The Centre reporter. (Centre Hall, Pa.) 1871-1940, October 05, 1876, Image 1
WijiMf l'ostns. Cp through many a atony rr.no. Paap the Uny blade of grae. Breathing out a benediction Oil the traveler, that pas.. Oarslsss feat may tread them a'ider , To their meeea** ne'er give heed . Only 'yea that are anointed Oan the hidden goepel read. Gvea a weed may tall tha story Of a love in heaven that spring.. Far above our oompretienwon. Reaching down to common thing* And th* heart, whoee larger garden Early met with storm and blight, Gather, up three wayside poem*. And interpret* them aright. The Fair Tambourluut. With feet half naked and bare And dree, all tattered and lorn; With a penny here and a mockery there. And floods of denaion aud acorn. She wanders the street, wherever her feet. Weary or willing, are borne, With an eye as bright and cheek as fair As Uie earliest bltiah of the mom. Wandering up and down. And driven from door to door, A jeet for every idle down And a butt for every boor. While Uie velvet slippered, in satin and laoe. Go rnatliug by hi r aide. With a chilling look and averted face, Aud a lip all.curled with pride So beautiful—yet eo frail; So willing, and yet eo weak. Oh, what if the heart should fail And a heavenly purpoee break. And the dene and keur.ale of vice Another poor victim ehou'd hold * A eeleeual epsrk be quenched in the dark And an angel be bartered for gold ? No wonder the heart should fail And a heavenly purpoee fade; The ye grow dim, and the cheek grow pale. When none etand ready to aid' No wonder the lane and cradlee of aui So many poor victims should hold. While the good are content to worship their God. And the rich to worship their gold. Move patient y on, oh, earth "Till mercy s wondering dove Shall fly to the rosy realm of its b'rth. And reel in the bosom of love. Move patiently on 'ull the Cractfled Shall gather Hi* radiant crown From Uie lowly flowers and bleeding hearts That the world has trampled down 1 Reforming the Household. " Jiut what I have been expecting for aboi t seven veers, "said Miss Pauline Worth ing too, 1 Hiking up from an open letter in bcr hand with a frowning brow. "Is not Tour letter from Herbert, Lina i" questioned Mr*. Wurthingtou. a tiny, ailvt r haired old lady, wth a gentle expr- ssion. " Yes, mother, Essie is very ill with low, nerv. n* fever, and they want me to come and stay till she is better. The car riage will be s nt t three o'clock, moth er." Then, more emphatically: " I think it is about time Bert's tyranny over that little martyr was ended. He is killing her." " Lina ! Ho is your brother." " I can see his faults if he is." " I never heard Essie complain." " She never would. But look at her. Nine years ago, when she married, ahe was a living sunbeam, so bright and pretty. Now, pale, quiet and reserved, her voice is seldom heard, her smile sel dom seen. A wintry shadow of her for mer summer brightness ! Now 6he has broken doau. You haw never seen her at home, bat snrely when she is here you see the change I" " Yes, dear, she has changed; but family cares " " Has Louie changed so ? She has been twelve years married." M-s. WortLington was silent. Louie was her oldest child, and presided over the Lome in which her mother had l>een a crippled prisoner for fifteen years. She took alt the household cares, aud had five children, and yet Louie had gmii)'-i in beauty, and certainly in chee.fol happiness, since her marriage, even if the merriment of girlhood was gone. " Henry appreciates Louie I" said Lina; "there lies the difference be tween her happiness and Essie's dejec tion. If there is any domestic trouble Henry and Louie share it, while Herbert shifts it all upon Essie. He is an ha bitusl fault finder." " Perhaps dear, Essie is not so good a h'u*ekeepr a Lnie. Herbert may have ranse to find fault " " Oaoe in ten time* he r.ay. I never saw * faultier* house or housekeeper; but Essie and hi r house ure the nearest app each to perfection I ever did see." "Yon never spoke •> before, Lina." " Because Louie and I thought it bet ter nvt to worry yon with a trouble be yond your help. I intend to give him a less n. I do, indeed. That is, if you can spare me to go?" "Yon must go, dear. I shall g*t along nioely." Ho when Herbert Wortbington sent his carriage, Lina was quite ready for the fourteen mile drive to her brother's hon-e. It was most unlike a .house wherein any evil spirit of repining or fanlt finding ah mid have found an abode. Hpacion-, handsomely furnish ed, with well trained servants, and all oom'orta wealth could furnish, it seemed a perfect paradise on earth to visitors. But very demon lurked there to;>oison all, and this demon Lina had come t > exorcise. F-r the first fortnight took all her time and care, the gentle spirit hov ering very near the portals of the eternal home. There was a haby, toe, six moii!lis old, and its wants filled all the spare moments. Herbert snarled and fretted over domestic shortcomings, but i Lina peremptorily forbade all mention 1 of these in the sick-room, having the doctor's authority for saying the pa tient's v< ry life depended upon qniet. But when convalescence beguu Lina sent Essie and the baby to viit old Mrs. Worthington, and took control of Her bert, the two older children and the household, determined to show her brother how fir h* carried his habit of absurd fault finding. With all her se venty, she did believe he was himself unaware of the frequency of his querul ous complaint* and the exaggeration of his fretful statements. The first dinner saw the beginning of the lesson Lina meant to teacti. Her bert entered the dining-room, his hand some face disfigured bv its habitual frown. Harry and Louie were reated. " -Soup," said Herbert, lifting the tureen oover; " perfect dish water!" " Susan," said Liua, sharply, to the servant, before Herbert could lift the ladle; " take that tureen to tbo kitchen and tell Jane the soup is not fit to eat." Susan promptly obeyed. Herbert looked rather ruefnlly at the vanishing dish. He was especially fond of soap, and the savory fumes of the really deli cious dish were tantalizing. All dinner time Lina kept up a ding-dong at Susan about that abominable soup, till Her bert wished he had said rlothing about it. But his imagination detecting a burnt flavor in the pudding, he could not refrain from mentioning it, and be fore he could remonstrate, that dish had followed the sonp, " I'll get this house in some sort of order before I leave it," said Lina, em phatically. " Before you leave it," said Herbert, sharply. "Do you suppose you are a better "housekeeper than Essie I Why, I have not a friend who does not envy me the exquisite order of my house and my dinner table." " Herbert, you surprise me. Only v. yesterday I heard yon say you did wiih there was ever anything flt to eat on tne table." " One doesn't expect every word to be taken literally," said Herbert, rather sulkily. But not an hoar later, finding a streak of dust in the sitting-room, he declared emphatically it was not flt for K'KKTX KUHTZ, Kditor ami Proprietor. VOLUME IX. • pig to live in. What was UI mw qnenoef Cooing into it the uoxt morn ing, ho found the curtains toru down, the carpets taken up, the floor littered with pails, soap and brushes, and Liua in a dismal dress, her hair tied up in a towel, directing two women, who were aoxubbing vigorously. *• tkiod gracious, lnua !"• he cried, *' wliat are you doing ?" " downing this room." " Why, Essie hail the whole house cleaned only the utber day," ho added, contemptuously. " Well," said Linw, slowly, •• I thought this room w marvel of ueatucss myself, but whtn you said it was not flt for tlio pig* 1 supposed you wwntoil it clowned. "the room wws well enough," was the curt re .y. " For mercy's sake d.'u't turn w y more of the house upside down." At breakfast w tiuv tear in Louie's apron caught her father's eye, and, ty hm own angry statement, " she never had a decent stitch of clothes, and he did wish somebody would see to her." Two days after a formidable lit on draper's bill was sent to him, and Liua explained it in this wise : " You said, Herbert, that Louie hailu't a detent stitch, and you wished somebody would see to her, so I bought hor a i*mplote outfit. I could not see any fault myself, but of course I got more expensive articles, as yon did not like those already provided. lam glad you called my attention to the poor neglected child." " Foor neglected child!" echoed as tonished Herbert. " Why, Ltna, Essie fairly slaves her life out over those children. I am sure I never see any better dressed or neater." Lina merely shrugged her shoulders. A mouth passed. Essie gained strength in the genial atmosphere surrounding Louie and her mother, while Lina ruled Herbert's house with a rod of iron. Herbert begun to experience a sick long ing for Essie gentle presence. Lma took him so very literally in all he said, and yet he could not rebuke her for doing exactly what he openly wished. An arm chair with a tiuy spot of dirt being declared absolutely filthy, wu* upholatered and varnished at a cost of ten dollars. A dozen new shirts, Essie's last lalor of love, being said to "set like meal bags," were bestownl upon the gardener, and a new set obtained Every window was opened after a pet tish declaration that the " room was as hot as an oven," and an hoar later the grate vi< tired up to smothering heat because ho declared it " cold enough to freeze a polar bear." In short, with apparently an energetic attempt to correct all shortcomings, and put the housekeeping* upon a perfect basi, Lina in one month nearly doubled her brother's expenses, and drove him to the verge of distraction. But Essie, well and strong again, was coming home. On the Jay of her ex- j peeled arrival Lina, with a solemn face, invited her brother into the sitting room for a few moments of private converse tiou. "Herbert," she said, very gravely, " I have a proposition to make to you. You are niy only brother, and 1 need not tell you I love you very dearly. It has really grieved me to the heart to see bow much there is to find fanlt with in your beautiful home." Herbert twisted him self uneasily in his chair, bnt Lina oon tinned: " Y'ou know that mother is very do pendent upon me, Louie having tin house and children to care for, bat 1 think she would sacrifice her own com fort for yours. So if you wish, Her bert, I will come here permanently, U keep things in order for you." Here Liua was obliged to panse and strangle a laugh at Herbert's expression of utter horror and dismay. " Yon are very kind," he faltered, the instincts of a gentleman battling with the strong desire to tell Lina she would certainly drive him into a lunatic asylum by six months more of her model house keeping. " Not at all. A man who has made an nnfortuaate marriage certainly needs all the aid and sympathy his family can give him." The last straw was laid upon the oamel's back. Herbert spoke hotly : " You are entirely mistaken, Lina. 1 have not m ule an unfortunate marriage. If ever a man was blessed in a wife, 1 am that man." " Y'ou amaze me, Herbert!" Lina cried, in well feigned astonishment " I don't see why yon should be sur prised. Es-ue is gentle, loving, orderly, a model mother and a perfect liomt augel—God bless h r I" " Herbert, is that true f" " Certainly it is true." " I cannot believe it I" was the slow response. " Cannot believe it! Why f" "Because"—and Lina dwelt impres sively upon every word—" during th nine years of your married life, though visiting here frequently, I have never heard you speak one word of encourage | ment or praise to Essie. I never saw one look of approbation or appreciation of any effort she made for your comfort upon your face. Continual fault find ing, constant blame, have changed her from a happy girl to a pale, careworn j woman. Even her last illness was lint the uuppoken despair of a heart crushed under a load of daily censure and con stant striving for the approbation never given. And you tell me now she has never failed in her duty to you. There is a grave error somewhere, Herbert." The sadly earnest tone, the face of thoughtful gravity, sent every word home to the young man's heart. He ' spoke no word of self defense as Lina slowly left the room. Iu the profound t silence that followed conscience review- j ed the past, and he knew that his sister had spoken only the truth. "God help me," he whispered, "to conquer this fault. E*sie shall hear nr. more fault finding, and if I see her drooping. I will send her to mother, and have Liua here to keep house. ' Never had wife and mother warmer welcome than greeted Essie. The chil dren were unchecked in their loudest de monstrations of delight But Lina had to rush into the ball to hide her merry eyes when Herbert, kissing Essie, said : " We must let mother have Liua now, dear. Hhe has been very kind aud worked hard for my oomfort; but there is no home fairy like my Essie." The quick, glad look in his wife's soft eyes told Herbert one step had been taken in the right direction. As the days glided by, and Essie found ap preciation meeting every effort to add to home oomfort, a word of praise for every littie triumph of cookery or needlework, her pale face grew bright with happi ness, and Herbert found his own heart lightened by the cheerful voice, the sunny smile, the bright eyes of tho Essie he had wooed years before. And Lina, making a visit Bix months later, told her mother on her return :! " Herbert learned his lesson by hart, mother. He appreciates Essie now at her value, and lets her know it." THX CEWTKKKIATE— The value of the Centennial bnildinga is put at $5,949 - 000, and of their oontente, $104,820,340. A large portion of the exhibits, which are not taken into account, are not of intrinsic value, though probably they oould not be purchased for all that the reet of the Exhibition is worth. THE CENTRE REPORTER THK CKSTENJtIAI, IHHi SHOW. 11. Ksi.ai a.4 Varl.lv—ValaaaT *••• Aal lu.l. I'rr.ral—l all.alil,, I. a# Mvra. Of all the international gatherings, conventions and congresses, ex hihiUona and aide shows of this oenten ui*l year, Ute moat curious is the dog ; show opeu at llie live stock exhibition grouuds at the Centennial, on Belmont' avenue. For the accommodation of the oaniuc wonder* nine long sheds with double rows of stalls are provided. These stalls differ only from those ordi narily used for the exhibition of cattle at State or county fairs, in haviug their floors placed two or three feel alnive the ground. The dogs, singly, in pairs or families, are chained or tied in their plaoea, aud supplied with straw Iwsls an 1 pleuty of biscuit and water. There are about ail hundred of them here, of all kinds, from the rough bulldog and the eoiumou rat terrier to the thorough bred Euglish or Irish setter, and the alight and graceful Italian greyhound; and of all siaes, from the diminutive toy black and tan terrier to the massive Siberian bulldog and the mild eyed Newfoundlander. Long tiefore the visitor reaches the show be is greeted with such a medley of Jog vote* as he haa assuredly never hoard before From the decu hay of the fox houuJ to the sharp yelp of the terrier, from the full tone of the English mastiff to the uncertain squeak of the poodle, there are numerous gradations, with variations for each mooJ of the Jog miuJ. The whiuiug of some of the petted lap Jog* exposed to the cool win J, as well as homesick, ami |Hrliaj' hungering for the Jaiuty food to which their fair owners have accustomed them, is really pitiful. Setters are more largely represented than any other variety of the Jog race, an J there are many fine, highly bred animals. There are some excellent red Irish setters, including a few that are valued at 'JOO guineas apiece, ami some black and tan Gordon setters so fluelv marked that they would form fine sub jects for the animal paiuter. Many English setters are eihihited, and some of them not only show the |H>iut* of good Jogs, but have peJigrves of remarkable extent. Mi*t noticeable amoag the latter are two Jogs recently imported from Euglaud, late the property of EJ warJ Laverack, of Shropshire. They are descended from stock which Mr. Laverack obtained in 1825, and which it was supposed ha>l bceu pure for thirty five years. He lias kept a continuous strain of pure blood muoe that time. The pedigree of the dogs for niue genera tious is shown, aud the minuter of names in it is adapted to give a person an enlarged idea of the dimensions of the graveyard which might contain the trues of his ancestors. Some wag has burlesqued the pedigree mongers by issuing the prospectus of the full pedi gree of a Jog, giving its descent irom one of the Biblical Jogs that linked Lazarus' sores. There are comjtarative ly few pointers, but some are good ani mals. Some Irish terriers ure shown of a very high strain of blood, us may Is judged from the price, 200 guineas in gold, asked fur one or two of the best. Very curious in appcaranoo are the Irish water spaniels, witn long curly topknots and shaggy ears. There are quite a number of dachshunds, a medium sized dog with singular crooked forelegs. Among the other canines are English fox terriers, used to uuearth the fox when the hounds Lave run him into his bur row; mauv Skyo terriers, S -etch t rriers, black aud-tai. terriers, JHSXIICS and lap dogs. Spitz dogs, Siberian bloodhounds, a fine English inasliiT, English and Italian greyhoun Is, Cbesaj*oako bay duck dogs, vicious looking bull terriers, English pug dogs, sheep dogs, aud two queer hairless Mexican hounds. This is the first extensive dog show ever held iu this oonntry. Such shows have, however, been of pretty regular annual occurrence in England and France for some time past. The Explosion at Hell Hate. General Newton has recently stated that the great explosion at Hell Gate will take | iaoe dhoitlj. The excavations have been complete for some time past, bnt del ys iu passing the appropriation bill by Congress checked further oj>er tion", atul fur thin reason the blow-rip did nut ixscar ou the fourth of July, a for a long period was contemplated. Those who oijx'ct to witness a gigantic column hurled hundreds of feet into the air, or look forward with some trepida tion to the effects of fearful concussion on adjacent bail lings, will hardly tind their anticipations realized. Tba mine will lie flooded previous to the explo aion ; and with the possible exception of jets forced through seams in the rocks there is no rea'-ou to IWieve that any very remarkable exhibition of the tre raendous force of the explosives will be manifest. From a scientific point o! view the occasion will lie of considerable interest, as the earth in 'be vicinity will lie shaken by tb" communicated vibra tions, which are likely to travel over s long distance. An opportunity will thus tie afforded for measuring the ve locity of sound waves through earth, and preparations are living made by scientific men to observe t ie same at points at distances two hundred and three hundred miles away. The arrangements to guard against any possible danger are being perfected, in utter disregard of the desires both of threw wlm hope to se the great blast, and those who aspire to profit (iccnuiarily through the popular carifwity. Htearn boats and other craft will lie warned awny, so that a view from the river will oe out of the question ; the authorities have lieen requested not to grunt |>aseH to would-be spectators on Ward's island, the lrtst p<iiut of observation ; and a bluff of earth ami the buildings near the works prevent seeing the operation from the rear, so that the expectant populaoc will probably have to satisfy themselves with a distent view from tne high land on the New York shore. llow mnch powder, etc., will be burnt ia not yet definitely stated. An approxi mate idea of the qnantity may be gathered from the fact that there about 4,000 drill holoe, each three inches in diameter, and varying from aevon to thirteen feet in depth. Each will be charged with a separate canister of dyna mite, vnloan aud rendrock powder, and the simultaneous explosion will lie effected by the current from a buttery of 800 cells. About two pounds of powder aie used to one of dynamite, uu<4 the charged are inserted in the 172 piers of rock and in the roof supported thereby. It ia estimated that 30,000 cubic feet of broken rock will bo left nnder water, and this will have to be removed by dredging ao as to neenre a channel tweDty-aix feet in depth. The total length of tuunela, galb-riee, etc., excavated, ia 7,425.67 feet. The amonnt than far expended ia 81,686,841.45. Scientific American ADAM DXTINED A Sootchman, being examined by bin minister, waa asked : " What kind of a man waa Adam ?" " Oh, jiat like ither folk." The minis ter insisted on having a more special description of the first man, and pressed for more explanation. " Weel," said the catechumen, "he waa jist like Joe Simpson, the horse cooper." "How Bo'r asked the minister. " Weel, rae body got oay thing by him, and many lost." CENTRE HALL, CENTRE CO., PA.. THURSDAY, OCTOBER 5, 1870. The Copulation of Turkey. The war 11. Turkey has had the effect of discovering to tlie majority of new* paj>er reader* their iguurauoe of its geo gruphy, history and imputation. I *|k> molly with regard to the races subject to the sultan and tlie iuliabilont* of tribu tary stated included in maps as parts of the couiitrv does a general ignorance prevail. ft may uot, therefore, l>e pre sumptuous in ua to present on this nub joct some recent and authentic informs liou. The population of Euro|>e*n Tur key, exclusive of tributary states, i 8,480,000. Adding to these tlis numtier of lnlmbitsuta in Servia, 1,340,000; Montenegro, 133,000; and ltoumania, 4,500,000, the total population is 14,896,- 000, of whom alsmt forty two per cent, ore Mohammedan. The Greeks, Alban ians and ltoumauians are of the Greoo- Laltli race; and the Servians, Bulgarians and HusaiaiiN, of the Sclavonic. Beanies these are repreeeuted in smaller uum bera Armenians, Jews, Gynpien, Circa* slant, Alalia, Magyar* and foreigners; the Circassians, who are the most nu merous of this group, only numlx-ring 144,000. It is calculated that of the Greco Ist tin race in Turkey the Oreeks number 1,137,000; tho Albanians, 1,011,- 000, and the Houmauiaiia, 300,000; and of the Sclavs, the Serviaus, 1,383,000; the Bulgarians, 3.877,500, aud the ltus aians, 10,000. To localise these numerous jxwple* ia a work of considerable difficulty; but roughly it may IHI said the Turks are the majority iu Constantinople, ami iu the sanjaks of Serayvo, I'risrend, Divru, Herat, 1 >rama Has'chuk, Tuloha and Varna. The Greeks, of whom many are thought to be nothing but Orecited Sclavs, are stronger iu the Epiruv, Theasaly, Macedonia, Thrace, and along the shores of the Black sea. The Al banians, a fiue, warlike race, live prin cipally between the Epirus and Monte negro; 733,000 of tliem are Moham medans, 300,000 Human Catholic* and 88,000 belong to the Greek church. The ltoumauians ore of the bulk of the popu lation of Wallacliia and Moldavia. Most of the Servians are member* of the Greek church, but a large number hav ing turned Mohammedan to save their lands from confiscation, there are now about 403,000 Servian followeis of the prophet. Over 60,000 are Human Catho lics. The Montenegrin* anJ Heraego viuians are Sclavs. The Prevention of Crime. Mr. Angell. of Boston, *poke before the Social Science Association on "The Prevention of Crime." Mr. Angell l**- gnu by giving some luntumv* and statis tics showing the rapid increase in tlie uumlier of criminal*, and said there could be no doubt that the remedy for many financial and moral crime* may be found in European habits of econo my, a knowledge of domestic industry, and a reformed public opinion which aha! 1 make it more respectable to be married and live iu a small house than to renisiu single aud board iu a large one. Coming down to tlie practical de tail* of the question : " How shall we stop crimet" Mr. Angell said: The .lr*t step, in my judgment, is to or gauize societies for the purpose. Let each of those iu our cities establish an office, and put into that office an oner getic, clear headed, pra"ical man, with such aa*istaueo a* he may need, who**- duty it shall lie first to aid, protect and aJvi*e the poor, and gather and publish information ami promote plan* colcu lated to benefit them; second, to see thst prop* r laws for th protection of the ptibiio health and the security of property aud life are not only enact .1 but enforced. Fu tho present relief of th<> poor there should be :u our cities and larger towns " temporary industrial homes," when- any one can obtain n bowl of sonp am! a cl< an bed, payiug the value in money or labor, and where fuel can be honght in small quantities at low price*. For the |>criu*nent relief of poverty and prevention of crime two thing* are needed : First, constant re munerative lab- r; second, places whore the poor and the unemployed, and the inebriate* who are trying to reform, can pa** their evenings. He would have day or evening schools where the poor of both sexes can lie taught various trade* and branches of industry to mak them self-supporting. He wonld have farms where yonng men can Im> taught agriculture, and place* where young women can !• taught sewing and do mastic industry, ami bow to nurse the sick aud how to prevent sickness by ob serving sanitary laws. In answer to tlie question of how to provide lat>or for the nnemployed, he urged their coloni zation n|cn the cheap and fertile lands of the West. Simian Sagacity. The sagacious monkey, who, according to tli time honored story, used the reluctant paw of a cat to withdraw hot chestnuts from the fire, is outdone by the performance of another memler of histrilM', whichi* roonnted by a French resident of South Africa, in a letter to Lr K Moruirs. Th< writer is the |Ksseii sor of a large coffee plantation, and his cropn have Buffered severely from the ravages of large species of baboon, which greedily devour* tho frnit of a small tree which gnws among the hashes. The beat Fafegard' againat tho depredation* are the wasps which make their ueata in the lower part of theae tris-s, for, of tho fierce attack and paiu fnl atinga of these inaecta, the baboon* have a wholesome fear. One morning, a hideous chorus of yells and howla was heard from a portion of the plantation where tho wasps had most thickly con gregated, anil where the fruit tree* con sequently were heavily laden. On searching for the oanse, the writer saw from afar a venerable and ancient balxion busily engaged in throwing infaut raon keys at tho trees. Those living projec tiles thus knocked down tho nests and of course were objects of the keen atten tions of the infuriate occupants. Mean while tho baboon qnietly made his wny to tho upper branches, gorges! himself, and then added insnlt to injury to tho tmdly stung monkeys by pelting them with tho rinds and pit* of his repast. Cotton Gunpowder. One of the most reoent important dis coveries is that of n new explosive, known a* cotton gunpowder. The first process of it* manufacture, which is carried on at Oare, in England, is to steep cotton in a mixture of nitric and sulphnrio acid. After the acid has l>een preened out, tho cotton is dried aud triturated (reduced to powder), and mixed with certain ether chemicals. To show how safe it is, not to explode with fire or pressure, the following experi ment* were lately made. Two barrel* of the powder were placed in the mid dle of a roaring bonfire. The barrels were consumed, and the powder blazed away without exploding. Then an iron pile driver, woighing half a ton, was al lowed to fall fifteen feet on a box con taining ten | minds of the powder. The box was simply crushed, and the pow der scattered about. Exploded with a fuse, the cotton gunpowder broke four steel ingots, woighing neveral hundred weight, in pieoes; and when under wa ter, sent ipa column of water two hun dred feet high. It was also made to ex plode when wet with twenty j>er cent, of water. Four quarts of milk are required to make osa pound of ekeee*. A t'wee of Female Roguery. Celia Logan tells the following story of romance in a letter to the Sau Fran cisoo Call : An instance of female du plicity haa lately coma to my knowledge which greatly resembles the New Msg dalru story, with the advantage of br ing true. A man—Wilkin* we'll call him—of wealth and influence had a brother who immigrated to the West when young, and whom he had never seen afterward. He (the brother) died, and also all hia family, with the excep tion of a daughter, who came to New York to seek a home with her uncle. She waa armed with facta of family his tory, letters, and every credential te prove her identity, which was not dis puted. She was young, l>eautiful, ami able, and soon made herself beloved by the Wilkin* family. She was surround ed by every luxury, introduced into society, and soon married well—a rich society m*n, by whom nhe has now two children. Her character is irreproach able, and her manner* good. She is not, however, quite as well educated as her uncle could wish, but she plead* as her excuse that her father wa* |*>or aud kept her working ou a bit of a farm when nhe should have been at school. Aud now, after four year* of happiness, another woman appears in the U ilkins' household, asserting that she u> the veritable niece, aud the other is an im poster, Lydia, the new corner, tell* • strange ntory. She say* that when her |>areute died, she took what little money the farm wan sold for and set out to find her rich unole iu New York : that in a village on the road *h* wa* taken seri ously sick and won carried to a hospital. The yonng woman—the lhred nurse of that institution—waa much above her statiou in life, was Kind, attentive aud sympathetic. Naturally she confided hr history to her, also her letters, pho tographs and money to be taken care of nutil her recovery. She recovered her health |rtially,bnt her mind waa found to be so unhinged that she wa* re moved to an insane asylum, where she had been all this time. At length she was discharged, cured. The hospital uurse ha.l disappeared, along with all the effects intrusted to her care. The wronged woman managed to get to New York, only to find that her j lace had IHM n usurped by the treacheron* attend ant. The first woman takes the matter very coolly, alleging that she waa the one who 'fell sick on the read ; thst the other is the uurse, who got possession of her history, and is now trying to make capital out of it. The uncle unhesitat ingly Ix-lievc* in the firei woman, but the husband ia much dilurl>ed iu uiiud, each story being so plausible aud so well sustained that he cruuot decide which is Wilkins' niece, aud which is uot; but his wife says : " What doe* it matter, anyhow, whose niece 1 ami I am your wife, that's certain, aud the mother of your children." If an impostor, she has fixed herself very comfortably in life, while the de frauded worn-n wamleis about almost in lieggary, for the Wilkin* utterly refuse to countenauce her. She has, however, iqqmaled to several of their aristocratic friends, ami so the story got out. After Sixteen Year*. Iu the year 18(10, says su exchange, Mr. Joseph Evarts carried on the btiiu lies* of a butcher in the towu of Guil ford, Connecticut. It was a sucoeaeful business and earned for him a wide reputation. One morning during the summer of the year referred to Mr. Evarte was making hut usual round with a meat cart, when, on approaching a citizen's residence, he wwa attacked by a savage dog of the mastiff specie*. ) Mir ing the encounter the dog bit Mr. j t . arts iu the left It g, inflicting a serious flesh wonnd. Soon after the attending surgeon* learned that their patient had been iu contact with au animal aufft-ruig from the worst form of hydrophobia. All that skill and medicine eoald do was brought into requisition to drive the poisoned virus from Mr. Evarts' system, lie ultimately recovered, declared he felt no inconvenience from the bite and went on attending to his business n* usual. A few years later he removed to Mranford ami engaged in the meat busi ness, where ho haa been ever since. The adventure with the dog was forgotten and never alluded to. from the fact that the condition of his body and mind were so uniformly natural until about MX weeks ago, during the bested term, wben hi* friends noticed peculiarities in hi* actions. He would suddenly spjcar agi tated and moan a* if suffering bodily pain. Again he would growl and s lap like a surly dispositional dog and run wildly about ■* dog* do when first over taken with rabies. These manifestations lasted a half hour or so. whentbey passed off. and Mr. Evarts would be himself again. But they iucreoNi din violence with each repetition, and ere long hi* friends were oorapelled to accept the terrible reality that Mr. Evarts wa* a raving maniac. He grew worse and worse an i soon had to bo tied to hi* l>ed to prevent his biting those in attend ance. Even then he wonld break loose, so great was the muscular power which the disease enabled him to exert, and at time* the united strength of six men wse insufficient to hold him. During a spasm he wonld tear the bedclothes and gnaw the ltedsteod in a manner frightful to behold. The affliction is undoubtedly the result of tlie bite sixteen years ago, and the attendant physicians are of the opinion that it is a coeo of fully devel oped hydrophobia. The unfortunate man is thirty-five year* of age, mi mar ried, and iu iiis sane moment* speaks of his wretched physical oondition, gives directions as to his personal affairs and expresses Lim*elf a* conscious that th* end of all thing*, for liim, draws near. Weighing a lleam of Light. Mr. Crook®*' apparatus for weighing the lxvini of light is AU exhausted gins* ohaml>er in the form of A horizontal cross, with arms of circular cross sec tion. Inside tho larger arm is a glaas fil>er maintained in a uniform state of tension by a spiral spring at one end, aud by a glass stopper at the other end, which stopper is capable of rotation. The shorter arm of the cross contain* in a like manner a stouter fiber beam of glass secured at the point of crossing to tho longitudinal or torsion fiber, and having at one extremity a pith surface of two square inches area, and at the other end a little enp. I naide the cham ber is n 1< ose particle o( iron weighing 1-100 of a grain, and outside the stop per is a counter recording the number of torsions or turns the glass fiber makes. The method of prooeduro is as follows : The position of a dot of light from the little mirror placed at tho in tersection of the two glass fillers having been noted, the little iron weight is lifted by moans of a magnet, and plaood in the cup, which, when thus weighed, descend*. Torsion is then applied to the glaa* fiber cntil the lieam is lifted, and the dot of li((ht returns to it* former position. Thi* may be called the zero of tho machine. Thin exact amount of torsion having been determined and it* eqnivolent in weight Moertained, the torsion in removed, and the ray of light ia then made to fall on the diso, which causes a depression of the glass beam. The calculation of the atmolnte pressure of the sun's radiation on a square foot of the earth, when carried out to the aquarn mile, gives a foro® of fifty-seven tone. A ULMAUKABLE MTOKY. Haw Maaa TMJ Arrl4 la I aba. A Herald rtqstrter, lutovrliuutug that a merchant of Now York city, well kuowu in tho Cuban trade, had ro oeived letters (rout Will lata M. Tweed, paid him a visit. When questioned tho merchant admitted that ho hat! roooivod a lot tor (rum John Becor, that Seoor wao Tweed, and that th lottor had boon written iu Cuba uudor promise that hia uamo wuuld not be divulged. Tho gentleman gave tho following in terestmg and graphic details uf Tweed's movements in Culm : Tweed was lauded on a rooky promon tory about ton miles from Santiago do Cuba, by a boat which took him ashore from an American yacht. 1 have alao heard that the veaael which landed htm on the Culian coast was bound for Ja maica. This, however, is immaterial. Here, much fatigued and exhausted, Tweed waa discovered by a fisherman, who volunteered to conduct him to Santiago do Cuba, and they marched along over the rocky paths leading to j the city. Tweed was accompanied by a man named lluut, who, if 1 mistake not, was a coachman for a long time in the service of Tweed, and was noted for his fidelity and honesty. Well, Tweed, owing to his heavy weight, had much j difficulty in walking to the city of San tiago. lie was terribly sunburnt, his face bemg as browu as s berry and very much blistered, The fisherman who accompanied them received a gold " ounce " for his trouble, and led the wandering pair, not to a hotel, but to ; police headquarters. llad Tweed and ins follower l>een discovered by the Spanish troops on the beach they would undoubtedly have beeu shot, after s drumhead court martial, as Ainrruwu filibusters just lauded from Jamaica en rt/tifr for "Cuba Libre." I cannot tell you what date this was, as my letter does not give it. The po lice authorities uot l-iug satisfied with the fisherman's explanation, or Tweed's statement, naturally made in English, that he was an American citiaeu, sent hita and Hunt on board the Spanish man of war stationed in the harbor as prisoners. Tweed and Hunt were ae ourdiiigly marched off to the veaael and there detained. While ou board Tweed sent for the United States consul at Santiago de Cuba, Mr. Young, and de manded the protection due to an Amen- ' can citiaeu. Mr. Young, who is a very fine fellow, instantly interested himself in the case, and took into hia counsel Mr. llaiusden, the British consul. Tweed's paas]>ort was found to be in or der as "John Seoor," likewise that of his oompamon in exile, " Hunt." Their rvleaae waa formally deiuaudod and granted, and Tweed took up his resi dence at the Hotel de Shy, kept by Madame A delta, under pohoe surveil lance. Here ha lived verv quietly. Meanwhile Consul General Hall enter tained a suspicion that there was some thing wrung about " Seoor," in spite of hia passport being en regie. Telegrams passed frequently between liim and United States Consul General Hall at Havana. Tweed feeling that he was looked upon with suspicion waa restless to be off, and engaged s passage in the bark Carmen, bound for Vigo and Bar celona. Tweed, through not having his pans port vUrd by the Spanish authorities on the twenty-second of July, caused the Carmen to be detained till the twenty- Hixth, he paying demurrage for the de ls*. The night before his departure Mr. Young telegraphed to Consul Gen eral Hall at Havana that it was William M. Tweed who was using the name of "Seoor," but the dispatch arrived too late at lis van a Mr. Hail immediately took a carriage and went out of town for a distance f eight miles to find Captain General Jove liar to ask him to send an order to detain Tweed, alia* Seoor. The dispatch was sent but ar rived too late, the Carmen having sail od. The authorities, however, both at Santiago de Cuba and Havana were made acquainted w.th the facts in the case and the news was consequently telegraphed oTer to Madrid. The rest you know. A Rle from the Grate. Prof. Nixon had advertised in t barles- Um, S. C., that he would allow himself to be placed ill a coffin, screwed down, aud buried in a grave six feet deep. He waa to remain there for one hour and a half, and then rise from the grave through the anil. The grave was dug in Belvidere, and he said that if he failed be hoped the crowd would be large enough to iuaure a respectable legacy to hia wife and children. Upon approach ing the grave NIK si was seen on a plat form performing juggling tricks. He waa dressed in a bright yellow coat, pink trousers (short), and sismt eleven hro gans. Mr. Nixon claims to bean Egyp- j tian. If the Egyptians ordinarily dress in that oostnnie, Moses was justified in getting out of tho country at all hazard*. An Egyptian taskmaster with a hrogan like Nixon's timet have been able to ad minister a fearful kick. Nixon soon ap proached the grave, and made earnest appeals to the crowd to get away from it. Tho coffin was brought forward, and a committee was selected to see that there was no deception. Nixon now pulled off his shoes, and stood on the coffin, holding in each hand a vial. Hie voice assumed unnatural solemnity. He said that he wanted sileucr for a while; that this was a life and death : matter ; hia voice became hnsky, and perspiration liegao to start upon hi* brow. He paused a moment. A look of grave determination settled upon bis face, and with a tremulous sigh be haati ly swallowed the couteuta of the vial. Tn a few minutes his faoe assumed a deathly pallor, aud dark rims appeared 1 beneath his eyes, Tho spectators 1 thought lie waa going to die. He lay in tlie coffin and the lid was screwed ( down. The coffin was rapidly lowered into the grave, and the earth shoveled in. The excitement increased as the time for which the professor was to re main under ground (thirty minutes) luuvod. At twenty-eight minutes the excitement conimunic(.ted itself to the judges, aud they issued orders for the horn to be blown, which was to summon the buried man forth. As the first note 1 of the instmmentrnng out the assembly ttecumo frantic. So >n a scream rose as the earth began to crack, and Nixon came up into sight with a load of dirt on hia head. Then a howl was caused by the discovery that the professor's *p pearauce had been made through a neat ly covered chamlter, which was divided only by a thin partition from the head of tho grave. He had burst the head out of the coffin, crept into tho shaft, and emerged from it at the sound of the horn. He bowed his thanks and with drew. Servians Mutilating themselves A special dispatch from Belgrade to the London Time* says: Before the publication of the order rendering sol diers u utilating themselves, to escape service in the army, liable to the penalty of death or imprisonment for life, many Servians had already been executed for that offense. On one occasion as many as forty in a batch were executed. I have >eeu told that there are hospitals in which mors than half tbs pa Hoots Ore of this class TKRMB; u Year, in Advance. The Bottom of the He*. Professor Huxley, speaking at a din ner iu Edinburgh of the result of the Challenger expedition, sent out to ob tain more accurate information of the physical characteristics of the aes aud of the auimal life in it, gave the follow ing interesting facts as examples of what lias l<eou discovered: Some of the discoveries which have ttenu made by the Challenger ore an doubtedly etich as to make us all form new ideas of the operation of natural onuses in the sea. Pake, for example, the very remarkable foot that at great depths the temperatareof the sea always dinks down pretty much to that u( frees ing fresh water. This is a very strange fact in iter If—a fact which ooald uot lisve beeu anticipated a jprturi. Take, again, the marvelous discovery that over large areas of the sea the teg torn L cov ered with a kind of chalk, a substance mode up entirely of the shells of minute creatures. The "fact haa been known for a long time, aud we were greatly pox tied to luiuw how these things got to be there. But the researches of the Chal lenger have proved beyond question, as far us f can see, that the remains in question sre the shells of organisms which live at the surface and uot at the bottom, aud that this deposit, which is of the same nature as the ancient chalk, differing in aome minor respect*, bat essentially the aome, is absolutely form ed by a rain of skeletons. These crea tures ail live within one hundred fath oms of the surface, and, being subject to the fate of all living things, they sooner or later die. and when they die their skeletons are rained down in one continual shower, falling through a mile or oouple of miles of sea water. How lung Lhey Lake about it imagination fails one in supposing, but at least they get to the bottom, aud there, piled up, they form a great stratum of a substance which, if upheaved, would be exactly like chalk. Here we have a possible mode of construction of the rocks which compose the earth of which we had pre viously no conception. But this is by no means the moat wonderful thing. When they got to depths of 3.000 and 4,000 fathoms, and to 4,400 fathoms, or abont five milea, which waa the greatest depth at which the Glial ledger fished any thing from the bottom, they found that, while the surface of the water might be full of those calcareous organ isms, the bottom ww not. There they found red clsy. This red clsy is s great ptisxle, s great mystery; how it oomes there, what it artaes from, whether it is, ss the director has suggested, the ash of foraminifera; whether it is decomposed pumice stone, vomited out by volcanoes and scattered over the surface; or whether, lastly, it has something to do with that meteoric dust which is being continually rained upon us trom the spaces of the universe. Which of these ceases may be at the bottom of the phe nomenon it is very bsrtl to say; it is one of those points on which we shall have information by-and bye. The Kaohloua. Brown, slate, dork blue and cardinal red are the moid fashionable colors m the new hosiery. When stripes appear they ore formed by the ribbing only, or in hair lines of contrasting color. The new French coiffure, consisting of puff* of hair on the back of the head, and a w.tter wave held in a ootogsn loop by s silk braid net which covers all the puffs and the loop, is to be seen. Ball and evening dresses ai cut low in the front sod bock, and given a square effect by brood shoulder straps, which do duty on sleeves, coming high on the shoulder, and hanging like su epaulette ov<-r the upper part of the arm. The new pockets on |>olot>*ise are placed low down and far back on either ■ode according to the caprice of the nearer, aud they are of all sorts of fan ciful shapes: funnel and fan formed, halberd shaped, square, triangular and hexagonal. Elegant and reaoonable priced opera, Saratoga and Newport shawls are shown in atrqies of rrpped silk, alternating with raw ailk natle. They come in all colors and pure white. They look Oriental, but ate French. In America and England the right hand is no longer useful to ladies, it be ing required to hold np their dresses. In Paris this is thought economical, and therefore base, and the train is allowed to sweep the street like a broom. American women refuse to follow Freuch style* in the arrangement of the hair. In Ports a great deal of false hair is necessary in the composition of the present stvle of coiffure. Here the neat, comiwct but severe fashion of the French twist prevails for this moment. The range of fancy in bowery is greater this season than ever. Some of these fa.icy silk stocking* are literally covered with vine*, leaves, butterflies, flowers, lwes, trnelovcrs' knots, and other device* in oolored embroidery that extend all over tho stocking, from the rise of the instep lo the knee; other* have tlie naudal straps and hand* aronnd the ankle defined in tl>wer* and vines, while other* are embroidered in self or contrasting color of any kind, on grounds of black, white, and all shade* of every color of the rainbow. And *ll these are imitated morveloasly I* the cotton and raw silk hosieries. An Accomodating Mnn. 8 ime carpenter* who were repairing a building in Detroit colled npon * pe destrian to help hoist a long pole which was to form a scaffold rapport. When it waa up he wa* asked to steady the pole, and, unknown to him, it wa* made fast at the top with a rope. The carpen ter* went out on the other side of the btrildiug, going to dinner, and said nothing to tho accommodating man in front. He thought they were a good while gettiug ready, but he kept his braoe against the pole for a long half hour, fearing each moment that it would overpower him and fall across the street. At length a boy came along, saw how thing* were aud cried out: " You can't steal that pole unless you untie the rope at the top." The accommodating man stepped Iwek. realixed hi* position, and the way he kicked * bunch of shingle* to piece* forced the boy to exclaim : " Well, now, I've seen a good many men get mad, but I never saw * mad man'B teeth hang out a* hia do." Novel Treatment of Obesity. Tho Pari* Medirale discusses the treat ment of obewity by the administration of nca water combined with a residence at the seaside. Sea water, taken internally, act* like a diuretic and purgative salt*, a remarkable fact being that the diaretio effect increases when the purgative di minishes. The water should be ob tained, when possible, from aome depth, and far from the shore. It ia then to be left to settle for from six tc twelve hours aud filtered. It ia to be taken three time* a day in doses of a small tumbler ful, or in half that quantity at a time, with fresh water or milk. It is stated as a fact that sea water thus used facilitates tho oxygenation of the blood, and that it hastens the elimination of effete ma terials. In combination with this treat ment sea water bath* are to be taken, free exercise is to be oarried out, and at the same time fattening foods are to be avoided. It is said that oases which have resisted other measures have bees known to yield to this treatment. NUMBER 40. The Caw of Dr. IlelmbeM. Dr. Helmbold, tbe once fans on* bnohu man, escaped from the insane asylum at Philadelphia to Mew York, where old friend* took him in charge, under the tmlief that he was not insane. " Tbe first idea that the public should have of this affair," said Judge Curtis*, his counsel, to a Mm r-|*<rU-r, " is that Dr. Helmbold has been kept in a madhouse that somebody eiae might enjoy his es tate. About five years ago he was doing a very large drug and chemical business. He encountered financial embarrass ments, and went to Europe with hia family, returning in 1876. He wished to resume charge of his own buttnees, but was put off with a fair speech about his health. Thirty six hours afterward, in Philadelphia, hi- was arrested, accused of being drunk and disorderly. Instead of being given a hearing before a magis trate, he was taken to tbe Kirk bridge asylum for the insane, the authority be ing two physicians' certificate* that he was insane. One waa a young physician, scarcely graduated, and the other hid never aeeu Dr. Helmbold. They were Mid generous fern. Friends freed Dr. Helmbold with a writ of AuAeos corpus. He went to Ixing Branch, but was re captured and taken back to the Kirk bridge asylum. Then his wife procured hia release legally. He aarne to Mow York, fearing to remain in Philadelphia, bat be was arrested here as e lunatic and committed to the Bioomiugdale asylum. He tried to recover kts free dom by appealing to the supreme court, but that tribunal held that, as the com mitment was regular, it ootdd not go tie hind it" " I had no counsel," interposed Dr. Helm bold, who had all along aided Judge Cortum' memory, " to nrga my aanaa." " A whorl time after thi* ineffectual ef fort to regain liberty," resumed Mr. Curtisa, " the superintendent of the Bloomingdahi asylum, l>r. Brown, one of the foremuat authorities in the world, and the directum lib 1 ted in giving Dr. Helm bold a certificate of perfect aanity, and discharged him. He went to Phila delphia to join hia family, and wu ar rested on the original certificate of the two Philadelphia physicians, and taken back to the Kirkbridge asylum. Oonn sel got him before Jndg" Briggs on a writ of Aa btmt corpw. His honor said that, althoogh individually satisfied at the aanity of Dr. Helm bold, he would not take the responsibility of discharg ing him. but would send him before a jury. From the jury, we chum, a for diet was irregularly secured. Dr. Halm bold was imprisoned in the Kirkbridge asylum. In July last he escaped, ami went to Long Branch, where he was seized, beaten, gagged and dragged several hundred yards to a conveyance." " Here are the marks of their ruffianly treatment," said Dr. Helmbald,showing the little finger of hia rigi: hand, scarred, misshapen, and a deep, livid cicatrice below his left elbow. " Dr. Helm bold," continued Judge Ourtiaa, "m* again immured in tne Kirkbridge asylum. lie made his es cape and oame here. He proj>oaca to live here, and begin at once legal pro ceedings to get poftstosion of hia prop erty. He cannot be taken back to the asylum, in my opinion, by process of law, and he shall not be by force. Hia fneink here intend to guard him well." "My brother," said Dr. Helmbo!d, " knows that I am ae fane as any man that walks. I have certificates of my sanity from emin< nt physicians of New York city, and can produce before any court the evidence of those who knew me almost throughout my business ca reer. I confess that I have been eccen tric; lamof a lively temperament If I had not been, could I have built up so quickly a great trade I 1 was barbarous ly treated in the Kirkbridge asylum. They used me even as an advertisement The intention is to keep me in a private madhouse until 1 become mad indeed." The Agv of the Earth. Sir Charles Lrell *i inclined to as Rign the glacial period of the earth'# history to a date one milium of yean ago. 'Remarking upon this, Mr. Jamee Croll say#: If the beginning of the glacial epoch be carried back a million rears, then it in probable, as Sir Charles Lyel! concludes, the beginning of the Cambrian period Ui require to be plaoed 240,00u,000 of yean .back. Bat it is very probable that the length of time embraced by the pre Cambrian nge# of geologi.nl history may be as great as that which has elapsed since the oloae of the Cambrian period, and if thia be so, then we shall be com pal led to admit that nearly 500,000,000 yean have passed away since the beginning of the earth's geological history. Bat we have evidence of a physical nature which proves that it i# absolutely impossible that the existing order of things, as re gard* our globe, aau date so far back aa an. thing like 500,000,000 years. The arguments to which I tefer we thoa* which have been advanced by Professor Sir William Thomson at vanuQ# % timee. Thane argument* arc well known, and to all who have raaiiy given doe attention to them must be be conclusive. It would be superfluous to state them here. I shall, however, for reasons which will presently appear, refer briefly to one of them, and that one which seems to be the most conclusive of all, vis.: the ar gument derived from the limit to the age of the snn's heat. A Sign af the Tinea. A recent report fiom the department of buildings, of the city of New York, shows that the estimated oost of new hnildings erected iu this city in 1870 was, in round number*, thirty-eight million six hundred thousand dollars; in 1871, thirty-seven million five hundred thousand dollars, and in 1876, only eight een million two hundred thonaand dol lar*. This is a good illustration of the depressed condition of business, and ex plains the scarcity of labor. Twexfiy million dollars mure were expended on labor and materials in 1870 and in 1871 than in 1875. Ileal estate has been so haavhy loaded with taxation and so paralysed by the shrinkageoi values and the general depression that it has been impossible to take advantage of the de creased cost of bililding. Yet the city taxation wdl be as heavy next year as it is this year.—.Vrtr York I/rrald. Ilow She Put Them Up. " What exqnisite preserves, Mrs. Smoothly: bow do you have such splen did luck with everything you put up f" complimented one of the ladies at the tea table. " What are they, by the way f" Mrs. Smoothly is taken by sur prise, but receivers herself and calls the servant. " I have not tasted them yet," she said, "and have really forgotten what I ordered the girl to put on for you. Bridget, what are these preserves f" " Thim, ma'am f Thirty-five cents a can; sora the nickle lee* wud the grocer take, and thim big green things in the dish beyant is fifty cents fur a little glass jar." Tableau of silenoe, and a good hearted, honest girl out of a job two hours later. A nephew of Mr. Bagges, in explain ing the mysteries of a teakettle, de scribes the benefits of the application of steam to useful purposes. " For all of which," remarked Mr. Bagges, " we have principally to thank—what was his name?" "Watt was his name, I be lieve, uacle," replied the boy. A Tern kj Whlttler. WUHW Met this little vwwelto •ntogruph collector ill England : t • ' miam* *m mrauuro. Thlikir itiiir nlir In —* ~"* TKromk immlm of Mary, On Imm Wood has Sowed, end still We share with yoe the good eed IU, The shadow esd the fiery. Items f Interest. The heok deposits in California exceed •117,000,000, end the capital Is OTOT 186,000,000. It ie determined by ictus! count tbet Philedeiphie bee 125,000 rooms to led to Ontenntel visitor*. A society bee been formed in Eftglsnd for "united prayer for the protrotion oI enimele from eraeltj." Deepite the tioww, the official returns whoer a decrease of pauperism in Eng land and Wales the present year, a* com pared with 1875. Hones employed in baying on the marshes near Hantiaford, Wis., wear wooden shoes made of plank six by eight inches screwed to the hoof. Maoon, Ga., expects to reoeive daring the coming season 76,000 hales of cotton, against 54,000 last year, and Columbus will have 65.000, against 52,000. English correspondent* criticise the American teste which permits s young lady at a boat race to chat with a young man who has only a breech cloth on. " Madam, a good many person* were very much disturbed at the concert lest night by tbe crying of your baby." "Well, I do wonder anch people will go to concerts !" U vm George D. Prentice who de clined to disease tbe question of women suffrage because be hed considered woman, from tbe creation, aa a aide issue. An old bachelor having been laughed at bye party of pretty giria, told them : " You are small potato.-* 1" "We may be small potatoes," said oqe of them *' bat we are sweet ones !" A lawyer at the her waa held to be in contempt for simply mekiiig a motion in oourt. It wee ssoertaixed, however, that be made a motion to throw an ink stand at tbe bead of the court. A Chicago Chinaman says that he looks around "alia time" and nev.r pots his money into a back that ban marble desks <r dashing young officers with diamond pint. A French doetoroiaima that life during the act of drowning remains longest in the iutastines, and that by heroic tmd meet they may be so stimulated that the heart will resume it action. About 12,000 inhabitants of the city and suburbs of Damascus were carried off by cholera in three months. Moat of them r*t Mohammedans, only about 500 being Jews and Christiana. In a little Breton church the beadle takes up the collection with a plate in one hand and a snuff box in the other, from which be gives a pmob to every one who contributes to the poor fond. Much dissatisfaction has been created at the Chatham dockyard by the British admiralty having resolved to break up the useless vessel i of war, which are now rotting there, by the labor of oon vieta. Since the beginning of the year 1,220 wiu of railroad have been constructed in the United States. This is more than twice tbe mileage reported in 1875, and a third more than in the corresponding portion of 1874. A Lille court has decided that a per son divorced in a country where divorce m allowed cannot enter into a matrimon ial engagement in France during the lifetime of the person from whom he or she has been divorced. Tbe <star at Rossis, recently address mg the ofltoerso? the Paukrwsky guards, said he bad been able hitherto to spare the blood of his soldiers, but the time might soon oome when he should have to call upon their loyalty and valor. A Pai is letter says: False hair will be a drug in the market when frost cornea. Short curb and natural hair, such as the picturea of Mmr Beeamier and Queen Hortenws have made familiar to everybody, will be all the fashion. William 8. Mercer, a prisoner in the Nebraska State prison, has succeeded in getting for that institution the best librsrv in tbe Stole. Maay well known writers hava at hia argent request sent complete set* of their works and the principal publishing bouses have made | generous donation?. A Chicago schoolgirl, of tetder years, ! thus writes to her bosom friend : " Dear l S.ime, I shan't attend school agin until 1 i Get some knew caffs, koUers and Jew , (dry-—dear rv"" 1 * agieea with me that It u my Duty to take the shine out of Up-tart Mammv Jones, and I'll do it if i never learn nothing." Not long ago a man was tried for murder in the usual course. In the usual course he was found guilty and condemned, and in the usual coarse the jurors were applied to to sign the peti tion for a commutation of his sentence. One wiser than his fellows did so with the postscript: "On condition that he hangs tntaaeff." Young Foediek was a member of a wealthy Cincinnati family. When drank in a street car he insulted Miss Qoahorn, and her brother, whose family is not wealthr, boxed his ears. Fosdick stag gered out to the platform, fell off, and the wheel killed him by pasaing over his neck. Qoahorn was arrested and accused of niling Fosdick, but finally acquitted. A *n*". one eighth colored, married a white girl at Newport, having convinced her that h was a Spaniard. Upon learn ing of the deception, she wished to be freed. A Rhode laland law declares the marriage of a white person to a " negro or mulatto " void, and upon that ground a lawyer is trying to have this bond of wedlock broken. The husband, how ever, answers that he is not a mulatto, but an octoroon. A woman got into a Baltimore street ear, took M at, and carefully examined a loaded revolver which she took from her pocket. Then she told the conduc tor to let her out at John Nevins' house. A friend of Nevins' heard the remark, and, getting out of the oar ahead of her, ran into the endangered man's resi dence and warned him to fly. The woman was erasy, and she intended to kill Nevins, against whom she had a grudge. In Spain the heat has been so great this summer that the thermometer rose to 166 degrees in the sun at Cadiz, Tallow candles melted and became use t*m at night, hundreds of people dropped dead in the streets, and field laborers refused to work in the scorch ing sun. Owing to the recent disband - ment of 200,000 soldiers, the labor market was so glutted that many work men could only obtain about fifteen i cents daily for twelve hours' work. Meteors in Sweden. A fall of meteorites took place on the twenty-eighth of June, between eleven nnd twelve a. M., near Stalldalen. Sev eral fell on the ground and some into a lake. Two were found, one .about the size of the fist and weighing four and one-half pounds, the other smaller. Eye-witnesses say that a loud whistling was first heard in the air from west to east, and a light was plainly distinguish able, although the sky was clear and oloudiess; thereafter two very sharp re ports were heard, the second succeeding the first after a momentary interval, fol lowed by several others less sharp, re sembling thunder, after which the fall ing stones were observed by eight or ten persons; and, finally, there was seen in the air a whirling smoke, not very high up. A meteor was observed sim ultaneously at Stockholm and at other plSO*v. PxjuaußiJrs.—Vicar (to old lady who is returning from a funeral) : " Well, Martha, I'm afraid you've had a sad afternoon; it has been a long walk, too, for you." Martha; " Barely 'tis, sir ! Ah, sir, 'taint much pleasure now for me to go to funerals. Ibe too old and full o' rheumati*. It was very different when wa wan young, that *twe>!"