Erie observer. (Erie, Pa.) 1830-1853, August 26, 1848, Image 1

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    VOLUME 19.
)lid the gathering tears that blind me.
'Mid the hopes that gleam before—
From a thousand ties that bind me,
Do I glide the waters o'er. .
There bath many a bitter parting
On my trembling hp been pressed,
There is many a bright dream starting,
As I leave the lovely West.
There nre friends in the land Pin leaving,
And friends in the homNseek.
To whoso hearts my own is cleaving
1. With ties that it ne'cr can break.
And to yon dim shore retnriiing
I would fain abido for
Though mill for the welcome yearning,
That awaits me far away.
0! 'tis thus that life must measure
Her draughts, upon WO and main.
For she tastes no cup of pleasure, -•
nut she finds it drugged with pain.
A Story of the Upper Ten,
JereMinh Crouk considered himself one of the
topper ten thousand." And so he was, as far as a
brown stone palace in Fifth Avenue, and the repu
tation of being worth half a million, were Concern
ed. Everybody who wrote to him put Esquire after
Ids name, but that did not make him a gentleman
by a great deal. . .
Jeremiah Crouk started in life as a soap and can
dle manufacturer, in which business he continued
esee after his elevation into "goof society." At
cost, the dipping and moulding processes were con.
ducted on a small scale, while a single cat for the
collection of ashes and oleaginous matt r, proved
quite sufficient to supply the demand for these
indispensable articles in the prtaltihtion of either
hard or soft soap. But honest industry, prudence
and economy, met, in his ease, their reward. Jere
miah pro-pored in his business, and continued to
prosper until he became a rich nvtn.
ladustry, prudence and economy are very com
mendable virt lies, thoogh by no means cardinal vir
tues., By this remark, do not understand us to dis
parage industry, prudence and economy; they are
virtues that all men should practice; hut while these
are practiced, weightier things should not: be, as,
alas! they are at present, utmost entirely neglected.
We grow rich in this world's good-, but poor in
the heart's better riches. Their holies they lift
;Move their fellows, while their minds sink, too often,
below, instead of maintaining the level 'with which
hey vet out in life. this is a melancholy but unde
niable .fact.
In the case of Jeremiah, as his coffers began to
till up, he began to think himself a better man. tie
had always maintained that lie was as good as ally
»alob in the land, but now lie began to think him
sel something better than men who Stood at the level
up CI which he stood a few years before. Aar) as
worry kept pouring in, his self-estimation kept
tisi g .
TI T wife of Jeremiah Crouk was ri plain, sensi
ble woman. She loved her children well enough to
find, in the care of them, sufficient to do to keep her
!Multi healthily employed; she was not, therefore,
much troubled with newly-ac - wired ideas of self-im
portance. The growing consequence of her liiis
'hand had some trouble, at times, to carry such on
appendage as a sensible t‘ife with i it. The two
oldest daughters, Amanda nod Margaret, were only
la little way in their "teens" when their father's
ideas in regard to things of a personal nature be'gan
tobo somewhat expansive. He became all at once,
ciiiicerned about the best schools, and had them re
moved from a seminary at which they were most
carefully instructed in all the useful and ornamental
brandies of a young lady's education, and sent to a
"setter" institution—fhat is, one at which were con
gregated tliC children of fashionable people. Neither
Amanda nor Margaret liked the change; nor were
they benefited by it. Amanda, espec ially, soon
began to acquire notions a little differ nt from what
she had beenin the habit of maintaining, and to con
sider the fact of her father's being 'rich as giving
ber consequence. Margaret, Who was younger,
was more like her mother, and, therefore, less apt
to have her head turned with what she saw and
'heard in the new world into which this change had
introduced her; but even she took an unnatural
growth in this sickly atmosphere—not iso much,
Weever, as to produce a very apparent moral dis
tortion. Even after she had completed her educa
tion, she remained a very sensible girl—vulgarly
so, in some respects, according. to the judgment of
hernmre fashionable acquaintances.
_ About the time these young ladies were ready to
•come 'put, their father had finished his splendid res
idence in Fifth Avenue, and was ready to take his
Place among the upper ten thousand. He had built
a large manufactory away up on the island, so that
the'odor of his soap works might not taint the city
atmosphere or remind people that ho was but a soap
and candle matter alter ail. Ile had several times
thought of givinglup his extensive works and en
gaging in some new business, but something of the
prudence of old times remained, and kept him back
front committing this folly.
As soon as Mr. Crouk had. taken possession of his
new home at the Court' End of the town, he issued
invitations for a large party, and went to a thousand
dollars expense to hare it. all upon the most grand
and fashionable scale. For old acquaintance sake,
as well as to let them see how large and fashiona
ble he had grown, Mr. Crouk invited sundry ilj
i ideals not fairly entitled to associate with the W . I.
per ten. On the night of the grand affair, much
to his mortification, lie found himself with hut few
representatives of the "ten thousand" in his Mag
nificent drawing-roams, and a. full attendance, to
the man, woman and daughter, of the plebeian herd,
who were invited more out of complitnent than any
thing else. And what added to his chagrin, was
the fact that only a small number of those who had
not come, deigned even to'send their "regrets;" and
also the fact that two or three of the families, after
arriving and seeing the wives and daughters of vul
gar. people there, withdrew without feeling called
Upon to offer a word of apology.
But Mr.lCrouk, who felt himself as good as the
best and better than many hundreds of thousands )
around him, was not to bo killed oft' in this Way.—,
He was line of the "upper ten" and no mistake, and
they were bound to acknowledge him—and so they )
did in 'the end. Money and style were the pass
pofts, find he soon made his peers feel that his claims
were rit, to be lightlyesteemed.
In this struggle of Jeremiah Crouk for a place I{l
the rarOfs of the exclusive tew,iiis wife and daugh
ters did not as warmly second him as he could wish,
although there was no opposition. The motherls
'good ease impressed itself, as a natural Conse
quence, upon the minds of Amandmand Margaret,
} and he right views, uttered on all fitting occasion 6,
totma n echo in their minds. They saw deepr,
e ven Is i girls, than the glittering Surface, and 4_
idersto . that true happines was rather quiet and u t
, ebfrus re than brilliant. and imposing in its mien.
'With he full liberty of dressing in, the most cos ly
and st i
•Ilsh manner, they rather suffered their taste
•„tribe guided by that of their mother, and were, on
most occasions, attractive rather from their Want of
elabor to ornament than on account of its opposite.
The c nsequence was, that even among the "upiier
ten, ~ manda and Margaret. were general favorites.
Their title to the place they )eld being undisputed,
Iwo °IR', of 'Course, could queztion, fir any wapt of
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the usual insignia, the fact th
excius'ives ; and, tlierefore, that m
have been thought exceedingly'
neously acknowledged to he chl
attractive in them.
But'these two strong indications of a low origin
seriously diaturbed the father, wytrwas foreveicom
plaining about the - want of styl in the dress of his
daughters, and the wantof dignity in their manners.
Whatl he could do, was alwas done. Ile ,never
permitted them to go to the opera without a pri‘ate
box could be obtained; and wh l cn he contd. have a
word to say about the toilet artangetnents, insisted
upon a proper use of ornament, especially of rich
jewelry. The private box at the opera was not ob
jected to very strongly by the girls; jt. was pleasant
and c l mfortable to be separate d) from the crowd, to
be ex mpt from really vulgar dontact and the sun
dryi at noyances that all must siffer even id the most
fashionable audiences. Still it was setting them
apart in a manner not altogether agreeable to their
feelings, and it would have beeless so if they had
been aware that they were pre ty generally known
by the theatre-going public an remarked upon as
i i
°two of the upper ten," So m ch forlthe position
and pretentious of Jeremiah Crook and fatally.
The two' sisters were not without their admirers
among the young men of their! own circle, as well
as some who stood on the outside, yet dared to cast
upon them ambitious eyes. Spite of their want of
ostentation in dress, and the ett ire absence of drift
tocratic airs, let them appear in company when they
would, they soon bade grouP of admirers about
them. This tact greatly surprised voung Mines
A'ho were conscious of being . fa more brilliant, and,
as they imagined, more logl ly attractive. But
young men have a greater fans for looking a little
deeper than the outside when tl ey feel at all inclin
ed to pay serious attention to y tong ladies.
Amanda:had:many wooers, an litiwas not very long
before her heart was won,'' an by a lover against
whoui her father could bring i o manner of objec
thin. ' As a man, it is ,pleasa it to be able to say
that he was worthy of her Ilan I. But the heart of
Margaret, to all appearances, remained unimpress
ed, although many, attracted bj, \her fortune, her na
tive excellences, or both, sonet an 'alliance. The
addre a ses of one young man, in particular, were en
couraged by her father, but Margaret maintained to
wards him a cold but polite reserve. He was never
able o approach her near enough to ask the!all-iin
porta it question.
Al, at once, and without rin . ' apparent cause for
so•doing, Margaret assumed a still more simple style.
of drpss. At homeOrhbrocd, in public places or in
privae assemblies, she appeared with scarcely an
ornament on her person. Every article of jewelry
was laid aside, and all rich or attractive co:ors avoid
ed. Iller fattier remonstrated, lint in vain, he stern-
. .
ly ordered a compliance with'his wishes, but With
no better ellixt, and he was finally - constrained to
let tl e "wilful; girl" have her stivn way. To the
eyes of most of her friends, Margaret appeared
none the less attractive.on account of this change,
her xtreine neatness and good taste mating bp for
all th i liciencies. Instead of the number of her levers
being diminished, they were increased—but her
heart remained untouched. ; 1
The singular freak, as it was coisidered lir her
family, was continued by Mifegaret fur more than l a
year during which she nithdrew herself from corn- ,
pantf as much us it was possible for her to do, and
appe,ared to take more deli g ht in domestic employ'-'
merit 'than in fashionable pleasure-taking.
Mr. Croak was troubled; he saw in this evidences
of al vulgar . mind, indications'_ of a perverted and
groyeling taste. i
. .
PiS the time passed on, and Amanda's wedding :
pproached. But Margaret repulsed all suitors
tually refusing to see young men who had at
time made even the sinallst; advances.
r. Croup had a cleric in liiiieitablishment named
'in, whom he had taisedl from a boy, end in
n he reposed the utmost- confidence. Judkiii
eased good abilities, a fin person, easy man-
and that air of 'confitletic
etimes see in young tnen l !
of character, and mean tcl
they possess to force then l
l nst all opposition.
tie day, Judkin, with a so'
l e Mr. Crouk was sitting
the privilege of a few words
"Certainly, Henry. Sit do
not been g ettin g yourself in
M r. I C'rouk.
": t ico, sir, not yet; but I do;
mayi be in trouble." And the
came still wore serious.
"Whatl; the matter, Henry,
"I am about—or, rather, wn
important step," said Judkin, i
it Would be better, perhaps, I
doing, so." '
9:hat's right—that's jrigh
judkin blushed, and looked ,
4 iAli, ha! I see how it is," si
"An all'air of the heart—you
getting married!" . .
The young man blushed atil
deny the allegation.
?Very well; now I under
worthy of you, Henry, that 1
4 ,She's worthy the hand o
young roan, with enthnsiasm.
',So far, then, all is right.
you want me to do fur you!" '
;"I went mainly your adv
y ung roan. "The parents ,
n t consent to our union."
"Why?" • ,
"Because I am nothing huts poor young clerk."
"Indeed! And, pray, who are her parentar
"People once no better MT than I am, who have
rot a little up in - the world."
_ . _
i "And therefore think you not good enough for
their daughter?"
"Yes, sir, that's the feeling."
"What's her lathers name? Do
,I know him!"
,have some little acquaintance with. hint:-
put I think it best not to mention to you his name,
because, if you advi e me it the matter, it will he
(host for you to be ab a to soy, if any nppetis made
to you, that you had not the most remote suspicion
that I was' paying at ention to the young fatly."
"That is a
,good suggestion. Very well, you
needn't tell me he father's name. And so you
want my advice, do you?"
"Yes Sir." -
. ..
"As to what!" •,.
"In the first place, then,l .will mention that the
young lady is deeply attached to me, and says, come
what will, she will mare no one else. Already she
has refused two or three otters from persons whose
circumstances aro far better than mine."
- "She's a true-hearted girl,' I should say."
" Indeed 6)10 is, sir; and ,!my happiness depends
1 upon her becoming my wife."'
"And her parents will note con - sent?"
• "It is hopeless to ondenvo to remove their objec
tions. They set an itnagiarY value upon their
consequence because they h ye a little.more of this
than I
world's goods an I posses .not more,' however,
than I will have one of these.' days, if spared—mid
would think' themselves disgraced by an alliance
with me." ,1 .
"What can you do?", ' i
"Run away with the daughter," said the young
man, boldly."
"Not always ;a safe proceeding," remarked Mr.
Crouk, "and the last to be adetned." •
"There is no other chanc in my case."
"Is the daughter willing to go off with your
j "Perfectly. This being so, ought I not to take
the only stop left me for obt Ming her hand?"
"I hardly like to advise yo mulls course, Henry."
"if I do it, will you Cons der it a cause for being
offet ded with mar ..
' •
"Certainly not."
"Her father, I know, will beAreadfully offended,"
said Judkin, "and may seek s tollpunish us both by
trying to excite yotir 'anker "a',gainst me, in order
that I may lose my place and Means of suppOrting
my wife.
1,,t they were of the
which in others wol'd
'vulgar ,
.rmingly simple and
"Don't_ give yourself any,l l trouble about-:that,
Henry. But does the young lady understand that
you have only,theincome of alelerltr •
'I Perfectly. I have concealednothing fronther.
gtill, I cannot but feel ti 'anxious on the.. point
I have just mentioned. Her father, I' am !satisfied,
will immediately seek to prejudice you againseme,
and I am aware that he has influence With 1 Y 0 t0;
"He has! 'Well, let him I am foieweTnedt
and, therefore, forearmed.' ,As to marryingthe .Y4g
lady, that, Hurry, is your own , Irnatter. .volt not
advise you to do it, nor will I hadvise 'you against
it. lam perfectly well. satisfied that you know
What you are about: But to make you easy err the
subject of any prejudice likely te'he created on my
Mind, I will give you my cheek; fara year's sa lary
in advance, with all confidence Ithat you will render
as faithful ever."
Mr. Crook turned to his desk and filled up a
Here," he said, as he lianded it to the young
man, ' , is a check for fifteen hUndred , dollars. A
married man's expenses are greater than a single
man's. Your salary, instead tiff being a thousand
dollars, will be tifteen hundred'from to day."
Judkin warmly expressed liis thanks, arid
Crook as warmly wished him nh favorable issue to
his contemplated runaway adventure. - •
That levening, Margaret not appearing at the
tea-table, her father iliquired if he were not;well.
Amami& said that she had gone,ut.
"To spend the evening any w sere?'' inquired Mr.
Crook. -
"No, I think not. If she ha intended doing so;
she would have mentioned it tone," replied Amanda.
"She's out late; it'tl been dark for an hour," re
marked the father,
The mother also exrpesse(l, concern on account
of her dabghteestabsence.
The tea hour went by, and Yet Margaret did not
return. Mr. Crook began to, feel uneasy. The
singular interview be had held 'With his clerk- sug
gested the fear that some one, I opeloss of gaining
his consent, might run off with Margaret, as Jud
kin was about running ofiwith the daughter of some
one unknown to him. This ear caused him 'to
think of Margaret's inexplicable conduct in some
things, and thoughts of this gnite a new life to hi 4
fears. As soon as he was along with his wife, he
suggested to her what was in his mind, but shd,
treated it lightly. Still Mr. Croult felt troubled,
and he walked about uneasily, listening for the ring
ing of the street-door bell; but to bell rung, and no"
daughter returned. Ten o'cloci came, and she was
yet absent. Hark! there is a ring.. The waiter
goes to the door. The parents listen —th e f at h er
with almost breathless interest. The door is open
-ed—t hey hear the sound of a OW:: voice—it is iat
mediatay closed again. The Waiter returns along
the hall alone, opens the parlor door, a'(l4l bands in
two letters, one fur Mr: Crook and due for his wife..
We will only give theeontents of the former. It
was as follows:
"Dk‘a Dm—Although you !lid not advise-me
so many words to run away will! the young lady of
whom' f spoke to you - CO-ILly,'
your approval,' and in doing what I have since done_
I have acted with a consciousness that I illad your
entire sanction, without which should have hardly,
felt at liberty to take so important a seep. The
sweet'girl I have loved so lonm is mine. am the
happiest of men. I may now'ltell you the lady's
name—it is Margaret Crook. In a week l' will be
at my post again. In the meantime, let me beg of
you not to let the father of thelyoung, lady prejudice
your mind against one who loves her so truiy, and
who is ready to make every saerifice' in his power
to secure her happiness. %Veld° not expect, soon,
if ever, -- tti he forgiven by Itim;' but evett that great
cost we have calculated. Margaret has long accus
tomed herself to do without the costly luxuries of
ornament and dress, in view 'of this change in her
circumstances. She kilows my ability, and becomes
my wife, *pared to let all her wants and wishes
conform thereto. She has written to her mother
her own thoughts and ( feelings on the occasion.—
She will forgive ber, I am and I can but hope
that, through her loving influence, the father's heart
May be softened towards his 4,iaild. .
" Dutifully, Iso scribe myself '
." HE:my JtJohik."
0 about him which we
who feel their own
make use of the
way in the world
er face; came up to
t his desk, and asked
vith him
vo. I hope you have
o any trouble?" said
't know bow soon
young man's (nee be-
Never was a man more completely knocked down
than was Mr. Jeremiah Crook by the receipt of this
cool but not insulting letter. That he stormed and
even swore for a time, no one will be surprised to 1
hear: but there was no help )liim. Margaret was
the wife of his clerk—yes, o iis clerk—:of the cleik
, of Jeremiah Crank, Esq., one of the tipper ten thou
sand. Was there no atonetinint (,r this disgraiti—
no means of wining it out? rliere seemed none!
Henry Judkin, the unknown; Henry Judkin, his
Clerk was now his son-in-law} Poor man! lie .paced
the flOor half of the night, and then went to bed and
wentlto sld'ep. What else could he do?
On the third day after the loPement, Judkin and
his young brido weresitting in their private parlor
at one of the hOtels in PhiladOphia. The husband
was looking over a New Yorkl paper which he had
just obtained. i
"Hurrah!" he suddenly ex i claimed, jumpirk.,_} , p
and fairly dancing about the room. . "Only - just
listen to this," and he read:.
"CoeitirrivnasinP NoTicn,
ciated with ins as a partner,
what's the matter?"
s about taking a very
reply, "but thought
o .consult'vou before
Eenry. What is
interesting and con-
id the old gentleman.
are thinking about
1 deeper, and did not
gland. I hope ihe'a
a!I I have to say."
f a prince," said the
And new, what do
!Nuked Crouk.
ee, sir," returned the
' , I the young lady will
Hereafter the business will b
name of Crouk B,r, Judkin.
The young !Tr:Tithed threAl
undid' the delight and Fur
caught his young bride, who
tears of joy, in his arms, and
in a most unromantic way.
At the end of the week t iey returned to New
York. On the wharf they fond the father's car
riage waiting for 'them, and were driven by the
strong, fleet horses, in aver} short space of time,
to the elegant man. -kill in Pi ill Avenue, where hid
kin's senior partner
was - waiting to receive him.—
From a poor clerk le sudden y found himself one of
the "upper ten thousand." He bears his honors
•All must admire thelingetliotis manner in which
Mr. Crouk staved of the disgrace that was about to
visit his family. The happYsugie s ti on clime w hile
he paced the floor of his par)or even until past the
hour of midnight, and be acted upon it with the
least possible delay. Th announcement of the
marriage and co-partnershiwere almost simulta
neous, and there were few ‘lho were aware of the
fact that Judkins Was only I is 'clerk, and had mot
tled his daughter without his consent. , Strange
things happen ametimes Mong the "upper ten,
thousand. —La y'i ook.
i i
Poeur.ATroN o • CA I AtIA. 7 -IVe understand that
the result of the 'census, just completed, of Upper
Canada, till give that sectiln of the province . a pop
ulation of from 689,000 to 400,000 souls: while, 4
the census of 1842-4, it was only 401,081, kiving
an increase, in five l 6. ars, 1 nearly 200,000. The
last census for Lowe Can dii was taken in 1814,
when the population vas 9,800 souls, the increase
il l
upon which, -during he la t four years, is calcula
ted, by deference to receding terms at which con
suces have been taken, to be about 70,000, giVing
this section Of the provincea present population I'
about 770,000. , The population of Upper Canada
would thus appear to increase at the rate, of abb . t
40,000 per annum, and Mower Canada et that 'of
about 17,500 per annutn: upposing-tbesetelative
rates of increase to be maintained the year 1852
will see Upper Canada with; a population of-859,000r
and -Lower Canada iof o ly 840,000, 1862• will
give the former a population of ),.259,000, and the
latter only 1,015,800 Bo
I WO 11T INT*; D„,,Ej
During the last summer, bUsiness summoned us
to imeof the wharves of_ this city just as a:shi g from
Liverpool arrived, bringing some two hundred and
fifty emigrants, men, women, and children chiefly
Irish, we had heard and read of, the con
dition of many of these poor passengers, we never
realized their distre.fses until we personally
etf them. . '
'The emigrant ship whose arrival we , witnessed,
had been seventy odd days from port to port. liter
passengers were of the poorest (doss. Their means
Wad been nearly exliausted in going from Dublin to
- Liverpool, and in e6deavors to obtain work in the
latter city. They came on board worn out, wan—
the very life of many of them dependent upon a
speedy passage acr oss the Atlantic. In this they
were disappointed. The ship had encountered a
succession of terrific gates—it had leaked badly,
and they had been confined a great part of the voy
age to their narrowlquarters between decks, herded
together in a 'noisorne and pestilental atmosphere,
littered with damp atraty, flint full of filth.
'What marvel that disease and death invaded their
ranks.. Ono after another died nod 'was launched in
toAie sea. ''he ship entered Faye( to relit, and
these that clime of endless summer proved to the
emigrants more fatal than the blaßt of the L'ipas-'
poisoned valley of Java. The delicious oranges
and the mild Pico wine, used liberally by the pas
sengers, sowed the seedS of death vet more freely
among their ranks. O 1 the passage froni Friyal i
the mortality was dread IP; but at length, decimated
and di-cased, they arri v ed at Boston.
It was a summer's day, but no cheering light fell
upon the spires of the city. ' It was dump and
gloomy: the bay spreadout before the eye like n
tinge sheet. of lead, an d the clouds swept low and
heavily over the hills and housetops. After the
vessel was moored, al the passengers who 'were
capable of moving, or of being moved, camel up or
were brought. up, on(dock. We scanned their
wan and haggard features with curiosity end with
:pity. ~.
Here was the wreck of an athletic man; hiseye.,
eep sunken in thdir oits, were nearly as glassy I
as those of a corpse,' aid his poor attire hung Mose- I
ly on his square aliHders. llis matted beard roil- I
dered his sickly, greenish countenance still more I
wan and livid. 119 crawled about the deck &One— I
his wife and live children, they for wh om hb h a d
Hied and struggled =-1 - ,,1 n. ‘vlsose sakes he was mak-1
ing a last desperate exertion,—had all been taken 1
from him on the voiage, We addressed him sonic :
questions concerning his family. "They, are all
gone." said be,—"k he vife end t h e childer. - The
last one, the baby iliedl ,l this mortiin'; , it lies below.
They're beet off were they are."
In number place sat a shivering,,•ragged man,—
the picture of desp r ir.l A few oi his countrymen,
who had gathered round him, offered him some fool
Lie might have Inked it ea::, , eily sonic , day s before;
Now he gazed on vacancy wit hot t noticing their,
endeavors of indufentent. Still ti ey parsevered,
and one held tt c ooling glass of I monade to his
parched lips. I
Seated on the alte r hatchway was a little boy,
who had that moridiqi lust both his ,parent.s. Ite l
_abodlott tear. lax iiliarity: with tulaaary lida.l4,Loprive4 I
,him of that se consolation. We passed on to - a
geoup_of Irishmkn i gathered round art old grey-hair
ed man, lying at length -Nam the forward, deck.=—
' Ono:Of - them was kneeling beside hint '' ' '""--
"Fa•lizr: father:l' said he earnestly, "rouse up, for
the lilt e , I I caves. See here! I've brought ye some
porridge, te! , .! tip (.)% it—it will give ye heat and
"Sorrow a Lit o' life's left in the old man any
how," said enothet of the group. "Lave him alone,
"hilt him 'ashore," said the mate, "he Wants air."!
The dying man was carefully lifted oftithe walk,
and laid down upon a plank. His features changed
rapidly during the transit. HiS head fell back—the_
pallid hue of death invaded his lips—his l ower j. 4 „-
relaxed—the staring eye-balls bad no speculation
in tliem—and a shght shudder convulsed his frame.
The son kneeled beside hint, tin closed his eyes.
It was all over. *And there, in 1
the open air, with,
no covering .to shield his reverend locks from the
falling rain, pass+d away the soul of the old mita
from its earthly tabernacle.
The hospital cat, arrited. Bossy agents lifted
into it, with professional coolness, crippled age and'
tottering childhood. But all the spectators of this 1
harrowing scene, destined by thei r expressions, sym
pathy and sorrow .1 The lowbrowed ruflin alone ex
cepted. "Servesl'ent right—d—u 'ern!" said he
savagely. "Wh} l , dont they stay at home itil their'
country, and not dome here to take the bread out of
honest people's m6tlis."
Honest quotit? If ever "flat burglary" and "trea
son dire" were written a man's face ' it stood out In
star,ing capitals upon that Canelikebrow . . 1
I Imre this any asso-
Mr. Henry Jutittin.—
cdnitueted under the
t he Paper on ilia floor,
prise of the moment
Was already weeping
hugged and kissed her
ACCUg,T -2671848.
:' Trim EiziGnANT Emir.
But there were lights, as well as shadows to the
picture. Out of h at grim den of death---that float
ing Lazar house,—there came a few blooming maid
ens and stalwart ykuths, like fair flowers springing
from the ranks ofla charnel house. Their sorrows
were , but for the mhzflirtunes of others; and even
these were' for atileforgotten in the joy of meet-,
ing near and steak relatives, and old friends, upon
the shore of the Promised land. They went their
way rejoicing, and N.fth them raised the solitary
ray of sunshine that streamed athwart the dark hor
rors of the emion 2 ant ship. like thel wandering pen
cil of light that (+cash - m:111y makes to the condemn;
oil cell of a prisop.—Yeakee Blade.
A CuArritit ra t om REAL Luis.—Rachel Craft, an
insane woman ni,lto lied been varnlering about our
streets for several days was taken.from the city hall I
yesterday and conveyed to her place Of residence. I
We recollect Rachel, tpany years ago, as a good l
looking, tidy, intelligent country girl, residing. in
Hopewell township, in this country. Shortly
-our acqunintande with her she went to yurope in
the double capacity of child's nurse and Ompanion,
with a gentleniiipand his fathily from Pifipdelphia.
She returned frOM Europe aster on absence of two •
years, deepl4 imbuded with 'religions melancholy.
A shed time aftor her return she commeliced preach.
ing about the country, and cnntined SOkle months,
laboring with a Teal that her friends found it impos
sible to restrain s , in the mountaneons region that
[seperates Mere & and Hunterdom -
1 11 She suddenly and without notice left this neigh•
belittled, and wet had entirely lod sight of her until
she was arrested a few evenings since fur screaming
murder in the street nt a late hour i,f the night.—
'hen about being conveyed'away she shrieked ter
ribly with fright at the idea of being 'murdered by
these men. 'AI few years have made sad) havoc with
the form and hpitures of the once fair qt.eman; and
we turned away i with feelings of sadness from the
brutal jests indulged in by the thoughtless creWa at
the expense of ble l who knew, not many year; ago,
%slim it was to be [admired for beauty at l id itinelli
gence.—Tretiti State Gatritc.
Ilynnertronis.—The following is said to he 'a pre
ventive_ of hydrophobia, discovered by a P,rencil
physician, M. o)ssort—Tnhe two tablespoonful ofl
fresh chloride (f lime, in yowder—mix it with half
a pint of I water, and with this wash keep the vound
constantly bat led, and frequently renewed. The
chloride gas ossesses, the power Of decomposing,
this tremendous poisonj and renders mild and .barni- ,
less that venom against - whose resistless attack the
artillery of medical science has been so
ed in vain. 1 is necessary to add, that this wash
should be appl ed as soon as possible after the inflic
ttttion of the bit . The following are the results of
reatment:-- rom 1810 to 1824, the number of per
sons admitte linto *shut hospital, 1'74; of whom
only two died. , Frog: 1 1781)o 1834, into the hospital
et Zurich, 22 persons bi ten by different animals,
(182 by dogs) of whom 'o ily four died.?.
1 I-- :‘,- •
Trim xNrinnzATD.
He stood leaning upon a broken gate in front of
' his miserable dwelling. His tatered hat was in
his hand, and the cool breeze lifted his matted locks
which covered his once noble brow. His counte
' ounce was bloated and disfigured, but in his eye
there was an unwonted look—a mingled expression
of sadnessend regret,'. • Perhaps he was listening
to the low, melancholy voice of his patient wife, as
she soothed the sick babe on her bosom; or perchance
he was gazing upon the sweet face of his eldest
daughter, as at the-;open window she
_plied her
needle to obtain for her mother and the poor" chil
dren a scanty sustenance. Poor Mary! for her
self she cared not: young as she Was, her spirit was
already crushed by poVerty, unkindness and neglect.
As the inebriate thus stood, his eyes - wandered over
the miserable habitation before him. The windows
were broken- and the doors hingeless: scarce a ves
tige of comfort remained; yet memory borehim
back to the days of his youth, when it was the abede
of peabe and happiness. In fancy he saw again the
old arm chair where Sat his father, with the Bible.
upon his knee: and he seemed to hear again the
sweet notes of his Mother as she laid her hand upon
the head of her darling boy, and prayed that God
would bless-him and preserve him froni evil. Long
years had passed away, yet tears came into the eyes
of the. drunkard at the recollectien of his mother's
• "Poor mother," he muttered, " it is well that
thou art sleeping in the grave; it would break thy
heart toknow that thy son is a wretched and de
graded being—a miserable outcast from society."
He turned slowly a l way. Thep within an adjoin
ing forest was ardell where the beams of the sun •
scarce ever pdpetrated. Tall trees grew on either
side, whose ht , atichesl, meeting above, formed a can
opy of leaves. where the birds built their nests,
and poured forth happy songs. Thither the drunk
ard bent his steps. it had been his favorite haunt
in the days of his child-hood, and as he threw him-
Self upon the soft green sward the recollections of
past scenes came crowding over his mind. -He
covered his face witli his hands,, -and the prayer of
tile prodigal burst fn his lips—" ' 0, God, receive
a returning wander er'!" Suddenly a soft arm was
thrown around his neck, and a sweet voice Mur
mured—"He wilt fii•give you, father." Starting
to his feet, the inebriate saw standing. before him
his yOungest daughter, a chilli of six years.
"Why are pie heiv Annie?" he said, ashamed
that the innocent child should have witnessed his
"I came to gather the dillies which g , th
to gather I to- .. grow upon the
banks," she replied, "see, I have got my basket full
and now I am goinglto sell them."
"And what do you do with the meripyr. asked
the father, as he turned hiseyes In the basket, where
among the broad wen leaves the sweet lillies of
the valtef were peeping 'forth. '
The child hesitOtedi she thouirlit slp
mach: perhaps her Ipther woolertiernal
'7d spend it in the way vinel all
w tit ' I I ' 1"11
i•Ytin are afraid to tell to , nne," s ;
kindly, "Well Ido not blame you: I
to my children's confidence."
The gentleness of his tone touched the heart of
the-affectionate; Child. She threw her arms around
hie neck, exclaiming—" Yes, father, I will tell you.
Mother buys Medicine for poor little Willie. We
have no other Way to get it. -Mother and Mary
work all the tinie they can get to buy bread."
, A-pang shotAhrongh the inebriatets"heart.
have robbed them of the comforts of life," he es
claimed; "from this moment the liquid fire passes
my lips no more." [
Anne stood gazing at him in astonishment. She
could scarcely comprehend her father's words: but
l obes -ow that sonic change had taken place. She
Margeback her, golden ringlets, and raised her
large blue eyes ? with an earnest look, to his face
Will you never drink any more ruin?" she wins
' pored timidly.
e- CIYI hor father replied,. solemnly.
Joy danced in her eyes. "Then We will all be so
happy," she cried, 'a'nd mother won't': weep any
,more; oh, father, what n happy home ours will bar
IlYears passed away.l -The words of little Anne, the
drunkard's daughter), ba'd proved true. "The home
'"of the reformed man, her father, was indeed a happy
l one. Plenty crowned his board; and-health and joy' s
beimed from the face of his wife and
wriere once squalid misery alone could be traced.
The pledge had raised dam from his degradation,
"and restored him one More to peace and happiness.
Nos Sh.tveltir.-+A correspondent of the New
'York Journal 'of Commerce makes the following
interesting . remarks in reg r ard to Mexico? Peon
'e-itnctly speaking, there is no such thing as
Penn Slavery, in Mexico, as the law by which In
dians are held in bondage is equally applicable to,
every class of society; yet it is rare that the law is
enforced ogninSt a White man, as public opinion isl
opposed to it. ll.hut I have known two white men
sent into the interior under this law. Both were
British subject . They ivlve accountants, and had
become very d.sipated, and consequently were over
whelmed in debt. They Were. sent to haciendas to
perform ;servicbs at the pleasure of their principal
creditor,, who'paid 'all the small debts which had
.ifceroed before theills. Thus they. effectually be
came slaves; but they were- always treated with
more deference than peones or laborers; still, they
could riot leave without the consent of the creditor
or owner of thb Hacienda. The manlier of suing
for debt is very simple and very just, when one is
suspected of fraud; but the Alcaldes exlercise a g reat
deal of discretionary power in exae,utieg the law.
Yon have only" to *sent your. account to the Al
calde, who immediately sends for the debtor, and if
the account proves tm be correct, there is no listen
ing. to the plea--=-"l;cannot pay" or "I am not able to
pay." The Alcalde orders him to my it at once, or
to come to some mutual arrangemenCwith the credi
tor befordhe leaves the office; and if it be a small
sum, he is held in Custody In nil it is paid, or detain
ed ut the plea Sure Of the latter. ; If it be a large
sum, the process is ! the same, only, if he have Utiles
or effects, they can be seized at once, and iii -three
dais sold at publicl auction to Ottisly the - debt.—
MeNicans of any standing in society, however, ex-,
ercise a great deal of lenity towards each other, un
der this law,. hesides, the Alcalde will not decide
against his friends, or acquaintances, however 'just
may be the.dibt, but will hurl some way to evade
the responsibility. ' It is a very common remark;
"I.canuot collect the debt until annther . Alcalde is
chosen." Tlie law - is - made to ; bear-- -- mure particu
larly upon foreigners, degraded whites and Indians,
yet there is no verbal distinctiOn. In the interior,
tar frofi the ceast, the Alcaldes regulate the' wages
of ihe Indians, who happen to) be free and out Of
deld, and every foreigner is warned to pay no more
than snah a price for such service, least they should
become discontented with the' small pittance they
receive, I hod occasion once to travel some dis
tance into the interior, and it being necessary ; to
proceed about thirtrmiles on horseback, the Meal
de sent hir an Lubin to carry my bogage on foot,
which consisted °fa small trunk, mattress, halo
muck, blanket, tic., and I was instructed to pay him
no more than foui; Hills—a half dollar' _
Lu the towns which the Americans held diving
the war, justice was administered with a great deal
of impartiality; the American Governors informed
all magistrates that they did not. wish to make any
ne v regulations, as their laws were good enough,
if hey were only impartially administered. Under
this who!esome arrangement, I knew an Alcalde
himself brought before the first Judge, and compell
ed to pay a debt i under his own laws, which he
never .was, known to do before. The people looked
on with astonishinent at this even-handed justice,
but the Judg'o did nut dare to decide contrary to
law. He knew that if he did, there would be an
and to his judgeship in twenty-four hours.'
! A Hinto's ELoguitsce.—The Ohio Sta Seaman is
I filled with the detatls of the late reception of th i p gal
lant Cul. MORGAN, of Ohio. In his reply in the
speech of the orator, on the part of the citizens, he
says: - •
Allow me to refer to one portion of yourleloguent
remarks. You spoke well and faithfully in .vindi
cation of war. and I rejoice to hearit. -A false pub
lic opinion exists in regard to this subject, and tho
effects resulting (ruin it. "It is a common thing to
hear of its debasing and degenerating influence.—
Thisiis all wrong: Will any -one pretend tO say
that the noble soldiers of Washington , were dintsed
by fighting for freedom? •
Is it to be supposed that man's nature will be
come corrupted by his rushing to the national
- heart. full of high and noble sentiments,
and his eye beaming with enthusiastic love fur hie
country and his home. -
The influence of war is high and ennohlitg; it
inspires lofty aspiration, and a deep love of coUntry;
' it ehcourages generosity and manliness of soul, and
sets the stamp of infamy on all that it mead and
sordid. We are indebted to the sword for the Free
institutions we now possess; for the freedom of re
ligion: for the progress of education: and for ell the
great political and religions blessings which the
American people enjoy. The sword is the right.
hand friend of liberty—its keen edge has in, a t ight.
measure hewn ow the manacles which forageihave
bowed down the serfs of Europe, and has advanced
their condition at least outs century. The next
blow that is struck will hew away the rotion pillars
upon which lie thrones of tyrants stand; andl high
above the crush of their fall will gleam the blood
red blade of liberty.
War is not to he desired for the sake of wa y ,
if its - influences are exalted and exalting, so at
horrors often terrible, and its perils and its
ships always great. Bat when the freedo
. .
rights of men or government are at stake, th
becomes sacred, just and honorable. Even ani
sive war has no terrors, so long as conquests
with it liberty. •
dent of the New York Courier and Enquirer
the following description of Santa- Anna's
“Encerro was Santa Anna's faVorite hacienda,
and in fact, be is the possessor of neatly all the land
between Jalapa and Vera (ruz. I His house t i s sit
uated on the wester n slope of aJimestone hill,' com
manding an extensive view of several hundred acres
of rollink prairie land. I visited it, and futirid the
dwelling a very ctitfortable one, two stories high,
and built ala Mexican. At the time of
,the battle
it was sumptuous furnished , but not a, , reellge of
anything but the walla remain. The reouts were
beautifully papered, but some evil disposed persons
have even pulled all of it off that was tangible. I t
has the appearance of 4. new place, and little or no
labor hats aS 'et' boost! bestowed open the grounds.
The eye' coo, , d
trace !plans, which if carried out,
must makeit a lovely country- seat: it is suscepti
ble of being Male one of the most beautiful stock
farms I, have ever seen. There is a magnificent
stream of water running through it, and the fields
are fenced off by well built stone walls. On 'the
left and in line with the house is an unfinishet chap
el. About one hundred yards below the house is an
old stone mill, now out at repair, but which Ilea ruin
adds much to the beauty of the place. The water
is carried to the mill by a massive stone creduct,
from the end of whichithere is a beautiful water-fall.
The advance of out gallant army encamped here the
night of tho'battle of Cerro Gordo, and, of bourse,
t will always hecinteresting tows.” .: .
had i said too
thi9. motley
his 'aroings
I :I
id itivr
have no rignt
Tux.tnr Moulton- Surimmunr - r.--;The M
settlement in Texas is now at a town they
dine, on the Pierdenales, and four miles from
ericksburgh, now the county seat of Gallispn
which was organized about four weeks sire
officer's of the county being composed partly
mans and partly of Mormons, who live towel
the utmost harmony. The Mormons numbet
two hundred, and though they have been t
place but about twelve months, have alreanlyi
saw and grist mill, have several turning latl
other kinds of machienery by water power.
have all kinds of useful mechanics, who ma
ry thing they want. They hani,e enclosed abt
acres, a good part of which is Oltivated in
producing all kinds of vegetables VI abund
They raise the Egyptian and English wheat
yields from twenty to twenty-five bushels p
and sonic of them, who have followed far
Ohio, have assured--us l that the lands of the
'isles are bettdr suited to wheat than those
The mill streams there are of the finest ki
never fail.• They have thirty or forty,
framed, lionises. They pay great attention
ing• butter and cheese, which will compare
best northern. They are now about const,
a church and a public school house. Thef
amounts to about fifteen or eighteen thoust
'ars annually. 'fine town of Zodiac
about sixty miles to the north of Saul Ant
Corn is now worth there iin51.50 per bushel*
EA per 10D pounds. Oak lumber is worth
1100 at the mill.—Galreston ;Vitra., .
Tun PRA/ran Cin.—General Semple (
Springfield, 111., Reg.) has been engaged ii
cinity of this place, for some two weeks pas
king experiments with the prairie car. .
our citizens have witnessed the operation:
ear, and haVe expressed -their conviction of
pleto success of the undertaking.
We understand that the car now used
Semple was never intended for bids
poses, but was bunt merely to test the' pri,
the cylender wheels On the prairie.
The engine is not on sprilgs, and consj
cannot be expected to make very great
yet it has been run regularly at four to fi
nri hour, carrying fifty yassengers, and fo
miles has run ten mile an hour. There is
that a 'ear properly constructed can be mad
at leastiten . miles an hour with perfect aafeti
-Going however,, at live miles, an hour
would make a irip•to Alton in 1i:45 time
stage coaches. Fifty ,passengers would I
than five times as • many as the coach,
while the expenses-of making the trips ul
exceed that of the coaches.
WHIG PIIINCIPLFS.—The following hie dent in
ustratire of Taylorism, was told us, a ew days
since, by one of the partiei—a gentleman f charac
ter and always a prominent whig.. A ew days
after Taylor's nomination, he was met b another
prominent whig, who accosted him as .fl ows: -
6. Well, friend how do you like Taylo 's nomi
nation—we've got 'tint now, eh?" He replied that
he did not like it at all: that for himself, he had al
ways been a whig—a Clay whig—and had-contrib
tited freely of his means and time to advance , whig
measures and urinciples—that ho had been honest
in his
,views, and had supposed the leaders of the
party to be so likewise, until now! His nferroga
tor, he says, fixed 'upon him etnostlinered lons look,
in which pity and surprise at his political verdancy
were beautifully combined, and then sin ping him
on the shoulder, and peering into his co ntenance.
slowly ejaculated,
"le it possible you hay been fir,—
WIRES!" it is hardly necessary to add that is
colloquy was cut short by Inautual surpr se.
of the beneficial results of Odd Fellowship
ard District Advocate states that Mr. M
bolt, who died at Ellicott's Mills last. we
member of Gratitude Lodge, No 5, Balti!
decent'y interriad at that place, and had e'
tion bestowed. upon him during his protra
GratitUde Lodge has since, in a true spi
ty, came forwar'd andigiven tohis berea
the handsome sum or 400, to enable Iter
and d'ipport her chidren.
,e its
11 Zo-
ice a the
o Gor
,tber in
r about
at that
built a
beg and
e eve
but 500
rdensi - -
1r acre:
ing in
I ierde
.f Ohio.
ind, and
o k
ith the
r trado
• nd dol.
nd meal
30 per
ays the
the vi-
, in ma
:lany of
of the
be com-
ly Gen.
ess pur
i ,
, Cipie of
o miles
no doubt
to run
this rnr
han the
be wore
's carry:
ould not
, the How-.
ttbew Tat
lc, being a
'ore, was
'cry atten
ted ilness,
it of ghari
9 oduotto