Cameron County press. (Emporium, Cameron County, Pa.) 1866-1922, June 16, 1898, Page 3, Image 3

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    On Board the Battleship New York—-Just Aftet Firing a Shot.
Sampson's Fleet Bombards Santi
ago da Cuba.
The Forts are Itadly Shattered anil a Span
ish Cruiser Comes in For a Large
Share of Attention Spaniards
fcutTered Considerable I.oss
I.and Attack by Cubans.
On Board the Dispatch Boat Dandy,
off Santiago de Cuba, via Kingston,
Jane 8. —The American fleet formed in
double column six miles ofl' Morro
castle at 0 o'clock Monday morning
and steamed slowly 3,000 yards otV
shore, the Brooklyn leading, followed
by the Marblehead, Texas and Massa
chusetts, and turned westward. The
second line, the New York leading,
with the New Orleans, Yankee, lowa
and Oregon following, turned east
Suddenly the lowa fired a 12-inch
rliell which struck the base of Estrella
battery and tore up the works. In
stantly firing began from both Rear
Admiral Sampson's and Commodore
Schley's columns, and a torrent of
shells from the ships fell upon the
Spanish works. The Spaniards re
plied promptly, but their artillery
work was of a very poor quality, and
most of their shots went wide.
The Brooklyn and Texas caused
great havoc among the Spanish shore
batteries, quickly silencing them.
While the larger ships were engaging
the heavy batteries, the Suwanee and
Yixcn closed with the small in-sliore
battery opposite them, raining rapid
fire shots upon it and quickly placing
the battery out of the fight.
The Brooklyn closed to 800 yards
and then the destruction caused by
her guns and those of the Marblehead
and Texas was awful. In a few min
tites the woodwork of Estrella fort
was burning and the battery was
silenced, firing no more during the en
gagement. Kastward, the New York
and New Orleans silenced the Cavo
battery in quick order and then
shelled the earthworks located higher
Short lv after nine the tiring ceased,
the warships turning in order to per
mit the use of the port batteries. The
firing then became a long reverberat
ing crash of thunder and the shells
lore up the Spanish batteries with ter
rible effect. Fire broke out in the
Catalina fort and silenced the Span
ish guns.
New York, .Tune B.—A special from
Cape Haytien, describing the bombard
ment of Santiago de Cuba on Monday,
says that tlie forts about the harbop
are now a mass of ruins. The Morro
is a shapeless pile of ruined masonry
and dismantled guns, and the Estrella
battery is utterly ruined. This result,
the dispatch says, was the work of ten
American ironclads. Scarcely a yard
of the coast escaped the deadly can
nonading. At Port Aguadores, the
fort recently constructed by Col.
Ordonez, the famous artillery expert,
was blown to dust and Col. Ordonez
was badly wounded. Two other artil
lery officers were also wounded. Two
infantry lieutenants and 21 privates
are reported fatally wounded.
Later in the day the American ships
moved closer toward the mouth of the
harbor, where the old cruiser Reina
Mercedes had been discerned attempt
ing to place explosives about the hull
of the Merrimac to blow her to pieces
and clear tlie channel. A 13-inch shell
from the Oregon landed squarely
abaft her pilot house and tore all her
upper works to shreds.
Her "second commodore," five of her
sailors and a marine were killed. A
second lieutenant of the Keina Mer
cedes and 16 of her seamen were ser
iously wounded.
A perfect shower of shell and shot
fell upon and around the old cruiser
and she was so badly damaged that
her crew abandoned her and sought
the shore for safety.
About noon a landing party of
American marines near Daiquiri was
attacked by the Spanish infantry and
it squad of cavalry.
The insurgents were posted in the
•neighborhood and with the aid of the
marines successfully took up a posi
tion, holding it and later making it a
base from which they operated. The
Spanish force was defeated with heavy
loss and driven back toward Santiago,
leaving their wounded behind them.
The Americans are now entrenched
near Daiquiri and are landing heavy
guns, preparatory to moving thein
toward Santiago and laying siege to
the city.
It is further reported here that the
■Cuban forces attacked Santiago de
•Cuba by land, during the American
bombardment, inflicting heavy losses
.on the garrison.
Has Cleared the Way for Sampson.
London, June B.—A dispatch to the
Mail from Cape Haytien says: The
American victory at Santiago has
cleared the way for the entrance of
Admiral Sampson and the destruction
of tbi* Spanish fleet. As Santiago's
land defenses are reported weak, it is
likely that the city will yield to a
vigorous attack. It is reported that
the commander of the Keina Mercedes,
second in command in the Spanish
fleet under Cervera, was killed during
the engagement. The combined
American and insurgent forces are en
trenched near Daiquiri.
Four of tli© Men Who Wi»re With Dewey
nt Manila T«'ll of the (ireat Itsittl*'.
Bnn Francisco, Jnnt> 8. —Among the
passengers who arrived here Tuesday
on the Belgie, from Hon}? Kong, were
four men who partici|)ated in the fight
at Manila bay on May 1. They are
Paymaster A. Loud, of the dispatch
boat McCulloch; Dr. Charles I*. Kin
dleberger, surgeon of the Olympia;
Ralph Phelps, secretary to tlie captain
of the McCulloch, and.l. C. Evans,
gunner of the Boston. They left Ma
nila on May 5. Dr. Kindlebi>rger and
Gunner Evans are going home on ac
count of expiration of their sea time.
Paymaster Loud and Mr. Phelps are
here on business, and will return to
the McCulloch. They all speak of the
valor of their opponents in the battle
of Manila. They say that the Span
iards fought bravely, even after the
last vestige of hope had gone.
Dr. Kindleberger gives a graphic
account of the terrific tight. He was
on the Olympia through it all. In the
first assault the flagship took the lead,
the other vessels following in her
wake at four ships' lengths. At one
time the smoke became so dense it
was necessary to draw aside to let
the cloud lift. The vessels were ex
amined and it.was found that they
had sustained no damage. Breakfast
was served to the men and in a few
minutes they re-entered the fight.
The second fight was even more
fierce than the first. It was then that
the Baltimore was struck.
During the first flglit the Spanish
admiral's ship put bravely out of the
line to meet the Olympia. The entire
American fleet concentrated their fire
on her and she was so badly injured
that she turned around to put back.
At this juncture the Olympia let fly
an 8-inch shell which pierced through
almost her entire length, exploding
finally in tl*e engine room, wrecking
her machinery. This shell killed the
captain and 60 men and set the vessel
on fire.
Tn the heat of the fight two tor
pedo boats moved out to attack the
fleet. They were alfowed to come
within 800 yards, when a fusilade
from the Olympia sent one to the
bottom with all on board and riddled
the other. The second boat was later
found turned upon the beach, covered
with blood.
In the second fight the Baltimore
was sent to silence the fort at Cavite.
She plunged into a cloud of smoke and
opened all her batteries on the forti
fication. In a f«w minutes a shell
struck in the ammunition and the fort
blew up.
After the principal ships had been
destroyed the Concord, Raleigh and
Petrel, being of light draft, were sent
close to handle flie remaining vessels
of the fleet. They made quick wort
of that. In taking possession of the
land forts several hundred wounded
Spaniards fell into the hands of the
Americans and nearly 200 dead were
accounted for oti the spot. The Span
ish loss footed up 400 killed. (>OO
wounded and a property loss of any
where from $0,000,000 to $10,000,000.
Experts have figured out that the
fighting volume of the guns of the
respective sides of the battle was.l
for the Americans against 7 for the
Spanish. It is clear then that the
superiority was in the ships and men
themselves, the men having the ex
perience and nerve.
"For two houjrs," said Mr. Loud,
"the steady thunder of cannon was
kept up. The roar was something
terrible. At one time I really thought
we would be beaten. This was aftei
the fire had been kept tip an hour. It
looked like every gun on the Spanish
ships had turned loose on us alto
gether, and the shore line was a veri
table blaze of fire from the batteries.
The din was simply indescribable.
Tons upon tons of shot fell over our
ships. There was steel enough to have
sunk our entire fleet. Our salvation
was in the bad marksmanship of the
Spaniards. They handled their pieces
like boys. Nearly all their shots went
wide of the mark.
"We left Manila on *he sth. At that
time Commodore Dewey was iu pos
session of the shore forts and arsenal.
Considerable ammunition and some
fair guns were captured. Manila on
the opposite side of the bay had not
been taken and it w«*,s not the inten
tion of Dewey to do so at that time.
The city and its suburbs were com
pletely at the mercy of our guns and
we could have laid it in ruins in a
short time. But the Puce on the war
ships is too small to land and tak<
"When the troops arrive from San
Francisco. Dewey will demand the im
mediate surrender of the city and the
troqtns stationed there. If a refusal
is given fire at one<- will be opened
from the warships and forcible pos
session will be taken at once."
The Monterey Start H for M'-inlla.
San Francisco. June 8.- The princi
pal event in the local war situation
yesterday was the departure of the
monitor Monterey and collier Brutus
for Manila. The order to get under
way was issued about 1 o'clock and
soon the wharves and docks on the
\v»ter front were crowded with people
upxious to witness the departure of
tin* formidable fighting machine and
the collier which is to accompany her.
Every steam whistle on the water
front blew a farewell, and as the two
vessels moved from the harbor toward
the Golden (iate the crowd on the
wharves set up a mighty cheer.
The Senate Passes the War
.Revenue Measure.
Will Become the Law of the
Land To-day.
They Sernrw an Ajireem«nt in tlie House
that a Vote on the Hawaiian Kenolutlon
Shall he Taken Next WedneMilay Volun
tcen Can Vote for C'ongroitMUieii.
Washington, Jue ll. —Friday after
noon the conference report on the
war revenue bill was agreed to by the
senate after a discussion lasting four
hours. The debate upon the measure
was without special incident. It was
a foregone conclusion that, the report
would be a {freed to, and the only
question of interest involved was how
soon a vote could be reached. The de
bate indicated {generally that the bill
as agreed upon by the conferees was
reasonably satisfactory to everybody
except as to the bond provision. The
votes cast against the adoption of the
report reflected the opinions of those
senators who are opposed to any in
crease in the interest-bearing debt of
the country.
The report was agreed to by a vote
of 43 to ~2. Kvery republican voted
for the measure and their votes were
supplemented by those of eight demo
crats. The democrats who voted for
the adoption of the report were
Caffery, (iorman, Lindsay, McKnery,
Mitchell, Morgan, Murphy and Tur
pie. The vote against the report was
east by 16 democrats, three silver men
and three populists. As soon as the
engrossed bill can be signed by the
presiding officers of the two branches
of congress, it will be sent to the
president, .lust at tlie close of the
session a bitter personal discussion
was precipitated by Mr. liutler. who
attacked Mr. Kyle for having voted
lor the issuance of bonds.
House. —The feature of the session
of the house was the securing of an
agreement to consider and vote upon
the Newlands resolution to annex
Hawaii. Beginning to-day the debate
will proceed until 5 o'clock next Wed
nesday afternoon, when a vote will be
taken. The annexationists Were de
termined to force consideration and
for three hours the opposition fili
bustered. Consideration of thj reso
lutions could have been prevented, as
under the rules a recess until the
evening session necessarily would
have been taken at 5 o'clock, but it
was plain that the annexationists
would win their victory to-day. Real
izing this, and knowing the resolu
tions would pass and goto the coun
try, involving a prominent issue, the
opposition treated for liberal debate,
anil their demands were granted.
Eight democrats voted with the an
nexationists in the movement to force
consideration of the resolutions.
The bill to enable volunteer soldiers
to vote at congressional elections was
passed, and a number of minor meas
ures were considered.
Are Really, but Vet Delay.
Washington, June 11.—The troop
transports have not proceeded to
Cuba, either Thursday or the day be
fore. as has been repeatedly asserted.
They are in readiness togo, but will
not move until the naval convoy is
ready to -accompany them, assuring
safe conduct from Florida to the point
of destination. Whether that will be
to-day or to-morrow the department
positively declines to say, and there
is authority for the statement that
any reports purporting to give the
hour or day when this flotilla of in
vasion will start is not only unwar
ranted but meets with vigorous offi
cial condemnation.
ItuMsla Is I' xpectl'd to Hell the Cat.
Vienna, June 11. —The government
has declined to initiate mediation be
tween the I'nited States and Spain, as
it wishes to avoid the appearance of
making intervention seem only a dy
nastic action in the interest of the
queen regent, which, perhaps, might
give fatal offense. Nevertheless a
decided opinion is held that the time
for intervention is nearly at hand, al
though a hesitation to take the first
step is evident everywhere. The prob
ability is that Russia will undertake
the initiative.
Took Possession of the Town.
Middlesboror, Ky„ June ll.—News
from the Howard-linker feud in Clay
county is startling. Howard's party,
50 strong, has taken possession of the
town of Manchester. The Maker fol
lowing, consisting of 40 ' well armed
men, have rendezvoused three miles
from the to\vn. Judge Mrown is unable
to hold court. Although he expects
troops sent by (iov. Bradley. it is
feared the two parties will come into
collision before the troops can arrive.
Desperate Battle with Train Kohhers.
Dallas, Tex., June 11. —Reports were
received by the Santa Ke officers in
Dallas Friday that four train robbers
attempted to hold up an express train
on the Lampasas division Thursday
niglit. A fight ensued between the
trainmen and the bandits in which
one of the latter was shot and Fire
man Johnson was killed. The Santa
Fe officials declare that the robbers
got no money.
A Protest from Japan.
Washington, June 11. Japan has
entered a strong protest against the
duty on tea provided for in the war
revenue bill. The protest is based on
the ground that a uniform duty of
ten cents a pound on all teas will
have the effect of ruining Japan's tea
trade with the Cnited States.
I'lnwn to I'leeeM by Dynamite.
Jacksonville, Fla.. June II. —An ex
plosion of dynamite occurred at St.
John's Bluff, near the mouth of St.
John's river, Friday, killing two
men, John O'lloiirke and Kdward
Houston, and seriously injuring
Lieutenant Ilart, U. S. A.
C»pt. \\ titles I)rnnU Ilia Collff Willi#
Klitlilini* ihr Mpanlah Fleet in
Mnnlln Hay,
If you want to say that any man is
always cool, calm and collected, say
that he is as cool as Capt. Wildes, of the
cruiser Boston. He is one of the offi
cers with Dewey's fleet at Manila, and
all the world is wondering at his calm
ness. While the Moston slowly steamed
into the bay of Manila, while two op
posing storms of projectiles swept the
waters, while a man could not hear
himself think in the thunder of the
guns, Wildes stood on the Boston's
bridge watching, when the smoke
raised, the deadly accuracy of his gun-
("I'd Thank You for a Cup of Coffee.")
ners. Wildes was as cool as a cucumber,
but the weather was warm. So he
called for a big palm lea 112 fan, and, calm
as a woman at the opera, fanned him-
So cool and calm was this Yankee
fighter while the Spanish ships were
sinking under the hail of lead that he
remembered he had not had his break
fast. It speaks well for Wildes that, un
der the circumstances, he bethought
himself he was hungry. If a man has
a good appetite he is in good health,
and if he's healthy he can fight. Feel
ing the cravings of his appetite, Wildes
ordered a cup of coffee to be served to
him on the bridge. One can easily
imagine he hears Wildes' order, punc
tuated by orders, thus:
"I'd thank you for a cup of coffee —
lieutenant, you've got the correct
range—and not too much sugar. An
other s-mash like that and the Castella'a
a goner."
This is probably the first cup of cof
fee ever served and consumed on a fight
ing bridge during battle. "Cafe a la
Wildes" will be a popular drink in
Uncle Sam's navy.
But Wildes was not the only hungry
man in that fleet during the first part
of the magnificent fight. Dewey was
hungry.and,being kind and thoughtful,
he remembered that all his men and all
his officers must be hungry, too. So
when breakfast time came Dewey drew
off his fleet, and every Yankee on the
fleet enjoyed his breakfast very much
Indeed. Having finished breakfast
they went back and finished the Span
Thf Man Who Innpreta and Rfvlifl
All the I're** Dlnpntchew Sent
Via Key Welt.
Capt. Jones AMen, nominated a lieu
tenant colonel by the president, is a
•phinx and a terror to the correspond
ents now quartered at Key West. The
new lieutenant colonel is the censor of
*he press dispatches at that point, and,
although implacable in that capacity,
he is a very good fellow otherwise. He
was graduated from the mili'tar}- aoad-
(Censor of Press Dispatches at Key West,
emy in 1372 and spent three years with
the Third cavalry in Wyoming. After
that he was detached for signal service
and remained in that department of the
army until 1878. He was sent to New
Mexico for three years, and in 1881
returned to the signal service in Wash
ington. In 1884 he rejoined the Third
cavalry, then in the Indian territory.
For two years—from 1887 to 1881)—he
was detailed as cavalry instructor at
West Point, was detached again for
signal service, and from 18 ( .)2 to 1894 he
was a member of Gen. Miles' staff at
Chicago. Since 1804 Capt. Allen has
done staff duty, chiefly with (ien.
linger and (ien. Merrltt. lie was pro
moted to the rank of captain ten years
I.ooilon'N llllk Supply.
If only pure milk were sold in London
it is estimated that from 20,000 to 30,-
000 more cows would be wanted to keep
up the supply.
Small Piitntoe* In Greenland.
In Greenland potatoes never grow
larger than marbles.
It Is Now Lying Off Port
Tampa, Fla.
Is Fully Capable of Protecting
the Transport Vessels.
The Government I* Fully Determined that
No S|»iuiMh Crulfter Slmll be Uiwti an
Opportunity to Capture a Defcnnelcsj
Troop Ship.
Washington, Juno 11. -Another for
midable American fleet has assembled,
consisting 10 warships of various
classes, headed by the bijf battleship
Indiana, which for all round effective
ness stands at the head of the navy.
This fleet is assembled at I'ort Tampa
and is to serve as a convoy for the
troop transports from that point. The
formation of this formidable convoy
fleet is ilue to the reports that Span
ish ships were lurking between Flor
ida and Cuba with a view of inter
cepting the troops' transports. The
navy department has not given seri
ous credit to these reports, yet they
were more or less circumstantial. In
order to avoid the slightest possibility
of a dash by some Spanish ships
.against the troop .transports, this new
fleet of 10 warships was determined
Commodore Remey, naval com
mander at Key West, has brought to
gether this powerful fleet of convoys.
It is strong enough-—both in num
bers of ships, size of individual ships
and armament—to cope with any
Spanish vessels that migTit be at
in the West Indies, and it entirely eli
minates any possible danger that
might attend the transporting of the
prmy of invasion to Cuba. Capt. Tay
lor. who commands the Indiana, is
available as commander of this squad
ron, although it is not disclosed defi
nitely who will be its chief.
The Indiana probably will be flag
ship of the convoy squadron. There
probably will be other battleships, but
it is not deemed advisable to give the
full list of the ships. The Indiana is
one of the most formidable ships
The desirability of forming this
fleet was suggested by the"i forma
tion, coming through official chan
nels, that Spanish ships left Barce
lona some days ago, bound for Cuban
waters. This information came to the
.state department. It was to the eft'eot
that the ships included three Spanish
warships and one transport. The in
formation was regarded as trust
worthy. It was communicated fo the
navy department and led to careful
A little later came the reports from
the ships off Florida that suspicious
looking vessels, with military tops,
had been seen in the offing. These
last reports were received with some
credulity, but naval officers were dis
posed to dismiss them as myths. They
were treated lightly and some officials
spoke of the matter as another case
of the phantom ship "Flying Dutch
man." But the better advised ones,
knowing of the reports as to the sail
ing of Spanish ships from Barcelona,
looked upon the matter as one which
should not be dismissed too lightly.
A single troop transport, carrying no
armor, might be at the mercy of some
stray Spanish ship, and there was no
purpose to hazard the lives of 1,500
men on any of our ships when reports
came from two widely separated
sources of the approach of Spanish
While it is inexpedient to give the
exact make-up of the convoy fleet, yet
some general idea may be given of
the warships which might be drawn
upon for this service. There are a
number of ships which have been do
ing scout duty and others held in re
serve, while Commodore Watson's
blockading fleet in front of Havana
gives another source from which the
convoy fleet can lie made up. The
fine auxiliary ships, like the Vale and
Harvard, with the torpedo boats,
could be used for scout duty, their
swiftness permitting them togo far
ahead as pickets for the approaching
fleet. The smaller cruisers, gunboats
and torpedo boats, are also available.
Some of the ships which could be used
with the Indiana are the Helena, Han
croft, Marietta, Newport, Wilmington,
Castine, Cincinnati, Detroit, Mont
gomery, Annapolis, Vicksburg, Krics
son. Dupont, Cushing and Foote.
Admiral Sampson will still have ten
or more ships, including the battle
ships lowa, Texas. Massachusetts and
Oregon and the armored cruisers New
York and Brooklyn. The blockading
squadron will continue to have 12 or
more ships, including the four big
monitors, Puritan, Terror. Amphitrite
and Miantonomah. Besides fjie fleet
of 10 convoy vessels, there will be
from 30 to 50 transport ships, making
in all a remarkable flotilla of trans
ports and naval convoys.
No of a ftlf v -inent of Troop*.
Chickamauga National Park, (in.,
June II. —The impression prevails at
(■en. Brooke's headquarters that there
will be no removals from this place to
points south until the government i
ready to send another army directly
to Cuba, and then it is believed that
troops will be sent directly to the
point of embarkation and thence at
once shipped.
All Keferre«l to \Vylimn.
Washington, .Tune 11. —Senator Ba
con. of Georgia, had a conference yes
terday with the president concerning
the reported yellow fever in the south
and the precautions that it will be
necessary for the government to take
to protect the troops from the disense.
Senator Bacon advised the president
to see to it at once that the I'nited
States forces now in the south be re
moved from the region of contagion,
either by sending tlieni to Cuba ami
Porto Rico, or by removing the per
manent camps from the low lands to
higher elevations. The whole matter
lias been referred to Surgeon General
VYy man.
Ie Suppresses All News Not Agree
able ta the Government.
(Jen, Ad»l|>hun W. Greeley, Chief
Mjf mil DBloer of the Army, la at the
II rail of Thin New-Kanifleil
Suiiprenxlou Uureuu.
The trail of the press censor is now
over everything. Never did remorse
leas editor with deadly blue pencil
slaughter beautiful "copy" as does
Uncle Sam's censors, who are editors in
the true and root meaning of the word.
Newspapers which for 35 years have
not known what it means to be inter
fered with are now having a luminous
object lesson taught them, and for once
the special correspondent realizes how
small the individual can feel when
thrown against the mass of the nation.
This so-called censorship, says the
Chicago Times-Herald, shows what
truly sovereign power means. And the
best of it is that the people indorse thr
government fully. They may miss a
little of their daily information, but
they are perfectly willing to do without
it rather than share it equally with the
enemy. As it is impossible to get all
the newspapers to agree on matter for
publication the government has taken
the affair in its own hands, and the
newspapers get only what the govern
ment permits them to get.
Gen. Adolphus W. Greely is the head
censor. Under him are numerous army
and navy officers, who, to the corre
spondents, know nothing, and who read
every line of news that goes out from
important points. Key West, New York
and Tampa are under the "censorship,"
and of course so is Washington. The
telegraph is in control of the govern
ment. No information is allowed to
pass, press or no press, that is consid
ered at all useful to the enemy. Not
only do the censors cut out parts of
dispatches, or throw the dispatches
away wholly, but they sometimes in
ject misinformation bodily into mes
sages that are passed. These cooked
up telegrams are sent to the newspa
pers with the correspondents' signa
tures, and the editors receiving them
(Chief Signal Officer United States Army.)
do not know what is the censor's and
what is the correspondent's work. Dis
patches are received and paid for by
the newspapers as news and published
as news. The correspondent doesn't
know what his paper gets and the news
paper doesn't know what the corre
spondent sends. Uncle Sam is the only
responsible party in the matter, and
the humor of the situation is found in
the further fact that in this regard
Uncle Sam is a totally irresponsible
party, if there ever was one.
These efforts of the authorities to
mislead the wily Spaniard, or at least
to give him no information about the
plans of this country, are being aided
and abetted by patriotic newspapers
and correspondents. The latter sends
along every item tht "leaks" out. but
as all these items are scrupulously
vised by the censor, it may be taken
for granted that what thus percolates
to the public is not considered very im
portant information.
At Key West and Tatnpa the censor
ship over telegrams is especially rigid.
The officer in charge of the telegraph
office at Tampa is Lieut. Mi!*", an aide
of Gen. Shafter, and all dispatches must
be given to him. Correspondents who
are caught smuggling news will be
packed off home, if not otherwise pun
ished, and for the first time in their
lives young men representing great
daily newspapers find a strong wall be
tween themselves and their "managing
editors" at home. The censorship is
particularly hard on the correspond
ents of the big London dailies, who have
been acting, unwittingly, as couriers
for the government at Madrid. They
were delighted with the freedom of the
American news system in the early days
of the campaign, but now their mes
sages are turned inside out, pruned,
changed, and labored with, when not
thrown away in their entirety. Cor
respondents in Tampa are forbidden to
send out the movements of officers and
the arrivals of volunteer troops, and it
may be that the American army will be
on Cuban soil before the American pub
lic learns the fact.
Gen. Greely, who is the bogy man of
the correspondents and the censor-in
chief of the news dispatches, has been in
the army since the beginning of the civil
war. At. that time he enlisted as a pri
vate and had risen to the rank of cap
tain' before ISGS. At the close of the war
he was transferred to the regular army
and in ISGS he entered the signal service.
His fame was made in the celebrated
Greely expedition to the arctics. The
story cf that expedition is part of the
world's history. G?n. Greely has been
honored by foreign scientific societies
in Europe and his works are translated
into many languages.
Kti ropciin i'onlnl Fori lit lon.
Letters dropped into a box in Pari*
«ire delivered in I3er!in within an hour
and a half, and sometimes within 35
minutes. They are whisked through
tubes by pneumatic power.