The Centre reporter. (Centre Hall, Pa.) 1871-1940, February 17, 1876, Image 4

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Peru— he gprxx- to manhood fair.
Weak- he strsy'd from mother's cre.
Mad - he wed a soman tow
Dmnk-to dealt a deadly blow.
tiring lie broke a mxxUisr's heart
Wrong -e'en from the x-ery stait.
|Vm he grew lo fair.
strong he pn d a mother's .sow.
laxve.l tie wed a maiden pure.
Kind— he heip'd the needy poe*.
Head m mourn d by evsry one.
xioxnl oh. true and faithful son !
tlstllnc ranll * llh Ihe Wort,l.
There is a class ol pcopl* in the world
xx ho make it the chief business ot their
live- to dejxreciate existence and its
blessings, w ho speak of this world a* a
•vale ot tears," au 'alxode of sin and sor
rtxxx ,* a Mallx cross,* a 'realm of hlasical
hopw,' ami so on through the entire
category ot*#u h cxprc-sltms.
l ife, iln'v tell u-, is not worth lixlng;
they wish they hud never Uvn horu; or
liaxi died in infancy, ami xx o c.tnnot help
indulging the thought that ii they h.*l
nob,six- xCiuild have been the 10-, rby it.
Evefx thing bark* to them - id and lu
gubrious. their spectacles rc smoked
glas. ami their jaundiced, x. -cecxerx
tiling bright ltirough this dusky metii
Every misfortune w hiclt com, s, every
streak of 111-luck which tM'tall* them, is
.a direct 'Judgment' from tlo # kimlghty
as tiivnigii thev tellevxsl tint Uie i,o*l of
love and poxvet the w hole time in
stuxlx'lng xxnt re duet iter. I or cruelty
xx heiexx ub to atllixd Ills children xx bom
He pi ft-sses to love.
It a man rots too much at dinner,
drink- too much and smokes too many
cigars and dies of ajmplexv at forty,
w lien 1 , tight by the laxx >ol nature lo
have lived to eighty, tivxd is arraigned,
and the man's friends and the clergy
man who preach, * hi- funeral -enmm
call his death 'a mysteriju* dtsjwnsa-
Uon of Provklence.'
if a mother dresses her tender little
child so as to show w- hare neck ami
arms and plump leg*—beautiful, we ad
mit—but fume the le— -.-nsitixv t> xsald
on that account, if she tills the child *
stomach xx ith I * and its head with
knowledgelntetuhai only for ri|*T years,
and the child dies. a> xf course it xx ill,
then everybody sytupathiaes with her.
ami urges her to la* resigned to tlie ill
~f I*rovidence. Aud the artlictcl mo
ther weeps, and wonxlci - xxliat she lias
ever doueio deserve such au aillicting
Men who are brought up to know
right from w roug cheat, and lie, and
swindle, and speculate, and build up
fortunes, and invest them in taiicj
stiß'k* which ri-e into existence like
snap-bubbles, and by-and-by the bub
ble bursts, the fine Ihings are swept
away, ami these men have the assur
ance to sav that God has dealt harshly
with them, and that the punishment is
harder than they can lear.
•Th (>si* hr!(> th.* t>o bf.'T thetuwio*."
As true a liueas ever was penned, and
in nine ea*e*out often our world isjiM
w hat we make It. if we resolve to sea*
only the dark side, we shall of course
see no sunshine, if we choose to live
in a cellar. the sun will not be likely to
come down out of the heavens and seek
Us out in our obscurity.
If we meet trouble half way it will
accept the tacit invitation and be ever
present with u-.
*A merry heart doeth juod,' and the
greatest things which can IK- showered
ujton a family are good nature and
i heerlulness.
Indian* ma Iking Hreatt.
A correspondent with the Hay den
surveying party writes of the Moqui
Indians as follows; It was with no
little curiosity that we stopped and
passed the threshold of otic of the hou
ses to wituess the interesting process
of the manufacture of pee-kee. or Mo
qni bread, which we liad so frequently
eaten since our arrival. Under a large,
fiat, smooth, horizontal stone some two
feet long, a toot and a half wide, and
three or four inches thick, a hot tire
was burning. Belore this a woman sat
on the tiour baking. In a pot by her
side was a thin, pa-sty mixture of
greenish tiour \made from the red and
blue corn . cedar ash, and water. Into
this the woman dipped her hand and
smeared a thin coating over the stone
or oven, which had been previously
greased to prevent adhesion. In a few
seconds the sheet of pee-kee was re
moved and another baked. I wenty or
thirty layers of this folded twice,
formed a loaf, and w ben dry it was ex
tremely brittle and palatable.—The
process of grinding the corn into riour
and converting it into this bread is an
almost endless job for the women, but
they take it as a matter of course and
are always laughing, apparently hap
py. The dour made by them is of two
kinds, the greenish blue and the white.
The latter, made from the white corn,
w hen finished is as line and good as
any of our manufactured brands. This
pass s through three mills; the first
breaks up the corn, the second grinds
it coarsely and tlie third pulverizes it.
These nulls consist of stone boxes
piaced in a row, which may be seen in
every bouse, in each of which is an in
clined, square, smooth ruck on which
the corn is placed and rubbed with a
long stone or roller some fourteen in
ches in length, and four wide. Ihe
grinding is invariably done by the
women, who labor at it from morning
until evening, and frequently doling
the whole night.
The Hug ItrlgiMl*
.Some years ago a committee of the
House of Commons, investigating the
subject of the pnjer luty, rejiorted that
"not more than four-tenths of the rug*
of this country are preserved; It the
remaining six-tentlu could i<e returned
10 lie manufactured, there would 1* no
nece— ity to gi to foreign markets for
some twenty-five per cent, of the rags
now required for the paper manufac
ture of England." Tlii- statement fur
nished a hint to the Haggis 1 School
Society. There had been e*utbli*led a
Shoe-black brigade; why not a Bag-coi
iectlng Brigrape? Truck*were itiere
upon provided, and jioor boys trained;
the truck* were numbered, and the
boy- clothed In a serviceable uniform.
A printed tariff was prepared, showing
how much money wa* lo In* offered for
each kind of refuse. The collector# are
the elder boys, who make purchase*
and manage the cash; the i<fiUtnlt arc
younger boys, to draw the trucks, and
otherwise act under the collectors;
while the sorter# are employed at the
warehouse or depot. Every truck has
its round or beat, and returns in the
evening with a collected store of odds
and ends, honestly paid for in money.
l'a|ier, rags, old metal, glass, old ropes,
Itones—all are Itought; ami the boys
have gone so far a* to buy, and bring
home to the superintendent, a cocked
hat, the trappings for a hearse, a bag
with a million of canceled postage
stamps, and other unexpected tilings.—
Chamber't Journal.
Hint*lor SUr-Wl Invalid*.
As tor clothing, tlie invalid ought to
carry supplies of light ami warm de
scriptions, which may be required to
dolt and lion, often twice during the
day. Unless well wrapped and under
an awning, it is not advisable for very
delicate persons to leave the saloon al -
ter sunset. liming November and the
three following months, dew falls pro
fusely at night all over the Valley of
Theues after 9 P. M. It is, however,
dispersed In-fore 9 A M„ and in the
form of tleecy cirri may lie seen float
ing at high altitudes in an otherwise
clear and delightfully serene atmos
phere. The dew almost vanishes in
Nubia, above the First Cataract, in
consequence of the close proximity of
the desert to the river. Thus the cli
mate, from leiug moist, as in Egypt,
becomes exceedingly dry in Nubia.
Travelers sometimes sail at night when
the wind is favorable, but as time
ought to lie no object, the preferable
plan is to halt at dusk ami start
after breakfast. By this means tlie
sick enjoy all the scenery, and are
saved the annoyance of the creaking
helm at night. The boat should be so
placed that (he morning sun will shine
on either the starboard or port side
for two hours before tlie patieut ar
rives in the saloon, the lattice windows
of which have been raised, and tlie ou
ter curtain rolled up, the object being
to dispel the sharp morning air, by no
means an insignificant caution. But it
will lie (omul that invalids with sus
xoptible ail passage* and they consti
tute more than one-halt ol tin* \N inter
sojourner* oil tin- Kite—who harovx
l> riiMteiil t!♦* x-omloitles* feeling ot
getting out ot bed anil dressing with
an Egyptian north wind blowing
ihnautli the boat. will tullv appreciate
thia recommendation. A train, on tho
downward vxtyage, when Uon<a blow*
sharply, the atom window a should lie
cov*rod with the sntata, ami the boat
allowed to drift atom foremost w Idle
the patient is seated in tliectuy nook in
front of the aaloon. A comfort Ira*
I mat, without a aatara, and full id
diatt.i troin the badly-titting doora
and window*, oblige* the invalid to
hut liimselt up during wimlv weattier,
and Urn* the full benefit of tlie climate
i* in a measure lout. The uraud ad van
Inge of the Egyptian oliiuate in winter
is ita daily serenity and sunshine.
However strongly tlie wind may blow,
a sheltered corner after hraikfwt time
will always lie a attuny one. To |h i
sous, therefore, with dedicate Inn*;* it
is a matter ot no little itni>o!taiice to
lie aware of tliia eirenmaiance and to
le enabled at the same time to iitiliie
a tew aitnple measure* of protection
against the aaperitie* of the weather.
'lhe rihnntes of I'pper Egypt, Nubia,
and the desert are, from their anportoi
drytlMw, far better at!tied tor certain
lung disease* than the damp atnto*
pile re ol rfie lelta and lullixao-d
tracts ot the low country ; much, how
ever, dejieud* on the condition oT the
patient, who must consult ith his me
dical ailviser on tins point. flic cli
mate of the Vile Vallev in Nubia is
much dryer than that ot laiwet Egypt;
w title the abarp, brwcinirair ot the .Vu
biau lK'sert i* utteu try lug to the very
delicate, I'lie evj>ertooe ol )at*
suggests t> the |xatint that, provided
lauietit is obtained by the vtxag, ui the
Fust t'alaiact, Lc will do x oil t.< i*h
ou u> (lie second catai.u't, i.mi U • iu
Nubia as lone aa the xxcalhei wil. pel
nut. He max return to Asaoxwaii u>
ward the inil ot February, aud bask
for a texx days among tlie sunny creeks
x>t the rapids, where be will euioy the
tine scenery and a delightful c imate.
It e>jual to the exertion, lie can stroll
amotiir I'lnlbe's interesting ruin*, ami
anchor the boat iu the sheltered ms>k
tttst nuder the grand temple of .Escu
lapius— no unsuitable plaice for the iu
xalid who tcels the better for his Nu
bian tour. Indeed. if his gratitude for
the art which ha* Imen the means of
suggesting remedial measures for his
good lia* any eccentricity* he may mu
tate the ancients, ami there ami then
sacrifice a cock at the Temple of
Health, where doubtles-s many au
ancient Egyptian had offered up simi
lar obtafiou*.— Ckttmbert't ,/i>r*<W
Tkr tafllth Walnut.
'IV innate of the English w alutii \Ju-j
--km* te§bi L* IVrsla an.l the Himalaya*.
It was introduced into Europe, at a very
early age, by the Greeks, who planted
it in all their colonic*. It found its
way into Italy many centuries prior to
the Christian era, ami was greatly
prized by the Unman*, who gave It the
name Juglans, said by \ arro to be a
contraction of the words Juris J'.IMJ, —
Jupiter's nut. The Kotnaas diffused
the tree through their provinces, plant
ing it even in Kngland, here it was
called by the Saxons Wealh-knut, or
foreign nut, w heuee come* the modern
name walnut. In Russia, the tree is
called Greek nut. probably because It
was carried from Greece into that coun
The finest walnut-trees in the world
grow, it is said, iu Asia Minor and
along the Black Sea. in Cimusia and
Persia, thousands of families subsist
upon the produce of a few roods of
ground devoted to walnut-trees. The
HuilJity A'cirs. giving statistics regard
ing the tree, says; "Near Balaklava, in
the Crimea, there is an enormous wal
nut, w hieh belongs to five Tartar fam
ilies, and which produces annually from
>o.l*lo to 100,000 nuts. This tree Is said
to bo nearly :1,000 years old. At the
Village of Parthenit, in Greece, there
Is a walnut tree whose trunk is 20 feet
In circumference. Tills tree is worth
i.27 annually. There are several very
ancient walnut-trees in Kngland. the
njo-t remarkable of which is in Norfolk.
The trunk of this tree is said to 1R- >0
feet high. and 11 feet In diameter. In
1027, a walnut-tree wa- cut down at
Mdwyn, in Hertfordshire, which, w lieu
standing, icinpirtl a -pace of 2,200
square vanls."
The timber of the Knglish walnut is
iight, hatd, tine-grained, ami suscepti
ble of a lilgli polish. It is consequently
greatly valued fur various purposes, it
is, with the black walnut, almost the
only wood ue<l In the construction of
guiebaks, and |J,OOO has been paid for
a >ingle tree to be worked up In tliis
manufacture. Kngland annually con
sume- Jo,UGO full-grown walnut-trees,
which are imported mainly from Italy
and the of the Black Sea.
Kissing Hand*.
in Morocco the number "the i- never
mentioned in the Sultan'* presence, be
cause five K the number of the finger*
of tlie ham!; and the hand, as the wiel
iler of sceptre, *w<rd and pen should
Is'. is the symlkol of authority all the
world over. Thl- give- ;t meaning to
the custom of saluting a ruler - hand
by w ay of homage, and no courtly cer
emony can lsmst a greater antiquity
than that of ki--ing hands. Priam, suje
plivating Achllie* to restore the body of
Hector, call* him-eif the most miserable
of men in being furred to kneel I*-fore
the murderer of lib children, and kf-s
the hand yet reeking with their blood.
Roman soldier* kissed the hand of their
generals; consuls, tribunes ami dicta
tor- {teruilUcd a favored few to pay
tbein the -aiue mark of respect. Under
the emperors, kissing the inqx-rial
hand wit- held an essential duty on the
port of courtiers of high rank; ami,
taking a leaf out of the Pagan's Imok.
as w a# too much their habit, the bishop*
of the early Christian Church gave
their hand* to tlie Hp* of inferior min
ister*. The wearers of the triple crown
were content with being honored in the
same fashion, until one of the la-os, not
caring to exhibit a mutilated baud, sub
stituted hi* foot, and no one daring to
protest against the innovation, hi* suc
cessor* were careful not to resort to the
les abject ceremony. It may be doubt
ed if any Pope would have persuaded
Cardinal John, of Lorraine. to kiss hi*
toe. When the Duchess of Savoy prof
fered her fair finger* to that lip-loving
churchman, he declined the favor wit h
disdain, declaring he" was accustomed
to make free with the lip- of tlie great
est tjueen iu the world, and was not go
ing to do less by a dirty little duchess;
then seizing the a-tonished lady by the
waist, the Isild Cardinal, spile of strug
gle- and perturbations, kissed her thrice
upon the mouth. With equal disregard
for etiquette, hut with more simplicity,
did the country dames, to whom Charles
ii. presented his hand, put uptheir lips
tor the king to kiss, a breach of custom
the Merry Monarch readily forgave;
forgave, we may be sure, with more
sincerity than Jaine* 1. forgave Sir
Henry Yelverton for speaking disre
spectfully of his countrymen when, in
token of pardon, he allowed the indis
creet orator to kiss hi* royal hand thrice
ere he left the presence. Kissers at
court are, we believe, forbidden to ap
pear with their hands gloved. It wa*
not always so, for in a letter dated 1025
we read: "This day uiy I ami Coke, with
hi* gloves on, touched and kissed the
King s hand, but whether to be con
firmed a councilor or cashiered I cannot
yet learn." From ki**ing hands at
court came kissing hands In courting—
a practice the learned Selden consid
ered as foolish as to eat the {taring
of an apple when one might taste the
fruit itself; and from kissing hands for
love came kissing hands lor politenem'
sake, and the use of the phrase, "I kiss
your hand," as a salutation upm leave
taking, without a thought of suiting the
action to the word. A story is told of
an old laird, w ho, lieiiig presented to
George the Fourth at a levee, iu hi* ig
norance and anxiety to get through the
business, ignored the Land extended to
him, and, with a hasty blow, edged to
ward the door with all speed. Brought
up by I/ord Erroll's whispered rem inner
"Kiss hands! kiss hands!" the startled
old gentleman, facing about, kissed lioth
his hands at the king as if wafting a
cordial recognition to a f fiend at a dis
tance. All unconsciously, the laird was
acting according to ancient rule, for
only the greater subjects of the later
Caesars were permitted to press their
lijm upon imperial finger*. Inferior
folks kissed their own hands, as they
were wont to do upon entering the tem
ples of the gods; a custom l'liny set
down among those which were followed
for no known reason but their antiquity.
—AH the Year Sound.
l.llsrarjr 4'nrloslllss
rilnv #scrt* that the Iliad of Homer
hud tieon written xili s piece of parch
nient, *o small as to lie enclosed In a
nutshell. Hurt, although skeptical,
maxle an e*|erliiient which convinced
him that It xxas possible, although others
max still doubt. He tells us that
piece ot vellum ten iiu lies long slut
eight w ide, can be put In tlie shell ola
large walnut, tin till* lie considers it
|H>s*ihlr lo write in a single line thirty
verses of lhe Iliad, and t Mjuoero
Hue* ill a single page. The txxo sides
of the leaf would hold rlit- Ift.tnm xirse*
of Homer's |H-m, A line t Iliad con
tains about thirty letters, liemv '.sal let
ters xx x'lild hare to be written In every
line, wlilcb. It not beyond the bound*
of IHISSibUItX , I* la-xoiid lias. o( ploh.t
t'harloltc Br®iite" small writing con
talus txxenty letters to the linear Inch,
and she put 17 line* into au inch.
I'hls xxoul.t give nearly SOW vci*,-- of
Homer iu the space that liuet xamslxlers
can la- made to hold 15.W0. Elian ic-
Cord* that a latcudcitiottlaii artl-t xxtote
in letters of gxdd a ins)' of two verse*,
enclosed in tlie rlinl of s grain ot corn.
I'etcr Hulcs. a celebrated ami iin-cl
t'lc xx riling tna-ler, is -aixt l> haxe w 111-
ten a minute copy ot the Hible, ra< h
leaf txMifaiidng the same HiiilU r as a
ivage of the great Bible. Tlie entire
Iws.k xx as txuebesst in a walnut mil
larger than a hen's egg. The British
Museum Is sakl to contain a portrait ot
Vjueeu Antic, a little larger than ah t
til sise, but the Hues of the diaxxlug
are fortm-d ol very small xxriting, ami
contain the content* ola -mail tollo
I'assittg from xxriting to pi inting,
vine of tin' smallest b<>ok> ever ioxhluxhl
is alt octavo entitled, "'The Hible in
Miniature sic .or a t'oucise History
ot the tiixl and Ncxv IVstameitta, Lon
don, printed for K. Newbury, corner
of St. Haul's Churchyard, ITS"." It
extends to 25> pages, i strongly hound
and adorned xxitti execrable steel en
gravings. A single pagxg taken at ran
dom, is fottmi to xxuitaiit "J1 word*, or
105 letters. The page measures 1
inches, atami au inch Wing iH-cupted t>y
the text. This small book on a great
subject, is exceeded in iiilinilesiittaliiess
by a literary pigmy blushing in it
thirty-seromi eviitiou. "Small rain u|k>ii
the tender herb, lHmt xxxu.2. Thirty
second etliiion, Ixuidou Keligious Trax't
Society, 5b Paternoster Hoxx," 1* the
fall title page of a xxork which may
probably claim the designation of the
smallest book in the xvorM. It i- au
octavo of I'iJt |xg>', ami x'acti page hold
some dfi wxirxls, or ab,>ut 140 letters, it
measures a shade over l l 4 inch.
If we take as a test of stnallness tlie
greatest amount of matter coctipressed
Into the least space, the palm Is proba
bly due to a liible recently issued at
the Oxford press. It measures
inches by 2 S 4 inches, is about an inch
thick, and weighs when, handsomely
bound iu ealf, with silk linings, less
than J' a ounces. Another lirm hate
lately issued a Bible which is only
smaller than that just described.
The largest book the world has so far
seen s believed to lw the wotk entitled
"Specification* of Patents for Inven
tions," published for many year* past
under the editorial Care of Mr. Beniiet
VVoodcroft, F. H. S. The work is still
iu course of publication, about ten
part*of It appearing daily, or between
three or four thousand yearly. Kach
specification forms a pamphlet stitched
in a blue pajwr cover, illustrated when
necessary, with engravings, Some spe
cifications only cover a single leaf;
others are as large as a good-sized
volume, if we are to regard that a* the
smallest book which contains the few
est letters, the palm Is probably title to
"The Wordless Hook," which alter the
title-page, duea not contain a single
word, i'hls "book" consists of ten
pages. The flr*t is the title page ami
front cover, the tenth forming the
other cover; the second and ihirtl pages
are black as an "Kthiop's artu;' the
fourth and fifth are red as a rose; the
sixth and seventh are virgin white; the
eighth and ninth are shilling gold. I lie
entire work is a religious allegory, de
vised by some enthusiastic Evangelical
the black symlMill/lng the iinregeuerate
heart of man; the red indicating the
Redemption; the white imrtraving the
condition of the heart after it hx- teen
"plunged beneath that flood, and the
golden felicity with which the book
ends leing the symbol alike of earthly
ami celestial jov.
Fruit In PrrhlMurlr Timet
Carbonized apples of small -i/e. iden
tical with th<>*e growing w i I>l in the
wood* of Sw luerland. have Is-en found
abundantly in lake lx>ttoins and in :t
tolerable state of preservation. Mr.
Meikominer disiaoered on one i < i
*ion more than three hundred of them
lying together. They are often cut in
halves, more rarely in three or four
jarts, and were evidently dried for
consumption during winter. Whether
a larger kind of apples found at Ilobeu
haiiM'ii was cultivated, or aw iid-grow•
ing specie*, remain* undecided, i'rof.
Oswald Heer, of Zurich, who ha- pub-
Ushed an interesting work on lm u*trim
vegetable renudns, inclines to the for
mer view. Wild {tears were treated in
the same manner; hut they are far lew
common than apples, which must have
formed a much-sought article of diet.
Among other vegetable remains aecti
uiulated in tbc lake uiud may he men
tioned hazel-nuts and beech-nut-, \v hlch
doubtless both grew in great plenty ; also
vvater-.-liestnuts, which doubth—si were
collected ami eaten by the lake-men, as
they are in l'p|er Italy a! this day.
Their present occurrence in Switzerland
ajij-ears to la- restricted to a t.irn in the
ciintou of Lucerne. There have further
been found abundantly the stone* of
aloes, bird-cherries and wild plums,
and weds of the ra-ptierry, blackberry,
and strawtierry, showing that these
fruits of the fore*t were used as food.
Aooonling to Mr. Keller, tlie lake colo
nists of tiie Stone Age drew their sus
tenance chiefly from the vegetable king
dom. Their animal food evidently was
aivpiired by hunting rather than by the
breeding of cattle, considering that, in
the accumulations around the piles, the
bones of wild animals outnunilx-r those
of the domestic sjieeie*. Milk, we may
assume, formed an iui|M>rtaiit article of
their diet.
The (.ladlnlor* of India
Another sort of comliat, much more
terrible than those already mentioned,
ami which is only to IN* MEN nowadays
at Itaroda, is the Xurki-ka-kousii;
that is t<> sny, "fight with claws." Here
the combatants, almost naked, hut
adorned with crowns and garlands,
tear each other with claws of horn.
These claws were formerly of steel,
and caused certain death to one or
other of the combatants ; but they have
ls-cn alsdishcd .1- too barbarous for
modern times, t hose now in use are,
as 1 have said, of horn, arid are fixed
on the cloned fist witli thongs. I was
only once present at a combat of this
kiud, for my heart was so moved by
the horrible spectacle that I retimed to
go again. The wrestlers, intoxicated
with bting— liquid opium, mixed wiih
an infusion of hemp—aing as they rush
upon one auotler; their faces and
heads are soon covered with blood, and
their frenzy knows no bounds. The
king, with wild eyes and the veins of
Ilis neck swollen, surveys tin* scene
with such passionate excitement ttiat
lie cannot remain quiet, hut imitates by
gestures the movements of the wrest
era. The arena is covered with blood ;
the defeated combatant is carried off,
sometimes in a dying condition; and
tlie conqueror, the akin of nis forehead
hanging down in strips, prostrates
himself la-fore the king, who places
round his neck a necklace of tine
pearls, and covers him with garments
of great value. (tne episode, moreover
disgusted me to such an extent that,
without any heed of the effect my sud
den departure might have upon the
guicowar, lat once withdrew. One of
tiie wrestlers, whom the hang had only
half intoxicated, after receiving tin
first few blows, made a show of wish
ing to escape; liis antagonist threw
him, and they rolled together on the
ground before us. The victor, seeing
the unhappy wretch demand quarter,
turned to the king to know whether lie
should let the other rise, but, inflamed
with the spectacle, the monarch cried
out. "JUaro. "miiru (ti ike ! strike!),
and the sculp of the unfortunate fellow
waa ton without nn-rcv. When he
was taken away lie hint lost all con
ciouanesH. That same day the king
distributed amongst the victorious
wrestlers necklaces and monev to the
amount of more than four thousand
cut ea*o!t ha* been, and in all likeli
hood vv ill continue U> be, a very unfa
vorable one for iior-os. Influenza, that
destructive |H'*l to the equine I ace, laith
endemic and epidemic, is prevalent in
a greater or less extent throughout the
country, in view of this fact, the fol
low ing hints vv 111 l>e found useful: A
horse will endure severe cold weather
without much Inconvenience, so long
a* lie I* furnished vx it it a dry stable.
Hot require him to stand on a wet and
tool floor, and hi* health w 111 soon be
gin to tail. Morse* often suffer from
■ old feel and legs. A great many stables
luive damp and wet luior*. Few men
who handle hot ••* give proper atten
tion to the feet and h gs. Fspecially i*
this the ca*e on farm*. Much time is
-pent of a morning tn rubbing, brush
ing and smoothing tlie halt on the sides
Slid hips, hut at no time are thr feetex
ami lied ami pro|*r|y cared for. It is
know u that the lect of „ horse require
more t aic than the IMMIV, TIICV need
ten times a* much, for in one rc*|**vt
Uiey art-almost the entire hoir. All
the grooming that can !*• done won't
j avail anv thing Lithe horse I* forced to
stand vv in-re lit* tcet will la- tilth)'. In
tills us 1 (be lih'l will becinuodiscolored
i ami Mien (he legs w ill get ha-lh out Of
i tlx; and wilii bad feel and had teg*
' there i not much else of the horse ill
for anything. Mahir piisous generally
are very M-vcre on the b-gs and Icet of
Imrses, ami utiles* these building* can
allord a dry room where the iiorse* can
vvalk around, lie dow'it or toll over,
, they are not hail M> healthy oi comfort
j able to the liorse as the j mature, and
j rliouid la* avoided by ail good ho* tie is
in tlie country . Nothing Induce* colds
! and cougti* so much a* wld ami vvci
, tcct in ill-kept stable*. An ordinary
cold is the stepping stone to influenza,
dl*teui|ier, ptieumouia, rtieumatisiti,
and a humbci of othci diseases whicli
follow in their train. Keep your sta
bles clean, give your horses plenty ot
| fresh air, keep their feet warm lit cold
w rather, and you may defy the ilmti
satid-aud-otie disorders that equine flesh
is heir to. — /'arf, Fold, an./ Form.
Ftu tr-Tnns IIKIMI**. —The last num
ber of the Lmukm fhmlea illustrates and
describe* a plan of fruit tree hedges
which is suggestive, ami worthy ot
adoption in many paru of this eouutry.
tur Kngtlsh contemporary savs that it*
France and Belgium, more than elae
vv here, liave tlie vacant spaces along
j the lines of railway la-en utilized for
grow lug fruit*-—principally (tear*- and
it Is olleu liie case lliat, instead of the
trees being in the form of standard*,
| they are trained so as to form a hedge
along taitii side* of the line. .Sometimes
j a cheap fence of galvanized wire t* uod
: and the tret** are trained #t> that the
branches cross each oilier ami occa
sionally a cheap and slender kind of
wooden fence, common in France, is
sulistHuted for the vv ire, and it is found
that, by training them in away to
cross each other, Is- fore the fence de-
Icays the trees are perfectly self-sup
lairtlug, and form a very neat fence
thrtuaelvre. Tlii* I# a plan well worth
adopting in many gardens where iieat
dividing line* are desired. It Is quite
|MM**ibh- l> train espaliers of the choicest
varieties of pear* so tiiat tbev stiall, in
time, la* scil-supiairting. Fiahilhe*l
trees erosaed in this way should not la*
allowed to get into a rough, hedge-like
condition, hut, on the contrary should
j la* trained a* neatly ami perfectly a*
trees on a trellis or wall. No fraying
of the branches, resulting front their
being interlaced, need take place. A
shoot should la* taken along tbe top so
as to act as a finish and tend to hold all
tightly together, ami thu* constructed
the w hole will look much tlrmer and
neater than the 111-trained es|taliers that
one often sees.
A CLEAN Pot ttKy Hoi sr.—A clean
tweet fow I house is a very desirable
thing. A building infested with ver
min is a wretched place to routine
fowls in; and however generous may
be their feed or the attention given to
their needs otherwise, the neglect to
keep the laying and roosting quarter
free from lite overbalance* aii attempts
to maintain poultry in a healthy condi
tion. Purity ami cleanliness an* vb*o
lutely essential to the health ami com
fort of the fowls, guarding thetu from
vermin, atul rendering even narrow
quarters comparatively comfortable.
Whitewashing is one of the most Im
portant aids to sea-lire these results,
ami should be perforated twice a year,
Spring and Autumn, at lat. ami
ortener If necessary. The t**i wash i
made front fresh lime slacked with
boiling water, to which is added one
ounce of cartoilc acid to every four
quarts of water. Siitte -av that tiie
bitiiding -iiould is* cleared of fowl*,
closed, and thoroughly fumigated by
burning in it Ntil|ihur or tohatvo ateina
in an iron kettle, previous to white*
washing, but we have riot found this
neces-ary. Whitewashing even j*r
tion of ifis interior with the at*ve mix
ture will do the business, The lime
besides purifying the building, cover*
unsightly stain- on the walla, and
great It tinproven the general p|<cr
slice of the room, while the acid tie*
stn t * lire, tb-a- and other vermin.
Moss IN LAWNS.—A eorrc*|miideut
dc-irea to know the bed way to remove
the tmavS from law us. The treatment
inust vary with eircum-lance*. As a
general rule, however, ui<-- must be
regarded as any oilier weed and Is* re
moved, to Is- replaced wilh the growth
of gra-s. W hen the ground - friuten
without snow, the iiio-s may Is- rapidly
taken out from among the gra* with a
line >t*cl rake. The bare ground thn*
made should then Is* top-dre--ed with a
cotii|s>-t containing alsuit a tenth of
wood a-he- with manure, or the two
may Is- a|iplh-d separately. Fine manure
w ill do w ell alone, if very evenly spread.
Then sow very thickly quite early In
the spring with the seed of lawn gra-s.
Sometimes moss springs up in conse
quence of the heavy shading of trees.
In such cases It may la* eradicated in
the manner already deacrllied, and then
kept out by sowing very densely with
/*<! prateosi*. known also as June-grass,
Kentucky blue-grass, etc. This keeps
green and luxuriant in the shade of
trees better than any other grass we
know, orchard grass not excepted. To
cause a speedy growth, spread one inch
of line com [Mist tirst over the surface,
after the mess Is raked out. When mo
come-from too much dampness, thor
ough undent raining must IM- resorted
to, besides the treatment already d<*-
The Poultry Hor hi advises the use of
hay in the diet of fowls in w inter, as
they eat grass to advantage in summer;
"Bulk in food is required for health,
as well for poultry as man or animals.
Rich and concentrated food Is not
readily digested, and invites disease. It
is stated that, in importation, the life of
a valuable horse was saved on ship
board by feeding to lilm cut shavings in
absence of hay, iu order to dilute, so to
speak, his grain diet. Some think a
craving for bulky f<**l is one chief
cause of feather eating in winter or
among fowls confined.
"Now, just try ami wcitri' a KMMI
l>ly of second crop hay, short, an<l if
|HiM*iblc, containing clover. ('ore only
enough to preaerve and your fowl* will
cat a (Mil lion of it all winter, when they
would turn away from Male cabbage.
What is not e will furnish untold
amusement scratching over. Heinem
ttcr, In winter, if (mtiltry stand on one
leg. unemployed all day, thev are dis
posed to have the 'blue*.' fdlo medi
tation* lead always to bad habit-; while
a healthy mind, in a vlgorou* My,
suggest# bualuesa, which, with fowl*,
mean- winter egg* and early chicken*.
I >KKP PLOWINO.— Ieep plowing i*
good practice when you have a deep
soil. It i* lietter for *ome crop* than
for other*. I'low deeper for root* than
for grain, and especially for corn, since
in our short summer corn w ill mature
quicker If the roots are not obliged to
go down into a cold subsoil for nutri
ment. Hut with shallow plowing you
must have plenty of plant i<.<t mixed
with the surface soil, since you desire
to contlne the root* to that for the sake
of the warmth. But above all beware
of deep plowing in a shallow soil.—
[ Tor/into Globe.
Tree* arc usually felled In tho w inter,
when the trunks and hark are free from
sap. Fruit trees are trimmed in the
spring, that the vigor of the tree may
be expended 111 the fruit instead of on
the growth of the tree.
Dnllinj //•!•/ MrUtlt. \ try hard
metal, rnicli as steel tempered to a blur,
limy be drilled by a drill tempered UI
a deep straw culm, the dtill being used
nt u comparatively slow speed, and
forced against the work a*hard as mat
mble without break lug the point of the
ill til. Sufficient oil may U> applied,
uftet the point of the drill him wilcfwl
the metal, to keep the cutting rdgca
barely lliolut, the ill 111 being again ul
lowcd to fun dry and again moistened,
thiiM iinliiK small mi amount of ull a*
In coilMiMtellt a till keeping thr dllll
cool. 11l lliln way the drill will cut
lurid uteri the best. For cast iron,
IlilWCVet, the dt ill should lie kept as
diy tin iHißMible. In diitliiiK cast lion
that m very Imrd, and ulno wrought
lion that hnn beu i'r haideueil, the
o|M-rat ion iuy IH< greatly MIMIM1 by
taking a hauiiuei and a chisel and Jag
ging the surface of the uietnl, thil" ru
uhling the IHIKII of the drill to bite it.
It Decennary, the chine! may Ite made
very hard lot thin eiqtocial purpose.
I n ntake a itull ruvtHtitiyly liuid to
null MUllte especial i .inc, It tint) lie heat
ll ill a cliaicoul tile lo a dull ml heal,
and quenched in mercury instead of
wit tel. Another method In lo hewl the
dilit to n lt d heal in molten lead, and
then to drive it into a block of wild
lead, stnkitig successive blown lightly
and quickly until the dull ia sufficient
ly cool to tie unit ot its tielug held IU
the hand. Ihe UIMV, however, m
which a til til I* required to lie so hard
are exceedingly IMIC.
II a drill squeaks while Iwing O|H
rntv d, it aiUK** hum oue of two caitaea:
Fitbct the cut I iug edges an* dull, aud
requite grinding. ot else the cuttings
art* hinding in tlie holes, lu the lirst
case, immediate gt i tiding is necessary ;
ti the second, the dllli should lie
withdrawn and the cuttings extracted.
WtritiMiiy of Instincts. t hough the
iualincta of auiuiala api* at and disap
|a-ar lu such seasonable correauou
druce WIMI theit owu wants and tlie
wants ot their oflspiiug as to la- a
standing object ot wonder, they have
Ivy no means tin- tixrd ami unalterable
character by which some would distin
guish them from the higher faculties
ot ttir human rare. 1 he.v vary in the
individuals as does their physical
structure. Animals can learn what
they did not know by instinct and tor
get tlie instinctive knowledge which
liit-y never learned, while their iz
aluitts will often accommodate them
selves let considerable changes in the
order of vtcrual events. F.verylvody
knows it to lie a common proctiee to
hatch ducks'-eggs under a common
lieu, though in such cases the hen has
to sit a week longer than on her own
eggs. I (tied ail ex(critiient to ascer
tain how (ar the time of sitting could
IK* interfered with in the up|a>aitc di
rection. Two hens became bloody on
the same day, and I set them on dum
mies. (in the third day I put two
chick* n day old to one of the hcua.
She peeked at theui once or twice;
seemed lather fidgety, then Usik U>
thrill, called litem to her and euleted
on all the cares ut a mother. The
other ben wa* similarly tried, hut with
a very different result. She pecked at
the chickens viciously, and both that
day and the next atublvoruly refused to
have anv thing to do with tlieui. /'.q#a
lar Srieuot Monthly.
Arir Kind 'if Vurriige H'lwb.-A
new principle in the cousti ■ •tioo o(
carriage wheels ha# been brought to
notice by an Knglish inventor—every
part of tfie aine consisting of wrought
iron, with the exception of the lire,
which 1* formed of the best cast steel.
The method of fastening the spoke*-
which are hollow—hotli in the rim and
in the boss, is such, it is claimed as to
insure satety, by the simplest means.
The tire la *< constructed as to protect
the other parts of the wheel when it
runs against thecurhatotwi, or cornea in
contact with another vehicle. Neither
in putting on the lite, nor imbed in
anv portion of the work, is a single
bolt <>r nail employed, the spokes be
ing slipped into their places ill the riiu
and IHHW. and at let wards locked up by
a nut. while the lire is firmly inserted
into a groove in the rim. The strength
of the axlelree is lucleasrd a! the
point* wtiete it la wo*l liable to give
way, and the !*•*- is made lo accommo
date alout four times the usual quan
tity of oil for lubricating purpoaaa.
Although made of ttou ami steel, the
wheel is not more than two or three
pounds heat let than the ordinary kind.
RcHilernuj II 'Xifl ft re tint! lluler
/"roo/. M. P. Folaoct ha* devised a
new mode of rendering wood water*
proof and incombustible, which ra-
oil e* the uee of the follow itig compo*
ait ion . Sulphate of nor V lbs.: Ante*
roan |nUafi ".Si IU. . alum (auraionia
hare) ri 11*.; oxide of manganese 39
ll*.. aulpliuiic acid at rtfi deg., 23 lb*.;
river water "**> ll*. The above ingredi
ent*. with thc**xceptlon of the sulphu
ric acid, an* mixed in a bolter, where
the natei IN added at a teuitwratuie of
lld deg. Kah. As NOOB ae the solution
in e flee led, the arid is gradually
poured in. To prepare the wood,
the ttmliers are placed in a mutable
chamber, ou gratuiga, and separated
be apacea ot alanit n <juarterof an inch.
Ihe composition is ttien puni|e<| in to
till completely the receptacle, and ia
maintained therein iu a state of ebuili
tioii fot three houra. The wood is then
withdrawn, and dried in the air. Ac
cording to the inventor, it lieromea
praetieally petntled. and the tiiiMt in*
tense rtarne only CAlbomxes the surface
very alowly.
A nto/n ity of I'nnUH'j.— Act: oldlUg to
tin* maearchrs of Wacher, of Hreslau,
into the origin of literature, printing
with movable types does not go further
hack tn China "than the tenth century
of our era. According to Klaymtia,
the first four looka of t'oufiicius were
printed between the years mm and W5,
in the province of Sxutacliucn ; and the
student could have lead a description
of the Chinese manipulations as early
a* 1310 in Kwschiiledilin'a Persian hia
torv of the "Kuipetvf of Cathay." Sta
nislaus Jttlleß, who gave great attUin
tion to Chinese antiquities, tound that
between 1041 and lO4N, or nearly 400
year* before Gutenberg. there lived a
Chinese smith. Pi-aching ivy name, who
used movable types made from baked
clay. His invention, however, did not
come into use.
Krplo*u>n of ( hromic Arul trith ({lycr
rm.—Fx plosive piescript ions are some
times sent to innocent pharmacists by
careless or ignorant physicians. The
latest case of this kind is related by
Austrian journals. The following mix
ture was ordered for external use: 7*5
grams chromic acid aud fin grains gly
cerin. The chromic acid was mixed
with wfcter in a flask and the glycerine
mixed with it by shaking. Suddenly
the* contents of the flask exploded with
a loud report, flying all about the
shop, while the vessel remained un
hurt in the hand of the astonished
apothecary, and was covered with a
black runs*. This ease deserves the
more notice lvecause the quantity was
so small and the detonation so ex
tremely violent.
To (Main a Uroten Patina on Zinc.—
A solution of niolybdir arid, or molyb
date of ammonia,in very diluteaqua re
gia, or a solution of molybdle acid in
excess of very dilute caustic soda, pro
duces, according to Kletxinsky, n very
useful patina hath for articles of cast
Attic, '/inc statues or other ornamen
tal articles, when dipped into this tuitli,
become covered with a very pleasing
brown patina showing the prismatic
colors. This covering is nothing hut a
thin film of oxide of molybdenum,
which exhibits polati/ation colors ami
adheres timilv to the metallic zinc.
Tiir Htlgum Mo nil cur liiAttntrial says
t lint, an engineer, having a piece of very
hard bronze of huge diameter to turn
in the Inthe, could not succeed in cut
ting it with n tool of any kind or tem
per. until he kept the tools constantly
moistened with petroleum, when they
cut with leadinesN. He says, that by
using a mixture of petroleum ami spi
rits of turpentine, steel with a straw
colored temper ran la* worked perfect
ly well. The experiment certainly can
la* easily tried, say in turning chilled
car w heels.
According to Dr. Srliuller of London,
the bad effects of chloroform on the
pin nwtci arc neutralized by nitrate of
auiyl. This substance, it is stated,
even incases of complete Kinesthesia,
arrests suffocation, reestablishes nor
mal respiration, ami allows the pulse
to regain ita vigor. This, if demons
trated beyond doubt by further neces
sary investigations will be an import
ant discovery, since it tends to neu
tralize the serious danger which now
in many instances sttends ihe use of
in 1 •
FttH CoMPOktS. The Stirw'4 ttf
HtnUk says: "Never go lo bed with
cold feel. Never try to sleep without
lielng perfectly certain that you will be
able to keep them warm. To lie one
night with cold feet give* such a strain
to the system a w ill be felt seriously,
perhaps ending In a fit of sicklies*. M
t 'old feel show an unbalanced clrcula
tloit. The very beat thing to do I* to
warm Ihe to by exercise, If llist Ite prac
ticable. If not, try dipping them in hot
ami cold water alternately, two or three
times, ami then using vigorous friction,
if that doe* not warm them and keep
lliein w arm, heat them before the lire,
drying them thoroughly, and theu oor
reel your habits or Improve your health,
for lie sure that one or the other is
wrong, |'l hap* both.
With all the rest, If you sleep on a
hard bed, with cotton sheets, in a cold
1 room, nut on an extra covering over the
feet. It i* very convenient lo have a
; "foot comfort," Just wide enough to
cover the lop of the bed and about s
yard deep. This may be made of some
light material (perhaps the remains of
a pretty dress), filled W Itil i otlou, like
a "comfortable," and lacked with some
harmonious color, During the day this
may te thrown over the fool-hoard, and
spread un the bed at night. The ad
vantage of this la lo secure sufficient
light covering tor the feel without over
burdening (he remainder of the body.
If you use a hot brick or an iron put
' it hi lie bed a little beforehand, and
then w lien retiring remove it. To sleep
with the feel in contact with it has a
tendency lo make the feet tender.
Hut latter than both these, and to tie
used w itli or without them, is the foot
blaukcl. Till* may tie a square yard of
j domestic flannel, or two yards, folded,
of Swiss flannel, or auytiiiug else you
like thai is warm enough, only iiave II
nice and clean. Fold this around your
had and ankles before you put them
dow u into the bed. If not very cold
(Ids will often warm them, especially if
you have used friction; end, If wsrm,
it will prevent their becoming cold by
contact with the taild sheets, it keeps
the warm air around tbeia. It does not
make the feet lender, and It is far more
convenient than the hot brick or suap
stone. Try it, and, if you are troubled
with cold feet, you will be likely to
keep it bv you hereafter. W kaievei
you use, always lie at full length. To
"curl up" hinders free circulation."
UruiTiKt'i or Goon I'ooatau. —To
OMik a |otato exactly rljcttt, *o that it
w ill be just done and no more, be
• mealy, hllc, jwrfat'l, require# an ex*
cri lw of that talent wlibit i* a little
iiiort of genius, oone Mould think who
<*au the vegetable* at ordinary labia*.
I'he Nitur i# true ofoniona, tltai odorou*
btilb, which i almost always served
under-done; of beau* M hk*h are eitlier
burned in tlie ttalcing or dried to a
choking consistency. Sow a hungry
epicure even can make a good meal off
of three or four thing*—nicely cooked
i meat, perfectly prepared potato, a dish
of ripe fruit and exemplary bread and
butter. It la nut variety or quantilv
tiiat U *o ltu|iortant a* quality, and If
those aho rook could only realise Uita
and precipitate all their powers upou
the perfect preparation of only two
dishe- at each meal, those who feed at
their lianda would certaiuly be the
gainer*. It ia a great deal eaaier, when
one has really made up her mind to it,
to have everything just right tiian it I*
| to let thing* drill, for one right thing
fit* into another right thing and then
the whole I* right. Kadly cooked food
i* not only sheer waste in nerve and
uiuM'le, hut soul power. The hungry
Uidy vainly attempt* recuperation in
trying to digest and anstiuUalr food not
j "convenient for it. so that w hat might
hate been accomplished had the final
beeu right remains undone.
Tux lir.*T IHSTXNTERAXT*.— 'There are
lhr<-e )iowerful disinfectant*; carbolic
add, but it* smell I* objectionable,
chlorine and jM-riiiauganate of potash ;
these last two are quite ex|M*nslve.
The*® disinfectant* act by combining
with deletrlou* *Ubalance* and render
ing Utetn harm leas, white antiseptic*
prevent and arrest the decomposition of
aniiual sulwtaucea. 'lite most common
ami available disinfectant and deodoriser
i copperas, crude cop|*ra*, sold by
di ugglst* at a few cent* a pound, under
the name of sulphate of iron; one
pound to two gallons of water, to tie
used a* often a- necessary to render all
odor* imperceptible, acting at the same
time as an antiseptic, deodorlrer and
disinfectant; and If ln*tautly thrown
over what paase* from the body in
cholera, I* one of the cheapest and best
mean* known for preventing it* rout
munlcatloti to other*. The ooly per
fect disinfectant, however, i* habitual
cleanliness and thorough ventilation;
next to Utal I* a dry boat of two huud red
and fifty degree*.
BOXING inr. KARS.— It D known that
the (taftaage of lite ear I* closed by a
thin membrane, especially adapted to
I* used by every impulse of the air.
and with nothing but the air to support
it Internally. What, then, can he more
likely t injure thi* membrane than a
■udden and forcible compression of the
air iti front of It? If any one designed
to break or over-stretch ilie membrane,
a more efficient mean* could acaroely be
devised than to bring the hand suddenly
and forcibly down upon the {uiaaage of
the ear, thus driving the air violently
liefore it, with no possibility of It* es*
cajie but br the meuibraiM giving way.
Medical autliorities assert that many
children are Iu this way made deaf bjr
boxing on the war.
t'oroH Svncr.—A receipt for making
a cough syrup:—Take one ounce of
thorough wort, IwiHwtl, one otince
slippery alum, ona ounce of stick licorice,
and one ounce ot flaxseed. Simmer
ttiein together in one quart of water,
until the strength ia entirely extracted,
then strain caretully, and add one pint
of heat molasses, and a half pound of
loaf sugar; simmer Ihetn all together,
and w hen cold bottle up tight ur use.
This is a cheap and reliable remedy for
colds. A few doaea, of one tablespoon
ful at a time, w 111 alleviate the most dis
tressing lung or w hooping cough, and
b: higtily recommended for croup,
asthma, bronchitis, Ac.
Take ground black pepper, the finer the
better; wash all the mold or soil off the
hams or l>eef, and while they an* damp
rub then; thoroughly with the penper.
Two [von nds of |vep|cr will keep thirty
|H>uhda of meat free from flies or inaects
of all kinds. After Iveitig thus treated,
it can remain in the smoke-house or
wood-house, and not a fly will approach
It. It also Improves the flavor of the
PAX lhrniiv.—l'ut apples pared aud
sliced into a large pan, and put 111 an
abundance of molasses or sugar, and
some spice If the apples have little
flavor; not otherwise. Dover with
hread-dough, rolled thin, or a potatoe
pie-crust. Bake a long time, and then
Ivreak the crust Into the fruit In small
pieces. Children are very fond of this
especially If well sweetened and baked
a long time.
well-flavored apples,scoop out the core*
without dividing the apple, put them Iu
a deep dish with a small bit of mace
and a *|MM>utu! of sugar In the o|x*niiig
of each apple. Pour In water enough
to cook them. When soft, pour over
them an unbaked custard, so as just to
cover them, and hake till the custard is
To ("I.KAN A CAR CRT —Shake and la*at
it well: lay it ii|sm the floor, and tack
it flrinly; then, with a clean flannel,
wash It over with one quart of bullock's
gall, mixed with three quarts of soft
cold water, aud rub it off with a clean
flannel house cloth. Anv particularly
dlrtv sjMit should N* rubbed with pure
one gallon of water add I Its salt,
sugar, oz saltpetre aud one ounce
of saleratus. 801 l and skin and when
cooked pour on to the meat, let It re
main from four to live weeks, for hams
before smoking. For l>eef as long as
CURE FOR A FKLON. —As soon as the
felon makes its appearance and becomes
painful, take a tew roots of blue flag,
pound them tine and bind on the af
fected part. It will soon drive it away.
It may increase the pain for a rtrae
with the first application.
How A Bov Wokta.— In empty Rug a
tub of washing water for his mcituar
thera Is not one hoy In a hundred who
wUI descend to the feeble artlflco of a
pali and dipper. .Neither the protiwt of
his mother nor the weight of the water
Intimidates s hoy. It is a higher arid
nobler tiling to strain than to save the
gizzard. He lakat the tub by lle
handles, and hugging U close to his
body, waddles forward. He has to move
w Ith the greater care 10 keep the w aler,
which atulu* a swashing motion, frmu
overflowing on to his clothes. The
swashing Increases with every move
ment until s little splashes on U> him.
Then lie seta the tub down and picks It
up again and carrlea It at the full length
or hi* arms, straddling hi* legs around
It In order that ha may ad van or, and
Suing forward an Inch at a lime, while
ie chorda swell up In his arm* and
neck, Ills fa*c turns purple ami his
spine fairly crack*. It Is a painful pro
gress- -every step Is s strain and a pain,
hut there is nothing Ignoble shout It.
Kveu If he should lose his balance in
descending (he sloop, which he U likely
to do, and In failing catch the entire
content* of the tub over Ills person,
still ire has the proud satisfaction of
leeliitg that the dlsaaler was met in
doing his full duty—e a lory.—/ Wary
.Wis*. „
Tun BLOOM or Yot r*.—"Hub," said
his Honor to a pigmy who wipmt bU
eyes twfore the desk, "take heed of
what 1 say, and remember my words as
long as you live. Don't throw rocks at
people. If you must hit folks, hit'em
with potatoes or apples. Years ago a
had hoy hit me on the neck with a rock.
No oue can tell what Influence that
concussion bad on In)' fortune. No oue
can tell what influence I would have
had on that hoy's fortune if I could have
overhauled him."
"1 didn't mean to!" waited the boy.
' Well, g<> and do better. You may
just as well he training yourself for
tfovernor as to lie raising contusion* on
pedestrian's head*. Htippoae I should
throw a rock at youf"
"I'd dodgr!" sighed the boy.
Bijab dodged him out, avx*om|>aniiKl
by applause, ami the court at Mist mo
ment adjourned.
KKV. DM. KM-ttxr, of Kdluburgh,
though a very clever man has met with
his match. When examining a student
a* to the claases he had attended he said,
"And you attended the class for uiaMie
tnaticsf" "Yes." "How many sides
lias a circle f" "Two" said the student.
"What are they*" What a laugh lu
the class the student's answer produced
when he said, "All Inside and an out
side." But this was nothing i-otitjiarw)
with what followed. Tbe Doctor hav
ing said to this sludet|T "And you at
tended tlie moral classatsof"
"Y'ea." "Well, you would hear lec
tures on various subjects. Did you
ever hear one on cause and effect f"
"Yes." "Does anv effect ever go be
fore a cause*" "Yea." "Give me xtt
instance." "A iuan wheeling a bar
row," The IHx-lor then sat Jown, aud
proposed no more question*.
I.AW Y tuts are sometime* very particu
lar. The other day oue of these learned
aud amiable gentlemen was waited upon
by a young man who w iahed his advice
and began by saying; "My father died
and made a will " "It la Impossible!
I never heard of such a thing," an
swered the lawyer. "1 thought it
happened every day said the young
man; "but if there D tube any diffi
culty about it, 1 had better give you a
fee to attend lo the buslneas." Tlie fee
was given, and then the lawyer ob
served: "Oh, 1 think i know w hat you
mean. You mean that your father
made a will and died." "Yea, yes;
that must be it."
IxoKviot * Ft-anwaT.—An exemplary
clergyman, who I* somewhat weak iu
the pulpit, relate* with much good
nature how an "elevated" drover w bom
be met in a coach did in all kindliness
try to gloss over this Inferloritv. "Ah.
lr. 8.." said the drover, his heart
warmed by good bargain* at a great
market, "ye dinna ken me, but 1 ken
you. I'm while* in your parish. There'*
no a better iikit ritau onywhere; yer
own folk jist adore ye. Who care*
about praachiuV
A DETROIT buy paid hi* first visit to
<>ur of the union tcfauuli Uir othrr day
as a scholar, and w ben he carat* home
at night his mother Inquired : "Well,
Henrr, how do you like going to
•rlwinh" "Bully!'" he replied in an
excited roice. "I ut four boya licked,
one girl got her ear pulled, and a big
scholar burned hia elbow on the stove7
I don't want to rntaa a day."
A xi MHKR of intelligent young men
of Dubuque have formed a scientific
cl.-taa, which it conaldering the subjects
ot "light," "water" and "heat." Just
so; they meet In their secluden clttb
room, "light" the Are, "heat" the
"water" or their whisky, and then
tlieae youthful acienti*!* are fixed.—
/tnrlingUm Uotrkeyc.
\ KsritutvAV, the blush of health was
upon her cheek, and the light of a
happy spirit in her eye; u>-day, as abe
ait* apart, looking a* yellow as saffron,
and feeling as sullen as a mud turtle,
he asks her tenderly w hat alls her, and
she answers sharply, "Mince pie, you
THK Rev. Mr. Shiptnan of Norwich
says that he was once called to marry a
man who was to be united to his fourth
wife. As he approached the couple he
said, as usual, "Please rise." The man
fidgeted about on his chair, and finally
remarked : "We've usually sot."
Tn* most wretched being this season
is the man with an Plater overcoat. He
had not counted on a mild Winter, and
the hare thought of how he is to get the
wear out of that coat makes him burst
into another perspiration and look more
like a stage driver than ever.
WHKN is a lady's dress like an un
fortunate bull fighter? When It la
gored. And when Is It like a partisan?
When It Is biased. And when is it like
s toper? When It I* fad. And when
is it like the sails of s ship? When it Is
trimmed.— Misers' Journal.
A DOCTOR and a military officer be
came enamored of the name lady. A
j friend asked her which of the* two
1 suitors she Intended to faTor. She re
plied that "it was difficult for her to
determine, as they were such killing
A nu.iow hid under a sofa at an In
formal Boston missionary meeting and
nays that the thirty-five ladies spoke
twice of the down-trodden huatheu and
more than a hundred times of a new
kind of hair dye.
"OH, I AM so glad you like birds!
what kind do you most admire?" said a
wife to her hustiand. "Ahem! Well, I
think a good turkey, with plenty of
seasoning," said the husband, is as nice
a* any.
SOFA so good—Mrs. Partington Isn't
at all surprised to bear that the Otto
man something Is the seat of dissatisfac
tion. Give her a good old fashioned
sofy if you wants to sit like a Christian.
RKAIVINO Spurgeou's declaration, that
"a cigar is a thing to thank lhd for," s
school-boy iHiuglit a cigar. He was
afterward seeu hanging over a fence,
hut he was not giving thanks.
THK nlwunl story almut the phenlx
grew out of the fact that phenixes al
ways roosted in ash-trees, and hence
when they took wing they were said to
"rise from their ashes."
"PAT, who D this Nllson we hear so
much spskiu' about In the newspapers ?"
Don't you know, Mike? Why, It's only
that sea devil, Nllson, that fit the battle
of the Nile, to be sure.
WASHINGTON was once asked to dine
with Judge Jones. The chair iu which
he would have sat If he had accepted
this invltatlou will be exhibited at the
WHKN IS a clock on the stairs danger
ous?— When it runs down.
A MAN born without feet must neces
sarily be no-to-rious.
THK man who would like to see you—
the blind man.
A TIE game—Getting married.
A Moynl ■*•!<■(,
When the Allied armies occupied
Parte Id 1815, (he emperor of Kintals,
who re*llled at TalleyrßntTe peUce, *u
In the habit of taking every morning,
In the Mrlctest Incognito, • walk In the
Tullerles and from thenoe to the Ptlais
Koysl. One day he fell In there with
hie two alllee, and the three sovereign*
were going together to the Rue St.
Florentine, when they were met by a
man who, In ad probability, had arrived
In I'arla but a few days ago.
"Gentlemen,' said he to the allied
prince*, "fan you tell me where I own
And the Tullerles?"
"Yea," replied Alexander, "follow
us , we are Just going there."
The stranger thanked him, and the
conversation waa continued. A few
minutes after they reached the palaoe,
and, a* their pat ha separated, they took
leave of one another.
"Otto word more," added the stranger,
who waa an honest Gascon; "I should
like very much to learn the names of
the gentlemen who have been ao ex
cecdliigly kind to me?"
"I believe vou have already heard of
me," replied Alexander. "1 am the
emperor of Ruaala."
"A capital joke," exclaimed the Oaa
eon; "the emperor of Hues is?" "And
you," he asked, of the second, "who are
"J suppose I sin not entirely unknown
to you either, as I am the king of I'rus
"Better and better," replied the Oaa
oun. "And you?" he said, turning to
the third.
"I am emjieror of Austria."
The tiaacon burst Into a At of laugh
ter. Alexander then sahi to him:
"I Mjptmse you will tell ua now llke
wiae with whom we have the honor of
"Certainly," replied the Gascon,
drawing himself up to Uls full height
and walking majestically; "I am the
Great Mogul."
The Kiu|>eror Alexander often related
this emu-lug episode to his friends.
t. m1 issswl
Sever b* set down by trifles. If;
troubles oouie upon you keep up and
fear not tho* the day be a dark one. If j
the sun is going down kmk up at the j
stars. If the earth U dark keep your
eye* on heaven. Mind what you run
after; nevrr be contented with a bubble
that will bum or a firework that will
end In smoke and darkness. Fight
hard against a hasty temper, anger will
tome, but resist It stoutly ; a spark way
set a house on Are, and a lit <f passion
may give you cause to mourn all the
days of your life. If you have an
enemy, act kindly to him and make him
your friend; you may not win him at
out*, hut try again.
CsswayUtM, TsS* MMl**!
Every moment of delay makes your
cure more hopeless, and much depends
on the Judicious choice of a remedy.
The amount uf testimony In fayor of
Dr. Hcheuck'a Pulmonic Syrup, aa a
cure for consumption, far exceeds all
that can be brought to support the pre
tentions of any other medicine. See
Dr. Sehenek's Almanac, containing the
certificates of many persons of the high
est respectability,' who have been re
stored to health, after being pronounced
Incurable by physician* of acknow
ledged ability, Sehenek's Pulmonic
Syrup alone has cured many, aa these
evidences will show; but the cure b
often promoted by the employment of ;
two other remedies which Dr. Schenck
provides for the purpose. These addi- '
Hons! remedies are Sehenek's Sen Weed
Tonic and Mandrake Pills. By the
timely use of these medicines, according
to directions, Dr. Scbenck certifies that
moat any case of Consumption mar be
Dr. Scheack la professionally at hU
principal office, Corner Sixth and Arch
Street*. Philadelphia, every Monday,
where all letter* lor advice tuuM be ad
A ■>—rtnaMe rrelieslMMl ecr—a.
Among: the notable professional men
of this country who have achieved ex
traordinary ►uoae* to lr. R. V. Pierce,
of Buffalo, N. Y. The prominence
which he ha attained ha* been reached
through atrictly legitimate mean*, and,
ao far, therefore, he deserves the envi
able reputation w hicb he enloy*. Thla
large meaaure of success U the' result of
a thorough and careful preparation for
hU calling, and extensive reading dur
ing a loug and umieualljr large practice,
which have enabled him to gain high
commendation, even from hi* profea
tional brethren. Devoting hi* attention
to certain specialties of the science he
ha* ao carefully Investigated, he haa
been rewarded in a remarkable degree.
In ibeae specialties, he haa become a
recognised leader. Not a few of the
remedies prescribed by him have, it is
said, been adopted and prescribed by
physician* in their private practice,
ills pamphlet* sod larger works have
been received a* useful contributions to
mwllcal knowledge. He hu recently
added another, and perhaps more impor
tant work, because of more general ap
plication, to the list of hU published
writing*. This book, entitled "The
I>ople * Common Seoee Medical Advi
ser. Is designed to enter into general
circulation. Dr. Pierce has received
acknowledgement* and honors from
many sources, and opeolally scientific
degrees from two of the first medical
institution* in the land. 10
The People's Remedy.
Thfi Universal Pain Extractor.
Note: Ask for fWW] ECTIACT.
Take mo other.
•ViirriiF 1 wUI miiSt iTsiMia
PiM-i RTtACT Tbsgvaat VmisMs jyls
W—siaim. Has baas la nse over USm
yearn, sad for clcsnilnms aad praapt r-r*.
ties v trtuns cannot bs crcelled. %i
CWQWQL—Ma ftunily caa af md to ha wHboot
FaadH Extra*. ArclSaata, Btatona.
Caatnatans. fata, Nprmlaa, art nHtnl
almost instantly by ralrmtl applicant*!
bmapSr rehersn pains as ttnrwn, MenldM
Kara rtotlaaa. the tags, (MS Waraa,
Balls, Felnna, I'araa, ale. Arrasta ia
•junaixw. tedwxn swaUtnga, stupe bleeding,
r—n •> fltsroinnOousaaa haalenpMh.
rnuu in. z l L**r?, ***
lu tneTa. hauil i>>Tna,fullness awl iirsesfngpa:n
ta lbs head. Banana, vertigo.
• ÜBMItMU It has noeqaal. Ail ktads of .
rerailane to which Mia are eabyert are
promptly rercd. Faßsr details la book accom
pany lag each bntU*.
mil -blind or Maadtwt ■ mart prompt laUsf
sod ready cam. Noras*. however rfeionirar
obstinate, cap long resist na apbriw.
UIMIII lathe only ,• cm* for
tola d Suramin* sad dangerous condition.
KIBIET tItCAS(I.-h has noeqaal for perma
nent cure.
BLLUiIB from any ran sr. For this Is a spe-
Sr. II baa saved handrtxis of Uses whan all
other remedies failed to arrest hissdht* horn
ass, st ammeb, laaaa, and elsewhere. %
maneuUy cured.
MfSIWAWo# all school, who are acquaints
with read's Extrart tf Witch Hatrl raw
owmeudlt to thstr practice. We bars Ist tars ut
commendation from hnsdieds of Physicians,
many of wbom order It tor aae to their own
practice. In addition to the foregoing, they
order Ita nee for NarrlUms of all kinds,
Ualaay, Mare Tbraat, Iniaaaod Tonsils,
simple and chronic Otarrbwa, Catarrh,
ftor which It ma spsctfic.) Cbliblalaa. Fram
ed Feel, Milage mf Inaerta, Maaaaltaea.
etc.. Chapped Hands, Fare, and Indeed
all manner of akin diseases.
TOIU7 BBi. —Hemovaa Naeeneaa, Hanphwaa,
and Mmarttnst basis Cats, ErapUwas,
nm! Ftmplea. It rerlsn. wwpssla,and re
frmkm, while wonderfully Improving the
TB FAliat.-IWH Extract. No Block Liven Man can aSord to bewtihool
It It Is used by all tbr Leading Uv eras tables,
Htreet Railroads and drat HormmeaSa New
York City. It has no eaual for Mpraiaa, liar,
aeaa or Mnddla t'kalaf% Kilffweaa,
Mcratehee, M welMnga,Cnta latceratiene,
Hlredia*. Paramenia, CsUe, Dtarrhsrn,
Chills, ( aids. etc. Its rangeof action Is aids,
and the relief It affords Is so prompt that it Is
Invaluable In every Farm-yaM aa well as in
every Farm house. Let it be tried once, and
yon will never be without H.
CAflTiaß.Pend'a Extract has been imltsekl
The genuine article has the words Fand*a Ex
tract blown In each bottle. It Is prcpamTby
the aaly perasas living w bo ever knew bow
to prepare it properly. Refuse ail other pre
pmrations of Wlich HaseL Hits is the only
article nsed by Physicians, and In the bru
tal* of this country and Europe.
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Ann * wvek to Simla. OU end Toonc, Male sn.t
XII tomsto, la thWr kwellty. two. and OUTFIT
mil VHXX Sddreee f. O. VICXKKY S CO.. *•
T * ' guMs, Main*. 11-tSAn
SB Mown led sad Wstoai, aew ad
Boon AMD orricßptnutiTCßx ut uase
Ggrwin A. HRO.,
l*l. 108 L 1X sad 1W? BIB6R STL. Phils
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Prlndpsl topot la Kew Tort fcr U but Broom
MaaehMerea la t)M Caited Statm
Brooms from lIJI per doiea
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Tbe Jro"" < FrtCm ** d KTmtmt to faead
Itoo as mttro asw meek at WOOD ad WILLOW
y*EA rnrt as mis, Tabs, Bartets, Mala, Twiarn
Ontom Wick*. ao,tomN>r ttk s toll 11M of Ami.
■rt* Weed sad Olay Pipe, hoc; 8os)m, Vaakee Mo
d°ss, 0u7. Ac. fegM* torn mtu o per stlU.
A toll Uae oftlM trnt qaality of TIN WARS.
*• L—Wo edl our goods at prteo* that do aet rooulrr
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OA ""PP <* DAMABK CARDS, with name. SO els.
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