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Sine* tkk old world bagan.
That lookd npon a woman bewitch".) not of
Mating or separating.
Or loving her or hating,
la all hi* commerce with her the foot wee
lleigho! it cannot be.
For, eeaing ehe ia aha,
She haa hltn at mvantage In body and in
Pursuing or undoing.
She atill compel* hie wooing,
Aud therefore ia it, ladiea, thai love ia painted
If the love that yon ask far 1 offer yon here,
Can I promise to follow yon without fear ?
Will you take mv hand* In your own. dear.
And keep them soft and warm .
Will you teach me to trust each won! you say ?
Will you keep my feet so they never oan stray ?
Will you be my guide in the one right way.
My refuge in every storm?
Then I'll lovingly follow wherever you guide.
Though our way way lie through a desert
All through the journey, safe by your Miles
Ton shall lead me everywhere. *
It is sweeter to walk by faith than eight.
If only you feel you are going aright.
May I trust you always to find the light,
Aud guide me safely there ?
EDWARD BROWS, STOKER.
" Polly," I nays, one day after iny
convalescence, aud we were taking a bit
of a walk in the churchyard, "ain't this
"Ami you feel better f" aay* she, lay
ing her hand on mine.
" Better!" I says, taking a long
draught of the soft, rweet-ecented air.
and filling my chest; "better, old girl!
I feel aa if 1 were growing backwards
into a boy."
"And you fifty bait week !" she says.
" Yea,' I says, smiling, " and you
forty-seven next week."
And then we sat thinking for a bit.
" Polly," I say* at last, as I sat there
drinking in that soft breeae, aud feel
ing it give me strength, "it's worth be
ing ill to feel as I do now."
For you see I'd been very had, else I
dare sav I'm not the man to go hanging
about chnrehyards and watching fuuer
als; I'm a stoker, and mv work lies in
steamers trading to the £aat. I'd come
home from my last voyage bad with
fever, caught out in one of those nasty,
hot, hai smelling porta—l**eu carried
home to die, as mv mates thought; and
it was being like this, and getting better,
that had set me thinking so seriously,
and made me so auiet; not that I was
ever a noisy sort of man, as any one who
knows me will say. And now, after get
ting better, the doctor had said I must
go into the country to get strong; so as
there was no more voyaging till I was
strong, there was nothing for it but to
leave the youngsters under the care of
th eldest girl and a neighbor, and come
and take lodgings oat in this quiet Sur
Pblly never thought I should get bet
ter, aud one time no more did I; for
about a month before this time, as I lay
hollow-eyed and yellow on the bed,
knowing, too, how l>a.l I looked—for I
used to make young Dick bring me the
looking glass everv morning—the doctor
came as usual, ami like a blunt English
man I put it to him flat.
" Doctor," I says, "yon don't think
I shall get better ?" and I looked him
straight in the face.
" Oh, come, come, my man !" he says,
smiling, "we never look at the black
side like that "
" None of that, doctor," I savs; " out
with it like a man. lean stand it; I've
been expecting to be wrowned ov blown
np half my life, so I shan't be scared at
what you say.'*
"Well, my man," he says, "your
symptoms are of a very grave nature.
You see the fever had undermined you
before you came home, and unless"—
" Ail right, doctor, I says; " I un
derstand ; you mean that unless you can
get a new plate in the boiler, she won't
stand another voyage."
" Oh, come ! we won't look upon it as
a hopeless case," he says; "there's al
ways hope and after a little more talk,
he shook bands and went away.
Next day when he came, I hail Iteen
thinking it all over, and was reedy for
him. I don't believe I was a bit better ;
in fact, I know I was drifting fast, and I
saw it in his eye as well.
I waited till he bail asked mo his dif
ferent questions, and then just as he was
getting up to go, I asked him to sit
"Polly, my dear," I says, " I just
want a few words with the doctor and
she put her apron up to her eyes and
went nut. closing the door after her very
softly, wltile the doctor looked at me
very carious like, and waited for me to
"Doctor," I says, "you've about
given me np, There, don't shake your
head, for I know. X-.w don't yon think
I'm afraid to die, for I don't "believe I
am, but look here : there's seven chil
dren down stairs, and if I leave my wife
a widow with the few pounds I've" been
able to save, what's to become of them ?
Can't yon pull me through I"
" My dear fellow," he says, honestly.
" I've done everything I can for your
"That's what you think, doctor," I
say*. " but look "hers : I've been at sea
thirty years, and in seven wrecks. ■ It's
been like dodging death with me a score
of ttmes. Why, I pulled my wife there
regulariy out of the liauds of death, aud
I'm not going to give up now. I've
"Stop, stop," he says, gently.
"You're exciting yourself."
"Not a bit," 1 says, though my voice
was quite a whisper. "I've had this
over all night, and I've come to think I
most be up and doing my duty."
" But, my good man"—he began.
" Listen to me, doctor, 1 says. " A
score of times I might have given up
and been drowned, but I male a fight
for it, and was saved. Now I mean to
make a fight for it, here, for the sake of
the wi'e and bairns. I don't mean to
die, doctor, without a struggle. I lye
lie ve this her*- that life's given to ns all
as a treasuiw to keep ; we might throw
it away by our own folly at any time,
but there's hundreds of times when we
may preserve it, and wo never know
whether we can save it till we try. Give's
a drink of that water."
He held the glass to my lips, and I
took a big draught and went on, he
seeming all the time to be stopping to
humor me in my madness.
"That's better, doctor," I says.
•' Now look here .sir, speaking as one
who has sailed the seas, it's a terrible
stormy time with me ; there's a lee
shore close at hand, the fires are drown
ed out, and unless we can get up a bitof
sail there's no chance for me. Now,
then, doctor, can you get up a bit of
" IH go and send something that will
quietyou,"he said, rising.
" TLankey, doctor," I says, smiling to
myself. " And now look here, I'm not
going to give np till the last ; and when
that last comes, and the ship's going
down, why, I shall have a try if I can't
swim to safety. If that fails, and I can
really feel that it is to be, why, I hope I
shall go down into the great deep calm
ly, like a hopeful man, praying that
Something above will forgive me all I've
done amiss, and stretch out His fatherly
hand to my little ones."
He went away and I dropped asleep,
worn out with my exertion.
When I woke, Polly was standing by
the bedside watching me, with a bottle
and glass on the little table.
As soon as she saw my eyes open, she
shook up the stuff, and poured it into a
"Is that what the doctor sent?" I
"Yes, dear ; you were to take it di
" Then I shan't take it," I says.
" He's give me up, and that stuff's only
to keep me quiet. Polly, you go and
KI!ED.KITRTZ, K.litor mi.l 1 •ropi-iotoi-.
make mo some la-ef tea, ami make it
She looked horrified, poor old girl,
ami was nltoiit to beg of me to take hold
of the rotten life lielt he'd sent me, when
1 held out mv shaking hand for it, tok
the glass, ami let it tilt over—there was
only about a couple of toaajKHiufuls 111
it, ami the stuff fell ou the carpet.
I saw the tears come in her eyes, but
she said nothing —only put down the
glass, ami nut out to make the ln-ef
The doctor didu't come till late next
day, and I was iviug very still ami
drowsy, half asleep like, but t was awake
enough to hear him whisper to Polly,
" Siukiug fast and I heard her give
such a heart broken sob that as the
next groat wave I*lllo on the mm where 1
WHS floating, 1 struck out with all my
might, rose over it, ami floated gently
down the other side.
For the next four days—putting it as
a drowning man striving for his life like
a true hearted fellow—it was like great
foaming wiivea coming to wash over me,
but the shore, still in sight, and me try
ing hard to reach it.
Aud it was a grim, hard tight; a dozen
times I could have given up, folded mv
arms, and said good bye to the dear old
watching face safe ou shore ; but a look
at that always cheered tue, and 1 fought
ou again and again, till at last the sea
seemed to go down, and, in utter weari
ness, I turned ou my back to float rest
fully with the tide Wearing me shore
ward, till I touched the sainls, crept up
them, and fell down worn out, to sleep
in the warm sun—safe !
Tliat's a curious way of putting it, you
may say, but it seems natural to me to
mix it iqi with the things of s-a going
life, and the manner iu which I've seen
so many fight hard for their lives. It
was just like striving in the midst of a
storm to me, and when at last 1 did fall
iuto a deep sleep, I felt surprised-like to
find myself lying in my own bed, with
Folly watching bv me ; and when I
stretched out my hand, and took hers,
she let loose that which she had kept
hidden from me before, and, falling on
her knees by my Ivedaule, she soblied for
" As much beef-tea and brandy as yon
can get him to take," the doctor says,
that afteruoou ; and it wasn't long tvforw
1 got from slops to solids, and theu was
sent, as I told you, into the country to
get strong, while the doctor got no end
of praise for the cure he liad made.
I never Raid a word though, even to
Pollv, for he did his be t; but 1 don't
think any medicine would have cured
I was saying a little while back that 1
pulled my wife regularly out of the
iiamls of death, and of course tliat was
when we were both quite young, though
for the matter of that I don't f. el much
different and can't well see the change.
That was in one of the Cape steamer*
when I first took to stoking. They wen
little ram shackle sort of Ltata in those
.lays, and how it was more weren't lost
puzzles me. It was more due to the
weather than the make or finding at the
ships, I can tell vou, that they used to
find their way *af to port ; and yet the
jiaaaengers, poor things, knowing no
V>etter, used to tike passage, ay, aud
make a voyage too from which they
never got back.
Well, I was working on laxird a steam
er as they used to call the Equator, und
heavy bulen and with about twenty jm--
sengers on board, we started down cluui
nel with all well, till we got right down
off the west coast of Africa, when there
came one of the heaviest storms I was
ever in. Even for a well found steamer,
snch as they can buil I to day, it would
have been a hard fight ; but with our
jHior shaky wooden tub, it was a hojx-loss
cane from the first.
Oar skipper made brave fight of it
though, and tried hard to make for one
of the ports ; but, bless you, what cau
a man do. when, after ten days' knocking
about, the coals run out, and the fires
that have been kept going with wood
and oil, and everything that cau la
thrust into the furnaces, are drowned ;
when the paddle-wheels are only ill the
way, every bit of sail set is blown clean
out of the bolt-ropes, and at last the
Rhip begins to drift fast for a lee shore f
There was our case, and every hour
the sea seemed to get higher, and the
wind more fierce, while I heard from
more than bne man how fast the water
was gaining below.
My mate an-I I didn't want any telling
though. We'd leen driveu up out of
the stoke-hole like a pair of drowned rats,
aud 1 came 011 d-ck to find the bulwarks
ripped away, and the sea every now and
then leaping alsiard, and washing the
lumber about in all directions.
The skipper was behaving very well,
and he kept us all at the pumps, turn
and turn in spells, but we minlit as well
have tried to pump the sea dry ; anil
when, with the water gaining fast, we
told him what we thought, he owned as
it was no use, and we gave up.
We'd all been at it, crew aud passen
gers, about forty of us altogether, in
cluding the women—five of them they
were, aud they were all on deck, lashed
in a sheltered place, close to the poop.
And very pitiful it was to see them fight
ing hard at first and clinging to the side,
but only to grow weaker, half-dr->wued
an they were ; and I saw two sink down
at last, and hang drooping like from
their lashings, dead, for not a soul could
do them a turn.
1 was holding on by the shrouds when
the mate got to the skipper's side, and I
saw in his blank face what lie was telling
him. Of course we couldn't hear his
words in such a storm, but we didn't
want to, for bis lips said plainly enough :
" She's sinking !"
Next moment there was a rush made
for the tjoats, and two of the passen
gers cat loose a couple of the women ;
place was made for them before the first
boat was too full, and she was lowered
down, cast off, and a big wnve carried
her clear of the steamer. I saw her for
a moment on the top of the ridge, and
then she plunged down the other side
out of our sight—and that of every
body else ; for how long she lived, who
can say J She was never picked np or
heard of again.
Giving a bit of a cheer, our chaps
turned to the next, and were getting in
when there came a wave like a mountain,
ripj)ed her from the davits, and when I
shook the wutr from my eyes, there
she was hanging by one end, stove in,
and the men who had tried to launch
her gone—skipper and mate as well.
There were only seven of ns now, and
I could see beside the three women
lashed to the side, and only one of them
was alive; and for a bit no one moved,
everyl>ody being stnnned-like with hor
ror ; but there came a lull, and feeling
that the steamer was sinking, I shouted
out to the boys to come on, and we ran
to the last boat, climbed in, and were
casting off, when I happened to catch
sight of ths women lashed under the
" Hold hard 1" I roars, for I saw one
of them wave her hand.
" Come on, yon fool!" shouts my
mate, " she's going down I"
I pray I may never be put to it again
like that, with all A man's selfish desire
for life fighting against him. For a
moment I shut my eyes, and then began
to lower ; but I was obliged to opeu
them again, and as I did so I saw a wild,
scared face, with long wet hair clinging
round it, snd a pair of little white,hands
were stretched out to me as if for help.
" Hold hard !" I shouts.
'■ No, no I" roared out two or three;
THE CENTRE REPORTER
"there isn't a moment I" anil as the
Iniat was la-ing lowerd from Uie davit",
1 made a jlliup, caught the bulwarks
with tuy liamU, ami elimlaxl latck >n
11,ril, just an the lioat liinnsl the water,
wan unhooked, and floated away.
Then aa 1 crept, hand over hand, to
the girl's aide, whipjaxl out tuy knife
ami iui cutting her loose, while her
weak arms dung to me, I felt a horrible
feeling of despair come over tne, fur the
boat wua having ua, ami 1 knew what a
coward I was at heart, as I had to tight
with mynelf no aa not to leave the girl to
her fate, and leap overboard to awim for
my life. 1 got the better of it, though
went down ou my kueea no aa not to nee
the iHwt, ami got the poor, trembling,
dinging creature loose.
"Now, mv lass." I says, "quick!"
and I raised her up ; "hold ou by the
aide while 1 make fast a rojie round
Ami then I SUSHI up to hail the lioat
the lioat as warn't there, for in those
brief momenta she must have njwinsl,
and wo were alone on the sinking steam
er, which uow lay 111 the trough of the
As atKiu as I got over tlm horror of the
feeling, a sort of stony despair came over
me, but wheu I saw that little jiale, aj)-
nealiug face at my side, looking to me
for hel|>, tliat brought the manlusHl
back, aud iu saying encouraging thing*
to her I did myself good.
My first idea was to make something
that would float us, but 1 gave that up
directly, for I could feel tliat 1 was help
lens, and getting the ptair girl more into
shelter, I took a bit of tobaocM) in a sort
of stolid way, ami sat down with a cork
life buoy over m> arm—one which I had
cut loose from wheie it hud hung forgot
ten twhiud the wheel.
But I never used it, for Uie storm
went down fast, and the st<-amr floated
still, water logged, for three days, wheu
we were picket! IIU by a jassing vessel,
half-starved, but lio|>iiig. And during
tliat time mi companion had told me
tliat she was the attendant of one of the
lady jiaasengera 011 board, and at last,
when we parted, she kissed my hand,
and called me her hero, who ha<l saved
her life—poor grimy me, yon know.
We warn't long, though, lefore we
invt again, for somehow we'd settled
tliat we'd writs*, and a twelvemonth after
Mary was back iu England and my wife.
That's why I said 1 took her like out of
the hands of death, though iu a selfish
strt of way. being far, you know, from
l-rfeet. But what I say, sja-akiug as
Edward Brown, stoker, is this: Make a
irood fight of it, no matter how black
things umv look, and leave the rest to
The Bonanza king.
A correspondent of the Boston //> raltl
tolls a story of Jauo-a C. Flotsl, of the
tirxu of Fiood & O'Brien, who rule the
financial nrlaits of California ami Ne
vada. Ho says : J. C. Flotnl is the
name of the man who is at the hrml of
that threat moneyed institution in Ban
Francisco which was the cause of the
breaking of the lUuik of California—l
uiean the Itnnk of Nevada. The history
of that movement and all its results are
well known. Hut the history of the
' man who was the prime mover of the
whole affair has never yet la-en |>nntsl.
He was IHJTU. it is believed, IU Ireland,
but on that point my iuformant is n< t
tsstitive. lie made his aj'js-arance at
Fort Hamilton many years ago, when la
was quite a lad. aud engage 1 himself as
a workman in the wheelwright shop of
Colonel Chureh. He was levoiiuted a
good boy, that is, there was nothing par
ti. ularly bail about him. He was faith
ful in his work and was rather of an in
quiring mind, always wonting t-> know
the why and wherefore of everything.
He could not lead or write, and the two
sous of Colom-l Church were then alseit
his age. Their father is now dead.
Voting Flood prevailed on Thomas G.
Church to teach him to rca-i and write,
and he proved a very apt scholar. His
iearning enabled htm to take a front
rank among his fellow workmen, and it
is said there are a good many wagons
now in existence 011 Long Island that
have a peculiar finish put upon certain
parts of tle-m by young Flood. When
the California fever broke out there
were three eomjmnn-s of troop* sent
there from Fort Hamilton. Iu rtun of
these companies Flood enlisted and went
with them to California. After serving
ins time he went into the miues, ami
came back again to the wheelwright
shop at Fort Hamilton with some $. r ).0f)0
or $(>,000 After staying a short time he
married, and soon after, with his wife,
went to Bin Francisix). lie there
| opened a bar-room and Is-came quite
popular, made money, and, being
naturally shrewd aud careful in invest
ments, has ricen now to be one of the
acknowledged powers of the Pacitlc
coast. There are several around Church's
Hotel at Fort Hamilton who will reuiem-
U-r the young man, aud who will doubt
less now agree that it was a good place
to immigrate from. He is now said to
le worth money enough to buy up the
whole region around Fort Hamilton, and
1 throw in Fort Lafayette as a chowder
iopot, which is all it is fit for. His his
tory i* like that of many another in this
free ouuutiy-— |w>or, illiterate boy—
\ taught his alphabet and to read, write
j and cipher by Thomas Q. Church, his
1 old employer's son—now not a million
aire, but a ten or twenty millionaire.
He lias the consolation of knowing that
in case of accident he is a good wheel
Military Scrrlce in rrnssia.
The Berlin war office seems at last to
have found out the waj to make com
pulsory military m-rvioe thoroughly un
popular. Having raised the physical
standard of the recruit so high that
there is no longer in practice any chance
of oseajte for those who come up to it
nineteen out of every twenty who fully
reached it last year were taken on the
rolls—it is now making the autumn
maneuvers so severe as to rise a general
outcry in the press over the nutnlier of
sick sent to the hospital from them. It
is plainly a serious matter when we find
in a]Mt|ter usually known for its patriotic
sentiments, as the Writer Aritumj is,
such expressions as the following : This
excitement reigns in those particular
circles where there is the warmest sym
pathy for the army And the highest re
spect for its officers. And there is quite
discernment enough among this part of
the public to know that exertion and
even danger are inse|>arahln from the
making of .a soldier. But there is a due
moderation to VK- observed in all things,
and it is nuturally asked whether this
can have been observed when marches
liave been ordered without any necessity
on which strong men have died like flies.
These remarks will (certainly not be
thought too strong by those who learn
that one division of the Fifteenth corps,
during its late maneuvers, managed to
kill fourteen of its infantry soldiers, and
that a single company of the other divis
ion (of the Ninth Bavarian infantry, by
the way) had forty-live patients in hos
pital at last.
POETICAL. —The St. Joseph (Mo.)
HrraUl regrets that it cannot by " the
wildest process of versification " possi
bly made " rhinooeros " rhymfe with
" Queen Elizabeth," er " gazelle "
with sewing machine," and so has re
spectfully to decline a poem hv one of
the most talented of St. Joseph's fail'
CENTRE IIA Id., CENTRE CO., PA., THURSDAY, OCTOBER 21, 1875.
Two Hundred Pilgrims Browned.
A oorreajHin.lent writes to the Madras
Mail from Madura : Intelligence has
Instil received at this station of a fright
ful catastrophe which Itefell a | tarty of
pilgrims to the Mahaluigam shrine, 011
the Tinuevelly frontier. If we are to
Itelieve the regairts of returned pilgrims,
mora than two hundred |>eraous were
drownta! under circumstances of the
most heartrending character. Thirty
three of the Madura pilgrims have lieeu
either carried away by the mountain tor
rent or are missing ; and it i frightful
to think how many more from Ti tuie vol
ly or other ports may have shared the
same fab'. The shrine in question stands
on the summit of one of the Hadurugiii
hills (literally four lulls) which form a
portion of tba Haptoor estate, though in
eluded 111 the Tinnevelly district. The
directiou from Madura is south south
west, and the distance nearly fifty unles.
What jiarUcular manifestation of Siva
this shrine was built to commemorate
1 cannot at present tell, nor is it kuotvn
where tke first devotee from whom the
present one traces an unbroken hue of
succession established himself ; but,
bowevur that might huvelH-en, thousands
of people from all junta of the country
flock tuither in this part of the year to
get cured of fancied or real evils, and,
if possible, to lay by s store of blessings
for themselves ami their children. From
the lw*e of th lull a long circuitous
path leads up b> tlieshnue for s distauoe
of ten miles or so, along fearful chasms
and deep, meandering mountain torrents
aud through mealies of oanebrake or
The pilgrims, arrived at the shrine,
used to Jats* a night or so in the jilugle
without anything like a naif over their
heads. The dry bed of the mountain
torrent that skirts the shrine used U> Is
their quarters, and there thev rooked
and ate their meals, sang an.l danced
and otherwise made themselves com
fortable. Thousands of men, women
ami children were talking or rating or
dancing in the sandy l*>d ; hundred* of
sheep ami fowl*, brought up to !>e oaeri
fiord, stood in mouruful groups, each
waiting it* turn ; some pilgrim*, more
religious than the rest, were rolling iu
frout of the shrine or jwrforniing other
equally curious evolutions ; 111 fact,
everything went ou without a hitch. At
five p. m. there was a tremendous shower
of rain ; ten minutes later the hitherto
dry bed was full, and the water rushed
down headlong, carrying those who
could not force their way through the
crowd, and the general ooafuaton was
reudered still more dr.ailful by the
darkness. Many dead bodies, intercept
ed by roots ami brushes, were picked up
iu tlie bed ; a good many were seen fiowt
ing on toward the Waptrwp tank , some
were found jammixl la-twtxii stone", and
only a very few of the ill starred lot
saved themselves by oatching hold of
some friendly la>ngh.
The Unfortunate Well Bigger.
Vt the fum-ntt at the unfortunate well
digger, Sykes, of We*t Hjmngtlehl,
Ma**., the attending clergyman, !b*v.
Mr. Ponierov, after referring to the
uuu-nial idiock produced ou Uie com
munity by the terrible manner of the
uufortumito man's death, ptooceded to
draw out these lessons :
Flint, the need of something bring
done to prevent such accidents in the
future. He Haiti: I wish here ami now
to pretest agmnd any person bring al
lowt ,1 t<> construct such a mantrap a*
that in which Mr. Sykrn lost bm life.
No iim>m|M't#nt jwraon ahoolti la* al
lowed to dig n well beyond a certain
depth. Indeed, it i* my conviction, in
view of the accidents of thin nature that
occur not uufrequently threughont the
country, that the whole matter of well
digging ahutihl be regulated by law,
that on IT lid-used jwrauiis aliouhl lie
jtenmtud to do thin work, and they only
in a oi-rtain definite prescribed manner.
No iiuui Hhouhl la* allowed to put hia
owu life in peril, he certainly should
not la- |H'rmitteti to lead another to de
struction. Another lesson is how to
precis *d another time in such au emer
gency. Having witnessed the affair
from first to last, and bearing testimony
to the patience, energy and even heroism
of those having tire matter in charge,
and, uid.ed, of all who took part, I have
tlnwe suggestions to offer for any future
exigency of this kind :
First, that as soon as possible a ooun
cil of a few of those most competent to
advise bo called and some jx-rsou lx<
selected us a leader, and tluit his plan lie
adopted and carried out.
Second, that such a force of men and
such a supply of material and utensils
be promptly furnished, tliat the work
shall not be siisjicndcd a moment until
tho objoc tbe accomplished. It has
1 Myij said that the work should not have
stopped tlie first night. This is true, as
the event proved that the state of things
jiiHt then wus snch that any other course
seemed impracticable. The men were
exhausted ; the situation was exceedingly
dangerous; bnt that the man was
thought to l>e dead was not an excuse,
the some effort sli Mild be made to ex
tricate a man who may be living as to
save one win) is known to be alive. He
should have the lienefit at the doubt
The lynching of tho man Hcholl, atis-
I>eoted of murder, iu BellofonUine,
Ohio, was a mod revolting case. A
young girl named laiughlin, sixteen
; years of age, had aooompmiied Schell
and his wife to pick wild plmns, and
when the two latter returned they re
ported that Miss Laughlin hail lxx>"n lost
in the brush. A search, in which
Schell took part, was made for her, but
it proved ineffectual. On the following
day, however, a new search Wing in
j Ktituted, the dead body of tho girl was
found in a secluded place. There were
bruises on the bead ami neek, and upon
a close examination it wue discovered
that seveu stabs had been inflicted with
some sharp instrument Solid 1 was
thereupon arrested on suspicion of liav
ing murdered her. Hia wife was also
arrested, when alio told a story to the
eflect that her husband laid informed
lier before they loft their home that he
intended to outrage and kill the girl,
their visit to the wooda having Won
planned expressly for tliat purpone; and
tliat he subsequently described to her
the details of the murder. A mob took
the man from the jail iu Hellefontaine,
and gave him ten minntoa in which
to confess hia crime. Instead of doing
thia, he stoutly protected hia innocence,
ami declared that it was his wife who
committix! the murder, she having Wou
instigated to the crime by jealousy.
The mob, without making any investi
gation into the truth or falsity of these
conflicting stories, immediately hanged
the wretch, though there WHS no reason
whatever for supposing tliat justice
would not be done had the law been per
mitted to take its course.
How is this for a coincidence f Just
seventeen years ago, on the same day of
the month and same day of the week of
the starting of the first fast mail train
from New York for Chicago, John But
terfleld, of Utica, started the first over
land mail coach across the plains for
California. Now, in seventeen years
more may we not expect to see mails and
passengers transported by telegraph ?
A Ra* Kraacbeo Cemetery,
The San Fnmaiseo eorres|s>udent of
the New Orleans iV-Ojguii" anion slmut
the famous cemetery wherein iiroderick
and lUlstuii are burled. lie nays: lame
Mountain lacks the precise regularity of
plan with which these "silent dittos"
are usually laid out ; but it gaius sjuice
in its broken hues of perspective am)
grace IU lis wiuiling curves. Home of
lis monuments are exceedingly tasteful
and bainlsome. (Joniqiiouou* from Its
altitude, as well as its isolated JM notion,
is the tomb of Senator Brnderick, who
was killed in a duel arising from a pulit
leal quarrel. Ou oue side of the shaft
surmounting the grave is the inscription:
" Broderiok. Horn IM'JU." On the 01 -
jHsole the date (lfiW) of his death. 011
the two remaining sides are iu-cribed,
Is'Ueath appropriate symlKilhml figure* ;
" Meelnunc, Senator.'
Another handsome tomb, of dark gray
ntouo, bears ujwii it* iliKiruktr the name
of Hal>oock,and through ttie grating oue
rem Is ujsm the marble alalia within, just
lameath s douie lightml by atsined glass,
wheuoe the dim, lehgunis light falls like
an aureole upon tiieiu, the names and
dates of birth of New Orleamaiis. Stroll
ing further along, s fair Orecian temjiln,
of white marble, arrests our footstep*
and claims the tribute of |>rnue. Iu it*
ceuter stands s life-sized figure, iu pur
est l'ariau marble, of "Faith," witli up
raised finger poiuting heavenward, and
a look of beautitude upon the lov4y
face. The statue is said to be the like
ness ol the lady who aluinlaers ls-ueatt) -
the wife of Mr. laktham, jirenident of the
Loudon tuid San Francisco l>ank, and
one of California's moneyed kiugs.
Far from the peaceful shades of Lone
Mountain, m the very midst of the busy,
bustling, uoisv city, Iwurath the glooiuy
shadow of a handsome but heavy looking
church, gleams a tomb of white marble,
Ujsm whose side the jatMHer by may read
the name, iu large black, characters, of
Starr King. A minister of the gospt-1,
serving iu llie chun-li near which he now
sleejis, Starr King, at the time a fearfil
war raged throughout the land, forget
ting that his was amission of "peace
and good will to men," abused the priv
ileges of hi* doth, the sanctities of the
holy eilitlce, to unite jsapuiar aentinxut
against a far distant people. One Hah
bath Starr King stood in his pulpit
preaching, not Hod's lov* to nuuikind.
but lua own malignant hatred of the
SoutlM-ru people. "Oh, that every Bible
iu the land could be converted into carl
ridges U> carry ou a war of extermina
tion!" he cried. " May (kai m heaven
strike me d>ml if ever I relent toward
the enemies of the I'moii!" That night
ttie blasphemous inviswtiou wa* auawer
e.l. Starr King was "struck dead,"
whether by dimri uiterpoattlon of an
outragr-d Deity or through the me-bum
of ajmplexy superinducetl by hi* frenzied
excitement iu the pause of the spint of
hate, belong* to tin ttnaulvnble myste
ries of this Ufa.
What they Eat.
To get Hiiin" id- of the 'in>nuotin*t
itig power of gin-st* who reside in
hotels, it is only licoeasarj to *ay that in
oue ordinary day'a feeding* one of the
leading Intel* u New York city con
mimea I,"AVJ pounds of Is-ef, abort loin*
and ril*, I.HOO pountla of mutton chop*,
nearly 4,0011 pound* of spring lamb, HO
doXrU* Of SWeot bread* and 1,000 pound*
of the himl quarter* of Teal for r-wating
ami cutleU. 'lite aarue hutela averaged
40 |ounda a day of prime corned beef,
or from l,4*at to 1,600 pound* of corned
Iwwf jwr week. Kxtra leef, which only
include* the four quarter--, and cxcludca
tiie hides, fat arul offal, bung* sl3 to
814 a huinired weight at the yard*. The
b<t ouuiea from Illinoia, and it 1* *uje
nor to the beef nuod in any other State
in the Union. Many butcher* will, how
ever, tell their customer* that tb beef
which come* from Texas is native to II
limn*. Ohio sends a fair quality of beef.
Hut if it were not for the vast quantities
hrought froui Texan to the city beef
would bring tifty oenta a jxmnrt in the
market steadily. ] hitches* comity and
Orange county occasionally send aotue
fancy beef hi private parties, but it ia
only a drop in the cwui. Some meat ia
hardly tit to eat wlteu brought to market,
and one moniing at Washington market
Superintendent Devon e< ie,l no bus
tliiui 357 quart'-m cf bob veal, which
were almost in a state of putrrdaoticn.
This ahow* tlie danger formerly enconn
"Urred bv housewives who were fond of
roast venl or nice little cutlets. The
worst kind of hi-ef bring* at the y*r>lasS
a hundred m ight, mid Texan lieef bring*
about $9.50 u hundred when it ia in go<*l
condition. About 250 goat* and kula
arc brought to market every year in tliia
city, and they will average 4A pouud* a
carcass dreosed, but their meat i* never
in any great demand, and ia only eaten
by |eople whoae palates nre 111 an el
hansted state. Sixty roasting pig* are
sold weekly on on average and weigh
from 15 to 20 pounds each. The con
sumption of ham* in the city amounts to
from s.lXt<) to 7,500 hams per wis k, and
they chief!v come from the Wi-sU-rn
States. Of tame turkey*, duck* of all
kinds, givsc and guinea fowl* there are
delivered to the Now York markets abont
1,500 tons a week, and tlieir price varies
oooording to aeaaon, but they are at the
maximum niton about the holidays.—
Arte York H'-rnltt.
The Battle of Three Marine Monsters.
Jules Mcuctti and two companions,
while returning from a fishing excursion
to Oakland, Ciil., were witnesses of
a scene not of fin noticed. This was a
marine oombat which took place in the
reach Wtween Hnncclitn and Angel
island, tlic combatant*. Wing a swordnsh
and a large fish resembling a whale. The
large fish or whale was first sreu round
ing the eastern corner of tlie island, fol
lowed by its enemy, which frequently
rose from the water, and allowed Mr.
Menotli sml his companions a full view
of its proportions. It was evidently a
xipluas, or sword fish, the body round,
the head long, the upper jaw terminat
ing in a long Wak in tha form of a
sword. The other fish resembled a nar
whal, but ns it rarely rose nlnive the
water, its character could net be elearlv
usccrtaiued. The sword fish charged it
with great impetuosity, the big fish
striking Itaok with its tail, and the water
in their track WAS dyed with blood. At
one tim they passed within six fathoms
of the plunger, causing Mr. Meuotti and
hia friends uo little uneosiueso. When
last seen, the fish were steering townrd
Han Qnentin, still fighting. Hwordtlsh
are not common iu those waters, though
in 1 W>4 the ship Flying Fish, Oapt.
Nichols, WHS struck by one while reuse
ing the bar as she entered the harbor.
Just as Well.
An eminent lawyer of Boston tells tho
following joke: A flashily <tressed yonng
sprig entered his oflloe and wax requested
to ho seated. Tlio request wax complied
with,and tho young man wax akeil to state
hia business. "Well, Mr. 8., what
would he the first thing for mo to do in
ordnr to learn the profession J" The
lawyer Hied hia weather eye u|x>n tho
nobtrjr-drosscd young man and surveyed
him from hia flashy necktie to his highly
polished boots, and exclaimed : "The
first thing you had better do would I*>
to go and roll in a barnyard." Au
answer came as <)iiiuk aa the suggestion
in tha following terae language. "If I
should come and study two years in your
office, wouldn't it do just as well "
HOW TO UOTEKN OUR (TITER.
Th Ishil Sarin •• l)rb< Ikar Save CllaS
1 r—Tkr Krirai Kivravu larraaM.
The Chicago Tributu asys : Mr.
William M. (mwveuor of St. Louis has
lsieu making a recent investigation iuto
the lnuniei|>si indebtedness of this uouu
try. His search demonstrates that Mr.
liiaine has rattier understated than over
nlalt'd lii> 1<m1 debts uf the onuiitry iu
tin' exhibit which kit made aliout a year
ago, and which attracted an much at ten
uou at the tune. Mr. Blaine estimated
the aggregate municipal indebtedness,
near tiie dose of liwit year, at $570,000,-
000. Thia showed an ruurmoui incn.iaar
within four yearn, hi one the census of
1870 staled tiie municipal debts (ex
cluiiive uf Htatc aud county) to be $328,
244,520. Hut later investigation, oov
i ring a jicriod of Ave yearn, allow that
Mr. Itlaiue'ii eatunate was a low one. A
recent uutulier of the Financial Chron- \
ich gave a list of city securities, whicil
allowed that the boOuß of only thirty-two
cities in the country (exclusive of their
Ih tiding indebtedness) amount to $525,-
('<.'12,728, or ucarly as much an Mr.
lilaine'B eetuuate of the groan municipal
indebtedness. Hut the last annual re
ports of M iNsacknactta nhow that the
cities in that Htatc alone, besides those
included in the thirty tWo cltlea cited
above, owe $36,914,634. In Ohio, the
reports ah<iw that the cities of thatßlate,
outside of tiie cities included iu the
/■"inanciat Chn/niclc't statement, owe
$8,909,714. Thun Uie bonded debt of
the thirty two cities, and the cities of
unly two St*ten among all those not in
cluded ill that list, amounts to $571,457,
076, or a larger sum tliau Mr. Blaine
estimated for the whole country. A
cumiiariaon of the census statement
shown that these cities uwd less than
two thirds of the total municipal iudebt
educes of that time. Assuming that thia
ratio remains the same, the present
showing would make the aggregate mn ,
nioi pal indebtedness $H50,185,614. Thia
is a higher rate than even Mr. Onammor
is wrilling to accept. He tin-re fore makes
a prujmr allowance fur a smaller ratio of
increase in the cities wfn-ru. statements
are not made. The increase in the thir
ty two cities between 1870 and 1875 was
160 per cent. The increase of the Massa
chusetts cities not included iu the list of
thirty-two is 130 per cent. The increase
of the Ohio cities has been 29U per cent
The average increase in the two States
lias leeu more than 160 per oent. It ia
entirely within tounds to assume that
ths increase in the other cities of the
country has been seventy per oent., or
lesa than half of the average men-tow in
(lie States of Massachusetts and Ohio.
Upon this basis, the aggregate municipal
indebtedness of the country at this time
amounts to $758,000,000, or nearly
SJUO,UUO,i *JO more than Mr. Blaine mli
New York furnished a proof that the
estimated increase of seventy per oent.
is entirely reasonable. From a state
ment furnished recently by Gov. Tildeu.
it a(pears tliat th tuuuieipiU debts of
tliat Htate, outside of New York city,
Brooklyn, and Albany, have increased
119 per cent, iu Ira* than two years. It
should be stated, however, tliat the
thirtv-two entire which have a total
IxiOiird indebtedness of $525,6.12,728
hare sinking funds that amotuit to $62,
tt.1,053. Deducting this, the net iu
deldetlneas in these citn-a, ami lliowe of
New York, Massachusetts and Ohio not
included iu that list, is $151,684,5.31.
Add to this the debts of the other cite*
in the country, npou the estimated in
crease of sev nty per cent, lance 187<>,
and the nmnuipai indebtedness uf the
eouutrv, after deducting resources, is
Tim average municipal id-liteduena
of twenty English cities smaller than
Ixindon is alsiut |SO per capita. But
the minor American cities, with about
the same population as these twenty
English Cities, owe *txnt $92 per capita
The contrast is preai-nted ui stall another
form. The report of the local govern
ment tiuard m Great Britain ahowa that,
deducting the British national debt,
there is a total local indebtedness of
$360,600,(XX), or aloul sll per capita.
Take the name local indebtedness in this
country, including everything except
the national debt, and we have:
Stale debt* sm. 470.617
Comity debs. 10n.000.00n
M tmnapal datsa 7*4,080, UOO
Total 01, M1,070,617
This is a local indebtedness of aliout
SMI per capita for all the pmple iu this
country, or Ms >nt three times as great as
(lie local ludebUsluess |>er capita in
Great Britain. The strain in tnia conn
try is still more notable when we count
the interest paid. The intercut on tho
local iudebUslness probably average*
seven per cent, which wonld make it
1 $13,000,000 annually, while tho interest
. m the British local indebtedness does
not exceed $15,000,000 a year ; no that,
while tin interest on our national iudebt
i idness is ntoie tliau $20,000,000 less
than Great Britain pays on its national
j debt, the total interest we pay every year
I <m all debts is from $40,000,000 to $50,-
I (100.000 more tin Great Britain pays on
I its lore! indebtedness.
The statement of local indebtedness
I does not fully set forth the full measure
: of rookies* m-sa and extravagance that
> characterise our municipal governments;
for, notwithstanding the startling in
crease of local indebtiHlneas, taxation has
likewise increased st s frightful rate. A
statement of fifteen cities (New York,
Philadelphia, Boston, Brooklyn, St.
' Louis, Chicago, Cincinnati, Jersey City,
! Lonisville, Newark, Cleveland, Han
Francisco, Providence, Alliauy, Mil wan
kee) sliows tliat the taxable valuation of
property has increased nearly $1,000,-
000,000 the Inst fire years, and the tax
levy ill those cities, which was $64,000,-
000 in 1860 70, was $97,500,000 in 1874-5.
Tt only remains to be states! that in not
one of those cities wns the debt reduced
! within the time mentioned, so that the
increase of taxation was devoted, aside
| from the payment of interret on the
i lswided debt, to the payment of current
expenses aud looal improvements. In
| 1870 tlic whole snm raised by State,
| comity and nmnioiiHil taxes wns abont
§280,000,000, and the most careful eeti
, nude now place* the revenue exacted
| from the same sources st $563,000,000
' annually. This is over and above the
men sine of debt. Deducting the State
taxi's, tho county and municipal govern
iDents raise §205,000,000 a year, and
luive added $430,000,000 to their indebt
edness within five yearn. According to
this, our local government really cost*,
iu taxes and increased debt, $180,000,000
annually, or more than the entire annual
revenue of Great Britain for all pnr
jo*o*, which is $376,000,000.
One morning a man having iui office
in Detroit wanted to get trusted for a
paper, but tho boy drew back and re
" 1 can't do it. I'm running on
limited capital, heavily secured by col
laterals, aud every cent has got to count
"Well, I can't buy, then," said the
" I don't want to lie mean," continued
the boy, after some time spent in pon
dering* "aud if you've got any good
paper I'll duexmnt it."
But they didn't trade.
Col. Arthur Giau has a ten-acre orange
giove on Lake Monroe, Fla., which con
tains seven hundred trees, yielding from
§IO,OOO to $13,000 per year.
Terms: S'J.OO a Vear, in Advance.
THE POPULATION (IE CHINA.
H bai aa Aalbartir M Itaaa* Sad Ibaai li,
Hays the Shanghai (Ywrirr: The
aubiect of ttia population of China is the
riddle of the Sphinx, ever guessed at
hut never solved. Aud if it were solved
no oue would ever know it. trees use
there can be no veriflimtion. Inoonnee
ttou with our first knowledge of China
we are taught that its jxqmlation M im
mense. Its millions teem. The delu
sion of cue or two generations ago that
Jeddo aud Pekin are the world's great
Iwu tors of iKipoiatioii is scarcely yet din
polled. Many of the cities of the eigh
teen provinces, eejiecially in the sontti,
are undoubtedly enormous, and to the
casual traveler all Chinese cities ate pre
suuiptively the same. He has learned
in las geography or read in hi* eneyclo
pedis tliat the population of Tieutain is
500,000, and that of Pekin from 1,500,-
000 to 2,000,000. These round numbers
are generally accepted without question,
. and on tin* scale smaller cttiea are
ssuged. Thus we meet the moat oonfl
ent estimates of population, funned on
soaiity data, or on no data at all, by every
latest traveler, who, like a supreme
court, ha* the laat guess at the case. The
difference l*t ween the high scale and
* the low scale of estimating Chinese
cities is a differeuoe of nearly one half.
There are thoee who cling to Uie old Ua
ditiou that the population of Pekin ia
' 2,000,000, and there are others who con
sider 700,000 a liberal estimate. Little
' or no dependence 1* to be placed un the
estimate* of transient travelers. Even
long resident* hesitate to express a de
cided ouiniou, for experience haa taught
them that such conjecture* are often
misleading. It ia as idle to inquire the
uutnber of families in a large city of
"intelligent natives," aa it would be to
ask an " intelligent native " the death
rate of Liverpool. There is, no doubt,
a death rats, aud somewhere it is re
-1 corded. But it is not in the line of any
but physicians and coroners to know
what it is, unless it may have been pub
lished in the morning paper. Bnt the
Chinese have no morning papers, nor
any other paper. At oertain yaniens, no
doubt, some sjqiroximate statu-tic* are
•m file, but such things are utterly for
eign to the thought of ordinary Chinese,
in small villages the numla-r of families
is known to ail; iu large cittee it iaprac
tically not known at all. It would be
wrong to disturb the world's faith in the
proposition that China contains 400,000,
(100 inhabitants, a proportion now gen
erally accepted in spit* of De tyuinoey'a
skepticism. But lei this multitude of
human t>einga be apportioned in a fair
and equitable manner among the smaller
towns and villages, and not thrust by
hundreds of thousands upon half empty
walled towns where they will find no
visible means id support. If theee re
marks should lead the casual reader to
inquire the population af Tai yuan-fit,
he ia informed tliat according to thedoc
trine of the relativitv of human knowl
edge, if Pekin still keeps her 2,000,000
as ui the geographies, then the capital
of Hhausi lias 300,000. But if Pekin is
reduced to 750,000, then does Tai yuan
fti drop to 100,000, "be the same more
or lees. The average Englishman, whose
faith ia said to be sueii that if s safety
valve were only labeled "statistics " he
would sit ou it with jierfect safety, i* in
vited to take notice.
A (>ood Idea.
The fact that girls or young ladies
after leaving school paid little if any at
tention to studies suggested to certain
ladies in London, and by their example
to others in Boston, to establish what
goea under the name of a Society to
Encourage Studies at Home, and that in
Boston has been in quiet operation for
about twenty mouths. IU purpose ia
the vcrv simple and direct on>- of indnc
mg girts to form the habit of devoting
some jiart of every day to study of a
systematic and thorough kind ; ita mode
of action ia through the exercise of an
oversight by experienced and educated
Indies over the home work of younger
ladies, and thia of oourae mainly by
correspondence. For example, if a girl
of seventeen or over desires to join tlie
society, site gives her name to the score
tarv, )wya a small initial ion fee to cover
ex)H>naea of jxwtage, printing, etc., and
receives in return a programme of the
several courses open, in history, litera
ture, art, science, Herman, and French ;
she selects the department of study
which she desires to pursue, and ia put
in commnuioatiou with tlie member of
the committee who has charge of the de
partment She ia expected to devote
some portion of every day of every
week to careful reading and study, order
and system being substantial elements in
the plan, ami at least once a month to
report progress to her officer, who, in
n furn, gives advice, makes suggestions,
and encourages or stimulates the student
Once a year a meeting ia held of such as
can come together, and a general report
is made, with special essays by students,
and diplomas are given.
About Postal Cards.
The Post offios department at Wash
ington received a letter from a firnj in
Chicago complaining that six rents addi
tioual postage was charged them on a
postal card sent to their address, on the
face of which, in tie* lower left haud
corner, were written the words, " Sept.
13, 1875." As many complaints of this
character are received at the depart
ment, tho following reply to tho above
letter ia furnished for the information of
(a.vn.KMiiN*: In answer to your letter
I have to Htate tliat by a ruling of this
department anything whatever, except
an addreoa written or printed upon the
side of a postal card intended for the
addr< ss, renders snch card unmailable,
and the same cannot be legally forward
ed nnloaa prepaid at the letter rate—
bree cents. But if by inadvrrtanre it
roaches its destination without such
prepayment, it ia chargeable with double
tlie letter rates under the provisions of
section 152. postal laws edition of 1873.
In accordance with tlie said ruling tho
card submitted was rendered subject to
letter postage by the writing of the
date on the side designed for the ad
dress, and having been forwarded with
out the prepayment of such postage, it
liecame liable to double the letter rates
—six cents. In collecting the above.,
however, the postmaster at Chicago
should have deducted the one cent
originally paid for the card.
Sweet Oil a* a Remedy Tor Poison.
A plain farmer writes: It ia now over
twenty years since I heard that sweet oil
would' cure the bite of a rattlesnake, not
kno sing that it would cure other kinds
of poiaon. Practice and experience have
taught me that it will cure poisons of
any kind, both on man and lieaat. The
patient must take a spoonful of it inter
nally, and bathe the wound for a cure.
To cure a horse, it takes eight times as
much as for a man. One of the most
extreme canes of snake bites oocurred
eleven years ago. It had been thirty
days standing, and the patient had been
given up by his physician. I gave him
a sjtoonfnl of the oil, which effected a
cure. It will cure bloat in cattle caused
by fresh clover. It will cure tho stings
of liees, spiders, or other insects, and
peraons who have leen poisoned by a
low, running vine called ivy.
Thr Public Libraries of Europe.
Titer* aru ninety-four public librarieu
in Euro|>, which ooutain more than
100,(100 printed volumes each, and whose
collect ion* uumbr in the aggregate
morn than 21,000,000 volumes. Marty
of litem have, in addition, thousands of
valuable manuscript*. Of these great
storehouse* of learning, the National
library of Pari* ia lite largest, it contain
a 2,000,000 printed volumoa and 150,-
matiUMiripU. The second position
i* disputed by the library of the British
MtMcum and the Im|terud library of Ht.
Petersburg, each of which clmima to pon
nea* 1,100,000 volume*. The next poai
lion among the great collections of the
world bel< ruga to tb Iktyal library of
Munich, with ita 900,000 voltunea. The
Iktyal library of Berlin haa 700,000 vol
umea; the Imperial of Vienna, fl00,000;
the Royal of Coitenhagen, MO,000; the
iteyal of Dmadan, 500,000; and the
Iktyal of Htntigart, 450,000. Next in
importance are the great University li
braries of Camltridge and Gottiugeo,
each of which pciinuewn 400,000 vol
umea. The University of Breshui has
350,000; the Bodleian of Oxford, 310,
000; and the Advocates' of Edinburgh,
the Grand Ducal of Darmstadt, and the
City of Mtrasburg, 300,000 each. The
following contain 200,000 volumes or
more: the Araunal and Ht Genevieve of
Part*, the University of Bonn, the City
of iiiunburg, the University of Heidel
berg, Jena, Konigsbcrg, Leipsio, Mil
mob, and Tubingen, respectively ; the
Ducal of Wolfrubuttel, Ute National of
Perth, the University of Bologna, the
National of Florence, Nap lea, and Mad
rid, respectively , the ltoyal of Brussels,
the University of Copenhagen, and the
University of Christiana. — Apptrltmrn'
Amrrumn ( l j/clopa*lia, revised etfi- j
itm, article "Library."
Forest fleatlag la Minnesota.
One of the objections to habitation on
the prairies vest of the timber belt* lias
been that they am without timber. This
diaadvautagt- ia In-uig overcome by the
planting of trees—an enterprise winch
wae initiated into that section by Presi
dent Beckerf find is now muter the ma
perriaion of Hon. L. B. Hodges, who
introduced tree planting into the State
twmly five years ago, and baa demon
strated its entire feasibility by repeated
experiments. It was commenced along
the Bt. Paul and Pacific railroad in 1870
for the primary purpose of creating a
anow break, the trees being set in rows
on either aide of the track ; in places
moat liable to drift, two rowa to form a
more effective break. The experiment
has proved a decided success, and the
work ia now prosecuted with viger. Thia
company has set out over 4,000,000;
20.000,000 have been planted on the
treeleas prairies of the State. Mr.
Becker, to encourage private enterprise,
opened a farm on the prairies, and ia
planting on a large scale at hia own ex
peuae. Many kinds of trees grow very
rapidly—often fifty to sixty feet high and
twenty-five to thirty-inchee in dauneter,
iu from fifteeu to twenty year*' time;
hard woods, six to eight inches in di
ameter, in from seven to ten yean' time.
It ia claimed by Mr. Hodges that trees
can be planted at a coat of loss than one
third of a cent each the first year. Thia
device will prevent the suow drifting on
the track, supply timber and fuel for
the use of the road, besides onhaucing
the aesthetic effect.
Wanted to Pajr Taxes.
One day a resident of the northern
part of Detroit, says the Pre* /V,
called at the city hall, and finding the
official who received taxes, he said:
"I called here to pay some taxes.
How much shall I pay f"
" Where'a your property f" aaked the
•• Haven't got any."
•' And what are you going to pay taxes
" I dun no, but I want to pay 'era.
I've had it flung np to me a down times
that I hain't no taxpaTer and hain't no
business talking around. and now I want
to pay in whatever ia right and be aa
good as anybody."
" But jon are not taxed."
•' Why hain't If Ain't I as good as
"Yes, but you can't be taxed when
yon have no taxable property."
" 1 can't, eh f Well, there are other
towns besides Detroit, and if I cant f<*l
as good as anybody else here I can pack
np and leave. 1 '
And be put np his wallet and went
The Useful Boj.
Dear, patient, busy boy 1 Shall we
not is>metimes answer its questional
(live it a comfortable seat f Wait, and
not reprove it till after the company haa
gone r Let it wear its beet jacket, and
bay it half ar many necktiea aa its sis
ter f Give it some money, even if there
ia not enough to go round I Listen tol
erantly to ita little bragging, and help
it "do " its stunsf
A remedy for caterpillar*, which ia
used on a Luge scale in France, couaista
in a solution i one part in 500) of sulphide
of potassium, sprinkled on the tree by
means of a hand syringe.
E>omsn Bom—Experiments on the
height and weight of boys fourteen
year* of age, in two groups of English
schools, showed that the boys in the
country group were about one and one
quarter inches taller, and seven pounds
heavier than those in the town schools.
The difference in height waa due in
alwut equal degrees to mere retardation
and to total suppression of growth.
If hot. Why Hot!
A medical journal published in CI eve-*
land addresses the following queer query
to the profession:
" ycicmi -Hu any ptgstciaii aver seen or
treated a bald-lieaded owatunptiv*?'
We should say that there most be. and
that there must hare been, bald-headed
consumptives ; yet the fact that doobt
in thrown over the existence of each
persons by ' medical journal would seem
hi show that they are not so common aa
to be within the knowledge of every
physician. We ourselves have not, of
oonrse, seen as many sufferers from the
maladv in question as have oome nnder
the observation of some doctors; bnt
we cannot at this moment think of any
one of those we have seen who was bald
headed. Consumption is a disease that
preys upon old people as well aa young
and* middle-aged jwople; and we suppose
its victims are subject to the ordinary
laws that regulate the growth of hair. If
not, why not f
CsruLTT. —Some Prussian army offi
cers are under arrest for cruelty to a
soldier. They compelled him to go
through with exhausting drills, and when
he complained of sickness, they added
increased tasks as a punishment for
"shamming." He died at last, and then
it was found that be had been suffering
from a brain disease. The case reminds
one of that of Connolly, the Blaokwell's
island oonvict, who was tortured by the
A tailor was observed sitting cross
legged on the Canada shore gazing in
tently at the Horseshoe fall, with its
thick cloud of spray. A reporter stole
up unobserved and heard him mutter :
*' What a place to sponge a coat!"
lack uri Jul
-naMlkttMM; -ilu i .
4a4l# tttoa lov'at. tbwi follow •.
Fallow KMI wo*."
Hay* Jack to Jill •*What*to *oa*ut.
Thy will to tow to am ;
Ami if to aUmb Umhj Ann dent*
* Lead on! I'll Mtoiltoi "
Tbsy towtoil u kffi, tot all too aaon
For Jack to trtfiH toR a Mow
And umbtod down tito kill
"0 Jaok ! O Jack I My own Into loot'
Ob, ' What a fail was ltot r
Heboid* LUw lb as. I ll track ay crown.
Fur what tboo dar'at, I dart!
" | oaUod on tboa to follow ma.
Wbil'at akmUut up Uto hOL"
With no* wild ahriek, " I follow tbao
Wart Iba laat ward* of JUL
Items of Interest.
Ode to my landlady—throe weeks'
A new definition of an old maid ia—
woman who lias been maid for a long
The leather business of the United
.States mnsMtU a working capital of
Mrs. Oubbins says her husband is like
a tallow candle : W always will smoke
when be goaaout.
They cure chicken cholera in Georgia
by smoking the buds with pine tops,
Ur and feathers.
A Council Bluff doctor hangs out a
•ign inscribed " Dr. H. O, Oreeno,
Medico Elcctruno." 0 I
Associated blacksmiths stop striking
when they strike.
The Milwaukee fifmiinel reports that a
number seven bat will just fit a St. Ixrais
Over eight hundred tons erf old rubber
shoes are man a factored into car springs
in Boston annually.
Breakfast in New York and supper in
Ohio ia the startling possibility offered
by the new mail train.
The population of lowa, with the ex
ception of bat one county (Kossuth), is
set down st 1,352,631.
Why is the tetter Q the handiest let
ter in the alphabet 7 Because when it ia
in use yoa always find it before U.
teoina* Cross—Oairo-giaghi woman
—weighs 422 pounds— ways die wants
some one to lows her for herself alone.
" Hhingle wadding* " are now coming
into fashion. This novel wedding takes
place when the first bora Is old enough
A Ht. Louis woman enumerates among
her friends twenty-two women who have •
become bald from wearing heavy masses
uf false hair.
An aspiring lady of Utica, N. Y., is
expending 1 <5,000 to put aspire two hun
dred and fifty feet high on oue of the
churchea of that city.
Jones, speaking at an squaintanoe
whose stock of brains was heavily mort
gaged, remarked " Why, beta next door
to a fool, and sometime* moves in. '
A gift—its kind, value, and appear
anoe, the rilenoe or pomp that attended
it; the atyie in which it reaches it—may
decide the dignity or vulgarity of the
" What makes your face so red P* aaid
an inspecting general to hard-drinking
soldier. "It's modesty," replied the
soldier. I always blush when spoken to
by a general. **
It ia stated that the Philadelphia con
fectioner who advertised "Centennial
Kisses" cant sell any. They are too
old. The sixteen-iaia are preferred by
nasn of taste.
Hie Bochenter Jixarrm suggests that
the baby without a back bone, recently
bom, be brought up with especial refer
ence to the art of oonciliating political
A girl ia on trial ia London for fawn
ing her engagement ring. She raised
fifteen shilling* on it the day after her
lover gave it to her, whereupon he had
At the Centennial they are to have a
chorus of Cambrian %*, who will
chant in their native tongue their
national antbenm : "Lnddyfoddyfy
Wbaa yon at* a great big man knock
ing croquet haha up and down a lawn
you may make up TOUT mind that the
genius who invented the bucksaw didn't
know what be waa about.
The editor of the Kearney (Neb.)
Prtm acknowledges the receipt of a en
comber Are feet eight inches in length.
And yet eoaae people manst that Ne
break* ia not an agricultural country.
Aa a novelty, the application of the
camera obscure haa been introduced in
English railway carriages, exhibiting to
the traveler a mowing picture of the
country through whieh ha U paaaing.
An impressionable Indiana journalist
haa " wen swaying lily-like above the
churn a beauty more perfect than that
which bloomwl fullgrown from the
bright focosof the sea's ecstatic travail."
When a foreigner finds that plague ia
a word of one sellable, and ague, a part
of the plague, is a word of two, he wishes
that the plague might take one-half the
English language, and the ague the
There is sanctity in suffering when
meekly borne. Our duty, though aet
about by thorns, may "till be a staff,
supporting even while it tortures. Oast
it away, and like the prophet's wand, it
changes to a snake.
It is hard to aa j wbe the happiest man
is, but the happiest women, according to
the Dtuibary is ahe who ia called
upon to decide the question aa to which
is the cunningeet of two of the conning
est babies that ever lived.
The Grand I)nke Alexis, third son of
the emperor of Russut, who some yeans
ago, owing to a secret marriage with a *
lady of the court of the empress, had
incurred the displeasure of his father,
has now been divorced from his wife.
An unhappv nine-year-old boy, near
Reading, Pa., oompiaina that he sees
reptiles all around aim, and his friends
are laboring ui*V' the delusion that he
has been bewitched by an old woman,
whom he saw sitting on a basket at a
neighbor's house, and laughed at be
cause of her eooontrie movements.
Bam—" I aay, Jim, bow does you like
mv new sweet ob clothes?" Jim—
" Sweet ob clothes 1 Go 'long. You
mean suit of clothes." fwa—"Go 'long
wid ycr ownaelf, you black ignoramus!
Don't folks as know* French say sweet
of rooms 1 Well, de same am applicable
to do thee. Go whitewash yereelf I"
Since 1824 New England has received
from the general government for im
provement of its river* and harbor* the
sum of #6,875,488; the Middle States,
#11,758,915 ; the Southern States,
#6,406,838; Indiana, Illinois and Ohio,
$4,580,510; Miasonri, lowa, and Minne
sota, #675,500; and Michigan and Wis
consin, #8,799,776. '* n
Said Jeff. Davis at one of the fairs in
Missouri, the other day : It gladdened
my heart aa I drove to these grounds to
see the number of aide-saddles on the
horses hitched along the way. I had al
most begun to fear that my American
countrywomen had loat the art of riding,
at least the art of riding on horseback.
Thank yon, ladies, for coming on side
A Kansas City fisherman, who recently
bad set afloat several lines attached to
bottles, and baited with frogs, and had
followed them in a skiff for several miles
down the river without getting a bite,
was chagrined to diaoovor that, owing to
the insufficient "leading" of the lines,
the frogs had swum to the surface, and
had been sitting on the bottles for the
A man thirty years of age, a plate
layer on the Settle and Carlisle railway,
England, bung himself on a post in a
public drying ground at Carlisle the
other morning. Be" re doing so he
wrote with a piece of > chalk On a neigh
boring wall the following message: "I
take the pleasure of riling these few
lines if it will be a warning k> all yonng
men, aud never live wra.s in<>!her ill
law. Now I end my miserable life."