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ALL EYES ON HAVANA.
Public Must Patiently Wait Re
sult of Maine Inquiry.
■Kvcr) tlilutf Uulet »t \Vu*lit i»ntoi»—
Contract tor WreckiuK Let—lJlv- •
er» JKftn«l More llotlleM—- Inquiry
Hoard M««ta A^ulu.
Washington, Feb. 23.—A1l the gov
ernment departments were closed in
Washington Tuesday save the navy de
partment, where a few of the officials
assembled to receive any dispatches
that might arrive and to close the con
tract with the wreckers for the recov
ery of the effects on the Maine and the
\f-ssel herself, if that be practicable.
The signing of the wrecking contract
was the most important event of the
day, and, this concluded, the officials
•closed up shop and went home to enjoy
a respite from the rush of the past
week. C'apt. Sigsbee was heard from
in a dispatch which indicates that close
attention will be given to the coal bunk
ers by the naval court of inquiry. Wash
ington officials unquestionably have
THE WRECK OF THE MAINE—FROM A PHOTOGRAPH TAKEN THE MORNING AFTER THE EXPLOSION.
Ihe main deck between the forward and after mttgn/lnpa Is blown upward and to the starboard. Th© |l
forward imokraluck Is thrown hack and to the starboard. The whole wreck has a list to port. | \
The main deek |ust above the forward magazine la little wreeked. An explosion ot the mtigiulne would ft \
have torn It to atoms. Men who were within a few yards of the forward magazine survived. Had that /-
magazine blown up no trace of them would ever have been found. I— *
It Is claimed that the picture Indicates that the Maine was destroyed by a submarine mine. I J ./ I I \
After awning Is In view « ship's rail Is six feet under water: superstructure twisted and thrown aft| i
been for some time preparing l for any
emergency that may arise, but appear
ances at the department would indi
cate that any necessary orders already
have been given, and that the situation
is not one calling for immediate activ
ity at Washington. A report was cir
culated that (Jen. .Miles, the command
er of the army, had issued additional
orders for troops at all l'orts to be on
the alert and ready for immediate ac
tion, but this was promptly denied by
the general's chief of staff. Nothing
whatever of a sensational character oc
curred in Washington, and on the
whole the day was free of rumors by
comparison with its immediate prede
cessors for the past week or more.
More lloilien Recovered.
Washington, i'eb. 23.—The navy de
partment received a dispatch from Capt.
Sigsbee Tuesday evening saying that 14
more bodies nad been recovered from
LOOKING FORWARD FROM THE STARBOARD QUARTER.
the wreck of the Maine. All the re
mains are unidentified. It is not
thought that any bodies will be identi
fied hereafter unless by the clothing.
Aside from the effect of long submi'r
*ion, the men still missing were nearly
all directly under the main deck, which
was blown up, and the tremendous
force of 'he explosion probably blotted
scores of them out of existence en
The fliiy In Ilnvnnn.
Havana, Feb. 23. —The court of in
quiry opened at half-past ten and took
a recess at 12:30. Lieut. G. F. W. Hol
nian, navigator and ordnance officer of
the Maine, was examined at the morn
ing session. The court met for the aft
ernoon session at half-past one, and
Lieutenant Commander I!. Wainwright,
executive officer of the Maine, was
culled to the witness stand. Lieuten
ant Commander Wainwright has been
in immediate charge of the wreck since
The officers of the court of inquiry
paid another visit to the wreck Tues
day. Capt. Sampson, after the visits of
the members of the court to the cap
tain general and Admiral Manterola
Tuesday, said the reception extended
them had been pulite and cordial. The
captain general and admiral had ex
pressed deep sympathy and the hope
that nothing would interfere to prevent
a thorough investigation. They of
fered to give any help in their power.
Capt. Sampson referred to the visits as
"tending to promote a better under
Four divers are at work, two in the
fore part of the ship and the others
aft. The task is most laborious, and
the men ure naturally careful, as they
have had to work in complete dark
ness, and several have had bad falls.
Electric lights from the Mangrove are
now available and much good is ex
pected from them. Nearly all the pos
sible salvage has now been made from
the cabin aft. The efforts to reach the
ward and messrooms are frustrated by
some unknown obstacle. It is expected
to find bodies in those rooms. Two
cases of ten-inch ammunition have been
found, the one having explocied, the
other full of powder. These were found
forward. The work of securing the
bodies under the hatch has been most
difficult in the dark, but it is hoped
that the electric lights will be of great
assistance. The bodies are much mu
tilated and some are partially burned.
(iunner Charles Morgan, of the cruis
er New York, who is in charge of the
divers, will devote special attention to
examining the ammunition ill the fore
part of the Maine's hull and to ascer
tain the condition of the plates, maga
zines and engines. He is a graduate in
gunnery and is regarded as entirely
competent, as indeed are all the divers
under his direction. He is under strict
orders not to give out anything on the
subject of his investigations, except to
the ofticers of the court of inquiry when
Warned by (sen. Lee.
Havana, Feb. 23. —Americans in Ha
vana have been quietly notified by Con
sul-General Lee that it might be well
for them to send their families to a
place of safety. These precautions were
taken in view of tiie fact that there is
strong suspicion that the volunteers,
anti-American and anti-autonomy, have
been inspired to make trouble in case
the Maine inquiry proves that the
catastrophe was due to design.
Cililonlun Inn Stone *iunrry Kill*
Philadelphia, Feb. 23. —The prema
ture explosion of a charge of dynamite
Tuesday in the stone quarry at Sixty
sixth and Vine streets killed three
Italian workmen, Mike De Sando, Franz
De Succio and Mike Hornburth. The
quarry was owned by W. J. Mullen, who
had warned the men not to tamper with
the charge, which consisted of three
sticks of dynamite. Hornburth, how
ever, undertook to loosen the rock, and
drooping the cartridge, proceeded to
rum it down. The explosion followed.
Over 100 tons of rock were loosened and
De Sando and De Succio were buried
beneath it and instantly killed. Horn
burth was hurled 50 feet in the air. He
died shortly afterwards. Several other
workmen were slighly injured.
Foe* of Siitrrnitc Urganlie.
Des Moines, la., Feb. 23.—At a meet
ing here Tuesday 35 prominent women
of this city formed the lowa Associa
tion Opposed to Woman Suffrage. The
association will be state wide and is
formed to work against the passage of
a woman-suffrage amendment in lowa.
loivu llunk Itohltcd.
1 lior, la., l't'b. 23. —The Thor savings
bank was robbed Monday night. The
vault and safe doors were blown open
and the thieves made way with over
$2,500 in money. All valuable papers
llryaii l<> Spt-uk in Detroit.
Detroit, Mich., Feb. 23. William Jen
nings i'.ryan has wired acceptance of
an invitation to address the Mohawk sil
ver club at its second annual banquet
To ltevive tirade.
Washington, Feb. 23.—Gen. Hender
son. of lowa, has introduced a bill to re
vive the grade of lieutenant general of
CAMERON COUNTY PRESS, THURSDAY, MARCH 3, 1898.
A LESSON TO PATRIOTS.
President McKinley Finds It in
llln Addre** to the Student* uf the
I 11Iver»lty of IVnimylvanin—l'n> *
an Elmiurnt Triltulr to Amer
ica's First Kxerntlve.
Philadelphia, Feb. 23. —President McKin
ley ate an early breakfast Tuesday with
the family of Charles C. Harrison. He did
not leave the house until a few minutes be
fore 11 o'clock, when In company with Mr.
Harrison he was driven to the Academy of
Music, where the Washington birthday
commemorative exercises of the University
of Pennsylvania were held.
The Academy of Music, where the cere
monies were held, was beautifully deco
rated. After the university boys had given
the 'varsity cheer, winding up with the
president's name, Provost C. C. Harrison
stepped to the front of the stage and intro
duced the president in a brief address.
The I'reNlilen 112 m Address.
The president spoke in part as follows:
"We celebrate here as In every part of
our country the birthday of a great patriot,
who assured the beginning of a great na
tion. This day belongs to patriotism and
the people. Hut in a certain sense the
University of Pennsylvania has special
reasons for honoring the 22d of February.
For over half a century, with ever increas
ing popularity and public recognition, you
have observed the occasion, either as a holi
day or with patriotic exercises, partici
pated in by faculty and students.
"Washington, too, belonged to the
brotherhood of the alumni of this institu
tion, having accepted the degree of doctor
of laws conferred upon him in 17S3—an
honor doubtless the more appreciated when
he recalled the events which gave him close
and peculiar attachment to the city of
"Though Washington's exalted character
and the most striking acts of his brilliant
record are too familiar to be recounted
here where so many times they have re
ceived eloquent and deserved eulogy, yet
often as the story is retold it engages our
love and admiration and interest. We love
to recall his noble unselfishness, his heroic
purposes, the power of his magnificent per
sonality, his glorious achievements for
mankind and his stalwart and unflinching
devotion to independence, liberty and
union. These cannot be too often told or b»
TOO familiarly known.
"And how reverent always was this
great man, how prompt and generous his
recognition of the guiding hand of Divine
Providence in establishing and controlling
the destinies of the colonies and the re
public. Again and again—in his talks, in
his letters, In his state papers and formal
addresses—he reveals this side of his
character, the force of which we still feel,
and I trust we always will.
"Not alone upon days of thanksgiving or
in times of trial should we as a people re
member and follow the example thus set
by the fathers, but never in our future as a
nation should we forget the great moral
and religious principles which they
enunciated and defended as their most
Lennoni from llln Farewell Addrean.
"But if a timely lesson is to be drawn
from the opinions of Washington on his as
suming the office of president, so also is
much practical benefit to be derived from
the present application of portions of his
farewell address, a document in which
Washington laid down principles which
appeared to him 'all important to th«i
permanence of your felicity as a people."
"In the address Washington contends In
part (1) for the promotion of institutions
of learniog; (2) for cherishing the public
credit; (3) for the observance of good faith
and justice toward ail nations.
"Adams and Madison. Jefferson and
Hamilton, Sherman and Trumbull. Han
cock, Jay, Marshall, the Clintons and many
LOOKING FORWARD FROM THE AFTER SEARCHLIGHT.
others of our early statesmen were scarce
ly less earnest and eloquent than Washing
ton himself in pleading the cause of sound
and liberal education for the people.
"A education is the prize of indi
vidual industry. It is the greatest blessing
that a man or woman can enjoy when sup
ported by virtue, morality and noble aims,
ller IMh Hie Public*
'Cherish the public credit.' How much
both of reflection and instruction is com
bined in this simple admonition of the fa
ther of his country. The United States
emerged from the bitter and prolonged
struggle of the revolutionary war exhausted
financially and with a hundred existing per
plexities and ditliculties which remained
to be solved before the financial credit of
the new nation could be established at
home and demonstrated abroad.
"From the day our lias; was unfurled to |
the present hour, no 3taln of a Just obliga
tion violated has yet tarnished the Ameri
"This must and will he as true In the
future an it has been In the past. There will
be prophets of evil and false teachers.
Some part of the column may waver and
wander away from the standard, but there
will ever rally around It a mighty ma
jority to preserve It stainless and in honor.
"At no point in his administration does
Washington appear In grander proportions
than when he enunciates his ideas In re
gard to the foreign policy of the govern
ment: 'Observe good faith and justice
toward all nations; cultivate peace and
harmony with all; religion and morality
enjoin this conduct. Can It be that good
policy does not equally enjoin It? It will
be worthy of a free, enlightened and. at no
distant period, a great nation to give to
mankind the magnanimous and too novel
example of a people always guided by an
exalted justice and benevolence.'
"He has warned us against false lights.
He has taught us the true philosophy of 'a
perfect union' and shown us the graphic
dangers from sectionalism and wild and
unreasonable party spirit. He has
emphasized the necessity at all times for
the exercise of sober and dispassionate
"Such a judgment, my fellow citizens, is
the best safeguard in calm and tranquil
events and rises superior and triumphant
above the storms of woe and peril.
"The priceless opportunity is ours to
demonstrate anew the enduring triumph of
American civilization and to help in the
progress and prosperty of the land we
SLAIN BY A MOB.
Colored I'onl master mid llln ; 111 Id
Murdered lit l.uke City, S. ti.
Atlanta, Ua., Feb. £3. —A special from
Columbia, S. C., to the Constitution
says: The most revolting crime ever
perpetrated by white men in South
Carolina was committed at Lake City,
Williamsburg county, at one o'clock
Tuesday morning when Postmaster
I'.aker, a negro, and his family were
burned out ol' their home, the postmas
ter and a babe in arms killed, his wile
and three daughters shot and maimed
for life, liaker was appointed post
master three months ago. Lake City
is a town of 500 inhabitants and the ne
gro population in the vicinity is large.
There was a protest at Baker's appoint
ment, but it was not a very vigorous
one. Three months ago as 1 lie post
master was leaving the office at night in
company with several colored men he
was fired on from ambush, but it was
not known that the would-be assa-win
was prompted by other than personal
malice. Since that Baker moved his
family into a house on the outskirts of
the town, where he also established the
Last Tuesday night a body of men
who kept concealed behind buildings
and fences in the neighborhood riddled
the building with shot and rifle bullets.
They shot high and no one was hurt,
but it was supposed to convey a warn
ing. It was a short time before that
Senators Tillman and McLaurin and
Congressman Horton had asked the
postmaster-general to remove Baker
because of his color and the request
had been refused. Baker did not move
his family and gave no evidence of be
ing frightened. He felt confident of
protection from Washington.
At one o'clock Tuesday morning a
torch was applied to the post office and
Baker's house. Back, just within the
j line of light, were over a hundred white
; men, armed witli pistols and shotguns,
j 15y the time the fire aroused the sleep
i ing family, consisting of the postmas-
I ter, his wife, four daughters, a son and
I an infant sit the breast, the crowd be
| gtin firing into the building. A hun
dred bullet holes were made through
the thin boarding and many found
| lodgment, in the people within.
China, it is said, has agreed to open
| all her inland waters to navigation by
j steamers, whether foreign or native
CAPT. SIGSBEE KEPOItTS.
He Givos Information to the Navy
Mutilation of Bodies of Victim* of the
Wreck IH SO Frightful I»H to Preclude
Their Removal to the I'nlted
Stated Strength of Our
Washington. Feb. 2.l.—Uuniors of
startling discoveries in the wreck of
the Maine were less frequent yester
day, hut there were enough of them
still afiout to warrant Secretary Long
in making this statement to the news
paper men: "Summing up the situa
tion, ] should say that the navy de
partment knows to-day nothing more
about the cause of the disaster than it
did five minutes after the receipt of the
first dispatch from ('apt. Sigsbee."
The secretary's attention was drawn
to the published statement that (.'apt.
Crowninshield, chief of the bureau of
navigation, had arrived at Tampa, Fla.,
on the Montgomery from a trip to
Cuba, where he had been inspecting
prospective coaling stations near Ma
tanzas. The secretary's comment was
this: "C'apt. Crowninshield has not
been to Cuba. lie has been off with
his boy on matters not in any way con
nected with the business of the navy."
The only exact information received
by the navy department from Havana
during the day was conveyed in Capt.
Sigsbee's telegram, as follows:
Wrecking tug Right Arm arrived yesterday
and begins work to-day. Much encumbering
metal must be blasted away in detail. Navy
divers down aft seven days, forward four days.
Bodies of Jenkins and Merritt not found. Two
unidentified bodies of crew found yesterday.
After compartment tilled with detached, bro
ken and buoyant furniture and fittings. Span
ish authorities continue offers of assistance
and care for wounded and dead. Everything
that goes from wreck to the United States
should be disinfected. Surgeon of the Maine
recommends that all bedding and clothing
should bo abandoned. Might goto acclimated
poor. Useless fittings and equipments might
be towed to sea and thrown overboard. Shall
old metal of superstructure and like be saved*
Friends of dead should understand that we are
in the tropics. Chaplain Chidwick is charged
with all matters relative to the dead.
Secretary Long answered Capt. Sigs
bee, approving all his recommenda
tions. He was directed to have Lieut.
Wainwright, the executive officer of
the Maine, arrange with the wreckers
for the disinfection of everything sent
to the United State. The recommenda
tion that all bedding and clothing be
abandoned, and if needed be given to
the acclimated poor, was approved.
The same approval was given to the
suggestion that useless fittings and
equipment be towed to sea and thrown
overboard. To the captain's inquiry as
to the saving of old metal and parts of
the superstructure the answer was
given that such material was of no use
to the bureau of equipment.
Sigsbee's statement that the divers
have been down aft seven days and
forward four days, gave the navy de
partment the first information of the
time that the divers had been in the
vicinity of the "zone of explosion," as
he has termed it. This zone is confined
to the forward part of the ship, and
while the divers have been down aft
for the last week, their work forward
in the vicinity of the large magazine
has been in progress only four days.
The statement in the Sigsbee dis
patch that "friends of the dead should
understand we are in the tropics" is
understood to refer to the pleas of rela
tives of the dead that they be brought
to the United States. These appeals
continue to be received, and while they
excite the deepest sympathy of officials,
no hope can be held out that the dead
can be brought back.
The press reports have given in part
the terrible mutilation of the bodies,
but it is feared this has not been fully
realized by relatives. The men were
sleeping on the berth deck, with metal
floors and ceilings, which, by the force
of the explosion, were ground together
into a confused mass. Knowing this,
there is little hope that many of the
bodies still missing will be found, or,
if found, that they will be in a condi
tion to be brought to the United States.
Late last night the navy department
received two telegrams from Capt.
Sigsbee. One related to some routine
matter of expenditures in connection
with the work on the Maine, and the
other is as follows:
"Divers report more bodies in wreck.
Some in hammocks in debris. Probably
This dispatch indicates that the div
ers have secured at least a partial en
trance to the quarters in the forward
part of the vessel where the crew was
asleep when the explosion occurred,
and under which were the magazines.
One fact that the divers were unable to
extricate the bodies shows the fearful
obstacles against which they are labor
The navy department gives out fig
ures showing the strength of the naval
militia up to date. This shows a total
force of 4,445 officers and enlisted men.
The state naval militia, in the event
of sudden emergency, could be utilized
at once for manning the smaller na
tional cruisers. It could be depended
upon mainly as a second lineof defense
and also be used in placing mines and
the establishment of signal stations
for coast defense.
The city of Washington is now re
garded as being well nigh safe from
attack. The fortifications at Fort
Washington and Sheridan Point are
sufficiently advanced to be able to re
pel an ordinary fleet of invaders, and
in case of necessity they could be vast
ly strengthened in a short time.
New Bedford Strikers are Starving.
New Bedford, Mass., Feb. 25.—An
appeal was issued Thursday by the
council of cotton mill strikers in this
city, and upon the nature of the re
sponse, it is siiid, will depend whether
or not the mill hands will return to
work under tl» recent reduction of
wages. The appeal is addressed to the
"men and women of New England,"
and asks for financial assistance to
maintain the strike. It sets forth that
about 400 families, comprising 2,000
men, women and children, are slowly
starving to death and unless aid is
forthcoming within a short time the
strike will have to be abandoned.
! WAR SEEMS NEAR AT HAND.
I'rcHldPiit McKinley Hay* t!i« Situation h
Critical—Troop* In KCUIIIIMII at the V»-
Chicago, Feb. 25. —The Tribune has
the following 1 from Washing-ton:
•'I do not propose to do anything at
all to precipitate war with Spain. (Ip
to the present I do not think war is
either necessary or inevitable. I would
be lax in my duty, however, if I did
not prepare for the future. The situa
tion is grave, and the policy of the ad
ministration will be determined almost
entirely by the course of events from
time to time. There is no necessity
of alarming the people, but congress
must be ready to assist the adminis
tration without making too many in
quiries as to the course of current
To a senator who called upon him in
order to ask some questions as to the
policy of the administration, President
McKinley uttered the above words.
There is now no doubt of the fact that
the government of the United States
is actually preparing for war with
The president and his cabinet unite
in the belief still, in spite of all evi
dence to the contrary, that the explo
sion of the Maine was the result of an
accident, but they recognize the fact
that the contrary may prove true at
almost any hour, and that if it i.s
shown even inferentially that Spain
had a hand in the catastrophe there
will be but one thing to do, and that
will be to seize Cuba by force of arms.
St. Louis, Feb. 25.—Gen. \V. H.-
Powell, of Belleville, 111., who was in
command of the regiment in which
President McKinley served during the
civil war, and who was recently ap
pointed collector of internal revenue
for the southern Illinois district, has
returned from Washington. The gen
eral, who is a personal friend of Presi
dent McKinley, said that while at the
capital he discussed the Maine dis
aster and its possible results with the
president. "He stated to me," said
the general, "that he was only waiting 1
for a complete report of the naval
board of inquiry, and that should it re
port that our sailors had met their
death through Spanish treachery, he
was prepared to act at once, and in a
manner which would meet the ap
proval of every loyal American citizen."
Atlanta, (in., Feb. 25.—Activity has
never been so great at Fort MePlierson
as at the present time. This is attribu
table to (ien. Merritt's arrival. Every
thing is in readiness to move the regi
ment to any point that may be desig
nated within a few hours. At a con
sultation yesterday between Col. Cook,
commandant of the fort, and railroad
officials Col. Cook was assured that the
men could be transported to Florida
within a night. It is said Col. Cook
told the railroad men to have cars in
the yards for use at any hour.
Cincinnati, Feb. 25. —Under instruc
tions from Washington, Col. Cochran,
commandant at Fort Thomas, Ky., has
issued orders bringing the men's rifle
range at Culbertson, Ky., back to the
fort. New bayonets that can also be
used for trenching tools were issued
yesterday to all the troops. The men
•ire daily undergoing fatigue drill and
expect togo to Key West, instead of
Charleston, S. C., as reported.
The First regiment of the Ohio na
tional guard, located here, is tilling up
with recruits. Several unauthorized
recruiting stations for volunteers have
been opened in this city and their en
rollment would more than till a regi
Woolen Dealer* Caught by Indorsement*.
New York, Feb. 25.—The announce
ment that the old woolen commission
house of Sawyer, Manning & Co., of
this city and Boston, is in financial dif
ficulties, has caused great surprise.
Sawyer, Manning <fc Co. were involved
in the failure of three of the mills for
which they were selling agents, the
Burlington Wool Co., the Winooski
Worsted Co., of Winooski, Vt., and the
Colchester mills, of Colchester, Vt.
They are indorsers, it is stated, on mill
paper for about 51.000.000. Receivers
for these mills have been appointed in
Sa.VH War Ih Only Hope.
St. Louis, Feb. 25.—Lupercio Marti
nez, a Cuban residing in St. Louis and
reputed to be in close touch with the
junta and the leaders of the cause for
independence, says that the Cubans
arc not in favor of a war between the
United States and Spain. "We can win
our own independence now and need
no intervention. Spain realizes it, and
the Sagasta party is anxious for war in
its own interest and as the only means
left by which it can perpetuate itself
in view of the impending crisis in Cuba.''
At Ke*t 111 ItOHClllll.
Evanston, 111., Feb. 25. —The last
rites over the body of Frances Willard.
president of the \V. C. T. U., were per
formed here Thursday. The city was
in mourning, schools and business
houses being closed and flags at .half
mast. Private services were first held
at Miss Willard's home, after which
the remains were taken to the First
Methodist church, where the final serv
ices were held. Then the casket was
taken to Rosehill cemetery.
War IH Imminent.
Colon, Colombia, Feb. 25.—Advices
from Port Limon announce that war is
imminent between Gosta Rica and
Nicaragua. This grows out of the fact
that Costa Rica allowed Nicaraguau
rebels to cross the frontier. The
Nicaraguan government has since
driven them back into Costa Rica.
Rereiver for a Hank.
Baltimore, Feb. 25. —Judge Sharp
yesterday appointed a receiver for the
Bank of South Baltimore. The assets
are estimated at $120,000; liabilities
$170,000. There is a cash shortage of
$4,700 and a deficit of $0,702 produced
by shrinkage of values. The larger por
tion of the deposits, amounting to $130,-
000, are by poor persons.
Alleged ltauk Kohlicr Arrestpd.
Omaha. Neb., Feb. 25.—C. W. Martin,
alias Charles Davis, was arrested here
Thursday, charged with aiding in the
robbery of a bank at Sheridan, Mo.
He had a large sum of money on his