The Centre reporter. (Centre Hall, Pa.) 1871-1940, April 01, 1875, Image 1

Below is the OCR text representation for this newspapers page. It is also available as plain text as well as XML.

    No More.
Tin* i the bunion of the heart.
The bunion that it alwayt bore ;
W live tolovo ; w* meet to pari ;
And part to moot on earth no more,
Wo clasp each other to the hoarl.
An J jiart to moot on aartli no mot e.
There ia a time for teare to alert - -
For (teare to fall an 1 larks to a oar j
The tamo for team u> when we part
To meot upon the earth no more j
The Una for teare tear hen wo |>art
To moot on this wide earth no mono.
SO Mom
This ia the bnrden of the heart.
The burden that it always bora ;
We live to love ; are tuoot to |>art;
And pert to moot on eaith uo more :
Wo clasp each 0 her to the heart.
And i<ert to moot on earth uo wore.
There ie a time for team to t-tari, -
For daww to fall and lark* to
The Umo for tear* la when we (art
To meet upon the earth no in. Ie :
The tone for laai> ta when we part
To moot ou tills wide earth ■ no more.
Some men can always make plenty of
friends without taking auy trouble, and
some can make plenty of euomios in the
same way; and that last seems u> have
been my luck through life. 1 snpjxvso
as an ordinary mechanic I'm not such a
very had sort, and I'll toil ycu why. After
about a doseu years of mtirried life,
there s always a pleasant ainile U wel
come mo home—a sweet look that 1
always answer with a grin which spreads
all over my rough, dirty face, till it gets
loot ou each aide in my whiskers, and up
atop in my hair. Then, t<s>, for all I'm
a big, gviui looking fellow, as my mates
call Sour Sam, the little ones never
eccru a bit frighicmxl at tue; but one
comes and gets hold of my cap, and an
other my coat, and one omnm and pulls
before, and anotln-r comos and pnslies
lieliiud, till they got mo in my cliair be
side tlie table; and I know times and
tunes I haven't had half a meal for tlie
voung rebels climbing on me; for, aomo-
Imw or another, if tliere is auy time iu
tlie day that goes fast, it's diauer hour.
You get .sat down, and toss this litrle
one, and play with tliat, and cut two or
Uirec mouthful*, and thou it's time to go
liwck to the sliop, and grime yours* If up
again with sUx-1 tilings and oil.
I was such a grim, grulT fellow, that
my shop mates took ptvetuus little uoticc
of me; and one day, after it had lieeu
Iwewing for some time, tliey all turucil
out—hundred and forty of Vm.
Now, I was so took aback, and it come
njxm me so unfijwtodlv, that 1 put ou
my coat and came out with the rest, and
stood outside.the gates; but as KIU AS
1 was outside, 1 felt mud at having done
so, and would have gone lack, uulv it
was too late, and whit my shop unites Wl
settled it seemed that I must abide by.
So, thinking of bow it would end, I
walked home, though two or three called
me a sneak for not joining their meeting
at a public house hard by; and after ait
ting by tlie tire for an hour, I made up
my mind what I should do, and that was
to go back to work. For I didn't want
to strike, and felt that the treatment we
got at the works was as good as we de
served; and it didn't seem fair to me to
lviok upon one's employer as an enemy
because he luu! hail so much letter luck
iu the world than I had. So back I
went without a word, and as 1 git near
tlie gab's there were three or four of our
cliajM hanging about.
" Where going, Sam i" says one.
•• Works," I says, gruffly.
" What for ?" he says.
And jn-t then the others came up,
and then from here and there more and
more, till fifty or sixty stoxl round.
"I'm going into the works," I ®iid,
roughly, and trying to above my way
" Well, but wliat for f" he says, with a
sort of half-laugh. " We haven't hoard
that they've given the rise ; but, being a
favorite, yon got the news first. Why
didn't yon tell us, mate?"
Of course I didn't like his bantering
way, nor I didn't like tho half-laugh
which followed ; but I Mid nothing, only
tried to push through the crowd, when
lieing brought up shirt I swallowed
down a sort of feeling of rage that stvm-
od to com# np to mv throat, and facing
round, I said, boldly:
" Harry Perkins, you're ou a strike, as
ret call it; well, I'm not. You don't
mean to work—l tlo ; and I'm off iuto
th* shop."
Weil, this swmcd to stagger him for a
moment, but the nest minute half a
<kn*n ft-llows had hold of me, and I was
dragged back right into tlio middle of
the crowd, and the voices I hoard nam
ing the pump aud river told me 1 should
get mum- rather rough usage ; but th"
English obstinacy in me lsg.ui to kick
against tliis treatment, and shouting out
loudly, on the chance of there being
some one present of iny way of thinking,
I save
••I mean work, mates, and down with
the strikers. Who's on my side ?" when
fifteen or twenty earn* forward, aud then
I can't tell you how it was, for I always
was hot-blooded.
The next minute we all seemed hi be
raging and tearing at one another in a
regular fight —men shouting, aud swear
ing, and striking fiercely at one another;
some down aud trampled upon, some
wrestling together, and the crowd sway
ing liackwards and forwards, here and
there, and the liattle growing more bitter
every moment.
You can't see much iu a fight like this,
wh' n you have an enemy to contend
with the whole time ; but 1 saw tluit the
men now all came out in their truo col
ors, and tliat the sides were evenly bal
anced, for a good half had turned out
more from feeling bound to act as the
others did than from feeling di
witlj the rate of pay ; while now, seeing
th* stand I luul made ou th"ir side, they
felt bound to tike my part in return,
and, as I said before, tho light grew
fierow every moment; wliile, headed by
Perkins, the man who had spoken t> me,
the other side was making head, aud wo
were being beateii I wick step by step,
and driven along a narrow street, but
fighting desj¥rat:ly the whole time.
Every now and then a chap on one
aide or the other would stagger out
blooding and wild, aud make his way
on to a doorstop, or np one of the courts
that connected the street with the next,
and more tlian 0110 went down with a
groan; while by some means or other
about eight or nine of our side were
driven up a court by some of the oth'T
jiarty, where, seeing tho chance, I shout
ed to them to follow, and we all ran,
hard pursued by our enemies for twenty
rods or so, when they turned back.
"Come on!" I shouted, and, leading
the way, I got into the next street, led
them along it a little way, and then
turned down the next court.
"Keep together," I said, "and we'll
take Vm behind."
And the next minute we were back in
the street, where our mates still fonght
on desperately; for in my heart I believe
every blow struck on our side was
nerved by the thoughtof home and those
, wo worked for.
s Next moment we took them in the
rew, with a desperate rush, cheering as
weTdi l so, and tumbling them over right
auoi left; while our mates in front, who
wen*„iusttheu giving way, cheered again,
and the} fight was hotter tlian ever. But
now, h mined in lietween the two
parties, tVie strikers fonght desperately,
and I caught sight of Perkins, with a
small hamqnor in his hand, knocking
down first d. U o and then another poor
fellow, who crawled out of the strug
gling mob as Well as he could.
Th re were ino police visible, but they
could have dout? nothing if they had been
there; but ever* window was crowded
with people, whtj e men's wives came
hurrying up shrinkiug to tho people
looking on to stop the fight.
Ju*t then 1 ***" downed the man op
pa*ed to me, when I heard a heavy blow:
wd turning, saw th 6 man who worked
FUKD.KLTKTZ, 1 Alitor nml I"ropriotor.
t the next viae to mo go down from a
Mow on the forehead from Perkins's
hammer, and tho next momont t stixxl
on mio aide just in time to avoid a Mow
aimod at mo, when the handle caught
mo on (]it< shoulder, and tho hanmior
luxtd snapped oft, falling upon tho
grouud te hind mo.
I believe I was h:df mad then with
|sou atid excitement as I hsikod at Per
kins, and closed with him; when, teuig
Ivth big, stout follows, and heads of the
row, the desperate struggle going *n le
twis'i. us seemed to act like magic on
the others, who .topped to watch ns as
we wrestled together here and there -
now up, now down, tho center of a busy
throng, cheering and shouting us ou as
if wo had ttcou two wild boasts tightiug
for their amusement.
l'm not going to give yon a long de
scription of a fight, nor of the savage
feelings that burned iu my brain, as mail
with fury 1 tore at him again and again ;
for 1 often look lsu-k ujs.n that time with
feelings of sliaiue, though 1 can't help
thinking tliat I only aettsl as moot men
would have done at such a time. All I
can tell von is I've a recollection of
giving and receiving fierce blows, of
falling, being picked up, and lieing
cheered on, and muttering through my
set tooth, " it's for those at home," till
there came a fiercer and longer struggle
than ever, ending in tedh falling heavily;
and I shall never forget the sickening
crash wiUi which my opponent's head
•aiue down upon the curbstone. Then,
blind and giddy, 1 was standing panting
there, with a jiolioemau hold of each
arm ; but only to be drugged away ucxt
moment by mv mates, who bore me off
Early next morning, though, the po
lice were at my place, and I followed
them quietly, shuddering as I went, for
I had heard that lVrkins was in A dying
■tat'. Then came the examination lav
fore tlie magistrates, and 1 was remand
ed for a tlay or two till the doctor* had
given iu their opinions. Our heads of
the firm, though, took great interest in
the casi< as soon as they knewall the par
ticulars ; and one of the cleverest coun
sel they could get took mv CMS in hand,
which ended in my being discharged,
for lVrkiiw grew Utter; but a good
tunny of us were fined pretty smartly for
the breach of the peace.
The workshop was open diivotlv, and
quite lutlf the men went back to work ;
but from that day I liegaiito find out tliat
our town was no place for me. My em
ployers were kind enough, and I was not
a penny the worse in pocket for niv iu
oouuter ; but it grew plainer and plainer
b me, tlay by tlay, that 1 should In'
driven out of tho town. Threatening
letters came. Once I was struck down
from lieliiud as I came borne on a ilark
night, and though I felt sure the man I
caught A glance of was Perkins. I could
not swear it ; then came the news of the
cowardly tricks at Sheffield—throwing
powder iuto houses—and my wife grew
{•ale and ill with apprehension ; while
what filled the m-ware nn t- the brim
was my poor law lieing set upon and ia
sulb'd one night only a few yanls from
our door, so near tliat I heard her call
" Help !" and knew hejr voice, and ran
The next week I was sitting in otir
empty room, the floor trampled and
dirty with the feet of those who had been
to the sale of the thiugs in our bit of a
four-ro>tiled homo. And the tliiugsliod
sold well, too; for my mate* had nat
' their wives, and one had bought one
tiling, and another another. Hut I was
down lu-arUil and sad at seeing first one
little familiar thing and tiu-u another
drugged away, while the thought of l>e
ing driven out of the placo was lutt'-r to
me. Tlic wife mil chilitrcn had gono to
London, nud then- waa 110 ouo there t >
see me as something which showed there
wen- weak place i in the strong man came
niining from my eyes.
Hut I had to choke that down, for n
knock csuue at the door, and it sounded
hollow and strange in the empty place.
It waa a letter—just in time, too, for I
was thinking just before of locking up
the plnec and going away, but fancied 1
should first like one pipe of tobacco for
tlr- l.nt where I had spent BO many
quiet evenings. However, I opened
the letter, and then started to run after
the postman, feeling that it must Is- a
mistake; for inside was a crisp new
twenty-pound unU, with a few lines tell
ing ine that it was from two friouils, who
regretted the loss to the town and its
works of an Inmost, upright men, and
Ix-gging my acceptance of the trifle in
closed, as of the esteem in
which my services hail been held.
Twenty pounds, sir—a larger sum than
I had over lieforo owned at once ; but.
as I'm an honest man, I thought more of
the words of that letter than I did of
the money; while, through ls-ing wi-ak,
I suppose, there was a wet spot or two
upon the note when I put it away.
After it was dark tliat night, I went
and thanked thonn from whom I knew it
liad come, though they would not own
it; bnt the senior jiartuer slapped mo on
tho shoulder as I went out, and he said ;
" There's two much lulling aloof lw
tween master and men, Horauel Harris;
but if all men w.wc like you, wo should
have no more strikna."
How Smooth-Bore Cannon Are 111 fled.
The invention which has mode the
proposed ciiange practicable is a rifled
steel aire, which is introduced into the
old smooth-bora gnus. The cast-metal
gnus are luxated, which expands the lx>re.
Whil" in this condition the rifled steel
aire is driven in, and when the iron
cools it shrinks on tho oore, holding it
liard and fast. This steel ooro is found
to vld greatly to the strength of the gun.
The cannon thus reeonstrnctod in prac
tically a new weapon of double strength
for longer range and extraordinary pen
etrating power. In this manner largo
old-style ordnance, rendered utterly use
less by the improvements in iron ship
building, lieconKM thoroughly efficient.
A ten-inch smooth-bore can thus be con
verted into an eight-inch rifle, capable of
piercing over a foot of iron. This is
rather understating than overstating the
efficiency of the newly-invented rifle
bore. The experiments at Hostou noma
months sincß showed that these re
modeled guns drive a txilt at short range
through fourteen inches of iron and into
thick oaken wood Ix-yond. At longer
range the force was correspondingly
great. The London TV mrn, in comment
ing on these experiments, said that if
they were correctly reported these new
rifle-cannon could pierce and explode
any iron-clad man-of war in the British
Earnest in his Lore.
A newly married couple from some
where down the Lansing road were rid
ing in a Grand River car, and the groom
insisted on holding the bride's liaml in
his big red paw.
"On ! no, don't!" she said, as she
jerked her hand away.
"Oh 1 lav, let me hold vcr hand, jest
for ten minutes!" he pleaded.
" Shoo ! Don't you see they are look
ing at us ?" ahe whispered.
"They are, eh!" he replied, looking
up and down the car. " Wall, now, I'm
going to put my arm right around ye,
and if any fellow in this car dares to spit
crooked I'll git up 'u mop the door with
him until I wear him up to bis shoulder
blades !"
His arm encircled her, and the
other passengers looked as solemn as if
they were on their way home from a
A Verj St range Paso
A singularly sad case t reported iu
New York [wiier*. An old man naiuod
Stock via lived with his wifo and MX ohil
dreu at 1,961 Third avenue. A short
time ago ho hud a poruh tie stroke, and
was rendered almost speechlesa. On
tho UvUh of Felmiuy ho wont from
his buttae at an early hour, and wander
ed about the citv until half |at ton
u'eluck at uight, when ho wua discovered
in Fifty eeventh street, near Third
avenue, and arrested. Ho had a near on
his nose and one on his forehead. He
reeled and tried to about, and tho officer
thought that ho waa drunk, and took him
to u jvilne station. A sergeant who wua
at the tleak vaiuly endoavorod to asocr
tain the man's name and residence, and
at length entered his name ou the Mot
tor its John Duo, and looked him up.
Ou the following day (Sunday) tlto
prisoner was arraigned on a charge of
drunkenness. The man wua unable to
artioulato and sto-xl like a alatuo be
fore tho railing. At leriuan iu the JHI-
Uoe station tried to engage tho prisoner
in conversation and came to tho conclu
ntou that he was an Italian, and his ua
tionality wsis thus entered iu tho p<v
lioe booka. Justice Flamiuor Mistily
sentenced the prisoner to six months ou
ltMekwMTa Island. Notwitlistamliug
the sours on tho man'a face and his ap
parent severe illness, no physician -was
sent for, either in the police statiou or
in the Yorkvillo prison, whore he was
sent by Justice Fliuumor prior to his
trip to lilackwell s Inland. Kixqx-r t'uu
uiugliam, of tho Yorkvillo prison, |x>r
mittod him to sit liy tlie stove and tried
to urge him to partake of food, hut the
mysterious priaouor would neither eat
nor sloop, and sat motionless Itoforo the
stove. On the day following he was
sent to the workhouse ou IllackwoU's
Island and hx-ked up iu a cell with two
vicious prisoners.
At this time his family and friends
were looking for him. Thov inquired
at tlie police station, the courts, the
Morgue, advertised in tho ui-w*pa|X'(w,
and wont to Pateraou, Newark, and other
olaoes in Now Jorwoy. His brother-in
law scoured Ute city, and at length
Btookvia was found almost dying in a
cell iu the workhouse.
Those in the cell with the ejivx-hlexs
man had quarrehxl with liim and tewteu
him nearly te death. Tlie authorities
were at ouoe appeal <xl to, and Stock vis
was discliargtxi, but died shortly after
being reloueed.
Htockvis was a man of much ability.
His relatives are (x-rxou* of wealth and
refinement, and they intend to have tho
case thoroughly investigated. When
Htockvis was taken to his brother in
law's house ho was delirious, and his
last words were uttered against Uie po
lice who lunl so shamefully treated him.
When arrested he hail ou good clothing,
but when found ho was in course aud
ragged garb.
Itealh less Fearful than hi* Father.
A paper pnbliahed in Oswego tells this
story : A ik>t who lives in tl> extreme
weatern juirt of the city "|ent nearly all
afternoon and evening out in the snow,
playing with a neighlmriiig boy—rolling
in .snow banks, etc.—with lie curleM
neas ami disregard of clothes coinmoii to
highlifed UiyM. They played till after
dark, and alien tliishul came to go home
hi* clothes were nearly soaked through.
He had Ism eev< rely punished a few
days previous for coming home in that
condition, ami was told thnt if lie came
h HUP in tliat sliii)* 1 again he would lw<
whipjxst within an inch of hi* life. He
knew that his father would Is) as good
as his word, and a* lie thought the mat
ter over, he made up his mind thnt he
would stay out till after the folks Inul
gone to la-d, and then crawl into a neigh
bor's wood-house and stav through the
night, and he carried out his plan. Some
time during the night the owner of the
house was awakened by a noise sound
ing SOUK thing like groans; he listened
and again heard the sound, which
seemed to come from the woodshed, but
which lie thought was pmliablv a stray
dog. The noise continuing, lie finally
got up, jiartly dress, d himself, took a
light, ninl on going into the shed dis
covered the IM>V cronchisl in one corner,
partly oovwred with some old rags of
carpeting or something of that sort, and
insensible with c*dd. He curried him
into the house, sent for his family, and
after several hours of incessant lalsir the
boy revived. Upon Wing inquired of
why lie went into the woodshed, h • aaiil
it#ra IsH-nnse lie was afraid to go home.
That family must bo ruled with a severe
A Suit Won by Wafer Power.
Tli folk iwing is related as an incident
in the professional life of Ogden 8. Sey
mour, lat' Chief Judge of the Supreme
Court of Connecticut. Mr. Seymour's
eyes have always been weak. In college
his friends usually road over the exercises
to him. lie has hail to employ assistants
as amanuenses, readers, etc., ever since.
One day Mr. Seymour went into court
late to argue a case, with tho details of
which ho was perfectly familiar, for a
young lawyer who conducted the exami
nation. The jury was composed of men
who were unacquainted with Mr. Sey
mour. During the close of his argu
ment he spoke mildly, as was his wont,
and frequently wined his teiuful eyes
with Ills handkerchief.
The facts and equity of the case were
rimlly against him—but the jury ren
dered a verdict in favor of his client,
to his and ovorylKnly's astonishment.
The solution of the mystery wn readied
when two of the jnryrneii, lieing taken to
task for their absurd verdict, declared
that " they didn't know uothiu' nlsuit
law, but nolxnly needn't tell them that
Seymour wasn't right—and ho knew nil
nlKiut the case!" This was found to
have Ixvu the bias with the rest of the
jury, too, except one man, who yielded
Ixxaunic, lie said, " it was no use to quar
rel with fools. Seymour cried it into
Vm so that they couldn't lie stirred, and
tho case wasn't important enough to
split on."
sew Press Hoods.
Dyoor cloth in a new fabric for dresses,
says a fashion journal. It is a thick yet
aoft silk like heavy pongee. It in lm
jxirtod in plaids of crrit with brown or
block barn, and the plain rrru and cream
good* to match. "Lonlmue" in tho
name given tlio aoft Imsket-wovcn and
twilled ailka to lx> uacd for Hummer cos
tumea. It com** in pin-head checks,
broken plaidn, and blocks of block with
white, blue upon blue, Imff with blue,
and in tho high Madron colors now no
fashionable in l'arin. It ooetf from $*2.50
to {M a yard, and in single width.
Burette or drugget cloth ia tho ynmc
given a Milk and wool fabric of rough
surface, not twilled, but with raised
knotted threads of brown or gray npon
white. This is spoken of ny French
writers as very stylish for costumes.
Toil* C Oriental is all silk tissue in open
checks like the Mexicaine of last sum
mer; price 8-.50 a yard. Algcrino for
overdresses and linen grenadines are in
errtt checks and stripes; others havo
blue mixed with them, and show very
quaint colors. There are also cent
organdies iu checks and stripes, and
colored greuotlines sold as low UM forty
cents a yard.
Among the best wool ffcbriasfor spring
suits arc plain and plaid debegos, some
twilled, some loosely woven in new gray
and brown shades, and all of excellent
quality. They cost from fifty to sevoaty-
Qve cents a yard.
The Usher .ll'rlwl.ala ssd nkai .he bw
ll.ur is Urissrstlse Ike I snamsnli —A
N4 Nlari.
One of the most striking pivemges in
the rtqairt of Miss Hi'huyler, president of
the New York Htate CTuvritins Aid
SiH-iety, reol at its rtHX'iit annual meet
ing, was that iu which the case of
Margaret, "the mother of criminals,"
was ixiusidercxl. New facts are ixnitinu
ally coming to light in n-gard to this r>
luarkatile iuheribmoii of crime, and
when, finally, they are all grou|>od nnd
determined, tlu-y will form the most in
structive liiKtaiioe ever offered in criminal
history of the iuqvortanoe of preventive
measures niuoug the young.
'Thus it apjH-ure tliat the last genera
tiou -we bt-lieve the sixth iu tlie un
happy line from the outcast child, has
just INH'H Imrn iu I'lsUr county. The
mother of the IKIUI was only fourteen,
and tho father was the uncle of tho
mother. In the same gew-rutiou of the
young mother, says the New York
7hig, there are six voting liovs and
girls who are all in tho 1 louse of Refuge,
The sisb r of the original Margaret i
known in the medical history of the
county during the time of the Hcvolntiou
as having lieeu one of the nest dissolute
iwreous ever known iu tlie region. The
I long train of diseases, weakness, Mai
habits, corrupt and morbid pawnoits,
physical and moral degeneracy, and opeu
crimes, which those two pauper eliildreu
left lieliiud tliem, ntn never be tueusured
by human eye. The female children of
the hue tesxuno mothers iu their Uxms
of illegitimate children; the boys were
thieves and vagrants, as hy a law of
nature, as aoou as they could exert any
As tlio girls grew up, they had th"ir
IIMM-S returned contiiiually to thecounty
poorhouse as their iiatund home. 'The
children grew up in nurserica of
crime, and became, of course, puujs-rr
or worse. The stronger and Milder lived
by thieving, or committed rubbery,
burglary, and murder. Crime and iu
dulgeniX' gradually caused tlio degen
eracy of Mine, oil J tliey M'caiue ciiilep
ticw, lunatics, and idiots. Now and then
some of the unfortonate race were pre
servoil by M'iug early confined in a re
formatory institution. Iu one instance,
, oue wild girl of the stock married a man
of decent cliaractcr, and aomewlutt im
proved the race. It should lie remain-
Mrel by all students of such siibjis-ts
that the tendency of inheritance is a kind
of arithiuetiml reduplieation of eliarac
teristica. It ia this ncientific fia-t which
explains the dcgnnrracv arising froni
the marriage of near n-bvtiveis. Weak
disoasos, ami morbid teudcneiea
are reprodacod. Feasibly nothing else
is the cause of the micunty or idiocy
arising from the marriage of those very
near iu blood. If tlie drunken children
of drntikards married, their offspring
would probably M- lunatics or iiliots.
In this race of criminals tlio stock was
preserved by interiuarriage with some
fresli and vigorous foiuiluM of ruffians.
Home of the nioinU're of tlio miserable
bnsxl reached tho agi of ninety years,
ami some of tho females ha.l at least
twenty children, the final total uumM-r,
as we have before :-toted, of tlie race
M'ing nome seven hundred, mainly pun
jK-rs, M-ggars, prostitiitea and criniiuals.
Now, every town ami village has anme
tiuhappv " ilargar*-t " wandormg about
among its stivi t aid loms. Among the
eighteen hundred pauper children of the
State, yi t iu almshouses, it itmuy a
" motlicr of criminal*," bans carefully
trained for crime ami |*anpecisni. How
many a ragged little girl, roving about
oar city streets with her l*egging basket,
utterly frieudlcss and neglected, it grow
iug up to transmit her long progeny of
ruffian* ami criminals. It it true that
crime it no much more inteatc in the city
than tho country, ami tin* conditions ore
w> much mite unhealthy, that in all
proUability the criminal aiild will nvo
no progeny, ami will herself IK* laid
early in the pauper's grave. Still aim
iu.ty live long enough to tempt and oir
nipt oUvirs, possibly to transmit off
spring, ami certainly to rtiiu herself.
In the country such livi*s at tin**- of
the unhn]ipy Margaret are only too ofU u
known. Dr. Harm, the experienced
head of the Prison Association, ha*
statist that he it familiar with even mora
terrible instance*. Ami yet, a little pre
vention, a little influence, like that which
the self-men firing ladie.i "I the "Chnri
ties Aid " arc attempting to exert on the
almshouse*. a brief instruction such as
the imlnatrial siliooD offer, an early
placing iu a good family, couhl convert
a Margaret, 4 ' mother of nominal*," into
an horn-at woman, mother of a long lino
of honeat men and virtuotut women.
Iturial in Wicker Baskets.
Tho discussions in regard to cremation
have called attention generally to the
fiubject of the dis]Misition of the relics of
humanity, and ranch dissatisfaction np
|K*ara to provail everywhere in regard to
the present expensive system of luirials.
Among other things it is urg<*d that s
more speedy dissolution of the IKMIIIIS of
the d<>ad ought t*i IM- provided for ; and
with this object wicker latski-U in lieu of
coffins are recommended, ami a great
ileal of correspondence has been for
warded to the lsinilon 7hnr* on this
sul>ji*ct. A l.nly writes; I liavo given
orders tlmt when my time comes I am to
IK> laid to rest, not in a close coffin, but
in n wicker bosket, in order tliat as soon
as possible I may, as I told my little
daughter in explaining the first terror
and mystery of death and burial, turn
into daisies. Talking and writing is
useless, unless somebody doos some
thing. Jjct some enterprising under
taker invent this wicker basket, suitable
for our last sleep, but with a suitable
covering, to guard against two difficul
ties which I think Mr. Seymour lladcn
underrates—first, the widespread fear of
premature interment; second, tie- fre
quent need that tho jxKir cost-off gar
ment of the most lieautiful and lioloved
soul should IK* shut up immediately after
ilenth, and before any nrrangunients can
IM* made for even the simplest funeral.
This temporary coffin could lie easily re
moved at the grave side or in tho grave,
leaving the wicker liaskt-t only—earth to
earth—to help in making the earth more
green and lovely. I think half the horror
of mortality would IMI taken away if wo
could feel that even our dead lss'lies IK>-
caine a blessing instead of n curse ; ami
our ghastly churchyards ami glisimy
Cemeteries were changed into what my
child still calls the first gravo I over
brought her to.
Marriage of lilood Relations.
The French Academy has of lute had
(•resented to it some curious statistics in
relation to the subject of the marriage
of blood relations. These liavo Is MOI
largely published to warn the people of
Franco against tho danger of these mar
riages, which are said to amount to full
two (x-r cent, of all the marriages in that
country. In Lyons ami Paris it has
been ascertained that while one child
Ixirn in ordinary wedh>ok may lx> ih-af
and dumh, the proportion of children of
blood relatives thus afflicted is tweuty
flvo (x'r cent, greater; in Bordeaux it
was thirty (>er cent. The liubility to
this misfortune increases very greatly,
according to the nearness of the relation
ship. On the other haud, it is a re
murkuhle fact as connected with the
marriage of persons who are deaf and
dnmh, but who are strangers in blood,
that tneir children are generally able to
speak and to hoar.
A Coffin Dealer who Wanted a Not Ire.
"I've taken your |NMMr for twenty six
years," ho COIUUIMMMU, ns ho reached
the head of the stairs, " and now "1 want
a puff."
Ho was a very toll, slender man, had n
fiuvi whieh hadn't smiled siuco IHA'J, and
his nivk was embrneeil hy a white eruvat
and his hands were thrust into black
" I'vo got a uw hearne, a now stia'k
of coffins, and 1 want a local notice," he
continued, lis he Nut down uiul sighed, as
if ready to screw a coffin lid down.
'• My dear sir," replied the man in the
corner, "I've met you at A great many
funerals, and your general lien Ting lias
created A favorable impression. You
sigh with the sigherw, grieve with tho
grievem, and on extra tsxiuaioiia you can
si it*! tears of sorrow, even though you
know that you can't get ten JRT txut. of
your lull under six muutlu."
" Yea," sighed tho undertaker, ill
stiuctively measuring the length of the
bdi|e with his eye, and wondering to
hiuiHt If why editors' tables weren't
covered witli era|ie, with rows of coffin
nails around the edges.
" Death is very solemn," coutinned
the man iu tho corner; "but still it is
an ixxwiiioii when one can appreciabi a
neat thing. I've vu you ruh your
knuckles ugaiust dtsir po-ts and never
cltauge ooontennuce; I've ma n vou listen
to eulogies vm men who uwisl yon for
twenty years lief ore their death, and yon
looked even more solemn than tlie
!■ ri-aveil widow; I've seen you back
your hearse up tea door in such an
easy, quiet way that it roblxxl death of
half its tenure. AH this luive 1 ®x*u
and up|iiveiaUxl, but I couldn't write a
puff for you."
" Why uotf" he demanded.
" For many reasons. Now you luive
a new hearse. Could Igo on and say :
• Mr. Sackcloth, Uie genial uuiterbiker,
lias just received a fine new hearse, and
we hojie tliat our citizens w ill endeavor
to Mwtow u | M m it the jsitronage such
eutarpriae denerves. It rides easy, is
handsomely Jluisln-il, and those who try
it once wilf wont no other.' Could Ido
tliat f"
" No, not very well."
"Of course I couldn't. You can call
a grocer or a drv gixsls man a ' genial
friend ' and it's ail right, but you areu't
genial—you cuu't be. It's your business
to M' solemn. If yuii could lie even
more solemn titan yon are it would lie
money in your pocket."
"Tiiat's so," ho said, sighing
" If it was an omnibus, or a coal cart,
or a wlnwllsuTuw, I could go ou and
w rite a chapter on every sejsirato spoke,
but it isn't, you see."
He leaned back and sighed again.
" And a* to your coffins, they are
doubtless nice coffins, and your prices
are probably reasonable, but could I go
ou and say: • Mr. Sackcloth, the under
taker, lias just roccivi-d his new styles in
spring coffins, all sizea, and is now pew
pared to siw as many of his old custom
era as want sann thing handsome and
durable at a moderate price.' Could 1
say that C
Another sigh.
"I couldn't sav tlud you were holding
a clearing out sole, iu order t get ready
for the spring trade, or tliat, for the sake
of incr>si--ing your patronage, you had
decided to present each customer with a
chrotno. 1 couldn't say tliat von were
nqtairmg and re|utiting, and had the
most attractive coffin shop in the city.
It wouldn't do to hopa that|eople wrould
|sitn>mr.c you, or to say that all order*
sent iu by mail would l* promptly filled,
and tliat your motto was ' soli's
and small profits !' "
He put ou the look of a tombstoue,
and male no reply.
•' You see, if you ltad stove* to sell, or
dealt in mackerel, or wold fishing tackle,
everything would bcTovely. You are an
undertaker solemn, sedate, ruourufuL
You revel in crajw, and you never jm.*# a
lilsck walnut door without thinking how
much gissl coffin lumber was recklewly
wasted. Tln tolling IH>ll IS music to
you, and the city lull flag at iialf mast is
"fat on your rilm. Wo'd like to oblige
yon, but you mv how it is."
" Yes, 1 we," he said, and ho formed
in prooconion and moved down
looking around now and then to s.s if
the hearse was ju*t thirty four feet le
--hind the offieinting clergyman's car
Society Expenses.
The coat of taking a young girl to a
lxdl in New York, according to Jennie
June, is not at all a trifle. Sup]M<iug
the young man to IK* possessed of the
imli.s]>cuwh!o 44 dress" suit, the faultier
shirt, the Ana cambric, the French
hoota, there is sure to la* the delicately
tinted cravat and kid gloves to provide,
ticket* to purchase (for via brtlf't
mamma is, iwrlm|, a lady manager,
ami de)M*nda on aelling $1IK) worth, at
leant, to the young gentlemen who
dance with her daughters ami eat her
chickeu naiad), a bouquet to order,
carriage to look out for, supper to pay
for (tin* latter for mamma, n cousin, a
hungry friend, or noun-thing, as well an
ma M herself), no tliat la-fore he in
through, the expense* of a single ball
will foot np norm-thing like the follow
ing : Cravat, $1,50; gloves, $2.50; tickets
(2), $10; bono net, $5; carriage, $4; sup
per (8), includingeliamjuigue, sls; total,
8W. An item this, in a salary of SI,OOO
a year, or S2O per week. This, too, is
doing things on the very amnllont
jxwsible scale and on a risk of tn-ing
considered 14 mean," for thert* are always
unattended -li-terx or some one s|M*mling
the winter, v. h would like to IK* iu
vited, and for whom must IK* executed
tlie entire programme. Then, no un
married ladv is now content with one
bouquet. lMleship ia counted by the
nnmlK-r of magnificent lMinquotH of
English rosebuds and carnations it
draws nt its chariot wheels. Hhnll all
tho flowers IK* IM-stowed on favorite
singers, imd none left to crown tin*
youth and Issmtv? By no means. Sharp
young fellows who have l<*aru<*d tactics,
therefore, are rather apt to tight shy of
inviting young ladies to bulls on their
own account. They let naj*a or a
cliaiwronc take a couple of carriage
loads, set them down inside of the
44 Academy," and then they appear in a
faultless get-up, present their lmuquets,
nnd come off with living colors, for on
extra bouquet will make aim-mls for
cverytliing with tho belle of the ludl.
All Over Diamonds.
The Itonton Transcript tells this glit
tering story: A lady blazed all over
with diamonds at a Fifth avenue party
recently. On each shoulder she had four
star *, too size of a dollar, made of dia
morula; her hair was set thickly with
diamonds; there was a diamond bnndeuu
on her brow; she had diamond ear-rings,
and a diamond necklace; u|xm the sides
of her ehest were two circles of diamonds,
from which depended lines and curves
of diamonds reaching to her waiit, upon
which she wore a diamond girdle; on her
skirt in front were large jieaoocks
wrought in lines of diamonds; there wero
rosettes of diamonds on her slip]>cra,&ud
diamonds large and small all over her
dress and jrerson, wherever they could
be placed. The lady's grandfather was
a eurtiuun, her fatlier a pawnbroker, nml
her husband—well, ho lives upon her
father. Tho old gentleman is worth his
millions, and still follows his business
and adds to his store. He is nevsf pres
ent at these parties, though,
Treat au nt of a Debtor.
An exchange, in speaking of imprisou
uient for debt n it is SIIOWIH! in aouie of
the Euit.d States, gives tho following
story from a fellow prisoner; A young
luau by the name of llrowu was mat lute
prison for deM. His uiauuere were very
interesting, llis fine dark eyes lasuued
so mueli intelligence, his lively coiutte
nanoc expronmxl so much ing.-nionsiiess,
that 1 was induced, contrary to my usual
rule, te aeek his acquaintance.
Comiutuions in misery aoou Iswouie
uttoelieil to each other. llrowu was in
formed Hint one of liis creditors would
not consent to his diseliarge; tliat he had
abused him very much (as ia usual in
such cases), and mud" a solemn oath te
keep him in jail "till he rotted!"
1 watched llrown's countenance when
he reix'l veil thisiuforuiuUon; andwhelle-r
it was fancy for not, 1 cannot say, but I
thought 1 saw the cheering spirit of hope
iu tliat moment desert him forever.
Nothing gave Drown pleasure but tho
daily visit of lus amiable a ifc. Hy tho
help of a kind relate >u she was able te
give him aomoluiios aoup and fruit; and
every tlay, clear or wteruiy, alio visited
the prison te ebix-r tlie drooping spirits
of her htint Mind. She seemed an angel
admiiiistering consolation.
Due day [HMCI the hour of one
o'chs'k, and she canto not; Drown was
uneasy. Two, throe and lour passed,
ami alio did not appear; Drown was ills
A messenger artiveil. Mrs. Diowu
was daiigerously ill, aud suppuaid to be
yiug in a convulsive fit. As msiii ns
Drown reo-ivtd this information he
ilarhxl te the door with the greatest
rapidity. The inner ihmr was opened,
and the jailer, who had just let nome
oue in, was closing it as Drown poiMcd
violently through it. The jailer knocked
liiui down with a massive iron key which
he held in his bun]; and Drown was
nan-ied lsick lib-leas, and covered with
bhssi, to his evil. Mr*. Drown died,
and her hudsuid ana denied tho sad
privilege of closing her eyoa.
lie liugenxl for auic time, till at last
lie culled me one tlay, and gazing ou me,
while a faint smile played upon his lips,
he Kiiid, "he M-lievixl Dial ileatli was
more kind tluui his creditors." After a
few convulsive struggle, he expired.
About IVnitcnt Lrttrra.
Ia the J!t**h<'r Til>>ii IrUi the follow
ing incident WUI related to show w luit
might be written under excitement :
LoWSO Jo loifnyette WW OM of th*
ma el* of honor to Anne of Austria, wife
of Loui* XIII. of France. HIM* WM a
youg woman who had paased many
yearn iu a convent, an J waa described an
''sincere in her piety," ami "so devoid
of mallei- that it actuidlv pained her to
be made ae>|UainteJ witli the faults of
other*." In the simplicity of her aonl
alio ha<l lon# cultivated an innocent in
timacy with the king, when, of a audJeu,
on tin- receipt of a long lettvr from him.
she was thunderstruck by first under
standing the nat ure of Li* love for her,
and of its iaterferenoo with hi# duty to
the (|tie<-u. She WW overw helmed with
remorse, and immediately repaired to a
convent ami took the wlute veil. Ilere
abc held a thud interview witli the king,
conversing with him tluroiigli double
luir*, and aotne of the language which
alie niMnwvJ to him on tlii* occasion re
mmd* one of the expression# iu Mr.
Brevher's letters.
" The sin," said *he, " for which I
feel mont |Hiignaiit sorrow, the sin w inch
years, nav, a life of expiation, cannot
wipe out, if that I have, by my selfish, iny
miwrable attachment. alienated yon from
tlie queen. A law! alas ! I have sinned
almost beyond forgivcuoo#!" and for a
while she broke into passionate solvs,
which all her aclf-oomwaud could not
"A* she sjaike," nyi Uio chronicler
of this List parting intenii*w, "her
#w>et gray eye* turned toward heaven,
her couuteimnce wan transfigured as iu
an ecstasy; no saint standing within a
sculptured shrine could lie more pure,
more hoi v."
A Imlrl lawyer.
44 S juire Johnson " was a model law
yer, as the following anecdote will
evince :
Mr. Jones ouoe rushed into tie* squire's
office iu agn at passion. 44 That infer
ual scoundrel of a cobbler, Smith, baa
sued me, Mr. Johnson—sued for $5
■wed him for a jwur of IKM its."
4 - Then yon owe him the $5 r"
44 To lie sure I do; but he's gone and
sued me—sn<*d me!"
4 * Thau why dou't you pay him, if
you owe liirn f"
4 'ltcanse he's sued me; and when a
man does that I'll never )>*y him till it
<xsts him more than lie gets. I want
yon to make it oast him all you can."
44 lint it will cost you something, too."
44 1 don't car** for that; what do you
charge to liegin with t"
44 Ten dollars; and more if there is
much extra trouble."
44 A1l right! There's the X. Now
go ahead.'*
No KK*ner was his client gone tlian
Squire Johnson stepped across to his
m-ighlMir Smith and offered to J*av the
bill, on condition that the suit should IK*
withdrawn. The shoemaker gladly ac
cepted —nil he wanted was his poy. The
lawyer retained the other five for his
fee, and, as the case was not "trouble
some," mode no further demamls iqxiu
his client.
Ten days after June* came in hi sec
how his case was gi-tting along.
44 All right," said the lawyer. 44 Yon
won't luivo any trouble about that. I
put it to Smith so strongly that he was
glad to withdraw the suit altogether."
44 G00d!" cried the exulting Jones;
44 Smith lias been done brown !'
The Escaped Murderer.
An llnvnna letter, referring to tlie
murderer Sharkey, now at lilierty there,
tolls us tho story of his esoapc as fol
lows; Maggie Jordan, tli" chief
ment in his escape, trietl the key of Shar
key's cell for over five months from the
outside and marked it bv friction where
it wanted relieving. Tfie ilav Sliarkey
escaped a second woman, dressed as
Sharkey was to IK*, entered tlie Tomlio,
and when Sharkey aaoaped he was dri*ss<d
as she was when she entomb Outside,
a carriage, driven by a frieud of Shar
key's, was waiting for him. He, how
ever, failed to make tlie connection, and
walked, dressed in woman a clothes, ta
n hotel near Canal street tuid Broadway,
where he changed his clothes and walked
up town. Maggie, working as a s>rvant
for her sister, threw tho detectives off
her track, and they never found out who
the locksmith was who was arranging the
key. After Sharkey lived up town for
four months he left the city. When he
left New York he went to Jamaica, and
thence made his way to Havana. His
liarliarous treatment of the woman when
she joined him in Havana has turned all
sympathy from Sliarkey, and the authori
tn* wo aid lo glad to deliver him up.
A WATCH.—FredericStiebman, watch
maker in Paris, said his soul had (Missed
into a watch ut which he had been work
ing for twenty your*. One day this watch
lost ranny nnnntes—the next day it
gained many; thereupon Frederic went
to lxxl and said he wns very ill. Tho
watch stopped, and Frederic, when he
saw tho hands motionloßs, sprang up
from his roemnbont posture and fullback
—dead, "
Term*: HH2.00 a Year, in Advance.
A Lwm' Ruse.
Home years since two wealthy Ismhelore
livvdiu Ute vicinity of Pari*, lliey had
a young maid of all-work luuned Marie
de'lst FonL Marin was a sweet, pretty
girl, awl lively and mqimiil iu her uiau
uere, although mudeat iu tlm extreme,
and this was tin- reason that the two
brothers kept her iu tlieir employ. Tliey
knew thai she was frugal, icouomiofti,
awl ilrwised iu the inoat mods-rate man
uer imaginable. Due day Marie sur
prise! lor euiployere by informing them
tliat a young artisan, routing in Pans,
lia-l asked In r hand. They strove te
ilisMiade her from a<xxqttiug tlie offer of
marriage, but she teid them tliat she
•xjuld not lie happy uiihsw alio became
tho wifo of her dear Henri. Ho it was
arranged that she should quit the service
' of the two brothers at Uie etal of the
coming mouth.
Due ilay during the interval tlie two
brothers sold some valuable real estate,
which they owned jointly, and the sum
realized amounted te I(Mi,UUU francs. It
( wsa all iu bills ou tho Hank of France,
and was paid too late for deposit the
same afternoon.
Night tome, and as the old l i-lielora
: seldum had aueJi a large amount in tin
house, they were considerably i>mix-mod
lest rebliere should attempt te tub them.
Their fear* were strengthened by tho
numerous burglaries tliat hnd recently
taken place iu that vicinity.
The resilience of the obi men was some
distance from the main read, and stood
near Urn river Hone. It was a lonely,
gloomy location, and on tho night in
question the winds swept through the
tall larches KurremiiUng the mansion
with doleful and unsuiing eadi.-noe.
About midnight the old men retired;
but scarcely hail they fulh-n asleep when
Maiic rap|Mxl at their door aud informed
tliem that robbers were at work below.
Doth tho badiehw* were terribly
frightened, and wh-n one conimenetxl to
Mtr the door the other lagan removing a
tile from the hearth te hide the lulls.
" You have a gun," said Marie; " take
it and slnsit the villains."
Hut the two trembling men jsml no
hixxl te her advice.
" Cowards |" said the brave girl, aooru
fully. " I wiali tliat I were a man for
five minute*."
Just then there came a hi*vy crasli
from the apartments la-low.
The brothers crept U-iwwUa tlie laxl,
where tliey aliivereil and criugvxl unable
te speak from terror.
"We shall all be murdered in our
M-ds," said the girl. " We will la fouud
hy tli" |*ilicu in the morning with our
throats cuts from car to car. Puate!
fools, give me the gun."
She soured the double barreled gun
tliat hud upon the shelf, and startel
down stairs, while the two frightemxl
men watched her without saying a word.
Presently larng wont the gun, and a
groan was heard. Hang! went the
second barrel, and a screech of pain re
sounded through tlm house that caused
tlie Mood ol the brothers te run cold.
A brief |nae ensued, and then Marie
came tripping up stairw, but her face
wore a determined, dissatisfied look.
She asked fur jiowder and ball to reload,
which were furnished; but before die
finished loading, footsteps were heard re
treating from the house.
No one slept in the house that night,
nor were they again mnlaatmL But at
iwrly dawn, on goiug down stairs, a (**> l
of blood on tlie hall floor showed tliat
one robber, at least, had been seriously,
if not mortally, wounded; and it was
plain tu see by the bloody patli in tin*
earth tliat the victim hail I wen dragginl
to the river, (lore marked the whole
distance, and the police were at once
fmt on the alert fur the arrest of the
ivtng thieces, ami the recovery of the
body of the dead one.
Hut all efforta proved vain„ and the
bravery of the young girl was discussed
far ami near.
Tlie grateful bachelor# were an ovwr
whelmed that they offered to give Marie
a dower.
"Ah! messieurs," replied nlie affee-
Uouately, " how can 1 leave yi.wi ? You
may again be attacked by rinMl"
" But we will not, nevertheless, stand
Ietween yon and luppiness," tiiey re
plied. " Here are thirty tliousand
francs—you luve saved our lives, and
richly deserve tlie money. If you choose
to live in this house with your husband,
we will rejiair tlie lower part for tliat
purpose, and you can also be hired to
keep our room nest as at present."
Henri married Marie, and they ac
cepted the dower and tlie bouse.
Years passed, and recently tlie real
facts of this midnight robbery came to
light Both of the old bachelors were
dead, and hail willed Marie another
thirty tliouwuid francs. The brave girl
did not refuse it It turned out, how
ever, that tlie robbers were not plural.
Henri sctinl na the burglar, tlie blood
was from n lamb killed for the purpose,
and the whole was but a ruse of the two
lovers to own the hearts and purses of
the two ola misers.
All bj Nail.
A uirwq*ondent. writing of the matter
sent by mail iu the I'nitcd States under
tho new jH**tal law, says the express
companies complain of it and so do tlie
stage drivers out West. Tlir-y luid been
in the habit LK*fore the repeal of the
franking privilege of taking a hag of
public documents to lever the wheel
from a mudliolc and go away withont it;
and, if pn*ssed too bard, they might
uow grow into tlie practice of dropping
ballast along the rood in had weather.
The mail contractors on stage routes
are very angry at the operations of the
matter. It was the custom always that
when a stage was in trouble the driver
would drop n bag of newspapers, till
pictorial j*ajK*ra adorned every cabin
along tlie stage routes of the Territo
Thev send gold ill four-pound jyiok-
Ag<*s from California to New York.
Til-si* jweknges are registered and pay
letter postage. They are insured regu
larly at a low price" in San Francisco.
They go in the )>osUl car and tlx- postal
clerks have an eve on them. No such
package has-yet oeen lost, for the Uiief
cannot use it very well. He must find a
mint to coin it, and he might as *"'N
off with so many jainnds of lead, detec
tion being almost sure.
Crushing Out a Paper.
Tho crushing out of the Sacramento
(Vi ion by the Central Pacific milr<*ul com
pany is a new method of dealing with
newspapers by n groat corporation. The
Union was established twonty-flvo years
ago, and until it attack on the Central
Pacific railroad m a prosperous pajxr.
In revenge for its criticisms the railroad
company established a rival paper—the
Record—ot exactly the same sir.e and
appearance, which was distributed gra
tuitously, while the Union WK banished
from all plaoea where tho company had
any influence. It is supposed that
Sacramento wanted tho company to es
tablish a rolling mill and wns informed
that so long as the Union was supported
no favors whatever would be shown to
Sacramento by the railroad. Under this
pressure inaiiy of Uie merchants with
drew their advertisements from the
I jiion, and dually the proprietors of the
paper were compelled to Bell ont to the
nominal proprietors of the Record for
a very small nam. Thus the Union has
ceased to exist, having been deliberately
killed by the influence of a railroad
NO. 13.
Tfcrlr UrulrmfW la OatraJ HumoHlw
aa4 M ini Tfcj Are.
Tbe jv>pnl*tiou of the United States
haa received ui important mml ml liable
addition to the part two years by the ex
tensive immigration of Mciimiuite*.
Tlito to not Um firti time tliut representa
tives of tin. society have found an
any loin to thto country. An early a* 1(183
many toft Holland and Germany to
<*c*ie religious jteraeeatton, Mid settled
in variou* parte of Pennsylvania. In
1708 a school and a meeting buua# ware
eroetad by t brui to (tonujuiUiwn, near
Philadelphia. Another colony w m m
tabitefaeu to wtoit to now known am Law
•water county, IV, and unmeruoa stable
farmers of that d< lightfuJ agricultural
irgiou are the ctoad*ndanta of ttuw
worthy pioneer*, and retain many of the
•-luuracterteiica and haliita of Umt fore
fathers. Subsequently Meutiotuto set
tlements wwn to Maryland,
Ohio, Indiana, New York and Canada.
With the advancement of religion*
toleration to Furope the cause* which j
tod to the large immigration of religious
aorta dtirnaad, and into particularbody
being jx-aceful, home loving people, bnt
few n'pn—enlativoa of it www found
among the crowds of uuuiigrsuta yearly
arriving at our shores. Hie MennoniUw
recently landing in thto country can*
from Huasi*. Tliey are the deaoetulanto
of a oohmy that left Germany to 1780 to
escape the oonaori|itiou of Frederick the
(imat, and artttod to the aonthern pro
vinawof ltuaato, upon land granted by
Catharine 11. Tlu-y now leave lime-ton
territory to avoid an edict of the Em
peror requiring *ll able-bodied mm to
perform military duty. Their religious
tenets teach iwwoe, and they are unable
to raooudto uieir cmiaetonce to the order
of the Csar. In ltnaato their number to
Maid to have been about 10,000, and *o
many have immigrated ainee the edict
waa published, June 4th, 1871, Unit the
Csar haa been induced to modify the
order, and baa signified bis willtognow
to acoept from thto particular anet mt
vice in the military hoapitala to lieu of
service in the regular army. Thto, how
ever, doe* not appear to liare stopped
the rmdux, and it to probable that in a
few years tine great bulk of the Bmrisn
Menuunitea will be dUsetis of the United
States or Canada. The Uumkuu govern
ment, fully aware of the importance of
retaining thto thrifty, hard working com
munity, haa made every poaaible effort
to prevent their immigration. When
the authorities first learned that the
McntKmites would not enter the army,
the time of consort ptino was extended,
but without the anticipated results.
Then an attempt was made to force a
renunciation of their belief, and the ac
ceptance of the doctrines of the Itusman
Greek Church, but witlxuit effect. The
late st compromise in the matter appear*
to have cuuie too late.
The Mcnnouito Church was fanuded
in Germany in the early part of the six
teenth century by Menno Hiinonis, a
priest settled at Flngium, who early im
bibed the reform doctrines of hi* oon
temporary, Luther, and renouuend all
connection with the lloman Catholic
Church. For thto he was driven into
exile, Charles V. setting s prim on his
head, and for twenty-five years he strug
gled valiantly with want,* suffering! and
persecution. He found an asylum in
lloUte-ui, and received permissiou to
publisli several religious oksbt* on the
true Clirtotton faith. He died there on
the 13th of January, 1561. Hto doctrines
gained ioUowusa, and a colory of exem
plary men, who favored his religions
views, was cettldtohed in Holland. Dur
ing the eighteenth century the mdsbtf
of Menncuites had increased to 100,000,
and in 1735 they cstoliltohed a theologi
cal seminary.
As s sectarian organisation, they re
semble tiie I lap testa, and follow many of
the simple customs of the Quaker*. The
sacrament of ! wpttom is never celebrated
until the candidate lias acquired suffi
cient intelligence fully to comprehend
the nature of the obligations about to be
assumed. They chooae from their own
memliers certain ones notable for higli
moral standing, intelligence and ability
as teachers, to be their prieata. For
these ministers no special prejiaration is
rtxiuirel. They must l pure, honest
and faithful to the teachings of Menno.
They serve without pay. The Mennon
ites strive to live an every day, practical
Christian life; tliey are strict m disci
pline, oppose the taking of oaths, and.
like the* Friends, are strongly antagonto
tic to war. The brotherhood in America
have organised a board of guardians,
which to charged with arranging for
transportation across the Atlantic to New
York, and from tiieuce to points of des
tination in the West. These guardians
are custodians of a fund contributed by
the brethren who have already m Mini to
provide for the ocean pamage of those
who are without means. The immi
grants are a conarientiona, hard-working
agricultural people, and moat at them
are the possessors of a moderate capital.
A very large amount of money lis* thus
come'into the country, aa it is estimate-d
that the head of ench family brought
from *2,000 to *IO,OOO.
One colony has purchased 150,000
acres of land In Central Kansa*. The
ground selected was a bleak, wild i>rairie
—lately tiie frontier buffalo range, but
the industrious settlers have built up a
prosperous colouy, with thriving town*
and well-ordered farms. Two large,
rough building* were erected fdxteeq
miles north of NewUm, as temporary
barrack residences, whilst the immigrants
were building jx-rmanent d sellings. All
new-comers are lodged in the barracks—
the interior of which presents au anima
ted and grotesque apjiearancc. Crowded
with strange-looking, lettered trunks,
lioxes, beds, oook-atoves, sacks, bags,
fur coats and the numerous articles that
go to make tin an immigrant's outfit,
a ]wrfrct Babel to created. In pleasant
weather the religions exercises are held
in the open air, and in thto temple not
made by human hands the fervent prav
era of these simple worshipers go up to
heaven. Midway between the two tem
porary buildings to the public well. A
liandkerchiif to the only headdress worn
by the women, and gray aprons neem to
bo their only vanity. The men wear
caps of cloth' or fur/and have huge fur
lined overcoata.
About seven miles northeast of the
temporary homes to the quaint new vil
lage of Gnadenau, where there are some
twenty small farmers, who have built
the queerest and most comfortable eheap
houses ever aeon in the West, and with
the least amount of timber, being mere
ly a skeleton roof built on tho ground
itud thatched with prairie-grass. They
serve for man and boast, being divided
on the iusido by a partition of adobe.
The lands purchased by the colony are
distributed in four counties. The Men
nonites are a peaoeful, temperate, nidus
know, and very frugal people, aud will
soon build up ou the plains of Kansas a
settlement rivaling in beauty and pros
perity some of the most favored agricul
tural districts in the older States.
Very Poor.—One of tho importunate
juveniles who solicit pennies, was asked:
" Where to your mother?" She answer
ed diffidently: "She to dead?" "Have
you no fatter?" "Yes, sir; but ho is
sick." " What ails him ?" continued
the questioner. "He has got a sore
finger, sir." "Indeed?" "Yes, sir."
"Then why don't he cut it off?"
" Please, sir," responded the tittle maid,
"he hain't got any money to buy a
A raflltontire
a parlor mitt tWite to coat
f A dollar to, TO to a ptore where you can
| get a twenty-five mt urttote you do not
Winnrmoera, Nevsda, arinto five huu
dred head of bultorka to San Pnmatero
ewy week,
Benjamin Franklin waa a pi inter, and
he ami: "My aoo, deal only with men
| who advertise.
A mftMa who haa |wt returned
from Europe naya lie feudal ffcfWwr*
Monthly wherever he traveled on the
Love United with aeotwmra will carry a
young coupto a great deal more .mfdy
•m the road of tile than extravagance n<!
i Neat to M<it Onto tunnel, th#
; Himwac to the tonga* in the worhL Vftnf
only m feet Ires than Are mikw to
I Mad fruit to being shipped from
Oortlandt, New York, to Germany. 11>
•ithcr day fifteen ton. of drtod appka
Wi-rc ftrlit.
The new nldtor*' bounty to the United
Stetro to *8.38 a month, and no agent
can riiarge more than a ten-doliar bill for
collecting it.
Samuel W. Alton of Nevada to believed
to *• the greatest herdsman in the world,
Hto ranch to eighty mikw long, and he
owns 225,000 to ad of rattle.
I to estimated that the Jamea broth
era, of Kawaa. have Wlted, brtweeu
thciu, over one hundred men. fht* hoc
been done within ten yewa-
A clergyman at Taunton, Ma*.. lately
asked bto jwriahioneni to reduce toe pay,
as many rnetubera of- hto aburch iwd
lately suffered a mtoustion in theira.
An old Colorado miner ctoima to have
dtoovered a ailver mine that promtocc ■
well a. tin; Newtmryport mine in Miewa
chuaetta, not ten mikw from I'orttoud.Mc.
The prairie chicken* and quail had a
hard time of it during tto hl mrid
snowy time* cm Weatmi fgaiivw, and
tboticauda of tlnarn we found, fresco to
Central New York farmcra catimate
that, with average culture, good aoil ami
manure, the cCd of producing wto-at to
aeventy-five to aevcrty-eight per
bil b-L
" Hoe," mad a awrowtog wife, *'Jow
|tfw*-ful tim cat and dog are." "
mud the |-.*d"' c buabaud, " but jnJ tie
them tegrSher and then aee how the fur
will fly/'
A busy roaauß to anticipated in fitting
out mtera whalera in New England thto
pring. atimutotel by the araaQ atock of
•Ml oj< hand and the high price which it
Toledo papera announce that there to
pk-uty of work m that city, lmt cwre
fully ccceeal that aahl work to totting on
a bench in front of a coal stove wtohing
it were spring.
A Nebraska druggtot got a boy to take
a tog sniff of hartshorn * a joke, ltoy
kicked over a kerosene lamp; oil took
fire; bjm on store *1,900. 1L druggtot
is now driving a team.
In England. reoenUy, a tin of beef,
which had been prepared for the aoldrera
in the Crimea in 1856, was r-o-utly
•jMoud, and it* conteuto found perfectly
sound sod wholesome.
When * foreigner find* thto plague to
a word of one i vitohte, and ague, a part
of the plague, to a word of two, he wtoiww
>. the plague might take one-half of
the Eiig.udi language and ague the
First cbaa in geography-" How many
Htatew in the Union t" *' The book* nay
UiirtT-aeiwtt, but the newspapers have it
thirty-nine.* "The newspapers are
ahead, aa usual, my sou. Co to the
This to the first time in the memory of
man, ssra the Halt Lake IWAwwr, thto
(into Halt lake haa beta froneu, and
the mercury has not been below nero
this winter. Here to s nice question for
scientists to explain.
The New York ocMtespoodent of the
Rutland J/rmM says thto an Italian boy
sat on Union sqnam tor two days dis
playing a placard on which wsa written:
" llito poor srniuan waa left a widow with
four aiuall ciuldrm."
A wonderful eiiabitbiu haa been open
•d to Hruaseto. It to a roilectaou of
about one liuadred - landampee of great
merit j Minted by a bey gamml Friteker
ctoare of UragM. who died an idiot at
eleven years of age.
As near as can be ascertained, aiamt
twenty wommi are nmldng the fun*
throughemt the United States about
woman's right*, dirae reform, and lun
dred aoctol te< r ics Thto to a remarkable
illustration of woman's power.
A gentleman drove aaonwful-looking
home into town last week, and, stopping
in front of atooro, he roqwaftenl a small
boy to hold liim a moment. "Hold itn?
exclaimed the boy: "into fcanhim up
against th# post—that'll hold 'im."
The Massachusetts State Teaaperance
Alliance oftera to the ehagy of the State
primes of fOUtt. aOt). ami fttikiropective.
ly, fur the- three beat esaayw pmnited
liefor* the fintt day of October next, on
the " Evil* and Cure of Intemperance,"
A Western editor having waited in
rain fur the coming of the Boaatou
Mennonites, Inquired: ** Where are all
the Mennouitea 1" and echo in the
-.bape of hia wife mmtal the qneMiou
Uiuh: •• Where are allyou men o'nighte?"
The Uuited States public debt atato
ment alew* a decrease during February
of *6,680.188.11; coin tn the treasury,
*75,626,083.*3; currency in the treasury,
*10,819,007.88; coin ceriafioate*, *22,260, -
400; deposit* lor legal tenders, *45,855,
11 butter-makers would all try to pro
duce ttie very beat article and take it to
the market in good slmpe, there would
lo more butter ixiuaumvd, the price
would advance, and butter snaking woukl
pay better than any other branch id
Enameling aa a practice is said to be
hicrcaaing among Plsriaian bellea. The
method by which faces are enameled to
to inject* draw of arsenic in solution of
rose water under the skin. Beauty to
such a corf must be a terrible thing to
Several passengers on the lower Mto
atostppt wore attracted by the alligators
1 waking in the sunshine. "Are they
amphibious, captain?" ask-d a looker
on. "Amphibious, thunder!** anaw. red
the cnlhiMisßtic officer, " they'll eat a
hog ti minute."
Perhaps one ought not to mention
such tilings, says the (burier-Jountal,
but it's hard to keep from thinking how
different the history <ff thto country
might have been if Ulysses 8. Grant,
Benjamin F. Butlct, and Henry Ward
Bcechcr luul Iweu hern firls.
The San Fxaaciaco Hullrtin says that
the first piece of gold fojiiid which raised
such a revolution on/he Pacific coast to
i till to be seen Its rate# to between
four and five dolbus. It resembles a
piece of spruce gum j oat out of the mouth
of a school girl, with similar indentations.
A Missouri judge delivered a unique
death aeutcnoe. He said to the candi
date toi the gallowsa: "If guilty, you
richly deserve the fate thto awaita you ;
if innocent, it will be a gratification for
you to feel that you wore hanged with
out such a crime on your conscience; in
either case, you will Im delivered from a
world of care."
Just aa the train started out on the
Great Western railroad in Detroit, the
other day, a woman leiuied forward and
called to her htisband, who was ten feet
away: "Hay, Simon, did you wash your
feet*and change your so' ks £" " No, by
swan !—forgot all about it,** he replied.
"Well," said she, as she leaned back.
" I feel it in my bones that there'sgoing
to be a smnsh up afore we get to London,
and if you are killed I'll just purtend i
didn't know ye!"
" .'-■iJ.JUi HMf'-lg
Aovuwrnrao.—Kewspapsr adverttoiug
may be compered to a vigilsmt and
watchful salesman, jfrtot ft-t only invites
IniniMw * •d t ' r
public, into its private and uays,
au i its cfibctiveness onto dt'lnd largely
on the skill employed in pitewnting the
merit* of any article to th* public eye so
us to produce ths beto results.