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ACCOMMODATING BROOD SOWS
excellent Pens for Shelter ol
In response to a query for plans
for a moderate-priced house to aceom
ir.< date 25 brooding sows and the
usual complement of pigs, the Coun
iry Gentleman publishes the follow
For the brood sows it is best to
have separate cots like those describ
ed by Professor Shaw of the Michigan
Fig. I—Movable1 —Movable Cot for Brood Sow.
Station, from whose bulletin on the
subject the following engravings are
Wade. Sows and pigs should be kept
away from the main or winter pen as
much as possible. The sow should
have plenty of exercise, plenty of
creen and succulent food, and access
to the ground. These cots offer ideal
summer conditions both to sow and
Fig. 1 is a good cot for a sow that
Is about to farrow, since she cannot
lie down close to the sides and thus
(overlie the young pigs. A cot like
that shown in Fig. 2, however, gives
better ventilation and is preferable in
[very hot weather. This is built C.\B,
(With vertical sides ?, feet high, with
fooard roof, half pitch. The center
jboards on the sides are hung on
hinges to open in hot weather. Note
also the simple way of ventilating at
Fig. 2 —A Six-by-Eight Cot.
the highest point of the roof. Cover
the openings in the sides with woven
wire. Such a cot contains 100 feet of
Etoek lumber, CO feet of matched stuff,
20 feet 4 by fi, 12 feet 4 by 4, 44 feet
2 by 4, and ought to be made by a car
penter in a couple of days. A floor
can be made for it if desired for win
ter quarters, using two-inch stuff cut
In lengt'is to rest on the skids, which ,
are wider than the sills. Do not
fasten the sills to the skids, as the
latter are the first to rot.
Where the pigs do not come late in |
the fall or too early in the spring, it '
in better to use such a cot as the per- •
tinmen t home of the sow, keeping her
th< re during the winter and compelling
plenty of exercise by putting her food
at a considerable distance from the
cot, and not using too much bedding,
but enough to keep her warm and
Such cots are used also for fatten
ing pigs. A movable hog cot is better
In most cases than a permanent pen,
as it keeps the pigs away from any
central place, which is sure to become
permanently contaminated, m-uddy in ,
wet weather, dusty in dry, and dirty i
all the time.
If a permanent hog-house is to be
built, it should be located on a knoll
Of the domesticated breeds of fowl
In England the Dorking Is among the
oldest, ranking In this respect with
the Games. There are those among
poultry writers, who give it oven
greater historical significance, claim
ing to trace its ancestry back to the
time of tlie Roman Invasion of Brit
tany. it takes its name from an Eng
lish town in Surrey, where undoubted
t" Swine Both In Summer tind
nd Ventilating Con
I rather tlian In a moist hollow. Next,
I sufficient yardage, which you say you
| have, should be available. Large lots,
j where succulent food can be grown,
| are to be preferred to small exercise
| pons, which cannot be kept healthful
;In a warm climate. The pig should
naturally be fattened In the late fall,
and none carried over but the breed
ing stock. Kxperiments beyond num
ber have shown that it is not profit
able to feed either old or heavy hogs.
The rule ought to be to have elght
inontns-old pigs weigh at least 200
pounds and lit for slaughter. Such
pigs ought never to see the inside of
a costly permanent pen, but ought to
goto the slaughter house directly
from the lots and the cots.
l'se cement floors with overlays for
the pie,s to lie on. The drawing shows
this clearly; the overlay being hinged
to the side of the pen, so that it may
be raised up and the floor beneath
properly cleaned. Note also that it is
in the corner of the pen and away
from the feeding trough. It is bedded
with fresh bedding once a week. The
The Arrangement of the Pen.
overlay here described is made from
| inch lumber, with inch cleats below
to hold the boards together. A 2by 4
surrounds the affair to hold the bed
ding in place, nailed to the boards and
reinforced by a triangular piece of
scantling nailed to the 2 by 4 and to
It is not necessary togo into de
tails in the description of the pens.
The cut shows how the 10 by 14 pen
is arranged, with swing door at ono
corner, lifted by a rope leading to the
front of the pen; abundant windows
and ventilation; the widening out of
the door frame to prevent the pigs
from getting thejr noses under the
door when closed; the feeding trough,
with swinging door over it, to keep
back the hogs when feeding, and par
[ N "1 p
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1 i- 11
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Plan of Piggery.
, titlon between the pens high enough
t to keep the hogs from quarreling over
them, but not high enough to prevent
free movement of the air lengthwise
of the stable.
ly it first attained economic impor
tance. From this source it has spread
pretty much over England, and occu
pies the same position to the poultry
Industry of that country that the Ply
mouth Rocks and Wyandottes do to
America. Pre-eminently it belongs to
the all-purpose breeds, with a slightly
preponderating advantage for table
CAMERON COUNTY PRESS. THURSDAY, JANUARY 12, 1011.
One From the Cashier.
The harmless customer loaned
■cross th*> cigar counter and mulled
ungugingly at the new cashier. As he
handed across the amount his dinner
cheek called for ho ventured n bit of
aimless converse, for he was of that
"Funny," said he, "bow easy it is to
"Well," snapped the cashier as she
fed his fare to the register, "if money
was intended for you lo hold onto the
mint would be turning out coins with
liandles on 'em."
Had Money In Lumps.
Charles 11. Rosenberg of Bavaria
had lumps on his shoulders, elbows,
and hips when ho arrived hero from
Hamburg on the Kaiserin Auguste Vic
toria. In fact, there was a series of
smaller lumps along his spine, much
like a mountain range, as it is present
ed on a bas-relief map.
The lumps were about the size of
good Oregon apples, and as Rosen
berg passed before the immigration
loctor for observation, the doctor said
softly to himself, "See that lump."
Then he asked Mr. Rosenberg to step
"You seem like a healthy man,"
said the doctor, "but I cannot pass you
until I know the origin of those lumps
on your body." "Ah, it is not e sick
ness," laughed the man from Bavaria.
"Those swellings is money."
Taking off his coat he broke open a
sample lump and showed that it con
tained SSOO in American bank notes.
He informed the doctor that he had
SII,OOO in all, with which he was go
ing to purchase an apple orchard in
He was admitted to the country.—
New York Tribune.
Why He Laughed.
Miss Mattie belonged to the old
south, and she was entertaining a
guest of distinction.
On the morning following his arrival
she told Tillie, the little colored maid,
to take a pitcher of fresh water to
Mr. Firman's room, and to say that
Miss Mattie sent him her compliments,
and that if he wanted a bath, the
bathroom was at his service.
When Tillie returned she said:
"I tol' him, Miss Mattie, en' he
laughed fit to bus' hlsself."
"Why did ho laugh, Tillie?"
"What did you tell him?"
"Jus' what you tol' me to."
"Tillie, tell me exactly what you
"I banged de doah, and I said, 'Mr.
Firman, Miss Mattie sends you her lub,
and she says, 'Now you can get up
and wash yo'self!"—Lippincott's Mag
Where He Was Queer.
The negro, on occasions, displays a
fine discrimination in the choice of
"Who's the best white-washer in
town?" inquired the new resident.
"Ale Hall am a bo'nd a'tist with a
whitewash brush, Bah," answered the
colored patriarch eloquently.
"Well, tell him to come and white
wash my chicken house tomorrow."
Uncle Jacob shook his head dubi
"Ah don' believe, sah, ah'd engage
Ale Hall to whitewash a chicken
"Why, didn't you say he was a good
"Yes, sah, a powe'ful good white
washer, sah; but mighty queer about
a chicken house, sah, mighty queer!"
—Mack's National Monthly.
MAKE UP YOUR MIND.
If you'll make up your mind to b«
Contented with your lot
And with the optimists agree
That trouble's soon forgot.
You'll be surprised to And. I guess.
Despite misfortune's darts,
What constant springs of happiness
Lie hid In human hearts;
What sunny gleams and golden dreams
The passing years unfold.
How soft and warm the lovellght beams
When you are growing old.
What About Brain Food?
This Question Came Up in the Recent
Trial for Libel.
A "Weekly" printed some criticisms of the
claims made for 'our foods. It evidently did
not fancy our reply printed In various news
papers, and brought suit for libel. At the trial
some interesting facts came out.
Some of the chemical and medical experts
The following facts, however, were quite
Analysis of brain by an unquestionable au
thority, Geoghegan, shows of Mineral Salts,
Phosphoric Acid and Potash combined (Phos
phate of Potash), 2.91 per cent of the total,
P. 33 of all Mineral Salts.
This is over one-half.
lieaunis, another authority, shows "Phos
phoric Acid combined" and Potash 73.44 per
cent from a total of 101.07.
Considerable more than one-half of Phos
phate of Potash.
Analysis of Grape-Nuts shows: Potassium
and Phosphorus, (which join and make Phos
phate of Potash), is considerable more than
one-half of all the mineral salts in the food.
Dr. Geo. W. Carey, an authority on the con
stituent elements of the body, says:"The
gray matter of the brain Is controlled entirely
by the inorganic cell-salt, Potassium Phosphate
(Phosphate of Potash). This salt unites with
albumen and by the addition of oxygen creates
nerve fluid or the gray matter of the brain.
Of course, there is a trace of other salts and
other organic matter in nerve fluid, but Potas
sium Phosphate is the chief factor, and has
the power within Itself to attract, by its own
Acted Like tire Genuine.
"The landlady says that new board
er is a foreign nobleman."
"Bogus, I'll bet."
"Oh, I don't know. Ho may be the
real thing. He hasn't paid her a cent
More Human Nature.
Grouchly By denying myself three
ten-cent cigars daily for the past 20
years I figure that I have saved $2,190.
Moxley—ls that so?"
Grouchly—Yes. Say, let me have a
chew of your tobacco, will you?
Thanks to Burnt Cork.
"Gosh! But the colored race Is a
comin' to the front fast!" whispered
Innocent Uncle Illram, at the vaude
ville show, as the black-face comedian
was boisterously applauded.
"Yes, Indeed," smiled the city man;
"anyone can see that that fellow Is a
Lo, the Rich Indian.
The per capita wealth of the Indian
is approximately $2,130, that for other
Americans is only a little more than
$1,300. The lands owned by the In
dians are rich in oil, timber and other
natural resources of all kinds. Some
of the best timber land in the United
States is owned by Indians.
The value of their agricultural lands
runs up in the millions. The ranges
which they possess support about 500,-
000 sheep and cattle, owned by lessees,
bringing in a revenue of giore than
$272,000 to the various tribes besides
providing feed for more than 1,500,000
head of horses, cattle, sheep and goats
belonging to the Indians themselves.
Practically the only asphalt deposits
In the United States are on Indian
No Slang for Her.
"Slip mo a brace of cackles!" or
dered the chesty-looking man with a
bored air, as he perched on the first
Btool in the lunchroom.
"A what?" asked the waitress, as
she placed a glass of water before
"Adam and Eve flat on their backs!
A pair of sunnysiders!" said the young
man in an exasperated tone.
"You got me, kid," returned the
waitress. "Watcha want?"
"Eggs up," said the young man.
" 'E-g-g-s,' the kind that come before
the hen or after, I never knew which."
"Why didn't you say so in the first
place?" asked the waitress. "You'd a
had 'em by this time."
"Well, of all things " said the
"I knew what he was drivin' at all
the time," began the waitress as the
young man departed. "But he's one
of them fellers that thinks they can
get by with anything. He don't know
that they're using plain English now
The League of Politeness.
The League of Politeness has been
formed in Berlin. It aims at inculcat
ing better manners among the people
of Berlin. It was founded upon the
initiative of Fraulein Cecelie Meyer,
who was inspired by an existing or
ganization in Rome. In deference to
the parent organization the Berlin
league has chosen the Italian motto,
"Pro gentilezza." This will be em
blazoned upon an attractive little
medal worn where Germans are ac
customed to wear the insignia of or
ders. The idea is that a glaance at
the "talisman" will annihilate any in
clination to indulgo In bad temper or
discourteous language. "Any polite
person" is eligible for membership.
The "Country Churchyard."
Those who recall Gray's "Elegy in
a Country Churchyard" will remember
that tho pes-eful spot where "the
rude forefathers of the hamlet sleep"
is identified with St. Giles', Stoke
Pogeß, Buckinghamshire. In the pro
saic pages of a recent issue of the
Gazette there appears an order in
council providing that ordinary Inter
ments are henceforth forbidden in the
law of affinity, all things needed to manufac
ture the elixir of life."
Further on he says:"The beginning and end
of the matter is to supply the lacking princi
ple, and in molecular form, exactly as nature
furnishes it in vegetables, fruits and grain.
To supply deficiencies —this is the only law of
The natural conclusion is that if Phosphate
of Potash is the needed mineral element in
brain and you use food which does not contain
it, you have brain fag because its daily lots is
On the contrary, If you eat food known to
be rich in this element, you place before the
life forces that which nature demands for
In the trial a sneer was uttered because Mr.
Post announced that he had made years of re
search in this country and some clinics of
Europe, regarding the effect of the mind on
digestion of food.
lint we must be patient with those who
sneer at facts they know nothing about.
Mind does not work well on a brain that is
broken down by lack of nourishment.
A peaceful and evenly poised mind is neces
sary to good digestion.
Worry, anxiety, fear, hate, &c., &c., directly
interfere with or stop the flow of Ptyalin, the
digestive juice of the mouth, and also inter
fere with the flow of the digestive juices of
stomach and pancreas.
Therefore, the mental state of the individual
has much to do (more than suspected) with
How She Learned.
The mother of a family of thre#
small children was discussing their
comparative precocity with a friend.
"John was very slow at everything,"
she said, referring to her oldest. "Tom
was a little better, and Edith, the
baby, Is the smartest of all. She picks
up everything quick as can be."
Master John, who had been listen
ing, now contributed his fchare of the
"Humph!" he exclaimed. "I know
why her learns so quick. It's 'cause
her has us and we didn't have us."
The late former Governor Allen D.
Candler of Georgia was famous in
the south for his quaint humor.
"Governor Candler," said a Gaines
ville man, "once abandoned cigars for
a pipe at the beginning of the year.
He stuck to his resolve till the year's
end. Then ho was heard to say:
" 'By actual calculation, I have
saved by smoking a pipe instead of
cigars this year S2OB. But where is
Ramadan is the month exalted by
Moslems above all others. In that
month the Koran —according to Mos
lem tradition—was brought down by
Gabriel from heaven and delivered to
men in small sections. In that month,
Mohammed was accustomed to retire
from Mecca to the cave of Hira, for
prayer and meditation. In that month
Abraham, Moses and other prophets
received their divine revelations. In
that month the "doors of heaven are
always open, the passages to hell are
shut, and the devils are chained." So
run the traditions.—The Christian
A Medical Compromise.
"You had two doctors in consulta
tion last night, didn't you?"
"What did they say?"
"Well, one recommended one thing
and the other recommended some
"A deadlock, eh?"
"No, they finally told me to mix
Hard on the Mare.
Twice, as the bus slowly wended its
way up the steep Cumberland Gap, the
door at the rear opened and slammed.
At first those inside paid little heed;
but the third time demanded to know
why they should be disturbed in this
"Whist," cautioned the driver,
doan't spake so loud; she'll overhear
"The mare. Spake low! Shure, Oi'm
desavin th' crayture. Everry toime
she 'ears th' door close, she thinks
won o' yez is gettin' down ter walk
up th' hill, an' that sort o' raises her
On her arrival in New York Mme.
Sara Bernhardt, replying to a compli
ment on her youthful appearance,
said: "The secret of my youth? It
is the good God—and then, you know,
I work all the time. But I am a
great-grandmother," she continued,
thoughtfully, "so how can these many
compliments be true? lam afraid my
friends are exaggerating."
Mme. Bernhardt's laugh, spontane
ous as a girl's, prompted a chorus of
"Yes," said the actress, "uncon
scious exaggeration, like the French
nurse on the boulevard. Our boule
vards are much more crowded than
your streets, you know, and, although
we have numerous accidents, tilings
aren't quite as bad as the nurse sug
"Her little charge, a boy of six,
begged her to stop a while in a crowd,
surrounding an automobile accident.
'Please wait,' the little boy said, 'Want
to see the man who was run over.'
'No; hurry, his nurse answered.
'There will be plenty more to see
This trial hag demonstrated:
That Drain la made of Phosphate of Potash
as the principal Mineral Salt, added to albu
men and water.
That Grape-Nuts contains that element as
more than one-half of all Its mineral salts,
A healthy brain Is Important, If one would
"do things" In this world.
A man who sneers at "Mind" sneers at the
best and least understood part of himself.
That part which some folks believe links us to
Mind asks for a healthy brain upon which to
act, and Nature has defined a way to make a
healthy brain and renew it day by day aa it
Is used up from work of the previous day.
Nature's way to rebuild is by the use of food
which supplies the things* required.
"There's a Reason"
Postum Cereal Co., Ltd.,
Battle Creeh, Mich.
"Ton shouldn't have called that man
* pig." said the conciliatory man.
"That's right," replied the vindictive
person. "There 1B DO sense in imply
ing that he's worth 40 cents a pound
"Were you nervous when you pro
posed to your wife?" asked the senti
"No," replied Mr. Meekton; "but If
I could have foreseen the next ten
years I would have been."
Economy In Art.
"Of course," said Mr. Sirius Barker,
"I want my daughter to have some
sort of an artistic education. I think
I'll have her study singing."
"Why not art or literature?"
"Art spoils canvas and paint and
literature wastes reams of paper.
Singing merely produces a temporary
disturbance of the atmosphere.
"It must have been frightful," said
Mrs. Bosslm to her husband, who was
In the earthquake. "Tell me what
was your first thought when you
awakened In your room at the hotel
and heard the alarm."
"My first thought was of you," an
swered Mr. Bosslm.
"Yes. First thing I knew, a vase off
the mantel caught me on the ear;
then a chair whirled In my direction,
and when I Jumped to the middle of
the room four or five books and a
framed picture struck me all at once."
Even after saying that, he affected
to wonder what made her so angry fop
the remainder of the evening.—Mack's
New Process of Staining Glass.
The art of coloring glass has been
lost find refound, Jealously guarded
and maliciously stolen so many times
In the history of civilization that It
seems almost Impossible to say any
thing new on glass staining. Yet a
process has been discovered for ma
king the stained glass used In windows
which Is a departure from anything
known at the present time. What the
Venetians and the Phoenicians knew
of It we cannot tell.
The glass first receives Its design In
mineral colors and the whole Is then
fired In a heat so Intense that the col
oring matter and the glass are lndis
solubly fused. The most attractive
feature of this method Is that the sur
face acquires a peculiar pebbled char
acter In the heat, so that when the
glass Is In place the lights are delight
fully soft and mellow.
In making a large window in many
shades each panel Is separately mould
ed and bent and the sections are as
sembled in a metal frame.
I think our conversational soprano,
as sometimes overheard in the cars,
arising from a group of young persons
who have taken the train at one of
our great industrial centers, for in
stance, young persons of the female
sex, we will say, who have bustled in
full dressed, engaged in loud, strident
speech, and who, after free discussion,
have fixed on two or more double
seats, which having secured, they pro
ceed to eat apples and hand round
daguerreotypes—l say, I think the
conversational soprano, heard under
these circumstances, would not be
among the allurements the old enemy
would putin requisition were he get
ting up a new temptation of St. An
There are sweet voices among us,
we all know, and voices not musical.
It may be, to those who hear them
for the first time, yet sweeter to ua
than any we shall hear until we listen
to some warbling angel in the over
ture to that eternity of blissful har
monies we hope to enjoy. But why
should I tell lies? If my friends love
me, it is because I try to tell the
truth. I never heard but two voices
in my life that frightened me by their