Newspaper Page Text
THE CAMERON UOUNTY I^UESS.
ESTABLISHED BY C. B. GOULD, MARCH, 1866.
AFTER THE BATTLE
Some are found bleeding and
sore, while others have a fit
of the blues. Now if there |
should be any so unfortunate |
as to suffer from the eftects of
accidents we have the Balm
for their pains and aches,let it
be either for man or beast.
Our liniment and powders for
horses or cattle are always
Our medicines are pure and
always get there. The prices
are right, too.
fe* | Our patent medicine depart
ment is supplied with all the
-Syfj standard remedies and we can
supply your on short notice.
Our toilet and fancy goods
department we keep up to ,
Our Prescription depart- j
ment receives our closest at- j
tention and all calls answered j
day or night. Just touch the '■
button. In fact we are here i
to do business and serve the j
M. - A. - ROCKWELL, |
IGES SHSHSHSE SSSHSHSHSHHHHSnj
IFLLHFIE SHE F
I --or - - jjjj
I CIS 1 CAPES 1
I SOME TIMELY j
1 BARGAINS. !j
Don't think they are old ft
rS styles. They are not. Left In
$ overs from from last month, [n
£ that is all.
ft Did a very large Cloak [j}
Cj business this year. Had a ru
Cj very large stock. nJ
[}j It is only to be expected ft
PJ that some of the garments ft
nJ were left over. ft
ft The left overs are just as [n
ft pretty, just as desirable as [n
thev were a month ago, but ft
Ir just ONE HALF last ft
month's prices. m
[}J We could let the lot J
I" dwindle down at regular ft
m prices if we liked. But that ft
n] is not our way. We believe En
ft in ending each season with [n
ft the season. [}j
You benefit by that policy jjj
Gj of ours. En
[}j Would you buy a stylish ft
[}j up-to-date Coat or Cape at ft
m Then come to our Cloak m
ft Department. Prices have [}j
uj been cut squarely in two.
j GREAT BARGAINS jj
[U AWAIT YOU ft
IM. C. TULIS. |
HLH HSHSHSHS ESBSBS&h HS HS sH°]
IF I:AS ™ AVSK< " >AK | LLOYD'S LONG RANGE FORECAST OF THE
I WEATHER AND EASTMAN'S KODAK. J|
? Perfection's pinicle; many strive for it; No one reaches it.
x\Y &MB X \ DUD DCfTTAM I i Micliael Angelo said, "Trifles make perfection and perfection
|l' 3®Bs| '// \ ( 1 Jjilf JjljllUrl ! < is 110 trifle." But it is the striving that makes this such a de
li \ 112 £ sirable store for yon and your friends to buy such trifles as ll
J| P itVru^Kriday'evenhi, thedai ' ;! ' roljably 1 !lrcat "s pens, inks, writing paper and all kinds of stationery, lU
[I SATURDAY, warmer!'rain in the books standard patterns cliuaware, wallj paper, toys, sleds, skates, bicycles sporting Jjjj]
1 w' v ,. cl ' un " 81:1 iirt « r "oon. v <roods, guns, ammunition, kodaks and a full line of kodak supplies, pocket books, filL
JJ SUNDAY,Fair weather. • w , • 11 • 11 1 • •
.1 3 aluminum novelties, curtains and a good cigar. !rsi
|.V You can carry it in your bauds, on your shoul- s LfJl'
der, in your pocket or on yourbicycle. ? fill
the u," * HARRY S. LLOYD.
At the Opera House,
TUESDAY, JAN. 16, 1900.
A WHIRLWIND OF FUN AND MUSIC.
The Peerless Irish Commedienne,
MAY SMITH ROBBINS,
Supported by a
Superb Company of
Commedians and Soubrettes,
In the Husic Comedy,
Under the Management of
Prices, 25, .35, and 50 Cents.
Bright Music, Pretty Girlfi and
If you enjoy a Good Laugh, wait and
see LITTLE TRIXIE.
James Morrisey, the veteran P. & E.
track foreman, who has been placed j
on the retired list., has moved to his j
Fifth street property. Jus. says he i
can't say how he will stand it with all !
those Republicans in the West Ward.
Mr. Morrisey had been in the employ I
of the P. & E. for thirty-five years, !
and, with "Senator" John Wade, of
Sterling Run, 35 years in service; John i
Ryan, 36 years, and Patrick Lanin, 30 |
years, has been placed on the railroad j
pension list. Mr. Morrissey informs j
the PRESS that in all those thirty-five |
years he had never lost a day's pay j
and was never sick two hours. The j
retiring track foremen have each !
earned their rest and have the respect, j
not only the railroad company, but of |
the general public. The PRESS con
gratulates these venerable gentlemen!
and wishes them many years of solid |
comfort and happiness.
What proved a startling announce- ;
ment Monday night was the report
port that Peter Meitzler, proprietor of
the Riverside Hotel, had attempted
suicide by shooting himself.
Mr. Meitzler has been complaining
for some time and has been confined to
his bed for about two weeks with in
flamatory rheumatism. At times the
pain has been very severe and Mr.
Meitzler has become somewhat impa
tient at his slow recovery. Monday
night shortly before; eight o'clock Mr.
Meitzler directed George Miller togo
into an adjoining room and bring him
a revolver, which he would find there.
Mr. Meitzler gave as an explanation
that he was afraid some one would
take it, and that he wanted it in his
After waiting a few minutes Mr.
Meitzler told Miller to call Mrs. Meitz
j ler, as he wanted to see her. .Miller
went down stairs in compliance with
the request, and while on his way
down he, as well as other members of
the family, heard a muffled report.
They hastened into Mr. Meitzler's
room and found that gentleman lying
back on his pillow, with an ugly
wound in his breast near the heart.
While the wound is not necessarily
fatal, it is believed that Mr. Meitzler's
weakened condition will not permit
him to recover from the effects of the
Among the many sad deaths that
occurred in this community during the
Holidays was that of Miss Maud V 7 .
Schenek, of Howard, who died in the
Lock Haven hospital, on Friday, Dec.
She was the only daughter of Post
master and Mrs. Hayes Schenck, of
that place, and had been ill with ap
pendicitis for four weeks. On the
Monday before her death she was
taken to the hospital to undergo an
operation which was performed on the
following Thursday. At first she ral
lied from it, but peritonitis developed
later and caused her death.
Miss Schenck was eighteen years old
last September and had just reached a
period in life when her virtues were
most radient and her sweet life most
precious to her parents. She was a
member of the Evangelical church;
being a choir singer, and had a host of
friends who were deeply affected by
her sad death.
The remains were brought to her
home and on Christmas morning they
were tenderly laid away in the Schenck
Groceries and provisions have al
ways been a leading feature with us.
Good values here mean more than low
prices—it embraces quality as well.
46-2. M. C. Tulis.
"Liberty and Union, One and Inseparable."— WElSSTKß
EMPORIUM, PA., THURSDAY, JANUARY 11,1900.
Board of health.
Stated meeting, Jan. 4th, 1900. Mem
bers all present. Health officer Bard
well stated that there had been several
cases of scarlet fever since the last
meeting of the board; only one, how
ever, now remained and that was well
along so that the public need appre
hend no danger from that source.
Only one case of diphtheria known to
exist at present; all necessary pre
cautions had been taken to prevent its
spreading. In all of the above cases
cards had been promptly placed upon
the several premises. On motion it
Resolved, That this Board hearafter
shall promptly notify the Secretary of
the School Board, during the school
term, of cases of contagious diseases
from which danger is to be appre
hended, in order that teachers may
guard against the attendance of such
families until they are informed that
all danger is passed.
President Howard stated that some
uneasiness had been manifested on
account of the appearance upon the
streets of members of quarantined
families. Health Officer Bard well said
that the advice of the attending phy
sician should govern in every such
case. The Secretary, however, was
requested to say to the public, that the
Board of Health would hereafter place
at the disposal of quarantined families
that shall need assistance, the services
of the sanitary policeman or other
suitable person to do all necessary out
ride work for them, in order hereafter
to obviate all cause for uneasiness on
the above score.
When the public health and human
life are concerned the law requires the
highest degree of care and will not
brook weak and hesitating measures,
nor stop to experiment as to what is
the minimum of care that can be exer
cised. There is ample power vested in
every local Board of Health to abate
whatever may have a tendency to bo
prejudicial to public health and the
members of this board wish it distinctly
understood that while exercising the
strict official supervision required by
law, yet they will be only too glad to i
render all possible help to any afflicted i
family to the extent of the most liberal I
interpretation of their duties.
G. METZGER, Sec'y.
A Social Event.
One of the most enjoyable events in
the opening of the New Year was the
surprise social at the parsonage, given
in honor of the minister and his ex
cellent bride, about seventy-five people
participating in the events of the even
ing. The ladies prepared and served
delicious refreshments. In behalf of
the ladies and gentlemen ofSinnema
honing, Mr. Batclielder presented the
pastor and his bride a large lamp and
rocking chair. Rev. Piper, in his usual
graceful manner, responded to this
speech and heartily thanked the peo
ple for this manifestation of their ap
preciation. He followed his kindly
talk with an earnest prayer for God's
blessing upon the community.
Everybody seemed pleased and
happy and none more than our pastor
and his wife, both of whom we esteem
so highly. May they enjoy together
many years of happiness and useful
ness.—Driftwood Gazette. Now we
understand why our good friend
"would be unable to attend the Masonic
Banquet at Emporium owing to a
pressing engagement." We noticed
I the bright twinkle in his friends eyes
| when begging off, but its all accounted
I for now. We certainly congratulate
j our genial and greatly respected friend
I and hope much happiness and bliss
! may be in store for both.
Two Hen Injured.
Last Sunday night, about 1:30, engi-
J neer Shirk and Seymour Hackett, fire-
I man, were painfully burned at the
I furnace. While dumping the cinder
car, the hot metal came in contact with
j water, causing an explosion. The
I contents of the cinder car flew in all
| directions and it is a wonder the men
j were not blinded. They went at once
j to M. A. Rockwell's drug store, where
] they were promptly relieved of their
| great pain.
A Good flove.
Many of the principal merchants of
I Emporium are closing their stores at
j eight p. m., giving employer and em
| ploye the benefit of these winter even
Col. Rogers has retired from the
management of the Kane Daily Repub
lican and will devote his time to the
management of the Kane Post Office.
Mr. Rogers has been for fifty years in
the editorial harness and his ready pen
has done valiant service for McKean
county and the Republican party. He
is universally respected by the editorial
fraternity, as well as the citizens of the
state, and all hope he may keep in
touch with the public affairs.
Agricultural Society Officers.
At the meeting of the Cameron
County Agricultural Society, held last
Saturday, .at the Court House, in Em
porium, the following officers were
elected for the year 1900: President,
F. X. Bluinle; Secretary, N. A. Ostrum;
Treasurer, E. W. Gaskill; Member of
State Board, Hon. I. K. Hockley.
Getting Logs Out of the Ice.
The work of banking the logs be
tween Renovo and Lock Haven is being
pushed as rapidly as possible but
should the ice go out within the next
day or two considerable valuable tim
ber would i)e lost. The ice is melting
rapidly all along the river and another
day of warm weather will be sufficient
to start it going. A great many logs
have already been banked and are
comparatively safe until next spring.—
A Large Lumber Company.
The various interests of Hall & Kaul
about St. Marys, including their 'large
SPW mill, lumber, lumbering equip
ment and large tracts of timberland in
this end of Elk county and also in
Cameron and McKean counties, have
been consolidated into one large busi
ness to bo known as the Hall & Kaul
Lumber Co., with offices at St. Marys.
The firm lias been incorporated under
t.'o laws of the State of Pennsylvania,
with a capital stock of $500,000.
Few of our readers have anything
like a correct knowledge of the magni
tude of this enterprise or of its benefit
to our town. Employment is given to
between four and five hundred men in
the different departments, including
those working in the mills, shops, rail
road construction, and woodsmen
under the numerous jobbers.—Gazette.
Two Deaths from Natural (ias.
Wednesday afternoon at about live
o'clock, Mr. and Mrs. P. S. Southwell,
who live in the Baldwin House, in
Snowshoe, were found dead in bed.
Never before has an announcement
of this nature caused such general ex
citt nent as this one did. Mr. and
Mrs. Southwell were among Austin's
best known and most respected citizens.
Monday evening they both attended
the Masonic card party. At that time
Mrs. Southwell complained of illness,
but it was nothing of a serious nature.
Mi- Southwell underwent an operation
inJlufi'alo and had not been at work
since, but was so far recovered that ho
expected to do so soon.
Between nine and ten o'clock Wed
nesday morning Mrs. W. 11. Sullivan
called at the house for the purpose of
taking Mrs. Southwell out for a sleigh
ride. She rapped, but as there was no
response, she thought perhaps they
were out late the night before and had
overslept. During the day the neigh
bors noticed that there was no stir
about the house, but they thought that
Mr. and Mrs. Southwell had gone away
on the early morning train, at 6:40
o'clock. When J. H. Freeman, fore
man of mill number one, who lives on
the opposite side of the street, went to
his supper his wife said that she was
sura that something serious had hap
pened over at the Southwell residence
and that she wished he would go over
and get in the house and investigate.
He tried to enter the house by the
doors but found them all locked. Then
he tried to enter by the windows, but
found them all securely fastened.
Finally he managed to force out one of
the windows in the kitchen, and
crawled in. The fire in the gas range
in the kitchen was burning, as was
also a light.
lie went through into the parlor,
and there he found a gas radiator
which was burning. In the dining
room there was a light burning. Ev
erything was in order, but no one was
to be seen and not a sound was to be
heard in the house.
The sleeping rooms are on the sec
ond floor, and this was the last and
only place for Mr. Freeman to investi
i gate. He made his way up the stairs,
and as he looked into the bed-room
occupied by Mr. and Mrs. Southwell,
he.thought both of them were both en
joying a good, healthy sleep. A gas
fire was burning in a small, round gas
stove, within four feet of the bed. lie
tried to awaken them by speaking but
failed to arouse them. Then stepping
up to the bed he placed his hand on
Mrs. Southwell, who was on the front
side of the bed and was about to at
tempt to awaken her, when he found
that she was cold in death. He then
reached over and felt of Mr. Southwell
and found that he was also dead.
The Coroner held an investigation
yesterday, and after a great deal of
enquiry, it was decided a clear case of
natural gas poisoning.
For potatoes goto M. C. Tulis'.
Largest stock and lowest prices. 46-2
In respect to the memory of the late
Miss ELLA HERKICK, ofSterling Run, by aschool
mate, and respectfully dedicated to the family.
Another loved one fallen,
Another pathway trod;
An earthly flower faded,
To bloom again with God;
Beyond the deep, deep shadows,
Above death's stormy wave;
Where the silent tear drops freshen,
That cluster 'round the grave.
An earthly pathway ended,
A useful life's dream 'oer;
Hopes woven sunbeams vanished,
To shine on earth no more;
The schoolmates, of our early days,
Who have fallen one by one;
In the morning and the noon-tide,
When Nature's work was done.
Gone like the floating of a zepyr,
On the south winds balmy breath;
Like a floret's closing petals,
In the silent arms of death;
Nothing but the sable casket.
For love to lay away,
'Till the golden bowls are broken,
In God's appointed day.
A chord of sweeter music,
A voice we cannot hear;
The pressure of a silent hand.
To know she once was here;
At rest upon the hillside,
Away from toil and pain;
Asleep among the daisies,
When spring time comes again.
Sterling Hun, Pa., Jan. Bth.
Candidate for Congress.
Hon. O. (J. Allen of Warren, has an
nounced his name as a candidate for Congress in
this district. Senator Allen is a popular gentle
man throughout the district.
Electric Light Plant.
The Emporium Furnace Company
have completed their electric light plant and arc
lights are being placed throughout their works,
many already being illuminated, greatly facilitat
ing the work of the men at night.
Shippen Graded School.
The Shippen School Board have
opened the Plank Road Hollow graded school;
with Mrs. Williams, Ludlam and Germond as
teachers. The building is said to be first-class in
every respect and reflects credit on the builder,
W. 11. Cramer.
Piercy Fry met with a painful acci
dent last Monday while attempting to get into a
carriage in front of his father's livery stable.
The horse took fright at the escaping steam from
an engine and started down the alley at a lively
rate, throwing I'iercy against the sidewalk,
severely spraining his light ankle. He is able to
be about 011 crutches, but will be crippled for
Mr. Eenn, of Punxsutawney, a coke,
expert, come to Emporium on Monday and re
mained until Tuesday, making an examination
of the coke ovens near Cameron, for the Em
porium Furnace Company. He reported the
ovens in excellent condition and with little ex
pense can be operated. In all probability the
coke ovens and mines will be in operation within
a very short time, thereby giving employment to
a number of men.
fliss Herrick's Funeral.
The funeral of Miss ELLA HERKICK
was held from the M. E. Church at Sterling Run,
last Friday, at 2 o'clock. Rev. Dr. J.E.Wright,
of Lock Haven, officiated. Friends of the de
ceased lady from surrounding towns attended the
funeral to pay their last respects to thedead lady.
The remarks by (he Rev. gentleman were very
appropriate and well received. The aged moth
er and other members of the family have the
sympathy of our citizens.
The annual election held by the
stockholders ofFirstNational Bank of Emporium,
on Tuesday, resulted as follows: President, Geo.
A. Walker; Vice President, Wm. Howard; Sec
retary, Josiah Howard; Solicitor, B. W. Green;
Cashier, T. U. Lloyd; Directors, Geo. A. Walker,
W. Howard, Josiah Howard, W. L. Sykes, N.
Seger, W. S. Walker, John E. Smith; B. W.
Green and J. P. Felt. The year's business of the
Bank was the best in the history of the institu
tion. The only change in the management was
the retirement of Cashier whiting, who is suc
ceeded by T. B. Lloyd, the teller.
WILLIAM E. CRAWFORD, aged 31,
met with an accident, Saturday afternoon while
directing the hauling of logs on C'auley Run for
his father, H.C Crawford, that proved fatal. The
unfortunate young man,who was superintending
tho work of delivering the logs to the mill and was
assisting the loading of logs on sleds. As near as
we can get the information, young Crawford was
chaining the binder when the chain slipped, the
binder pole striking him on the head, knocking
him under the load. At the same moment the
sled, which was 011 a steep road, started down
the hill, dragging Crawford under it. As <iuiek
as willing hands could do so the logs were rolled
oif the sled and the injured man carefully lifted
and taken to the Sizerville Hotel, when Dr. Smith
was called. It was found his injuries were fatal.
He lingered until Sunday morning when he pass
ed away, surrounded by his parents, who camo
The remains were removed to the family resi
dence at Olean, and the funeral will take place
to-day (Thursday) at 2 o'clock, p. in., The de
ceased was a member of Emporium Lodge, A.
Y. M., No. 382, Emporium Chapter, No. 2'JM, and
St. John's Commandery, of Olean. The Com
niandery will have charge of the funeral and
conduct tho services according to the ritual of
| that fraternity.
1 A large number of Emporium Masons left this
morning to attend the funeral of their departed
WILL CRAWFORD was a very quiet, unassuming
young man and was the eldest son of the prom
-1 inent lumberman 11. C. Crawford. He has re
| sided in this county for many years and enjoyed
the confidence and respect of all who knew him.
The family, who are greatly respected by our
people, have our sympathy. It is sad that one so
full of life and in the prime of manhood, should
thus be called away.
TERMS: $2.00 —$1.50 IN ADVANCE.
The attraction at the Opera House,
Tuesday evening, Jan. 16th, will be the musical
melo-drama "Little Trixie," The Hump Heiress,
with May Smith Robbing in the title roll. The
play tells the story nfa little waif v. ho is being
defrauded of her rights b.v i see niing lawyer.
Her father, the son of an English lord, had been
disinherited forgoing on the stage. He event
ually came to America, where he married a sweet
New England maiden agiinst the wishes of her
parents. The storm of adversity swept over the
romantic young pair, and they both died leaving
"Little Trixie" tu the tender mercies of her
maiden aunt. The old lord afterwards relented
and sent an o'd musical manager, iti the person
of "SocrotesWinterpippir"to America to hunt for
his son's orphan chilil. The old lord died and
his youngest soil. Sir Archibald, inherits the
estate and has nod,-ire to give it tip. fo avert
such a dire calamity, h *cnt a questionable
character in the per ;HI of Janie* Dawson to bribe
the lawyer, Xathan sharp, and thc«e two worthies
plan to kill the little heiress. They are circum
vented by Little Trixie's ability to u-sume differ
ent characters and area! last brought tojustice.
The play is interspersed with bright operatic
choruses and high-class spef iulties. The action
and dialogue is bright and wittv nr..l (Ik climaxes
sensational in the extreme. The company is
carefully selectejl and includes several stars. The
musical members are especially good.
HULTUn IN PARVO.
Can you write it 1900'.'
Elegant ice til is year.
Teamsters are all busy.
The Tioga county oil field looks like a stayer.
iiusy times around the Court House this week.
Hon. Joe M. Shr.l'er is gradually growing
Master Willie \V,!H!I, of .Sterling, visited in
town on Saturday.
See "Little Trixie" and t nioy an evening ot
recreation and f.m.
See "LittlelTrixie" and cure the (it of blues you
feel coming on. The remedy is infallible.
Mrs. D. E. Powell, of St. Marys, was visiting
relatives and friends in Emporium last week.
J. IT. Bairil and Joe M. Sh .r, Jr., o: -iinuema
honing, visited in Emporium Tuesday evening-
Thos. Welsh has resumed his old position in L.
K. Huntington's store . He is a faithful clerk.
.Mrs. M. C. Tulis was called to York state last
week on account of the scri us illness of her
Chas. A. Slebbins and Or. C. L. Bradford are
both candidates for Senatorial nomination in
Jas. Parrel! has been appointed section fere
man, at Emporium, to take the place of James
Our immense holiday trade made a deep hole
in our stock, the balance of which we are selling
out at cost. N. SEGER.
Tuesday was pay day at the furnace and many
men were made happy. Twenty thousand dollars
every month is a great help to Emporium.
The new Library is well patronized by the
young men and it speaks volumes for the young
men who are thus seeking information, rather
than roam the streets at night.
An easy chair was chanced off by Mrs. E. S.
Hitchcock 011 Monday and Postmaster Chas.
Seger held the lucky number. Mr. S. promptly
presented the chair to the deserving lady.
Mr. and Mrs. E. T. Osborn, who have been
visiting relatives in Etrporium the past month,
guests of Mrs. M. B. Judd, left yesterday morning
for Hot Springs, Arkansas, to open their hotel.
FOR RENT.—The large and commodious dwell
ing house situated on Fifth street will be rented
to the right party. Call ou Green Shaffer for
terms. H. W. GRAHAM.
A few nights ago two "drunks" went to sleep
on the cinder dump at the furnace and came
near meeting the fate of young Crawford, who
was cremated a few weeks ago. Poor place to
Ladies are unanimous in their praise of the
little artist, May Smith Robbing, who will
I appear at the ODera Houte, Tuesday evening,
j Jan. lOtii, in her musical melo-drama, "Little
I Trixie." She is bright, vivacious and full of
i original humor. She delights and amuses.
| N. Seger, when asked to make a statement of
; his business last year, said: "It was the banner
year of my business career, and I owe it to taste
; in selecting goods and to my ability to give great
bargains which our people were quick to lake
advantage of." Mr. Seger is now giving some
great after-holiday bargains.
Henry A. Lyman and wife, of Buffalo, stopped
j in Emporium between trains yesterday, eu route
for Lock Haven. Mr. Lyman was also accom
panied by his brother from Roulette, Pa. H.A.
' Lyniau was employed in the PRESS office in 1886
and is now employed on the New York Central
It. R., at Buffalo. The party were called to Lock-
Haven to attend the funeral of B. K. Lyman,
who died at Los Angeles, Cal.
Mr. S. Hoover, of Sit. Carmel, Pa., has accepted
a position with Hall, Kaul & Co., as general
manager of the great combination store, taking
charge of the business this week. Mr. Hoover is
a man of wide experience, very courteous and a
gentleman whom it is a pleasure to meet.-St.
Marys Gazette. Messrs. Hall, Kaul & Co., are to
be congratulated upon securing the services of so
valuable a gentleman; one who has grown up
amid active business affairs. We have known
him for more than thirty years and he comes
from an honest, sturdy family.
Quarterly meeting at Wesleyan Hall, com
mencing Saturday evening, Jan. 13tli, at 7:30
Sunday services as follows: Love feast, 9:30 a. m.:
preaching at U o'clock, followed by the sacra
mental service; children's meeting at 6 p. m.,
preaching at 7. Rev. A. G. Mattcson, of Olean,
will have charge of these meetings. All are
E. FULLER, Pastor.
Card of Thz'.nks.
Editor iV/'.s.s: ~
Please convey our sincere thanks to
those kind friends and neighbors who
assisted us in our hour of need, when
our dear husband and father was called
THE HOI T FAMILY.