The Centre reporter. (Centre Hall, Pa.) 1871-1940, March 11, 1875, Image 1

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    Utile Rag-Tag.
A curly, bright head, and perched upon i
little Ragtag brown run-bonnet;
A pair of old shoe*, forever untied.
Whone ole h*v* bole*, who** to** grl*
Cone wan or com* *t)*de. corn* *bine or com*
To little Rag-tag it'* ever the Mine ;
With en eit of the moet *upreme content.
Bhc peddle* and play* till Ute daj ia %put.
Why people complain ahe never cut eee.
When ibel t* a* good a evet can be;
She talk* to hereelf. and laugh*, and wug
About the world and ita beautiful thing* .
But, though He i* good to all of the reat.
She i very aura that He love* her Us* l-e*t'
Otv how much letter tin* world would wag
If we all had hearts like Utile Hag-tag '
K Discontented Poet.
Mtu'e • foil !
Whan it's hot he wants it cool.
When it e enkl he wants it hot
Ncer couteuted with hi* lot.
When it * dty
lie for shower* i* heard to avgh ;
When to mod his w,*h it raiu*.
Of the wet the fool complain*.
Hot or cold, dry or wet.
Nothing *uit* that h*can get
1 CMuaider, a* a rule.
Mau'. a bio).
1 am a divet—a direr from choice—
and 1 am proud of niv profession. Where
i* such courage nspi ired as is needed
here t It is uothiug to lie a soldier ; a
diver, however—but 1 forlxxir, 1 will
tell my storv, and leave others to judge
concerning it.
An appalling ahipwre -k .wurnvl, not
long ago, upon tlie wildest |>art of the
coast of Newfoundland. The tiding* of
this calamity reaclusi the ears of thou
sands ; but, amid the crowd of accidents
which followed in quick succession, it
was soon forgotten. Not by us, how
ever. We fouud that the vowel had
sunk upon a spot where the water's
depth was by no means groat and that a
dating man might easily reach her.
She was a steamer .ailed the Marmiou,
and had been aeon going suddenly down,
without an instant's warning, by some
fislienncn near by. She had, undoubt
edly, struck a hidden rock, and had thus
oeen, in one moment, destroyed.
I spoke to my associates of the plan,
and they approved it. No time was lost
in making tlie n,x\<®*ry preparations,
aril a short time l<eh.<ld us emlnvrked iu
our mall schooner for tlie suukeu
ship. There ware six of us, and we an
ticipated extraordinary success.
So deep was the water that no vestige
of a ship's mast remained above the sur
face, to point out the resting place of
the Marmiou. We wi re compelled,
therefore, to select the scene of opera
tiun# according to the best of our ability.
Down went the sails of our schooner,
and Rimruer and 1 put on our diving
armor. We fixed on our h-lmets tight
ly, and screwed on the hose. One by
oue each clumsy article was adjusted.
Th* weights were hung, and we were
" It looks terrible blackish, lterton,"
said Rimmer to me.
" Ob." I replied, gayly, " it's only a
little mist—all right! '
"Ah."' He uttered a low exclama
tioa, which sounded hollow from his
cavernous helmet.
" All ready," I cried, in a loud voice,
which they, however, could not easily
distinguish. Then, making a proper
sign, I was swung over the side.
Down we went, I first, and Rimmer
clone tie hind me. It did not take a long
time for us to reach the bottom. We
found ourselves upon what seemed a
broad plain, sloping downward, toward
the south, and rising slightly toward the
north. Looking forward then, a ilim,
black object arose, which our experi
enced eyes knew to lie a lofty rook.
As yet, we could not be certain that
this was the place where the Marmion
had struck. Hat soon a round, black
object became discernible, as we glanced
at the rocky base.
Runnier struck my arm, and pointed.
I signed ascent, and we moved onward
more quiekiy.
A few moments elapsed; we hail conic
nearer to the rook. The black object
now looked like the stem of a vessel
whose hull lay there.
Suddenly Ktaimer struck me again,
and pointed upward. Following the
direction of his hand, I looked up, and
saw the upper surface of the water all
foamy and in motion. There was a
momentary thrill tlirough my heart, but
it passed over. We were in a dangerous
situation. A storm was coming on !
But should we turn back now, wlpjn
we were so near the object of our search ?
Already it lay before na. We were close
lieai<le it. No, I would n"t. I signalized
to llinnner to go forward, and we still
kept our course.
Now the rook rose up before us black,
rugged, dismal. Its rough sides were
worn by the action of the water, and
some places wt-re covered by marine
plants and name'ess ocean vegetation.
We passed onward, we clambered over a
spur, which jutted from the cliff, and
there lav the steamer.
The Marmion—there she lay upright,
with everything still standing. She had
gone right down, and had settled in such
a position, among the rocks, that she
stcssd upright here, just as though she
lay at her wharf. Wo rushed eagerly
along and clambered up her sides.
There was a low moan in the water,
which sounded warningly in our ears,
and told us of a swift-approaching dan
ger. What was to be dune must lie done
speedily. We hurried forward. Rim
mer rushed to the cabin. I went for
ward to descend into the hold. I de
scended the ladtler. I walked into the
engineer's room. All was empty here,
fill was water. The waves of the ocean
had entered, and were sportiug with the
works of man. I went into the freight
room. Suddenly I was startled by an
ippallinc noise upon the deck. The
heavy footsteps of some one, running, as
though in mortal fear, or most dreadful
haste, sounded in my ears. TJien my
heart throbbed wildly; for it was a fear
ful thing to hear, far down in the silent
depths of the ocean.
Pshaw ! it's only Rimmer.
I hurriedly ascended the deck by tlie
first outlet that appeared. When I
speak of harry, I BJ< ak of the quickest
movement possible, when enrutnliered
with so much armor. But this move
ment of mine was quick; I rushed up
ward ; I sprang out upon the deck.
It was Kimmer!
He stepped forward and clutched my
arm. He pressed it with a convulsive
grasp, and pointed to the cabin.
I attempted to go there.
He stamped his foot, and tried to
hold me back. He pointed to the boat,
and implored me, with frantic gestures,
to go up.
It is appalling to witness the horror
struck soul trying to express itself by
signs. It is awful to see these signs
when no face is plainly visible, and no
voice is heard. I could not see his face
plainly, but his eyes, through his heavy
mask, glowed like coals of fire.
"I will go!" I exclaimed. I sprang
from him. He clasped his hands to
gether, but dared not follow.
Good heaven ! I thought, what fear
ful thing is here ? What scene can bo so
dreadful as to paralyze the soul of a
practiced diver. I will see for myself.
I walked forward. I came to the cabin
door. I entered the forward saloon, but
saw nothing. A feeling of contempt
came to me. Bimmer shall not come
with me again, I thought. Yet I was
awe-struck. Down in the depths of the
sea there is only silence—oh, how sol
emn ! I paced "the long saloon, which
had echoed with the shrieks of the
drowning passengers. Ah ! there are
thoughts which sometimes fill the soul,
which are only felt by those to whom
scenes of sublimity are familiar. Thus
thinking, I walked to the after-cabin and
Had not my hand clenched the deor
with a grasp which mortal terror had
made convulsive, I should have fallen to
the door. I stood nailed to the spot.
For there before me stood a crowd of
people—men and women—taught in the
VKKIX IvI'RTZ, Kditornntl 1 •ropriotor.
list iltvttli struggle lv the overw hcluuug
liters, and fastened to the sjx>t, each tu
the (HMitiou in which death had found
hitu. IJV. II one had sprung from hi*
diair at the nh.vk of the aitiktng ship,
and, with one o-uiituou emotion, all liad
started fir the d.vor. Hut the water* of
the S.W had Ixxui t.x> swift for them. le>!
tlum -anuc wildly grasping the table,
others the beams, others the side* of the
cabin there they all st.xxl. Near the
d.K>r was a crowd of people, heaped upon
oue another —now* on the fi,x>r, .<thera
rushing over them all seeking, madly,
t.< gam the outlet. There was oue who
nought t. chuuber over the table, and
still was there, holding ou to an iron
post. Ho strong was each convulsive
grasp, so tie roe the struggle of each with
death, that their hold had not yet Ixx-n
relaxed; but each oue sLxxl and looked
frantically to the door.
To the door—good heaven ! To me,
t> mo they were Uxikuig! They were
glancing at me, all those dreadful, those
terrible eye* ! Kves in which the tire of
life had been displaced by the a-hilling
gleam of death. Kyes which Mill glared,
like the eyvs of the mama.*, with no ex
pression. They froze me with their cold
and icy stare. They had no moaning;
for the soul had gone. And this made
it still more horrible than it could have
been iu life; for the appalling contortion
of their faces, expressing fear, horror,
destiair. and whatever els.' the human
■out may fool, contrasting with the cold
and glassy ryes, made their vacancy yet
more fearful. He ujx>nthc table
more fiendish tliau the others, for hts
long black liair was disheveled, ami
floated horribly duwu—and his Ix-ard
and mustache, all loosoiuxl bv live water,
gave him the grimuess of a deinou.
Oh, what woe and torture ! wliat unut
terable agonies apjwurod in the despair
ing glance of those faces—faces twisted
into spasmodic contortions, while the
souls that lighted them were writhing
and struggling for life.
1 heeded uot the dangerous sea which,
even wheu we touched the steamer, had
slightly rolled. Down in these awful
depths the swell would not be very strong
unless it should increase with ten fol.l
fury above. But it had been increasing,
though 1 had uot noticed it, and the mo
tion of the water Ix-gmi to lx> felt in tlie
abysses. Suddenly the steamer was
shaken and recked bv the swell.
At this the hideous forms were shaken
and fell. The heaps of jxxiple rolled
asunder. That demon on the table
seemed to make a spring directly toward
me. I lied, shrieking ail were after
me. I thought. I rushed out, with uo
purpose but to escape. I sought to
throw off my weights and ris \
My weights could not tx' looaemxl—l
pulled at them with frantic exertion*,
but could not ltxvteu them. The iron
fastenings had grown stiff. Oue of them
I wrested off in my convulsive efforts,
but the oilier still kept me down. The
tube, also, was lying down still in my
passage way through the machine rooms.
I did not know this until I had exhausted
my strength, and almost my h >po, in
vain efforts to loosen the weight, aud
still the horror of that scene in tin- cabin
rested upon me.
Where was Rimmer ? Tlie thought
flashed acr.ns me. He was not here.
He had returned. Two weights lay
near, which seemed tlirown off in terrible
haste. Ye*. Rimuu-r hail gone. I
looked up; there lay the boat, tossing
and rolling among the waves.
I rushed down into the machine room,
to go laek, s- >a* to looser. my tul*\ i
had gona through pungen carelessly,
and this lay thare, for it was unrolled
from above sis I went on. I went back
in haste to extricate myself; I could stay
here no longer; for if ail the gold of tiol.
coudu was in the vessel, I would not stai
in company with the dreadful dead!
Rack—fear lent wings to my feet. 1
hurried down the stairs, into the lower
hold once more, and retraced my steps
through the |>assagea below. I walked
lack to the place into which I had first
descended. It was dark; a new feeling
of horror shot through me; I looked up.
The ajierturo was closed
Heaven! was it closed by mortal hand I
Had Rimmer, in his panic flight blindly
thrown down the trap-dour, which I now
remembered to have seen open when I
descended ( or hail some fenrful lteing
frum the cabin—that demon who sprung
toward me I
1 started lwick in terror.
But I could not wait here; T must go ;
I must escape from the den of horrors.
I sprang up the ladder, mid tried to rain
the door. It resisted my efforts; I put
my be line ted head against it, and trial
to raise it; the rung of the bidder broke
beneath me, but the door was not raised;
my tube came down through it and kept
it jwirtly open, for it was a strong tula
and kept strongly expanded ly close
wound wire.
I seized a bar of iron, and tried to pry
it up; I rauied it slightly, but there was
no way to get it up further. I looked
around, and found some blocks; with
these I raised the heavy door, little by
little, placing a block in, to keep what I
had gained. But the work was slow,
and laborious, and I had worked a loug
while before I had it raised four inches.
The sea rolled more and more. The
submerged vessel folt its power, ami
rocked. Suddenly it wheeled over, and
lay upon its side.
I ran an >und to get on the deck above,
to try and lift up the door. But when I
came to the other outlet, I knew it was
impossible; for the tube would not JHT
mit me to go so far, and then I would
rather have died a thousand deaths tluui
have ventured again so near the cabin.
I returned to the fallen door; I sat
down in despair and waited for death. I
saw no hope of escape. This, then, was
to be my end.
Hut the steamer gave a sudden lurch
agnin acted upon by the power of the
waves, She had been balanced upon a
rock, iu such away that a slight action
of the water was sufficient to tip her
She croaked, and groaned, and labored,
and then turned upon her side.
I rose; I clungt<> the ladder; Ipressed
the trap-door open, while the steamer
lAy with her deck perpendicular to the
ground. I sprang out, and touched the
bottom of the sea. It was in good time:
for a moment after, the mass went over
back again.
Then, with a last effort, I twisted the
iron fastening of the weight which kept
me down; I jerked it. It was loosed,
it broke, it fell. In a moment I liegan
to ascend, and in a few minutes I was
floating on the water—for the air which
is pressed down for the diver's consump
tion eonsitutes a buoyant mass, which
raises him up from the sea
Thanks to heaven! There was the
strong boat, with my bold, brave men !
They felt mo raising; they saw me, and
came and saved me.
Rimmer liad fled from the horrid
scene when I entered the cabin, bnt re
mained in the boat to Jend his aid. Ho
never went down agnin, but lecame a
sea captain. As for me, I still go down,
but only to vessels whoso crows have
been saved.
A NEW " JERUSALEM. " —This is the
way one choir sings the first verse of
" Jerusalem, my happy home
Yia-lu-nah-leug, Yiffi-lu-ah-leng.
bi -ming jib eza pao-pe ;
Ling-coug z'eo kyi-z we Uo,
I'eh ugo zin gji en we ?
The choir to which we now refer is
composed of Chinamen ; but there are
plenty of American choirs that sing just
a) badly or worse.
Editorial lte*|>oulblllt;.
In the Brooklyn trial hi* honor Judge
Neil son, rendered, iuet.lentallv, what
seems to us an eminently wise decision,
the New York Herald says, and we are
happy to note that g,xxl law and strict
justice seem for once to coincide. His
judgment was that however the editor
or proprietor of a newsj>a|H>r luav l>e re
sjxnisinle tu damages for iujuries done
t.i others by publications made in his
journal, yet lie eanuot In* accounted
morally responsible for the effect of any
artiehsv that ap|>cnr m hts pntx-r unlove
it IH< shown tluit tlvey were either written
by himself or distinctly publislied with
kuowlcdge and consent. l)icussion of
the point arose upon the proffer bv Mr.
INarts of certain articlos prmtc.l iu the
(tolden Aye wlulo Mr. Tilton was odi
tor. t>ne of them articles was an ex
tract from the Trov Time*, given as
news, and of course it was not pretended
tliat Mr. Tilton wrote it; ami it was uot
piopomxl even to show tliat he wrote
the others. It was argued that as these
pieces contemplated marriage from a
very Usvae staiid|oiiit it would l*< sufti
eieut to show that they were published
in a paper controlled by Mr. Tilton in
order to show that he helil tlie same
views, and tin' learned counsel projusied
to make a precision! in this caae " to
hold an editor responsible iu the sphere
of public opinion and morality for arti
clou that are published in liis newsjaper,
whether he is personally the writer of
them or not, if they appear as the issue
of his paper, and uot credited to any
other source "—that is, as was further
explained, if the articles were "original
Now the theory of editorial reaponsi
bilitr thus imagine,! liy Mr. Evarts
woul,l pla.-e txlitors ill a difficult dilemma
betweeu their obligations to public mo
rality aud tlieir obligations to give the
news. For the " original matter" con
teuqilated by tlie lawyers covers all tliat
is given in a m-wspajx-r that has uot
been previously printed. It ,l<x's not
merely mean the editorial articles; those
presumed expressions of the editor's
opinions on the topics of the tlsy, for
which his responsibility is never tieniisl
and for which alone of all that appears
iu the jmjxT he can be ratioualtv ,le-in#xl
responsible; but it csivers alf tluit lie
prints without copying it from sm<
other journal or printed source -all that
does not go within turned comma*. Our
first obligation is to give the uewx. Are
we responsible, morally, for what the
news mav be 1
Experiment* on lutoxiration.
The Journal de* Oannaiuancti MetL
caU* publishes an article, by l>r. C'oniil,
oil certain experiments made by Dr.
Mogtuui to inveoiigate the • ffeots of al
coholism on the annual economy. The
first series comprint-! the administration
of brandy to dogs. The animal at first
evincea aonie yxeiU-ment, wlucli gradit.l
ly incraMea, and ends in tu| x-hution
and a comatose sh-cp, accompanied by a
full in the temperature of the laxly, in
sensibility, and paralysis of the hind
legs. This state is transitory; but if the
experiment I** tnditiniU ly repeated, a
|Hvtiliar nervous aenaitiTpniw* may Iw
remarked at the end of a fortnight. The
subject pricks no its ear*, watches, then
starts at the slightest noise, shows f> ar,
and experiences illusions and huliucitm
tions which assume the form of a regular
delirium within the suaoe of a mouth,
with tits of trembling. If the brandy
Is- suppn-wd death ensues, accom
panied by indifference ami stni-facUou.
Then-is a great difference ln-twren the
action of mere brandy and the liquor
known as absinthe, which is an alcoholic
tincture of wormwood; and Dr. Mag
nan's experiments go far to refute the
opiuiou of who consider this
favorite Ix-vcroge to Is- inert except in so
"far as it is alcoholic, (iivcu in a weak
dose to a dog. a shivering is obtw-rved to
t-ike place, with mnwular twitches and
jerks in the neck, and rapid but uplifted
motions of the head, shoulders, and
back. Adminiatcred in heavy doses,
convulsive fits are the consequence, but
differing materially from paraplegia. or
delirium tremens. Hallucinations,
moreover, appear at the very lir>t ex
periments, instead of U-ing nearly the
i;ist stage, a* in the case of mere brandy.
In man Dr. Magiuiii divides intoxication
by alcohol into thris- stages—mania,
delirium tremens, and stnjvir. We need
not here deserilie these liiffi-reut s'ates,
which are pretty generally known, but
cannot omit the fact that convulsive fits
almost exclusively mvur in that kind of
alcoholism that is produced by ab:<iuthe.
Passing by th- mlbjeet of chronic in
toxication, it either ends in madness or
general paralysis. The former is pre
ceded or accompanied by unnatural obe
sity, the latter by sclerosis of the ner
van* centers. These different Rtat<-* are
effects of " intoxication" in its real
sw of "poisoning," and should not
l>e confounded with m re dipsomat ia, or
hard drinking at irregular intervals, or
hv (Its and starts.
( hinese Politeness.
Rules of politeness are all regu!attd at
Pekiu by a Tribunal of Rites. In ease
you wish to JMIV a visit to a mandarin,
the proper thing to do is to send in your
card, on a small piece of red paper, on
which is your name, followed by a jHilito
sentence, as this: " The tend . ami sin
cere fiend of your lord -.up, and the
perpetual disciple of your doctrine, thus
presents himself to pay his respects and
to Isfw Is l fore you to the earth. ' If the
mandarin is willing to receive yon, he
asks yon to pass la-fore him. Von are
expected to make the humble reply, " I
dare not;" and, after an intiuity of ges
tures, which are all arranged, ami obli
gatory phrases, the master of the house
bows to n chair, and slightly dusts it
with the corner of his robe, upon which
yon are at length Seated. The difficul
ties are much increased when ten or a
dozen inamlorins call upon an English
man at once, and, according to the cus
tom, tea is offered, lieginning at one of
the highest rank. He pretends to offer
to the next, then to the third, ami so on
to the Inst. All having politely refused,
he jiermits himself to drink it. The sec
ond, in turn, has to offer the cup to the
others, ami thus the farce proceeds until
all luive gone through the weariaom*-
Of Manslaughter.
At Coventry, in England, nfter a long
coroner's inquiry, a verdict of man
slaughter was returned agaiiiMt a mid
wife named Elizabeth Ingram. The
evidbnoe showed that she had attended a
large numtx-r of confinements, nud bad
conveyed puerperal fever to the patients.
Hhe was cautioned bv the coroner to
cease from practice, but did not do so.
Since then two inquests have been held
on fatal cases she had attended. At the
first inquiry Ingram was censnred, and
finally she was committed to take her
trial on a charge of manslaughter. Four
other cases of puerperal fever attended
by her liave proved fatal.
Talking of the Cold.
The cold wave that visited the country
made a special visit to the West. A Mon
tana paper gives a record of the ther
mometer during a portion of the month.
The register for one week showed all the
way from thirty to fifty-six degrees be
low zero, going far below the bottom
figures of thermometers generally, and
making it necessary to linve special ones
arranged for the purpose. Ordinary
thermomel -rs were frozen up. Numbers
of people were frozen to death.
(IMHAI, 11'KU'i,
1 utriraltu ft.rltrra from 4 olunrl IU| to
ilir .% uirrli au 4*rurui>ltt-I hx lrlf-~
Auutbrr \Nairrbril ( tUr I ||rr NUr
UUtavrrrtl tuiiiuluun |lo|*ltallty.
An inqiortaiit letter lias IKUUI rixxdved
by Chief J ustioo Daily, president of the
American t leogruplu'eal Society, from
Col. Charles C. lauig, the African ex
plorer, who accomplished the uudertak
uig of navigating the water of the Vic
toria Nytuiza, and who is a cliumniit to
the diMovcrv of oue of tlie sources of
tie- Nile.
The letter It arx date tionda Koru,
Centnd Africa, ltT-t, and begins by stat
iug Unit the writer was commissioned by
Colonel 0. tl. tlordon, C. 11., (loveruor
iletieral of tlie lhvvinooa of the F.qua
tor, to visit M'Tse, King of Cguudo,
ami for .which object lie left I lon du
Kora iui the 2-tlli of Aj>ril hist, aiMoin
|suiied by two soldiers and two servants,
and reaehed Victoria Nyauza, ufter fifty -
eight days of painful marehing, and all
suffering from the jungle fever. King
M Ise nveivod Mr. Long (the White
Prince) with courtly honors, and ou Uie
follow iug day, to complete the honors,
decapitated thirty of hi* subjects, the
King during these bloody executions
displaying great f-eling. He (Mr.
Long), after a few days' sojourn, ob
turned the king's jiermissiuu to vi-it the
lake and to return Uieucc by lLpon Falls
ami by the river to I'roudoguiu. On his
return the king again dowpitateJ seven
of In* subjects, saying in broken Arabic:
" It is necessary to do M, because you
wish to go bv the river Nile; but it pains
my heart to kill tlieiu." M'Tse Is thirty
live years of age, tall, lias a goikl figure
and possesses a higher intelligence than
his subjects. Mr. lamg reiuaiinsl
twenty-nine days as tlie guest of tlie
king, and frequent \uiti to him were
huuuml by the killing of eight or hm of
his subjects. His liorwi', the only one in
I gandn, wits an object of the greatest
wonder to M'Tse. and of wonder and
fear to tlie whole country. The lung's
manner toward Mr. Long was one of
marked consideration. In his presence
he (L>ug)sat in a chair, while the king's
tvurtiers prostrated thumaclves at las
fist. M'Tse Btwmvd carried away by
Mr. Long's description of the various
civilised countries, and frequently ex
clumeJ, " All that l lmve is yours, if
you make nie a great king. I want a
carriage and u lionu-." Aft.-r mueh
trouble the king consented to allow him
to return by the Victoria Nile, which he
ilescrilml ns full of rtH'ks, no water, iuid
savage tribes, and on the I4th of July,
although stifii ring from dyaeutery, he
visibxi tlie Victoria Nyauxa. He was
escorted by a tiioas.ui,l . f M"l'se's war
riur* t > the lake, which he f. uml twenty
five to eiglitv feet in depth, and a cloud
l.-ss sky. The wnt r wu *w,st and
light, ami although the light shone, m>
tnus' of sliell* or tide marks were found
to disturb this one source of the Nile.
He retunieil t M'l'se's, having
compelled to alHimh'ii the project, when
he liade him adieu audb ft for Unmdogani
on the ltth f July, wli- r< the exjNsli
lion arriv, ,l altera march of twenty tlays.
H re great o|qKMUtioU was uuuufesbxl by
the native cln fs ugnuiht him ln-cunse
lie lusl the war 11 Zuitilar and
had received tli" axstinunv of M 'Toe tliat
all ivory should in future j>.iss 1 y kio
and down the Nile.
African diplomacy did its utmost to
d< tcr Long from his purpose to uarignte
the UllkuoWU Nile, who, however, seized
(wo bark can's . and at daylight on the
Dth of August stole silently away. On the
11th, iu uorth latitude l.Jrt, the ix|sdi
tion entered a Urg< bs*.n *>r lake, where
the ls-d "f the fiver loses ilx If. Thecx-
I kciill' 111 w.i by aicnint, without
coin pi.'-, and was forty-eight hours
struggling to find its way 111 the lake,
wljjeh is at lea-t twenty to twenty live
luiiea wide. This lake wruiH not aloue
the reservoir of the wahrsof the I'bteau,
the gn at wut< r aheet extending south
ward, the real source of the Nile. IVr
petual ruiua, except iu duly or August,
fall and till this basin almost to an im
measurable depth, and when the ual.-rs
get too high they break through the
chanuel, and ja rli ips tins accounts for
the js reali vd uinndaU tl f the Nile.
On August 17th the little Isuul arrived
near M "Booli, when it was attached by
four hundred men of Klb* Hrtjis in
canoes, and after a severe tight, in which
the natives lost thirty two killed, they
were defeated. On tic 20th he arrived
near Karuma Falls, where they wen- r<
oeive I bv the adjutant of the garrison
and by Itioriga, who showed great do
light at the defeat of Kil>n Hum. 'Hie
river there, from Karuma to Forn ato
Ormdogaiii, is navigable for ships like
the Great Eastern. Kunning its march
northward on the 15th of September, the
ex|sliti>>n arrived at (ionda Koru on the
lHth of October.
Th" letter then goes on to do*'rile the
I'ganda country, which is mountainous
and picturesque, noil fertile and impreg
nated with iron. The climate is aaluhn
OUS, but debilitating for Europeans, and
is a land of uu'rant and marsh iu some
quarters. It abounds with buffalo and
clciihaiits. Jungle fever is prevalent,
and even the natives arc subject to it.
Spring may tw> said to exist there at all
seasons of the year. At nine a. m. there
is excessive heat from the sun's rays,
while from four to five i. m. rnin cuui
menoes, and the night* are damp and
chilly, and woolen clothes a necessity for
Housetop Hardens.
Housetop gardens, says the (iarilwr't
Matfaziiw, have not attained to tho im
portanoe predicted of them in the days
when the lowering of tho price of glass
brought thnt useful article into demand
for n thousand uses uuthought of pre
viously. But a safllcieut numlier of ex
amples are to be found, in Loudon for
example, to suggest thst the covering of
roofs with glass will in a few years be
come common. The photographers
have given all impetus to the enterprise
by showing how sunlight, previously
wasted on unsympathetic tiles, is mid be
utilized for the advantage of mankind.
A housetop garden not only provides a
source of pleasure, and it may be even
of profit, in itself, Imt it adds materially
to the comfort of a dwelling by equaliz
ing the temperature of the tipper
rooms. bv screening the sunshine
from the roof, the suffocating hent that
often prevails in houses in the height of
summer is abolished, and in the depth
of winter the chambers nearest the rodf
nro some degrees warmer tlinn they
would be were the roof exposed to tlie
chilling influence of wind and frost nnd
In 11 Western Court.
" I couldn't gel nothing to do," stud a
prisoner in n Detroit court.
"I hear yon couldn't," replied the
judge, "but if I were nyoungman eight
een years old, in sound health, anil th
fat on my ritm wae an inch and a half
thick, I'd find work enough to pay for
my hoard or I'd slide off the wharf and
make business for a coroner.'
"I've looked all round," said tho
pri seiner.
" Well, we won't argue tho case. I
know that work is scarce, but I also
know that there arc dozens of fat loafers
around this town who wouldn't turn a
grindstone two hours for a week's hoard.
You are charged with vagrancy, are
guilty, and I'll give von sixty days.
That will let yon out aliout the time the
pansies bloom, and if you can't find
work then I'll scud ysu hack for six
it vim:*, nous, AMI POULTRY.
.1 l wuh mi ihe l vhii.uu.... mm tbr mrm now
WM iu
We live in till tig* of exhibition aud of
coast-leascoiuj>etitiou whichhardly ¥iua
to have had any [woiKluit in the jtu*t.
'l'liu Greeks mi.ih! in chariots or ar.*tl<-d
iu Uw WEU, or MU(U<IMI in melodious
iambic*; the Humous gloated over Uw
death struggles of gladiator*; the ©fail
alrouH tune* litt.l th< ir tuumrvt of ahiv
I'Ksl buiee*; Hpiun had bull Mug
land her honx* rocs and fisticuff rvoooun
turn; but, iu our day, we have betaken
ourselves to tho practical and tho useful,
and Uvuiiu) v u*tuuai of bnv.U and
manufactures. < 'ur m.-duls too for the
fatted oxen, tho fasfoot horses, and the
dtwiudt sh.-ej.; for macliiu.** which will
do the day'it work of fifty jaunt of lutnda
in an hour; for tho j.luiupcMt babies, for
fowls of tho greatest ovarian fecundity,
for rare dogs uiid the moat charming of
ringing birth*, for the ckuiutai of fruits
and the most brilliant of flowers, or,
finally, for the lent specimens of collage
rhetoric. At Detroit the show aus a
triple miscellany of lsihios, dogs, and
For our owu part, says the New York
7Vi6tmc, we luuat admit, tie .ugh we
hardly kuow why, tluit there is some
thing unjd.-axant altout the idea of a
prize baby carrying off the laurels by
virtue of avuirdujM.iii. Do not the
moUientlove the lean ones quite aa well,
and even a little IK- tier ? A poor, wve
thing, mostly bones, and small lames ut
the best, wailing through the torments
of dentition, so helpleas that even nature
see ma to have forgotten it, though it
would not have tho least chains* of a
premium, may have n plenty of oomiMUi
sating affection in the home to wliu'li
thai sent it to teach leaaous of tender
pity aud glial self sacrifice. Always it is
upou exhibition tln-re, and every day it
take* jireuiiuma of rattles and hugs.
The next biggest child is its Wast of
burden; and all household cares are de
ferred to its own the cooking, the
hw.s-jung, and the washing. The weary
father, swearing in a gtijipreased ami
quiet way, will carry it about all uight
iu his arms. Day by .lay it grows leaner
and leaner; and should fate take it after
all, it is <-v. r of as a cherub, lias
a pretty little headstone, flowers iu a
broken pitcher on its sliort grave, and
four lines in the local newspaper. P.*>r
Ulite ! it wolll.l have had Do rlianc* With
the big babies of the show, but it was
nicer every way than the little bursting
lumps of adipose with foo< made mean
mgh-vs bT their abnonital J.lumjMiesft,
and with legs like the least ajijM-tixing
of German s. asag. a. Yet we are wilting
t<> admit tl.nt a r>w of j.nre lmbi.w i
not without its charm*. The parental
pride which brought tli.**c specimen* to
tin fair is an earnest of .-are ami gsssl
treatment. No animal of any value is
so much at the mercy in its infancy of
enj.rioe and convenience as man. We
train h<traes, hogs, aheejt,and oattle.jwit
tuig on flesh here ami taking it off there,
and talking .'lldhwsly al>ul this strain,
undid! tliat; it is oniy our own frames
of which we un* neglectful, so that a
tuan or woman of jwrfect j.hysionl dc
v.-l ipineiit in ail exocjitiuo. It is \'-ll p,
b • a deal more careful in such matters,
and to ls-giu with the new Intra.
Considering in whose image wc sr. all
made, it is a little uuj.k-amrit Ui find
the liabies exhibited with the dogs mid
hen* the spaniel* and stag hounds, the
Dorkings and lite bantams, One child
is of more value tluui a thousand black •
ami tan*. though every one <>f them
weighed less than ten pound*. Yet, iu
B|>ilc of hydrophobia, the d*>g is an m
teresLing anunal. ami by his fidelity, m
telligeuct* and fondness be mukos uj> for
hi* il<-aa ami his nocturnal how la, and
leads us t ■ forgive his j>u **loll.l to apix*-
tito for muttou. He divide* our aitee with the cat or the canary bird, an 1
is often invested by our fond fancy with
instinctive intelligence which would
hardly stand the test of scientific scru
tiny. No domestic animal, however,
degenerate* so rapidly through neglect,
and no vugalx.ud is more of a nuisance
than a homeless dog. It is right, there
fore, that ho should In* an object of in
ter**t nii.l a candidate for premiums.
(if poultry, wre do not find tliat we
liave much V < say. The*.* feathered fro
quenfeer* of the I tarn yard are newt in
sj.iriug, we must admit, in a roasted
state, or considered as the pr.slueers of
eggs for the morning un-al. Still, tlie
rule bold* of the fltt.**t in the ls*t of
it* kiml. An old hen is not usually re
garded a* a marvel of Intelligence, ami
a somewhat draggled old age awaits the
rooster who is spared the spit. Never
theless, in the strength of his j.rimo, ar
rayed like Solomon in ail his glory, and
tanking salutation to the morn, he is a
gorgeous and impressive creature. So
we e.'Ui imagine uiiuiy duller shows tluui
a show of roosters, or for tliat muttwr of
dogs, or even of liabies.
The Inebriates' Home.
The annual rpjnirt of the Inebriates'
Home for Kings comity, Now York,
shows that
The whole number of caees trratml iii
this institution daring the last your was
two hundred and seventy seven. This
is inclusive of forty five (sun's of ro
iidmissions. The total number of per
sons was 232. Of this a unifier sixty
live patients iaid more or hsw for board,
and K>7 received medical treatment, HUS
tenanee and clothing, fr>-e of expense.
The total average time which these 232
patients remained in the home was 173
days, or after deducting twenty-eight
persons who remained for less than
thirty day . lie* nvernge time of the re
maining 2vl ~ ..cuts has loen IDS days.
Though a very largo proportion of the
|>ationta entered the home broken down,
sick and utterly prostrated by long con
tinued excessive drinking, there was not
a single death in the institution tor the
last tlfteen months.
The president of the institution, in liis
riqiort, says:
Of the 232 patient* treated Inst year
eighty five remained in the home on the
31st of Oooeiubcr, 132 having left during
the year to resume the active duties of
life. Of the last number eighty-six are
known to be doing well nt present; thirty
chiefly free patients—are lost sight of
for the time being, but many of this
class turn up at different periods and
present unmistakable evidences of hav
ing led a solwr life. We only know of
twenty-eight who ore rejsirted as having
returned to their former drinking habits.
A business Transfer.
Rome months ago a young mechanic
iu Newport, H. 1., found himself his em
ployer's creditor for wages that had Itecii
unpaid for some time. He was not
successful in his efforts to get the cur
rency that was acknowledged to lie his
due, but persistent dunning on the jwrt
of his journeyman provoked the em
ployer into declaring in the presence of
third parties thnt if he didn't settle the
claim in full before a certain day named
he would give his creditor his shop and
its con tents. Nothing further was said
about the uncollected balance, but when
the (bv arrived the rash employer went
to his shop and foiled to get in. The
lock had been changed. The young mail
took his employer at his word, and the
latter surrendered unconditionally, and
made no resistance, business goes on
at the old stand, but there has been a ,
change in the proprietorship. The
change wan mode so quietly that but few
pooplc are aware of its existence.
l.rl Wlr Ptttbtali iu Tbrlr II••!
Auihoill) ml m llMsbuud •kotild Ifrwldr tat
bit I# I * till > •••Tit r 4| •*-•! luu ml IMtorrf.
He v. Dr. lie! low N, in a diacuaaiou on
'■ Family Life and the training of (.'hi!
dren," vlia.-uss.-d the law of authority,
(minting out tlmt it *u much easier to
obey than to govern. He referred also
, to tile ftu*lhli<*s of divorce, and naked
how it could IM* ex|M-.*ted tliat any true
I and inllueiitiul opinion should pre . ail
with regard to domestic government
when marriage was pronounced to Is* a
contract st the will of the contracting
jioities, and when .-very day Is gi-lutui.-.*
Were making it more easy to dissolve
that ti* upon which the welfare of chil
dren and of society depend*. If, he
Haiti, there was any thing worwe than an
othor, it won the growth of such a state
of things aa this, which made the gen
.-ral interests of society sulwrv i.-nt Pi
{invute iiu-hnatiou. It was not admitted
jy aome tliat the public had any right
to .|uestioii the jirivaU* uffuir of on in
dividual, but tlie argument was only tliat
of the j>irute who justifiinl his crime by
abjuriug lua alh-giumw. lie is, the
jiroacher uud, but a madman who de
fies hut Muker, IK<OUUOO lie was not eon
suited tu his creation. Deferring t<* the
relations of man to woman, and the
right-, of tlie latU-r, the sjs-ak.-r u*k* d
liia heurent not to sujijiose that tltis
question lunl cime uj for the flrwt time
iu th.< history of human thought No
discussion of the woman's rights qu.-a
tiou luul ever IKHJII, he aw rt<-*l, B<
thorough as tliat which had OOCUITIHI
some Years before the ('lir Ist inn era in
the time of the old republic of l'lato.
The agitation of tlie subject wis. good
from time to time. It was, no doubt, a
very brave thing to defy j.ublic senti
ment in lx-hull of an outraged class, but
it WHS well P. distinguish betweeu tliat
j.ublic oj.iuiou and the j.ublic opuuou
which came <>f the Divine w til.
The (Hwitioii of the rights of miui an<l
woman, Dr. Ik-Hows defined to IN* in
effect relalite authoritv, policy, and gov
ernment on the jMirt of man, and relative
•übmiwtioii an*l digtufiol MoepUaou of
jiroUwiion on the j .art of woman. A
disttirlanoe of thoee relations was, lie
submitPsl, a wrong uu.l an uijury to
both aexe*. It was woman, he said, and
n*>t man, wh*. was mint iiileriwtedin that
relation, for her position was injured
w hoi: man Ixxam*- her ju.lge inspad of
h-r The worst c..ns<-*jueui**
of tlus discussion was found iu the tern
j'orary unsettling of all tilings under its
luflileuoe. It was a wal <h.y, he urge.l,
wh-n any nmrri**! jcur cnlcuhiP*.! tin*
value of their union, and when their r<-
sj.t-.-Uve rtghla were uia*i<- tl.<> mutter of
deluit**. Accursed was the hour w hen a
wife appealed from tlie tenderness <f a
hustiand to h-r legal rights. lr. Ik-1-
k.ww discu*vxl the *uhj.ct of Uie j>r< net
rejxisitory of authority, and stated tliat
it should resadt- in a loulwud'H dignity.
Ju this connection lie j>ron<*ut>e<-d the
theory tlmt obxl:<-noc i* a mortificati<*u
to be a fallacy, and aaserte.l that, on tlie
contrary, it was a j>nvil*ge aud an
lu-uor. Neither, lie aaid, did authority
nixxsisarily uujdy superiority. Authority
was not a token of i*. rH..nal copertority,
but rather an indication of a divine
office and function. Wivea, he con-
Pud* d, ahookl, th'tvfor.*. submit to
their huslauids in the Li**r.l. It was n
tembl thing, however, when tlus au
thority fell into desuetude and negle.-t
Then it was not woman who was to IK*
heldacxuntable, but man who abdioatod
his .MH'j.t'T and laid down hi-i crowm It
wio u.'t slie w|n> r*fu**d to U gK\.-rui*l,
but L ■ who refua.xl to govsni. Tlie
jir.-a.-her then j.*s*l on p. sh**w that
obedience wo* the j>roi'r ml.- for tin*
trnimiig of cliildren. ami tliat all hope of
pnqn-r training was loat until it was
projwwiy iuculoapxl. The wiis.* of au
thority should a-.-s*rt itself iu the whole
family order, and front tie- very tsrt.
lie <* .iidomued the j.rnrlioe iu pj.rents of
making chthlr.-n jmrt of their own osP-n
--tatiou and weakness, refemsl to tin*
unnatural growth ami development of
so-called "qui'-k" children who were
burui*hed by contact with their .-luers,
ami tin* injustice which was
done them by tlx.- withholding of jrojK-r
The Salmon.
In an article on salmon Scth (ireen
says: Kvcry river tliat lias salmon in it.
of course, lias a c.-rtain uninlier of
female*, and tliew f.-uialoa never go into
other river, ex.s-j.t on the rur.vd .XJ If, then, you catch the females
. f v-dtnou out of a river, it stands to
r tiuvt then* will IK* HM nion* little
salmon in that river until they an* put
then* artificially. Tliat's common sense,
lun't it! Now, salmon, when tli.y waut
to hjmirn, or.* bound to fetah tlie river
where they were born, am! nowhere
<*ls.. Tliat's the reason why salmon try
ing to get tij* a river and xjuiwn. when
caught by mill .lams or other Bnch <>l
strnrtious, are so easily captured. Tho
natives living on l>oth sides of tin* dam
will have sonic snro way to take the
fisli, and in this way will stoj. all their
neighbors from getting a taste of
Hidiuou. Tliere are JK.H>JII.< liv nig around
sueli j.lmv** whom yon couldn't ever stop
from biking salmon. No, sir; not if
(Sen. (.rant aud the whole of hi* forc*s to prevent it. You ean see what an
injury it is to j.revent these salmon from
ajiuwiiitig. Now, theae fish niske their
Isxls iu shallow wnh r. aud are therefore
the men* easily taken. The young fiah
live in the shallows until tlicy an* one or
two years old it ain't certain exactly
how old lliey really are - that question is
kind of mixed, and then they put down
strenm for the ooenn. If there ain't any
eel weirs or fish traps in the river tliey
stand n fair chance of getting to salt
water. When they are giving down they
will weigh nigh on to four and six ounces.
They stay in tho *.oer.ii six months and
return, now mind y<m -barring all oeci
dents—to exactly the same river tliey
were in. "tliey an* lionnd to do
that every time. 'l'llen tliey weigh from
three to four poamß
Hon He iinng It.
During one of the college vacations,
Daniel Webster nu.l his brother returned
t<> his father's at Salisbury. Thinking
he hod n right to some rctnrn for the
money he had ex|>ended on their educa
tion, the father put scythe* ink. their
hands and ordered them to mow.
Daniel mode a few w**cj> and then
resting on his scythe w iiwd the jiersjiira
tion from Ilia brow. His fntlier said :
"What is the matter, Dan?" "My
.scythe doesn't hang right, sir," lie an
swered. His father fixed it, and Dan
went to work again, but with no lietter
success. Something was the luatterwith
the scythe, and then it was again tin
kered; but it was not long before it
wanted fixing again, and the father said,
in njM*t, "Well, hang it to suit your
self !" Daniel, with great composure,
hung it on the next tree.
CARONT HIM. —Mr. Kent, N resident
of Hoch.*stcr, heard his door l*ll ring,
aud going out quickly found a haby on
the stcjiH and a man running around the
corner. He chased the man, collared
him after a long roc*, and discovered
him to he a well-known young j.hysieiiin
j of that city, who had been j.aid fifty dol
lars by the mother of the bal>v to get rid
lofit in this way,she choosing Mr. Kent's
, house because he luul just lost a little
ahild, and so she liojied lie might wel
couia this out* iu its jtwad.
Term*: $2.00 a Year, in Advance.
HBM II b IIMM IK fraaer, ud lb* lol.r.
IKKBIK ATIKKILM ml llmm tt !••).
Kuys the French CiviK'ode: " A man
luux ndoj.t as hi* eliihl and eoiiatltute as
1 his heir, with reserve of oua third of hia
proporty to the heira at law, any jwraou
' wh*.n)ioll liave saved hia life." An inci
' .Ittil has lately occurred which lata ot
tnu*tt**l atP-utiou. One day there ap
jM-ared in the l'nris jiajien. an advertiae
uieiit offering 10,000 from* a year f*.r
' a.loj.tiou by an authentic duke or prince.
Tb* advertisement was inserted by a
' Frenchman, who, liable to do military
duty, lunl deserted, left F'ronoe, made
' a fortune abroad, ami was anxious to
sj>end it at home. He was liable at any
moment to arrest for desi-rtion. His
name was Charles (iredoti, but he ap
jieared in France under the name of Wig
One .lay tliere appean d at Wiggins
| roouui a dilapidated little old man.
" You are tlie Due de Pontbrise I" said
Wiggins, motioning him civilly to a
; chair. " Y.; and Marquis de \ ieuxcre
tu aux; tliat would be tin* title of my
eldest mm if 1 hud one, but I haven't. 4 '
44 1 should like P. see your jsuvl. .u-nts."
44 1 have them oil iu my pocket. Our
family was ruined by the U .volution; (
we picked up agoiu under ( liar lea X., j
but unhappy sjiecuhitiouN under the
reigns of liouia PhilipjM* and the late
usut|K*r stri].j>ed me of all I had reoov
cr*d and brought mo to my jirosent
(.light, which is wretried enough."
44 And you would IK* r>dy to alopt uie
tor 10,01 W francs a year!' Pardon me,
I alt. .uld like the capital of that income,
200,001) fration, down."
The lnv'-stigatioii being aatisfactory, ;
Wiggins gave the man 1,000 franc*, to
buy clotliiiig to urnke him prwientable
ana his note-of-baud for thirty tlayw for
2(K>,O(M franca, and arrangemeuta for
adoption .* made.
Home three weeks after the alrnva in
cidents a pleasure party of. five px.k a
l*aat at St. Cloud to go and fish for !
gudgeon n the Seine. There won the
Due de l'ontbriae, fresh sliaved, and
clal in a fine country cuit of gray; our
Wiggins in a Panama; a brother Anieri
can, euriohed bv mis; and a brace of
genuinely ennobled Fr-nebmeu, whoa.*
aequsiutauix* Wiggins had t.icked up at
.n.- of those Parisian clubs to wnich
moiiey.-il foreigners obtain such easy ar
, .-.•as. The oily American and the two
French nobles lunl fr**juentiy dnnxl with
Wiggins of iato, and lunl always met at
his table tliat Y. nerabht Due d>< Pont
l.riw, vbiw eouvcrsalion, at once festive
and j*>li*hed, ajuu-kle.l with th<Kt red
Pds of the 44 grand 44 *nle" wliieh are
, only to )H< found in the mouths of old
nobles and iu .Uctioiiariea of anecdote*.
'iii • duke ai.jKxtr.xl to have taken a
groat fiuiey to Wiggina, and it wna touch
ing to ls-hold how Wiggins rt-ciprocotod
that aff**cti *n. Kven as tlie party started
now UJHJU that boat trip \\ iggina could
not restrain the impulse* of liis heart,
which led liiin to off**r hia arm to Uie old
duke as the latter made his way to the
seat ill the et ru, and then to cover up
his grace's thin leg* filially with a fur
rug. Hut when the ltst had ghd.*d into
mid-atr.wm, propelle.l by iu four oars,
wlrat should the valiant but imprudent
duke do but stand up suddenly to admire
the view t.f the forest on the heights
above th riv.-r. " Moii*ieur 1- Due, 1
beseech you n.*t to stand up while the
IMKU is moving," exclaimed Wiggins, in
jiath.-tie Mtmlr. 44 Ik. uot fear for me,
my young friend," answered the duke,
jmtcrnally; "I cannot swim, but my
f.-et an* sUwilV, and the sc.-u.-ry is
really " li.-igLo ! iK-fon* th<- incautious
noble could get out the a.ljective which
was to qualify the ao-ncrv, a sudden
lurch of the boat csiiM*d him to flounder into the tide, tlie soles of bin
new boots swirling upwards like a pair
of corks. 4 *(.lr*at heavens' can any on.*
swim i" shout.-*! Wiggins, in horror.
44 No," chorused the oUy American and
the two Fr.*nehninn. 4, 'lTicn 1 can't
either, but I'll liaurd inv life," yelled
Wiggins, and he took a heroic header.
At this moment, however, * cry far >ut
topj.iug the dismay of the j.revioua
nliout sprang from the tlirviats of the
three men in the Istat, f*>r at St. ('loud
th* river takes a bend, and round this
I**ll*l w* *.** ii a *t.*amer from Paris
I waring Ntraight down uj**n the drown
ing duke and the devoted Wiggins, who
i WM clutching him by the hair.
Another fiirw* w.**ks, and the scene is
fa room; the dmtnatU t x-rsomr, Wig
> gm* in IHHI, with his lnsnl shaved, a
Ki*ter of mercy, and two policemen. One
i of tlie jK.licemeu has s jsiinful communi
• cation to m*k<*. 44 Monsieur tlmlon,"
> lie savs, symjvalhetically, ,4 you are well
I enough now to IM> tol.l that you are in
, custody for d.*e. rti<*n. You let out tho
i fa.*t tliat that you wore Charles Grcdon
while raving in f.-ver, and tho hotel
• JKVVJ.LE commmucat.*! with us." Wig
gins . ighs, 44 You lisve not y4 told me
i how I come to bo here. I jumped into
tlie river, but I am a good swimmer
• enough." " Yes, but a steamer jawscd
i over you luckily without hurting your
• old friend in tlie gray suit, who swam
f | away, tuid has never been heard of
f sinrt." 44 Never IK**II heard of siiuw!"
I itawl* Wiggins, collecting his sense*;
' 44 but he had a uoto-of-baiid for 2O(.O0U
f franca of miue, an.l he called himself a
< dnke." 44 All, there an* plenty of dnkoa
i of his sort in France," answer.*! the
i jxilicemnn j.hilosophicolly.
A ( uriou* Case.
' A eurioua case of assumjvtiou of sex
wa* lately discovered in Paris. A pen
sioned officer, named Senkeisen, now
nearly eighty years old, fell ill, an.l had
1 to be token to the Neokar Hoopital.
There the d.K*t*>r in cluirge discovered
' tlmt the officer lK*long.*l to the female
sex. Her secret being thus detected, the
" virille dr la i " no longer hesi
fated giving the story of her life. Hlie
1 ws* fourteen when sVic lost lier fatlier,
a Havnrian colonel. H.*r grandfather,
(ten, Huron Yon Senkeisen, luul the com
iu:uid of a Havwrian army wijvs. Havaria
1 VVSIH then the allv sf France. Hv some
nuexplained < vvfiiiu this gratulfather
forced li.w t enlist in one of tlie regi
ment* of his division. She advanced
rnjiidly in tlie (-rvinjaugiiv of Germany
j and Hjiain, and wns wounded twice, and
severely, nt Waterloo. She was then
admitted in the hoKjiitals a* on officer of
the second class. In 1830 she took sei
vice again, and went to Algeria; in 1833
she obtained French naturalization and a
pension. This woman has a glorious
character to boast of, having received let
ters of congratulation on her valorous
deeds from Marshals Rerthier, Augorenu,
Sachet, and Gen. Dupout, who WHK
sentenced to death for having onpitulatod
nt Haylen with 40,000 men.
The (Jranges.
The National Grange of Patrons of
Husbandry at Charleston, in allowing
the jtrogrcss of trie order in the United
Stat-a, declared tliat the grangers now
embraced 22,000 subordinate granges
and from a million and a half to two
' million of meinlKrs, Wing in many parts
• of the West and South c..extensive with
1 the agricultural jx.piilation. It has in
" vested iu its enterprises of every ile
' Hcription some £18,000,000 of cajiital,
' and from it ucernea an anuuul saving to
1 the fivrmiug class of uot less than £20,-
j 000,000.
s It is safe to conclude when you see a
a physician sprinkling ashes on the icy
sidewalk ill the front of his residence
. that he has retired from active j.nw-tioe.
NO. 10.
E&traordluary Heeas la a Church.
Ike Mauchnater Courier aaya: On
' | Sunday morning the aerrice at the Iron
gate cathedral, at Albury, was uiterrujH
N| in 1 somewbst alarming manner.
Tin. service bad proeotxtod to the reading
of tlie prayers, when Captain Hymns, a
member of the congregation, was ob
served to lea re his seat. H- at once as
ceuded Die -tain and entered the pulpit
(losing Urn d<*r, he stretched forth hia ,
hands and addressed the congregation,
lie said be was commissionad or God to
deliver a message which would not ba
hoard with favor. At this juncture
several of the church official- malted on
to the pulpit stairs and I-egged the gal
lant captain to desist The request waa
met by the captain drawing a sword from
u sltauth which was concreted under his ,
cuat, and waving it a I-ire his head, lie
-aid that if any person interfered with ;
hiui in Die delivery of his message he
would run him through to the heart.
A piecipitste retreat was made by the
officials, and in the meantime Captain
Hymen proceeded to address Die congre
gation, warning them Dial il was his duty
P. tell them that perdition was their fate
if they 00 u tin uned in their present faith.
Mr. Armstrong, a barrister at law, and
su intimate friend of Captain Hymm,
left his seat, and running up the pulpit
stairs begged hiiß to come down. ihe
captain raised bis award,/tnd striking Mr.
Armstrong actons the baud nearly severed
one of his Augers. The alarm caused
bv this extraordmarT conduct waa very
great. The ladies of the congregation
arrvatned, and many of them fainted.
The male portiou of the congregation
left their seats, and, assembling in knots
m Die aisles of the church, called to ,
Captain Hyiura to cumc dowa. One
gentleman, undeterred by the injury in-1
flic ted on Mr. Armstrong, ascend-d the
pni pit stairs to expostulate with the cap
tain. The only reply he received was
the presentation St liis bead of a loaded j
revolver. Hearing the click of Die j
weapon he slid down the atairs on his .
I Mick, and hid behind the staircase.
I luring this ncene the Duke and l>uehaaa '
of Nurlhunilcriaad, who are regular at
tendants of the church, left their scate
The 1 >urlua fainted, and waa carried
from Die chunk by her attendants.
Captain Hymes had now full poawwrioit
of Die pulpit, and, striking Die sword on
the Bible, he waa proceeding in a bmd
tone to di iiever what he U-rrued hia
message, amid the screaming of the
fcioak-v and the vociferous calls to
4 4 come down" of the men. The official*
of the church bail by this tune armed
themaelviw with long poles, and with
three they went to the pulpit, and after
a treimiuJon* ssuffle succeeded in knock
ing the -word and revolver out of the
hands of Die captain. Tbey then laid
bold of bim, and lugged turn down the
pulpit stair*. A r< -pc being procured
he was bound with it, band and foot,
and tied to one of the pillars of the
hr?tiding- Mr. I*arke, of the county
jx>lioe, was sent for, and the captaiu w*
given into his charge. He was taken
almost immediately bsfote Mr. It. Broy,
one of the county magistrate, Two
surgeon* were ordered to examine him
and on their certificate! b waa removwd
to • luuati 4 asylum.
gal treating a Boy.
A very interesting case, and one ahov
ing in a strong light the necessity for
the formation in all parts of the coun- i
try of aocirtiea similar to uuo recenUy
binned in New New city for the preven
tion of cruelty to children, waa on trial
a few dav* since in a comity court in a
Western State. A brutal fanner was
charged with grossly maltreating and
overworking an orphan boy only twelve
rears of age. The neighbors who
brought the allegations agaiust the fann
er axwrted that the cruelties extended
over a period of three years; and that,
during the present winter, the ill-fed and
thinly-clad child had served as a cow- •
herd," remaining cut of doom from early
morning until late at night, and Uiat hia
hand*, arms, face, and lower limba had
several times been dreo-lfully froaen.
He had always been denied the articles
of food ou wWh Die family of Ids liarah
employer subsisted, and hail been fed on
corn ineal and muali. When he was un
fortunate to sleep as late as sunrise in
winter, the farmer punished him by
dragging him to the pump, and deluging
hishalf-jiaralysicd laxly with cold water.
Once or twioe the child sttwyed to the
houses of the neighbor* in search of
food, warmth, and rest; bnt on every
such occasion he was pursued, recap
tared, and deajicrately beaten. One Jay
Die boy was unable to manage the cattle
confided to his care, as his limbs were
froxeu, and he could not walk, but stag
gered about like a drunken man ; and
while he was in this condition the fanner
mounted his horse, and hastening to the
pasture, beat the child with his horse
whip until he was senseless. At tills
point Die neighbors interfered, took the
boy forcibly from his master, and caused
the latter to be arrested. He lias been
held for trial at the circuit court, and as
the neighbors are thoroughly incensed
toward him. he may have to remain
without bull and .in confinement until
*P rii - J
Getting Heady la Time.
The AWf 7saland Ifrrald has s very
j "sinful story, told in illustration of the
grest present dearth of respectable dross
making hands in Uiat colony. It moms j
that a well-to-do settler near Auckland
was Lately attacked by an illness which
his rncdiivd attendant declared roust ter
minate fntrdlv, so severe were the syinp
turns. After lying in an apparently hcqie
less state for some days, he suddenly
took a turn for the lietter, aud, thanks to
n strong constitution, made n rapid re
covery. Not long after he had returned
to business he was much startled, on
opening su account presented at his
office, to find himself charged with s
full set of widow's weeds of elaborately
complete description. A domestic ex
planation naturally followed, and hia
wife reminded him Uiat ho luul always
made it s special desire that the fact of
thoir having immigrated to a colony
should uot prevent her dressing as a
lady, " And the dressmakers bore, you
know," she added, "have matters so en
tirely in their own hands tliat they gen
erally keep you waiting for mouths for
' anything new. So when 1 was told that
1 you could uot possihlv recover,'! ordered
4 what I knew yon would wish mo to wear
l>cforehand ; anil now the things have
1 only just pome home." The bill was
■ ! promptly settled. WhoUier the husband
' j was consoled for the outlay by the
1 thought that his provident wife had the
things reaily by her is a question that is
left open to conjecture.
f Tree* on Bonndary Lines.
[ The New York Court of Appeals not
. long since detailed that a man has no
, right to the fruit growing upon branches
) of a tree overhanging his land where the
, trunk of the tree stands wholly upon the
I land of his neighbor. But the law re
gards the overhanging branches as a
nuisance, and they may be removed as
such; or the owner of "the land shaded
j may remove them if he is careful not to
commit any wanton or unnecessary de
struction iu so doing. Where the trunk
of a tree stands on the line, the owner
1 of the adjoining land have a joint awner
- sh : p in the tree and fruit, and neiDier
• j one has a right to remove it without the
J consent of the ether.
I Ira* uf literal.
An tnaide <teotel xpaoa®~- Having
tooth Ollod.
Jokes are like ante; th* drier tSwy are
the bolter they erark.
Tha hardeat Uiiiig to hli in Dii* world
t* urn uurnir tongue. 1* Umts a Iwl
smoothing iron and ft kicking linrao oou
The Nobraaka r-Uef nociely * now
reported to bo fording and clothing 18,-
W mm, woman, and children iu th
tfraoabopper districts.
A lliinknwr of newsjaqwra betweenthe
laahiuilts will help wonderfully to kwp
voa warm Duws ould uighta. " Now
the time to subscribe."
A young Udf asked a bookseller's
clerk if be bad "Fwrtm" " No, " he
replied, " but I'm afraid a boil is waning
IIU the back of my neck.
A eobtder brought before a Cteifornia
i in-line for dnuikeoam* afte' *•
usual fine imposed opon him. asked Urn
judge if be kept "a ablate.'
A ton aaked hia father: "Why is Mr.
fimith'i liquor store like a omuiterfeitdol
lar I" "I can't tell, my mm." "Because
you ean't pass it," said tb* boy.
Jlulver rails a newspaper "the com
uwm reservoir into which wy stream
jH>ura its bring waters, and at whwh
.•very man may come and drink.
Oh ! for those good old dsya, aiglis an
Indiana editor, when this office rewired
enough poti-ut offloe reports to keep
ever* store red hot from November to
Mrs. Johnson, of Georgia, put m fire
pound atone into her peper rag bag to
(iruitf down tlio wrtffbt, bat iwrtifu
became cuiiacici,oc-etnckcn and poisoned
haras If.
It ia a mistaken idea to think the close
cropping of hair will pnsvent Imldnesa.
The longer a man wears his hair, the
longer will Dm tone be before be tea
The F.ureka iNev.J NmHmel aay* Dial
Duwe are more than one thousand torn
of bullion, in haw, now cor<ted up at Die
Richmond nariting werka, awaiting
A little strip of Mark velvet around
the neek of the girl of the period ia
called a 14 dog collar," and ia faahion
abla. Il hmghteua the whiteness of the
A pet seal at Woodward's Gardens,
Ban rranriaoo, known as the " Commo
dora," died Uu-re the other day. Ha
waa a great favorite with the late Fro
femaor Agasaix at one tune.
Kmc**- the ilisappeanmee of Chartey
Ite*, eleven kidnapped children have
been recuvnrad in the United States by
their parents through the agitation
aaused by the reward for Charley.
A young lady in Kenosha, Wis., made
a trip to Niagara Falls and back, and for
six months afterwnrds she refused to
speak to HIV of her ohi churns who
hadn't traveled.
Home people, who are willing to admit
the lyre of Apollo, assure us that there
are no modern lyrea. Ah, hot Dr. v have
never made the aeqnaintaoce of a Wash
ington special correspondent.
A silly follow whose ears were nnnn
ally large once aunpevingly asked a witty
lady: 44 Will 1 not make a fine angel I '
" VVell, no," she replied, pointing to his
ears, " 1 think your wings are to high."
I'robaldy the kmgesMwnrdcd man is
George W. Kimlsdl, of Charleston,
M >ntgitmcrv county, New Turk, who
baa a beard four feet three incba* in
length. He keepa it braided and tucked
beneath hu clothes.
Persons who desire to est waffles
Inked at street corners, but ate deterred
from the (ear that they are not prepared
in a cleanly manner, may dismiss such
lean and partake with impunity, as the
men osrafuDy wipe their knives upon
their pantaloons before they tarn the
There was a veer disgusted thief the
other day at a fashionable wedding. He
•tele an "ostentatiously displayed check
fur a tkomand dollars fromth-- gifts, only
to find that the old man's balance in the
laid was four dollars and fifty cents. He
now rtdnka there is no chance for hornet
Two Bridgeport (Conn.) young men,
who wanted the asme giri, met for mortal
combat the other day, with what weapons
tiaa not been made known to the world,
but ihev both came out of the contest
alive, and were subsequently both dis
miasc-d bj the jmxng lady 00 account of
their fight
The wt>o buy* more book* than
any other person in Louisville work* for
a moderate uhrr in oue of the newe
pajwr officwa. I'bc book* he buys are
always good, and be gives them swap
as fast sa he buys them, only xtipulsting
that the person who receives a book
shall read it
A vouag bride who had be* fashion -
ably "educated was asked by her fond baa •
band to attend to the ordering of tha
dinner, as hs shouldn't have time to goto
the market. It is a fact that abe blandly
requested the butcher to sand lame s
of tongue, seventeen pounds of
steak and two halibut"
At Schoharie, N. Y., not long since, a
mouse crept into a beehive to steal
honey, bnt waa caught in the act and
stung to death by the irate bees. Soon
the mouse began to disseminate a tad
smell, which bees cannot tolerate; being
nnatJa to remove it, they went to work
and sealed him up hermetically in wax,
so that not the slightest odor escaped.
Very stern parent indeed— 44 Come
here, sir ! What is this complaint Die
schoolmaster has made against you!
Much injured youth—" It's just nothing
at aIL You see, Jimmy Hughes bent a
pin, and I only just loft it on the teacher's
chair for him to look at, and he came iu
without hia specs and ml right down ou
the pin and now he blames me for it!"
A Cincinnati family, whose two-year
old child, a mn b beloved little girl, died
over a year ago, managed to preserve the
body of the child almost perfectly by an
embalming process, and have kept * n
their house ever since. Daily the pa
rents have viewed the form of their little
one, almost as fresh as when in life, and
the effect has been very deleterious upon
the mother's health, insomuch that tba
burial of the child ia uow rendered neces
When the Duke of Newcaatle was in
this country, * citixen of Cincinnati, who
had managed to get introduced to the
duke, thus introduced hia wife at Pike'a
Opera House: " Duke, let mc introduce
you to mv wife, Mrs. Judge , the
cousin of jlra. Abraham Lincoln and the
daughter of Major-General 1 of
Kentucky, who was brutally massacred
by the British and Indians while glori
ously fightiug for hia country at the
ttattle of the River Raieen."
A oouutry schoolmaster had two
pupils, to oue of whom he waa jtartial,
and to the other severe. One morning
it happened that these two boys were
late, and were called up to aocouut for it.
" You muat have heard the bell, hoys;
why did you not eomef" "Please, air,"
said the favorite, 44 1 waa dreaming that
I was going to Hndson, ami I thought
the achoolite 11 waa the stearaltoat bell."
" Very well," said tho maater, glad of
any pretext to excuse the favorite,
"And now, sir," turning to the other,
" what have you to aav? 44 Please,air,"
said the pnxxleil boy, 44 1—1 was waiting
to ace Tom off!"
A 44 yaller " llog has covered himself
with glory as a traveler ox pilgrim or
quadrupeiWrian. He wa# taken last
fall from Indiana to Kaunas. But he
didn't like Kansas, and was homesick
through and through. He found meal
scarce and was averse to a diet of grass
hoppers. 80 he tramped it over miles
anil miles of desolate prairies; he swam
the Kansas and Missouri rivers; and one
day, footsore, weary, and lean, he barked
at the old door. He was six weeks upon
the journey; and the flret thing he did
upon getting home was to sat his dinner
calmly, the next to drive the pigs out of
the yard according to his ancient custom.
Ho had learned something, but he had
forgotten nathing.
THE COST.— United STATE® naval ex
penses amount to $3,500 for eat-b en
listed r"*" per annum. It costs $1,000,-
000 a year to take ears of a regiment of
United States troops.