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THE GETTINETHE COMPILER
IR PUBLXBIIIIP EVZOI` 731 D Y,
BY It J. BTAIIL,F..
Trisms.—Two Doz. Lase per annum fa adennce—
Two liou.sus AND Firry enwrit if not paid
in advance. No suincription discontinued,
ultimo at the option of the miblisher, until all
art enrages are paid.
A OVERTISEMENTi inserted at the canal ratea—
Large reduction 4o those who advertlee by
Jon Pnrwriao, of every detterltaltm—from the
smallast, Jatiel or card to the !argent handbill
or poster—done with /Munich, in a workman,
like manner, aunt at the lowest living rates.
OFFICE on lialtlinore street, a few doom etre°
the Court-House, on the opposite side, with
"Gettyaburs Compiler Office'" on the building.
Attornies, Physicians, &c.
A ITOIC/ZET AT LAW.
• (Office one Juin west of Bush
il•Ps drug and bbok store, t'llambersburg street,/
ATToIiNNT AND HuIIeTTOIL FOX PATENTS AND
PANSIONA. Bounty Land Wu/rants, Back-pay,
suspended Ciallus, and all other cla ims lust
thelioverninelli, at Washington, U. C.; also Muer
1, an 'Lou. in Englund. Lund Warrantg located
and mild; or bought, And highest proem given.
Agent 4 ngageil is. i sm ring aarrant% In lowa,
ll loot,. and other we.4tt rn State., ad-Apply lo
hint pl•runall or letter.
(;ettymlntrg, Nov. 24'53.
Al-I.OItNEY AT LAN,
pronttly attend to all
legal tKodne.. entruxted to -hl.l P n, Including tl
pr.m.urlng if l'en%lonqßounty,ltack Pay, and all
olio elailag °gal ant tile CUM "
.(' Stiltt% undulate
11111 r in corner of Dlarnowl, Getty%
but g, P.'1111",1.
prll 1.1, 1 , 17.
n t f
t rroIINEY AT LAW,
.. I l'Arthillar :tt.....ntion paid lE,
.n..,,1,,,1 of l'engionft, Bounty, imil liactr-prt).
I runt, In 1.114. S. l'.. corner 011110 thainolul.
I„ II) .Lurk, April U, 1564. II .
EDWARD B. BUEHLER,
• -Will faithfully 11111 i prompt
1, attend to all !aminoss eitt.u4ed to Ima. lit
ia.akot the Berman language. (Hike at the Nam
[duce, in South Baltimore street, 11 , 4, F.1.11.y
hig store, anti nearly ‘llipuollte Manner
~.11 t olatrg, March :11.
NI / ItW
F.. mraer of Ball ',nor, and high ND evlw, 11.
1111 , Presto Lerilllllllll,il,lirltyhburg, Pa.
%pH/ I ),10117.
.1., n.q nernotitentlt bent , 11 In New' fixtor.l. tt 111
.It 111 , In 1.11 Its branch., 'IL*
fro,a and all when+ 11t , IrlziK hM proiev.stonstl
relit. -.1. di to nll will toteollt hint fit
1.1 “inee, 11l iillllo%el street.
It it If
A 111 ), )TNTI)WN, Al) N.M . R(I)USTA . ,
' l'nnllnura the
point I, IllgTra(Paalnn In all Its branela.s, alit!
, tnal ri•spet Ittillt Int kr &ill Demon. tollieted
.:as tlinentool to still awl coo-
I I rci: WATI.I) I.I:ItM.INIINTIA - AT
g , !.'rv,
will atl , •tol prem.pth tt• prtli,, , tionnl
01 night mho,. at 11,111. htt1ic11,,,..11., ,, lip
of N 141., 1 , /unit,
..viz i .:4) 4 .g t .1 . 4.:r BERLIN, AP
llope. Chat iN .triet ottehtton to Mit prof...loon!
41111 /4 • is. 111. Joel It
. o.Nlotre of the public pa
told!. Ist.. tt
plll.Ol . TIM; PllYSlel.iN.
011 Mid Al I 01111..111,
)11,1111! jr rolanvotly ds toril 111 'll:initinei,
iitiels Ills prof...lanai mem 1 , 0510 the
tee hi, SpOi fal attention gIN lo tll.eanes of
o °me. owl .loldrot
Prof .1 Lippe, 1).,
; " .1. C. Morgnn, M. 11.,
N. 1 211,1,011 lit•ltt,ialrg,
).t, Id Wills. 1,1 , . 1
.1 11.i,k, ilitmo. aN.
4, ‘1(11e4. tiff' !..4iikardy 1100rIN tt,st of far.
111.1;; , .. r 1J0 i .... , 1, 1 7 , 7,114 1 1 % .11.0r fcom Centril Hotel.
°III, one 11011 e We . " , 0, the
ne,n v11111..11 in lininl.ersl.nrit mtreet, and Opp°.
rn uillrr NI here Illoto• I:v.11111g to
11'1, 4,11, onenttnrilperlormed ore re , pe,
111111 lIIN and to enll. linvEnevrtts: Dro. Horner,
It. S "11. I, Intinther, II 10 , Het. Pr!. NI. Jacobi:,
1 10., Inn( M
CASH - TOWN, PA.,
R. P. KITTING R, PROPRIETOR.
':‘ a ‘ n - I X I ( I ' a I I ' t ‘ i . ;.; - t i ll t , i :.CL ' llgTll; ‘ r ‘ frt i l l ;nn.'l.4.l It, he IN
nuu pt, FAIN' to eatvrta In Ills C. tracts and the
WWI,. Casin.o...l;sprlng• (t:onne, t,41 with
ill, 1 ban..e,..11.,12 nitu 11. •r 1 tell y 1.111111,01,111 R
114 , 41r111n to .ttnnot n fteu urrltn or months In a
In• illltl 11..1011.1T1101.11, .1111 find minionr atl ran-
IN blithe. I Jlrg.. ,1:1111111L! . 1 . 141111 mint lons, mid
111,1,4 of I...inors and Woes. reason-
E. P. KITTINGEIt.
If ‘NiIIKEIL YORK corsTy . PA
rpm: underaigned . would rerpeeffully Inform
nu tr e.ous friends a.ttl the puhllegene
hut he !MN len,ed t lr Hotel In Hanover, no. the
1)4 pot, ha meets kept by )11. Jeremiah Kohler.
tupl tintpate Ito ellort to eo.tduet It I.t a mann,
11.1 t will gat e goloral All , faetton. His table a 1
hat e the be , l the Markets 111111 afford-Ith. tint
1,, 0, a,e hpaeloua and enmto tablt--und he h ••
laid In tor hi+ har in trill Mork oft tot, wines apt
Door , . The re i, stabling tor hart, attnehedln
the Hotel. II still to ld+conelrnt endeavor to
haler the fullest sallsfitetlo I to 11114
king. It Pt I toast. n• near n bone to them toa pottslole.
a,haro of the publte path lease deter
-H M. 41 as hi` in II largo part of it,
the Rail noel lica,e, near the Depot,
Immo, er. 104 \, I'. It NI"(:11Elt.
( sT., c;F:Try,nt•HG,
1r IL F. _TIERS, PRIIPEh!•:TOH.
111111. I.ta n.qv House, fit Jell up in the most nr.
I pro% vit le. 1F I.a , Ation it pleasant, eentra/
elliettl. rry arrangement hag been
.1, tor •
tin nornmtm.lation romfart of
” ',wraith. will 1.1‘,/is • have thelN,t orthe
and theltar .•‘
I n.T.. Is commodious Stnidiug attached, with
uu n conninslnllng•istlcr ninns's on Mind.
Hotel is nos open for the entertainment
or t ht• pohlle and nnlntrnot Ist.lnionge is solicited.
I` thurt o 111 he spared H. rentle.r sat haltel iOll,
- P G LOBE INN,
Tom; STREET, NEAR T filt: MANTON " I),
GF!TTYNRI , I2O, PF:.V.V A
911 IE nndersigned would most respectfully In-
I torn, los numennui friends and the public
generally, that he has purchased that long °lmp
b•lied and well loam n tio• •`tilobe !nor
in Yolk 2 , troel..ilettyshnrg, null will spare no
tort to conduct it In it manner that will not de
tract from - its hornier high reputation. Ills table
—will lit, e the In-.t the iimi het can ottlird—iiis_
chamber. m e spa and comf.atable—und lie
luta laid in tor his bar a full +1 el: of whirs and
liquors. There P. large .tahling attnehed to the
) fowl, which will he attended Iry stteotive ost
lers. It will be hi-ill - 111.4AM to render
thet itlr.t s.ilisfaction to Ills taie•dx, making his
home a near a home ti them is possible. lie
tolls a share of the publics patronage&fermi n
tsi as lie is to dewer, e a large part alt . . Renillnt
I wr, the Inn" is in York street, but near
the Diamond, or Public Square.
April 4,1A:4. If
TI, AND BROADWAY, NEW YORK
()ppmße Bowling (out.,
ON THE EUROPEAN PLAN.
Tl'LRT'wn iovrast.insnE, Iv u•rtl and widely
It especially suitable to men Mints and business
_it len; It is In close proximity to the business part
,d the eity —la on the highway of Southern and
Western travel—and adjacent to all the principal
Railroad and Atemtnissit depots.
. . .
TI&E hTEVENt HOI`SE ha, 'Plena aecommo
datidh for over 300 guests—it „yell furnished,
and possessess every modern improvement for
the comfort and entertainment of Its Inmates.
'rile room. are spacious and a ,41 ventllated—pro
lava a Ith in., and water—the attendance in
„prompt rind re Npet tful—and the table Is generous
ly provided Si MI el cry deikiley of the season—st
moderate rates. GEO. K. CHAFNE & CO.,
July I, 116. 6511 Proprietors!
DR. L. J. GROVE'S
Magnetic Salve and Plaster.
This deservedlypopular terriedY,
taming laden greatly Inipeasvd, is
now ottered to the citizens or Ad.
A 11V litany toomsantlir who are daily using it.
I otat Ii• to Its illitgicall a Irtltes in the early statin'sot
I fats/mod/on, Onfahs, loco! lehertmrdism,Srmrtagon,
./errs um! Tooal -Ache, irenkiteu rind Pain In the
Bark, hale and Katneys. tirmeer, Serqula OM
.tares, ErystpelaN, 111. A Wounds, Rams, fp.uses,
Hare or Attalawd BAT.i.sta, hurried Toe Soils,
I iirns, BuAtoHs, ar....(c.
Its mysterious a Irtues_and the Arondexllll cures
It has I,erforuied, might be published; hat Use
aliseover, is willing to rely on its Intrinsic mer
it, In orler to introduce it Into every family in
the country. _
Preps red only by the proprietor, •Zo" F. Lombard
<awe', Baltimore, and sold by A. D. E UEJtLJ R.
Dr. 1i..1 - 1011NE11,mr1 J. FOBSEY,Gettysinag,
and by the merchants of the county.
RErrammys:—lfenry calp of P. Andrew
Schick, John Viluehretaner, J. L. Sehlek.
re—Jlerehante ere get a aupply be calling at J.
NV INERBENN F.ll'S at Wholeeale Priem
Aug. 6, 1t47. ly
UMBRELLAS, elkilleS, &c., nt.
.... G_FTTysBt _ RG
BY H. J. STABLE.
LIME AND COAL.
CIUHfN dk REILLY have erected two addition-
Ur al Lime Kilns, on the Railroad, sndare there
fore better prepared than ever to simply
THE FIFSIT OF LIME,
in large or small quantities. Farmers and inhere
can hereafter look for a more prompt filling of
their mien, and are invited to extend and con
tinue their favors to a firm which la making
every effort to accommodate them in the beet
They will Also continue to keep bn hand for
..sale, a good supply of
THE DIFFERENT RINDS OF COAL,
whieh they will Pell at small profits.
iS-Cati and,Lime delivered anywhere , in Get
"ttli, USK tf
THF. CIETTYSBUIIti SKY-L.loNi' GAIT:PRY.
rrITIF. undersigned takes pleasure to announcing
to the citizens of (h4tysburg and the publie
generally that he has removed from his old rooms
on West Nt 'chile street, to Baltimore street, and
neerb ommalte the More of Fabrielitoek Brut hers.
The room he now occupies Mot been recently
fitted up expressly for his busIII.S. The location
Is in. admirable one, enabling him to take pin
t tine in all shad. o(N eat her, and with a correet
ament3llllloll any Ve here else.
Of every RiZeand d.cription, ,(ecuted in the
finest ?Ash.. Particular zntention even to the
CARTE DE VISITE, and to copying AMBIIt,
TYPKA and DAUL'ERILEOTYPP/4 of deregvied
TILE GETTYSIII — :4; GENfq,
a new all le of pletute, w alelt lion become vrry
pratulat with the pultlle, not onl) for their !want
but for eltettpne.. and a t ettli.nee. SIXTEEN '
for ONE la /Llt.llt. only. A.I.—THE PORCE
LAIN pall 'RE, %Ilk It fur them beauty and tltt
attllll3 mire 1111.111MV4.1.
We are prepared tit marry mt the Inialne,t In :di
Ida varlotta hnon Ilex, and lint hut hod eotp.l,lern
ble expel lent• We run 710 rink In
GI A lIA NT EEI SG PERI T SATISFACTION'
Oar ft for a full dl. dap of our skill are
d 1”. uuv other Gallery In the county,
and W, would therefore !mite every one to call
nt the •
NEW OETTISIII'IIG SKY-I.IOIIT GALLERY.
Owil a n d oznndn,• our Si Wei 111 I' npt and tudq.• for
ynumehr. LEVI M 1 111'/. R.
Qiweri, s , Jim d•o ore, Gueenstrare,
AT J. C. ZOPCK :+ON'S, NEW OXFORD, PA
of MI tdnilwfgoxls, n unstar
Our stock eonslsts In port of FRENCII NIETII
NI M-4, FItENI 'II etilitil'fttlS., ',elan. Ca11e0....,
Molds, Bleached and l'illdetiched Mnaltris; a
lora, a.ort went 01 Balmoral Skirts, 1.1.. p
Skirts, Gloves, hr,
MEN'S WEAR, conslatlng In part of Broad and
fleas., Cloths, tllack and Font, l'asslmers, ens
snags, Plain and Fonev Flotinels, I ialer...lilrls
and I 'mu 1.,, la NYTS. I4IOES, HATS, and CAPS,
I )11v' n 1 and tin ek sk In (il oyes.
A complete assort ~ nt of iiROVEIFS, at low
- II ID-WARE, .....och, av Tire • Iron, Spring,
Sheo Blister and Cast_ Steel, Horse Shoe Bar,
Noll I sl., I iallimenli Irvai, Nails, Splkeg, Slim .
el,. Forks. Door I.ocks, Pad 1.... kg, I.atelics,
Ring,. and Scren s Palnbf, oils, Cilaso, Put ty, he..
( .1.11N.\. ANI)QI"EENs..WARE. by (lie set.
Thankful for past patronage, we hope to merit
the mum. lit the future. . _ .
AT Tpi: OLD STAND.
[ESTABLISHED IN NC.]
IT HAVE assnclaied with me, in business, my
non, John McCreary, under the firm and
sty le of I). M.l're.av & Nan, and 1 desire to say t o I
my old fmendr and the public generally that %Ince
the war, the manufacture of Saddles, Harness,
Collars, &e., has been revived trt the old estab
lished and well known stand on Baltimore street,
one square mouth of the Court House, liettys-'
Having had an experience of 40 years In this es
tablishment, l' teel aNsured, that, with renewed
attention to bnqineqv, we ean still further merit
and reix. he a full share of public patronage.
li. MeCRIIA HY.
With Increased facilities for conducting our hu.
sine..., ire nre better pr,•parea than ever In AllthtlY
the want,, of all tlloBe who may need anything In
our line. We especially mil the attention of
Farnier4 and others to the superior quality of our
Plain or Quilted SeatFdde Leathers
Horn Saddles„ ' Homes , all kinds, with
Plain nr Quilted Sat. or without fastenings,
no Horn, Housings,
Plain or Quilted Seat Smith t. (leather,)
Side " " (ticking,)
Main or Fancy Saddle No Seam Collars,
Riding Bridles, of- all Paten't Leather Conan,
,Ichah lair or black, htitched or unatitched,
rourtd..d or did, Bert Leather Wagon
Mnrtlnßnln Whir., and 5 feet
Carriage 1111111P.I, all long,
VieX, other or black Plaited Tram Whip+,
mounted, Tnn I lag Whir*,
envy Draitglit liarnmg,l.n4l.l: Riding Twir.,
r, Home Blanket;
' Is ort, men t Inxt lint pertain) , tOll first-Anna
genern horre-turribthlnirwdahllahment constant
ly on h•uul or made to order promptly, of the very
he , t material, and M . the moat experienced work
no•n in the cousin, (two having worked In the
ent.lllll , ltment for the last thirty )earro
We Are uow tnnmi torturing tin - rtrellent lot of
I.lllllglll nod Hanlon. , C. diarrtor those who
preter oar Oa it to City made Work.
Iteimtt lag of all Kumla done at abort not Ire anal
ou reawaialile terrain.
All nre ronliall. ovlted to miasma examlnu fur
thernseh our a ork enunot fall Ui roronk
irom.l MeCREARN: h. (ON.
CARRIAGES AND BUGGIES.
Fl INT TRAIN, itieh makes eon nertion with
the (min. on the Northern Central Railway at
the Junrtion, will leas e 'Janos er at 9 octal kA.
M., far York Baltim ore, Harrialauw, and inter
ratatinte stations. This train arrive,. ut
tion al :Li:, A. M., CA mutN ling with the Fast I.lite
South, on the Nat thorn Central Railway, which
tarts. at Path Imore at 12.10 P. M., anal taws with
the Mali Train North, Al bleb nrrls, at Harris
burg tit 12.55 P. M.
”-This train ret urns to Hanover at 12 :M.
and furls elf at G. - di s dain; nt 1 P. M.
SECOND TRAIN leas es Hanover nt 2.20 I'. M.,
and arrives nt the Janet JIM at :I.IOP. M., eonneet
Ina with the Mall Train South, w hieh arils es at
13nit noon. nt ti I'. M. Pa,'., Juicers Lc this train for
York las over at theJunet ion until 0.131'. M.
Ati . Titta Train Minna to Hanover at 1 P. H.,
with passengers for Hanover, Get t) alturg and Lit
Patatengent leaving Baltimore for Hanover, Get
lvsburg and ',Mit-down, will take either the
Train at K. n A. kf., or the nun Line at 12.10
IN..F.VERY 1111ANC1I I'. H. JO 9 l - I'll 1.E113, Agent.
May 11, 1987. t
T ~,, . ( IMP
are now hnibllng a variety of
("OA CM WORK,
of the IMest nod most apprlwetl styles,
and con.trucleit of the dent material, to which
they incite the attention of buyers. Having
builtour work with great (Are lIIId Or material
self with xpecial reference to beauty of style
and durability, we can confidently recommend
the work an unsurpassed by any, either In or out
at the 'init.,
All we ask la an Inaliectlon of our wo r k to eon-
ViMY. those In want of any k iml of vehicle, that
till. h till' place to buy them. .
Joie nt short moll, and on reasonable terms.
— Glee os n eall, at our Fwetory,near the corner
of V. watington 010 Chnntherhborg atreeta, (let
P. J. TATE,
NS E. (MIX
CARRIAGE- MAKING BUSINESS.
THF. underalgned have resumed the Carriage
AT THEIR OLD STAND,
In East Ifiarik &reef, ocillestourg, At.,
where they are prepared to put up work In the
moat fruthionahle, substantial end superior into
ner. A lot of hew and second-hand
CARRIAGES, BUGGIES,..tC., ON HAND,
which they will dhtpose of at tfic lowest prices;
and all onlera will be suppned as promptly and
satignsictor ly as possible.
REPAIRING DONE WITH DESPATCH,
and at cheapest rates.
A large lot of new and old HARICEIS on hand
and for sale.
Thankful for the liberal patronage heretofore
enjoyed by them, they solicit and Will endeavor
to lieserve a Large skate in the future.
DANNER & ZIEGLER.
Inly 10,1i6. tf
STILL AT WORK
T . undersigned continues the
In alt tta branches, at hi* old stand, In EAST MID
DIASSM' EET, GETTYSBURG.
NEW WORK made to order, and REPAIRING
done, promptly and* lowest prices.
FAMANG AND STANDMIG-TOP BUGGIES
CONNTAXTLY ON ILARD.
a-Two ftrat-rateSPRDIG WAGONS for vale.
Tsubscriber. having tkorrmaill3i le e red
I. Ida Grist and Haw Mill, formerly "M en
ny'a Mill" on Month Creek, le Printed to do
GRINDING and 14A.WING °revery k nd at abort
notfee. He .11eita the patronage of the neish
bortrood and will guarantee aatiwthetion. Give
Itim a rail, GEORGE GINGELL.
Jane 10,067. tf
PPLAYED OUT I—High prices fir Clothing. Call
examine and be convinced of the fact at
On Balt!mei* Street, opposite the Conrt-Howse,
GETTTRBURO, PRA - A"A.
Every Elmeription of work muted In the
FINFRT STYLE OFT ART.
June 4, 18. tf
NOAH WALKER & CO.,
187 AND 167 BALTIMORE STREET, BALTIMORE, MD.,
TTERP constantly on hand a large and well as
n. sorted Mock of all kinds of goods at moderate
. s r usAlL , or e l t e h rs er fo r r e :ll 3 e . finest
measure, to any part of the country.
They keep aka, an extensive Mock of FUR
NISIfINO ERS)IO4, embracing every article of
Gentlemen's neler-wear, Also, 'MILITARY
I'UYTHS and eve ry •wrnr,
snidely of Military Trim
m Mgt. an well as no assorted stock of "READY
MA DE Ni MITA itY clt )0 DS.
Baltimore, Feb. 12,
LAWRENCE D. DIETZ & CO., ,
_ FANCY GOODR,
No. nfit; IreAl &atiolore &reef.
Between Rea lad & Libert3 Streetg,
May 7, N.G. Y.ltlmore, Mrd
/RN Mt 4W HOWARD 4111\67.1\P•TREF.TS,
T 1,144 Thank , IN on a threet Ithe between the
Nort hen 'entna and Balt Ininro 01,1,, Railroad
Depot, II 11. is 1., en rifittell and emnfmtably nr
sangell for the coils ,1,14.11ee I 11. , entertain
ment or gm - NI
FOR DI NrimirE‘. DYSENTF.RY, CHOLFRA
A. and Pr. It. Horner, Druggists
liettyshiirg, lin, •
July 2 , 1, 1%7. 2m.
Forwarding & Commission House.
FLOUR AND F'EF.D.
(TRAIN AND GROCERItS
A Ac.. VING purchased the extensive Warehouse
Carr, C., heretotore own., by Samuel
Herbst, we hen lens e to inform the public that we
are coutinuina the business at the old stand on
the corner of Washington and Rallroal streets, on
wore extensive scale than heretofore.
We are p;> lug the Itigheht market prices fur
FLOUR, GRAIN AND, ALL KINDS OF PRO-
FLOUR and FEED, SALT, and all klnda of
GRoCERIES, I,n•nt ,onstantly on hand and for
sale, cheaper than they can he had anywhere else.
PLASTER, and all kinds of FERTILIZERS,
constantly on hand, or furnished to order.
A REGULAR LINE OF FREIGHT CARS
will leave onr Warehouse every TUESDAY
MORNING, and atecommodation trains will be
run as neeasion may require. By thin lIITHS,V ,
meat we are prepared to convey Freight at all
t Imes to and from Baltimore. All business alibis
kind entrusted to us. will he promptly attended
to. Our'ears nm to the Warehouse of Stevenson
& Sono, I% North Howard Street, Baltimore. Be.
ing determined toy good prices, sell cheap and
deal fairly, we invite everybody to give us a call.
CULP & EARNSHAW.
Aug. 11, WA.
COF CONNF,CTIONK—On and after
I,_/ Monday, N ovember
Trains will leave : o ut arrive at Gettysburg, and
make connections, as follows:
F,,IRST TRAIN mill leave liettraburg at 7.45 A.
M., with passenger, for York, Icarrbiburg. Phila
delphia, Baltimore, and the North and West, ar
riving at Hanover Junction without change of
cam, at 10.21 A. M.. connecting with the Feat Line
South on the Northern Central Railway, and ar
riving at Baltimore at 12.10 noon. Also connect
ing with Mall Train front Baltimore north, arri
ving In Harrisburg at 1.91 P. M. Arriving at Bet
tymburie 1.10 P. M., with passengen. from Harris
burg, York, Milt Mime and Washington.
SECOND TRAIN will leave Gettyabunr at 1.90,
P. H., arils log at Ilano• er Junction at 3.11, anti
connecting with mail train South. Arrive at
Baltimore at 5. to P, M. Arrive at Gettyabunt at
a,tt P. M., slit h pas...engers from Philadelphia,
Harrisburg and the North and Went, and also
u lth passengers front Ihtltlinore and V. fishing - Mu
be the fa-t line north, a itch leaves Baltimore at
12 10 noon.
Pas•engers ran leave Baltimore In the Mali
Train at n A. 3f., and arrive In Gettysburg at 1.10
P. H. lie leave Baltimore in the fest lime at 1410
noon, and arrive in Gettysburg at R. 15 P. M. lint
one change of cars by the first train, either way,
• it. fat Hanover Junction. The fast line on the
Northern ('entrai will not atop at any local ata
lions, except York, Hanover Junction Mid Park
ton. Connections certain. .
Hanover Branch Railroad.-
lAN and after MONDAY, May Bth, INlCrumen •
geeavr tra e
t h e on the Hann% er Drrtnelt nallrontl
Gieat Conowago Mills.
( kt : HEAT WANT F. P.
Tile Ureiel , iglleli,llllVillreelllftlielea nod ins rat
edo lift Mills, near New Chester, Adams comity,
(formerly milled 'Walnut firm e,' 1)111 now
flrent bawls-ago Is prepared to do all
kinds of work in his line with unusual dispatch.
Congantiv on hand, for sale or exchange. the
very best qualities Of (Super, Fxtra and Family
FL6T:II, also itye. Corn and Buckwheat Flour,
with every variety of Chop and offal of wheat.
Having a (SAW MILL attached, he is prepared
to saw all kinds of lumber, at the shortest notice.
A Farmer In need of lumber and flour, can put a
.log upon his wagon, threw a few bushels of wheat
on the top, have the wisest exchanged for flour
and the log sawed, thus saving a double trip—
and all because of the perfect machinery now em
plWaglinin these g
beiT of workmen, Ile will be able to
please everglssiv. Thankful for past favors, he
hopes for a continuance of the same.
H. J. MYERS.
New Cheater, April 22, 1%7. Iy.
John W. Tipton,
ZIARITIONAIII , F , BARBER, Nnrthea♦t corner
r of ttie Diamond, (next door to linflollan's Ho
telo Gettysburg, Pa., where he can at all thus% be
found Seedy in attend to all business/ In his lino,
He has abio excellent assistance and will ensure
oatlefactlen. Give him a call.
Dec. 3,130 U.
BINEO thelKiwper, the undersigned le author-
Jr"' to make removals Into Ever Green Cem
etery, and hopes that such as contemplate the re
moval of the remains of deceased relatives or
friends will avail themselves of this season of the
year to have it done. Removals made with
promptuess—terms low, and no effort erred to
please. PETER TH RN.
March 12, 1860. Keeper of the Cemetery.
W. PLEMMINci continue. the butane,. of
BALE CIITING:tuId solicits the continued
patronage of the public. It is his constant en
deavor to give satiafaction. Charge. moderate,
Residence In Wert Middle street, Ciettyabunt.
P. s.—fie it a licensed Auctioneer, under the
Tax Law of the United Staten.
IHAVE some valuable WFATERN LA...VDE
which I will trade for one or more FARMS In
fs county. The lands are well located, and very
desirable fur fanning. Earlyuppliestion desired
Gettysburg, April 1811. tf
FIOTO 31INIATIMER, at the Irixeebtior
are superb and furnished at one-third city
pricer. Call and examine speclinenC. s d. TYSON.
bat flied-rate l'lrTlit,Tht nee snowed to
be taken front the Excelsior Gallery. Ham
shown before the order to .T.
GO to T. C. Norris' for your Clothing.
GETTYSBURG, PA., FRIDAY AFTERNOON, SEPT. 13, 1887.
Plain Cowls - ,
Nutn, z El
1 i V ru ns Crackers,' ,. ,-4
' Wine Blueulto, I w ~, '
, Muuhroon do., g t,,, , ., ~,
1 1 6 7
Fancy Cakes., .1;
Pickle's, ,_ i
Hardin,, S: a
it'h'o h Vaow, P l ' ~ : Ot. I
iwN:,;o= :•;: 2 n - .1
POAr, ' 1. 0 10..
IVIOr " . Z
'Writing Dusks,s.' ~,, W
, 1it 3 x.47, ! , z 2
,terfuutery, ;I' I . E,
Bruglics, : z
'Pens & Pencils, f .., -hi
'Porket Cutlery, ..co "hi
Jewelry-, o CO
,' Writing Paperg, us
I I Envelopes, us I I
Totmouchtliegarg. I "
A RARE CHANCE
A FARM IN STRABAN TOWNSHIP
AT PUBLIC SALE.
ON SATI*RDAY, the 14thdav of SEPTEMBER
next, the +uluxvtlx•r, Executor of the boa p 111
and teatument of Samuel Herman, ileceawd, will
otter at Po hl te Sale, on the prom lxct.,
late of said deeetlent, situate In Strain:in township,
Adams Eontity, Pa., .1 , , ialles hum Gettysburg,
and I mile from' Hart,i's Station on the 'Het tys
burg Rauh . ..oil, adjoining lands of A. lb Buehler,
Nti nt. sal km it it, 'oho Stale 3 and the nailer...lan
ed, containing 18 At 'R Eis, more or les. with
large ploportions of exuelleat Woodland and
Meadow. Tlw tarot Is rimier go, al fence anti good
cult's:dam. The Ito prose as nuns are IL TA o-.tut
Weatherboariltsi lit d'SE, large Frame
Burn in lilt ne.. tl a.rw, Wag , .t shed and
torn I 'ri lia t nelted,ra rringe H,.w.r,Sliinke ill
douse, 55 .1.11 ouw. and Spring House, 0
with oultl, and Hog hiollves Wile.' every tie
eeqsatry nut-building. There is a nes er-falling
well of Sr ut er, gruvenient to the house and linen,
atilt rtbming water In most of the fields, There
is nig° an Appli t inibard, st ill, a lariely of other
fruit, on the premises.
The Getty Railroad runs within two I
dud , ants of the farm, thug bringing lime w Rh
in VII, VOIll enient reach.
Pervala wishing to clew the property are re
quested to cull on the Executor, residing on the
Fah , to commence nt I o'clock, P. M., on .au l
day when niterulanee will be given and terms
I+.\4(` F. BRINKERHOFF.
A SMALL FARM
AT rri;r.il• SALE.
C N t
rn l t h e %1% ..l
b [ W i ß n
otler P r ubllc Hale, on thr premtnan,
hAI ALL FARM,
sit nate In Mont pleasant township, Adanta coun
tv, three-quarters of a mile north of Honaugh
ton n, near the road leading from Lit t lesion n to
unterntown,tulptining lands of David Deatrielt,
Michael 1. ink, John Cart anti Other., colt tattling
Arltit.et, more or let., with Woodland and
Meadow. Farm in under good fencing, and
in err prodm tit a condi t ha t , has Mg nearly all
been limed twit e The Improvements are
a lwo-stoly LOG HOUSE, Frame WI Mb- oi
erboarded Barn, nearly new, Corn Crib, IP
t 'luring° house, Hog House, opting II
Hon,, anti othn out-buildings; with o excel
lent wells of alt r, one at the house and the oth
er at the taint, and a 101111 K thrhlagAppleI Ir
chard, liesldts peaches, pears plums, &c. The
property i• convenient to churches, schools,
Stores, mechanic shops land post-office. Persons
wishing to it a it are on. sled to tall On the
undentigntsl, ma siding thereon.
At the same time and place, will he oirered a
TItAfT OF MOUNTAIN LAND, situate in Me
nullen township, Adams count, 0130 and a half
miles Ono e flendentville, aning lurid. of
Frederick Quickel, John Quickel, anti others,
containing 71-2 Amu r covered chiefly with the
beat of Chomut timbe. Persons whaling to view
It are request.' to call ou the undersigned.
Sale to cobillienve at I clock, P. M., when an
HI to' ghttu and terms made known
by PETER 441:ler:EL
Au g uht z 3 - 1567. to
Public Sale of Real Estate,
OCl' - 'l - .l'.7iTu r p n u lD rn k u l a . ii t r i e' e o l fe t n",Ve'r r o l ( F treg l A n urn l Y;
Court, the subscribers, Administrators of the es
tate of John I n
the (of N.,) deed., will otter at
t'oblie Kale, an the premise., the real relate of
mild decedent, being
A TRACT OF LAND,
situate In :don ntpleasant township, Adams
county, to ar Sonaughtown, on the road to Lit
tlestowm adjoining lands of John Eckert, Mat
thew tierber, John Socks and others, containing
II 'WILES and 2 PERCHES, more or less. The
Improvements tire a Ono and a half story
Log WeathesPourded HOFSE, Double Log
lf Stable, witlT Threshing Floor, Smoke HI
atouse,weLl of good never-failing water
at the door of the house, and there leeks an ti r ug
on the land. ft Is well divided In fields an un
der good fencing. Sonic of It has been tinted mold
the laud Is pneluetive. There is a 'variety of fruit
trees—Appls, Peaches and Pears.
The pi operts is convenient to churches,
schools, mills, stores and post-Mike, and will be
shown be the Administrators, residing near, or
by the Widow Cline, who resides on the property.
Sale to commence at 1 o'clock, P. lil.. when at
tendance will be given and terms made known
by PETER QUICKEL 2
JOHN B. Sift:ELl.
Ey the Court—A. W. Minter Clerk. Adm
A ugugt 23.1867. O.!
AT PUBLD • SALE
N SATURDAY, the Lith day of SEPTEMBER
next, by trtue of an ato Order of the Or
p in's Court of Adnm' co., the underaigned, Ad
ministrators of the estate of Samuel Gilliland,
ileeere.ed, will offer at Public Bale, on the premi
se/4, the follow lag ileseribcd Real Estate, viz.
'l7-IE MANSION FARM,
Alt ante In Tynan• town lilp, ACIIIIIII , enunty, Pa.,
11111. 111111 . ~.wt of Held lembune, mliol nine lands Of
Peter Miller, Daniel Bream, ilefirge Mael , lo •
George Hiller, aid otherg,,,ntalninit
::tt!...11•10.14, NI( IRE 011
with klarge proportion of W oodland and n sum
t len., Nleaolow. The land i. In a produett
eondltlon, and the,rebeeq are In good repair. The
illipnaententg ar,a Two-mtnry 1111(71,13-
I , ,ST lit d' , E, Log and ) , rarne Barn, v., „
Horne Stahl., new Wagon Shed and Corn
!tilt, new Hog n and a Spring HIHISP,
hat m , g
a net ei Fprin_, wllha pump in
It. adjoining. NVater in inoNt of the dt Ids.
Peraoin. tt NIIIng to vieN, the Fnnn are request
ed tot anon the A.ltnittl , tratrlx,reshling thereon.
Ntle In volumener at I tieloelc. P. M., on geld
d 6, I hen attendance win In. given and tt•rm.,
made known iw
~Al 7. MT GILLILAND, Adm.x.,
vitt:DP.lu( A oho',
FIV the Court —A. W. Minter, Clerk.
ORPHAN'S COURT SALE
r i ) t - rp - itrk " u h n ' nlnhofda of
rTJ PLR Or
pint n' , l ' noel Ada Itot county, will he offered nt
Public Sale, at the late residence of David Sar
haugh, deellued, the Real FAtilie Of 4old d“,lent,
'ENVO TRACT:. tiF LAND,
In Tyrnne township, In said emintv; the Bret a
Mansion Tract, containing 01 Acres and 125
Perehes, bounded by lands of Peter Trimmer,
Daniel Bream. Peter Hummer, Fait., and
others. The Improvements are a ram- g
tort LiA tit f iED
HollitE, Frame Kitchen, Double Frame
Barn, Wagon elied, corn Friti, Hog edame, a
Spring Hono.e, part Mono, part frame, now
pled in a family an excellent in, iv-falling
spring, and a tern !Inv it Apples, Peat h
es, Plums, and Pears, 01 clad, e kinds. Then. Is a
ri asmuabtr quatitits tit Timber Land. Tile hind
inn/ an excellent quality. No. a TRACT in the
nuts tow eontaining 11 Screw anti 19
erclu, bound/4'l by landa of Peter Trimmer, Jo
eph Troatle, Michael Beek, and others. It is un
der good fen, c and in a good state at cultivation.
The tract is hounded by the Idenallen road.
The lands will be 'Mown by the fancily remitting
on the Brat described tract.
Sale to commence at 1 o'clock, P. M., on sold
due, when attendance will be given and tents
mnde known by JOHN HANES, Adm'r.
By the Court—A. W. Minter, Clerk.
Public Sale of Beal Estate.
I s pursuance of an order of the Orphans' Court
of' Admio county, will be Offered at Public
Sale, on W ERN iNDAY, thalStliday of SEPTEM
BER, 1567, the FARM of simmel Cashman ' de.
ceased, situete in Mountpleasant township, near
Uulden's Station on the Gettysburg Railroad mi.
oin ng lands of John Cashman, John
Onerchant,) and ountaining (At ACRES,
mom or less , • improved with a Two-story
ROUGHCAST HUUSE, a good Log ham, !!.
Wash Gotr-e, an
d ll of in, er-falling water 111
near the door, an a splendid young . Or- "
chard. The land h u as been limed, ls in a good
state of cultivation and under good fencing.
There is a suitable proportion of excellent tim
ber, 'The pr. a.erty will he shun n to persons w
ing to purchase by the Widow ,residing on it.
sale to Imminence at I O'clock, P. M., when at
tendance will be given and terms made known
DR. E. MELILORN,
lindrilinn for the miller children Of Samuel Caen
fly the (,hurt—A. 'W. 'Minter, Clerk
Antgurd. 23, 1367. It
THE sittecriber will cell at Public ( sale on
SATURDAY, the ilth day of ISEPTEMBER
next, a LOT OF AND, situate in Irishtown, Ox
ford township, Adams omutv, oonsistlng of near
ly FIGHT ACRES OF LAND, Improved with a
good LOG HOUSE, with Rack-butidillE,
-table, Shop, Carriage House, kc. There ;
in a well of wnter, with a pump in that the
door tenet.", Sr.. In good order,, and a
YOUNG ORCHARD of - choice &ult. The p'.per.
ty is convenient to ehurehes, schools, mills, &e.
Sale to commence at 1 o'clock, P. M., on said
day, when attendance will be given and terms
made known by D. C. SMITH.
July 22, ISM.
JOHN LENTZ% ESTATE—Letters of atintln
istratton on the agate of John Lents, late of
Butler township, &owed, haying been granted
to the undentigned, - melding la Franklin town
whip, he hereby ewe notice to all permong in
debted to said estate to make immediate pay
ment, and Mete having claims wand the mune
to present them properly authenticated Inc set.
tlement. IMJiAC FRITZ.
Aug. '4, RC, et Administrator.
HOZ OPT YOUR ROW
One day a nu-Tiler's lazy boy
Was hoeing in the corn,
And moodily had listened long
To bear die dinner harm
That welcome blast was heard at last,
And down he dropped his hoc;
But the old mann shouted in his ear—
"My boy, hoe out your row !"
Although a "haul one' was the row,
To use a ploughman's phrase,
The lad, as salloni haven.,
Beginning Well to 'Ruse"—
"1 can," said he, and manfully
He seized again his hoe,
And the old man smiled to seo
Tho lad hoe out his row.
The led thin text remembered
And proved the moral well,
That perseverance to the end
At last will nobly tell.
Take courage then I resolve you can
And strike a vigorous blow ;
In life's great field of varied toll
Always hoe out your row. '
ANNI'AL SCHOOL ZEPORT
Aaron Shrely, Eoq,, County Snperintentlent.
To HON". J. P. WICKERBITA3f, STATE
Si, quite impossible, I find,
to give you anything like a fair and full
report on all the subjects and topics
named In your instructions to County
KuperintendentS without extending my
report to an unusual and perhaps undue
length. I shall, however, try to be as
brief and concise as possible, and hope
you will excuse me if I should exceed the
space allotted me..
EDItCATIONAL PAM REFS IN TkE COUNTY
For the last ten or twelve years the
condition of our schools has beenslowly
but steadily imprming. During \ the
war the progress, it is true, was net, as
great or as marked as we could ha*.
wished ; yet we nevertheless :made pro's
gress. Although many of them are not
by uny means what they should be, they
are, as a whole, better now than at any
previous time, notwithstanding the de
pressing effects of the war:
This improvement may be seen in the
improved condition of many of our
school houses, and the better qualifica
tion of teachers. Public opinion has also
very much improved. True, there is
%till some opposition to the system, but
it is confined almost entirely to a few lo
calities, and is owing altogether to pre
judice and selfishness.
Howes.—Notwithstanding the high
price of building material and labor, a
considerate number of houses are erect
ed every year. More new and really
good houses have been put up during the
lust five years than ever before in the
same period of time. Nine new houses
have been erected during the year, of
which number Huntington, Menallen
and Union have each two; and Latti
more, Mountpleasant and Oxford each
one. These are all good, commodious
buildings, suitably located, and well sup
plied with good but plain furniture.
They are in striking contrast to the mis
erable dilapidated structures which they
Arrangements are in progress to erect
quite a number of new houses during
the present season. And they are nebd
ed. By reference to the statistical report
it will be seen that we have still many
houses that are unfit for school purposes.
We have some that are a iffigrace to
the county. They do not deserve the
name of school houses. They are mere
hovels,—relics of a by-gone age, and may
be aptly styled the antiquities of the
The districts that deserve credit for
having the best houses are Gettysburg,
Butler, Menallen, Union, Huntington
and Oxford. Some of these are really
superior structures, and reflect great
credit upon all who were instrumental
in their erection.
Ftmiiture.—Except in houses recently
erected, our school furniture is generally
plain in style, and much of it poor in
quality. Some of It is even positively
bad and injurious, consisting for the
most, part of a smoky stove and battered
rusty pipe, rough boards or slabs, in lieu
of desks, ranged round the walls, for the
larger pupils, and high slab benches with
out backs for the younger ones. My
compassion has often been deeply moved
on visiting these abodes of suffering, to
see their unhappy inmates yawning and
writing bn high seats, With no support
for their backs, and their feet dangling
several inches from the floor.
hrte often wondered, as I looked up
on these youtlifid sufferers, thus seated
and showing unmistakable signs of pain,
why those unfortunate, children should
thus be doomed to excruciatingtorture,—
why they should thus be suspended be
tween heaven and earth for six weary
hours each day. If parents could only
be induced to take the places of these in
nocent sufferers, and be compelled to
sit for but one day In a similar position,
they would learn tci pity their children,
and he prompted to attend to their health
and comfort in the school room.
Apparatus.—The Gettysburg schools
are supplied with some very good appa
ratus, such as globes, planetarium, plan
isphere, outline maps, charts, Az. In
the country the apparatus Is for the most
part limited to blackboards, spelling and
reading charts, and outline maps. A set
of good outline maps should be in every
school-room. When properly used they
are of immense value to both teacher
and pupil. Many houses have not a suf
ficiency of blackboard surface. The
schools of some Ave or six districts were
supplied last fall with a Chart of the So
EDUOAT/ONAL WORK DONE BY SITPERTN-
Examinations.—My public examina
tions commenced on the 18th of August
and closed on the 14th of September.
The classes were generally small, avera
ging only about five. They were as a
general thing well attended by Directors
and others. At a, few appointments I
had crowded Louise', those in attendance
seeming to take much interest in the ex
ercises. The examinations were for the
most part oral. Owing to the low wages
and the consequent scarcity of Teachers,
I was obliged to examine a large num
ber of applicants privately, many of
whom were very young and of extreme
ly limited qualifications.
Visitations,—l commenced my visita
tions to the schools soon after theiropen
ing, and continued them as long * as it
was at all practicable to do so. In ebttse
quence of the inclemency of the weather,
and the bad condition of the roads dur
ing the greater part of the winter, I was
unable to visit all the schools. The win
ter was the severest we have had for
many years, and many of the roads were
quite impassible for nearly two months.
The deep snows, heavy rains, violent
storms, excmive cold, and interminable,
unmitigated mud of last winter, will not
soon be forgotten by the people of this
county. Our people are not disposed to
tolerate neglect of duty on the part of
their public offieees, but 1 feel satisfied
that all reasonable persons will make due
allowance for my shortcomings last win
ter. The schools which I was unable to
reach for the reasons assigned shall re
ceive special attention next winter.
County bistitidc.—The County Insti
tute held a three days' session at Littles
town during the third week in Novem
ber. The meeting was held in the Unit
ed Brethren Church, and was quite
largely attended by teachers, aboutnine
ty answering to their names.
Meeting with, as they thought, rather a
cold reception from the citizens of the
place, the teachers were at first disposed
to adjourn to New Oxford or Gettysburg;
but at my earnest solicitations they at
length consented to remain. They then
resolved to make the meeting a success,
whether the citizens were willing to co
operate or not. Acting upon this deter
mination, all entered upon their respec
tive duties with a hearty good will, and
the result was in the highest degree sat
isfactory. So far as the teachers them
selves were concerned, this meeting was
by all pronounced the most interesting
and profitable of the kind ever held lu
the county. All were sorry when the
time for adjournmeat arrived. We were
kindly assisted on the occasion by Prof.
M. L. Stoever, of Pennsylvania College,
Prof. H. M. Crider, of York, and Mr. P.
D. W. Hankey, of this county. The
next meeting will be held in New Ox
ford, the time to be fixed by the execu
tive committee. It was subsequently as
certained that the indifference and cold
ness at first manifested towards the teach
ers by the citizens was owing entirely to
a misapprehension as to the character of
the Institute, and a misconception as to
Bs aims and purposes, and not to any
want of respect for teachers, or any lack
of interest in the cause of education.
Diitpict Institute.—Cumberland was
the only district in which District Insti
tutes were held. Owing to the inclem
ency of the weather and the bad roads,
the meetings were rather poorly attend
ed. Threw teachers' meetings, if proper
ly conducted, are very useful and valua
ble for the professionable improvement
of teachers, and for the advancement of
The State Teaehera' Association held its
last annual meeting in Gettysburg, in
August of last year. The attendance
was unusually large, and• the exercises
were of a very interesting and profitable
Other Agen44lB.—We have in \ cur midst
a College that ranks second to none in
the State. In many respects it le s equal
to the best in the country. Its faculty
is composed of men of broad and liberal
culture and of large experience in teach,-
in. In a word, Pennsylvania College
affords abundant facilities to those deal
roils of obtaining a thorough collegiate
education. But, except in a moral and
social way, the influence of this institu
tion upon the Common Schools of the
county is notes great as could be wished.
Indeed, outside of Gettysburg its influ
ence is hardly felt. Very few of its stu
dents or graduates ever teach in our
Common Schools. This is owing to the
low wages paid'to teachers, and the short
ness of the term, and of course is not the
fault of the institution.
The "Mountain View School," in the
north-western part of the county, under
the direction of Miss Emily Hambleton,
has been doing a good work in the way
of preparing young men and women to
teach. lam sorry to learn that the lady
intends leaving the county.
There are a few other private schools
in the county, but, as they do not pre
pare their pupils with a view to teaching,
we get but few teachers from them.
The supply of competent teachers has
thus for some years been far short of the
demand. Such being the case, the want
of a County Normal, or teachers training
school, was severely felt. Accordingly,
on the 24 of April I opened such a school
in Gettysburg, but not without some
doubts and fears as to its success. I se
cured for the purpose one of the public
school buildings in the place, and fur
nished it at an expense of nearly $2.50.
The whole number of pupils in atten
dance was 45, composed of nearly an
equal number of ladies and gentlemen.
Many who applied for admission could
not be received for want of sufficient ac
commodations. The number of appli
cants was' about SO. The school was to
some extent an experiment, and succeed
ed beyond my most sanguine expecta
tions. Being under my direction and
control, it of course does not become me
to say much as to its merits. Suffice it to
say; that all came itith the determination
to learn, and I think all went away ben
The Fall Session of nine weeks will
commence August 19th.
The press has on all occasions gh•en
me a genemte- and hearty support in my
efforts in behalf of the schools. The ed
itors have my most sincere thanks for
their uniform kindness and courtesy.
The pulpit lias not said and done as
much in favor of Common Schools and
popular education as I could hare wish
ed ; but I shall make an effort to secure
the more cordial and hearty co-operation
of the clergy in the future.
No class of men are more directly in
terested in the spread of general intelli
gence, and the diffusion of knowledge
among the masses, than ministers of the
gospel ; hence they should use their in
fluence on all proper occasions to pro
mote the interests of Common Schools.
No man in a community wields as great
au influence as does the pastor. His al
so true that his labors arc always appre
ciated and rewarded in proportion to
the degree of intelligence in dist com
munity. Hence, if he be a true philan
thropist, and alive to his own interests,
as well as the interests of the cause
which he represents, he will exert all the
influence which he may possess in be
half of "people's colleges" and popular
Direr/rim—Very many of our Directors
are honest, conscientious, liberal minded
men, and willing to do the best they can
for the schools under their charge. Ma
ny deserve great credit for the praisewor- •
thy efforts they put forth in the discharge
of their onerous and thankless duties,—
efforts, too, which are not always proper
Others give the system but a cold and
indifferent support, andexpect it of itself
to work wonders, whether the houses
are fit for school purposes or not,
whether the term is long or short, wheth
er the pupils have the necessary books
or not, whether the teachers whom they
employ are qualified or unqualified, and
whetbet the children of the district at
tend school or not,
49TH YEAS.--NO. 50.
And a few there are, alas, who are
open and avowed enemies of the system,
and do all iu their power to cripple end
embarrass the schools. They do this,
not, as I verily believe, because they in
their hearts object to the system or any
of its principal features, but simply be•
cause they are compelled to pay a few
dollars every year toward tho support of
the schools. These nnin were mostly
elected upon bounty Issues, and not be
cause of their supposed fitness for the
It is a pity that school directors ever
became involved In the bounty business.
It has bad a very bad effect upon ou r
schools. It has engrossed ttp time and
attention of directors that should have
been devoted to the schools.
•It has been the means of piling enor
mous debts upon school bowls and dls
tkicts, which In some cases It will require
years to liquidate. In some quarters
much of the odium which attaches to the
levy and collection of bounty taxes is
attributed to the Schools, simply because
directors have ;the matter in charge.
Thus, as long as this mighty incubus
rests upon the districts our schools must
District Superrision.—Tt Is a fact that
districts which have the most intelligent
and liberal-minded directors have inva
riably the best schools. If we st4sh our
schools to flourish and prosper we must
exercise a strict and intelligent district
supervision over them. That this, may
be done properly and efficiently directors
should possess a reasonable amount of
intelligence, should be familiar with the
school law, should be capable of Judging
correctly between true and false methods
of teaching, and, in short, should k no*
exactly what constitutes a good teacher
and a good school..
In some of t he districts the schools were
visited once a month by the district Sec
retary, who received pay forhis services.
In a few others they were visited stated
ly either by the board in a body, or by
visiting committees of two or three. In
Menallen the committees made written
reports of the schools, which were sub
mitted for the action and consldeiation
of the board. This Is a good plan, and
should be generally adopted.
But in ten districts little or no super
vision was exercised over the schools
from the beginning till the close of the
term, save perhaps one visit from the
It is often a matter of surprise to me
that men, prudent and careful in busi
ness, pay so little attention to the schools,
and manifest so little concern about the
education 0 - f their- children. Why this
apathy, this almost criminal neglectin a
matter of such vital iniportance ?
OBSTACLES IN THE WAY OF IMPEACH-
The prindipal causes which haat) ope
rated to retard the progress of our schools
1. Bad School •Ilbutton, deficient as to
rize, light, ventilation, and accommoda
2. Incompetent teachers, occasioned,
first, by inadequate compensation ; and,
second, by the want, heretofore, of suita
ble provision for training them.
Let me briefly consider these Muses.
1. Bad gotiscs. —Whilst many of our
school houses are good, commodious
buildings, "and well adapted to school
purposes, we have still quite a number
that are not what they should be. Some
of them are decidedly bad. It is a sad
fact that some of them present fewer at
tractions, both internally and externally,
than our county prison and poor house.
It is not unusual to find school houses
that are much more gloomy and uncom
fortable than many barns and stables in
the neighborhood. I visited more than
one school, during the severe weather of
last winter, where teacher and pupils
were huddled together and shivering be
tween a red-hot stove and a keen north
wester, that came in through innumera
ble cracks and crevices in the walls, floor
In a certain village in this county the
public school houses are decidedly the
shabbiest, most dilapidated, uncouth and
slovenly buildings, not to say dwellings,
within sight. The citizens have very
properly located them on the out-skirts of
the town, where strangers arenot apt to
see them. They afford a Striking con
trast to the beautiful town, with its new
ly graded streets and paved sidewalks,
its beautiful cemetery, its large churches
and hotels, its tine stores and handsome
private residences, its savings bank and
railroad—all betokening wealth and en
It seems very strange that careful and
anxious parents, who spare no pains or
expense in Making their children com
fortable while at home, will persist in
sending them, for six hours day, during
the severest and most trying season of
the year, to schools kept in houses at
once so ill constructed, so badly ventila
ted, so imperfectly warmed, so dirty, so
instinct with vulgar ideas, and so utterly
repugnant- to all habits of neatness,
thought, taste or purity. There are
houses in this county, I am sorry to re
port, that are not only inconveniently
located and badly constructed, but abso
lutely dangerous to the health and morals
of the young. When will parents realize
the danger they incur by sending their
children to schools kept in houses whose
walls are painted, all too thickly, by
smoke and filth ; and whose benches,
desks and doors are covered by the ob
scene and disgusting carvings and pen
cilings of impure hands?
2. Incompetent Teriehrrs, occasioned
Inadcgalr Compensation.—This is a great
hindrance to the advancement of our
schools, and one which I deeply deplore.
Great difficulty was experienced last year
in obtaining teachers to supply all the
schools. Mauy were not supplied till
late in the season, and some not till the
first of January.
Many of those employed were quite
young and Inexperienced, and their certi
ficates of a very low grade. A few dis
tricts, to enable them to procure teachers,
raised the wages, but in others the direc
tors obstinately and positively refused to
raise to the extent of a dollar, preferring,
as a certain director. remarked, to do
without schools for a few years. I am
always in favor of true economy in pub
lic as well as private affairs; but the
payment of wages so low that none but
the most ordinary teachers can Affbrd to
teach, is poor economy. It is downright
folly, to say the least. It is penny wise
and pound foolish, nothing more or less.
It is simply driving from XIII and from
the profession those whose services we
can ill afford to lose, and employing in
their stead those whose services are dear
at any price. It is actually paying a pre
mium upon ignorance and inocaope
Di:seam Cannot mon speed Ili or mow
etnotually cripple the schools and brisk
down the system than by econtLtadat In
their present course. Within the last
two years nearly 40 per cent,. of ear best
teachers have either quit the profession
or left the oounty, simply because they
could dd better otherwise and elsewhere.
If directors wish to keep the wagon
down, they should, by ooncert of action,
do so throughout the State, or at least
throughout the county. There an dis
tricts In the county much more liberal
than others in this respect, and as a gen
end thing they have the best teachers.
Teachers, like other mortals, do for them
selves ilic best they can, and go where
their services are best rewanled. If one
locality or employment does not Mai
men a livelihood, they are perfectly Jun.
tillable In going elsewhete or engaging
In something that does.
To show that the compensation of
teachers is very low here compared with
what It is in other portions of the State,
I subjoin the following oomparative table
of teachers' salaries in a few of the coun
ties for the year ending June, 11106:
..... 88 84 k
47 94 wee sls3 3337
Nearly one-half of the'countiee in this
State pay in the neighborhood of $4O per
month, whilst in some of the western
States the compensation Is still better.
Eleven of our teachers taught In Mary
land last winter, where they reoelved
from $35 to per month. The term is
also longer there. Again, comparing the
average of salaries paid to teachers before
the war with those paid last year, I find
that whilst the increase for Adams since
1801 Is 12 per cent., the increase in a ma
jority of the counties of the State, during
the same period, is from 40 to 108 per
Is it any wonder, then, that our teachers
are leaving us? Is It at all strange that
we find greatdillicultY In supplying our
schools with Instructor?
I make these comparisons, and present
these figures, not for the benefit of teach
ers, who already know the huts, but for
the information of directors in particular
and the public in general, so that all may
know, not only what e m barrisaments an d
difficulties we have to contend with, but
why it is that our schools do not Improve
more rapidly. Let the truth be known,
and let the blame be put where it limper=
ly belongs, and not upon the Superin
tendent or upon our noble school system.
I cannot but condemn the practice,
prevailing to some extent, of paying all
teachers the same wages, the merest
tyro in the art as much as the well-qual
ified, experienced teacher. It seems to
me that by this course directors actually
offer a premium to mediocrity, if not to
positive ignorance and incompetency.
Inducements should always be held out
to teachers to duly qualify themselves
for their work, and it seems to me that
this can best be done by meant of sala
ries increasing progressively in propor
tlon to the amount and value of the ser
vices perforated. This would excite the
emulation of teachers, and thus could be
established a system of promotion advan
tageous to the schools.
Irrogisktrity of Attendance is geerious
evil, but I am at a Ices to know how to
remedy it entirely. Competent teachers,
and comfortable, pleasant and attractive
school-rooms will perhaps do more in this
respect than all the compulsory measures
that can be devised. The shortness of
the term is also a hindrance to the pros
perity of the schools.' Four months in
the year Is quite too little.
MEASURES OALCELATED TO PROMOTE IM•
Our system 'of Common Schools is a
good one, andif met in a generous and
liberal spirit, and fully carried out, can- -
not fall to make our schools all that the
founders of the system designed that they
Our industrial resources are ample, our
fields are broad and fertile, and our
mountains are rich in valuable timber.
Having then the means wherewith to do
it, let us put forth all proper efforts to
make our schools all that they should be.
Let us endeavor to make them equal to
the best in the State. Let us make such
provision for the education of our chil
dren that they will one day rise up and
call us blessed. It is not only our high
and holy privilege, but It is our eacred
duty to do so.
I have but one suggestion to make In
regard gr...school leglelation. In my
opinion it would be well for the Legisla
ture to largely Increase the State appro
priation for school purposes. I believe
that an appropriation to each district
equal to that raised by local taxation for
school purposes would give the schools,
especially In the poorer portions of the
State, a fresh and decided impulse. I
believe it would be the means of length
ening the school term, Increasing the
compensation of teachers, elevating and
dignifying the profession of teaching,
and creating and awakening in the pub•
lic mind such an interest in the cause of
popular education as would greatly pro
mote the prosperity and advancement of
I am Satisfied that in this way could be
alimony appropriated' and expended to
a wise and good purpose a portion of the
public money, much of which is at pres
ent lavished upon objects and schemes
of doubtful utility. I am certain that a
measure like the one proposed would
very largely benefit the schools of this
county, and one I have no doubt that
would prove generally acceptable.
Cbschurion.—l return my sincere and
heartfelt thanks to the State Department
for various acts of kindness and indul
gence, to the directors and citizens for
their counsel, co-operation, and generous
hospitality, and to teachers for the kind
ness, courtesy arLd good-will manifested
toward me on all occasions.
Gettysburg, July 26, 1867
A CLERGYMAN who enjoys the sub
stantial benefits of a tine farm, was
slightly taken down a few days ago, by
his Irish plowman, who was sitting at
his plow, in a tobacco field, resting his
horse. The reverend gentleman, being
an economist, said, with great serious
"John, wouldn't it be a good plan for
you to have a stub scythe here and be
cutting a few bushes aloug the fence
while the horse is resting a short time."
John, with quite as serious a counte
nance as the divine worn himself, odd:
"Wouldn't It be well, sir, for ' , iron to
have a tub of potatoes in the pulpit; and
when they are singing, to peel 'em a
while to be ready for the pot."
The reverend gentleman - laughed
heartily, and left.
A YAxxxx youth andTpretty- girt
sat facing each other at a husking party.
The youth', smitten with the charms of
the maiden, only ventured a shy look,
and now and then touched Patty's feet
under the table. The girl, determined
to make the youth express what he id
warmly felt, bore with these advances a
little while ha silence, when she Med(
out, " Look bare I if rat love me, regy to e
but don't dirty my stockings. 9