The Centre reporter. (Centre Hall, Pa.) 1871-1940, August 19, 1875, Image 2

Below is the OCR text representation for this newspapers page. It is also available as plain text as well as XML.

fsxz Centre Reporter,
TIXD.CTITS..* - Kditer
Centre Hall, Pa., Aug. 19. 1875.
1 KRM3.—s2ptr year, w adranct, 2.80
r hen not paid in advance.
Adrcrticcmcnt* Hfrenertint for three m
trrtitm*, and for G ana 12 month* */*>
al contract.
DeniocraUr Ticket.
Treamrtr —D. A. MUSTER.
rVottanotory-AARON WILLIAMS.
Recorder — W M. A. TOBIAS.
CbiiwttNttmm —H. A. MINGLE,
Cbrtwirr —DR. JOS. ADAMS,
.dmfifor#— JOS. GILLILAN l>.
We observe from the movements of
the radical* in this county, that they in
tend to concentrate their forces against
our nominee for Treasurer, D. A. Musser,
and defeat him if possible, seeing no
hope of defeating any of the other gen
tlemen ujion the ticket. Already stories
are being circulated against Mr. Musser.
Any on? knowingthat gentleman, knows
that hia character is without blemish,
he hails frotu one of the oldest and most
respected families in our valley, has
never been an office seeker, is compe
tent, responsible, and will leave the of
fice of Treasurer, to which he will be
elected in spite of the machinations of
the enemy, with every cent of the peo
ple's money faithfully accounted for.
.Mr. Musser hears the reputation of a
christian gentleman, and is one of the
moat useful cilisens of Penn township.
Iemocrats owe him every vote, on ac-
count of his past fidelity, and every hou
est republican can Tote for him under
♦ the full assurance of voting for an hon
est man.
A statement of the affairs of Duncan.
Sherman A Co, has been prepared for
the public, from which it appears the
liabilities of the firm are f4,572,12S and
the assets 12,112,740. This statement is
not official, and can be taken as repre
senting the approximate amount. It
has been prepared to answer many in
quiries regarding the probable condition
of affaire and with special care to avoid
making a better show ing than may be
• justified. All doubtful assets have hoen
reduced or stricken out. The amount of
liabilities given on account of travelers,
credits and circulars is 12,372,952.
The greatest sham that ever entered
Centre connty, is Bill Brown's '-Indus
trial Advocate." It is a grand foreign
humbug, got up entirely at Ilarrisburg.
with a few local squibs from our county,
sent down by mail, to give it a home ap
pearance. This Advocate has no office,
not a single type, nor sheat of blank pa
per in Centre county. And this is the
organ of a set of conspirators to mislead
democrats, abuse Judge Orvis without
cause, and oast its slurs at the Reporter
because it is outspoken in its sentiments
and does not wink at ringn and cliques.
Anti-treating societies are now being
formed in some parts of the eouutry.
Cincinnati and Pittsburg have organisa
tions of the kind. The following is the
I pledge myself not to treat any per
son or persons; nor to accept a treat of
any spirituous or Malt Liquors, Wine or
Cider, in any public place, where the
same is kept for sale and money jwtid
A ''Democrat of Gregg" asks us the
names of the senatorial conferees and
also who moved to make Mr. Alexander
chairman of the convention. As we
omitted these two items in our report of
the proceedings we furnish them here
in answer to our correspondent, and for
the information of others. The conferees
are J. P. Gephart, G. W. M'Gaffey and
T. M. Hall. The gentleman who pro
posed Mr. Alexander for Chairman was
T. M. Hall. We desire to say here that
communications criticising some of the
doings of the convention, can not conduce
to the harmony of the party, now that
the nominations are made, hence
"Haines," "Democrat of Gregg" and
"Bellefonte" have been laid aside.
We print in this week's issue the
charge of Judge Orvis in the Clearfield
riot cases. The document should be
read and studied by all, as it presents in
a clear and concise manner the law
touching upon strikes, with which all
should be conversant. In some quarters
Judge Orvis has been censured, by per
sons unfriendly to him, for doing his
duty in the matter. The charge should
be studied by all lair minded men who
love the peace and good order of society
and who desire to be protected in their
rights, and will be profitable reading for
those who would incite to strikes and
Out of 43,000 people, men, women and
children, in the town of Fall River,
Massachusetts, 15,000 arc idle in conse
quence of a "strike" ordered by their
leaders. The great body of the opera
tives, who are already beginning to suf-
Jer the pangs of poverty, deny that they
are "responsible" for the suspension dep
recate its continuance and denounce its
instigators, and yet have not the cour
age to throw off their yoke and return to
work. The next step for the working
people of this country will be, not to or
ganize for protection against their em
ployers, but for defense against their
self-assumed leaders.
Disastrous storms have been sweeping
over Germany and Switzerland as well
as elsewhere in Europe. The Cologne
Zeitong reports that the vineyards in
numerous places have been irretrieva
bly ruined by the deluge of the latter
part of may, which not only destroyed
all hope of this year's harvest, but wash
ed away the soil, leaving nothing but
bare rock or a substratum of clay. On the
9th of July the town of Melsungen was
inundated by a violent rain-storm, which
also flooded the adjoining town of Gen
anngen, destroying houses ami bridges
andjheaping their debris upon the rail
way track. Shortly afterwards llaren
was visited by a hail storm, accompa
nied With terrific thunder and lightning,
the hailstones measuring five or six
inches in circumference and breaking
thousands of window-panes. On the
same date, July 9, an unprecedented
bail storm laid waste the entire harvest
for several miles around Geneva. Kitch
en gardens were devastated ; trees a
century old were snapped like reeds ; in
the city chimneys were demolished and
Several houses unroofed, whilst shatter
ed windows were counted by hundreds
Of thousands. All the street-lamps were
extinguished by a single gust. Hun
dreds of birds were killed by the bail
■tonee, many of which were as large as
hen's eggs, and three human lives were
Radical* arc encouraging democrat* to
run independent, telling them It i* no
longer a *in to l>olt end run agnin*t the
ticket, that they can be rewarded with a
nomination for assembly, senator or to a
chairtnanahip. and have other front
rank positions in the jairtv, in lew than
twelve month*. This bolting business
being sanctioned may work badly. We
arc opposed to it, and opjmsed to en
couraging bolter*. Thing* may lie play
ed thus far a apell but "vengeance i*
mine aaith the Lord and bolter* may
remember that the people can and will
have vengeance at the ballot box."*
go for the ticket, and give bolter* and
bolting a wide berth. This encourage
ment to bolter* will send the jmrtv to
where ice i* unknown if it is made re
spectable by the sanction of the party.
♦ •
l*uring the last fourteen years of Re
publican rule, says the Sun, Congress
voted away the most valuable portion of
the public domain to railroad corjairw
tions and in other ways. Of the vast
empire which was regarded a* one of the
great sourev>s of national wealth, and as
a permanent attraction for immigration,
there remains hut a comparatively small
part for settler*.
By a system of corrupt legislation
without parallel, these rich lands were
distributed among speculate** and mon
opolists, who, by means of the t'redit
Mobilier and other fraudulent combina
tion*, shared the spoil* with Senator*
and Representatives that served as their
agent* and instruments in the plunder.
Nor is this all. The Department of the
Interior, under Delano, has augmented
the wealth of these corporation* to the
extent of millions of acres by venal de
cision* against all precedent, which not
only ro-opatmd condemned and spurious
claims, but have driven thousands of
poor settlers from the homesteads ac
quirtd by law and laK.r, for the benolit
of infamous Ring*.
The popular belief that the supply of
public land is unlimited, is a fallacy
which cannot be too soon dispelled. Of
late years the olhciai mparts have been
manipulated in the inU'rest of the rail
roads that enjoy immense grants, in or
der to produce at; impression that they
did not materially affect tin; large terri
tory open for settlement.
But even sujierticia! examination
proves these statements to l>e interest
ed, and, by their suppression of impor
taut data, to be worthless as a basis for
estimating the quantity of good laud
available for sale and settlement. A
few ugly facts may wcil arrest attention
ou this imjK'rtant subject, aud cause
Congresa to halt before granting anoth
er acre without a public reason that w ill
stand the severest scrutiny.
Total area of the laud
Total ef MF LUD SUM UJ "
Moantaio*. rack*, tod l** itutnou
tall pUlu, dta<-rta,dc.. not rolU
valiMg, M118Ati4......5W.1iM).M1l
W*tar Mrtfte* . . ML'WO'FUI
SM eotata. dettac. dc ... lU.UMn
lUtarred for new Stat.-. Ij.'
hint. Ullta la State,
without public faail* . aw.tta.ivu
I-iifwaaM*yah lie lud. WWJW.dA *crta
Some of these quantities are iuvf*sa
rily estimated without reliable data, but
we have reduced the tigure- assumed by
others, so that there may be no charge
of exaggeration. Less than a thousand
millions of acres constituted the capital
of the United States in virgin land be
fore it was touched by legislation. Let
us now see how it has been disposed of.
The task is difficult, because the reports
of the General I .and Office seem to be
made up with a view of concealing rutlw
erthan of exposing the truth :
Sold ta> round lubm |>.uU!
Eatarsd under bomnr-.d kU H-taUta
Orautnd to tcncnltiu.l coU*<M !/MUc
Located rrtlh aerlp
Swamp land.—for State tH.MU.OMi
tiraatad for militant nrm. m St.iHß.iui
Cosceauoo* ta W Mtarn can* la .I,OEM.ODD
(.ranted internal ÜBpro.aa.nU IXdUMU)
bruttd achoala • (*.#*•
Oruled lanmitm
Located Indian amp Tlojoui
l-Oidleil float nrrii) UAV
Ship - anal—M>chi*ar. and W'tnrucaln I.Ut'.KW
Saltn—— **nttrn nTitn
Saata of Girrarnniant and buitdinc - Wet ÜB.MD
Oruuto ooapaataa and paraoaa- -A>r*un
Daaf aad dual aarluna... So.lM
Spaatah claltaa- Calif.-nua and Florida ... l-.Tm.OM'
Rtaartad to com pa* at. -Ohio. Ac rJU'.JUs
Raaarradto Indiana—Mlaelaalppl. Alabama.
I" tab. aad Or*on ILXOB.atB
Indian traattta raaarratioaa . l)>.tOC
Oraatad to ratlruad* cblcflj tfca Pa-ifica.
aad dec talon, of Delano BU.IUMU. .000
Allowing a large margin for errors of
the quantities estimated in the area of
the United States, ami deducting the
foregoing figures from the total, and
there is serious cause for reflection in re
gard to the future of the public domain.
The great corporations and monopolists
have become the proprietors of the soil,
and before many years pass away the
immigrants who seek the West for a
home will be at the mercy of the specu
lators, who by corrupt legislation have
been enabled to seize a great empire and
to hold it on their own terms.
Even now along ail the lines of the
trans-continental railways, built by sub
sidies of land and money obtained from
Congress, the immigrant is forced to buy
upon the conditions imposed by these
Kings. And we are only at the l>egin
ning of evils to flow front this source,
for as soon as the remaining lands that
have not been grabbed are occupied by
settlement, then the power of these com
binations will be felt more severely.
After voting more than two hundred
and twenty-five millions of the best
lands to Ames, Jay Cooke, and others,
and allowing a large portion of the
grants made to colleges and for improve
ments to be stolen, the Republicans all
of a sudden have raised the cry of stop
thief. The Ohio Convention started out
with this declaration :
"We demand that the public domain
shall be scrupulously reserved for occu
pancy by actual settlers,"
Home of the men who were active in
passing that resolution had become rich
by the legislation which turned over
"the public domain" to plunderers who
bought Republican majorities by whole
sale, and paid for their votes in scrip
and in greenbacks. When there is noth
ing left to steal, then the Delano*, Sher
mans, and the whole tribe of Ohio job
bers become virtuous and "scrupulous"
about what does not exist, just as they
are for specie payments, after having
created the paper bnrrency and exjtand
ed or contracted it to suit their specula
The Radical press are making them
selves happy at last over the fact that
State Treasurer Mackey has published a
statement of where hisdepoeits are, with
the certificate of the Kinking Fund ('oni
missioners that there is no defalcation
in the Treasury, or words to that effect.
Though Democrats never charged a de
falcation, these journals were so frighten
ed that they jump for joy at the thought
that it was not shown by the statement.
Of course the Treasurer can fix up his
balances for the occasion, but the fact
that he denied the Legislative Com
mittee the right to see his books and his
securities leaves bis own statement sub
ject to the suspicion that it was for the
occasion, and thai he was not ready to
make it when the C' were on
hand, nor was he willing that ttie Com
mittee should see his books ami securi
ties, And again, there is no removing
of the grav# doubts existing on account
of the passage of a Jgw making it no lon
ger the duty of the Treasure/* to publish
1 monthly statements of his deposits, &c,
Tltat law was passed for rascally pur
pose*. It ha* no doubt served its pur
pose* so far, and will *o continue. This
the people believe. Mackcy has made
one statement. If that law hadn't been
regaled he would have been
Compelled to make them monthly if be
had obeyed the law. But that law was
in the way, and by smuggling a bill
through the legislature it was repealed.
No act of explanation at this time can
remove the suspicion* of the people, for
it is their settled lielief that the manage
ment of the State Treasury atfiur* have
lieen very corrupt the funds used to
delwvuch the people ami carry elections
and nothing short of a removal of
the Treasury ling will satisfy the public
now non MACKF 1 / s/ s rut: /•/ a
i /• n v/i.s OF rut:si t IF
Pittsburgh, Aug, 7, Cnder the stat
ute* of the state of Pennsylvania, the
State Treasurer, or any other State otll
cial, who shall either directly or indi
rectly make ami receive any protils out
of the State revenues in liable to removal
from otHee, and a criminal prosecution
with heavy penalties attached.
Bob Mackcy, State Treasurer, should
at once lie remove*! from otliee and
prosecuted innler tbi* act for receiving
directly and indirectly protits ftotu the
State fund*. He was recently forced ins
to giving a list of the bunks to which lie
has loaned the revenue*. Among thciu
is the Allegheny Nationul ltank uf this
city, which ha* fHss,Uoi of the sinking
fund, and 18,000 of the general revenue
fund . also the Central Hunk of Pitts
burgh, which has some fcuO.OUD of the
sinking fund. These, and pcrha|>s lar
ger deposits, have been kept in these
bauks during Mackcy'* administra
tion. •
.Maekey is a large -lock holder and an
officer of the Allegheny National Hank.
The t'cntn) Hank is ran by Tommy
Steel, City Treasurer. C. 1.. Magee, and
the King, ami Maekey also holds stock
in the Central Hank. Nearly, or quite
half a million of dollars of the State
funds have been used for years to run
thrae banks, and Mr. Maekey has regu
larly pocketed his share of the profits
which could not have amounted to less
than foO,QUO per year.
Kemble's bank also gets a large por
tion of the fumic, and Mat kcy is Under
stood to be a stockholder in that eou
cern. What is to hinder his impeach
ment and criminal prosecution in the
fait! of these facts? Let in a little Sun
light upon these dark ami devious trans
actions. in thfl commonwealth it iare
garded as a crime of the highest grade to
tell the truth al.oaf dishonest official- in
a public journal.
The Cincinnati Gazette has received
special dispatches from 140 county scats,
where the late llood occurred, and the
prospects are much better than expect
ed. Wheat and oats have suffered. Of
the former two-tiurds liftjie crop will be
saved. Of corn there mill be more tuau
the average crop, owing to the increase
of acreage. Potatoes will yield largely,
although some few fanners complain of
the rot. At most poiuts the yield w ill
be over tim average. The hay crop will
not fall short of the axa-agc ill quantity,
but the quality is not as good as us
Mr. ThuHow Weed w rite- a- follows
to the N. Y. Herald :
That no "adequate cause" existed fr
the murder of Morgan w ill occur to oth
er miuds as it did to our-. No such in
tention existed in the minds of those
who were connected with his abduction.
It seems due to the question in iu pros
cnt aspects to say that what originated
in a desire to suppress a book which it
was known Morgan was writing pro
gressed step by step, Incoming more and
intricate, until it assumed asjtcct- unfor
seen by all the individuals who became
involved in it.
After Morgan's manuscripts were foil
ed at lialaviu it became necessary, in the
judgment of those concerned, to
rate him from Miller, his publisher.
That object was effected by Morgan's ar
rest on a charge of larceny, on which he
was taken to t'anandaigua and contined
in the Ontario county jail. Here assur
ances were given by a Canadian that if
Morgan was taken to Niagara, Captain
Brandt, an Indian chief, would provide
a home for him in a far nest fur compa
ny. Confiding in this assurance Mor
gan was secretly conveyed from t 'anan
daigua to Fort Niagara, a distance of 11*0
miles. By this time many of the most
influential citizens of Canaudaigua,
Rochester, Clarkaon. Gaines, Lock port
and Lewiston were necessarily let into
the secret. After Morgan was confined
in the fort those w ho brought him there
crossed over the river to attend the
meeting of a lodge, by which it was ex
pected that Morgan would l>e received
and sent west, but after long and anx
ious consideration the Canadian lodge
refused to become parties to, or compli
cated in the affair. This occasioned se
rious embarrassment. They could not
go further, and it seemed dangerous to
recede. Two or three days of bewilder
ing anxieties brought a large number of
men high in the order to Lewiston,
w here a Knights Templar encampment
was inaugurated. All knew thut Mor
gan was confined in the magazine at
Fort Niagara, and all were greatly dis
quieted by that knowledge. While at
the table, after dinner, the chaplain and
orator of the day gave a sentiment so
significant that all eyes and thoughts
were turned towards Fort Niagara. Im
mediately afterwards Colonel King, as
stated in my letter, was driven in a car
riage to the Fort, Accompanied by John
Whitney, of Rochester; Mr. Chubbuck,
of I-ewistown; Mr. CSarside, a Canadian,
and Mr. Howard, of Buffalo. Colonel
King had been an officer of the United
States army, Whitney was a stone ma
son, Chubbuck a farint**. Garsidc a
butcher, and Howard a bookbinder ; all
men of correct habits and good charac
ter, and all, I doubt not, were moved by
an enthusiastic but not misguided sense
of duty. I knew Colonel King uud John
Whitney intimately. Both would have
shrunk from the commission of a know n
crime, and yet both, Impelled by the de
lusive idea that they were discharging u
duty, participated in the commission of
thn highest crime. Of all the persons
connected with the abduction, arrest,
imprisonment and fate of
Morgan, there was not one within my
knowledge who did not possess and en -
joy the respect and confidence of his
fellow-citizens. It was not strange,
therefore, that fact* subsequently estah*
lished beyond denial were at first very
generally ami indignantly rejected. The
people would not believe thut respecta
ble citizens were guilty of open and gross
violations of law, and yet none but repn
table citizens were thus complicated,
none pf whom, however, intended or
apprehended a **ta#rjphc Nor would
tiiat catastrophe have occured but fcy
the unforseen and infelicitous conjunc
tion ot difficulties and circumstances
which I have related. {
Cliniyje of Juilj;.'(>rvin.
Commonwealth | In thaUiiartei
vs. SesrionsoTCtear-
Ralph 1 arks, et nl. I field county
11 A nut or TUK . or AT
TK Jnr. Thi 1. uti
Indictment presented by the Grand Jury
of thi* county again*! fifty.two person*
named In the lluln'tiiii'iit, charging them
in the first count with 11.1t, ninl in the tec
um! and third count* with conspiracy, to
Increase the price of wage* for iutniu|( en I
from fifty to sixty cent* per t. u, by mean*
01 threat*, intimidation* and violence di
rected toward* other per<>ii* who were
willing to work in the mine* at the fnrmei
price- A continuance wa* granted 1..tw0
of the defendant- by the Court, a . •Ih
pn no entered by the Common
w eallb a> to >i\ oilier, and twelve other
failed to appear. The remaining thirty-i
two defendant- appealed and r\crallji
pleaded not guilty, ti have beeiitworn
to try the I-MIO thu- joined between the
Commonwealth and those thirty-two de
fendant*. ,
A riot u a tumultuou* di-turbaiue oi
the public peace by three per*oi:* or inure,
assembling together of their own authori
ty with an intent mutually to a**i*tone an
other ngaimt any one who -ball oppose
tli em in the execution of oiiie private iih
ject, and afterwarda executing the *auie 111
a violent and turbulent manner, t ■ lb*
terror of the people, whether the aci in
tornied i* luwfWl or unlawful. It require*
three perxon* at !ent to be engaged to
Coiiatilute u riot Where there are let
thaii that number their offense may be an
affray, mi a-aault and battery, or *omeot!i-|
er offense, but caiuiot amount to a riot
All pcr-05* acting in concert and pr*#ent
aiding and abetting w hen a riot occur*, are
guilty a. principal-. It i* not what one in- j
dividual doe*, but what i* done by all thai
Constitute* the riot. And every per*on
present taking part, or aiding and abetting
lbote who take an active part are guilty of
what alt diJ l k or*on who happened t.•
be there by accideul or were drawn then
by idle curioiiiv, but look no part with the
1 ioter* by a. t or word cannot be bell re
sponsible for the riot. The Comiiionwealth
allege* that the.e defendant*, together
with other* to the number of *e\ oral hun
dred, were guilty of a riot at Uo Run, 1
tin* county, on thp I Ith of May la*!. If
you hud from the evidence that on the I 111.
of May at li<>* lvvtn, tbr-e or mure per
ton* •**ciubled and proceeded to carry out
their object in a riotous, luuiultuou* and
\ iolent manner to uch an extent a* to put
the perron* w ho came there to work in
fear, the partie* thu* acting would hi
guilty of a riot, and if any or all of ihec
defendant* were prvretil taking an active
pari with the rioter* or for the pur|H>*e of
aiding or abetting litem, they xliould be
convicted under the tir-t Count of thi* in 1
dictment. Only such of the defendant* a>
were present on that occa.lon can be con
victed ota riot, whatever you may hud a*
to their guilt or innocence of the other
charge of the indictment.
A* we have already staled. thi* indict
ment contain* two count* of conspiracy
Tbeae count* charge *ub*tantially the
-Mllie offense, merely varying in the man
ner of '.ating the circumstances. Con-pir
acy i* where two or more pt .son* agree 01
combine together, and to carry out an un
lawful purpoae, or to carry out an indiffer
ent, or lawful purpoae by unlawful mean*.
It would be iuipo-*ible tor u* to detail to
you all of the varum* combination* which
have been heretofore held to amount to
oon.-piracy. All combination* to do un
lawful act*, or to *o *.t, otlicrw in lawful
by unlawful mean* aro held to ba indicta
ble a* conapiracie*. Uliier acta, which
when done by an individual, are perfect
ly lawful, wben done by a combination of
two or more, become unlawful. The law
upon tui. s„lqe..t i jo well laid down by
the prcaent Chief Justice of the r-uprcuie
court of thi* Slate, in the caao of the Mor
ri* Run Coal Company 11. the Barclay
Coal Company, 18 I*. F. Smith. LT-, that
we will rea 1 to you a portion of bi* ©pin
ion. Thi* wa- an aelion of debt brought
by the plaintiff against the defendant up
on sn accepted draft The defense wa*
that (he draft had been given in puttuance
of a combination or ggffe.pept between
five coal companies the purpose of which
wa* to regulate the price of con), which
combination wa* alleged to be illegal and
fhe draft, therefore, without legal cotitid-
Judge Agnew ajs: "Th© effect* pro
duccd on public interests lead to the con
sideration of another feature of great
weight in determining the illegality of the
contract, U>-ail, the combination reaorted
to by tbe*e live compani,-*. Singly each
might have suspended deliveriea and tale*
' of coal to auit it* own interest*, and might
' have raited the price even though thi*
r might have been detrimental to the public
i intere*!. Theru it a certain freedom which
' mutt be allowed to every one in the man
. Kgerncnt of hi* own affair*. When com
. petition if left free, individual error or fol
ly will generally find a correction in the
, conduct of othort. Hut here it a combina
tion ot all thuo companies operating in the
Blo*j>urg and liarulay mining region*
and controlling their entire production*
They have combined together to govern
the supply anil the price ot coal in all the
market* from the Hudson to the Mississip
pi river*, and from Pennsylvania to the!
lakes- This combination ha* a power inj
it*confederated form which no individual
action can confer. The public interest
must succumb to it, for it ha* left no eom-j
petition free to correct it* Latoful influ
ence. "When the aupply of coal is suspend
ed, the demand for it become* importunate
and price* must rite, or if the supply goo*
forward, the price fixed by the confeder
ate* must accompany it. The domestic
henrth, the furnace of the iron master, and
the fire* of the manufacturer, all feel the,
restraint, while many'ilopondcnt hands arc'
paralixed and hungry mouth* aro stinted.
The influence of a lack of aupply or a rise 1
in the prico of nn article <>f such prime ne
cessity, cannot be measured. It pernio-!
ate* tbo entire mass of community, and i
leave* few of its members untouched by :
it* withering blight. Such n combination i
is more than a contract, it is an offense. 1 |
take it, said Gibson, J., a combination I*h
criminal whenever the act to ba done has'l
a necessary tendency to prejudice the pub- i
lie or to oppress individuals, by unjustly j
subjecting them to the power of the eon
federate*, and giving effect to the purpose (
of the latter, whether of extortion or of (
miscief; Commonwealth vs. Carlisle, ,
Brightly'* Hop. 40. In all such oombina- ,
tions when tho purpose is injurious or un- j
law ful, the gist of the offense is the con- |
■piracy. Men can often do by the combi- j
nation of many, what severally no one ,
could accomplish, and even what when ,
done by one would be innocent. It was ,
held in The Commonwealth v. fibefle, 8 ,
8. dc It It, that it was an indictable con- (
spiriiry for a portion of a German Luther- t
an congregation to combine and agree to- |
getlfor to prevent another portion cl the ,
congregation by force of arms, from using t
the Knglish language in the worship of j
God among the congr*g|tjon. No a con- ,
* piracy to assist a female infant to c.£pe .
from her father's control with a view to j
marry her against hits will, is indictable |
as a conspiracy at common law, while it j
would have been no criminal offense if one ,
alone had induced her to elope {with end t
marry hi in. Mifflin vs. Commonwealth 6 |
W. ii 8, 461. One man or many may his* ,
an actor ; but if they conspire to do it they ,
may he punished : per Gibson, C- J- flood ,
v*. l'alin 8, liarr VdN ; 1 Hussel on crime t
,V>t; An action for a conspiracy to de- ,
fame will be supported though the word* |
be not actionable, if spoken by one :Sllood c
vs. Palm supra. Defamation by the out- ,
cry of number-, says Gibson, C J , is as j
resistless a- defamation by the written act t
of an And says Coulter, J,,
"the concentrated energy of several com- *
1 bleed wills, operating simultaneously and 8
' oy cuncrri upon one inuiviuuai, i iiiingcr
011* even tn the caution* and rireumtpret,
1 but when brought to bear upon tho un
wary and unsuspecting, it i fatal; Twitch
ell v, Commonwealth, P Burr 211. There
i* 11 potency In number* when combined,
1 which the law cannot overlook, where In
jury U the consequence If the o<>n*plrn
cv be to commit a crime or an unlawful
net, it U easy to determine it* indictable
character. It i> mora diftlcult when tho
act to be dufie or purpoae to be aeeum
pliilied l ilitioi I-lil in Itself. Then the of-
Mfell*© lake* it* hue (ruin the motive*, the
rneun* or the conn quenee* If th# motive*
of tbn con fed era to* be to oppre**, the
j iiiewn* they u*e tuilawful, or the come
jquenm to other* lnjuriuti* ; their cooled
1 j eratiiMi vv ill become a conspiracy. loun
eo* are given m The t'oiumonwealth v
Carlitle, Bright Rep. to. Among those
mentieued at criminal i* a combination of
employer* todepre** the wage* of journey
men below what they would be, if there
wen 110 ivort to artificial U.eaii* , and a
combination of the I nker* of a town t<
hold up the article of bread, and by mean*
ol *earcity thu* produced to extort an ex
orbitant price lor it. The latter instance i
precisely parallel with the present MM. 1'
i* the etfet 1 of (be act upon the public
which give, ibal e*-e and thi* it* evil as
pect a- the re*tt!l of confederation, for any
' baker might cbooie to bold 11)1 bi* own
{bread or coal operator hi* coal, rather than
-<ll at ruling price* ; but when he destroy'*
competition by a combination with other*,
the public can buy ot no one.
In fex v Do. livrenquetal, HM. -V S
ii", it wn. held to be a conspiracy to com
bine to rai>e the public fund* on a particu
lar day by iule rumor. The purpo*e it
self, raid Lord Ellenborough, i* mi*chiev
j ou. It strikes nt the price of a valuable
1 commodity in the market, and if it give* a
fictitious in ice by means of fl rumor, it
11* n fraud levelled again*! the public, fori!
i* again-l all such a* may po*ibly have
anything to do with the fund* on that par
ticular day Every "corner," in the lan
guage of the day, whether it be to affect
the price of article* of commerce, such a*
bivad-tuff'. or the price of vendible stock*,
when accomplished by confederation to
rai-e or d< pre.* the price and operate on 1
the market* i> a conspiracy The ruin of-1
ten tpread abroad by thre beartle** con-!
-piracie* i* indescribable, frequently filling <
the land with starvation, poverty and woe.'
Every association I*criminal where theob-!
jeel i to raise or depre** the price of labor'
beyond what it would bring it it were left]
without artificial gid or stimulus. Re* v.'
Byerdykc I MAN 17'.', In the case of
' ruck as*delation* the illegality con*iu mott
frequently in the mean* -10 ployed to car-j
ry out the object To fix a standard of;
price* among men In the aiut-employ men t,
a fee bill, i. nut ill iUclt crimiaal, but
U.ay become *0 when the parties result to
coercion, restraint or pvnaltie* upon the
I employed or employe-*, or w hat D worse,
ito for co ol arm* Ifthc uipau* be unlaw
ful the combination 1* indictable. Com
monwealth v Hunt, 4 Mete. 111, A con
spiracy ol Journeymen of any trade or
handicraft to raise the wage* l#y entering
into a cotiil inatioh to coerce journeymen
afid master workmen employed in the;
-aine branch of industry, to conform to 1
rule* adopted by uch combination tor the'
purpose 1 f regulating the price of labor,'
ind carrying sueh rule* Into effect hi"
overt act*, is indictable a* a misdemeanor.
I Wharf, C*. L, citing the pc.qrie vs. Fiah-' Wend. Si. Without multiplying
example*, these aro tutllcieni to illustrate
the true aspect of the case before ut, and
to how that a combination such a* 1)1 etc
companies entered into to control the tup
ply and price of the !110-*burg and Bar
clay region* i* illegal, and the par tract
therefore void."
You see, therefore, that any agreement,
combination or confederation to increase
or depro* the price of any vendible com
modity, whether labor, merebandito or
! anything elm R p.dktable at a cui.-pira
cy under the law* of Pennsylvania. Each
individual ha* undoubted right to demand
whatever price be pleate*, for hi* labor or
propdly even though it tbuuid be twice
' or thrice it* market value ; but if be enter*
' into a combination with other* to compel
' the employer or purchaser to pay the
1 price thuv demanded by destroying com
-1 petition, (be combination become* an in
' diriabio o tie me. Jo with tho employ ar*.
1 whether coal operator* or other*, if they
' enter into a combination to reduce the
price of labor, it U conspiracy and indicta
ble in the court*. Each individual may
- determine to pay no more tban a certain
price for a given kind of labor, but if he
1 enter* into a combination with other em' ,
' ploy <ri to control the price by destroying
I competition, he and bit confederate* are
guilty of conspiracy piis always ha*
1 been the law. not only with regard tola
! tor. but everything else, and atill remain*
i the law, except a* modified by an.acl of
' the Legislature of June 14. 1872 1 will
read that act and explain the change it
ba made in the law a* laid down by Chief
Justice Agnew.
"It shall be lawful for any laborer or la
' borer*, workingman or workingmen, jour
neyman or journeymen, acting either a*
< individual* or a* the member of any club,
society or association, to refute to work or
labor for any person or porsoni, whenever,
in hi*, her or their opinion, the wage*
paid aro insufficient, or the treatment of'
such laborer or laborer*, workingman or
workingmen. journeyman or journeymen,'
( by hit, her or their employer I* brutal or
offensive, or the continued labor by such
laborer or laborer*, workingman or work
men, journeyman or journeymen, would
be contrary to the rulea, regulation* or by-,
law* of any club, society or organisation
to which he, the or they might belong,
w ithout subjecting any person or person*
'o refuting to work or labor, to pro*ecu- ;
tion or indictment for conipiracy, under'
j the criminal law* of the commonwealth ; !
i PmtuirsL, That this net shall not be bold '
, to apply to the member or member of any j 1
club, society or organisation, tho constitu
tlon, by-law*, rulos and regulation* of
which, aro not in strict conformity to the j
j constitution of thu State of Penntyhanla |
and to the constitution of the United' 1
States ; Provided, That nothing herein con-j'
lained shall prevent the prosecution and J
punishment, under existing laws, of any 1
person or person* who *hnll, in any way, '
binder pcr*on* who desire to labor for
their employer* from o doing, or other {
persons from being employed a* laborer*. ] (
You will'observe the purpose and scope] i
of this act It authorizes laborer* acting !
either a* individual* or as member* cf any 1 1
u**ocinlion to refuse to labor whenever the; ]
wage* are not satisfactory, their treatment h
is brutal or offensive, qr when further la-, >
bor would be oonlrary to the rules, regit • ,
.Intuitu ot by-law* of their association,]]
without being liable to indictment for con- 1
spiraey All this laborers had a right to
do prior to the passage of the act, if they J
acted simply a individuals ; but if they I
nonocUtod together and noted |n concert, -
their conduct was criminal. This act situ- "
ply destroy* the criminality of concerted
action on the part of lahorors in refusing
to work for any of tho three reason* given
in tho art itself. Bv the lirt proviso the
act W made not tn apply to the members
of any organisation whose constitution, *
by-law* iinu are not in strict con
formity to the coiutitutlori 01 th- JJnitod
States and of this Commonwealth. In or
dei in prevent any misunderstanding as to j
the meaning of the Legislature, the second
provisopontinuas the liability to "prose
cution and punishment gridci existing law "
of any person or person* who shall u any *
way binder persons who desire to labor fur
their umpluyers from so doing, or other
person* from being employed as laborers."
It follows, therefore, that an ugreement or s
combination among laboring men to quit u
Work for the purpose of increasing the s
price of their labor, or improving their
treatment, i< not lawful— thus far the law "
authorizes them t • act in cone -rt; but if
thoy go one step further and attempt in
any way to hinder or prevent parsons who f
• are willing to, labor from so doing, their
, net* become unlawful and their combine
■ tlon criminal >-
The question* of fact which you must
• determine, under thi* branch of tha case,
, are, wa* there an agreement combination or
confederacy entered in by tbo*o dofendent*
- and other minora in the M©shannon dl-
I trot during the mouth, of April or May
• last If so, what was the nature and char
acter of that agreement, combination or
confederacy ? If It wa* merely to quit
wolk in order to gain an increased price
- for their labor, the coiiibinatiun wa* not
■ criminal , but if the agreement went lur
; llicr and the the parties combining, not only
agreed lliemtelVt>* to quit work, but to
hinder or priveut person* from laboring
. in 1 lie mines at the former price* by uieatu
of threat*, intimidation* and, If need be,
actual violence, then th* combination was
1 criminal and all parties to it liable to in
dii'tmeiit and conviction lor conspiracy.
Much ha* been *aid during the progress
1 oi this tiial upon the merits ol the iup|KM
d c nil let between capital and labor - lb*
?ODt< between the operators and the
working men. It is not our intention to
discus* the int-rilt of ibis contest. If either
party I at been wronged, the law ifappeal
ed to, would furnish a complete remedy,
and t-i the law both parties must appeal
when they have, or imagine they have
grievance, which need a remedy Neith
er party can be permitted to lake the law
Into their own hand- ami right their own
real or fancied wrongs. If the laboring
men are not paid their wages, if tbey are
cheated in the weight of their coot, if their
treatment by their employer* is brutal or
offensive, or if they suffer any other real
wrong, or injuries, (he law will furnish
them adequate means oj redress. If there
1* a combination among their employers to
oppress them in any manner, they may be
indicted for conspiracy in the courts, and
ibt a-t of 1872 w 111 not relieve, because it
doe* not apply to them In this country
no one can be compelled to work against
hi* will, unless he become an inmate of a
work IP.UMS or penitentiary. Nothing can
properly control the price of labor but the
tswof supply and demand. If work is
plenty and laborers scarce they can in
-1 crease their wages by demanding it, b*.
j cause th* employer has no option If work
ts scarce and laborers plenty, competition
will briug down the price of labor as it will
of everything else. No class of men has
:be right to moiiopolixe any particular
kind of labor. Kach individual has the
right to engage in any kind of work that
suit* him, and to .eil hi* labor for any
price be can obtain for it, and a combina
tion or organisation dosiguad to interfere
i with this right i> against public policy and
unlawful. All poison* wbo labor for otb-'
er* do .0 upon the term* of a contract eitb
(cr express or implied If sn agreement n
made in advance as to the wages, it it an
express contract; if no such agreement it
itiX'L, tha law implies a Contract on the
lusrt of the employer to pay whatever the
labor W reasonably worth, or what others
arc receiving for similar work. Neither
the employer or employee can compel the
other to pay or receive more or less than;
he i- willing to contract for. The law
gives the right to impose upon the laborer, j
for if be it dissatisfied with hi* wagu* or'
.bis treatment, hi may go elsewhere or'
; seek other employment—the whole conn-'
try is open nd froe to him, but he must
jnol prevent or binder other# from working
who are willing to do so.
It is alleged by the defense in thi* case!
that the combination to which the defend
ant. belonged was a lawful one—the a*JO-j
nation known a* "The Min-r Nationall
A*M ciation —of which most of them are
members, is a legal and legitimate organ
irsli. n under the law* of Pennsylvania
Portion* of the oon*titution and by-law* of
thi* organisation have been given in evi-1
dence and read to you, to *how that the
objoct of th* organisation i* not only lawful:
but commendable, and that the bv-lsw.
nd rule* ara not in confi ct with the con-'
.lit©tion of the United Stale*, or of thi*;
Stale. All tbis may be true There mav*
bean organisation for a perfectly login-;
mate object, and its memhjrs may combine;
to do unlawful acts, and thus make
themselves guilty of conspiracy. It doe*'
not follow that, because the original ob
jecta of a society are legitimate, that every
thing it* members dot* lawful The or i
ganisalioit of a religiou* congregation i*
lawful, but the combination of sonic of it*
member* to prevent Ifce use of the English
language in the public worship ha* been
he d to be unlawful. An association of
minor* >* itself lawful. There arc many
other association*, societies, and organisa
tion*. which are perfectly lawful in tbem
selves, and there can be no proper com
plaint against them, unless their member*
proceed to do what is unlawful. While
there mav be nothing in the con*titution
of' The Miner*' Association" in conflict
with the constitution and law* of thi*
Slate, the provision of Article 8, eoncern
-jing strikes, it not in barruonv with the
. sp'f'l " r government and (nstitulion*.'
To transfer to certain officer*, or to u cen
tral commilleo. the powpr to legalize or
' refuse to legalise a u*ften*ion of work,
tend* to lake away from individual* the
control over their own time and labor,!
. which the law give* them AH organize
lion* or arrangement* which give to one'
pepnn the right to say whether it is legal
or proper fcr another to work under ant!
r given alstc of circumstance*, mutt produce!
j pernkous result* The law recognise*
the matt perfect liberty of each individu
nl to coutrffl hit own time and labor, free
from the coercion or dictation ot an v oilier
individual or associations. But whether
the purpose* ot thi* organization arc cxpe
diet or not, is not the question for you to
decide. The simple question for you to
dcterrnino I* whether th*e defendant* en-1
(••red into a combination to do an unlaw-|
ful act, or an otherwise lawful but in an
unlawful manner. If they did, they are
guilty of a conspiracy and should be con
jvicted. If they proceeded to carry out]
, their purposes si Go** Run, on the lllh oft
May. in a violent, tumultuous and riotous'
manner, eo as to put peaceable cititeni in i
fear, they are guilt v of a riot and should;
iba convicted under the first count of the
indictment. You mu't determine all
question* of fact, including the credibility I
of witnesses If we are uiiitaken in the'
law. at wo have laid it down to you, and!
;he defrndent*, or any of them, are injur-'
, ed thereby, they have a complete remedy
under a recent statute byjremoving to the
1 Supreme Court for roview.
This case hat occupied much time.
Many witnesses have been called, and the
facts have been argued at great length br
able counsel on both sides This was
ai^^iii^Conclude<^on^JrdjageA| i^^^'
XT UTILE :—Nctic# is hereby given that
IX the following named person ha* fill
ed hor petition and will mako application
for lioenso at Aug. S*. 1876.
Elizabeth Kunes Liberty Tavern
I) II iluhl..._Snow Shoe twp...„Re*taurant
John Haywood...Fhilipsburg...Restaurant
Catharine Smith...Snow Shoe ..Restaurant
Peter Weber Philipsburg... Restaurant
N. M. 8rctzin............ Kuril Tavern
A. WILLIAMS, I'roth'y. 1
C1 A UTlON.—Having purchased theß* '
/ lowing property of And. H. Foust, at '
private sale, on the 31 of July 1876, 1 1
leave the same in hi* possession H l my
pleasure, and all persons are cautioned .
against meddling with the sumo :
2 bedstead* lyul bedding, 1 sink, 1 table, '
t cook stove, I parlor *tove, 12 chairs, 1
gruin crndle. 8 acres of corn, 8 buthels of '
wheat, 0 bushels of rye. And the -aid An
drew H. Foust shall sow the Bbu. of wheat
this fall, and six bu. of rye forme.
Jul. 1U JTjQ. p. I)KCkKRT. '
tty P-AN or
SICAL authorities throughout the world
a- THE BEST. I> F BEATTY, Propri- '
otor, Washington, N.J,
Spring Goods,
At Potter's Mills.!
I* 11. M'EXTIRE.
Dealer in
Domestic Dry Goods.
Ladle's Dress Goods j
of every description, embracing all the t
New Stylos in the market. Also, >
' (..% I
ot every description, all of which will be
sold at very low rates for CASH or its
equivalent Don't forget the place, come
and see us anyhow, ifyou don't buy. No
trouble to show goods.
Country Produce Taken iu Exchange J
for Goods. emay 6m. c
' " 0 l>Kl*lOgg A. t Mt'HHKH
Established, 1843.
s BY
The old, reliable place, where
t Monuments,
r and other marble
u work I* made, in the very lel style, and
I upon reasonable term*.
* toy Thankful for pail fuoon, uv re
( ipeclivrly lolirit the patronage of the
. public.
Hhops, Ka*t of Jitidge, Miliheitn. Pa.
. Apr. 8. y,
Ho! for Sussman'sT!
( Just opened in Ins new qitaili i* in
r HuL% Arcade.
All kinds OT
L*&ihi>r& 3ho& fi/idJugs
Shoemaker! call and tee SUSS MA A
for cheap dock.
t dee 3. t-f. I
The underxguea uaving ~ix ~.:<•*- ]
sion of the above ciabli>hment, ropect-j
' fully inform the public that the sante will
• be carried on by Uiem in all its brancbcu |
as heretofore.
They manufacture the CELKti.fAIED
best now utado.
HORSE powers THESHL . ma
ry description, in short their Foundry it!
complete in every particular.
We would call particular attention to!,
our EXCELSIOR PLOW, ackuowi- <
edged to be the be*t Plow now in use, |;
•htfting in the beam for two or three hor- <
Ues. ,
Wc also manufacture a new and iiuprov '
ER, which hat been u*©d extensively in
Uhe nurtborii and western States, and ha*
(laken preoedeuco over all other*.
W<-arc prepared t do all KINDS OF
CASTING from ibe large-t to the small*
est, and have facilities for doing all kind<
All k'nd* of repairing done on short no- ■
jon2t-Iv. Centre Hall. |
ed the *ui>< popularity vft.*-cn>l stamp!
for Circular. D F BEATrY, Washing
ton, New Jersey. •
, at his establishment at Centre Hall, keeps !
, on hand, and tor ale, at lbs rontons-,
r bte rates.
Buggies, a
& Spring Wagons,
Puu axu FAXCJJ
' and vehicle* of every description made U>
order, and warranted to be inade of the
be*l seasoned material, and by the most |
' skilled and competent workmen. Person*
wanting anything in hit lino are requested
to call and examine bis work, they will'
find it got to be excelled for durability and -
] wear. may Stf. '
LEVI MlHit 11.
Will attend to administering Oaths, Ac
knowledgement of Deed*. Ac, writing Ar
, tides of Agreement, Deeds, Ac. mav)6
KNOWN. statiyi for Circu-j
lar. Addrexs'D. F. BEATTY, Wash
, ington. N. J. ,
1 (>T. Ai.kx*xtiKß. V M- Bovxut
,lo.v* at-Law. li> iiefonte, Pa. Special
attention given to Collections, and Or
phans' Court practice. May be consulted
m German and English. Office in Gar
man'* Building. mv 28 '74-t.
{THOUSAND POUNDB. Liberal term*,!
to dealer*.
3>,Send *Ump for Circular. Address j
1) P. I}RATTY. Wariunglon. X. J. j
I* still located at Pine Grove Mills and g
is now prepared to travel to the homy* ol
patient* at a distance and render any de
sired service in hi* line. In the best man- '
ner, of best quality and at reasonable .
rate*. Insertion of new denture* made a J
specialty. Trfth extracted without petite.
Jljan 74
Celebrated Goiden Tonguo
are ranked by eminent musician* and lis-, j'
linguished men of honor throughout the; {'
world n# the leading PARLOR ORGANS]
now in use.
An excelent Organ for the Church. Hall. {}
Lodge, Sabbath-school, a* well a* tho par- J
lor. ,
N. ll.—Special rate* in this cae, as an lt
An offer : Where we have no agent* w< R
will allow' any one the agent's discount in */
order tq have thi# wonderful musical pro
during instrument introduced. *7
No other Parlor Organ ha* attained
the seme popularity. ; .
Send stamp for price list and a list ol] |
testimonials. Addren :
Washington. Warren County. N J |n
Over Dinges' Saddler Shop.
Cut.Hall where he is at nil times, prepared
tomakc all kinds of men and boy's cloth
ing, according to the latest styles nnd at I'
reasonable charges.
E. PERKS & SON, Prop'rs. Q
This welt known hotel, situate in the
business portion of the town, hat been
thoroughly renovated, rcuainteri and fur- O
nished now. It wiii be the aim of tho pro
prietor to make it a pleas inf Home for
those whomay favor them with their put
ronage. A Iroo carriage is run to the de- ■*
pot. arid the best *tljles in town areoon
nocted with the House 29apr.
F. FORTNEYTAttorney at Law
Bellefonte, Pa. Office over Rev
onld s bank. mv 14'6". *
(AJvertuememt) ;
RppubHcmi —Shei ill'.
We are authorized to announce that
Capt. H. C. Bearaer, of Potter, will be a
candidate for Sheriff, subject to the usages P
of the republican patty. It
MATTY piano!
Dljil I|l This ipi en did PF
i .no Forte combines
jevery improvement In tone with power
Jetid great durability, end hat received!
I the unqualified endortetnenU of the high
i est Musical authoritiet for it* Marvelh-ua
"ifraordinary rirhne** of. Tone, having
Largo siae, 7i Octave*, overstrung B#*i,
full Iron Frame, French Oraud action,
Fr-1 Desk, Carved Pedal, Solid Rosewood |
Moulding*, ivory Key Front, Capped
Hammers, u Grade Treble, Ac., Ac , Ac.
Weight when boxed over One Thousand]
Pounds ( Liberal discount to tho trade.
Agent. Wanted—(uiale or female.)
Pt Send .tamp for Circular Addles*
the inventor and Proprietor, DANIEL P.
UK AIT Y. W ashing urn, New Jersey.
Coach Manufactory •
Tlte undersigned ha* opened anewes-i
tabiihm<-nt, at hi. new .bupi, for the]
uianufactuir of
A Spring Wagons,;
SLKfUUa A XI. Stall a,
Plain amu Fancy
of et ory deacriptlon ,
Ail vehicle* manufactured by bint'
arc warranted to render satisfaction, and a!
equal to any work done elsewhere.
lie u.ea none Aut the beat material,!
and employ* the mo.t akillful workmen.]
Hence they dalter themselves that their
work can not be excelled for durability f I
an J finish, j,
Order*from a distance promptly attend- 1
ed to. II
Cone and examine my work before '
contracting eUewhere.
Aii binds of Kepariog done. I
(iood* at Old Faahioned Prices.!
At the Old Stand of
Would respectfully inform the World and
the real of mankind, that be he*
juti opened out and I* constantly j
receiving a large *tock of
which be it offering at the very lowed
market price.
FrinU, Muslin*. Opera Canton*, and Woil;
Fiaunel*. Ladle* Ore.* Uuodt, *uch a]
Delaina, Alpaca., Foplin*, Km pre*. Cloth,!
Sateen*. Tamciae, together with a full;,
Stock of everything usually kept in the 1
!)&>■ Good* line.
which he ha* determined to tell vuy
.-heap, consisting of
A full slock. consisting part of Ladle* and j
Children'* Merino ilo*e. Collar*, Kid],
glove*. bet quality .ilk and Lisle thread j
Gloves, Hood*, Nubia*, Breakfast khawU,,
A full assortment of
Men'* Boy's and Children'*
of the latest style and treat. !
Heady made, a choice .election of Man'*
and Boy'a of the newest *tyle* and moat
•crviceable material*.
Hardware Store.
A new, complete Hardware Store ha*
been opened by the und*rigned in Cen
tre Hall, where he i* prepared to awl I all
kind* of Building and House burnishing
Hardware, Nail*. Ac.
Circular and Hand Saw*, Tenron Saw*,
Webb Saws, Clothe* Hack*. * fall ***ert
ment of Glass and Mirror F'ate Picture
Frirnes, Sfxike*. Felloe*, and Hubt, table
'Cutlery, Shovel*, Spade* and Fork*,
Lock*. liingca : Screw*. Sab Spring*.
Horse-Shoes, Nail*, Norway Rod*. Oil*,
Tea Bell*, Carpenter TooD, Faint, Yarn
; ike.
Picture* framed in the finest lyl.
Anything not on band, ordered upon ,
shortest notice.
Remember. ail ood* offered cheap
er than elsewhere
aug'JS 7-tr
The Gra Hirer Store!
Something New!
Spring Mill* hat established a store to suit r
the timet, and bat a complete *tock of
In short a full line of
sfeb. y.
J. A- J. HARRIS. }
A new and ;complete Hardware Slort
lias been opened by the undersigned in T
Brockerhofl* new building—where they lv
ire prepared to *cll all kind* of Building Si
ind llouw Furnishing Hardware, Iron, m
Steel Nail*. m
Buggy wheel* In sett*, Champion fa
,'lothet Wringer, Mill Saw*, Circular and
Hand Saw*. Tennon Saw*. Webb Saw*, u
Ice Cream Freexer*, Bath Tub*. Clothe* ,
Hack*, a full assortment of Glass and ,
Mirror Plate of all *ixe. Picture Frame*,
Wheelbarrow*. Lamp*. Coal Oil Lamp*, *
[felling. Spoke*, helloes, and Hub*.
Plows, Cultivator*. Corn Plow*, Plow f.
Point*. Shear Mold Board* and Cultivi-
or Teeth, table Cutlery, Shore!*, Spade*)
ind Fork*. Lock*. Hinge*. Screws, Sash I
Spring*. Horse-Shoe*. Nails, Norway
Jlod*, Oils, Lard, imbricating Coal,
Linseed. Tanner*, Anvil*, Vice*, Bel lows,
torew Plate*, Blacksmiths Tool*. Factory
Jell*, Tea Bell*, Grindstone*. Carpenter
foot*. Fruit Jars and Can*, Paint, Oil*,
famishes received and for sale at
ono.v.a-of J A J. HARRIS.
uale,) to Uke orders. D- F. BKATTY, i
Washington, New Jersey. &
r. shkkkikf. j.f. miller
Keystone Pntern A Motlel Works, J
IX OX, M' 00 D 0 H DBAS S,
57 llafer Street, and 80 Firtt Avenue, [
Mfice with J. B. Sherriff A Son, Works,
3d Floor. lapr.v.
. Dentist, Mlllheim.
Offer, hi* professional service* to the A
rub he. He is prepared to perform all
•partitions in the dental profession,
par He is now fully prepared to extract ..
eeth absolutely without pain, myß-73-if. H
Sgk Send stamp for full information j .
Price List, Ac., Ac. D. F. BEATTY,"
WxihSfigton, N. J. 20:
Go t<>
I. Gu^enheimer.
ready madeclothing
lift KMftOOO fib,
OOTU A PifOlui,
OA let, CAIO, iIUUiOA f 44UU .
[Co TIIINCI, OIL < J.Ol lis
|queenhwark. GKOCEKIES. PRO.
VDslONfil, FLOUR. Ac
and is uow prepared to accomodate *. I
f hie old cuafomers, and to welcome ai
new out a who may faro r him wit.
tbeirpatrotuge. ii t . feci* (a fe in m)
tog that he cau pleaao the moat faetr*.
oua Call and nee.
t u I ?, AA^ OL ' t<i *NHKIMEI;
P.W.— Mr. Suaxman still coutibiii •
to deal in
in the old room, where he may aiwai
be found. 12ap.U ' .
r fAHK undersigncu, determined to men
tlu ar dt,r.d far Lowar
1 irice. , respecifally call, ibe attention ot
the public- fa bis ttock of
now offered' at the old atarid. Designed
especially far the people and the liwice, lb.
largee* and most varied and complete as
•onaient of
Saddles, liarueaa. Collar*, Bridlea,
nd quality ; Whips,
V 7 .* complete a ffrt-
i®! w offers at price*
which will suit tne times
Stoves! Fire! S^ov ? s!
At Andy Reeamau's, Ceou *,ar
lateet ad bnat sxoeea out, be he* ju>:
. - received s fat ef
Cook Stores, the Pioneer Cook,
the Eclipse Cook,
the Reliance Cook.
PARLORB-The Radiant Light, self- fee
• der, Gas Burner National Egg,
Ail kinds of repairing done. He fc>
a)way* on hand
wS^i'JSs^ of * n fi .
All work warranted and charges reason
lleited. "iiesixr"
•JsepTOv Centre Hn
j in his elegant New Rooms, .Spring strw-L
i Bellefonie.
Has on band a splendid assortment ot
HOUSE FURNITURE fram the com
monest to the most eiegast.
and any thing wanted in the line of hi*
busines*— homemade and city w ork Al
so, has made a speciality and keeps on
hand, the largest and Bnest stock ef
Go-id* sold at reasonable rates, wholesale
and retail. Uiere him a call before pur
chasing elsewhere. febo-ly
No 6 BrockcrhofT Row, Bellefonte,Pa
IYe nierw In IfrogH. ( hemiegls,
Prrfawerr, Fnney Loud a Ac.
Pure Wince and Liquors foe rnedict
purpose* arrays kept. may 1. Ti.
Furniture Rooms!
respectfully inform* the chiacn* of Centrr
county, that he has bough t out the old
tandof J. O. Dcininger, nnd ha* reduced
the price*. They have constantly on band .
and make to order
TABLES. Ac.. Ac.
UoiiK Manx Chaibj Alwatsox Hash.
HTbeir Hock of ready-made Furniture i>
urge and warranted of good workmanship
ind is all made under their own immedi
ite supervision, and is offered at rate*
-heaper than elsewhere.
Call and see our stock before purchasing
dsewbere. 26 feb. ly.
Gift & Flory'a
New Shoe Store !
rhey have now opened, and will constant
y keep on hand, a splendid itock of new
nen, women and children, from the kaat
nanufactories in the country, and now of
ered at the ,
Lowest Prices.
lOOTSand SHOES made to order, upor.
hort notice They invite the people o,
his vicinity to give them a call, as thev
rill strive to merit a share of their pat
on age. mylQtf
ik. I VI "
Dealers iu
Boots, Shoes and
.adies', Missep' and CtiiN
dren's Fine Gaiters.
11l Kinds ofCußlom Work Made To
I aril ess Leather,
Sole Leather, I
Calf Skins I
And Shoe Findings always on band.
Bishop Street, M
>m ay tf BollefoEto, Pa, ■