier, in which
were three alteep (fresh from the lull*),
and theae were unpenned n* the dog
approached. and had to be driven and
DMUMNI with in the hnrdlea half a mil®
off. The man and dog walked together
along tlie rawinirm l until tlie sheep
were rnghted, when he gave u sign or a
word to lna four-footed companion, and
tlie intelligent limte at once started off
at a gallop, nud nought Aral to drive tlie
sheep down the hill toward hia master.
When he tad xnooeeded in doing tliia
the man walked toward the pen, ami the
dog drove the aheep after him until they
were near enough to eo-optvate in get
ting the alieep inside. Twenty minutes
was the maximum time allowed, the
prize* being won ly tlmae whirh mic
•••wvlcd in penning" their sheep in the
aliorteat time, while thorn- which failed
to |ieu within tlie allotted time were dis
It WM not difficult to discover that
iloga and aheep were working nndar
great disadvantage*, and animal* whieh
have, no doubt, a well deaerved repnU
tion on their own hill* failed to durtin
guiah themaelvea under totally novel
condition*, though enough waa demon
strated to make it apparent that these
oollie trial* are likely to become i very
in (creating annual nerforman. c. Though
a apace of ground waa marked off by
ropea and stakes, which were respected
by tlie spectators, tlie idieep felt under
no reatrictinua, ami the poor collie, tliere
fore, that tad beeu uaed to tlie clear view
of • Welsh hillaule, with no human being
but hi* maater within milea of him, had
to dodge hi* charge* among viaitor* and
round plautation*, which frequently bid
them aitogctln-r. The aheep were many
of them very wild ami ran like deer, their
dininclination to pruned in the directum
at the pen lieing iuereaaedfrom the twain
flock being in full view, and thua stimu
lating the natural ovine tendency to re
join companion*.
In aeveral caae*, on the dog Hearing
tlie three aheep, the tumble aud •inde
pendent wether* scattered and galloped
in different direction* out of sight, when
the collie, after an lwuwwt attempt to
bring them together, seemed to con
clude that it WHO hopeless to complete
the task in twenty minutee, *o he philo
sophically dropped it altogether and
trotted hack to in* maater. Home ot the
triad* at wethers betaved in a manner
more in accordance with the gregarious
tradition* at their race, *nd when in ad
dition to hanging together they happen*
ed to start in the nght direction down
hill, the first portion of the dog"* work
VM eaaily and speedily done. The mar
velous sagacity of the towed waa *een
when the sheep were near the peu am!
the dug tad to overcome their natural
disinclination to enter. Not only did
the animal in tin* position obey every
sign and won! of hia m*lrr, but he
would exentae what might almost be
called hi* own reason and tLmrretion in
the mode of carrying out his master s
wishes in s fashion that was astonishing.
Uwmllr I trip-.
—Peel a sufficient quantity at potatoes,
cut them in Lung Branches witli a potato
•titter like that used in all large estab
lishment*; fry in plenty if hot lard, dry
well aud serve on a fohled napkin.
Lout PruDiJio BAKED. —Stir over a
alow fire, until they laiil, four and a half
ounce* 4 buttrr, witli seven ounces of
pounded sugar; then poor them into a
dish and let them remain until cold, or
uearly so. Mix vera amootidy a large
dessertspoonful of flour with six egg*
ttat tave been whisked ami strained.
Add these gradually to the sugar and
butter, with the grated rind* and tlie
juice of two moderate sired lemon*. Put
a lining of pufl panic to tin* pudding aud
bade it for an hour in a gentle oven.
draw, pare ami remove the bead* and
tail* of four large, very fresh mackerel;
cut in liffivea, crosswise; place In a flat
copper saucepan, with a garnishing at
vegetable*, salt and jiepper. HI id enough
boiling water to cover the fish, aud place
a sheet of white ]qw-x over; on the
tire, let boil ami wmmer gently for fif
teeii minntes; when done. di*h up on a
folded napkin, garnish with fresh parsk-y
leaves and serve with a sauce bowl of
white ravigote sance made with broth
from the fl*h.
To MAIL Mrrros PIE. —Select a MALE,
rfefdiv rack (4 mutton, cut it into chop*,
pare* them neatly,' making them abort
mid rnsDving the superfluous fat; botl
the thmmiopK with wow broth, rpgrt*-
blea and a few apioea, to make a rich
gravy for the pie; season the chops with
na!t 'and pepper; have a deep baking
dish. place them in a circle, one resting
upon another, wjth the fteahr end up;
fill the center with email round potatoes,
reduce the broth until there is jnst suffi
cient V> cover the meat, add a little salt
and pepper, let cool, oover with a puff
paate; cook slowly for an hour and a
half, ami send to table in the haking
A Starr of hurigrut*.
Aunmia res Appeuig mine to this
country from Germany accompanied by
her brother, to whom ahe waa greatly
attchel The brother fell overboard
from the steamer, and was reamed by
Christopher Joeephaon. During the
rest of the voyage, and on their way
screw* the continent to California, Jo
sepliaon )>eoatne a suitor of An tenia's.
She did not desire to marry him, but she
waa very grateful, and* her brother
urged her to consent, said that ahe
would lie miserable an his wife, because
ahe did uot love liim, but that ahe would
marry him, if he inaisted upon it, as a
reoompeuae for saving her brother's life.
He took her on those terms, and they
were married in San Francisco. Her
ahow of repugnance was noticed by the
clergyman, and he asked her if the cere
mony was against her will. She said
that she had of her own accord consent
ed. On the following morning Joseph
eon was found dead in his bed, having
been shot, and Antonia's body w as taken
out of a dock where she had drowned
herself. The supposition is that, frenzied
by the hateful union, she killed him, and
tlieu hurried to the water to kill hereelf.
Krai Cannibals.
Real cannibals have been discovered
by missionaries on the isliunis of New
Britain and New Ireland, otT the north
east coast of New Guinea. These natives
are nnde savages of the Oriental negro
type, who live more like beasts than
human beings. The Rev. George Brown,
a Wesleyau missionary, reports tliat he
saw women roasting the leg and thigh of
a man who had been killed in a light.
In another hut smoke dried human flesh
was hanging. In another he counted
thirty-five jaw bones of men and women.
Cannibalism seemed to be common
throughout the islands, not as a religious
rite, but as an ordip&ry means of sub
sistence. The natives assured the mis
sionary that the accounts heretofore pub
lished'uf a race of tailed human beings
were true, and were certain that these
strange creatures were not monkeys.
Cotton Statistics.
According to Ellison & Co. 's annua
report of the cotton trade for 1875-6, the
number of apindles in the world is 68,-
060,000, and they consume 2,006,000.(100
pounds of cotton annually. In the Uni
ted States there are 9,600,000 spindles,
consuming 600,000,000 pouuos, and in
England 89,000,000, consuming 1,297,-
000,000 pounds. The cotton used in the
United States is exclusively American,
and in Great Britain mostly American,
while in the other countries of Europe
the cotton consumed is partly Egypt'an
and partly American. From 1854-5 to
1860-1 the cotton crop of the United
Statas amounted to 25,728,942 bales, of
which 19,965,071 bales were exported;
during seven years, from 1869-70 to 1875-
6, the number of bales raised was 27,-
102.394, of which 18,789,211 were ex