Cameron County press. (Emporium, Cameron County, Pa.) 1866-1922, May 26, 1898, Page 8, Image 8

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It Came Unexpected to Many
High Officials.
The New Men Will Be Hald »s a
Reserve Force.
Enlistments Are to Be Thrown Open,
Much as They Were at the Outbreak
of the Civil War, and Are Not to He
Restricted to the National Guard Or
ganization of the Several State*—An
Approximate Estimate of the Quota
From Kueh State—How the New Troops
Will He Organized Details of the
Work Will Not Be Taken Up Just at
WASHINGTON, May 26.—The Is
suance of a proclamation by the presi
dent calling for 75,000 more volunteers
added a new and stirring phase to the
lethargic conditions which have pre
vailed of late and came with almost
startling unexpectedness even to many
of the high officers of the army here.
The proclamation means not only the
assembling of a large force of troops,
but also the appointment of a number
of major generals, brigadier generals,
colonels, majors and staff and field
officers, for the organization of this
additional force of 75,000 men into
army corps, divisions, brigades and
The reasons leading up to the call
naturally were sources of much con
jecture, as it was at first felt that the
possibility of foreign complications was
a factor in bringing about this new
movement. It speedily developed,
however, that the call was not due to
any latent or serious emergency, but
was rather in the line of getting to
gether a large body of men to l»e
drilled and seasoned, and to consti
tute a sort of second reserve to be
drawn upon later when the campaigns
are fully under way. Secretary Al
ger stated that the merits of the call
have been canvassed more or less for
some weeks, but it was not until a few
hours before the call itself appeared
that the move was finally decided upon.
Coming thus unexpectedly the war
department had made no preparations
for executing the call, and it will be
some days before the details are
worked out as to the quota from each
state, the calls to the respective gover
nors of states, the mustering points
and the general points of concentra
All that is settled thus far is that
the enlistments are to be thrown open,
much as they were at the outbreak of
the civil war, and are not to be re
stricted to the militia and national
guard organizations of the several
states. It will be an encouragement
to the organization of independent vol
unteer companies and regiments. These
will retain their identity to a certain
extent as state troops, as the govern
nors will have the appointment of all
company and regimental officers, while
only the brigade division corps and
staff officers will be appointed by the
While the adjutant general's office
has not yet undertaken to make up the
quotas of the several states, the fo'-
lowing gives an approximate estimatt
of the state quotas: Alabama, 1,500;
Arkansas, 1,230; California, 1,930; Col
orado, 794; Connecticut, 965; Delaware,
210; Florida, 450; Georgia, 1,905; Idaho,
139; Illinois, 4,829; Indiana, 2,581; lowa,
2,264; Kansas, 1,668; Kentucky, 2,045;
Louisiana, 1,164; Maine, 759; Maryland,
1,166; Massachusetts, 2,832; Michigan,
2,622; Minnesota, 1,723; Mississippi,
1,295; Missouri, 3,246; Montana, 314;
Nebraska, 1,446; Nevada, 142; New
Hampshire, 451; New Jersey, 1,778;
New York, 7,507; North Carolina, 1,545,
North Dakota, 246; Ohio, 4,349; Oregon,
577; Pennsylvania, 6,456; Rhode Island,
426; South Dakota, 1,110; South Caro
lina, 443; Tennessee, 1,036; Texas, 1,454;
Utah, 255; Vermont, 397; Virginia, 1,673;
Washington, 704; West Virginia, 633;
Wisconsin, 1,955; Wyoming, 138; Ari
zona, 108; District of Columbia, 198;
New Mexico, 269; Oklahoma, 53.
The organization and division of this
extensive force is yet to be arranged by
the adjutant general's office. General
ly speaking, however, the 75,000 men
will suffice for the formation of 75 reg
iments. With three regiments to a
brigade, which is the present basis of
organization, this will make 25 brig
ades. In turn eight divisions of three
brigades each will be formed, and out
of the eight divisions the entire force
will be divided into three army corps.
This general division of course is ten
tative, but it shows the general for
mation of this large body of volunteers.
The new force will require, either by
appointment or by officers already ap
pointed.three major generals and
about 24 brigadier generals. The law
authorizes the president to appoint one
major general for each army corps and
one brigadier general for each brigade.
Brigadier generals are also assigned to
command divisions when the organiza
tion advances to that stage. The col
onels. lieutenants, majors, captains and
lieutenants are appointed by the gov
ernors of the various states, as the law
provides that "all regimental and com
pany officers shall be appointed by the
governors of the states in which their
respective organizations are raised."
Strength of tlie Army.
WASHINGTON, May 26.—Adjutant
General Corbin has prepared a state
ment showing the strength of the mil
itary forces of the United States when
organized in accordance with the plans
now under way: Regular army, 62,000
men; volunteers from states (first call),
125,000 men; three cavalry regiments
at-large, 3,000 men; 10 infantry regi
ments. United States volunteers (im-
Admiral CVrvero Still Ifellovecl Hot tied
1 |t at Santiago l>e Cuba.
WASHINGTON, May 28.—The navy
department announces that the situa
tion as to the Meets, both American
and Spanish, is precisely as it was 24
hours ago, so far as the officials know,
the only notable differences being an
apparent strengthening of confidence
of the officials in their belief that Cer
vera's squadron is lying in the Santi
ago harbor, in this hope ami belief
the officials find great comfort, know
ing the abilities of the American naval
commanders in Cuban waters to keep
the Spanish admiral bottled up in his
narrow neck harbor until he shall sur
render or be starved out.
If Cervera is actually at bay the offi
cials feel not the slightest apprehen
sion of relief coming to him from the
outside in the shape of another Span
ish ship squadron from Cadiz. The
reason of this belief is their unques
tioned ability to hold Cervera in check
with only a few vessels, perhaps a cou
ple of monitors and torpedo boats, thus
leaving the remainder of the big ar
mored ileet and a great number of un
armored but serviceable war craft to
take care of any reinforcements that
might attempt to come from Spain to
Cervera's aid. The force that could be
epared for this service without endan
gering the integrity of the blockade at
Havana, or permitting the escape of
Cervera, would be much larger than
the entire Spanish naval force now in
Spanish waters capable of crossing Liu-
One Hundred and Twcltc Thousand Have
Itrcn Mustered In.
WASHINGTON, May 26.—One hun
dred and twelve thousand men have
now been mustered into the volunteer
army of the United States and the
official reports show that the greatest
number of these are ready to move to
the front.
Over two-thirds of the states have
entirely completed their musters. The
failure of some of the states, notably
four or five of the Southern states, to
furnish the men called for up to this
time is ascribed to a belief probably
shared by many of the National
Guardsmen who had home ties and
business connections which they could
not well afford to give up, that plenty
of other persons not so encumbered
would readily be found to take their
places. Should any of the states de
fault the probability is that the fact
will be reported to congres by the
secretary of war for action.
Heavy Artillery Necessary.
NEW YORK, May 26.—With Com
modore Schley and Admiral Sampson
guarding the entrance To the harbor of
Santiago de Cuba the Junta believes
that the entrapping of Admiral Cer
vera will necessitate the sending to
Cuba of heavy artillery. This Mr. Reu
bens, the legal adviser of the junta,
said would of necessity have to In
planted in the hills behind Santiago,
from which vantage point Admiral Ce
vera would be forced into a sea battle
on the outside.
Anxiety Allayed.
WASHINGTON, May 26.—The news
of the safe arrival of the Oregon in
American waters was a source of un
alloyed satisfaction to all naval officers.
Apprehension as to the safety of the
Oregon practically disappeared when
the vessel reached Barbadoes and re
ported her arrival to the navy depart
ment, but there was always a chance
that she might suffer from accident or
hostile attack in the short distance re
maining on her homeward Journey.
First Pension 111 the Present War.
CHICAGO, May 26.—Jonathan Me,'-
riam, the United States pension agent
at Chicago, has just issued the first
pension voucher of the war with Spain.
It is for Mrs. Elsie A. Montfort of
Council Bluffs, la., mother of Seaman
'Villiam Montford, who was a victim of
tl.> Maine explosion in Havana harbor,
Fee 10.
Cable Not Cut.
KINGSTON, Jamaica, May 26.—The
West India and Panama Cable com
pany denies that the cable lines from
Santiago de Cuba to San Juan de Por
to Rico and France have been cut. The
company adds that messages for Porto
Rico will be received.
Sure Enough Spanish Spy.
KEY WEST, May 26.—The supposed
Spanish spy arrested here under the
name of Jimenez is Lieutenant Sobral,
late naval attache at the Spanish lega
tion in Washington. Maps and plans
of forts and mine fields were found on
the prisoner.
Austrian Ships Coining.
LONDON, May 26.—Special from Gi
braltar says two Austrian warships
will sail Friday for Cuban waters.
The following is the result of the
Eastern League base ball games:
At Rochester — It.ii. k.
Rochester 0 2 008030 *— 892
Buffalo 00000031 0—485
Batteries—Mitchell and Digging; Morse and
All three of the other scheduled
games postponed on account of rain.
National League.
At Louisville—Louisville, 8; New-
York, 4.
At Cleveland—Cleveland, 5; Wash
ington, 4.
At Chicago—Chicago, 20; Baltimore,
At St. Louis—St. Louis, 4; Boston, 8.
At Pittsburg—Pittsburg, 8; Philadel
phia. 3.
At Cincinnati—Cincinnati, 5; Brook
lyn, 4.
State League.
Lyons,2; Palmyra, 3.
Canandaigua, 8; Rome, 5.
Oswego, 1; Cortland, 0.
Utica-Auburn, rain.
Two rights Arranged.
NEW YORK, May 25.-Tom O'Rourke
has matched McCoy and Choynski for
a 25-round bout for a purse of SIO,OOO,
the fight to take place at the Lenox
Athletic club, this city, June 27. He
also matched Maher and Goddard for
25 rounds at the same clubhouse on
July 5 for a purse of SS,OOO.
Cuban Forces Being; Added to
Every Day.
Three Thousand Men Under General
Rafael De Cardenas.
Better Mounted hiii! Armed Than Ever
Before, Tlie.v Approach Almost t<» the
City of Havana —The Spaniards Have
Massed Tlielr Troop* In the Cities uml
on the ("Hit Abandoning Ofl'enHive
Operations Against the Cnbani —No
Difficulty In Maintaining Communica
tion Between the Count and the In
terior—lnsurgent. I'inrlied For Food,
but Are Kager to Co-Opcrale With the
American* Against tlie Spanish Troops.
KEY WEST, May 26.—A courier di
rect from Brigadier General Rafael de
Cardenas, commander of the insurgent
forces in Havana provinces, has ar
rived here. He reports that there has
been no difficulty In maintaining com
munication between the coast and the
interior. General Cardenas has been
enrolling men at the rate of 20 per day,
most of them coming from Havana
city. The insurgent forces in that pro
vince now number 3,000, better mount
ed and armed than ever before. They
move almost up to the outskirts of the
According to this courier, the Span
lards have massed their troops in the
cities and on the coast, abandoning
offensive operations against the Cu
The insurgents are pinched for food,
but •will wait eagerly for the order to
co-operate with the United States
army in a movement against the Span
ish troops.
Ills Flagship I.eft. the Blockading Fleet
Going Eastward.
KEY WEST, May 26.—The Associated
Press dispatch boat Wanda has just
reached here with the following ad
At daybreak on Sunday morning the
entire squadron under Hear Admiral
Sampson was lying directly opposite
the entrance to Havana harbor, about
10 miles off shore.
The commanding officers of the va
rious vessels held a conference on
board the flagship and shortly after
'their departure the flagship steamed
away to the eastward.
A number of vessels were left be
hind on blockade duty. About two
hours later a large double-masted and
double-funnelled cruiser came steam
ing under full headway from the west
ward. When within hailing distance,
and without slackening her speed, she
exchanged signals with the acting lias
ship off Havana. A string of colored
bunting was hoisted aloft on the flag
ship's halliards and the cruiser pushed
onto the east at full speed.
Afterward the squadron was in the
Nicholas channel, off Cardenas, head
ing for the old Bahama channel. The
squadron was proceeding with care ft.r
Admiral Cervera had not yet actually
been bottled and care must be taken
lest the fox turn and dash out of San
tiago, around the east end of Cuba, up
through the Windward passage and
north to attack the cities of the At
lantic coast of the United States.
In all likelihood Commodore Schley
will be able to spring the trap and then
Rear Admiral Sampson may hasten to
Santiago. A great game is being
played, and the situation is one of ex
treme suspense. After Admiral Cer
vera is sealed up in Santiago harbor
the problem will tie as in the case of a
"varmint" caught in a trap, whether to
shoot or starve him. In any event Ad
miral Carvera, it is believed, cannot
reach Havana. Two powerful fleets,
each having fast vessels, as well as
heavy ones, and each able to destroy
him, are closing in upon him.
Naval oflicers here believe that the
battleship Oregon will be ordered to
Join Rear Admiral Sampson's fleet.
Those Recently Enlisted May Get it
Chance to Goto the Front.
ALBANY, May 26. —No plans have
been formulated as yet by the state mil
itary authorities as to how they will
raise New York states quota of volun
teers under the second call. No plans
will be formed until Governor Black
has received the detailed order from
the secretary of war informing him as
to exactly how many and what kind of
troops this state is to furnish. It is es
timated at the adjutant general's office
that this state's share of the 75,000 will
be something between 7,000 and 8,000
The statement made by Secretary o!
War Alger, to the effect that the 75,••
®OO troops called for would not be taken
from the National Guards, but from
open enlistment, was diagnosed by the
officials at the adjutant general's office
as meaning that the governor of each
state was to be allowed to raise his
quota of volunteers as he wished.
If this reasoning is correct, Governor
Black will probably give those organ
izations of tlie National Guard that
have been recruited to take the place
of those who went away under the
first call, the first chance to volunteer
under this new call.
Another Iteport Not Endorsed.
WASHINGTON, May 26.—Reports
were current that an army of in
vasion was about to start for Cuba and
Porto Rico. It was based on the con
jecture which has been current of late,
but officials in authority gave it no in
dorsement, as 'twas manifestly con
trary to public policy to give any ad
vance information of such a move even
If it were contemplated.
The Vessel Leaves St. Pierre, Marti.
niqae, Going Northwest.
ST. PIERRE, Mai-Unique, May 26.
The Spanish torpedo boat destroyer
Terror finished coaling from the Ali
cante, whose disguise as an ambulance
ship has been virtually thrown off, and
left Fort de France, taking a north
westerly direction. It is reported that
she goes to join the Spanish fleet.
Three men-of-war, according to the
account of fishermen who have Just ar
rived here, were seen yesterday off the
northwest point of the island. The
fishermen assert that they were Span
ish warships.
First American Army to Sail For a For
eign Port.
start was made for Manila late yester
day afternoon and the first American
army to sail for a foreign shore is now
on the broad Pacific. At 4 o'clock
Brigadier General Anderson signalled
from the Australia for the City of Pe
kin and the City of Sydney to get un
der way. The signal was seen from
the shore and the waiting crowds com
menced to cfteer wildly. The noise was
something terrific. Every steam whis
tle in the city appeared to be blowing,
cannon were fired, and the din lasted
for fully an hour. As the Australia
passed Alcatraz island, in the lead of
the other ships, the battery of United
States artillery stationed there fired a
salute to General Anderson. The col
ors were dipped in recognition and the
steamships sounded their sirens.
The three transports carried about
2,500 men. The expedition, which is
under command of Brigadier General
Anderson, consists of four companies
of regulars under command of Major
Robe; the First regiment California
volunteers, Colonel Smith; the First
regiment Oregon volunteers, Colonel
Summers; a battalion of 50 heavy ar
tillery, Major Bary; about 100 sailors
and 11 naval officers.
The fleet is loaded with supplies to
last a year, and carries a big cargo of
ammunition and naval stores for Ad
miral Dewey's fleet.
It is not probable any more troops
will be dispatched before another week.
Detail* of tlie Horrible Aft'alr as Told by
an Kye Witness.
LONDON, May 26.—A letter received
In this city from Sierra Leone, west
coast of Africa, says that a Madrid
native who was with the American
missionaries at Rotufunk when they
were massacred by the insurgents en
gaged in the uprising against the im
position of the hut tax, but who made
his escape by resuming his native garb,
furnishes the following account of the
"We started to walk to Sierra Leone,
but had only gone halt a mile when we
met war boys, who blocked the way.
Rev. Mr. Cain tried to frighten them
by firing a revolver over their heads,
but seeing they were determined to do
mischief he cast his revolver away and
said he would not have anybody's blood
on his hands. The war boys then
seized the party and Misses Hatfield,
Archer and Kent, stripped them of
their clothing, dragged them back to
the mission house, in front of which
the war boys cut down Rev. Mr. Cain
and hacked him to death and then
treated Miss Archer and Miss Kent in
the same way. Miss Hatfield, who was
very ill, was thrown on a barbed wire
netting, and finally her throat was cut.
Mrs. ("ain escaped to the bush with a
native girl, but the war boys went out
seeking for them and they were after
ward killed."
An Agreement by Which It Will Not
l!e Pressed In the Senate.
WASHINGTON, May 26—The ac
tive opponents of Hawaiian annexa
tion in the senate, it is learned, agreed
to the arrangement for daily sessions
of the senate beginning at 11 o'clock
only after an understanding with a
number of Republican senators that
the Hawaiian annexation question
should not be earnestly pressed in the
senate in any form at this session.
Democratic senators were appealed to
to expedite consideration of the rev
enue bill and as a counter proposition
asked that Hawaiian annexation be
dropped. No party arrangement re
sulted from these propositions, the Re
publicans being disinclined as a party
to let the Hawaiian Issue go over, but
a number of Republican senators gave
assurances that Hawaiian legislation
should not be seriously pressed at thia
session. These assurances, Democratic
senators hostile to annexation say, are
sufficiently numerous to warrant them
in believing an adjournment of con
gress will be taken without action by
the senate on Hawaii. It is expected
that the war revenue bill will be a
law before very long and today there
was considerable talk of congressional
adjourning early next month.
The course of the house on Hawaiian
annexation is a matter of considerable
doubt The advocates of Hawaiian an
nexation say a Republican caucusof the
house on that issue will soon be held.
A sufficient number of members for
calling a caucus have subscribed to a
paper now in the hands of Represent
ative Grosvenor of Ohio, chairman of
the caucus committee.
Tragedian Keeue 111.
HAMILTON, Ont., May 26.—Thomas
W. Keene, the tragedian, left here for
New York. He is suffering with ap
pendicitus and had to cancel his theat
rical engagement. An operation will
be performed in New York.
Combination of Parties.
COLUMBUS, 0., May 26.—The Silver
Republicans, Liberty party, Populists.
Negro Protective and Social Labor
parties have effected a union for the
fall campaign.
Weather Indications.
Fair weather; light northerly winds.
Spain Appealed to tlie Powers.
LONDON, May 26. —The Rome cor
respondent of The Daily Mail says:
Spain recently sent a note inviting the
powers to protest jointly against the
blockade of Cuba. The powers decided
to take no action, and no replies have
been received at Madrid."
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