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All Mfely gathered In
In Autumn > golden jrrsiu ;
How *weet to heat the tinging chr
That greet* the U*t hill wain I
We may not even .*ll
An cm of whent our own,
Bnt wbrrv'* the ftoMt that take* no part
In hailing Harvest Home.
Then let ttuuikngivng eongt
Be o'er the country spread,'
To Him to whom the prsiae belong*
For tcuding daily bread.
For He whose gracious eye
Bm alumbered not nor slept,
Agiun knt * nt e rich supply.
And well Hi* promts* kept.
So let Utenkagivrng nong*
Both far and whte be spread,
To Him to whom the praise belongs
For aending daily bread.
■casnring tba Baby.
We meaanrtd ha r.oiooa baby
Againet tba outage wall--
A lily grew up at the threshold.
And the baby waa Jut aa tall 1
A royal-tiger lily.
With spot* of purple and gold.
And heart like a jeweled ohaliea
lite flagrant dew to hold.
Without, the b!no-bird whiat'ad
High up in the old roof-twee,
And to and (ho at the window
The red wee Kicked her heea;
And the wee, pinh data of the baby
Were net or a moment slUl.
Snatching at ahioe and shadow
That danced on the latticeatU.
Hie cyea were aa aide aa bloe-baila—
Hia mouth lika a flower unblown-
Two Utile bare feel like funny wlita mica
rVepad out (him hia anowy gown ;
And we thought, niib a thiill of rapture
That yet bad a touch attain,
When June rolls round with bar rosea.
Well tneaoure the boy again.
Ah me t In a darkened chamber,
With the eunatuue shut away.
Through tear* that fell tike hi.tar rain,
Wa measured the boy to-day.
And the little bare Hat that were dimpled
And aweet aa a budding rose.
Lay aide by side together,
in the kuah of long rvpooe.
rpon the dainty pillow.
White as the risen dawn.
The fktr httle he* tay tmibng,
With the lif ht of Heaven thereon—
And the dear httle hand hke woe lea wo
Dropped from a rooe lay attll,
■Jittet to snatch at the sunshine
That crept to the shrouded aiik
We measured the sleeping baby,
With ribbon* white a* snow.
For the shining rosewood casket
That waited him below;
And out of the darkened chamber
We went with a eh Id . sa moan-
To the light of the sinless angola
Our Httle one had grown 1
MARRIED IS A SNOW STORM.
Abcut the year 1811. memorable in
Russian history, then lived apon his
asUta of Nemaradof, a rich landed pro
prietor. OabrilovHcb by name, noted for
his affability and hospitality. His house
was always open to his friends and neigh
bor*. who used to congregate there every
evening; the older ones to enjoy a game
of cards with the host ard his wile Pe
trowna, the yoonger ones in the hope of
winning the fsror of Marie, a beautiful
girl of 1?, the only daughter and heiress
Marie read French novels, which natur
ally rendered her very sentimental and
romantic. Fader these circumstances
love was not long in coming. The obj-ci!
of her affections was a Russian cadet, with
scarcely a penny in his pocket, who re
sided in the neighborhood, and was then
home on leave of absence. As a matter
of course he returned her love with
eqnat ardnr. Marie's parents had stnetly
forbidden her thinking of inch a union, '
and they treaded the lorer, wherever they ,
. met aim. with just as much friendlinstw as
they would have shown to an ex-col lector
of taxes. The amorous pair meantime
carried on a correspondence, and met,
clandestinely beneath the shade of the'
■ pine grave, or behind the old chapel As
. will readily be supposed, they here vowed
eternal fidelity to each other, cotnplaiaed j
•f the seventy of fate, and devised !
beautiful plans for the future. After
some time they naturally came to think |
that, should their parents persist in oppo
sing the union, it might in the end be con - i
summated secretly, and without their con-;
•eat. The young gentleman was the first
to propose thin, and the yonng lady soon
saw the expediency of It
The approach of Winter put an end to
these stolen interviews; but their letters j
increased in fre (uency and warmth. In
each of thein Vladimir Nickoloviteh con- j
jured hit beloved to leave the paternal!
roof, and consent to a clandestine mar- j
marrixge. u We will disappear for a short j
while." he a rote, " come back, and cast i
ourselves at tbe feet of our parents, who, j
touched by eocb constancy, will exclaim, j
" some to our arms, dear children V "
, Marie was long irresolute; at leaglh it!
was agreed, however, that she eboold not:
appear at topper on a day appointed, but
should retire to her room under the pre- >
text of indisposition. Her maid had been
let into th secret. Both were to escape '
by a bock-door, in front of which they -
would find a sleigh ready to convey them
a distance of five wersts, to the chapal of 1
Jadrino. where Vladimir and the priest J
would await them.
Having msde her preparations, and
written a long apologvtical letter to her !
parents, Marie retired betimes to her
room. She had been complaining all day !
•fa headache, and this certainly was no !
mere pretext, 'or the nervous excitement
had in truth indisposed her. Hsr father
and mother nursed her tenderly, asking
her again and again : u How do'you feel
now, Marie ? Are you no better?' This
lovirg soli itnde cut the gir! to the heart,
and with the approach of evening her ex
citement increased. At supper she ate
nothing, but rose betimes and bade her
parents good-night. The latter kissed and
blessed her, as was their wont, while i
Marie could scarcely repress her sobs.
Having reached her room, she threw her
self into a chair and wept aloud. Her
maid finally succeeded in comforting and
cheering her up.
Later in tbe evening a snow-storm
arose. The wind howled about tbe bouse,
causing the windews to rattte. The io
mates had hardly gone to rest, when the
young girl, wfpppfeg herself in her
clothes and fur* and followed by the ser
vant with a portmanteau, left the paternal
roof. A sleigh drawn by three horses re
ceived them, and away they went at a
Vladimir hadftieo been active through
out the day. loathe morning he had
cal'ed upon tbe minister at Jadrino to ar
range for the ceremony, and then he went
to look np the required witnesses. The
first acquaintance to whom he applied waa
an officer On half-pay, who expressed him
self quite ready to serve him. Such an
dventure, he said, carried him back to
he days of Ids own youth. He deter
mined Vladimir eg remain-with him, taking
on him to prorerethe other two witnesses.
There accordingly appeared at dinner
Surveyor Schmidt, with his spurs and
mustache, and Lipravnik's son, a lad of 17,
wha had but jus* enlisted with the Uh
ana. Both promised Vladimir their
assistance, and after a cordial embrace the
happy lover parted from his three friends
to oomplete his preparations at home.
Having dispatched a trusty servant with
a sleigh for Marie, he got into a one-horse
sleigh himself,- and took the road to
Jadnno. Scarely had he set off when
the storm burst forth with violence, and
soon every trace of the way was gone.
The entire horirod waa covertd with
thick, yqtt|Adß|d*dfsctiargin g not
flake* but masses of snow; at last it be r
came impossible to distinguish between
In vain fsbftwir J*at about fm the
way; hie borne went on at random, now
leaping over tbe banks ef snow, aow
sinking into ditches, and threa'-ening
every moment to overturn the sleigh.
The insupportable thought of having lost
the road had become a certainty. The
forest of Jadrino was nowhere to be dis
covered, and after two hours the jaded
animal seemed ready to drop to the
FRED. KURTZ, Editor and Proprietor,
ground. At length a kind ot dark line
becstwe visible in the distance. Yaldiuiir
urged his ho.rsw forward, and reached
the skirt of a forest, lie now hoped to
reach his destination soon, as it was easier
to pursue his way in the forest. Into w htch
the snow had not yet penetrated. Val
dinar took fresh courage; however, there
were no sigus of Jadrino. By degree*
the storm abated and the tnoou show n
brightly, llelinsllv reached the opposite
skirt of the forest. Still no Jadrino; but
a group of four or five houses met his
view. His knock at the door of the
nearest was answered by an old man.
•' What do yon want ?" he said.
" Where lies Jadrino V aided Yladi
" Abont ten werst.x distant."
At this reply Yladituar felt ax if his
seutei cm of deuth was being uunouueed
" Can you procure me a horse to take
me thither V he asked.
"We have no horsox."
"Or at least a guide. 1 will pay any
" Very well. My son can aceompauy
the gentleman. *
After a little while, which seemed an
eternitv to Yladtmar, a young fellow
made his appearance, holding a thick
stalT iu iiis baud, aud they took their
way acroce the snow-covered plain.
•• What o'clock is it ?" naked Yladituar.
"It is already past midnight."'
And in very truth tbe sun began to
gild tbe east when they dually arrived at
Jadrino. Tbe church door was locked.
Yladtmar paid and dismissed his guide
and then instantly hasteued to the min
ister's dwelling. What he there learned
will appear from the sequel.
At Nemaradof the night had passed
auietly. In the m*rniug the master of
ie house and his wife arose as usual,
and proceeded to the dining-room,
Gabriel Gabrilovitch in his woolen
jacket and night-cap, Petrowa in her
morning gown. After they bad break
fasted, Gabriel sent up one of the girls
to iuqnire how Marie was. She returned
with the message that her young mistress
had had a sleepless night, but that she
was feeling better now; and would come
dowa presently. Marie soou after
entered the room, looking exceedingly
pale, yet without the least perceptible
" How do you feel this morning love?"
inquired her father.
" Better,' was the answer.
Tbe day passed as usual, bnt, instead
of tbe looked-for improvement, a serious
change for the worst took place in
Marie's condition. .The family physician
was summoned from the nearest town,
who fouud her in a state of most violeut
fever. For 14 days she lay at the poiut
Nothing transpired of the nocturnal
flight ; for the maid took good care to ,
keep silence on her own account, and j
the others who knew of it never Iwtray *d
themselves with a syllable, even when
nndt-r the influence of brandy, go great) y
did they dread Gabriel's anger.
Mane, however, a poke so incessantly j
of Yladimar when delirious, that her
mother coold not remain in doubt as to
the canst of her illness. Having advjaed
with a few friends, her parents resolved
to let Marie marry the young soldier,
seeing that one cannot escape one's fate,
and beside thit, riches do not always
lead to happiness.
Tbe patient recovered. Daring her
illness Yladimar had not once shown
his face near the honse. and it was re
solved to apprise him of his unexpected
good fortune. But to the astonishment
of the proud proprietor of Ncnuaradof,
the cadet declared that he should never
•gain cross tlic threshold of his house,
begging them at the same time to forget
utterly so wretched a creature av be, to
whom death ulone would give rep e.
A few days afterward they learned
thst Yladimar bd again returned to the
army. It was in the year 1812. No oat
uttered his name in Marie's presence,
and she herself never made mention of
him in any way. Two or three months
had elapsed, when one day she fouud his
name among the list of officers who had
distinguished themselves at tbe battle of
Borodino and been mortally wounded.
Sbe fainted awsy and bad a relapse,
from which she recovered but slowly.
Not long after her father died, be
queathing his whole property to her.
But riches were not able to cam fort her .
■he wept w itb her mother, and promised
never to leave her. They sold Nemara
dof and removed to auother e-tate.
Suitors thronged around the wealthy
and amiable heiress ; but none of them I
received tha slightest encouragement
from her. Often did her mother press
her to ebofjee a husband —she would
merely shake her head in silence. Yladi
mar was no more ; he died at Moscow
on the evening before the entrance of
tbe French. Marie seemed to bold his
memory sacred ; she careiully preserved
tha books they had read together, his
sketches, the letters be had written to
her—in brief, everything that could
serve to keep alive the remembrance o
the ill-fated youth.
Abont-tbis time, tin war, fongbt with
suck glory to tbe allies, cf whom Itussia
was also one, came to an end. The
victorious regiments returned borne,
and Urge crowds of people flocked
together to greet them. Officers who
bad gone forth as beardless youths came
l>ack with the grave faces of warriors,
their gallant breasts covered with
A lieutenant of hussars, Wnrmin by
name, with an interestingly pale tare, and
( decorated with tbe Cross of Ft. George,
having obtained leave of absence for
several months, took np his residence
upon his estate, which adjoined Marie's
present abode. The young giil received
him with far more favor than she bad
hitherto show a to any of her visitors.
They resembled each other in many re
spects; both were handsome, intelligent,
taciturn and reserved. There was some
thing mysterious about Wnrmin which
roused tl-a euriousity of Marie. His af
fection for her was *on unmistakable;
he ibowed her every conceivable atten
tion; but why did he not speak of love
though his dark, ardent eyes would rest
upon hers half dreamily, half with an
expression that seemed to announce au
early and positive declaration? Already
the neighbors spoke of their marriage a
a settled matter, and Mother Petrowna
was more than happy at the thought of
her daughter's finding a worthy husband
One morning when the letter was sit
ting in the parlor, Wurtnin entered and
asked for Marie.
"She is in the garden," answered her
mother. "Von will find my daughter
there if yon would like to see her."
The young officer hastily walked ont
into the garden.
Petrowna crossed herself, murmnrisg,
"God be praised 1 Today. I trust bis
visit will have some result."
i Wuriuin fouod his beloved, clad in
! white, sitting under a tree by thesnleot
the pond, a book upon her lap, like a
heroine of romance. The usual saluta
tions over, Wurmin, who was strangely
agiti'ed, told her bow be bad long
yearned to pour ont his heart before
her, and begged that she would listen a
few moments. She closed her book and
nodded in token of assent.
"I love you," said Wurmin, "Hove
Marie cast down her eyes.
" I Lave lieeu imprudent enough te see
iron, to hear you—daily. It is now too
ate to efcape my fate. The thought of
your lovely faee, ®f your syreet voice,
THE CENTRE REPORTER
will henceforth constitute the jo* sn.l
the snguiali of in* rxUtunce. Hot 1
have a dutv to perform toward you ; 1
uiunt reveal to you a secret. whleh has
placed an insurmountable harrier be
4 *That barrier," murmured Marie, "ex
isted ulwaya—l could never have become
" t know," rcplietl Wurmin, in a sup
pressed *oiee, " that you loved before;
but death—three long yearn of inouruiug
—dearest Marie, do not deprive me of
my last comfort, of the blissful thought
that *ou might become mine if—"
" Cease, 1 conjure you! You rend my
" Yea, you will grant mo the comfort
of kuotaing that you would have become
mine; but. moat wretched of men that 1
am—l am already married !"
Marie guard up at htm with a look of
" Yes, married for four rear*," con
tinued the lieutenant, "anil I do not
know either who ni.v wife is, where he
is, or whether I shall ever meet her."
••Explain yourself more cleatly" said
•• 1 love vou, Marie, and will confide
in yon. You aliall know all, and you
witi not judge too severly an act o'
vouthful levity. It wax in the year
IM2, 1 happened to Ik> on my way to
Wdtia, with the iuteution of jotuing my
regiment. 1-ate in the eveuiug I reached
a -tation, and had already ordered that
h. rsctt should instantly bis put to again,
when a fierce snow storm suddenly
arose. My landlord and the postilion
urgeutly udvi-ed me to potpone my tie
parture; but I wax determined to go in
-pile of the rough weather. The postil
ion had got it into hia head that, by
crossing s -mall river, the banks of whirl,
were perfectly well known to him. he
should fiud a shorter route, lie missed
tue right crossing, however, nud got in
to a region to which he was an entire
stranger. The storm continued to rage;
at ieugth we descried a light in tlx dis
tance. We made for it. and stopped be
fore s cbnreh, from the brightly illum
inated windows of which the lightshonr
The door * as open, three sleighs were in
front of it, and 1 xaw several person* in
the vestibule. One of th-m called to
me : ' This way ! this way!' I got out
and walked toward the vestibule.
" The persou who had called advanced
"•Great Heavens!" he said 'how late
yon come ! Your iutended has fainted,
and we were on the very point of driving
" Half bewildered and half amused. I
resolved to let the adventure take its
course. And, indeed, I bad little re flee
tioD. My friends tugged me into the
interior of the church, which was poorly
lighted by two or three lamps. A female
was sittiug upon a l>euch in the shadow,
while another stood beside her and
chafed her temples.
*• *At last !" cried the latter. •• God
be praised that yoa have come 1 My
poor mistreat liked to hare died."
"An age J priest emeiged fromWhind
the altar, and asked, • Cau we begin ?'
"'Begin, reverend father!' 1 cried,
" They assisted the half unconscious
girl to rise ; she appeared to be very
pretty. lu a fit of unpstdonsble. and
now quite incomprehensible, levity. I
readily stepjied with her to the altar.
Her maid and the three gentlemen pren
cut were so much busied with her as
scarcely to to row a look at ire. Besides,
the light in this part of the church was
dim, aud my head was muffled in the
hood of tny cloak.
"In a ft-w minutes the nuptial ceremony
wax over, and the priest according to cus
tom desired the newly married pair to
"My young wife turned her pale,charm
ing little face toward me, and was about
to rest her head upon ray iboulder with a
awect -mile, when suddenly she stared at
me ax if turuca into stone, tottered and
with a cry ot 'lt is not he!' fell to the
"All the furies of bell laxbed mo out of
church. Before any one coutd think ot
staving roe I bsd jumped into mv sleigh
seized the reins, aud was soon beyond the
teach A pursuit."
The lieutenant was silent. Marie also
gazed in aiier.c* upon the ground.
"And have you never discovered what
became of the poor girl f she finally asked.
' Never. I know r.eitber the name ol
the village where I was married nor do I
rv-oll*ct the station where I stopped. The
scrvxot whom I bsd witti me wss killed in
bxttle, all my efforts te find out tbe pos
tilion who drove us proved unavailing, tnd
so every clue seems inded lust by which
1 might again find tbe scene of that folly
for which I have now to softer so heavily."
Marie turned her pale face toward him
and took both iiis bandit. The lieuten
ant gnzed thunderstruck Into her eyes ;
a diui foreboding awoke in kia breast, a
vail suddenly dropped from his eyes.
•• Marie I" God of heaven, howeould
I ha*e been ao blind ! Mane, was it
indeed you V
" I am your wife I" was the only an
swer of the cirl who sank fainting into
i is arms.— Fromlh Rutsian of Alexander
AN EMINENT DITINI. —The most emi
nent pulpit orator of the Church of Eng
land. jwst at the moment, is Canon tin
don ot St. Paul a Cathedral. Recently he
'ja been preaching a course •( sermon* at
3:15 p. M. on Sunday*, and the crowds to
hear him fill all the seat* and all the
standing rooom in that gret edifice.
There ia probably no preacher ia England
who uniformly attract* so largo audiences
In statue he is rather under the middle
height, dark cowplexioned, bair jet black,
and feature* regular and handsome. He
reads his sermons, but ia very tree from
bis inacuaciipt, *e much o that he seem*
to have none. He scarcely (features with
either band, but throws his body back and
forward, to the right and left, and often at
an inteimediate angle, with impetuous a>
tion. It seems as if bis body was in a
sling, and bis brad the point ol concen
trated force fiom which the thoughts and
arguments are projected with immense
power. Ho ha* a high, far retching tcuor
voice, very ayinpatbetic and pleasing, and
combines in a remarkable degree cuituie
and intellectual force.
litmTloH OF Marat,i—By no ingrn
ion* though simple process,on* Amortciin
slate is now transformed into a beautiful
substitute for marb-e. The rongli blocks
of slute are first planed down to the re
quired thickness and the pa! terns sre
then drawn upon the alnbs which are
cut into the proper shapes and polished.
The marblcizing is the peculiar feature
in the operation. The material is pre
pared IU a Tat, and the slab is let down
upon the composition, which adheres
to the surface of the slate. The slab is
next baked iu un oven for one niglit,and
then receives a coat of varnish, manu
factured for this especial purpose, and
after six tcpctitions of these piocesses it
is finally removed and polished, the sur
face presenting a beautiful nppeurance.
So firmly united to the elate is this coat
ing that it cannot bo sealed or clipped
oil' without taking the slaty particles with
The European monarcbs sre generally
fond of horses, aud good ones, too.
Queen Victoria's horses are valued at
&3>,000; King William's at $5.000;
Francis Joseph's >t 11 A",< 100; Victor
Eimtuuel'H at 819,000; Czar Alexander's
at $19,000; and the sultan's at SOOO,OOO.
CENTRE IIALL, CENTRE CO., L'A., FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 29, 1872.
There is but little in the practice of
Japanese agriculture that the American
farmer can profitably imitate. 1 might
mv. though not quiteao positively, there
ivlittlu (u American agricultural prutv
tice than Japan can profitably adopt,
to gro*t is the difference in seasons, |<uo
pie, ami institutions. But while the
American farmer finds but litlleia Jap
sueae agricultural pra< lice of value, there
is certainly much in its spilit worthy of
his nitration and study. Their thorough
tillage, preferring rather to cultivate
well than much ; the care with which
they hualiaud nnd apply manures ; their
diligence in cultivating forest trees for
titular, ornament, ami shade, are worthy
of all emulation and praise.
Iu Japan the Government has the ah.
solute proprietorship ot ull the latiJ,
and this i* fanned out to the peasantry,
the Government lux being something
• ver one half of all produced. Under
this system the life of the peasant is
usually oue of tiuremitting toil and
wretchedness. His farm rarely exceeds
in sue a few square rods, but this he
tills so well and thoroughly that the
smouut produced is a matter of surprise
to foreignrr*. In early spring, if on the
upland-, the wheat or barley is sown in
drills übout oue foot apart This is care
fully aud repeatedly hoed, aud liquid
mauure applied during the seaaou. To
manure the plaut sceius to be the object
rather tliau to fertilize the soil ; and it
is ccrtaiu that the liquid form in which
all manure* are aoputsl here best accom
plishes that object About the time
the grain is iu the bloom another crop
is oowb between the (row* of standing
grain, aud thus two and often three
crop* are grown from the same land aud
during tha same season.
Perhaps the rnuxt serious obstacle to
the introduction of new sorts, as well a*
to tbe prosecution of old met bods of
farming, is the number and variety of
iusect eueniiee that contend with the
agriculturists. 1 urn well convinced
that but for tlie abundance and cheap
ness of labor tbre are few i>l*uta tht
could be profitably cultivated here. A*
it is, uone hut the hardie*t aud (most
rapid-growing are ntteuipted. The
groaiug of the apple tree has been re
;*ated)y attempted in Yokohama aud
vicinity, yet they rarely survive more
than two wean from the time of plant
ing. The preseat bcesnu 1 have seen
Swedish turnips tried, but the *s* in
which tbe y trrii olrrpcta swooped down
upon the plants aa soon a they ap]>eared
will forbid a repetition of the cxjicri
The troth is Japan is reaping the
legitimate fruit of yielding an indiscrim
inate protection to all kinds of birds.
Firearms to the maxses here are unknowu
and indrcd auy ether kind of offensive
wra|*>n except the everla-tiug swoid.
Not one J|tance in a hundred ever
drew the trigger. Thu* left to them
selvew in the "struggle (or li(e," the
voracious, greedy crows and hawks be
come " masters of the situation ;" and
so for as my ol>*ervjtiou has riteodnl,
the small, or insect-eating bird* really
valuable to the agriculturist, have be
come all but extinct Their egg* as
soou as deposited become the food ol
crows and hawks ; or should they puss
the egg stage, their fate is scaled as soou
as they leave their liidtug place. The
crow* and hawka, on the contrary, arc
omnipresent. They caw aud scream at
you from wtll-nigh every thstcbe* roof;
and with impudence only equalled by
their greed, stand ready to catch every
unlucky bit of fish that escapes from the
chep sticks of the natives.
lu the matter of tree cultivation, both
tlio people and Government manifest a
moat commendable zeal. Stringent
.laws exist to restrict the cutting and en
courage the plauting of timber. Little
groves of K akas, cedar*, and japonicas,
dot every hilt side and adorn every val
ley. I qootiou whether there is another
country iu the world, as densely popQ
lated as Japan, that can show an equal
breadth of ti oilier growth. Nearly all the
houses are of wood,and wood isexelusive
ly the fuel of the people ; yet there is no
dearth, nor dread of future failures, no
rubbing of musty political economies,
or coining of new theories, to eiphiiu
our conduct when the "timber supply"
shall be no more. The exercise of the
same common sense and forecast in re
gard to a crop twenty or thirty years in
maturing, that we are compelled to exer
cise with annual or biennial crop is tbe
Japanese sulwtitnte for otirever present
ears, and scarcity, with consequent high
prices. CorrttpcnUnt* of the Prairie
The Boston Catastrophe.
It is impossible to picture Boston as
it ap|H>arcd on Saturday night and Snn
•lay. If ever there was a hell of fire up
on* earth it was in the bttsiuom centre
we have described, and the crackling of
the flames, and the raging of fire and
wind added fury to tbe scene. The pic
ture of waste and detraction, tbe cries
of the people.the indiscriminate plunder
of hundred* of thieves drawn from tbe
purliena ol the city to the general deao
iatiou, tlie rush to and fro of houseless
tenants and despairing women, the eag
erness to save something from the flames
of the great whole bei 'g lapt>el up by
the fire fiend, made the scene one lie
yond comprehension and almost of ini
agination. May the like never he wit
nessed ognin; and yet with the remem
brance of Portland and Chie-igo before
us, who can tell whose turn it may be
next to suffer in the same wo*-?
The fire wn seen us far off as Ports
mouth, a disianec of CO miles, and at
20 mites distance, the red and Rtnokv sky
told the whole story of the conflagra
tion to the distant people.
We are yet unsatisfied as to the cause
of this fire, except as to the fact that on
Saturday, at 7 30 P. M., the flames were
diftcovcied in the back part of a large
granite building on the corner of Sum
mer and Kingston streets. From this
small beginning, as in Chicago, in Octo
tier 1871, spread one of the most terrible
conflagrations on record. But bad as
the fire is, the exaggerations in regard to
its extent, ravage* and damages are
preposterous. The fire commenced
without much wind, and without the
least nnnsnal excitement. In one hour
from the commencement of the fire it
was lieyond control of the firemen and
the flames rolled on from 7.30 o'clock to
midnight, and from midnight of Satur
day to noon of Sunday. All this time
the wind was high and the firemen
Inlvort d dextcronsly to keen the fire in
the line of the wind. Sunday in Boston
wna as fair and sunny a day as in New
York, but within all its borders, oh I
how unlike this or any other city in the
world. But with all the terrible disas
ter, vast quantities of goods have been
saved, and instead of losses of $280,0(J0,-
000, a* printed in sonic of the morning
papers, they will rauge from 375 000,000
to 330.000 000. Homo of the best Bos
ton aeconntft do not pnt them aliove
8*5,000,000, which of itself is enormous,
though, at the highest, not over half the
amount of lossej us ut the Chicago fire.
The insurance will be heavy, of course
and probably break all the Boston eotu
panics, but the losses in tlio Hartford
companies will hardly exceed two mil
lions, 3750,000 of which will l>e in the
.Altna Co.. 3600.000 in the Hartford,
$500,000 in the Phoenix. 8125.000 in the
Cousectieut. and 3115,000 IU the Orient.
Paying all this, there will be a large
surplus left. The English companies
are in for heavy loates.
How titan lag Men Feel.
Starving reveals tnxnv eunoux psyebo
logieal facts. As s rule, it develu|i# in
an unnatural degree the strongest quali
ties that a man poxseaaaa; but circum
stance* modify thi* rule much. Among
uudicipliued masses ferocity and its
nioralixsUon are certain results; but
when its approaches are gradual, ami di
rected and governed by nebU t-xatnpiv
and the stroug hand ot authority, it*
effbet* sre quite different. One pheno
menon in the expedition of Strain at an
early da* in Darien, as|ieeially aa it wss
not conflued to oue, but was exhibited
by all tbe officer*, not excepting even
Strain at the luat, deaetvea especial
notice. From the tune that food became
•catce to the close, and just iu propor
tion ss famine increased, they did uot
gloat over visions of bomelv fare, but
reveled in gorgeous dinners. So strange
ly uwd strongly did this whim get |k*-
seasiou of their minds, th.it the hour of
hutting, wheu they could indulge uudts
turU'd in these rich reveries, became an
object of tbe dee;est interest While,
hewing their way through the Juugles.
and wearied aud overcome until they were
ready to siuk, the* would cheer e-ch
otlier up by saying—"Never mind, bcn
we go into camp we'll have a splendid
supper," meaning, of course, the imag
inary oue thry designed to enjoy.
Trnxtou aud Maury would pass hours
iu spreading tables loaded with over*
luxury they had tver seen or heard of.
Over this itnaginaty feast they would
gloat with the pleasure of a gourmand,
apparently never feeing the incongruity
of the thing. Thwy would talk thiaovet
while within hearing of the uioanx of
the men, and on one occasion discussed
the propriety of giving up in future,
all stimulating driuks, as tbey had been
informed it weakened the apfietite. As
hereafter they designed if they ever got
out to devote themselves entirely aud
exclaMvelv for the re*t of their lives to
witiug, they soberly concluded that it
would l>e wrong to do anything to iesseu
Its pleasures or amount.
Balling Thrsagh Mid-air,
In Salt Lake lives a young lady who
is aeetniugly delicate, but although pxtU*
in form *ud figure, is abundantly eu
dotted with nerve and energy. Fond to
a passion of the grand in nature, alp
has iwnlt-d on foot the highest peaks of
the Cotton woods, and explore I the cav
ernous reoewe* of the deepest mines
We have known her, on several occa
sions, when prospecting on foot, with
stuff in uand, the tall peaks of the Wa
satch. to com|el her nisle escort to first
cry halt. Our fair prtepectreea bring at
Aita a day or two since, aaw for tbe firet
lime in operation the wire suejienaion
tramway just completed by the Vallejo
Company, and her masculine escort pro
po>ed to her, in j-st, to take a ride up
the wire cable to tbe mine.
She promptly accepted the invitation,
when our male friend, growiug a lillh
uervuua, suggested difficulties in fhr
way of the trip, but failed to diasnadr
her from attempting it. Tha tramway
is 2,380 fret loug, rises at an anglo of
twenty degrees, and the cable is an*-
peruled on stanchions forty feet high.
There were no other carnages than ore
bucket*, and in ono of these, which are
tua|tendcd six feet below tlie cable, our
beroiuc. undaunted and alone, took the
puwwge and mads the ascent without
nnahnp or serious inconvenience, al
though the swaying of the wire between
the stanchion* is calculated to create th
ovulation of sea sieknes*. Quite a crowd
gathered, and to those a short di tuner
off, to whom tbe wire wss invisible, it
appeared as if onr lair friend was sailing
OU Producer's Union.
Tbe producers have got up a 'union
among thom**lves, and have agreod on
tin* lw*i* of • co ojerative plan for man
aging their bueincs*. They hare got
aiougforten years ftncl more without
any coucert of "action uutil very rcceiatly
in respect to the control of development
and the regulation of price*. They have
•offered accordingly from ignorance of
their real condition, of their real
•length, at the hands of adverse com In
nations and speculators, ■'J 'rom rail
roads at one time, from refiners at an
other, now from thia monopoly, and then
from'another still, snd again Iroin their
own disregard of the law of anpply and
demand,either accidental or intentional,
they now hope to remedy these evil* and
grasp the whole question by the wind am
of united counsel* and uuited effort.
The scheme proposed is, taken togeth
er, a very large one; the ooutrol of ao
vast a product, aggregating in its com
mercial value over twr-nty-flvc millions
of dollars annually. The experiment 1-
uew and nntried. Some of •!* feature*
sre probably good and expedient, and
should be adopted even if nothing else
was attempted. The chief financial part
of the scheme has, in our judgement,
more difficulties, but it is to li* hoped
thst those can be modified and made to
accord with sound business principles.
I'he importance of unity among the pro
ducers as a clam cannot be overrated,
and the desirableness of securing the ap
proval and snpportof all business cboaes
most be apparent to aIL- TtiuntU* //r
AN Uxra-XASAWT SrßrsieiL—Not many
•lava ago M. Thiers received from hia
Puria tailor a haudao.ne dressing gown.
When the parcel was banded to to the
president there were thane women pres
et] t; hia wife, his sister-in-law, and a
frieud of theirs. The president tried it
on. und found only one fault with it,
nnmely, it was somewhat too long,
and suggested that it was a fault which
might In* easily remedied at home, with
ont sending it bock to tbe tiulor. To
tl is the women assented. Mine. Thiers
wished to surprise her husband, and
contrived in the course of the evening to
shorten the dressing gtwn aud lay it
back iu its plaeo unperreived. Iu her
hurry to get it done quicklv she did not
notice that her sister had Been before
hand with her. and had already com
pleted the intended tusk. Later in the
evening the Iriend carried out the ides
she hail planned in her own mind of
being the one who should perform- this
pleasing duty. Next morning M. Thiers
called for liis dressing gown. It was
brought snd tried on once more, but this
time tho president had cot to complain
of undue length,aa it resembled a shoot
ing coat more than a dressing gown in
its shrunk proportions.
SiNoin-xn DIRCOVKIIT. Among the
interesting scientific diacoveriee of late
is one showing that certidu noiae* hare
the power to cause the explosion of cer
tain substance*. Iti the course of the
experiment# on thia subject, bags of
iouide of uitrogen were suspended from
the strings of a lions viol. The result
was that when the higher note* were
sounded, the chemical attached to those
strings instantly exploded, though the
application of the bow to the baa* strings
hid no such effect Besides the interest
that attache* to thia fact as a scientific
discovery, it lias considerable commer
cial importance, which dealers in drags
snd cbeniic.iln will not loso sight of.
When it is once generally understood
that the iodide of nitrogen possesses IhU
quality, there will inevitably be a great
demand for it, for who could resist tbe
temptation to take advantage of such
simple means to blow tbe average or
oheetra of the period into smithereens?
A V'Ulemaa f the Last t entnrj.
Wsltsr Lore Aston. grandfather ol the
prevent lord, untried Lady Miry We*tuo
llis tstlrr wss many year* ambassador in
hpsin. Tbe eata'c of Bundon coming to
turn throuvb hi* wife, a demandant ot tbs
grcst Sir lislph Sadler, he removed t bither
and there began his tnssmfioent way of
living. If* had 101 persons in bi* family.
The writer resided tbore lor three or lour
month* everv summer, from tbs time be
was six until about bis loorteeuth sear.
The table* were served with three course*
Cacb of twenty dishes; aud tbsa were
tousbt no by twenty iaco. who *Uinped
up the great stair like thunder at srery
course. Mr lord had lour servauU behind
hi* own clittr. He ws* very curious in
bl* wine; but fiixt of all drank at one
draught s whole quart, either of m!t
drink or wine and water, a* a remedy (or
stone and gravel. At ajt tbe inn* be
lodged at in itsveling, they kept a quart
els**, called my Lord Ashioti's glass, feir
Edward B<>utbcote ssw one at tbe Altar
Nt-ne at Banbury not many- yesr# ago.
The kcrvant* all dined together in tbe
ball, situ wbxt wa* left wa* thrown togeth
er into a tub, winch two men took on
their shoulder* to tbe cuift gate, where
every day forty or tilty people were served
with tt. When my loid dil not go hawk
ing in tbe afternoon, be tlwajs pitted tt
ombre with bis two sons lor tn hour, sod
at (our o'clock returned to a covered test
•a hi* viueiard. There he sat alone, and
none duru appproacb him. At five o'clock
bis chariot, with a pair of bi* six gray
Flanders tnsre# (the ctarxt was m*de so
narrow that none could stt bv him.) took
L;m " a trole" about tbe park for five or
six miles, lie returned *t seven, and by
eight would be in bed. lie always lay in
tied without pillow, bolster or night cap
Winter and summer be rose at four, and
entertained Li rase l( with booka til) tt ws*
time to go a bunting or hawking at wild
duck*, lie would never allow tny but
bunted venxion at bts table. Every Sun
day one buck wss killed si tbe least, but
most commonly a brsee. lie in-ver made
of returned sny visit, the court aud ad
dress of that country being made to him.
Tlie statistics of religion for the United
States, just completed at the oenau*
office, show Uia total number of church
• •rsanix ition* upon the Ist of June,
1870, to be 72,451 ; the total number of
church edifices to be 63,<>74 ; the total
church accommodation to be 21,079,502 ;
and the sgK rr f t,,A value of tha church
property to be 8354,429.581. Toe statis
tics of etiureh acromlaudation for tbe
principal denominations arc as follows:
Oar**. lis** 4*rt. C * •> F *
naptai S.MD.t*x iii.se:.>**
I-I**b]rv>riu X IrJM 11*1 eo
|- irit * lt'T* ! ..... .... l.tlt.itS w.we.iws
MrCxXlUt . *SM. tt
R|>iaaail. W.W SMUte
l4**ta iiwTi' iMUUMiS
tuwue toWAU * •."
As the above specifics church accom
modation. but not the number of the
membecship, hardly an approximate ce
timate of tue numerical strength of the
denominations can be mafic. Many of
the Protestant churches have not half
members enough to fill their houses of
worahip ; but perhaps it might b* as
sumed that the people nomraallv adher
ing to each denomination would fill the
churches if callsd together. On the other
band, all who are of the Catholic faith
are members of the church ; and it is
probable that their membership, which
include* their entire papulation, would
more than fill thcrr oburciiua.
A Robber's Retreat.
A thick)? waodvd island, known a*
L>ng 1 eland, about fourteen miles Irom
XluKwntme, in tbe Mississippi, has turned
.ut to be a Regular robber*' net. The
discovery wa* made by the pelice of Di
re n port, who, having bad their suspicion*
aroused, vi.ite.l tbe *pot recentlr, hut c*i
reaching it lound that the thieve* bad fled.
<] B nr evidences, however, of occupation
tl the islaud were strewn around. Boxe
<4 all kiod* and many m were thick > n
tbe ground, with bit* of paper and piece*
nt twine and repe, here and rbere aa old
.-artnent. and msny signs of carpenter
work. Acesrdingto tbe report ot farmer*
dving near by. the island ha" been aban
doned bv the villain* only the day before,
when they hsd loaded a large yawl and
•kiff with plundtr and started southward
None ot ti>e house* in the vicinity of tee
■■land bad been touched by tbe thieve*,
and the farmeu thought the people on tbe
oland wi re a part v of aportamcn, for tbey
were oftm aern fishing in tbe river and
Uirtme off with their gun* upon their
•bouldei* a* il going upon a bunt. It it
sppo*ed that rn-wt of tbe burglaites
wtieh hare bi-en eomroitte I in Davenport,
Mu*ratme, Wilson, We-t Liberty, and
other localities in that section, during tbe
•utumer were the work of an organised
hand wbicb inhabited tbe bland, wbo us d
tbe serluded spot for accreting their ill
A Picture of Life.
Life looka beautiful from both extrem
ities Prospect and retrospect ahine
alike in a light ao divine aa to suggest
tbat the first catches some radiance from
the g!itoa*not yet el*ed by which th
sunt has entered, and that the last is
illuminated from tbe opening realm into
which it is soon to pass.
Now that they are all gone, I wrap
naysell in dream* of them, and live over
the old days with them. Even the fee
blest memory, that cannot hold for a
moment the events of to-day, keeps *
firm grasp njmn the things of yonth, snd
rejoice* in its treasures. It is a curiom
process—this feeling of one's way hack
to ehi!dlhod, and clothing one'a set'
again with tbe little frame—the buoyant,
healthy, restless, bundle of muscles am*
nerves—and the old relatione of careless
infancy. The growing port of later
yenrs and the ampler vestment* are laid
aside, and one stauds in hit slender voung
manhood. Then backward atill the
fancy goes, making tbe frame smaller,
and ra-ting aside each year the changing
g >rmnts trial marked the eras of early
growth until, at last one hold* himself
upon hit own knee—a ruddy faced,
wondering, questioning nneaay young
ster in his firt browsers and ronudaliout,
and daudlea aud kisses the dear little
follow that he was.
A If ess AND awn Wirt Rtscren.—Petir
Finn and hi# wile Bridget, of New York
City, never could agree. They intended
to cross the Catharine ferry to make a
viait in Unxiklyn. On the way they en
gaged in one of their periodical wrangle*.
At the foot of Oliver street they quarreled
violently. Mrs. Finn said she was tired
of life and ready to die, and ao saying she
ran across Sonili street and sprang off the
pier. Her hnshand ran after her, oalling
her back in the moat endearing terma.
Officer Frank Mmwhy leaped into the
water alter Mrs. Finn. When Mr. Finn
saw Ids wile straggling lieexclaimed : "If
Bridget dies, I'll die *|ith her." With tide
he also sprang off the pier, and as soon sa
he csme near enongh to his wife he
tightly embraced her and both went
down. The offioer got into a boat close
by and waited tor tlieconple to rise to the
surface. As soon a* they did the officer
grabbed them, in the struggle of the
woman to rid herself of her husband, the
officer lost hia hold, snd they went down
again. When they rose the second time,
the officer met with better auocess, aud
managed to haul lhem iuto the boat ex
hausted. They were taken to the pqlioe
station, and there were well oared for.
TERMS : Two Dollars a Year, in Advance.
Thirty ¥s*r la t'rtson.
Borne thirty years ago one Thomas
Thorn was oonvicted of murder, sen
tenced to death, and to hard tabor in
tbe State Prison at Thorn**ton, Maine,
until tbe time of his execution A few
weak* ego be waa imdatei Daring a
short interview with Mr. Rice, the war
den of tbe Maine State Prison, we were
curious to find bow be waa impressed
with tbe onteide world after having been
abut op from it fur nearly a whole gen
Mr. ttioe says that although a man of
fifty, ba wa* roaliy in diameter and
maturity of mind only a boy of fifteen.
On hia iwloaao the warden took him from
Thomaatoa to Rockland, a distance of
only four miloa, in a buggy. Aa Thorn
rode along hia first impressions went
that the distance between tha two (daewa
waa immense, and that tha lime occupied
in the journey was vary long. What to
an evrry-day traveler would seem but a
few rods, appeared to him miles.
On reschiug Rockland he stood up iu
the buggy aud looked around in attune
incut. Before his imprisonment, thirty
years ago, he had knexrn it aa a little
village. He now aaw it a city. "I* tbis
Rocklandf said b, in his bewilderment;
"Why, it looks jn*t like New York."
(When a I toy he hid been to New York
in a cqpster.)
Tbe citizens of Rockland made him up
a purae of fifty dollars, and in hia child
like glee he w*s telling everybody of bia
good fortune. Seeing hia imprudence
and that there were thane round that
migbt relieve him of hie treasure, Mr.
Rice warned him that he should aay
nothing abont his money as there were
thieves and pickpockets in tbe world
now. "Oh. don't yon be afraid, Mr
Bice," exclaimed the ex-priaoner; "I've
traveled: I know n thing or two about
the world. Bee here, I've got money
hid in this back pocket under my coal.
Nobody would ever think of looking
there for it" Tbna be had uneonarions
ly informed tbe bystanders, against whom
the warden's wife waa cautioning him,
just where hia money waa.
It was Thorn's purpose to go to White
hall, N. Y, where be bad two uveoes re
siding who wty* born after his imprison
ment. Of late year* they have corres
landed with him, and have kindly offer
ed htm a heme with them. On parting
with Mr. Rice, to whom he wa* greatly
attached, be promised that he would
write him, and let him know how he
was getting on ont in the world. Mr.
Rice accordingly expects to hear from
lam aoou. Banoor Commercial.
Apples la the West.
Few people have any idea of the
amount of money invented in tbe apple
trade by the fruit merchants of this ritv.
Tbe figures given below are as nearly
correct as it is possible to get them,
owing to the finetuation in the market,
Ac. The greater pert of the apples
brought to thie market are grown in
Michigan, although a part have been
received from ludiana. Sinoe tbe sea
son opened 33,500 barrel* hare been
received, of which only 4,500 barrels
were from Ohio, the remainder coming
from Michigan, excepting, perhaps, 1,-
500 grown in Indiana. The average
cost to the dealer has been #2 per bar
rel, making a total of $67,0U0 that ha*
already been used this season, iu this
important trade. At present there i
not a large supply on hand hsre, and
one of our leading dealers reports that
be lias orders for 500 barrels, which he
has on hand, bnt is afraid to deliver, as
it is almost impossible to get them from
Michigan owing to the rflcit that the
burse epizootic has bad upon the mean*
of transporting them from the orchard*
to the docks. This will probably be
only a temporary lull in tbe market and
will hardly afleet the price. At present
dealer* are selling in car lots at td 25
for choice, making a profit of 25 to 5u
cents per barrel to pay them for hand
ling. This, to the consumer, may took
like a large profit to the dealer, but when
we take into consideration the fact that
tbe loss by decay and other causes is
considerable, and also figure tbe interest
on the money invested, they make but
a fair commission.
Wisconsin apples are scarce, being so
wormy this year that they are com para
tivelv worth leas and will not pay for
handling. In Ohio, apples may be pur
chased at marvellously low prices, the
barrel being worth nearly as much aa
It can be safely said that before the
season closes F250,0l 0 will have been
paid ont by the consumer* and buyer*
of Milwaukee, for thia important item—
apples. Mil tea uket .Vera.
Education and the Sexee.
Tb plan ol educating boys and tiris to
eetber is growing in favor. For a long
time the treat authority in support of tbe
•vatem was Horace Mann,tberoo-t eminent
ol American educator*. Originally be bad
grave doubts with regard to tbe dcar*bdi
tr of system, but in 1852 be was made
President of Antiocb College, ami after
five >ears' experience be came to tbe cwn
elusion tbat these doub a were without
fotindat.on. in a letter to a friend, watch
i* frequently quoted, he say*:—" We have
really one of tbe most orderly, sober, dili
geot and exemplary institution* in the
country. We ptaaed through the last
term, aic more than half through this and
I have not had occasion to make a single
entry of any misdemeanor in our record
hook." Gradually tbevtero which thus
received tbe sanction of Mr. Mann ba* been
adopted iu * great many of tbe State*.
In 1870 it was introduced into tbe Uni
versity ol Michigan, one of *.be lanre*t and
must flourishing in tbe Union, and although
tbe prriod since elapsed is too short, one
would think, to test such an experiment,
tbe 1 eult is spoken of in tbe most enthusi
astic manner. President White, of Cor
nell University, has alo satisfied himselt
ol tbe superior advantages of tbe co-educa
tion of the sexes. And now a movement
has been set on foot to adroit them to
Harvard alao. Tuis ha* not yet been
done, but in a published leport one of tbe
overseers of the college states tbat be be
lieves "tbe system it good in it*ell; that
it is in atcordanee with the idea* of mod
ern society; tbat in practice it has work
d very well whenever tried; and tbat
tbe sjoner it can be Introduced at Cam
bridge the better it will be lor our excel
TRANSIT or VENUS.— One of the as
tronomical questions to lie settled by
observing the transit of Venus, which
will occur in 1874. is that regaidiug the
nctual distance of the sun from our earth.
Before the occurrence of this important
event, our readers and public at large
will bo fully informed regarding the
astronomical and mathematical methods
employed in tbe solution, und, it is to be
hoped, final settlement of this and other
important questions, together with the
number, locality and general character
of the numerous expeditions which are
even now preparing for it. It may,
however, be of interest to know that the
last transit of the planet Venus across
the sun's disc occurred in the year 1769,
havi"g been preceded, as is alwuys the
ease, by one in 1761, eight years pre
vious. As these transits go in pain, we
may expect a second in 1882. The xeal
shown by our governmea t, and the liberal
coutribution made by our Legislature
toward defraying the expenses of observ
ing parties, may justly be regarded aa an
evidence of popular enlightenment and
national prog raw.
The Zanzibar Havel-llartet. a
The chief Muret of th* wraith o
Zsuzbar la derived from the elave
trad*. Undoubtedly great elrodtle
have been committed by alava ownere,
and awful totaafl** bar* bran under
gone by alavaa. But there are alavva.
arcl alavery at Zautlbar la vary differ
ant from alavery In South Ataerioa
and the Weal ludiea.
The alava market opena at four
n'eluek every afternoon. Accordingly,
at flee on the day of our arrival,
amotnpeniad by a friend, I aet off la
search of it. After a quarter of an
hour'a walk frm the landing-place,
through a number of narrow, Intricate
atreeta, our guide W>dSON ua Into an
open kind of aquare, and we found
oumelvea actually In a alava market
we had been talking of and thlnklngur
ao muih during the voyage out. 1
mliall not eaeily forget the scene
Huddled together In groups of twenty
or thirty, about two huudred meu.j
women, and children aat crouching on
the ground. Not the slightest expres
sion appeared upon tba countenance*
of any of thent, and here they aat,
hardly moving a muacle, except when
compelled to gather closer together to
make room for mora unfortunate* who
every now and then arrived, ten or
twelve at allure, to take their placet by
them. I never aaw a collection of
more wretched-looking being* : they
wore nothing but a rag around their
wuista ao that their emaciated condi
tion could be evu In all ita horror,
Mstty of them were literally only akin
and bone*. Home ot the women had
infant* In their arm*. But It it un
neceaary to enlarge on three revolting
detail* ; enough has been said to give
an idea of the home of the ajiectasle.
Suffice it to say, that I never saw any
over-driven ejttle ao utterly devoid of
bodily or mental animation aa theae
poor creatures appeared to be.
While I waa looking round, com
pletely horror-etrickeo by what I aaw
*a my eye wandered on from group to
group, a Persian soldier took hold of a
boy of about twelve year* old, and,
raising bim by the arm, began U tarn
him about, feel hi* maaeles, and look
at hi* teeln, aod tuvlngexamlued bim
carefully, allowed bim to ait down
again,and pawn-don toinapectanother.
Tbia was before the aale began, and
similar scene* were going on in all
■ art* of the market. Ou# man, too
lazy to use bis hands, thrust hie cane
Into the month of a young slave, and,
raising his lipa by these mean* made
a careful investigation of his month
The aale soon began,and the wretched
creatures were soul off, some la lota
snd others individually. They fetched
prices varying Imm iau toons hundred
aud fifty dollar*. The highest prices
weie paid for soma women carefully
dressed snd painted, aud bung over
with a quantity of Jewelry, snd who
by their plump, healthy . condition
formed a striking contrast to the poor,
haJf-atarred wretches lying around
them. Sick sad disgusted at th.i re
volting scene, we took our departure,
heartily glad to escape from the horrid
mights "and filthy odor* of the fdac*.
On the way back ws aaw cbalkad on
the wall of a house, iusiaad of ' tirif
fifthe, the safe man," or -So Popery,"
two rough drawings of slave dhowa.
with their hold* and decks crowded
with slaves, wMcb was atraugely ehar-
MCisrisUc of the atmo*phers of the
new we ere tailed.
Little Diughter. 44 1 wiah the rivers
Father. "Why. what hare you to do
with the rireri rif iog?"
Little Daughter. "A great deal,
fattier; for then the boats would rue."
Father. "And what hare too to do
with the haata running, my child, eh?"
Little Daughter. "They would bring
the cotton dowu, father."
Father (looking ever hit spectacles!.
"And what hare yon to do, darling, with
Little Daughter. "Why, if the cotton
waa down you would be able to acll it,
yon know, dear father," smilingly.
Father. "And what then?"
Little Daughter. "Yon would hare
plenty of money."
Little Daughter (laying her little hand
on hie shoulder, and looking np iato
his face). 4 'Then you could pay mother
that twenty-dollar gold piece yon bor
rowed from her, you know, father."
Father. "And what then, child?"
Little Daughter. "Then mother could
nay Aunt Sarah the ten dollars die owe*
Father. " Ay—indeed! And what
Little Daughter. "And Aont Sarah
wouhl pay sister Jane the dollar *he
promised" to giee be* on New-Year'a,
lint didn't, because the didn't hare any
notion —any moMjr, I mean, father."
Father. "Well, and what elae?" (Me
lays down the newspaper and looks
at her cautiously, with a hall smile. J
Little Diughter. "Staler Jane would
pay brother John bis fifty cents back,
and he mud when be got it he would
giro me the half-diree he owea me, ami
two dimes to liny marble*—and this is
what I want the nrer to rise for, and the
big boats to run! And I owe nurse the
other dime, and must pay my debts!"
"Pa n looked at "Ma." "rbere it la,
he said; "we are all. big and little, like
a row of bricks. Touch one, and away
we ail go, ereo down to our little Carrie,
bare. She has, * a child, aa great an
interest in the riae of the rirer as 1 hare.
We are all. old and young, waiting for
money to bay marbles."
A good lesson for debtor and creditor,
too, and well enforced.
The Hell Gale Tunnels.
The work tbst is expected to criminal
in the removal of the obstructions at
Hell Ovte. is now progreesing favorably,
though some additional appropriation
by Congress may be neoeesory to facili
tate its completion. About one-half the
work h is been acoompliabed, and at the
present rate ot progress not more than a
year's additional time will be n quirel.
The main tunnels number sixteen. In
addition to these are tire galleries or in
tersecting tunnels already completed,
leaving the rock above, which has an
average thickness of about ten leei,
resting upou solid columns. Several
of these chimus have already been
piercer! for the reception of nitro gly
cerine, witli which it is intended to
burst them asunder nt the final explo
sion. The average length of the tunnels
is about 170 Teet Blasting is now done
entirely with nitroglycerine. This
powerful agent breaks the rock into
small pieces, rendering the use of the
hammer unnecessary. At least two tons
of rock are thus loosened at every blast.
The work is under the superintendeney
of Mr. O. C. Reitbemer, who has had
charge of similar operations in Europe.
After the excavations shall have been
completed the columns will be charged
with nitro-glycerine cartridges, and as it
is easier to raise a weight under water
than above it, the cofferdam will be cut,
and the shaft, (which is thirty-four feet
deep,) will be flooded. The electric
current will then be turned on by the
superintendent, and the dangers of Hell
Gate, it is confidently believed, will be
amoug the thiDgs of the past. Should
the explosion fail, or should it not take
place at all, it is some satisfaction to
know tfiat the largest vessels will be
aole to pass through w"here the shaft is
situated after the coffer dam shall have
Part# and Fancies,
Carasta arc bought by tba ykfd and
worn by lbs foot,
A women wb tells fortunes (ram •
teacup need not to a saeeeruaa.
English statistics make lbs tnW pop
ulation of India a little laas than two
The introduction o! foreign fldt into
Pennsylvania wales* bus bean vary
An exchange paper states than Ban,
Franklin's writing <Jelt was recently sold
or tan cents.
A propsrons merchant ha* far hi* mot
to : " Early to bod early to rise; never
gat tight, and advertise."
One hundred and twente-ona patents
have bean granted • windmill* In tba
United Stale# slooc Ibvi.
Woman ought to do all *!>§ ran to
make this earth a pared i* for mm, a* it
was all her fsatt be lost the other.
*• Keep 'am aHvs. boy! keep 'am alive!"
■aid an old ptoysioian to blsyoaog brother
practtonsr. " Dead man pay ao bill*."
ApnlbeeetsleesDe*# i* a new word which
tba nroseut ssnvration bs* loond it neeea
#ary to invent tor the brtteflt of peatenty.
Tolls ire was aabsi' what be thought
was the age of the world. I don't know,
amid bs ; but I regard the world as aa
old-coquette who conceal* her age.
A National Convention of Gooso pick
er* is io lie held in Chicago next year, to
devise soma way of plucking geese by
machinery, and deodorising tba dead
gosling* that are so often loond in board
There are thirteen shot-gun*, with
w>mea at their butt-soda. prowling
around the Vetera States looking for
truant husband* and their s naughty
feminine companion*. Thunder from
the West may be expected soon.
A woman ia the laid stages of intoxi
cation from opium was picked up i n tba
•trests of Rochester a few days sioos. A
citiasn explain*! thai it waa l * narcotics"
and not wbiakey, wbsa tba officer in
charge at ones released, bar.
Ie Marseilles, Francs, recently a
von tig girl named Irma Ores, a very
handsome brunette, assassinated bar
lover beoasss Ha refused t buy bar a
gold watch. To the general artomab
meni of tba Court and audience tba jury
acquitted bsr. ,
A Pomfret. Ct, woman reeeutly to*t a
bvorite ben, and revenged beraelf by
poisoning tba corpse with stryebome.
C result being a drad owl. ore of tba
largest varieties knows in BOW England,
arjth a six-feet spread of wieg\ a dead
fox, and a skunk.
It is reported that a vineyard;*! in
California keeps hw grapes any desirable
length ot time by packing them, wbou
perfectlv free from external moisture. in
nail e*#k, the interstice* filled with
perfectly dry sawdust, awl then barfing
them in" tba ground, under a abed. .
A Connecticut farmer basing aa
elephant on bis hands in lbs shape of
1,200 bushels of apples, for which there
waa no market, " settled the matter by
feeding them to Ids cow#—at the rate of
one bushel per day—with vesy secrifae
tory la-ulta, scouring a largely increased
flow of milk-"*
An Anti Horse Thief Association
baring 56 subordinate snd tributary
•orirtiv-, and a total membership of
2,000-4 nd odes farmers of Illinois, lowa,
and Missouri At a recent conclave it
' was stated that ony twa hnrass mere
stolen this year, both of which were
. recovered aod tba offender* speedily
, brought to justice.
Two ladies, named Schoonmaker and
Speurer. re-bug in the a*me block on
1 Jefferson street, Albany, last week died
from starvation, the result of cancer ie
the Ktomxch. In consequence of the
terrible disease they were unable to re
tain any food ia their stomachs, snd for
several day* bad nwtakeu -mly o' sseri
quaeHtic* of hewds. Hke tea and broth
Some tune ago. J the Arevra
Mmnfaet****, Boton offlrrad 610,000
' for an invention which should certainly
and prominency give warning at railroad
crosriire* of au approaching tads, and
thus put aa sod to the torture prodm ed
by the •team whistle. Thirty m forty
different plan* have beau eubmitrd, none
of which appear to be oi a praettod char
A man nu awarded a premise at the
cattle show and fair at Northampton for
a two year-old colt, when tbs animal be
entered wh a bores eight year* old I
The man hd a colt iu pasture, and sent
a m*" to bring bim to tba show ; tba
mau mad* a mistake and took tbseight
ysar-oM boras, which waa in thesarao
I mature, aud the committee " put hm
A letter bus been received at tfc
General Land Office setting forth ;that
mov.ufM i* u Coot by the Israelites o.
Europefof settling * colony of Roumanian
aod Continental Jews in America. It
appears there ia a company fred,
pwsaresing a paid-up capital of fI.WS,-
> tWO, who contemplate settling in Una
country some B,<kW faiaMaa, compmmg
40.U00." perrons, and the question ia
presented to the General land OOcn
whether the United States Gsmwneat
I will extend to tbs company a title to a
• tract of tend, say 550,000 acres, for this
purpose, on eoodition that so many
V families should be hmated tnnuaUy, it
bring the desire to bare bu one aettla
liSaratt ef Marriage apea Health.
If. Beriillou, lately had to diew np a
mpir for the Awdettj of Mdieme of
Paris on the influence of marriage m
mortalitr, consulted the roginter* of the
•nly throe countries in Europe which
were carefully enough kept to give him
a reply to his question—those of France,
Hilrium. sod Holland. He shows that
if the male sex be first conwdertd, we
find that, from 25 to 80, 1.000 married
men famish 6 death*; 1.000 unmarried.
10 deaths : and ILCOO widowers, 22
deaths From to 35, of I,(oomarried
men, 7 diefof 1,000 unmarried men, 11A
die; and of 1,000 widoww, 1# die.
From 35 to 40. of 1.000 married men.
?♦ die: of 1.000 bachelors, 18 die; and of
1,000 widowers, 47| die; and so on st
all the following aces, married men con
tinuing to live with greater facility than
the bachelor. It has been said that
since only the most fortunate men can
afford to marry, it ia not adomsbug
that these persons should live longer.
But this will not, of course, account for
the very groat mortality of widowers at
all ages, which, indeed, surpasses that
even of bachelor*. ... m
However, it mnst be noticed that 8,000
young men marry in Franca yeerlv, un
der tue age of 20. This is Tery fatal to
such young men. for M. Bertillon finds
that whilst 1,000 young men from 15 to
20 furnish 7 deaths when unmarried, no
loss than filty deaths occur amoDS 1.000
young muiried men under 20. Women
seem to reap less advantage from niarri
atre than men, and there ia but little
difference In the mortality of unmarried
and married women before the age of 25.
It is but httle marked even between 25
TH* LKCKKASNIO imuaaanon or
SWEDES.— A European correspondent of
the Fiitoncwr says that one of the first
ohjecta of interest to the commercial
visitor in Sweden is the outflow of immi
gration toward the United States. This
writer says he saw at Gothenburg some
five hundred persons of both sexes em
bark for England, f rout for America
by the luman and National line#. The
immigration from Sweden and Norway
is large and oouatantly increasing, bat
by reason of its r.*ute through England,
some of it it unduly credited in our sta
tistical returns, to the latter country. As
fnr the character of the cusicrauta, it is
all that could be desired They are in
the test class of peasants—pious, clean
and hearty. There lire few or no bad
characters a* ongst them. They emi
grate simply became their old country
is co'd and comparatively sterile—so
rocky that large farms arc Impossible
and so undlversifh'd in its industrial
character thai agriculture U substantially
the only resource of the poor, and agri
culture, too, at great disadvantage el
climate, tools, sad markets.