The Centre reporter. (Centre Hall, Pa.) 1871-1940, February 19, 1874, Image 1

Below is the OCR text representation for this newspapers page. It is also available as plain text as well as XML.

    i Cyele.
If he ha.l com* in tfes early dawn.
Who i tho ounriM flushed the earth.
I would hero given hii ell my heart.
Whatever the heart wee worth.
If ho hed com* et tho n<xmlide hour
Ho v*vM not have oemo too let* ;
would here gi**n him pettont faith.
For then 1 be.l loen>e<l to weit
If he he.) onnae in the after-glow,
In tho peace of tho oventtdo.
I would have pi von him hende end hreiu
And worked for him till I died.
If ho comae now tho nun hee eat
And Uie tight hee died away,
I will not give him e broken life.
But will torn end rev him " Nay."
A Prajrr.
When the world no enlace give*.
When in deep diotrooo I groan;
When my fever end my ft-ieud
Leave mo with my grief alone.
When a weary land I tread.
Feinting for tho rock* and opnnga,
Ovarahadow mo, O Lorvl.
With tho comfort of thy wing!
Whan my heart and fle-di ehai! fail.
When I yield my mortal hroath.
When I gather up my feet
Icy with the dull of death ;
Strengthen and auatain mo. Lord.
With thine all-enfifeieut pre.*.
Overtean my dying hod
With tho oweetnom of thy face
When tho pang. the atnfe ta paot.
When my- aptrit mounts on high.
Catch me up in Uuoo embrace
In thy booom let mo Im> !
Freed from u. and tread from death.
Hid with thee, in heaven above,
Ovwmpfendor me. O God,
With the glory of thy lore.
A TALE OF THE CIRCE IT.
It aa a first night on the circuit after
vacation, and old Tom Badger's tarn for
a starr.
Tom's forte lay in the " criminal
line." He had cheated the gallows so
often that Bill s>uiply used to say be
wondered how hn eotud look a hemp
field in the face.
" Did I ever tell TOO." said Tom,
ftiTing his tumbler of jnlep an exhaust
ive suck—" Did I eTex tall yon, boys,
about Obed Scott's case f*
No, he never had.
" I should like to have snch another
. now," he rwsnmed. "It was just des
perate enough to put one on his legal
metal; and I think, with my present
experience, I could win throe times ont
of five under similar circumstances.
But I waa a boy then."
" How was it f" we asked, desirous to
cut short the preface.
"The ease was in a nutshell," said
Tom, coming to the point.
" Eno Bnrdge was an old settler,
without wife or child, who began to feel
hampered as the population averaged
half a man to the square mile. He de
cided to Mil out and go West.
"He bad a choice tract of lan 1, with
a comfortable cabin on it; and Obed
Scott, the likelieet yonng man in the
settlement, made an offer to bay it
Obed, instead of squandering his gains
foolishly, as too many youngsters do.
had saved them np. One reason of his
prndenoe, may hap, was his engagement
to Hettls "Ward, *h< prettiest girl I ever
saw."
The old lawyer stopped to honar her
with a reminiscent swig.
"Though others," he eontinoed,
"offered more, 'in payment*,' Enoe
accepted obed's bid ; for the latter was
ready to pay cash down, and Enos said
he wished to quit the country for good,
and ' didnt want to leave no omettled
business behiut him.'
"On the day fixed for completing the
contract, Enos went before a j nstiee of the
peaoe, and duly executed a deed to Obed
Scott, which he carried away with him
—saying Obed was to meet him that
evening, pay the money, receive the
deed, and take possession ; after which
it was Enos' intention to psss the night
with an old friend to whom he was to
psy a small debt, and whose honse lay
in "the d : rection of his journey.
" But Enos never reached his friend's
house, and the only aoconnt gireo of
bim after leaving the justice's. was by
Obed Soott, who ssid he had met Enos
at his cabin, as agreed on, paid him his
money, snd gotten the deed ; and then
Enos had gone away, leaving him in
possession of his pmcbase.
There was n<> honester man than Enos
Bnrdge. That he should have left the
country clandestinely to avoid paying
the one trifling debt he owed, ana with
out stopping to bid his friends good-by,
seemed a thing hardly credible.
V Komora of fnul play began to be
calculated ; and those were not wanting
who hinted at the possibility of Obed
Soott's having thought it an economical
stroke to pat Enos ont of the wsy, snd
so possess himself of the deed without
paying the stipulated price.
*' So rife did these rumors grow, that
sundry good eitirena at last called on
Obed, and told him that a thorough in
vestigation was necessary to vindicate
his name.
" Instead of inviting inquiry, as good
policy, to pnt it on no higher ground,
would have dictated, Obed was indig
nant, or feigned to hie, at the imputa
tion cast upon him. His tone enhanced
rather than allayed the prevailing
doubts, and a search of the premises
was begun without waiting for his per
mission.
"Not fax from the eabin, beneath
some scattered straw, signs were dis
covered indicating that the earth had
been recently disturbed; and on digging
down a little way, the mangled corpse
of Enos Bnrdge was exhumed I
" Obed admitted that he had taken
possession of the cabin on the evening
of its late owner's departnre, and that
he slept there that night. Enos Bnrdge
had never bees seen alive since. Who
so likely to have slain and buried him
where his body was found, but the man
who had both the motive and opportu
nity ?
" That was the question I asked my
self when retained to conduct Obed's
defence, and I confess T was unable to
return n satisfactory answer. Still, I
felt bound to do my best, and I did it,
" On the trial, the facts were proved
much as I have related them. In sum
ming up, I made the most of Obed's
good character, dwelt on the fallacious
ness of circumstantial evidence, read
cases from the books to show how many
judicial murders it had been accessory
to, and wound up with a strong appeal
to the jury to give the defendant the
benefit of everv reasonable doubt.
"Bat old Paxwax, the presiding
judge, stripped the gilding off my
speech by repeating, io his charge, the
usual platitudes about the impossibili
ty of circumstances lying. True, he
told the jury that the prisoner was en
titled to the benefit of all reasonable
doubts: but then he emphasized the
word ' reasonable' in such away aa to
indicate, plainly enough, that in his
opinion, in the present ase, any doubts
would be wholly unreasonable.
"When the jury brought him in
guilty, Obed turned pale, for a moment,
though, on the whole, I think ha bore
it better than I did.
" ' What have you to say,' asked the
judge, 'why the senttnoe of the law
(should hot be pronounoed upon you ?'
"' Nothin',' Obed answered; 'only
yon're a goiu to send me, jedge, afore
a court as has got more sense, I hope,
than this'n, an' whar I'll git a fair trial,
even f Squire Badger ani't thar to
plead my caea.'
"The judge reproved him for hia
levity; and, after an exhortation to re
pentance, which wonld have become
the month of a better man, old Paxwax
sentenced the prisoner to be hanged,
at the end of six week?.
" I applied in vain for a writ of error
und stay of proceedings. Equally in
I appealed to the Executive clem
ency. Governors of States are gener
ally so mnch more just than the Great
Governor, that when it becomes a ques
tion of mercy, the responsibility is
commonly shuffled off on the latter.
"Obed sect me a message to come
KRKD. Kl T KTZ, tiditor mul Proprietor.
VOL. Ml.
aud aoe turn on hia last night. Ho was
the oulr inmate of the little log tail,
with wsi'l* three tiers of tinilwr thick.
"The jailer lei n\e in and closed Ihe
door upon me. It wasn't usual then,
as now, to keep close watch ou con
demned criminals to see that they
didu't anticipate their iltxun. If thev
hanged themselves, it was so mneh
trouble saved.
" * How do von feel, Obed ?' I in
quired, taking his baud kiudly.
" * Jest iniu'lin', he answered. ' You
see I could a stood it a heap better if
flettie hadn't come here to see me.'
" * Pie like a man.' I said ; there's no
help for it now.'
"' I can't do it, he replied ; an*
what's mow, / trow'#.'
" 1 looked at him in surprise.
" ' You see this yer rope," he con
tinned ; •1 made it "out o'my bed-dose
this afternoon, detarmiucd, ef 1 bad to
be banged, to do the job myself ; bnt
scnce 1 seen Hettie, I've changed my
mind.'
" My astonishment iaetffcicJ.
" 'A lawver han't no right to peach ou
his client, lies he ?" he asked.
" That was a question including sev
eral others, among them the important
one when the relationship referred to
might be considered ended.
" * At anv rate, ef you give the alarm
now, I'll kill yon,' he" said, quietly; aud
before I kuow, he had grasped my arm
with one hand, and placed the other on
mv month.
""•You must submit to be gagged,'
he added, in the same firm, determined
tone.
" I felt that conscience didn't demand
the imperilling of my life. I saw that
Obed was desperate, and would stick at
nothing. I was, moreover, an infant in
hia hands.
" He stuffed a wad of something into
my mouth, aud secured it by a bandage
brought round and tied at the back of
my neck.
" Then compelling roe to change
clothing with lum, he bound me hand
and foot with the cord he hail prepared,
and fastened me on his bed. Then bid
ding me good night, he tapped at the
door —my nsual sign a! to be let ont.
"I do not know if I wonld have
warued the drowsy jailer if I could, aa 1
heard Ob.d bid lum 'good uiglit,' in
my votae and walk away unmolested. I
think 1 was glad I could not; for I had
never more than half believed in
Obed's guilt, and despite the incon
venience to myself. I entertained a se
cret hope that his plan of escape might
succeed.
"Of course, there wis s hubbub
when the sheriff and his assistants came
in the morning. Of course, my expla
nation proved satisfactory; and, of
course, it would haTe been carrying the
doctrine of representation by attorney
to an unwarrantable extent, to have
hanged me in my client's stead. There
were some who whispered thst it was a
concerted thing between Obed and
myself ; but my professional standing
was a sufficient vindication against such
a slander."
"Ha ! ha !" langhed an irreverent
junior.
The "death rattle" etoked by Mr.
Badger's last suck at his julep was the
only reply deigned to the young man's
impertinenoe.
" And what do yon think of the case,
after all ?" asked Bill Qnipiey.
" Oh, the truth came out at last !
Ahab Graady was paying me some
money, one day. Among the bank
notes he gave me ona peculiarly marked,
which I remembered having paid to
Enos Bnrdge, on the day he disap
peared. I secretly procured a warrant,
and had Orandv's bouse searched. The
result was the iisoovery of a numl>cr of
the murdered man's effects, among
them a watch he had worn for manv
years, and whieh was readily identified
" When confronted with the proofs
of his guilt, Ahab confessed that he
ha<l waylaid, robbed and murdered
Enos Burdge, after the latter had re
ceived the money for his land, and that
he had buried the body at dead of
night, where, if it shonld be found,
suspicion would be likely to fall upon
another.
" Ahab Grsndy was hanged in doe
time; and Obed Scott, who turned up
after a season, was happily married to
Hettie Ward, who had never lost faith
in her lover's innocence, in spite of
judge and jury."— Ledger.
A Brutal Charivari.
The Bay City (Mich.) Chronicle of a
recent date aays:
" The ceremony known oommonly by
the name of ' shiveree' is, fortunately,
of rare occurrence among our people,
and every new instance of its observ
ance adds greatly to the general aver
sion and condemnation of it. A most
efficient help to its entire abolishment
in this way is furnished just now by a
charivari which occurred a few nights
since in Beaver township. It it the
most ontrageous affair that has dis
graced a oommnnity in this section for
many a year.
"The charivari party went to the
house of a Mr. Perry, who had latelv
married a widow with several small
children. The visitors were armed with
guns, as well as the usual implements
and instruments of such expeditions.
They began firing before reaching the
house, and so frightened Mrs. Perry
that she ran out of the honse and es
caped to her father's. The husband re
mained with the little children, and was
soon beset by the ruffians. They threw
stove-wood through the windows of the
house, broke up articles inside, tore
bed-clothes and curtains, and set fire to
the house in two places. Then they
surrounded Mr. Perry, and while one of
them presented a shotgun at hia breast,
they demanded that he should make a
contribution of five dollars for the
further entertainment of the gang as the
price of peace. Perry refused compli
ance with the demand, and the oat
rages again began at once. The chil
dren were at last pnt into a cloeet for
aafety, while Pc-rry busied himself in
protecting his home from fire. The
assailants emptied the hen-honae, threw
the fowls into the dwelling throngh the
windows. Every outrage which oonld
be devised seems to have been perpe
trated by the fellows before they de
camped.
" A complaint was made before a Jus
tice of this city, and a warrant was is
sued for s number of the attacking
party. The warrant was given to the
Sheriff to serve."
Typhoid Fever and Hygiene.
Sir William Gull, in a lecture on
typhoid fever, reoently delivered at
Gay's Hospital, argues that the disease
is as preventable as ague, and that the
time will come when deaths from it will
be as rare. He says that it is caused
by a virus of nature, which may get
into the human body, increase in it
and destroy it. It is an accidental con
dition, and not one of the ordinary pro
cesses of nature. The origin of the
disease io somehow or other connected
with drainage ; it has therefore been
called the filth fever, and to get rid of
the filth is to get rid of the fever. Dr.
Gno asserts that no one can approach a
jase of typhoid fever without paying
some attention to hygiene. This, he
claimed, was of the greatest importance,
and with it he wonld prefer to oarry
any one throngh the disease by wines
ana sonps and fresh air, rather than by
the use of drugs.
THE CENTRE REPORTER.
iioin* to Spelling School.
That fair youug creature who went
with us! It doesn't make any differ
rwv that alte went hack on her word,
grew up to brahatohed-faeedold maul,
( her voice like a file aud her temjer like
catsup—she was lovely then. "Would
the fair and lovely Augusta accent of
i onr company to a spell tug schtHil out
at Duck Lane Thursday night f The
fair Augusta would, she said, aud ahe
did. Hucli a moon I Such an easy mo
tion of the sleigh I Such singing in
chorus ! Every girl had a front door
key in her pocket, and every young man
felt as if he could climb a shed forty
thouaaud feet high to get into his own
chamber wiudow. That fair youug
creature —how she pretendeil to shiver
with cold nntil an arm was gently aud
affectionately placed aronnd her waist 1
Then the weather suddenly grew
warmer, and she didu't shiver any
more. It was a beautiful night, we ob-
Mtid, She said alte'd noticed the
same thing, and she aeerned to lean
| over a little more, like some of the tel
grauh poles on Michigan avenue. Kin
boldeued, we observed that Rill Jones
and Sanili Jones seemed very aSeotion
ate. She said it seemed so to her, but
having stuck the end of a horse
blanket in her eye, she wasn't prepared
to make an affidavit. Somehow, after
that the conversation began to grow
more and more interesting, and gnth
i that fair young creature's head on our
shoulder, we'd haTe set out to ride to
Vermont ami back without a stop. She
was so artless and innocent; so child
like and confiding. She told us all
abont how her step-mother pounded
her with the rolling-pin, and when we
thonght of a rolling-pin whacking
against her fragile form, aud bounding
I over her alabaster shoulders, onr hair
' stood ou end with mad frenzy. She
said she sometimes thought she'd get
married to escape further persecution,
and we were al*)ut to lay our hand on
our heart and offer to be hera for ever
more, when the sleigh stopped at the
school house. It was Brighton against
Bungtowu, with the schoolmaster in
1 favor of Bangtown. Such words as
j "catarrh," "turkey," "parallel," Ac.,
'soon reduced the "sides" to half a
dozen, and at length we were left nloue
to defend the honor of Brighton. The
schoolmaster was determined that
Bangtown should win, and it did when
we spelled omnibus with a donble "a."
He aaid it wasu't right, aud when
Brighton insisted he offered to uphold
Bnngtown with the iron poker. How
ever, it was an offset to be consoled and
| sympathized with by "onr girl." She
: positively shed tears of anger and sym
pathy, aud she said of course there was
twos's on omnibns, one on each side,
and she wasn't positive but that there
was one on the door behind. By and
by the conversation weal back to step
mothers, rolling pins, alabaster shoul
ders, and getting married, and she said
she'd be ours. We figured up how we
could keep house on 83.50 per week,
I and have s dollar left; just how the
woodbine would trail over the door;
how we'd make ber stepmother die of a
broken heart; and—bnt you all remem
ber. It was a boy's dream. Bhe dis
couraged me when she thonght she
could catch a dashing clerk, and her
father set the dog on me, and her
j brothers threatened to shoot ; bnt as I
1 said before, it doesn't make any differ
ence now. When I think over the past
I feel to exclaim with Walt Whitman :
"Oh, gimme back them other days !"
Mysteries of the Shawl Trade.
Before leaving this subject, says •
Paris correspondent, I must relate a
curious discovery made on this occa
sion. M. Ouyetant took me to see one
of his first artists, who works at home. I
In the front room of a modest apart
ment was the intelligent artist woraing
at his lathe, and in the back room was
bis wife working npon an India shnwL
A fine cashmere, worth 4,000 francs, or,
perhaps, 81,000 in New York, was eut
into strings, or figures, and on glancing
at it I oonld not help crying: "Ah!
how in the world did this fine shawl
get so badly damaged ? Was it eaten
by the rats P M. Onyetaut laughed,
and said: "Oh! Monsiear.it is not
damaged at aIL lam rearranging it"
Probably my lady readers will be as
mnch snrprired aa' I was to find that
these costly shawls are purposely cut in
¥iecea and then sewn together again,
be philosophy of it is this: Borne
years the fasnion is for white flgnrrs,
running about in scrolls as in all cash
mere*, and sometimes for black. Hcnoe
the shawls with white ground figures
are cut when black sell best, sad the
black cuttings sewn in. Sometimes,
when a lot of shawls have been for
many years on band, the disposition of
the ignres wo changed in order to suit
the prevailing taste. Now, the work
was done so well that I oonld not dis
tinguish the seams, but it seems to me
that if I were to buy a shawl worth a
thousand dollars, I should greatly pre
fer to have it as it came from the Indian
loom. I wan told that hundreds of
these rearranged shawls are annually
told to American ladies at very large
prices, and If those who have tliem find
that they come in pieces therr will un
derstand the reason. They have only
to send the shawl to some rarrommo
dense, like the person of whom I write,
and the work will be elegantly done
again. This industrious artist and his
no lees industrious wife earn a very
handsome living from their common
labor.
Death Sentence In Persia.
Mirza Yussuf Khan, one of the ablest
and most popular of the statesmen of
Persia, has been executed. Yussuf was
educated in Europe at the cost of the
Bliah, and studied for some time in
Paris. On his return he brought with
him extracts from French lnw books
which he translated into Persian and
embodied in code of laws adapted for
use in his own country. During a
(amine the Bbah directed Yussuf to go
to Astrakhan to purchase provisions for
hia starring subjects, at the same time
anppljing him with a considerable sum
of money out of the public treasury for
that purpose. Yussuf went to Astrak
han, bat he only spent a portion of the
sum entrusted to him in the purchase
of provisions, and kept sixteen thousand
tomanns for himself, thereby causing
the deaths of thousands of people whom
the money might have provided with
food. When the Shah returned from
his tour in Europe, he at once ordered
an inquiry into Ynssnf's conduct, and,
his guilt having been clearly proven,
sentenced him to death.
A Case of Better Days.
A lady has been reduced to abject
poverty at New Haven, and has been
obliged to apply to the city for relief,
who a few years ago was the happy
wife of a man worth SIOO,OOO. He died
soon after the loss of nearly the whole
amount by a financial revulsion in
Europe, where they then resided, and
she came to tbia country in the hope
of her being able to earn a support for
herself and her children. Her oldest
son having been for some time out of
work, bis mother's valuable pieces of
ieweiry have been sold, one by one. to
keep the family from starvation. The
woman's appearance and conversation
are those of a lady of the highest cul
ture and refinement, and th 9 case seems
to be an extraordinary illustration" of
the caprice of " fickle fortune."
UEXTRE HALL. CENTRE CO.. LA.. THURSDAY. FEBRUARY
Terrible Heath of s Flahetwun.
The Hsu Piego H'or/tf thus describes
the horrible death of a Chinaman on
the Oorouadoo recently :' Our reader*
know that the abalouo meat is a pri/ed
delicacy of the Ohiuamati. aud that the
shell of the almloue, wuon properly
polished, is one of the most fancitn!
and lieautiful thing* in nature. The
abalones are generally songht lower
down the coast, but are also found in
the neighborhood of Han Diego. A few
dava ago Fung Chon, a professional
fisherman, residing near ltoervillc,
known among Americana by the nick
name of "Ohawder," started out to
the Coroiuuios in iiis boat to hnut for
abalones. Of course, his movements
can only be surmised by the event.
The supjiositiou is that he tuoored his
boat aud began his quest. The Coro
uudce aw quite abrupt in their forma
tion, precipitous, out occasionally
broken. " Chowder" saw an enormous
si.alone in a cleft of the rook, in a place
covered with water when the tide was
in, and throwing himself on his stomach
he dropped over the ledge to wrench the
delicacy from its fastness. Alalonesare
uuivalvulor, aud if, in detaching one
fron/the rock, to which it can fix itself
almost immovably, one liappeus to not
wrench it loose, a't onoe it often cloees
! its single shell on the rock, prisoning
the spoiliug hand and causing inex
pressible agony. This was poor
" Chowder's" fate. As his evil star
would have it, the abalone was unusu
ally large, and the poor Chinaman, un
able to wleaae himself, must haTe early
realized that he waa doomed. From
' his position, leaning over the rock, he
could not hraoe himself, or obtain sny
leverage by wbieh, at the sacrifice of
ihe baud, if need be, he eouklfwe him
self. We can imagine the agony suf
fered by this poor wretch as he waited
for hours the rising of the tide which
should end hit misery by death. Tin
actual psiu endured must have been
unspeakable, and no help was neawr
than eighteen miles. Wo can conceive
of nothing so horrible as snob a situa
tion, except the ancient lVrsiau puuish
rnent of the " boat," described minnte
lv by Flutawli, in which the victim was
thrown to the ground, a boat waa turn
ed upside down over him and staked,
j and his face waa ameured with honey to
attract the insects. There he was left
jto die. The poor Chinaman's plight
waa almost as bad aa this; bnt happily
the returning tide prevented the tor-
I ment from being as laetiug. The inex
j orable waters, however, shortly did
1 their work. There came a time when
; the poor Chinaman could strain no
longer, and when the briny flood suck
\ ed from his lungs the breath of life,
i When Chowder's body was recovered
I by a brother CwtastiaT his deed hand
i was still clutched in the remorseless
grasp of the abalone which had so ter
ribly avenged the invasion of his rooky
home. The agony the poor fellow had
endured in this no vol martyrdom was
imprinted on his face.
Aa-lee Predicament.
Mo** lT. Smith, Hale, and Tsppiu, of
Sioux City, la., are indicted by the
Journal of their municipality on the
following eonnt: They were down on
the Miaeonri bottom, near Decatur, laat
week and very anxious to get acroaa
the river. Trie report* which they
heard in regard to ttie strength of the
ice were BO conflicting that they hesi
tated to venture iij>cn it for a long time.
Finally they procured a email boat and
made the venture. Tappin pnlled on a
rope attached to the bow, while Smith
pushed at the stern. The object in
taking the boat was, in case the ice
gave way, to have it handr to take to,
and thus aave themselves from a watery
grave. It was agreed that Mr. Hale—
be being the largest man—should re
main on the shore until Smith and Tap
pin had gained the other bank, when
he should follow on liia bauds and
kueea. The parties with the boat
reach ed the other aide in safety, when
Mr. 11. struck out as prerionalv ar
ranged. He spread himself out like a
bat, in order to cover as much surface
as he conld, and thus crawled on his
stomach for a half an hour—a very fa
tiguing pmeees of navigation. At the
end of half an hour ho had reached
midway of the river, when be heard a
noise behind him that filled hia soul
with terror. He thought the ice was
breaking UP, and that he was a goner,
■ore. He looked aronnd and there was
a team of horses attached to a load of
wood. He sprang to his feet to escape
being run over, and lit ont for his com
rades, who were Iving on the ground
almost choked witn laughter over their
groundless fears and Mr. Hale's ad
venture.
From (Irate to day.
Thus apeak# a Bt. Lonis paper: Tticre
is s popular, but decidedly erroneous
impression that the paths of Jenkins
are paved with roses and orange blos
soms; that he wanders through the
pleasant fields of society, and that his
ways are pleasant and his lines cast in
delightful places; that his life is silk
woven and ficeoe-lined; that bis whole
existence is roseate and perfu ned.
Read this note, laid upon my table on
Thursday:
"Go to Pinckneyville on morning
train to hanging of two negroes. Hang
them both in a column ami a half. Re
turn on evening train, and report at the
office in party dress at 9 p. M. for Jen
kins duty. J. B. McC."
Reflect, oh I ye whose feet are clad
with kid. From the home circle to an
execution. From the gayest scene that
fancy can paint to the saddest human
eyes can Know. From the rustle of
satin to the mnttered prayer of the con
demned wretch. From the flashing of
diamonds to the sudden glare of eyea
looking for the last time upon the
earth. From the swell of music to the
thud of the executioner's sx upon the
cord. From the graceful movements of
dancers to the spasmodic contractions
of a strangling human. From life, with
all that makes its worth, to death the
moat horrible that man'a ingennity can
devise.
Surrogate Warren of Troy has given
a decision in a curious will dispute.
Doel Banders, a respectable citizen of
Hoosao Falls, made hia will there some
Giars ago, and after wards removed to
asnaohusett* without issue. The es
tate was valued at about $20,000 in per
sonal property, a part of which at the
death of the testator was in New York
and part in Massachusetts. The will
left only a small share to the widow o(
Mr. Banders, and that hulj preferred to
waive her right un*er the will and claim
what the laws of Massachusetts allow:
the whole estate up to SB,OOO, and one
half the exoess of that sum. The lawn
of Massachusetts, however, require
that a will shall be witnessed by three
persona, ao the will, being witnessed
only by two, had to be proved in Troy.
Then a certified copy was recorded in
Massachusetts under the United States
laws. Surrogate Warren of Troy de
cided that though ordinarily the funds
biiould be remitted to Massachusetts,
that having been the domicil of the tes
tator at the time of his death, yet the
intentions of the testator should not be
defeated by allowing the widow to ob
tain a larger share than lie had intended
for her. Therefore the personal estate
in New York will lie divided among the
legatees.
A Will Case.
Life la the City.
llnh t'copli M* r 111 !• Ilk an Kvwr-
Iviii Uuttai* ■ Willi,
Fuuttoril dollars a week, or S7'JH a
year, ill Sew York city, is a salary paid
1 to thousands of clerks' who by industry
' and close application hiive passed from
the lowest rank to one where a position
is assumed and the first promotion is
i gained. To win and bold audi a posi
tion requires medium buaiucasabilmes,
a good hand writing, methodical habits,
unvarying diligence, and a more than
average knack at the particular trade in
question.
There are thousands, fully ai compe
tent, ready to take these same positions
: at from 8* to $lO per week,
i Promising that an average man of
family devotes a week's income to liis
mouth's rent, and rarely finJs it advis
able to rise above that amount, a week's
expenses will be nearly as follows:
' House rent •• #3 60
Fuel <*>
1 Jglu "
Milk. .
Mutter ...
(ironrid
t'offss. lib #0 SO
Tea. Ilb -
Kuzar, "1 lb* k$
' Potato**
; t abbage 3"
Soap. Ae 35
Kiuidriw ... • 4®
XV.
Uroad, two losis" daily I.to
' Total HI M
Car fare ...
l'obarco. 33
Clothing and euitdnaa I 35
(trand total. 614.00
That is to say, one-fourth of the in
come ia spent in rent, one-half in food,
one-eighth in incidental and inevitable
t-ipenaea, and two—perhaps four—per
sons are clothed on Bt>o a year; or.uuder
the most fsvorable circumstance*, one
fourth for rent, one-third in food, and
the expenses of a family remain to be
' met on twice that sum. There is no
l hardship in it, no hunger, no cold.
■ Neither are there Ikm.ks, papers,amuse
! ments, culture, accumulation. Take
the look of room. In any part of the
city exeewt the quarters abandoned to
the so-called criminal rla*eeflGß a year
rents a room and two bedrooms. Built
as tenement-houses ordiuarily are, this
gives about two-lhirda the space on one
floor of an ordinary twenty-foot front
bonse. In other words, if one family
has an income of $3,0H0 and another
; 8700, the first has six times the room of
the other. Remembering the undivided
use of hsllwsjs and yard it wonld uot
be unfair to say that a disproportion of
inoomea represented by three to one
means a difference of living loom of ten
to one.
Two room* can he practically used
for nothing bat bedrooms, anil in these
the air ia laden day and night with aix,
eight, ten times ita normal weight of
carbonic arid gas. One of them only
communicatee with a eloae yard or a
foul atreet. The other ia ventilated by
a window opening into a ball which i
never lighted or ventilated except bv a
street door,and the window ia uduraJly
kept cloaed and curtained. To one
room, then, the family ia confine*!.
There the food ia cooked and eaten,
there clothing ia waahed and through
the winter dried, there the family live
on Sunday, and there the family have
to upend their evenings. Puysirtan*
are familiar with the fact that the con
finement to a aiogle room in rickues*
itaalf prevent* the elaatte vigor needed
for reouverv. Yet for all the need* of
home life tliooaanda of familiee are re
stricted to tliefonr walla that bound the
living room.
The Age of Tree*.
It is well known that the yearly layer*
or rings by which the age of a tree ia
determined do not diminish in relative
thickness by a constant law. A paper
was recently read before the French
Academy of Hoienoe* in which the
can sea of thia irregularity were dis
cussed. The writer concluded that the
data of meteorological phenomena, when
known and tubulated, might tie com
pared Tear by year with the annual
layers formed iu different varieties of
trees. From sncli comparison some
ideaa as to the law# of development of
tree* may be obtained, and these laws
being established, trees might become
collections of meteorological evidence
where observations can not be made.
An exchange suggests a rather striking
example of what might be learned from
ancient trees:
" Buppnse that there should be found
in Egypt a very old though living tree,
the origin of which dated back to thv
time of Joseph. If on -ntting the trunk
the riugs ooirespouding to that period
showed seven thi. k and seven thin lay
ers, there would be tangible evidence of
the Hcriptnrsl tradition of the seven
vear* of plenty and seven years of fam
ine, besides of the immediate canton of
humidity, temperature, etc., to which
auc.h phenomena might be due."
Viewing trees in this light, they may
indeed become historians of the past
The Bodies of the Siamese Twins.
What the proposed final dispoaion of
the bodies of the Siamese Twins is to
be, says a correspondent, I am not in
formed, but report here says that they
are to be embalmed and disponed of at
an enormoua price to some museum or
medical college, or placed on exhibi
tion at a sum equivalent to the value
set upon them by the Mount Airy man
agers, who, of course, will realize a
handsome percentage out of the trans
action. All of this, however, is to be
subject to the decision of the moml>er
of the families, who bavo been notified
of the deetli of their parents, and are
expected home at an early day.
No eflort whatever wa* made to per
form an operation on the ligament with
reganl to ascertaining whether there was
an artery passing through it or not, as
that woulu have materially interfered
with prospective greenbacks, and pres
ent speculations would have been nip
ped in the bud. Embalmed and pre
served as they ore, the bodies of the
twins will have a market value from
which money can always be realized by
those having possession of them. The
ligament cut in the interest of scienoe,
the curiosity would be destroyed, and
consequently the separata dead bodies
would be of no value.
A Little Heroine.
Once in a while is told some story of
heroism iu a child which ought to help
the professional cynic to a little faith
in his kind. Not long ago a young
girl, lost in the woods witu her little
brother, protected him from the weather
sll throngh a bitter qight at the cost of
her own frozen limbs: Some days ago
three children, a little girl of six, her
brother only fonr, and another little boy
six years old, went tb a pond in Ken
tucky to skate. That day tho ioe had
been out from half the pond, and the
six-year-old boy skated directly into
the deep water and sank. The three
small creatures were all olpne there.
The four-year-old tried to rescue the
poor ohild, but failed ; then the little
girl, with a presence of mind a woman
might be proud to own, walked to the
edge of the ioe, waited until the boy
rose gasping, seized him and drew him
out. What a glittering romanoe might
be built upon this trae story of a
child's courage !
Coronation of the king of Mlin.
This city, ys * Bangkok norrespon
dent, has lately been a aoene of fes
tivity and gorgoons processions and
illuminations, owing to the rocorouation
of the King, who haa lately aitiiiod bis
majority, 110 waa originally crowned
alKiut six years ago, on the death of his
father ; bill, lieing then only a boy of
13, he could not undertake the sole
charge of government, which was,
therefore, intrusted to a Regent, who
has fulfilled his duties in a manner
which is seldom met with in Oriental
countries.
Prior to the present ceremony, the
Kiug, according to BibUtcae law, was
compelled to enter the priesthood for a
short time, and had to perform all the
duties of the youngest uovioe aud to
receive instructions suitable to the
position he was to occupy. After this
ceremony lie was, on the morning of the
lfitb of November, at half-past 6, re
crowned by the attendaut priests, which
fact was announced to the people by a
salute of 101 guns from the palace, and
another of 21 guns from a French
frigate which came to Bangkok in honor
of the occasion.
At 10 a. M. the King repaired to the
itoyal Throne, arrayed in the aplendid
.SUU- robes, and attended by hia nobles
bearing the different insignia of his
power. A most brilliant assemblage
had beeu previously congregated in
front of the throne, and representatives
from almost every civilized nation were
present. Immediately after His Majesty
had taken hia seat on the throne he
read a proclamation abo lulling crouch
ing and prostration in the presence of a
superior. From lime immemorial it
has beeu tb Siamese cue torn never to
stand in the presence of Royalty, aud
the highest nobles in the land could
onlv approach the King on their knera,
with their elbows resting on the floor,
and their b*3* joined in the act of
worship. A nobleman visiting another
of higher rank than himself wonld have
to remain in a very similar position, no
matter bow long the interview might
last. In the proclamation the King
stated that he had been impressed with
the conviction that no country could
prosper wbcresnch servility and worship
from one man to another was the cus
tom, and that he wished to see men on
a mure equal footing, so that the poor
est aubjert in the kingdom might feel
-are of obtaining equal justice with the
rich.
During the reading of this edict, all
the Siamese present, to the number of
about 400, remained in a prostrate con
dition on the floor, but at its eorclttanio
they arose simultaneously and did tbwr
beat toward making a bow to the King
in European Fashion.
Many of them anpoared ill at ease,
and it was noticeable, by their round
shoulders and half-stooping gait, that
they were almost afraid of the position
they found themselves in.
After s few more formalities, the
King retired amid the moat horrible
din of oouchca, gong*, horns, and all
other native instruments which could
possibly render discord discordant.
As the King now possesses some mili
tary bands very fairly trained in Euro
pean music, it is anticipated thst the
native instruments sounded their own
death knell on this occasion.
tdverllaer* who As| for Credit.
Advertising, unlike other mefrlur
disc, in presumed to coat nothing.
Hpar* in u newipaper ia a perialiablc
commodity. In many eases it ia woree
than ralnrlf**. If not used for fclwr
tising it muni b filled with reading
matter at a coat for composition.
Theme reasons cause publisher* to
M>ll advertising space where tboywould
not think of trusting for job printing,
or any other article representing a coat
in aetna! money.
Tills is the reason why irresponsible
advertising agencies ao readily get
credit foe largv sums. There are six
thousand paper* published in the
Union. A man believed to lie worth a
thousand dollar* ia readily trusted for
hia wants in the way of advertising
space. He may get credit an the books
of three thousand publishers for# quar
ter of a million without owing any in
dividual as much sa two hundred dol
lar*.
However tiue it may be that advertis
ing space costs nothing, no publisher
doing business on that pnucipte has
ever made money.
Withiu the past ten year* American
publishers have lost, in bad debt*, np
wnrda of a million by advertisers from
New York city, no one of whom could
buy a hundred dollars' worth of mer
chandise without planking down the
cash before delivery. Advertisers who
cannot give responsible security are de
barred from contracting with responsi
ble advertising agencies; they therefore
apply to publishers direct. If every
one accepts a fifty-dollar contract,three
hundred thousand dollars' worth of
advertising is obtained on credit Pro
vided only one publisher in ten accepts,
the amount is thirty thousand dollars.
If the bnsineea is a success, the adver
tising bill# are paid wholly or in part
with a greater or leaser degree of
promptneas.aceording to circumstances.
If the business is s failure, no one is
paid, and there the matter ends.
If there were no responsible adver
tisers—if all advertising wsa done on
this principle—possibly no oce would
lie wronged. Publisher* would thue
become the partner* of their advertisers
and share in their risks and profits.
The case being otherwise, responsible
advertisers, who can be made to pay,
are co]ielled to compete with those
who cannot.
The moral is easy to be aeeu. A pub
lisher owes it to himself and to his cus
tomers who pay that he make himselt
sure of his money before he contracts
to render a service in his advertising
columns. —JVwipapo" Reporter.
A Qneer Family of Lunatics.
Tho family of Jsme* Scott, of Clark
connty, Ind., ia afflicted with a Tory
strange nort of lunacy. They are Mor
mono, and Scott professes to bo the
oracle of Qod. His wife waa taken
nick late in August, aud he coutined
her in a room, to which he refused to
admit anybody bnt hie eon and daugh
ter. The neighbors made several at
tempt* to get in, but he always op
posed them. One day a Mormon min
ister called and said he list! received a
" manifestation from Ood " to the effect
that he should see tho woman, but
Scott replied. " I have a later msnifc s
tation to kick you off the premises,"
and kicked him accordingly. Finally,
a band of men determined to unravel
the mystery. They broke into the
room, the father, son. and two daugh
ters meanwhile standing by moaning
and talking wildly. They found the
confined woman sitting in a chair, and
looking stiff and stolid as marble, her
face yoid of expression, and she evi
dently quite indifferent to all that was
going on. The woman, when she waa
first taken sick, got a notion into her
bead that ahe wonld never die, bnt
would he translated as Elijah of old ;
and, after sifting the matter, it is
pretty clearly ascertained that Soott in
tended to keep his wife concealed until
she died, and then give out to the
world that she was translated. A move
ment has been made to have the whole
family examined by a lunacy commis
sion.
Tt?rm: S'-i.OO a Your, in Advance.
11. 1X74.
Humiliated to Death.
A New York coroner investigated tlu
circtimoUuoe attending the death of
David Whits, s schoolboy who com
mitted suicide by hanging. Young
White lived with his parents. lis was
not twelve year* of agw, and had two
brothers, one older and All# other
younger Utau himself, The trio at
tended the Allen street public school,
and he waa oousidered by his teachers,
ss well as his parents, very iutdli
gent child. He was studious, and cut
stripped boys older than himself. He
waa recently promoted to a higher
class, and at Una jxiiiit hi* troubles be
gan. He was unable to keep pane with
his classmates, and disheartened by hit
failure he grew careless. As a punish
ment for nis carelesauess bis teacher
placed his name on the blackbird as
thai of an imperfect student, and left it
there for the inspection of the whole
aehooL He was a proud, high-spirited
boy, aud the publicity thns given to
his short comings, together with the
recolleotioaa cf his former suaeesses,
affected him keenly. One morning,
before school time, he told his brothers
that be intended to end his life, adding
Uiat he had a pocket-knife, bnt it waa
too doll for the purpose. The tw> boys
told him be must be crazy to talk so ;
Uiey looked upon his words ss mere
childish bravado not dreaming that he
waa serious, and thought no more of
them until subsequent events showed
how thoroughly in earnest he was when
be uttered them.
In the afternoon his mother heard
him enter the house and go up stairs.
School was just over and she supposed
he had gone to leavt bis books in the
bedroom' Fifteen minutes passed and
ahe tiooame alarmed. Thinking that be
might, perhaps, be ill, she followed
him up stairs and attempted to push
open the bedroom door; there wee
something behind it which prevented
her from opening it, and at ahe felt the
impediment the first premonition of what
she waa about to am- fell upon her. She
called alond to her son to open the
door, but no answer was returned, end
the weight within still hang against it.
At last ahe summoned s!l her strength
end resolution, forced it open, and en
tered the room. The next moment it
shut fast again, leaving her inside with
the body of her son hanging before
her. Under the first horror of the
situation ahe waa ineapable of action ;
she could only shriek for help, and in a
few moments another woman, an inmate
of the houae was by her aide. She at
onoe drew a pair of scissors from her
poeket, and with some difficulty severed
the atrap by which the boy waa sus
pended. A physician waa •am mooed,
and learning that the bodv could not
have been hanging more than quartet
of an hour, he waa encouraged to hope
that resuscitation might be possible.
He applied an electric battery, and en
deavored to produce artificial respira
tion, but be failed.
A book strap had been passed through
a hole in the npper panel and carried
over the door and back into the room.
To this a second strap eras attached
with the end psased through the buckle,
tlms forming a noose whieb encircled
the neck. The noose was not drawn
tight, but fasteued at the buckle. A
chair was lying on the floor, and from
this the boy" liad evidently dropyed, up
setting it either at the time or by h
subsequent struggles. The neck waa
uot broken. The v.-rdiet was simply
auieide by hanging.
Brazilian Women.
A Bio Janeiro correspondent of the
Providence Journal declares that hand- ,
eme women are rare in Brazil, and
adds : The face ia generally very plain,
and often ngly, and I really believe
that Iterance the lark of comeliness ia
eo frequent it ia not troly apprehended.
The complexion ia generally aallow,
never clear and freeh, and by no mean* ,
improved by the abniylant nae made of'
ooametioa. If any single feature de
aervea notice it ia the eyes, and yet
them' do not po**e*a that quality which 1
make* even the plainest eyea brilliant; j
there ia no eonl looking a? yon or apeak- J
ing to yon through them. Childhood
seems to cover the whole period of |
physical beauty, and tome of the chil
dren are moat intereeting; yet even
then the habita and taatos of ignorantj
and oo mm only negro nnraea are fixed, ,
in place of the impreasiona of a moth
er'# careful training,and the example of
a mother's devoted life. The exoeaaive
vanity of girlhood, which aeema to be
encouraged by the parent# rather than
restrained; the gratification of tha
palate with all manner of aweeta and
condiment# ; the entire absence of any
phyaical exercise; and, what ia wore,
nothing but weakneea inherited, cannot
assure any perfect womanliacea. For
eign ladies who teach in the schools
(private and acleot schools; have told
me that school-girl life in Uracil ia in a
moat lamentable moral condition. A
knowledge of French, music and dan
cing ia all that ia considered worth ob
taining, and then until marriage—
which doesn't come at all to many of
them, or if it doeaoome ia an arrangement
of the parents, and simply changes the
place of idleness—they wait,doing noth
ing, week, month, and year, nothing;
they neither atndy, nor read, nor aew,
thev do nothing. In the forenoon, in
a state of slothfnl d**haM{le, they
dawdle and lonnge arotmd the house ;
in the afternoon they look out of the
windows; and tliia ia a national cuatom,
moat striking to a stranger to see them,
white and mick. high and low, edu
cated and illiterate, hanging oat of the
windows through the afternoon ; in
deed. the window seats are filled with
cushions that the arms may not become
bruised by the continual leaning upon
them. In the evening, dreesed—and
I really believe the taate displayed
would give Madame Demoreet convul
sions, if not paralysis—they sit and ait,
and do nothing else again. Sometimes
they speak, and it's wonderful what
commonplace# can be uttered, and how
little can be arid when the Brazilian
mouth does open. So far as female
employment is concerned, a Brazilian
girl labor for her support ? No, indeed!
She would rather have but one drees
and turn it on holidays. Her father
would sell hia shirt first, and then but
tou up hia seedy coat. Her mother
would die of mortification. And so
they live, poor and vain, aping an aris
tocrscy by mock attempt at show, the
cheap and tawdry emptiness of what is
ridiculous. The wealthier, and not
leas vain, are surrounded with an
atmosphere of frigid hauteur, through
which only members of the clique have
the courage to attempt to penetrate.
The Brazilian woman develops and ma
tures young, and becomes old while
still young. Her moral sensibilities
become obsoured by the life whieh ex
ists about her, and into which she may
possibly at times get a glance through
the customs of her father or her
brothers."
A paper was reoently read before the
Frenoh Academy extolling the virtues
of buttermilk. It claims for this artiole
a good share of the acid which destroy*
the incrustations which form on the ar-
teries, cartilages, and valves of the
heart, and believes a oonatant use of
I nttermilk will free the system from
'troubles which inevitably cause death
between the seventy-fifth and hun
dredth year of man's life,
The tttemcee Twine.
Kuril*.. l-.rtl.aUr. f (trra*,.
■una 111..11.1 Tk.tr OMlk.
The Philadelphia /Ves* given the re
S>K of Dr. Jturk HoUingewortli. of
ortli (Uridine, concerning the death
of the Hiamcse twine Dr. Rollings
worth, II says, la *l>oot fifty yeer* of
age, and very intelligent. He wna bora
in the mty of Harry, in n village
named Mount Airy, in which be now
resides. He atodisd medietas and
graduated from the J.fferaon College,
in Mill ulciphia. in (be year 1*447. After
obtaining hie degree of M. D, he re
turned Hontli, and baa since rvmainiKl
there. The Prtm oontinnea:
"Hoon after arriving in Philadelphia
Dr. Hollingaworth proceeded to the of
doe of Dr. Faneoeet, at Eleventh and
Walnut streets, and a private oonenltn
tion between these two gentlemen waa
held regarding fat are movement* to be
made in the matter of examination.
The following eketoh of the deeeaeed
wan offered: Tim twine were born in
the village of Meklong o* the ooeet of
Hiam. in Urn yeer 1811, and name to the
, United Stale# about the veer 18*19.
After traveling through tbla country
and Kurope, they, in 1848, bought a
I plantation at a email town named Trap-
Hole, in Wilkee canty, N. 0., abeat
forty miles from wbetw they died. Here |
they married two aietera named Ystea,
who were uative North Carolinian* ■
and, although nnedoeated women, were,
nevertheless. poaaeaoed of very good
intaltoete. The wive* were both vwrj
mtrong and healthy women. Their
mother, it ia said, was ao large that gben
aha died it was found impossible to get
the body oat of the doorway of the
dwelling before a portion of the aidaa
of the door-frame waa eat away. Home
time after taking op their abode in
Mount Airy they paichaaad a aeeood
plantation about' two mi lee from the
first, and erected a t welling upon it, to
which Log removed hie family, Chaag'a
family remaining at the old homestead.
It wee their custom, and the plan waa
never departed from, of aprt ding three
day* at each house. Odd weather or
warm, rain or ahine, nothing whatever
waa permitted to interfere with their
idem U pou ooe occasion a child of the
brother at whose house they were stop
ping died upon the last day of their
visit to the dwelling, bat the foDowing
day being the appointed time for their
change of base the two brothers left
ibe scene of death, and at nek to their
usual programme. On the Thursday
II reviona to the death the brothers were
I at Chang's residence, and the evening
of that day waa the appointed time for
a removal to Kng's dwelling. The day
waa oold, and Chang had been com
-1 plaining for a couple of months pact of
being very ill. Tim road leading from
i the two house* wee very rough and
frosea. Early ia the evening they
started upon their journey in an open
wagon or carryall, and in a abort time
arrived at F ur'-.
Chang become chilled by the ex
posure and oomplained of being very
oold. while his partner waa in apparent
good health, and grumbled because he
had to sit by the fire. They retired
that night, and, ia answer to an inquiry
from the aiek man's wife, on Friday, he
stated that he waa much better. On
Friday evening they retired to a small
room "Ijt themselves and went to bed,
but Chang was very restless. Sometime
between midnight and daybreak they
got np and sat by the fire. Again Eng
protested, and said he wished to lie
down, aa he era* sleepy. Chang stoutly
refused, and replied that it hurt his
breast to radio*. After awhile they re
tired to their bed, and Eng fell into a
deep sleep. About four o'clock one of
the eons came into the room, and, going
to the bedside, discovered that his
uncle was deed. Eng waa awakened by
the noise, and in the greatest alarm
turned and looked upon the lifeless
form beside bim, and waa seised with
violent nervous paroxysms. So physi
cians were at hand, and, it being three
miles to the town of Mount Airy, some
time necessarily elapsed before ooe
oonhl be summoned. A messenger was
dispatched to the village for Dr. Hol
lingaworth, mid be sent hia brother, also
a physician, at once to tlie plantation,
but before he arrived the vital spark
had fled, and the Siamese twins were
dead. The news spread like wildfire,
bat, the village being forty nuke from
Greensboro, the nearest railroad and
telegraph office, of coarse did not reach
the pn' lic of the ontaide world nnti
Monday. Dr. Hollingaworth made an
examination of the bodies, and found
the band which connected than to be
ad extension of the sternum for about
fonr inches in length and two ia breadth, i
The band waa convex above and in
front and concave underneath. The
two bodies had but one nave), which
was in the centre of the band, and it ia
supposed that there were two umbilical
oonls branching from this, one extend
ing into each body. The connecting
link waa found to be the eosifonn
cartilage, and waa as hard aa bona, and
did not vietd in the least. [lt may be
here mentioned that for some time pre
i noma to their death no morions were
observable in the band. j The doctor
said he did not think they would have j
survived a separation, not from the
fact of being afraid of separating the
arteries, but from fear of producing
peritonitis. No hemorrhage would have
been produced, ao far as could be seen,
aa there were no arterial connections of
any account.
There not being any means of em
balming the bodies, the following
method was taken, after much persua
sion by the doctors, and a final consent
by the respective families, of keeping
them from temporary decay : A box of
tin waa made and the bodies deposited
therein, and the ooffin was hermetically
scaled. This was placed in a wooden
box, and a third box enveloped the
whole. This casket waa deposited in
the basement of a dwelling in the
vicinity, and covered with powdered
charcoal to the depth of about two feet.'
A Wicked Bo J.
A wicked boy caught a fire fly one
day and stuck it with mucilage on the
oeutre of the largest lena of the tele
scope in the Washington Observatory.
The astronomer peroeived a blaze of
light, which died out at intervals, and
thinking he had discovered a meet ex
traordinary star, he pronounced it "of
the third magnitude of Orion." He
telegraphed, at au expense of $2,500, all
over the world, and the astronomers
gazed at Orion until they were wild and
then telegraphed back to the Professor
for further information. In the mean
time the discoverer fonnd his star had
moved eighteen billions of miles in
twenty-fonr hours and peroeived it act
ually bad IMP ! But on polishing his
lens he fewnfi the lightning bag !
OOOTVLSOBT EDUCATION.—A bill for
the compulsory education of the chil
dren of Illinois has passed the House.
Children between 9 and 14 must be
sent to school for three months of the
year, and six weeks of this tchooling
"must be continuous. Poverty cannot
be pleaded as an excuse for failure to
oomply with the law, as all the books
necessary will be supplied by the
State, and clothes will be given to des
titute children. Parents and guardians
neglecting to obey the law will subiect
themselves to prosecution and to fines
for 13 weeks, rising from $1 to $5 for
each week of snoh neglect,
■ % jSlfe ' '
items ff lria***t.
What is the keynote ol good breed*
tug ? B natural.
Meiioo now raise**! the notion need
ed for ber owe mill*.
The old—Murder wtl! out. The new
- Mordurors will oat.
Whet HteU ia round m both end* end
high in the middle 7 Ohio.
Hot sand bath* have been totrodnoed
in London for rheumatic patient*.
In France the horse eheetnnt is ex
tensively need for the ratmnfactnrc of
1 steveh. *
Mine Bete*, of Indianapolis, recently
deeeeeed. hte bequeathed 1160,W to
the city poor.
A man in Washington souoty, New
York, recently eloped with his ristar-fc
taw, aged 18.
Don't aim in your voice scolding *****
children. The little wretches won't ap
preciate your sacrifice.
From sn estimate baaed on its new
eitv directory, New Orleans claims •
population of S3o,®.
Key West ia the only place in the
United Htates which never has frost,
and which produces oreoanut*.
Two millions and a quarter of people
have emigrated from Ireland to America
daring the last twenty-two years.
A recent writer declares that mortali
ty among childres increases aa the tim
ber of the country iaeut away.
In England and Wales there are 18,-
483 places of rrbgiooswomblp.occnpicd
by 181 different denominations.
One thousand throe bandied and
eighteen vessels were lost on the lakes
of the United States last jam, worth,
with cargoes, 84.000,000.
A New Haven journal says the nltirs
lempennoe men ate starting a new se
cret order to be colled "TheChamp
tons of Prohibttiou."
Mm Hasan B. Anthony petitioned
the United States Senate to remit tha
fine imposed on her by Judge Htfnt for
illegally voting at Boebastar, N. Y.
The new Minnesota Legislature has
cot down the ©oat of stationery from
84,800 toffiOO, and refused to appro
priate any mousy fr poategs stamp*.
U is proposed to import bumblebees
into New Zealand. The baa* are to be
moved vrbito dormant, the neets bring
■erroumted by ia* during tronaporta
\*T child bora in Fairfield, Vt.ro
! emtly to the wife of Mr. Barton Web*
i rier, *i of the fifth generating its great
gr-.i grauJmotber being still alive at
1 the ac* of 80.
"The arrangement* of nature sr- ad
mirable," exelaisked a young lady, dar
ing the late high winds. * The same
wind which disarranges our drees
blows dart in the eyas of would-be ob
-1 "Would that I could eaO her miner
exclaimed tha hopeless aoitorw for■ the
band of Lady Oarriine Guest, of Eng
land, who haa an annual income of a
million and a half loUaro from her coal
mine in Walaa.
An exchange ref ess to a young man
who, having just returned from a ae
qnes&ered village to the city, declared
that it waa so still at night ia the coun
try tavara wbaro be lodged that he
ooohl bear a bed tick.
Tha aombsr and extant of New York
State banks have almost doubled within
six veare. The capital on September
13, 1873, waa £*,988.880; loans and
discount*, rn,073,844 ; dae depositors.
870.7*1.491 ; total resources, fllfi,-
588,734.
Two date are given from which to es
timate the value of a fowl for the table
or market. A table fowl shook! be all
breast, with abort limbs end email
bones; also, fowls are in perfection for
the tabla only before they have attained
maturity.
Middteford, Del, with the beat water
power in tha Htata. used to contain
flourishing otitis and ship Sour and
corn to Earopa. The machinery haa
long been idle, and the thirty house*
have far yeun been giro® over to bate
and owls.
Two Irishmen were in peiaon—one
for ntfuH-g a cow, the other for steakng
a watch. "Hullo. Mike, and awe what
o'clock ia it r said the cow stealer.
••An* sure " arid the wrick stealer,
• I've no timepiece bendy, bat, suppose
it's j i*taboo t milking time.
We are willing to believe That a Cali
fornia miner food a* whisky took *
drink by mistake of quicksilver; but wa
are not willing to believe in the aseom
panving statement, that "the miner
Las'been kept bwsyevurau.ee breathing
on panes of glass to convert them into
1 - 88
miiTOiiv
The New York TVffiwae A (manor,
tor mauv years a standard sntborify
in political,* statistical an 1 commercial
matters, is this year better than ever.
Several new and valuable departments
have been added, making the work in
dispensable. Send twenty centa to the
Tribune, New York, for it
The world failing to end in accord
ance with the lost prediction of the Ad
veutista, their newspaper organ comes
out in new type and every preparation
for permanence. " After all, any* ita
editor, " may it not be true that we are
the simple-minded, foolish i* opto the
world at large esteems as to be, and our
hopes mere dreams ?"
A large number of the Bursts* Men
nonitos will leave for America in April
next. They are selling their farms at
aery groat aacrifioe in order to escape.
The Russian government haa already
ordered a draft of six men to the thou
sand for military service; the order has
alarmed the Mennonites and hastened
their preparations. Those who havo
arrived hero have settled in Minnesota
and Erase*
A newspaper in Southern California
advises greater cultivation of the fig
tree because the fruit to so good for
hog feed. An acre of figs will fatten
more hogs than will an acre of com. All
that ia neoeroary ia to stick h fig cutting
in the ground, and in throe or flro
months the plant will bear fruit—three
crops a year- and in three yean the
tree attains the sine of a twelve-year
old apple tree.
NO. 7.
When a man baa the painter's faculty
of recollecting frees, and -with it a
quick and retentive memory of small
facta, the combination fives him great
toc'sl power. This was Maeanlay's
case. He never forgot the free of a man
whom he had met in society, and with
the free he remembered all the salient
facta ©onneeted with the owner of it
Few things are more flattering to an
ordinary mortal than being thoroughly
remembered by a great lion with whom
he has perhaps had a brief interview
several years before. I doubt if this
faculty exists to any great extent among
our public men ; indeed, I have often
been surprised at the absence of it. A
Russian baron of the true divine right
eohool once maintained to me that this
was an effect of republican institutions,
or, what came to the same thing, that
the opposite was the effect of monarohi
al institutions. He said that kings
and princes were obliged t© see a great
many persons, whereupon Providenoe
had conferred on them various means
of being gracious to those persons, of
which prompt recognition was one.—
Galaxy.
He Knew About It.
When, sixty years ago, a bant called
the State Bank was started at Trenton,
the late Abner Seeder, a man of large
wealth, but limited intellect, was asked
to subscribe. He refused to do so un
less ke should be appointed President.
When it wsa found, after repeated
efforts, that the amount oonld not be
obtained elsewhere, his proposition
wat agreed to. He subscribed largely
Mod became President, but was never
consulted about anything of impor
tance. He was kept busy, during the
few hours of the day he attended at the
bank, in signing bills. One morning,
on arriving st the bank, he was told
that the institution was about to fail.
" Fail !" he cried, "that it impossible I"
" Why iXii]K>esible, Mr. Seeder ?"
" Why," he answered, *} because I have
done nothing bat sign bills for the Irnd
six months. How can a bank fail which
has so many bills V
Memory af races.