The Centre reporter. (Centre Hall, Pa.) 1871-1940, May 11, 1876, Image 1

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    Two IJTM.
Born—ha |nw to manhood fair.
Weak —ha stray'd from mothar'a ara
Mad—ha wad a woman low.
Drunk—ha dealt a deadly blow.
Hung—ha broke a mothar'a heart.
Wrong—a'an from the eery atari
Bom —na grew to manhood fair.
Btrong—he pna'd a mothar'a rare
Lore.! -he wad a maiden pure.
Kind—ha belp'd the needy poor.
Deed la mournd by every one
Oood—oh. true and faithful aim '
lj Life.
My life ia like tlia summer rose
That opaoa to the mortuug aky,
But are the ehadaa of the STemnjt close.
!• aoaitareil on the ground to die '
Tat cm the rose's humble bail
The sweetest daws of mgbt are abed.
As if she wept the waate to see
But none shall weep a tear for me 1
My life ia Uke the anbunn leaf
That trembles in the macro's pale ray,
Ira boM is frail -tu date ia brief.
Resiles* and soon to pass sway !
Tat are that leaf shall fall and fails
The parent tree will mourn its shads
The winds buwatl the leafless tree.
But none shall breathe a atgh for us
My life la like the prints which feet
Hare left on Tampa a deeert strand .
Boon as the rising tide shall beat.
All trace will vanish from the sand .
Yet, aa if grieving to sfface
All vaattge of the human racs
On that lone shore lotnl m.<en* the sea,
But none, alas ' shall mourn for ma !
Sotme Tears ago, 1 bad invasion to
make a abort trip from London, to visit
my old college friend, Maitlaud, who
had settled Jowu w a clergyman in con
nection with the otlhodral of Weetehee
ter. It was a pleasant cxeuraiou, chiefly
by railway, and I was hospitably enter
tained. After dinner, my friend and I
walked oat in the dusk of the evening,
to h<ok at the antiquities of the pi*.v.
In the coarse of oar ramble, the mocn
rose, and threw a charm over the scene.
With the moonlight streaming through
the colored windows, we sauntered
through the ancient cathedral, enjoying
the solemnity of the edifice. As we ap-
CrvVkehxi the gates of the choir, MaiA
nd, though accnstomed to the place,
became singularly silent. All at ones
be called on me to notice that we www
standing under the main cent ml tower,
and that in the Taolted dome overhead
was a round black spot.
"You see that dark spot!" said he.
"It is a covered hole opening up into
the tower. It is sometimes used for the
hauling up of lead and timber for repairs
on the roof. I call your attention to it
now, because I am going to tell yon
something about it by-and-bye."
Seated once more at the fireside of my
bachelor friend, I listened to what he
had to say about the bole in the tower.
I will try to repeat his story as he told
it to me :
" I suppose it most be about five years
ago, toon after I came to the cathedral,
that I was engaged one evening in this
room, writing, when I had occasion to
relrr to a book not in my possession, bat
which t knew to be accessible to me in
the cathedral library. To procure the
work, I sallied oat with a lantern; and I
had not gone very far when I was as
sailed ly a cheery shout from Symee—
Geoffrey Symee—an Oxford man, who
had leen my junior at Oriel. Symee was
a little eooentric. He had taken a fair
ish degree, and might have done well,
but, being passionately fond of mnsic,
he took to studying the organ; and this
had brought him to Westchester, as a
professed pupil of the organist As
such, he was allowed to have constant
access to the instrument—one of won
derful compass—in the cathedral
" Symea would not, perhaps, have
been called a scientific musician; but he
had a wonderful gift of expressing
thought and feeling on the organ, which
he almost m .de to speak, so extraordi
nary was his power in bringing out ef
fects. When engaged in this way, he
seemed to be lost in an enthusiastic ar
dor. He wildly reveled in musical
sounds. On this occasion he seemed to
resolve on a display of his powers.
Ruhiug sw*y for a few moments, he
brought Ilftf- Jlm Oxley, son of the ver
ger, tp blow the bellows; and. with this
necessary aid, he st.4 to work, and pro
ducel a volunUuy that was altogether
marvelous, and the . fleet of which was
enhanced by the dark. Well known
passages #r.mi-great master* were skill
fully wedded with harmonious link* itto
one another. One, however, a favorite
of bis as I knew, was complete, and
alone—the 4 Quae do Oorput,' from
Rosetni's 4 Stahat Mater.' I oOulJ com
pare it to nothing but the strenuous
forging together of solid liars of melody,
so severe, so, so weighty, wis
the working out of the theme. Audlaiit
of all, with most ravishing sweetness,
came the exquisite duet and chorus
from Mendelssohn's ' Lobgtuang,' 4 I
waited for the Lord,' and as those deli
cate silvery sTains of patience aud
thankfulness streamed into one another,
and melted at last with tbs chorus into
the great tide of praise, 1 was uncon
scious of anything but the m usic and oould
have stayed there without further
thought till the morning.
44 1 wss aroused from my ecstkAy by
little Jim, who had been blowing the
bellows all this time, asking mj; if he
might go home, as his father did not
know where he was. I let him out;
and as the door fell behind him, I hoard
the l>rw, dying wail of the organ, at
Synyw struck one or two ineffectual
notes, and exhausted its last bnath.
He came down aud joined me ; and as I
was tiking np my book and lantern,
previous to our departure, he suddenly
cried :
"Hollo! that tower hole is open.
Just fancy looking down through there
into the nave."
44 4 Yes,' said I; 4 1 daresay it wonld
be very pretty ; in the meanwhile, I am
going home, however.'
44 4 Ail right,' says Byrae*. 4 Lend me
your lantern, and I'll bid yon good
44 Why, what are you going to do f
I sa d.
44 "Going up into the tower,' he re
44 In vain I tried to dissuade him,
using every argument to represent to
him tho folly, the nselessness, the dan
ger of such a proceeding. Good bn
moredly, but obstinately, he threw aside
my remonstrances ; and when at
lat I found him resolved, I made up my
mind reluctantly, and not'in the beet of
h urn'-re, to accompany him on his fool's
errand. Thauk<Ood that I didn't leave
liina idone, as I had intended !"
44 1 was little disposed, however, to
respond to his lively sallies, as I followed
him into the staircase which lsd to the
tower. The lantern was of little use to
us as we climbed the worn steps. A
cold strip of moonlight came through
an open slit in the wall now and then,
but otherwise we were in the dark, j
After some few minntes' ascent, we came i
to a doorway that led over the top of
the transept arch under the leads of
the loof. Begging Byrnes to look about t
him and to Lead carefully, I passed after
him through the darkness into the main
tower. From where we stood, the upper
side of the dome-like ceiling of the cen
ter of the nave, between the two tran
septs, rose like an inverted cap before
us; and at the apex of the dome,
through the opening which had suggest
ed this way-war-. undertaking, the moon
light streamed dimly into the darkness
of the tower. To carry out his pur- !
pose, Symes now proceeded to crawl up
the dome, in order to look down through
the orifice. I knew it was of no avail to
say anything, so I stood and watched
hiiin with anxiety, as he leaned over the
44 Ab I gazed, I became aware that im-
"FIIKIX KIMiTZ, Kditor and 1 > rojritttr.
mediately above the opening a etont
rope was swinging, to which wax attach
ed a btrge Look. 1 remembered I lust
some rcjistrs had been going on for a low
davs on the roof of the cathedral, and
that 1 had seen one or two rolls of lead
wound up through the hole ou tlio pre
vious day. These thoughts were paaa
tug through tuy mind, when Bvines,
catching hold of the rope, jerked it to
as.ertaia that it was fastened above, and
leaned forward with but weight upou it,
as lie looked downward with exclama
tions of delight. ' Come up, air, and
see; do I' he cried. ' It's worth all the
trouble of a climb.'
" 1 was just about to creep up, that I
might share his gratideation, when a
sudden whirring, grsiing sound of
wheels above—a gasping exclamation—a
scuffling snatch with his feet, at the
edge of the hole, and, before 1 could
move, 1 saw the poor fellow disappear
rapidly through the opening, aa the rope
unooUM itself with increasing velocity
from the winch overhead. It flashed
across me in a moment. The handle of
the winch had boon imperfectly secured;
the jerk sod the subsequent weight had
overcome the resistance, and trusting
I wholly to the row, be hail slipped from
I his footing. The hope occurred to me
that the evident resistance which still
restrained the free revolutions of the
winch might prevent the desci-ut being
j so rapid as to endanger life or limb; so
that he would posaiblv laud in safety
with only a severe fright and shaking.
These thoughts crowded pell-mell upon
my mind at the first shock of surprise.
But, eouoeive my horror, when, with a
loud jar, the noise of the wheels ceased,
and the row uo longer descended!
" How I started ! He has let go,
thought 1, and listened breathlessly, in
sickening expectation of the crash w hicb
I conceived must follow. But ail was
still; and mechanically I crawled np to
the edge of the hole sod leaned over,
thinking to see his crushed body in a
ghastly heap below me.
j "No 1 About flve-aad-twenty feet
down, vibrating in sheer Wpaoe, was sus
pended my poor friend, at a height of at
least fifty feet above the stone flooring
of the nave. He was in the very midst
of the stream of light that poured
through the clerestory windows. In
some way or another, he had relieved
the strain upon his hands by getting his
leg over the book at the end of the rope.
I called to him to hold fast for a while,
and to keep up his courage ; but I never
shall forget his despairing eyes, nor the
hoarse agonising whisper that replied:
"' I can't hold on! I'm numbed.
Loose the winch ! Be quick, for God's
1 44 Waiting for no farther suggestion, 1
rushed back again to the staircase, and
1 found in the darkness, by intui
tion, the steps which led still upward,
and hastened to mount them. Once or
twice, as I panted in the ascent, I re
member that I came to the edge of a
sheer depth, and drew back, scarcely
conscious of the danger. I listened in
tently for any sound from balow, but
heard nothing ; and, at length, in what
1 mast lave been an incredibly short
space of time, breathless and gasping, I
emerged on the rough, uneven flooring
of the higher story of the tower. Trem
bling, I crept carefully forward to the
oenter of the space, and found the winch
standing over an opening eorresjiondiug
to the one below. I eagerly looked
down, and could just see that something
was still suspended in the now partially
obscured light. I shouted again and
again words of encouragement and hoj>e;
but there was no reply. With a sicken
ing thrill I set to work to exxmiuethe
i winch, and found, as 1 had supposed,
that the handle had been entingl d in
the coils of a rope, from which I had
some difficulty, in the darkness, in extri
cating it. But, onoe released, I allowed
it to revolve slowly, uutil I felt there
was no farther attain upon it Scarcely,
however, had the assurance of Symes'
security dawned upon me ns a possi
bility, when a deadly fain tn ess crvj>t
over me, and I think for a minute or
two I lost consciousness.
44 How I succeeded in getting down
without disaster through that perilous
| labyrinth, I can form no idea, nor have
i I any recollection. I remember tie
voutly thanking God as I stepped out
from the door of the transept on to the
floor of the nave.
44 4 H-we I am, old fellow ! 4 I cried
aloud to Symes, and sprang forward into
the open space.
< 44 There was no reply. My heart beat
violently ! Could he have gone home,
and left me there! The moonlteams had
sloped further np the building, leaving
the center aisle in deep gloom. Creep
ing forward in vague terror, I almost
stumbled over the body of my fri<-nd,
apparently lifeless, but still clinging to
the rope. With trembling haste I dis
entangled his limbs, and drew him on to
the mat txsride the verger's ls-nch.
where I left him for a moment, while I
rushed to fetch assistance. But oon
oeive again my blank desjair, when I
found the door, which shut with a
, spring, locked, and the key—l couldn't
tell where! I hail probably laid it down
in fume forgetful moment, and 1 was
locked in, with a man dying or dead uu
der my charge.
j 44 I shouted; I beat; I kicked upon
the door, in the vain hope of lieing heard
by some Rtray passenger; but there was
no house within fifty yards, and I had
heard the clock atnke ten some time be
fore. Wild with desperation, I ran back
to my inwiimate companion. By this
time I had become so used to the ob
scurity as to be able to discern that,
while I had la-en away, he had lifted his
arm on to the bench, although there was
still no further sign of oonsriousness.
\ Such moments, my dear fellow, make
one religions, if nothing else does. I
do not know whether yon have ever ex
perienced the wave of relief that suc
ceeds the unexpected deliverani-e from
extreme peril; but I assure you that tho
conviction that poor Symes was uotdea I
brought me npon my knees, in thank
fulness for the mercy that bod protected
us in such an awful crisis.
44 1 was overcome with weariness and
weakness holding the hand of my un
conscious friend, and I almost think
that 1 was dozing, when I heard the
aoond of an opening door and friendly
voices. I cried aloud, and we were at
once surrounded with lichts, and eager,
frightened, inquiring faces, besieging
me with questions, which for the time I
I was altogether -nnablo to answer.
Byrnes, still insensible, was carried to
his lodgings on the other side of the
green, whither I followed him, and wait
ed for more than half an hour, until the
doctor came and told me that he was
, partly conscious, but must not on any
! aoconnt be disturbed or excited by see
ing anybody. He said he would remain
with him through the night; and I re
turned with anxious thoughts and an
exhausted frame, but with a grateful
heart, to my own home.
44 It turned out that little Jemmy Ox
! ley had been the means of bringing ns
the help that we had despaired of. My
old housekeeper had come into my room
here two or three times daring my ab
senoe, aud oould uot understand my
leaving the light burning, if I had in
i tended to be away so long. She went
I over to Oxley's, and mentioned the cir
i cams tan ce, on which the verger said:
| 4 Why, my boy left them in the cathe
dral an hour ago. And yon may depend
upon it,'added he, 4 that they've agone
and locked theiraelvea in, and that 'ere
young fellow has been and lost the kpy,
and they can't get oat!'"
" Well," said 1, " that's an adventnre,
certainly, and uot badly told, ettlier. It
made me feel very shaky about the
knees when that p<x>r fellow went down
the hole. 1 suppose he got all right
again t"
" No; poor man," said Maitland, with
a sigh; " that ia the saddest part of the
history. lie was dreadfully knocked
down fiit some days, and then sp|>areut
IT recovered his general health, except
that be had lost all his buoyant spirits,
looked like an old man, and always
Secured to avoid we. He lias since
gradually sunk into a state a little better
than idiotcv, which the doctors attribute
to the shook to a highly excitable brain,
and declare to tie quite hopeless."
A Touching Story.
1 was told this morning, says a corre
spondent of the New York AYminy
Post, a very touching story, which may
illustrate one side of Farts, and will pos
sibly aflf.vt many a reader who has him
self seen something of art life in the
great Babylon. A young American artist
of much talent has been for some mouths
preparing a picture entitled "Charlotte
Cordav on the Eve of her Execution,"
proposing to send it to the Centennial
exhibition. As he is must thoroughly
conscientious aud painstaking, he has
labored earnestly with models. It is
scarcely necessary to say that he had
much difficulty in finding one who suited
him in every particular. When he did
find her he WHS surprised to learn that
she was the virtuous daughter of pious
parents, and had adopted this curious
profession because she had drifted into
it at a moment when there was nothing
else to do. Joined to her rare and deli
cate beauty was an indefinable and ex
quisite melancholy, which seemed born
of some vague and uueipressed appre
hension of future trouble. During the
seventy or eighty sittings which the
model gsve the artist the latter frequent
ly and respectfully endeavored to win
from her the secret of her troubles, but
always in vain. At last he himself could
uot help seeing, in the mysterious pal
lors or the sudden dashes which over
' spread the lieautiful features, that the
model was doomed to consumption—that
insidious malady which here so rarely
releases a victim which it takes from the
poorly fed and overworked classes. One
day the model came late; then there
were days when she came not at all. At
one time she said : '' You must make
haste, or we sliall be too late to see the
picture finished." There was a whole
epic of sufferiug in the manner in which
she uttered those words "too late."
The artist delicately endeavored to se
cure care aud attention for the beautiful
model, aud to warn her of her danger.
But, with the intense pride so character
istic of the Parisian women of her class,
she refused all succor from any indi
vidual, and waited and wasted until she
was compelled to go to the hospital.
Now she lies there, failing out, just
as a white cloud sometimes fades in the
moroiug sky. You admire it for an in
stant, it is so unutterably pure—so re
mote from all things gross—then it is
IT. .1 - a
Perhaps yon will think for a moment
about this poor modi 1 when you look at
the picture of 44 Charlotto Corday " in
the art J- partiu< nt of the Centennial ex
hibition at Philadelphia this summer.
Xs Mexico.
The population of tli" Territory of
Sew Mexico, of which it is proposed to
uiako a new State, is, sooorikng to a
letter writer, coni|>osed of Mexicans, In
diaus, half brt eds, 1 greasers," and
whites, is less than one inhabitant to
the square mile. One sixth of the popu
lation are li.J-.uus, many of whom aie
hostile, and, where these are found, it is
unsafe for white*. The Bpauisb lm
triage is used altogether. Even when
they understand English, it is almost
impossible to g< t them to con verse in
that lai j,;. .ge. Outside the large towns
Euglisli is about unknown. There are
few schools, anil nothing to eh-vate the
people to a higher standard. There are
a few missionaries who arc trying to
raise the people from their degradation,
but the policy of the Jesuit leaders
seems to be to keep the masses in ig
norance and superstition. They culti
vate a little ground, using a branch or a
trunk of a tree for a plow, and the little
grain they raise is threshed by allowing
cattle to walk over it and the wind to
carry the straw and chaff away. A
shawl for a girl and a shirt for a boy are
considered sufficient clothing until they
are ten years of age. A virtuous woman
or a trustworthy man is unknown. I
never expected to see such a race in
America; they hardly deserve the name
of human. Of course there are excep
tions, and here and there an intelligent,
wealthy man is found, but they always
have all their neighbors under them as
serfs, in a condition bordering upon
slavery. Tliey are very superstitious,
aud completely under the control of the
Jesuit priests, who, I know, are none too
good, having met many of tliem in busi
ness. The American population is
-mall. I have been told that there are
not more than ftfU-eti hundred Ameri
cans in the Territory. With the exoep
tion of the sheep and Cattle men, the
large proportion of the whites are out
casta from the East, tho scum of our
large cities. The resources of the Ter
ritory are few. There is some very tine
stock country, and along the ltio Grande
river there are good farming lands.
There are no mines of any value, and
no hopes of finding any, unless iu the
north western portion of the Territory,
where the Indians now hold sway.
There is not a single mile of railroad in
the Territory, an<l not much prospect
of any, as there is nothing to draw
them. Bobberies and murders are of
every day occurrence, aud a man's life is
'iiirdly safe.
The Two Agents.
A benevolent looking old gentleman
with a traveling bag iu his haud entered
a life insurance office, aud sotting his
bag on the floor, seated himself beside
the agent.
44 Yon insure lives here, air I" ho in
44 Yes, sir; that's our business.
44 Yaas f Waal, now, how much might
it cost to have one's life insured ?"
44 Well, sir, that depends on the sum
you wish to be insured for What
amoun do you desire on your life, sir!"
asked the agent, taking down his refer
ence book.
" Waal, s'pose we say five thousa.i'
now, what may that come to I"
44 Your age, sir ?"
44 Somewhere abont sixty."
The agent made the calculation and
informed him.
44 Yaas. Waal, that's all right. And
how much to pay down I"
He was told. 44 And now shall I
make out the application for you, sir ?"
said the agent, getting out tho blanks
and putting a new pen in his holder.
44 Waal, let's see—let's sec. To-day
is Toosday, is it ?"
44 Yes, sir; your name is "
44 Waal, Brown's my name; bnt looke
yor, mister," and the old man opened
his lag and took out a little bottle,
44 I've got suthin in this bottle that'll
take that wart off your nose insiue of
forty minits. Won't you try some f"
It is astonishing bow rapidly the be
nevolent old gentleman went out of that
Haw II la Opaanl aad Iha 'lunar I aa
tla.lrd kr lha I ulirl nialra luraalr.
The trial of n Secretary of War Bel
knap liefore the United Sui<- Senate
very naturally attract* much interest.
The opening scenes in a trial of no groat
importance are interestu g. The gal
lories and the laxly of the Senate ohaiu
lier were crowded with spectators. Win u
the Seiiato wan culled to order, the ch ip-
Lain, Kov. l>r. Sunderland, in hia own
ing prayer, said :
"We pray Thee lie very especially
nigh to Iny nor van t who presides iu thin
place, and in Tliy servants, the senators,
in the discharge of the high and aolemu
function* with which thev are here now
vented. May they not fail to nee the
right and to tiiajx-iise justice for the con
tinuation of all that in good and for the
welfare of the nation."
Chief Justice Wait*', of the nnprerue
court of the United States, entered the
chamber and wan shown a neat at the
right of the presiding officer. Sorgeant
at Arms French made proclamation an
follows :
" Hear ye! Hear ye ! Hear ye ! All
persons are commanded to keep silence
on pain of imprisonment while the
Senate of the United States is sitting
fur the trial of the articlen of impeach
meut exhibited by the House of flopre
sentativen against William \V. Belknap,
late secretary of war."
The following is the oath administered
to the Senators :
"Yon and each of you do solemnly
swear that in all things |ertaining to the
j impeachment of William W. Bel!, nap,
now (tending, you will do im(<artiul jus
tice to the constitution and Lias."
The Chair then directed the secretary
to read the return of the sergeant-at
arms on tlie writ issued on the tlfth inst.,
commanding the ex secretary to ap(>ear
and answer, etc., and the secretary read
as follows:
" The following writ of summons, ad
dress xl to William W. lielkuap, and
the foregoing precept addressed to me,
were duly served npon the said William
W. Belknap by delivery to and leaving
with him true ami attested copies of the
same at 2,022 It street. \S aabington
city, the residence of the said William
W. lielkuap. on Thursday, the sixth day
of April, lb7t>, at six o'clock and forty
minutes m the afteruoon of that day.
"JOHX It. Fuxcn,
" Sergeant at Arms of the Senate of the
United States."
The Sergeant at Arms then made
proclamation a* follows:
" Wiliiam W. lh lknap, William W.
lielkuap, William W. Belknap, apjxur
aud answer the articles of impeachment
exhibited Against you hv the House of
Representatives of the United States."
Mr. Caqx-nter, counsel for the ac
cused, arose and said:
Mm PJUMTDKNT William W. lll
knap, a private citizen of the Uuitcd
StaU-s and of the State of lowa, in obe
dience to the summons of the Senate,
sitting as a court of impeachment to try
the articles presented against him by '
the House of Representative* of the
Uuited Stab s, appears at the laur of the
Senate, sitting a* a court of imjx-ach
lunit, and iiiti'riKimn the following pica,
which 1 will ask the secretary to rani,
and atk that it tie filed.
The secretary then read a* follows :
In the Senate of th United State*,
, mtting a* a court of impeachment
The United State* of America vs. Wil
liam W. Belknap, tijnm article* of im
pearhineut of tlie House of B"pro*onta
tive* of the I'nited State* of Atnrrim, of
high crime* and misdemeanor*. And
the aaivl William W. Belknap, named in
tlie said article* of impeachment, come*
ben* lieforv the huuorahle the Senate of
the United State*. Hitting a* a court of
itntx nrhmer.t, in liia own proper person,
and -ay* th it the honorable conrt ought
| not to hare or tak* further eogniz.*uoe
of the Mid article* of lmjieachmeiit ex
hihited and presented against him by
the Hou-e of Representative* of t' o
United Stat*-*, lM<cauno he "ays that t> -
fore, and at tlie time when* the asu.i
Honse of RepreHAntative* ordered and
directed that ho, the Maid Belknap,
shonhl tie imjieached at the bar of the
' Senate, and at the time when the said
article* of impeachment were exhibited
and presented againat him, the aaid
Belknap, by tbe aaid House of Bepre
Hentativos, he, thenud Belknap, was not,
nor hatli he since lecn, nor i* he now,
an officer of the United Stat<s, but at
the aaid time wa\ ever ninoe hath lieen,
and now i*. a private citizen of the
United State* and of the State of lowa,
and that lie, the aaid Belknap, i ready
to verify ; wherefore he pray* judgment
whether thi* conrt can or will take
farther oognizanoe of the said article*
of im[>eachn;ent.
! United State* of America, District of
William W. Belknap, being flr*t duly
sworn on oath, Hays that the foregoing
plea by him subscribed is true in sub
stance and fact.
Bubecribed and sworn to before me
this seventeenth day of April, 1870.
Associate Jnstice Supreme Court of the
United States.
An adjournment waa made for a few
days and the trial continued, the board
of managers of the House of Reprcsen
tative*, Messrs. Lord, Lvnde, McMahon,
Jenks, Ijaj liam and Hoar, conducting it
Former Treatment of Insanity.
While men believed that madness
meant jxissession by a demon, it is not
difficult, perhaps, to account for the
superstitious and brutal treatment shown
to those possessed; but the reader will
lx> amazed by the details of the scientific
devices, happily of a past age, planned
for the cure of tlie unsound. One of
these was to entice the sufferer to walk
across a floor, which, suddenly giving
way, dropped him into n bath, where be
was half drowned. Another mode of
tortnre was to let tho patients down a
well, in which the water, mode gradually
to rise, frightened them with the pros
pect of an awful death. Within the
memory of men still living, tlie patients
of Bethlehem hospital (London),
chained to tho wall like wild lieasts.woro
shown to the public on certain days of
the week at the charge of twopence a
visitor; and here wore to lie found iu
their c-lis, crouching on straw, women
with nothing hut blanket for clothing.
Qisirge 111., in 1788, was subjected to a
uselessly severe treatment, being con
stantly tortured with a strait-waistcoat,
and denied tho society of his wife and
children. Ho recovered a few weeks
after the substitution of kindness for se
verity. A Parliamentary committee,
which elicited the horrors of madhouses
iu 1815, strnck tho first blow against
the system of mechanical restraint of
the insane; but it was not liefore tho
early years of the present reign that the
old order of things finally yielded to
lienevolent treatment.
to Ijcader relates the following : At the
Division court a witness was under ex
amination in the case of an unpaid ac
count. Tho jndgo pnt the question to
him. "What is your occupation " Tho
witness did not seem to understand tho
meaning of tho word "occupation," and
answered with " Eh!" The Judge—
" What do you do for a living I" Wit
ness—" Oh, my wifs's a dressmaker!"
Making a Show.
A friend of the late A. T. Stewart re
lated an aunodote which allowed the
methods that the merchant adopted
when carrying ou a small business to in
crease the uutuber of his customers.
Mr. Htewart made inquiries among his
friend" and learned the name and resi
dence of the leader of faahiouable socio
tr in the city and also the church that
she attended. He thru sought out the
sexton of the church ami leased a pew
directly tu front of that of the lady,
ltogutarly Hunday after Hunday there
after he sat in his seat and look part in
the worship. A few months j mated, and
! one Huuday as the congregation was
alxiut leaving the church it suddenly be
guu to rain. The fashionable laity had
a carriage, but the nidewalk between the
church door ami the roadway was wide,
sml she stopped irresolutely at the (hair
upon perceiving the drops of rain,
dreading injury to her costly dress.
The frequent mixta and rains of Ireland
Lad caused Mr. Htewart to form the
habit of carrying an umbrella on all days
of the year, and he had one on thil day.
Kaismg it, he told the lady he would
shelter her beneath it until she could
walk to her emi riage, if she would accept
the service. The proffer was accepted,
he took her to the carriage, and was
heartily thanked. The following Bun
day, after the servioe, she ad dressed htm
aud again thanked him for his kindness.
A short couveraatiou followed, and oc
casionally on Bumlaya that succeeded,
as they were coming out of church, a few
words passed between them. While
talking with a member of the church
oue day the lady learned Mr. Btewart's
oceujmtiou, and the next time she met
him she said :
" Mr. Stewart, have yon auy articles
at your store that you think I would
like to buy I"
" No," he replied ; " I don't think I
have anything.'
"I would like to aid yon in your basi
licas in some wav."
" You can in this way : I have noticed
that your coachman exercises your horses
] every day, and yon not caring always to
ride, 1 presume, the carriage is fre
quently empty. If on the days when
you do not wish to use the carriage you
will order your coachman to take it to
my store and remain in frout of the
store for half an hour, you will do mo a
; good turu."
Tin? lady was amused by Mr. Stewart's
suggestion, anil cheerfully grant,-. 1 the
request. The frequent appearance of
the carriage in front of the store and the
presumptive presence of the fashionable
owner <*f it within the store w*. soon
noticed by other women, and Mr. Stew
art's scheme was speedily successful.
Carriage after carriage itbopiwd Ivfore
the store, and the stream of fashion was
started that lias auioe run ceaselessly in
and out its doors.
Tin* Eruption at Widow Wade** Farm.
The l>ud report which NO startled
Jtunes Me Man us, the Hudson liiver
trackman, the <Aher day, and the accom
jianying dreadful eruption of rock, earth
and water which has Iwen the wonder of
all ever aiuoe, are hut occurrence* which
may be repeated during any wet season
i in any place which has for its near neigh
bora mountain as high as the familiar
old " Hugar L<af." I'eople livm* m
mountainous districts rasy therefore
learn a lemon from the so-called " phe
iiomenoa" which shook the Wuiow
Wade's farm, and take can* how they
select futiuv sites for their houses, es
pecially if any neighlioring mountain
hare a lake or pond at its summit. It
would not l* - pieasant for the practical
farmer to wake up some morning and
find his house turned into an asteroid,
and although the retired merchant may
now aud then sigh for something higher
and nobler than the things of Una earth,
it d<*es not follow tliat he would wish to
hare his rural cottage shot up to the
orbit of the moon without a moment's
notice given him to lay in provisions for
such s tour.
The pressure of a column of water is
usually reckoned at about one atmos
pheric or five pounds to the square inch ,
for every thirty three feet, nnppamng i
the arm covered by a country house of
ordinary nise to lie nine hundred square
feet, aud the height of the mountain at j
the top of whien the pond lay 1,000
feet, the hydraulic force exerted on the
Inee of that frail wooden structure would
amount to something like 50,000 tona
In considering the subject, one cannot
help thinking what a lucky tiling it
would be if there wen* only a tall moun
tain in the near noighlHirhood of this
city, with a little lake at its summit and
connections extending to some of the
monstrosities that disfigure the lower
part of this island. Another Sugar Loaf
standing, say in the place of Bergen
Hill, with a subtorraneau water passage
leading to a saudy reservoir tinder the
new post office, would exert a .gentle
lifting foice to the base of that granite
pile of at least 2,200 million tons —a
force, however, that wonld Is* sufficient,
if put forth within narrow limits of
time, to carry the building clean over
Trinity steeple and dump it into the
middle of the East river.— New York
All About the Spring Styles.
A graceful and favorite ooiffnre is com
posed of twisted braids with long ctirls
at the back.
Half dolmans are a popular denigu for
evening wraps.
Black promises to be again the
favorite color for street dresses.
Among the novelties are cream colored
cashmere lace overdresses.
Shoes and boots with straps are still
Camel's hair sacks of black trimmed
with gold, and seal brown and myrtle
green trimmed with silver are much
worn for carriage wraps.
A tendency hi return to single r.kirts is
marked in the long polonaises and over
skirt*, which hardly show the under
The polor.aise nnd prinoesse prevail in
Paris, lint basques and overskirt* are
most popular with the New York ladies.
Cuffs and collars of colored percale,
aud white with colored hand*stitched on,
are newer than the plain white ones, but
are not more worn.
One of tho new shape* in bonnet*,
called the Chevalier, has a sqnare crown,
with the brim turned up on one side.
The tight lltting shape of the cos
tnme remains ; the molding cniraaae
and the bridled train mark every fashion
able toilet.
In oolored lingerie a net consist* of
enffs, collar, handkerchief and necktie,
all matching in the colonsl embroidery,
or bands, a* the case may be.
Now honse jackets are made of gray
earn and black cashmere, trimmed with
ohain stitching, done with fine gold or
silver threat Is.
Black cashmere and silk costumes sell
more readily than any others for talking
and ordinary house wear.
ltibbon bow , though still worn, have
lieoome common for the hair. Jet pins
and small aigrettes ore more worn.
When flowers aro employed, the prefer
ence is given to natural cues.
A BLUB DAT. —Says the Danbury
News : Monday was ouo of those drearv
rainy days when a man stays home all
day and pulls out all his private papers
with tho view of straightening tilings,
and, after looking them carefully over,
leaves thom in a heap on the table for
his wife to put away.
A Haill*reaa'* KISNIMW la a Ksfckr,*'
I'S*~>Ml MSS Hrnlut
Mr. Bernard Feldmau, aged about
fifty-eight years, living in Baltimore,
after several days of mysterious ahaetu-e
puts in a reappearance and tells a most
marvelous story. He left bis home on
Wednesday for the purpose of visiting
Ilighlaudtowu, a suburban village, ap
I stroll tly in souud mind aud having with
tim about S4O in money. Not return
iug that night his family became alarm
ed, and all efforts to disoover his where
about* were unavailing until he pre
sented himself at hia house about three
o'clock ou Hunday morning, anil related
a curious array of experiences. He said
he had not proceeded far on the rocd to
Ilighlaudtowu when he saw a wagon,
the stiles of which were closed like a
prison van.
The wagon halted near him and a man
jumped out and remarked to him that
there was a dead man in the wagon, and
that he should look in the vehicle, ss he
might be able to identify the body. Aa
he attempted to do so be was seised by
four men and thrust violently into the
wagon, which wan rapidly driven off, and
being dosed on all aides* he was prevent
ed from seeing the roed. About nine
o'dock, aa he supposes, the wagou halt
ed, and getting out be was taken through
a dense woods aud finally taken into a
cave, of which tWo desperate men were
in charge. A fire was burning, and after
robbing him uf hia money they thn w
faggots from the fire in hia face, and
burned off his beard and the entire hair
from his head, following this by kicking
aud cuffing him until be was almost
senseless. He passed the night without
food or rest, and on Thursday and Fri
day implored his captors to allow him to
go home, 1. ut their only response was to
again assault and beat him in the most
cruel manner, threatening at the same
lime that, if he did not cease hia impor
tunities, they would murder him. Dur
ing his entire stay in the cave a small
piece of stale bread was hia only food,
and the nervous prostration and physios!
suffering be endured were indescribable.
On Baturday morning some of the gang
brought in a girl about nineteen years of
age. Four of them soon after left, leav
ing two with the girl, and, while they
were guarding her in another part of the
cave, he oaaapod.
He was suffering intense agony from
his injuries, fearful of recapture and did
nut know the road he was traveling un
til he reouguixed the dome uf Bay view
asylum on Saturday night, finally ivach
mg his home at the hour stated. His
Ixwd and hair are entirely gone, his
face and neck terribly blistered, and his
physical strength so much exhausted
that he is unable to leave hia bed. Feld
mau ia a man of strictly temperate
habits, and his story ia accepted bv all
those who know him as entirely true. At
present he is unable to give any clew by
wliich bis abductors and assailants can
be secured.
Relations with Km plovers.
Personally the late A. T. Stewart was
a very unassuming man. He dressed
plainly and with good taste, and never
wore ring* or diamonds. The only cost
ly article b* carried about was a gold
watch, and this was not fastened to a
' cliain, but to a black silk onrd. If be
sew one of his clerks displaying much
i jewelry, this ws o*mmdervd sufficient
cause i*y him to establish an inquiry into
the habits of the man, the amount of his
salary, and his mode of living. If his
salary and circumstances did not war
rant such outlay Mr! Stewart would have
n watch sent nn lit* actions, and the re
sult in manv emm-* proved that the clerk
v.ui dishonest. Many instance* could
be recounted in which be diKoTercsl dis
honesty in hia clerks bv tits display of
Cwvlry on their part. He wwa gen. rally
uient with erring employers, aud never
prosecuted them if there w. re any ex
tenuating circumstances. Ilia ol .serra
tion was remarkably keen, and h>> was
quick to observe the slight M ir regal on
ty in the arrangement of (he dim rent
departments of the store, or any eloven
' linesa is the dress of the elrrk*. If a
clerk, on the other hand, was dressed
too extravagantly Mr. blcwart * often
took occasion to offer a gentle rebuke.
As an instance of hia distaste for out
ward display, it may be mentioned that
he wan walking through hia retail store
one day when a massive gold chain and
locket in the buttonhole of one of his
clerks attracted Ins attention. He stop
ped up to him and said : " Young man,
if I were yon I'd button np my cost on
that;" and, pointing down to hi* own
plain I deck cord, be added : "That is
the best I can afford to wear ; take my
advice, and keep that covered up I"
Centennial Jiotes.
The women of Massachusetts have for
warded 94,400 to the treasurer, making
their total contribution to the Centen
nial 810,000.
The Philadelphia sportsmen's dull
has appoints! a committee empowered
to offer, through the agricultural de
partment, one or more prizes for the
lH*st setters or poiuters exhibited at tbo
Upon many of the east* in tbe EgyP"
tiau buihling on Uio Ceutonnisl ground*
are hieroglyphic* or inscriptions in
Arabic, a notifiable one at the latter
Wing: ffooa met nh- Allah, which trans
lated means: "As it pleases CHxL"
Prominent in the Spanish space are
six excellent medallion paintings, each
nine or ten feet in circumference, rep
resenting Columbus, (Jnesn Isabella,
Ponee do Leon, Dc Soto, Cortex and Pi
zarro. These medallions are inserted in
the front and rear of the structure form
ing the entrance to the pavilion.
The clock for memorial hall ha* lieen
completed in Thomaston, Oonn. It has
1.160 piece*, the estimated weight of
all tieing six tons. The main wheels are
four feet in diameter. The pendulum
ball and rod weigh respectively 700 nnd
800 pouuds, the rod being fourteen and
one lialf bad long and connected with
tlie clockwork by what is known a*
gravity escapement, and makes two
second beats. The rod is of steel, and
to compensate for contraction and ex
pansion is encased in two cylinders, one
of zinc and one of steel, which, by their
relativo expansion upward, maintain n
uniform center of oscillation.
A Sad Scene.
That must have hwn a sad procession
of Northwestern editor* which filed out
of the dinitig-room in Port Royal the
other day, hyn the Savannah JVETOI.
Tliey were on an excursion, and moßt of
them had the well known habits of edi
torial excursionists. They had boon re
ceived at the Port ltoyal station with
lieating drnma, gay banners, and a
crowd of tumnltuoua and enthusiastic
citizens. The chairman of the reception
oommittee, mounted on a barrel, made
them a sjieecb of weloome, and tlioy
were tlion taken for aup|>erto a building
over which the word " Weloome "jwiw
displayed in gigantic letters.
Supper being over, tho excursionists
prepared for a stroll about town. At
the door they enoouutered an effusive
citizen, who calmly extended his hand.
They shook it andaalled him "brother,"
but he calmly and sternly said to every
man: "Seventy-five cents, if you
please." And every man paid. It was
a sad soene.
TERMS: a Year, in .Advnnce.
The Brerur of the "Dotttr Part;.'
ltoadrra of Bret Hirtr'i "debris!
Oonroy " will remember the following
foot nolo which oocnra in connection
with the author'N dcooription of BOOOM
in Htarvatiou (lamp :
"1 fear I must taak the incredulous
reader's further ;>aticpon by nailing at
lection to what may, perhaim, prove the
moat literal ami thoroughly atUU<i
fact of thin otbi-rwiae fanciful ohrouiole.
The condition and situation of the ill
famed 'Dontwr Party'—then an un
known, unheralded cavalcade of immi
grant*—aUrving in an unfrequented
pane of the Hiurraa, waa flint matin
known to (laptain Yount, of Nana, in
a dream. TW Bpaniah reaurd* of Cali
fornia *how that the relief party which
succored the numvont waa projected
UJMIU thin spiritual inform at urn."
In the thorough aarutiny to which
everything rotating to the heroic ago
of California ha* been subjected, there
are, probably, few beyond the moun
tain* who are not familiar with the
detail* of the above expedition. There
are many in the Kant, however, who
will be intr rented in Cap tali Yount'a
own version of this strange occurrence,
a* related by him to the lata Rev. Dr.
Horace BuahoeU. We quote from
"Nature and the Baperuatonl
As I aat by the fire, one alurmj No
vember night, in a hotel parlor, in the
Naja valley of California, there came in
a moat venerable and benignant look
ing person, with his wife, taking their
auata in the circle. The stranger, as I
afterward learned, waa Oaptaia fount, a
man who came over into California, *P
a trapper, more than forty years ago.
Here he ha* lived, apart from the great
world and it* questions, acquiring an
immanae landed estate, and brooming a
kind of acknowledged patriarch in the
oo on try. Hi* tall, manly peraon, and
hi* gracious, paternal look, a* totally
unsophisticated in the expreeaiuo a* if
he Lad never beard of a philosophic
doubt or question in hi* life, marked
him as the true patriarch. Tb* oonver
aatiou turned, I know not bow, on
spiritism and the modern necromancy,
and be discovered a degree of inclina
tion to believe in the reported mys
teriea. Hie wife, a much younger and
apparently Christian peraon, intimated
that probably he waa predisposed to this
kind of faith by a very peculiar expert
ecioe of hia own, and evidently desired
that he might be drawn out tor some in
telligent discussion of hia qaeriea.
At my request, be gave me hia story.
About six or seven yuan previous in a
mid-winter's night he bad a dream, in
which be saw what appeared to be a
company of immigrants, arrested by Hie
anow* of the mountains, and perishing
rapidly by odd and hunger. He noted
the very cast of the aeenerv, marked by
a hugs perpendicular front of white
rock cliff; he aaw men cutting off what
appeared to be tree top*, rising out of
deep gulfs of anow; be distinguished
the very features of the persona, and
the look of their i>articulsr distress. He
woke, profoundly impressed with his
distinctness and apparent reality of the
dream. At Length ha fell asleep, and
drowned exaotlj the same dream again.
In the morning he could not expel it
from hia mituL Falling in, shortly,
with an old hunter oomrada. be tdd
him the story, and was only the more
deeply impremnd by hia recognising,
without Inwitatiuu, the woenery of the
This oomrado mm*? over the Sierra, by
the Carson valley paan, and declared
that a spot in th# jvuw answered exactly
t<> hi* ussoription. By thia the unso
pbisticated patriarch u decided. Ha
immediately collected a company of
man, with mules and blankets, and all
necessary provision*. The itMfrkUnv
werr laughing, m-*nrime,atlua credulity.
•' JTo matl*T, mid bo, "I ID able to
do this, and I will, for I warily believe
that the fact is according to my drvam."
The man fc ir sent into the mountain*,
one hundred and fifty miles distant, di
rectly to the Cars, m valley pass. Aud
there tin y found the oomjiauy, in ex
actly tbv condition of Uie dream, and
brought in the remnant alive.
A gentleman present said: "Yon
need Tiave no douiit of thia; for we Cali
foruiatM all know the facts, and the
names of the familice broaght in, who
now look upon our venerable friend M
a kind of savior." These names be
gave, and the places where they reside,
and I found, afterward, that (he Cali
fornia people were ready, everywhere, to
second his teetimooy.— Scribncr for
Pork Parking KUtistles.
Secretary Howard, of the American
pork packers' association, makes the fol
io wins report of the packing of hags of
the Wont during the winter season of
1876 6; The total number of hogs pack
ed is 4,874,126, against 6.566,226 last
season, a decrease of 692.101. The
average net weight is 218.86 pounds,
against 209.77 pounds last season, an in
rrease of 8.59 pounds. The average
yield of lard is 85.52 pounds, against
84.20 ponnda last season, an increase of
1.32 pounds. The aggregate net weight
of the bogs packed this season is equal
to 5,073,850 bogs of last year's average
weight. The production of lard is
equal to 541,115 tierces of 320 pounds
each, against 594,939 tierces last season,
a decrease of 58,824 tieroea. The de
crosse in the aggregate net weight is
108,297,000 pound*, or equal to 92,908,-
400 ]Kmnds of meat*. The decrease in
the uumber of bogs packed in the West,
with the receipts at New York, Phila
delphia Boston, and Baltimore, is 994,-
180. Calculating the receipts of hogs
at the seaboard cities at the same aver
age weight and yield of lard as those
packed in the West, the decrease in
weight is 159,429,500 pounds, equal to
74.400 tierces, or 22,320,000 pounds of
hams, 25,508,000 pounds of shoulders,
and 63,772,000 pounds of side*. The
riiortage in the yield of lard Kant and
West is reported at 26,442,900 ponnda,
or 82,634 tierces.
On. Santa Anna In hi* Old Age.
Hants Anna lives in the city of Mexi
co, in a third-rate house of two stories,
with courts of not more than twenty feet
square, the pavements out of repair, the
whole telling the story of poverty. He
was seated upon a much-worn sofa, at
tended by a smart appearing Mexican of
middle age, and rose, with some diffi
culty, in receiving us. He complained
considerably of nis wooden leg, and
also of blindness.
He is an old man of eighty years, very
decrepit, yet in full command of bis fac
ulties; has a good head and face, not un
like the pictures of Humboldt in old
age, with broad temples and an abrupt,
square nose, and, at one time, good
eyes. He had little to say, but appear
ed pleased at oar viait; and, as we told
him of the four or five general officers
of the Mexican war still living, he listen
ed with interest, but showed no special
recognition until the name of Pillow was
mentioned, whom he remembered per
Over the sofa where Santa Anna sat
was the pictore of a beautiful woman in
her fullness of yonth and loveliness.
This was his wifo when both led the for
tunes of Mexico. As we passed ont the
oourt onr attention was called to the fig
ure of a woman of fifty in the window
opposite, in plain dross, and devoid of
any interesting attribute. This was she
whose picture had so interested us, Mrs.
General Santa Anna.
Incident* About A. T. Htewart.
Mr. Htewart'* art gallery oont him over
Mr. Htewart never had a sign oontain
tug his name or the firm name on any of
his stores. This attracted the attention
of a lady aomeyear* ago, who asked him
the reason. Hi* answer wns s" Ik bott
itn ru a matffn pot."-—" The good wine
needs no push. '
Mr. Htewart had seven thou and men
in hia employ in New York city alone,
and perhaps about one thousand in Eu
rope. He kept fourteen mills going in
the United States, and bad many houses
in Eugisnd and claewbere which bad
charge of the work of operatives in
those oiioM.
When asked if be believed in lack,
he replied : " Indeed Ida There are
persona who are unlucky. I sometimes
open a eaaa of goods and aell the first
from it to some peraon who t* unlucky
and lose on it to the end. 1 frequently
*ee persona to whom I would aot well U
I could avoid it."
He w T*nr green when b* find open
ed ait tore. Onion, it ie said, be nwwhd
the lain William Beeobnr, from whom
he bought many goods, M ftdlova;.
" Mr. Bencher, a lady otm* into my
etore to-day and naked me to ahow her 1
aome hua>-. I did not know whet the '
goods were, and I told bar that I did not
keep the article. What did abe want!" j
Mr. Beeober laughingly showed him a
pair of mocking*, and the young mer
chant waa oocvulaod with mehment.
The find money earned by Mr. Blew-'
: art in America is aaid to bare been paid
to him by lame F. Bragg, who had a
' aohool in Boeaareit atreet, Mew York, in
1821 or 1822, and who mafdoyed Mr.
j Stewart aa bis assistant. Mr. Bragg
rdill has in his powaaasion Mr. Stewart's
receipt for SSO earned aa amudaut teach- <
i er. Mr. Bragg, who ia marly ninety
years old. aays that Mr. Htowaitaban- j
doned Ilia school beaaaee he was off tad
<*] at being aaked to make collections
for his employer after school boors.
Fletcher Harper and Hamilton Fish *
j were tiro of Stewart's scholars.
(letting in interview with him ana,
very ranch like getting an interview wmL
the prime m mister of England. He was
to be seen only at the down town store,
and on the viator's entering, the floor'
walker near the door would arm inquire
that visitor's basinesa. If be said ha
wanted to see Mr. Stewart, ha waa aaked
what he wanted of him, and that if it
waa anything that a subordinate could
attend tu, be was turned over to him,
If he still insisted upon seeing the great j
man himself, he was allowed to go as far
1 as the foot of the atoirs, whore another ,
Oat bar us waa in wailmg, mj unless be]
oouhi be Hatisfled that it was Worth while
disturbing Mr. Stewart the visitor was
turned baok.
Settlers and Railroad Lead Grant*.
The following is the foil tost of a bill
passed by the United States House of 1
Ucpresciibitivca relative to homestead ,
&nd pre emption entries within land
1 grant limits. The bill waa passed with
out amendment, 3 oat as it came from
the Senate, and will therefose become e
Itw as soon aa it receives the President's
"ignaturw. It docs not conftom. but, on
the contrary, entirely reversal the ruling
of Secretary Delano- -that railroad grant* '
can take effect prior to the reception at
the local land ottcera and aotioes of j
I withdrawal:
Br il enact**. He . That all prs empuon and
bomwui eutnsa. or entries hi compliant*
' with any law of the Doited Htste*, of lbs pub
lic laud. mpflS in mod faith by saSsal aethers ;
, span tract* of lands of no more than 140 acras
' each, wtthiu the Hunts rf atrr Wad grant prior '
te ibe time when aoucs of withdrawal at the j
! land* embraced in anch grant wsa taoaived at
the local land office of ths dlstrtcSin which ancb
i lauds are aitoalad, or after their restoration to
■uta by order of the general laud. .'boa, and 1
whore ibe j re-etnptioa and h<U&ret<*d laws
I bare been complied with. and proper pieeft j
thereof lure bsru tusd* by the turtles botdias
each tract* or porta they shell <- confirmed,
and patents for the name thai) iaeoe to ibe
paruee eootird thereto
Sac. X Ttiit when at ibe use ot such eiib
drswai a* aforaaald valid pre-emption r home
stead oisJwss existed epos say iaada within the
iimila of any each grant*, which afterward
ware abandoned, and tmder ths deeisfoo and
ratings of the land department were rs-sstarad
by pre-empuvo or u eiesued clumauu who
have oompt od with the laws gpwjrntr.g pre
empuon or homestead entree. and abaU stake
pmpsr proofs required nnder such laws, tuah
entries ehali be deemed valid, and patant iSsae
to the pernios #1 filled thereto. Thetaiisaob pre-emption and home- ,
steed entries * Utah ITS; U. - BEAU made by
)<ermissioa of the lard .tepsrttnaot or la par
snanoa of lb* raise and losiroeaoos thereof , 1
within the limit* of any land grant at ihawime
subsequent fc> exptrauon of eneh grant, shall
be deemed v*bd. aud a oumpi.tuos with ths I.
law* and the making of the proof* required '
shall entitle the bolder of the claim to a patent '
therefor - ' I
The Staff that Fell.
During the month of August, 1867,
masses of gelatinous matter containing
minute granules were found in the
streets of the city of Albany, New York
i State. The following account of the
phenomenon, published at the time, is
i from Dr. 3. S. Manlier, then of the
Albany university .
Viewed through a microscope the
small, brick colored todies were some
what of the shape of grains of wheat,
and the gelatinous matter seemed to be
connected to each one an a separate
covering. They wore apparently sepa
rate cell*, very uniform in sine, being
1-190 of an inch long and 1-160 of an
inch thick, filled with granular particles,
from which they derived their color.
The gelatinous envelope and their ap
pearance gave them at first somewhat
the Character of one of the single celled
prototype*, resembling most the palmo
ghea. " That they were not these waa
proven by their behavior with iodine
and their "containing a distinct orll wall.
Several persons claim to have seen them
fall in a shower, and they were not found
under trees or shelter. They have
probably been carried a great distance
hv the wind, and are likely to be germs
of marine growth, perhaps the fttemt
platf/corpM, which they resemble. The
firesoncc of chloride of sodium, which is
ound largely in the gelatinous enve
lope, is corroboration of their marine
A Pies for Mercy.
The wretched murderer Dolan pleads
again and again for mercy of Governor
Tilden, as if he himself had not been
obdurately deal to the beseeching
prayer of the man he killed. " Spare
my iifo," said poor Noe, as he was be
ing beaten to death, " and go free. I
will not follow yon, nor appear against
yon. Spare my life for the sake of my
family. 1 will never harm you." "I
can't trust you," said the villain, and
the murder was finished. This is the
cruel, heartless fiend who now pleads or
his lawyer for him, for "Christian
charity," vexing the air of Easter day
with reiterations of his innooenoe with
cries for pardon.— yew York World.
The Bounty.
The large sums of money which were
paid by the authorities of several coun
ties in the mountainous parts of Pennsyl
vania as bounties for scalps of wild ani
mals daring the last year prompted an
investigation, which revealed a well de
vised and carefully executed scheme of
defrauding the county treasuries. In
one instance the skin of a colt which
had died was deftly cut up and made
into ears, and palmed off as those of a
fox. A large number of warrants have
been issued against the persons suspect
ed of the fraua.
Ohl For a MM.
In 18M* Dr. Holland wrote the follow
oof generally repub
(VNM! a rtw !l> teta demand*
mroßf ateda, groat heart*. true faith end
ready tends.
Mm etna ths tart of arte* date sot MB i
Mm atom tlrt spoils of edtassaaa* toy I
Bw arts peana* opinion* and a wtll i
Mao wbo have honor . aaea whowUl not Ua;
Mao who am stand before a d—agogi#.
And (UWQ hi* treeeb arena flaturtee wittcml
Tall men. m areened, who Baa shove Ua fog
la public duty aad in print* thinking
For, wbil* lb# rabbU with lb air ihoab-wora
Tb air larga profaaafooa and litUa deeds,
Mingle ta eaifteb atrtfa, lot freedom waapa,
Wrong ralao lb# land, aad waiting Justtee
Items ef Interest.
I a tin re* begins in oobwebs and end
in iron chains.
Romantic death—A yoong lady
drowned in tears.
An honest barber will hone up when
he baa a dull raaor.
Texas ha* nearly two thousand miles
of railroad in operation,
i It will noon lie lime to take Presiden
tial votes on the boras car*.
The natural age of the apple tree is
the same as that of man.
Australia exported, in 1875, gold dast
to the amount of §15,889,5®.
The ooming placard—"No peddlers of
Centennial articles admitted here." %
Burnt aocietie* are being organised
by the Chinese throughout Nevada.
A man who ean invent a lacier amuse
ment than croquet will make his fortune.
A fit. Joseph (Me.) girl Lately refused
a wealthy suitor because he ate beans
j with a knife.
The rrtrow* height of misery is •
, small boy with anew pair of boots and
no mod puddle.
Nature is nature, vou can't alter the
? crook of a do#** tail mush and preserve
the length of It tea
If you would pee* far mare than your
value, aay tittle. It is earner to look
wiae than to talk wise.
The Crir—ngitionsl church' * of Con
necticut will celebrate the national cen
tennial on Sunday, July 9.
A Nevada highwayman bought six
books of an agent jurt for the pleasure
of stealing the money buck.
An o0 farmer once said, with more
truth n-n elegance: "There are two
rati* in this world to one do."
H there is a pert ta which men have
done ill, let them have hope, for there is
a future in which they may do wclL
A celebrated Frenchman when asked
to give an inscription for a ean dial re
plied : "I count no hour* but bright
A mav be said to have been
drinking tike a fiah when he find* that
he baa taken enough to make hia head
Only forty out of 900 of the Xootka
sound tribe of Indiana, British Colum
bia, have survived the visitation of
A Frenchman named ImMoth has in
vested a fire-proof and anti-ooliiaion de
structive freight ear of half the weight of
the ordinary car.
You may never have thought of it, but
i it is utterly impossible to get downright
, angry without raising your voice. Con
trol your voioe and you are sure to oon
too! your temper.
Prof—or Coffins, of fPhrtefltld, N.
H , pi of—as to have discovered a
! pwna of —alias Muter with chemioal*
so that it will produce alight cheaper
and brighter than kerosene.
Masons and Odd Fellows are warned
against the wilt* of a woman about fifty
vura of age, blind in oaeeve, who has
hem imposing upon the order* in var
ious parte of the United State*.
Ttfuiipn for RPF A^T * |> G A row—Walk along
the pavement of a crowded thorough
fare with a ladder on your shoulder, and
turn around evwry few minutes to see if
anybody is making faees at you.
A company known as the "Jencinge
Estate Association " waa incorporated
by the Virginia Senate. The object is
to secure untold riches left by a Mr.
Jennings in England a century ago.
Dry book wheal flour, if repeatedly
applied, will remove entirely the worst
grease spots on carpets er any other
woolen cloth, and will answer as well as
French chalk for gttmm spots on silk.
"I do not want any lawyer. lam go
ing to toll the troth thia tune," what a
regular customer at a recorder's court
told his honor, when thai functionary
inquired If he had engaged legal mut
A Boston preacher arid : "If any to
cktv wiO take charge of all the cast* of
poverty brought op by intemperance,
this church wiQ take upon itaelf to re
lieve all the rdmsbrfng t Upera of Bos
ton," V" - : " f *
lu Wwhinrtm it la quite common to
see some of the female employ. m of the
departments wealing oostuines that have
cost an ft""-"" 1 * of money equal to th- ir
pay for three or four, or even aometimes
six mouths.
The number of immigrant settlers
who arrived in Canada in 1875 was 27,-
882. against 89,872 in 1874 and 50,050 in
1878. falling off wea of coum> due
to the general depression on thia aide of
the Atlantic.
There are 62,553 churches in the
United States, with sittings for 11,395,-
542 people, the Methodists being the
strongest denomination. The total
value of church property is placed at
The Narragansett Indians at Charles
town, R. L, have elected their council
At an election a line is drawn, and the
stands on either aide. The
one (hat gets the most Indians to stand
on his BUM is elected.
That " shower of flies ' x which fell at
Riviere da Loup proves to hav • been a
swarm of the "sugar flies" so frequent
ly met with in Vermont in February,
though Canadian naturalists do not ap
pear to be familiar with them.
The lons of the German government
by the depreciation in silver is estimated
by dinhrent judges at from $15,000,000
to $20,000,000. In adopting the gold
atandanl for ooin they were too alow in
calling in the old silver Hitlers.
Two large drapery firms in London,
England, have private chaplains, to
whom they pay a salary each of $2,500,
for attending every morning to offer
prayer and give addresses to the young
men and women in their employ.
Member at hunt (to farmer)—" I
wouldn't ride over those seeds if I were
you. They belong to a disagreeable sort
of fellow, who might make a fuss about
it." Parmer —" Well, sir, as him's me
he wont say nothing about it to-day."
Ether drunkards are a product of
England. In a Londonderry neighbor
hood an offioial report has been made of
two deaths caused by drinking ether,
and, "notwithstanding attempts Coade
by the clergy and others of influence"
to stop the practice, it seems to be
"Ah J Mrs. Dasher," said gushing
; Mrs. Simpleton, daring.her morning
call. "How delightfully (bat bouquet of
violets and roses perfuma&your parlors,
i " Do you really notice it 1" replied the
widow, with a smile of 111-concealed
triumph. "Why, they're only artificial,
my dekr Mrs. Simpleton." That even
ing when Simpleton came home he found
I his wife oo®lined to her bed with a high
; fever, and no supper ready.
A Quaker having married for his wife
a member of the Church of England,
was asked, after the ceremony, by the
clergyman for his fee, which he said was
a crown. The Quaker, astonished at the
demand, said if be could be shown any
text in Scripture which proved the fee
was a crown he would give it, upon
which the clergyman directly turned to
the twelfth chapter of Proverbs, ver.-e
fourth, where it said: "A virtuous
woman is a crown to ber hu s biid."
" Thou art right," replied the Q l> r,
"in thy assertion: Solomon w..- u wi e
man. Here is thy money, which thou
hast well and truly earned,"