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POUtio i and General News.
ARRIVAL OF TH2 STAB OF TU3 WEST.
TWO WEEItS LATER FROM CALIFORNIA
GRISAT PRESHETB-SUFFDRINt: AND LOND OF LIFE
The Steamship Star of the West, from San Jaw
Nicaragua, arrived at New York yesterday morning,
kin,*lug lowe r weeks later news from California.—
By this arrival three hundred psosengers reached
Now York. The Star of the Weati brings but a
smell:amount in gold. "
The passengers report the transit across 013 i.=th
moa to be in a very excellent condition.
On the 19th the Star of the West was boarded by
the captaiq of the barque John Colby, of New York,
from Navy Bay for Si. Marks, requesting a stoply
Of medicines, as all his crew were sick, and one al
,:-The San Francisco Times of the Ist inst., says
the osooout of treasure to be shipped by the steamer
of the Ist., for Panama, is $1,821,287, the smallest
seat forward by any one of these steamers for many
months. The deficiency is honeyed to be but tem
porary, and is mainly attributable to the difficulty in
Winging gold from the winos during the present W
FAMINE AND DREADFUL SUFFERING AT TIIF. MINKS.
—The accounts received from the mining districts
are heart-rending. Deaths by cold an] starvation
Mn visited many poor unfortunate*, while as yet
the tale of horrors is but half told.
It is feared as the intelligence is received from
the esoontainit, it•e•ilt record the sad fate of many
From divers sections, is learned the departure
t Lerger towns of the more robust and hardy popu
lation, leaving the infirm and females to eke out a
scanty subsistence from their stook of provisions left
Cyrel C. Cady, formerly cbanecte3 with the
newspaper press of Missouri, died at Sacramento on
. • A report is prevaidnt at Stockton that some mi
ners recently attacked a train of wagons in Maripo•
es county, and rifted them of all the provisions they
sontained. This, says the Journal, must not be
-woods/id at, oar too strongly condemned, as it is
the our of starrAtion that drives men to such crimes.
Their lives depended on the stake.
From other quarters ice have accounts equally dis
couraging, but more particularly Calaveras county,
where the deprivation is of the most heart rending
The Times says that accounts or floods, disasters,
starvation and misery in the interior,' coma 'upon us
In such rapid succession that it tires the mind in re
collecting the painful details. It will probably be
several days before we learn the effect the late hea
vy ulna has had on all the mining settlements, as
all communication is cut off for the present.
The deplorable condition of thousands of the mi
ners can however be well imagined.
FROM NEVADA —TREmEzynocrs, Att.—The San
Francisco Union is indebted to Adams br, Co., for
the following interesting news
- Oa Monday snow fell at Nevada Grass Valley 'to
the depth of three feet. On Tuesday it comnience,d
raining, and soon poured in torrents, which
the snow to melt very rapidly. Deer Creek has
already commenced - to rise, and the roads are in •
shocking condition—no freighting being done, ex
cept: with packed Mules.
The driver of :he Nevada stage was c impelled to
swim his horses through Penn Valley Creek, twelve
miles this side of Nevada—also across the slough
star Broashey's Ranch. A teamster was drowned
at the letter plate about the time the stage. passed.
The Yuba River is rising with an alarming rapid
ity, although they hate not yet felt the rise of Deer
Creek and other mountain streams.
There is scarcely a doubt that Marysville is com
pletely, submerged, as the water was within a foot
of the highest poiut reached during the last flood,
when the Sacramento boat left. On the passage
down from Merysrille three men were seen on the
roof of their cabin, near Hock Farm, calling for •
boat to Lake them off. The water was within three
feet of them.
At Nicklaus many-horses and cattle were Ater
*-ed wading through the water, which is everywhere
above the natural bank of the river.
The latest news fromposvoieville is that the place
is almost entirely deserted.
At arass Valley three buildings, on one square,
were crushed by the weight of the snow.
It must be a long time before we can again hear
from any section of the country above Marysville.
The Stockton Journal says that Main and El DJ
ride streets are in a terrible condition, the mod be
lag full break deep to horses, and as they plod their
Way through, each succeeding step entirely submer
But two lines of stages are now in successful op
eration between Stockholm and the mines. They
maim the 'trip usually in twodays. The price being
The Miners onlhe Rattlesnake and other bars on
the North Fork, have turned raftsmen and lumber
dealers since the flood. Many of them have secur
ed as immense amount of drift wood from the no •
imolai fumes above, and have disposed of it it very
tenumerati ve prices.
• The Union says the fl.;od has destroyeil a vast
amount of stock which bad been hoarded above 0t..4
below Sacramento. It is said that out of over one
Modred teams on tbo Caleveras roadomatirof which
started early in the month, but two or three had
reached their destination. The balance had stuck
fast in the mud. Most of the learners had returned
disheartened to Stockholm.
The smelt pox was prevailing at Murphy'. Camp,
and the citisehs bad erected a hospital fur the ben
efit of the sick.
The health of Sacramento was good..
GasumaklSummaar or News . —Tho California
sews brought down to San Juan by the Brother Jun
ethno, reports a greet scarcity of provisions in the
battier, gaping to the Bonds interrupting freights
Within the past fortnight the price ef potatoes
bee advanced one hundred per cent. The miners
sea paying sixty five cents per pound for flour, hod
for other provisions command equally extravagant
The Steelier Winfield Scott arrived at San Fran
eiseo from Panama, on the 31st ult., after a,pessoge
of 14 days. She was detained twenty-three hours
stAcapelco. At ten P. M., on the 24th, the Win
dier.* Scott passed a steamship supposed to ba the
Cortes. he arrived at Acapulco on Dec. 12th.
:Twee the San Francisco papers of January tat.,
we have the following : The present winter is can
ceeded to be the mo l t severe experienced in this
oosntry since it has been populated by Americans.
During the last fortnight it has been raining a:id
snowing continually in the mountains and volleys.
We are in daily receipt of accounts of disasters and
liedretieg in all parts of the state.
Tho,whole country between Tehama and Sacra
eseettieity is entirely under water, while Marys
trine is portly inaundated, and though Sacramento
City is well protected by levees, the lower portions
Serintrmerged. The waters at the present time are
sebeiding, although the rains still continue.
OC the mountain streams the lose of mining im
"laments is great, and all work for the present i s
=ended. The bridges are swept away, and the
destroyed. Fortunately, however, few lives
hive been lost. The southern portion of the mining
districts have suffered equally with the northern.
The city of Stockton has been partially innueda
*di and property , to a considerable amount destroy
The bridges on the Cclorado,Stanislaus, and oth
Of SWAIM are swept away, and communication
Ruth the mining towns suspended. The flood is
ludeental. The waters arc higher than during the
memorable winter of 1849.
In seine places the cabins are entirely covered
with snow, and the roofs of many have been crush
lid in, thus cutting off the laat chance of protection.
• Afew days since we wore visited by terrible south.
out gales for two days. Several light tenements
were blown down and some injury was done to the
Vlin the harbor.
important decisions have been rendered
in the courts, among which is the deeision of the
State Supreme Court, rec.ignizing the right of na-
the claimants to a summary remedy for ejectment
where they are disturbed by squatters. I
This applies to parties who are in piaci:melon
their elaints,ind relieve them from what, by a pre-
TWO. decision of the Court, was necessary tbst
they should lacer the first exPeasire process of
writ ef right, in order to prove their
Via LamiColitioner is tiaaMmor Penal
pram// fa the adj ication of Owasso Of time,
the most important, perhaps t s li that of Col. Fra.
inane/ large tract of land on tipw bead waters of the
Mariposa river. Tito Commission ,recognizes his
claim to the land, hut does not undertake to decide
upon his title to themineral wealth which, it is w ell
known, is embraced 'within the limits of the grant.
- A conven:ion of Quartz Miners was held at Na.
rads. sad alopted - ,a code of laws far the govern•
sawn of those working quartz iu that county.
Barley has been cured for bread in some places In
the ; interior, and fou'pd a good sulLstitute for flour.
The farmers are getting their lands ready for
crops next yea*. If is understood that cues.iderable
quantities of wheat ?would be sown. Preparations
are also being madeJor the erection of grist mills,
and it is nut likely that another season will find
us so dependent on a foreign supply fur breadstuff's.
The Golden GateE made her last trip from Pana.
ma in 11 days, 8 !lotus, running time, the quickest
Considerable excitement we's occasioned in the
early part of hut fortnight, on accuuut of the sup
posed monopoly of Idiot'. The article having been
very scarce and and, high for some time past, and the
exorbitant rates conainatitled were attributed to force
Indignation meetings were hell in the interior and
in this city. Several public prints endeavored to
expose the supposed plot of the sp moisture. The
timely arrival, however, of several cargoes from Chi
li and elsewhere, caused a decitnm and the excite
ment consequeritly,in a great measure, abate
The :....;tato Legislature meets on the 4th of Jan
uary at Vallejo, the constitutional capital, and prob
ably, will hold its sMision there, without attempting
again the removal of the public archives.
Miss Catherine flays has closed a series of con
ceits, which created a vast deal of enthusiasm
among the crowds Who have attended them, despite
the extraordinary inclemency of the weather.
aim s ° New3.—.Tiie quartz mining district in
the vicinity of Grass Valley, has been found singu
larly rich in goldboaring quartz, and the few mills
now at work which hare had the benefit of practical
experience, are said to be doing well. Mining is
yet in its infancy. ;Ainong the must successful mills
now ih operation at Grass Valley, is that of Ilelvi•
tie in La Fayette county. It has twelve claims of
eighty feet each onGold Hill, together with a large
number in other rich localities. The Mill has eigh
teen of the largest sized stampers driven by a steam
engine olthirty hckse power, capable of crushing
from thirty-fire to forty tons per day, and the quartz
yieldiiig from $6O to 875 per ton.
We are informmi that Dr. Bacon, of the Compa•
Ivy, referred to, during four months, took out over
$lOO,OOO, and the train improving. Two of
the largest share holders, Drs. Bacon and Delavan,
Irate in the steamer to-day, on a visit to the Atlan
tic cities, on business connected with the Company.
04 Pierce's Letter.
Bo.roN, ho. 25.
Major Seaver re e d a' letter yesterday from Gan.
Pierce to the Bums of Aldermen, in reply to an lin
vitation to partake,of the hospitalities of the city on
his way to Wasliii4gton City. The letter, recites a
previous verbal adceptance of the invitation when
personally presented by the committee at Concord;
bot states that after tho event which has recently
fallen upon him with cruching weight, he wished to
proceed to his post of duty as quietly and privately
as circumatincesiwould permit. lie feels deeply
sensible of the kindness which prompted the invita
tion, mod fully appieciates this evideace of the friend.
ly sentiment. of the citizens of Boston; he feels
deeply grateful fon the sentiments of confidence ex
pressed in the invitation, and looks upon them nut as
due to any personet claims, but as springing from a
noble motive;. a; h proposal to receive -him as the
representative of i principle Uppermost in all hearts,
the basis of ,A.bio is the sacredness of the Union—
a principle which tw ill be cherished by all, while any
adequ.ate love coinmon to country, exists in th e Re
public. Whatever anxieties may yet be in store for
him;,' whatever rbstacies interposes in the -way of
his duty, he has titnd)ing faith that be will never fal
ter its devotion toithat object. Ile looks with fear
less confidence to;the support of all patriots of what
ever party, in his endeavors to preserve the Union
of the States chi:4lle supremacy of the law, which
are thesurest guerantees of our happiness present
and future. , i .
EXCITING LOCOMOTIVE RACK. -..—Yesterday morn
ing a race came Intl' between two trains of cars on
the Jeffersou and' adison roads: The two railroads'
are laid side andlside for ten or twelve niiies, from
Columbus to Toylutstrille, end the trains started
very near together, the Madison train in the lead,
when the passengers threw out banters for a race.
This was accepted by theJeffersonville train, drawn
by the floe locrutriotive Clarke, and away they went
at real teilroad speed, when the Clarke passed Mad
ison under way like a streak, to the great delight of
the passengers en the train.—Louisville Courier.
Exrum:tants Awv - AND SUCCESSFUL S URGER T.-0 n
Tuesday last a tumor weighing tvrenty-foui pounds
was taken from:the interior of the abdomen of a wo
man in this city named Rafferty. She had suffered
under it for some years. Immediately .before the
operation her person measured three feet seven
lecher in Circumference; in the same place she now
measures seventeen inches. She ha. recovered from
the immediate effects of the operation, sod is doing
Forerr•Sgvt;rr.—We find the following in an
English newspaper, and submit it to the curious in
spection of those who are inclined to be superstitious
on the subject of numberi :
"It is now 47 years since Nelson fought the bat
tle-of Trafalgar ;47 years was the age of Nelson at
the time; 47 years of age was Wellington at Water
loo ; 47 years of age was Bonapart whom he defeat
ed ; 47 years were completed last-year since Napo
leon the First was crowned Emperor ; 47 years is
the age of Napoleon the Third, who this year is
We may add to the above—we hope without
frightening anybody into an apprehension of a coup
(eta!—that Franklin Pierce was 47 on the day of
the last Presidenttal election.
EZTLIIIION or A LOCOXOTIVE Berum.-0o Thurs
day morning, at about seven o'clock, a locomotive
engine "blew up" at Tarrytown, on the Hudson Ri
ver!road. The locomotive had stopped to water
at the station-house, and immediate!, blew up and
became a total wreck. A part of the entitle was
thrown two hundred feet into the river. The roof
of the shed under which the water was covered, was
also blown a'sout 100 feet across the track. Pieces
of wood and iron, together with the scalding water
were scattered in all dilictious, and what is won
derful, but one man—and ho a way passenger—was
injured. This man had his arm broken in two pla
ces. Around the station-house, and on the banks
of the river, within reach of danger, there were a
large number of persons, but all escaped, save one,
and the escape- was wonderful. The locomotive
was a %ery old one.—N. Y. Timm
(r?' Wrought Iron, manufactured directly from
the ore with mineral coal, without reducing it first
to pig iron and thence by pudling into wrought iron,
is now being mado in Newark, N. J., by a company
acting under a patent received by Mr. Renton, the
discoverer. The iron is said to be produced by this
prooese, for $2O Jess per ton, and sells for $lO more
than the puddled or Charcoal iron. The rationale
of the invention is that the iron is deozydized by
beating a mixture of the pulverized ore and coal in
close tubes, so that by the combustion of the coal
the oxygen is absorbed from the ore and passed (Or
in an mriform state. The • residuum is takes from
the tubes and worked into bails weighing about 100
pounds each. These are taken to the trip, hammer,
by which they are reduced to blooms. Two to:la
of the iron are tfow made per day, and it requires
shout two tons of ore, and one ton and a of coal
to produce one ton of the wrought iron. The ore
or iron must undergo two successive exposures to
the fire before it can be reduced to wrought iron.
SMALL Norica.—A bill has been introduced into
the New Jersey Legislature to prevent the issuing
and circulation of small notes for the payment of
money. The bill %ekes it unlawful for any notes
of a less denomination than three dollars tall. lase•
ad and put in circulation on aadafter the 4th ofjaly
next. And after the Grit day of Jaguar*, 1864, it
makes it unlawful to circulate say soles I)( a less
ileaoatiastioa this its dollars.
IT Lord Stopritser Cobs* Timmlea es ••the
twashiag what soloody lisows."
'Crit - Wertititlw,isttot,
ER LE. PAN.
SATU gip( moaNl3o; FEBRUARY fi 1.853
DEMOCRATIC COUNTY CONVENTION..
The Democratic voters of Erie county are hpreby Ms
tified to meet et their usual places for Wilts& elections,
in their respective boroughs. townships and wards on
Saturday the sth day of February mkt. to appoint dele
gates to attend the county Convention, which slit meet
at Eris on Tuesday the Bth of February. Tbe voters of
the - borough and townships will meet at font" o'clock P.
M., those of the city at seven o'clock P. M.
F. W. MILLER,
WM. A. GALBRAITH,'
R. S. BRAWLEY.
ISAAC B. TAYLOR,
C. M. TIBBALS.
Erie, Jan. 5:9, 1853.
TWO =aim sxrsscßrium
TO"THE SUNBURY AND ERIE RAILROAD,
. BY THE CITY OF PHILADELPHIA !!
The folloWing despatch Jas received
here yesterday morning.
PittLAntr,rmA, - Feb. 4th, 1853.
Mußamr WHALLON, ESQ.,
Council have passed an ordinance to sub
scribe two millions. All is right here.
This is truly cheering news to our citi
zens who hare waited so long for this re
sult—cheering, because it will result in the
immediate commencement and speedy
`completion of the road, and place Erie at
the termiuns, on the lakes, of the shortest
and best Railroad to the Atlantic cities.—
Nine cheers, then, say we, for the city of
Philadelphia! The bells of the city were
rung and fifty guns fired in honor of
Bear it in Mind.
We hope oor Democratic friends will attend to the
call for the election of Delegates to-day. to Wood at the
county cenvention on the Bth inst. We all have a -ditty
to perform io helping to fu the Wrists of the State and
nation. and oar interest iu the matter should Itu4 none the
leas that we have lately achieved so great a victory over
our opponents. It was not doue by staying at house or
by taking little or no interest in the contest. The pre
sent coavention is en important ens in as much as it is
to give oar voice in favor of a man to whom. with others
is to be entreated the care or tlta public works of the
State, as well as other offices of nearly equal importance.
Dear in mind, than, the primary. meetings tbis (Sits,r
da)) evening, and let each Township be ropmsented In
the convention on the eighth.
r..r Our &inks are, du* to Hon. C. B Corti, for cop
lin of the Congressional Globe. and to Messrs. Skinner
and Hills of the Legislature for repeated favors in for
warding us Legislative documents.
LIX Oar friend Charles Miller. Esqt. killed* very fine
hearths other day. from which wo were furnished with
some delicious sleek. - We are requested to lay that a
large quantity of the oil in its pure stale, may be bad by
calling on him et his shop on State Street.
fEr We asderatead that Mr:G. Loomis hes succeed•
rid in rec.mreriog Dearly all the goods stolen from his store;
ea last Friday eight. We are glad to learn ibis. for Mr.
Locals is oas of our oldest sail best citizens.'
02 . 1' We call the attention of oar readers to the Ana■ c
al Stateliest( of Receipts-anti Espeaditures of the county
for the past year. It es - Writs the finances of the cennty,
'n a good condition, being 'salience in the treasury on the
let of/anuerr, 1853 of .95 824 51
Er lion Sam. Houston, of Texas. has boar ro•elimet
ed to the Senate of the United States for the term or 11l
years from the 4th of March next, by a vote almost unan
imous. Texas hart thus testified her appreciation of the
eminent *orrice@ of the man so prominently associated
with her eventful history.
11:1" It is said that Gov. Kossuth is about is refeisit this
country soon* iu eousequenee of the elsettos of the Deus
ocrstic candidate fur the Pres;deuey„
17 Look out lot eouuterfeit fives oa the Genesee
TT The Miners of Booboo county. N. Y.. have had
a chemical teat of the gold lost discovered there. which
has proved so satisfactory that they base all gone home.
eeirtain that nobody will commit depredations open it.—
They now " breathe freer and easier."
The trial of Cooley, in CloveWlC for murder. has
resulted In his conviction for maashinghter. The jury
was out six hoots.
QT The Hudson River Railroad Company have dis
abled five engines , in forcing their way threegh the
snow, since lest week.
Q3' We copy the following from the Valley Spirit for
the benefit of those who are indebted to us, hoping that
some of our delinquent subscriber' will follow the exam
ple therein set:
Boyeastome, JlDairy 15, 1853.
1. 1., chrrz,•Esil
Dear Sin—Enclosed yes will receive $1,50, one year's
subscription, for which please send me a receipt. I
should indeed net Ye worthy the name of a Democrat,
not respond to your call, and aid in defraying the
espouse of your new type. The noble service which
your paper rendered in the last' presidential campaign
alone, entitles it to the support °Lavery good Democrat
in the county. Your friend and follow citizen.
'•That's the kind of talk we like. •If there were only
'nor Democrats in the county who think with our Boy
erstown correspondent, it would be nose the worse for us,
and all the better for the party. We have faith in the
influence of a well sustained newspaper prove. and be
lieve that the money raised by political organizations for
aoudad/erg our elections, could
,not be more profitable
spent than in .msking every voter a reader and a thinker.
We did nothing more than our duty in the lest tarn•
paimlut it is something new•n•days to obtain its ac•
knowledgmeut; and when that is accompanied, as in the
cue above quoted. by an earnest wish for our personal
success, we feel that partizan service is not entirely a
In connection with the above we would say that it is
our intention to enlarge and otherwise iiiipreve the op
pentanes of the Observer at the commencement of the
24th volume, and if those who owe ad for subscription,
advertising or job work, would caned their liabilities. it
would suable us to do so without convecting a digt for
that purpose.- We hope each of the patrols of the 64•
server will take the matter into consideration and resolve
to be square with us at the end of the volume. Many
have already done so, bet there are many others, we re
gret loamy, who have neglected it—and like the editor
above, we should be happj to acknowledge the receipt
of thi whole amoust.
cr. An old gentleman noised Henry Beata. asks the
aid of the press to find his son.* dwarf. who *la tabs,
from him in.Chioago. in 11341, by a man named L. D. ,Ter-
OW. on s promise of liberal pay to mink of hie tieing
exhibited as • cariosity. It is supposed the dwarf was
exhibited here and in the Eastern eities. The fatbar has
Sot heard from him sines he was taken sway.
U " Firs years ago," sys a writer in Frazer's Msg.
" Louis Napolsort Rol:lsparta was thrss yaws is
wear of rem! la tho pariah sr Bt. James, H• eoalit hot
pay his taper's. or his aphalststos, or his wins otitirshastla
bill. or mast oas half of his sagagbassats is Ms city sr
at the woof-esti." •
la Bowie sod Lsl. who woriiicool!krool Of dwarf.
dot . .oiltrotoluwoo Bator ii Now 14, wois hlogis
siu foorfidioy et hot week.' Tho Csiror* has arm.
sOuloses .r Mutt: — • ' •'`
411011.0111. 0011° '
Tram«Nnagiiitiestiii,fßblsb wYlstely pabilliee
the Philadelphia Lodge, its dui mesh statistics* cal.
notations with regards ths anthracite coal trod'. which
present a truly gratifying result to the people of tlu Suits,
The calculation appear,' to have berm drawn oat by II
paragraph is Bigler's annual message, in which he
"The whole amount of anthracite coal mined and ta
ken to market iu 1815. was 857,000 tons. In 1852 the
product will reach near five millions of tone, being an
increase in twelve years of sic hundred per cent. This
rate of aaginentetion op to 1870, would give the startling
production of over forty6se millions of tons, and yield•
fax st lira present Puiladelphla prices. the SUM of one
hundred and eighty millions of dollars, bring more thro
treble, the present revenues of the whole United States!"
la connection with this the writer says it will bo found
that any comtnuuity - consiarning anthracite coat eaclu
eitr~ will require one tau for each member,
unarind great—that is, the domestic consumption will
equal the number of the popolatioa. To this inay be ad
ded the amount used in the propulsion of machinery. the
reduction of ores. and the working of Metals. Of the
5,000,000 of tons sent•te market in 1850, two•thhirds 1111 3 y
be safely set down to domestic use. flaying, therefore,
settled the principles upon which consumption depends,
we can make approximate estimates of the future
mend of this groat staple of Pennlylvania. At this time
the Allegheny mountains divide our population; so that
about 12,000,000 of people live upon 1.. a eastern siege
*odor this number about 3,400,000 are now the consu
mers of our anthracite. The remaining 8,600.000 still
use wood or bitumiuous coal. If our Country remains
prosperous, we may safely estimate our immolation, OW
of the Alleghenies. in 1870, at 18,000,000, and of this
number 12,000,000 to be warmed by the consumption of
coal: By this time it will be the only fuel used to any
sliest in great cities and towns upon the seaboard, and
It will fled its way hack into the interior, Upon the thou•
sands of miles of railroad that will long before that lime
reach every corner of our lend. Twice mullions of lona
Will then be wanted for domestic consumption. sad
the arneout required for the redaction - of ores, the work
log of raetala, God only kuows, no human foresight Can
During the last eighteen years. the increase has ex
ceeded fifteen pet cent, per autumn. But ten per cent.
is a safer estimate for the eighteen to come."
In addition to this we expect that the completion of
the Sunbury and Erie Rail Road to this city will open a
a new Market for Anthracite Coal. which in a few years
will grow equal to that now partially supplied by the
Reading Rail Road. Over that read the *aunty) , bor
dering on the great chain of lakes, together with the es•
gion peastrated by'canals and railroads stretching into
the interior from every town of importance on their
shore', must the supply of that kind of coal come, and
who can estimate the quantity that the opening of this
new line of road will require. It is hardly probable
that the road will be able to furnish anything like enough
for the demand in sections requiring it that have never
yet been able to procure it. All of that coal that reach•
es here or any poiut upon the lakes, comas by the way'of
the Delaware and Hudson Canal, and by Philadelphia
and New York, whereas by the Sunbury and- Erie it
wUI reach the lake in the most direct route that it eau
poisibly come, thus shortening and cheapening the
transi)ortatien from elle half to, two•thirds and taking
that amount off the cost of the coal.
So little hes been said upon this steljeet of late, that
even here, where we expect to reap **much benefit front
its construction, the 'abject is sZersely spoken of.' At
its last session. Coogress passed a bill appropriating to
this purpose quite a large' tract of land. and that was
said to be ail that was required far its early continence
diet t. Almost a year has patesed.,stril nothing has
been done in the matter. if we, may except some aguring
by Aware to gat hold, of the grant of land without
building the canal. The, adroit Free Press justly re
marks. "our Senator, rd Illpresentatives, Gei. Cass
and others, have labored zealously to procure a natioael
appropriation for the stork; andalow shall it be said that
the Legislature of the State had not virtue enough to
become the honest trustees of this appropriation? Shell
individual interests, by loud talk. smother the siren
popular demand that the work Shall be putiote 'the hand.
of the Governer: and pressed forward to completion?. it
is idle, sad more theta idle. for the Legislature to spend
its time on uriimportant details.lre fear cUsigned to en
cumber the work with useless_ and binderies, impedi
ments. The Canal. be it remembered, is a work of the
people. It is a work iu which every honest man in the
State has a direct interest; and the Legislature has be
fore its plain duty, and that is to put it in process ofese•
cation. The contract should be let to those who will
do the work; 'anklet insure its asrly and certaia sseeu•
lien, not an acre of land shall be drawn 'till the Canal
shall be completed. On this eacject it is our purp'ose
to conceal nothing. Tito popular demand for the work
is made au the popular necessity which exists for. it.—
The farmer demands it; the msehasio demands it; the
menshant demands it; the character of the State do
mande it; and the Legislature is in duty bound to pro
vide for its construction. No man, or sat of mon, have
the right to stand in its way. The Legislature ■honld
oat fritter away its time on unimportant amendments;
the but protection of the work' will be found in the Gov
ernor. who is a pepper person to take charge of the ap
propriation, and to carry out its object."
We hope the Free Press will be able to stir up its Citi
zens so that the work may be taken hold of and comple
ted. The whole lake country is greatly interested in it.
and all shealit.say en encouraging word in aid of the
project, if nothing more.
Er The Rochester Advertiser is not .very comple
mentary to the morality of the ,citiz3us of our neighbor.
Westfield. In speaking of the recent arrests its that vil
lage for theft and Counterfeiting, that paper remarks that
"Westfield has been a 'hard customer' for the last twin
typal." or more. Perhaps ire (night to qualify this a
little by explanation. The place has always been an am
bitious one, and though containing many persons.of the
'highest respectability.' it has somehow or other manag•
ad to give refuge to as hard a sett if eggs as any place in
the State. Its costi,gaity to the State line makes it a
desirable location to those
. who know not the day nor the
boar when they may be compelled to 'step over.'"
rtr The Editor albs Kennebec Aurae/ in dunning
hie subscribers. says. "he has 441.1 e responsibilities throws
open h: ol just now, which he is obliged to aesat•"
Er Mn. H. B. Stowe, aothoreas of "Uncle Tom's
Cabin," has received a second .installinstot of $lO.OOO
(rein her publishers, Jewett . 151. Co., of Boston, making
upwards of $20,000 iu nine months on the copywright of
•ne book, a thing without a parallel in the annals of lit
erature. If one halfihnt eons had been spent io buying
real "Uucla Tom's" from Slavery, wa ore of opinion
that the results would have strengthened the belief of
real sympathy felt far the slaves by the purchasers of
" Uncl• Telli'll Cati:e."
Beata! members of this Congress—throe Sena
tors and fear Representatives, and also ono head of a do
partesiont—have died sine* the eiiarineoement of the
Q7' A den e( counterfeiters has been discovered in
Lancaster. and five arrests made by the Philadelphia and
Lancaster pollee. About $1.200 in counterfeit notes
were Nand in possession of ono of shoos arrested.
ET On Hondas of kat week. a newton ahead' •m
-pleyed on the Conine Railroad. wore engaged in ander
tnieltig'n beak of earth. when It elnldeoly sated in. Ind
instantly killed four men. The weident happened hap
pened abaft twe wiles east of Greensburg. <
KT A Colored Mau (name unknown,) was found dead
on Thursday morning, lying at the month of :a lima-klln
sear Hambarg, witb one aid. of hie body terribly barnt.
He had lain down there en Wednesday night, for shel
ead warmth, and felling asleep toe close to tits Gre,
was barged or outrocatid to death—perhaps both.
-1;r: ;ohs Rodger esavietsil list !sok is the
il t h liPa "gal/ civre• ( lf4 o Vot 11 “ 1 / 4 1 etd•rfi.
sad sesteatstok y . rtaeas yowl Ow . Westing Nigh**.
tiny. • - •
The Sinlt Canal.
lleirlanktnor dabs 114e4beee*-
LET ZZAPROIIt ashram/Arm.
STOCKTOK. CAL:. Dina 30. 1831.
Ma, 'Comm It's new about On. year I ace I landed
upon the shores of this State, during which Urns I have
►sen in a position to learn much of its centruerce, lawn.
l and people and as I have nothing bonnet* dont present,
I propose to give yonr readers a brief view of the lights
and strides of my experience. I have told you before,
that we wore the strangest medley of mortals ever before
congregated together, oat of which to form a State.—
Now suppose all these various ingredients coming to
gether kern the four corners of the globe, become Cali
fornitized, what wJold they make? Why something
Dow and original, of coarse.
. its no use for your old moo, with Orli set habits of
business and fixed Opinious of morals and laws, to attempt
to stem the corrout—they must cornprorwiso with the
Clues, or be swept away with the torrent. We come
nearer being ruled by Now York. than any other State;
althoogh the casual observer would say that Texas held
01 0 sway. The cirri/ and &in:bra code of the former
Scats being a'mart literally adopted by the Cal's Legis
lature, is 1 coaceivo a convincing tact in support of my'
aesertion, whilst uoarly all the executive oMeers in the:
Large counties, bail from the "Lone Star," thug giving
color to the ides of a southern supremacy in politica.—
Wo.ritight account for this by saying that the Solph-
West is More clanish, more crafty as politicians, and
possess a aliiirponiscaut for the loaves and fishes than the
North rind Eset-. 7 -, and perhaps we should not be far
wrong. Honest, good men are found iu erne, but the
oil is not genial to Mtn.fast merit. re- Oavernors are
elected to little municipaNTices, whilst a man of the
experience and enlarged viavvirof a broker's clerk, may
tlii.ths second ofrice iu the State. A young man of
twenty•soven may set upon the beth as Chief Justice,
whilst the gray haired veteran of 33 pima practice must
battle (or his bread among the ap.istarta of \ “ounty court
Bar. An ignorant-clown will in a fow rooms amass
his thousands in trade, while the educated merchant
dwindles into a clerkship of some family grocer. T. 14
classical scholar with his brow yet fresh with collegaaia
honors, finds himaolf the second cook of : a fashionable
rertaurauot, whilst mine host's diploma is perhaps taunt,
fisster of good character as coder waiter at , •13arnocns" or
the ••Astor House." The Treasurer of the State may
be so poor as to be under par with his wash-woman;
whilst the lucky grantee if some eleven temp, claims,
upon arltiall'atroatl city is built. shall have no othei
claims to respactability than are due to the thick headed
dutch porter, of a thicket headed master. Sech a hotchi
patch wu cover before sain•--.nor dreamed of. Preech
era and tract-pedlars stand no show here at all, and aids
-Or take the back trick oiftorn their attention to "monis"
or etnploy their wits in solving the mistaries I bf "old
- sledge." Tolerance lecturers. fiod it much mere prof
- 'table to retail • "at two bite a drink, or else lend
' their eloquence, to et!! the-figaras in !infants house.—
Good ciir stiao families are scarcely comfortably in quar
ters before that irsainuating rascal, the Disci/ begins to
meddle with dasir domestic felicity.
The bosbaudinclines to late revels and strong drinks
whast the tender Mote, tired of long watching. enemata
ges'sonas good !oakum scamp to assist in the passing of
the heavy boars. gall his unsteady step is beard. re
turning from his tioantioys. At longth a row occurs
around the family altar, the husband grabs the mousy,
amassed more by the industry and economy of the wits
than hts own. pockets three or four thousand, leaves for
parts unknown, and casts her pennyloss neon the world,
or olio my lady, ilia weal( moment Lmaines the victim
et the “tenderpassion"..and some floe rn•rniag "cut/
stick" fr'unt her lord and onager to becomo the mittrese
of a gambler.
An ex-member- of Congress—ate representatiye of
*evenly thousand chivalrous souls, whose classic !kern
ing. elegint diction, brilliant itnsgioation and attic, wit.
enchained for hours the attention of the elite of the capi
tal; he whose staunch integrity has pissed uttimpeactied
through - W° ordeal of two sessions atlVosbiagtou, is ae•
eased. arld must defogl himself bsfore a ininer'il jury of
Lis crass of Paistoloregoey.
Yon meat an oldirieed—thaeamplelen and confident
of years long since passed. b4ore contact with the harsh
world had made "ou less generous—it ho- is poor yon
are received with a warmth that goes to your heart—but
suppose . him successful. ten to one ha don't give you the
cold-Shoulder with a look that says, as plainly u looks
cal. "You wont borrow a slug. none of you," You
toil and 'wait. late and early are your boors employed
in indeliticable !oboe in order that you may gain a few
thousands, return 'no the States," and merry the girl fo r
whom through all your trial., you have patiserved an ef
fection unsullied, by * ,bride thought of selfiehnees,
when lo.' some offiaions friend, believing he is doing
you a grail falai sends you a number of the "Dagtown
Herald" containing the 'gratifying news of 141:my's false
ness by marrying Thelpki'as Stubbs. Thou you turn
for consolation to the editorial. and find the presiding
genius of the press going into a duck fit, over some gin
gerbread the "happy pair" hays furnished him, together
with Come sour whist, They say "despair is never quite
despair." but I assure you. it's an even bet. the cornea
day n't have twelve men satin on the peaq fellow's
carcass in fen than a week. bat it's DO use; ill - be had
twenty-four.they could'at squeeze a 'respoedable grunt
ea of him, though each man possessed !be paper's/
dignity of Daniel Lambert.
"Orrice*" once had some reputation ter telling the
truth. trot now, no doubt, you begin to impact his-fideli
ty in that respect, that "there's died the lie in it. at . all,
at all." We get used to these vicissitudes. they don't
surprille tli. Oa the contrary, unless we are navigating
the streets of some City in a 700 ton steamer., making a
trade for $lOO,OOO, hanging a fellow for horse stealing,
running away from your blazing roof, rather short even
of night clothes; standing up to a *quart, built fight with
a grizzly bear, feasting on an anaconda or listening to the
dying groans of some murdered man, you involuntarily
fa:l to yawning, and complaining of the dull times.—
Surprise a Californian: Why the thing is preposterous.
Tell him Kossuth has left for Europe, and he merely
suggests that "the d—d foot ought to have come to Cal
ifornia first;" say to him San Francisco is in ashes, and
he answers quietly that "they are in bad luck;" an
nounce the'death of Henry Clay and he reckous "Clay
wen quite old;" tell him that Pierce is elected sad Scott
defeated with scarce four states to console him, and he'll
tell you b. "thought so," say that the"spiritual rappers"
have received a communication from Gen. Washington,
and "at seems quite natural" to him; inform him that
Cubs is annexed to the United States and war declared
against England, and he answers 'all right, let's take a
drink." Heavens; you give the man op in despair—an
earthquake could'at shake the fellow's composure.—
All is turmoil and change—one mail contains the burn
ing of Sacramento; the next that it is rebuilt better than
ever, and before you have recoved from your last our.
price, 10, the magnificent city is swept away by a flood.
Last week the torrent came rushing through Stockton,
crossing the grand plaza, with ten feet water in the
channel and "no bottom" down one of the principal av
enues of the city, bearing in its irresistablepOst. chairs,
Winks, wagon,. bridges and houses, ankbofore the
wrecks are clear. a half dozen ferries are established, to
whish a brisk opposition lends life and vivacity to the
seem, Possongers could pass from one street to anoth
er for the moderate toll of $3.
You retire at night counting yourself worth at least
twenty thousand ahead of the world and in the mberiing
your friends congratulate you on having acaped .some
digester, preserving from the ruins only, your worthless
The rains bare bees falling incessantly for Abe past
month. the reads are almost impaasabte • they move
about their larch, kr' row.boats, the cattle bavo'taken to
the hate. flour is worth $1 per lb. at the atinev. and near
ly all the farmers are out of "grab," and can't get La
tows' to buy won,• to abort--:here's a certain Owe
afloat, and so pitch hot.
Labor commands as poi a price now as ikdid twelve
amatbe ars and ippartaaltlaa ars jest as poi sow for
the grapt N !Nay auk were. if sot• baiter. Maass%
The` fSrMing toopeetAtii
tend fie relfifirelitpiemenlww. yet the unser id l y e,
millet perm:hag** abet cowaeite *ribs state, .4.„
&laid to be orjoleniet. Air is him we beheld di d ,
rosy of labor—that perentificiitien or the groat .
try principle of property that places meta i d t h,,,
sphere, and upholikbiat in his true dignity,
a will to conquer. and a strong set of muscles vy
clear breast. form the beet basis for a Calif orn i a fe ,
But no young man should migrate until he tb
understands his tame interests in a moral p oidtv
for unless he he.• the eitmeate of the nos Ja il
him—ln will surely fail, there being fleece:icy
ly strong to over•aws vice. Neither rollioa 4 , 4 , 6
one teaching. of a blesaed - mother, will tars tit
ward youth from folly and ruin. Nor will
settle down Wire. on the same basis you haven.
The seeds have been planted end are now g el
that will produce a tree whose breaches t ho spileft
into a broader and more 'wholesome benevoiseedift
practice is known to you. ` There is mach tloty 1 : f
peop!ri practising the dectrThes of a person wh at ,
they hare been taug!it to despise. and Fealty it•
may yet live to see her apitsin of morals no h ap ,
philanthropists dream, but the consummation of 4
A short Year has changed the course of Pte.&
merce. The whale ship now never shows he t
hulk in the Atlantic waters. once she has dealiee
Horn, and Jack is kept constantly in the *brew s ;
for the spout or the monster. And yet Jack's
as ever. • And why not? Is not the Sstidwich
liberal and jolly a place for a "tree run en e' reet h
New York or Boston. There should the lad
return to the *Mil of Molly. why the "skipper,' rli
"clipper," as she balls in port On heel return pe el "
load with oil, is always glad to give the generse e
We are becoming a separate people, and! e vil
in time—build as that national rail road, ectoeu
cords of weel before another generation steps itss,
life, (and they ere now ea our beels) or the '
of the Pacific will become a fixed fact. The ft
Rail Rand—it's the giant effort of this generates,
when completed will be the proudest monninta,
reared by the band of calm—the master work eft;
cat& acid practical age. It must be done, C r
demandi it and the interests of the human rare ,
it. It will be done, for the great democracy here
it, and, the fiat has gone forth—yes, the thing Id
for Bob Armstrong. who wit elected. lhi ohs?
Justice of the rests. in Braers• soy° he'll gee 41
fltience to hare it effected. TOM. &O.
In the house the Speaker appointed Jams, 0 (
Stevens, of Ga., Chandler, Davis, of la., sad
Committee to —plant, in oenjnootion with Mt,
Committee, the Electoral votes far Nat West md
A Wll was reported to orgialso the tewitorld
la the Senate. Mr. fish prenatal a taraiatialt
Chamber of Commerce of New -York.
Abbott Levi s :tenet, is here. waking a vivant
behalf et Canadian tasiprosike.
:Mr. Scudder of Mess., is Irons. •
. The first annual sleeting of (hi
Society met at ilia Smithsonian lostitae
The tneetiog was rolled to order by Minkel/
der, the President. A largo number of Woggle
members of Congress were present.
The reports of the State Boards were boatel
Prof. Mapes presented specimens c.f t' t io Japes
the California soap plant.
President Wilder delivered appropriate a&
which he suggested various topics proper for the
sTon and action af the members. Among others.
Haute with the Paraplegics! Society. and a clew
pectic* with the Satithriesisb Institute.
The Washiagten pipers millrace the dog:kilt
!Vatic-. an eminent astronomer of Cincinnati.
An addreas by Win. M. Wood, M. -D., will
before the Er:e Co., Medical Society, at a mew
held at the Coort hoof. on Toosclay evenly: an: '
rutty tol.) at 7 o'clock. Subj. et—••Mrdseal Otto.
dot)." Erte. February Zith. 135141
On Tuesday Feb. Ist at St Paula Church.
N. Y., by the Rev. Mr. Richmond. JNO. W. Pb.
U. S. Navy, riudi Mass ANDREW the only dui&
theinteltatin.Z. Steel. Esq.. of the above piss.
Virginia papers please copy.
On the 31st ulti, in this city, by G. Kelton. fai,
Joss 91•eam, of Ls ficcutr, and Mrs. 31/aamtitt
of West Aliltereok.
Ipursuance of an order of the II Irt-ha n's courier form
offer at public site on Saturday the finh day of tlrrrli Ns.
o'clock, A. AL, on the premises the following devenbe:7.l
namely AH that certain piece or -parcel of laud hist+
and bang in Greene tp., in said county, being part of wel
205 and bounded as fo.lows Deg:Drupe at the no irk mis
at a poet standing in Lzkc Pleasant road, thence aloft; w
south 40 degrees east, fifty perches to a post. thence Oct
of the tract nest alxidt two hundred and forty-five prichel
west litre of -the tract, thence along the same what tholl
perches to a heath sapling, thence by land taken up tit
in east two hundred and fourteen perches to she evrici
ginning, containing fifty lc.tr acres and bliOvronee arms"
Teresaor sale, one fourth in hand and the beanre
annual stalements with interest to he seeurel by judelal ,
and tilorig 6c. cATH ERIN F. SHAW , 411111:14 1 W
Patrick a haw, late of Greenfield tp Fee!
insaue man Lost:
pscaped from the Erie co. Poor House, on the
most , a Scotchtuan Diluted THOMAS JOHYS4IN, e'
of age, slender &rm. 5 feet 8 inches Ingh, lignt ham e": 1"
had a blister on the back of the neck recvntl% . had mill
frock coat. somewhat laded. woolen check pane —no W..
talking. claims to possess Divine power. drab &Kel l
Any person returning the same, or infarorstices
luny be bound,. toe. Ftekioger. et the County Poor dams ,
Director of the PcOt or Cpustable, in the County. win WO'
Erie, February 4.
ALARGE amount of valuable household Funutmt
which are Sofas Tables* Vboirs. Mirrors, carp&
Reding, Bedsteads, Wish Roods. Stoves, envier,. Tl*
oho re, etc.; also, a pair of Worse' aad o nin ,bus, lig ler
Auction on Thurs.l,ty next, the leth not. coasitsoal
o'clock. A.M.. at Or 'brick house on the southiest etttlit.
public square, called the Morris Douse. R D. 3 8 01
CAME to the enclosure of the subscreber liv.ag
township, about diet:int of January last, a rtlsiolf
white in the face. supposed to be two years old is IDs
Any person owning said steer. will eal I prove
ges and take it away, otherwise it will be disposed a n u
directs. J. it. W
Feb. 3 MS3.
BEI IT V.IIBLEIIIIBBBS , ,,
rini,ALT W. 11. Knowlton intends toelose N 9 Pr 0114
4 on the tint day Of April next, and it must be dianraq
stood, he will sell ofhis large .and splendid lot of sialt.l: o
and having purchased his Jewelry with each in bawd , "
to sell at. least 20 per cent cheaper than those sato boy 01
ressenber nat. Now then all those nho wish to Ply"* . _ .
articles in hisOlue will do to caa 3.1 len earn'
before buying elk% here. And lastly 1 wouid hint to a.) IS!
are indebted to toe, and have heretofore been puaiot
up, that I would be greatly obliged:if they would " 46
me, and to all those who never have paid. air sern ,l
pay, if they will furnish paper ands:l'lmo rcreir4 is 01.. 4 .
it m I will sign ii. fort wish to close all accounts.
Erie Feb. 3 1.43-39 %V Ksoi,.i.•
214111,PER'S MAGAS - 1 4 S .
A LARGE supply of Itarper's New hien' hl. Jlstu lo t'
ceived at No. 9. Brown's Hotel. Thin is the Ind 5a
the new volurne.nnd is one of the best ever Issued 00 ,
Erie Feb. I LICIILIN 0,
POCKET and Table Cutlery. also. Ilan 61, 1142 ' 4 ?% 1
tea spoons, a good assoruoent this dny
.Recd 'loupe. Eric, Jan. 29--.3i
- 11/I — tiCIIAN IC'S TOOLS--A new supply tbiSdaol l 7.llo
IT2 cheap hardware atom. Jan. 4 40.33 '
_ - -
L IX 0' Vlr ,
LL Persons Indebted to the old firm of V ifter' l "d
A Co.. (which ortnersttlp terminated on the '
WO are hereby notified that the books, notes sad 3 °` - '" - a.)l
firm, which remain unpaid on dietitian( March ea*
left in the bands of an °triter for eollection as the
be closed. VINCENT.
Geteter copy. Erie. Jan. lY te l / 4 13- 31 ?'
BY virtue of an order of the Orphan's Court of Efief2...o
loth:wring deseribed piece of land will be sohl.
on Saturday the fifth day of March neat at viro.orcer_e
that day. on the premise*, narneiy all that certain etf4i
eel oflaod situate to Greenfield con taining one
Ulm', acres. one hundred sad two and one WI tenet 171 1 ,
the allowance of six per cent for roads. it bent
hunched acre tract. known in a part of Greertbeldtf2,* AI #1
and Is bounded as foilows Beginning at a Pot ,
north east corner of the descrthed tract and is o pro
south of the north east corner of the said tat ?to.
fifty-three perches to a post.tbence west three hand;. e el
three perches to a post, thence nottl
thence east three hundred and thirty-two pews" -
TMINS OP BA Lis--sene third in mat en
dei and the balance in two e ammo instalatesr
euvevi b 7. 1 18011 1 , 0 11 tend end nr ev een nt psco en the Pvist..- 1 %.
AIAITR A 11100 R 11, Misiehorsior bla PPP